Wu Q

References (92)

Title : Concentration-QTc Modeling of the DPP-4 Inhibitor HSK7653 in a First-in-Human Study of Chinese Healthy Volunteers - Wang_2024_Clin.Pharmacol.Drug.Dev__
Author(s) : Wang X , Liu H , Cui C , Niu X , Li H , Niu S , Yan P , Wu N , Li F , Wu Q , Chen K , Hu B , Liu D
Ref : Clin Pharmacol Drug Dev , : , 2024
Abstract : Cofrogliptin (HSK7653) is a long-acting dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus with a twice-monthly dosing regimen. This study included 62 participants (48 without food effect, 14 with food effect) receiving single doses of HSK7653 (5, 10, 25, 50, 100, and 150 mg) or placebo. Pharmacokinetic samples were collected over 24 hours postdosing and sampling times are aligned with 12-lead electrocardiograms (ECGs) which were derived from continuous ECG recordings. For the concentration-QT interval corrected for heart rate (C-QTc) analysis, we used linear mixed-effects modeling to characterize the correlation between plasma concentrations of HSK7653 and the change from baseline in the QT interval which was corrected by Fridericia's formula (deltaQTcF). The result showed that a placebo-corrected Fridericia corrected QT interval (deltadeltaQTcF) prolongation higher than 10 milliseconds is unlikely at the mean maximum observed concentration (C(max)) (411 ng/mL) associated with the recommended therapeutic doses (25 mg twice-monthly), even at the highest supratherapeutic concentration (2425 ng/mL). Thus, HSK7653 does not significantly affect QT prolongation at either recommended doses or the highest supratherapeutic concentration.
ESTHER : Wang_2024_Clin.Pharmacol.Drug.Dev__
PubMedSearch : Wang_2024_Clin.Pharmacol.Drug.Dev__
PubMedID: 38757550

Title : Soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitor (TPPU) alleviates ferroptosis by regulating CCL5 after intracerebral hemorrhage in mice - Wu_2024_Biomed.Pharmacother_172_116301
Author(s) : Wu Q , Jiang N , Wang Y , Song G , Li P , Fang Y , Xu L , Wang W , Xie M
Ref : Biomed Pharmacother , 172 :116301 , 2024
Abstract : Soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibition has been shown multiple beneficial effects against brain injuries of Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). However, the underlying mechanism of its neuroprotective effects after ICH has not been explained fully. Ferroptosis, a new form of iron-dependent programmed cell death, has been shown to be implicated in the secondary injuries after ICH. In this study, We examined whether sEH inhibition can alleviate brain injuries of ICH through inhibiting ferroptosis. Expression of several markers for ferroptosis was observed in the peri-hematomal brain tissues in mice after ICH. lip-1, a ferroptosis inhibitor, alleviated iron accumulation, lipid peroxidation and the secondary damages post-ICH in mice model. Intraperitoneal injection of 1-Trifluoromethoxyphenyl-3- (1-propionylpiperidin-4-yl)urea (TPPU), a highly selective sEH inhibitor, could inhibit ferroptosis and alleviate brain damages in ICH mice. Furthermore, RNA-sequencing was applied to explore the potential regulatory mechanism underlying the effects of TPPU in ferroptosis after ICH. C-C chemokine ligand 5 (CCL5) may be the key factor by which TPPU regulated ferroptosis after ICH since CCL5 antagonist could mimic the effects of TPPU and CCL5 reversed the inhibitive effect of TPPU on ferroptosis and the neuroprotective effects of TPPU on secondary damage after ICH. Taken together, these data indicate that ferroptosis is a key pathological feature of ICH and Soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitor can exert neuroprotective effect by preventing ferroptosis after ICH.
ESTHER : Wu_2024_Biomed.Pharmacother_172_116301
PubMedSearch : Wu_2024_Biomed.Pharmacother_172_116301
PubMedID: 38377737

Title : Acetylcholinesterase is regulated by exposure of ultraviolet B in skin keratinocytes: A potential inducer of cholinergic urticaria - Wu_2024_Faseb.j_38_e23641
Author(s) : Wu Q , Xia Y , Guo MS , Au TY , Yuen GKW , Kong I , Wang Z , Lin Y , Dong TTX , Tsim KWK
Ref : Faseb j , 38 :e23641 , 2024
Abstract : Cholinergic urticaria is a dermatological disease characterized by the presence of large patches of red skin and transient hives triggered by factors, such as exercise, sweating, and psychological tension. This skin problem is hypothesized to be attributed to a reduced expression of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), an enzyme responsible for hydrolyzing acetylcholine (ACh). Consequently, ACh is thought to the leak from sympathetic nerves to skin epidermis. The redundant ACh stimulates the mast cells to release histamine, triggering immune responses in skin. Here, the exposure of ultraviolet B in skin suppressed the expression of AChE in keratinocytes, both in in vivo and in vitro models. The decrease of the enzyme was resulted from a declined transcription of ACHE gene mediated by micro-RNAs, that is, miR-132 and miR-212. The levels of miR-132 and miR-212 were markedly induced by exposure to ultraviolet B, which subsequently suppressed the transcriptional rate of ACHE. In the presence of low level of AChE, the overflow ACh caused the pro-inflammatory responses in skin epidermis, including increased secretion of cytokines and COX-2. These findings suggest that ultraviolet B exposure is one of the factors contributing to cholinergic urticaria in skin.
ESTHER : Wu_2024_Faseb.j_38_e23641
PubMedSearch : Wu_2024_Faseb.j_38_e23641
PubMedID: 38690717

Title : MAGL protects against renal fibrosis through inhibiting tubular cell lipotoxicity - Zhou_2024_Theranostics_14_1583
Author(s) : Zhou S , Ling X , Zhu J , Liang Y , Feng Q , Xie C , Li J , Chen Q , Chen S , Miao J , Zhang M , Li Z , Shen W , Li X , Wu Q , Wang X , Liu R , Wang C , Hou FF , Kong Y , Liu Y , Zhou L
Ref : Theranostics , 14 :1583 , 2024
Abstract : Rationale: Renal fibrosis, with no therapeutic approaches, is a common pathological feature in various chronic kidney diseases (CKD). Tubular cell injury plays a pivotal role in renal fibrosis. Commonly, injured tubular cells exhibit significant lipid accumulation. However, the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. Methods: 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) levels in CKD patients and CKD model specimens were measured using mass spectrometry. 2-AG-loaded nanoparticles were infused into unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) mice. Lipid accumulation and renal fibrosis were tested. Furthermore, monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL), the hydrolyzing enzyme of 2-AG, was assessed in CKD patients and models. Tubular cell-specific MAGL knock-in mice were generated. Moreover, MAGL recombination protein was also administered to unilateral ischemia reperfusion injury (UIRI) mice. Besides, a series of methods including RNA sequencing, metabolomics, primary cell culture, lipid staining, etc. were used. Results: 2-AG was increased in the serum or kidneys from CKD patients and models. Supplement of 2-AG further induced lipid accumulation and fibrogenesis through cannabinoid receptor type 2 (CB2)/beta-catenin signaling. beta-catenin knockout blocked 2-AG/CB2-induced fatty acid beta-oxidation (FAO) deficiency and lipid accumulation. Remarkably, MAGL significantly decreased in CKD, aligning with lipid accumulation and fibrosis. Specific transgene of MAGL in tubular cells significantly preserved FAO, inhibited lipid-mediated toxicity in tubular cells, and finally retarded fibrogenesis. Additionally, supplementation of MAGL in UIRI mice also preserved FAO function, inhibited lipid accumulation, and protected against renal fibrosis. Conclusion: MAGL is a potential diagnostic marker for kidney function decline, and also serves as a new therapeutic target for renal fibrosis through ameliorating lipotoxicity.
ESTHER : Zhou_2024_Theranostics_14_1583
PubMedSearch : Zhou_2024_Theranostics_14_1583
PubMedID: 38389852
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-MGLL , mouse-MGLL

Title : Pyridostigmine attenuated high-fat-diet induced liver injury by the reduction of mitochondrial damage and oxidative stress via alpha7nAChR and M3AChR - Xue_2024_J.Biochem.Mol.Toxicol_38_e23671
Author(s) : Xue R , Wu Q , Guo L , Ye D , Cao Q , Zhang M , Xian Y , Chen M , Yan K , Zheng J
Ref : J Biochem Mol Toxicol , 38 :e23671 , 2024
Abstract : Obesity is a major cause of nonalcohol fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which is characterized by hepatic fibrosis, lipotoxicity, inflammation, and apoptosis. Previous studies have shown that an imbalance in the autonomic nervous system is closely related to the pathogenesis of NAFLD. In this study, we investigated the effects of pyridostigmine (PYR), a cholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor, on HFD-induced liver injury and explored the potential mechanisms involving mitochondrial damage and oxidative stress. A murine model of HFD-induced obesity was established using the C57BL/6 mice, and PYR (3 mg/kg/d) or placebo was administered for 20 weeks. PYR reduced the body weight and liver weight of the HFD-fed mice. Additionally, the serum levels of IL-6, TNF-alpha, cholesterol, and triglyceride were significantly lower in the PYR-treated versus the untreated mice, corresponding to a decrease in hepatic fibrosis, lipid accumulation, and apoptosis in the former. Furthermore, the mitochondrial morphology improved significantly in the PYR-treated group. Consistently, PYR upregulated ATP production and the mRNA level of the mitochondrial dynamic factors OPA1, Drp1 and Fis1, and the mitochondrial unfolded protein response (UPRmt) factors LONP1 and HSP60. Moreover, PYR treatment activated the Keap1/Nrf2 pathway and upregulated HO-1 and NQO-1, which mitigated oxidative injury as indicated by decreased 8-OHDG, MDA and H(2) O(2) levels, and increased SOD activity. Finally, PYR elevated acetylcholine (ACh) levels by inhibiting AChE, and upregulated the alpha7nAChR and M3AChR proteins in the HFD-fed mice. PYR alleviated obesity-induced hepatic injury in mice by mitigating mitochondrial damage and oxidative stress via alpha7nAChR and M3AChR.
ESTHER : Xue_2024_J.Biochem.Mol.Toxicol_38_e23671
PubMedSearch : Xue_2024_J.Biochem.Mol.Toxicol_38_e23671
PubMedID: 38454809

Title : A model-informed approach to accelerate the clinical development of cofrogliptin (HSK7653), a novel ultralong-acting dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor - Cui_2023_Diabetes.Obes.Metab__
Author(s) : Cui C , Cao F , Kong, II , Wu Q , Li F , Li H , Liu D
Ref : Diabetes Obes Metab , : , 2023
Abstract : AIM: To employ a model-informed drug development approach in facilitating decision making and expediting the clinical progress of cofrogliptin (HSK7653), a novel ultralong-acting dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor, for the treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2D) via a biweekly dosing regimen. METHODS: Firstly, a population pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics (PopPKPD) model was developed using PK and PD data from a single ascending dose study to simulate the PK and PD time profiles of HSK7653 after multiple doses. Secondly, model-based meta-analysis (MBMA) was performed on published clinical studies of Eastern Asian subjects for all DPP-4 inhibitors. We hypothesized a consistent relationship between PK and DPP-4 inhibition in both healthy individuals and in those with T2D, establishing a quantitative correlation between DPP-4 inhibition and HbA1c. Finally, the predicted PK/DPP-4 inhibition/HbA1c profiles were validated by T2D patients in late clinical trials. RESULTS: The PK/DPP-4 inhibition/HbA1c profiles of T2D patients treated with HSK7653 matched the modelled data. Our PopPKPD and MBMA models predict multiple ascending dosing PK and PD characteristics from single ascending dosing data, as well as the long-term efficacy in T2D patients, based on healthy subjects. CONCLUSIONS: Successful waiver approval for the phase 2b dose-finding study was achieved through model-informed recommendations, facilitating the clinical development of HSK7653 and other DPP-4 inhibitors.
ESTHER : Cui_2023_Diabetes.Obes.Metab__
PubMedSearch : Cui_2023_Diabetes.Obes.Metab__
PubMedID: 37953687

Title : Conocarpus lancifolius (Combretaceae): Pharmacological Effects, LC-ESI-MS\/MS Profiling and In Silico Attributes - Khurm_2023_Metabolites_13_
Author(s) : Khurm M , Guo Y , Wu Q , Zhang X , Ghori MU , Rasool MF , Imran I , Saqib F , Wahid M , Guo Z
Ref : Metabolites , 13 : , 2023
Abstract : In folklore medicine, Conocarpus lancifolius is used to treat various illnesses. The main objective of this study was a comprehensive investigation of Conocarpus lancifolius leaf aqueous extract (CLAE) for its antioxidant, cardioprotective, anxiolytic, antidepressant and memory-enhancing capabilities by using different in vitro, in vivo and in silico models. The in vitro experimentation revealed that CLAE consumed an ample amount of total phenolics (67.70 +/- 0.15 microg GAE/mg) and flavonoids (47.54 +/- 0.45 microg QE/mg) with stronger antiradical effects through DPPH (IC(50) = 16.66 +/- 0.42 microg/mL), TAC (77.33 +/- 0.41 microg AAE/mg) and TRP (79.11 +/- 0.67 microg GAE/mg) assays. The extract also displayed suitable acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitory (IC(50) = 110.13 +/- 1.71 microg/mL) activity through a modified Ellman's method. The toxicology examination presented no mortality or any signs of clinical toxicity in both single-dose and repeated-dose tests. In line with the cardioprotective study, the pretreatment of CLAE was found to be effective in relieving the isoproterenol (ISO)-induced myocardial injury in rats by normalizing the heart weight index, serum cardiac biomarkers, lipid profile and various histopathological variations. In the noise-stress-induced model for behavior attributes, the results demonstrated that CLAE has the tendency to increase the time spent in the central zone and elevated open arms in the open field and elevated plus maze tests (examined for anxiety assessment), reduced periods of immobility in the forced swimming test (for depression) and improved recognition and working memory in the novel object recognition and Morris water maze tests, respectively. Moreover, the LC-ESI-MS/MS profiling predicted 53 phytocompounds in CLAE. The drug-likeness and ADMET analysis exhibited that the majority of the identified compounds have reasonable physicochemical and pharmacokinetic profiles. The co-expression of molecular docking and network analysis indicated that top-ranked CLAE phytoconstituents act efficiently against the key proteins and target multiple signaling pathways to exert its cardiovascular-protectant, anxiolytic, antidepressant and memory-enhancing activity. Hence, this artifact illustrates that the observed biological properties of CLAE elucidate its significance as a sustainable source of bioactive phytochemicals, which appears to be advantageous for pursuing further studies for the development of new therapeutic agents of desired interest.
ESTHER : Khurm_2023_Metabolites_13_
PubMedSearch : Khurm_2023_Metabolites_13_
PubMedID: 37512501

Title : Identification of Novel Dipeptidyl Peptidase-IV Inhibitory Peptides in Chickpea Protein Hydrolysates - Zan_2023_J.Agric.Food.Chem__
Author(s) : Zan R , Wu Q , Chen Y , Wu G , Zhang H , Zhu L
Ref : Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry , : , 2023
Abstract : Dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) is one of the main targets for blood sugar control. Some food protein-derived peptides are thought to have DPP-IV inhibitory (DPP-IVi) activity. In this study, chickpea protein hydrolysates (CPHs) obtained through Neutrase hydrolysis for 60 min (CPHs-Pro-60) exhibited the highest DPP-IVi activity. DPP-IVi activity after simulated in vitro gastrointestinal digestion was maintained at >60%. Peptide libraries are established after the identification of peptide sequences. Molecular docking verified that the four screened peptides (AAWPGHPEF, LAFP, IAIPPGIPYW, and PPGIPYW) could bind to the active center of DPP-IV. Notably, IAIPPGIPYW exhibited the most potent DPP-IVi activity (half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC(50)): 12.43 microM). Both IAIPPGIPYW and PPGIPYW exhibited excellent DPP-IVi activity in Caco-2 cells. These results indicated that chickpea could be used as a source of natural hypoglycemic peptides for food and nutritional applications.
ESTHER : Zan_2023_J.Agric.Food.Chem__
PubMedSearch : Zan_2023_J.Agric.Food.Chem__
PubMedID: 37191584

Title : Systems pharmacology-based mechanism exploration of Acanthopanax senticosusin for Alzheimer's disease using UPLC-Q-TOF-MS, network analysis, and experimental validation - Zhuo_2023_Eur.J.Pharmacol__175895
Author(s) : Zhuo Y , Fu X , Jiang Q , Lai Y , Gu Y , Fang S , Chen H , Liu C , Pan H , Wu Q , Fang J
Ref : European Journal of Pharmacology , :175895 , 2023
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease, characterized by progressive cognitive dysfunction and memory loss. However, the disease-modifying treatments for AD are still lacking. Traditional Chinese herbs, have shown their potentials as novel treatments for complex diseases, such as AD. PURPOSE: This study was aimed at investigating the mechanism of action (MOA) of Acanthopanax senticosusin (AS) for treatment of AD. METHODS: In this study, we firstly identified the chemical constituents in Acanthopanax senticosusin (AS) utilizing ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with Q-TOF-mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS), and next built the drug-target network of these compounds. We next performed the systems pharmacology-based analysis to preliminary explore the MOA of AS against AD. Moreover, we applied the network proximity approach to identify the potential anti-AD components in AS. Finally, experimental validations, including animal behavior test, ELISA and TUNEL staining, were conducted to verify our systems pharmacology-based analysis. RESULTS: 60 chemical constituents in AS were identified via the UPLC-Q-TOF-MS approach. The systems pharmacology-based analysis indicated that AS might exert its therapeutic effects on AD via acetylcholinesterase and apoptosis signaling pathway. To explore the material basis of AS against AD, we further identified 15 potential anti-AD components in AS. Consistently, in vivo experiments demonstrated that AS could protect cholinergic nervous system damage and decrease neuronal apoptosis caused by scopolamine. CONCLUSION: Overall, this study applied systems pharmacology approach, via UPLC-Q-TOF-MS, network analysis, and experimental validation to decipher the potential molecular mechanism of AS against AD.
ESTHER : Zhuo_2023_Eur.J.Pharmacol__175895
PubMedSearch : Zhuo_2023_Eur.J.Pharmacol__175895
PubMedID: 37422122

Title : Chromium exposure altered metabolome and microbiome-associated with neurotoxicity in zebrafish - Yan_2023_J.Appl.Toxicol__
Author(s) : Yan T , Xu Y , Zhu Y , Jiang P , Zhang Z , Li L , Wu Q
Ref : J Appl Toxicol , : , 2023
Abstract : In recent years, chromium (Cr) has been found to induce neurotoxicity. However, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the effects of chromium exposure on the metabolome and microbiome that may contribute to neurotoxicity in juvenile zebrafish. Zebrafish embryos were exposed to 1mg/L Cr (III) and 1mg/L Cr (VI) for seven days, respectively. Swimming distance and locomotor behavior was decreased, and acetylcholinesterase activity was reduced in Cr-exposed groups. Total cholesterol levels were decreased in Cr-exposed groups. The differential-expressed metabolites due to Cr exposure were mainly enriched in primary bile acid biosynthesis, which indicated that Cr exposure may promote cholesterol conversion. The abundance of Bacteroidetes decreased and the abundance of Actinomycetes increased in Cr- exposed groups, as compared to that in the control group. At the genus level, the abundance of Acinetobacter, Acidophorax, Mycobacterium, Aeromonas, Hydrophagophaga and Brevundimonas increased, whereas Chryseobacterium, Pseudomonas, Delftia and Ancylobacter decreased in the Cr-exposed groups. Analysis of the correlation between gut microbiota and bile acid metabolites showed that changes of gut microbial community due to Cr exposure may be related to secondary bile acid metabolism. Collectively, chromium exposure may disturb cholesterol metabolism, including primary bile acid and microbiota-related secondary bile acid metabolism. This study provides potential mechanism of the effects of chromium on neurotoxicity based on modulation of metabolome and gut microbiota diversity, which needs further verification.
ESTHER : Yan_2023_J.Appl.Toxicol__
PubMedSearch : Yan_2023_J.Appl.Toxicol__
PubMedID: 36727205

Title : Pralidoxime-like reactivator with increased lipophilicity - Molecular modeling and in vitro study - Kuca_2023_Chem.Biol.Interact_14ChEPon_110734
Author(s) : Kuca K , Valle da Silva JA , Nepovimova E , Pham NL , Wu W , Valis M , Wu Q , Franca TCC
Ref : Chemico-Biological Interactions , :110734 , 2023
Abstract : Acetylcholinesterase (AChE, EC reactivators (2-PAM, trimedoxime, obidoxime, asoxime) have become an integral part of antidotal treatment in cases of nerve agent and organophosphorus (OP) pesticide poisonings. They are often referred to as specific antidotes due to their ability to restore AChE function when it has been covalently inhibited by an OP compound. Currently available commercial reactivators exhibit limited ability to penetrate the blood-brain barrier, where reactivation of inhibited AChE is crucial. Consequently, there have been numerous efforts to discover more brain-penetrating AChE reactivators. In this study, we examined a derivative of 2-PAM designed to possess increased lipophilicity. This enhanced lipophilicity was achieved through the incorporation of a benzyl group into its molecular structure. Initially, a molecular modeling study was conducted, followed by a comparison of its reactivation efficacy with that of 2-PAM against 10 different AChE inhibitors in vitro. Unfortunately, this relatively significant structural modification of 2-PAM resulted in a decrease in its reactivation potency. Consequently, this derivative cannot be considered as a broad-spectrum AChE reactivator.
ESTHER : Kuca_2023_Chem.Biol.Interact_14ChEPon_110734
PubMedSearch : Kuca_2023_Chem.Biol.Interact_14ChEPon_110734
PubMedID: 37788753

