Zhao R

References (20)

Title : Integrated Analysis Identifies DPP7 as a Prognostic Biomarker in Colorectal Cancer - Zhang_2023_Cancers.(Basel)_15_3954
Author(s) : Zhang W , Wang H , Xu C , Zhao R , Yao J , Zhai C , Han W , Pan H , Sheng J
Ref : Cancers (Basel) , 15 :3954 , 2023
Abstract : Colorectal cancer has a poor prognosis and is prone to recurrence and metastasis. DPP7, a prolyl peptidase, is reported to regulate lymphocyte quiescence. However, the correlation of DPP7 with prognosis in CRC remains unclear. With publicly available cohorts, the Wilcoxon rank-sum test and logistic regression were employed to analyze the relationship between DPP7 expression and the clinicopathological features of CRC patients. Specific pathways of differentially expressed genes were determined through biofunctional analysis and gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA). qPCR and immunohistochemical staining were used to determine DPP7 expression levels in surgical specimens. The public dataset and analysis of the biospecimens of CRC patients revealed that DPP7, in the CRC samples, was expressed significantly higher than in non-tumor tissues. Moreover, increased DPP7 was significantly associated with a higher N stage, lymphatic invasion, and shorter overall survival. Functionally, DPP7 is involved in neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction and olfactory transduction signaling. We identified a series of targeted drugs and small-molecule drugs with responses to DPP7. To conclude, DPP7 is a valuable diagnostic and prognostic biomarker for CRC and considered as a new therapeutic target.
ESTHER : Zhang_2023_Cancers.(Basel)_15_3954
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2023_Cancers.(Basel)_15_3954
PubMedID: 37568770
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-DPP7

Title : Predictive Value of Serum Lipoprotein-Associated Phospholipase A2 for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Complicated with Metabolic Syndrome in Elderly Patients - Ren_2022_Clin.Lab_68_
Author(s) : Ren J , Chang M , Song S , Zhao R , Xing X , Chang X
Ref : Clin Lab , 68 : , 2022
Abstract : BACKGROUND: The aim was to investigate the predictive value of serum lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) complicated with metabolic syndrome (MS) in elderly patients. METHODS: A total of 296 patients with T2DM admitted from January 2019 to January 2021 were enrolled and assigned to MS group (n = 181) and non-MS group (n = 115). Their clinical data and laboratory test results were compared. Logistic regression analysis was employed to identify independent risk factors for MS in T2DM patients. Spearman's analysis was utilized to explore the correlations between serum Lp-PLA2 level and detection indicators. The predictive value of Lp-PLA2 for MS was analyzed by plotting receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, and Cox regression model was applied to explore the correlation of serum Lp-PLA2 level with MS. The results of data subjected to multivariate analysis were used to construct prediction models. RESULTS: The incidence rate of MS was 61.15% in T2DM patients. MS group had a significantly higher serum level of Lp-PLA2 than non-MS group (p < 0.05). Serum Lp-PLA2 was significantly positively correlated to FBG, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), FINS, and HOMA-IR, but significantly negatively associated with LDL-C (p < 0.05). The area under the ROC curve of Lp-PLA2 for predicting MS in T2DM patients was 0.724 (95% CI: 0.625 - 0.826, p < 0.05). The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of Lp-PLA2 with an optimal cutoff value of 82.96 ng/mL were 73.7%, 85.4%, 77.56%, and 93.24%, respectively. TC, TG, HDL-C, HbA1c, and Lp-PLA2 were independent risk factors for MS (p < 0.05). The area under the ROC curve of the risk prediction model established based on these indicators was 0.823, and the cutoff value, Youden index, sensitivity, and specificity were 0.219, 0.656, 78.87%, and 87.66%, respectively, indicating higher predictive value. CONCLUSIONS: Increased serum Lp-PLA2 level is an independent risk factor for MS in T2DM patients. Lp-PLA2 (82.87 ng/mL) has high predictive value for MS.
ESTHER : Ren_2022_Clin.Lab_68_
PubMedSearch : Ren_2022_Clin.Lab_68_
PubMedID: 35975498

