Xiong J

References (18)

Title : Antifungal Effect of Triglycerol Monolaurate Synthesized by Lipozyme 435-Mediated Esterification - Zhang_2020_J.Microbiol.Biotechnol_30_561
Author(s) : Zhang S , Xiong J , Lou W , Ning Z , Zhang D , Yang J
Ref : J Microbiol Biotechnol , 30 :561 , 2020
Abstract : This study was designed to synthesize triglycerol monolaurate (TGML) with Lipozyme 435 as the catalyst, and explore its effects on the growth of Aspergillus parasiticus (A. parasiticus) and Aspergillus flavus (A. flavus) and the secretion of aflatoxin b1. The highest content of TGML (49.76%) was obtained at a molar ratio of triglycerol to lauric acid of 1.08, a reaction temperature of 84.93 degC, a reaction time of 6 h and an enzyme dosage of 1.32%. After purification by molecular distillation combined with the washes with ethyl acetate and water, the purity of TGML reached 98.3%. Through characterization by electrospray-ionization mass spectrometry, infrared spectrum and nuclear magnetic resonance, the structure of TGML was identified as a linear triglycerol combined with lauroyl at the end. Finally, the inhibitory effects of TGML on the growths of A. parasiticus and A. flavus and the secretion of aflatoxin b1 were evaluated by measuring the colony diameter, the inhibition rate of mycelial growth and the content of mycotoxin in the media. The results indicated that TGML had a stronger inhibitory effects on colony growth and mycelial development of both toxic molds compared to sodium benzoate and potassium sorbate, and the secretions of toxins from A. parasiticus and A. flavus were completely suppressed when adding TGML at 10 and 5 mM, respectively. Based on the above results, TGML may be used as a substitute for traditional antifungal agents in the food industry.
ESTHER : Zhang_2020_J.Microbiol.Biotechnol_30_561
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2020_J.Microbiol.Biotechnol_30_561
PubMedID: 31986567

Title : ABHD11 Is Critical for Embryonic Stem Cell Expansion, Differentiation and Lipid Metabolic Homeostasis - Liu_2020_Front.Cell.Dev.Biol_8_570
Author(s) : Liu G , Ruan Y , Zhang J , Wang X , Wu W , He P , Wang J , Xiong J , Cheng Y , Liu L , Yang Y , Tian Y , Jian R
Ref : Front Cell Developmental Biology , 8 :570 , 2020
Abstract : Growing evidence supports the notion that lipid metabolism is critical for embryonic stem cell (ESC) maintenance. Recently, alpha/beta-hydrolase domain-containing (ABHD) proteins have emerged as novel pivotal regulators in lipid synthesis or degradation while their functions in ESCs have not been investigated. In this study, we revealed the role of ABHD11 in ESC function using classical loss and gain of function experiments. Knockout of Abhd11 hampered ESC expansion and differentiation, triggering the autophagic flux and apoptosis. In contrast, Abhd11 overexpression exerted anti-apoptotic effects in ESCs. Moreover, Abhd11 knockout disturbed GSK3beta/beta-Catenin and ERK signaling transduction. Finally, Abhd11 knockout led to the misexpression of key metabolic enzymes related to lipid synthesis, glycolysis, and amino acid metabolism, and ABHD11 contributed to the homeostasis of lipid metabolism. These findings provide new insights into the broad role of ABHD proteins and highlight the significance of regulators of lipid metabolism in the control of stem cell function.
ESTHER : Liu_2020_Front.Cell.Dev.Biol_8_570
PubMedSearch : Liu_2020_Front.Cell.Dev.Biol_8_570
PubMedID: 32733886
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-ABHD11

