Garvey DS

References (5)

Title : Structure-activity studies on 2-methyl-3-(2(S)-pyrrolidinylmethoxy) pyridine (ABT-089): an orally bioavailable 3-pyridyl ether nicotinic acetylcholine receptor ligand with cognition-enhancing properties - Lin_1997_J.Med.Chem_40_385
Author(s) : Lin NH , Gunn DE , Ryther KB , Garvey DS , Donnelly-Roberts D , Decker MW , Brioni JD , Buckley MJ , Rodrigues AD , Marsh KG , Anderson DJ , Buccafusco JJ , Prendergast MA , Sullivan JP , Williams M , Arneric SP , Holladay MW
Ref : Journal of Medicinal Chemistry , 40 :385 , 1997
Abstract : 2-Methyl-3-(2(S)-pyrrolidinylmethoxy)pyridine, ABT-089 (S-4), a member of the 3-pyridyl ether class of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) ligands, shows positive effects in rodent and primate models of cognitive enhancement and a rodent model of anxiolytic activity and possesses a reduced propensity to activate peripheral ganglionic type receptors. The profiles of S-4, its N-methyl analogue, and the corresponding enantiomers across several measures of cholinergic channel function in vitro and in vivo are presented, together with in vitro metabolism and in vivo bioavailability data. On the basis of its biological activities and favorable oral bioavailability, S-4 is an attractive candidate for further evaluation as a treatment for cognitive disorders.
ESTHER : Lin_1997_J.Med.Chem_40_385
PubMedSearch : Lin_1997_J.Med.Chem_40_385
PubMedID: 9022806

Title : Novel 3-Pyridyl ethers with subnanomolar affinity for central neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors - Abreo_1996_J.Med.Chem_39_817
Author(s) : Abreo MA , Lin NH , Garvey DS , Gunn DE , Hettinger AM , Wasicak JT , Pavlik PA , Martin YC , Donnelly-Roberts D , Anderson DJ , Sullivan JP , Williams M , Arneric SP , Holladay MW
Ref : Journal of Medicinal Chemistry , 39 :817 , 1996
Abstract : Recent evidence indicating the therapeutic potential of cholinergic channel modulators for the treatment of central nervous system (CNS) disorders as well as the diversity of brain neuronal nicotine acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) have suggested an opportunity to develop subtype-selective nAChR ligands for the treatment of specific CNS disorders with reduced side effect liabilities. We report a novel series of 3-pyridyl ether compounds which possess subnanomolar affinity for brain nAChRs and differentially activate subtypes of neuronal nAChRs. The synthesis and structure-activity relationships for the leading members of the series are described, including A-85380 (4a), which possesses ca.50 pM affinity for rat brain [(3)H]-(-)-cytisine binding sites and 163% efficacy compared to nicotine to stimulate ion flux at human alpha4beta2 nAChR subtype, and A-84543 (2a), which exhibits 84-fold selectivity to stimulate ion flux at human alpha4beta2 nAchR subtype compared to human ganglionic type nAChRs. Computational studies indicate that a reasonable superposition of a low energy conformer of 4A with (S)-nicotine and (-)-epibatidine can be achieved.
ESTHER : Abreo_1996_J.Med.Chem_39_817
PubMedSearch : Abreo_1996_J.Med.Chem_39_817
PubMedID: 8632405

Title : A-85380 [3-(2(S)-azetidinylmethoxy) pyridine]: in vitro pharmacological properties of a novel, high affinity alpha 4 beta 2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor ligand - Sullivan_1996_Neuropharmacol_35_725
Author(s) : Sullivan JP , Donnelly-Roberts D , Briggs CA , Anderson DJ , Gopalakrishnan M , Piattoni-Kaplan M , Campbell JE , McKenna DG , Molinari E , Hettinger AM , Garvey DS , Wasicak JT , Holladay MW , Williams M , Arneric SP
Ref : Neuropharmacology , 35 :725 , 1996
Abstract : The in vitro pharmacological properties of a novel cholinergic channel ligand, A-85380 [3-(2(S)-azetidinylmethoxy)pyridine], were examined using tissue preparations that express different putative nAChR subtypes. In radioligand binding studies, A-85380 is shown to be a potent and selective ligand for the human alpha 4 beta 2 nAChR subtype (Ki = 0.05 + 0.01 nM) relative to the human alpha 7 (Ki = 148 +/- 13 nM) and the muscle alpha 1 beta 1 dg subtype expressed in Torpedo electroplax (Ki = 314 +/- 12 nM). The R-enantiomer of A-85380, A-159470, displays little enantioselectivity towards the alpha 4 beta 2 and alpha 1 beta 1 delta gamma subtypes but does not display 12-fold enantioselectivity towards the alpha 7 subtype (Ki = 1275 +/- 199 nM). (+)- and(-)-Epibatidine display similar potencies at the human human alpha 4 beta 2 (Ki = 0.04 +/- 0.02 nM and 0.07 +/- 0.02 nM, respectively), human alpha 7 (Ki = 16 +/- 2 nM and 22 +/- 3 nM, respectively) and muscle alpha 1 beta 1 delta gamma g (Ki = 2.5 +/- 0.9 nM and 5.7 +/- 1.0 nM, respectively) nAChRs. Functionally, A-85380 is a potent activator of cation efflux through the human alpha 4 beta 2 (EC50 = 0.7 +/- 0.1 microM) and ganglionic (EC50 = 0.8 +/- 0.09 microM) subtypes, effects that are attenuated by pretreatment with mecamylamine (10 microM). Further, A-85380 can activate (EC50 = 8.9 +/- 1.9 microM) currents through channels formed by injection of the human alpha 7 subunit into Xenopus oocytes, effects that are attenuated by pretreatment with the alpha 7 nAChR antagonist, methyllycaconitine (10 nM). In all cases, A-85380 is more potent than (-)-nicotine but less potent than (+/-)-epibatidine. In neurotransmitter release studies, A-85380 stimulates the release of dopamine with an EC 50 value of 0.003 +/- 0.001 microM which is equipotent to (+/-)-epibatidine, and 20-fold more potent than (-)-nicotine (EC50 = 0.04 +/- 0.009 microM). Thus, A-85380 displays a profile of robust activation of a number of nAChR subtypes with substantially less affinity for [125I] alpha-BgT sites than [3H](-)-cytisine sites, suggesting that it may serve as a more selective pharmacologic probe for the alpha 4 beta 2 subtype relative to the alpha 7 and alpha 1 beta 1 delta g nAChRs than (+/-)-epibatidine.
ESTHER : Sullivan_1996_Neuropharmacol_35_725
PubMedSearch : Sullivan_1996_Neuropharmacol_35_725
PubMedID: 8887981

