Cheng T

References (6)

Title : Identification and Functions of JHE 6 Specifically Expressed in Bombyx mori Silk Gland - Zhang_2023_Insects_14_
Author(s) : Zhang X , Zhang J , Wu K , Yang H , Cheng T , Liu C
Ref : Insects , 14 : , 2023
Abstract : Juvenile hormone esterase (JHE) is the specific enzyme that degrades juvenile hormone (JH) and regulates the JH titer in insects. JH also regulates the development of the silk gland and the synthesis and secretion of silk proteins in Bombyx mori. Here, we identified nine possible JHE family members, Bmjhe1-9. Notably, Bmjhe6 is specifically expressed in the silk gland. Using semi-quantitative, quantitative real-time RT-PCR and Western blot, it was confirmed that Bmjhe6 was specifically expressed in the middle silk gland (MSG) with high levels in the anterior region of the MSG (A-MSG). The immunofluorescence localization analysis revealed that Bmjhe6 is produced within cells, secreted into the gland lumen, and co-transported with silk proteins into the anterior silk gland (ASG). In vitro hormone induction experiments demonstrated that Bmjhe6 responds to a JH analog, increasing its expression after 12-24 h, whereas 20-hydroxyecdysone inhibited it. In addition, Bmjhe6 knockdown using dsBmjhe6 injections accelerated larval development, resulting in increased larval body and silk gland weight. This induced disordered sericin genes (Ser2, Ser3) expression, and key genes in the JH synthesis pathway (BmKr-h1 and BmMet1) were significantly upregulated along with the transcription factors (SGF-1 and Sage). These results indicate that Bmjhe6 plays an important role in silk gland growth and silk protein synthesis by modulating JH signal.
ESTHER : Zhang_2023_Insects_14_
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2023_Insects_14_
PubMedID: 38132582

Title : PubChem in 2021: new data content and improved web interfaces - Kim_2021_Nucleic.Acids.Res_49_D1388
Author(s) : Kim S , Chen J , Cheng T , Gindulyte A , He J , He S , Li Q , Shoemaker BA , Thiessen PA , Yu B , Zaslavsky L , Zhang J , Bolton EE
Ref : Nucleic Acids Research , 49 :D1388 , 2021
Abstract : PubChem ( is a popular chemical information resource that serves the scientific community as well as the general public, with millions of unique users per month. In the past two years, PubChem made substantial improvements. Data from more than 100 new data sources were added to PubChem, including chemical-literature links from Thieme Chemistry, chemical and physical property links from SpringerMaterials, and patent links from the World Intellectual Properties Organization (WIPO). PubChem's homepage and individual record pages were updated to help users find desired information faster. This update involved a data model change for the data objects used by these pages as well as by programmatic users. Several new services were introduced, including the PubChem Periodic Table and Element pages, Pathway pages, and Knowledge panels. Additionally, in response to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak, PubChem created a special data collection that contains PubChem data related to COVID-19 and the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).
ESTHER : Kim_2021_Nucleic.Acids.Res_49_D1388
PubMedSearch : Kim_2021_Nucleic.Acids.Res_49_D1388
PubMedID: 33151290

Title : Genomic adaptation to polyphagy and insecticides in a major East Asian noctuid pest - Cheng_2017_Nat.Ecol.Evol_1_1747
Author(s) : Cheng T , Wu J , Wu Y , Chilukuri RV , Huang L , Yamamoto K , Feng L , Li W , Chen Z , Guo H , Liu J , Li S , Wang X , Peng L , Liu D , Guo Y , Fu B , Li Z , Liu C , Chen Y , Tomar A , Hilliou F , Montagne N , Jacquin-Joly E , d'Alencon E , Seth RK , Bhatnagar RK , Jouraku A , Shiotsuki T , Kadono-Okuda K , Promboon A , Smagghe G , Arunkumar KP , Kishino H , Goldsmith MR , Feng Q , Xia Q , Mita K
Ref : Nat Ecol Evol , 1 :1747 , 2017
Abstract : The tobacco cutworm, Spodoptera litura, is among the most widespread and destructive agricultural pests, feeding on over 100 crops throughout tropical and subtropical Asia. By genome sequencing, physical mapping and transcriptome analysis, we found that the gene families encoding receptors for bitter or toxic substances and detoxification enzymes, such as cytochrome P450, carboxylesterase and glutathione-S-transferase, were massively expanded in this polyphagous species, enabling its extraordinary ability to detect and detoxify many plant secondary compounds. Larval exposure to insecticidal toxins induced expression of detoxification genes, and knockdown of representative genes using short interfering RNA (siRNA) reduced larval survival, consistent with their contribution to the insect's natural pesticide tolerance. A population genetics study indicated that this species expanded throughout southeast Asia by migrating along a South India-South China-Japan axis, adapting to wide-ranging ecological conditions with diverse host plants and insecticides, surviving and adapting with the aid of its expanded detoxification systems. The findings of this study will enable the development of new pest management strategies for the control of major agricultural pests such as S. litura.
ESTHER : Cheng_2017_Nat.Ecol.Evol_1_1747
PubMedSearch : Cheng_2017_Nat.Ecol.Evol_1_1747
PubMedID: 28963452

