Qian W

References (16)

Title : A general model for predicting enzyme functions based on enzymatic reactions - Qian_2024_J.Cheminform_16_38
Author(s) : Qian W , Wang X , Kang Y , Pan P , Hou T , Hsieh CY
Ref : J Cheminform , 16 :38 , 2024
Abstract : Accurate prediction of the enzyme comission (EC) numbers for chemical reactions is essential for the understanding and manipulation of enzyme functions, biocatalytic processes and biosynthetic planning. A number of machine leanring (ML)-based models have been developed to classify enzymatic reactions, showing great advantages over costly and long-winded experimental verifications. However, the prediction accuracy for most available models trained on the records of chemical reactions without specifying the enzymatic catalysts is rather limited. In this study, we introduced BEC-Pred, a BERT-based multiclassification model, for predicting EC numbers associated with reactions. Leveraging transfer learning, our approach achieves precise forecasting across a wide variety of Enzyme Commission (EC) numbers solely through analysis of the SMILES sequences of substrates and products. BEC-Pred model outperformed other sequence and graph-based ML methods, attaining a higher accuracy of 91.6%, surpassing them by 5.5%, and exhibiting superior F1 scores with improvements of 6.6% and 6.0%, respectively. The enhanced performance highlights the potential of BEC-Pred to serve as a reliable foundational tool to accelerate the cutting-edge research in synthetic biology and drug metabolism. Moreover, we discussed a few examples on how BEC-Pred could accurately predict the enzymatic classification for the Novozym 435-induced hydrolysis and lipase efficient catalytic synthesis. We anticipate that BEC-Pred will have a positive impact on the progression of enzymatic research.
ESTHER : Qian_2024_J.Cheminform_16_38
PubMedSearch : Qian_2024_J.Cheminform_16_38
PubMedID: 38556873

Title : Decapentaplegic retards lipolysis during metamorphosis in Bombyx mori and Drosophila melanogaster - Qian_2023_Insect.Biochem.Mol.Biol__103928
Author(s) : Qian W , Guo M , Peng J , Zhao T , Li Z , Yang Y , Li H , Zhang X , King-Jones K , Cheng D
Ref : Insect Biochemistry & Molecular Biology , :103928 , 2023
Abstract : Insect morphogen decapentaplegic (Dpp) functions as one of the key extracellular ligands of the Bone Morphogenetic Protein (BMP) signaling pathway. Previous studies in insects mainly focused on the roles of Dpp during embryonic development and the formation of adult wings. In this study, we demonstrate a new role for Dpp in retarding lipolysis during metamorphosis in both Bombyx mori and Drosophila melanogaster. CRISPR/Cas9-mediated mutation of Bombyx dpp causes pupal lethality, induces an excessive and premature breakdown of lipids in the fat body, and upregulates the expressions of several lipolytic enzyme genes, including brummer (bmm), lipase 3 (lip3), and hormone-sensitive lipase (hsl), and lipid storage droplet 1 (lsd1), a lipid droplets (LD)-associated protein gene. Further investigation in Drosophila reveals that salivary gland-specific knockdown of the dpp gene and fat body-specific knockdown of Mad involved in Dpp signaling phenocopy the effects of Bombyx dpp mutation on pupal development and lipolysis. Taken together, our data indicate that the Dpp-mediated BMP signaling in the fat body maintains lipid homeostasis by retarding lipolysis, which is necessary for pupa-adult transition during insect metamorphosis.
ESTHER : Qian_2023_Insect.Biochem.Mol.Biol__103928
PubMedSearch : Qian_2023_Insect.Biochem.Mol.Biol__103928
PubMedID: 36870515

Title : Ultrasensitive Acetylcholinesterase detection based on a surface-enhanced Raman scattering lever strategy for identifying nerve fibers - Li_2022_Talanta_252_123867
Author(s) : Li T , Sui T , Wang B , Xu K , Zhang S , Cao X , Wang Y , Qian W , Dong J
Ref : Talanta , 252 :123867 , 2022
Abstract : Accurate discriminating nerve fibers is a prerequisite for right suturing nerves in nerve transfer operation. Various methods have been developed for identification of motor and sensory fibers, but no simple method meets the requirements in clinic. In this study, a surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) lever strategy is designed and developed to detect Acetylcholinesterase (AchE) ultrasensitively, in which using produced thiocholine with weak intrinsic Raman activity (four ounces) to adjust absorbance of Rhodamine B with strong intrinsic Raman activity (thousand catties) on SERS-active substrates is to increase the sensitivity. Employing a miniaturized SERS substrate, SERS-active microneedles, is to decrease the volume of enzymolysis systems. Adopting an internal reference is to increase the repeatability of collected signal. The ultrasensitive AchE detection method discriminate samples with four times of difference in enzyme activity between 1-1 x 10(-4) U/mL in about 10 min of enzymolysis time. AchE amounts in 2-mm-long segments of ventral and dorsal roots were about 0.00025-0.001 U and 0.01-0.02 U, respectively. The developed method would be a reliable method met the requirements of identifying motor and sensory fibers in clinic.
ESTHER : Li_2022_Talanta_252_123867
PubMedSearch : Li_2022_Talanta_252_123867
PubMedID: 36041317

