Bickel C

References (2)

Title : A genome-wide association study identifies LIPA as a susceptibility gene for coronary artery disease - Wild_2011_Circ.Cardiovasc.Genet_4_403
Author(s) : Wild PS , Zeller T , Schillert A , Szymczak S , Sinning CR , Deiseroth A , Schnabel RB , Lubos E , Keller T , Eleftheriadis MS , Bickel C , Rupprecht HJ , Wilde S , Rossmann H , Diemert P , Cupples LA , Perret C , Erdmann J , Stark K , Kleber ME , Epstein SE , Voight BF , Kuulasmaa K , Li M , Schafer AS , Klopp N , Braund PS , Sager HB , Demissie S , Proust C , Konig IR , Wichmann HE , Reinhard W , Hoffmann MM , Virtamo J , Burnett MS , Siscovick D , Wiklund PG , Qu L , El Mokthari NE , Thompson JR , Peters A , Smith AV , Yon E , Baumert J , Hengstenberg C , Marz W , Amouyel P , Devaney J , Schwartz SM , Saarela O , Mehta NN , Rubin D , Silander K , Hall AS , Ferrieres J , Harris TB , Melander O , Kee F , Hakonarson H , Schrezenmeir J , Gudnason V , Elosua R , Arveiler D , Evans A , Rader DJ , Illig T , Schreiber S , Bis JC , Altshuler D , Kavousi M , Witteman JC , Uitterlinden AG , Hofman A , Folsom AR , Barbalic M , Boerwinkle E , Kathiresan S , Reilly MP , O'Donnell CJ , Samani NJ , Schunkert H , Cambien F , Lackner KJ , Tiret L , Salomaa V , Munzel T , Ziegler A , Blankenberg S
Ref : Circ Cardiovasc Genet , 4 :403 , 2011
Abstract : BACKGROUND: eQTL analyses are important to improve the understanding of genetic association results. We performed a genome-wide association and global gene expression study to identify functionally relevant variants affecting the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS AND RESULTS: In a genome-wide association analysis of 2078 CAD cases and 2953 control subjects, we identified 950 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that were associated with CAD at P<10(-3). Subsequent in silico and wet-laboratory replication stages and a final meta-analysis of 21 428 CAD cases and 38 361 control subjects revealed a novel association signal at chromosome 10q23.31 within the LIPA (lysosomal acid lipase A) gene (P=3.7x10(-8); odds ratio, 1.1; 95% confidence interval, 1.07 to 1.14). The association of this locus with global gene expression was assessed by genome-wide expression analyses in the monocyte transcriptome of 1494 individuals. The results showed a strong association of this locus with expression of the LIPA transcript (P=1.3x10(-96)). An assessment of LIPA SNPs and transcript with cardiovascular phenotypes revealed an association of LIPA transcript levels with impaired endothelial function (P=4.4x10(-3)). CONCLUSIONS: The use of data on genetic variants and the addition of data on global monocytic gene expression led to the identification of the novel functional CAD susceptibility locus LIPA, located on chromosome 10q23.31. The respective eSNPs associated with CAD strongly affect LIPA gene expression level, which was related to endothelial dysfunction, a precursor of CAD.
ESTHER : Wild_2011_Circ.Cardiovasc.Genet_4_403
PubMedSearch : Wild_2011_Circ.Cardiovasc.Genet_4_403
PubMedID: 21606135
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-LIPA

Title : Platelet-activating factor-acetylhydrolase and PAF-receptor gene haplotypes in relation to future cardiovascular event in patients with coronary artery disease - Ninio_2004_Hum.Mol.Genet_13_1341
Author(s) : Ninio E , Tregouet D , Carrier JL , Stengel D , Bickel C , Perret C , Rupprecht HJ , Cambien F , Blankenberg S , Tiret L
Ref : Hum Mol Genet , 13 :1341 , 2004
Abstract : Oxidation of low density lipoproteins is an initial step of atherogenesis that generates pro-inflammatory phospholipids, including platelet-activating factor (PAF) and its analogs. PAF is degraded by PAF-acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH), a circulating enzyme having both pro- and anti-inflammatory activities. PAF-AH activity has been postulated to be a risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD); however, whether PAF-AH has a causal role or is simply a marker of risk is unclear. The aim of this study was to relate the variability of the genes encoding PAF-AH (PLA2G7) and the PAF-receptor (PTAFR) to the risk of CAD and its complications. All polymorphisms located in putatively functional regions were investigated in a prospective cohort of CAD patients (n = 1314) and a group of healthy controls (n = 485). The whole gene variability was investigated in relation to case-control status, prospective cardiovascular outcome and plasma PAF-AH levels by means of haplotype analyses. All analyses indicated an effect of the PLA2G7/A379V polymorphism independent of the other polymorphisms. The V379 allele was less frequent in CAD patients than in controls and was associated with a lower risk of future cardiovascular events, suggesting that this allele might be protective against the development of CAD. The V379 allele was also associated with a weak increase of plasma PAF-AH activity that was unlikely to explain the protective effect of the allele on risk. A more likely interpretation is that the A379V polymorphism might modify the enzyme function towards a more anti-atherogenic form. Polymorphisms of the PTAFR gene were not related to any phenotype.
ESTHER : Ninio_2004_Hum.Mol.Genet_13_1341
PubMedSearch : Ninio_2004_Hum.Mol.Genet_13_1341
PubMedID: 15115767
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-PLA2G7