Title : The genome of a lepidopteran model insect, the silkworm Bombyx mori - Xia_2008_Insect.Biochem.Mol.Biol_38_1036
Author(s) : Xia Q , Wang J , Zhou Z , Li R , Fan W , Cheng D , Cheng T , Qin J , Duana J , Xu H , Li Q , Li N , Wang M , Dai F , Liu C , Lin Y , Zhao P , Zhang H , Liu S , Zha X , Li C , Zhao A , Pan M , Pan G , Shen Y , Gao Z , Wang Z , Wang G , Wu Z , Hou Y , Chai C , Yu Q , He N , Zhang Z , Li S , Yang H , Lu C , Xiang Z , Mita K , Kasahara M , Nakatani Y , Yamamoto K , Abe H , Ahsan B , Daimoni T , Doi K , Fujii T , Fujiwara H , Fujiyama A , Futahashi R , Hashimotol S , Ishibashi J , Iwami M , Kadono-Okuda K , Kanamori H , Kataoka H , Katsuma S , Kawaoka S , Kawasaki H , Kohara Y , Kozaki T , Kuroshu RM , Kuwazaki S , Matsushima K , Minami H , Nagayasu Y , Nakagawa T , Narukawa J , Nohata J , Ohishi K , Ono Y , Osanai-Futahashi M , Ozaki K , Qu W , Roller L , Sasaki S , Sasaki T , Seino A , Shimomura M , Shin-I T , Shinoda T , Shiotsuki T , Suetsugu Y , Sugano S , Suwa M , Suzuki Y , Takiya S , Tamura T , Tanaka H , Tanaka Y , Touhara K , Yamada T , Yamakawa M , Yamanaka N , Yoshikawa H , Zhong YS , Shimada T , Morishita S
Ref : Insect Biochemistry & Molecular Biology , 38 :1036 , 2008
Abstract : Bombyx mori, the domesticated silkworm, is a major insect model for research, and the first lepidopteran for which draft genome sequences became available in 2004. Two independent data sets from whole-genome shotgun sequencing were merged and assembled together with newly obtained fosmid- and BAC-end sequences. The remarkably improved new assembly is presented here. The 8.5-fold sequence coverage of an estimated 432 Mb genome was assembled into scaffolds with an N50 size of approximately 3.7 Mb; the largest scaffold was 14.5 million base pairs. With help of a high-density SNP linkage map, we anchored 87% of the scaffold sequences to all 28 chromosomes. A particular feature was the high repetitive sequence content estimated to be 43.6% and that consisted mainly of transposable elements. We predicted 14,623 gene models based on a GLEAN-based algorithm, a more accurate prediction than the previous gene models for this species. Over three thousand silkworm genes have no homologs in other insect or vertebrate genomes. Some insights into gene evolution and into characteristic biological processes are presented here and in other papers in this issue. The massive silk production correlates with the existence of specific tRNA clusters, and of several sericin genes assembled in a cluster. The silkworm's adaptation to feeding on mulberry leaves, which contain toxic alkaloids, is likely linked to the presence of new-type sucrase genes, apparently acquired from bacteria. The silkworm genome also revealed the cascade of genes involved in the juvenile hormone biosynthesis pathway, and a large number of cuticular protein genes.
ESTHER : Xia_2008_Insect.Biochem.Mol.Biol_38_1036
PubMedSearch : Xia_2008_Insect.Biochem.Mol.Biol_38_1036
PubMedID: 19121390
Gene_locus related to this paper: bommo-a0mnw6 , bommo-a1yw85 , bommo-a9ls22 , bommo-ACHE1 , bommo-ACHE2 , bommo-b0fgv8 , bommo-b1q137 , bommo-b1q139 , bommo-b1q140 , bommo-b1q141 , bommo-b2zdz0 , bommo-b3gef6 , bommo-b3gef7 , bommo-b3gs55 , bommo-b3gs56 , bommo-d2ktu3 , bommo-d2ktu5 , bommo-d9ile0 , bommo-e1cga5 , bommo-e1cga6 , bommo-g8fpz6 , bommo-h9iu43 , bommo-h9iu46 , bommo-h9iu47.1 , bommo-h9iu47.2 , bommo-h9iue5 , bommo-h9ivg2 , bommo-h9iwj7 , bommo-h9iwj8 , bommo-h9ix58 , bommo-h9ixi1.1 , bommo-h9ixi1.2 , bommo-h9iy47 , bommo-h9izw1 , bommo-h9j0s4 , bommo-h9j1y0 , bommo-h9j3r0 , bommo-h9j3w6 , bommo-h9j3w7 , bommo-h9j5t0 , bommo-h9j8g3 , bommo-h9j9k9 , bommo-h9j066 , bommo-h9j067 , bommo-h9j593 , bommo-h9j594 , bommo-h9j990 , bommo-h9jde8 , bommo-h9jde9 , bommo-h9jdf0 , bommo-h9jds4 , bommo-h9jle7 , bommo-h9jn83 , bommo-h9jn85 , bommo-h9jrg2 , bommo-h9jyh9 , bommo-JHE , bommo-m1rmh6 , bommo-q1hq05 , bommo-q4tte1 , bommo-h9j592 , bommo-h9j604 , bommo-h9jpm8 , bommo-h9iss4 , bommo-h9j2c7