Title : A survey of insecticide resistance-conferring mutations in multiple targets in Anopheles sinensis populations across Sichuan, China - Qian_2021_Parasit.Vectors_14_169
Author(s) : Qian W , Liu N , Yang Y , Liu J , He J , Chen Z , Li M , Qiu X
Ref : Parasit Vectors , 14 :169 , 2021
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Sichuan province is located in the southwest of China, and was previously a malaria-endemic region. Although no indigenous malaria case has been reported since 2011, the number of imported cases is on the rise. Insecticide-based vector control has played a central role in the prevention of malaria epidemics. However, the efficacy of this strategy is gravely challenged by the development of insecticide resistance. Regular monitoring of insecticide resistance is essential to inform evidence-based vector control. Unfortunately, almost no information is currently available on the status of insecticide resistance and associated mechanisms in Anopheles sinensis, the dominant malaria vector in Sichuan. In this study, efforts were invested in detecting the presence and frequency of insecticide resistance-associated mutations in three genes that encode target proteins of several classes of commonly used insecticides. METHODS: A total of 446 adults of An. sinensis, collected from 12 locations across Sichuan province of China, were inspected for resistance-conferring mutations in three genes that respectively encode acetylcholinesterase (AChE), voltage-gated sodium channel (VGSC), and GABA receptor (RDL) by DNA Sanger sequencing. RESULTS: The G119S mutation in AChE was detected at high frequencies (0.40-0.73). The predominant ace-1 genotype was GGC/AGC (119GS) heterozygotes. Diverse variations at codon 1014 were found in VGSC, leading to three different amino acid substitutions (L1014F/C/S). The 1014F was the predominant resistance allele and was distributed in all 12 populations at varying frequencies from 0.03 to 0.86. The A296S mutation in RDL was frequently present in Sichuan, with 296SS accounting for more than 80% of individuals in six of the 12 populations. Notably, in samples collected from Chengdu (DJY) and Deyang (DYMZ), almost 30% of individuals were found to be resistant homozygotes for all three targets. CONCLUSIONS: Resistance-related mutations in three target proteins of the four main classes of insecticides were prevalent in most populations. This survey reveals a worrisome situation of multiple resistance genotypes in Sichuan malaria vector. The data strengthen the need for regular monitoring of insecticide resistance and establishing a region-customized vector intervention strategy.
ESTHER : Qian_2021_Parasit.Vectors_14_169
PubMedSearch : Qian_2021_Parasit.Vectors_14_169
PubMedID: 33743789

Title : Benefits of statistical molecular design, covariance analysis, and reference models in QSAR: a case study on acetylcholinesterase - Andersson_2015_J.Comput.Aided.Mol.Des_29_199
Author(s) : Andersson CD , Hillgren JM , Lindgren C , Qian W , Akfur C , Berg L , Ekstrom F , Linusson A
Ref : J Comput Aided Mol Des , 29 :199 , 2015
Abstract : Scientific disciplines such as medicinal- and environmental chemistry, pharmacology, and toxicology deal with the questions related to the effects small organic compounds exhort on biological targets and the compounds' physicochemical properties responsible for these effects. A common strategy in this endeavor is to establish structure-activity relationships (SARs). The aim of this work was to illustrate benefits of performing a statistical molecular design (SMD) and proper statistical analysis of the molecules' properties before SAR and quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) analysis. Our SMD followed by synthesis yielded a set of inhibitors of the enzyme acetylcholinesterase (AChE) that had very few inherent dependencies between the substructures in the molecules. If such dependencies exist, they cause severe errors in SAR interpretation and predictions by QSAR-models, and leave a set of molecules less suitable for future decision-making. In our study, SAR- and QSAR models could show which molecular sub-structures and physicochemical features that were advantageous for the AChE inhibition. Finally, the QSAR model was used for the prediction of the inhibition of AChE by an external prediction set of molecules. The accuracy of these predictions was asserted by statistical significance tests and by comparisons to simple but relevant reference models.
ESTHER : Andersson_2015_J.Comput.Aided.Mol.Des_29_199
PubMedSearch : Andersson_2015_J.Comput.Aided.Mol.Des_29_199
PubMedID: 25351962