Title : A molecular imaging tool for monitoring carboxylesterase 2 during early diagnosis of liver-related diseases - Li_2023_Sens.Actuators.B.Chem_377_133122
Author(s) : Li J , Cao J , Wu W , Xu L , Zhang S , Ma P , Wu Q , Song D
Ref : Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical , 377 :133122 , 2023
Abstract : Early disease diagnosis is crucial for human health and successful therapy. Carboxylesterase 2 (CES2), the main enzyme found in many tumor tissues, is closely associated with many malignant diseases. Therefore, the ability to detect endogenous CES2-associated diseases can be of therapeutic significance. In this study, we designed a novel mitochondria-targeting near-infrared (NIR) chemosensor (YDT) to visualize the endogenous CES2. This is the first study to track CES2 at the mitochondrial level and present the currently most sensitive CES2 detection sensor. With various features including large Stokes shift, quick response time, excellent selectivity, and ultrahigh sensitivity, the sensor can overcome numerous limitations faced by traditional CES2 probes. YDT is an "off-on" chemosensor that releases fluorophore YD-1 upon interacting with CES2, emits strong fluorescence at 660 nm. Importantly, YDT can dynamically monitor immediate changes in CES2 level under external stimuli. Moreover, we used YDT to systematically study the CES2 expression in drug-induced liver injury and its remediation model, as well as in an inflammation model. With these outstanding characteristics, YDT is a considerably promising tool for further research on biological processes and for examining the physiological roles of CES2 in living systems
ESTHER : Li_2023_Sens.Actuators.B.Chem_377_133122
PubMedSearch : Li_2023_Sens.Actuators.B.Chem_377_133122
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-CES2

Title : RNA m(6) A Methylation Suppresses Insect Juvenile Hormone Degradation to Minimize Fitness Costs in Response to A Pathogenic Attack - Guo_2023_Adv.Sci.(Weinh)__e2307650
Author(s) : Guo Z , Bai Y , Zhang X , Guo L , Zhu L , Sun D , Sun K , Xu X , Yang X , Xie W , Wang S , Wu Q , Crickmore N , Zhou X , Zhang Y
Ref : Adv Sci (Weinh) , :e2307650 , 2023
Abstract : Bioinsecticides and transgenic crops based on the bacterial pathogen Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) can effectively control diverse agricultural insect pests, nevertheless, the evolution of resistance without obvious fitness costs has seriously eroded the sustainable use of these Bt products. Recently, it has been discovered that an increased titer of juvenile hormone (JH) favors an insect host (Plutella xylostella) to enhance fitness whilst resisting the Bt pathogen, however, the underlying regulatory mechanisms of the increased JH titer are obscure. Here, the involvement of N(6) -methyladenosine (m(6) A) RNA modification in modulating the availability of JH in this process is defined. Specifically, it is found that two m(6) A methyltransferase subunit genes, PxMettl3 and PxMettl14, repress the expression of a key JH-degrading enzyme JH esterase (JHE) to induce an increased JH titer, mitigating the fitness costs associated with a robust defense against the Bt pathogen. This study identifies an as-yet uncharacterized m(6) A-mediated epigenetic regulator of insect hormones for maintaining fitness during pathogen defense and unveils an emerging Bt resistance-related m(6) A methylation atlas in insects, which further expands the functional landscape of m(6) A modification and showcases the pivotal role of epigenetic regulation in host-pathogen interactions.
ESTHER : Guo_2023_Adv.Sci.(Weinh)__e2307650
PubMedSearch : Guo_2023_Adv.Sci.(Weinh)__e2307650
PubMedID: 38087901

Title : A novel thermostable and salt-tolerant carboxylesterase involved in the initial aerobic degradation pathway for pyrethroids in Glycomyces salinus - Liu_2023_J.Hazard.Mater_451_131128
Author(s) : Liu Y , Tang S , Wang X , Tang X , Wu Q , Huang Z , Ding J
Ref : J Hazard Mater , 451 :131128 , 2023
Abstract : The long-term and excessive use of pyrethroid pesticides poses substantial health risks and ecosystem concerns. Several bacteria and fungi have been reported that could degrade pyrethroids. The ester-bond hydrolysis using hydrolases is the initial regulatory metabolic reaction of pyrethroids. However, the thoroughly biochemical characterization of hydrolases involved in this process is limited. Here, a novel carboxylesterase, designated as EstGS1 that could hydrolyze pyrethroid pesticides was characterized. EstGS1 showed low sequence identity (<27.03%) compared to other reported pyrethroid hydrolases and belonged to the hydroxynitrile lyase family that preferred short short-chain acyl esters (C2 to C8). EstGS1 displayed the maximal activity of 213.38 U/mg at 60 degreesC and pH 8.5 using pNPC2 as substrate, with K(m) and V(max) were 2.21 +/- 0.72 mM and 212.90 +/- 41.78 microM/min, respectively. EstGS1 is a halotolerant esterase and remains stable in 5.1 M NaCl. Based on molecular docking and mutational analysis, the catalytic triad of S(74)-D(181)-H(212) and three other substrate-binding residues I(108), S(159), and G(75) are critical for the enzymatic activity of EstGS1. Additionally, 61 and 40 mg/L of deltamethrin and lambda-cyhalothrin were hydrolyzed by 20 U of EstGS1 in 4 h. This work presents the first report on a pyrethroid pesticide hydrolase characterized from a halophilic actinobacteria.
ESTHER : Liu_2023_J.Hazard.Mater_451_131128
PubMedSearch : Liu_2023_J.Hazard.Mater_451_131128
PubMedID: 36893599
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9actn-EstGS1

Title : Cholinergic drugs reduce metabolic inflammation and diabetic myocardial injury by regulating the gut bacterial component lipopolysaccharide-induced ERK\/Egr-1 pathway - Wu_2023_FASEB.J_37_e22917
Author(s) : Wu Q , Zhao M , Li D , He X , Zang W
Ref : FASEB Journal , 37 :e22917 , 2023
Abstract : Autonomic imbalance and metabolic inflammation are important pathological processes in diabetic cardiomyopathy. Gut microbiota dysbiosis and increased levels of bacterial component lipopolysaccharide (LPS) are associated with diabetic myocardial injury, but the mechanism by which gut microbes affect metabolic inflammation and cardiac injury remains unclear. We determined whether pyridostigmine (PYR), which inhibits cholinesterase to improve vagal activity, could regulate the disordered gut microbiota and attenuate gut barrier dysfunction, metabolic endotoxemia, and inflammation in diabetes. Db/db mice exhibited high blood glucose levels, insulin resistance, low vagal activity, and diabetic myocardial injury. Db/db mice also exhibited gut microbiota perturbations and subsequent disruption of gut barrier function, resulting in an influx of LPS, metabolic endotoxemia, and inflammation. PYR ameliorated the dysregulated glucose and lipid metabolism, modulated the overall structure of the gut microbiota, selectively enhanced the abundance of anti-inflammatory bacteria, and reduced the abundance of proinflammatory and potentially pathogenic bacteria in db/db mice. Importantly, PYR enhanced vagal activity, restored gut microbiota homeostasis, and alleviated gut barrier dysfunction. Therefore, the LPS-induced extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)/early growth response-1 (Egr-1) pathway and consequent metabolic inflammation were inhibited, and eventually, cardiac hypertrophy, fibrosis, oxidative stress, and dysfunction were ameliorated in db/db mice. In vitro cardiomyocyte injury was induced by exposing primary neonatal rat ventricular cardiomyocytes to high glucose (HG) and LPS. In vitro analyses showed that HG + LPS induced ERK1/2 phosphorylation, Egr-1 expression, inflammation, and cell apoptosis, which were inhibited by acetylcholine (ACh). Alpha 7 nicotinic ACh receptor but not muscarinic 2 ACh receptor plays an important role in ACh-mediated anti-inflammatory effects and inhibiting the ERK/Egr-1 pathway in HG + LPS-administered neonatal rat ventricular cardiomyocytes. PYR and ACh ameliorated diabetic myocardial injury by inhibiting the LPS-induced ERK/Egr-1 pathway and metabolic inflammation. The vagus-gut-heart axis has provided new insights into the complex mechanisms of diabetes and offers novel therapeutic targets.
ESTHER : Wu_2023_FASEB.J_37_e22917
PubMedSearch : Wu_2023_FASEB.J_37_e22917
PubMedID: 37039813

Title : Serum cholinesterase is associated with incident diabetic retinopathy: the Shanghai Nicheng cohort study - Yu_2023_Nutr.Metab.(Lond)_20_26
Author(s) : Yu R , Ye X , Wang X , Wu Q , Jia L , Dong K , Zhu Z , Bao Y , Hou X , Jia W
Ref : Nutr Metab (Lond) , 20 :26 , 2023
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Serum cholinesterase (ChE) is positively associated with incident diabetes and dyslipidemia. We aimed to investigate the relationship between ChE and the incidence of diabetic retinopathy (DR). METHODS: Based on a community-based cohort study followed for 4.6 years, 1133 participants aged 55-70 years with diabetes were analyzed. Fundus photographs were taken for each eye at both baseline and follow-up investigations. The presence and severity of DR were categorized into no DR, mild non-proliferative DR (NPDR), and referable DR (moderate NPDR or worse). Binary and multinomial logistic regression models were used to estimate the risk ratio (RR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) between ChE and DR. RESULTS: Among the 1133 participants, 72 (6.4%) cases of DR occurred. The multivariable binary logistic regression showed that the highest tertile of ChE (<= 422 U/L) was associated with a 2.01-fold higher risk of incident DR (RR 2.01, 95%CI 1.01-4.00; P for trend < 0.05) than the lowest tertile (< 354 U/L). The multivariable binary and multinomial logistic regression showed that the risk of DR increased by 41% (RR 1.41, 95%CI 1.05-1.90), and the risk of incident referable DR was almost 2-fold higher than no DR (RR 1.99, 95%CI 1.24-3.18) with per 1-SD increase of log(e)-transformed ChE. Furthermore, multiplicative interactions were found between ChE and elderly participants (aged 60 and older; P for interaction = 0.003) and men (P for interaction = 0.044) on the risk of DR. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, ChE was associated with the incidence of DR, especially referable DR. ChE was a potential biomarker for predicting the incident DR.
ESTHER : Yu_2023_Nutr.Metab.(Lond)_20_26
PubMedSearch : Yu_2023_Nutr.Metab.(Lond)_20_26
PubMedID: 37138337

Title : Display of a novel carboxylesterase CarCby on Escherichia coli cell surface for carbaryl pesticide bioremediation - Liu_2022_Microb.Cell.Fact_21_97
Author(s) : Liu Y , Wang X , Nong S , Bai Z , Han N , Wu Q , Huang Z , Ding J
Ref : Microb Cell Fact , 21 :97 , 2022
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Carbamate pesticides have been widely used in agricultural and forestry pest control. The large-scale use of carbamates has caused severe toxicity in various systems because of their toxic environmental residues. Carbaryl is a representative carbamate pesticide and hydrolase/carboxylesterase is the initial and critical enzyme for its degradation. Whole-cell biocatalysts have become a powerful tool for environmental bioremediation. Here, a whole cell biocatalyst was constructed by displaying a novel carboxylesterase/hydrolase on the surface of Escherichia coli cells for carbaryl bioremediation. RESULTS: The carCby gene, encoding a protein with carbaryl hydrolysis activity was cloned and characterized. Subsequently, CarCby was displayed on the outer membrane of E. coli BL21(DE3) cells using the N-terminus of ice nucleation protein as an anchor. The surface localization of CarCby was confirmed by SDS-PAGE and fluorescence microscopy. The optimal temperature and pH of the engineered E. coli cells were 30 degreesC and 7.5, respectively, using pNPC4 as a substrate. The whole cell biocatalyst exhibited better stability and maintained approximately 8-fold higher specific enzymatic activity than purified CarCby when incubated at 30 degreesC for 120 h. In addition, ~ 100% and 50% of the original activity was retained when incubated with the whole cell biocatalyst at 4 degC and 30 degreesC for 35 days, respectively. However, the purified CarCby lost almost 100% of its activity when incubated at 30 degreesC for 134 h or 37 degreesC for 96 h, respectively. Finally, approximately 30 mg/L of carbaryl was hydrolyzed by 200 U of the engineered E. coli cells in 12 h. CONCLUSIONS: Here, a carbaryl hydrolase-containing surface-displayed system was first constructed, and the whole cell biocatalyst displayed better stability and maintained its catalytic activity. This surface-displayed strategy provides a new solution for the cost-efficient bioremediation of carbaryl and could also have the potential to be used to treat other carbamates in environmental bioremediation.
ESTHER : Liu_2022_Microb.Cell.Fact_21_97
PubMedSearch : Liu_2022_Microb.Cell.Fact_21_97
PubMedID: 35643494
Gene_locus related to this paper: baca2-a7z924

Title : TPPU Downregulates Oxidative Stress Damage and Induces BDNF Expression in PC-12 Cells - Wu_2022_Comput.Math.Methods.Med_2022_7083022
Author(s) : Wu Q , Lin M , Wu P , Zhao C , Yang S , Yu H , Xian W , Song J
Ref : Comput Math Methods Med , 2022 :7083022 , 2022
Abstract : OBJECTIVE: Ischemia-reperfusion is an ongoing clinical challenge that can lead to a series of pathological changes including oxidative stress. The inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitor (sEH) by 1-(1-propanoylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-[4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl]urea (TPPU) results in an anti-inflammatory, cardioprotective, and blood vessel growth-promoting effects. Therefore, this study focused on the protective effect of TPPU on a rat pheochromocytoma (PC-12) cell oxidative stress model induced by H(2)O(2). METHODS: CCK-8 and Hoechst 33342 were used to evaluate cell apoptosis and western blot to detect the apoptotic proteins and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expression. RESULT: The incubation with 100 microM, 50 microM, and 25 microM TPPU significantly increased PC-12 cell viability. Epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (EET) pretreatment also protected PC-12 cells from oxidative stress. In addition, TPPU reduced caspase-3 and Bax expression and induced Bcl-2 expression, and EETs exerted the same effect on caspase-3 expression as TPPU. A positive relationship was found between TPPU or EET incubation and BDNF expression. CONCLUSION: These results revealed that TPPU reduced PC-12 cell oxidative stress injury induced by H(2)O(2) and promoted BDNF expression.
ESTHER : Wu_2022_Comput.Math.Methods.Med_2022_7083022
PubMedSearch : Wu_2022_Comput.Math.Methods.Med_2022_7083022
PubMedID: 35872930

Title : SARM1 deletion in parvalbumin neurons is associated with autism-like behaviors in mice - Xiang_2022_Cell.Death.Dis_13_638
Author(s) : Xiang L , Wu Q , Sun H , Miao X , Lv Z , Liu H , Chen L , Gu Y , Chen J , Zhou S , Jiang H , Du S , Zhou Y , Dong H , Fan Y , Miao S , Lu Q , Chang L , Wang H , Lu Y , Xu X , Wang W , Huang Z
Ref : Cell Death Dis , 13 :638 , 2022
Abstract : Autism spectrum disorder (ASD), a group of neurodevelopmental disorder diseases, is characterized by social deficits, communication difficulties, and repetitive behaviors. Sterile alpha and TIR motif-containing 1 protein (SARM1) is known as an autism-associated protein and is enriched in brain tissue. Moreover, SARM1 knockdown mice exhibit autism-like behaviors. However, its specific mechanism in ASD pathogenesis remains unclear. Here we generated parvalbumin-positive interneurons (PVI)-specific conditional SARM1 knockout (SARM1(PV)-CKO) mice. SARM1(PV)-CKO male mice showed autism-like behaviors, such as mild social interaction deficits and repetitive behaviors. Moreover, we found that the expression level of parvalbumin was reduced in SARM1(PV)-CKO male mice, together with upregulated apoptosis-related proteins and more cleaved-caspase-3-positive PVIs, suggesting that knocking out SARM1 may cause a reduction in the number of PVIs due to apoptosis. Furthermore, the expression of c-fos was shown to increase in SARM1(PV)-CKO male mice, in combination with upregulation of excitatory postsynaptic proteins such as PSD-95 or neuroligin-1, indicating enhanced excitatory synaptic input in mutant mice. This notion was further supported by the partial rescue of autism-like behavior deficits by the administration of GABA receptor agonists in SARM1(PV)-CKO male mice. In conclusion, our findings suggest that SARM1 deficiency in PVIs may be involved in the pathogenesis of ASD.
ESTHER : Xiang_2022_Cell.Death.Dis_13_638
PubMedSearch : Xiang_2022_Cell.Death.Dis_13_638
PubMedID: 35869039

Title : Two New Picoline-Derived Meroterpenoids with Anti-Acetylcholinesterase Activity from Ascidian-Derived Fungus Amphichorda felina - Jiang_2022_Molecules_27_
Author(s) : Jiang M , Guo H , Wu Q , Yuan S , Liu L
Ref : Molecules , 27 : , 2022
Abstract : Amphichoterpenoids D (1) and E (2), two new picoline-derived meroterpenoids with a rare 6/6/6 tricyclic pyrano[3,2-c]pyridinyl-gamma-pyranone scaffold, were isolated from the ascidian-derived fungus Amphichorda felina SYSU-MS7908. Their structures, including the absolute configurations, were established by extensive spectroscopic methods (1D and 2D NMR and high-resolution mass spectrometry) and ECD calculations. Compounds 1 and 2 showed anti-acetylcholinesterase (anti-AChE) activities with IC(50) values of 12.5 microM and 11.6 microM, respectively. The binding interactions between 1, 2, and AChE were investigated using molecular docking analyses.
ESTHER : Jiang_2022_Molecules_27_
PubMedSearch : Jiang_2022_Molecules_27_
PubMedID: 36014315

Title : Fosthiazate exposure induces oxidative stress, nerve damage, and reproductive disorders in nontarget nematodes - Liu_2022_Environ.Sci.Pollut.Res.Int_30_12522
Author(s) : Liu S , Wu Q , Zhong Y , He Z , Wang Z , Li R , Wang M
Ref : Environ Sci Pollut Res Int , 30 :12522 , 2022
Abstract : As a forceful nematicide, fosthiazate has been largely applied in the management of root-knot nematodes and other herbivorous nematodes. However, the toxicity of fosthiazate to nontarget nematodes is unclear. To explore the toxicity and the mechanisms of fosthiazate in nontarget nematodes, Caenorhabditis elegans was exposed to 0.01-10 mg/L fosthiazate. The results implied that treatment with fosthiazate at doses above 0.01 mg/L could cause injury to the growth, locomotion behavior, and reproduction of the nematodes. Moreover, L1 larvae were more vulnerable to fosthiazate exposure than L4 larvae. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and lipofuscin accumulation were fairly increased in 1 mg/L fosthiazate-exposed nematodes. Treatment with 0.1 mg/L fosthiazate significantly inhibited the activity of acetylcholinesterase (p < 0.01). Furthermore, subacute exposure to 10 mg/L fosthiazate strongly influenced the expression of genes related to oxidative stress, reproduction, and nerve function (e.g., gst-1, sod-1, puf-8, wee-1.3, and ace-1 genes). These findings suggested that oxidative stress, reproduction and nerve disorders could serve as key endpoints of toxicity induced by fosthiazate. The cyp-35a family gene was the main metabolic fosthiazate in C. elegans, and the cyp-35a5 subtype was the most sensitive, with a change in expression level of 2.11-fold compared with the control. These results indicate that oxidative stress and neurological and reproductive disorders played fundamental roles in the toxicity of fosthiazate in C. elegans and may affect the abundance and function of soil nematodes.
ESTHER : Liu_2022_Environ.Sci.Pollut.Res.Int_30_12522
PubMedSearch : Liu_2022_Environ.Sci.Pollut.Res.Int_30_12522
PubMedID: 36112285

Title : The UV-induced uptake of melanosome by skin keratinocyte is triggered by alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor-mediated phagocytosis - Guo_2022_FEBS.J__
Author(s) : Guo MSS , Wu Q , Dong TT , Tsim KWK
Ref : Febs J , : , 2022
Abstract : The melanosome is an organelle that produces melanin for skin pigmentation, which is synthesized by epidermal melanocytes, subsequently transported, and internalized by epidermal keratinocytes. Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) from sunlight radiation is a major stimulator of melanosome uptake by keratinocytes. Acetylcholine (ACh) is known to be released by keratinocytes under UV exposure, which regulates melanin production in melanocytes by participating in which has been named as "skin synapse". Here, the role of cholinergic molecules, i.e., ACh and alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR), in regulating melanosome uptake through phagocytosis by keratinocytes was illustrated. In cultured keratinocytes (HaCaT cells), the fluorescent beads at different sizes imitating melanosomes, or melanosomes, were phagocytosed under UV exposure. The UV-induced phagocytosis in keratinocytes was markedly increased by applied ACh, an acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor, or an alpha7 nAChR agonist. In contrast, the antagonist of alpha7 nAChR was able to fully block the UV-induced phagocytosis, suggesting the role of alpha7 nAChR in this event. The intracellular Ca(++) mobilization was triggered by UV exposure, accounting for the initiation of phagocytosis. The blockage of UV-mediated Ca(++) mobilization, triggered by BAPTA-AM or alpha7 nAChR antagonist, resulted in a complete termination of phagocytosis. Besides, the phosphorylation of cofilin, as well as expression and activation of RhoA, accounting for phagocytosis was induced by UV exposure: the phosphorylation was blocked by BAPTA-AM or alpha7 nAChR antagonist. The result suggests that cholinergic system, especially alpha7 nAChR, is playing a regulatory role in modulating melanosome uptake in keratinocytes being induced by UV exposure.
ESTHER : Guo_2022_FEBS.J__
PubMedSearch : Guo_2022_FEBS.J__
PubMedID: 36048140

Title : Discovery of novel beta-carboline-1,2,3-triazole hybrids as AChE\/GSK-3beta dual inhibitors for Alzheimer's disease treatment - Liu_2022_Bioorg.Chem_129_106168
Author(s) : Liu W , Tian L , Wu L , Chen H , Wang N , Liu X , Zhao C , Wu Z , Jiang X , Wu Q , Xu Z , Zhao Q
Ref : Bioorg Chem , 129 :106168 , 2022
Abstract : Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by progressive cognitive impairment and mental behavior. The combination inhibition of two essential AD targets, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta), might be a breakthrough in the discovery of therapeutic success. Herein, 17 beta-carboline-1,2,3-triazole hybrids were designed, synthesized, and evaluated for their AChE and GSK-3beta inhibitory potential. The results indicated that compound 21 has the most potent inhibition against eeAChE (IC(50) = 0.20 +/- 0.02 microM), hAChE (IC(50) = 0.34 +/- 0.01 microM) and GSK-3beta (IC(50) = 1.14 +/- 0.05 microM) among these compounds. In addition, it inhibited hAChE in a mixed type manner and could occupy the binding pocket forming diverse interactions with the target of AChE and GSK-3beta. Moreover, compound 21 showed low cytotoxicity against SH-SY5Y and HepG2 cell lines and good BBB permeability. Compound 21 also attenuated the tau hyperphosphorylation in the Tau (P301L) 293T cell model. The ADME projection exhibited that compound 21 has acceptable physicochemical characteristics. This study provides new leads for the assessment of AChE and GSK-3beta dual inhibition as a promising strategy for AD treatment.
ESTHER : Liu_2022_Bioorg.Chem_129_106168
PubMedSearch : Liu_2022_Bioorg.Chem_129_106168
PubMedID: 36191431

