Abe H

References (15)

Title : Poly(3-mercapto-2-methylpropionate), a Novel alpha-Methylated Bio-Polythioester with Rubber-like Elasticity, and Its Copolymer with 3-hydroxybutyrate: Biosynthesis and Characterization - Ceneviva_2022_Bioengineering.(Basel)_9_228
Author(s) : Ceneviva LVS , Mierzati M , Miyahara Y , Nomura CT , Taguchi S , Abe H , Tsuge T
Ref : Bioengineering (Basel) , 9 :228 , 2022
Abstract : A new polythioester (PTE), poly(3-mercapto-2-methylpropionate) [P(3M2MP)], and its copolymer with 3-hydroxybutyrate (3HB) were successfully biosynthesized from 3-mercapto-2-methylpropionic acid as a structurally-related precursor. This is the fourth PTE of biological origin and the first to be alpha-methylated. P(3M2MP) was biosynthesized using an engineered Escherichia coli LSBJ, which has a high molecular weight, amorphous structure, and elastomeric properties, reaching 2600% elongation at break. P(3HB-co-3M2MP) copolymers were synthesized by expressing 3HB-supplying enzymes. The copolymers were produced with high content in the cells and showed a high 3M2MP unit incorporation of up to 77.2 wt% and 54.8 mol%, respectively. As the 3M2MP fraction in the copolymer increased, the molecular weight decreased and the polymers became softer, more flexible, and less crystalline, with lower glass transition temperatures and higher elongations at break. The properties of this PTE were distinct from those of previously biosynthesized PTEs, indicating that the range of material properties can be further expanded by introducing alpha-methylated thioester monomers.
ESTHER : Ceneviva_2022_Bioengineering.(Basel)_9_228
PubMedSearch : Ceneviva_2022_Bioengineering.(Basel)_9_228
PubMedID: 35621506
Gene_locus related to this paper: aerca-PHAC

Title : Prognostic Significance of Serum Cholinesterase Level in Patients With Acute Decompensated Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction: Insights From the PURSUIT-HFpEF Registry - Seo_2020_J.Am.Heart.Assoc_9_e014100
Author(s) : Seo M , Yamada T , Tamaki S , Hikoso S , Yasumura Y , Higuchi Y , Nakagawa Y , Uematsu M , Abe H , Fuji H , Mano T , Nakatani D , Fukunami M , Sakata Y
Ref : J Am Heart Assoc , 9 :e014100 , 2020
Abstract : Background Malnutrition is one of the most important comorbidities in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction. We recently reported the prognostic significance of serum cholinesterase level and superior predictive power of cholinesterase level to other objective nutritional indices such as the controlling nutritional status score, prognostic nutritional index, and geriatric nutritional risk index in patients with acute decompensated heart failure. The aim of this study was to clarify the prognostic role of cholinesterase in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction/acute decompensated heart failure and investigate incremental cholinesterase value. Methods and Results We prospectively studied 274 consecutive patients from the PURSUIT-HFpEF (Prospective Multicenter Observational Study of Patients with Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction) study. During a follow-up period of 1.2+/-0.6 years, 56 patients reached the composite end points (cardiovascular death and readmission for worsening heart failure). In the multivariable Cox analysis, cholinesterase level was significantly associated with the composite end points after adjustment for major confounders. A Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that patients with low cholinesterase levels (stratified by tertile) had significantly greater risk of reaching the composite end points than those with middle or high cholinesterase levels (P=0.0025). Cholinesterase level showed the best C-statistics (0.703) for prediction of the composite end points among the objective nutritional indices. C-statistics of the Meta-Analysis Global Group in Chronic Heart Failure (MAGGIC) risk score for prediction of the composite end points were improved when cholinesterase level was added (C-statistics, from 0.601 to 0.705; P=0.0408). Conclusions Cholinesterase was a useful prognostic marker for prediction of adverse outcome in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction/acute decompensated heart failure.
ESTHER : Seo_2020_J.Am.Heart.Assoc_9_e014100
PubMedSearch : Seo_2020_J.Am.Heart.Assoc_9_e014100
PubMedID: 31847660