Title : Lycofargesiines A-F, further Lycopodium alkaloids from the club moss Huperzia fargesii - Xiong_2019_Phytochemistry_162_183
Author(s) : Xiong J , Meng WJ , Zhang HY , Zou Y , Wang WX , Wang XY , Yang QL , Osman EEA , Hu JF
Ref : Phytochemistry , 162 :183 , 2019
Abstract : Six undescribed Lycopodium alkaloids (LAs) comprising four lycodine-type (lycofargesiines A-D), one lycopodine-type (lycofargesiine E), and a phlegmarine-type (lycofargesiine F), together with 16 known ones were isolated from the club moss Huperzia fargesii. Their structures and absolute configurations were determined by extensive spectroscopic methods, electronic circular dichroism (ECD) analysis, and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. (7S,8R,12R,13R)-Lycofargesiine A is a rare naturally occurring LA possessing an exocyclic double bond between C-15 and C-16, with ring A being a rare 2,3-dihyropyridone motif. Lycofargesiine D is an uncommon lycodine-type alkaloid featuring a unique N-acetylated tetrahydropyridinyl segment (ring A), whereas lycofargesiine F is the first phlegmarane-type LA bearing two nitrone moieties. In addition to the isolated huperzine A in this study, another two isolates (lycofargesiine C and 16-hydroxyhuperzine A) were also found to show inhibitory activities against acetylcholinesterase (AChE), with IC50 values of 8.63 and 5.18muM, respectively.
ESTHER : Xiong_2019_Phytochemistry_162_183
PubMedSearch : Xiong_2019_Phytochemistry_162_183
PubMedID: 30928888

Title : Developmental Toxicity of a Neonicotinoid Insecticide, Acetamiprid to Zebrafish Embryos - Ma_2019_J.Agric.Food.Chem_67_2429
Author(s) : Ma X , Li H , Xiong J , Mehler WT , You J
Ref : Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry , 67 :2429 , 2019
Abstract : Agricultural use of neonicotinoid insecticides is increasing worldwide, posing a risk to nontarget organisms. The present study investigated developmental toxicity of a widely used neonicotinoid, acetamiprid, to zebrafish embryos. Sublethal (malformations, hatchability, heart rate, body length, alteration of spontaneous movement and touch responses) and lethal effects were monitored during exposure period from 6 h post fertilization (hpf) to 120 hpf. Zebrafish embryos exhibited significant mortality and teratogenic effects at acetamiprid concentration greater than 263 mg/L, with bent spine being the main malformation. Toxicity spectra were constructed to rank the sensitivity of individual end points to acetamiprid exposure and impaired spontaneous movement was the most sensitive end point of those tested. The present study provides the basis for understanding developmental toxicity of acetamiprid exposure to zebrafish embryos. This information is critical for future studies evaluating aquatic risk from neonicotinoids as little is known regarding adverse effects of neonicotinoids to aquatic vertebrate species.
ESTHER : Ma_2019_J.Agric.Food.Chem_67_2429
PubMedSearch : Ma_2019_J.Agric.Food.Chem_67_2429
PubMedID: 30735371

Title : Involvement of pregnane X receptor in the suppression of carboxylesterases by metformin in vivo and in vitro, mediated by the activation of AMPK and JNK signaling pathway - Shan_2017_Eur.J.Pharm.Sci_102_14
Author(s) : Shan E , Zhu Z , He S , Chu D , Ge D , Zhan Y , Liu W , Yang J , Xiong J
Ref : Eur J Pharm Sci , 102 :14 , 2017
Abstract : Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) is a complex metabolic disorder requiring polypharmacy treatment in clinic, with metformin being widely used antihyperglycemic drug. However, the mechanisms of metformin as a perpetrator inducing potential drug-drug interactions and adverse drug reactions are scarcely known to date. Carboxylesterases (CESs) are major hydrolytic enzymes highly expressed in the liver, including mouse carboxylesterase 1d (Ces1d) and Ces1e. In the present study, experiments are designed to investigate the effects and mechanisms of metformin on Ces1d and Ces1e in vivo and in vitro. In results, metformin suppresses the expression and activity of Ces1d and Ces1e in a dose- and time-dependent manner. The decreased expression of nuclear receptor PXR and its target gene P-gp indicates the involvements of PXR in the suppressed expression of carboxylesterases by metformin. Furthermore, metformin significantly suppresses the phosphorylation of AMPK and JNK, and the suppression of carboxylesterases induced by metformin is repeatedly abolished by AMPK inhibitor Compound C and JNK inhibitor SP600125. It implies that the activation of AMPK and JNK pathways mediates the suppression of carboxylesterases by metformin. The findings deserve further elucidation including clinical trials and have a potential to make contribution for the rational medication in the treatment of T2D patients.
ESTHER : Shan_2017_Eur.J.Pharm.Sci_102_14
PubMedSearch : Shan_2017_Eur.J.Pharm.Sci_102_14
PubMedID: 28238946