Title : A Novel Multifunctional 5,6-Dimethoxy-Indanone-Chalcone-Carbamate Hybrids Alleviates Cognitive Decline in Alzheimer's Disease by Dual Inhibition of Acetylcholinesterase and Inflammation - Liu_2022_Front.Aging.Neurosci_14_922650
Author(s) : Liu C , Sang Z , Pan H , Wu Q , Qiu Y , Shi J
Ref : Front Aging Neurosci , 14 :922650 , 2022
Abstract : BACKGROUNDS: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a multifactorial neurodegenerative disease. The treatment of AD through multiple pathological targets may generate therapeutic efficacy better. The multifunctional molecules that simultaneously hit several pathological targets have been of great interest in the intervention of AD. METHODS: Here, we combined the chalcone scaffold with carbamate moiety and 5,6-dimethoxy-indanone moiety to generate a novel multi-target-directed ligand (MTDL) molecule (E)-3-((5,6-dimethoxy-1-oxo-1,3-dihydro-2H-inden-2-ylidene)-methyl)phenylethyl(methyl) carbamate (named AP5). In silico approaches were used to virtually predict the binding interaction of AP5 with AChE, the drug-likeness, and BBB penetrance, and later validated by evaluation of pharmacokinetics (PK) in vivo by LC-MS/MS. Moreover, studies were conducted to examine the potential of AP5 for inhibiting AChE and AChE-induced amyloid-beta (Abeta) aggregation, attenuating neuroinflammation, and providing neuroprotection in the APP/PS1 model of AD. RESULTS: We found that AP5 can simultaneously bind to the peripheral and catalytic sites of AChE by molecular docking. AP5 exhibited desirable pharmacokinetic (PK) characteristics including oral bioavailability (67.2%), >10% brain penetrance, and favorable drug-likeness. AP5 inhibited AChE activity and AChE-induced Abeta aggregation in vivo and in vitro. Further, AP5 lowered Abeta plaque deposition and insoluble Abeta levels in APP/PS1 mice. Moreover, AP5 exerted anti-inflammatory responses by switching microglia to a disease-associated microglia (DAM) phenotype and preventing A1 astrocytes formation. The phagocytic activity of microglial cells to Abeta was recovered upon AP5 treatment. Importantly, chronic AP5 treatment significantly prevented neuronal and synaptic damage and memory deficits in AD mice. CONCLUSION: Together, our work demonstrated that AP5 inhibited the AChE activity, decreased Abeta plaque deposition by interfering Abeta aggregation and promoting microglial Abeta phagocytosis, and suppressed inflammation, thereby rescuing neuronal and synaptic damage and relieving cognitive decline. Thus, AP5 can be a new promising candidate for the treatment of AD.
ESTHER : Liu_2022_Front.Aging.Neurosci_14_922650
PubMedSearch : Liu_2022_Front.Aging.Neurosci_14_922650
PubMedID: 35860673

Title : Fine mapping of powdery mildew resistance gene MlWE74 derived from wild emmer wheat (Triticum turgidum ssp. dicoccoides) in an NBS-LRR gene cluster - Zhu_2022_Theor.Appl.Genet__
Author(s) : Zhu K , Li M , Wu H , Zhang D , Dong L , Wu Q , Chen Y , Xie J , Lu P , Guo G , Zhang H , Zhang P , Li B , Li W , Wang Q , Zhu J , Hu W , Guo L , Wang R , Yuan C , Li H , Liu Z , Hua W
Ref : Theor Appl Genet , : , 2022
Abstract : Powdery mildew resistance gene MlWE74, originated from wild emmer wheat accession G-748-M, was mapped in an NBS-LRR gene cluster of chromosome 2BS. Wheat powdery mildew, caused by Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici (Bgt), is a globally devastating disease. Wild emmer wheat (Triticum turgidum var. dicoccoides) is a valuable genetic resource for improving disease resistance in common wheat. A powdery mildew resistance gene was transferred to hexaploid wheat line WE74 from wild emmer accession G-748-M. Genetic analysis revealed that the powdery mildew resistance in WE74 is controlled by a single dominant gene, herein temporarily designated MlWE74. Bulked segregant analysis (BSA) and molecular mapping delimited MlWE74 to the terminal region of chromosome 2BS flanking by markers WGGBD412 and WGGBH346 within a genetic interval of 0.25 cM and corresponding to 799.9 kb genomic region in the Zavitan reference sequence. Sequence annotation revealed two phosphoglycerate mutase-like genes, an alpha/beta-hydrolases gene, and five NBS-LRR disease resistance genes that could serve as candidates for map-based cloning of MlWE74. The geographical location analysis indicated that MlWE74 is mainly distributed in Rosh Pinna and Amirim regions, in the northern part of Israel, where environmental conditions are favorable to the occurrence of powdery mildew. Moreover, the co-segregated marker WGGBD425 is helpful in marker-assisted transfer of MlWE74 into elite cultivars.
ESTHER : Zhu_2022_Theor.Appl.Genet__
PubMedSearch : Zhu_2022_Theor.Appl.Genet__
PubMedID: 35006335

Title : Regulation of acetylcholinesterase during the lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory responses in microglial cells - Xia_2022_FASEB.J_36_e22189
Author(s) : Xia Y , Wu Q , Mak S , Liu EYL , Zheng BZY , Dong TTX , Pi R , Tsim KWK
Ref : FASEB Journal , 36 :e22189 , 2022
Abstract : The non-classical function of acetylcholine (ACh) has been reported in neuroinflammation that represents the modulating factor in immune responses via activation of alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (alpha7 nAChR), i.e., a cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway (CAP). Acetylcholinesterase (AChE), an enzyme for ACh hydrolysis, has been proposed to have a non-classical function in immune cells. However, the involvement of AChE in neuroinflammation is unclear. Here, cultured BV2 cell, a microglial cell line, and primary microglia from rats were treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to induce inflammation and to explore the regulation of AChE during this process. The expression profiles of AChE, alpha7 nAChR, and choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) were revealed in BV2 cells. The expression of AChE (G4 form) was induced significantly in LPS-treated BV2 cells: the induction was triggered by NF-kappaB and cAMP signaling. Moreover, ACh or alpha7 nAChR agonist suppressed the LPS-induced production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, as well as the phagocytosis of microglia, by activating alpha7 nAChR and followed by the regulation of NF-kappaB and CREB signaling. The ACh-induced suppression of inflammation was abolished in AChE overexpressed cells, but did not show a significant change in AChE mutant (enzymatic activity knockout) transfected cells. These results indicate that the neuroinflammation-regulated function of AChE may be mediated by controlling the ACh level in the brain system.
ESTHER : Xia_2022_FASEB.J_36_e22189
PubMedSearch : Xia_2022_FASEB.J_36_e22189
PubMedID: 35129858

Title : Development and structure-activity relationship of tacrine derivatives as highly potent CDK2\/9 inhibitors for the treatment of cancer - Wu_2022_Eur.J.Med.Chem_242_114701
Author(s) : Wu L , Liu W , Huang Y , Zhu C , Ma Q , Wu Q , Tian L , Feng X , Liu M , Wang N , Xu X , Liu X , Xu C , Qiu J , Xu Z , Zhao Q
Ref : Eur Journal of Medicinal Chemistry , 242 :114701 , 2022
Abstract : CDK2/9 are members of the CDKs family, which play key roles in the occurrence and development of many cancers by regulating cell cycle and transcriptional prolongation, respectively. To further optimize and discuss the structure-activity relationships (SARs), a series of tacrine-based compounds were designed and synthesized from the compound ZLWT-37, which was studied by our group previously but no detailed SARs study was conducted on CDK2/9. Among this series, compounds ZLMT-12 (35) exhibited the most potent antiproliferative activity (GI(50) = 0.006 microM for HCT116) and superior CDK2/9 inhibitory properties (CDK2: IC(50) = 0.011 microM, CDK9: IC(50) = 0.002 microM). Meanwhile, ZLMT-12 showed a weak inhibitory effect on acetylcholinesterase (AChE, IC(50) = 19.023 microM) and butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE, IC(50) = 2.768 microM). In addition, ZLMT-12 can suppress colony formation and migration in HCT116 cells, as well as induce the apoptosis and arrest the cell cycle in the S phase and G2/M phase. In vivo investigations revealed that ZLMT-12 inhibits tumor growth in the HCT116 xenograft tumor model at a low dose of 10 mg/kg without causing hepatotoxicity. The acute toxicity test showed low toxicity with a median lethal dosage (LD(50)) of 104.417 mg/kg. These findings showed that ZLMT-12 might be used as a drug candidate by targeting CDK2/9.
ESTHER : Wu_2022_Eur.J.Med.Chem_242_114701
PubMedSearch : Wu_2022_Eur.J.Med.Chem_242_114701
PubMedID: 36054949

Title : Enantioselective Metabolic Mechanism and Metabolism Pathway of Pydiflumetofen in Rat Liver Microsomes: In Vitro and In Silico Study - Wang_2022_J.Agric.Food.Chem_70_2520
Author(s) : Wang Z , Li R , Wu Q , Duan J , Tan Y , Sun X , Chen R , Shi H , Wang M
Ref : Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry , 70 :2520 , 2022
Abstract : Pydiflumetofen (PYD) has been used worldwide. However, the enantioselective fate of PYD within mammals is not clear. Thus, the enantioselective metabolism and its potential mechanisms of PYD were explored via in vitro and in silico. Consistent results were observed between metabolism and enzyme kinetics experiments, with S-PYD metabolizing faster than R-PYD in rat liver microsomes. Moreover, CYP3A1 and carboxylesterase 1 were found to be major enzymes participating in the metabolism of PYD. Based on the computational results, S-PYD bound with CYP3A1 and carboxylesterase 1 more tightly with lower binding free energy than R-PYD, explaining the mechanism of enantioselective metabolism. Nine phase I metabolites of PYD were identified, and metabolic pathways of PYD were speculated. This study is the first to clarify the metabolism of PYD in mammals, and further research to evaluate the toxicological implications of these metabolites will help in assessing the risk of PYD.
ESTHER : Wang_2022_J.Agric.Food.Chem_70_2520
PubMedSearch : Wang_2022_J.Agric.Food.Chem_70_2520
PubMedID: 35184556

Title : FAM135B sustains the reservoir of Tip60-ATM assembly to promote DNA damage response - Zhang_2022_Clin.Transl.Med_12_e945
Author(s) : Zhang K , Wu Q , Liu W , Wang Y , Zhao L , Chen J , Liu H , Liu S , Li J , Zhang W , Zhan Q
Ref : Clin Transl Med , 12 :e945 , 2022
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Recently, the mechanism by which cells adapt to intrinsic and extrinsic stresses has received considerable attention. Tat-interactive protein 60-kDa/ataxia-telangiectasia-mutated (TIP60/ATM) axis-mediated DNA damage response (DDR) is vital for maintaining genomic integrity. METHODS: Protein levels were detected by western blot, protein colocalisation was examined by immunofluorescence (IF) and protein interactions were measured by co-immunoprecipitation, proximity ligation assay and GST pull-down assays. Flow cytometry, comet assay and IF assays were used to explore the biological functions of sequence similarity 135 family member B (FAM135B) in DDR. Xenograft tumour, FAM135B transgenic mouse models and immunohistochemistry were utilised to confirm in vitro observations. RESULTS: We identified a novel DDR regulator FAM135B which could protect cancer cells from genotoxic stress in vitro and in vivo. The overexpression of FAM135B promoted the removal of gammaH2AX and 53BP1 foci, whereas the elimination of FAM135B attenuated these effects. Consistently, our findings revealed that FAM135B could promote homologous recombination and non-homologous end-joining repairs. Further study demonstrated that FAM135B physically bound to the chromodomain of TIP60 and improved its histone acetyltransferase activity. Moreover, FAM135B enhanced the interactions between TIP60 and ATM under resting conditions. Intriguingly, the protein levels of FAM135B dramatically decreased following DNA damage stress but gradually increased during the DNA repair period. Thus, we proposed a potential DDR mechanism where FAM135B sustains a reservoir of pre-existing TIP60-ATM assemblies under resting conditions. Once cancer cells suffer DNA damage, FAM135B is released from TIP60, and the functioning pre-assembled TIP60-ATM complex participates in DDR. CONCLUSIONS: We characterised FAM135B as a novel DDR regulator and further elucidated the role of the TIP60-ATM axis in response to DNA damage, which suggests that targeting FAM135B in combination with radiation therapy or chemotherapy could be a potentially effective approach for cancer treatment.
ESTHER : Zhang_2022_Clin.Transl.Med_12_e945
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2022_Clin.Transl.Med_12_e945
PubMedID: 35979619
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-FAM135B

Title : Synthesis of highly active enzyme-metal nanohybrids and uncovering the design rules - Cheng_2021_Enzyme.Microb.Technol_154_109962
Author(s) : Cheng G , Wu Q , Jiang C
Ref : Enzyme Microb Technol , 154 :109962 , 2021
Abstract : Nanobiohybrid CAL-B/MNPs were synthesized through enzyme in situ reduction of metal ions, including noble and non-noble metals. Lipase CAL-B acted as multifunctional reagents (reducing and supporting agents). The hybrid catalysts were systematically characterized by HRTEM, EDX, MALDI-TOF-MS, and XPS analysis, confirming that highly dispersed 3-5 nm nanoparticles were evenly dispersed on lipase matrix without agglomeration. The mechanism of CAL-B reducing metal ions was investigated, revealing that AGLFFSSKDL in the amino acid sequence of CAL-B from 111 to 128 formed a stable spatial structure through hydrogen bonding, which was the key factor for enzyme in situ reduction of metal ions into highly dispersed nanoparticles.
ESTHER : Cheng_2021_Enzyme.Microb.Technol_154_109962
PubMedSearch : Cheng_2021_Enzyme.Microb.Technol_154_109962
PubMedID: 34915246

Title : Pyridostigmine Protects Against Diabetic Cardiomyopathy by Regulating Vagal Activity, Gut Microbiota, and Branched-Chain Amino Acid Catabolism in Diabetic Mice - Yang_2021_Front.Pharmacol_12_647481
Author(s) : Yang Y , Zhao M , He X , Wu Q , Li DL , Zang WJ
Ref : Front Pharmacol , 12 :647481 , 2021
Abstract : The disruption of gut microbes is associated with diabetic cardiomyopathy, but the mechanism by which gut microbes affect cardiac damage remains unclear. We explored gut microbes and branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) metabolite catabolism in diabetic cardiomyopathy mice and investigated the cardioprotective effect of pyridostigmine. The experiments were conducted using a model of diabetic cardiomyopathy induced by a high-fat diet + streptozotocin in C57BL/6 mice. The results of high-throughput sequencing showed that diabetic cardiomyopathy mice exhibited decreased gut microbial diversity, altered abundance of the diabetes-related microbes, and increased abundance of the BCAA-producing microbes Clostridiales and Lachnospiraceae. In addition, diabetes downregulated tight junction proteins (ZO-1, occludin, and claudin-1) and increased intestinal permeability to impair the intestinal barrier. These impairments were accompanied by reduction in vagal activity that manifested as increased acetylcholinesterase levels, decreased acetylcholine levels, and heart rate variability, which eventually led to cardiac damage. Pyridostigmine enhanced vagal activity, restored gut microbiota homeostasis, decreased BCAA-producing microbe abundance, and improved the intestinal barrier to reduce circulating BCAA levels. Pyridostigmine also upregulated BCAT2 and PP2Cm and downregulated p-BCKDHA/BCKDHA and BCKDK to improve cardiac BCAA catabolism. Moreover, pyridostigmine alleviated abnormal mitochondrial structure; increased ATP production; decreased reactive oxygen species and mitochondria-related apoptosis; and attenuated cardiac dysfunction, hypertrophy, and fibrosis in diabetic cardiomyopathy mice. In conclusion, the gut microbiota, BCAA catabolism, and vagal activity were impaired in diabetic cardiomyopathy mice but were improved by pyridostigmine. These results provide novel insights for the development of a therapeutic strategy for diabetes-induced cardiac damage that targets gut microbes and BCAA catabolism.
ESTHER : Yang_2021_Front.Pharmacol_12_647481
PubMedSearch : Yang_2021_Front.Pharmacol_12_647481
PubMedID: 34084135

Title : Soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitor attenuates BBB disruption and neuroinflammation after intracerebral hemorrhage in mice - Tian_2021_Neurochem.Int_150_105197
Author(s) : Tian Y , Yuan X , Wang Y , Wu Q , Fang Y , Zhu Z , Song G , Xu L , Wang W , Xie M
Ref : Neurochem Int , 150 :105197 , 2021
Abstract : Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a devastating disease with high mortality and morbidity. Soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) is the key enzyme in the epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) signaling. sEH inhibition has been demonstrated to have neuroprotective effects against multiple brain injuries. However, its role in the secondary injuries after ICH has not been fully elucidated. Here we tested the hypothesis that 1-Trifluoromethoxyphenyl-3-(1-propionylpiperidin-4-yl)urea (TPPU), a potent and highly selective sEH inhibitor, suppresses inflammation and the secondary injuries after ICH. Adult male C57BL/6 mice were subjected to a collagenase-induced ICH model. TPPU alleviated blood-brain barrier damage, inhibited inflammatory response, increased M2 polarization of microglial cells, reduced the infiltration of peripheral neutrophils. In addition, TPPU attenuated neuronal injury and promoted functional recovery. The results suggest that sEH may represent a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of ICH.
ESTHER : Tian_2021_Neurochem.Int_150_105197
PubMedSearch : Tian_2021_Neurochem.Int_150_105197
PubMedID: 34592333

Title : Substrate Engineering in Lipase-Catalyzed Selective Polymerization of d-\/l-Aspartates and Diols to Prepare Helical Chiral Polyester - Zhang_2021_Biomacromolecules__
Author(s) : Zhang Y , Xia B , Li Y , Lin X , Wu Q
Ref : Biomacromolecules , : , 2021
Abstract : The synthesis of optically pure polymers is one of the most challenging tasks in polymer chemistry. Herein, Novozym 435 (Lipase B from Candida antarctica, immobilized on Lewatit VP OC 1600)-catalyzed polycondensation between d-/l-aspartic acid (Asp) diester and diols for the preparation of helical chiral polyesters was reported. Compared with d-Asp diesters, the fast-reacting l-Asp diesters easily reacted with diols to provide a series of chiral polyesters containing N-substitutional l-Asp repeating units. Besides amino acid configuration, N-substituent side chains and the chain length of diols were also investigated and optimized. It was found that bulky acyl N-substitutional groups like N-Boc and N-Cbz were more favorable for this polymerization than small ones probably due to competitively binding of these small acyl groups into the active site of Novozym 435. The highest molecular weight can reach up to 39.5 x 10(3) g/mol (M(w,) D = 1.64). Moreover, the slow-reacting d-Asp diesters were also successfully polymerized by modifying the substrate structure to create a "nonchiral" condensation environment artificially. These enantiocomplementary chiral polyesters are thermally stable and have specific helical structures, which was confirmed by circular dichroism (CD) spectra, scanning electron microscope (SEM), and molecular calculation.
ESTHER : Zhang_2021_Biomacromolecules__
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2021_Biomacromolecules__
PubMedID: 33427463

Title : Inverting the Enantiopreference of Nitrilase-Catalyzed Desymmetric Hydrolysis of Prochiral Dinitriles by Reshaping the Binding Pocket with a Mirror-Image Strategy - Yu_2021_Angew.Chem.Int.Ed.Engl_60_3679
Author(s) : Yu S , Li J , Yao P , Feng J , Cui Y , Liu X , Wu Q , Lin J , Zhu D
Ref : Angew Chem Int Ed Engl , 60 :3679 , 2021
Abstract : A mirror-image strategy, that is, symmetry analysis of the substrate-binding pocket, was applied to identify two key amino acid residues W170 and V198 that possibly modulate the enantiopreference of a nitrilase from Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 towards 3-isobutyl glutaronitrile (1a). Exchange of these two residues resulted in the enantiopreference inversion (S, 90% ee to R, 47% ee). By further reshaping the substrate-binding pocket via routine site-saturation and combinatorial mutagenesis, variant E8 with higher activity and stereoselectivity (99% ee, R) was obtained. The mutant enzyme was applied in the preparation of optically pure (R)-3-isobutyl-4-cyanobutanoic acid ((R)-2a) and showed similar stereopreference inversion towards a series of 3-substituted glutaronitriles. This study may offer a general strategy to switch the stereopreference of other nitrilases and other enzymes toward the desymmetric reactions of prochiral substrates with two identical reactive functional groups.
ESTHER : Yu_2021_Angew.Chem.Int.Ed.Engl_60_3679
PubMedSearch : Yu_2021_Angew.Chem.Int.Ed.Engl_60_3679
PubMedID: 33141478