Title : Donepezil, an Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitor, Can Attenuate Gabapentinoid-Induced Somnolence in Patients with Neuropathic Pain: A Retrospective Chart Review - Kogure_2017_J.Pain.Palliat.Care.Pharmacother_31_4
Author(s) : Kogure T , Sumitani M , Ikegami K , Abe H , Hozumi J , Inoue R , Kawahara K , Yamada Y
Ref : J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother , 31 :4 , 2017
Abstract : Donepezil, an oral acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, is used to treat Alzheimer's disease and reportedly attenuates opioid-induced sedation in patients with cancer pain. Neuropathic pain is often treated with gabapentinoids (pregabalin, gabapentin), but gabapentinoid-induced somnolence sometimes prevents patients from using these agents. We conducted a retrospective chart review of patients with neuropathic pain to examine whether donepezil is useful for gabapentinoid-induced somnolence. We investigated pain severity in 13 patients before and after taking gabapentinoids and donepezil, the degree of gabapentinoid-induced somnolence before and after starting donepezil, and gabapentinoid dose escalation after taking donepezil. Donepezil was started at 3-5 mg/day upon experiencing gabapentinoid-induced somnolence. Likert-scale scores for somnolence (0 = no somnolence; 4 = severe somnolence with stumbling) improved significantly after starting donepezil (before: 2.3 +/- 0.9, after: 0.5 +/- 0.7; Wilcoxon's signed-rank test, P < .05), resulting in gabapentinoid dose escalation (before: 796.2 +/- 564.3 mg, after: 1409.6 +/- 526.9 mg; P < .05), which significantly decreased pain intensity (before: 7.4 +/- 1.2, after: 5.0 +/- 1.3; P < .05). Donepezil could be an alternative to psychostimulants for gabapentinoid-induced somnolence. The analgesic effect of gabapentinoids remained uncompromised by donepezil, which could enhance the dose-dependent analgesic effect of gabapentinoids.
ESTHER : Kogure_2017_J.Pain.Palliat.Care.Pharmacother_31_4
PubMedSearch : Kogure_2017_J.Pain.Palliat.Care.Pharmacother_31_4
PubMedID: 28287355

Title : Complete Genome Sequence of Bordetella bronchiseptica S798, an Isolate from a Pig with Atrophic Rhinitis - Okada_2014_Genome.Announc_2_e00436
Author(s) : Okada K , Ogura Y , Hayashi T , Abe A , Kuwae A , Horiguchi Y , Abe H
Ref : Genome Announc , 2 : , 2014
Abstract : Bordetella bronchiseptica colonizes the respiratory tracts of a wide variety of mammals and causes a range of diseases, from lethal pneumonia to asymptomatic chronic infection. We report the complete genome sequence of Bordetella bronchiseptica strain S798, isolated from a pig with atrophic rhinitis in Japan.
ESTHER : Okada_2014_Genome.Announc_2_e00436
PubMedSearch : Okada_2014_Genome.Announc_2_e00436
PubMedID: 24831150

Title : Display of functionally active PHB depolymerase on Escherichia coli cell surface - Hiraishi_2012_Macromol.Biosci_12_218
Author(s) : Hiraishi T , Yamashita K , Sakono M , Nakanishi J , Tan LT , Sudesh K , Abe H , Maeda M
Ref : Macromol Biosci , 12 :218 , 2012
Abstract : The display of PHB depolymerase (PhaZ(RpiT1) ) from R. pickettii T1 on the surface of E. coli JM109 cells is realized using OprI of P. aeruginosa as the anchoring motif. The fusion protein is stably expressed and its surface localization is verified by immunofluorescence microscopy. The displayed PhaZ(RpiT1) retains its cleaving ability for soluble substrates as well as its ability to adsorb to the PHB surface, and also remains catalycically active in the degradation of insoluble polyester materials, in spite of the possible suppression of the enzyme movement on the polymer surface. The results demonstrate that PhaZ(RpiT1) -displaying E. coli shows potential for use as a whole-cell biocatalyst for the production of (R)-3-hydroxybutyrate monomers from insoluble PHB materials.
ESTHER : Hiraishi_2012_Macromol.Biosci_12_218
PubMedSearch : Hiraishi_2012_Macromol.Biosci_12_218
PubMedID: 22095689

