Ramirez KJ

References (4)

Title : Comparative Performance of PETase as a Function of Reaction Conditions, Substrate Properties, and Product Accumulation - Erickson_2022_ChemSusChem_15_e202102517
Author(s) : Erickson E , Shakespeare TJ , Bratti F , Buss BL , Graham R , Hawkins MA , Konig G , Michener WE , Miscall J , Ramirez KJ , Rorrer NA , Zahn M , Pickford AR , McGeehan JE , Beckham GT
Ref : ChemSusChem , 15 :e202102517 , 2022
Abstract : Invited for this month's cover is the BOTTLE Consortium, featuring Gregg Beckham's laboratory from NREL and John McGeehan's laboratory from the University of Portsmouth. The cover image shows the application of poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) hydrolase enzymes on post-consumer waste plastic, towards the development of an enzymatic PET recycling strategy. The Full Paper itself is available at 10.1002/cssc.202101932.
ESTHER : Erickson_2022_ChemSusChem_15_e202102517
PubMedSearch : Erickson_2022_ChemSusChem_15_e202102517
PubMedID: 34914860

Title : Sourcing thermotolerant poly(ethylene terephthalate) hydrolase scaffolds from natural diversity - Erickson_2022_Nat.Commun_13_7850
Author(s) : Erickson E , Gado JE , Avilan L , Bratti F , Brizendine RK , Cox PA , Gill R , Graham R , Kim DJ , Konig G , Michener WE , Poudel S , Ramirez KJ , Shakespeare TJ , Zahn M , Boyd ES , Payne CM , Dubois JL , Pickford AR , Beckham GT , McGeehan JE
Ref : Nat Commun , 13 :7850 , 2022
Abstract : Enzymatic deconstruction of poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) is under intense investigation, given the ability of hydrolase enzymes to depolymerize PET to its constituent monomers near the polymer glass transition temperature. To date, reported PET hydrolases have been sourced from a relatively narrow sequence space. Here, we identify additional PET-active biocatalysts from natural diversity by using bioinformatics and machine learning to mine 74 putative thermotolerant PET hydrolases. We successfully express, purify, and assay 51 enzymes from seven distinct phylogenetic groups; observing PET hydrolysis activity on amorphous PET film from 37 enzymes in reactions spanning pH from 4.5-9.0 and temperatures from 30-70 degreesC. We conduct PET hydrolysis time-course reactions with the best-performing enzymes, where we observe differences in substrate selectivity as function of PET morphology. We employed X-ray crystallography and AlphaFold to examine the enzyme architectures of all 74 candidates, revealing protein folds and accessory domains not previously associated with PET deconstruction. Overall, this study expands the number and diversity of thermotolerant scaffolds for enzymatic PET deconstruction.
ESTHER : Erickson_2022_Nat.Commun_13_7850
PubMedSearch : Erickson_2022_Nat.Commun_13_7850
PubMedID: 36543766
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9arch-PETcan211 , 9cren-PETcan204 , 9cyan-305pEE028 , 9bact-102Pee006 , 9chlr-7QJM202 , 9bact-a0a656d8b6 , 9actn-a0a1t4kk94 , 9burk-PET11 , 9bact-c3ryl0 , thecs-711Erick , 9actn-RII04304 , 9actn-h6wx58 , thecd-d1a9g5 , thecd-d1a2h1 , 9acto-d4q9n1 , 9acto-f7ix06 , 9gamm-a0a3l8bw54 , 9actn-a0a0n0my27 , 9burk-a0a1e4lw26 , 9actn-Alr407 , 9gamm-a0a3l8bdt3 , 9gamm-a0a2k9lit3 , 9bact-g9by57 , bacsu-pnbae , thefu-q6a0i4 , 9actn-a0a0n0ney5 , 9pseu-a0a1i6nu60 , thefu-q6a0i3 , 9actn-a0a147kjy8 , 9actn-e9upm2