Title : Biodegradation of lambda-cyhalothrin through cell surface display of bacterial carboxylesterase - Ding_2021_Chemosphere_289_133130
Author(s) : Ding J , Liu Y , Gao Y , Zhang C , Wang Y , Xu B , Yang Y , Wu Q , Huang Z
Ref : Chemosphere , 289 :133130 , 2021
Abstract : Pyrethroids are the third widespread used insecticides globally which have been extensively applied in agricultural or household environments. Due to continuous applications, pyrethroids have been detected both in living cells and environments. The permanent exposure to pyrethroids have caused substantial health risks and ecosystem concerns. In this work, a lambda-cyhalothrin (one kind of pyrethroid insecticides) degrading bacterium Bacillus velezensis sd was isolated and a carboxylesterase gene, CarCB2 was characterized. A whole cell biocatalyst was developed for lambda-cyhalothrin biodegradation by displaying CarCB2 on the surface of Escherichia coli cells. CarCB2 was successfully displayed and functionally expressed on E. coli cells with optimal pH and temperature of 7.5 and 30 degreesC, using p-NPC(4) as substrate, respectively. The whole cell biocatalyst exhibited better stability than the purified CarCB2, and approximately 120%, 60% or 50% of its original activity at 4 degreesC, 30 degreesC or 37 degreesC over a period of 35 d was retained, respectively. No enzymatic activity was detected when incubated the purified CarCB2 at 30 degreesC for 120 h, or 37 degreesC for 72 h, respectively. Additionally, 30 mg/L of lambda-cyhalothrin was degraded in citrate-phosphate buffer by 10 U of the whole cell biocatalyst in 150 min. This work reveals that the whole cell biocatalyst affords a promising approach for efficient biodegradation of lambda-cyhalothrin, and might have the potential to be applied in further environmental bioremediation of other different kinds of pyrethroid insecticides.
ESTHER : Ding_2021_Chemosphere_289_133130
PubMedSearch : Ding_2021_Chemosphere_289_133130
PubMedID: 34863720
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9baci-MW588803

Title : Effect of Selenium on Brain Injury in Chickens with Subacute Arsenic Poisoning - Ren_2021_Biol.Trace.Elem.Res__
Author(s) : Ren Z , Deng H , Wu Q , Jia G , Wen N , Deng Y , Zhu L , Zuo Z , Deng J
Ref : Biol Trace Elem Res , : , 2021
Abstract : The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of different doses of selenium (Se) on oxidative damage and neurotransmitter-related parameters in arsenic (As)-induced broiler brain tissue damage. Two hundred 1-day-old avian broilers were randomly divided into five groups and fed the following diets: control group (As 0.1 mg/kg + Se 0.2 mg/kg), As group (As 3 mg/kg + Se 0.2 mg/kg), low-Se group (As 3 mg/kg + Se 5 mg/kg), medium-Se group (As 3 mg/kg + Se 10 mg/kg), and high-Se group (As 3 mg/kg + Se 15 mg/kg). Glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX), nitric oxide (NO), nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity, glutamate (Glu) concentration, glutamine synthetase (GS) activity, acetylcholinesterase (TchE) activity, and the apoptosis rate of brain cells were measured. The results showed that 3 mg/kg dietary As could induce oxidative damage and neurotransmitter disorder of brain tissue, increase the apoptosis rate of brain cells and cause damage to brain tissue, decrease activities of GSH and GSH-PX, decrease the contents of NO, decrease the activities of iNOS and tNOS, increase contents of Glu, and decrease activities of Gs and TchE. Compared with the As group, the Se addition of the low-Se and medium-Se groups protected against As-induced oxidative damage, neurotransmitter disorders, and the apoptosis rate of brain cells, with the addition of 10 mg/kg Se having the best effect. However, 15 mg/kg Se not only did not produce a protective effect against As damage but actually caused similar or severe damage.
ESTHER : Ren_2021_Biol.Trace.Elem.Res__
PubMedSearch : Ren_2021_Biol.Trace.Elem.Res__
PubMedID: 33594525

Title : A GRN Autocrine-Dependent FAM135B\/AKT\/mTOR Feedforward Loop Promotes Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Progression - Dong_2021_Cancer.Res_81_910
Author(s) : Dong D , Zhang W , Xiao W , Wu Q , Cao Y , Gao X , Huang L , Wang Y , Chen J , Wang W , Zhan Q
Ref : Cancer Research , 81 :910 , 2021
Abstract : Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is one of the most common and deadly diseases. In our previous comprehensive genomics study, we found that family with sequence similarity 135 member B (FAM135B) was a novel cancer-related gene, yet its biological functions and molecular mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, we demonstrate that the protein levels of FAM135B are significantly higher in ESCC tissues than in precancerous tissues, and high expression of FAM135B correlates with poorer clinical prognosis. Ectopic expression of FAM135B promoted ESCC cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo, likely through its direct interaction with growth factor GRN, thus forming a feedforward loop with AKT/mTOR signaling. Patients with ESCC with overexpression of both FAM135B and GRN had worse prognosis; multivariate Cox model analysis indicated that high expression of both FAM135B and GRN was an independent prognostic factor for patients with ESCC. FAM135B transgenic mice bore heavier tumor burden than wild-type mice and survived a relatively shorter lifespan after 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide treatment. In addition, serum level of GRN in transgenic mice was higher than in wild-type mice, suggesting that serum GRN levels might provide diagnostic discrimination for patients with ESCC. These findings suggest that the interaction between FAM135B and GRN plays critical roles in the regulation of ESCC progression and both FAM135B and GRN might be potential therapeutic targets and prognostic factors in ESCC. SIGNIFICANCE: These findings investigate the mechanisms of FAM135B in promoting ESCC progression and suggest new potential prognostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets in patients with ESCC.
ESTHER : Dong_2021_Cancer.Res_81_910
PubMedSearch : Dong_2021_Cancer.Res_81_910
PubMedID: 33323378
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-FAM135B

Title : Effects of perioperative interventions for preventing postoperative delirium: A protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials - Li_2021_Medicine.(Baltimore)_100_e26662
Author(s) : Li X , Wang Y , Liu J , Xiong Y , Chen S , Han J , Xie W , Wu Q
Ref : Medicine (Baltimore) , 100 :e26662 , 2021
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Postoperative delirium (POD) not only increases the medical burden but also adversely affects patient prognosis. Although some cases of delirium can be avoided by early intervention, there is no clear evidence indicating whether any of these measures can effectively prevent POD in specific patient groups. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this meta-analysis was to compare the efficacy and safety of the existing preventive measures for managing POD. METHODS: The PubMed, OVID (Embase and MEDLINE), Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library databases were searched for articles published before January 2020. The relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were selected based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data extraction and methodological quality assessment were performed according to a predesigned data extraction form and scoring system, respectively. The interventions were compared on the basis of the primary outcome like incidence of POD, and secondary outcomes like duration of delirium and the length of intensive care unit and hospital stay. RESULTS: Sixty-three RCTs were included in the study, covering interventions like surgery, anesthesia, analgesics, intraoperative blood glucose control, cholinesterase inhibitors, anticonvulsant drugs, antipsychotic drugs, sleep rhythmic regulation, and multi-modal nursing. The occurrence of POD was low in 4 trials that monitored the depth of anesthesia with bispectral index during the operation (P<.0001). Two studies showed that supplementary analgesia was useful for delirium prevention (P=.002). Seventeen studies showed that perioperative sedation with alpha2-adrenergic receptor agonists prevented POD (P=.0006). Six studies showed that both typical and atypical antipsychotic drugs can reduce the incidence of POD (P=.002). Multimodal nursing during the perioperative period effectively reduced POD in 6 studies (P<.00001). Furthermore, these preventive measures can reduce the duration of delirium, as well as the total and postoperative length of hospitalized stay for non-cardiac surgery patients. For patients undergoing cardiac surgery, effective prevention can only reduce the length of intensive care unit stay. CONCLUSION: Measures including intraoperative monitoring of bispectral index, supplemental analgesia, alpha2-adrenergic receptor agonists, antipsychotic drugs, and multimodal care are helpful to prevent POD effectively. However, larger, high-quality RCTs are needed to verify these findings and develop more interventions and drugs for preventing postoperative delirium.
ESTHER : Li_2021_Medicine.(Baltimore)_100_e26662
PubMedSearch : Li_2021_Medicine.(Baltimore)_100_e26662
PubMedID: 34398027

Title : Solar light induces expression of acetylcholinesterase in skin keratinocytes: Signalling mediated by activator protein 1 transcription factor - Wu_2020_Neurochem.Int_141_104861
Author(s) : Wu Q , Bai P , Xia Y , Lai QWS , Guo MSS , Dai K , Zheng Z , Ling CSJ , Dong TTX , Pi R , Tsim KWK
Ref : Neurochem Int , 141 :104861 , 2020
Abstract : Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) hydrolyses acetylcholine to choline and acetate, playing an important role in terminating the neurotransmission in brain and muscle. Recently, the non-neuronal functions of AChE have been proposed in different tissues, in which there are various factors to regulate the expression of AChE. In mammalian skin, AChE was identified in melanocytes and keratinocytes. Our previous study has indicated that AChE in keratinocyte affects the process of solar light-induced skin pigmentation; however, the expression of AChE in keratinocytes in responding to sunlight remains unknown. Here, we provided several lines of evidence to support a notion that AChE could be upregulated at transcriptional and translational levels in keratinocytes when exposed to solar light. The light-mediated AChE expression was triggered by Ca(2+), supported by an induction of Ca(2+) ionophore A23187 and a blockage by Ca(2+) chelator BAPTA-AM. In addition, this increase on AChE transcriptional expression was eliminated by mutagenesis on the activating protein 1 (AP1) site in ACHE gene. Hence, the solar light-induced AChE expression is mediated by Ca(2+) signalling through AP1 site. This finding supports the role of solar light in affecting the cholinergic system in skin cells, and which may further influence the dermatological function.
ESTHER : Wu_2020_Neurochem.Int_141_104861
PubMedSearch : Wu_2020_Neurochem.Int_141_104861
PubMedID: 33038610

Title : Patatin primary structural properties and effects on lipid metabolism - Wu_2020_Food.Chem__128661
Author(s) : Wu J , Wu Q , Yang D , Zhou M , Xu J , Wen Q , Cui Y , Bai Y , Xu S , Wang Z , Wang S
Ref : Food Chem , :128661 , 2020
Abstract : Patatin, the major protein found in potatoes, was purified and shows several isoforms. The essential amino acid content of patatin was ashighas 76%, indicating that it is a valuable protein source. Patatin was an O-linked glycoprotein that contained fucose monosaccharides, as well as mannose, rhamnose, glucose, galactose, xylose, and arabinose. Patatin had a fucosylated glycan structural feature, which strongly bound AAL (Aleuria aurantia Leukoagglutinin), a known fucose binding lectin. Moreover, thelipid metabolism regulatory effects of patatin on the fat catabolism, fat absorption, and inhibition of lipase activity were measured after high-fat feeding of zebrafish larvae. Results revealed that 37.0 g/mL patatin promoted 23% lipid decomposition metabolism. Meanwhile patatin could inhibite lipase activity and fat absorption, whose effects accounted for half that of a positive control drug. Our findings suggest that patatin, a fucosylated glycoprotein, could potentially be used as a naturalactiveconstituent with anti-obesity effects.
ESTHER : Wu_2020_Food.Chem__128661
PubMedSearch : Wu_2020_Food.Chem__128661
PubMedID: 33272761

Title : Solar light induces the release of acetylcholine from skin keratinocytes affecting melanogenesis - Wu_2020_FASEB.J_34_8941
Author(s) : Wu Q , Xia Y , Dai K , Bai P , Kwan KKL , Guo MSS , Dong TTX , Tsim KWK
Ref : FASEB Journal , 34 :8941 , 2020
Abstract : Cholinergic system conducts signal transmission in brain and muscle. Besides nervous system, the nonneuronal functions of cholinergic system have been proposed in various tissues. The expression of cholinergic proteins and release of acetylcholine in human skin have been reported, but its mechanism and influence on dermatological functions is not elucidated. Here, the expression profile of cholinergic markers was further investigated in skin and keratinocyte. The expression levels of choline acetyltransferase (ChAT), acetylcholinesterase (AChE), vesicular acetylcholine transporter (VAChT), and synaptophysin, were upregulated during differentiation of keratinocytes. In cultured keratinocytes, a transient exposure of solar light induced the release of acetylcholine, which was mediated by intracellular Ca(2+) mobilization. The light-induced acetylcholine release was mediated by the present of opsin. The light-induced melanogenesis was inhibited by acetylcholine or AChE inhibitor in melanocyte in vitro and mouse skin ex vivo. These results indicated that the potential role of cholinergic system could be a negative regulator in skin pigmentation.
ESTHER : Wu_2020_FASEB.J_34_8941
PubMedSearch : Wu_2020_FASEB.J_34_8941
PubMedID: 32519787

Title : Focused rational iterative site-specific mutagenesis (FRISM) - Li_2020_Methods.Enzymol_643_225
Author(s) : Li D , Wu Q , Reetz MT
Ref : Methods Enzymol , 643 :225 , 2020
Abstract : Directed evolution has emerged as the most productive enzyme engineering method, with stereoselectivity playing a crucial role when evolving mutants for application in synthetic organic chemistry and biotechnology. In order to reduce the screening effort (bottleneck of directed evolution), improved methods for the creation of small and smart mutant libraries have been developed, including the combinatorial active-site saturation test (CAST) which involves saturation mutagenesis at appropriate residues surrounding the binding pocket, and iterative saturation mutagenesis (ISM). Nevertheless, even CAST/ISM mutant libraries require a formidable screening effort. Thus far, rational design as the alternative protein engineering technique has had only limited success when aiming for stereoselectivity. Here, we highlight a recent methodology dubbed focused rational iterative site-specific mutagenesis (FRISM), in which mutant libraries are not involved. It makes use of the tools that were previously employed in traditional rational enzyme design, but, inspired by CAST/ISM, the process is performed in an iterative manner. Only a few predicted mutants need to be screened, a fast process which leads to the identification of highly enantioselective and sufficiently active mutants.
ESTHER : Li_2020_Methods.Enzymol_643_225
PubMedSearch : Li_2020_Methods.Enzymol_643_225
PubMedID: 32896283

Title : An update on T-2 toxin and its modified forms: metabolism, immunotoxicity mechanism, and human exposure assessment - Wu_2020_Arch.Toxicol_94_3645
Author(s) : Wu Q , Qin Z , Kuca K , You L , Zhao Y , Liu A , Musilek K , Chrienova Z , Nepovimova E , Oleksak P , Wu W , Wang X
Ref : Archives of Toxicology , 94 :3645 , 2020
Abstract : T-2 toxin is the most toxic trichothecene mycotoxin, and it exerts potent toxic effects, including immunotoxicity, neurotoxicity, and reproductive toxicity. Recently, several novel metabolites, including 3',4'-dihydroxy-T-2 toxin and 4',4'-dihydroxy-T-2 toxin, have been uncovered. The enzymes CYP3A4 and carboxylesterase contribute to T-2 toxin metabolism, with 3'-hydroxy-T-2 toxin and HT-2 toxin as the corresponding primary products. Modified forms of T-2 toxin, including T-2-3-glucoside, exert their immunotoxic effects by signaling through JAK/STAT but not MAPK. T-2-3-glucoside results from hydrolyzation of the corresponding parent mycotoxin and other metabolites by the intestinal microbiota, which leads to enhanced toxicity. Increasing evidence has shown that autophagy, hypoxia-inducible factors, and exosomes are involved in T-2 toxin-induced immunotoxicity. Autophagy promotes the immunosuppression induced by T-2 toxin, and a complex crosstalk between apoptosis and autophagy exists. Very recently, "immune evasion" activity was reported to be associated with this toxin; this activity is initiated inside cells and allows pathogens to escape the host immune response. Moreover, T-2 toxin has the potential to trigger hypoxia in cells, which is related to activation of hypoxia-inducible factor and the release of exosomes, leading to immunotoxicity. Based on the data from a series of human exposure studies, free T-2 toxin, HT-2 toxin, and HT-2-4-glucuronide should be considered human T-2 toxin biomarkers in the urine. The present review focuses on novel findings related to the metabolism, immunotoxicity, and human exposure assessment of T-2 toxin and its modified forms. In particular, the immunotoxicity mechanisms of T-2 toxin and the toxicity mechanism of its modified form, as well as human T-2 toxin biomarkers, are discussed. This work will contribute to an improved understanding of the immunotoxicity mechanism of T-2 toxin and its modified forms.
ESTHER : Wu_2020_Arch.Toxicol_94_3645
PubMedSearch : Wu_2020_Arch.Toxicol_94_3645
PubMedID: 32910237

Title : Traditional Chinese Medicine Shenmayizhi Decoction Ameliorates Memory And Cognitive Impairment Induced By Scopolamine Via Preventing Hippocampal Cholinergic Dysfunction In Rats - Wu_2019_Neuropsychiatr.Dis.Treat_15_3167
Author(s) : Wu Q , Cao Y , Liu M , Liu F , Brantner AH , Yang Y , Wei Y , Zhou Y , Wang Z , Ma L , Wang F , Pei H , Li H
Ref : Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat , 15 :3167 , 2019
Abstract : Purpose: Clinical trials have illustrated that Shenmayizhi decoction (SMYZ) could improve the cognitive functions in patients with dementia. However, the mechanism needs to be explored. Methods: Fifty adult male rats (Wistar strain) were divided into five groups equally and randomly, including control, model, and SMYZ of low dose, medium dose and high dose. Rats in each group received a daily gavage of respective treatment. Rats in control and model group were administrated by the same volume of distilled water. Memory impairment was induced by intraperitoneal administration of scopolamine (0.7 mg/kg) for 5 continuous days. Four weeks later, Morris water maze (MWM) was performed to evaluate the spatial memory in all rats. Then, rats were sacrificed and the hippocampus was removed for further tests. Furthermore, Western blot analysis was employed to assess the levels of acetylcholine M1 receptor (M1), acetylcholine M2 receptor (M2), acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and cholineacetyltransferase (ChAT). AChE and ChAT activities were determined. Results: The SMYZ decoction significantly improved behavioral performance of rats in high dose. The SMYZ decoction in three doses exhibited anti-acetylcholinesterase activity. In addition, a high dose of SMYZ promoted ChAT activity. Moreover, a high dose of SMYZ increased the level of ChAT and declined the level of AChE assessed by Western blotting. Besides, an increased level of M1 receptor was found after treatment. Conclusion: Shenmayizhi decoction could mitigate scopolamine-induced cognitive deficits through the preventative effect on cholinergic system dysfunction.
ESTHER : Wu_2019_Neuropsychiatr.Dis.Treat_15_3167
PubMedSearch : Wu_2019_Neuropsychiatr.Dis.Treat_15_3167
PubMedID: 31814724

Title : Stereodivergent Protein Engineering of a Lipase To Access All Possible Stereoisomers of Chiral Esters with Two Stereocenters - Xu_2019_J.Am.Chem.Soc_141_7934
Author(s) : Xu J , Cen Y , Singh W , Fan J , Wu L , Lin X , Zhou J , Huang M , Reetz MT , Wu Q
Ref : Journal of the American Chemical Society , 141 :7934 , 2019
Abstract : Enzymatic stereodivergent synthesis to access all possible product stereoisomers bearing multiple stereocenters is relatively undeveloped, although enzymes are being increasingly used in both academic and industrial areas. When two stereocenters and thus four stereoisomeric products are involved, obtaining stereodivergent enzyme mutants for individually accessing all four stereoisomers would be ideal. Although significant success has been achieved in directed evolution of enzymes in general, stereodivergent engineering of one enzyme into four highly stereocomplementary variants for obtaining the full complement of stereoisomers bearing multiple stereocenters remains a challenge. Using Candida antarctica lipase B (CALB) as a model, we report the protein engineering of this enzyme into four highly stereocomplementary variants needed for obtaining all four stereoisomers in transesterification reactions between racemic acids and racemic alcohols in organic solvents. By generating and screening less than 25 variants of each isomer, we achieved >90% selectivity for all of the four possible stereoisomers in the model reaction. This difficult feat was accomplished by developing a strategy dubbed "focused rational iterative site-specific mutagenesis" (FRISM) at sites lining the enzyme's binding pocket. The accumulation of single mutations by iterative site-specific mutagenesis using a restricted set of rationally chosen amino acids allows the formation of ultrasmall mutant libraries requiring minimal screening for stereoselectivity. The crystal structure of all stereodivergent CALB variants, flanked by MD simulations, uncovered the source of selectivity.
ESTHER : Xu_2019_J.Am.Chem.Soc_141_7934
PubMedSearch : Xu_2019_J.Am.Chem.Soc_141_7934
PubMedID: 31023008
Gene_locus related to this paper: canar-LipB

Title : Identification and characterization of an acetyl esterase from Paenibacillus sp. XW-6-66 and its novel function in 7-aminocephalosporanic acid deacetylation - Ding_2019_Biotechnol.Lett_41_1059
Author(s) : Ding J , Zhou Y , Zhu H , Deng M , Long L , Yang Y , Wu Q , Huang Z
Ref : Biotechnol Lett , 41 :1059 , 2019
Abstract : OBJECTIVES: To obtain a new acetyl esterase from Paenibacillus sp. XW-6-66 and apply the enzyme to 7-aminocephalosporanic acid (7-ACA) deacetylation. RESULTS: The acetyl esterase AesZY was identified from Paenibacillus sp. XW-6-66, and its enzymatic properties were investigated. With the putative catalytic triad Ser114-Asp203-His235, AesZY belongs to the Acetyl esterase (Aes) family which is included in the alpha/beta hydrolase superfamily and contains the consensus Gly-X-Ser-X-Gly motif. The maximum activity of AesZY was detected at pH 8.0 and 40 degrees C. AesZY was stable at different pH values ranging from 5.0 to 12.0, and was tolerant to several metal ions. Furthermore, the deacetylation activity of AesZY toward 7-ACA was approximately 7.5 U/mg, and the Kcat/Km value was 2.04 s(-1) mM(-1). CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate the characterization of a new acetyl esterase belonging to the Aes family with potential biotechnological applications.
ESTHER : Ding_2019_Biotechnol.Lett_41_1059
PubMedSearch : Ding_2019_Biotechnol.Lett_41_1059
PubMedID: 31302814
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9bacl-7ACAaes

