Li F

References (140)

Title : The polyketide to fatty acid transition in the evolution of animal lipid metabolism - Lin_2024_Nat.Commun_15_236
Author(s) : Lin Z , Li F , Krug PJ , Schmidt EW
Ref : Nat Commun , 15 :236 , 2024
Abstract : Animals synthesize simple lipids using a distinct fatty acid synthase (FAS) related to the type I polyketide synthase (PKS) enzymes that produce complex specialized metabolites. The evolutionary origin of the animal FAS and its relationship to the diversity of PKSs remain unclear despite the critical role of lipid synthesis in cellular metabolism. Recently, an animal FAS-like PKS (AFPK) was identified in sacoglossan molluscs. Here, we explore the phylogenetic distribution of AFPKs and other PKS and FAS enzymes across the tree of life. We found AFPKs widely distributed in arthropods and molluscs (>6300 newly described AFPK sequences). The AFPKs form a clade with the animal FAS, providing an evolutionary link bridging the type I PKSs and the animal FAS. We found molluscan AFPK diversification correlated with shell loss, suggesting AFPKs provide a chemical defense. Arthropods have few or no PKSs, but our results indicate AFPKs contributed to their ecological and evolutionary success by facilitating branched hydrocarbon and pheromone biosynthesis. Although animal metabolism is well studied, surprising new metabolic enzyme classes such as AFPKs await discovery.
ESTHER : Lin_2024_Nat.Commun_15_236
PubMedSearch : Lin_2024_Nat.Commun_15_236
PubMedID: 38172109

Title : Photosensitization enables Pauson-Khand-type reactions with nitrenes - Li_2024_Science_383_498
Author(s) : Li F , Zhu WF , Empel C , Datsenko O , Kumar A , Xu Y , Ehrler JHM , Atodiresei I , Knapp S , Mykhailiuk PK , Proschak E , Koenigs RM
Ref : Science , 383 :498 , 2024
Abstract : The Pauson-Khand reaction has in the past 50 years become one of the most common cycloaddition reactions in chemistry. Coupling two unsaturated bonds with carbon monoxide, the transformation remains limited to CO as a C(1) building block. Herein we report analogous cycloaddition reactions with nitrenes as an N(1) unit. The reaction of a nonconjugated diene with a nitrene precursor produces bicyclic bioisosteres of common saturated heterocycles such as piperidine, morpholine, and piperazine. Experimental and computational mechanistic studies support relaying of the diradical nature of triplet nitrene into the Pi-system. We showcase the reaction's utility in late-stage functionalization of drug compounds and discovery of soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitors.
ESTHER : Li_2024_Science_383_498
PubMedSearch : Li_2024_Science_383_498
PubMedID: 38301027
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-EPHX2

Title : Concentration-QTc Modeling of the DPP-4 Inhibitor HSK7653 in a First-in-Human Study of Chinese Healthy Volunteers - Wang_2024_Clin.Pharmacol.Drug.Dev__
Author(s) : Wang X , Liu H , Cui C , Niu X , Li H , Niu S , Yan P , Wu N , Li F , Wu Q , Chen K , Hu B , Liu D
Ref : Clin Pharmacol Drug Dev , : , 2024
Abstract : Cofrogliptin (HSK7653) is a long-acting dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus with a twice-monthly dosing regimen. This study included 62 participants (48 without food effect, 14 with food effect) receiving single doses of HSK7653 (5, 10, 25, 50, 100, and 150 mg) or placebo. Pharmacokinetic samples were collected over 24 hours postdosing and sampling times are aligned with 12-lead electrocardiograms (ECGs) which were derived from continuous ECG recordings. For the concentration-QT interval corrected for heart rate (C-QTc) analysis, we used linear mixed-effects modeling to characterize the correlation between plasma concentrations of HSK7653 and the change from baseline in the QT interval which was corrected by Fridericia's formula (deltaQTcF). The result showed that a placebo-corrected Fridericia corrected QT interval (deltadeltaQTcF) prolongation higher than 10 milliseconds is unlikely at the mean maximum observed concentration (C(max)) (411 ng/mL) associated with the recommended therapeutic doses (25 mg twice-monthly), even at the highest supratherapeutic concentration (2425 ng/mL). Thus, HSK7653 does not significantly affect QT prolongation at either recommended doses or the highest supratherapeutic concentration.
ESTHER : Wang_2024_Clin.Pharmacol.Drug.Dev__
PubMedSearch : Wang_2024_Clin.Pharmacol.Drug.Dev__
PubMedID: 38757550

Title : Transcription factor CgSte12 regulates pathogenicity by affecting appressorium structural development in the anthracnose-causing fungus Colletotrichum gloeosporioides - Li_2024_Phytopathology__
Author(s) : Li F , Lu D , Meng F , Tian C
Ref : Phytopathology , : , 2024
Abstract : Colletotrichum gloeosporioides is the causal agent of poplar anthracnose, which induces major economic losses and adversely affects the ecosystem services of poplar forests. The appressorium serves as a penetration structure for many pathogenic fungi, including C. gloeosporioides. The production of mucilage and the formation of penetration pegs are critically important for the appressorium-mediated penetration of host tissues. We previously found that CgPmk1 is a key protein involved in appressorium formation, penetration, and pathogenicity. Although CgSte12, which is a transcription factor that functions downstream of CgPmk1, regulates the formation of penetration pegs, its role in C. gloeosporioides appressorium development and pathogenicity has not been elucidated. Here, we developed C. gloeosporioides CgSTE12 mutants and characterized the molecular and cellular functions of CgSTE12. The results showed that mycelial growth and morphology were not affected in the CgSTE12 knockout mutants, which produced normal melanized appressoria. However, these mutants had less mucilage secreted around the appressoria, impaired appressorial cone formation, and the inability to form penetration pores and pegs, which ultimately led to a significant loss of pathogenicity. Our comparative transcriptome analysis revealed that CgSte12 controls the expression of genes involved in appressorium development and function, including genes encoding cutinases, NADPH oxidase, spermine biosynthesis-related proteins, ceramide biosynthesis-related proteins, fatty acid metabolism-related proteins, and glycerophospholipid metabolism-related proteins. Overall, our findings indicate that CgSte12 is a critical regulator of appressorium development and affects C. gloeosporioides pathogenicity by modulating the structural integrity of appressoria.
ESTHER : Li_2024_Phytopathology__
PubMedSearch : Li_2024_Phytopathology__
PubMedID: 38748933

Title : Genome-wide association studies of egg production traits by whole genome sequencing of Laiwu Black chicken - Lei_2024_Poult.Sci_103_103705
Author(s) : Lei Q , Zhang S , Wang J , Qi C , Liu J , Cao D , Li F , Han H , Liu W , Li D , Tang C , Zhou Y
Ref : Poult Sci , 103 :103705 , 2024
Abstract : Compared to high-yield commercial laying hens, Chinese indigenous chicken breeds have poor egg laying capacity due to the lack of intensive selection. However, as these breeds have not undergone systematic selection, it is possible that there is a greater abundance of genetic variations related to egg laying traits. In this study, we assessed 5 egg number (EN) traits at different stages of the egg-laying period: EN1 (from the first egg to 23 wk), EN2 (from 23 to 35 wk), EN3 (from 35 to 48 wk), EN4 (from the first egg to 35 wk), and EN5 (from the first egg to 48 wk). To investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying egg number traits in a Chinese local chicken breed, we conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) using data from whole-genome sequencing (WGS) of 399 Laiwu Black chickens. We obtained a total of 3.01 Tb of raw data with an average depth of 7.07 x per individual. A total of 86 genome-wide suggestive or significant single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) contained within a set of 45 corresponding candidate genes were identified and found to be associated with stages EN1-EN5. The genes vitellogenin 2 (VTG2), lipase maturation factor 1 (LMF1), calcium voltage-gated channel auxiliary subunit alpha2delta 3 (CACNA2D3), poly(A) binding protein cytoplasmic 1 (PABPC1), programmed cell death 11 (PDCD11) and family with sequence similarity 213 member A (FAM213A) can be considered as the candidate genes associated with egg number traits, due to their reported association with animal reproduction traits. Noteworthy, results suggests that VTG2 and PDCD11 are not only involved in the regulation of EN3, but also in the regulation of EN5, implies that VTG2 and PDCD11 have a significant influence on egg production traits. Our study offers valuable genomic insights into the molecular genetic mechanisms that govern egg number traits in a Chinese indigenous egg-laying chicken breed. These findings have the potential to enhance the egg-laying performance of chickens.
ESTHER : Lei_2024_Poult.Sci_103_103705
PubMedSearch : Lei_2024_Poult.Sci_103_103705
PubMedID: 38598913

Title : Ameliorative Effect of Natural Sesquiterpene Alcohol Cedrol Against Cerebral Ischemia Infarction-In Vitro and In Vivo Studies - Hu_2024_Appl.Biochem.Biotechnol__
Author(s) : Hu X , Han M , Liu J , Li F , Cui Y
Ref : Appl Biochem Biotechnol , : , 2024
Abstract : Cedrol is a major bioactive compound present in the Cedrus atlantica with numerous biological properties. In this study, we elucidated the neuroprotective properties of cedrol against ischemic infarction in animal and in vitro studies. A cerebral ischemic/reperfusion model was induced in adult Wistar rats, and oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion was induced in SH-SY5Y neuronal cells and treated with different concentrations of cedrol. The percentage of water content, cerebral infarct, and neurological deficit score was assessed in experimental rats. The acetylcholinesterase activity and inflammatory cytokines were quantified to analyze the anti-inflammatory potency of cedrol. Oxidative stress marker malondialdehyde and antioxidants were quantified to evaluate the antioxidant potency of cedrol in an ischemic condition. The neuroprotective potency of cedrol was confirmed by histopathological analysis of the brain tissue of cedrol-treated I/R-induced rats. In in vitro studies, the MTT and LDH assays were performed in cedrol-treated OGD/R SH-SY5Y cells to analyze the cytoprotective effect of cedrol. The anti-inflammatory property of cedrol was confirmed by quantifying the pro-inflammatory cytokine levels in OGD/R-induced cedrol-treated SH-SY5Y cells. The results obtained prove that cedrol significantly prevents brain edema, neurological deficits, acetylcholinesterase activity, and oxidative damage in ischemic-induced rats. It inhibited neuroinflammation in ischemic-induced rats and also in in vitro models. The neuroprotective effect of cedrol during an ischemic condition was authentically established with histological analysis in an animal model and cell survival assays in an in vitro model. Overall, our results confirm that cedrol is a potent alternative drug to treat cerebral ischemia in the future.
ESTHER : Hu_2024_Appl.Biochem.Biotechnol__
PubMedSearch : Hu_2024_Appl.Biochem.Biotechnol__
PubMedID: 38668841

Title : FsCGBP, a Cutinase G-Box Binding Protein, Regulates the Growth, Development, and Virulence of Fusarium sacchari, the Pathogen of Sugarcane Pokkah Boeng Disease - Liang_2024_J.Fungi.(Basel)_10_
Author(s) : Liang H , Li F , Huang Y , Yu Q , Huang Z , Zeng Q , Chen B , Meng J
Ref : J Fungi (Basel) , 10 : , 2024
Abstract : Fusarium sacchari is a causal agent of sugarcane Pokkah boeng, an important fungal disease that causes a considerable reduction in yield and sugar content in susceptible varieties of sugarcane worldwide. Despite its importance, the fungal factors that regulate the virulence of this pathogen remain largely unknown. In our previous study, mapping of an insertional mutant defect in virulence resulted in the identification of a cutinase G-box binding protein gene, designated FsCGBP, that encodes a C2H2-type transcription factor (TF). FsCGBP was shown to localize in the nuclei, and the transcript level of FsCGBP was significantly upregulated during the infection process or in response to abiotic stresses. Deletion or silencing of FsCGBP resulted in a reduction in mycelial growth, conidial production, and virulence and a delay in conidial germination in the F. sacchari. Cutinase genes FsCUT2, FsCUT3, and FsCUT4 and the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) genes FsHOG1, FsMGV1, and FsGPMK1, which were significantly downregulated in deltaFsCGBP. Except for FsHOG1, all of these genes were found to be transcriptionally activated by FsCGBP using the yeast one-hybrid system in vitro. The deletion of individual cutinase genes did not result in any of the phenotypes exhibited in the deltaFsCGBP mutant, except for cutinase activity. However, disruption of the MAPK pathway upon deletion of FsMGV1 or FsGPMK1 resulted in phenotypes similar to those of the deltaFsCGBP mutant. The above results suggest that FsCGBP functions by regulating the MAPK pathway and cutinase genes, providing new insights into the mechanism of virulence regulation in F. sacchari.
ESTHER : Liang_2024_J.Fungi.(Basel)_10_
PubMedSearch : Liang_2024_J.Fungi.(Basel)_10_
PubMedID: 38667917

Title : JH degradation pathway participates in hormonal regulation of larval development of Bombyx mori following lambda-cyhalothrin exposure - Su_2023_Chemosphere_349_140871
Author(s) : Su Y , Wang W , Dai Y , Qi R , Gu H , Guo X , Liu X , Ren Y , Li F , Li B , Sun H
Ref : Chemosphere , 349 :140871 , 2023
Abstract : lambda-Cyhalothrin (lambda-cyh), a widely utilized pyrethroid insecticide, poses serious threats to non-target organisms due to its persistence nature in the environment. Exposure to low concentrations of lambda-cyh has been observed to result in prolonged larval development in Bombyx mori, leading to substantial financial losses in sericulture. The present study was undertaken to elucidate the underlying mechanisms for prolonged development caused by lambda-cyh (LC(10)) exposure. The results showed that the JH titer was significantly increased at 24 h of lambda-cyh exposure, and the JH interacting genes Methoprene-tolerant 2, Steroid Receptor Co-activator, Krppel-homolog 1, and JH binding proteins were also up-regulated. Although the target of rapamycin (Tor) genes were induced by lambda-cyh, the biosynthesis of JH in the corpora allata was not promoted. Notably, 13 JH degradation genes were found to be significantly down-regulated in the midgut of B. mori. The mRNA levels and enzyme activity assays indicated that lambda-cyh had inhibitory effects on JH esterase, JH epoxide hydrolase, and JH diol kinase (JHDK). Furthermore, the suppression of JHDK (KWMTBOMO01580) was further confirmed by both western blot and immunohistochemistry. This study has offered a comprehensive perspective on the mechanisms underlying the prolonged development caused by insecticides, and our results also hold significant implications for the safe production of sericulture.
ESTHER : Su_2023_Chemosphere_349_140871
PubMedSearch : Su_2023_Chemosphere_349_140871
PubMedID: 38056714

Title : Effects of inoculating feruloyl esterase-producing Lactiplantibacillus plantarum A1 on ensiling characteristics, in vitro ruminal fermentation and microbiota of alfalfa silage - Li_2023_J.Anim.Sci.Biotechnol_14_43
Author(s) : Li F , Usman S , Huang W , Jia M , Kharazian ZA , Ran T , Ding Z , Guo X
Ref : J Anim Sci Biotechnol , 14 :43 , 2023
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Ferulic acid esterase (FAE)-secreting Lactiplantibacillus plantarum A1 (Lp A1) is a promising silage inoculant due to the FAE's ability to alter the plant cell wall structure during ensiling, an action that is expected to improve forage digestibility. However, little is known regarding the impacts of Lp A1 on rumen microbiota. Our research assessed the influences of Lp A1 in comparison to a widely adopted commercial inoculant Lp MTD/1 on alfalfa's ensilage, in vitro rumen incubation and microbiota. RESULTS: Samples of fresh and ensiled alfalfa treated with (either Lp A1 or Lp MTD/1) or without additives (as control; CON) and ensiled for 30, 60 and 90 d were used for fermentation quality, in vitro digestibility and batch culture study. Inoculants treated silage had lower (P < 0.001) pH, acetic acid concentration and dry matter (DM) loss, but higher (P = 0.001) lactic acid concentration than the CON during ensiling. Compared to the CON and Lp MTD/1, silage treated with Lp A1 had lower (P < 0.001) aNDF, ADF, ADL, hemicellulose, and cellulose contents and higher (P < 0.001) free ferulic acid concentration. Compared silage treated with Lp MTD/1, silage treated with Lp A1 had significantly (P < 0.01) improved ruminal gas production and digestibility, which were equivalent to those of fresh alfalfa. Real-time PCR analysis indicated that Lp A1 inoculation improved the relative abundances of rumen's total bacteria, fungi, Ruminococcus albus and Ruminococcus flavefaciens, while the relative abundance of methanogens was reduced by Lp MTD/1 compared with CON. Principal component analysis of rumen bacterial 16S rRNA gene amplicons showed a clear distinction between CON and inoculated treatments without noticeable distinction between Lp A1 and Lp MTD/1 treatments. Comparison analysis revealed differences in the relative abundance of some bacteria in different taxa between Lp A1 and Lp MTD/1 treatments. Silage treated with Lp A1 exhibited improved rumen fermentation characteristics due to the inoculant effects on the rumen microbial populations and bacterial community. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that silage inoculation of the FAE-producing Lp A1 could be effective in improving silage quality and digestibility, and modulating the rumen fermentation to improve feed utilization.
ESTHER : Li_2023_J.Anim.Sci.Biotechnol_14_43
PubMedSearch : Li_2023_J.Anim.Sci.Biotechnol_14_43
PubMedID: 36915166

Title : A visualized sensor based on layered double hydroxides with peroxidase-like activity for sensitive acetylcholinesterase assay - Cheng_2023_Anal.Methods__
Author(s) : Cheng H , Wang Y , Ge L , Liu X , Li F
Ref : Anal Methods , : , 2023
Abstract : Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) plays a crucial role in biological neurotransmission. The aberrant expression of AChE is associated with various neurodegenerative diseases. Therefore, it is of great significance to develop a simple and highly sensitive AChE analysis platform. Herein, a simple colorimetric sensor was constructed for sensitive detection of AChE based on the peroxidase-like catalytic activity of Ni/Co layered double hydroxides (Ni/Co LDHs). In this sensor, the fabricated Ni/Co LDHs possess high peroxidase-like activity, enabling rapid catalysis of o-phenylenediamine (OPD) to produce yellow oxOPD in the presence of H(2)O(2). This peroxidase-like activity of Ni/Co LDHs was found to be effectively inhibited by the presence of AChE. It is speculated that the combination of AChE on the outer surface of Ni/Co LDHs through non-covalent interaction may cover the active sites and hinder their adsorption to the substrates, leading to the failure of OPD oxidation. As a result, the yellow color from oxOPD is related to the AChE concentration, enabling the direct AChE assay in an equipment-free manner. In addition, the fabricated Ni/Co LDHs could be modified on a paper surface to obtain a paper-based analytical device for visualized colorimetric detection of AChE. The as-proposed sensor shows high sensitivity to AChE with a detection limit down to 6.6 microU mL(-1). Therefore, this naked-eye paper-based sensor is capable of on-site and real-time detection of AChE, and has outstanding application prospects in clinical diagnosis and biomedical fields.
ESTHER : Cheng_2023_Anal.Methods__
PubMedSearch : Cheng_2023_Anal.Methods__
PubMedID: 37470116

Title : A model-informed approach to accelerate the clinical development of cofrogliptin (HSK7653), a novel ultralong-acting dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor - Cui_2023_Diabetes.Obes.Metab__
Author(s) : Cui C , Cao F , Kong, II , Wu Q , Li F , Li H , Liu D
Ref : Diabetes Obes Metab , : , 2023
Abstract : AIM: To employ a model-informed drug development approach in facilitating decision making and expediting the clinical progress of cofrogliptin (HSK7653), a novel ultralong-acting dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor, for the treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2D) via a biweekly dosing regimen. METHODS: Firstly, a population pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics (PopPKPD) model was developed using PK and PD data from a single ascending dose study to simulate the PK and PD time profiles of HSK7653 after multiple doses. Secondly, model-based meta-analysis (MBMA) was performed on published clinical studies of Eastern Asian subjects for all DPP-4 inhibitors. We hypothesized a consistent relationship between PK and DPP-4 inhibition in both healthy individuals and in those with T2D, establishing a quantitative correlation between DPP-4 inhibition and HbA1c. Finally, the predicted PK/DPP-4 inhibition/HbA1c profiles were validated by T2D patients in late clinical trials. RESULTS: The PK/DPP-4 inhibition/HbA1c profiles of T2D patients treated with HSK7653 matched the modelled data. Our PopPKPD and MBMA models predict multiple ascending dosing PK and PD characteristics from single ascending dosing data, as well as the long-term efficacy in T2D patients, based on healthy subjects. CONCLUSIONS: Successful waiver approval for the phase 2b dose-finding study was achieved through model-informed recommendations, facilitating the clinical development of HSK7653 and other DPP-4 inhibitors.
ESTHER : Cui_2023_Diabetes.Obes.Metab__
PubMedSearch : Cui_2023_Diabetes.Obes.Metab__
PubMedID: 37953687

Title : Substrate-enzyme interactions and catalytic mechanism in a novel family VI esterase with dibutyl phthalate-hydrolyzing activity - Cheng_2023_Environ.Int_178_108054
Author(s) : Cheng J , Du H , Zhou MS , Ji Y , Xie YQ , Huang HB , Zhang SH , Li F , Xiang L , Cai QY , Li YW , Li H , Li M , Zhao HM , Mo CH
Ref : Environ Int , 178 :108054 , 2023
Abstract : Microbial degradation has been confirmed as effective and environmentally friendly approach to remediate phthalates from the environment, and hydrolase is an effective element for contaminant degradation. In the present study, a novel dibutyl phthalate (DBP)-hydrolyzing carboxylesterase (named PS06828) from Pseudomonas sp. PS1 was heterogeneously expressed in E. coli, which was identified as a new member of the lipolytic family VI. Purified PS06828 could efficiently degrade DBP with a wide range of temperature (25-37 degreesC) and pH (6.5-9.0). Multi-spectroscopy methods combined with molecular docking were employed to study the interaction of PS06828 with DBP. Fluorescence and UV-visible absorption spectra revealed the simultaneous presence of static and dynamic component in the fluorescence quenching of PS06828 by DBP. Synchronous fluorescence and circular dichroism spectra showed inconspicuous alteration in micro-environmental polarity around amino acid residues but obvious increasing of alpha-helix and reducing of beta-sheet and random coil in protein conformation. Based on the information on exact binding sites of DBP on PS06828 provided by molecular docking, the catalytic mechanism mediated by key residues (Ser113, Asp166, and His197) was proposed and subsequently confirmed by site-directed mutagenesis. The results can strengthen our mechanistic understanding of family VI esterase involved in hydrolysis of phthalic acid esters, and provide a solid foundation for further enzymatic modification.
ESTHER : Cheng_2023_Environ.Int_178_108054
PubMedSearch : Cheng_2023_Environ.Int_178_108054
PubMedID: 37354883
Gene_locus related to this paper: pseae-PA3859

Title : Hydrolysis enabled specific colorimetric assay of carbosulfan with sensitivity manipulation via metal-doped or metal-free carbon nanozyme - Zhu_2023_Biosens.Bioelectron_243_115786
Author(s) : Zhu D , Li N , Zhang M , Wang Y , Li F , Hou T
Ref : Biosensors & Bioelectronics , 243 :115786 , 2023
Abstract : Precise determination of the carbamate pesticide carbosulfan is crucial for assessing the associated risks in food and environment. Due to the strong interaction between carbosulfan and target enzyme, current methods primarily depend on the acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibition strategy, which generally lacks selectivity. In this study, we propose a nanozyme colorimetric sensor for the specific carbosulfan detection, based on its distinctive hydrolysis property. In contrast to other pesticides, carbosulfan can be hydrolyzed to produce the reductive sulfide compound by the cleavage of N-S bond under acidic condition, thereby significantly hindering the nanozyme-mediated chromogenic reaction. Consequently, the absorbance is significantly correlated with carbosulfan concentration. Furthermore, the influence of nanozyme type is disclosed, and two oxidase-like carbon nanozymes were formulated, namely metal-free NC and metal-based CeO(2)@NC. However, the distinct active sites significantly impact the proposed sensor. For CeO(2)@NC-based sensor, the produced sulfide compounds not only poison Ce active site, but also consume the reactive oxygen species, thereby, exhibiting high sensitivity with low detection limit of 3.3 nM. By contrast, the metal-free nature of NC allows the assay to remain unaffected by coordination effects, exhibiting superior anti-interference capability. This work not only offers an efficient alternative to the conventional method for detecting carbosulfan specifically, but also shed light on the role of metal-based or metal-free nanozyme among analytical applications.
ESTHER : Zhu_2023_Biosens.Bioelectron_243_115786
PubMedSearch : Zhu_2023_Biosens.Bioelectron_243_115786
PubMedID: 37883845

Title : Direct and Specific Detection of Glyphosate Using a Phosphatase-like Nanozyme-Mediated Chemiluminescence Strategy - Chang_2023_Anal.Chem__
Author(s) : Chang J , Yu L , Hou T , Hu R , Li F
Ref : Analytical Chemistry , : , 2023
Abstract : Most organophosphorus pesticide (OP) sensors reported in the literature rely on the inhibition effect of OPs on the activity of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), which suffer from the drawbacks of lack of selective recognition of OPs, high cost, and poor stability. Herein, we proposed a novel chemiluminescence (CL) strategy for the direct detection of glyphosate (an organophosphorus herbicide) with high sensitivity and specificity, which is based on the porous hydroxy zirconium oxide nanozyme (ZrO(X)-OH) obtained via a facile alkali solution treatment of UIO-66. ZrO(X)-OH displayed excellent phosphatase-like activity, which could catalyze the dephosphorylation of 3-(2'-spiroadamantyl)-4-methoxy-4-(3'-phosphoryloxyphenyl)-1,2-dioxetane (AMPPD) to generate strong CL. The experimental results showed that the phosphatase-like activity of ZrO(X)-OH is closely related to the content of hydroxyl groups on their surface. Interestingly, ZrO(X)-OH with phosphatase-like properties exhibited a unique response to glyphosate because of the consumption of the surface hydroxyl group by the unique carboxyl group of glyphosates and was thus employed to develop a CL sensor for direct and selective detection of glyphosate without using bio-enzymes. The recovery for glyphosate detection of cabbage juice ranged from 96.8 to 103.0%. We believe that the as-proposed CL sensor based on ZrO(X)-OH with phosphatase-like properties supplies a simpler and more highly selective approach for OP assay and provides a new method for the development of CL sensors for the direct analysis of OPs in real samples.
ESTHER : Chang_2023_Anal.Chem__
PubMedSearch : Chang_2023_Anal.Chem__
PubMedID: 36802539

Title : Acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity of sesquiterpenoids isolated from Laggera pterodonta - Li_2023_Front.Plant.Sci_14_1074184
Author(s) : Li J , Li F , Wu G , Gui F , Li H , Xu L , Hao X , Zhao Y , Ding X , Qin X
Ref : Front Plant Sci , 14 :1074184 , 2023
Abstract : Plant-derived natural products are important resources for pesticide discovery. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is a well-validated pesticide target, and inhibiting AChE proves fatal for insects. Recent studies have shown that the potential of various sesquiterpenoids as AChE inhibitors. However, few studies have been conducted with eudesmane-type sesquiterpenes with AChE inhibitory effects. Therefore, in this research, we isolated two new sesquiterpenes, laggeranines A (1) and B (2), along with six known eudesmane-type sesquiterpenes (3-8) from Laggera pterodonta, and characterized their structures and the inhibitory effect they exerted on AChE. The results showed that these compounds had certain inhibitory effects on AChE in a dose-dependent manner, of which compound 5 had the best inhibitory effect with IC50 of 437.33 +/- 8.33 mM. As revealed by the Lineweaver-Burk and Dixon plots, compound 5 was observed to suppress AChE activity reversibly and competitively. Furthermore, all compounds exhibited certain toxicity levels on C. elegans. Meanwhile, these compounds had good ADMET properties. These results are significant for the discovery of new AChE targeting compounds, and also enrich the bioactivity activity repertoire of L. pterodonta.
ESTHER : Li_2023_Front.Plant.Sci_14_1074184
PubMedSearch : Li_2023_Front.Plant.Sci_14_1074184
PubMedID: 36844064

