Hoffmann MM

References (8)

Title : Lipoprotein Lipase Deficiency - Kuthiroly_2020_Indian.J.Pediatr__
Author(s) : Kuthiroly S , Yesodharan D , Radhakrishnan N , Ganapathy A , Mannan AU , Hoffmann MM , Nampoothiri S
Ref : Indian J Pediatr , : , 2020
Abstract : OBJECTIVES: To analyse the clinical and molecular spectrum of Lipoprotein Lipase (LPL) deficiency and to highlight the effect of a cost-effective indigenous diet for management of this disorder. METHODS: This is a single-centre retrospective study. Fifteen patients from 14 kindreds with severe hypertriglyceridemia (more than 1000 mg/dl) were evaluated for a period of 12.5 y at Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kerala, India. RESULTS: Thirteen of 15 patients were referred after incidental detection of lipemic plasma, 1/15 had chylothorax in the neonatal period and 1/15 had pancreatitis. The mean age of presentation was 7 mo (ranging from 2 d to 4 y), and 20% of the patients had a positive history of consanguinity. Hepatomegaly (15/15), splenomegaly (9/15) and lipemia retinalis (14/15) were common findings. Lipemia retinalis was a useful non-invasive diagnostic tool. All the patients were subjected to diet modification and followed up at regular intervals. Fourteen of 15 complied with the diet, resulting in a dramatic improvement in the fasting lipid profile; only 1/15 developed pancreatitis. Genetic screening analysis was offered to 14/15 patients (1/15 was lost to follow-up); six different variants were identified, of which two were novel variants. CONCLUSIONS: Lipemic serum, chylothorax and recurrent pancreatitis in children should raise the suspicion of Lipoprotein Lipase deficiency. Early diagnosis and prompt initiation of a stringent fat-restricted diet are the keys to success for the management of LPL deficiency and prevention of pancreatitis.
ESTHER : Kuthiroly_2020_Indian.J.Pediatr__
PubMedSearch : Kuthiroly_2020_Indian.J.Pediatr__
PubMedID: 32472350

Title : A genome-wide association study identifies LIPA as a susceptibility gene for coronary artery disease - Wild_2011_Circ.Cardiovasc.Genet_4_403
Author(s) : Wild PS , Zeller T , Schillert A , Szymczak S , Sinning CR , Deiseroth A , Schnabel RB , Lubos E , Keller T , Eleftheriadis MS , Bickel C , Rupprecht HJ , Wilde S , Rossmann H , Diemert P , Cupples LA , Perret C , Erdmann J , Stark K , Kleber ME , Epstein SE , Voight BF , Kuulasmaa K , Li M , Schafer AS , Klopp N , Braund PS , Sager HB , Demissie S , Proust C , Konig IR , Wichmann HE , Reinhard W , Hoffmann MM , Virtamo J , Burnett MS , Siscovick D , Wiklund PG , Qu L , El Mokthari NE , Thompson JR , Peters A , Smith AV , Yon E , Baumert J , Hengstenberg C , Marz W , Amouyel P , Devaney J , Schwartz SM , Saarela O , Mehta NN , Rubin D , Silander K , Hall AS , Ferrieres J , Harris TB , Melander O , Kee F , Hakonarson H , Schrezenmeir J , Gudnason V , Elosua R , Arveiler D , Evans A , Rader DJ , Illig T , Schreiber S , Bis JC , Altshuler D , Kavousi M , Witteman JC , Uitterlinden AG , Hofman A , Folsom AR , Barbalic M , Boerwinkle E , Kathiresan S , Reilly MP , O'Donnell CJ , Samani NJ , Schunkert H , Cambien F , Lackner KJ , Tiret L , Salomaa V , Munzel T , Ziegler A , Blankenberg S
Ref : Circ Cardiovasc Genet , 4 :403 , 2011
Abstract : BACKGROUND: eQTL analyses are important to improve the understanding of genetic association results. We performed a genome-wide association and global gene expression study to identify functionally relevant variants affecting the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS AND RESULTS: In a genome-wide association analysis of 2078 CAD cases and 2953 control subjects, we identified 950 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that were associated with CAD at P<10(-3). Subsequent in silico and wet-laboratory replication stages and a final meta-analysis of 21 428 CAD cases and 38 361 control subjects revealed a novel association signal at chromosome 10q23.31 within the LIPA (lysosomal acid lipase A) gene (P=3.7x10(-8); odds ratio, 1.1; 95% confidence interval, 1.07 to 1.14). The association of this locus with global gene expression was assessed by genome-wide expression analyses in the monocyte transcriptome of 1494 individuals. The results showed a strong association of this locus with expression of the LIPA transcript (P=1.3x10(-96)). An assessment of LIPA SNPs and transcript with cardiovascular phenotypes revealed an association of LIPA transcript levels with impaired endothelial function (P=4.4x10(-3)). CONCLUSIONS: The use of data on genetic variants and the addition of data on global monocytic gene expression led to the identification of the novel functional CAD susceptibility locus LIPA, located on chromosome 10q23.31. The respective eSNPs associated with CAD strongly affect LIPA gene expression level, which was related to endothelial dysfunction, a precursor of CAD.
ESTHER : Wild_2011_Circ.Cardiovasc.Genet_4_403
PubMedSearch : Wild_2011_Circ.Cardiovasc.Genet_4_403
PubMedID: 21606135
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-LIPA