Title : Effects of Sublethal Organophosphate Toxicity and Anti-cholinergics on Electroencephalogram and Respiratory Mechanics in Mice - Bugay_2022_Front.Neurosci_16_866899
Author(s) : Bugay V , Gregory SR , Belanger-Coast MG , Zhao R , Brenner R
Ref : Front Neurosci , 16 :866899 , 2022
Abstract : Organophosphates are used in agriculture as insecticides but are potentially toxic to humans when exposed at high concentrations. The mechanism of toxicity is through antagonism of acetylcholinesterase, which secondarily causes excess activation of cholinergic receptors leading to seizures, tremors, respiratory depression, and other physiological consequences. Here we investigated two of the major pathophysiological effects, seizures and respiratory depression, using subcutaneous injection into mice of the organophosphate diisopropylfluorophosphate (DFP) at sublethal concentrations (2.1 mg/Kg) alone and co-injected with current therapeutics atropine (50 mg/Kg) or acetylcholinesterase reactivator HI6 (3 mg/Kg). We also tested a non-specific cholinergic antagonist dequalinium chloride (2 mg/Kg) as a novel treatment for organophosphate toxicity. Electroencephalogram (EEG) recordings revealed that DFP causes focal delta frequency (average 1.4 Hz) tonic spikes in the parietal region that occur transiently (lasting an average of 171 +/- 33 min) and a more sustained generalized theta frequency depression in both parietal and frontal electrode that did not recover the following 24 h. DFP also caused behavioral tremors that partially recovered the following 24 h. Using whole body plethysmography, DFP revealed acute respiratory depression, including reduced breathing rates and tidal volumes, that partially recover the following day. Among therapeutic treatments, dequalinium chloride had the most potent effect on all physiological parameters by reducing acute EEG abnormalities and promoting a full recovery after 24 h from tremors and respiratory depression. Atropine and HI6 had distinct effects on EEGs. Co-treatment with atropine converted the acute 1.4 Hz tonic spikes to 3 Hz tonic spikes in the parietal electrode and promoted a partial recovery after 24 h from theta frequency and respiratory depression. HI6 fully removed the parietal delta spike increase and promoted a full recovery in theta frequency and respiratory depression. In summary, while all anticholinergic treatments promoted survival and moderated symptoms of DFP toxicity, the non-selective anti-cholinergic dequalinium chloride had the most potent therapeutic effects in reducing EEG abnormalities, moderating tremors and reducing respiratory depression.
ESTHER : Bugay_2022_Front.Neurosci_16_866899
PubMedSearch : Bugay_2022_Front.Neurosci_16_866899
PubMedID: 35585917

Title : Populus euphratica Phospholipase Ddelta Increases Salt Tolerance by Regulating K(+)\/Na(+) and ROS Homeostasis in Arabidopsis - Zhang_2022_Int.J.Mol.Sci_23_4911
Author(s) : Zhang Y , Yao J , Yin K , Liu Z , Deng C , Liu J , Hou S , Zhang H , Yu D , Zhao N , Zhao R , Chen S
Ref : Int J Mol Sci , 23 :4911 , 2022
Abstract : Phospholipase Dalpha (PLDalpha), which produces signaling molecules phosphatidic acid (PA), has been shown to play a critical role in plants adapting to salt environments. However, it is unclear whether phospholipase Ddelta (PLDdelta) can mediate the salt response in higher plants. PePLDdelta was isolated from salt-resistant Populus euphratica and transferred to Arabidopsis thaliana to testify the salt tolerance of transgenic plants. The NaCl treatment (130 mM) reduced the root growth and whole-plant fresh weight of wild-type (WT) A. thaliana, vector controls (VC) and PePLDdelta-overexpressed lines, although a less pronounced effect was observed in transgenic plants. Under salt treatment, PePLDdelta-transgenic Arabidopsis exhibited lower electrolyte leakage, malondialdehyde content and H(2)O(2) levels than WT and VC, resulting from the activated antioxidant enzymes and upregulated transcripts of genes encoding superoxide dismutase, ascorbic acid peroxidase and peroxidase. In addition, PePLDdelta-overexpressed plants increased the transcription of genes encoding the plasma membrane Na(+)/H(+) antiporter (AtSOS1) and H(+)-ATPase (AtAHA2), which enabled transgenic plants to proceed with Na(+) extrusion and reduce K(+) loss under salinity. The capacity to regulate reactive oxygen species (ROS) and K(+)/Na(+) homeostasis was associated with the abundance of specific PA species in plants overexpressing PePLDdelta. PePLDdelta-transgenic plants retained a typically higher abundance of PA species, 34:2 (16:0-18:2), 34:3 (16:0-18:3), 36:4 (18:2-18:2), 36:5 (18:2-18:3) and 36:6 (18:3-18:3), under control and saline conditions. It is noteworthy that PA species 34:2 (16:0-18:2), 34:3 (16:0-18:3), 36:4 (18:2-18:2) and 36:5 (18:2-18:3) markedly increased in response to NaCl in transgenic plants. In conclusion, we suppose that PePLDdelta-derived PA enhanced the salinity tolerance by regulating ROS and K(+)/Na(+) homeostasis in Arabidopsis.
ESTHER : Zhang_2022_Int.J.Mol.Sci_23_4911
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2022_Int.J.Mol.Sci_23_4911
PubMedID: 35563299

