Shan G

References (5)

Title : Lysosome-targeting phenalenones as efficient type I\/II photosensitizers for anticancer photodynamic therapy - Jiang_2023_Eur.J.Med.Chem_255_115418
Author(s) : Jiang Q , Li P , Qiu J , Li D , Li G , Shan G
Ref : Eur Journal of Medicinal Chemistry , 255 :115418 , 2023
Abstract : Development of safe and effective photosensitizers is important for enhancing the efficacy of photodynamic cancer therapy. Phenalenone is a type II photosensitizer with a high singlet oxygen quantum yield; however, its short UV absorption wavelength hinders its application in cancer imaging and in vivo photodynamic therapy. In this study, we report a new redshift phenalenone derivative, 6-amino-5-iodo-1H-phenalen-1-one (SDU Red [SR]), as a lysosome-targeting photosensitizer for triple-negative breast cancer therapy. SDU Red produced singlet oxygen (Type II reactive oxygen species [ROS]) and superoxide anion radicals (Type I ROS) upon light irradiation. It also exhibited good photostability and a remarkable phototherapeutic index (PI > 76) against triple-negative breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cancer cells. Additionally, we designed two amide derivatives, SRE-I and SRE-II, with decreased fluorescence and photosensitizing capabilities based on SDU Red as activatable photosensitizers for photodynamic cancer therapy. SRE-I and SRE-II could be further converted into the active photosensitizer SDU Red via carboxylesterase-catalyzed amide bond cleavage. Moreover, SDU Red and SRE-II induced DNA damage and cell apoptosis in the presence of light. Therefore, SRE-II can act as a promising theranostic agent for triple-negative breast cancer.
ESTHER : Jiang_2023_Eur.J.Med.Chem_255_115418
PubMedSearch : Jiang_2023_Eur.J.Med.Chem_255_115418
PubMedID: 37119664

Title : The sequence and de novo assembly of the giant panda genome - Li_2010_Nature_463_311
Author(s) : Li R , Fan W , Tian G , Zhu H , He L , Cai J , Huang Q , Cai Q , Li B , Bai Y , Zhang Z , Zhang Y , Wang W , Li J , Wei F , Li H , Jian M , Nielsen R , Li D , Gu W , Yang Z , Xuan Z , Ryder OA , Leung FC , Zhou Y , Cao J , Sun X , Fu Y , Fang X , Guo X , Wang B , Hou R , Shen F , Mu B , Ni P , Lin R , Qian W , Wang G , Yu C , Nie W , Wang J , Wu Z , Liang H , Min J , Wu Q , Cheng S , Ruan J , Wang M , Shi Z , Wen M , Liu B , Ren X , Zheng H , Dong D , Cook K , Shan G , Zhang H , Kosiol C , Xie X , Lu Z , Li Y , Steiner CC , Lam TT , Lin S , Zhang Q , Li G , Tian J , Gong T , Liu H , Zhang D , Fang L , Ye C , Zhang J , Hu W , Xu A , Ren Y , Zhang G , Bruford MW , Li Q , Ma L , Guo Y , An N , Hu Y , Zheng Y , Shi Y , Li Z , Liu Q , Chen Y , Zhao J , Qu N , Zhao S , Tian F , Wang X , Wang H , Xu L , Liu X , Vinar T , Wang Y , Lam TW , Yiu SM , Liu S , Huang Y , Yang G , Jiang Z , Qin N , Li L , Bolund L , Kristiansen K , Wong GK , Olson M , Zhang X , Li S , Yang H
Ref : Nature , 463 :311 , 2010
Abstract : Using next-generation sequencing technology alone, we have successfully generated and assembled a draft sequence of the giant panda genome. The assembled contigs (2.25 gigabases (Gb)) cover approximately 94% of the whole genome, and the remaining gaps (0.05 Gb) seem to contain carnivore-specific repeats and tandem repeats. Comparisons with the dog and human showed that the panda genome has a lower divergence rate. The assessment of panda genes potentially underlying some of its unique traits indicated that its bamboo diet might be more dependent on its gut microbiome than its own genetic composition. We also identified more than 2.7 million heterozygous single nucleotide polymorphisms in the diploid genome. Our data and analyses provide a foundation for promoting mammalian genetic research, and demonstrate the feasibility for using next-generation sequencing technologies for accurate, cost-effective and rapid de novo assembly of large eukaryotic genomes.
ESTHER : Li_2010_Nature_463_311
PubMedSearch : Li_2010_Nature_463_311
PubMedID: 20010809
Gene_locus related to this paper: ailme-ABH15 , ailme-ACHE , ailme-BCHE , ailme-d2gtv3 , ailme-d2gty9 , ailme-d2gu87 , ailme-d2gu97 , ailme-d2gve7 , ailme-d2gwu1 , ailme-d2gx08 , ailme-d2gyt0 , ailme-d2gz36 , ailme-d2gz37 , ailme-d2gz38 , ailme-d2gz39 , ailme-d2gz40 , ailme-d2h5r9 , ailme-d2h7b7 , ailme-d2h9c9 , ailme-d2h794 , ailme-d2hau7 , ailme-d2hau8 , ailme-d2hcd9 , ailme-d2hdi6 , ailme-d2heu6 , ailme-d2hga4 , ailme-d2hqw5 , ailme-d2hs98 , ailme-d2hsx4 , ailme-d2hti6 , ailme-d2htv3 , ailme-d2htz6 , ailme-d2huc7 , ailme-d2hwj8 , ailme-d2hwy7 , ailme-d2hxm1 , ailme-d2hyc8 , ailme-d2hyv2 , ailme-d2hz11 , ailme-d2hza3 , ailme-d2hzr4 , ailme-d2i1l4 , ailme-d2i2g8 , ailme-g1l7m3 , ailme-g1lu36 , ailme-g1m769 , ailme-g1mc29 , ailme-g1mdj8 , ailme-g1mdr5 , ailme-g1mfp4 , ailme-g1mfx5 , ailme-g1lj41 , ailme-g1lm28 , ailme-g1l3u1 , ailme-g1l7l1 , ailme-g1m5i3 , ailme-g1l2f6 , ailme-g1lji5 , ailme-g1lqk3 , ailme-g1l8s9 , ailme-d2h717 , ailme-d2h718 , ailme-d2h719 , ailme-d2h720 , ailme-g1m5v0 , ailme-g1m5y7 , ailme-g1lkt7 , ailme-g1l2a1 , ailme-g1lsc8 , ailme-g1lrp4 , ailme-d2gv02 , ailme-g1mik5 , ailme-g1ljr1 , ailme-g1lxw7 , ailme-d2h8b5 , ailme-d2h2r2 , ailme-d2h9w7 , ailme-g1meh3 , ailme-g1m719