Title : PLA2G7 genotype, lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 activity, and coronary heart disease risk in 10 494 cases and 15 624 controls of European Ancestry - Casas_2010_Circulation_121_2284
Author(s) : Casas JP , Ninio E , Panayiotou A , Palmen J , Cooper JA , Ricketts SL , Sofat R , Nicolaides AN , Corsetti JP , Fowkes FG , Tzoulaki I , Kumari M , Brunner EJ , Kivimaki M , Marmot MG , Hoffmann MM , Winkler K , Marz W , Ye S , Stirnadel HA , Boekholdt SM , Khaw KT , Humphries SE , Sandhu MS , Hingorani AD , Talmud PJ
Ref : Circulation , 121 :2284 , 2010
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Higher lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A(2)(Lp-PLA2) activity is associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), making Lp-PLA2 a potential therapeutic target. PLA2G7 variants associated with Lp-PLA2 activity could evaluate whether this relationship is causal. METHODS AND RESULTS: A meta-analysis including a total of 12 studies (5 prospective, 4 case-control, 1 case-only, and 2 cross-sectional studies; n=26 118) was undertaken to examine the association of the following: (1) Lp-PLA2 activity versus cardiovascular biomarkers and risk factors and CHD events (2 prospective studies; n=4884); (2) PLA2G7 single-nucleotide polymorphisms and Lp-PLA2 activity (3 prospective, 2 case-control, 2 cross-sectional studies; up to n=6094); and (3) PLA2G7 single-nucleotide polymorphisms and angiographic coronary artery disease (2 case-control, 1 case-only study; n=4971 cases) and CHD events (5 prospective, 2 case-control studies; n=5523). Lp-PLA2 activity correlated with several CHD risk markers. Hazard ratios for CHD events for the top versus bottom quartile of Lp-PLA2 activity were 1.61 (95% confidence interval, 1.31 to 1.99) and 1.17 (95% confidence interval, 0.91 to 1.51) after adjustment for baseline traits. Of 7 single-nucleotide polymorphisms, rs1051931 (A379V) showed the strongest association with Lp-PLA2 activity, with VV subjects having 7.2% higher activity than AAs. Genotype was not associated with risk markers, angiographic coronary disease (odds ratio, 1.03; 95% confidence interval, 0.80 to 1.32), or CHD events (odds ratio, 0.98; 95% confidence interval, 0.82 to 1.17). CONCLUSIONS: Unlike Lp-PLA2 activity, PLA2G7 variants associated with modest effects on Lp-PLA2 activity were not associated with cardiovascular risk markers, coronary atheroma, or CHD. Larger association studies, identification of single-nucleotide polymorphisms with larger effects, or randomized trials of specific Lp-PLA2 inhibitors are needed to confirm or refute a contributory role for Lp-PLA2 in CHD.
ESTHER : Casas_2010_Circulation_121_2284
PubMedSearch : Casas_2010_Circulation_121_2284
PubMedID: 20479152
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-PLA2G7

