Formosa X

References (7)

Title : Huprine-tacrine heterodimers as anti-amyloidogenic compounds of potential interest against Alzheimer's and prion diseases - Galdeano_2012_J.Med.Chem_55_661
Author(s) : Galdeano C , Viayna E , Sola I , Formosa X , Camps P , Badia A , Clos MV , Relat J , Ratia M , Bartolini M , Mancini F , Andrisano V , Salmona M , Minguillon C , Gonzalez-Munoz GC , Rodriguez-Franco MI , Bidon-Chanal A , Luque FJ , Munoz-Torrero D
Ref : Journal of Medicinal Chemistry , 55 :661 , 2012
Abstract : A family of huprine-tacrine heterodimers has been developed to simultaneously block the active and peripheral sites of acetylcholinesterase (AChE). Their dual site binding for AChE, supported by kinetic and molecular modeling studies, results in a highly potent inhibition of the catalytic activity of human AChE and, more importantly, in the in vitro neutralization of the pathological chaperoning effect of AChE toward the aggregation of both the beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta) and a prion peptide with a key role in the aggregation of the prion protein. Huprine-tacrine heterodimers take on added value in that they display a potent in vitro inhibitory activity toward human butyrylcholinesterase, self-induced Abeta aggregation, and beta-secretase. Finally, they are able to cross the blood-brain barrier, as predicted in an artificial membrane model assay and demonstrated in ex vivo experiments with OF1 mice, reaching their multiple biological targets in the central nervous system. Overall, these compounds are promising lead compounds for the treatment of Alzheimer's and prion diseases.
ESTHER : Galdeano_2012_J.Med.Chem_55_661
PubMedSearch : Galdeano_2012_J.Med.Chem_55_661
PubMedID: 22185619

Title : Expanding the multipotent profile of huprine-tacrine heterodimers as disease-modifying anti-Alzheimer agents - Munoz-Torrero_2012_Neurodegener.Dis_10_96
Author(s) : Munoz-Torrero D , Pera M , Relat J , Ratia M , Galdeano C , Viayna E , Sola I , Formosa X , Camps P , Badia A , Clos MV
Ref : Neurodegener Dis , 10 :96 , 2012
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Multifactorial diseases such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) should be more efficiently tackled by drugs which hit multiple biological targets involved in their pathogenesis. We have recently developed a new family of huprine-tacrine heterodimers, rationally designed to hit multiple targets involved upstream and downstream in the neurotoxic cascade of AD, namely beta-amyloid aggregation and formation as well as acetylcholinesterase catalytic activity. OBJECTIVE: In this study, the aim was to expand the pharmacological profiling of huprine-tacrine heterodimers investigating their effect on muscarinic M(1) receptors as well as their neuroprotective effects against an oxidative insult. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rat hippocampus homogenates were used to assess the specific binding of two selected compounds in competition with 1 nM [(3)H]pirenzepine (for M(1) receptors) or 0.8 nM [(3)H]quinuclidinyl benzilate (for M(2) receptors). For neuroprotection studies, SHSY5Y cell cultures were subjected to 250 muM hydrogen peroxide insult with or without preincubation with some huprine-tacrine heterodimers. RESULTS: A low nanomolar affinity and M(1)/M(2) selectivity has been found for the selected compounds. Huprine-tacrine heterodimers are not neurotoxic to SHSY5Y cells at a range of concentrations from 1 to 0.001 muM, and some of them can protect cells from the oxidative damage produced by hydrogen peroxide at concentrations as low as 0.001 muM. CONCLUSION: Even though it remains to be determined if these compounds act as agonists at M(1) receptors, as it is the case of the parent huprine Y, their low nanomolar M(1) affinity and neuroprotective effects expand their multitarget profile and increase their interest as disease-modifying anti-Alzheimer agents.
ESTHER : Munoz-Torrero_2012_Neurodegener.Dis_10_96
PubMedSearch : Munoz-Torrero_2012_Neurodegener.Dis_10_96
PubMedID: 22236498

Title : Huprines as a new family of dual acting trypanocidal-antiplasmodial agents - Defaux_2011_Bioorg.Med.Chem_19_1702
Author(s) : Defaux J , Sala M , Formosa X , Galdeano C , Taylor MC , Alobaid WA , Kelly JM , Wright CW , Camps P , Munoz-Torrero D
Ref : Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry , 19 :1702 , 2011
Abstract : A series of 19 huprines has been evaluated for their activity against cultured bloodstream forms of Trypanosoma brucei and Plasmodium falciparum. Moreover, cytotoxicity against rat myoblast L6 cells was assessed for selected huprines. All the tested huprines are moderately potent and selective trypanocidal agents, exhibiting IC(50) values against T. brucei in the submicromolar to low micromolar range and selectivity indices for T. brucei over L6 cells of approximately 15, thus constituting interesting trypanocidal lead compounds. Two of these huprines were also found to be active against a chloroquine-resistant strain of P. falciparum, thus emerging as interesting trypanocidal-antiplasmodial dual acting compounds, but they exhibited little selectivity for P. falciparum over L6 cells.
ESTHER : Defaux_2011_Bioorg.Med.Chem_19_1702
PubMedSearch : Defaux_2011_Bioorg.Med.Chem_19_1702
PubMedID: 21315611