Title : Development of a fluorescent sensor based on TPE-Fc and GSH-AuNCs for the detection of organophosphorus pesticide residues in vegetables - Wang_2023_Food.Chem_431_137067
Author(s) : Wang X , Yu H , Li Q , Tian Y , Gao X , Zhang W , Sun Z , Mou Y , Sun X , Guo Y , Li F
Ref : Food Chem , 431 :137067 , 2023
Abstract : A novel dual-signal fluorescent sensor was developed for detecting organophosphorus pesticides (OPs). It relies on the catalytic activities of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and choline oxidase (ChOx) to generate hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) through the conversion of acetylcholine (ACh) to choline.H(2)O(2) then oxidizes ferrocene-modified tetraphenylethylene (TPE-Fc) to its oxidized state (TPE-Fc(+)), resulting in enhanced cyan fluorescence due to aggregation. Simultaneously, ferrocene oxidation generates hydroxyl radicals (OH), causing a decrease in orange fluorescence of glutathione-synthesized gold nanoclusters (GSH-AuNCs). The presence of OPs restricts AChE activity, reducing H(2)O(2) production. Increasing OPs concentration leads to decreased cyan fluorescence and increased orange fluorescence, enabling visual OPs detection. The sensor has a linear dynamic range of 10-2000 ng/mL with a detection limit of 2.05 ng/mL. Smartphone-based color identification and a WeChat mini program were utilized for rapid OPs analysis with successful outcomes.
ESTHER : Wang_2023_Food.Chem_431_137067
PubMedSearch : Wang_2023_Food.Chem_431_137067
PubMedID: 37579609

Title : JLR-D-23-00401-R1 Dissecting cell type-specific impact in lysosomal acid lipase deficiency-associated disorders -
Author(s) : Westerterp M , Li F , Zhang H
Ref : J Lipid Res , :100474 , 2023
PubMedID: 37972729
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-LIPA , mouse-1llip

Title : Elamipretide alleviates pyroptosis in traumatically injured spinal cord by inhibiting cPLA2-induced lysosomal membrane permeabilization - Zhang_2023_J.Neuroinflammation_20_6
Author(s) : Zhang H , Chen Y , Li F , Wu C , Cai W , Ye H , Su H , He M , Yang L , Wang X , Zhou K , Ni W
Ref : J Neuroinflammation , 20 :6 , 2023
Abstract : Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating injury that may result in permanent motor impairment. The active ingredients of medications are unable to reach the affected area due to the blood-brain barrier. Elamipretide (SS-31) is a new and innovative aromatic cationic peptide. Because of its alternating aromatic and cationic groups, it freely crosses the blood-brain barrier. It is also believed to decrease inflammation and protect against a variety of neurological illnesses. This study explored the therapeutic value of SS-31 in functional recovery after SCI and its possible underlying mechanism. A spinal cord contusion injury model as well as the Basso Mouse Scale, footprint assessment, and inclined plane test were employed to assess how well individuals could function following SCI. The area of glial scarring, the number of dendrites, and the number of synapses after SCI were confirmed by HE, Masson, MAP2, and Syn staining. Western blotting, immunofluorescence, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays were employed to examine the expression levels of pyroptosis-, autophagy-, lysosomal membrane permeabilization (LMP)- and MAPK signalling-related proteins. The outcomes showed that SS-31 inhibited pyroptosis, enhanced autophagy and attenuated LMP in SCI. Mechanistically, we applied AAV vectors to upregulate Pla2g4A in vivo and found that SS-31 enhanced autophagy and attenuated pyroptosis and LMP by inhibiting phosphorylation of cPLA2. Ultimately, we applied asiatic acid (a p38-MAPK agonist) to test whether SS-31 regulated cPLA2 partially through the MAPK-P38 signalling pathway. Our group is the first to suggest that SS-31 promotes functional recovery partially by inhibiting cPLA2-mediated autophagy impairment and preventing LMP and pyroptosis after SCI, which may have potential clinical application value.
ESTHER : Zhang_2023_J.Neuroinflammation_20_6
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2023_J.Neuroinflammation_20_6
PubMedID: 36609266

Title : Dissecting cell type-specific impact in lysosomal acid lipase deficiency-associated disorders -
Author(s) : Westerterp M , Li F , Zhang H
Ref : J Lipid Res , 64 :100474 , 2023
PubMedID: 37972729
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-LIPA

Title : Low concentration of indoxacarb interferes with the growth and development of silkworm by damaging the structure of midgut cells - Wang_2023_Pestic.Biochem.Physiol_195_105567
Author(s) : Wang W , Su Y , Liu X , Qi R , Li F , Li B , Sun H
Ref : Pestic Biochem Physiol , 195 :105567 , 2023
Abstract : As an important economic insect, Bombyx mori plays an essential role in the development of the agricultural economy. Indoxacarb, a novel sodium channel blocker insecticide, has been widely used for the control of various pests in agriculture and forestry, and its environmental pollution caused by flight control operations has seriously affected the safe production of sericulture in recent years. However, the lethal toxicity and adverse effects of indoxacarb on silkworm remain largely unknown. In this study, the toxicity of indoxacarb on the 5th instar larvae of silkworm was determined, with an LC(50) (72 h) of 2.07 mg/L. Short-term exposure (24 h) to a low concentration of indoxacarb (1/2 LC(50)) showed significantly reduced body weight and survival rate of silkworm larvae. In addition, indoxacarb also led to decreased cocoon weight and cocoon shell weight, but had no significant effects on pupation, adult eclosion, and oviposition. Histopathological and ultrastructural analysis indicated that indoxacarb could severely damage the structure of the midgut epithelial cells, and lead to physiological impairment of the midgut. A total of 3883 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified by midgut transcriptome sequencing and functionally annotated using GO and KEGG. Furthermore, the transcription level and enzyme activity of the detoxification related genes were determined, and our results suggested that esterases (ESTs) might play a major role in metabolism of indoxacarb in the midgut of B. mori. Future studies to examine the detoxification or biotransformation function of candidate genes will greatly enhance our understanding of indoxacarb metabolism in B. mori. The results of this study provide a theoretical basis for elucidating the mechanism of toxic effects of indoxacarb on silkworm by interfering with the normal physiological functions of the midgut.
ESTHER : Wang_2023_Pestic.Biochem.Physiol_195_105567
PubMedSearch : Wang_2023_Pestic.Biochem.Physiol_195_105567
PubMedID: 37666598

Title : Toxicological mechanism of cadmium in the clam Ruditapes philippinarum using combined ionomic, metabolomic and transcriptomic analyses - Zhang_2023_Environ.Pollut__121286
Author(s) : Zhang X , Li F , Ji C , Wu H
Ref : Environ Pollut , :121286 , 2023
Abstract : Cadmium (Cd) contamination in marine environment poses great risks to the organisms due to its potential adverse effects. In the present study, the toxicological effects and mechanisms of Cd at environmentally relevant concentrations (5 and 50 microg/L) on clam Ruditapes philippinarum after 21 days were investigated by combined ionomic, metabolomic, and transcriptomic analyses. Results showed that the uptake of Cd significantly decreased the concentrations of Cu, Zn, Sr, Se, and Mo in the whole soft tissue from 50 microg/L Cd-treated clams. Significantly negative correlations were observed between Cd and essential elements (Zn, Sr, Se, and Mo). Altered essential elements homeostasis was associated with the gene regulation of transport and detoxification, including ATP-binding cassette protein subfamily B member 1 (ABCB1) and metallothioneins (MT). The crucial contribution of Se to Cd detoxification was also found in clams. Additionally, gene set enrichment analysis showed that Cd could interfere with proteolysis by peptidases and decrease the translation efficiency at 50 microg/L. Cd inhibited lipid metabolism in clams and increased energy demand by up-regulating glycolysis and TCA cycle. Osmotic pressure was regulated by free amino acids, including alanine, glutamate, taurine, and homarine. Meanwhile, significant alterations of some differentially expressed genes, such as dopamine-beta-hydroxylase (DBH), neuroligin (NLGN), NOTCH 1, and chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan 1 (CSPG1) were observed in clams, which implied potential interference with synaptic transmission. Overall, through integrating multiple omics, this study provided new insights into the toxicological mechanisms of Cd, particularly in those mediated by dysregulation of essential element homeostasis.
ESTHER : Zhang_2023_Environ.Pollut__121286
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2023_Environ.Pollut__121286
PubMedID: 36791949

Title : Visual evaluation of acetylcholinesterase inhibition by an easy-to-operate assay based on N-doped carbon nanozyme with high stability and oxidase-like activity - Zhang_2023_J.Mater.Chem.B__
Author(s) : Zhang M , Wang C , Wang Y , Li F , Zhu D
Ref : J Mater Chem B , : , 2023
Abstract : Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is the key enzyme associated with neurotransmission, and thus many drugs have been explored for their inhibitory effect on AChE, such as donepezil for Alzheimer's disease and organophosphorus pesticides (OPs). Compared with clinical trials, in vitro screening bioassays for AChE inhibitors are preferable in terms of operability and cost. Herein, we developed an easy-to-operate nanozyme-based colorimetric assay for the evaluation of AChE inhibitory strength with excellent anti-interference ability and low dependence on professional equipment. The metal-free carbon nanozyme NC900 played an important role in the signal output due to its features of efficient oxidase-like activity, excellent water dispersibility, high stability and low color interference. Employing various AChE-targeted or non-targeted pesticides as examples, the as-proposed assay exhibited excellent distinguishing ability for different chemicals. The higher absorption intensity at 652 nm represents a stronger inhibitory effect, as well as blue color. In addition, this method was used to study the influence of pH on the degradation of prodrugs, and the efficiency of mixed pesticides. This work provides a simple and reliable assay to screen AChE inhibitors, which is promising for the preliminary evaluation of a large number of potential candidates.
ESTHER : Zhang_2023_J.Mater.Chem.B__
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2023_J.Mater.Chem.B__
PubMedID: 37067450

Title : Sertoli cell survival and barrier function are regulated by miR-181c\/d-Pafah1b1 axis during mammalian spermatogenesis - Feng_2022_Cell.Mol.Life.Sci_79_498
Author(s) : Feng Y , Chen D , Wang T , Zhou J , Xu W , Xiong H , Bai R , Wu S , Li J , Li F
Ref : Cell Mol Life Sciences , 79 :498 , 2022
Abstract : Sertoli cells contribute to the formation of the blood-testis barrier (BTB), which is necessary for normal spermatogenesis. Recently, microRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as posttranscriptional regulatory elements in BTB function during spermatogenesis. Our previous study has shown that miR-181c or miR-181d (miR-181c/d) is highly expressed in testes from boars at 60 days old compared with at 180 days old. Herein, we found that overexpression of miR-181c/d via miR-181c/d mimics in murine Sertoli cells (SCs) or through injecting miR-181c/d-overexpressing lentivirus in murine testes perturbs BTB function by altering BTB-associated protein distribution at the Sertoli cell-cell interface and F-actin organization, but this in vivo perturbation disappears approximately 6 weeks after the final treatment. We also found that miR-181c/d represses Sertoli cell proliferation and promotes its apoptosis. Moreover, miR-181c/d regulates Sertoli cell survival and barrier function by targeting platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase 1b regulatory subunit 1 (Pafah1b1) gene. Furthermore, miR-181c/d suppresses PAFAH1B1 expression, reduces the complex of PAFAH1B1 with IQ motif-containing GTPase activating protein 1, and inhibits CDC42/PAK1/LIMK1/Cofilin pathway which is required for F-actin stabilization. In total, our results reveal the regulatory axis of miR-181c/d-Pafah1b1 in cell survival and barrier function of Sertoli cells and provide additional insights into miRNA functions in mammalian spermatogenesis.
ESTHER : Feng_2022_Cell.Mol.Life.Sci_79_498
PubMedSearch : Feng_2022_Cell.Mol.Life.Sci_79_498
PubMedID: 36008729

Title : FumDSB can alleviate the inflammatory response induced by fumonisin B(1) in growing pigs - Liu_2022_Food.Addit.Contam.Part.A.Chem.Anal.Control.Expo.Risk.Assess__
Author(s) : Liu Q , Huang L , Cui Z , Qiao B , Li F , Wang C
Ref : Food Additives & Contaminants Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess , :1 , 2022
Abstract : Fumonisin B(1) (FB(1)) has the highest natural contamination rate among all fumonisin analogs and can inhibit food intake and weight gain of pigs. Under laboratory conditions, carboxylesterase FumDSB has a high FB(1) degradation rate and excellent pH and thermal stability. The present study sought to estimate the effects of FumDSB on growing pigs from the perspective of a brain-intestinal axis. Twenty-four growing pigs of similar weight were divided into Control, FB(1) (5mg FB(1)/kg feed), and FumDSB (5mg FB(1)/kg and 0.1% FumDSB in the feed) groups. After 42 days of feeding, hypothalamus and jejunum samples were collected for quantitative real-time fluorescence, western blotting, and immunohistochemistry. The results showed that FB(1) consumption can destruct the tissue structure of hypothalamus and jejunum, affect the expression and distribution of several appetite-related neuropeptides and inflammatory cytokines, thereby inducing neuroinflammatory responses and affecting food intake and weight gain. However, these anorexia effects and inflammatory responses are alleviated when FumDSB is added to the feed. In short, FumDSB can alleviate the inflammatory response induced by FB(1) in growing pigs.
ESTHER : Liu_2022_Food.Addit.Contam.Part.A.Chem.Anal.Control.Expo.Risk.Assess__
PubMedSearch : Liu_2022_Food.Addit.Contam.Part.A.Chem.Anal.Control.Expo.Risk.Assess__
PubMedID: 35858108
Gene_locus related to this paper: sphmc-FumD , 9sphn-a0a101vlk1

Title : Pancreatic Cancer Cell-Derived Exosomes Promote Lymphangiogenesis by Downregulating ABHD11-AS1 Expression - Zhou_2022_Cancers.(Basel)_14_
Author(s) : Zhou X , Zhong F , Yan Y , Wu S , Wang H , Liu J , Li F , Cui D , Xu M
Ref : Cancers (Basel) , 14 : , 2022
Abstract : Research on pancreatic cancer microbiomes has attracted attention in recent years. The current view is that enriched microbial communities in pancreatic cancer tissues may affect pancreatic cancer metastasis, including lymph node (LN) metastasis. Similar to carriers of genetic information between cells, such as DNA, mRNA, protein, and non-coding RNA, exosomes are of great importance in early LN metastasis in tumors, including pancreatic cancer. Our previous study showed that the long non-coding RNA ABHD11-AS1 was highly expressed in tissues of patients with pancreatic cancer, and was correlated with patient survival time. However, the role of ABHD11-AS1 in pancreatic cancer LN metastasis has rarely been studied. Hence, in this paper we confirmed that exosomes derived from pancreatic cancer cells could promote lymphangiogenesis in vitro and in vivo, and that the mechanism was related to the downregulation of ABHD11-AS1 expression in lymphatic endothelial cells, and to the enhancement of their ability to proliferate, migrate, and form tubes. These findings preliminarily show a new mechanism by which pancreatic cancer cells regulate peripheral lymphangiogenesis, providing a new therapeutic strategy for inhibiting LN metastasis in pancreatic cancer.
ESTHER : Zhou_2022_Cancers.(Basel)_14_
PubMedSearch : Zhou_2022_Cancers.(Basel)_14_
PubMedID: 36230535
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-ABHD11

Title : Probiotic effect of ferulic acid esterase-producing Lactobacillus plantarum inoculated alfalfa silage on digestion, antioxidant, and immunity status of lactating dairy goats - Li_2022_Anim.Nutr_11_38
Author(s) : Li F , Zhang B , Zhang Y , Zhang X , Usman S , Ding Z , Hao L , Guo X
Ref : Anim Nutr , 11 :38 , 2022
Abstract : A feeding experiment was conducted to determine the effects of inoculating alfalfa silage with a ferulic acid esterase-producing inoculum on feed digestibility, rumen fermentation, antioxidant, and immunity status of lactating dairy goats. Twenty dairy goats were distributed into 2 experimental groups consisting of control diet (Lp MTD/1, including Lactobacillus plantarum MTD/1 inoculated silage) against diet containing silage treated with ferulic acid esterase-producing L. plantarum A1 (Lp A1). Alfalfa silage inoculated with a ferulic acid esterase-producing Lp A1 had better fermentation quality than the Lp MTD/1 inoculation. The application of Lp A1 improved silage antioxidant capacity as indicated by greater total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathion peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities in Lp A1 treated silage versus Lp MTD/1 treatment. Compared with Lp MTD/1 treated group, inoculation of silage with Lp A1 increased apparent total tract digestibility of dietary dry matter, organic matter and crude protein, and ruminal concentrations of total volatile fatty acids, acetate, propionate and isobutyrate as well. The results of current study also demonstrated improved antioxidant capacity and immune performance of dairy goats with Lp A1 inoculation. Feeding Lp A1-treated silage increased dairy goats' serum antioxidase activity, such as T-AOC, SOD, GSH-Px and catalase, and the serum concentration of immunoglobulin A, while decreased tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin (IL)-2 and IL-6. In addition, compared with Lp MTD/1, diet containing alfalfa silage inoculated with Lp A1 endowed dairy goats' milk with greater fat and protein contents, improved dairy goat milk quality without affecting feed efficiency.
ESTHER : Li_2022_Anim.Nutr_11_38
PubMedSearch : Li_2022_Anim.Nutr_11_38
PubMedID: 36091259

Title : Patatin-like phospholipase CapV in Escherichia coli - morphological and physiological effects of one amino acid substitution - Li_2022_NPJ.Biofilms.Microbiomes_8_39
Author(s) : Li F , Cao L , Bahre H , Kim SK , Schroeder K , Jonas K , Koonce K , Mekonnen SA , Mohanty S , Bai F , Brauner A , Lee VT , Rohde M , Romling U
Ref : NPJ Biofilms Microbiomes , 8 :39 , 2022
Abstract : In rod-shaped bacteria, morphological plasticity occurs in response to stress, which blocks cell division to promote filamentation. We demonstrate here that overexpression of the patatin-like phospholipase variant CapV(Q329R), but not CapV, causes pronounced sulA-independent pyridoxine-inhibited cell filamentation in the Escherichia coli K-12-derivative MG1655 associated with restriction of flagella production and swimming motility. Conserved amino acids in canonical patatin-like phospholipase A motifs, but not the nucleophilic serine, are required to mediate CapV(Q329R) phenotypes. Furthermore, CapV(Q329R) production substantially alters the lipidome and colony morphotype including rdar biofilm formation with modulation of the production of the biofilm activator CsgD, and affects additional bacterial traits such as the efficiency of phage infection and antimicrobial susceptibility. Moreover, genetically diverse commensal and pathogenic E. coli strains and Salmonella typhimurium responded with cell filamentation and modulation in colony morphotype formation to CapV(Q329R) expression. In conclusion, this work identifies the CapV variant CapV(Q329R) as a pleiotropic regulator, emphasizes a scaffold function for patatin-like phospholipases, and highlights the impact of the substitution of a single conserved amino acid for protein functionality and alteration of host physiology.
ESTHER : Li_2022_NPJ.Biofilms.Microbiomes_8_39
PubMedSearch : Li_2022_NPJ.Biofilms.Microbiomes_8_39
PubMedID: 35546554

Title : Two-Dimensional Cobalt-Doped Ti(3)C(2) MXene Nanozyme-Mediated Homogeneous Electrochemical Strategy for Pesticides Assay Based on In Situ Generation of Electroactive Substances - Yu_2022_Anal.Chem__
Author(s) : Yu L , Chang J , Zhuang X , Li H , Hou T , Li F
Ref : Analytical Chemistry , : , 2022
Abstract : Common homogeneous electrochemical (HEC) sensors usually suffer from the drawbacks of high background signal, low signal-to-noise ratio, and even false positive results due to the preaddition of electroactive substances. Thus, it is necessary to develop novel HEC sensors based on in situ generation of electroactive substances to overcome these shortcomings, which, however, is underexplored. In this work, two-dimensional (2D) nanozymes, i.e., cobalt-doped 2D Ti(3)C(2) MXene nanosheets (CMNSs), with excellent peroxidase-like properties were utilized to develop HEC sensors based on the in situ generation of electroactive substances for organophosphate pesticides (OPs) detection. The 2D CMNSs were synthesized via a template-directed wet chemical approach and displayed outstanding features of hydrophilia and water dispersibility, which could catalyze the oxidation of o-phenylenediamine (OPD) to generate significantly increased reduction current. Interestingly, the 2D CMNSs with peroxidase-like properties exhibited a unique response to thiol compounds and were thus employed as highly efficient catalysts to develop HEC sensors for OPs based on the hydrolysis of acetylthiocholine (ATCh) to form thiocholine catalyzed by acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and the inhibition of AChE activity by OPs. The recovery for OPs analysis of pakchoi extract solutions ranged from 97.4% to 103.3%. The as-proposed HEC sensor based on in situ generation of electroactive substances will provide a new way for the development of high-performance electrochemical sensors and demonstrate potential applicability for the determination of pesticide residues in real samples.
ESTHER : Yu_2022_Anal.Chem__
PubMedSearch : Yu_2022_Anal.Chem__
PubMedID: 35166114

Title : Lipase-Catalyzed Phospha-Michael Addition Reactions under Mild Conditions - Xu_2022_Molecules_27_7798
Author(s) : Xu Y , Li F , Ma J , Li J , Xie H , Wang C , Chen P , Wang L
Ref : Molecules , 27 :7798 , 2022
Abstract : Organophosphorus compounds are the core structure of many active natural products. The synthesis of these compounds is generally achieved by metal catalysis requiring specifically functionalized substrates or harsh conditions. Herein, we disclose the phospha-Michael addition reaction of biphenyphosphine oxide with various substituted beta-nitrostyrenes or benzylidene malononitriles. This biocatalytic strategy provides a direct route for the synthesis of C-P bonds with good functional group compatibility and simple and practical operation. Under the optimal conditions (styrene (0.5 mmol), biphenyphosphine oxide (0.5 mmol), Novozym 435 (300 U), and EtOH (1 mL)), lipase leads to the formation of organophosphorus compounds in yields up to 94% at room temperature. Furthermore, we confirm the role of the catalytic triad of lipase in this phospha-Michael addition reaction. This new biocatalytic system will have broad applications in organic synthesis.
ESTHER : Xu_2022_Molecules_27_7798
PubMedSearch : Xu_2022_Molecules_27_7798
PubMedID: 36431898

Title : Protective effects of isofraxidin against scopolamine-induced cognitive and memory impairments in mice involve modulation of the BDNF-CREB-ERK signaling pathway - Lian_2022_Metab.Brain.Dis__
Author(s) : Lian B , Gu J , Zhang C , Zou Z , Yu M , Li F , Wu X , Zhao AZ
Ref : Metabolic Brain Disease , : , 2022
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Isofraxidin is a coumarin compound mainly isolated from several traditional and functional edible plants beneficial for neurodegenerative diseases, including Sarcandra glabra and Apium graveolens, and Siberian Ginseng. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess effects of isofraxidin against memory impairments and cognition deficits in a scopolamine-induced mouse model. MATERIALS & METHODS: Animals were randomly divided into 6 groups, control, vehicle, donepezil (10 mg/kg, p.o.), and isofraxidin (3, 10, and 30 mg/kg, p.o.). Isofraxidin or donepezil was administered for 44 days, once per day. The scopolamine insults (1 mg/kg, i.p.) was given from the 21st day, once per day. Morris water maze test and Y-maze test were used for the behavioral test. After that, brain samples were collected for analysis. RESULTS: Firstly, isofraxidin significantly improved scopolamine-induced behavioral impairments and cognition deficits in Morris water maze and Y-maze test. Then, isofraxidin facilitated cholinergic activity via inhibiting acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity. Besides, isofraxidin decreased lipid peroxidation level but enhanced levels of glutathione, glutathione peroxidase, and superoxide dismutase. Moreover, isofraxidin suppressed the expression of inflammatory mediators and cytokines. Further investigations showed that isofraxidin up-regulated expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and promoted phosphorylation of tropomyosin-related kinase B (TrkB), cyclic AMP-response element-binding protein (CREB), and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK). DISCUSSION & CONCLUSIONS: These results suggested that isofraxidin ameliorated scopolamine-induced cognitive and memory impairments, possibly through regulating AChE activity, suppressing oxidative stress and inflammatory response, and modulating BDNF-CREB-ERK pathways.
ESTHER : Lian_2022_Metab.Brain.Dis__
PubMedSearch : Lian_2022_Metab.Brain.Dis__
PubMedID: 35921056

Title : Microplastics induce neurotoxicity in aquatic animals at environmentally realistic concentrations: A meta-analysis - Xiong_2022_Environ.Pollut_318_120939
Author(s) : Xiong F , Liu J , Xu K , Huang J , Wang D , Li F , Wang S , Zhang J , Pu Y , Sun R
Ref : Environ Pollut , 318 :120939 , 2022
Abstract : Microplastics (MPs) draw international attention owing to their widespread distribution in water ecosystems, but whether MPs cause neurotoxic effects in aquatic animals at environmentally realistic concentrations is still controversial. This meta-analysis recompiled 35 studies to determine whether MPs could change the levels of brain (in vivo) neurotransmitters in aquatic animals at environmentally realistic concentrations (>=1smg/L, median = 0.100 mg/L). Then, a group comparison was conducted to compare the effects of different factors on the effect size and to explore the significant factors affecting the neurotoxicity of MPs. The results demonstrated that MP exposure could considerably decrease the levels of acetylcholinesterase (AchE) in the brain of aquatic animals by 16.2%. However, the effects of MPs on cholinesterase (CHE), acetylcholine (ACh), dopamine (DA) and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) were not statistically significant due to the small number of studies and samples. The neurotoxicity of MPs was closely linked with particle size and exposure time but independent of animal species, MP compositions, MP morphology and MP concentrations. Further literatures review indicated that MP-induced neurotoxicity and behavioral changes are related with multiple biological processes, including nerve damage, oxidative stress, intestinal flora disturbance and metabolic disorder. Furthermore, some factors influencing MP neurotoxicity in the real environment (e.g. the aging of MPs, the release of MP additives, and the co-exposure of MPs and pollutants) were discussed. Overall, this study preliminarily explored whether MPs induced changes in neurotoxicity-related indicators in aquatic animals through meta-analysis and provided scientific evidence for evaluating the health risks and neurotoxicity of MPs at the environmental level.
ESTHER : Xiong_2022_Environ.Pollut_318_120939
PubMedSearch : Xiong_2022_Environ.Pollut_318_120939
PubMedID: 36581239

Title : Acidic pH and thiol-driven homogeneous cathodic electrochemiluminescence strategy for determining the residue of organophosphorus pesticide in Chinese cabbage - Yang_2022_Food.Chem_393_133349
Author(s) : Yang Q , Zhao S , Li H , Li F
Ref : Food Chem , 393 :133349 , 2022
Abstract : Electrochemiluminescent (ECL) sensors for organophosphorus pesticides (OPs) have received considerable attention, whereas complicated electrode's immobilization, response to single hydrolysate and anodic emission correlated with ECL assays restrict their potential utilization. Herein, we developed a homogeneous dual-response cathodic ECL system for highly sensitive and reliable analysis of OP using CdTe QDs as emitters. CdTe QDs, emitting red light, were fabricated through a hydrothermal reaction and generated anodic and cathodic ECL emission upon stimulation of tripropyl amine and K(2)S(2)O(8), respectively. Notably, CdTe QDs-K(2)S(2)O(8) showed a simultaneous response to thiol and acidic pH, and were regarded as a ECL sensor for methidathion with limit of detection of 0.016 ng/mL based on hydrolysis of acetylthiocholine into thiocholine and CH(3)COOH by acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and OPs' inhibition on AChE activity. This sensor also exhibited good practicability to detect methidathion in Chinese cabbage. Overall, the sensor will supply more useful information for ensuring OPs-related food safety.
ESTHER : Yang_2022_Food.Chem_393_133349
PubMedSearch : Yang_2022_Food.Chem_393_133349
PubMedID: 35691064