Title : Genetic variants and haplotypes of lipoprotein associated phospholipase A2 and their influence on cardiovascular disease (The Ludwigshafen Risk and Cardiovascular Health Study) - Hoffmann_2009_J.Thromb.Haemost_7_41
Author(s) : Hoffmann MM , Winkler K , Renner W , Winkelmann BR , Seelhorst U , Wellnitz B , Boehm BO , Marz W
Ref : J Thromb Haemost , 7 :41 , 2009
Abstract : BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (LpPLA2) is associated with cardiovascular disease. However, it is still unclear whether LpPLA2 is simply a marker or has a causal role as either a pro- or anti-atherogenic factor.
METHODS: We analyzed the association of five polymorphisms (-1357G>A, -403T>C, Arg92His, Ile198Thr, Ala379Val) and related haplotypes at the PLA2G7 locus with angiographic coronary artery disease (CAD), plasma LpPLA2 activity, and long-term survival in 3234 patients scheduled for coronary angiography.
RESULTS: The promoter variant -403C and His(92) were associated with a decrease and Val(379) with an increase in plasma LpPLA2 activity. Both coding variants revealed a clear gene-dose effect. Interestingly, the rare Thr(198) allele, which was not associated with any change in plasma LpPLA2 activity, was more frequent in subjects without CAD (P = 0.009), with an adjusted odds ratio for CAD of 0.69 (95% CI: 0.49-0.96; P = 0.029). None of the analyzed variants showed any robust association with all-cause or cardiovascular mortality. CONCLUSION: Irrespective of the significant association between some variants with plasma LpPLA2 activity, it is still unclear whether these polymorphisms or haplotypes are associated with the risk and outcome of cardiovascular disease in Caucasians.
ESTHER : Hoffmann_2009_J.Thromb.Haemost_7_41
PubMedSearch : Hoffmann_2009_J.Thromb.Haemost_7_41
PubMedID: 18983494
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-PLA2G7

Title : Recurrent acute and chronic pancreatitis in two brothers with familial chylomicronemia syndrome - Truninger_2006_Pancreas_32_215
Author(s) : Truninger K , Schmid PA , Hoffmann MM , Bertschinger P , Ammann RW
Ref : Pancreas , 32 :215 , 2006
Abstract : The chylomicronemia syndrome is well recognized as a rare etiologic factor of acute pancreatitis; however, whether hypertriglyceridemia can cause chronic pancreatitis (CP) remains unclear. We describe the long-time course of 2 brothers with the familial chylomicronemia syndrome caused by identical compound heterozygous mutations in the lipoprotein lipase (LPL) gene with markedly reduced LPL activity. Other etiologic factors were excluded, including mutations in the PRSS1, SPINK1, and CFTR gene. Although both brothers had recurrent acute pancreatitis and the same LPL genotype, CP became evident in only one patient. Progression to CP was associated with a more severe disease course. Thus, the chylomicronemia syndrome may cause CP in the absence of other known causative factors, and similar to alcoholic and hereditary CP, a more severe disease course is associated with disease progression.
ESTHER : Truninger_2006_Pancreas_32_215
PubMedSearch : Truninger_2006_Pancreas_32_215
PubMedID: 16552344
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-LPL

Title : Common genetic variants that relate to disorders of lipid transport in Spanish subjects with premature coronary artery disease - Masana_2001_Clin.Sci.(Lond)_100_183
Author(s) : Masana L , Febrer G , Cavanna J , Baroni MG , Marz W , Hoffmann MM , Shine B , Galton DJ
Ref : Clinical Science (Lond) , 100 :183 , 2001
Abstract : Fifteen common polymorphic variants at six loci (apolipoproteins AI, B, CIII and E, hepatic lipase and lipoprotein lipase) involved in plasma lipid transport have been studied in 210 northern Spanish men, of whom 98 had proven coronary artery disease. The other 112 men were clinically free from coronary artery disease and acted as controls. The genotypes were investigated for relationships with plasma lipid and lipoprotein levels, as well as for the presence of coronary artery disease. As expected, the mean levels of plasma triacylglycerols (triglycerides) and lipoprotein (a) and the number of smokers were significantly higher in the disease group, and high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol was significantly lower. Surprisingly, plasma cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were not different between the two groups. With regard to the common mutations, plasma triacylglycerol levels were related to the HindIII variants of lipoprotein lipase (P<0.05), to the apolipoprotein CIII variant (C3175G in exon 4) and to the apolipoprotein AI XmnI polymorphisms (P<0.05 and P<0.02 respectively). The apolipoprotein E variants were related to plasma cholesterol (P<0.05), HDL-cholesterol (P<0.02), plasma triacylglycerols (P<0.05) and the triacylglycerol/HDL ratio (P<0.01). Only the three-codon insertion/deletion variants of the apolipoprotein B signal peptide region discriminated between the two groups with or without arterial disease (P=0.02). The possible functional effects of these common mutations are discussed.
ESTHER : Masana_2001_Clin.Sci.(Lond)_100_183
PubMedSearch : Masana_2001_Clin.Sci.(Lond)_100_183
PubMedID: 11171287