Title : Annotinolide F and lycoannotines A-I, further Lycopodium alkaloids from Lycopodium annotinum - Tang_2017_Phytochemistry_143_1
Author(s) : Tang Y , Xiong J , Zou Y , Wang W , Huang C , Zhang HY , Hu JF
Ref : Phytochemistry , 143 :1 , 2017
Abstract : Seven lycopodine-type (annotinolide F and lycoannotines A-F), two lycodine-type (lycoannotines G and H), and one fawcettimine-type (lycoannotine I) previously undescribed naturally occurring Lycopodium alkaloids together with thirteen known ones were isolated from the whole plant of Lycopodium annotinum. Their structures and absolute configurations were determined by extensive spectroscopic methods, single-crystal X-ray diffraction, chemical transformation, and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations. Among the isolates, annotinolide F, lycoannotines A and B are unusual 7,8-seco-lycopodane derivatives, and annotinolide F even further possesses a rare 8,5-lactone framework through a lactonization after the C-7/C-8 bond cleavage. Lycoannotine C is an uncommon 8,15-seco lycopodine-type alkaloid, whereas lycoannotine I represents the first example of a naturally occurring C-9/N bond cleavage product of fawcettimine-type alkaloid. Among them, only lycoannotine I was found to show considerable anti-butyrylcholinesterase (anti-BuChE) activity.
ESTHER : Tang_2017_Phytochemistry_143_1
PubMedSearch : Tang_2017_Phytochemistry_143_1
PubMedID: 28738241

Title : Enzymatic Synthesis of Glucose-Based Fatty Acid Esters in Bisolvent Systems Containing Ionic Liquids or Deep Eutectic Solvents - Zhao_2016_Molecules_21_
Author(s) : Zhao KH , Cai YZ , Lin XS , Xiong J , Halling PJ , Yang Z
Ref : Molecules , 21 : , 2016
Abstract : Sugar fatty acid esters (SFAEs) are biocompatible nonionic surfactants with broad applications in food, cosmetic, and pharmaceutical industries. They can be synthesized enzymatically with many advantages over their chemical synthesis. In this study, SFAE synthesis was investigated by using two reactions: (1) transesterification of glucose with fatty acid vinyl esters and (2) esterification of methyl glucoside with fatty acids, catalyzed by Lipozyme TLIM and Novozym 435 respectively. Fourteen ionic liquids (ILs) and 14 deep eutectic solvents (DESs) were screened as solvents, and the bisolvent system composed of 1-hexyl-3-methylimidazolium trifluoromethylsulfonate ([HMIm][TfO]) and 2-methyl-2-butanol (2M2B) was the best for both reactions, yielding optimal productivities (769.6 and 397.5 micromol/h/g, respectively) which are superior to those reported in the literature. Impacts of different reaction conditions were studied for both reactions. Response surface methodology (RSM) was employed to optimize the transesterification reaction. Results also demonstrated that as co-substrate, methyl glucoside yielded higher conversions than glucose, and that conversions increased with an increase in the chain length of the fatty acid moieties. DESs were poor solvents for the above reactions presumably due to their high viscosity and high polarity.
ESTHER : Zhao_2016_Molecules_21_
PubMedSearch : Zhao_2016_Molecules_21_
PubMedID: 27689970