Title : Artificial cysteine-lipases with high activity and altered catalytic mechanism created by laboratory evolution - Cen_2019_Nat.Commun_10_3198
Author(s) : Cen Y , Singh W , Arkin M , Moody TS , Huang M , Zhou J , Wu Q , Reetz MT
Ref : Nat Commun , 10 :3198 , 2019
Abstract : Engineering artificial enzymes with high activity and catalytic mechanism different from naturally occurring enzymes is a challenge in protein design. For example, many attempts have been made to obtain active hydrolases by introducing a Ser --> Cys exchange at the respective catalytic triads, but this generally induced a breakdown of activity. We now report that this long-standing dogma no longer pertains, provided additional mutations are introduced by directed evolution. By employing Candida antarctica lipase B (CALB) as the model enzyme with the Ser-His-Asp catalytic triad, a highly active cysteine-lipase having a Cys-His-Asp catalytic triad and additional mutations W104V/A281Y/A282Y/V149G can be evolved, showing a 40-fold higher catalytic efficiency than wild-type CALB in the hydrolysis of 4-nitrophenyl benzoate, and tolerating bulky substrates. Crystal structures, kinetics, MD simulations and QM/MM calculations reveal dynamic features and explain all results, including the preference of a two-step mechanism involving the zwitterionic pair Cys105(-)/His224(+) rather than a concerted process.
ESTHER : Cen_2019_Nat.Commun_10_3198
PubMedSearch : Cen_2019_Nat.Commun_10_3198
PubMedID: 31324776
Gene_locus related to this paper: canar-LipB

Title : Pyridostigmine alleviates cardiac dysfunction via improving mitochondrial cristae shape in a mouse model of metabolic syndrome - Xue_2019_Free.Radic.Biol.Med_134_119
Author(s) : Xue RQ , Yu XJ , Zhao M , Xu M , Wu Q , Cui YL , Yang S , Li DL , Zang WJ
Ref : Free Radic Biol Med , 134 :119 , 2019
Abstract : Insulin resistance and autonomic imbalance are important pathological processes in metabolic syndrome-induced cardiac remodeling. Recent studies determined that disruption of mitochondrial cristae shape is associated with myocardial ischemia; however, the change in cristae shape in metabolic syndrome-induced cardiac remodeling remains unclear. This study determined the effect of pyridostigmine (PYR), which reversibly inhibits cholinesterase to improve autonomic imbalance, on high-fat diet (HFD)-induced cardiac insulin resistance and explored the potential effect on the shape of mitochondrial cristae. Feeding of a HFD for 22 weeks led to an irregular and even lysed cristae structure in cardiac mitochondria, which contributed to decreased mitochondrial content and ATP production and increased oxygen species production, ultimately impairing insulin signaling and lipid metabolism. Interestingly, PYR enhanced vagal activity by increasing acetylcholine production and exerted mito-protective effects by activating the LKB1/AMPK/ACC signal pathway. Specifically, PYR upregulated OPA1 and Mfn1/2 expression, promoted the formation of the mitofilin/CHCHD3/Sam50 complex, and decreased p-Drp1 and Fis1 expression, resulting in tight and parallel cristae and increasing cardiac mitochondrial complex subunit expression and ATP generation as well as decreasing release of cytochrome C from mitochondria and oxidative damage. Furthermore, PYR improved glucose and insulin tolerance and insulin-stimulated Akt phosphorylation, decreased lipid toxicity, and ultimately ameliorated HFD-induced cardiac remodeling and dysfunction. In conclusion, PYR prevented cardiac and insulin insensitivity and remodeling by stimulating vagal activity to regulate mitochondrial cristae shape and function in HFD-induced metabolic syndrome in mice. These results provide novel insights for the development of a therapeutic strategy for obesity-induced cardiac dysfunction that targets mitochondrial cristae.
ESTHER : Xue_2019_Free.Radic.Biol.Med_134_119
PubMedSearch : Xue_2019_Free.Radic.Biol.Med_134_119
PubMedID: 30633969

Title : Graphene oxide disrupts the protein-protein interaction between Neuroligin\/NLG-1 and DLG-1 or MAGI-1 in nematode Caenorhabditis elegans - Zhao_2019_Sci.Total.Environ_700_134492
Author(s) : Zhao Y , Chen H , Yang Y , Wu Q , Wang D
Ref : Sci Total Environ , 700 :134492 , 2019
Abstract : Graphene oxide (GO) is a carbon-based engineered nanomaterial (ENM). Using Caenorhabditis elegans as an animal model, we investigated the effect of GO exposure on protein-protein interactions. In nematodes, NLG-1/Neuroligin, a postsynaptic protein, acted only in the neurons to regulate the GO toxicity. In the neurons, DLG-1, a PSD-95 protein, and MAGI-1, a S-SCAM protein, were identified as the downstream targets of NLG-1 in the regulation of GO toxicity. PKC-1, a serine/threonine protein kinase C, further acted downstream of neuronal DLG-1 and MAGI-1 to regulate the GO toxicity. Co-immunoprecipitation analysis demonstrated the protein-protein interaction between NLG-1 and DLG-1 or MAGI-1. After GO expression, this protein-protein interaction between NLG-1 and DLG-1 or MAGI-1 was significantly inhibited. Therefore, our data raised the evidence to suggest the potential of GO exposure in disrupting protein-protein interactions in organisms.
ESTHER : Zhao_2019_Sci.Total.Environ_700_134492
PubMedSearch : Zhao_2019_Sci.Total.Environ_700_134492
PubMedID: 31627046
Gene_locus related to this paper: caeel-NLGN1 , human-NLGN1

Title : TPPU, a sEH Inhibitor, Attenuates Corticosterone-Induced PC12 Cell Injury by Modulation of BDNF-TrkB Pathway - Wu_2019_J.Mol.Neurosci_67_364
Author(s) : Wu Q , Song J , Meng D , Chang Q
Ref : Journal of Molecular Neuroscience , 67 :364 , 2019
Abstract : High level of corticosterone (CORT) is toxic to neurons and plays an important role in depression-like behavior and chronic stress. Our previous study showed that TPPU, a soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibitor (sEHI), induces an antidepressant effect in animal models. However, the underlying mechanism is not clear. In this study, we investigated the protective effect of TPPU on PC12 cells against CORT-induced cytotoxicity and its underlying mechanism. We found that TPPU and the sEH substrate epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) protected PC12 cells from the CORT-induced injury by increasing cell viability and inhibiting apoptosis. Furthermore, TPPU and EETs also blocked the CORT-mediated downregulation of BDNF. Blocking the BDNF-TrkB pathway by the TrkB inhibitor K252a abolished the protective effect of TPPU. Taken together, our results suggest that sEHI could protect PC12 cells against the CORT-induced cytotoxicity via the BDNF-TrkB signaling pathway.
ESTHER : Wu_2019_J.Mol.Neurosci_67_364
PubMedSearch : Wu_2019_J.Mol.Neurosci_67_364
PubMedID: 30644034

Title : Perfluorododecanoic acid exposure induced developmental neurotoxicity in zebrafish embryos - Guo_2018_Environ.Pollut_241_1018
Author(s) : Guo X , Zhang S , Lu S , Zheng B , Xie P , Chen J , Li G , Liu C , Wu Q , Cheng H , Sang N
Ref : Environ Pollut , 241 :1018 , 2018
Abstract : Perfluorododecanoic acid (PFDoA), an artificial perfluorochemical, has been widely distributed in different ambient media and has been reported to have the potential to cause developmental neurotoxicity. However, the specific mechanism is largely unknown. In the current study, zebrafish embryos were treated with 0, 0.24, 1.2, and 6mg/L PFDoA for 120h. Exposure to PFDoA causes serious decreases in hatching delay, body length, as well as decreased locomotor speed in zebrafish larvae. Additionally, the acetylcholine (ACh) content as well as acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity were determined to be significantly downregulated in PFDoA treatment groups. The level of dopamine was upregulated significantly after treating with 1.2 and 6mg/L of PFDoA. Gene expressions related to the nervous system development were also analyzed, with the exception of the gene mesencephalic astrocyte-derived neurotrophic factor (manf), which is upregulated in the 6mg/L treatment group. All other genes were significantly downregulated in larvae in the PFDoA group in different degrees. In general, the results demonstrated that PFDoA exposure could result in the disruption of the cholinergic system, dopaminergic signaling, and the central nervous system.
ESTHER : Guo_2018_Environ.Pollut_241_1018
PubMedSearch : Guo_2018_Environ.Pollut_241_1018
PubMedID: 30029309

Title : Studies on the lipid-regulating mechanism of alisol-based compounds on lipoprotein lipase - Xu_2018_Bioorg.Chem_80_347
Author(s) : Xu F , Lu C , Wu Q , Gu W , Chen J , Fang F , Zhao B , Du W , You M
Ref : Bioorg Chem , 80 :347 , 2018
Abstract : Studies on the lipid-regulating effects of alisol compounds are reported that include alisol B, alisol A 24-acetate (24A), alisol A and an alisol B - 24A - alisol A mixture (content ratio=1:1:1). The effects on the activity of lipoprotein lipase (LPL), a key lipid-modulating enzyme, were studied to investigate the molecular mechanism of lipid-regulating activity of alisols. The effects of alisols on regulating blood lipids and the activities of LPL were determined using a reagent kit method. The structure of LPL was obtained by homology modeling and the interactive mechanism of alisol monomers and the mixture with LPL was investigated by molecular simulation. The alisol monomer and mixture were shown to regulate blood lipids, suggesting that alisols may decrease the level of triglyceride (TG) by improving the activity of LPL. The order of intensity was: mixture>alisol A>alisol B>24A, indicating that alisols of alismatis rhizoma feature a synergistic effect on LPL. The N- and C-terminus of LPL both represented the catalytic active domains of this lipid-regulating effect. Cys306, Gln129 and Ser166 were the key amino acid residues resulting in the lipid-regulating effect of the alisol monomer while Ser166 and Arg18 were found to be responsible for the lipid-regulating effect of the mixture. The C-terminus of LPL was indirectly involved in the enzymatic process. A folded side chain of alisols or the parent ring was found to bind somewhat weaker to LPL than an open side chain or parent ring. The hydroxyl groups on the C14-, C22-, C28-, C30- and C31-terminus in the side chain, the ring ether structure in C23-position, and the acetyl group in C29-position represented the key sites for the lipid-regulating action of alisols. Meanwhile, the C30-site hydroxyl group played an important role in the synergistic effect of the alisol mixture.
ESTHER : Xu_2018_Bioorg.Chem_80_347
PubMedSearch : Xu_2018_Bioorg.Chem_80_347
PubMedID: 29986183

Title : Enhanced catalytic efficiency and enantioselectivity of epoxide hydrolase from Agrobacterium radiobacter AD1 by iterative saturation mutagenesis for (R)-epichlorohydrin synthesis - Zou_2018_Appl.Microbiol.Biotechnol_102_733
Author(s) : Zou SP , Zheng YG , Wu Q , Wang ZC , Xue YP , Liu ZQ
Ref : Applied Microbiology & Biotechnology , 102 :733 , 2018
Abstract : Enantioselective hydrolysis of epoxides by epoxide hydrolase (EH) is one of the most attractive approaches for the synthesis of chiral epoxides. So far, attempts to develop an efficient epoxide hydrolase -mediated biotransformation have been limited by either the low activity or insufficient enantioselectivity of epoxide hydrolase. In this study, iterative saturation mutagenesis (ISM) of epoxide hydrolase from Agrobacterium radiobacter AD1 (ArEH) was performed for efficient production of (R)-epichlorohydrin. Six amino acid residues, I108, A110, D131, I133, T247, and G245, were selected for site saturation mutagenesis, and a sequential combination of positive mutants using ISM was constructed. Targeted mutagenesis generated five mutants (T247K, I108L, D131S, T247K/I108L, and T247K/I108L/D131S) with improved activity and enantioselectivity. Kinetics analysis showed that the best mutant, T247K/I108L/D131S, exhibited a 4.5-fold higher catalytic efficiency (k (cat)/K (m)) value and a 2.1-fold higher enantioselectivity (E value) towards epichlorohydrin than the wild-type (WT) enzyme. Molecular docking computations support the source of notably improved enantioselectivity. In addition, the triple mutant also displayed a significantly enhanced thermostability, with > 8-fold longer half-life at 50 degreesC than WT. A gram-scale kinetic resolution of (R,S)-epichlorohydrin was performed using T247K/I108L/D131S mutant as biocatalyst, affording a (R)-epichlorohydrin yield of 40.2% (> 99.9% enantiomeric excess) and an average productivity of 1410 g L(-1) d(-1). The engineered T247K/I108L/D131S variant is a promising biocatalyst for the enzymatic synthesis of (R)-epichlorohydrin.
ESTHER : Zou_2018_Appl.Microbiol.Biotechnol_102_733
PubMedSearch : Zou_2018_Appl.Microbiol.Biotechnol_102_733
PubMedID: 29151159
Gene_locus related to this paper: agrra-echA

Title : Pyridostigmine protects against cardiomyopathy associated with adipose tissue browning and improvement of vagal activity in high-fat diet rats - Lu_2018_Biochim.Biophys.Acta_1864_1037
Author(s) : Lu Y , Wu Q , Liu LZ , Yu XJ , Liu JJ , Li MX , Zang WJ
Ref : Biochimica & Biophysica Acta , 1864 :1037 , 2018
Abstract : Obesity, a major contributor to the development of cardiovascular diseases, is associated with an autonomic imbalance characterized by sympathetic hyperactivity and diminished vagal activity. Vagal activation plays important roles in weight loss and improvement of cardiac function. Pyridostigmine is a reversible acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, but whether it ameliorates cardiac lipid accumulation and cardiac remodeling in rats fed a high-fat diet has not been determined. This study investigated the effects of pyridostigmine on high-fat diet-induced cardiac dysfunction and explored the potential mechanisms. Rats were fed a normal or high-fat diet and treated with pyridostigmine. Vagal discharge was evaluated using the BL-420S system, and cardiac function by echocardiograms. Lipid deposition and cardiac remodeling were determined histologically. Lipid utility was assessed by qPCR. A high-fat diet led to a significant reduction in vagal discharge and lipid utility and a marked increase in lipid accumulation, cardiac remodeling, and cardiac dysfunction. Pyridostigmine improved vagal activity and lipid metabolism disorder and cardiac remodeling, accompanied by an improvement of cardiac function in high-fat diet-fed rats. An increase in the browning of white adipose tissue in pyridostigmine-treated rats was also observed and linked to the expression of UCP-1 and CIDEA. Additionally, pyridostigmine facilitated activation of brown adipose tissue via activation of the SIRT-1/AMPK/PGC-1alpha pathway. In conclusion, a high-fat diet resulted in cardiac lipid accumulation, cardiac remodeling, and a significant decrease in vagal discharge. Pyridostigmine ameliorated cardiomyopathy, an effect related to reduced cardiac lipid accumulation, and facilitated the browning of white adipose tissue while activating brown adipose tissue.
ESTHER : Lu_2018_Biochim.Biophys.Acta_1864_1037
PubMedSearch : Lu_2018_Biochim.Biophys.Acta_1864_1037
PubMedID: 29309922

Title : Synthesis, Biological Evaluation, and Docking Studies of Novel Bisquaternary Aldoxime Reactivators on Acetylcholinesterase and Butyrylcholinesterase Inhibited by Paraoxon - Kuca_2018_Molecules_23_
Author(s) : Kuca K , Jun D , Junova L , Musilek K , Hrabinova M , da Silva JAV , Ramalho TC , Valko M , Wu Q , Nepovimova E , Franca TCC
Ref : Molecules , 23 : , 2018
Abstract : Nerve agents and oxon forms of organophosphorus pesticides act as strong irreversible inhibitors of two cholinesterases in the human body: acetylcholinesterase (AChE; EC and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE; EC, and are therefore highly toxic compounds. For the recovery of inhibited AChE, antidotes from the group of pyridinium or bispyridinium aldoxime reactivators (pralidoxime, obidoxime, HI-6) are used in combination with anticholinergics and anticonvulsives. Therapeutic efficacy of reactivators (called “oximes”) depends on their chemical structure and also the type of organophosphorus inhibitor. Three novel oximes (K131, K142, K153) with an oxime group in position four of the pyridinium ring were designed and then tested for their potency to reactivate human (Homo sapiens sapiens) AChE (HssACHE) and BChE (HssBChE) inhibited by the pesticide paraoxon (diethyl 4-nitrophenyl phosphate). According to the obtained results, none of the prepared oximes were able to satisfactorily reactivate paraoxon-inhibited cholinesterases. On the contrary, extraordinary activity of obidoxime in the case of paraoxon-inhibited HssAChE reactivation was confirmed. Additional docking studies pointed to possible explanations for these results.
ESTHER : Kuca_2018_Molecules_23_
PubMedSearch : Kuca_2018_Molecules_23_
PubMedID: 29735900

Title : Online Monitoring of Enzymatic Reactions Using Time-Resolved Desorption Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry - Cheng_2017_Anal.Chem_89_2338
Author(s) : Cheng S , Wu Q , Xiao H , Chen H
Ref : Analytical Chemistry , 89 :2338 , 2017
Abstract : Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) is powerful for determining enzymatic reaction kinetics because of its soft ionization nature. However, it is limited to use ESI-favored solvents containing volatile buffers (e.g., ammonium acetate). In addition, lack of a quenching step for online ESI-MS reaction monitoring might introduce inaccuracy, due to the possible acceleration of reaction in the sprayed microdroplets. To overcome these issues, this study presents a new approach for online measuring enzymatic reaction kinetics using desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (DESI-MS). By using DESI-MS, enzymatic reaction products in a buffered aqueous media (e.g., a solution containing Tris buffer or high concentration of inorganic salts) could be directly detected. Furthermore, by adjusting the pH and solvent composition of the DESI spray, reaction can be online quenched to avoid the postionization reaction event, leading to fast and accurate measurement of kinetic constants. Reaction time control can be obtained simply by adjusting the injection flow rates of enzyme and substrate solutions. Enzymatic reactions examined in this study include hydrolysis of 2-nitrophenyl-beta-D-galactopyranoside by beta-galactosidase and hydrolysis of acetylcholine by acetylcholinesterase. Derived Michaelis-Menten constants Km for these two reactions were determined to be 214 muM and 172 muM, respectively, which are in good agreement with the values of 300 muM and 230 muM reported in literature, validating the DESI-MS approach. Furthermore, this time-resolved DESI-MS also allowed us to determine Km and turnover number kcat for trypsin digestion of angiotensin II (Km and kcat are determined to be 6.4 mM and 1.3 s-1, respectively).
ESTHER : Cheng_2017_Anal.Chem_89_2338
PubMedSearch : Cheng_2017_Anal.Chem_89_2338
PubMedID: 28192910

Title : Stereoselectivity-Tailored, Metal-Free Hydrolytic Dynamic Kinetic Resolution of Morita-Baylis-Hillman Acetates Using an Engineered Lipase-Organic Base Cocatalyst - Xia_2017_ACS.Catal_7_4542
Author(s) : Xia B , Xu J , Xiang Z , Cen Y , Hu Y , Lin X , Wu Q
Ref : ACS Catal , 7 :4542 , 2017
Abstract : Metal-free enantiocomplementary hydrolytic dynamic kinetic resolution of Morita-Baylis-Hillman (MBH) acetates was developed using triethylamine (TEA) as a racemization catalyst and wild-type or engineered lipase B from Candida antarctica (CALB) as stereoselectivity-determining catalyst, leading to chiral MBH alcohols with tailor-made R or S configurations on an optional basis. In the TEA-WT CALB catalysis system, WT CALB displays excellent S enantioselectivity for a series of MBH acetates tested (up to 96% ee and 98% conversion). Reversal of enantioselectivity in favor of (R)-MBH alcohols (95% ee; 95% conversion) was achieved by generating a focused site-specific mutagenesis library composed of less than 20 variants. Molecular modeling explains the origin of stereoselectivity.
ESTHER : Xia_2017_ACS.Catal_7_4542
PubMedSearch : Xia_2017_ACS.Catal_7_4542
Gene_locus related to this paper: canar-LipB

Title : Expression and evolutionary analyses of three acetylcholinesterase genes (Mi-ace-1, Mi-ace-2, Mi-ace-3) in the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita - Cui_2017_Exp.Parasitol_176_75
Author(s) : Cui R , Zhang L , Chen Y , Huang W , Fan C , Wu Q , Peng D , da Silva W , Sun X
Ref : Experimental Parasitology , 176 :75 , 2017
Abstract : The full cDNA of Mi-ace-3 encoding an acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in Meloidogyne incognita was cloned and characterized. Mi-ace-3 had an open reading frame of 1875 bp encoding 624 amino acid residues. Key residues essential to AChE structure and function were conserved. The deduced Mi-ACE-3 protein sequence had 72% amino acid similarity with that of Ditylenchus destructor Dd-AChE-3. Phylogenetic analyses using 41 AChEs from 24 species showed that Mi-ACE-3 formed a cluster with 4 other nematode AChEs. Our results revealed that the Mi-ace-3 cloned in this study, which is orthologous to Caenorhabditis elegans AChE, belongs to the nematode ACE-3/4 subgroup. There was a significant reduction in the number of galls in transgenic tobacco roots when Mi-ace-1, Mi-ace-2, and Mi-ace-3 were knocked down simultaneously, whereas little or no effect were observed when only one or two of these genes were knocked down. This is an indication that the functions of these three genes are redundant.
ESTHER : Cui_2017_Exp.Parasitol_176_75
PubMedSearch : Cui_2017_Exp.Parasitol_176_75
PubMedID: 28238686
Gene_locus related to this paper: melin-ACHE1 , melin-ACHE2 , melic-a0a0m5m7r8

Title : Parental transfer of microcystin-LR induced transgenerational effects of developmental neurotoxicity in zebrafish offspring - Wu_2017_Environ.Pollut_231_471
Author(s) : Wu Q , Yan W , Cheng H , Liu C , Hung TC , Guo X , Li G
Ref : Environ Pollut , 231 :471 , 2017
Abstract : Microcystin-LR (MCLR) has been reported to cause developmental neurotoxicity in zebrafish, but there are few studies on the mechanisms of MCLR-induced transgenerational effects of developmental neurotoxicity. In this study, zebrafish were exposed to 0, 1, 5, and 25 mug/L MCLR for 60 days. The F1 zebrafish embryos from the above-mentioned parents were collected and incubated in clean water for 120 h for hatching. After examining the parental zebrafish and F1 embryos, MCLR was detected in the gonad of adults and F1 embryos, indicating MCLR could potentially be transferred from parents to offspring. The larvae also showed a serious hypoactivity. The contents of dopamine, dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), serotonin, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and acetylcholine (ACh) were further detected, but only the first three neurotransmitters showed significant reduction in the 5 and 25 mug/L MCLR parental exposure groups. In addition, the acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity was remarkably decreased in MCLR parental exposure groups, while the expression levels of manf, bdnf, ache, htr1ab, htr1b, htr2a, htr1aa, htr5a, DAT, TH1 and TH2 genes coincided with the decreased content of neurotransmitters (dopamine, DOPAC and serotonin) and the activity of AChE. Neuronal development related genes, alpha1-tubulin, syn2a, mbp, gfap, elavl3, shha and gap43 were also measured, but gap43 was the gene only up-regulated. Our results demonstrated MCLR could be transferred to offspring, and subsequently induce developmental neurotoxicity in F1 zebrafish larvae by disturbing the neurotransmitter systems and neuronal development.
ESTHER : Wu_2017_Environ.Pollut_231_471
PubMedSearch : Wu_2017_Environ.Pollut_231_471
PubMedID: 28837927