Title : Genome-wide identification and functional analysis of long non-coding RNAs in Chilo suppressalis reveal their potential roles in chlorantraniliprole resistance - Huang_2022_Front.Physiol_13_1091232
Author(s) : Huang S , Jing D , Xu L , Luo G , Hu Y , Wu T , Li F , He K , Qin W , Sun Y , Liu H
Ref : Front Physiol , 13 :1091232 , 2022
Abstract : Long non-coding RNAs, referred to as lncRNAs, perform essential functions in some biological processes, including reproduction, metamorphosis, and other critical life functions. Yet, lncRNAs are poorly understood in pesticide resistance, and no reports to date have characterized which lncRNAs are associated with chlorantraniliprole resistance in Chilo suppressalis. Here, RNA-seq was performed on two strains of C. suppressalis exposed to chlorantraniliprole: one is a susceptible strain (S), and the other is a resistant strain (R). In total, 3,470 lncRNAs were identified from 40,573 merged transcripts in six libraries, including 1,879 lincRNAs, 245 intronic lncRNAs, 853 sense lncRNAs, and 493 antisense lncRNAs. Moreover, differential expression analysis revealed 297 and 335 lncRNAs upregulated in S and R strains, respectively. Differentially expressed (DE) lncRNAs are usually assumed to be involved in the chlorantraniliprole resistance in C. suppressalis. As potential targets, adjacent protein-coding genes (within <1000 kb range upstream or downstream of DE lncRNAs), especially detoxification enzyme genes (cytochrome P450s, carboxyl/cholinesterases/esterases, and ATP-binding cassette transporter), were analyzed. Furthermore, the strand-specific RT-PCR was conducted to confirm the transcript orientation of randomly selected 20 DE lincRNAs, and qRT-PCR was carried out to verify the expression status of 8 out of them. MSTRG.25315.3, MSTRG.25315.6, and MSTRG.7482.1 were upregulated in the R strain. Lastly, RNA interference and bioassay analyses indicated overexpressed lincRNA MSTRG.7482.1 was involved in chlorantraniliprole resistance. In conclusion, we represent, for the first time, the genome-wide identification of chlorantraniliprole-resistance-related lncRNAs in C. suppressalis. It elaborates the views underlying the mechanism conferring chlorantraniliprole resistance in lncRNAs.
ESTHER : Huang_2022_Front.Physiol_13_1091232
PubMedSearch : Huang_2022_Front.Physiol_13_1091232
PubMedID: 36699669

Title : Toxicological effects of tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate in oyster Crassostrea gigas using proteomic and phosphoproteomic analyses - Yin_2022_J.Hazard.Mater_434_128824
Author(s) : Yin C , Sun Z , Ji C , Li F , Wu H
Ref : J Hazard Mater , 434 :128824 , 2022
Abstract : As a typical organophosphorus pollutant, tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TDCIPP) has been widely detected in aquatic environment. Previous studies showed that protein phosphorylation might be a vital way of TDCIPP to exert multiple toxic effects. However, there is a lack of high-throughput investigations on how TDCIPP affected protein phosphorylation. In this study, the toxicological effects of TDCIPP were explored by proteomic and phosphoproteomic analyses together with traditional means in oysters Crassostrea gigas treated with 0.5, 5 and 50 microg/L TDCIPP for 28 days. Integration of omic analyses revealed that TDCIPP dysregulated transcription, energy metabolism, and apoptosis and cell proliferation by either directly phosphorylating pivotal proteins or phosphorylating their upstream signaling pathways. The U-shaped response of acetylcholinesterase activities suggested the neurotoxicity of TDCIPP in a hormesis manner. What's more, the increase in caspase-9 activity as well as the expression or phosphorylation alterations in eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E, cell division control protein 42 and transforming growth factor-beta1-induced protein indicated the disruption of homeostasis between apoptosis and cell proliferation, which was consistent with the observation of shedding of digestive cells. Overall, combination of proteomic and phosphoproteomic analyses showed the capability of identifying molecular events, which provided new insights into the toxicological mechanisms of TDCIPP.
ESTHER : Yin_2022_J.Hazard.Mater_434_128824
PubMedSearch : Yin_2022_J.Hazard.Mater_434_128824
PubMedID: 35427976

Title : Two Extracellular Poly(sigma-caprolactone)-Degrading Enzymes From Pseudomonas hydrolytica sp. DSWY01(T): Purification, Characterization, and Gene Analysis - Li_2022_Front.Bioeng.Biotechnol_10_835847
Author(s) : Li L , Lin X , Bao J , Xia H , Li F
Ref : Front Bioeng Biotechnol , 10 :835847 , 2022
Abstract : Poly(sigma-caprolactone) (PCL) is an artificial polyester with commercially promising application. In this study, two novel PCL-degrading enzymes named PCLase I and PCLase II were purified to homogeneity from the culture supernatant of an effective polyester-degrading bacterium, Pseudomonas hydrolytica sp. DSWY01(T). The molecular masses of PCLase I and PCLase II were determined to be 27.5 and 30.0 kDa, respectively. The optimum temperatures for the enzyme activities were 50 and 40 degreesC, and the optimum pH values were 9.0 and 10.0, respectively. The two enzymes exhibited different physical and chemical properties, but both enzymes could degrade PCL substrates into monomers and oligomers. Weight loss detection and scanning electron microscopy revealed that PCLase I had more effective degradation ability than PCLase II. The genes of the two enzymes were cloned on the basis of the peptide fingerprint analysis results. The sequence analysis and substrate specificity analysis results showed that PCLase I and PCLase II were cutinase and lipase, respectively. Interface activation experiment also confirmed this conclusion. Structural analysis and modeling were further performed to obtain possible insights on the mechanism.
ESTHER : Li_2022_Front.Bioeng.Biotechnol_10_835847
PubMedSearch : Li_2022_Front.Bioeng.Biotechnol_10_835847
PubMedID: 35372294
Gene_locus related to this paper: psemy-a4xvf4 , psemy-a4y035

Title : Lipase-catalyzed hydrazine insertion for the synthesis of N'-alkyl benzohydrazides - Yu_2022_Biotechnol.Appl.Biochem__
Author(s) : Yu Y , Li F , Li J , Zheng X , Tian H , Mahmut Z , Du Y , Dai Y , Wang L
Ref : Biotechnol Appl Biochem , : , 2022
Abstract : N'-alkyl benzohydrazides are classic organic compounds that have been widely utilized in organic chemistry. In this study, an efficient method was developed for the synthesis of N'-alkyl benzohydrazides by hydrazine insertion catalyzed by lipase. Under the optimal conditions (Morita-Baylis-Hillman ketone [1 mmol], phenylhydrazine [1.3 mmol], N,N-dimethylformamide [2 mL], lipase [20 mg], room temperature, 12 h), satisfactory yields (71%-97%) and substrate tolerance were obtained when porcine pancreatic lipase was used as biocatalyst. These findings imply the great potential for the lipase-catalyzed synthesis of N'-alkyl benzohydrazides and extend the utilization of lipase in organic chemistry. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
ESTHER : Yu_2022_Biotechnol.Appl.Biochem__
PubMedSearch : Yu_2022_Biotechnol.Appl.Biochem__
PubMedID: 35285069

Title : Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms Promote Dysregulation Activation by Essential Gene Mediated Bio-Molecular Interaction in Breast Cancer - Wang_2021_Front.Oncol_11_791943
Author(s) : Wang X , Zhao Z , Han X , Zhang Y , Li F , Li H
Ref : Front Oncol , 11 :791943 , 2021
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Breast cancer (BRCA) is a malignant tumor with a high mortality rate and poor prognosis in patients. However, understanding the molecular mechanism of breast cancer is still a challenge. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we constructed co-expression networks by weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA). Gene-expression profiles and clinical data were integrated to detect breast cancer survival modules and the leading genes related to prognostic risk. Finally, we introduced machine learning algorithms to build a predictive model aiming to discover potential key biomarkers. RESULTS: A total of 42 prognostic modules for breast cancer were identified. The nomogram analysis showed that 42 modules had good risk assessment performance. Compared to clinical characteristics, the risk values carried by genes in these modules could be used to classify the high-risk and low-risk groups of patients. Further, we found that 16 genes with significant differential expressions and obvious bridging effects might be considered biological markers related to breast cancer. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms on the CYP24A1 transcript induced RNA structural heterogeneity, which affects the molecular regulation of BRCA. In addition, we found for the first time that ABHD11-AS1 was significantly highly expressed in breast cancer. CONCLUSION: We integrated clinical prognosis information, RNA sequencing data, and drug targets to construct a breast cancer-related risk module. Through bridging effect measurement and machine learning modeling, we evaluated the risk values of the genes in the modules and identified potential biomarkers for breast cancer. The protocol provides new insight into deciphering the molecular mechanism and theoretical basis of BRCA.
ESTHER : Wang_2021_Front.Oncol_11_791943
PubMedSearch : Wang_2021_Front.Oncol_11_791943
PubMedID: 34926308
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-ABHD11

Title : pH and Redox Dual-Response Disulfide Bond-Functionalized Red-Emitting Gold Nanoclusters for Monitoring the Contamination of Organophosphorus Pesticides in Foods - Li_2021_Anal.Chem_93_7362
Author(s) : Li Q , Wu J , Yang Q , Li H , Li F
Ref : Analytical Chemistry , 93 :7362 , 2021
Abstract : Most of the fluorescence sensors require choline oxidase or quenchers to detect organophosphorus pesticides (OPs) based on a single hydrolysate and suffer from high cost, complex procedures, weak stability, and low sensitivity. Here, we proposed a brand-new fluorescence strategy for highly sensitive detection of OPs based on both hydrolysate-response disulfide bond-functionalized gold nanoclusters (S-S-AuNCs) without additional substances. S-S-AuNCs were synthesized via a facile one-step redox reaction and emitted bright red light with ultrasmall size and high water dispersion. Interestingly, S-S-AuNCs displayed a unique response to thiol compounds and low pH values and were thus pioneered as a high-efficiency sensor for OPs based on acetylcholinesterase (AChE)-catalyzed hydrolysis of acetylthiocholine into thiocholine and CH(3)COOH and OP inhibition of AChE activity. Further, S-S-AuNCs were employed to monitor the residue, distribution, and metabolization of methidathion in pakchoi with acceptable results. We believe that this work supplies a simpler and more highly sensitive approach for OP assay than the known ones and opens a new avenue to development of multistimulus-responsive and high-performance fluorescence substances.
ESTHER : Li_2021_Anal.Chem_93_7362
PubMedSearch : Li_2021_Anal.Chem_93_7362
PubMedID: 33961403

Title : Host-pathogen interaction between Asian citrus psyllid and entomopathogenic fungus (Cordyceps fumosorosea) is regulated by modulations in gene expression, enzymatic activity and HLB-bacterial population of the host - Qasim_2021_Comp.Biochem.Physiol.C.Toxicol.Pharmacol__109112
Author(s) : Qasim M , Xiao H , He K , Omar MAA , Hussain D , Noman A , Rizwan M , Khan KA , Al-Zoubi OM , Alharbi SA , Wang L , Li F
Ref : Comparative Biochemistry & Physiology C Toxicol Pharmacol , :109112 , 2021
Abstract : The host-pathogen interaction has been explored by several investigations, but the impact of fungal pathogens against insect resistance is still ambiguous. Therefore, we assessed the enzymatic activity and defense-related gene expression of Asian citrus psyllid (ACP) nymphal and adult populations on Huanglongbing-diseased citrus plants under the attack of Cordyceps fumosorosea. Overall, five enzymes viz. superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), catalase (CAT), glutathione S-transferase (GST), carboxylesterase (CarE), and four genes, namely SOD, 16S, CYP4C68, CYP4BD1, were selected for respective observations from ACP populations. Enzymatic activity of four enzymes (SOD, POD, GST, CarE) was significantly decreased after 5-days post-treatment (dpt) and 3-dpt fungal exposure in fungal treated ACP adult and nymphal populations, respectively, whereas the activity of CAT was boosted substantially post-treatment time schedule. Besides, we recorded drastic fluctuations in the expression of CYP4 genes among fungal treated ACP populations. After 24 hours post-treatment (hpt), expression of both CYP4 genes was boosted in fungal treated populations than controlled populations (adult and nymph). After 3-dpt, however, the expression of CYP4 genes was declined in the given populations. Likewise, fungal attack deteriorated the resistance of adult and nymphal of ACP population, as SOD expression was down-regulated in fungal-treated adult and nymphs after 5-dpt and 3-dpt exposure, respectively. Moreover, bacterial expression via the 16S gene was significantly increased in fungal-treated adult and nymphal ACP populations with increasing post-treatment time. Overall, our data illustrate that the fungal application disrupted the insect defense system. The expression of these genes and enzymes suppress the immune function of adult and nymphal ACP populations. As it is reported first time that the applications of C. fumosorosea against ACP reduce insect resistance by interfering with the CYP4 and SOD system. Therefore, we propose new strategies to discover the role of certain toxic compounds from fungus, which can reduce insect resistance, focusing on resistance-related genes and enzymes.
ESTHER : Qasim_2021_Comp.Biochem.Physiol.C.Toxicol.Pharmacol__109112
PubMedSearch : Qasim_2021_Comp.Biochem.Physiol.C.Toxicol.Pharmacol__109112
PubMedID: 34153507

Title : pH-Response Quantum Dots with Orange-Red Emission for Monitoring the Residue, Distribution, and Variation of an Organophosphorus Pesticide in an Agricultural Crop - Yang_2021_J.Agric.Food.Chem__
Author(s) : Yang Q , Li Q , Li H , Li F
Ref : Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry , : , 2021
Abstract : Development of simple, sensitive, and reliable fluorescence sensors for monitoring the residue, distribution, and variation of organophosphorus pesticides (OPs) in agricultural crops is highly urgent but remains challenging, which is ascribed to deprivation of an ideal fluorophore and ingenious detection strategy. Herein, we report the fabrication of cadmium telluride quantum dots (CdTe QDs) with bright emission, good water dispersion, and long emission wavelength for OP screening based on the unique response of CdTe QDs to pH and the inhibition of OPs on acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity. AChE catalyzed hydrolysis of acetylcholine (ACh) into CH(3)COOH, which protonated CdTe QDs to decline the fluorescence, whereas target OP impeded AChE from catalyzing hydrolysis of ACh into CH(3)COOH, making little influence in fluorescence of CdTe QDs. On the basis of the change in fluorescence, sensitive detection of OP was acquired, with the limit of detection at 0.027 ng/mL, which was comparable or lower than that of most known OP sensors. Furthermore, the CdTe-QD-based sensor was successfully applied for precisely monitoring the residue, distribution, and variation of methidathion in Chinese cabbage and cultivated soil. Therefore, the proposed sensor was anticipated to supply a promising alternative for food safety guarantee and was an valuable application for OP screening.
ESTHER : Yang_2021_J.Agric.Food.Chem__
PubMedSearch : Yang_2021_J.Agric.Food.Chem__
PubMedID: 33635638

Title : Structural basis for substrate specificity of the peroxisomal acyl-CoA hydrolase MpaH' involved in mycophenolic acid biosynthesis - You_2021_FEBS.J_288_5768
Author(s) : You C , Li F , Zhang X , Ma L , Zhang YZ , Zhang W , Li S
Ref : Febs J , 288 :5768 , 2021
Abstract : Mycophenolic acid (MPA) is a fungal natural product and first-line immunosuppressive drug for organ transplantations and autoimmune diseases. In the compartmentalized biosynthesis of MPA, the acyl-coenzyme A (CoA) hydrolase MpaH' located in peroxisomes catalyzes the highly specific hydrolysis of MPA-CoA to produce the final product MPA. The strict substrate specificity of MpaH' not only averts undesired hydrolysis of various cellular acyl-CoAs, but also prevents MPA-CoA from further peroxisomal beta-oxidation catabolism. To elucidate the structural basis for this important property, in this study, we solve the crystal structures of the substrate-free form of MpaH' and the MpaH'(S139A) mutant in complex with the product MPA. The MpaH' structure reveals a canonical alpha/beta-hydrolase fold with an unusually large cap domain and a rare location of the acidic residue D163 of catalytic triad after strand beta6. MpaH' also forms an atypical dimer with the unique C-terminal helices alpha13 and alpha14 arming the cap domain of the other protomer and indirectly participating in the substrate binding. With these characteristics, we propose that MpaH' and its homologues form a new subfamily of alpha/beta hydrolase fold protein. The crystal structure of MpaH'(S139A) /MPA complex and the modelled structure of MpaH'/MPA-CoA, together with the structure-guided mutagenesis analysis and isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) measurements provide important mechanistic insights into the high substrate specificity of MpaH'.
ESTHER : You_2021_FEBS.J_288_5768
PubMedSearch : You_2021_FEBS.J_288_5768
PubMedID: 33843134
Gene_locus related to this paper: penbr-mpaH

Title : Outcomes of juvenile myasthenia gravis: a comparison of robotic thymectomy with medication treatment - Li_2021_Ann.Thorac.Surg__
Author(s) : Li Z , Li F , Zhang H , Swierzy M , Ismail M , Meisel A , Rueckert JC
Ref : Annals of Thoracic surgery , : , 2021
Abstract : BACKGROUND: The study aims to compare the clinical outcomes of patients with juvenile myasthenia gravis (JMG) who underwent robotic thymectomy with that of those who only received medication therapy. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who visited our institution for the diagnosis or treatment of MG with an age at onset younger than 18 years. Patients who underwent thymectomy comprised the surgical group and those who received only medication therapy comprised the nonsurgical group. The clinical outcomes were assessed according to the Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America Post Intervention Status. RESULTS: Forty-seven patients (35 female: 12 male) were included as the surgical group and 20 patients (15 female: 5 male) comprised the nonsurgical group. Significant differences were observed between the surgical and nonsurgical groups in antibody against acetylcholinesterase receptor (91.5% versus 65%, p=0.012), disease duration (16 [7-25] months versus 96 [42-480] months, p<0.001) and corticosteroids requirement (53.2% versus 15%, p=0.004) at baseline. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed a higher cumulative probability of complete stable remission (CSR) in the surgical group (p=0.002), compared with that in the nonsurgical group. Moreover, thymectomy (HR 3.842, 95%CI: 1.116-13.230, p=0.033) and age at onset (HR 0.89, 95%CI: 0.80-0.99, p=0.037) were still associated with the achievement of CSR in the multivariable analysis. Furthermore, a significant steroid-sparing effect was only observed in the surgical group, but not in the nonsurgical group. CONCLUSIONS: Robotic thymectomy seems to be more effective than medication therapy on JMG in terms of inducing remission and reducing the use of corticosteroids.
ESTHER : Li_2021_Ann.Thorac.Surg__
PubMedSearch : Li_2021_Ann.Thorac.Surg__
PubMedID: 33482164

Title : Inducing new bioactive metabolites production from coculture of Pestalotiopsis sp. and Penicillium bialowiezense - Li_2021_Bioorg.Chem_110_104826
Author(s) : Li F , Yan S , Huang Z , Gao W , Zhang S , Mo S , Lin S , Wang J , Hu Z , Zhang Y
Ref : Bioorg Chem , 110 :104826 , 2021
Abstract : Coculturing two or more fungi is a useful strategy to awaken the silent genes to produce structurally diverse and bioactive natural products. Through the coculture of Pestalotiopsis sp. and Penicillium bialowiezense, six new isoprenylated chromane derivatives, including two pairs of enantiomeric ones (1a/1b-2a/2b) and two optical pure ones (3-4), two new isoprenylated phenol glucoside derivatives (6-7), as well as eight known structural analogues (5 and 8-14), were obtained. The structures of these new compounds were characterized by NMR spectroscopy, single-crystal X-ray crystallography, and ECD calculation. The delta(10,11) double bond of pestaloficin D (5) was revised to E-configurated based on the extensive spectroscopic analyses. Compounds 1a/1b and 2a/2b were the first examples of enantiomeric isoprenylated chromane derivatives, which were successfully separated by chiral HPLC. Additionally, all the isolated compounds were evaluated for the in vitro beta-glucuronidase (GUS) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) inhibitory activities. Compounds 1a and 1b showed significant beta-glucuronidase inhibitory potency with IC(50) values of 7.6 and 10.3 microM, respectively. Compound 14 exhibited moderate BChE inhibitory activity with an IC(50) value of 21.3 microM. In addition, the structure-enzyme inhibitory activity relationship of compounds 1-14 is discussed.
ESTHER : Li_2021_Bioorg.Chem_110_104826
PubMedSearch : Li_2021_Bioorg.Chem_110_104826
PubMedID: 33780746

Title : Two-Dimensional MnO(2) Nanozyme-Mediated Homogeneous Electrochemical Detection of Organophosphate Pesticides without the Interference of H(2)O(2) and Color - Wu_2021_Anal.Chem__
Author(s) : Wu J , Yang Q , Li Q , Li H , Li F
Ref : Analytical Chemistry , : , 2021
Abstract : Traditional peroxidase-like nanozyme-based sensors suffer from self-decomposition and high toxicity of H(2)O(2), as well as the interference of color from nanozymes themselves and testing samples. In this work, we adopt nanozymes (two-dimension (2D) MnO(2) sheets, manganese dioxide nanosheets (MnNS)) with oxidase-like and peroxidase-like properties as advanced catalysts to develop a novel homogeneous electrochemical sensor for organophosphate pesticides (OPs) using dissolved O(2) as a coreactant without the interference of H(2)O(2) and color. Owing to the large surface area and unique catalytic activity of MnNS, a large amount of tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) is catalyzed oxidation, leading to a significantly declined differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) current. Obviously, MnNS display an excellent response to thiocholine, deriving from the catalyzing hydrolysis of acetylthiocholine (ATCh) by acetylcholinesterase (AChE), which switches a homogeneous electrochemical OP detection process based on the depressing AChE activity with a limit of detection (LOD) of 0.025 ng mL(-1). The as-proposed strategy on using nanozymes with oxidase-like and peroxidase-like properties to develop a homogeneous electrochemical sensor will provide a new pathway for improving the performance of nanozyme-based sensors, and the established MnNS-based homogeneous electrochemical sensor will find more applications for OP residue determination in food samples.
ESTHER : Wu_2021_Anal.Chem__
PubMedSearch : Wu_2021_Anal.Chem__
PubMedID: 33588528

Title : Inorganic Recognizer-Assisted Homogeneous Electrochemiluminescence Determination of Organophosphorus Pesticides via Target-Controlled Emitter Release - Li_2021_J.Agric.Food.Chem_69_6087
Author(s) : Li H , Lv W , Yang Q , Li Q , Li F
Ref : Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry , 69 :6087 , 2021
Abstract : Given the relevance of organophosphorus pesticides (OPs) with food safety, it is highly urgent to develop sensitive and reliable sensors for OPs. However, most of the OP sensors are developed based on colorimetric and fluorescent techniques, which are limited to severe interference of color and fluorescence from pigments and organic acids in agricultural crops. Herein, we develop an inorganic recognizer-based homogeneous electrochemiluminescence (ECL) sensor for the highly sensitive and credible determination of OPs based on manganese dioxide and tris(2,2'-bipyridine)ruthenium [Ru(bpy)(3)](2+). Through electrostatic interaction, manganese dioxide nanoflakes-[Ru(bpy)(3)](2+) nanocomposites (MnNFs-Ru) are formed and exhibit a weak ECL signal due to the confinement of [Ru(bpy)(3)](2+) in MnNFs-Ru. Interestingly, MnNFs-Ru are capable of recognizing thiols due to the analyte-initiated reduction of MnNFs into Mn(2+) and release of [Ru(bpy)(3)](2+) from MnNFs-Ru into solution. Further, MnNFs-Ru are employed for the homogeneous ECL determination of OPs, where acetylcholinesterase (AChE) catalyzes the hydrolysis of acetylthiocholine (ATCh) into thiocholine, which in turn decomposes MnNFs of MnNFs-Ru into Mn(2+), and OPs inhibit AChE activity. This study widens the application of inorganic recognizers from colorimetry/fluorescence to homogeneous ECL and effectively avoids the interference of color and fluorescence, opening up a new path to the development of high-performance OP sensors and supplying a promising tool for guaranteed OP-related food safety.
ESTHER : Li_2021_J.Agric.Food.Chem_69_6087
PubMedSearch : Li_2021_J.Agric.Food.Chem_69_6087
PubMedID: 34018740

Title : mTOR and ERK1\/2 signaling participate in the process of acetate regulating lipid metabolism and HSL expression - Li_2021_Anim.Biosci__
Author(s) : Li Y , Fu C , Liu L , Liu Y , Li F
Ref : Anim Biosci , : , 2021
Abstract : OBJECTIVE: Acetate plays an important role in host lipid metabolism. However, the network of acetate-regulated lipid metabolism remains unclear. Previous studies show that mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) play a crucial role in lipid metabolism. We hypothesize that acetate could affect MAPKs and/or mTOR signaling and then regulate lipid metabolism. The present study investigated whether any cross talk occurs among MAPKs, mTOR and acetate in regulating lipid metabolism. METHODS: The ceramide C6 (an extracellular signaling-regulated kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) activator) and MHY1485 (a mTOR activator) were used to treat rabbit adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) with or without acetate, respectively. RESULTS: It indicated that acetate (9 mM) treatment for 48 h decreased the lipid deposition in rabbit ADSCs. Acetate treatment decreased significantly phosphorylated protein levels of ERK1/2 and mTOR but significantly increased mRNA level of hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL). Acetate treatment did not significantly alter the phosphorylated protein level of p38 MAPK and c-Jun aminoterminal kinase (JNK). Activation of ERK1/2 and mTOR by respective addition in media with ceramide C6 and MHY1485 significantly attenuated decreased lipid deposition and increased HSL expression caused by acetate. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that ERK1/2 and mTOR signaling pathways are associated with acetate regulated HSL gene expression and lipid deposition.
ESTHER : Li_2021_Anim.Biosci__
PubMedSearch : Li_2021_Anim.Biosci__
PubMedID: 34727637

Title : Discovery and validation of quality markers of Fructus Aurantii against acetylcholinesterase using metabolomics and bioactivity assays - Wang_2021_J.Sep.Sci__
Author(s) : Wang YK , Zhou ZM , Dai MY , Ma XF , Xiao XR , Zhang SW , Liu HN , Li F
Ref : J Sep Sci , : , 2021
Abstract : Fructus Aurantii is a traditional medicated diet in East Asia. To determine the underlying chemical markers responsible for the quality and efficacy of Fructus Aurantii, a sensitive metabolomic method was applied to distinguish Fructus Aurantii in Jiangxi Province from other two geographical locations (Hunan Province and Chongqi City) in China. In the present study, multivariate analyses were adopted to compare chemical compositions in 21 batches of Fructus Aurantii samples. Among three geographical origins, 23 differential compounds were structurally identified. Serum pharmacochemistry exhibited that 22 components could be detected in rat serum. Six differential and absorbed components were selected as six potential markers. Statistical analysis of the effects of six potential markers on the quality of Fructus Aurantii revealed that the content of markers varied widely in three origins. Six differential and absorbed components were evaluated further biological activity. Neohesperidin, naringin and meranzin showed inhibitory effect on acetylcholinesterase that regulates gastrointestinal motility in vitro and in silico, suggesting that these three components may be determined as the active biomarkers of Fructus Aurantii. These findings demonstrate the potential of biomarkers for identification and quality control of Fructus Aurantii. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
ESTHER : Wang_2021_J.Sep.Sci__
PubMedSearch : Wang_2021_J.Sep.Sci__
PubMedID: 33784419

Title : The association between toxic pesticide environmental exposure and Alzheimer's disease: A scientometric and visualization analysis - Li_2021_Chemosphere_263_128238
Author(s) : Li Y , Fang R , Liu Z , Jiang L , Zhang J , Li H , Liu C , Li F
Ref : Chemosphere , 263 :128238 , 2021
Abstract : Alzheimer's disease (AD) is one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases. The association between environmental factors (e.g., pesticide) and AD has attracted considerable attention. However, no systematic analysis has been performed and make it difficult to provide deeper insights of AD correlated with pesticide exposure. Hence, this study utilized a bibliometric and visual approach that included map collaborations, co-citations, and keywords, to identifying the knowledge structure, hot topics and the research trends based on 372 publications from the Web of Science Core Collection and PubMed databases. The results showed that 116 institutions from 52 countries published articles in this field. The United States and Israel played a leading role with numerous publications in related journals, as well as prolific institutions and authors, respectively. Three hot topics in pesticide-induced AD were recognized based on co-occurrence keywords detection, including acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor, oxidative stress, and AChE. Moreover, analysis of keywords burst suggests that some potential molecular mechanisms and therapy targets of pesticide-induced AD, especially for mitochondrial dysfunction and monoamine oxidase-B (MAO-B) that catalyzes the oxidative deamination and causes oxidative stress, are emerging trends. In addition, the study of various pesticides and the assessment method of pesticide exposure will step forward as well. To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to specifically visualize the relationship between AD and pesticide exposure and to predict potential future research directions.
ESTHER : Li_2021_Chemosphere_263_128238
PubMedSearch : Li_2021_Chemosphere_263_128238
PubMedID: 33297185