Title : The genome of the mesopolyploid crop species Brassica rapa - Wang_2011_Nat.Genet_43_1035
Author(s) : Wang X , Wang H , Wang J , Sun R , Wu J , Liu S , Bai Y , Mun JH , Bancroft I , Cheng F , Huang S , Li X , Hua W , Freeling M , Pires JC , Paterson AH , Chalhoub B , Wang B , Hayward A , Sharpe AG , Park BS , Weisshaar B , Liu B , Li B , Tong C , Song C , Duran C , Peng C , Geng C , Koh C , Lin C , Edwards D , Mu D , Shen D , Soumpourou E , Li F , Fraser F , Conant G , Lassalle G , King GJ , Bonnema G , Tang H , Belcram H , Zhou H , Hirakawa H , Abe H , Guo H , Jin H , Parkin IA , Batley J , Kim JS , Just J , Li J , Xu J , Deng J , Kim JA , Yu J , Meng J , Min J , Poulain J , Hatakeyama K , Wu K , Wang L , Fang L , Trick M , Links MG , Zhao M , Jin M , Ramchiary N , Drou N , Berkman PJ , Cai Q , Huang Q , Li R , Tabata S , Cheng S , Zhang S , Sato S , Sun S , Kwon SJ , Choi SR , Lee TH , Fan W , Zhao X , Tan X , Xu X , Wang Y , Qiu Y , Yin Y , Li Y , Du Y , Liao Y , Lim Y , Narusaka Y , Wang Z , Li Z , Xiong Z , Zhang Z
Ref : Nat Genet , 43 :1035 , 2011
Abstract : We report the annotation and analysis of the draft genome sequence of Brassica rapa accession Chiifu-401-42, a Chinese cabbage. We modeled 41,174 protein coding genes in the B. rapa genome, which has undergone genome triplication. We used Arabidopsis thaliana as an outgroup for investigating the consequences of genome triplication, such as structural and functional evolution. The extent of gene loss (fractionation) among triplicated genome segments varies, with one of the three copies consistently retaining a disproportionately large fraction of the genes expected to have been present in its ancestor. Variation in the number of members of gene families present in the genome may contribute to the remarkable morphological plasticity of Brassica species. The B. rapa genome sequence provides an important resource for studying the evolution of polyploid genomes and underpins the genetic improvement of Brassica oil and vegetable crops.
ESTHER : Wang_2011_Nat.Genet_43_1035
PubMedSearch : Wang_2011_Nat.Genet_43_1035
PubMedID: 21873998
Gene_locus related to this paper: braol-Q8GTM3 , braol-Q8GTM4 , brarp-m4ei94 , brarp-m4c988 , brana-a0a078j4a9 , brana-a0a078e1m0 , brana-a0a078cd75 , brarp-m4dwa6 , brana-a0a078j4f0 , brana-a0a078cus4 , brana-a0a078f8c2 , brana-a0a078jql1 , brana-a0a078dgj3 , brana-a0a078hw50 , brana-a0a078cuu0 , brana-a0a078dfa9 , brana-a0a078ic91 , brarp-m4ctw3 , brana-a0a078ca65 , brana-a0a078ctc8 , brana-a0a078h021 , brana-a0a078jx23 , brarp-m4da84 , brarp-m4dwr7 , brana-a0a078dh94 , brana-a0a078h612 , brana-a0a078j2t3 , braol-a0a0d3dpb2 , braol-a0a0d3dx76 , brana-a0a078jxa8 , brana-a0a078i2k3 , brarp-m4cwq4 , brarp-m4dcj8 , brarp-m4eh17 , brarp-m4eey4 , brarp-m4dnj8 , brarp-m4ey83 , brarp-m4ey84