Title : Overview of Carboxylesterases and Their Role in the Metabolism of Insecticides - Wheelock_2005_J.Pestic.Sci_30_75
Author(s) : Wheelock CE , Shan G , Ottea J
Ref : Journal of Pesticide Science , 30 :75 , 2005
Abstract : Carboxylesterases hydrolyze numerous endogenous and exogenous ester-containing compounds. They play a role in the detoxification of many agrochemicals including pyrethroids, organophosphates, and carbamates. Research on these enzymes is still developing and there are several topics that should be addressed to further investigations in this area. This paper focuses on a number of these issues including enzyme nomenclature, catalytic mechanism, substrate specificity, agrochemical metabolism, role in insecticide resistance and environmental significance. It is expected that carboxylesterase research will increase with specific emphasis on isozyme and substrate identification. Future research directions are discussed and the current state of the field is evaluated
ESTHER : Wheelock_2005_J.Pestic.Sci_30_75
PubMedSearch : Wheelock_2005_J.Pestic.Sci_30_75

Title : Development of toxicity identification evaluation procedures for pyrethroid detection using esterase activity - Wheelock_2004_Environ.Toxicol.Chem_23_2699
Author(s) : Wheelock CE , Miller JL , Miller MJ , Gee SJ , Shan G , Hammock BD
Ref : Environ Toxicol Chem , 23 :2699 , 2004
Abstract : Recent agrochemical usage patterns suggest that the use of organophosphate (OP) pesticides will decrease, resulting in a concomitant increase in pyrethroid usage. Pyrethroids are known for their potential toxicity to aquatic invertebrates and many fish species. Current toxicity identification evaluation (TIE) techniques are able to detect OPs, but have not been optimized for pyrethroids. Organophosphate identification methods depend upon the use of piperonyl butoxide (PBO) to identify OP-induced toxicity. However, the use of PBO in TIE assays will be confounded by the co-occurrence of OPs and pyrethroids in receiving waters. It is necessary, therefore, to develop new TIE procedures for pyrethroids. This study evaluated the use of a pyrethroid-specific antibody, PBO, and carboxylesterase activity to identify pyrethroid toxicity in aquatic toxicity testing with Ceriodaphnia dubia. The antibody caused significant mortality to the C. dubia. Piperonyl butoxide synergized pyrethroid-associated toxicity, but this effect may be difficult to interpret in the presence of OPs and pyrethroids. Carboxylesterase activity removed pyrethroid-associated toxicity in a dose-dependent manner and did not compromise OP toxicity, suggesting that carboxylesterase treatment will not interfere with TIE OP detection methods. These results indicate that the addition of carboxylesterase to TIE procedures can be used to detect pyrethroids in aquatic samples.
ESTHER : Wheelock_2004_Environ.Toxicol.Chem_23_2699
PubMedSearch : Wheelock_2004_Environ.Toxicol.Chem_23_2699
PubMedID: 15559286

Title : Development of sensitive esterase assays based on alpha-cyano-containing esters - Shan_2001_Anal.Biochem_299_54
Author(s) : Shan G , Hammock BD
Ref : Analytical Biochemistry , 299 :54 , 2001
Abstract : A novel approach is reported for the development of fluorogenic esterase reporters using alpha-cyano-containing esters as substrates. After ester hydrolysis, the released alcohol, a cyanohydrin, rapidly eliminates HCN to yield the corresponding aldehyde resulting in strong fluorescence. The pi conjugation of the resulting aldehyde also greatly enhances UV absorption and red shifts fluorescence emission relative to a corresponding alcohol or phenol. Two substrates, R/S-acetic acid cyano-(6-methoxynaphthalen-2-yl)-methyl ester (compound I) and trans/cis-3-(2,2-dichlorovinyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropanecarboxylic acid R/S-cyano-(6-methoxynaphthalen-2-yl)-methyl ester (compound II), were synthesized and evaluated as substrates. Such alpha-cyano substrates possess very low background fluorescence and are more stable under enzyme assay conditions than phenolic substrates due to the aliphatic cyano group. The higher molar absorbtivity and quantum yield of the aldehyde, along with its larger Stokes' shift combined with the increased stability and lower background signal of the cyanohydrin substrate, increases the utility and sensitivity of the resulting assays over current methods. Moreover, compound II showed high selectivity to pyrethroid-cleaving esterases and may provide a direct tool to monitor pyrethroid resistance in insects.
ESTHER : Shan_2001_Anal.Biochem_299_54
PubMedSearch : Shan_2001_Anal.Biochem_299_54
PubMedID: 11726184