Title : Isoleucine increases muscle mass through promoting myogenesis and intramyocellular fat deposition - Liu_2021_Food.Funct_12_144
Author(s) : Liu S , Sun Y , Zhao R , Wang Y , Zhang W , Pang W
Ref : Food Funct , 12 :144 , 2021
Abstract : Isoleucine (Ile), as a branched-chain amino acid (BCAA), has a vital role in regulating body weight and muscle protein synthesis. However, the regulatory effect of Ile on muscle mass under high-fat diet (HFD) conditions and intramyocellular lipid deposition remains largely unclear. In this study, a feeding experiment with HFD with or without 25 g L-1 Ile was performed using 32 wild male C57BL/6J mice randomly divided into two groups. The results showed that Ile significantly increased both muscle and fat mass, as well as causing insulin resistance and meanwhile upregulating the levels of key adipogenic and myogenic proteins. More importantly, Ile damaged the mitochondrial function by vacuolation, swelling and cristae fracture in the gastrocnemius (GAS) and tibialis anterior (TA) with downregulation of mitochondrial function-related genes. Furthermore, Ile promoted myogenesis and more lipid droplet accumulation in myotubes. Compared with the control, the protein levels of myosin heavy chain (MyHC), myoblast determination protein 1 (MyoD), myogenin (MyoG), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARg) and fatty acid synthase (FAS) were upregulated in the Ile group, whereas the protein levels of adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL) and lipoprotein lipase (LPL) were downregulated. Collectively, Ile increased muscle mass through myogenesis and intramyocellular lipid deposition. Our findings provide a new perspective for not only improving the lean juiciness of farm animals by increasing intramyocellular lipid accumulation, but also modulating myopathies under obesity.
ESTHER : Liu_2021_Food.Funct_12_144
PubMedSearch : Liu_2021_Food.Funct_12_144
PubMedID: 33289736

Title : The overexpression and variant of a P450 gene CYP6G4 associated with propoxur resistance in the housefly, Musca domestica L - You_2021_Pest.Manag.Sci__
Author(s) : You C , Shan C , Ma Z , Zhang Y , Zhao R , Gao X
Ref : Pest Manag Sci , : , 2021
Abstract : BACKGROUND: The control of housefly, Musca domestica, heavily relies on the application of insecticides. Propoxur, a carbamate, was widely used for vector control. The housefly populations with high propoxur resistance displayed the point mutations and overexpression of the acetylcholinesterase. However, the roles of cytochrome P450 monoxygenases (P450s), as a kind of the important detoxification enzymes, remain poorly understand in the housefly resistant to propoxur. RESULTS: P450s were implied to contribute to propoxur resistance based on the synergism of PBO and the increase of P450 enzyme activity in the propoxur resistance near-isogenic line (N-PRS). Five P450 (CYP6G4, CYP6A25, CYP304A1, CYP6D3, and CYP6A1) genes by RNA-seq comparison were significantly up-regulated in the N-PRS strain with >1035-fold resistance to propoxur. A total of thirteen nonsynonymous mutations of three P450 genes (CYP6G4, CYP6D3, and CYP6D8) were found in the N-PRS strain. The amino acid substitutions of CYP6D3 and CYP6D8 were probably not resistance-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) because they were also found in the aabys susceptible strain. However, CYP6G4 variant in the N-PRS strain was not found in the aabys strain. The conjoint analysis of mutations and a series of genetic crosses exhibited that the housefly propoxur resistance was strongly associated with the mutations of CYP6G4 gene. CONCLUSION: Our results suggested that a combination of upregulated transcript levels and mutations of CYP6G4 contributed to propoxur resistance in the housefly. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
ESTHER : You_2021_Pest.Manag.Sci__
PubMedSearch : You_2021_Pest.Manag.Sci__
PubMedID: 33942965

Title : Data for the lipase catalyzed synthesis of cyano-containing multi-substituted indoles - Li_2021_Data.Brief_36_107045
Author(s) : Li F , Xu Y , Wang C , Zhao R , Wang L
Ref : Data Brief , 36 :107045 , 2021
Abstract : The data presented here are related to the research paper entitled "Efficient Synthesis of Cyano-containing Multi-substituted Indoles Catalyzed by Lipase" [1]. In this data article, the lipase catalyzed synthetic procedures for the preparation of multi-substituted indoles and their derivatives were described. In total, 11 compounds were obtained and the optimum pH, reaction time and substrate ratio were screened through this study.
ESTHER : Li_2021_Data.Brief_36_107045
PubMedSearch : Li_2021_Data.Brief_36_107045
PubMedID: 33997196