Title : Improved synthesis of P(3HB-co-3HV-co-3HHx) terpolymers by mutant Cupriavidus necator using the PHA synthase gene of Chromobacterium sp. USM2 with high affinity towards 3HV - Bhubalan_2010_Polym.Degrad.Stab_95_1436
Author(s) : Bhubalan K , Rathi DN , Abe H , Iwata T , Sudesh K
Ref : Polymer Degradation and Stability , 95 :1436 , 2010
Abstract : Unlike polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) copolymers, the controlled and efficient synthesis of PHA terpolymers from triglycerides and fatty acids are yet to be established. This study demonstrates the production of P(3HB-co-3HV-co-3HHx) terpolymer with a wide range of 3HV monomer compositions from mixtures of crude palm kernel oil and 3HV precursors using a mutant Cupriavidus necator PHB-4 transformant harboring the PHA synthase gene (phaC) of a locally isolated Chromobacterium sp. USM2. The PHA synthase of Chromobacterium has an unusually high affinity towards 3HV monomer. P(3HB-co-3HV-co-3HHx) terpolymers with 3HV monomer composition ranging from 2 to 91 mol% were produced. Generation of 3HHx monomers was affected by the concentration and feeding time of 3HV precursor. P(3HB-co-24 mol% 3HV-co-7 mol% 3HHx) exhibited mechanical properties similar to that of common low-density polyethylene. P(3HB-co-3HV-co-3HHx) terpolymers with a wide range of 3HV molar fraction had been successfully synthesized by adding lower concentrations of 3HV precursors and using a PHA synthase with high affinity towards 3HV monomer.
ESTHER : Bhubalan_2010_Polym.Degrad.Stab_95_1436
PubMedSearch : Bhubalan_2010_Polym.Degrad.Stab_95_1436
PubMedID:
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9neis-e1apk1

Title : Comparative genomics reveal the mechanism of the parallel evolution of O157 and non-O157 enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli - Ogura_2009_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_106_17939
Author(s) : Ogura Y , Ooka T , Iguchi A , Toh H , Asadulghani M , Oshima K , Kodama T , Abe H , Nakayama K , Kurokawa K , Tobe T , Hattori M , Hayashi T
Ref : Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A , 106 :17939 , 2009
Abstract : Among the various pathogenic Escherichia coli strains, enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) is the most devastating. Although serotype O157:H7 strains are the most prevalent, strains of different serotypes also possess similar pathogenic potential. Here, we present the results of a genomic comparison between EHECs of serotype O157, O26, O111, and O103, as well as 21 other, fully sequenced E. coli/Shigella strains. All EHECs have much larger genomes (5.5-5.9 Mb) than the other strains and contain surprisingly large numbers of prophages and integrative elements (IEs). The gene contents of the 4 EHECs do not follow the phylogenetic relationships of the strains, and they share virulence genes for Shiga toxins and many other factors. We found many lambdoid phages, IEs, and virulence plasmids that carry the same or similar virulence genes but have distinct evolutionary histories, indicating that independent acquisition of these mobile genetic elements has driven the evolution of each EHEC. Particularly interesting is the evolution of the type III secretion system (T3SS). We found that the T3SS of EHECs is composed of genes that were introduced by 3 different types of genetic elements: an IE referred to as the locus of enterocyte effacement, which encodes a central part of the T3SS; SpLE3-like IEs; and lambdoid phages carrying numerous T3SS effector genes and other T3SS-related genes. Our data demonstrate how E. coli strains of different phylogenies can independently evolve into EHECs, providing unique insights into the mechanisms underlying the parallel evolution of complex virulence systems in bacteria.
ESTHER : Ogura_2009_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_106_17939
PubMedSearch : Ogura_2009_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_106_17939
PubMedID: 19815525
Gene_locus related to this paper: ecoli-Aes , ecoli-rutD , ecoli-bioh , ecoli-C2429 , ecoli-C4836 , ecoli-d7xp23 , ecoli-dlhh , ecoli-entf , ecoli-fes , ecoli-mhpc , ecoli-pldb , ecoli-ptrb , ecoli-yafa , ecoli-yaim , ecoli-ybff , ecoli-ycfp , ecoli-ycjy , ecoli-yeiG , ecoli-YFBB , ecoli-yghX , ecoli-yhet , ecoli-yiel , ecoli-yjfp , ecoli-YNBC , ecoli-ypfh , ecoli-ypt1 , ecoli-yqia , ecoli-Z1341 , ecoli-Z1930 , ecoli-Z2445 , ecoli-YfhR , yerpe-YBTT