Title : Portable electrochemical biosensor based on laser-induced graphene and MnO(2) switch-bridged DNA signal amplification for sensitive detection of pesticide - Liu_2021_Biosens.Bioelectron_199_113906
Author(s) : Liu X , Cheng H , Zhao Y , Wang Y , Li F
Ref : Biosensors & Bioelectronics , 199 :113906 , 2021
Abstract : Developing portable, quantitative, and user-friendly analytical tools for sensitive pesticide assay is of significant importance for guaranteeing food safety. Herein, a novel electrochemical biosensor was constructed by integrating laser-induced graphene (LIG) electrode on polyimide (PI) foil and MnO(2) nanosheets loaded on the paper for point-of-care test (POCT) of organophosphorus (OPs) residues. The principle of this biosensor relied on acetylcholinesterase (AChE)-catalyzed hydrolytic product-triggered disintegration of MnO(2) nanosheets for releasing assistant DNA to initiate nicking enzyme-aided recycling amplification. In the presence of OPs, the activity of AChE was inhibited and could not initiate the cleavage of the electroactive molecules-labeled hairpin probe on the electrode, resulting in the maintenance of the electrochemical response to realize a "sign-on" determination of OPs. The proposed biosensor exhibited satisfactory analytical performance for OPs assay with a linear range from 3 to 4000 ng/mL and a limit of detection down to 1.2 ng/mL. Moreover, the biosensor was useful for evaluating the residual level of pesticides in the vegetables. Therefore, this novel biosensor holds great promise for OPs assay and opens a new avenue on the development of higher-performance POCT device for sensing applications in the environment and food safety fields.
ESTHER : Liu_2021_Biosens.Bioelectron_199_113906
PubMedSearch : Liu_2021_Biosens.Bioelectron_199_113906
PubMedID: 34968952

Title : FumDSB Can Reduce the Toxic Effects of Fumonisin B(1) by Regulating Several Brain-Gut Peptides in Both the Hypothalamus and Jejunum of Growing Pigs - Liu_2021_Toxins.(Basel)_13_874
Author(s) : Liu Q , Li F , Huang L , Chen W , Li Z , Wang C
Ref : Toxins (Basel) , 13 :874 , 2021
Abstract : Fumonisin B(1) (FB(1)) is the most common food-borne mycotoxin produced by the Fusarium species, posing a potential threat to human and animal health. Pigs are more sensitive to FB(1) ingested from feed compared to other farmed livestock. Enzymatic degradation is an ideal detoxification method that has attracted much attention. This study aimed to explore the functional characteristics of the carboxylesterase FumDSB in growing pigs from the perspective of brain-gut regulation. A total of 24 growing pigs were divided into three groups. The control group was fed a basal diet, the FB(1) group was supplemented with FB(1) at 5 mg/kg feed, and the FumDSB group received added FumDSB based on the diet of the FB(1) group. After 35 days of animal trials, samples from the hypothalamus and jejunum were analyzed through HE staining, qRT-PCR and immunohistochemistry. The results demonstrated that the ingestion of FB(1) can reduce the feed intake and weight gain of growing pigs, indicating that several appetite-related brain-gut peptides (including NPY, PYY, ghrelin and obestatin, etc.) play important roles in the anorexia response induced by FB(1). After adding FumDSB as detoxifying enzymes, however, the anorexia effects of FB(1) were alleviated, and the expression and distribution of the corresponding brain-gut peptides exhibited a certain degree of regulation. In conclusion, the addition of FumDSB can reduce the anorexia effects of FB(1) by regulating several brain-gut peptides in both the hypothalamus and the jejunum of growing pigs.
ESTHER : Liu_2021_Toxins.(Basel)_13_874
PubMedSearch : Liu_2021_Toxins.(Basel)_13_874
PubMedID: 34941712
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9sphn-a0a101vlk1

Title : Data for the lipase catalyzed synthesis of cyano-containing multi-substituted indoles - Li_2021_Data.Brief_36_107045
Author(s) : Li F , Xu Y , Wang C , Zhao R , Wang L
Ref : Data Brief , 36 :107045 , 2021
Abstract : The data presented here are related to the research paper entitled "Efficient Synthesis of Cyano-containing Multi-substituted Indoles Catalyzed by Lipase" [1]. In this data article, the lipase catalyzed synthetic procedures for the preparation of multi-substituted indoles and their derivatives were described. In total, 11 compounds were obtained and the optimum pH, reaction time and substrate ratio were screened through this study.
ESTHER : Li_2021_Data.Brief_36_107045
PubMedSearch : Li_2021_Data.Brief_36_107045
PubMedID: 33997196

Title : A Neuroligin Isoform Translated by circNlgn Contributes to Cardiac Remodeling - Du_2021_Circ.Res__
Author(s) : Du WW , Xu J , Yang W , Wu N , Li F , Zhou L , Wang S , Li X , He AT , Du KY , Zeng K , Ma J , Lyu J , Zhang C , Zhou C , Maksimovic K , Yang BB
Ref : Circulation Research , : , 2021
Abstract : Rationale: Fibrotic cardiac remodeling is a maladaptive response to acute or chronic injury that leads to arrythmia and progressive heart failure. The underlying mechanisms remain unclear.Objective: We performed high-throughput RNA sequencing to analyze circular RNA (circRNA) profile in human cardiac disease and developed transgenic mice to explore the roles of circNlgn. Methods and Results: Using RNA sequencing, we found that circular neuroligin RNA (circNlgn) was highly upregulated in myocardial tissues of patients with selected congenital heart defects with cardiac overload. Back-splicing of the neuroligin gene led to the translation of a circular RNA-derived peptide (Nlgn173) with a 9-amino-acid nuclear localization motif. Binding of this motif to the structural protein LaminB1 facilitated the nuclear localization of Nlgn173. CHIP analysis demonstrated subsequent binding of Nlgn173 to both ING4 and C8orf44-SGK3 promoters, resulting in aberrant collagen deposition, cardiac fibroblast proliferation, and reduced cardiomyocyte viability. Three-dimensional ultrasound imaging of circNlgn transgenic mice showed impaired left ventricular function, with further impairment when subjected to left ventricular pressure overload compared to wild type mice. Nuclear translocation of Nlgn173, dysregulated expression of ING4 and C8orf44-SGK3, and immunohistochemical markers of cardiac fibrosis were detected in a panel of 145 patient specimens. Phenotypic changes observed in left ventricular pressure overload and transgenic mice were abrogated with silencing of circNlgn or its targets ING4 and SGK3. Conclusions: We show that a circular RNA can be translated into a novel protein isoform. Dysregulation of this process contributes to fibrosis and heart failure in cardiac overload-induced remodeling. This mechanism may hold therapeutic implications for cardiac disease.
ESTHER : Du_2021_Circ.Res__
PubMedSearch : Du_2021_Circ.Res__
PubMedID: 34261347

Title : A Network-Based Approach to Explore the Mechanisms of Uncaria Alkaloids in Treating Hypertension and Alleviating Alzheimer's Disease - Wu_2020_Int.J.Mol.Sci_21_
Author(s) : Wu W , Zhang Z , Li F , Deng Y , Lei M , Long H , Hou J
Ref : Int J Mol Sci , 21 : , 2020
Abstract : Uncaria alkaloids are the major bioactive chemicals found in the Uncaria genus, which have a long history of clinical application in treating cardiovascular and mental diseases in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). However, there are gaps in understanding the multiple targets, pathways, and biological activities of Uncaria alkaloids. By constructing the interactions among drug-targets-diseases, network pharmacology provides a systemic methodology and a novel perspective to present the intricate connections among drugs, potential targets, and related pathways. It is a valuable tool for studying TCM drugs with multiple indications, and how these multi-indication drugs are affected by complex interactions in the biological system. To better understand the mechanisms and targets of Uncaria alkaloids, we built an integrated analytical platform based on network pharmacology, including target prediction, protein-protein interaction (PPI) network, topology analysis, gene enrichment analysis, and molecular docking. Using this platform, we revealed the underlying mechanisms of Uncaria alkaloids' anti-hypertensive effects and explored the possible application of Uncaria alkaloids in preventing Alzheimer's disease. These results were further evaluated and refined using biological experiments. Our study provides a novel strategy for understanding the holistic pharmacology of TCM, as well as for exploring the multi-indication properties of TCM beyond its traditional applications.
ESTHER : Wu_2020_Int.J.Mol.Sci_21_
PubMedSearch : Wu_2020_Int.J.Mol.Sci_21_
PubMedID: 32143538

Title : Acetylcholinesterase-catalyzed silver deposition for ultrasensitive electrochemical biosensing of organophosphorus pesticides - Liu_2020_Analyst__
Author(s) : Liu Z , Xia X , Zhou G , Ge L , Li F
Ref : Analyst , : , 2020
Abstract : Herein, an electrochemical biosensing platform with acetylcholinesterase (AChE)-catalyzed silver deposition was developed for the ultrasensitive detection of organophosphorus pesticides (OPs). The biosensing mechanism is based on the fact that AChE can catalyze the rapid hydrolysis of indoxyl acetate to form hydroxyindole, which in turn reduces silver ions to metallic silver, resulting in the deposition of silver on the gold electrode. Upon sweeping positive voltages on the gold electrode using linear sweep voltammetry (LSV), the deposited silver on the gold electrode surface undergoes a rapid electrochemical oxidation reaction. Due to its lower oxidation potential under facile conditions with a relatively sharp peak, a small amount of deposited silver generated from AChE-catalysis could result in a significant change in the LSV response. In the presence of OPs, the AChE-catalyzed hydrolysis of indoxyl acetate is blocked, and then the silver deposition on the gold electrode declines, leading to a remarkable decrease in the LSV response and, thus producing a large signal output for the ultrasensitive detection of chlorpyrifos, a proof-of-concept OP in this work. The change in the LSV peak current intensity is linearly correlated with the logarithmic value of the chlorpyrifos concentration ranging from 10 pM to 10 nM with a low detection limit of 4.0 pM. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first example of a biosensing platform for ultrasensitive OP assay using AChE-controlled silver deposition to enhance the output of electronic signals.
ESTHER : Liu_2020_Analyst__
PubMedSearch : Liu_2020_Analyst__
PubMedID: 32031197

Title : Molecular Mechanism for Antibody-Dependent Enhancement of Coronavirus Entry - Wan_2020_J.Virol_94_
Author(s) : Wan Y , Shang J , Sun S , Tai W , Chen J , Geng Q , He L , Chen Y , Wu J , Shi Z , Zhou Y , Du L , Li F
Ref : J Virol , 94 : , 2020
Abstract : Antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE) of viral entry has been a major concern for epidemiology, vaccine development, and antibody-based drug therapy. However, the molecular mechanism behind ADE is still elusive. Coronavirus spike protein mediates viral entry into cells by first binding to a receptor on the host cell surface and then fusing viral and host membranes. In this study, we investigated how a neutralizing monoclonal antibody (MAb), which targets the receptor-binding domain (RBD) of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) coronavirus spike, mediates viral entry using pseudovirus entry and biochemical assays. Our results showed that MAb binds to the virus surface spike, allowing it to undergo conformational changes and become prone to proteolytic activation. Meanwhile, MAb binds to cell surface IgG Fc receptor, guiding viral entry through canonical viral-receptor-dependent pathways. Our data suggest that the antibody/Fc-receptor complex functionally mimics viral receptor in mediating viral entry. Moreover, we characterized MAb dosages in viral-receptor-dependent, Fc-receptor-dependent, and both-receptors-dependent viral entry pathways, delineating guidelines on MAb usages in treating viral infections. Our study reveals a novel molecular mechanism for antibody-enhanced viral entry and can guide future vaccination and antiviral strategies.IMPORTANCE Antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE) of viral entry has been observed for many viruses. It was shown that antibodies target one serotype of viruses but only subneutralize another, leading to ADE of the latter viruses. Here we identify a novel mechanism for ADE: a neutralizing antibody binds to the surface spike protein of coronaviruses like a viral receptor, triggers a conformational change of the spike, and mediates viral entry into IgG Fc receptor-expressing cells through canonical viral-receptor-dependent pathways. We further evaluated how antibody dosages impacted viral entry into cells expressing viral receptor, Fc receptor, or both receptors. This study reveals complex roles of antibodies in viral entry and can guide future vaccine design and antibody-based drug therapy.
ESTHER : Wan_2020_J.Virol_94_
PubMedSearch : Wan_2020_J.Virol_94_
PubMedID: 31826992

Title : Efficient synthesis of cyano-containing multi-substituted indoles catalyzed by lipase - Li_2020_Bioorg.Chem_107_104583
Author(s) : Li F , Xu Y , Wang C , Zhao R , Wang L
Ref : Bioorg Chem , 107 :104583 , 2020
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Indoles are important bioactive compounds that have been extensively studied in organic chemistry. In this work, a green and efficient process for the synthesis of Indoles from 1,3-diketones with fumaronitrile was developed. RESULTS: Under optimal conditions (1,3-diketones (0.5 mmol), fumaronitrile (1 mmol), water (2 ml), lipase (15 mg), 30 degreesC, 24 h), high yields and satisfactory regioselectivity of cyano-containing multi-substituted indoles could be obtained when CRL (C. rugosa lipase) was used as the catalyst. CONCLUSION: This enzymatic method demonstrates the great potential for the synthesis of indoles and extends the application of enzyme in organic synthesis.
ESTHER : Li_2020_Bioorg.Chem_107_104583
PubMedSearch : Li_2020_Bioorg.Chem_107_104583
PubMedID: 33421956

Title : A Dual-Protein Cascade Reaction for the Regioselective Synthesis of Quinoxalines - Li_2020_Org.Lett__
Author(s) : Li F , Tang X , Xu Y , Wang C , Wang Z , Li Z , Wang L
Ref : Org Lett , : , 2020
Abstract : In this work, an efficient dual-protein (lipase and hemoglobin) system was successfully constructed for the regioselective synthesis of quinoxalines in water. A set of quinoxalines were obtained in high yields under optimal reaction conditions. This dual-protein method exhibited a regioselectivity higher than those of previously reported methods. This study not only provides a green and mild strategy for the synthesis of quinoxalines but also expands the application of lipase and hemoglobin in organic synthesis.
ESTHER : Li_2020_Org.Lett__
PubMedSearch : Li_2020_Org.Lett__
PubMedID: 32337998

Title : Genomic Characterization and Expression of Juvenile Hormone Esterase-Like Carboxylesterase Genes in Pacific White Shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei - Zhang_2020_Int.J.Mol.Sci_21_
Author(s) : Zhang X , Yuan J , Xiang J , Li F
Ref : Int J Mol Sci , 21 : , 2020
Abstract : The sesquiterpenoid methyl farnesoate (MF), a juvenile hormone (JH) analog, plays important roles in many physiological processes of crustaceans, such as morphogenesis, molting and reproduction. Juvenile hormone esterase-like (JHE-like) carboxylesterase (CXE) is a key enzyme in MF degradation, playing a significant role in regulating MF titer. However, its function is barely known in shrimp. In this study, a total of 21 JHE-like CXEs (LvCXEs) were characterized in Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei, based on the full genome and multi-transcriptomic data. LvCXE has a conserved triplet catalytic site (Ser-Glu-His) and a characteristic GxSxG motif. Most LvCXEs were highly expressed in the hepatopancreas, which was the main site for MF degradation. LvCXEs containing a GESAG motif showed a specific expansion in the L. vannamei genome. Those GESAG-containing LvCXEs presented differential expressions at different larvae stages and different molting stages of L. vannamei, which suggested their potential functions in development and molting. Additionally, when the transcription level of CXEs was inhibited, it could lead to failed molt and death of L. vannamei. When we further detected the expression levels of the key ecdysone responsive transcription factors including LvE75, LvBr-C, LvHr3 and LvFtz-f1 after the CXE inhibitor was injected into L. vannamei, they all showed apparent down-regulation. These results suggested that the expansion of LvCXEs in the L. vannamei genome should contribute to the regulation of metamorphosis at larvae stages and frequent molting during the growth of L. vannamei.
ESTHER : Zhang_2020_Int.J.Mol.Sci_21_
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2020_Int.J.Mol.Sci_21_
PubMedID: 32751646

Title : Mechanisms of Increased Indoxacarb Toxicity in Methoxyfenozide-Resistant Cotton Bollworm Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) - Wang_2020_Toxics_8_
Author(s) : Wang Q , Rui C , Wang L , Li F , Nahiyoon SA , Yuan H , Cui L
Ref : Toxics , 8 : , 2020
Abstract : Indoxacarb is an important insecticide for the selective control of Helicoverpa armigera. It can be bioactivated to the more effective N-decarbomethoxylated indoxacarb (DCJW) by esterases in pests. It was observed that both field and laboratory selected populations of H. armigera showed negative cross-resistance between indoxacarb and methoxyfenozide. The Handan population exhibited moderate resistance to indoxacarb, but was susceptible to methoxyfenozide; the Baoding and Yishui populations exhibited moderate resistance to methoxyfenozide, but they were susceptible to indoxacarb. Moreover, the toxicity of indoxacarb was enhanced 1.83-fold in the laboratory methoxyfenozide-resistant H. armigera, and susceptibility to methoxyfenozide was increased 2.81-fold in the laboratory indoxacarb-resistant H. armigera. In vivo, DCJW concentrations in the susceptible and methoxyfenozide-selected (laboratory methoxyfenozide-resistant) populations were 4.59- and 4.31-fold greater than in the indoxacarb-resistant Handan population 1 h after dosing. After 2 h, the highest concentrations of DCJW and indoxacarb appeared in the methoxyfenozide-selected population. Meanwhile, increased carboxyl esterase (CarE) and decreased glutathione S-transferase (GST) activities were observed in the methoxyfenozide-selected population. However, the indoxacarb-selected (laboratory indoxacarb-resistant) and Handan populations showed a higher disappearance of indoxacarb and DCJW, and the activity of cytochrome P450 mono-oxygenase in these populations were significantly increased. This study showed that the improved toxicity of indoxacarb, as observed in the methoxyfenozide-selected H. armigera, was correlated with increased CarE activity, decreased GST activity, and the in vivo accumulation of indoxacarb and DCJW. The significantly increased cytochrome P450 activity and higher disappearance of indoxacarb and DCJW in indoxacarb-resistant H. armigera resulted in the decreased toxicity of indoxacarb.
ESTHER : Wang_2020_Toxics_8_
PubMedSearch : Wang_2020_Toxics_8_
PubMedID: 32957560

Title : Efficacy and safety of DBPR108 monotherapy in patients with type 2 diabetes: a 12-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase II clinical trial - Wang_2020_Curr.Med.Res.Opin_36_1107
Author(s) : Wang W , Yao J , Guo X , Guo Y , Yan C , Liu K , Zhang Y , Wang X , Li H , Wen Z , Li S , Xiao X , Liu W , Li Z , Zhang L , Shao S , Ye S , Qin G , Li Y , Li F , Zhang X , Li X , Peng Y , Deng H , Xu X , Zhou L , Huang Y , Cao M , Xia X , Shi M , Dou J , Yuan J
Ref : Curr Med Res Opin , 36 :1107 , 2020
Abstract : Objective: DBPR108, a novel dipeptidyl-peptidase-4 inhibitor, has shown great antihyperglycemic effect in animal models. This study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of DBPR108 monotherapy in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).Methods: This was a 12-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase II clinical trial. The newly diagnosed or inadequately controlled untreated T2DM patients were randomized to receive 50, 100, 200 mg DBPR108 or placebo in a ratio of 1:1:1:1. The primary efficacy outcome was HbA1c change from baseline to week 12. Relevant secondary efficacy parameters and safety were assessed. The clinical trial registration is NCT04124484.Results: Overall, 271 of the 276 randomized patients, who received 50 mg (n = 68), 100 mg (n = 67), 200 mg (n = 69) DBPR108 or placebo (n = 67), were included in full analysis set. At week 12, HbA1c change from baseline was -0.04 +/- 0.77 in placebo group, -0.51 +/- 0.71, -0.75 +/- 0.73, and -0.57 +/- 0.78 (%, p < .001 vs. placebo) in 50, 100, and 200 mg DBPR108 groups, respectively. Since week 4, DBPR108 monotherapy resulted in significant improvements in secondary efficacy parameters. At end of 12-week treatment, the goal of HbA1c >=7% was achieved in 29.85, 58.82, 55.22, and 47.83% of the patients in placebo, 50, 100, and 200 mg DBPR108 groups, respectively. The incidence of adverse events did not show significant difference between DBPR108 and placebo except mild hypoglycemia in DBPR108 200 mg group.Conclusions: The study results support DBPR108 100 mg once daily as the primary dosing regimen for T2DM patients in phase III development program.
ESTHER : Wang_2020_Curr.Med.Res.Opin_36_1107
PubMedSearch : Wang_2020_Curr.Med.Res.Opin_36_1107
PubMedID: 32338063

Title : Lemon essential oil ameliorates age-associated cognitive dysfunction via modulating hippocampal synaptic density and inhibiting acetylcholinesterase - Liu_2020_Aging.(Albany.NY)_12_
Author(s) : Liu B , Kou J , Li F , Huo D , Xu J , Zhou X , Meng D , Ghulam M , Artyom B , Gao X , Ma N , Han D
Ref : Aging (Albany NY) , 12 : , 2020
Abstract : The lemon essential oil (LEO), extracted from the fruit of lemon, has been used to treat multiple pathological diseases, such as diabetes, inflammation, cardiovascular diseases, depression and hepatobiliary dysfunction. The study was designed to study the effects of LEO on cognitive dysfunction induced by Alzheimer's disease (AD). We used APP/PS1 double transgene (APP/PS1) AD mice in the experiment; these mice exhibit significant deficits in synaptic density and hippocampal-dependent spatial related memory. The effects of LEO on learning and memory were examined using the Morris Water Maze (MWM) test, Novel object recognition test, and correlative indicators, including a neurotransmitter (acetylcholinesterase, AChE), a nerve growth factor (brain-derived neurotrophic factor, BDNF), a postsynaptic marker (PSD95), and presynaptic markers (synapsin-1, and synaptophysin), in APP/PS1 mice. Histopathology was performed to estimate the effects of LEO on AD mice. A significantly lowered brain AChE depression in APP/PS1 and wild-type C57BL/6L (WT) mice. PSD95/ Synaptophysin, the index of synaptic density, was noticeably improved in histopathologic changes. Hence, it can be summarized that memory-enhancing activity might be associated with a reduction in the AChE levels and is elevated by BDNF, PSD95, and synaptophysin through enhancing synaptic plasticity.
ESTHER : Liu_2020_Aging.(Albany.NY)_12_
PubMedSearch : Liu_2020_Aging.(Albany.NY)_12_
PubMedID: 32392535

Title : Evaluation of the effect of feruloyl esterase-producing Lactobacillus plantarum and cellulase pretreatments on lignocellulosic degradation and cellulose conversion of co-ensiled corn stalk and potato pulp - Xu_2020_Bioresour.Technol_310_123476
Author(s) : Xu D , Ding Z , Bai J , Ke W , Zhang Y , Li F , Guo X
Ref : Bioresour Technol , 310 :123476 , 2020
Abstract : The effects of feruloyl esterase-producing Lactobacillus plantarum A1, cellulase, or their combination on the fermentation characteristics, carbohydrate composition, and enzymatic hydrolysis of mixed corn stalk and potato pulp silage were investigated. Two mixture ratios were used: a weight ratio of rehydrated corn stalk to potato pulp of 35:1 (HD) and a weight ratio of dry corn stalk to potato pulp of 5:11 (LD). No advantage was observed with the addition of strain A1 alone for lignocellulosic degradation and cellulose conversion, while its combination with cellulase enhanced the lignocellulosic degradation and preserved more fermentable carbohydrates in co-ensiled corn stalk and potato pulp. The enzymatic hydrolysis results indicated a potential benefit of pretreatment for biogas production, as the co-ensiled HD ratio mixture without additive treatment showed high glucose yield after enzymatic hydrolysis following 60 d of fermentation.
ESTHER : Xu_2020_Bioresour.Technol_310_123476
PubMedSearch : Xu_2020_Bioresour.Technol_310_123476
PubMedID: 32402987

Title : Results of Robotic Thymectomy Performed in Myasthenia Gravis Patients Older Than 60 Years at Onset - Li_2019_Ann.Thorac.Surg_108_912
Author(s) : Li F , Takahashi R , Bauer G , Yousef MS , Hotter B , Swierzy M , McAleenan A , Ismail M , Meisel A , Rueckert JC
Ref : Annals of Thoracic surgery , 108 :912 , 2019
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Data are limited on the safety and efficacy of robotic thymectomy in patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) older than 60 years at onset. METHODS: Patients older than 60 years at MG onset who underwent robotic thymectomy in Charite Universitaetsmedizin Berlin between 2003 and 2017 were potentially eligible for inclusion. The main outcomes were perioperative complications and clinical outcome according to the Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America Post-Intervention Status. RESULTS: Sixty-eight (25 women, 43 men) of 580 patients with MG who underwent robotic thymectomy were eligible for perioperative analyses (median age at MG onset 67 years, range: 61 to 85 years). The perioperative morbidity rate was 13.2%, and the only perioperative death was due to aortic dissection. Fifty-one patients were available for further analysis with a median follow-up time of 60 months (range: 12 to 263 months). The complete stable remission rate was 7.8%, the improvement rate was 68.6%, and the overall mortality rate was 11.8%. Compared with preoperative use, the mean daily dose of corticosteroid agents was significantly reduced at the last follow-up (17.6 +/- 23.6 mg versus 2.6 +/- 6.1 mg, p = 0.0001) without increased use of azathioprine (35.9 +/- 61.9 mg versus 42.7 +/- 59 mg, p = 0.427). After excluding 2 patients seronegative for the anti-acetylcholine receptor antibody, 10 of 49 seropositive patients achieved "good outcome" (including four complete stable remissions, three pharmacologic remissions, and three minimal manifestations 0) which was predicted by being free of concomitant disease (odds ratio 7.307, 95% confidence interval: 1.188 to 44.937, p = 0.032) and Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America classification I before thymectomy (odds ratio 6.696, 95% confidence interval: 1.259 to 35.620, p = 0.026). CONCLUSIONS: Robotic thymectomy seems to be safe and effective in patients with MG older than 60 years at onset with a statistically significant steroid-sparing effect.
ESTHER : Li_2019_Ann.Thorac.Surg_108_912
PubMedSearch : Li_2019_Ann.Thorac.Surg_108_912
PubMedID: 30885848

Title : ABHD5 blunts the sensitivity of colorectal cancer to fluorouracil via promoting autophagic uracil yield - Ou_2019_Nat.Commun_10_1078
Author(s) : Ou J , Peng Y , Yang W , Zhang Y , Hao J , Li F , Chen Y , Zhao Y , Xie X , Wu S , Zha L , Luo X , Xie G , Wang L , Sun W , Zhou Q , Li J , Liang H
Ref : Nat Commun , 10 :1078 , 2019
Abstract : The efficacy of Fluorouracil (FU) in the treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC) is greatly limited by drug resistance. Autophagy has been implicated in chemoresistance, but the role of selective autophagic degradation in regulating chemoresistance remains unknown. In this study, we revealed a critical role of ABHD5 in charging CRC sensitivity to FU via regulating autophagic uracil yield. We demonstrated that ABHD5 localizes to lysosome and interacts with PDIA5 to prevent PDIA5 from interacting with RNASET2 and inactivating RNASET2. ABHD5 deficiency releases PDIA5 to directly interact with RNASET2 and leave RNASET2 in an inactivate state, which impairs RNASET2-mediated autophagic uracil yield and promotes CRC cells to uptake FU as an exogenous uracil, thus increasing their sensitivity to FU. Our findings for the first time reveal a novel role of ABHD5 in regulating lysosome function, highlighting the significance of ABHD5 as a compelling biomarker predicting the sensitivity of CRCs to FU-based chemotherapy.
ESTHER : Ou_2019_Nat.Commun_10_1078
PubMedSearch : Ou_2019_Nat.Commun_10_1078
PubMedID: 30842415
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-ABHD5