Title : Tacrine-based dual binding site acetylcholinesterase inhibitors as potential disease-modifying anti-Alzheimer drug candidates - Camps_2010_Chem.Biol.Interact_187_411
Author(s) : Camps P , Formosa X , Galdeano C , Gomez T , Munoz-Torrero D , Ramirez L , Viayna E , Gomez E , Isambert N , Lavilla R , Badia A , Clos MV , Bartolini M , Mancini F , Andrisano V , Bidon-Chanal A , Huertas O , Dafni T , Luque FJ
Ref : Chemico-Biological Interactions , 187 :411 , 2010
Abstract : Two novel families of dual binding site acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors have been developed, consisting of a tacrine or 6-chlorotacrine unit as the active site interacting moiety, either the 5,6-dimethoxy-2-[(4-piperidinyl)methyl]-1-indanone fragment of donepezil (or the indane derivative thereof) or a 5-phenylpyrano[3,2-c]quinoline system, reminiscent to the tryciclic core of propidium, as the peripheral site interacting unit, and a linker of suitable length as to allow the simultaneous binding at both sites. These hybrid compounds are all potent and selective inhibitors of human AChE, and more interestingly, are able to interfere in vitro both formation and aggregation of the beta-amyloid peptide, the latter effects endowing these compounds with the potential to modify Alzheimer's disease progression.
ESTHER : Camps_2010_Chem.Biol.Interact_187_411
PubMedSearch : Camps_2010_Chem.Biol.Interact_187_411
PubMedID: 20167211

Title : Pyrano[3,2-c]quinoline-6-chlorotacrine hybrids as a novel family of acetylcholinesterase- and beta-amyloid-directed anti-Alzheimer compounds - Camps_2009_J.Med.Chem_52_5365
Author(s) : Camps P , Formosa X , Galdeano C , Munoz-Torrero D , Ramirez L , Gomez E , Isambert N , Lavilla R , Badia A , Clos MV , Bartolini M , Mancini F , Andrisano V , Arce MP , Rodriguez-Franco MI , Huertas O , Dafni T , Luque FJ
Ref : Journal of Medicinal Chemistry , 52 :5365 , 2009
Abstract : Two isomeric series of dual binding site acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors have been designed, synthesized, and tested for their ability to inhibit AChE, butyrylcholinesterase, AChE-induced and self-induced beta-amyloid (Abeta) aggregation, and beta-secretase (BACE-1) and to cross blood-brain barrier. The new hybrids consist of a unit of 6-chlorotacrine and a multicomponent reaction-derived pyrano[3,2-c]quinoline scaffold as the active-site and peripheral-site interacting moieties, respectively, connected through an oligomethylene linker containing an amido group at variable position. Indeed, molecular modeling and kinetic studies have confirmed the dual site binding of these compounds. The new hybrids, and particularly 27, retain the potent and selective human AChE inhibitory activity of the parent 6-chlorotacrine while exhibiting a significant in vitro inhibitory activity toward the AChE-induced and self-induced Abeta aggregation and toward BACE-1, as well as ability to enter the central nervous system, which makes them promising anti-Alzheimer lead compounds.
ESTHER : Camps_2009_J.Med.Chem_52_5365
PubMedSearch : Camps_2009_J.Med.Chem_52_5365
PubMedID: 19663388

Title : Novel donepezil-based inhibitors of acetyl- and butyrylcholinesterase and acetylcholinesterase-induced beta-amyloid aggregation - Camps_2008_J.Med.Chem_51_3588
Author(s) : Camps P , Formosa X , Galdeano C , Gomez T , Munoz-Torrero D , Scarpellini M , Viayna E , Badia A , Clos MV , Camins A , Pallas M , Bartolini M , Mancini F , Andrisano V , Estelrich J , Lizondo M , Bidon-Chanal A , Luque FJ
Ref : Journal of Medicinal Chemistry , 51 :3588 , 2008
Abstract : A novel series of donepezil-tacrine hybrids designed to simultaneously interact with the active, peripheral and midgorge binding sites of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) have been synthesized and tested for their ability to inhibit AChE, butyrylcholinesterase (BChE), and AChE-induced A beta aggregation. These compounds consist of a unit of tacrine or 6-chlorotacrine, which occupies the same position as tacrine at the AChE active site, and the 5,6-dimethoxy-2-[(4-piperidinyl)methyl]-1-indanone moiety of donepezil (or the indane derivative thereof), whose position along the enzyme gorge and the peripheral site can be modulated by a suitable tether that connects tacrine and donepezil fragments. All of the new compounds are highly potent inhibitors of bovine and human AChE and BChE, exhibiting IC50 values in the subnanomolar or low nanomolar range in most cases. Moreover, six out of the eight hybrids of the series, particularly those bearing an indane moiety, exhibit a significant A beta antiaggregating activity, which makes them promising anti-Alzheimer drug candidates.
ESTHER : Camps_2008_J.Med.Chem_51_3588
PubMedSearch : Camps_2008_J.Med.Chem_51_3588
PubMedID: 18517184

Title : Synthesis and pharmacological evaluation of huprine-tacrine heterodimers: subnanomolar dual binding site acetylcholinesterase inhibitors - Camps_2005_J.Med.Chem_48_1701
Author(s) : Camps P , Formosa X , Munoz-Torrero D , Petrignet J , Badia A , Clos MV
Ref : Journal of Medicinal Chemistry , 48 :1701 , 2005
Abstract : A series of huprine-tacrine heterodimers has been developed by connection of huprine Y, a compound with one of the highest affinities for the active site of acetylcholinesterase yet reported, with tacrine, a compound with known affinity for the peripheral site of the enzyme, through a linker of appropriate length to allow simultaneous interaction with both binding sites. These compounds exhibit human acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase inhibitory activities with IC(50) values in the subnanomolar and low nanomolar range, respectively.
ESTHER : Camps_2005_J.Med.Chem_48_1701
PubMedSearch : Camps_2005_J.Med.Chem_48_1701
PubMedID: 15771413