Courageux C


Full name : Courageux Charlotte

First name : Charlotte

Mail : Institut de Recherche Biomedicale des armees, Bretigny sur Orge

Zip Code :

City :

Country : France

Email :

Phone :

Fax :

Website :

Directory :

References (9)

Title : Grid-type Quaternary Metallosupramolecular Compounds Inhibit Human Cholinesterases through Dynamic Multivalent Interactions - Nachon_2022_Chembiochem_23_e202200456
Author(s) : Nachon F , Brazzolotto X , Dias J , Courageux C , Drozdz W , Cao XY , Stefankiewicz AR , Lehn JM
Ref : Chembiochem , 23 :e202200456 , 2022
Abstract : We report herein the implementation of coordination complexes containing two types of cationic moieties, i.e. pyridinium and ammonium quaternary salt, as potential inhibitors of human cholinesterase enzymes. Utilization of ligands containing NNO-coordination site and binding zinc metal ion allowed obtaining mono- and tetra-nuclear complexes with corner and grid structural type respectively, thus affecting the overall charge of the compounds (from +1 to +8). It enabled for the first time to examine the multivalency effect of metallosupramolecular species on their inhibitory abilities towards acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE). Importantly, resolution of the crystal structures of the obtained enzyme-substrate complexes provided a better understanding of the inhibition process at the molecular level.
ESTHER : Nachon_2022_Chembiochem_23_e202200456
PubMedSearch : Nachon_2022_Chembiochem_23_e202200456
PubMedID: 36193860
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-BCHE

Title : A New Class of Bi- and Trifunctional Sugar Oximes as Antidotes against Organophosphorus Poisoning - Da Silva_2022_J.Med.Chem_65_4649
Author(s) : Da Silva O , Probst N , Landry C , Hanak AS , Warnault P , Coisne C , Calas AG , Gosselet F , Courageux C , Gastellier AJ , Trancart M , Baati R , Dehouck MP , Jean L , Nachon F , Renard PY , Dias J
Ref : Journal of Medicinal Chemistry , 65 :4649 , 2022
Abstract : Recent events demonstrated that organophosphorus nerve agents are a serious threat for civilian and military populations. The current therapy includes a pyridinium aldoxime reactivator to restore the enzymatic activity of acetylcholinesterase located in the central nervous system and neuro-muscular junctions. One major drawback of these charged acetylcholinesterase reactivators is their poor ability to cross the blood-brain barrier. In this study, we propose to evaluate glucoconjugated oximes devoid of permanent charge as potential central nervous system reactivators. We determined their in vitro reactivation efficacy on inhibited human acetylcholinesterase, the crystal structure of two compounds in complex with the enzyme, their protective index on intoxicated mice, and their pharmacokinetics. We then evaluated their endothelial permeability coefficients with a human in vitro model. This study shed light on the structural restrains of new sugar oximes designed to reach the central nervous system through the glucose transporter located at the blood-brain barrier.
ESTHER : Da Silva_2022_J.Med.Chem_65_4649
PubMedSearch : Da Silva_2022_J.Med.Chem_65_4649
PubMedID: 35255209
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-ACHE

Title : Toxicokinetics of plasmatic VX in a swine model: comparison of a simple enzymatic titration method with a mass spectrometry method - Femy_2022_Arch.Toxicol__
Author(s) : Femy F , Meesemaecker G , Belverge N , Courageux C , Nervo A , Goulay R , Reymond C , Chantegreil F , Madi M , Nachon F , Taudon N , Jaffre N
Ref : Archives of Toxicology , : , 2022
Abstract : Recent events have shown that organophosphorus nerve agents (OPNAs) are a serious threat. Cholinesterase inhibition by OPNAs results in acetylcholine accumulation, a cholinergic crisis leading to death if untreated. Efficacy assessment of new medical countermeasures against OPNAs relies on translational animal models. We developed a swine model of percutaneous VX intoxication and a simple plate reader-based enzymatic method to quantify plasmatic VX over time. Juvenile pigs anesthetized with sevoflurane were poisoned with a single supralethal (n = 5; 1200 microg/kg) or sublethal (n = 6; 320 microg/kg) percutaneous dose of VX. These intoxicated animals were compared to 7 control animals. Repeated blood sampling was performed up to 6 h post-intoxication. Blood cholinesterase activities were measured using the Ellman assay. Nanomolar plasma concentrations of VX were measured by exogenous butyrylcholinesterase added to an aliquot of plasma. As expected, we observed a steady increase in plasma concentration of VX over time concomitant to a decrease in blood cholinesterase activities for all intoxicated pigs. Despite the simplicity of the enzymatic method, the results obtained are in good agreement with those of the liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry method. This method is also applicable to other OPNAs such as novichoks with minor adaptations.
ESTHER : Femy_2022_Arch.Toxicol__
PubMedSearch : Femy_2022_Arch.Toxicol__
PubMedID: 36326899