Title : alpha\/beta-Hydrolase domain-containing 6 (ABHD6) negatively regulates the surface delivery and synaptic function of AMPA receptors - Wei_2016_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_113_E2695
Author(s) : Wei M , Zhang J , Jia M , Yang C , Pan Y , Li S , Luo Y , Zheng J , Ji J , Chen J , Hu X , Xiong J , Shi Y , Zhang C
Ref : Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A , 113 :E2695 , 2016
Abstract : In the brain, AMPA-type glutamate receptors are major postsynaptic receptors at excitatory synapses that mediate fast neurotransmission and synaptic plasticity. alpha/beta-Hydrolase domain-containing 6 (ABHD6), a monoacylglycerol lipase, was previously found to be a component of AMPA receptor macromolecular complexes, but its physiological significance in the function of AMPA receptors (AMPARs) has remained unclear. The present study shows that overexpression of ABHD6 in neurons drastically reduced excitatory neurotransmission mediated by AMPA but not by NMDA receptors at excitatory synapses. Inactivation of ABHD6 expression in neurons by either CRISPR/Cas9 or shRNA knockdown methods significantly increased excitatory neurotransmission at excitatory synapses. Interestingly, overexpression of ABHD6 reduced glutamate-induced currents and the surface expression of GluA1 in HEK293T cells expressing GluA1 and stargazin, suggesting a direct functional interaction between these two proteins. The C-terminal tail of GluA1 was required for the binding between of ABHD6 and GluA1. Mutagenesis analysis revealed a GFCLIPQ sequence in the GluA1 C terminus that was essential for the inhibitory effect of ABHD6. The hydrolase activity of ABHD6 was not required for the effects of ABHD6 on AMPAR function in either neurons or transfected HEK293T cells. Thus, these findings reveal a novel and unexpected mechanism governing AMPAR trafficking at synapses through ABHD6.
ESTHER : Wei_2016_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_113_E2695
PubMedSearch : Wei_2016_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_113_E2695
PubMedID: 27114538
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-ABHD6

Title : Fluoxetine reduces CES1, CES2, and CYP3A4 expression through decreasing PXR and increasing DEC1 in HepG2 cells - Shang_2016_Xenobiotica_46_393
Author(s) : Shang W , Liu J , Chen R , Ning R , Xiong J , Liu W , Mao Z , Hu G , Yang J
Ref : Xenobiotica , 46 :393 , 2016
Abstract : 1. This study investigated the mechanisms of the decreases of carboxylesterases (CES) and cytochrome P4503A4 (CYP3A4) and the enzymatic activities induced by fluoxetine (FLX) in HepG2 cells. We found that FLX decreased the carboxylesterase 1 (CES1) and carboxylesterase 2 (CES2) expression and the hydrolytic activity. 2. FLX decreased the pregnane X receptor (PXR) expression which regulated the target genes such as CYP3A4, whereas increased the differentiated embryonic chondrocyte-expressed gene 1 (DEC1) expression. 3. FLX repressed the PXR at transcriptional level. 4. Overexpression of PXR alone increased the expression of CES1, CES2, and CYP3A4 and attenuated the decreases of CES1, CES2, and CYP3A4 induced by FLX. On the contrary, knockdown of PXR alone decreased the expression of CES1, CES2, and CYP3A4 and almost abolished the decreases of CES1, CES2, and CYP3A4 induced by FLX. 5. Knockdown of DEC1 alone increased the expression of PXR and CYP3A4 and almost abolished the decreases of CES1, CES2, and CYP3A4 induced by FLX. 6. Taken together, the decreases of CES and CYP3A4 expression and enzymatic activities induced by FLX are through decreasing PXR and increasing DEC1 in HepG2 cells.
ESTHER : Shang_2016_Xenobiotica_46_393
PubMedSearch : Shang_2016_Xenobiotica_46_393
PubMedID: 26340669
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-CES1