Title : Type I hyperlipoproteinemia due to a novel loss of function mutation of lipoprotein lipase, Cys(239)-->\;Trp, associated with recurrent severe pancreatitis - Hoffmann_2000_J.Clin.Endocrinol.Metab_85_4795
Author(s) : Hoffmann MM , Jacob S , Luft D , Schmulling RM , Rett K , Marz W , Haring HU , Matthaei S
Ref : J Clinical Endocrinology Metab , 85 :4795 , 2000
Abstract : Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is the major enzyme responsible for the hydrolysis of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins in plasma. The purpose of this study was to examine the molecular pathogenesis of type I hyperlipoproteinemia in a patient suffering from recurrent severe pancreatitis. Apolipoprotein (apo) CII concentration was normal as well as apo CII-activated LPL in an in vitro assay. In postheparin plasma neither LPL mass nor activity was detectable, whereas hepatic lipase activity was normal. Direct sequencing of all 10 exons of the LPL gene revealed that the patient was homozygous for a hitherto unknown mutation in exon 6, Cys(239)-->Trp. The mutation prevents the formation of the second disulfide bridge of LPL, which is an essential part of the lid covering the catalytic center. Consequently, misfolded LPL is rapidly degraded within the cells, causing the absence of LPL immunoreactive protein in the plasma of this patient. In conclusion, we have identified a novel loss of function mutation in the LPL gene (Cys(239)-->Trp) of a patient with type I hyperlipoproteinemia suffering from severe recurrent pancreatitis. After initiation of heparin therapy (10,000 U/day sc), the patient experienced no more episodes of pancreatitis, although heparin therapy did not affect serum triglyceride levels.
ESTHER : Hoffmann_2000_J.Clin.Endocrinol.Metab_85_4795
PubMedSearch : Hoffmann_2000_J.Clin.Endocrinol.Metab_85_4795
PubMedID: 11134145

Title : The lipoprotein lipase HindIII polymorphism: association with total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol, but not with HDL and triglycerides in 342 females - Larson_1999_Clin.Chem_45_963
Author(s) : Larson I , Hoffmann MM , Ordovas JM , Schaefer EJ , Marz W , Kreuzer J
Ref : Clinical Chemistry , 45 :963 , 1999
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is the rate-limiting enzyme in the hydrolysis of core triglycerides in chylomicrons and VLDL.
METHODS: We investigated the association between the HindIII polymorphism of the LPL gene and fasting glucose, lipid, and lipoprotein concentrations in 683 Caucasians. We first stabilized the study subjects, using an 8-day diet and exercise intervention program before obtaining blood samples. The use of this standardization period reduced the variance of all glucose and lipid concentrations.
RESULTS: In our study, the HindIII allele frequencies for females and males were 0.29 and 0.34 for H- and 0.71 and 0.66 for H+, respectively. We found in females, but not in males, a significant association between the HindIII genotype and total cholesterol (P = 0.007) and LDL-cholesterol (P = 0.018), with females homozygous for the rare H- allele having the lowest, heterozygotes (H-/+) having intermediate, and women homozygous for the common H+ allele having the highest of each of these lipid traits. With regard to triglycerides, HDL-cholesterol, and glucose, no significant effect of the HindIII genotype was noted in either gender.
CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that in a gender-specific manner, the rare LPL HindIII H- allele has a cholesterol-lowering and, therefore, potentially cardioprotective effect compared with the common H+ allele.
ESTHER : Larson_1999_Clin.Chem_45_963
PubMedSearch : Larson_1999_Clin.Chem_45_963
PubMedID: 10388470