Title : Identification of Differentially Expressed microRNAs between the Fenpropathrin Resistant and Susceptible Strains in Tetranychus cinnabarinus - Zhang_2016_PLoS.One_11_e0152924
Author(s) : Zhang Y , Xu Z , Wu Q , Peng M , Liu Y , Liu X , Shi L , Shen G , Pan Y , He L
Ref : PLoS ONE , 11 :e0152924 , 2016
Abstract : The carmine spider mite (Tetranychus cinnabarinus) is one of the most serious pests on crops and its control mainly depends on chemical acaricides. The excessive and improper acaricides use has resulted in mite resistance to many acaricides, including fenpropathrin. Previous studies have indicated fenpropathrin resistance is a complex development process involving many genes, but information on resistance mechanism of post-transcription regulation is rare. Using Illumina sequencing, several categories of sRNAs were identified from susceptible (TS) and fenpropathrin-resistant strains (TR) of T. cinnabarinus, including 75 known microRNAs (miRNAs) and 64 novel miRNAs, whose target genes containing 78592 miRNA-target pairs were predicted by 6 algorithms. Also, 12 significantly differently expressed miRNAs were identified between the TS and TR libraries and RT-qPCR validation also performed a well consistency with sequencing. The targets of significantly differentially expressed miRNAs included 7 glutathione S-transferase, 7 cytochrome P450 and 16 carboxyl/choline esterase genes, their function in fenpropathrin resistance were further analyzed. The present study provides the firstly large-scale characterization of miRNAs in T. cinnabarinus and the comparison between TS and TR strains gives a clue on how miRNA involves in fenpropathrin resistance.
ESTHER : Zhang_2016_PLoS.One_11_e0152924
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2016_PLoS.One_11_e0152924
PubMedID: 27050424

Title : Kinetic resolution of racemic styrene oxide at a high concentration by recombinant Aspergillus usamii epoxide hydrolase in an n-hexanol\/buffer biphasic system - Hu_2016_J.Biotechnol_236_152
Author(s) : Hu D , Wang R , Shi XL , Ye HH , Wu Q , Wu MC , Chu JJ
Ref : J Biotechnol , 236 :152 , 2016
Abstract : Using the cell-free extract of engineered E. coli/Aueh2, expressing the recombinant Aspergillus usamii epoxide hydrolase (reAuEH2), as a biocatalyst, the kinetic resolution technique of racemic styrene oxide (rac-SO) was examined. In a phosphate buffer system (50mM, pH 7.0), 200mM rac-SO was efficiently resolved, obtaining (S)-SO with 98.1% enantiomeric excess (e.e.), whereas (S)-SO only with 45.2% e.e. was obtained from 750mM rac-SO. The analytical results verified that reAuEH2 shows tolerance towards high substrate concentration but is inactivated at a product concentration of 300mM. To produce (S)-SO with the high concentration, e.e. and volumetric productivity, n-hexanol was selected from a variety of water-miscible and water-immiscible organic solvents to construct an n-hexanol/buffer biphasic system. The optimal phase volume ratio, substrate over enzyme ratio and temperature were 1:1 (v/v), 6:1 (w/w) and 25 degrees C, respectively. In an optimized biocatalytic system, a gram-scale resolution of rac-SO at a high concentration of 1M (120g/L) was performed at 25 degrees C for 2h, obtaining (S)-SO with 98.2% e.e., 34.3% yield (maximum yield of 50%). The substrate concentration and volumetric productivity (1M, 20.6g/L/h) in a biphasic system significantly increased compared with those (0.2M, 3.1g/L/h) in a phosphate buffer system. The efficient resolution of rac-SO at a high concentration in a biphasic system makes it a promising technique for preparing a highly value-added enantiopure (S)-SO with high volumetric productivity.
ESTHER : Hu_2016_J.Biotechnol_236_152
PubMedSearch : Hu_2016_J.Biotechnol_236_152
PubMedID: 27546798
Gene_locus related to this paper: aspng-q1ktb5

Title : Identification and Characterization of a New Alkaline SGNH Hydrolase from a Thermophilic Bacterium Bacillus sp. K91 - Yu_2016_J.Microbiol.Biotechnol_26_730
Author(s) : Yu T , Ding J , Zheng Q , Han N , Yu J , Yang Y , Li J , Mu Y , Wu Q , Huang Z
Ref : J Microbiol Biotechnol , 26 :730 , 2016
Abstract : est19 is a gene from Bacillus sp. K91 that encodes a new esterase. A comparison of the amino acid sequence showed that Est19 has typical Ser-Gly-Asn-His (SGNH) family motifs and could be grouped into the SGNH hydrolase family. The Est19 protein was functionally cloned, and expressed and purified from Escherichia coli BL21(DE3). The enzyme activity was optimal at 60 degrees C and pH 9.0, and displayed esterase activity towards esters with short-chain acyl esters (C(2)-C(6)). A structural model of Est19 was constructed using phospholipase A1 from Streptomyces albidoflavus NA297 as a template. The structure showed an alpha/beta-hydrolase fold and indicated the presence of the typical catalytic triad Ser49-Asp227-His230, which were further investigated by site-directed mutagenesis. To the best of our knowledge, Est19 is a new member of the SGNH hydrolase family identified from thermophiles, which may be applicable in the industrial production of semisynthetic beta-lactam antibiotics after modification.
ESTHER : Yu_2016_J.Microbiol.Biotechnol_26_730
PubMedSearch : Yu_2016_J.Microbiol.Biotechnol_26_730
PubMedID: 26699742

Title : Fumonisins: oxidative stress-mediated toxicity and metabolism in vivo and in vitro - Wang_2016_Arch.Toxicol_90_81
Author(s) : Wang X , Wu Q , Wan D , Liu Q , Chen D , Liu Z , Martinez-Larranaga MR , Martinez MA , Anadon A , Yuan Z
Ref : Archives of Toxicology , 90 :81 , 2016
Abstract : Fumonisins (FBs) are widespread Fusarium toxins commonly found as corn contaminants. FBs could cause a variety of diseases in animals and humans, such as hepatotoxic, nephrotoxic, hepatocarcinogenic and cytotoxic effects in mammals. To date, almost no review has addressed the toxicity of FBs in relation to oxidative stress and their metabolism. The focus of this article is primarily intended to summarize the progress in research associated with oxidative stress as a plausible mechanism for FB-induced toxicity as well as the metabolism. The present review showed that studies have been carried out over the last three decades to elucidate the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and oxidative stress as a result of FBs treatment and have correlated them with various types of FBs toxicity, indicating that oxidative stress plays critical roles in the toxicity of FBs. The major metabolic pathways of FBs are hydrolysis, acylation and transamination. Ceramide synthase, carboxylesterase FumD and aminotransferase FumI could degrade FB1 and FB2. The cecal microbiota of pigs and alkaline processing such as nixtamalization can also transform FB1 into metabolites. Most of the metabolites of FB1 were less toxic than FB1, except its partial (pHFB1) metabolites. Further understanding of the role of oxidative stress in FB-induced toxicity will throw new light on the use of antioxidants, scavengers of ROS, as well as on the blind spots of metabolism and the metabolizing enzymes of FBs. The present review might contribute to reveal the toxicity of FBs and help to protect against their oxidative damage.
ESTHER : Wang_2016_Arch.Toxicol_90_81
PubMedSearch : Wang_2016_Arch.Toxicol_90_81
PubMedID: 26419546

Title : Microcystin-LR exposure induces developmental neurotoxicity in zebrafish embryo - Wu_2016_Environ.Pollut_213_793
Author(s) : Wu Q , Yan W , Liu C , Li L , Yu L , Zhao S , Li G
Ref : Environ Pollut , 213 :793 , 2016
Abstract : Microcystin-LR (MCLR) is a commonly acting potent hepatotoxin and has been pointed out of potentially causing developmental neurotoxicity, but the exact mechanism is little known. In this study, zebrafish embryos were exposed to 0, 0.8, 1.6 or 3.2 mg/L MCLR for 120 h. MCLR exposure through submersion caused serious hatching delay and body length decrease. The content of MCLR in zebrafish larvae was analyzed and the results demonstrated that MCLR can accumulate in zebrafish larvae. The locomotor speed of zebrafish larvae was decreased. Furthermore, the dopamine and acetylcholine (ACh) content were detected to be significantly decreased in MCLR exposure groups. And the acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity was significantly increased after exposure to 1.6 and 3.2 mg/L MCLR. The transcription pattern of manf, chrnalpha7 and ache gene was consistent with the change of the dopamine content, ACh content and AChE activity. Gene expression involved in the development of neurons was also measured. a1-tubulin and shha gene expression were down-regulated, whereas mbp and gap43 gene expression were observed to be significantly up-regulated upon exposure to MCLR. The above results indicated that MCLR-induced developmental toxicity might attribute to the disorder of cholinergic system, dopaminergic signaling, and the development of neurons.
ESTHER : Wu_2016_Environ.Pollut_213_793
PubMedSearch : Wu_2016_Environ.Pollut_213_793
PubMedID: 27038211

Title : Soluble Epoxide Hydrolase Deficiency or Inhibition Attenuates MPTP-Induced Parkinsonism - Qin_2015_Mol.Neurobiol_52_187
Author(s) : Qin X , Wu Q , Lin L , Sun A , Liu S , Li X , Cao X , Gao T , Luo P , Zhu X , Wang X
Ref : Molecular Neurobiology , 52 :187 , 2015
Abstract : Soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibition has been demonstrated to have beneficial effects on various diseases, such as hypertension, diabetes, and brain ischemia. However, whether sEH inhibition has therapeutic potential in Parkinson's disease is still unknown. In this paper, we found that sEH expression is increased in 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydro pyridine (MPTP)-treated mice, and sEH deficiency and inhibition significantly attenuated tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-positive cell loss and improved rotarod performance. The substrate of sEH, 14,15-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (14,15-EET), protected TH-positive cells and alleviated the rotarod performance deficits of wild-type mice but not sEH-knockout mice. Moreover, the 14,15-EET antagonist 14,15-epoxyeicosa-5(Z)-enoic acid (14,15-EEZE) abolished the neuronal protective effects of sEH deficiency. In primary cultured cortical neurons, MPP(+) induced significant Akt inactivation in neurons from sEH wild-type mice, and this effect was not observed in neurons from knockout mice. Our data indicate that sEH deficiency and inhibition increased 14,15-EET in MPTP-treated mice, which activated the Akt-mediated protection of TH-positive neurons and behavioral functioning. We also found that sEH deficiency attenuated TH-positive cell loss in a paraquat-induced mouse model of Parkinson's. Our data suggest that sEH inhibition might be a powerful tool to protect dopaminergic neurons in Parkinson's disease.
ESTHER : Qin_2015_Mol.Neurobiol_52_187
PubMedSearch : Qin_2015_Mol.Neurobiol_52_187
PubMedID: 25128026

Title : Improvement in the thermostability of a type A feruloyl esterase, AuFaeA, from Aspergillus usamii by iterative saturation mutagenesis - Yin_2015_Appl.Microbiol.Biotechnol_99_10047
Author(s) : Yin X , Li JF , Wang CJ , Hu D , Wu Q , Gu Y , Wu MC
Ref : Applied Microbiology & Biotechnology , 99 :10047 , 2015
Abstract : Feruloyl or ferulic acid esterase (Fae, EC catalyzes the hydrolysis of ester bonds between polysaccharides and phenolic acid compounds in xylan side chain. In this study, the thermostability of a type A feruloyl esterase (AuFaeA) from Aspergillus usamii was increased by iterative saturation mutagenesis (ISM). Two amino acids, Ser33 and Asn92, were selected for saturation mutagenesis according to the B-factors analyzed by B-FITTER software and DeltaDeltaG values predicted by PoPMuSiC algorithm. After screening the saturation mutagenesis libraries constructed in Pichia pastoris, 15 promising variants were obtained. The best variant S33E/N92-4 (S33E/N92R) produced a T m value of 44.5 degrees C, the half-lives (t 1/2) of 35 and 198 min at 55 and 50 degrees C, respectively, corresponding to a 4.7 degrees C, 2.33- and 3.96-fold improvement compared to the wild type. Additionally, the best S33 variant S33-6 (S33E) was thermostable at 50 degrees C with a t 1/2 of 82 min, which was 32 min longer than that of the wild type. All the screened S33E/N92 variants were more thermostable than the best S33 variant S33-6 (S33E). This work would contribute to the further studies on higher thermostability modification of type A feruloyl esterases, especially those from fungi. The thermostable feruloyl esterase variants were expected to be potential candidates for industrial application in prompting the enzymic degradation of plant biomass materials at elevated temperatures.
ESTHER : Yin_2015_Appl.Microbiol.Biotechnol_99_10047
PubMedSearch : Yin_2015_Appl.Microbiol.Biotechnol_99_10047
PubMedID: 26266754
Gene_locus related to this paper: aspni-FAEA

Title : Overexpression of miR-155 in the Liver of Transgenic Mice Alters the Expression Profiling of Hepatic Genes Associated with Lipid Metabolism - Lin_2015_PLoS.One_10_e0118417
Author(s) : Lin X , Jia J , Du T , Li W , Wang X , Wei J , Zeng H , Yao L , Chen X , Zhuang J , Weng J , Liu Y , Lin J , Wu Q , Wang W , Yao K , Xu K , Xiao D
Ref : PLoS ONE , 10 :e0118417 , 2015
Abstract : Hepatic expression profiling has revealed miRNA changes in liver diseases, while hepatic miR-155 expression was increased in murine non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, suggesting that miR-155 might regulate the biological process of lipid metabolism. To illustrate the effects of miR-155 gain of function in transgenic mouse liver on lipid metabolism, transgenic mice (i.e., Rm155LG mice) for the conditional overexpression of mouse miR-155 transgene mediated by Cre/lox P system were firstly generated around the world in this study. Rm155LG mice were further crossed to Alb-Cre mice to realize the liver-specific overexpression of miR-155 transgene in Rm155LG/Alb-Cre double transgenic mice which showed the unaltered body weight, liver weight, epididymal fat pad weight and gross morphology and appearance of liver. Furthermore, liver-specific overexpression of miR-155 transgene resulted in significantly reduced levels of serum total cholesterol, triglycerides (TG) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL), as well as remarkably decreased contents of hepatic lipid, TG, HDL and free fatty acid in Rm155LG/Alb-Cre transgenic mice. More importantly, microarray data revealed a general downward trend in the expression profile of hepatic genes with functions typically associated with fatty acid, cholesterol and triglyceride metabolism, which is likely at least partially responsible for serum cholesterol and triglyceride lowering observed in Rm155LG/Alb-Cre mice. In this study, we demonstrated that hepatic overexpression of miR-155 alleviated nonalcoholic fatty liver induced by a high-fat diet. Additionally, carboxylesterase 3/triacylglycerol hydrolase (Ces3/TGH) was identified as a direct miR-155 target gene that is potentially responsible for the partial liver phenotypes observed in Rm155LG/Alb-Cre mice. Taken together, these data from miR-155 gain of function study suggest, for what we believe is the first time, the altered lipid metabolism and provide new insights into the metabolic state of the liver in Rm155LG/Alb-Cre mice.
ESTHER : Lin_2015_PLoS.One_10_e0118417
PubMedSearch : Lin_2015_PLoS.One_10_e0118417
PubMedID: 25799309

Title : Detoxification enzymes of Bemisia tabaci B and Q: biochemical characteristics and gene expression profiles - Guo_2014_Pest.Manag.Sci_70_1588
Author(s) : Guo L , Xie W , Wang S , Wu Q , Li R , Yang N , Yang X , Pan H , Zhang Y
Ref : Pest Manag Sci , 70 :1588 , 2014
Abstract : BACKGROUND: The sweetpotato whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), is one of the most invasive and destructive pests of field crops worldwide. The sibling species B and Q are the two most damaging members of the B. tabaci species complex. That Q is more resistant than B to many insecticides has been well documented. Over the last decade, Q has gradually displaced B and has become the dominant form of B. tabaci in field agricultural systems in most parts of China. To help understand the differences in insecticide resistance, the activities and gene expression profiles of detoxification enzymes in B. tabaci B and Q were investigated.
RESULTS: The activity of P450 towards 7-ethoxycoumarin was significantly higher (1.46-fold higher) in Q than in B. The expression of 43 of 65 P450 genes was higher (>1-fold) in Q than in B, and expression for eight P450 genes was more than 50-fold greater in Q than in B. The increased expression of selected P450 genes in Q relative to B was confirmed with two other B strains and two other Q strains. On the other hand, carboxylesterase (CarE) activity was significantly lower (0.71-fold lower) in Q than in B; the Km value of CarE was significantly lower in B than in Q, but the opposite was true for the Vmax value of CarE. Glutathione S-transferase activity and values of Km and Vmax did not differ between B and Q. CONCLUSION: Enhanced metabolic detoxification of insecticides by P450s may be an important reason why B. tabaci Q is more resistant than B. tabaci B to insecticides. (c) 2014 Society of Chemical Industry.
ESTHER : Guo_2014_Pest.Manag.Sci_70_1588
PubMedSearch : Guo_2014_Pest.Manag.Sci_70_1588
PubMedID: 24488614

Title : A novel protein elicitor (SsCut) from Sclerotinia sclerotiorum induces multiple defense responses in plants - Zhang_2014_Plant.Mol.Biol_86_495
Author(s) : Zhang H , Wu Q , Cao S , Zhao T , Chen L , Zhuang P , Zhou X , Gao Z
Ref : Plant Mol Biol , 86 :495 , 2014
Abstract : In this study, we report the cloning of the SsCut gene encoding cutinase from Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. We isolated a 609-bp cDNA encoding a polypeptide of 202 amino acids with a molecular weight of 20.4 kDa. Heterologous expression of SsCut in Escherichia coli (His-SsCut) caused the formation of lesions in tobacco that closely resembled hypersensitive response lesions. Mutational analysis identified the C-terminal-half peptide and the same amino acids indispensable for both enzyme and elicitor activity. His-SsCut was caused cell death in Arabidopsis, soybean (Glycine max), oilseed rape (Brassica napus), rice (Oryza sativa), maize (Zea mays), and wheat (Triticum aestivum), indicating that both dicot and monocot species are responsive to the elicitor. Furthermore, the elicitation of tobacco was effective in the induction of the activities of hydrogen peroxide, phenylalanine ammonia-lyase, peroxides, and polyphenol oxidase. His-SsCut-treated plants exhibited enhanced resistance as indicated by a significant reduction in the number and size of S. sclerotiorum, Phytophthora sojae, and P. nicotianae lesions on leaves relative to controls. Real-time PCR results indicated that the expression of defense-related genes and genes involved in signal transduction were induced by His-SsCut. Our results demonstrate that SsCut is an elicitor that triggers defense responses in plants and will help to clarify its relationship to downstream signaling pathways that induce defense responses.
ESTHER : Zhang_2014_Plant.Mol.Biol_86_495
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2014_Plant.Mol.Biol_86_495
PubMedID: 25149470

Title : Two Enzyme Cooperatively Catalyzed Tandem Polymerization for the Synthesis of Polyester Containing Chiral (R)- or (S)-Ibuprofen Pendants - Qian_2014_Macromol.Rapid.Commun_35_1788
Author(s) : Qian X , Wang J , Li Y , Lin X , Wu Q
Ref : Macromol Rapid Commun , 35 :1788 , 2014
Abstract : An interesting cooperation between Candida antarctica Lipase B (CAL-B) and alkaline protease from Bacillus subtilis (BSP) in the copolymerization of bulky ibuprofen-containing hydroxyacid methyl ester (HAEP) and sigma-caprolactone (sigma-CL) is observed. This cooperation improved the Mn of the polymers from 3130 (CAL-B) to 9200 g mol(-1) (CAL-B/BSP). Experimental results clearly indicate that CAL-B mainly catalyzes the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of sigma-CL under the initiation of HAEP to form the homopolymer of sigma-CL, while BSP catalyzes the subsequent polycondensation of the ROP product to yield the copolymer with increased molecular weight. Furthermore, using suitable chemo-enzymatic methods, valuable polyesters with chiral (R)- or (S)-ibuprofen pendants can be tailor-made.
ESTHER : Qian_2014_Macromol.Rapid.Commun_35_1788
PubMedSearch : Qian_2014_Macromol.Rapid.Commun_35_1788
PubMedID: 25200738

