Rubin D

References (3)

Title : CLA does not impair endothelial function and decreases body weight as compared with safflower oil in overweight and obese male subjects - Pfeuffer_2011_J.Am.Coll.Nutr_30_19
Author(s) : Pfeuffer M , Fielitz K , Laue C , Winkler P , Rubin D , Helwig U , Giller K , Kammann J , Schwedhelm E , Boger RH , Bub A , Bell D , Schrezenmeir J
Ref : J Am Coll Nutr , 30 :19 , 2011
Abstract : OBJECTIVE: Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) showed a wide range of beneficial biological effects with relevance for cardiovascular health in animal models and humans. Most human studies used olive oil as a reference. This study assessed the effect of CLA as compared with safflower oil on endothelial function and markers of cardiovascular risk in overweight and obese men. Heated safflower oil and olive oil were given for additional descriptive control.
METHODS: Eighty-five overweight men (aged 45-68 years, body mass index 25-35 kg/m(2)) were randomized to receive 4.5 g/d of the CLA isomeric mixture, safflower oil, heated safflower oil, or olive oil in a 4-week double-blind study. Endothelial function was assessed by peripheral arterial tonometry (PAT) index determination in the fasting and postprandial state (i.e., 4 hours after consumption of a fat- and sucrose-rich meal).
RESULTS: CLA as compared with safflower oil consumption did not impair fasting or postprandial PAT index but decreased body weight. CLA as compared with safflower oil did not change total, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), or high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol; triglycerides; insulin sensitivity indices; C-reactive protein; soluble adhesion molecules; oxidized LDL; lipoprotein a (Lp[a]); paraoxonase; or platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH) activity, but significantly reduced arylesterase activity and increased concentrations of the F(2)-isoprostane 8-iso-prostaglandin F (PGF)(2alpha). CONCLUSION: CLA did not impair endothelial function. Other parameters associated with metabolic syndrome and oxidative stress were not changed or were slightly improved. Results suggest that CLA does not increase cardiovascular risk. Increased F(2)-isoprostane concentrations in this context may not indicate increased oxidative stress.
ESTHER : Pfeuffer_2011_J.Am.Coll.Nutr_30_19
PubMedSearch : Pfeuffer_2011_J.Am.Coll.Nutr_30_19
PubMedID: 21697535