Title : Biochemical and behavior effects induced by diheptyl phthalate (DHpP) and Diisodecyl phthalate (DIDP) exposed to zebrafish - Poopal_2020_Chemosphere_252_126498
Author(s) : Poopal RK , Zhang J , Zhao R , Ramesh M , Ren Z
Ref : Chemosphere , 252 :126498 , 2020
Abstract : Both Diheptyl-phthalate (DHpP) and Diisodecyl-phthalate (DIDP) were used extensively as plasticizers. Recently, their occurrence in the environmental matrices and human body fluids have been reported. Unfortunately, these phthalate congeners are without basic toxicity profiles. Hence, we studied the toxic effects of both DHpP and DIDP in the median lethal concentration (LC50 96-h) on zebrafish (Danio rerio). We assessed swimming behavior strength and tissues biomarker responses including total antioxidants capacity (TAOC), transaminases, and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) enzyme. Fish exposed to phthalate congeners (Treatment-I and-II) for 15-days showed alterations on fish swimming behavior and circadian rhythm. At the end of the exposure period, both liver and heart tissue transaminases activities were found to be accelerated in DHpP and DIDP treated fish, when compared to control group. TAOC and AChE activities were found to be decreased in brain, gills, intestine, and muscle tissues of phthalate congeners treated fish than the control group. Alterations observed in the studied biomarkers were concentration-based response. Among treatment groups DHpP showed higher effects. Comparative studies on swimming behavior and biochemical activities were reasonable to know the swimming responses are mediated due to external stress or internal stress. More studies on molecular and biomarkers assessments are warranted on toxicity of emerging contaminants.
ESTHER : Poopal_2020_Chemosphere_252_126498
PubMedSearch : Poopal_2020_Chemosphere_252_126498
PubMedID: 32197170

Title : [Value of serum cholinesterase in the prognosis of septic shock] - Zhao_2020_Zhonghua.Wei.Zhong.Bing.Ji.Jiu.Yi.Xue_32_44
Author(s) : Zhao R , Zhang X , Wang H , Zhang R , Duan X , Liu S , Han B , Ding X , Wang D , Sun T
Ref : Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue , 32 :44 , 2020
Abstract : OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between serum cholinesterase (SChE) level and the prognosis of patients with septic shock (SS). METHODS: A total of 594 patients with SS admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from June 2013 to June 2017 were enrolled. General data such as gender, age, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) score were recorded as well as routine blood test, procalcitonin (PCT), hepatic function, renal function, coagulation function and blood gas analysis parameters within 48 hours of SS diagnosis. The patients were followed by telephone from September to October in 2019, and the outcome was recorded. The primary outcome was all-cause death 28 days after discharge. The secondary outcomes were all-cause death in intensive care unit (ICU) and 2 years after discharge, and the length of ICU stay. The patients were divided into two groups according to prognosis of 28 days: the survival group and the death group. The clinical data of the two groups were compared. Multivariate Cox regression analysis was used to screen prognostic risk factors of 28 days in patients with SS. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to explore predictive value of liver function parameter SChE for 28-day prognosis of patients with SS. The patients were divided into two groups according to the levels of SChE: the low SChE group (SChE 4 000 U/L). Kaplan-Meier survival curves were used to compare the cumulative survival rates without endpoint event of patients with different SChE levels. RESULTS: A total of 385 patients with SS were enrolled according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and a total of 356 patients were followed up successfully, with a follow-up rate of 92.5% (356/385). There were 142 survival patients and 214 death patients at 28 days, with a 28-day mortality rate of 60.1% (214/356). There were 116 survival patients and 240 death patients at 2 years, with a 2-year mortality rate of 67.4% (240/356). Compared with the 28-day survival group, the patients in the death group were older and had higher APACHE II score, partial hepatic and renal function parameters, higher level of blood lactate (Lac) and lower levels of white blood cell count (WBC), platelet count (PLT) and SChE with statistically significant differences. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that the age [relative risk (RR) = 1.444, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 1.090-1.914, P = 0.010], APACHE II score (RR = 2.249, 95%CI was 1.688-2.997, P = 0.000), SChE (RR = 1.469, 95%CI was 1.057-2.043, P = 0.022), and Lac (RR = 2.190, 95%CI was 1.636-2.931, P = 0.000) were independent risk factors for 28-day mortality of patients with SS. The ROC curve analysis showed that SChE had a weak prognostic value for 28-day prognosis of patients with SS [the area under ROC curve (AUC) was 0.574]. However, the combined predictive value of SChE, APACHE II score and Lac was greater than APACHE II score or Lac alone for prediction (AUC: 0.807 vs. 0.785, 0.697), with a sensitivity of 79.9% and a specificity of 68.5%. Compared with the normal SChE group (n = 88), the 28-day mortality of patients in the low SChE group (n = 268) was significantly increased [63.1% (169/268) vs. 51.1% (45/88), P < 0.05], but ICU mortality [59.7% (160/268) vs. 48.9% (43/88)], 2-year mortality [69.8% (187/268) vs. 60.2% (53/88)] or the length of ICU stay [days: 4 (2, 7) vs. 5 (2, 9)] between the two groups showed no statistical significance (all P > 0.05). Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis showed that the cumulative survival rate without endpoint event of patients in the low SChE group was significantly lower than that in the normal SChE group (Log-Rank test: chi(2) = 5.852, P = 0.016). CONCLUSIONS: Increased risk of 28-day mortality in patients with SS whose SChE is below normal. The level of SChE is an independent risk factor for 28-day death in SS patients, and it is one of the indicators to evaluate the short-term prognosis of patients with SS.
ESTHER : Zhao_2020_Zhonghua.Wei.Zhong.Bing.Ji.Jiu.Yi.Xue_32_44
PubMedSearch : Zhao_2020_Zhonghua.Wei.Zhong.Bing.Ji.Jiu.Yi.Xue_32_44
PubMedID: 32148230