Title : Cloning of poly(aspartic acid) (PAA) hydrolase-1 gene from Pedobacter sp. KP-2 and hydrolysis of thermally synthesized PAA by its gene product - Hiraishi_2009_Macromol.Biosci_9_10
Author(s) : Hiraishi T , Masuda E , Kanayama N , Nagata M , Doi Y , Abe H , Maeda M
Ref : Macromol Biosci , 9 :10 , 2009
Abstract : Pedobacter sp. KP-2 can degrade and metabolize thermally synthesized alpha,beta-poly(D,L-aspartic acid) (tPAA), which contains 70% of unnatural beta-amide units, with high-molecular-weight. In this study, gene cloning and molecular characterization of PAA hydrolase-1 from KP-2 was carried out. Gene analysis reveals that deduced amino acid sequence of the enzyme shows a similarity to only that of PAA hydrolase-1 from Sphingomonas sp. KT-1. GPC and NMR analyses of the hydrolyzed products of tPAA by PAA hydrolase-1 of KP-2 indicate that this enzyme cleaves the beta-beta amide linkage via endo-mode to yield oligo(aspartic acid) from tPAA. Taking the composition of tPAA and the substrate specificity of PAA hydrolase-1 into consideration, the enzyme possibly plays a crucial role in tPAA biodegradation by KP-2.
ESTHER : Hiraishi_2009_Macromol.Biosci_9_10
PubMedSearch : Hiraishi_2009_Macromol.Biosci_9_10
PubMedID: 18756460
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9sphi-b6vqa9