Title : Compartmentalized biosynthesis of mycophenolic acid - Zhang_2019_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_116_13305
Author(s) : Zhang W , Du L , Qu Z , Zhang X , Li F , Li Z , Qi F , Wang X , Jiang Y , Men P , Sun J , Cao S , Geng C , Wan X , Liu C , Li S
Ref : Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A , 116 :13305 , 2019
Abstract : Mycophenolic acid (MPA) from filamentous fungi is the first natural product antibiotic to be isolated and crystallized, and a first-line immunosuppressive drug for organ transplantations and autoimmune diseases. However, some key biosynthetic mechanisms of such an old and important molecule have remained unclear. Here, we elucidate the MPA biosynthetic pathway that features both compartmentalized enzymatic steps and unique cooperation between biosynthetic and beta-oxidation catabolism machineries based on targeted gene inactivation, feeding experiments in heterologous expression hosts, enzyme functional characterization and kinetic analysis, and microscopic observation of protein subcellular localization. Besides identification of the oxygenase MpaB' as the long-sought key enzyme responsible for the oxidative cleavage of the farnesyl side chain, we reveal the intriguing pattern of compartmentalization for the MPA biosynthetic enzymes, including the cytosolic polyketide synthase MpaC' and O-methyltransferase MpaG', the Golgi apparatus-associated prenyltransferase MpaA', the endoplasmic reticulum-bound oxygenase MpaB' and P450-hydrolase fusion enzyme MpaDE', and the peroxisomal acyl-coenzyme A (CoA) hydrolase MpaH'. The whole pathway is elegantly comediated by these compartmentalized enzymes, together with the peroxisomal beta-oxidation machinery. Beyond characterizing the remaining outstanding steps of the MPA biosynthetic steps, our study highlights the importance of considering subcellular contexts and the broader cellular metabolism in natural product biosynthesis.
ESTHER : Zhang_2019_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_116_13305
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2019_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_116_13305
PubMedID: 31209052
Gene_locus related to this paper: penbr-mpaH , penbr-mpac

Title : The genome of broomcorn millet - Zou_2019_Nat.Commun_10_436
Author(s) : Zou C , Li L , Miki D , Li D , Tang Q , Xiao L , Rajput S , Deng P , Peng L , Jia W , Huang R , Zhang M , Sun Y , Hu J , Fu X , Schnable PS , Chang Y , Li F , Zhang H , Feng B , Zhu X , Liu R , Schnable JC , Zhu JK
Ref : Nat Commun , 10 :436 , 2019
Abstract : Broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) is the most water-efficient cereal and one of the earliest domesticated plants. Here we report its high-quality, chromosome-scale genome assembly using a combination of short-read sequencing, single-molecule real-time sequencing, Hi-C, and a high-density genetic map. Phylogenetic analyses reveal two sets of homologous chromosomes that may have merged ~5.6 million years ago, both of which exhibit strong synteny with other grass species. Broomcorn millet contains 55,930 protein-coding genes and 339 microRNA genes. We find Paniceae-specific expansion in several subfamilies of the BTB (broad complex/tramtrack/bric-a-brac) subunit of ubiquitin E3 ligases, suggesting enhanced regulation of protein dynamics may have contributed to the evolution of broomcorn millet. In addition, we identify the coexistence of all three C4 subtypes of carbon fixation candidate genes. The genome sequence is a valuable resource for breeders and will provide the foundation for studying the exceptional stress tolerance as well as C4 biology.
ESTHER : Zou_2019_Nat.Commun_10_436
PubMedSearch : Zou_2019_Nat.Commun_10_436
PubMedID: 30683860
Gene_locus related to this paper: panmi-a0a3l6qvl9 , 9poal-a0a2s3hbt0 , panmi-a0a3l6sxg5 , 9poal-a0a2t7cdl4 , panmi-a0a3l6ta96 , panmi-a0a3l6qv47 , panmi-a0a3l6s688 , panmi-a0a3l6tph0

Title : A laser-induced TiO2-decorated graphene photoelectrode for sensitive photoelectrochemical biosensing - Ge_2019_Chem.Commun.(Camb)_55_4945
Author(s) : Ge L , Hong Q , Li H , Li F
Ref : Chem Commun (Camb) , 55 :4945 , 2019
Abstract : Herein, direct-laser-writing of TiO2-decorated graphene on indium-tin oxide glass was demonstrated to fabricate a unique photoelectrode with a rapid and stable photoelectrochemical response under visible light; this photoelectrode was then applied in a photoelectrochemical enzymatic biosensor for the sensitive detection of an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor.
ESTHER : Ge_2019_Chem.Commun.(Camb)_55_4945
PubMedSearch : Ge_2019_Chem.Commun.(Camb)_55_4945
PubMedID: 30957826

Title : Elevated Human Dipeptidyl Peptidase 4 Expression Reduces the Susceptibility of hDPP4 Transgenic Mice to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Infection and Disease - Algaissi_2019_J.Infect.Dis_219_829
Author(s) : Algaissi A , Agrawal AS , Han S , Peng BH , Luo C , Li F , Chan TS , Couch RB , Tseng CK
Ref : J Infect Dis , 219 :829 , 2019
Abstract : BACKGROUND: The ongoing Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infections pose threats to public health worldwide, making an understanding of MERS pathogenesis and development of effective medical countermeasures (MCMs) urgent. METHODS: We used homozygous (+/+) and heterozygous (+/-) human dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (hDPP4) transgenic mice to study the effect of hDPP4 on MERS-CoV infection. Specifically, we determined values of 50% lethal dose (LD50) of MERS-CoV for the 2 strains of mice, compared and correlated their levels of soluble (s)hDPP4 expression to susceptibility, and explored recombinant (r)shDPP4 as an effective MCM for MERS infection. RESULTS: hDPP4+/+ mice were unexpectedly more resistant than hDPP4+/- mice to MERS-CoV infection, as judged by increased LD50, reduced lung viral infection, attenuated morbidity and mortality, and reduced histopathology. Additionally, the resistance to MERS-CoV infection directly correlated with increased serum shDPP4 and serum virus neutralizing activity. Finally, administration of rshDPP4 led to reduced lung virus titer and histopathology. CONCLUSIONS: Our studies suggest that the serum shDPP4 levels play a role in MERS pathogenesis and demonstrate a potential of rshDPP4 as a treatment option for MERS. Additionally, it offers a validated pair of Tg mice strains for characterizing the effect of shDPP4 on MERS pathogenesis.
ESTHER : Algaissi_2019_J.Infect.Dis_219_829
PubMedSearch : Algaissi_2019_J.Infect.Dis_219_829
PubMedID: 30256968

Title : Lysosomal Acid Lipase in Lipid Metabolism and Beyond - Li_2019_Arterioscler.Thromb.Vasc.Biol_39_850
Author(s) : Li F , Zhang H
Ref : Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol , 39 :850 , 2019
Abstract : Lysosomal acid lipase (LAL), encoded by the lipase A ( LIPA) gene, hydrolyzes cholesteryl esters and triglycerides to generate free fatty acids and cholesterol in the cell. The essential role of LAL in lipid metabolism has been confirmed in mice and human with LAL deficiency. In humans, loss-of-function mutations of LIPA cause rare lysosomal disorders, Wolman disease and cholesteryl ester storage disease, in which LAL enzyme-replacement therapy has shown significant benefits in a phase 3 clinical trial. Recent studies have revealed the regulatory role of lipolytic products of lysosomal lipid hydrolysis in catabolic, anabolic, and signaling pathways. In vivo studies in mice with knockout of Lipa highlight the systemic impact of Lipa deficiency on metabolic homeostasis and immune cell function. Genome-wide association studies and functional genomic studies have identified LIPA as a risk locus for coronary heart disease, but the causal variants and mechanisms remain to be determined. Future studies will continue to focus on the role of LAL in the crosstalk between lipid metabolism and cellular function in health and diseases including coronary heart disease.
ESTHER : Li_2019_Arterioscler.Thromb.Vasc.Biol_39_850
PubMedSearch : Li_2019_Arterioscler.Thromb.Vasc.Biol_39_850
PubMedID: 30866656

Title : Dietary mulberry leaf powder affects growth performance, carcass traits and meat quality in finishing pigs - Liu_2019_J.Anim.Physiol.Anim.Nutr.(Berl)_103_1934
Author(s) : Liu Y , Li Y , Peng Y , He J , Xiao D , Chen C , Li F , Huang R , Yin Y
Ref : J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) , 103 :1934 , 2019
Abstract : This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of mulberry leaves as an alternative source of protein on growth performance, carcass traits and meat quality in finishing pigs. A total of 180 Xiangcun Black pigs were randomly assigned to five treatment groups with six pens of six pigs per pen. The pigs were provided with a basal diet or a diet contained 3%, 6%, 9% or 12% of mulberry leaf powder during a 50-day experiment period. The results showed that dietary mulberry leaf powder had no negative effect on growth performance in Xiangcun Black pigs, except in the 12% mulberry group, where final body weight and average daily gain decreased (p < .05) and feed to gain ratio of the pigs increased (p < .05). Dietary mulberry inclusion decreased (quadratic, p < .05) the back fat thickness, fibre mean cross-sectional area (CSA) in the longissimus dorsi (LD) muscle and mRNA expression levels of myosin heavy chain (MyHC) IIb in LD and biceps femoris (BF) muscles, while increased (linear or quadratic, p < .05) the plasma concentration of albumin, levels of crude protein (CP), inosine monophosphate (IMP) and several amino acids in muscle tissues. When compared with the other groups, the 9% mulberry diet increased (p < .05) loin-eye area and contents of CP and IMP in muscles, while decreased (p < .05) plasma activity of cholinesterase and concentrations of uric acid and urea. The 6% mulberry diet had the lowest fibre mean CSA and shear force and increased total fibre number of the LD muscle, when compared with the other groups. These results suggest that including mulberry in the diet at <12% is an effective feed crop to improve meat quality and the chemical composition of muscle without negatively affecting growth performance.
ESTHER : Liu_2019_J.Anim.Physiol.Anim.Nutr.(Berl)_103_1934
PubMedSearch : Liu_2019_J.Anim.Physiol.Anim.Nutr.(Berl)_103_1934
PubMedID: 31478262

Title : Bioactive Constituents of F. esculentum Bee Pollen and Quantitative Analysis of Samples Collected from Seven Areas by HPLC - Li_2019_Molecules_24_2705
Author(s) : Li F , Guo S , Zhang S , Peng S , Cao W , Ho CT , Bai N
Ref : Molecules , 24 :2705 , 2019
Abstract : Bee pollen contains all the essential amino acids needed by humans. China is the largest producer of bee pollen in the world. In the present study, we identified 11 fatty acids in F. esculentum bee pollen oil by GC-MS analysis, and 16 compounds were isolated from F. esculentum bee pollen by column chromatography and identified. A high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detector (HPLC-DAD) method was established for the quality control of F. esculentum bee pollen. A validated HPLC-DAD method was successfully applied to the simultaneous characterization and quantification of nine main constituents in seven samples collected from seven different areas in China. The results showed that all standard calibration curves exhibited good linearity (R(2) > 0.999) in HPLC-DAD analysis with excellent precision, repeatability and stability. The total amount in the samples from the seven regions ranged from 23.50 to 46.05 mg/g. In addition, seven compounds were studied for their bioactivity using enzymic methods, whereby kaempferol (3) showed high alpha-glucosidase inhibitory activity (IC50: 80.35 mug/mL), ergosterol peroxide (8) showed high tyrosinase inhibitory activity (IC50: 202.37 mug/mL), and luteolin (1) had strong acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity (IC50: 476.25 mug/mL). All results indicated that F. esculentum bee pollen could be a nutritious health food.
ESTHER : Li_2019_Molecules_24_2705
PubMedSearch : Li_2019_Molecules_24_2705
PubMedID: 31349561

Title : Biomarkers responses in Manila clam, Ruditapes philippinarum after single and combined exposure to mercury and benzo[a]pyrene - Jiang_2019_Comp.Biochem.Physiol.C.Toxicol.Pharmacol_220_1
Author(s) : Jiang W , Fang J , Gao Y , Du M , Wang X , Li F , Lin F , Jiang Z
Ref : Comparative Biochemistry & Physiology C Toxicol Pharmacol , 220 :1 , 2019
Abstract : Physiological and biochemical responses in bivalves exposed to pollutants have proved a valuable tool to assess the health of organisms in aquatic ecosystems. The single and combined effects of mercury (Hg(2+), 2 and 10mug/L) and benzo[a]pyrene (BaP, 3mug/L) on physiological and biochemical biomarkers in Manila clam, Ruditapes philippinarum were evaluated. Results showed that significant higher oxygen consumption (OR) and ammonia-N excretion rates (NR) together with significant lower ingestion rates (IR) were observed for the 10mug/L Hg(2+) or 3mug/L BaP treatments compared to controls (P<0.05). However, clam NR decreased significantly in response to the binary mixtures of 10mug/L Hg(2+) and 3mug/L BaP (P<0.05). Moreover, the levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione-s-transferases (GSTs), glutathione (GSH), acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in the hepatopancreas of clams were induced substantially, whereas glycogen (GLY) contents were suppressed dramatically after Hg(2+) and BaP exposure. Additionally, the integrated biomarker response (IBR) values measured showed significant increases in combination treatments and they were much higher than that in the Hg(2+) treatment. This study will provide further information on the defense mechanism in the Manila clam after exposure to marine pollutants and may help evaluate the quality of the aquatic environment.
ESTHER : Jiang_2019_Comp.Biochem.Physiol.C.Toxicol.Pharmacol_220_1
PubMedSearch : Jiang_2019_Comp.Biochem.Physiol.C.Toxicol.Pharmacol_220_1
PubMedID: 30802620

Title : Effect of Aged Garlic Ethyl Acetate Extract on Oxidative Stress and Cholinergic Function of Scopolamine-Induced Cognitive Impairment in Mice - Li_2019_Prev.Nutr.Food.Sci_24_165
Author(s) : Li F , Kim MR
Ref : Prev Nutr Food Sci , 24 :165 , 2019
Abstract : This study was performed to investigate the effect of aged black garlic ethyl acetate extract on scopolamine-induced cognitive impairment in mice. Aged garlic ethyl acetate extract (BG) was administrated at a dose of 25 or 50 mg/ kg in scopolamine-induced mice. Cognitive ability was evaluated using a Morris water maze test and a passive avoidance test. BGs (50 mg/kg) shortened the latency time that was increased by scopolamine and increased the platform crossing numbers that was significantly shortened by scopolamine after 5 days training in the Morris water maze test (P<0.05). BG (50 mg/kg) also significantly prolonged the latency time in the passive avoidance test (P<0.05). Result from biochemical analysis showed that BG increased levels of glutathione, glutathione peroxidase activity, and glutathione reductase activity, whereas BG significantly inhibited lipid peroxidation (P<0.05). BG also attenuated cholinergic degradation through inhibiting acetylcholinesterase activity and increasing choline acetyltransferase activity (P<0.05). In conclusion, BG protected against scopolamine-induced cognitive impairment through decreasing oxidative damage and regulating cholinergic function in the brains of mice. BG may therefore be a beneficial food for protecting against neurodegeneration such as Alzheimer's disease.
ESTHER : Li_2019_Prev.Nutr.Food.Sci_24_165
PubMedSearch : Li_2019_Prev.Nutr.Food.Sci_24_165
PubMedID: 31328121

Title : Electropolymerization-Induced Positively Charged Phenothiazine Polymer Photoelectrode for Highly Sensitive Photoelectrochemical Biosensing - Wang_2019_Anal.Chem_91_13831
Author(s) : Wang J , Lv W , Wu J , Li H , Li F
Ref : Analytical Chemistry , 91 :13831 , 2019
Abstract : Exploring the fabrication of an electrode with high photoelectric conversion efficiency and abundant functional groups for ideal photoelectrochemical (PEC) sensor development is highly urgent but faces a significant challenge. Herein we report an electropolymerization strategy for the preparation of phenothiazine polymeric film on an indium tin oxide (ITO) surface (PPT/ITO), within only a few seconds, and monomers. The fabricated PPT/ITO electrode possessed excellent stability and abundant quaternary ammonium salt groups for developing a highly sensitive PEC sensor through electrostatic binding with negatively charged materials. In this context, a CdS QDs-functionalized PPT/ITO electrode (CdS/PPT/ITO) was proposed and applied to the analysis of chlorpyrifos, used as a model target organophosphorous pesticide (OP). The thiocholine generated from acetylcholinesterase (AChE)-induced catalyzed hydrolysis of acetylthiocholine (ATCh) efficiently directed CdS QDs away from PPT/ITO via electrostatic repulsion, subsequently decreasing PEC current, whereas chlorpyrifos prohibited the generation of thiocholine through inhibiting AChE activity. As compared to the case where chlorpyrifos is absent, significantly enhanced PEC current is determined and is proportional to chlorpyrifos amounts. Thus, the developed CdS/PPT/ITO-based PEC sensor achieved excellent chlorpyrifos biosensing with improved sensitivity down to approximately ng/mL level with good specificity. We envision the proposed strategy will provide a new path to conveniently fabricate photoelectrodes possessing high performance, which will have more useful applications in PEC sensing.
ESTHER : Wang_2019_Anal.Chem_91_13831
PubMedSearch : Wang_2019_Anal.Chem_91_13831
PubMedID: 31560517

Title : Development of a Luminescent Dinuclear Ir(III) Complex for Ultrasensitive Determination of Pesticides - Lu_2018_Anal.Chem_90_11716
Author(s) : Lu L , Su H , Liu Q , Li F
Ref : Analytical Chemistry , 90 :11716 , 2018
Abstract : To improve the G-quadruplex specificity of Ir(III) complexes, a novel dinuclear Ir(III) complex (Din Ir(III)-1) was designed and synthesized through connecting two mononuclear Ir(III) complexes via a diphenyl bridge. Din Ir(III)-1 presents 3.4-4.1-fold enhancements for G-quadruplex relative to ssDNA and 4.3-5.3-fold enhancements relative to dsDNA in luminescence intensity, respectively, demonstrating an excellent G-quadruplex selectivity. Ascribed to its superior specificity to G-quadruplex, Din Ir(III)-1 was employed to construct a highly sensitive luminescent pesticides' detection platform. The detection is based on acetylcholinesterase (AChE)-catalyzed hydrolysis product-induced DNA conformational transformation and subsequent terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) directed G-quadruplex formation. The assay exhibited a linear response between the emission intensity of Din Ir(III)-1 and the pesticide concentration in the range of 0.5-25 mug/L ( R(2) = 0.994), and the limit of detection for the pesticide was as low as 0.37 mug/L when using aldicarb as the model pesticide. Moreover, this strategy demonstrates good applicability for the pesticide detection in real samples. It is also versatile for the detection of other organophosphate or carbamate pesticides, which have the inhibition ability toward AChE. Therefore, the proposed approach is scalable for practical application in food safety and environmental monitoring fields and will provide promising solutions for the assay of pesticide residues.
ESTHER : Lu_2018_Anal.Chem_90_11716
PubMedSearch : Lu_2018_Anal.Chem_90_11716
PubMedID: 30192517

Title : Draft genome sequence of Camellia sinensis var. sinensis provides insights into the evolution of the tea genome and tea quality - Wei_2018_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_115_E4151
Author(s) : Wei C , Yang H , Wang S , Zhao J , Liu C , Gao L , Xia E , Lu Y , Tai Y , She G , Sun J , Cao H , Tong W , Gao Q , Li Y , Deng W , Jiang X , Wang W , Chen Q , Zhang S , Li H , Wu J , Wang P , Li P , Shi C , Zheng F , Jian J , Huang B , Shan D , Shi M , Fang C , Yue Y , Li F , Li D , Wei S , Han B , Jiang C , Yin Y , Xia T , Zhang Z , Bennetzen JL , Zhao S , Wan X
Ref : Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A , 115 :E4151 , 2018
Abstract : Tea, one of the world's most important beverage crops, provides numerous secondary metabolites that account for its rich taste and health benefits. Here we present a high-quality sequence of the genome of tea, Camellia sinensis var. sinensis (CSS), using both Illumina and PacBio sequencing technologies. At least 64% of the 3.1-Gb genome assembly consists of repetitive sequences, and the rest yields 33,932 high-confidence predictions of encoded proteins. Divergence between two major lineages, CSS and Camellia sinensis var. assamica (CSA), is calculated to approximately 0.38 to 1.54 million years ago (Mya). Analysis of genic collinearity reveals that the tea genome is the product of two rounds of whole-genome duplications (WGDs) that occurred approximately 30 to 40 and approximately 90 to 100 Mya. We provide evidence that these WGD events, and subsequent paralogous duplications, had major impacts on the copy numbers of secondary metabolite genes, particularly genes critical to producing three key quality compounds: catechins, theanine, and caffeine. Analyses of transcriptome and phytochemistry data show that amplification and transcriptional divergence of genes encoding a large acyltransferase family and leucoanthocyanidin reductases are associated with the characteristic young leaf accumulation of monomeric galloylated catechins in tea, while functional divergence of a single member of the glutamine synthetase gene family yielded theanine synthetase. This genome sequence will facilitate understanding of tea genome evolution and tea metabolite pathways, and will promote germplasm utilization for breeding improved tea varieties.
ESTHER : Wei_2018_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_115_E4151
PubMedSearch : Wei_2018_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_115_E4151
PubMedID: 29678829
Gene_locus related to this paper: camsi-a0a4s4dr18 , camsi-a0a4s4etg9 , camsi-a0a4s4e3j5 , camsi-a0a4s4d2s5 , camsi-a0a4s4duc4 , camsi-a0a4v3wr80 , camsi-a0a4v3wpu4

Title : N-Carbamoylmaleimide-treated carbon dots: stabilizing the electrochemical intermediate and extending it for the ultrasensitive detection of organophosphate pesticides - Xu_2018_Nanoscale_10_19390
Author(s) : Xu J , Yu C , Feng T , Liu M , Li F , Wang Y
Ref : Nanoscale , 10 :19390 , 2018
Abstract : To date, numerous methods have been reported for the detection of organophosphorus pesticides (OP) due to their severe potential hazard to the environment, public health and national security. However, very few works have ever found that the signal loss of thiocholine (TCh) during electrochemical processing is a key factor leading to the low sensitivity of acetylcholinesterase (AChE)-based OP electrochemical sensing platforms. Herein, we propose an ultrasensitive detection method for multiple OPs including parathion-methyl, paraoxon, dimethoate and O,O-dimethyl-O-2,2-dichlorovinyl-phosphate using N-carbamoylmaleimide-functionalized carbon dots (N-MAL-CDs) as a nano-stabilizer. For the first time, Michael addition is introduced into an AChE-based OP electrochemical sensing platform to enrich the electrochemical intermediate TCh. The Michael addition between TCh and N-MAL-CDs is demonstrated via XRD, FTIR, SEM and EDS elemental mapping experiments. Due to the stabilization and enhancement of TCh with N-MAL-CDs, the as prepared OP sensing platform achieves ultrahigh sensitivity by detecting the initial electrochemical signals of TCh without signal loss, showing a wide linear range of 3.8 x 10(-15)-3.8 x 10(-10) M for parathion-methyl and 1.8 x 10(-14)-3.6 x 10(-10) M for paraoxon, with a limit of detection of 1.4 x 10(-15) M for parathion-methyl and 4.8 x 10(-15) M for paraoxon.
ESTHER : Xu_2018_Nanoscale_10_19390
PubMedSearch : Xu_2018_Nanoscale_10_19390
PubMedID: 30307023

Title : Discovery of Novel Bat Coronaviruses in South China That Use the Same Receptor as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus - Luo_2018_J.Virol_92_
Author(s) : Luo CM , Wang N , Yang XL , Liu HZ , Zhang W , Li B , Hu B , Peng C , Geng QB , Zhu GJ , Li F , Shi ZL
Ref : J Virol , 92 : , 2018
Abstract : Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) has represented a human health threat since 2012. Although several MERS-related CoVs that belong to the same species as MERS-CoV have been identified from bats, they do not use the MERS-CoV receptor, dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4). Here, we screened 1,059 bat samples from at least 30 bat species collected in different regions in south China and identified 89 strains of lineage C betacoronaviruses, including Tylonycteris pachypus coronavirus HKU4, Pipistrellus pipistrelluscoronavirus HKU5, and MERS-related CoVs. We sequenced the full-length genomes of two positive samples collected from the great evening bat, Ia io, from Guangdong Province. The two genomes were highly similar and exhibited genomic structures identical to those of other lineage C betacoronaviruses. While they exhibited genome-wide nucleotide identities of only 75.3 to 81.2% with other MERS-related CoVs, their gene-coding regions were highly similar to their counterparts, except in the case of the spike proteins. Further protein-protein interaction assays demonstrated that the spike proteins of these MERS-related CoVs bind to the receptor DPP4. Recombination analysis suggested that the newly discovered MERS-related CoVs have acquired their spike genes from a DPP4-recognizing bat coronavirus HKU4. Our study provides further evidence that bats represent the evolutionary origins of MERS-CoV.IMPORTANCE Previous studies suggested that MERS-CoV originated in bats. However, its evolutionary path from bats to humans remains unclear. In this study, we discovered 89 novel lineage C betacoronaviruses in eight bat species. We provide evidence of a MERS-related CoV derived from the great evening bat that uses the same host receptor as human MERS-CoV. This virus also provides evidence for a natural recombination event between the bat MERS-related CoV and another bat coronavirus, HKU4. Our study expands the host ranges of MERS-related CoV and represents an important step toward establishing bats as the natural reservoir of MERS-CoV. These findings may lead to improved epidemiological surveillance of MERS-CoV and the prevention and control of the spread of MERS-CoV to humans.
ESTHER : Luo_2018_J.Virol_92_
PubMedSearch : Luo_2018_J.Virol_92_
PubMedID: 29669833

Title : Sortilin 1 Modulates Hepatic Cholesterol Lipotoxicity in Mice via Functional Interaction with Liver Carboxylesterase 1 - Li_2017_J.Biol.Chem_292_146
Author(s) : Li J , Wang Y , Matye DJ , Chavan H , Krishnamurthy P , Li F , Li T
Ref : Journal of Biological Chemistry , 292 :146 , 2017
Abstract : The liver plays a key role in cholesterol metabolism. Impaired hepatic cholesterol homeostasis causes intracellular free cholesterol accumulation and hepatocyte injury. Sortilin 1 (SORT1) is a lysosomal trafficking receptor that was identified by genome-wide association studies (GWAS) as a novel regulator of cholesterol metabolism in humans. Here we report that SORT1 deficiency protected against cholesterol accumulation-induced liver injury and inflammation in mice. Using an LC-MS/MS-based proteomics approach, we identified liver carboxylesterase 1 (CES1) as a novel SORT1-interacting protein. Mechanistic studies further showed that SORT1 may regulate CES1 lysosomal targeting and degradation and that SORT1 deficiency resulted in higher liver CES1 protein abundance. Previous studies have established an important role of hepatic CES1 in promoting intracellular cholesterol mobilization, cholesterol efflux, and bile acid synthesis. Consistently, high cholesterol atherogenic diet-challenged Sort1 knock-out mice showed less hepatic free cholesterol accumulation, increased bile acid synthesis, decreased biliary cholesterol secretion, and the absence of gallstone formation. SORT1 deficiency did not alter hepatic ceramide and fatty acid metabolism in high cholesterol atherogenic diet-fed mice. Finally, knockdown of liver CES1 in mice markedly increased the susceptibility to high cholesterol diet-induced liver injury and abolished the protective effect against cholesterol lipotoxicity in Sort1 knock-out mice. In summary, this study identified a novel SORT1-CES1 axis that regulates cholesterol-induced liver injury, which provides novel insights that improve our current understanding of the molecular links between SORT1 and cholesterol metabolism. This study further suggests that therapeutic inhibition of SORT1 may be beneficial in improving hepatic cholesterol homeostasis in metabolic and inflammatory liver diseases.
ESTHER : Li_2017_J.Biol.Chem_292_146
PubMedSearch : Li_2017_J.Biol.Chem_292_146
PubMedID: 27881673