Title : Discovery of drug-like acetylcholinesterase inhibitors by rapid virtual screening of a 6.9 million compound database - Miles_2021_Chem.Biol.Drug.Des__
Author(s) : Miles JA , Ng JH , Sreenivas BY , Courageux C , Igert A , Dias J , McGeary RP , Brazzolotto X , Ross BP
Ref : Chemical Biology Drug Des , : , 2021
Abstract : Cholinesterase inhibitors remain the mainstay of Alzheimer's disease treatment, and the search for new inhibitors with better efficacy and side effect profiles is ongoing. Virtual screening (VS) is a powerful technique for searching large compound databases for potential hits. This study used a sequential VS workflow combining ligand-based VS, molecular docking and physicochemical filtering to screen for CNS drug-like acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (AChEIs) amongst the 6.9 million compounds of the CoCoCo database. Eleven in silico hits were initially selected, resulting in the discovery of an AChEI with a K(i) of 3.2 microM. In vitro kinetics and in silico molecular dynamics experiments informed the selection of an additional seven analogues. This led to the discovery of two further AChEIs, with K(i) values of 2.9 microM and 0.65 microM. All three compounds exhibited reversible, mixed inhibition of AChE. Importantly, the in silico physicochemical filter facilitated the discovery of CNS drug-like compounds, such that all three inhibitors displayed high in vitro blood-brain barrier model permeability.
ESTHER : Miles_2021_Chem.Biol.Drug.Des__
PubMedSearch : Miles_2021_Chem.Biol.Drug.Des__
PubMedID: 33455074

Title : Development of versatile and potent monoquaternary reactivators of acetylcholinesterase - Gorecki_2021_Arch.Toxicol__
Author(s) : Gorecki L , Hepnarova V , Karasova JZ , Hrabinova M , Courageux C , Dias J , Kucera T , Kobrlova T , Muckova L , Prchal L , Malinak D , Jun D , Musilek K , Worek F , Nachon F , Soukup O , Korabecny J
Ref : Archives of Toxicology , : , 2021
Abstract : To date, the only treatments developed for poisoning by organophosphorus compounds, the most toxic chemical weapons of mass destruction, have exhibited limited efficacy and versatility. The available causal antidotes are based on reactivation of the enzyme acetylcholinesterase (AChE), which is rapidly and pseudo-irreversibly inhibited by these agents. In this study, we developed a novel series of monoquaternary reactivators combining permanently charged moieties tethered to position 6- of 3-hydroxypyridine-2-aldoxime reactivating subunit. Highlighted representatives (21, 24, and 27; also coded as K1371, K1374, and K1375, respectively) that contained 1-phenylisoquinolinium, 7-amino-1-phenylisoquinolinium and 4-carbamoylpyridinium moieties as peripheral anionic site ligands, respectively, showed efficacy superior or comparable to that of the clinically used standards. More importantly, these reactivators exhibited wide-spectrum efficacy and were minutely investigated via determination of their reactivation kinetics in parallel with molecular dynamics simulations to study their mechanisms of reactivation of the tabun-inhibited AChE conjugate. To further confirm the potential applicability of these candidates, a mouse in vivo assay was conducted. While K1375 had the lowest acute toxicity and the most suitable pharmacokinetic profile, the oxime K1374 with delayed elimination half-life was the most effective in ameliorating the signs of tabun toxicity. Moreover, both in vitro and in vivo, the versatility of the agents was substantially superior to that of clinically used standards. Their high efficacy and broad-spectrum capability make K1374 and K1375 promising candidates that should be further investigated for their potential as nerve agents and insecticide antidotes.
ESTHER : Gorecki_2021_Arch.Toxicol__
PubMedSearch : Gorecki_2021_Arch.Toxicol__
PubMedID: 33517499