Title : The genome of a lepidopteran model insect, the silkworm Bombyx mori - Xia_2008_Insect.Biochem.Mol.Biol_38_1036
Author(s) : Xia Q , Wang J , Zhou Z , Li R , Fan W , Cheng D , Cheng T , Qin J , Duana J , Xu H , Li Q , Li N , Wang M , Dai F , Liu C , Lin Y , Zhao P , Zhang H , Liu S , Zha X , Li C , Zhao A , Pan M , Pan G , Shen Y , Gao Z , Wang Z , Wang G , Wu Z , Hou Y , Chai C , Yu Q , He N , Zhang Z , Li S , Yang H , Lu C , Xiang Z , Mita K , Kasahara M , Nakatani Y , Yamamoto K , Abe H , Ahsan B , Daimoni T , Doi K , Fujii T , Fujiwara H , Fujiyama A , Futahashi R , Hashimotol S , Ishibashi J , Iwami M , Kadono-Okuda K , Kanamori H , Kataoka H , Katsuma S , Kawaoka S , Kawasaki H , Kohara Y , Kozaki T , Kuroshu RM , Kuwazaki S , Matsushima K , Minami H , Nagayasu Y , Nakagawa T , Narukawa J , Nohata J , Ohishi K , Ono Y , Osanai-Futahashi M , Ozaki K , Qu W , Roller L , Sasaki S , Sasaki T , Seino A , Shimomura M , Shin-I T , Shinoda T , Shiotsuki T , Suetsugu Y , Sugano S , Suwa M , Suzuki Y , Takiya S , Tamura T , Tanaka H , Tanaka Y , Touhara K , Yamada T , Yamakawa M , Yamanaka N , Yoshikawa H , Zhong YS , Shimada T , Morishita S
Ref : Insect Biochemistry & Molecular Biology , 38 :1036 , 2008
Abstract : Bombyx mori, the domesticated silkworm, is a major insect model for research, and the first lepidopteran for which draft genome sequences became available in 2004. Two independent data sets from whole-genome shotgun sequencing were merged and assembled together with newly obtained fosmid- and BAC-end sequences. The remarkably improved new assembly is presented here. The 8.5-fold sequence coverage of an estimated 432 Mb genome was assembled into scaffolds with an N50 size of approximately 3.7 Mb; the largest scaffold was 14.5 million base pairs. With help of a high-density SNP linkage map, we anchored 87% of the scaffold sequences to all 28 chromosomes. A particular feature was the high repetitive sequence content estimated to be 43.6% and that consisted mainly of transposable elements. We predicted 14,623 gene models based on a GLEAN-based algorithm, a more accurate prediction than the previous gene models for this species. Over three thousand silkworm genes have no homologs in other insect or vertebrate genomes. Some insights into gene evolution and into characteristic biological processes are presented here and in other papers in this issue. The massive silk production correlates with the existence of specific tRNA clusters, and of several sericin genes assembled in a cluster. The silkworm's adaptation to feeding on mulberry leaves, which contain toxic alkaloids, is likely linked to the presence of new-type sucrase genes, apparently acquired from bacteria. The silkworm genome also revealed the cascade of genes involved in the juvenile hormone biosynthesis pathway, and a large number of cuticular protein genes.
ESTHER : Xia_2008_Insect.Biochem.Mol.Biol_38_1036
PubMedSearch : Xia_2008_Insect.Biochem.Mol.Biol_38_1036
PubMedID: 19121390
Gene_locus related to this paper: bommo-a0mnw6 , bommo-a1yw85 , bommo-a9ls22 , bommo-ACHE1 , bommo-ACHE2 , bommo-b0fgv8 , bommo-b1q137 , bommo-b1q139 , bommo-b1q140 , bommo-b1q141 , bommo-b2zdz0 , bommo-b3gef6 , bommo-b3gef7 , bommo-b3gs55 , bommo-b3gs56 , bommo-d2ktu3 , bommo-d2ktu5 , bommo-d9ile0 , bommo-e1cga5 , bommo-e1cga6 , bommo-g8fpz6 , bommo-h9iu43 , bommo-h9iu46 , bommo-h9iu47.1 , bommo-h9iu47.2 , bommo-h9iue5 , bommo-h9ivg2 , bommo-h9iwj7 , bommo-h9iwj8 , bommo-h9ix58 , bommo-h9ixi1.1 , bommo-h9ixi1.2 , bommo-h9iy47 , bommo-h9izw1 , bommo-h9j0s4 , bommo-h9j1y0 , bommo-h9j3r0 , bommo-h9j3w6 , bommo-h9j3w7 , bommo-h9j5t0 , bommo-h9j8g3 , bommo-h9j9k9 , bommo-h9j066 , bommo-h9j067 , bommo-h9j593 , bommo-h9j594 , bommo-h9j990 , bommo-h9jde8 , bommo-h9jde9 , bommo-h9jdf0 , bommo-h9jds4 , bommo-h9jle7 , bommo-h9jn83 , bommo-h9jn85 , bommo-h9jrg2 , bommo-h9jyh9 , bommo-JHE , bommo-m1rmh6 , bommo-q1hq05 , bommo-q4tte1 , bommo-h9j592 , bommo-h9j604 , bommo-h9jpm8 , bommo-h9iss4 , bommo-h9j2c7