Title : ACE: an efficient and sensitive tool to detect insecticide resistance-associated mutations in insect acetylcholinesterase from RNA-Seq data - Guo_2017_BMC.Bioinformatics_18_330
Author(s) : Guo D , Luo J , Zhou Y , Xiao H , He K , Yin C , Xu J , Li F
Ref : BMC Bioinformatics , 18 :330 , 2017
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Insecticide resistance is a substantial problem in controlling agricultural and medical pests. Detecting target site mutations is crucial to manage insecticide resistance. Though PCR-based methods have been widely used in this field, they are time-consuming and inefficient, and typically have a high false positive rate. Acetylcholinesterases (Ace) is the neural target of the widely used organophosphate (OP) and carbamate insecticides. However, there is not any software available to detect insecticide resistance associated mutations in RNA-Seq data at present.
RESULTS: A computational pipeline ACE was developed to detect resistance mutations of ace in insect RNA-Seq data. Known ace resistance mutations were collected and used as a reference. We constructed a Web server for ACE, and the standalone software in both Linux and Windows versions is available for download. ACE was used to analyse 971 RNA-Seq data from 136 studies in 7 insect pests. The mutation frequency of each RNA-Seq dataset was calculated. The results indicated that the resistance frequency was 30%-44% in an eastern Ugandan Anopheles population, thus suggesting this resistance-conferring mutation has reached high frequency in these mosquitoes in Uganda. Analyses of RNA-Seq data from the diamondback moth Plutella xylostella indicated that the G227A mutation was positively related with resistance levels to organophosphate or carbamate insecticides. The wasp Nasonia vitripennis had a low frequency of resistant reads (<5%), but the agricultural pests Chilo suppressalis and Bemisia tabaci had a high resistance frequency. All ace reads in the 30 B. tabaci RNA-Seq data were resistant reads, suggesting that insecticide resistance has spread to very high frequency in B. tabaci.
CONCLUSIONS: To the best of our knowledge, the ACE pipeline is the first tool to detect resistance mutations from RNA-Seq data, and it facilitates the full utilization of large-scale genetic data obtained by using next-generation sequencing.
ESTHER : Guo_2017_BMC.Bioinformatics_18_330
PubMedSearch : Guo_2017_BMC.Bioinformatics_18_330
PubMedID: 28693417

Title : Two Bombyx mori acetylcholinesterase genes influence motor control and development in different ways - Ye_2017_Sci.Rep_7_4985
Author(s) : Ye X , Yang L , Stanley D , Li F , Fang Q
Ref : Sci Rep , 7 :4985 , 2017
Abstract : Among its other biological roles, acetylcholinesterase (AChE, EC, encoded by two ace in most insects, catalyses the breakdown of acetylcholine, thereby terminating synaptic transmission. ace1 encodes the synaptic enzyme and ace2 has other essential actions in many insect species, such as Chilo suppressalis and Plutella xylostella. The silkworm, Bombyx mori, has been domesticated for more than two thousand years and its aces have no history of pesticide exposure. Here, we investigated the functional differences between two ace genes, BmAce1 and BmAce2, in the silkworm. qPCR analysis indicated that BmAce1 is highly expressed in muscle and BmAce2 is more ubiquitously expressed among tissues and enriched in the head. Both genes were separately suppressed using chemically synthesized siRNAs. The mRNA abundance of the two ace genes was significantly reduced to about 13% - 75% of the control levels after siRNA injection. The AChE activities were decreased to 32% to 85% of control levels. Silencing BmAce2 resulted in about 26% mortality, faster and higher than the 20% in the siBmAce1-treated group. Silencing BmAce1 impacted motor control and development to a greater extent than silencing BmAce2, although both treatment groups suffered motor disability, slowed development and reduced cocoons. Both genes have essential, differing biological significance.
ESTHER : Ye_2017_Sci.Rep_7_4985
PubMedSearch : Ye_2017_Sci.Rep_7_4985
PubMedID: 28694460
Gene_locus related to this paper: bommo-ACHE1 , bommo-ACHE2

Title : Recombinant Receptor-Binding Domains of Multiple Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronaviruses (MERS-CoVs) Induce Cross-Neutralizing Antibodies against Divergent Human and Camel MERS-CoVs and Antibody Escape Mutants - Tai_2017_J.Virol_91_
Author(s) : Tai W , Wang Y , Fett CA , Zhao G , Li F , Perlman S , Jiang S , Zhou Y , Du L
Ref : J Virol , 91 : , 2017
Abstract : Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) binds to cellular receptor dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4) via the spike (S) protein receptor-binding domain (RBD). The RBD contains critical neutralizing epitopes and serves as an important vaccine target. Since RBD mutations occur in different MERS-CoV isolates and antibody escape mutants, cross-neutralization of divergent MERS-CoV strains by RBD-induced antibodies remains unknown. Here, we constructed four recombinant RBD (rRBD) proteins with single or multiple mutations detected in representative human MERS-CoV strains from the 2012, 2013, 2014, and 2015 outbreaks, respectively, and one rRBD protein with multiple changes derived from camel MERS-CoV strains. Like the RBD of prototype EMC2012 (EMC-RBD), all five RBDs maintained good antigenicity and functionality, the ability to bind RBD-specific neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) and the DPP4 receptor, and high immunogenicity, able to elicit S-specific antibodies. They induced potent neutralizing antibodies cross-neutralizing 17 MERS pseudoviruses expressing S proteins of representative human and camel MERS-CoV strains identified during the 2012-2015 outbreaks, 5 MAb escape MERS-CoV mutants, and 2 live human MERS-CoV strains. We then constructed two RBDs mutated in multiple key residues in the receptor-binding motif (RBM) of RBD and demonstrated their strong cross-reactivity with anti-EMC-RBD antibodies. These RBD mutants with diminished DPP4 binding also led to virus attenuation, suggesting that immunoevasion after RBD immunization is accompanied by loss of viral fitness. Therefore, this study demonstrates that MERS-CoV RBD is an important vaccine target able to induce highly potent and broad-spectrum neutralizing antibodies against infection by divergent circulating human and camel MERS-CoV strains. IMPORTANCE: MERS-CoV was first identified in June 2012 and has since spread in humans and camels. Mutations in its spike (S) protein receptor-binding domain (RBD), a key vaccine target, have been identified, raising concerns over the efficacy of RBD-based MERS vaccines against circulating human and camel MERS-CoV strains. Here, we constructed five vaccine candidates, designated 2012-RBD, 2013-RBD, 2014-RBD, 2015-RBD, and Camel-RBD, containing single or multiple mutations in the RBD of representative human and camel MERS-CoV strains during the 2012-2015 outbreaks. These RBD-based vaccine candidates maintained good functionality, antigenicity, and immunogenicity, and they induced strong cross-neutralizing antibodies against infection by divergent pseudotyped and live MERS-CoV strains, as well as antibody escape MERS-CoV mutants. This study provides impetus for further development of a safe, highly effective, and broad-spectrum RBD-based subunit vaccine to prevent MERS-CoV infection.
ESTHER : Tai_2017_J.Virol_91_
PubMedSearch : Tai_2017_J.Virol_91_
PubMedID: 27795425

Title : The sea cucumber genome provides insights into morphological evolution and visceral regeneration - Zhang_2017_PLoS.Biol_15_e2003790
Author(s) : Zhang X , Sun L , Yuan J , Sun Y , Gao Y , Zhang L , Li S , Dai H , Hamel JF , Liu C , Yu Y , Liu S , Lin W , Guo K , Jin S , Xu P , Storey KB , Huan P , Zhang T , Zhou Y , Zhang J , Lin C , Li X , Xing L , Huo D , Sun M , Wang L , Mercier A , Li F , Yang H , Xiang J
Ref : PLoS Biol , 15 :e2003790 , 2017
Abstract : Apart from sharing common ancestry with chordates, sea cucumbers exhibit a unique morphology and exceptional regenerative capacity. Here we present the complete genome sequence of an economically important sea cucumber, A. japonicus, generated using Illumina and PacBio platforms, to achieve an assembly of approximately 805 Mb (contig N50 of 190 Kb and scaffold N50 of 486 Kb), with 30,350 protein-coding genes and high continuity. We used this resource to explore key genetic mechanisms behind the unique biological characters of sea cucumbers. Phylogenetic and comparative genomic analyses revealed the presence of marker genes associated with notochord and gill slits, suggesting that these chordate features were present in ancestral echinoderms. The unique shape and weak mineralization of the sea cucumber adult body were also preliminarily explained by the contraction of biomineralization genes. Genome, transcriptome, and proteome analyses of organ regrowth after induced evisceration provided insight into the molecular underpinnings of visceral regeneration, including a specific tandem-duplicated prostatic secretory protein of 94 amino acids (PSP94)-like gene family and a significantly expanded fibrinogen-related protein (FREP) gene family. This high-quality genome resource will provide a useful framework for future research into biological processes and evolution in deuterostomes, including remarkable regenerative abilities that could have medical applications. Moreover, the multiomics data will be of prime value for commercial sea cucumber breeding programs.
ESTHER : Zhang_2017_PLoS.Biol_15_e2003790
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2017_PLoS.Biol_15_e2003790
PubMedID: 29023486
Gene_locus related to this paper: stija-a0a2g8k9s2 , stija-a0a2g8ka54 , stija-a0a2g8jd52 , stija-a0a2g8l0w8

Title : Control of secondary cell wall patterning involves xylan deacetylation by a GDSL esterase - Zhang_2017_Nat.Plants_3_17017
Author(s) : Zhang B , Zhang L , Li F , Zhang D , Liu X , Wang H , Xu Z , Chu C , Zhou Y
Ref : Nat Plants , 3 :17017 , 2017
Abstract : O-acetylation, a ubiquitous modification of cell wall polymers, has striking impacts on plant growth and biomass utilization and needs to be tightly controlled. However, the mechanisms that underpin the control of cell wall acetylation remain elusive. Here, we show a rice brittle leaf sheath1 (bs1) mutant, which contains a lesion in a Golgi-localized GDSL esterase that deacetylates the prominent hemicellulose xylan. Cell wall composition, detailed xylan structure characterization and enzyme kinetics and activity assays on acetylated sugars and xylooligosaccharides demonstrate that BS1 is an esterase that cleaves acetyl moieties from the xylan backbone at O-2 and O-3 positions of xylopyranosyl residues. BS1 thus plays an important role in the maintenance of proper acetylation level on the xylan backbone, which is crucial for secondary wall formation and patterning. Our findings outline a mechanism for how plants modulate wall acetylation and endow a plethora of uncharacterized GDSL esterases with surmisable activities.
ESTHER : Zhang_2017_Nat.Plants_3_17017
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2017_Nat.Plants_3_17017
PubMedID: 28260782

Title : Human Neutralizing Monoclonal Antibody Inhibition of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Replication in the Common Marmoset - Chen_2017_J.Infect.Dis_215_1807
Author(s) : Chen Z , Bao L , Chen C , Zou T , Xue Y , Li F , Lv Q , Gu S , Gao X , Cui S , Wang J , Qin C , Jin Q
Ref : J Infect Dis , 215 :1807 , 2017
Abstract : Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection in humans is highly lethal, with a fatality rate of 35%. New prophylactic and therapeutic strategies to combat human infections are urgently needed. We isolated a fully human neutralizing antibody, MCA1, from a human survivor. The antibody recognizes the receptor-binding domain of MERS-CoV S glycoprotein and interferes with the interaction between viral S and the human cellular receptor human dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4). To our knowledge, this study is the first to report a human neutralizing monoclonal antibody that completely inhibits MERS-CoV replication in common marmosets. Monotherapy with MCA1 represents a potential alternative treatment for human infections with MERS-CoV worthy of evaluation in clinical settings.
ESTHER : Chen_2017_J.Infect.Dis_215_1807
PubMedSearch : Chen_2017_J.Infect.Dis_215_1807
PubMedID: 28472421

Title : Novel cinnamamide-dibenzylamine hybrids: Potent neurogenic agents with antioxidant, cholinergic, and neuroprotective properties as innovative drugs for Alzheimer's disease - Wang_2017_Eur.J.Med.Chem_139_68
Author(s) : Wang J , Cai P , Yang XL , Li F , Wu JJ , Kong LY , Wang XB
Ref : Eur Journal of Medicinal Chemistry , 139 :68 , 2017
Abstract : By using fragments endowed with interesting and complementary properties for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD), a novel series of cinnamamide-dibenzylamine hybrids have been designed, synthesized, and evaluated biologically. In vitro assay indicated that most of the target compounds exhibited a significant ability to inhibit ChEs, strong potency inhibitory of self-induced beta-amyloid (Abeta) aggregation and to act as potential antioxidants and biometal chelators. A Lineweaver-Burk plot and molecular modeling study showed that compound 7f targeted both the CAS and PAS of AChE. In addition, compound 7f could chelate metal ions, reduce PC12 cells death induced by oxidative stress and penetrate the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Overall, all of these outstanding in vitro results in combination with promising in vivo outcomes highlighted derivative 7f as the lead structure worthy of further investigation.
ESTHER : Wang_2017_Eur.J.Med.Chem_139_68
PubMedSearch : Wang_2017_Eur.J.Med.Chem_139_68
PubMedID: 28800459

Title : Label-Free Homogeneous Electroanalytical Platform for Pesticide Detection Based on Acetylcholinesterase-Mediated DNA Conformational Switch Integrated with Rolling Circle Amplification - Liu_2017_ACS.Sens_2_562
Author(s) : Liu X , Song M , Hou T , Li F
Ref : ACS Sens , 2 :562 , 2017
Abstract : This study addresses the need for sensitive pesticide assay by reporting a new label-free and immobilization-free homogeneous electroanalytical strategy, which combines acetylcholinesterase (AChE)-catalyzed hydrolysis product-mediated DNA conformational switch and rolling circle amplification (RCA) to detect organophosphorous and carbamate pesticides in a "signal-on" mode. When target pesticides were present, AChE activity was inhibited and could not trigger the following DNA conformational change and the RCA reaction, which results in numerous methylene blue (MB) molecules in a free state, generating a strong electrochemical response. This proposed strategy was highly sensitive for omethoate detection with a detection limit as low as 2.1 mug/L and a linear range from 10 to 10000 mug/L. Furthermore, this strategy was demonstrated to be applicable for pesticide detection in real samples. Thus, this novel label-free homogeneous electroanalytical strategy holds great promise for pesticide detection and can be further exploited for sensing applications in the environment and the food safety field.
ESTHER : Liu_2017_ACS.Sens_2_562
PubMedSearch : Liu_2017_ACS.Sens_2_562
PubMedID: 28723196

Title : Hypermethylation of the N-Myc Downstream-Regulated Gene 2 Promoter in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells is Associated with Liver Fibrosis in Chronic Hepatitis B - Liu_2017_Tohoku.J.Exp.Med_241_155
Author(s) : Liu XY , Fan YC , Gao S , Zhao J , Li F , Zhang J , Wang K
Ref : Tohoku J Exp Med , 241 :155 , 2017
Abstract : DNA methylation is a fundamental epigenetic modification to regulate gene expression. N-Myc downstream-regulated gene (NDRG) 2 is a cytoplasmic protein and participates in the pathogenesis of liver fibrosis. In this study, the mRNA expression and methylation status of NDRG2 was evaluated in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). The study included 143 CHB patients and 65 normal controls (NC). The mRNA expression of NDRG2 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. The methylation status of the NDRG2 promoter in PBMCs was detected by methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction. The NDRG2 mRNA level was lower in the CHB group than in the NC group (p < 0.001). Methylation frequency of the NDRG2 promoter was significantly higher in CHB patients than in the NC group (52.44% vs. 26.15%, p < 0.001). Importantly, the relative expression levels of NDRG2 mRNA were significantly lower in the methylated group than in the unmethylated group in both CHB patients and NC (p < 0.001). Furthermore, a lower mRNA level and hypermethylation of NDRG2 were associated with liver fibrosis and inflammation grade in CHB. The aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI) score is widely used to predict liver fibrosis. The mRNA expression levels and methylation status of NDRG2 showed a better score compared to APRI for discriminating the severity of liver fibrosis. In conclusion, hypermethylation of NDRG2 in PBMCs was correlated with decreased mRNA expression and with liver fibrosis. The methylation status of the NDRG2 promoter in PBMCs is a potential noninvasive biomarker to predict the severity of liver fibrosis.
ESTHER : Liu_2017_Tohoku.J.Exp.Med_241_155
PubMedSearch : Liu_2017_Tohoku.J.Exp.Med_241_155
PubMedID: 28202850

Title : MERS-CoV spike protein: a key target for antivirals - Du_2017_Expert.Opin.Ther.Targets_21_131
Author(s) : Du L , Yang Y , Zhou Y , Lu L , Li F , Jiang S
Ref : Expert Opin Ther Targets , 21 :131 , 2017
Abstract : INTRODUCTION: The continual Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) threat highlights the importance of developing effective antiviral therapeutics to prevent and treat MERS coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection. A surface spike (S) protein guides MERS-CoV entry into host cells by binding to cellular receptor dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4), followed by fusion between virus and host cell membranes. MERS-CoV S protein represents a key target for developing therapeutics to block viral entry and inhibit membrane fusion. Areas covered: This review illustrates MERS-CoV S protein's structure and function, particularly S1 receptor-binding domain (RBD) and S2 heptad repeat 1 (HR1) as therapeutic targets, and summarizes current advancement on developing anti-MERS-CoV therapeutics, focusing on neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) and antiviral peptides. Expert opinion: No anti-MERS-CoV therapeutic is approved for human use. Several S-targeting neutralizing mAbs and peptides have demonstrated efficacy against MERS-CoV infection, providing feasibility for development. Generally, human neutralizing mAbs targeting RBD are more potent than those targeting other regions of S protein. However, emergence of escape mutant viruses and mAb's limitations make it necessary for combining neutralizing mAbs recognizing different neutralizing epitopes and engineering them with improved efficacy and reduced cost. Optimization of the peptide sequences is expected to produce next-generation anti-MERS-CoV peptides with improved potency.
ESTHER : Du_2017_Expert.Opin.Ther.Targets_21_131
PubMedSearch : Du_2017_Expert.Opin.Ther.Targets_21_131
PubMedID: 27936982

Title : A recombinant receptor-binding domain of MERS-CoV in trimeric form protects human dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (hDPP4) transgenic mice from MERS-CoV infection - Tai_2016_Virology_499_375
Author(s) : Tai W , Zhao G , Sun S , Guo Y , Wang Y , Tao X , Tseng CK , Li F , Jiang S , Du L , Zhou Y
Ref : Virology , 499 :375 , 2016
Abstract : Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) coronavirus (MERS-CoV) was first identified in 2012, and it continues to threaten human health worldwide. No MERS vaccines are licensed for human use, reinforcing the urgency to develop safe and efficacious vaccines to prevent MERS. MERS-CoV spike protein forms a trimer, and its receptor-binding domain (RBD) serves as a vaccine target. Nevertheless, the protective efficacy of RBD in its native trimeric form has never been evaluated. In this study, a trimeric protein, RBD-Fd, was generated by fusing RBD with foldon trimerization motif. It bound strongly to the receptor of MERS-CoV, dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4), and elicited robust RBD-specific neutralizing antibodies in mice, maintaining long-term neutralizing activity against MERS-CoV infection. RBD-Fd potently protected hDPP4 transgenic mice from lethal MERS-CoV challenge. These results suggest that MERS-CoV RBD in its trimeric form maintains native conformation and induces protective neutralizing antibodies, making it a candidate for further therapeutic development.
ESTHER : Tai_2016_Virology_499_375
PubMedSearch : Tai_2016_Virology_499_375
PubMedID: 27750111

Title : Synthesis and evaluation of multi-target-directed ligands for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease based on the fusion of donepezil and melatonin - Wang_2016_Bioorg.Med.Chem_24_4324
Author(s) : Wang J , Wang ZM , Li XM , Li F , Wu JJ , Kong LY , Wang XB
Ref : Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry , 24 :4324 , 2016
Abstract : A novel series of compounds obtained by fusing the acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor donepezil and the antioxidant melatonin were designed as multi-target-directed ligands for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In vitro assay indicated that most of the target compounds exhibited a significant ability to inhibit acetylcholinesterase (eeAChE and hAChE), butyrylcholinesterase (eqBuChE and hBuChE), and beta-amyloid (Abeta) aggregation, and to act as potential antioxidants and biometal chelators. Especially, 4u displayed a good inhibition of AChE (IC50 value of 193nM for eeAChE and 273nM for hAChE), strong inhibition of BuChE (IC50 value of 73nM for eqBuChE and 56nM for hBuChE), moderate inhibition of Abeta aggregation (56.3% at 20muM) and good antioxidant activity (3.28trolox equivalent by ORAC assay). Molecular modeling studies in combination with kinetic analysis revealed that 4u was a mixed-type inhibitor, binding simultaneously to catalytic anionic site (CAS) and the peripheral anionic site (PAS) of AChE. In addition, 4u could chelate metal ions, reduce PC12 cells death induced by oxidative stress and penetrate the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Taken together, these results strongly indicated the hybridization approach is an efficient strategy to identify novel scaffolds with desired bioactivities, and further optimization of 4u may be helpful to develop more potent lead compound for AD treatment.
ESTHER : Wang_2016_Bioorg.Med.Chem_24_4324
PubMedSearch : Wang_2016_Bioorg.Med.Chem_24_4324
PubMedID: 27460699

Title : Systemic transcriptome analysis of hepatocellular carcinoma - Yu_2016_Tumour.Biol_37_13323
Author(s) : Yu CB , Zhu LY , Wang YG , Li F , Zhang XY , Dai WJ
Ref : Tumour Biol , 37 :13323 , 2016
Abstract : Liver cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors, and most of which is hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We aim to study the characteristic changes of numerous genes and their roles in HCC through systematical analysis of the characteristics of expression spectrum of HCC. Firstly, we made systematic clustering of the HCC samples according to the RNAseq data from TCGA (The Cancer Genome Atlas) and newly classified HCC. Then the characteristic genes in different molecular subtypes were found out and further analyzed combing with methylation and SNP 6.0 chip. Finally, these genes were subjected to do functional annotation and abnormal signaling pathways of HCC in various molecular subtypes and were screened out. There were 3843 differential genes screened; among which, 689 genes were enriched into 13 KEGG-related pathways, and the expression of 27 and 924 genes showed positive and negative correlation to methylation level, respectively, while the expression of 43 genes showed positive correlation to variation level of copy number. The methylation degree of ZSCAN18 may be considered as a marker for prognosis evaluation, and ABHD6 could be a potential anti-oncogene.
ESTHER : Yu_2016_Tumour.Biol_37_13323
PubMedSearch : Yu_2016_Tumour.Biol_37_13323
PubMedID: 27460080

Title : Exonuclease I-aided homogeneous electrochemical strategy for organophosphorus pesticide detection based on enzyme inhibition integrated with a DNA conformational switch - Wang_2016_Analyst_141_1830
Author(s) : Wang X , Dong S , Hou T , Liu L , Liu X , Li F
Ref : Analyst , 141 :1830 , 2016
Abstract : A novel enzyme inhibition-based homogeneous electrochemical biosensing strategy was designed for an organophosphorus pesticide assay based on exploiting the resistance of a mercury ion-mediated helper probe (HP) toward nuclease-catalyzed digestion and the remarkable diffusivity difference between HPs and the mononucleotides toward a negatively charged indium tin oxide (ITO) electrode. In particular, the mercury ion-mediated T-Hg(2+)-T base pairs facilitate the HP labeled with methylene blue (MB) to fold into a hairpin structure, preventing its digestion by exonuclease I, and thus resulting in a low electrochemical response because of the large electrostatic repulsion between the negatively charged ITO electrode and the HPs. The competitive binding by a thiol group (-SH), produced in the hydrolysis reaction of acetylthiocholine (ACh) chloride with acetylcholinesterase (AChE), removes mercury ions from the base pairs, causing a nuclease-catalyzed digestion, and the subsequent electrochemical response increase due to the weak electrostatic repulsion between the product-mononucleotides and the ITO electrode. Mercury ion-mediated HPs were first designed for pesticide detection and diazinon was chosen as the model target. Under the optimal experimental conditions, the approach exhibited high sensitivity for diazinon detection with a detection limit of 0.25 mug L(-1). The satisfactory results in the determination of diazinon in real samples demonstrate that the method possesses great potential for detecting organophosphorus pesticides. This new approach is expected to promote the exploitation of mercury-mediated base pair-based homogenous electrochemical biosensors in biochemical studies and in the food safety field.
ESTHER : Wang_2016_Analyst_141_1830
PubMedSearch : Wang_2016_Analyst_141_1830
PubMedID: 26839920

Title : Synthesis and evaluation of donepezil-ferulic acid hybrids as multi-target-directed ligands against Alzheimer's disease - Xu_2016_Medchemcomm_7_990
Author(s) : Xu W , Wang XB , Wang ZM , Wu JJ , Li F , Wang J , Kong LY
Ref : Medchemcomm , 7 :990 , 2016
Abstract : A novel family of donepezilferulic acid hybrids were designed, synthesized and biologically evaluated as multi-target-directed ligands against Alzheimer's disease by fusing a fragment of donepezil and ferulic acid. The in vitro assay indicated that some of these molecules exhibited potent cholinesterase inhibitory activities, outstanding radical scavenging activities and good neuroprotective effects on PC12 cells, and could penetrate into the central nervous system. Compound 5c especially showed moderate acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity (IC50 values of 0.398 M for electric eel acetylcholinesterase) and butyrylcholinesterase inhibitory activity (IC50 = 0.976 microM for equine serum butyrylcholinesterase). It also showed significant antioxidant activity (1.78 trolox equivalents by the ABTS method, IC50 values of 24.9 microM by the DPPH method). The kinetic study and molecular docking indicated that compound 5c interacted with both the peripheral anionic site and the catalytic binding site of acetylcholinesterase. Overall, these results indicated that compound 5c is a promising drug candidate with balanced properties for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease.
ESTHER : Xu_2016_Medchemcomm_7_990
PubMedSearch : Xu_2016_Medchemcomm_7_990

Title : Neuroprotective effects of polygalacic acid on scopolamine-induced memory deficits in mice - Guo_2016_Phytomedicine_23_149
Author(s) : Guo C , Shen J , Meng Z , Yang X , Li F
Ref : Phytomedicine , 23 :149 , 2016
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Polygala tenuifolia Willd is a Traditional Chinese Medicine used for the treatment of learning and memory deficits. Triterpenoid saponins, the main bioactive compounds of Polygala tenuifolia Willd, are easily hydrolyzed to polygalacic acid (PA). PURPOSE: The present study was undertaken to investigate the neuroprotective effects of PA on scopolamine-induced cognitive dysfunction and to elucidate its underlying mechanisms of action.
METHODS: PA (3, 6, and 12 mg/kg) was administered orally to mice for fourteen days, and scopolamine (1 mg/kg) was injected intraperitoneally for fourteen days to induce memory impairment. Memory-related behaviors were evaluated using the Morris water maze. Cholinergic and neuroinflammatory activities were measured in brain tissue. Superoxide dismutase activities, malondialdehyde and reduced glutathione contents were also measured in the brains.
RESULTS: Treatment with scopolamine significantly increased the escape latency time, decreased the number of crossings, and shortened the time spent in the target quadrant, while PA reversed these scopolamine-induced effects. PA significantly improved cholinergic system reactivity, as indicated by decreased acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity, increased choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) activity, and elevated levels of acetylcholine (ACh) in the hippocampus and frontal cortex. PA also significantly ameliorated neuroinflammation and oxidative stress in mice. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that PA might exert a significant neuroprotective effect on cognitive impairment, driven in part by the modulation of cholinergic activity and neuroinflammation.
ESTHER : Guo_2016_Phytomedicine_23_149
PubMedSearch : Guo_2016_Phytomedicine_23_149
PubMedID: 26926176

Title : Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of novel donepezil-coumarin hybrids as multi-target agents for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease - Xie_2016_Bioorg.Med.Chem_24_1528
Author(s) : Xie SS , Lan JS , Wang X , Wang ZM , Jiang N , Li F , Wu JJ , Wang J , Kong LY
Ref : Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry , 24 :1528 , 2016
Abstract : Combining N-benzylpiperidine moiety of donepezil and coumarin into in a single molecule, novel hybrids with ChE and MAO-B inhibitory activity were designed and synthesized. The biological screening results indicated that most of compounds displayed potent inhibitory activity for AChE and BuChE, and clearly selective inhibition to MAO-B. Of these compounds, 5m was the most potent inhibitor for eeAChE and eqBuChE (0.87muM and 0.93muM, respectively), and it was also a good and balanced inhibitor to hChEs and hMAO-B (1.37muM for hAChE; 1.98muM for hBuChE; 2.62muM for hMAO-B). Molecular modeling and kinetic studies revealed that 5m was a mixed-type inhibitor, which bond simultaneously to CAS, PAS and mid-gorge site of AChE, and it was also a competitive inhibitor, which occupied the active site of MAO-B. In addition, 5m showed good ability to cross the BBB and had no toxicity on SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells. Collectively, all these results suggested that 5m might be a promising multi-target lead candidate worthy of further pursuit.
ESTHER : Xie_2016_Bioorg.Med.Chem_24_1528
PubMedSearch : Xie_2016_Bioorg.Med.Chem_24_1528
PubMedID: 26917219