Title : Comparative performance of PETase as a function of reaction conditions, substrate properties, and product accumulation - Erickson_2022_ChemSusChem_15_e202101932
Author(s) : Erickson E , Shakespeare TJ , Bratti F , Buss BL , Graham R , Hawkins MA , Konig G , Michener WE , Miscall J , Ramirez KJ , Rorrer NA , Zahn M , Pickford AR , McGeehan JE , Beckham G
Ref : ChemSusChem , 15 : , 2022
Abstract : There is keen interest to develop new technologies to recycle the plastic poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET). To this end, the use of PET-hydrolyzing enzymes has shown promise for PET deconstruction to its monomers, terephthalate (TPA) and ethylene glycol (EG). Here, we compare the Ideonella sakaiensis PETase wild-type enzyme to a previously reported improved variant (W159H/S238F). We compare the thermostability of each enzyme and describe a 1.45 A resolution structure of the mutant, highlighting changes in the substrate binding cleft compared to the wild-type enzyme. Subsequently, the performance of the wild-type and variant enzyme was compared as a function of temperature, substrate morphology, and reaction mixture composition. These studies show that reaction temperature has the strongest influence on performance between the two enzymes. We also show that both enzymes achieve higher levels of PET conversion for substrates with moderate crystallinity relative to amorphous substrates. Finally, we assess the impact of product accumulation on reaction progress for the hydrolysis of both PET and bis(2-hydroxyethyl) terephthalate (BHET). Each enzyme displays different inhibition profiles to mono(2-hydroxyethyl) terephthalate (MHET) and TPA, while both are sensitive to inhibition by EG. Overall, this study highlights the importance of reaction conditions, substrate selection, and product accumulation for catalytic performance of PET-hydrolyzing enzymes, which have implications for enzyme screening in the development of enzyme- based polyester recycling.
ESTHER : Erickson_2022_ChemSusChem_15_e202101932
PubMedSearch : Erickson_2022_ChemSusChem_15_e202101932
PubMedID: 34587366
Gene_locus related to this paper: idesa-peth

Title : Tandem chemical deconstruction and biological upcycling of poly(ethylene terephthalate) to beta-ketoadipic acid by Pseudomonas putida KT2440 - Werner_2021_Metab.Eng_67_250
Author(s) : Werner AZ , Clare R , Mand TD , Pardo I , Ramirez KJ , Haugen SJ , Bratti F , Dexter GN , Elmore JR , Huenemann JD , Peabody GLt , Johnson CW , Rorrer NA , Salvachua D , Guss AM , Beckham GT
Ref : Metab Eng , 67 :250 , 2021
Abstract : Poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) is the most abundantly consumed synthetic polyester and accordingly a major source of plastic waste. The development of chemocatalytic approaches for PET depolymerization to monomers offers new options for open-loop upcycling of PET, which can leverage biological transformations to higher-value products. To that end, here we perform four sequential metabolic engineering efforts in Pseudomonas putida KT2440 to enable the conversion of PET glycolysis products via: (i) ethylene glycol utilization by constitutive expression of native genes, (ii) terephthalate (TPA) catabolism by expression of tphA2(II)A3(II)B(II)A1(II) from Comamonas and tpaK from Rhodococcus jostii, (iii) bis(2-hydroxyethyl) terephthalate (BHET) hydrolysis to TPA by expression of PETase and MHETase from Ideonella sakaiensis, and (iv) BHET conversion to a performance-advantaged bioproduct, beta-ketoadipic acid (betaKA) by deletion of pcaIJ. Using this strain, we demonstrate production of 15.1 g/L betaKA from BHET at 76% molar yield in bioreactors and conversion of catalytically depolymerized PET to betaKA. Overall, this work highlights the potential of tandem catalytic deconstruction and biological conversion as a means to upcycle waste PET.
ESTHER : Werner_2021_Metab.Eng_67_250
PubMedSearch : Werner_2021_Metab.Eng_67_250
PubMedID: 34265401
Gene_locus related to this paper: idesa-mheth , idesa-peth