Title : Structure-activity relationships for lipoprotein lipase agonists that lower plasma triglycerides in vivo - Caraballo_2015_Eur.J.Med.Chem_103_191
Author(s) : Caraballo R , Larsson M , Nilsson SK , Ericsson M , Qian W , Nguyen Tran NP , Kindahl T , Svensson R , Saar V , Artursson P , Olivecrona G , Enquist PA , Elofsson M
Ref : Eur Journal of Medicinal Chemistry , 103 :191 , 2015
Abstract : The risk of cardiovascular events increases in individuals with elevated plasma triglyceride (TG) levels, therefore advocating the need for efficient TG-lowering drugs. In the blood circulation, TG levels are regulated by lipoprotein lipase (LPL), an unstable enzyme that is only active as a non-covalently associated homodimer. We recently reported on a N-phenylphthalimide derivative (1) that stabilizes LPL in vitro, and moderately lowers triglycerides in vivo (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.2014, 450, 1063). Herein, we establish structure-activity relationships of 51 N-phenylphthalimide analogs of the screening hit 1. In vitro evaluation highlighted that modifications on the phthalimide moiety were not tolerated and that lipophilic substituents on the central phenyl ring were functionally essential. The substitution pattern on the central phenyl ring also proved important to stabilize LPL. However, in vitro testing demonstrated rapid degradation of the phthalimide fragment in plasma which was addressed by replacing the phthalimide scaffold with other heterocyclic fragments. The in vitro potency was retained or improved and substance 80 proved stable in plasma and efficiently lowered plasma TGs in vivo.
ESTHER : Caraballo_2015_Eur.J.Med.Chem_103_191
PubMedSearch : Caraballo_2015_Eur.J.Med.Chem_103_191
PubMedID: 26355531

Title : Divergent Structure-Activity Relationships of Structurally Similar Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors - Andersson_2013_J.Med.Chem_56_7615
Author(s) : Andersson CD , Forsgren N , Akfur C , Allgardsson A , Berg L , Engdahl C , Qian W , Ekstrom F , Linusson A
Ref : Journal of Medicinal Chemistry , 56 :7615 , 2013
Abstract : The molecular interactions between the enzyme acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and two compound classes consisting of N-[2-(diethylamino)ethyl]benzenesulfonamides and N-[2-(diethylamino)ethyl]benzenemethanesulfonamides have been investigated using organic synthesis, enzymatic assays, X-ray crystallography, and thermodynamic profiling. The inhibitors' aromatic properties were varied to establish structure-activity relationships (SAR) between the inhibitors and the peripheral anionic site (PAS) of AChE. The two structurally similar compound classes proved to have distinctly divergent SARs in terms of their inhibition capacity of AChE. Eight X-ray structures revealed that the two sets have different conformations in PAS. Furthermore, thermodynamic profiles of the binding between compounds and AChE revealed class-dependent differences of the entropy/enthalpy contributions to the free energy of binding. Further development of the entropy-favored compound class resulted in the synthesis of the most potent inhibitor and an extension beyond the established SARs. The divergent SARs will be utilized to develop reversible inhibitors of AChE into reactivators of nerve agent-inhibited AChE.
ESTHER : Andersson_2013_J.Med.Chem_56_7615
PubMedSearch : Andersson_2013_J.Med.Chem_56_7615
PubMedID: 23984975
Gene_locus related to this paper: mouse-ACHE