Title : Genome of the facultative scuticociliatosis pathogen Pseudocohnilembus persalinus provides insight into its virulence through horizontal gene transfer - Xiong_2015_Sci.Rep_5_15470
Author(s) : Xiong J , Wang G , Cheng J , Tian M , Pan X , Warren A , Jiang C , Yuan D , Miao W
Ref : Sci Rep , 5 :15470 , 2015
Abstract : Certain ciliates of the subclass Scuticociliatia (scuticociliates) are facultative parasites of fishes in which they cause a suite of diseases collectively termed scuticociliatosis. Hitherto, comparatively little was known about genetics and genomics of scuticociliates or the mechanism of scuticociliatosis. In this study, a laboratory culture of the facultatively pathogenic scuticociliate Pseudocohnilembus persalinus was established and its genome sequenced, giving the first genome of a marine ciliate. Genome-wide horizontal gene transfer (HGT) analysis showed P. persalinus has acquired many unique prokaryote-derived genes that potentially contribute to the virulence of this organism, including cell adhesion, hemolysis and heme utilization genes. These findings give new insights into our understanding of the pathology of scuticociliates.
ESTHER : Xiong_2015_Sci.Rep_5_15470
PubMedSearch : Xiong_2015_Sci.Rep_5_15470
PubMedID: 26486372
Gene_locus related to this paper: psepj-a0a0v0q7e6

Title : Decreased carboxylesterases expression and hydrolytic activity in type 2 diabetic mice through Akt\/mTOR\/HIF-1alpha\/Stra13 pathway - Chen_2015_Xenobiotica_45_782
Author(s) : Chen R , Wang Y , Ning R , Hu J , Liu W , Xiong J , Wu L , Liu J , Hu G , Yang J
Ref : Xenobiotica , 45 :782 , 2015
Abstract : 1. This study investigated the alteration of carboxylesterases in type 2 diabetes. We found that the carboxylesterase 1d (Ces1d) and carboxylesterase 1e (Ces1e) expression and the capacity of hydrolytic activity of liver and intestine decreased, whereas the Akt/mTOR/HIF-1alpha/ Stra13 (DEC1) signaling was activated in T2D mice. Consistently, high insulin could give rise to the same results in the high-glucose DMEM condition, which mimicked T2D, in primary mouse hepatocytes. 2. Perifosine or rapamycin almost abolished the decrease of the Ces1d and Ces1e expression and the hydrolytic activity induced by the insulin in the primary mouse hepatocytes. 3. The responsiveness of human hepatoma (HepG2) cells to high insulin in high-glucose condition was similar to that of primary mouse hepatocytes in terms of the altered expression of carboxylesterases. 4. The knockdown of HIF-1alpha or DEC1 with shRNA construct abrogated the decrease of the CES1 and CES2 expression induced by the insulin in high glucose condition in HepG2 cells. 5. Taken together, the decreased carboxylesterases expression and hydrolytic activity in T2D mice are through the Akt/mTOR/HIF-1alpha/Stra13 (DEC1) pathway.
ESTHER : Chen_2015_Xenobiotica_45_782
PubMedSearch : Chen_2015_Xenobiotica_45_782
PubMedID: 25801056

Title : The role of synaptic activity in the regulation of amyloid beta levels in Alzheimer's disease - Cheng_2014_Neurobiol.Aging_35_1217
Author(s) : Cheng X , Wu J , Geng M , Xiong J
Ref : Neurobiology of Aging , 35 :1217 , 2014
Abstract : Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia. Accumulation of amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptides is regarded as the critical component associated with AD pathogenesis, which is derived from the amyloid precursor protein (APP) cleavage. Recent studies suggest that synaptic activity is one of the most important factors that regulate Abeta levels. It has been found that synaptic activity facilitates APP internalization and influences APP cleavage. Glutamatergic, cholinergic, serotonergic, leptin, adrenergic, orexin, and gamma-amino butyric acid receptors, as well as the activity-regulated cytoskeleton-associated protein (Arc) are all involved in these processes. The present review summarizes the evidence for synaptic activity-modulated Abeta levels and the mechanisms underlying this regulation. Interestingly, the immediate early gene product Arc may also be the downstream signaling molecule of several receptors in the synaptic activity-modulated Abeta levels. Elucidating how Abeta levels are regulated by synaptic activity may provide new insights in both the understanding of the pathogenesis of AD and in the development of therapies to slow down the progression of AD.
ESTHER : Cheng_2014_Neurobiol.Aging_35_1217
PubMedSearch : Cheng_2014_Neurobiol.Aging_35_1217
PubMedID: 24368087