Title : Gene polymorphism associated with Angiotensinogen(M235T), Endothelial lipase (584C\/T) and susceptibility to coronary artery disease: A meta-analysis - Zhao_2020_Biosci.Rep__
Author(s) : Zhao H , Zhao R , Hu S , Rong J
Ref : Bioscience Reports , : , 2020
Abstract : OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between the variant M235T locus of angiotensinogen (AGT) gene, 584C/T locus of Endothelial lipase (EL) gene, and coronary artery disease (CAD) by meta-analysis. METHODS: The case-control studies on the association between AGT/EL gene polymorphism and CAD were collected through searching PubMed, EMbase, Web of Science, CNKI and Wanfang database up to March 1, 2020. Stata 15.0 software was used for analysis. RESULTS: A total of 29 articles met the inclusion criteria. After analyzing, it was found that the M235T polymorphism of AGT gene was associated with the occurrence of CAD. In the allele model (T vs. M), OR=1.38 (P < 0.05). In other heredity, there was also statistically significant. Subgroup analysis indicated that except the heterozygous genetic model of the Chinese population, other genetic models of the Caucasian and Chinese population were also statistically significant. The 584C/T polymorphism of EL gene was associated with the occurrence of CAD, with OR=0.83 (P < 0.05) in the allele model (T vs. C) and OR=0.80 (P < 0.05) in the dominant gene model. Also, in the allele model of Caucasian subgroup, OR=0.83 (P < 0.05), while in Asian subgroup, there was no statistically significant genetic model. CONCLUSION: AGT M235T and EL 584C/T polymorphisms are associated with CAD susceptibility. The genotype TT, TC or allele T of AGT M235T and genotype CC or allele C of EL 584C/T might be the genetic risk factors for the development of CAD.
ESTHER : Zhao_2020_Biosci.Rep__
PubMedSearch : Zhao_2020_Biosci.Rep__
PubMedID: 32667032

Title : Efficient synthesis of cyano-containing multi-substituted indoles catalyzed by lipase - Li_2020_Bioorg.Chem_107_104583
Author(s) : Li F , Xu Y , Wang C , Zhao R , Wang L
Ref : Bioorg Chem , 107 :104583 , 2020
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Indoles are important bioactive compounds that have been extensively studied in organic chemistry. In this work, a green and efficient process for the synthesis of Indoles from 1,3-diketones with fumaronitrile was developed. RESULTS: Under optimal conditions (1,3-diketones (0.5 mmol), fumaronitrile (1 mmol), water (2 ml), lipase (15 mg), 30 degreesC, 24 h), high yields and satisfactory regioselectivity of cyano-containing multi-substituted indoles could be obtained when CRL (C. rugosa lipase) was used as the catalyst. CONCLUSION: This enzymatic method demonstrates the great potential for the synthesis of indoles and extends the application of enzyme in organic synthesis.
ESTHER : Li_2020_Bioorg.Chem_107_104583
PubMedSearch : Li_2020_Bioorg.Chem_107_104583
PubMedID: 33421956

Title : Neuroprotective effects of matrine on scopolamine-induced amnesia via inhibition of AChE\/BuChE and oxidative stress - Sun_2019_Metab.Brain.Dis_34_173
Author(s) : Sun K , Bai Y , Zhao R , Guo Z , Su X , Li P , Yang P
Ref : Metabolic Brain Disease , 34 :173 , 2019
Abstract : The present study was designed to evaluate the effects of matrine (MAT) on scopolamine (SCOP)-induced learning and memory impairment. After successive oral administration of MAT to mice for three days at doses of 0.4, 2, and 10 mg/kg, we assessed improvements in learning and memory and investigated the mechanism of action of SCOP-induced amnesia. Donepezil at a dose of 3 mg/kg was used as a standard memory enhancer. MAT significantly improved SCOP-induced learning and memory impairment in novel object recognition and Y-maze tests at doses of 0.4, 2, and 10 mg/kg. Furthermore, MAT inhibited acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE) activities and decreased oxidative stress in the brain, as evidenced by increased total antioxidant capacity, total superoxide dismutase levels, and catalase activities as well as decreased malondialdehyde levels. Additionally, there was a significant negative correlation between the percentage of spontaneous alternation in the Y maze and AChE activity in the cortex and hippocampus. MAT ameliorated SCOP-induced amnesia by the inhibition of both AChE/BuChE activities and oxidative stress. This study provides further evidence to encourage the development of MAT as a drug for the prevention or treatment of Alzheimer's disease.
ESTHER : Sun_2019_Metab.Brain.Dis_34_173
PubMedSearch : Sun_2019_Metab.Brain.Dis_34_173
PubMedID: 30406376