Title : The duck genome and transcriptome provide insight into an avian influenza virus reservoir species - Huang_2013_Nat.Genet_45_776
Author(s) : Huang Y , Li Y , Burt DW , Chen H , Zhang Y , Qian W , Kim H , Gan S , Zhao Y , Li J , Yi K , Feng H , Zhu P , Li B , Liu Q , Fairley S , Magor KE , Du Z , Hu X , Goodman L , Tafer H , Vignal A , Lee T , Kim KW , Sheng Z , An Y , Searle S , Herrero J , Groenen MA , Crooijmans RP , Faraut T , Cai Q , Webster RG , Aldridge JR , Warren WC , Bartschat S , Kehr S , Marz M , Stadler PF , Smith J , Kraus RH , Ren L , Fei J , Morisson M , Kaiser P , Griffin DK , Rao M , Pitel F , Wang J , Li N
Ref : Nat Genet , 45 :776 , 2013
Abstract : The duck (Anas platyrhynchos) is one of the principal natural hosts of influenza A viruses. We present the duck genome sequence and perform deep transcriptome analyses to investigate immune-related genes. Our data indicate that the duck possesses a contractive immune gene repertoire, as in chicken and zebra finch, and this repertoire has been shaped through lineage-specific duplications. We identify genes that are responsive to influenza A viruses using the lung transcriptomes of control ducks and ones that were infected with either a highly pathogenic (A/duck/Hubei/49/05) or a weakly pathogenic (A/goose/Hubei/65/05) H5N1 virus. Further, we show how the duck's defense mechanisms against influenza infection have been optimized through the diversification of its beta-defensin and butyrophilin-like repertoires. These analyses, in combination with the genomic and transcriptomic data, provide a resource for characterizing the interaction between host and influenza viruses.
ESTHER : Huang_2013_Nat.Genet_45_776
PubMedSearch : Huang_2013_Nat.Genet_45_776
PubMedID: 23749191
Gene_locus related to this paper: anapl-BCHE , anapl-r0lw36 , anapl-r0m5n4 , anapl-thioe , anapl-u3iqr9 , anapl-r0l4n7 , anapl-u3j4v8 , anapl-u3icy5 , anapl-u3ivv9 , anapl-u3j4g1 , anapl-u3j4i2 , anapl-u3j4v5 , anapl-r0kv25 , anapl-u3ild2 , anapl-u3imh5 , anapl-b6dzk9 , anapl-u3imp7 , anapl-u3i5h5 , anapl-u3id17 , anapl-r0m1y3 , anapl-r0lhc4 , anapl-r0ktn0 , anapl-r0l8l1 , anapl-r0lin6 , anapl-r0jhf3

Title : The yak genome and adaptation to life at high altitude - Qiu_2012_Nat.Genet_44_946
Author(s) : Qiu Q , Zhang G , Ma T , Qian W , Wang J , Ye Z , Cao C , Hu Q , Kim J , Larkin DM , Auvil L , Capitanu B , Ma J , Lewin HA , Qian X , Lang Y , Zhou R , Wang L , Wang K , Xia J , Liao S , Pan S , Lu X , Hou H , Wang Y , Zang X , Yin Y , Ma H , Zhang J , Wang Z , Zhang Y , Zhang D , Yonezawa T , Hasegawa M , Zhong Y , Liu W , Huang Z , Zhang S , Long R , Yang H , Lenstra JA , Cooper DN , Wu Y , Shi P , Liu J
Ref : Nat Genet , 44 :946 , 2012
Abstract : Domestic yaks (Bos grunniens) provide meat and other necessities for Tibetans living at high altitude on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau and in adjacent regions. Comparison between yak and the closely related low-altitude cattle (Bos taurus) is informative in studying animal adaptation to high altitude. Here, we present the draft genome sequence of a female domestic yak generated using Illumina-based technology at 65-fold coverage. Genomic comparisons between yak and cattle identify an expansion in yak of gene families related to sensory perception and energy metabolism, as well as an enrichment of protein domains involved in sensing the extracellular environment and hypoxic stress. Positively selected and rapidly evolving genes in the yak lineage are also found to be significantly enriched in functional categories and pathways related to hypoxia and nutrition metabolism. These findings may have important implications for understanding adaptation to high altitude in other animal species and for hypoxia-related diseases in humans.
ESTHER : Qiu_2012_Nat.Genet_44_946
PubMedSearch : Qiu_2012_Nat.Genet_44_946
PubMedID: 22751099
Gene_locus related to this paper: bosmu-l8ic43 , bovin-2neur , bovin-balip , bovin-BCHE , bovin-e1bbv2 , bovin-e1bn79 , bovin-est8 , bovin-f1mi11 , bovin-f1n385 , bovin-g3mxp5 , bovin-lipli , bovin-lipr2 , bovin-q2kj30 , bovin-q3sz79 , bovin-q3t0r6 , bovin-ABHDA , bovin-q08dw9 , bovin-ABHD16B , bovin-SPG21 , bovin-TEX30 , 9ceta-l8iwv2 , 9ceta-l8idy3 , 9ceta-l8hsi3 , bovin-e1bjq9 , bovin-f1mc21 , 9ceta-l8hyl8 , bovin-LIPG , bovin-a0a3q1nm09 , bovin-f1n2i5

