Da Silva O

References (2)

Title : A New Class of Bi- and Trifunctional Sugar Oximes as Antidotes against Organophosphorus Poisoning - Da Silva_2022_J.Med.Chem_65_4649
Author(s) : Da Silva O , Probst N , Landry C , Hanak AS , Warnault P , Coisne C , Calas AG , Gosselet F , Courageux C , Gastellier AJ , Trancart M , Baati R , Dehouck MP , Jean L , Nachon F , Renard PY , Dias J
Ref : Journal of Medicinal Chemistry , 65 :4649 , 2022
Abstract : Recent events demonstrated that organophosphorus nerve agents are a serious threat for civilian and military populations. The current therapy includes a pyridinium aldoxime reactivator to restore the enzymatic activity of acetylcholinesterase located in the central nervous system and neuro-muscular junctions. One major drawback of these charged acetylcholinesterase reactivators is their poor ability to cross the blood-brain barrier. In this study, we propose to evaluate glucoconjugated oximes devoid of permanent charge as potential central nervous system reactivators. We determined their in vitro reactivation efficacy on inhibited human acetylcholinesterase, the crystal structure of two compounds in complex with the enzyme, their protective index on intoxicated mice, and their pharmacokinetics. We then evaluated their endothelial permeability coefficients with a human in vitro model. This study shed light on the structural restrains of new sugar oximes designed to reach the central nervous system through the glucose transporter located at the blood-brain barrier.
ESTHER : Da Silva_2022_J.Med.Chem_65_4649
PubMedSearch : Da Silva_2022_J.Med.Chem_65_4649
PubMedID: 35255209
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-ACHE

Title : Fine-Tuning the Biological Profile of Multitarget Mitochondriotropic Antioxidants for Neurodegenerative Diseases - Chavarria_2021_Antioxidants.(Basel)_10_329
Author(s) : Chavarria D , Da Silva O , Benfeito S , Barreiro S , Garrido J , Cagide F , Soares P , Remiao F , Brazzolotto X , Nachon F , Oliveira PJ , Dias J , Borges F
Ref : Antioxidants (Basel) , 10 :329 , 2021
Abstract : Neurotransmitter depletion and mitochondrial dysfunction are among the multiple pathological events that lead to neurodegeneration. Following our previous studies related with the development of multitarget mitochondriotropic antioxidants, this study aims to evaluate whether the Pi-system extension on the chemical scaffolds of AntiOXCIN2 and AntiOXCIN3 affects their bioactivity and safety profiles. After the synthesis of four triphenylphosphonium (TPP(+)) conjugates (compounds 2-5), we evaluated their antioxidant properties and their effect on neurotransmitter-metabolizing enzymes. All compounds were potent equine butyrylcholinesterase (eqBChE) and moderate electric eel acetylcholinesterase (eeAChE) inhibitors, with catechols 4 and 5 presenting lower IC(50) values than AntiOXCIN2 and AntiOXCIN3, respectively. However, differences in the inhibition potency and selectivity of compounds 2-5 towards non-human and human cholinesterases (ChEs) were observed. Co-crystallization studies with compounds 2-5 in complex with human ChEs (hChEs) showed that these compounds exhibit different binging modes to hAChE and hBChE. Unlike AntiOXCINs, compounds 2-5 displayed moderate human monoamine oxidase (hMAO) inhibitory activity. Moreover, compounds 4 and 5 presented higher ORAC-FL indexes and lower oxidation potential values than the corresponding AntiOXCINs. Catechols 4 and 5 exhibited broader safety windows in differentiated neuroblastoma cells than benzodioxole derivatives 2 and 3. Compound 4 is highlighted as a safe mitochondria-targeted antioxidant with dual ChE/MAO inhibitory activity. Overall, this work is a contribution for the development of dual therapeutic agents addressing both mitochondrial oxidative stress and neurotransmitter depletion.
ESTHER : Chavarria_2021_Antioxidants.(Basel)_10_329
PubMedSearch : Chavarria_2021_Antioxidants.(Basel)_10_329
PubMedID: 33672269
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-ACHE , human-BCHE