Title : A genome-wide association study identifies LIPA as a susceptibility gene for coronary artery disease - Wild_2011_Circ.Cardiovasc.Genet_4_403
Author(s) : Wild PS , Zeller T , Schillert A , Szymczak S , Sinning CR , Deiseroth A , Schnabel RB , Lubos E , Keller T , Eleftheriadis MS , Bickel C , Rupprecht HJ , Wilde S , Rossmann H , Diemert P , Cupples LA , Perret C , Erdmann J , Stark K , Kleber ME , Epstein SE , Voight BF , Kuulasmaa K , Li M , Schafer AS , Klopp N , Braund PS , Sager HB , Demissie S , Proust C , Konig IR , Wichmann HE , Reinhard W , Hoffmann MM , Virtamo J , Burnett MS , Siscovick D , Wiklund PG , Qu L , El Mokthari NE , Thompson JR , Peters A , Smith AV , Yon E , Baumert J , Hengstenberg C , Marz W , Amouyel P , Devaney J , Schwartz SM , Saarela O , Mehta NN , Rubin D , Silander K , Hall AS , Ferrieres J , Harris TB , Melander O , Kee F , Hakonarson H , Schrezenmeir J , Gudnason V , Elosua R , Arveiler D , Evans A , Rader DJ , Illig T , Schreiber S , Bis JC , Altshuler D , Kavousi M , Witteman JC , Uitterlinden AG , Hofman A , Folsom AR , Barbalic M , Boerwinkle E , Kathiresan S , Reilly MP , O'Donnell CJ , Samani NJ , Schunkert H , Cambien F , Lackner KJ , Tiret L , Salomaa V , Munzel T , Ziegler A , Blankenberg S
Ref : Circ Cardiovasc Genet , 4 :403 , 2011
Abstract : BACKGROUND: eQTL analyses are important to improve the understanding of genetic association results. We performed a genome-wide association and global gene expression study to identify functionally relevant variants affecting the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS AND RESULTS: In a genome-wide association analysis of 2078 CAD cases and 2953 control subjects, we identified 950 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that were associated with CAD at P<10(-3). Subsequent in silico and wet-laboratory replication stages and a final meta-analysis of 21 428 CAD cases and 38 361 control subjects revealed a novel association signal at chromosome 10q23.31 within the LIPA (lysosomal acid lipase A) gene (P=3.7x10(-8); odds ratio, 1.1; 95% confidence interval, 1.07 to 1.14). The association of this locus with global gene expression was assessed by genome-wide expression analyses in the monocyte transcriptome of 1494 individuals. The results showed a strong association of this locus with expression of the LIPA transcript (P=1.3x10(-96)). An assessment of LIPA SNPs and transcript with cardiovascular phenotypes revealed an association of LIPA transcript levels with impaired endothelial function (P=4.4x10(-3)). CONCLUSIONS: The use of data on genetic variants and the addition of data on global monocytic gene expression led to the identification of the novel functional CAD susceptibility locus LIPA, located on chromosome 10q23.31. The respective eSNPs associated with CAD strongly affect LIPA gene expression level, which was related to endothelial dysfunction, a precursor of CAD.
ESTHER : Wild_2011_Circ.Cardiovasc.Genet_4_403
PubMedSearch : Wild_2011_Circ.Cardiovasc.Genet_4_403
PubMedID: 21606135
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-LIPA

Title : Putative association between a new polymorphism in exon 3 (Arg109Cys) of the pancreatic colipase gene and type 2 diabetes mellitus in two independent Caucasian study populations - Lindner_2005_Mol.Nutr.Food.Res_49_972
Author(s) : Lindner I , Helwig U , Rubin D , Li Y , Fisher E , Boeing H , Mohlig M , Spranger J , Pfeiffer A , Hampe J , Schreiber S , Doring F , Schrezenmeir J
Ref : Mol Nutr Food Res , 49 :972 , 2005
Abstract : The protein encoded by the pancreatic colipase (CLPS) gene is an essential cofactor needed by pancreatic triglyceride lipase (PNLIP) for efficient dietary lipid hydrolysis. Since the inhibition of lipase activity was shown to reduce the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus, we tested the hypothesis that genetic variations in the CLPS and PNLIP genes are associated with type 2 diabetes; 47 unrelated subjects were screened for polymorphisms of the CLPS and PNLIP genes. A nested-case control study of 192 incident type 2 diabetes subjects and 384 sex- and age-matched controls taken from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition Potsdam Cohort (EPIC) was employed for association studies. The Metabolic Intervention Cohort Kiel (MICK) consisting of 716 males was used for verification. A novel putative functional polymorphism (Arg109Cys) was identified in the CLPS gene. The frequencies of the Arg/Cys genotype were 2.6% in EPIC and 2.2% in MICK study subjects. No homozygotes for the Cys/Cys genotype were found in either study population. Logistic regression analysis showed a statistically significant association of the Arg/Cys genotype with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. The odds ratios estimated by the model were 3.75 (95%CI = 1.13-12.49, p = 0.03) in EPIC and 4.86 (95%CI = 1.13-20.95, p = 0.03) in MICK. No comparable associations were found with other traits of the insulin-resistance syndrome (e. g.; body mass index, waist to hip ratio). In conclusion, we obtained evidence in two German Caucasian study populations that the variant of the rare CLPS Arg109Cys polymorphism might contribute to increased susceptibility of type 2 diabetes.
ESTHER : Lindner_2005_Mol.Nutr.Food.Res_49_972
PubMedSearch : Lindner_2005_Mol.Nutr.Food.Res_49_972
PubMedID: 16189801