Title : Similar but different: thermodynamic and structural characterization of a pair of enantiomers binding to acetylcholinesterase - Berg_2012_Angew.Chem.Int.Ed.Engl_51_12716
Author(s) : Berg L , Niemiec MS , Qian W , Andersson CD , Wittung-Stafshede P , Ekstrom F , Linusson A
Ref : Angew Chem Int Ed Engl , 51 :12716 , 2012
Abstract : Take a closer look: Unexpectedly, a pair of enantiomeric ligands proved to have similar binding affinities for acetylcholinesterase. Further studies indicated that the enantiomers exhibit different thermodynamic profiles. Analyses of the noncovalent interactions in the protein-ligand complexes revealed that these differences are partly due to nonclassical hydrogen bonds between the ligands and aromatic side chains of the protein.
ESTHER : Berg_2012_Angew.Chem.Int.Ed.Engl_51_12716
PubMedSearch : Berg_2012_Angew.Chem.Int.Ed.Engl_51_12716
PubMedID: 23161758
Gene_locus related to this paper: mouse-ACHE

Title : The role of endocannabinoids in visceral hyposensitivity induced by rapid eye movement sleep deprivation in rats: regional differences - Wang_2011_Int.J.Mol.Med_27_119
Author(s) : Wang L , Yang T , Qian W , Hou X
Ref : Int J Mol Med , 27 :119 , 2011
Abstract : Visceral hypersensitivity is one of the most important mechanisms of functional gastrointestinal diseases. Our previous studies have shown that rapid eye movement (REM) sleep deprivation (REMSD) decreases visceral sensitivity in rats, but the mechanisms involved in this effect, have not yet been clarified. In this study, we investigated the role of the CNS and peripheral endocannabinoids in visceral hyposensitivity induced by REMSD. Animals were randomly divided into the cage-yoked (YC), the REMSD group, which suffered from REMSD for 48 h, and the group with the interventions of Rimonabant after REMSD. The visceral sensitivity of all the groups was assessed, and the expressions of cannabinoid receptor (CB1R), fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) and monoacylglycerol lipase (MGL) in the CNS and gut regions, were detected. We demonstrate that REMSD decreases visceral sensitivity in rats and that the Rimonabant intervention antagonizes this effect. The expression of CB1R in the CNS region was significantly higher in the REMSD compared to the YC group. We did not see similar results in the gut. At the same time, the expressions of FAAH and MGL in the CNS and colon, excluding the iliac terminus, were lower in the REMSD compared to the YC group. Endocannabinoids are involved in the mechanism of visceral hyposensitivity in rats induced by REMSD. Possibly those in the CNS play the main role in this activity.
ESTHER : Wang_2011_Int.J.Mol.Med_27_119
PubMedSearch : Wang_2011_Int.J.Mol.Med_27_119
PubMedID: 21057766

Title : Discovery of 4-(5-methyloxazolo[4,5-b]pyridin-2-yl)-1,4-diazabicyclo[3.2.2]nonane (CP-810,123), a novel alpha 7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonist for the treatment of cognitive disorders in schizophrenia: synthesis, SAR development, and in vivo efficacy in cognition models - O'Donnell_2010_J.Med.Chem_53_1222
Author(s) : O'Donnell CJ , Rogers BN , Bronk BS , Bryce DK , Coe JW , Cook KK , Duplantier AJ , Evrard E , Hajos M , Hoffmann WE , Hurst RS , Maklad N , Mather RJ , McLean S , Nedza FM , O'Neill BT , Peng L , Qian W , Rottas MM , Sands SB , Schmidt AW , Shrikhande AV , Spracklin DK , Wong DF , Zhang A , Zhang L
Ref : Journal of Medicinal Chemistry , 53 :1222 , 2010
Abstract : A novel alpha 7 nAChR agonist, 4-(5-methyloxazolo[4,5-b]pyridin-2-yl)-1,4-diazabicyclo[3.2.2]nonane (24, CP-810,123), has been identified as a potential treatment for cognitive deficits associated with psychiatric or neurological conditions including schizophrenia and Alzheimer's disease. Compound 24 is a potent and selective compound with excellent pharmaceutical properties. In rodent, the compound displays high oral bioavailability and excellent brain penetration affording high levels of receptor occupancy and in vivo efficacy in auditory sensory gating and novel object recognition. The structural diversity of this compound and its preclinical in vitro and in vivo package support the hypothesis that alpha 7 nAChR agonists may have potential as a pharmacotherapy for the treatment of cognitive deficits in schizophrenia.
ESTHER : O'Donnell_2010_J.Med.Chem_53_1222
PubMedSearch : O'Donnell_2010_J.Med.Chem_53_1222
PubMedID: 20043678