Title : Novel isoxazoles which interact with brain cholinergic channel receptors have intrinsic cognitive enhancing and anxiolytic activities -
Author(s) : Garvey DS , Wasicak JT , Decker MW , Brioni JD , Buckley MJ , Sullivan JP , Carrera GM , Holladay MW , Arneric SP , Williams M
Ref : Journal of Medicinal Chemistry , 37 :1055 , 1994
PubMedID: 7909335

Title : (S)-3-methyl-5-(1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl) isoxazole (ABT 418): a novel cholinergic ligand with cognition-enhancing and anxiolytic activities: I. In vitro characterization - Arneric_1994_J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther_270_310
Author(s) : Arneric SP , Sullivan JP , Briggs CA , Donnelly-Roberts D , Anderson DJ , Raszkiewicz JL , Hughes ML , Cadman ED , Adams P , Garvey DS
Ref : Journal of Pharmacology & Experimental Therapeutics , 270 :310 , 1994
Abstract : A diversity of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subtypes has been identified in mammalian brain using recombinant DNA technology. Alterations in the activity of these acetylcholinegated ion channels have been implicated in a number of central nervous system disorders including Alzheimer's disease (AD). The potential therapeutic usefulness of (-)-nicotine [(S)-3-(1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl) pyridine], the prototypic agonist at nAChRs, is severely limited by side effects that are the result of activation of both cholinergic and noncholinergic pathways in the central and peripheral nervous systems. This study sought to determine the in vitro selectivity of (S)-3-methyl-5-(1methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)isoxazole (ABT 418), a novel analog of (-)-nicotine in which the pyridine ring was replaced with an isoxazole bioisotere, to activate nAChRs. ABT 418 was a potent inhibitor of [3H]-cytisine binding to nAChR in rat brain (Ki = 3 nM) but was inactive (Ki > 10,000 nM) in 37 other receptor/neurotransmitter-uptake/enzyme/transduction system binding assays, including those for alpha-bungarotoxin, muscarinic and 5-hydroxytryptamine3 receptors. In PC12 cells, patch-clamp studies indicated that ABT 418 was an agonist with an EC50 value of 209 microM, a potency to activate cholinergic channel currents some 4-fold less than that of (-)-nicotine (52 microM). Channel current responses elicited by ABT 418 were prevented by the cholinergic channel blocker, mecamylamine. ABT 418 was also approximately 10-fold less potent (EC50 value = 380 nM) than (-)-nicotine (40 nM) in increasing [3H]-dopamine release from rat striatal slices, an effect that was blocked by the nAChR antagonist, dihydro-beta-erythroidine (10 microM).2+ In contrast, ABT 418 appeared equipotent with (-)-nicotine in enhancing 86Rb+ flux from mouse thalamic synaptosomes. ABT 418 demonstrated an in vitro pharmacological profile of cholinergic channel activation that was robust at some nAChR, but not others. The reasons for this are unclear. However, a nAChR subtype selectivity may account for the in vitro potency differences of ABT 418 on various neurotransmitter systems, and the substantial separation between the cognitive enhancement/anxiolytic benefits, and the reduced central nervous system side-effect liabilities seen in vivo. ABT 418 represents the first neuronal nAChR ligand that differentiates the toxicities/liabilities and other negative aspects normally associated with liabilities and other negative aspects normally associated with (-)-nicotine from the potential pharmacological benefits of selective cholinergic channel activation.
ESTHER : Arneric_1994_J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther_270_310
PubMedSearch : Arneric_1994_J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther_270_310
PubMedID: 7518514