Title : Paper-based fluorescent sensor for rapid naked-eye detection of acetylcholinesterase activity and organophosphorus pesticides with high sensitivity and selectivity - Chang_2016_Biosens.Bioelectron_86_971
Author(s) : Chang J , Li H , Hou T , Li F
Ref : Biosensors & Bioelectronics , 86 :971 , 2016
Abstract : Various strategies have been proposed for the sensing of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity and organophosphorus pesticides (OPs). However, the practical application of most methods is restricted by their intrinsic drawbacks such as complexity, long analysis time, and high cost. Thus, it is highly desirable to develop simple, fast and sensitive approaches for AChE activity and OPs detection. Herein, we reported a simple paper-based fluorescent sensor (PFS) based on the aggregation induced emission (AIE) effect of tetraphenylethylene (TPE) and the addition reaction capability of maleimide, which has been used as a powerful tool for rapid naked-eye detection of AChE activity and OPs. The introduction of TPE provides the probe with unique fluorescence property in solid state and is of great importance for improving the sensitivity of PFS. The hydrolysis product of acetylthiocholine catalyzed by AChE induced the maleimide ring destruction and activated the fluorescence performance of TPE. Given that AChE activity can be specifically inhibited by OPs, the as-proposed PFS can also be utilized for sensitive detection of OPs. Meanwhile, the variation of fluorescence signal can be readily detected by naked eyes, and low detection limits of 2.5mUmL-1 and 0.5ngmL-1 for AChE activity and OPs are obtained, respectively. Moreover, it has been successfully applied for AChE activity and OPs detection in diluted human serum samples, showing its great potential to be applied in real samples. Thus, this strategy possesses considerable advantages of simplicity, rapid detection, portability, cost efficiency and visualization.
ESTHER : Chang_2016_Biosens.Bioelectron_86_971
PubMedSearch : Chang_2016_Biosens.Bioelectron_86_971
PubMedID: 27498323

Title : Berberine relieves insulin resistance via the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway in HepG2 cells - Li_2016_J.Huazhong.Univ.Sci.Technolog.Med.Sci_36_64
Author(s) : Li F , Zhao YB , Wang DK , Zou X , Fang K , Wang KF
Ref : J Huazhong Univ Sci Technolog Med Sci , 36 :64 , 2016
Abstract : Berberine (BBR) is an isoquinoline alkaloid extracted from Rhizoma coptidis and has been used for treating type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in China. The development of T2DM is often abetasociated with insulin resistance and impaired glucose uptake in peripheral tibetasues. In this study, we examined whether BBR attenuated glucose uptake dysfunction through the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway in HepG2 cells. Cellular glucose uptake, quantified by the 2-[N-(7-Nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazol-4-yl)-amino]-2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-NBDG), was inhibited by 21% after HepG2 cells were incubated with insulin (10(-6) mol/L) for 36 h. Meanwhile, the exprebetasion of alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (alpha7nAChR) protein was reduced without the change of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity. The level of interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the culture supernatant, the ratio of phosphorylated I-kappa-B kinase-beta (IKkappabeta) Ser181/IKKbeta and the expression of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) p65 protein were also increased. However, the treatment with BBR enhanced the glucose uptake, increased the expression of alpha7nAChR protein and inhibited AChE activity. These changes were also accompanied with the decrease of the ratio of pIKKbeta Ser181/IKKbeta, NF-kappaB p65 expression and IL-6 level. Taken together, these results suggest that BBR could enhance glucose uptake, and relieve insulin resistance and inflammation in HepG2 cells. The mechanism may be related to the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway and the inhibition of AChE activity.
ESTHER : Li_2016_J.Huazhong.Univ.Sci.Technolog.Med.Sci_36_64
PubMedSearch : Li_2016_J.Huazhong.Univ.Sci.Technolog.Med.Sci_36_64
PubMedID: 26838742

Title : Synthesis and pharmacological evaluation of donepezil-based agents as new cholinesterase\/monoamine oxidase inhibitors for the potential application against Alzheimer's disease - Li_2016_J.Enzyme.Inhib.Med.Chem__1
Author(s) : Li F , Wang ZM , Wu JJ , Wang J , Xie SS , Lan JS , Xu W , Kong LY , Wang XB
Ref : J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem , :1 , 2016
Abstract : In a continuing effort to develop multitargeted compounds as potential treatment agents against Alzheimer's disease (AD), a series of donepezil-like compounds were designed, synthesized and evaluated. In vitro studies showed that most of the designed compounds displayed potent inhibitory activities toward AChE, BuChE, MAO-B and MAO-A. Among them, w18 was a promising agent with balanced activities, which exhibited a moderate cholinesterase inhibition (IC50, 0.220 muM for eeAChE; 1.23 muM for eqBuChE; 0.454 muM for hAChE) and an acceptable inhibitory activity against monoamine oxidases (IC50, 3.14 muM for MAO-B; 13.4 muM for MAO-A). Moreover, w18 could also be a metal-chelator, and able to cross the blood-brain barrier with low cell toxicity on PC12 cells. Taken together, these results suggested that w18 might be a promising multitargeted compound for AD treatment.
ESTHER : Li_2016_J.Enzyme.Inhib.Med.Chem__1
PubMedSearch : Li_2016_J.Enzyme.Inhib.Med.Chem__1
PubMedID: 27384289

Title : Genome-wide analysis of esterase-like genes in the striped rice stem borer, Chilo suppressalis - Wang_2015_Genome_58_323
Author(s) : Wang B , Wang Y , Zhang Y , Han P , Li F , Han Z
Ref : Genome , 58 :323 , 2015
Abstract : The striped rice stem borer, Chilo suppressalis, a destructive pest of rice, has developed high levels of resistance to certain insecticides. Esterases are reported to be involved in insecticide resistance in several insects. Therefore, this study systematically analyzed esterase-like genes in C. suppressalis. Fifty-one esterase-like genes were identified in the draft genomic sequences of the species, and 20 cDNA sequences were derived which encoded full- or nearly full-length proteins. The putative esterase proteins derived from these full-length genes are overall highly diversified. However, key residues that are functionally important including the serine residue in the active site are conserved in 18 out of the 20 proteins. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that most of these genes have homologues in other lepidoptera insects. Genes CsuEst6, CsuEst10, CsuEst11, and CsuEst51 were induced by the insecticide triazophos, and genes CsuEst9, CsuEst11, CsuEst14, and CsuEst51 were induced by the insecticide chlorantraniliprole. Our results provide a foundation for future studies of insecticide resistance in C. suppressalis and for comparative research with esterase genes from other insect species.
ESTHER : Wang_2015_Genome_58_323
PubMedSearch : Wang_2015_Genome_58_323
PubMedID: 26285093

Title : Fluorescence biosensing strategy based on mercury ion-mediated DNA conformational switch and nicking enzyme-assisted cycling amplification for highly sensitive detection of carbamate pesticide - Wang_2015_Biosens.Bioelectron_77_644
Author(s) : Wang X , Hou T , Dong S , Liu X , Li F
Ref : Biosensors & Bioelectronics , 77 :644 , 2015
Abstract : Pesticides are of great importance in agricultural and biological fields, but pesticide residues may harm the environment and human health. A highly sensitive fluorescent biosensor for the detection of carbamate pesticide has been developed based on acetylcholinesterase (AChE)-catalyzed hydrolysis product triggered Hg2+ release coupled with subsequent nicking enzyme-induced cleavage of a duplex DNA for cycling amplification. In this protocol, two DNA probes, an unmodified single-stranded helper DNA probe 1 (HP1) and a quencher-fluorophore probe (QFP) are ingeniously designed. HP1 can be folded into hairpin configuration through T-Hg2+-T base pair formation. QFP, labeled with FAM and BHQ1 at its two terminals, contains the recognition sequence and the cleavage site of the nicking enzyme. In the presence of carbamate pesticide, the activity of AChE is inhibited, and the amount of the product containing the thiol group generated by the hydrolysis reaction of acetylthiocholine chloride (ACh) decreases, resulting in the release of a low concentration of Hg2+. The number of HP1 that can be selectively unfolded would be reduced and the subsequent nicking enzyme-assisted cleavage processes would be affected, resulting in decreased fluorescence signals. The fluorescence intensity further decreases with the increase of the pesticide concentration. Therefore, the pesticide content can be easily obtained by monitoring the fluorescence signal change, which is inversely proportional to the logarithm of the pesticide concentration. The detection limit of aldicarb, the model analyte, is 3.3mugL-1, which is much lower than the Chinese National Standards or those previously reported. The as-proposed method has also been applied to detect carbamate pesticide residues in fresh ginger and artificial lake water samples with satisfactory results, which demonstrates that the method has great potential for practical application in biological or food safety field.
ESTHER : Wang_2015_Biosens.Bioelectron_77_644
PubMedSearch : Wang_2015_Biosens.Bioelectron_77_644
PubMedID: 26492468

Title : Biphasic photoelectrochemical sensing strategy based on in situ formation of CdS quantum dots for highly sensitive detection of acetylcholinesterase activity and inhibition - Hou_2015_Biosens.Bioelectron_75_359
Author(s) : Hou T , Zhang L , Sun X , Li F
Ref : Biosensors & Bioelectronics , 75 :359 , 2015
Abstract : Herein, we reported a facile and highly sensitive biphasic photoelectrochemical (PEC) sensing strategy based on enzymatic product-mediated in situ formation of CdS quantum dots (QDs), and assayed the activity and inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in its optimal state. Upon the hydrolysis of acetylthiocholine catalyzed by AChE, the product thiocholine stabilizes the in situ formation of CdS QDs in homogenous solution. Due to the electrostatic attraction, the resulting tertiary amino group-functionalized CdS QDs are attached to the surface of the negatively charged indium tin oxide (ITO) electrode, generating significant PEC response upon illumination in the presence of electron donors. By taking full advantage of the in situ formation of CdS QDs in homogenous solution, this strategy is capable of detecting AChE activity and inhibition in its optimal state. A directly measured detection limit of 0.01mU/mL for AChE activity is obtained, which is superior to those obtained by some fluorescence methods. The inhibition of AChE activity by aldicarb is successfully detected, and the corresponding IC50 is determined to be 13mug/L. In addition to high sensitivity and good selectivity, this strategy also exhibits additional advantages of simplicity, low cost and easy operation. To the best of our knowledge, the as-proposed strategy is the first example demonstrating the application of CdS QDs formed in situ for biphasic PEC detection of enzyme activity and inhibition. More significantly, it opens up a new horizon for the development of homogenous PEC sensing platforms, and has great potential in probing many other analytes.
ESTHER : Hou_2015_Biosens.Bioelectron_75_359
PubMedSearch : Hou_2015_Biosens.Bioelectron_75_359
PubMedID: 26339933

Title : Two Mutations Were Critical for Bat-to-Human Transmission of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus - Yang_2015_J.Virol_89_9119
Author(s) : Yang Y , Liu C , Du L , Jiang S , Shi Z , Baric RS , Li F
Ref : J Virol , 89 :9119 , 2015
Abstract : To understand how Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) transmitted from bats to humans, we compared the virus surface spikes of MERS-CoV and a related bat coronavirus, HKU4. Although HKU4 spike cannot mediate viral entry into human cells, two mutations enabled it to do so by allowing it to be activated by human proteases. These mutations are present in MERS-CoV spike, explaining why MERS-CoV infects human cells. These mutations therefore played critical roles in the bat-to-human transmission of MERS-CoV, either directly or through intermediate hosts.
ESTHER : Yang_2015_J.Virol_89_9119
PubMedSearch : Yang_2015_J.Virol_89_9119
PubMedID: 26063432

Title : Proteomic analysis of ubiquitinated proteins from deltamethrin-resistant and susceptible strains of the diamondback moth, Plutella Xylostella L - Cheng_2015_Arch.Insect.Biochem.Physiol_90_70
Author(s) : Cheng L , Du Y , Hu J , Jiao D , Li J , Zhou Z , Xu Q , Li F
Ref : Archives of Insect Biochemistry & Physiology , 90 :70 , 2015
Abstract : Ubiquitin, a small protein consisting of 76 amino acids, acts in protein degradation, DNA repair, signal transduction, transcriptional regulation, and receptor control through endocytosis. Using proteomics, we compared the differentially ubiquitinated proteins between a deltamethrin-resistant (DR) strain and a deltamethrin-sensitive (DS) strain in third-instar larvae of the diamondback moth. We used polyubiquitin affinity beads to enrich ubiquitinated proteins and then performed one-dimensional SDS-PAGE separation and mass spectrometric identification. In the DR strain, We found 17 proteins that were upregulated (relative to the DS strain), including carbonic anhydrase family members, ADP ribosylation factor 102F CG11027-PA, protein kinase 61C, phospholipase A2 , dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase, tyrosine hydroxylase, and heat shock proteins, and five proteins that were downregulated in the DS strain, including carboxylesterase and DNA cytosine-5 methyltransferase. These results were also verified by qPCR. The differentially ubiquitinated proteins/enzymes were mainly responsible for protein binding, catalytic activity, and molecular transducer activity. These results improve our understanding of the relationship between protein ubiquitination and the deltamethrin stress response.
ESTHER : Cheng_2015_Arch.Insect.Biochem.Physiol_90_70
PubMedSearch : Cheng_2015_Arch.Insect.Biochem.Physiol_90_70
PubMedID: 25983007

Title : Genome sequence of cultivated Upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum TM-1) provides insights into genome evolution - Li_2015_Nat.Biotechnol_33_524
Author(s) : Li F , Fan G , Lu C , Xiao G , Zou C , Kohel RJ , Ma Z , Shang H , Ma X , Wu J , Liang X , Huang G , Percy RG , Liu K , Yang W , Chen W , Du X , Shi C , Yuan Y , Ye W , Liu X , Zhang X , Liu W , Wei H , Wei S , Zhu S , Zhang H , Sun F , Wang X , Liang J , Wang J , He Q , Huang L , Cui J , Song G , Wang K , Xu X , Yu JZ , Zhu Y , Yu S
Ref : Nat Biotechnol , 33 :524 , 2015
Abstract : Gossypium hirsutum has proven difficult to sequence owing to its complex allotetraploid (AtDt) genome. Here we produce a draft genome using 181-fold paired-end sequences assisted by fivefold BAC-to-BAC sequences and a high-resolution genetic map. In our assembly 88.5% of the 2,173-Mb scaffolds, which cover 89.6% approximately 96.7% of the AtDt genome, are anchored and oriented to 26 pseudochromosomes. Comparison of this G. hirsutum AtDt genome with the already sequenced diploid Gossypium arboreum (AA) and Gossypium raimondii (DD) genomes revealed conserved gene order. Repeated sequences account for 67.2% of the AtDt genome, and transposable elements (TEs) originating from Dt seem more active than from At. Reduction in the AtDt genome size occurred after allopolyploidization. The A or At genome may have undergone positive selection for fiber traits. Concerted evolution of different regulatory mechanisms for Cellulose synthase (CesA) and 1-Aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid oxidase1 and 3 (ACO1,3) may be important for enhanced fiber production in G. hirsutum.
ESTHER : Li_2015_Nat.Biotechnol_33_524
PubMedSearch : Li_2015_Nat.Biotechnol_33_524
PubMedID: 25893780
Gene_locus related to this paper: gosra-a0a0d2rxs2 , gosra-a0a0d2tng2 , gosra-a0a0d2twz7 , goshi-a0a1u8hr03 , gosra-a0a0d2vdc5 , goshi-a0a1u8ljh5 , gosra-a0a0d2vj24 , goshi-a0a1u8pxd3 , gosra-a0a0d2sr31 , goshi-a0a1u8knd1 , goshi-a0a1u8nhw9 , goshi-a0a1u8mt09 , goshi-a0a1u8kis4 , goshi-a0a1u8ibk3 , goshi-a0a1u8ieg2 , goshi-a0a1u8iki6 , goshi-a0a1u8jvp4 , goshi-a0a1u8jw35 , gosra-a0a0d2pzd7 , goshi-a0a1u8ied7

Title : Celeribacter indicus sp. nov., a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading bacterium from deep-sea sediment and reclassification of Huaishuia halophila as Celeribacter halophilus comb. nov - Lai_2014_Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol_64_4160
Author(s) : Lai Q , Cao J , Yuan J , Li F , Shao Z
Ref : Int J Syst Evol Microbiol , 64 :4160 , 2014
Abstract : A taxonomic study was carried out on strain P73(T), which was isolated from deep-sea sediment of the Indian Ocean by enrichment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. The strain was able to degrade biphenyl, naphthalene, 2-methylnaphthalene, 2,6-dimethylnaphthalene, acenaphthene, anthracene, phenanthrene, dibenzothiophene, dibenzofuran, fluorene, 4-methyldibenzothiophene and fluoranthene, but not pyrene or chrysene. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain P73(T) formed a clade with the genera Celeribacter and Huaishuia within the family Rhodobacteraceae, with highest sequence similarity of 96.98 % to Celeribacter neptunius H 14(T), followed by Huaishuia halophila ZXM137(T) (96.42 %). The bacterium was Gram-stain-negative, oxidase- and catalase-positive, rod-shaped and non-motile. Growth was observed at salinities from 0.5 to 12 % and at temperatures from 10 to 41 degrees C. The principal fatty acids (>10 %) of strain P73(T) were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1omega7c/omega6c) and C19 : 0omega8c cyclo. The sole respiratory quinone was Q-10. The major lipids were phosphatidylglycerol, one unknown aminolipid, one unknown phospholipid and one unknown lipid; a second unknown phospholipid and one unknown glycolipid were present as minor components. The G+C content of the chromosomal DNA was 66.0 mol%. The combined genotypic and phenotypic data show that strain P73(T) represents a novel species of the genus Celeribacter, for which the name Celeribacter indicus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is P73(T) ( = MCCC 1A01112(T) = LMG 27600(T) = DSM 27257(T)). Phylogenetic study and existing phenotypic information also show that Huaishuia halophila should be transferred to the genus Celeribacter as Celeribacter halophilus comb. nov. (type strain ZXM137(T) = MCCC 1A06432(T) = CGMCC 1.8891(T) = LMG 24854(T)).
ESTHER : Lai_2014_Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol_64_4160
PubMedSearch : Lai_2014_Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol_64_4160
PubMedID: 25256706
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9rhob-a0a0b5dyv3

Title : The adverse effects of phoxim exposure in the midgut of silkworm, Bombyx mori - Gu_2014_Chemosphere_96_33
Author(s) : Gu Z , Zhou Y , Xie Y , Li F , Ma L , Sun S , Wu Y , Wang B , Wang J , Hong F , Shen W , Li B
Ref : Chemosphere , 96 :33 , 2014
Abstract : The silkworm is an important economic insect. Poisoning of silkworms by organophosphate pesticides causes tremendous loss to the sericulture. In this study, Solexa sequencing technology was performed to profile the gene expression changes in the midgut of silkworms in response to 24h of phoxim exposure and the impact on detoxification, apoptosis and immune defense were addressed. The results showed that 254 genes displayed at least 2.0-fold changes in expression levels, with 148 genes up-regulated and 106 genes down-regulated. Cytochrome P450 played an important role in detoxification. Histopathology examination and transmission electron microscope revealed swollen mitochondria and disappearance of the cristae of mitochondria, which are the important features in insect apoptotic cells. Cytochrome C release from mitochondria into the cytoplasm was confirmed. In addition, the Toll and immune deficiency (IMD) signal pathways were all inhibited using qRT-PCR. Our results could help better understand the impact of phoxim exposure on silkworm.
ESTHER : Gu_2014_Chemosphere_96_33
PubMedSearch : Gu_2014_Chemosphere_96_33
PubMedID: 23899924

Title : Receptor usage and cell entry of bat coronavirus HKU4 provide insight into bat-to-human transmission of MERS coronavirus - Yang_2014_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_111_12516
Author(s) : Yang Y , Du L , Liu C , Wang L , Ma C , Tang J , Baric RS , Jiang S , Li F
Ref : Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A , 111 :12516 , 2014
Abstract : Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) currently spreads in humans and causes approximately 36% fatality in infected patients. Believed to have originated from bats, MERS-CoV is genetically related to bat coronaviruses HKU4 and HKU5. To understand how bat coronaviruses transmit to humans, we investigated the receptor usage and cell entry activity of the virus-surface spike proteins of HKU4 and HKU5. We found that dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4), the receptor for MERS-CoV, is also the receptor for HKU4, but not HKU5. Despite sharing a common receptor, MERS-CoV and HKU4 spikes demonstrated functional differences. First, whereas MERS-CoV prefers human DPP4 over bat DPP4 as its receptor, HKU4 shows the opposite trend. Second, in the absence of exogenous proteases, both MERS-CoV and HKU4 spikes mediate pseudovirus entry into bat cells, whereas only MERS-CoV spike, but not HKU4 spike, mediates pseudovirus entry into human cells. Thus, MERS-CoV, but not HKU4, has adapted to use human DPP4 and human cellular proteases for efficient human cell entry, contributing to the enhanced pathogenesis of MERS-CoV in humans. These results establish DPP4 as a functional receptor for HKU4 and host cellular proteases as a host range determinant for HKU4. They also suggest that DPP4-recognizing bat coronaviruses threaten human health because of their spikes' capability to adapt to human cells for cross-species transmissions.
ESTHER : Yang_2014_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_111_12516
PubMedSearch : Yang_2014_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_111_12516
PubMedID: 25114257

Title : Genome sequencing of the high oil crop sesame provides insight into oil biosynthesis - Wang_2014_Genome.Biol_15_R39
Author(s) : Wang L , Yu S , Tong C , Zhao Y , Liu Y , Song C , Zhang Y , Zhang X , Wang Y , Hua W , Li D , Li F , Yu J , Xu C , Han X , Huang S , Tai S , Wang J , Xu X , Li Y , Liu S , Varshney RK
Ref : Genome Biol , 15 :R39 , 2014
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Sesame, Sesamum indicum L., is considered the queen of oilseeds for its high oil content and quality, and is grown widely in tropical and subtropical areas as an important source of oil and protein. However, the molecular biology of sesame is largely unexplored. RESULTS: Here, we report a high-quality genome sequence of sesame assembled de novo with a contig N50 of 52.2 kb and a scaffold N50 of 2.1 Mb, containing an estimated 27,148 genes. The results reveal novel, independent whole genome duplication and the absence of the Toll/interleukin-1 receptor domain in resistance genes. Candidate genes and oil biosynthetic pathways contributing to high oil content were discovered by comparative genomic and transcriptomic analyses. These revealed the expansion of type 1 lipid transfer genes by tandem duplication, the contraction of lipid degradation genes, and the differential expression of essential genes in the triacylglycerol biosynthesis pathway, particularly in the early stage of seed development. Resequencing data in 29 sesame accessions from 12 countries suggested that the high genetic diversity of lipid-related genes might be associated with the wide variation in oil content. Additionally, the results shed light on the pivotal stage of seed development, oil accumulation and potential key genes for sesamin production, an important pharmacological constituent of sesame. CONCLUSIONS: As an important species from the order Lamiales and a high oil crop, the sesame genome will facilitate future research on the evolution of eudicots, as well as the study of lipid biosynthesis and potential genetic improvement of sesame.
ESTHER : Wang_2014_Genome.Biol_15_R39
PubMedSearch : Wang_2014_Genome.Biol_15_R39
PubMedID: 24576357
Gene_locus related to this paper: sesin-a0a6i9snr9

Title : Molecular Mechanisms of Reduced Nerve Toxicity by Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles in the Phoxim-Exposed Brain of Bombyx mori - Xie_2014_PLoS.One_9_e101062
Author(s) : Xie Y , Wang B , Li F , Ma L , Ni M , Shen W , Hong F , Li B
Ref : PLoS ONE , 9 :e101062 , 2014
Abstract : Bombyx mori (B. mori), silkworm, is one of the most important economic insects in the world, while phoxim, an organophosphorus (OP) pesticide, impact its economic benefits seriously. Phoxim exposure can damage the brain, fatbody, midgut and haemolymph of B. mori. However the metabolism of proteins and carbohydrates in phoxim-exposed B. mori can be improved by Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs). In this study, we explored whether TiO2 NPs treatment can reduce the phoxim-induced brain damage of the 5th larval instar of B. mori. We observed that TiO2 NPs pretreatments significantly reduced the mortality of phoxim-exposed larva and relieved severe brain damage and oxidative stress under phoxim exposure in the brain. The treatments also relieved the phoxim-induced increases in the contents of acetylcholine (Ach), glutamate (Glu) and nitric oxide (NO) and the phoxim-induced decreases in the contents of norepinephrine (NE), Dopamine (DA), and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), and reduced the inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), Na+/K+-ATPase, Ca2+-ATPase, and Ca2+/Mg2+-ATPase activities and the activation of total nitric oxide synthase (TNOS) in the brain. Furthermore, digital gene expression profile (DGE) analysis and real time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) assay revealed that TiO2 NPs pretreatment inhibited the up-regulated expression of ace1, cytochrome c, caspase-9, caspase-3, Bm109 and down-regulated expression of BmIap caused by phoxim; these genes are involved in nerve conduction, oxidative stress and apoptosis. TiO2 NPs pretreatment also inhibited the down-regulated expression of H+ transporting ATP synthase and vacuolar ATP synthase under phoxim exposure, which are involved in ion transport and energy metabolism. These results indicate that TiO2 NPs pretreatment reduced the phoxim-induced nerve toxicity in the brain of B. mori.
ESTHER : Xie_2014_PLoS.One_9_e101062
PubMedSearch : Xie_2014_PLoS.One_9_e101062
PubMedID: 24971466

Title : Chemical profiling with HPLC-FTMS of exogenous and endogenous chemicals susceptible to the administration of chotosan in an animal model of type 2 diabetes-induced dementia - Niu_2014_J.Pharm.Biomed.Anal_104C_21
Author(s) : Niu Y , Li F , Inada C , Tanaka K , Watanabe S , Fujiwara H , Sasaki-Hamada S , Oka JI , Matsumoto K
Ref : J Pharm Biomed Anal , 104C :21 , 2014
Abstract : In our previous study, the daily administration of chotosan (CTS), a Kampo formula consisting of Uncaria and other 10 different crude drugs, ameliorated cognitive deficits in several animal models of dementia including type 2 diabetic db/db mice in a similar manner to tacrine, an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor. The present study investigated the metabonomics of CTS in db/db mice, a type 2 diabetes model, and m/m mice, a non-diabetes control strain, to identify the exogenous and endogenous chemicals susceptible to the administration of CTS using high performance liquid chromatography equipped with an orbitrap hybrid Fourier transform mass spectrometer. The results obtained revealed that the systemic administration of CTS for 20 days led to the distribution of Uncalia plant-derived alkaloids such as rhynchophylline, hirsuteine, and corynoxeine in the plasma and brains of db/db and m/m mice and induced alterations in four major metabolic pathways; i.e., (1) purine, (2) tryptophan, (3) cysteine and methionine, (4) glycerophospholipids in db/db mice. Moreover, glycerophosphocholine (GPC) levels in the plasma and brain were significantly higher in CTS-treated db/db mice than in vehicle-treated control animals. The results of the in vitro experiment using organotypic hippocampal slice cultures demonstrated that GPC (10-30muM), as well as tacrine, protected hippocampal cells from N-methyl-d-aspartate-induced excitotoxicity in a manner that was reversible with the muscarinic receptor antagonist scopolamine, whereas GPC had no effect on the activity of acetylcholinesterase in vitro. Our results demonstrated that some CTS constituents with neuropharmacological activity were distributed in the plasma and brain tissue following the systemic administration of CTS and may subsequently have affected some metabolic pathways including glycerophospholipid metabolism and cognitive function in db/db mice. Moreover, the present metabonomic analysis suggested that GPC is a putative endogenous chemical that may be involved in the tacrine-like actions of CTS in the present diabetic animal model.
ESTHER : Niu_2014_J.Pharm.Biomed.Anal_104C_21
PubMedSearch : Niu_2014_J.Pharm.Biomed.Anal_104C_21
PubMedID: 25459756