Title : The sequence and de novo assembly of the giant panda genome - Li_2010_Nature_463_311
Author(s) : Li R , Fan W , Tian G , Zhu H , He L , Cai J , Huang Q , Cai Q , Li B , Bai Y , Zhang Z , Zhang Y , Wang W , Li J , Wei F , Li H , Jian M , Nielsen R , Li D , Gu W , Yang Z , Xuan Z , Ryder OA , Leung FC , Zhou Y , Cao J , Sun X , Fu Y , Fang X , Guo X , Wang B , Hou R , Shen F , Mu B , Ni P , Lin R , Qian W , Wang G , Yu C , Nie W , Wang J , Wu Z , Liang H , Min J , Wu Q , Cheng S , Ruan J , Wang M , Shi Z , Wen M , Liu B , Ren X , Zheng H , Dong D , Cook K , Shan G , Zhang H , Kosiol C , Xie X , Lu Z , Li Y , Steiner CC , Lam TT , Lin S , Zhang Q , Li G , Tian J , Gong T , Liu H , Zhang D , Fang L , Ye C , Zhang J , Hu W , Xu A , Ren Y , Zhang G , Bruford MW , Li Q , Ma L , Guo Y , An N , Hu Y , Zheng Y , Shi Y , Li Z , Liu Q , Chen Y , Zhao J , Qu N , Zhao S , Tian F , Wang X , Wang H , Xu L , Liu X , Vinar T , Wang Y , Lam TW , Yiu SM , Liu S , Huang Y , Yang G , Jiang Z , Qin N , Li L , Bolund L , Kristiansen K , Wong GK , Olson M , Zhang X , Li S , Yang H
Ref : Nature , 463 :311 , 2010
Abstract : Using next-generation sequencing technology alone, we have successfully generated and assembled a draft sequence of the giant panda genome. The assembled contigs (2.25 gigabases (Gb)) cover approximately 94% of the whole genome, and the remaining gaps (0.05 Gb) seem to contain carnivore-specific repeats and tandem repeats. Comparisons with the dog and human showed that the panda genome has a lower divergence rate. The assessment of panda genes potentially underlying some of its unique traits indicated that its bamboo diet might be more dependent on its gut microbiome than its own genetic composition. We also identified more than 2.7 million heterozygous single nucleotide polymorphisms in the diploid genome. Our data and analyses provide a foundation for promoting mammalian genetic research, and demonstrate the feasibility for using next-generation sequencing technologies for accurate, cost-effective and rapid de novo assembly of large eukaryotic genomes.
ESTHER : Li_2010_Nature_463_311
PubMedSearch : Li_2010_Nature_463_311
PubMedID: 20010809
Gene_locus related to this paper: ailme-ABH15 , ailme-ACHE , ailme-BCHE , ailme-d2gtv3 , ailme-d2gty9 , ailme-d2gu87 , ailme-d2gu97 , ailme-d2gve7 , ailme-d2gwu1 , ailme-d2gx08 , ailme-d2gyt0 , ailme-d2gz36 , ailme-d2gz37 , ailme-d2gz38 , ailme-d2gz39 , ailme-d2gz40 , ailme-d2h5r9 , ailme-d2h7b7 , ailme-d2h9c9 , ailme-d2h794 , ailme-d2hau7 , ailme-d2hau8 , ailme-d2hcd9 , ailme-d2hdi6 , ailme-d2heu6 , ailme-d2hga4 , ailme-d2hqw5 , ailme-d2hs98 , ailme-d2hsx4 , ailme-d2hti6 , ailme-d2htv3 , ailme-d2htz6 , ailme-d2huc7 , ailme-d2hwj8 , ailme-d2hwy7 , ailme-d2hxm1 , ailme-d2hyc8 , ailme-d2hyv2 , ailme-d2hz11 , ailme-d2hza3 , ailme-d2hzr4 , ailme-d2i1l4 , ailme-d2i2g8 , ailme-g1l7m3 , ailme-g1lu36 , ailme-g1m769 , ailme-g1mc29 , ailme-g1mdj8 , ailme-g1mdr5 , ailme-g1mfp4 , ailme-g1mfx5 , ailme-g1lj41 , ailme-g1lm28 , ailme-g1l3u1 , ailme-g1l7l1 , ailme-g1m5i3 , ailme-g1l2f6 , ailme-g1lji5 , ailme-g1lqk3 , ailme-g1l8s9 , ailme-d2h717 , ailme-d2h718 , ailme-d2h719 , ailme-d2h720 , ailme-g1m5v0 , ailme-g1m5y7 , ailme-g1lkt7 , ailme-g1l2a1 , ailme-g1lsc8 , ailme-g1lrp4 , ailme-d2gv02 , ailme-g1mik5 , ailme-g1ljr1 , ailme-g1lxw7 , ailme-d2h8b5 , ailme-d2h2r2 , ailme-d2h9w7 , ailme-g1meh3 , ailme-g1m719