Title : The Role of AChE in Swimming Behavior of Daphnia magna: Correlation Analysis of Both Parameters Affected by Deltamethrin and Methomyl Exposure - Ren_2017_J.Toxicol_2017_3265727
Author(s) : Ren Q , Zhao R , Wang C , Li S , Zhang T , Ren Z , Yang M , Pan H , Xu S , Zhu J , Wang X
Ref : J Toxicol , 2017 :3265727 , 2017
Abstract : The unpredictable toxicity of insecticides may cause behavior disorder of biological organisms. In order to assess the role of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in swimming behavior of Daphnia magna, a correlation analysis of both parameters in 24 h exposure of deltamethrin (DM) and methomyl (MT) was investigated. The behavior responses of D. magna in DM (13.36 mug/L and 33.40 mug/L) and MT (19.66 mug/L and 49.15 mug/L) suggested that recovery behavior in the adjustment phase was crucial, and behavior homeostasis provided them with an optimal way to achieve a wider tolerance against environmental stress. During the experiment, positive effects on AChE activity occurred in the beginning of the exposure. Even though the de novo synthesis of AChE in D. magna might help it recover, the AChE inhibition in different treatments could be observed. Some induction effects on AChE activity at the beginning of exposure occurred, and a 50% decrease may cause toxic effects on behavior. In most treatments, the results showed that both behavior strength and AChE activity stayed in the same field within a correlation circle. These results illustrated that the environmental stress caused by both DM and MT could inhibit AChE activity and subsequently induce a stepwise behavior response, though both pesticides affect it as direct and indirect inhibitors, respectively.
ESTHER : Ren_2017_J.Toxicol_2017_3265727
PubMedSearch : Ren_2017_J.Toxicol_2017_3265727
PubMedID: 29201050
Gene_locus related to this paper: dapul-ACHE1

Title : Outbred genome sequencing and CRISPR\/Cas9 gene editing in butterflies - Li_2015_Nat.Commun_6_8212
Author(s) : Li X , Fan D , Zhang W , Liu G , Zhang L , Zhao L , Fang X , Chen L , Dong Y , Chen Y , Ding Y , Zhao R , Feng M , Zhu Y , Feng Y , Jiang X , Zhu D , Xiang H , Feng X , Li S , Wang J , Zhang G , Kronforst MR , Wang W
Ref : Nat Commun , 6 :8212 , 2015
Abstract : Butterflies are exceptionally diverse but their potential as an experimental system has been limited by the difficulty of deciphering heterozygous genomes and a lack of genetic manipulation technology. Here we use a hybrid assembly approach to construct high-quality reference genomes for Papilio xuthus (contig and scaffold N50: 492 kb, 3.4 Mb) and Papilio machaon (contig and scaffold N50: 81 kb, 1.15 Mb), highly heterozygous species that differ in host plant affiliations, and adult and larval colour patterns. Integrating comparative genomics and analyses of gene expression yields multiple insights into butterfly evolution, including potential roles of specific genes in recent diversification. To functionally test gene function, we develop an efficient (up to 92.5%) CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing method that yields obvious phenotypes with three genes, Abdominal-B, ebony and frizzled. Our results provide valuable genomic and technological resources for butterflies and unlock their potential as a genetic model system.
ESTHER : Li_2015_Nat.Commun_6_8212
PubMedSearch : Li_2015_Nat.Commun_6_8212
PubMedID: 26354079
Gene_locus related to this paper: papxu-a0a194pj15 , papxu-a0a194q254 , papma-a0a194rdx2 , papxu-a0a194q858 , papxu-a0a194pyl3 , papxu-a0a194q337 , papma-a0a194r1p9 , papma-a0a194r6h1 , papxu-a0a194q1w8 , papma-a0a194ql80 , papma-a0a0n1ipl3 , papma-a0a194qm14