Title : Oil accumulation mechanisms of the oleaginous microalga Chlorella protothecoides revealed through its genome, transcriptomes, and proteomes - Gao_2014_BMC.Genomics_15_582
Author(s) : Gao C , Wang Y , Shen Y , Yan D , He X , Dai J , Wu Q
Ref : BMC Genomics , 15 :582 , 2014
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Microalgae-derived biodiesel is a promising substitute for conventional fossil fuels. In particular, the green alga Chlorella protothecoides sp. 0710 is regarded as one of the best candidates for commercial manufacture of microalgae-derived biofuel. This is due not only to its ability to live autotrophically through photosynthesis, but also to its capacity to produce a large amount of biomass and lipid through fermentation of glucose. However, until the present study, neither its genome sequence nor the platform required for molecular manipulations were available.
RESULTS: We generated a draft genome for C. protothecoides, and compared its genome size and gene content with that of Chlorella variabilis NC64A and Coccomyxa subellipsoidea C-169. This comparison revealed that C. protothecoides has a reduced genome size of 22.9 Mbp, about half that of its close relatives. The C. protothecoides genome encodes a smaller number of genes, fewer multi-copy genes, fewer unique genes, and fewer genome rearrangements compared with its close relatives. In addition, three Chlorella-specific hexose-proton symporter (HUP)-like genes were identified that enable the consumption of glucose and, consequently, heterotrophic growth. Furthermore, through comparative transcriptomic and proteomic studies, we generated a global perspective regarding the changes in metabolic pathways under autotrophic and heterotrophic growth conditions. Under heterotrophic conditions, enzymes involved in photosynthesis and CO2 fixation were almost completely degraded, either as mRNAs or as proteins. Meanwhile, the cells were not only capable of quickly assimilating glucose but also showed accelerated glucose catabolism through the upregulation of glycolysis and the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle. Moreover, the rapid synthesis of pyruvate, upregulation of most enzymes involved in fatty acid synthesis, and downregulation of enzymes involved in fatty acid degradation favor the synthesis of fatty acids within the cell.
CONCLUSIONS: Despite similarities to other Chlorella, C. protothecoides has a smaller genome than its close relatives. Genes involved in glucose utilization were identified, and these genes explained its ability to grow heterotrophically. Transcriptomic and proteomic results provided insight into its extraordinary ability to accumulate large amounts of lipid. The C. protothecoides draft genome will promote the use of this species as a research model.
ESTHER : Gao_2014_BMC.Genomics_15_582
PubMedSearch : Gao_2014_BMC.Genomics_15_582
PubMedID: 25012212
Gene_locus related to this paper: auxpr-a0a087suf4 , auxpr-a0a087sif8 , auxpr-a0a087srm3

Title : Lactobacillus casei-01 Facilitates the Ameliorative Effects of Proanthocyanidins Extracted from Lotus Seedpod on Learning and Memory Impairment in Scopolamine-Induced Amnesia Mice - Xiao_2014_PLoS.One_9_e112773
Author(s) : Xiao J , Li S , Sui Y , Wu Q , Li X , Xie B , Zhang M , Sun Z
Ref : PLoS ONE , 9 :e112773 , 2014
Abstract : Learning and memory abilities are associated with alterations in gut function. The two-way proanthocyanidins-microbiota interaction in vivo enhances the physiological activities of proanthocyanidins and promotes the regulation of gut function. Proanthocyanidins extracted from lotus seedpod (LSPC) have shown the memory-enhancing ability. However, there has been no literature about whether Lactobacillus casei-01 (LC) enhances the ameliorative effects of LSPC on learning and memory abilities. In this study, learning and memory abilities of scopolamine-induced amnesia mice were evaluated by Y-maze test after 20-day administration of LC (109 cfu/kg body weight (BW)), LSPC (low dose was 60 mg/kg BW (L-LSPC) and high dose was 90 mg/kg BW (H-LSPC)), or LSPC and LC combinations (L-LSPC+LC and H-LSPC+LC). Alterations in antioxidant defense ability and oxidative damage of brain, serum and colon, and brain cholinergic system were investigated as the possible mechanisms. As a result, the error times of H-LSPC+LC group were reduced by 41.59% and 68.75% relative to those of H-LSPC and LC groups respectively. LSPC and LC combinations ameliorated scopolamine-induced memory impairment by improving total antioxidant capacity (TAOC) level, glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD) activities of brain, serum and colon, suppressing malondialdehyde (MDA) level of brain, serum and colon, and inhibiting brain acetylcholinesterase (AchE), myeloperoxidase, total nitric oxide synthase and neural nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) activities, and nNOS mRNA level. Moreover, LC facilitated the ameliorative effects of H-LSPC on GSH-Px activity of colon, TAOC level, GSH-Px activity and ratio of T-SOD to MDA of brain and serum, and the inhibitory effects of H-LSPC on serum MDA level, brain nNOS mRNA level and AchE activity. These results indicated that LC promoted the memory-enhancing effect of LSPC in scopolamine-induced amnesia mice.
ESTHER : Xiao_2014_PLoS.One_9_e112773
PubMedSearch : Xiao_2014_PLoS.One_9_e112773
PubMedID: 25396737

Title : Droplet-based microfluidics for dose-response assay of enzyme inhibitors by electrochemical method - Gu_2013_Anal.Chim.Acta_796_68
Author(s) : Gu S , Lu Y , Ding Y , Li L , Zhang F , Wu Q
Ref : Anal Chim Acta , 796 :68 , 2013
Abstract : A simple but robust droplet-based microfluidic system was developed for dose-response enzyme inhibition assay by combining concentration gradient generation method with electrochemical detection method. A slotted-vials array and a tapered tip capillary were used for reagents introduction and concentration gradient generation, and a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) microfluidic chip integrated with microelectrodes was used for droplet generation and electrochemical detection. Effects of oil flow rate and surfactant on electrochemical sensing were investigated. This system was validated by measuring dose-response curves of three types of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors, including carbamate pesticide, organophosphorus pesticide, and therapeutic drugs regulating Alzheimer's disease. Carbaryl, chlorpyrifos, and tacrine were used as model analytes, respectively, and their IC50 (half maximal inhibitory concentration) values were determined. A whole enzyme inhibition assay was completed in 6min, and the total consumption of reagents was less than 5muL. This microfluidic system is applicable to many biochemical reactions, such as drug screening and kinetic studies, as long as one of the reactants or products is electrochemically active.
ESTHER : Gu_2013_Anal.Chim.Acta_796_68
PubMedSearch : Gu_2013_Anal.Chim.Acta_796_68
PubMedID: 24016585

Title : Genomic study of polyhydroxyalkanoates producing Aeromonas hydrophila 4AK4 - Gao_2013_Appl.Microbiol.Biotechnol_97_9099
Author(s) : Gao X , Jian J , Li WJ , Yang YC , Shen XW , Sun ZR , Wu Q , Chen GQ
Ref : Applied Microbiology & Biotechnology , 97 :9099 , 2013
Abstract : The complete genome of Gram-negative Aeromonas hydrophila 4AK4 that has been used for industrial production of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) was sequenced and annotated. Its chromosome is 4,527,993 bp in size encoding 4,272 genes, including 28 rRNA genes and 104 tRNA genes. Comparative analysis indicated that genome of A. hydrophila 4AK4 was similar to that of the A. hydrophila ATCC 7966(T), an intensively studied aeromonad for its pathogenicity related to its genomic information. Genes possibly coming from other species or even other genus were identified in A. hydrophila 4AK4. A large number of putative virulent genes were predicted. However, a cytotonic enterotoxin (Ast) is absent in A. hydrophila 4AK4, allowing the industrial strain to be different from other A. hydrophila strains, indicating possible reduced virulence of strain 4AK4, which is very important for industrial fermentation. Genes involved in polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) metabolism were predicted and analyzed. The resulting genomic information is useful for improved production of PHA via metabolic engineering of A. hydrophila 4AK4.
ESTHER : Gao_2013_Appl.Microbiol.Biotechnol_97_9099
PubMedSearch : Gao_2013_Appl.Microbiol.Biotechnol_97_9099
PubMedID: 24000047
Gene_locus related to this paper: aerme-a0a023rmd0 , aervb-f4dgq1

Title : Biocatalysts for cascade reaction: porcine pancreas lipase (PPL)-catalyzed synthesis of bis(indolyl)alkanes - Xiang_2013_Amino.Acids_45_937
Author(s) : Xiang Z , Liu Z , Chen X , Wu Q , Lin X
Ref : Amino Acids , 45 :937 , 2013
Abstract : A cascade reaction between aldehydes and indole catalyzed by lipase from porcine pancreas Type II (PPL) in solvent mixture at 50 degrees C was reported for the first time. Some control experiments had been designed to demonstrate that the PPL was responsible for the cascade reaction. After the optimization of the stepwise process, a series of bis(indolyl)alkanes were prepared in moderate to excellent yields under the catalysis of PPL.
ESTHER : Xiang_2013_Amino.Acids_45_937
PubMedSearch : Xiang_2013_Amino.Acids_45_937
PubMedID: 23860845

Title : 3-Hydroxybutyrate methyl ester as a potential drug against Alzheimer's disease via mitochondria protection mechanism - Zhang_2013_Biomaterials_34_7552
Author(s) : Zhang J , Cao Q , Li S , Lu X , Zhao Y , Guan JS , Chen JC , Wu Q , Chen GQ
Ref : Biomaterials , 34 :7552 , 2013
Abstract : Alzheimer's disease (AD) is induced by many reasons, including decreased cellular utilization of glucose and brain cell mitochondrial damages. Degradation product of microbially synthesized polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB), namely, 3-hydroxybutyrate (3HB), can be an alternative to glucose during sustained hypoglycemia. In this study, the derivative of 3HB, 3-hydroxybutyrate methyl ester (HBME), was used by cells as an alternative to glucose. HBME inhibited cell apoptosis under glucose deprivation, rescued activities of mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes that were impaired in AD patients and decreased the generation of ROS. Meanwhile, HBME stabilized the mitochondrial membrane potential. In vivo studies showed that HBME crossed the blood brain barrier easier compared with charged 3HB, resulting in a better bioavailability. AD mice treated with HBME performed significantly better (p < 0.05) in the Morris water maze compared with other groups, demonstrating that HBME has a positive in vivo pharmaceutical effect to improve the spatial learning and working memory of mice. A reduced amyloid-beta deposition in mouse brains after intragastric administration of HBME was also observed. Combined with the in vitro and in vivo results, HBME was proposed to be a drug candidate against AD, its working mechanism appeared to be mediated by various effects of protecting mitochondrial damages.
ESTHER : Zhang_2013_Biomaterials_34_7552
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2013_Biomaterials_34_7552
PubMedID: 23849878

Title : Insights into pyrroindomycin biosynthesis reveal a uniform paradigm for tetramate\/tetronate formation - Wu_2012_J.Am.Chem.Soc_134_17342
Author(s) : Wu Q , Wu Z , Qu X , Liu W
Ref : Journal of the American Chemical Society , 134 :17342 , 2012
Abstract : The natural products pyrroindomycins (PYRs), active against various drug-resistant pathogens, possess a characteristic, cyclohexene ring spiro-linked tetramate moiety. In this study, investigation into PYR biosynthesis revealed two new proteins, both of which, phylogenetically distinct from but functionally substitutable to each other in vivo, individually catalyze a Dieckmann cyclization in vitro for converting an N-acetoacetyl-l-alanyl thioester into a tetramate. Their counterparts are commonly present in the biosynthetic pathways of spiro and polyether tetronates, supporting a uniform paradigm for tetronate/tetramate formation, which features an enzymatic way to generate the C-X (X = O or N) bond first and the C-C bond next in building of the 5-membered heterocycle.
ESTHER : Wu_2012_J.Am.Chem.Soc_134_17342
PubMedSearch : Wu_2012_J.Am.Chem.Soc_134_17342
PubMedID: 23062149
Gene_locus related to this paper: strrg-k7qrj3

Title : Complete genome sequence of Brucella melitensis biovar 3 strain NI, isolated from an aborted bovine fetus - Liu_2012_J.Bacteriol_194_6321
Author(s) : Liu W , Jing Z , Ou Q , Cui B , He Y , Wu Q
Ref : Journal of Bacteriology , 194 :6321 , 2012
Abstract : From an aborted bovine fetus in China, a bacterial strain named NI was isolated and identified as Brucella melitensis by a PCR assay. Strain NI was further characterized as B. melitensis biovar 3 using biochemical assays. Here we report the complete genome sequence of strain NI.
ESTHER : Liu_2012_J.Bacteriol_194_6321
PubMedSearch : Liu_2012_J.Bacteriol_194_6321
PubMedID: 23105063
Gene_locus related to this paper: brume-PCAD

Title : Chlorpyrifos exposure causes alternation in dopamine metabolism in PC12 cells - Xu_2012_Toxicol.Mech.Methods_22_309
Author(s) : Xu F , Chang X , Lou D , Wu Q , Zhou Z
Ref : Toxicol Mech Methods , 22 :309 , 2012
Abstract : Chlorpyrifos (CPF) is one of the organophosphorus pesticides widely used around the world, especially in China. Acetylcholinesterase inhibition is the main effect of organophosphorus insecticides exposure. Studies showed that CPF may also interfere with the metabolism of monoamine transmitters. To investigate the effects of CPF on dopaminergic pathway, the dopamine content, gene expression of catechol-O-methyl- transferase (COMT), vesicular monoamine transporter-2 (VMAT-2), and monoamine oxidase (MAO) and its activity in PC12 cells exposed to CPF was determined. Results showed that cell viability was decreased and total dopamine concentration was increased with CPF administration in a dose-dependent pattern. Gene of MAO was significantly downregulated in PC12 cells, while genes of COMT and VMAT-2 in PC12 cells did not show any change after CPF exposure. The MAO activity was decreased following incubation exposed to CPF. These results suggest that CPF may interfere with dopaminergic pathway through inhibition on gene and protein expression of MAO in vitro.
ESTHER : Xu_2012_Toxicol.Mech.Methods_22_309
PubMedSearch : Xu_2012_Toxicol.Mech.Methods_22_309
PubMedID: 22356570

Title : A comparison of hepatic in vitro metabolism of T-2 toxin in rats, pigs, chickens, and carp - Wu_2011_Xenobiotica_41_863
Author(s) : Wu Q , Huang L , Liu Z , Yao M , Wang Y , Dai M , Yuan Z
Ref : Xenobiotica , 41 :863 , 2011
Abstract : T-2 toxin, a highly toxic member of the type-A trichothecenes, is produced by various Fusarium moulds that can potentially affect human health. It is strongly cytotoxic for human hematopoietic progenitors. Alimentary toxic aleukia (ATA), a disease typically associated with human, is primarily induced by T-2 toxin. A comparison of the metabolism of T-2 toxin incubated with hepatocytes of rats, piglets, chickens, and the hepatic subcellular fractions (microsomes and cytosol) of piglets, chickens, rats, and carp (common carp and grass carp) was carried out. The activities of the recombinant pig CYP3A29 on the transformation of T-2 and HT-2 toxins were preliminary studied. Metabolites were identified by novel LC/MS-IT-TOF. Qualitative similarities and differences across the species were observed. In liver microsomes, HT-2 toxin, neosolaniol (NEO), 3'-OH-T-2, and 3'-OH-HT-2 were detected in rats, chickens, and pigs. 3'-OH-HT-2 and HT-2 toxin was not detectable in common carp and grass crap, respectively. Moreover, in liver microsomes, the hydroxyl metabolites accounted for the largest percentage in carp, whereas the hydrolysis product, HT-2 toxin, was the major one for the land animals. Only hydrolysis products such as NEO and HT-2 toxin were detected in hepatocytes. Recombinant pig CYP3A29 was able to convert T-2 and HT-2 toxins to high rates of 3'-OH-T-2 and 3'-OH-HT-2, respectively. Both CYP450 and carboxylesterase enzymes have been found to play a role in the metabolism of T-2 toxin. Metabolism of T-2 toxin across species produces a similar spectrum of metabolites. Preliminary metabolic studies of carp reveal that ester hydrolysis of T-2 toxin in carp may not play as important a role as is the case with land animals.
ESTHER : Wu_2011_Xenobiotica_41_863
PubMedSearch : Wu_2011_Xenobiotica_41_863
PubMedID: 21745144

Title : Cross-resistance study and biochemical mechanisms of thiamethoxam resistance in B-biotype Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) - Feng_2010_Pest.Manag.Sci_66_313
Author(s) : Feng Y , Wu Q , Wang S , Chang X , Xie W , Xu B , Zhang Y
Ref : Pest Manag Sci , 66 :313 , 2010
Abstract : BACKGROUND: B-biotype Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) has invaded China over the past two decades. To understand the risks and to determine possible mechanisms of resistance to thiamethoxam in B. tabaci, a resistant strain was selected in the laboratory. Cross-resistance and the biochemical mechanisms of thiamethoxam resistance were investigated in the present study. RESULTS: A 66.3-fold thiamethoxam-resistant B. tabaci strain (TH-R) was established after selection for 36 generations. Compared with the susceptible strain (TH-S), the selected TH-R strain showed obvious cross-resistance to imidacloprid (47.3-fold), acetamiprid (35.8-fold), nitenpyram (9.99-fold), abamectin (5.33-fold) and carbosulfan (4.43-fold). No cross-resistance to fipronil, chlorpyrifos or deltamethrin was seen. Piperonyl butoxide (PBO) and triphenyl phosphate (TPP) exhibited significant synergism on thiamethoxam effects in the TH-R strain (3.14- and 2.37-fold respectively). However, diethyl maleate (DEM) did not act synergistically with thiamethoxam. Biochemical assays showed that cytochrome P450 monooxygenase activities increased 1.21- and 1.68-fold respectively, and carboxylesterase activity increased 2.96-fold in the TH-R strain. However, no difference was observed for glutathione S-transferase between the two strains. CONCLUSION: B-biotype B. tabaci develops resistance to thiamethoxam. Cytochrome P450 monooxygenase and carboxylesterase appear to be responsible for the resistance. Reasonable resistance management that avoids the use of cross-resistance insecticides may delay the development of resistance to thiamethoxam in this species.
ESTHER : Feng_2010_Pest.Manag.Sci_66_313
PubMedSearch : Feng_2010_Pest.Manag.Sci_66_313
PubMedID: 19937914

Title : Application of ultrasound-assisted surfactant-enhanced emulsification microextraction for the determination of some organophosphorus pesticides in water samples - Wu_2010_Anal.Chim.Acta_679_56
Author(s) : Wu C , Liu N , Wu Q , Wang C , Wang Z
Ref : Anal Chim Acta , 679 :56 , 2010
Abstract : An ultrasound-assisted surfactant-enhanced emulsification microextraction (UASEME) was developed as a new approach for the extraction of organophosphorus pesticides (OPs) in water samples prior to high-performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection (HPLC-DAD). The use of a surfactant as an emulsifier in the UASEME method could enhance the dispersion of water-immiscible extraction solvent into aqueous phase and is favorable for the mass-transfer of the analytes from aqueous phase to the organic phase. Several variables that affect the extraction efficiency, including the kind and volume of the extraction solvent, the type and concentration of the surfactant, salt addition, ultrasound emulsification time and temperature, were investigated and optimized. Under the optimum experimental conditions, the calibration curve was linear in the concentration range from 1 to 200 ng mL(-1) for the seven OPs (isocarbophos, phosmet, parathion, parathion-methyl, fenitrothion, fonofos and phoxim), with the correlation coefficients (r) varying from 0.9973 to 0.9998. High enrichment factors were achieved ranging from 210 to 242. The established UASEME-HPLC-DAD method has been successfully applied for the determination of the OPs in real water samples. The limits of detection were in the range between 0.1 and 0.3 ng mL(-1). The recoveries of the target analytes over the three spiked concentration levels of the compounds (10, 50, and 100 ng mL(-1), respectively) in rain, reservoir and well water samples were between 83% and 106% with the relative standard deviations varying from 3.3% to 5.6%.
ESTHER : Wu_2010_Anal.Chim.Acta_679_56
PubMedSearch : Wu_2010_Anal.Chim.Acta_679_56
PubMedID: 20951857

Title : The sequence and de novo assembly of the giant panda genome - Li_2010_Nature_463_311
Author(s) : Li R , Fan W , Tian G , Zhu H , He L , Cai J , Huang Q , Cai Q , Li B , Bai Y , Zhang Z , Zhang Y , Wang W , Li J , Wei F , Li H , Jian M , Nielsen R , Li D , Gu W , Yang Z , Xuan Z , Ryder OA , Leung FC , Zhou Y , Cao J , Sun X , Fu Y , Fang X , Guo X , Wang B , Hou R , Shen F , Mu B , Ni P , Lin R , Qian W , Wang G , Yu C , Nie W , Wang J , Wu Z , Liang H , Min J , Wu Q , Cheng S , Ruan J , Wang M , Shi Z , Wen M , Liu B , Ren X , Zheng H , Dong D , Cook K , Shan G , Zhang H , Kosiol C , Xie X , Lu Z , Li Y , Steiner CC , Lam TT , Lin S , Zhang Q , Li G , Tian J , Gong T , Liu H , Zhang D , Fang L , Ye C , Zhang J , Hu W , Xu A , Ren Y , Zhang G , Bruford MW , Li Q , Ma L , Guo Y , An N , Hu Y , Zheng Y , Shi Y , Li Z , Liu Q , Chen Y , Zhao J , Qu N , Zhao S , Tian F , Wang X , Wang H , Xu L , Liu X , Vinar T , Wang Y , Lam TW , Yiu SM , Liu S , Huang Y , Yang G , Jiang Z , Qin N , Li L , Bolund L , Kristiansen K , Wong GK , Olson M , Zhang X , Li S , Yang H
Ref : Nature , 463 :311 , 2010
Abstract : Using next-generation sequencing technology alone, we have successfully generated and assembled a draft sequence of the giant panda genome. The assembled contigs (2.25 gigabases (Gb)) cover approximately 94% of the whole genome, and the remaining gaps (0.05 Gb) seem to contain carnivore-specific repeats and tandem repeats. Comparisons with the dog and human showed that the panda genome has a lower divergence rate. The assessment of panda genes potentially underlying some of its unique traits indicated that its bamboo diet might be more dependent on its gut microbiome than its own genetic composition. We also identified more than 2.7 million heterozygous single nucleotide polymorphisms in the diploid genome. Our data and analyses provide a foundation for promoting mammalian genetic research, and demonstrate the feasibility for using next-generation sequencing technologies for accurate, cost-effective and rapid de novo assembly of large eukaryotic genomes.
ESTHER : Li_2010_Nature_463_311
PubMedSearch : Li_2010_Nature_463_311
PubMedID: 20010809
Gene_locus related to this paper: ailme-ABH15 , ailme-ACHE , ailme-BCHE , ailme-d2gtv3 , ailme-d2gty9 , ailme-d2gu87 , ailme-d2gu97 , ailme-d2gve7 , ailme-d2gwu1 , ailme-d2gx08 , ailme-d2gyt0 , ailme-d2gz36 , ailme-d2gz37 , ailme-d2gz38 , ailme-d2gz39 , ailme-d2gz40 , ailme-d2h5r9 , ailme-d2h7b7 , ailme-d2h9c9 , ailme-d2h794 , ailme-d2hau7 , ailme-d2hau8 , ailme-d2hcd9 , ailme-d2hdi6 , ailme-d2heu6 , ailme-d2hga4 , ailme-d2hqw5 , ailme-d2hs98 , ailme-d2hsx4 , ailme-d2hti6 , ailme-d2htv3 , ailme-d2htz6 , ailme-d2huc7 , ailme-d2hwj8 , ailme-d2hwy7 , ailme-d2hxm1 , ailme-d2hyc8 , ailme-d2hyv2 , ailme-d2hz11 , ailme-d2hza3 , ailme-d2hzr4 , ailme-d2i1l4 , ailme-d2i2g8 , ailme-g1l7m3 , ailme-g1lu36 , ailme-g1m769 , ailme-g1mc29 , ailme-g1mdj8 , ailme-g1mdr5 , ailme-g1mfp4 , ailme-g1mfx5 , ailme-g1lj41 , ailme-g1lm28 , ailme-g1l3u1 , ailme-g1l7l1 , ailme-g1m5i3 , ailme-g1l2f6 , ailme-g1lji5 , ailme-g1lqk3 , ailme-g1l8s9 , ailme-d2h717 , ailme-d2h718 , ailme-d2h719 , ailme-d2h720 , ailme-g1m5v0 , ailme-g1m5y7 , ailme-g1lkt7 , ailme-g1l2a1 , ailme-g1lsc8 , ailme-g1lrp4 , ailme-d2gv02 , ailme-g1mik5 , ailme-g1ljr1 , ailme-g1lxw7 , ailme-d2h8b5 , ailme-d2h2r2 , ailme-d2h9w7 , ailme-g1meh3 , ailme-g1m719