Title : The genome of the cucumber, Cucumis sativus L - Huang_2009_Nat.Genet_41_1275
Author(s) : Huang S , Li R , Zhang Z , Li L , Gu X , Fan W , Lucas WJ , Wang X , Xie B , Ni P , Ren Y , Zhu H , Li J , Lin K , Jin W , Fei Z , Li G , Staub J , Kilian A , van der Vossen EA , Wu Y , Guo J , He J , Jia Z , Tian G , Lu Y , Ruan J , Qian W , Wang M , Huang Q , Li B , Xuan Z , Cao J , Asan , Wu Z , Zhang J , Cai Q , Bai Y , Zhao B , Han Y , Li Y , Li X , Wang S , Shi Q , Liu S , Cho WK , Kim JY , Xu Y , Heller-Uszynska K , Miao H , Cheng Z , Zhang S , Wu J , Yang Y , Kang H , Li M , Liang H , Ren X , Shi Z , Wen M , Jian M , Yang H , Zhang G , Yang Z , Chen R , Ma L , Liu H , Zhou Y , Zhao J , Fang X , Fang L , Liu D , Zheng H , Zhang Y , Qin N , Li Z , Yang G , Yang S , Bolund L , Kristiansen K , Li S , Zhang X , Wang J , Sun R , Zhang B , Jiang S , Du Y
Ref : Nat Genet , 41 :1275 , 2009
Abstract : Cucumber is an economically important crop as well as a model system for sex determination studies and plant vascular biology. Here we report the draft genome sequence of Cucumis sativus var. sativus L., assembled using a novel combination of traditional Sanger and next-generation Illumina GA sequencing technologies to obtain 72.2-fold genome coverage. The absence of recent whole-genome duplication, along with the presence of few tandem duplications, explains the small number of genes in the cucumber. Our study establishes that five of the cucumber's seven chromosomes arose from fusions of ten ancestral chromosomes after divergence from Cucumis melo. The sequenced cucumber genome affords insight into traits such as its sex expression, disease resistance, biosynthesis of cucurbitacin and 'fresh green' odor. We also identify 686 gene clusters related to phloem function. The cucumber genome provides a valuable resource for developing elite cultivars and for studying the evolution and function of the plant vascular system.
ESTHER : Huang_2009_Nat.Genet_41_1275
PubMedSearch : Huang_2009_Nat.Genet_41_1275
PubMedID: 19881527
Gene_locus related to this paper: cucsa-a0a0a0ktw5 , cucsa-a0a0a0lnt6 , cucsa-a0a0a0kpn7 , cucsa-a0a0a0lvt9 , cucsa-a0a0a0kdx8 , cucsa-a0a0a0m228 , cucsa-a0a0a0kz31 , cucsa-a0a0a0k5t5 , cucsa-a0a0a0kfs7 , cucsa-a0a0a0kjj7 , cucsa-a0a0a0kzs7 , cucsa-a0a0a0l0a6 , cucsa-a0a0a0l4w4 , cucsa-a0a0a0lpz0 , cucsa-a0a0a0ls66

Title : A recalibrated molecular clock and independent origins for the cholera pandemic clones - Feng_2008_PLoS.One_3_e4053
Author(s) : Feng L , Reeves PR , Lan R , Ren Y , Gao C , Zhou Z , Cheng J , Wang W , Wang J , Qian W , Li D , Wang L
Ref : PLoS ONE , 3 :e4053 , 2008
Abstract : Cholera, caused by Vibrio cholerae, erupted globally from South Asia in 7 pandemics, but there were also local outbreaks between the 6(th) (1899-1923) and 7(th) (1961-present) pandemics. All the above are serotype O1, whereas environmental or invertebrate isolates are antigenically diverse. The pre 7th pandemic isolates mentioned above, and other minor pathogenic clones, are related to the 7(th) pandemic clone, while the 6(th) pandemic clone is in the same lineage but more distantly related, and non-pathogenic isolates show no clonal structure. To understand the origins and relationships of the pandemic clones, we sequenced the genomes of a 1937 prepandemic strain and a 6(th) pandemic isolate, and compared them with the published 7(th) pandemic genome. We distinguished mutational and recombinational events, and allocated these and other events, to specific branches in the evolutionary tree. There were more mutational than recombinational events, but more genes, and 44 times more base pairs, changed by recombination. We used the mutational single-nucleotide polymorphisms and known isolation dates of the prepandemic and 7(th) pandemic isolates to estimate the mutation rate, and found it to be 100 fold higher than usually assumed. We then used this to estimate the divergence date of the 6(th) and 7(th) pandemic clones to be about 1880. While there is a large margin of error, this is far more realistic than the 10,000-50,000 years ago estimated using the usual assumptions. We conclude that the 2 pandemic clones gained pandemic potential independently, and overall there were 29 insertions or deletions of one or more genes. There were also substantial changes in the major integron, attributed to gain of individual cassettes including copying from within, or loss of blocks of cassettes. The approaches used open up new avenues for analysing the origin and history of other important pathogens.
ESTHER : Feng_2008_PLoS.One_3_e4053
PubMedSearch : Feng_2008_PLoS.One_3_e4053
PubMedID: 19115014
Gene_locus related to this paper: vibch-VC1974 , vibch-VC2610 , vibch-VC2718 , vibch-y1892 , vibch-y2276