Title : Discovery of a novel esterase subfamily sharing an identified arm sequence (ArmEst) by gene-specific metagenomic PCR - Zhang_2013_Biotechnol.Lett_35_1937
Author(s) : Zhang A , Zhao R , Jin P , Ma L , Xiong X , Xie T , Pei X , Yu L , Yin X , Wang Q
Ref : Biotechnol Lett , 35 :1937 , 2013
Abstract : A gene-specific, metagenomic PCR method has led to the discovery of a novel esterase subfamily consisting of five homologous members. Sequence analysis of this esterase subfamily, named the ArmEst subfamily, revealed a unique conserved pattern with a significant variable interior sequence flanked by two symmetric and identical long arm sequences. The two homologous long arm sequences had 100 % sequence identity and symmetry at both ends between the five members of this esterase class, but only 17-58 % identity was shared for the internal sequence. The biochemical properties of two of the ArmEst esterases definitively demonstrated that they are true active esterases rather than pseudogenes. This is the first report presenting an esterase subfamily containing a unique arm sequence, indicating a rare homologous recombination occurring in the coding area of a functional gene to generate their functional diversity.
ESTHER : Zhang_2013_Biotechnol.Lett_35_1937
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2013_Biotechnol.Lett_35_1937
PubMedID: 23881330
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9bact-q6rjm3 , 9bact-m1plb8

Title : Time-dependent expression and distribution of monoacylglycerol lipase during the skin-incised wound healing in mice - Ma_2011_Int.J.Legal.Med_125_549
Author(s) : Ma WX , Yu TS , Fan YY , Zhang ST , Ren P , Wang SB , Zhao R , Pi JB , Guan DW
Ref : Int J Legal Med , 125 :549 , 2011
Abstract : The study investigated the expression of monoacylglycerol lipase (MGL) during the skin-incised wound healing in mice and applicability of the time-dependent expression of MGL to wound age determination by immunofluorescent staining, Western blotting, and real-time PCR. Furthermore, cell types were identified by double immunofluorescence. A total of 45 BALB/c male mice were used in this study. After a 1.5-cm-long incision in the central dorsum skin, mice were killed at intervals ranging from 6 h to 14 days, followed by the sampling of wound margin. In the control, there was a low-level expression of MGL in the epidermis, hair follicles, and glandulae sebaceae. In the injured skin, MGL immunoreactivity was mainly detected in the neutrophils, macrophages, and myofibroblasts. Morphometrically, the average ratios of MGL-positive cells were more than 50% at 5 and 7 days post-wounding, whereas it was <50% at the other posttraumatic intervals. By Western blotting analysis, the average ratio of MGL protein expression was highest at 5 days after injury, which had a ratio of >2.30. Similarly, the relative quantity of MGL mRNA expression maximized at posttraumatic 5 days in comparison with control as detected by real-time PCR, with an average ratio of >2.54. In conclusion, MGL expression is detected in neutrophils, macrophages, and myofibroblasts and significantly up-regulated, suggesting that it may play roles in response to inflammation during skin-incised wound healing. From the viewpoint of forensic pathology, MGL detection is applicable to skin wound age determination.
ESTHER : Ma_2011_Int.J.Legal.Med_125_549
PubMedSearch : Ma_2011_Int.J.Legal.Med_125_549
PubMedID: 21475958

Title : [Analysis of prognostic risk factors in childhood hemophagocytic syndrome] - Li_2011_Zhonghua.Xue.Ye.Xue.Za.Zhi_32_836
Author(s) : Li YG , Mao YN , Liu W , Zhao R , Song LL , Gao HL , Li HX , Zhang HM
Ref : Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi , 32 :836 , 2011
Abstract : OBJECTIVE: To identify and explore the prognostic risk factors of the hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS). METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 50 childhood patients with HPS who were admitted to our hospital between 2007 and 2011. All their medical records were reviewed and analyzed. For each patient, demographic, laboratory data and outcome information were collected. The patients were divided into deceased or survived groups based on the follow-up results. Comparative analysis of the data was done by using independent-samples test and logistic multiple and univariate regression. RESULTS: Among the 50 HPS patients, 30 were male and 20 female, age ranged from 3 months to 10 years. Reduction of serum albumin, cholinesterase and natural killer (NK) cells was found in the forty-six patients. The laboratory features showed an elevation of serum ferritin with hypofibrinogenemia and hypertriglyceridemia in most of the patients. Forty of patients had hemophagocyte in bone marrow at diagnosis of HPS. The positive serum EBV-IgM was found in thirty-five patients.During the observation period, 25 of 37 patients (67.6%) died, while 13 of whom died within a month after hospitalization. The deceased patients were more likely to have lower albumin, cholinesterase, NK cells level and more prolonged active partial thromboplastin time than the survived patients (P < 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that duration of illness > 1 month, albumin level < 25 g/L, cholinesterase level < 2000 U/L, NK cell level 0-3% and positive EBV-IgM were related with the prognosis significantly (P < 0.05 for all comparisons). CONCLUSION: This study revealed that duration of illness > 1 month, decreases in albumin, NK cell and cholinesterase, and positive EBV-IgM were the risk factors related to mortality in children.
ESTHER : Li_2011_Zhonghua.Xue.Ye.Xue.Za.Zhi_32_836
PubMedSearch : Li_2011_Zhonghua.Xue.Ye.Xue.Za.Zhi_32_836
PubMedID: 22339957