Title : Protective effects of icariin on cognitive deficits induced by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion in rats - Xu_2009_Clin.Exp.Pharmacol.Physiol_36_810
Author(s) : Xu RX , Wu Q , Luo Y , Gong QH , Yu LM , Huang XN , Sun AS , Shi JS
Ref : Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology , 36 :810 , 2009
Abstract : 1. Icariin is a major constituent of flavonoids derived from the Chinese medicinal herb Epimedium revicornum Maxim. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether icariin has protective effects on learning ability and memory in a rat model of chronic cerebral hypoperfusion. 2. Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion was induced by permanent ligation of the common carotid artery in Wistar rats for 4 months. One month after permanent artery occlusion, rats were adminitered icariin at doses of 0, 30, 60 or 120 mg/kg per day, p.o., for 3 months. Neurobehavioural and neurobiochemical parameters were examined to evaluate the effects of icariin on cognitive deficits induced by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion. 3. The Morris water maze test revealed that learning ability and memory were severely impaired in untreated rats, but were significantly improved in icariin-treated rats. Icariin treatment also ameliorated chronic cerebral hypoperfusion-induced oxidative stress in the brain, as evidenced by reduced malondialdehyde formation and maintained superoxide dismutase activity. In addition, the decreased hippocampal levels of acetylcholine, acetylcholinesterase and choline acetyltransferase associated with chronic cerebral hypoperfusion were significantly prevented by icariin treatment. 4. In conclusion, icariin protects against cognitive deficits induced by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion in rats. These effects appear to be mediated through its anti-oxidant effects, as well as its effects on the circulatory and cholinergic systems.
ESTHER : Xu_2009_Clin.Exp.Pharmacol.Physiol_36_810
PubMedSearch : Xu_2009_Clin.Exp.Pharmacol.Physiol_36_810
PubMedID: 19215241

Title : NO-1886, a lipoprotein lipase activator, attenuates contraction of rat intestinal ring preparations - Wu_2008_J.Med.Invest_55_61
Author(s) : Wu Q , Harada N , Nakamura A , Yoshida M , Mawatari K , Hattori A , Li Q , Shimohata T , Yinhua , Lian X , Nakano M , Hosaka T , Takahashi A , Nakaya Y
Ref : J Med Invest , 55 :61 , 2008
Abstract : Various intestinal symptoms or diseases are closely associated with intestinal motility, which may be altered by metabolic disturbances associated with diabetes and obesity. It is therefore important that drugs used in the treatment of metabolic disorders should not have any adverse effects on the intestine. In the present study, we examined whether [4-(4-bromo-2-cyano-phenylcarbamoyl)-benzyl]-phosphonic acid diethyl ester (NO-1886), a lipoprotein lipase activator with anti-diabetic and/or anti-obese activity, affects stimulant-induced intestinal contractility. Administration of NO-1886 to intestinal ring preparations of ileum, rectum and colon isolated from Wistar rats attenuated or relaxed contraction induced by a high K+ environment or acetylcholine (ACh). This effect of NO-1886 was dependent on extracellular Ca(2+) and intracellular myosin light chain kinase activity. Our results also showed that ACh-induced colonic contraction was significantly higher in the obese Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) than in the non-obese Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO) rats. The hypercontractility observed in the colons of OLETF rats occurred concomitantly with an elevation in muscarinic M3 ACh receptor protein levels. Administration of NO-1886 attenuated the obesity-induced hypercontractility of the colonic rings of OLETF rats. Thus, intestinal contractile system would be a novel pharmacological target of the lipoprotein lipase activator NO-1886.
ESTHER : Wu_2008_J.Med.Invest_55_61
PubMedSearch : Wu_2008_J.Med.Invest_55_61
PubMedID: 18319547

Title : N-methylimidazole significantly improves lipase-catalysed acylation of ribavirin - Liu_2007_Chem.Commun.(Camb)__295
Author(s) : Liu BK , Wu Q , Xu JM , Lin XF
Ref : Chem Commun (Camb) , :295 , 2007
Abstract : N-methylimidazole, a molecular solvent, but also, in cationic form, a component of 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium ([C(n)MIM]+) ionic liquids, showed promise as an additive in accelerating remarkably transesterification catalyzed by lipase acrylic resin from Candida antarctica (CAL-B).
ESTHER : Liu_2007_Chem.Commun.(Camb)__295
PubMedSearch : Liu_2007_Chem.Commun.(Camb)__295
PubMedID: 17299644

Title : Protective effect of Ginkgo biloba leaf extract on learning and memory deficit induced by aluminum in model rats - Gong_2006_Chin.J.Integr.Med_12_37
Author(s) : Gong QH , Wu Q , Huang XN , Sun AS , Nie J , Shi JS
Ref : Chin J Integr Med , 12 :37 , 2006
Abstract : OBJECTIVE: To examine the protective effect of Ginkgo biloba leaf extract (GbE) on learning and memory deficit induced by aluminum chloride (AlCl(3)), and explore its mechanisms.
METHODS: The rat models with learning and memory deficit were induced by administering via gastrogavage and drinking of AlCl(3) solution. And the model rats were treated with GbE at the dose of 50, 100, 200 mg/kg every day for 2 months accompanied with drinking of AlCl(3) solution, respectively. Their abilities of spatial learning and memory were tested by Morris water maze, and the acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity in serum was assayed with chemical method, the AChE expression in hippocampus was observed by immunohistochemistry assay, and then quantitative analysis was done by BI 2000 image analysis system.
RESULTS: Learning and memory deficit of rats could be induced by AlCl(3) solution (P < 0.01), and AChE expressions in rats hippocampus were increased (P < 0.01); GbE ameliorated learning and memory deficit and reduced AChE expression in rats hippocampus in a dose-dependent manner, while GbE significantly increased serum AChE activity at the dose of 200 mg/kg each day (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: GbE can ameliorate learning and memory deficit induced by AlCl(3), which may be due to its inhibition of the AChE expression in hippocampus.
ESTHER : Gong_2006_Chin.J.Integr.Med_12_37
PubMedSearch : Gong_2006_Chin.J.Integr.Med_12_37
PubMedID: 16571282

Title : Markedly enhancing lipase-catalyzed synthesis of nucleoside drugs' ester by using a mixture system containing organic solvents and ionic liquid - Liu_2006_Bioorg.Med.Chem.Lett_16_3769
Author(s) : Liu BK , Wang N , Chen ZC , Wu Q , Lin XF
Ref : Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Lett , 16 :3769 , 2006
Abstract : Eightfold higher yields and three times faster reaction rates were achieved by means of using a mixture solvent system composed of 90% acetone and 10% [BMIM]BF4 in the lipase-catalyzed regioselective synthesis of polymerizable ester of nucleoside drugs.
ESTHER : Liu_2006_Bioorg.Med.Chem.Lett_16_3769
PubMedSearch : Liu_2006_Bioorg.Med.Chem.Lett_16_3769
PubMedID: 16682199

Title : Controllable synthesis of polymerizable ester and amide prodrugs of acyclovir by enzyme in organic solvent - Li_2006_Bioorg.Med.Chem_14_3377
Author(s) : Li X , Wu Q , Lv DS , Lin XF
Ref : Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry , 14 :3377 , 2006
Abstract : A facile control of the acylation position at the primary hydroxyl and amino of acyclovir, respectively, was achieved and five polymerizable acyclovir prodrugs were synthesized. Various reaction conditions were studied in detail. Thus, lipase acrylic resin from Candida antarctica (CAL-B) in pyridine or acetone showed high chemo-selectivity toward the primary hydroxyl of acyclovir. However, lipase PS 'Amano' (PS) in DMSO selectively acylated the amino group. The selectivity of PS could be adjusted by changing reaction solvents. The acyclovir vinyl derivatives obtained would be important monomers used for the preparation of macromolecular nucleoside drugs.
ESTHER : Li_2006_Bioorg.Med.Chem_14_3377
PubMedSearch : Li_2006_Bioorg.Med.Chem_14_3377
PubMedID: 16431120

Title : Encapsulating drugs in biodegradable ultrafine fibers through co-axial electrospinning - Huang_2006_J.Biomed.Mater.Res.A_77_169
Author(s) : Huang ZM , He CL , Yang A , Zhang Y , Han XJ , Yin J , Wu Q
Ref : J Biomed Mater Res A , 77 :169 , 2006
Abstract : This article describes an electrospinning process to fabricate double-layered ultrafine fibers. A bioabsorbable polymer, Polycaprolactone (PCL), was used as the outer layer or the shell and two medically pure drugs, Resveratrol (RT, a kind of antioxidant) and Gentamycin Sulfate (GS, an antibiotic), were used as the inner layers or the cores. Morphology and microstructure of the ultrafine fibers were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), whereas mechanical performance of them was understood through tensile test. In vitro degradation rates of the nanofibrous membranes were determined by measuring their weight loss when immersed in pH 7.4 phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) mixed with certain amount of Pseudomonas lipase for a maximum of 7 days. The drug release behaviors of the RT and GS were measured using a high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) spectroscopy, respectively. It has been found that the drug solutions without any fiber-forming additive could be encapsulated in the PCL ultrafine fibers, although they alone cannot be made into a fiber form. Beads on the fiber surface influenced the tensile behavior of the ultrafine fibers remarkably. When the core solvent was miscible with the shell solvent, higher drug concentration decreased the bead formation and thus favored the mechanical performance. The situation, however, became different if the two solvents were immiscible with each other. The degradation rate was closely related to hydrophilicity of the drugs in the cores. Higher hydrophilicity apparently led to faster degradation. The release profiles of the RT and GS exhibited a sustained release characteristic, with no burst release phenomenon.
ESTHER : Huang_2006_J.Biomed.Mater.Res.A_77_169
PubMedSearch : Huang_2006_J.Biomed.Mater.Res.A_77_169
PubMedID: 16392131

Title : Molecular cloning and functional analysis of two polyhydroxyalkanoate synthases from two strains of Aeromonas hydrophila spp - Lu_2005_FEMS.Microbiol.Lett_243_149
Author(s) : Lu X , Zhang W , Jian J , Wu Q , Chen GQ
Ref : FEMS Microbiology Letters , 243 :149 , 2005
Abstract : Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) synthase genes (phaC) were cloned from two Aeromonas hydrophila strains named WQ and 4AK5, respectively. Both strains are able to produce PHBHHx copolyesters consisting of 3-hydroxybutyrate (3HB) and 3-hydroxyhexanoate (3HHx). Sequence analysis showed that there was only 2 bp difference between these two PHA synthase genes, corresponding to two-amino acid difference at positions of 437 and 458 of the two synthases. PHA productivity and its monomer content produced by A. hydrophila WQ and A. hydrophila 4AK5 were quite different. A. hydrophila WQ accumulated 33% PHBHHx of its cell dry weight (CDW) with 5 mol% 3HHx in the copolyester when cultured in lauric acid for 48 h. Yet A. hydrophila 4AK5 was able to produce 43% PHBHHx of the CDW with 14 mol% 3HHx under the same condition. Hetero-expression of PHA synthase genes of A. hydrophila WQ and A. hydrophila 4AK5, respectively, in Escherichia coli XL1-Blue led to PHBHHx accumulation of 24% and 39% of the CDW and the 3HHx content in PHBHHx were 6 and 15 mol%, respectively. This indicated that the function of these two PHA synthases were different due to these two different residues at positions of 437 and 458. Site specific mutation was carried out to change these two amino acid residues. Results showed that the changes on either of the two amino acids negatively affected the PHA productivity.
ESTHER : Lu_2005_FEMS.Microbiol.Lett_243_149
PubMedSearch : Lu_2005_FEMS.Microbiol.Lett_243_149
PubMedID: 15668013
Gene_locus related to this paper: aerhy-PHAC

Title : The Genomes of Oryza sativa: a history of duplications - Yu_2005_PLoS.Biol_3_e38
Author(s) : Yu J , Wang J , Lin W , Li S , Li H , Zhou J , Ni P , Dong W , Hu S , Zeng C , Zhang J , Zhang Y , Li R , Xu Z , Li X , Zheng H , Cong L , Lin L , Yin J , Geng J , Li G , Shi J , Liu J , Lv H , Li J , Deng Y , Ran L , Shi X , Wang X , Wu Q , Li C , Ren X , Li D , Liu D , Zhang X , Ji Z , Zhao W , Sun Y , Zhang Z , Bao J , Han Y , Dong L , Ji J , Chen P , Wu S , Xiao Y , Bu D , Tan J , Yang L , Ye C , Xu J , Zhou Y , Yu Y , Zhang B , Zhuang S , Wei H , Liu B , Lei M , Yu H , Li Y , Xu H , Wei S , He X , Fang L , Huang X , Su Z , Tong W , Tong Z , Ye J , Wang L , Lei T , Chen C , Chen H , Huang H , Zhang F , Li N , Zhao C , Huang Y , Li L , Xi Y , Qi Q , Li W , Hu W , Tian X , Jiao Y , Liang X , Jin J , Gao L , Zheng W , Hao B , Liu S , Wang W , Yuan L , Cao M , McDermott J , Samudrala R , Wong GK , Yang H
Ref : PLoS Biol , 3 :e38 , 2005
Abstract : We report improved whole-genome shotgun sequences for the genomes of indica and japonica rice, both with multimegabase contiguity, or almost 1,000-fold improvement over the drafts of 2002. Tested against a nonredundant collection of 19,079 full-length cDNAs, 97.7% of the genes are aligned, without fragmentation, to the mapped super-scaffolds of one or the other genome. We introduce a gene identification procedure for plants that does not rely on similarity to known genes to remove erroneous predictions resulting from transposable elements. Using the available EST data to adjust for residual errors in the predictions, the estimated gene count is at least 38,000-40,000. Only 2%-3% of the genes are unique to any one subspecies, comparable to the amount of sequence that might still be missing. Despite this lack of variation in gene content, there is enormous variation in the intergenic regions. At least a quarter of the two sequences could not be aligned, and where they could be aligned, single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rates varied from as little as 3.0 SNP/kb in the coding regions to 27.6 SNP/kb in the transposable elements. A more inclusive new approach for analyzing duplication history is introduced here. It reveals an ancient whole-genome duplication, a recent segmental duplication on Chromosomes 11 and 12, and massive ongoing individual gene duplications. We find 18 distinct pairs of duplicated segments that cover 65.7% of the genome; 17 of these pairs date back to a common time before the divergence of the grasses. More important, ongoing individual gene duplications provide a never-ending source of raw material for gene genesis and are major contributors to the differences between members of the grass family.
ESTHER : Yu_2005_PLoS.Biol_3_e38
PubMedSearch : Yu_2005_PLoS.Biol_3_e38
PubMedID: 15685292
Gene_locus related to this paper: orysa-Q7XTC5 , orysa-Q852M6 , orysa-Q8GSE8 , orysa-Q9S7P1 , orysa-Q9FYP7 , orysa-Q5ZBH3 , orysa-Q5ZA26 , orysa-Q5JLP6 , orysa-Q8H5P9 , orysa-Q8H5P5 , orysa-Q7F1Y5 , orysa-Q949C9 , orysa-cbp1 , orysa-cbp3 , orysa-cbpx , orysa-Q33B71 , orysa-Q8GSJ3 , orysa-LPL1 , orysa-Q6YSZ8 , orysa-Q8S5X5 , orysa-Q8LIG3 , orysa-Q6K7F5 , orysa-Q7F1B1 , orysa-Q8H4S9 , orysa-Q69UB1 , orysa-Q9FW17 , orysa-Q337C3 , orysa-Q7F959 , orysa-Q84QZ6 , orysa-Q84QY7 , orysa-Q851E3 , orysa-Q6YTH5 , orysa-Q0JK71 , orysa-Q8S1D9 , orysa-Q5N8V4 , orysa-Q0JCY4 , orysa-Q8GTK2 , orysa-B9EWJ8 , orysa-Q8H3K6 , orysa-Q6ZDG8 , orysa-Q6ZDG6 , orysa-Q6ZDG5 , orysa-Q6ZDG4 , orysa-Q5NAI4 , orysa-Q658B2 , orysa-Q5JMQ8 , orysa-Q5QMD9 , orysa-Q5N7L1 , orysa-Q8RYV9 , orysa-Q8H3R3 , orysa-Q5SNH3 , orysa-Q8W0F0 , orysa-pir7a , orysa-pir7b , orysa-q2qlm4 , orysa-q2qm78 , orysa-q2qm82 , orysa-q2qn31 , orysa-q2qnj4 , orysa-q2qnt9 , orysa-q2qur1 , orysa-q2qx94 , orysa-q2qyi1 , orysa-q2qyj1 , orysa-q2r051 , orysa-q2r077 , orysa-q2ram0 , orysa-q2rat1 , orysa-q2rbb3 , orysa-Q4VWY7 , orysa-q5na00 , orysa-q5nbu1 , orysa-Q5QLC0 , orysa-q5smv5 , orysa-Q5VP27 , orysa-q5vrt2 , orysa-q5w6c5 , orysa-q5z5a3 , orysa-q5z9i2 , orysa-q5z417 , orysa-q5z901 , orysa-Q5ZAM8 , orysa-Q5ZBI5 , orysa-Q5ZCR3 , orysa-q6atz0 , orysa-q6ave2 , orysa-q6f358 , orysa-q6h6s1 , orysa-q6h7i6 , orysa-q6i5q3 , orysa-q6i5u7 , orysa-q6j657 , orysa-q6k3d9 , orysa-q6k4q2 , orysa-q6k880 , orysa-q6l5b6 , orysa-Q6L5F5 , orysa-q6l556 , orysj-q6yse8 , orysa-q6yy42 , orysa-q6yzk1 , orysa-q6z8b1 , orysa-q6z995 , orysa-q6zc62 , orysa-q6zia4 , orysa-q6zjq6 , orysa-q7x7y5 , orysa-Q7XC50 , orysa-q7xej4 , orysa-q7xem8 , orysa-q7xkj9 , orysa-q7xr62 , orysa-q7xr63 , orysa-q7xr64 , orysa-q7xsg1 , orysa-q7xsq2 , orysa-q7xts6 , orysa-q7xv53 , orysa-Q7XVB5 , orysa-Q8L562 , orysa-Q8LQS5 , orysa-Q8RZ40 , orysa-Q8RZ79 , orysa-Q8S0U8 , orysa-Q8S0V0 , orysa-Q8S125 , orysa-Q8SAY7 , orysa-Q8SAY9 , orysa-Q8W3C6 , orysa-Q8W3F2 , orysa-Q8W3F4 , orysa-Q8W3F6 , orysa-Q9LHX5 , orysa-q33aq0 , orysa-q53lh1 , orysa-q53m20 , orysa-q53nd8 , orysa-q60e79 , orysa-q60ew8 , orysa-q67iz2 , orysa-q67iz3 , orysa-q67iz7 , orysa-q67iz8 , orysa-q67j02 , orysa-q67j05 , orysa-q67j07 , orysa-q67j09 , orysa-q67j10 , orysa-q67tr6 , orysa-q67tv0 , orysa-q67uz1 , orysa-q67v34 , orysa-q67wz5 , orysa-q69j38 , orysa-q69k08 , orysa-q69md7 , orysa-q69me0 , orysa-q69pf3 , orysa-q69ti3 , orysa-q69xr2 , orysa-q69y12 , orysa-q69y21 , orysa-q75hy2 , orysa-q75i01 , orysa-Q94JD7 , orysa-Q0J0A4 , orysa-q651a8 , orysa-q651z3 , orysa-q652g4 , orysa-q688m0 , orysa-q688m8 , orysa-q688m9 , orysa-Q6H8G1 , orysi-a2wn01 , orysi-a2xc83 , orysi-a2yh83 , orysi-a2z179 , orysi-a2zef2 , orysi-b8a7e6 , orysi-b8a7e7 , orysi-b8bfe5 , orysi-b8bhp9 , orysj-a3b9l8 , orysj-b9eub8 , orysj-b9eya5 , orysj-b9fi05 , orysj-b9fkb0 , orysj-b9fn42 , orysj-b9gbb7 , orysj-cgep , orysj-PLA7 , orysj-q0d4u5 , orysj-q0djj0 , orysj-q0jaf0 , orysj-q5jl22 , orysj-q5jlw7 , orysj-q5z419 , orysj-q6h7q9 , orysj-q6yvk6 , orysj-q6z6i1 , orysj-q7f8x1 , orysj-q7xcx3 , orysj-q9fwm6 , orysj-q10j20 , orysj-q10ss2 , orysj-q69uw6 , orysj-q94d71 , orysj-q338c0 , orysi-b8bly4 , orysj-b9gbs4 , orysi-a2zb88 , orysj-b9gbs1 , orysi-b8b698 , orysj-pla4 , orysj-pla1