Title : Comparative and functional genomic analyses of the pathogenicity of phytopathogen Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris - Qian_2005_Genome.Res_15_757
Author(s) : Qian W , Jia Y , Ren SX , He YQ , Feng JX , Lu LF , Sun Q , Ying G , Tang DJ , Tang H , Wu W , Hao P , Wang L , Jiang BL , Zeng S , Gu WY , Lu G , Rong L , Tian Y , Yao Z , Fu G , Chen B , Fang R , Qiang B , Chen Z , Zhao GP , Tang JL , He C
Ref : Genome Res , 15 :757 , 2005
Abstract : Xanthomonas campestris pathovar campestris (Xcc) is the causative agent of crucifer black rot disease, which causes severe losses in agricultural yield world-wide. This bacterium is a model organism for studying plant-bacteria interactions. We sequenced the complete genome of Xcc 8004 (5,148,708 bp), which is highly conserved relative to that of Xcc ATCC 33913. Comparative genomics analysis indicated that, in addition to a significant genomic-scale rearrangement cross the replication axis between two IS1478 elements, loss and acquisition of blocks of genes, rather than point mutations, constitute the main genetic variation between the two Xcc strains. Screening of a high-density transposon insertional mutant library (16,512 clones) of Xcc 8004 against a host plant (Brassica oleraceae) identified 75 nonredundant, single-copy insertions in protein-coding sequences (CDSs) and intergenic regions. In addition to known virulence factors, full virulence was found to require several additional metabolic pathways and regulatory systems, such as fatty acid degradation, type IV secretion system, cell signaling, and amino acids and nucleotide metabolism. Among the identified pathogenicity-related genes, three of unknown function were found in Xcc 8004-specific chromosomal segments, revealing a direct correlation between genomic dynamics and Xcc virulence. The present combination of comparative and functional genomic analyses provides valuable information about the genetic basis of Xcc pathogenicity, which may offer novel insight toward the development of efficient methods for prevention of this important plant disease.
ESTHER : Qian_2005_Genome.Res_15_757
PubMedSearch : Qian_2005_Genome.Res_15_757
PubMedID: 15899963
Gene_locus related to this paper: xanax-DHAA , xanax-ENTF2 , xanax-GAA , xanax-PTRB , xanax-XAC0515 , xanax-XAC0628 , xanax-XAC0736 , xanax-XAC0753 , xanax-XAC1713 , xanca-acvB , xanca-BIOH , xanca-CATD , xanca-CPO , xanca-estA1 , xanca-impep , xanca-META , xanca-METX , xanca-PCAD , xanca-PHBC , xanca-Q8PB04 , xanca-W78 , xanca-XCC0080 , xanca-XCC0180 , xanca-XCC0243 , xanca-XCC0266 , xanca-XCC0372 , xanca-XCC0375 , xanca-XCC0753 , xanca-XCC0800 , xanca-XCC0843 , xanca-XCC1105 , xanca-XCC1734 , xanca-XCC2285 , xanca-XCC2374 , xanca-XCC2397 , xanca-XCC2405 , xanca-XCC2566 , xanca-XCC2722 , xanca-XCC2737 , xanca-XCC2811 , xanca-XCC2817 , xanca-XCC2854 , xanca-XCC2869 , xanca-XCC3028 , xanca-XCC3164 , xanca-XCC3219 , xanca-XCC3296 , xanca-XCC3320 , xanca-XCC3514 , xanca-XCC3548 , xanca-XCC3555 , xanca-XCC3623 , xanca-XCC3915 , xanca-XCC3961 , xanca-XCC3970 , xanca-XCC4016 , xanca-XCC4096 , xanca-XCC4180 , xanca-XYNB , xanca-XYNB2 , xancb-b0rq23 , xancp-q8pax3 , xancp-y2094