Title : Systematic identification and sequence analysis of the genomic islands of the enteropathogenic Escherichia coli strain B171-8 by the combined use of whole-genome PCR scanning and fosmid mapping - Ogura_2008_J.Bacteriol_190_6948
Author(s) : Ogura Y , Abe H , Katsura K , Kurokawa K , Asadulghani M , Iguchi A , Ooka T , Nakayama K , Yamashita A , Hattori M , Tobe T , Hayashi T
Ref : Journal of Bacteriology , 190 :6948 , 2008
Abstract : Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) and enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) are diarrheagenic pathogens that colonize the intestinal tract through the formation of attaching and effacing lesions, induced by effectors translocated via a type III secretion system (T3SS) encoded on the locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE). In EHEC O157, numerous virulence factors, including around 40 T3SS effectors, have been identified. Most of them are encoded on genomic islands (GEIs) such as prophages and integrative elements. For EPEC, however, no systematic search of GEIs and virulence-related genes carried therein has been done, and only a limited number of virulence factors have been identified so far. In this study, we performed a systemic and genome-wide survey of the GEIs in strain B171-8, one of the prototype strains of EPEC, by the combined use of whole-genome PCR scanning and fosmid mapping and identified 22 large GEIs, including nine lambda-like prophages, three P2-like prophages, the LEE, and three additional integrative elements. On these prophages and integrative elements, we found genes for a set of T3SS proteins, a total of 33 T3SS effectors or effector homologues, and 12 other virulence factors which include five nonfimbrial adhesins. Most of the T3SS effector families identified are also present in EHEC O157, but B171-8 possesses a significantly smaller number of effectors. Not only the presence or absence of Shiga toxin genes but also the difference in the T3SS effector repertoire should be considered in analyzing the pathogenicity of EPEC and EHEC strains.
ESTHER : Ogura_2008_J.Bacteriol_190_6948
PubMedSearch : Ogura_2008_J.Bacteriol_190_6948
PubMedID: 18757547
Gene_locus related to this paper: ecoli-Z1930

Title : Combination of N149S and D171G mutations in Aeromonas caviae polyhydroxyalkanoate synthase and impact on polyhydroxyalkanoate biosynthesis - Tsuge_2007_FEMS.Microbiol.Lett_277_217
Author(s) : Tsuge T , Watanabe S , Shimada D , Abe H , Doi Y , Taguchi S
Ref : FEMS Microbiology Letters , 277 :217 , 2007
Abstract : Aeromonas caviae polyhydroxyalkanoate synthase (PhaC(Ac)) is an important biocatalyst for the synthesis of practically useful two-component polyhydroxyalkanoate copolymer, poly[(R)-3-hydroxybutyrate-co-(R)-3-hydroxyhexanoate] [P(3HB-co-3HHx)]. In a previous study, two PhaC(Ac) mutants that have a single amino acid substitution of either asparagine 149 by serine (N149S) or aspartate 171 by glycine (D171G) were isolated as higher active enzymes by means of evolutionary engineering. In this study, the synergistic effects of N149S and D171G double mutation (NSDG) in PhaC(Ac) on polyhydroxyalkanoate biosynthesis were investigated in recombinant Ralstonia eutropha. The PhaC(Ac) NSDG mutant showed enhanced incorporation of longer 3-hydroxyalkanoate (3HA) units into the polyhydroxyalkanoate copolymer from octanoate (3HA fraction: 18.5 mol%) and soybean oil (5.4 mol%) as a carbon source. Besides, the NSDG mutant synthesized P(3HB) homopolymer with a very high molecular weight (M(w)=368 x 10(4)) when fructose was used as a carbon source. Thus, a combination of the beneficial mutations synergistically altered enzymatic properties, leading to synthesis of a polyhydroxyalkanoate copolymer with enhanced 3HA fraction and increased molecular weight.
ESTHER : Tsuge_2007_FEMS.Microbiol.Lett_277_217
PubMedSearch : Tsuge_2007_FEMS.Microbiol.Lett_277_217
PubMedID: 18031343
Gene_locus related to this paper: aerca-PHAC