Title : Chemoselective Hydrogenation of 6-Alkynyl-3-fluoro-2-pyridinaldoximes: Access to First-in-Class 6-Alkyl-3-Fluoro-2-pyridinaldoxime Scaffolds as New Reactivators of Sarin-Inhibited Human Acetylcholinesterase with Increased Blood-Brain Barrier Permeability - Yerri_2020_Chemistry_26_15035
Author(s) : Yerri J , Dias J , Nimmakayala MR , Razafindrainibe F , Courageux C , Gastellier AJ , Jegoux J , Coisne C , Landry C , Gosselet F , Hachani J , Goossens JF , Dehouck MP , Nachon F , Baati R
Ref : Chemistry , 26 :15035 , 2020
Abstract : Novel 6-alkyl- and 6-alkenyl-3-fluoro-2-pyridinaldoximes have been synthesised by using a mild and efficient chemoselective hydrogenation of 6-alkynyl-3-fluoro-2-pyridinaldoxime scaffolds, without altering the reducible, unprotected, sensitive oxime functionality and the C-F bond. These novel 6-alkyl-3-fluoro-2-pyridinaldoximes may find medicinal application as antidotes to organophosphate poisoning. Indeed, one low-molecular-weight compound exhibited increased affinity for sarin-inhibited acetylcholinesterase (hAChE) and greater reactivation efficiency or resurrection for sarin-inhibited hAChE, compared with those of 2-pyridinaldoxime (2-PAM) and 1-({[4-(aminocarbonyl)pyridinio]methoxy}methyl)-2-[(hydroxyimino)methyl]pyridinium chloride (HI-6), two pyridinium salts currently used as antidote by several countries. In addition, the uncharged 3-fluorinated bifunctional hybrid showed increased in vitro blood-brain barrier permeability compared with those of 2-PAM, HI-6 and obidoxime. These promising features of novel low-molecular-weight alkylfluoropyridinaldoxime open up a new era for the design, synthesis and discovery of central non-quaternary broad spectrum reactivators for organophosphate-inhibited cholinesterases.
ESTHER : Yerri_2020_Chemistry_26_15035
PubMedSearch : Yerri_2020_Chemistry_26_15035
PubMedID: 32633095

Title : Rapid discovery of a selective butyrylcholinesterase inhibitor using structure-based virtual screening - Miles_2020_Bioorg.Med.Chem.Lett__127609
Author(s) : Miles JA , Kapure JS , Singh Deora G , Courageux C , Igert A , Dias J , McGeary RP , Brazzolotto X , Ross BP
Ref : Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Lett , :127609 , 2020
Abstract : Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors are the mainstay of Alzheimer's disease treatments, despite only short-term symptomatic benefits and severe side effects. Selective butyrylcholinesterase inhibitors (BuChEIs) may be more effective treatments in late-stage Alzheimer's disease with fewer side effects. Virtual screening is a powerful tool for identifying potential inhibitors in large digital compound databases. This study used structure-based virtual screening combined with physicochemical filtering to screen two the InterBioScreen and Maybridge databases for novel selective BuChEIs. The workflow rapidly identified 22 potential hits in silico, resulting in the discovery of a human BuChEI with low-micromolar potency in vitro (IC(50) 2.4 muM) and high selectivity for butyrylcholinesterase over acetylcholinesterase. The compound was a rapidly reversible BuChEI with mixed-model in vitro inhibition kinetics. The binding interactions were investigated using in silico molecular dynamics, and by developing structure-activity relationships using nine analogues. The compound also displayed high permeability in an in vitro model of the blood-brain barrier.
ESTHER : Miles_2020_Bioorg.Med.Chem.Lett__127609
PubMedSearch : Miles_2020_Bioorg.Med.Chem.Lett__127609
PubMedID: 33039562