Title : Substrate and functional diversity of lysine acetylation revealed by a proteomics survey - Kim_2006_Mol.Cell_23_607
Author(s) : Kim SC , Sprung R , Chen Y , Xu Y , Ball H , Pei J , Cheng T , Kho Y , Xiao H , Xiao L , Grishin NV , White M , Yang XJ , Zhao Y
Ref : Mol Cell , 23 :607 , 2006
Abstract : Acetylation of proteins on lysine residues is a dynamic posttranslational modification that is known to play a key role in regulating transcription and other DNA-dependent nuclear processes. However, the extent of this modification in diverse cellular proteins remains largely unknown, presenting a major bottleneck for lysine-acetylation biology. Here we report the first proteomic survey of this modification, identifying 388 acetylation sites in 195 proteins among proteins derived from HeLa cells and mouse liver mitochondria. In addition to regulators of chromatin-based cellular processes, nonnuclear localized proteins with diverse functions were identified. Most strikingly, acetyllysine was found in more than 20% of mitochondrial proteins, including many longevity regulators and metabolism enzymes. Our study reveals previously unappreciated roles for lysine acetylation in the regulation of diverse cellular pathways outside of the nucleus. The combined data sets offer a rich source for further characterization of the contribution of this modification to cellular physiology and human diseases.
ESTHER : Kim_2006_Mol.Cell_23_607
PubMedSearch : Kim_2006_Mol.Cell_23_607
PubMedID: 16916647
Gene_locus related to this paper: mouse-acnt1

Title : Binding of lipoprotein lipase to heparin. Identification of five critical residues in two distinct segments of the amino-terminal domain - Hata_1993_J.Biol.Chem_268_8447
Author(s) : Hata A , Ridinger DN , Sutherland S , Emi M , Shuhua Z , Myers RL , Ren K , Cheng T , Inoue I , Wilson DE , et al.
Ref : Journal of Biological Chemistry , 268 :8447 , 1993
Abstract : Binding to heparan sulfate governs many aspects of the physiological action and regulation of the lipolytic enzyme, lipoprotein lipase (LPL). In an attempt to identify the structural determinants which mediate this interaction, basic residues in three segments of the primary sequence of human LPL (residues 147-151, 279-282, and 292-304) were replaced with alanine, either singly or in various combinations, and variant proteins were subjected to affinity chromatography on heparin-Superose. Five basic residues in two distinct segments of the primary sequence were critical determinants of the high affinity for heparin manifested by the active enzyme (R279, K280, R282, K296, R297). By contrast, no such evidence could be detected for basic residues in the first cluster (K147, K148) or for other basic residues in the third cluster (K292, R294, K304), while the evidence for K300 was unresolved. The conformation of this heparin-binding domain can be inferred by reference to the three-dimensional structure of the homologous enzyme, pancreatic lipase (Winkler, F. K., D'Arcy, A., and Hunziker, W. (1990) Nature 343, 771-774). Affinity of the active enzyme for heparin could not be reduced below a threshold, suggesting that other heparin-binding determinants exist elsewhere in the molecule, as supported by recently published evidence (Davis, R. C., Wong, H., Nikazy, J., Wang, K., Han, Q., and Schotz, M. C. (1992) J. Biol. Chem. 267, 21499-21504).
ESTHER : Hata_1993_J.Biol.Chem_268_8447
PubMedSearch : Hata_1993_J.Biol.Chem_268_8447
PubMedID: 8473288