Title : Branched poly(lactide) synthesized by enzymatic polymerization: effects of molecular branches and stereochemistry on enzymatic degradation and alkaline hydrolysis - Numata_2007_Biomacromolecules_8_3115
Author(s) : Numata K , Srivastava RK , Finne-Wistrand A , Albertsson AC , Doi Y , Abe H
Ref : Biomacromolecules , 8 :3115 , 2007
Abstract : In this article the effects of the number of molecular branches (chain ends) and the stereochemistry of poly(lactide)s (PLAs) on the enzymatic degradation and alkaline hydrolysis are studied. Various linear and branched PLAs were synthesized using lipase PS (Pseudomonas fluorescens)-catalyzed ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of lactide monomers having different stereochemistries (L-lactide, D-lactide, and D,L-lactide). Five different alcohols were used as initiators for the ROP, and the monomer-to-initiator molar feed ratio was varied from 10 to 100 and 1000 for each branch in the polymer architecture. The properties of branched PLAs that would affect the enzymatic and alkaline degradations, i.e., the glass transition temperature, the melting temperature, the melting enthalpy, and the advancing contact angle, were determined. The PLA films were degraded using proteinase K or 1.0 M NaOH solution, and the weight loss and changes in the number average molecular weight (Mn) of the polymer were studied during 12 h of degradation. The results suggest that an increase in the number of molecular branches of branched PLAs enhances its enzymatic degradability and alkali hydrolyzability. Moreover, the change in Mn of the branched poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) by alkaline hydrolysis indicated that the decrease in Mn was in the first place dependent on the number of molecular branches and thereafter on the length of the molecular branch of branched PLA. The branched PLLA, poly(D-lactide) (PDLA), and poly(D,L-lactide) (PDLLA) differed in weight loss and change in Mn of the PLA segment during the enzymatic degradation. It is suggested that the branched PDLLA was degraded preferentially by proteinase K.
ESTHER : Numata_2007_Biomacromolecules_8_3115
PubMedSearch : Numata_2007_Biomacromolecules_8_3115
PubMedID: 17722879

Title : Purification and characterization of poly(aspartic acid) hydrolase from Sphingomonas sp. KT-1 - Tabata_2001_Biomacromolecules_2_1155
Author(s) : Tabata K , Kajiyama M , Hiraishi T , Abe H , Yamato I , Doi Y
Ref : Biomacromolecules , 2 :1155 , 2001
Abstract : Poly(aspartic acid) (PAA) hydrolase was purified from Sphingomonas sp. KT-1 (JCM10459). The purified hydrolase degraded thermally synthesized PAA to oligomers. The molecular mass of PAA hydrolase was 30 kDa and the isoelectric point was 8.9. The optimum values of pH and temperature for PAA degradation were 10.0 and 40 degrees C, respectively. The investigation of the effect of inhibitors for the PAA-degrading activities has revealed that the PAA hydrolase is a serine-type hydrolase. The structural analysis of PAA-degraded products using (1)H and (13)C nuclear magnetic resonances has indicated that the purified enzyme hydrolyzes selectively the beta-amide linkage connecting with beta-aspartic acid units in PAA.
ESTHER : Tabata_2001_Biomacromolecules_2_1155
PubMedSearch : Tabata_2001_Biomacromolecules_2_1155
PubMedID: 11777387

Title : Abnormal distribution of acetylcholinesterase activity in the hippocampal formation of the dreher mutant mouse - Sekiguchi_1993_Brain.Res_622_203
Author(s) : Sekiguchi M , Nowakowski RS , Shimai K , Huang G , Inoue T , Abe H
Ref : Brain Research , 622 :203 , 1993
Abstract : The distribution of acetylcholinesterase(AChE) in the hippocampal formation of the dreher mutant mouse was studied by comparing homozygous mutant (drsst-J/drsst-J) with littermate control (+/? or +/+). In the control mice, AChE activity was most intense in the inner one-third of the stratum oriens and lacnosum of the hippocampus, and in the inner one-fifth of the molecular layer of the dentate gyrus. In contrast, in homozygous dreher mice, AChE activity in area CA3c of the hippocampus was not restricted to the stratum oriens, and extended upward into the infrapyramidal and suprapyramidal mossy fiber layers, the lower part of the stratum radiatum, the pyramidal cell layer, and downward toward the alveus. In addition, the distribution of AChE activity was modified by accompanying with ectopic pyramidal cells or with disruption of the pyramidal cell layer. AChE activity in the dentate gyrus of the dreher mouse was not confined to the inner one-fifth of the molecular layer. These findings indicated that the cholinergic input to the hippocampal formation is not normal in the dreher mutant mouse. Since the areas of AChE activity correspond to the presence of ectopic pyramidal cells in the dreher mouse, incoming cholinergic fibers may form synapses with these ectopic cells and with the dendrites of normal pyramidal cells that extend into the expanded area of AChE activity.
ESTHER : Sekiguchi_1993_Brain.Res_622_203
PubMedSearch : Sekiguchi_1993_Brain.Res_622_203
PubMedID: 8242357