Title : Genomic analysis of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PA96, the host of carbapenem resistance plasmid pOZ176 - Deraspe_2014_FEMS.Microbiol.Lett_356_212
Author(s) : Deraspe M , Alexander DC , Xiong J , Ma JH , Low DE , Jamieson FB , Roy PH
Ref : FEMS Microbiology Letters , 356 :212 , 2014
Abstract : Pseudomonas aeruginosa PA96 is a clinical isolate from Guangzhou, China, that is multiresistant to antibiotics. We previously described the 500-kb IncP-2 plasmid, pOZ176 that encodes many resistance genes including the IMP-9 carbapenemase. Whole-genome sequencing of PA96 enabled characterization of its genomic islands, virulence factors, and chromosomal resistance genes. We filled gaps using PCR and used optical mapping to confirm the correct contig order. We automatically annotated the core genome and manually annotated the genomic islands. The genome is 6 444 091 bp and encodes 5853 ORFs. From the whole-genome sequence, we constructed a physical map and constructed a phylogenetic tree for comparison with sequenced P. aeruginosa strains. Analysis of known core genome virulence factors and resistance genes revealed few differences with other strains, but the major virulence island is closer to that of DK2 than to PA14. PA96 most closely resembles the environmental strain M18, and notably shares a common serotype, pyoverdin type, flagellar operon, type IV pilin, and several genomic islands with M18.
ESTHER : Deraspe_2014_FEMS.Microbiol.Lett_356_212
PubMedSearch : Deraspe_2014_FEMS.Microbiol.Lett_356_212
PubMedID: 24673340
Gene_locus related to this paper: pseae-q9i252

Title : Glucose dominates the regulation of carboxylesterases induced by lipopolysaccharide or interleukin-6 in primary mouse hepatocytes - Xiong_2014_Life.Sci_112_41
Author(s) : Xiong J , Shang W , Wu L , Chen R , Liu W , Ning R , Hu G , Yang J
Ref : Life Sciences , 112 :41 , 2014
Abstract : AIMS: Altered drug disposition has been associated with inflammation and diabetes, leading to the alteration of drug efficacy and toxicity. Carboxylesterases are major hydrolytic enzymes in the liver, catalyzing the hydrolytic biotransformation of numerous therapeutic agents. Therefore, how glucose affects the regulation of carboxylesterases by interleukin-6 (IL-6) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were investigated. MAIN
METHODS: Primary mouse hepatocytes were cultured. Protein levels were measured by Western blot or enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), while confocal laser scanning microscope and flow cytometry were used to confirm the activation of pregnane X receptor (PXR). Carboxylesterase activity was evaluated by enzymatic and toxicological assays. KEY FINDINGS: Elevated glucose (11 or 25mM) significantly increased carboxylesterase expression compared to 5.6mM glucose. Carboxylesterase expression and activity were inhibited by LPS or IL-6 in 25mM glucose, but stimulated in 5.6mM glucose. The altered expression of carboxylesterases was not consistent with the activation of nuclear factor kappa B (NFkappaB) but repeatedly with the expression and activation of pregnane X receptor (PXR). The altered activation of PXR was further evidenced by the differential subcellular translocation and the expression of its target gene multidrug resistance 1 (MDR1). It implies that PXR, instead of inflammatory signaling, mediates the regulation of carboxylesterases by inflammatory mediators in different glucose concentrations. SIGNIFICANCE: The findings contribute to clarify the regulation of carboxylesterases by inflammatory mediators, and indicate that carboxylesterase-involved drug metabolism and drug-drug interactions in diabetes should be reevaluated according to the intensity of inflammatory reactions and hyperglycemia.
ESTHER : Xiong_2014_Life.Sci_112_41
PubMedSearch : Xiong_2014_Life.Sci_112_41
PubMedID: 25066929