Title : Effect of early feed restriction on hepatic lipid metabolism and expression of lipogenic genes in broiler chickens - Yang_2010_Res.Vet.Sci_89_438
Author(s) : Yang X , Zhuang J , Rao K , Li X , Zhao R
Ref : Res Vet Sci , 89 :438 , 2010
Abstract : The study was conducted to investigate the effect of early feed restriction (ER) on lipid metabolism and mitochondrial function in the liver of broiler chickens. Newly hatched broiler chickens were randomly allocated into control and ER group which was subjected to feed restriction with feed provided on alternate days from hatch to 14 days of age (14 d), followed by ad libitum feeding until the end of the experiment on 63 d. ER group exhibited significantly lower body weight throughout the experiment. Serum concentrations of total cholesterol (TC) and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLC) were significantly higher in ER group at 14 d (P<0.05), and the higher serum TC level in ER group was also observed at 63 d. In contrast, the contents of triglyceride (TG), TC and lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity in liver were significantly lower in ER group at 14 d (P<0.05). At 14 d no significant difference was detected for the mRNA expression of the acetyl-CoA carboxylase-alpha (ACC-alpha), carnitine palmitoyltransferase I (CPT-I), sterol regulatory element binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c) or peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors alpha (PPAR-alpha) between control and ER group. At 63 d ACC-alpha mRNA expression was significantly down-regulated accompanied with a significantly up-regulated CPT-ImRNA and a decreased tendency of SREBP-1c mRNA expression in ER group (P=0.09). Swollen mitochondria with fragmented and reduced cristae were observed in liver of ER group at 14 d. Meanwhile the inner mitochondria membrane viscidity increased and hepatic mitochondrial superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity decreased at 14 d. The results suggest that feed restriction at early postnatal stage may produce long-term effect on lipid metabolism of broiler chicken, probably through, at least in part, alterations in mitochondria morphology and function.
ESTHER : Yang_2010_Res.Vet.Sci_89_438
PubMedSearch : Yang_2010_Res.Vet.Sci_89_438
PubMedID: 20434185

Title : A fluorescence turn-on ensemble for acetylcholinesterase activity assay and inhibitor screening - Peng_2009_Org.Lett_11_4014
Author(s) : Peng L , Zhang G , Zhang D , Xiang J , Zhao R , Wang Y , Zhu D
Ref : Org Lett , 11 :4014 , 2009
Abstract : By making use of the aggregation-induced emission feature of compound 1 and the cascade reactions among acetylthiocholine iodide (ATC), AChE, and compound 2, a new fluorescence "turn-on" method is developed for AChE assay and inhibitor-screening.
ESTHER : Peng_2009_Org.Lett_11_4014
PubMedSearch : Peng_2009_Org.Lett_11_4014
PubMedID: 19708709

Title : Protective effects of Hippophae rhamnoides L. juice on lead-induced neurotoxicity in mice - Xu_2005_Biol.Pharm.Bull_28_490
Author(s) : Xu Y , Li G , Han C , Sun L , Zhao R , Cui S
Ref : Biol Pharm Bull , 28 :490 , 2005
Abstract : We examined the effect of Hippophae rhamnoides L. (HRL) juice on lead-induced memory impairment and neuronal damage in the brains of adult mice. Kunming mice were exposed to lead acetate 10 mg/kg body weight for 20 d. Twenty percent and 40% HRL prevented the lead-induced decrease in step-through latency. In the water maze test, the swimming time was lengthened in mice treated with lead acetate, but this time was decreased in mice that received 20% and 40% HRL. The malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were increased in lead-treated mice, which were reduced by 20% and 40% HRL in dose-dependent manner. The activities of acetylcholinesterase (AchE) and monoamine oxidase-A and -B were significantly increased in the lead-treated group, which were decreased by 40% HRL but not by 20% HRL. The levels of norepinephrine, serotonin, and 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid were decreased significantly in the lead-treated mice, and the decreases were antagonized by 40% HRL, except for than in dopamine, but 20% HRL had no effect on this change. These data suggest that the different doses of the HRL juice protect against the lead acetate-induced deficits in learning and memory and changes in neurobiochemical parameters.
ESTHER : Xu_2005_Biol.Pharm.Bull_28_490
PubMedSearch : Xu_2005_Biol.Pharm.Bull_28_490
PubMedID: 15744075