Title : Efficacy Assessment of an Uncharged Reactivator of NOP-Inhibited Acetylcholinesterase Based on Tetrahydroacridine Pyridine-Aldoxime Hybrid in Mouse Compared to Pralidoxime - Calas_2020_Biomolecules_10_
Author(s) : Calas AG , Hanak AS , Jaffre N , Nervo A , Dias J , Rousseau C , Courageux C , Brazzolotto X , Villa P , Obrecht A , Goossens JF , Landry C , Hachani J , Gosselet F , Dehouck MP , Yerri J , Kliachyna M , Baati R , Nachon F
Ref : Biomolecules , 10 : , 2020
Abstract : (1) Background: Human exposure to organophosphorus compounds employed as pesticides or as chemical warfare agents induces deleterious effects due to cholinesterase inhibition. One therapeutic approach is the reactivation of inhibited acetylcholinesterase by oximes. While currently available oximes are unable to reach the central nervous system to reactivate cholinesterases or to display a wide spectrum of action against the variety of organophosphorus compounds, we aim to identify new reactivators without such drawbacks. (2) Methods: This study gathers an exhaustive work to assess in vitro and in vivo efficacy, and toxicity of a hybrid tetrahydroacridine pyridinaldoxime reactivator, KM297, compared to pralidoxime. (3) Results: Blood-brain barrier crossing assay carried out on a human in vitro model established that KM297 has an endothelial permeability coefficient twice that of pralidoxime. It also presents higher cytotoxicity, particularly on bone marrow-derived cells. Its strong cholinesterase inhibition potency seems to be correlated to its low protective efficacy in mice exposed to paraoxon. Ventilatory monitoring of KM297-treated mice by double-chamber plethysmography shows toxic effects at the selected therapeutic dose. This breathing assessment could help define the No Observed Adverse Effect Level (NOAEL) dose of new oximes which would have a maximum therapeutic effect without any toxic side effects.
ESTHER : Calas_2020_Biomolecules_10_
PubMedSearch : Calas_2020_Biomolecules_10_
PubMedID: 32512884

Title : X-ray structures of human bile-salt activated lipase conjugated to nerve agents surrogates - Touvrey_2019_Toxicology_411_15
Author(s) : Touvrey C , Courageux C , Guillon V , Terreux R , Nachon F , Brazzolotto X
Ref : Toxicology , 411 :15 , 2019
Abstract : The efficiency of human butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) as a stoichiometric bioscavenger of nerve agents is well established. However, wide use is currently limited by production and purification costs. Aiming at identifying an alternative human protein bioscavenger, we looked for an original scaffold candidate by virtual screening of the Protein Data Bank for functional similarity using the "Surfing the Molecules" software ( and a search model based on the BChE active site topology. Besides the expected acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase, we identified a set of bile salt activated lipases structures, among which the human pancreatic lipase (hBAL) that shares 34% identity with BChE. We produced the recombinant enzyme in mammalian cells, purified it, and measured the inhibition constants for paraoxon and surrogates of VX, sarin and tabun. We solved the X-ray structure of apo hBAL and conjugates with paraoxon and the surrogates at resolutions in the 2-A range. These structures allow the assessment of hBAL for scavenging nerve agents. They revealed that hBAL has inverted stereoselectivity for the surrogates of nerve agent compared to human cholinesterases. We observed a remarkable flip of the catalytic histidine driven by the chelation of Zn(2+). Dealkylation of the conjugate, aka aging, was solely observed for paraoxon.
ESTHER : Touvrey_2019_Toxicology_411_15
PubMedSearch : Touvrey_2019_Toxicology_411_15
PubMedID: 30359675
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-CEL