Title : Casuarinines A-J, Lycodine-Type Alkaloids from Lycopodiastrum casuarinoides - Tang_2013_J.Nat.Prod_76_1475
Author(s) : Tang Y , Fu Y , Xiong J , Li M , Ma GL , Yang GX , Wei BG , Zhao Y , Zhang HY , Hu JF
Ref : Journal of Natural Products , 76 :1475 , 2013
Abstract : Ten new lycodine-type alkaloids, named casuarinines A-J (1-10), along with eight known analogues (11-18), were isolated from the whole plant of Lycopodiastrum casuarinoides . The new structures were established by spectroscopic methods and chemical transformations. Casuarinines A-D (1-4) and J (10) are common lycodine alkaloids possessing four connected six-membered rings, while tricyclic casuarinines E-H (5-8) are the piperidine ring cleavage products. In particular, casuarinine I (9) has an unprecedented five-membered tetrahydropyrrole ring instead of the piperidine ring. A plausible biosynthetic pathway to 9 is proposed. Among the compounds reported, casuarinine H (8) exhibited significant neuroprotective effect against hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced neuronal cell damage in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells, while casuarinines C (3) and I (9) showed moderate inhibitory activity against acetylcholinesterase (AChE).
ESTHER : Tang_2013_J.Nat.Prod_76_1475
PubMedSearch : Tang_2013_J.Nat.Prod_76_1475
PubMedID: 23941108

Title : Fluoxetine Induces Hepatic Lipid Accumulation Via Both Promotion of the SREBP1c-Related Lipogenesis and Reduction of Lipolysis in Primary Mouse Hepatocytes - Feng_2012_CNS.Neurosci.Ther_18_974
Author(s) : Feng XM , Xiong J , Qin H , Liu W , Chen RN , Shang W , Ning R , Hu G , Yang J
Ref : CNS Neurosci Ther , 18 :974 , 2012
Abstract : AIMS: In this study, we investigated the peripheral mechanisms underlying the metabolic side effects of fluoxetine (FLX) by focusing on hepatic lipid metabolism.
METHODS: Primary mouse hepatocytes were prepared from male mice by the two-step perfusion method. The lipid accumulation in primary mouse hepatocytes was analyzed via neutral oil staining. And the lipid metabolism enzymes were determined with RT-PCR and Western blot.
RESULTS: Fluoxetine significantly induced the lipid accumulation in primary mouse hepatocytes. Moreover, FLX increased the acetyl-CoA carboxylase 1 (ACC1) and fatty acid synthase (FAS) expression, which are important enzymes in lipogenesis. Oppositely, Fluoxetine significantly decreased the carboxylesterase 3 (CES3) and carboxylesterase 1 (CES1) expression, which are related to lipolysis. Further study demonstrated FLX-activated SREBP1c, which is one of the most important transcription factors conducting coordinated transcriptional regulation of lipogenesis gene such as ACC1 and FAS. And the increase of lipogenesis gene (ACC1) was abolished by SB203580 but not by pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC), suggesting through p38-MAPK pathway. CONCLUSION: Fluoxetine induces hepatic lipid accumulation via both promotion of the SREBP1c-related lipogenesis and reduction of lipolysis in primary mouse hepatocytes.
ESTHER : Feng_2012_CNS.Neurosci.Ther_18_974
PubMedSearch : Feng_2012_CNS.Neurosci.Ther_18_974
PubMedID: 23137031

Title : Genome analysis and characterization of zinc efflux systems of a highly zinc-resistant bacterium, Comamonas testosteroni S44 - Xiong_2011_Res.Microbiol_162_671
Author(s) : Xiong J , Li D , Li H , He M , Miller SJ , Yu L , Rensing C , Wang G
Ref : Res Microbiol , 162 :671 , 2011
Abstract : A novel and multiple metal(loid)-resistant strain Comamonas testosteroni S44 with a high Zn(2+) resistance level (10 mM) was isolated. To understand the molecular basis for the high zinc resistance, whole genome sequencing was performed and revealed a large number of genes encoding putative metal(loid) resistance proteins, mobile genetic elements (MGEs) and horizontal gene transfer (HGT) events that may have occurred to adapt to a metal(loid)-contaminated environment. In particular, 9 putative Zn(2+) transporters [4 znt operons encoding putative Zn(2+)-translocating P-type ATPases and 5 czc operons encoding putative RND-driven (resistance, nodulation, cell division protein family)] tripartite protein complexes were identified. Real-time RT-PCR analysis revealed that the four zntA-like genes were all induced by Zn(2+), while czcA genes were either Zn(2+)-induced or downregulated by Zn(2+). Furthermore, a zntR1A1 operon encoding a ZntR-type regulator and a P-type ATPase was studied in detail. The zntR1 deletion strain (S44DeltazntR1) displayed intermediate resistance to Zn(2+) (6 mM) and accumulated more intracellular Zn(2+). Reporter gene expression assays indicated that ZntR1 responded to Zn(2+), Cd(2+) and Pb(2+), with Zn(2+) being the best inducer. Gene transcription analysis indicated that ZntR1 was a regulator for transcription of zntA1, while other putative ZntR-type regulators may also regulate the transcription expression of zntA1.
ESTHER : Xiong_2011_Res.Microbiol_162_671
PubMedSearch : Xiong_2011_Res.Microbiol_162_671
PubMedID: 21704702
Gene_locus related to this paper: comt2-d0iyk2 , comt2-d0j233 , comte-b7wz02 , comte-b7x2b9 , comte-d8d186 , comte-b7wth6 , comte-d8d685 , comte-d8d7u8

Title : Molecular evidence for the early evolution of photosynthesis - Xiong_2000_Science_289_1724
Author(s) : Xiong J , Fischer WM , Inoue K , Nakahara M , Bauer CE
Ref : Science , 289 :1724 , 2000
Abstract : The origin and evolution of photosynthesis have long remained enigmatic due to a lack of sequence information of photosynthesis genes across the entire photosynthetic domain. To probe early evolutionary history of photosynthesis, we obtained new sequence information of a number of photosynthesis genes from the green sulfur bacterium Chlorobium tepidum and the green nonsulfur bacterium Chloroflexus aurantiacus. A total of 31 open reading frames that encode enzymes involved in bacteriochlorophyll/porphyrin biosynthesis, carotenoid biosynthesis, and photosynthetic electron transfer were identified in about 100 kilobase pairs of genomic sequence. Phylogenetic analyses of multiple magnesium-tetrapyrrole biosynthesis genes using a combination of distance, maximum parsimony, and maximum likelihood methods indicate that heliobacteria are closest to the last common ancestor of all oxygenic photosynthetic lineages and that green sulfur bacteria and green nonsulfur bacteria are each other's closest relatives. Parsimony and distance analyses further identify purple bacteria as the earliest emerging photosynthetic lineage. These results challenge previous conclusions based on 16S ribosomal RNA and Hsp60/Hsp70 analyses that green nonsulfur bacteria or heliobacteria are the earliest phototrophs. The overall consensus of our phylogenetic analysis, that bacteriochlorophyll biosynthesis evolved before chlorophyll biosynthesis, also argues against the long-held Granick hypothesis.
ESTHER : Xiong_2000_Science_289_1724
PubMedSearch : Xiong_2000_Science_289_1724
PubMedID: 10976061
Gene_locus related to this paper: chlau-LipA , chlau-LipB