Title : Bacopa monnieri Ameliorates Memory Deficits in Olfactory Bulbectomized Mice: Possible Involvement of Glutamatergic and Cholinergic Systems - Le_2013_Neurochem.Res_38_2201
Author(s) : Le XT , Pham HT , Do PT , Fujiwara H , Tanaka K , Li F , Van Nguyen T , Nguyen KM , Matsumoto K
Ref : Neurochem Res , 38 :2201 , 2013
Abstract : This study investigated the effects of alcoholic extract of Bacopa monnieri (L.) Wettst. (BM) on cognitive deficits using olfactory bulbectomized (OBX) mice and the underlying molecular mechanisms of its action. OBX mice were treated daily with BM (50 mg/kg, p.o.) or a reference drug, tacrine (2.5 mg/kg, i.p.), 1 week before and continuously 3 days after OBX. Cognitive performance of the animals was analyzed by the novel object recognition test, modified Y maze test, and fear conditioning test. Brain tissues of OBX animals were used for neurochemical and immunohistochemical studies. OBX impaired non-spatial short-term memory, spatial working memory, and long-term fair memory. BM administration ameliorated these memory disturbances. The effect of BM on short-term memory deficits was abolished by a muscarinic receptor antagonist, scopolamine. OBX downregulated phosphorylation of synaptic plasticity-related signaling proteins: NR1 subunit of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor, glutamate receptor 1 (GluR1), and calmodulin-dependent kinase II but not cyclic AMP-responsive element binding protein (CREB), and reduced brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) mRNA in the hippocampus. OBX also reduced choline acetyltransferase in the hippocampus and cholinergic neurons in the medial septum, and enlarged the size of lateral ventricle. BM administration reversed these OBX-induced neurochemical and histological alterations, except the decrease of GluR1 phosphorylation, and enhanced CREB phosphorylation. Moreover, BM treatment inhibited ex vivo activity of acetylcholinesterase in the brain. These results indicate that BM treatment ameliorates OBX-induced cognition dysfunction via a mechanism involving enhancement of synaptic plasticity-related signaling and BDNF transcription and protection of cholinergic systems from OBX-induced neuronal damage.
ESTHER : Le_2013_Neurochem.Res_38_2201
PubMedSearch : Le_2013_Neurochem.Res_38_2201
PubMedID: 23949198

Title : Seasonally variable intestinal metagenomes of the red palm weevil (Rhynchophorus ferrugineus) - Jia_2013_Environ.Microbiol_15_3020
Author(s) : Jia S , Zhang X , Zhang G , Yin A , Zhang S , Li F , Wang L , Zhao D , Yun Q , Tala , Wang J , Sun G , Baabdullah M , Yu X , Hu S , Al-Mssallem IS , Yu J
Ref : Environ Microbiol , 15 :3020 , 2013
Abstract : The intestinal microbes residing in the red palm weevil (RPW, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus) larva consume tender interior fibrous tissues of date palm trunks. The understanding of such microbiota at molecular level provides vital clues for the biological control of this devastating pest. Using pyrosequencing and shotgun strategy, we first study taxonomic profiles of the microbiota sampled at different months (March, July and November), and then confirm the impact of high-temperature stress on the microbial populations based on data from 16S rRNA amplicons using both field and laboratory samples. We further identify Klebsiella pneumoniae in November and Lactococcus lactis in July as the dominant species of the microbiota. We find that the RPW gut microbiota degrades polysaccharides and sucrose with hydrolases and that different active bacterial species in November and July are responsible for the symbiotic relationship between the microbiota and the host. Our results provide vital information for pest control and cellulolytic bacterial species characterization.
ESTHER : Jia_2013_Environ.Microbiol_15_3020
PubMedSearch : Jia_2013_Environ.Microbiol_15_3020
PubMedID: 24102776

Title : Crystal structure of the receptor-binding domain from newly emerged Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus - Chen_2013_J.Virol_87_10777
Author(s) : Chen Y , Rajashankar KR , Yang Y , Agnihothram SS , Liu C , Lin YL , Baric RS , Li F
Ref : J Virol , 87 :10777 , 2013
Abstract : The newly emerged Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) has infected at least 77 people, with a fatality rate of more than 50%. Alarmingly, the virus demonstrates the capability of human-to-human transmission, raising the possibility of global spread and endangering world health and economy. Here we have identified the receptor-binding domain (RBD) from the MERS-CoV spike protein and determined its crystal structure. This study also presents a structural comparison of MERS-CoV RBD with other coronavirus RBDs, successfully positioning MERS-CoV on the landscape of coronavirus evolution and providing insights into receptor binding by MERS-CoV. Furthermore, we found that MERS-CoV RBD functions as an effective entry inhibitor of MERS-CoV. The identified MERS-CoV RBD may also serve as a potential candidate for MERS-CoV subunit vaccines. Overall, this study enhances our understanding of the evolution of coronavirus RBDs, provides insights into receptor recognition by MERS-CoV, and may help control the transmission of MERS-CoV in humans.
ESTHER : Chen_2013_J.Virol_87_10777
PubMedSearch : Chen_2013_J.Virol_87_10777
PubMedID: 23903833

Title : The involvement of several enzymes in methanol detoxification in Drosophila melanogaster adults - Wang_2013_Comp.Biochem.Physiol.B.Biochem.Mol.Biol_166_7
Author(s) : Wang SP , Hu XX , Meng QW , Muhammad SA , Chen RR , Li F , Li GQ
Ref : Comparative Biochemistry & Physiology B Biochem Mol Biol , 166 :7 , 2013
Abstract : Methanol is among the most common short-chain alcohols in fermenting fruits, the natural food and oviposition sites of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. Our previous results showed that cytochrome P450 monooxygenases (CYPs) were associated with methanol detoxification in the larvae. Catalases, alcohol dehydrogenases (ADHs), esterases (ESTs) and glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) were specifically inhibited by 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole (3-AT), 4-methylpyrazole (4-MP), triphenyl phosphate (TPP) and diethylmeleate (DEM), respectively. CYPs were inhibited by piperonyl butoxide (PBO) and 1-aminobenzotriazole (1-ABT). In the present paper, the involvements of these enzymes in methanol metabolism were investigated in female and male adults by determining the combination indices of methanol and their corresponding inhibitors. When PBO, 1-ABT, 3-AT, 4-MP and TPP were individually mixed with methanol, they exhibited significant synergism to the mortality of the adults after 72h of dietary exposure. In contrast, the DEM and methanol mixture showed additive effects. Moreover, methanol exposure dramatically increased CYP activity and up-regulated mRNA expression levels of several Cyp genes. Bioassays using different strains revealed that the variation in ADH activity and RNAi-mediated knockdown of alpha-Est7 significantly changed LC50 values for methanol. These results suggest that CYPs, catalases, ADHs and ESTs are partially responsible for methanol elimination in adults. It seems that there are some differences in methanol metabolism between larvae and adults, but not between female and male adults.
ESTHER : Wang_2013_Comp.Biochem.Physiol.B.Biochem.Mol.Biol_166_7
PubMedSearch : Wang_2013_Comp.Biochem.Physiol.B.Biochem.Mol.Biol_166_7
PubMedID: 23751173

Title : Genome sequence of the date palm Phoenix dactylifera L - Al-Mssallem_2013_Nat.Commun_4_2274
Author(s) : Al-Mssallem IS , Hu S , Zhang X , Lin Q , Liu W , Tan J , Yu X , Liu J , Pan L , Zhang T , Yin Y , Xin C , Wu H , Zhang G , Ba Abdullah MM , Huang D , Fang Y , Alnakhli YO , Jia S , Yin A , Alhuzimi EM , Alsaihati BA , Al-Owayyed SA , Zhao D , Zhang S , Al-Otaibi NA , Sun G , Majrashi MA , Li F , Tala , Wang J , Yun Q , Alnassar NA , Wang L , Yang M , Al-Jelaify RF , Liu K , Gao S , Chen K , Alkhaldi SR , Liu G , Zhang M , Guo H , Yu J
Ref : Nat Commun , 4 :2274 , 2013
Abstract : Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is a cultivated woody plant species with agricultural and economic importance. Here we report a genome assembly for an elite variety (Khalas), which is 605.4 Mb in size and covers >90% of the genome (~671 Mb) and >96% of its genes (~41,660 genes). Genomic sequence analysis demonstrates that P. dactylifera experienced a clear genome-wide duplication after either ancient whole genome duplications or massive segmental duplications. Genetic diversity analysis indicates that its stress resistance and sugar metabolism-related genes tend to be enriched in the chromosomal regions where the density of single-nucleotide polymorphisms is relatively low. Using transcriptomic data, we also illustrate the date palm's unique sugar metabolism that underlies fruit development and ripening. Our large-scale genomic and transcriptomic data pave the way for further genomic studies not only on P. dactylifera but also other Arecaceae plants.
ESTHER : Al-Mssallem_2013_Nat.Commun_4_2274
PubMedSearch : Al-Mssallem_2013_Nat.Commun_4_2274
PubMedID: 23917264
Gene_locus related to this paper: phodc-a0a2h3y3d5 , phodc-a0a2h3z529 , phodc-a0a2h3y147 , phodc-a0a2h3xrz4 , phodc-a0a3q0ic37 , phodc-a0a2h3yxf0 , phodc-a0a2h3zh01 , phodc-a0a3q0hs32

Title : Draft genome sequence of marine Streptomyces sp. strain W007, which produces angucyclinone antibiotics with a benz[a]anthracene skeleton - Qin_2012_J.Bacteriol_194_1628
Author(s) : Qin S , Zhang H , Li F , Zhu B , Zheng H
Ref : Journal of Bacteriology , 194 :1628 , 2012
Abstract : A series of angucyclinone antibiotics have been isolated from marine Streptomyces sp. strain W007 and identified. Here, a draft genome sequence of Streptomyces sp. W007 is presented. The genome contains an intact biosynthetic gene cluster for angucyclinone antibiotics, which provides insight into the combinatorial biosynthesis of angucyclinone antibiotics produced by marine streptomycetes.
ESTHER : Qin_2012_J.Bacteriol_194_1628
PubMedSearch : Qin_2012_J.Bacteriol_194_1628
PubMedID: 22374958
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9actn-h0b8d4 , 9acto-h0b5v2 , 9acto-h0bkj3 , 9acto-h0bln7 , 9acto-h0blv8 , 9acto-h0brh7 , strgg-b1vzw6 , 9acto-h0b9i4 , 9acto-h0bn07 , 9actn-h0bay1

Title : RNA interference of two acetylcholinesterase genes in Plutella xylostella reveals their different functions - He_2012_Arch.Insect.Biochem.Physiol_79_75
Author(s) : He G , Sun Y , Li F
Ref : Archives of Insect Biochemistry & Physiology , 79 :75 , 2012
Abstract : Acetylcholinesterase (AChE, EC is an important enzyme with a typical function of degrading the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Although two ace genes were reported in Plutella xylostella, their function differences remain largely unknown. The chemically synthesized siRNAs (si-Pxace1 and si-Pxace2) were injected into the second instar larvae to knock down Pxace1 and Pxace2, either respectively or simultaneously. The mRNA abundance of Pxace1 and Pxace2 was significantly reduced to 7-33.5% of the control levels at 72 h after siRNA injection. The AChE activities were significantly decreased at 96 h after treatment. Silencing of Pxace1 or Pxace2 resulted in mortality of 33.9 and 22.9%, respectively. The survivors in siRNA-treated groups had apparent growth inhibition such as reduction in larvae weights and lengths, malformation and motor retardation. Knockdown of Pxace1 apparently affected more on larvae growth than that of Pxace2, suggesting that Pxace1 had more important roles than Pxace2. Both Pxace1 and Pxace2 genes might have atypical functions in regulating larvae growth and motor ability.
ESTHER : He_2012_Arch.Insect.Biochem.Physiol_79_75
PubMedSearch : He_2012_Arch.Insect.Biochem.Physiol_79_75
PubMedID: 22392769

Title : Draft genome sequence of the marine bacterium Streptomyces griseoaurantiacus M045, which produces novel manumycin-type antibiotics with a pABA core component - Li_2011_J.Bacteriol_193_3417
Author(s) : Li F , Jiang P , Zheng H , Wang S , Zhao G , Qin S , Liu Z
Ref : Journal of Bacteriology , 193 :3417 , 2011
Abstract : Streptomyces griseoaurantiacus M045, isolated from marine sediment, produces manumycin and chinikomycin antibiotics. Here we present a high-quality draft genome sequence of S. griseoaurantiacus M045, the first marine Streptomyces species to be sequenced and annotated. The genome encodes several gene clusters for biosynthesis of secondary metabolites and has provided insight into genomic islands linking secondary metabolism to functional adaptation in marine S. griseoaurantiacus M045.
ESTHER : Li_2011_J.Bacteriol_193_3417
PubMedSearch : Li_2011_J.Bacteriol_193_3417
PubMedID: 21551298
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9acto-f3ngb7 , 9acto-f3nim7 , 9acto-f3ntg3 , 9acto-f3nmw3 , 9actn-f3nh76 , 9actn-f3nh94

Title : RNA interference of ace1 and ace2 in Chilo suppressalis reveals their different contributions to motor ability and larval growth - Hui_2011_Insect.Mol.Biol_20_507
Author(s) : Hui XM , Yang LW , He GL , Yang QP , Han ZJ , Li F
Ref : Insect Molecular Biology , 20 :507 , 2011
Abstract : Acetylcholinesterase (AChE, EC is a key enzyme in terminating synaptic transmission. We knocked down the expression of Csace1 or Csace2 using chemically synthesized small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) designed from divergent regions. The mRNA abundance of the two ace genes was reduced to 50-70% of control levels. The enzyme activities were decreased to 40-70%. Silencing of Csace1 or Csace2 resulted in a ~25% mortality rate. Knockdown of Csace1 had major effects on larval growth inhibition and resulted in reduced larval weight and length, malformation and motor disability, whereas silencing of Csace2 had only minor effects. These results suggested that both AChE-1 and AChE-2 have important roles in maintaining life in this insect and indicated that AChE-1 might have nontypical functions in regulating larval growth and motor ability.
ESTHER : Hui_2011_Insect.Mol.Biol_20_507
PubMedSearch : Hui_2011_Insect.Mol.Biol_20_507
PubMedID: 21518395

Title : The genome of the mesopolyploid crop species Brassica rapa - Wang_2011_Nat.Genet_43_1035
Author(s) : Wang X , Wang H , Wang J , Sun R , Wu J , Liu S , Bai Y , Mun JH , Bancroft I , Cheng F , Huang S , Li X , Hua W , Freeling M , Pires JC , Paterson AH , Chalhoub B , Wang B , Hayward A , Sharpe AG , Park BS , Weisshaar B , Liu B , Li B , Tong C , Song C , Duran C , Peng C , Geng C , Koh C , Lin C , Edwards D , Mu D , Shen D , Soumpourou E , Li F , Fraser F , Conant G , Lassalle G , King GJ , Bonnema G , Tang H , Belcram H , Zhou H , Hirakawa H , Abe H , Guo H , Jin H , Parkin IA , Batley J , Kim JS , Just J , Li J , Xu J , Deng J , Kim JA , Yu J , Meng J , Min J , Poulain J , Hatakeyama K , Wu K , Wang L , Fang L , Trick M , Links MG , Zhao M , Jin M , Ramchiary N , Drou N , Berkman PJ , Cai Q , Huang Q , Li R , Tabata S , Cheng S , Zhang S , Sato S , Sun S , Kwon SJ , Choi SR , Lee TH , Fan W , Zhao X , Tan X , Xu X , Wang Y , Qiu Y , Yin Y , Li Y , Du Y , Liao Y , Lim Y , Narusaka Y , Wang Z , Li Z , Xiong Z , Zhang Z
Ref : Nat Genet , 43 :1035 , 2011
Abstract : We report the annotation and analysis of the draft genome sequence of Brassica rapa accession Chiifu-401-42, a Chinese cabbage. We modeled 41,174 protein coding genes in the B. rapa genome, which has undergone genome triplication. We used Arabidopsis thaliana as an outgroup for investigating the consequences of genome triplication, such as structural and functional evolution. The extent of gene loss (fractionation) among triplicated genome segments varies, with one of the three copies consistently retaining a disproportionately large fraction of the genes expected to have been present in its ancestor. Variation in the number of members of gene families present in the genome may contribute to the remarkable morphological plasticity of Brassica species. The B. rapa genome sequence provides an important resource for studying the evolution of polyploid genomes and underpins the genetic improvement of Brassica oil and vegetable crops.
ESTHER : Wang_2011_Nat.Genet_43_1035
PubMedSearch : Wang_2011_Nat.Genet_43_1035
PubMedID: 21873998
Gene_locus related to this paper: braol-Q8GTM3 , braol-Q8GTM4 , brarp-m4ei94 , brarp-m4c988 , brana-a0a078j4a9 , brana-a0a078e1m0 , brana-a0a078cd75 , brarp-m4dwa6 , brana-a0a078j4f0 , brana-a0a078cus4 , brana-a0a078f8c2 , brana-a0a078jql1 , brana-a0a078dgj3 , brana-a0a078hw50 , brana-a0a078cuu0 , brana-a0a078dfa9 , brana-a0a078ic91 , brarp-m4ctw3 , brana-a0a078ca65 , brana-a0a078ctc8 , brana-a0a078h021 , brana-a0a078jx23 , brarp-m4da84 , brarp-m4dwr7 , brana-a0a078dh94 , brana-a0a078h612 , brana-a0a078j2t3 , braol-a0a0d3dpb2 , braol-a0a0d3dx76 , brana-a0a078jxa8 , brana-a0a078i2k3 , brarp-m4cwq4 , brarp-m4dcj8 , brarp-m4eh17 , brarp-m4eey4 , brarp-m4dnj8 , brarp-m4ey83 , brarp-m4ey84

Title : Pathologically activated neuroprotection via uncompetitive blockade of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors with fast off-rate by novel multifunctional dimer bis(propyl)-cognitin - Luo_2010_J.Biol.Chem_285_19947
Author(s) : Luo J , Li W , Zhao Y , Fu H , Ma DL , Tang J , Li C , Peoples RW , Li F , Wang Q , Huang P , Xia J , Pang Y , Han Y
Ref : Journal of Biological Chemistry , 285 :19947 , 2010
Abstract : Uncompetitive N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists with fast off-rate (UFO) may represent promising drug candidates for various neurodegenerative disorders. In this study, we report that bis(propyl)-cognitin, a novel dimeric acetylcholinesterase inhibitor and gamma-aminobutyric acid subtype A receptor antagonist, is such an antagonist of NMDA receptors. In cultured rat hippocampal neurons, we demonstrated that bis(propyl)-cognitin voltage-dependently, selectively, and moderately inhibited NMDA-activated currents. The inhibitory effects of bis(propyl)-cognitin increased with the rise in NMDA and glycine concentrations. Kinetics analysis showed that the inhibition was of fast onset and offset with an off-rate time constant of 1.9 s. Molecular docking simulations showed moderate hydrophobic interaction between bis(propyl)-cognitin and the MK-801 binding region in the ion channel pore of the NMDA receptor. Bis(propyl)-cognitin was further found to compete with [(3)H]MK-801 with a K(i) value of 0.27 mum, and the mutation of NR1(N616R) significantly reduced its inhibitory potency. Under glutamate-mediated pathological conditions, bis(propyl)-cognitin, in contrast to bis(heptyl)-cognitin, prevented excitotoxicity with increasing effectiveness against escalating levels of glutamate and much more effectively protected against middle cerebral artery occlusion-induced brain damage than did memantine. More interestingly, under NMDA receptor-mediated physiological conditions, bis(propyl)-cognitin enhanced long-term potentiation in hippocampal slices, whereas MK-801 reduced and memantine did not alter this process. These results suggest that bis(propyl)-cognitin is a UFO antagonist of NMDA receptors with moderate affinity, which may provide a pathologically activated therapy for various neurodegenerative disorders associated with NMDA receptor dysregulation.
ESTHER : Luo_2010_J.Biol.Chem_285_19947
PubMedSearch : Luo_2010_J.Biol.Chem_285_19947
PubMedID: 20404346

Title : Adsorption and inhibition of acetylcholinesterase by different nanoparticles - Wang_2009_Chemosphere_77_67
Author(s) : Wang Z , Zhao J , Li F , Gao D , Xing B
Ref : Chemosphere , 77 :67 , 2009
Abstract : Manufactured nanoparticles can be toxic via interactions with proteins and enzymes. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is a key enzyme present in the brain, blood and nervous system. Therefore, adsorption and inhibition of AChE by eight nanoparticles, SiO(2), TiO(2), Al(2)O(3), Al, Cu, Cu-C (carbon-coated copper), multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) and single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT), were examined. A modified Ellman assay was used to measure AChE activity because nanoparticles could adsorb the yellowish product, 5'-mercapto-2'-nitrobenzoic acid (5-MNBA) during the color development. Adsorption and inhibition rates by nanoparticles were estimated by decrease of AChE activities compared to controls. Carbon nanotubes had high affinity for AChE adsorption, the highest being SWCNT (94%). Nano SiO(2) and Al(2)O(3) showed the lowest adsorption. Inhibition by the tested nanoparticles was primarily caused by adsorption. However, Cu(2+) release in Cu and Cu-C nanoparticle suspensions caused 40% and 45% of AChE activity reduction, respectively. AChE inhibition by bulk Cu and activated carbon particles was also measured for comparison, showing that the inhibition by bulk particles was lower than their counterpart nanoparticles. For bulk Cu particles, AChE inhibition was primarily caused by dissolved ions, but mainly by adsorption for activated carbon. AChE inhibition by Cu, Cu-C, MWCNT and SWCNT had dose-response relationships, and their median inhibitory concentrations (IC(50)) were 4, 17, 156 and 96mgL(-1), respectively, showing that these nanoparticles may have neurotoxicity and AChE may have potential to be used as a biomarker for nanoparticles.
ESTHER : Wang_2009_Chemosphere_77_67
PubMedSearch : Wang_2009_Chemosphere_77_67
PubMedID: 19540550

Title : Preparation and application of monoclonal antibody against hNDRG2 - Liu_2009_Appl.Biochem.Biotechnol_152_306
Author(s) : Liu X , Hu X , Zhang J , Wang L , Zhang W , Li F , Zhang Y , Yao L
Ref : Appl Biochem Biotechnol , 152 :306 , 2009
Abstract : The full-length hNdrg2 cDNA-coded 357 amino acids was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli strain DH5alpha as a 6x His-tagged protein. The purified 6x His-fusion protein was used to immunize mice for preparing monoclonal antibodies (mAb) against N-myc downstream-regulated gene 2 (Ndrg2). A hybridoma secreting a monoclonal antibody against Ndrg2 was obtained and named FMU-Ndrg2.3. Western blot analysis confirmed that this mAb is specific only to Ndrg2 but not to Ndrg1, Ndrg3, and Ndrg4-B. Some tissue distribution features of Ndrg2 proteins, such as thyroid, kidney, testis, prostate, and pancreas islets, were present by immunohistochemistry.
ESTHER : Liu_2009_Appl.Biochem.Biotechnol_152_306
PubMedSearch : Liu_2009_Appl.Biochem.Biotechnol_152_306
PubMedID: 18758694

Title : An unannotated alpha\/beta hydrolase superfamily member, ABHD6 differentially expressed among cancer cell lines - Li_2009_Mol.Biol.Rep_36_691
Author(s) : Li F , Fei X , Xu J , Ji C
Ref : Mol Biol Rep , 36 :691 , 2009
Abstract : Abhydrolase domain containing (Abhd) gene was a small group belongs to alpha/beta hydrolase superfamily. Known members of this group are all found to be involved in important biochemical processes and related to various diseases. In this paper, we report the tissue distribution, subcellular location and differential distribution among cancer cell lines of Abhd6, one unannotated member of this group.
ESTHER : Li_2009_Mol.Biol.Rep_36_691
PubMedSearch : Li_2009_Mol.Biol.Rep_36_691
PubMedID: 18360779
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-ABHD6

Title : An ALS-linked mutant SOD1 produces a locomotor defect associated with aggregation and synaptic dysfunction when expressed in neurons of Caenorhabditis elegans - Wang_2009_PLoS.Genet_5_e1000350
Author(s) : Wang J , Farr GW , Hall DH , Li F , Furtak K , Dreier L , Horwich AL
Ref : PLoS Genet , 5 :e1000350 , 2009
Abstract : The nature of toxic effects exerted on neurons by misfolded proteins, occurring in a number of neurodegenerative diseases, is poorly understood. One approach to this problem is to measure effects when such proteins are expressed in heterologous neurons. We report on effects of an ALS-associated, misfolding-prone mutant human SOD1, G85R, when expressed in the neurons of Caenorhabditis elegans. Stable mutant transgenic animals, but not wild-type human SOD1 transgenics, exhibited a strong locomotor defect associated with the presence, specifically in mutant animals, of both soluble oligomers and insoluble aggregates of G85R protein. A whole-genome RNAi screen identified chaperones and other components whose deficiency increased aggregation and further diminished locomotion. The nature of the locomotor defect was investigated. Mutant animals were resistant to paralysis by the cholinesterase inhibitor aldicarb, while exhibiting normal sensitivity to the cholinergic agonist levamisole and normal muscle morphology. When fluorescently labeled presynaptic components were examined in the dorsal nerve cord, decreased numbers of puncta corresponding to neuromuscular junctions were observed in mutant animals and brightness was also diminished. At the EM level, mutant animals exhibited a reduced number of synaptic vesicles. Neurotoxicity in this system thus appears to be mediated by misfolded SOD1 and is exerted on synaptic vesicle biogenesis and/or trafficking.
ESTHER : Wang_2009_PLoS.Genet_5_e1000350
PubMedSearch : Wang_2009_PLoS.Genet_5_e1000350
PubMedID: 19165329

Title : The genome of Clostridium kluyveri, a strict anaerobe with unique metabolic features - Seedorf_2008_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_105_2128
Author(s) : Seedorf H , Fricke WF , Veith B , Bruggemann H , Liesegang H , Strittmatter A , Miethke M , Buckel W , Hinderberger J , Li F , Hagemeier C , Thauer RK , Gottschalk G
Ref : Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A , 105 :2128 , 2008
Abstract : Clostridium kluyveri is unique among the clostridia; it grows anaerobically on ethanol and acetate as sole energy sources. Fermentation products are butyrate, caproate, and H2. We report here the genome sequence of C. kluyveri, which revealed new insights into the metabolic capabilities of this well studied organism. A membrane-bound energy-converting NADH:ferredoxin oxidoreductase (RnfCDGEAB) and a cytoplasmic butyryl-CoA dehydrogenase complex (Bcd/EtfAB) coupling the reduction of crotonyl-CoA to butyryl-CoA with the reduction of ferredoxin represent a new energy-conserving module in anaerobes. The genes for NAD-dependent ethanol dehydrogenase and NAD(P)-dependent acetaldehyde dehydrogenase are located next to genes for microcompartment proteins, suggesting that the two enzymes, which are isolated together in a macromolecular complex, form a carboxysome-like structure. Unique for a strict anaerobe, C. kluyveri harbors three sets of genes predicted to encode for polyketide/nonribosomal peptide synthetase hybrides and one set for a nonribosomal peptide synthetase. The latter is predicted to catalyze the synthesis of a new siderophore, which is formed under iron-deficient growth conditions.
ESTHER : Seedorf_2008_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_105_2128
PubMedSearch : Seedorf_2008_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_105_2128
PubMedID: 18218779
Gene_locus related to this paper: clok1-b9e489 , clok5-a5myu5 , clok5-a5mz95 , clok5-a5n686

Title : [Inhibitory effects of sinapine on activity of acetylcholinesterase in cerebral homogenate and blood serum of rats] - He_2008_Zhongguo.Zhong.Yao.Za.Zhi_33_813
Author(s) : He L , Li HT , Guo SW , Liu LF , Qiu JB , Li F , Cai BC
Ref : Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi , 33 :813 , 2008
Abstract : OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the inhibitory effects of Chinese herb component sinapine on activity of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in cerebral homogenate and blood serum of rats. METHOD: AChE was prepared from cerebral homogenate and blood serum of rats, respectively. Acetylcholinesterase activity assay kit and Chromatometry were used to detect the AChE activity. RESULT: Sinapine significantly inhibited AChE activity in vitro, with more effective on cerebral homogenate (IC50 3.66 micromol x L(-1)) than blood serum (IC50 22.1 micromol x L(-1)). CONCLUSION: Sinapine could significantly inhibit the cerebral AChE activity and may be a promising drug used for prevention and cure of Alzheimer's disease as a cholinesterase inhibitor.
ESTHER : He_2008_Zhongguo.Zhong.Yao.Za.Zhi_33_813
PubMedSearch : He_2008_Zhongguo.Zhong.Yao.Za.Zhi_33_813
PubMedID: 18589789

Title : Occurrence and degradation characteristics of dibutyl phthalate (DBP) and di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) in typical agricultural soils of China - Xu_2008_Sci.Total.Environ_393_333
Author(s) : Xu G , Li F , Wang Q
Ref : Sci Total Environ , 393 :333 , 2008
Abstract : In this study, we analyze the pollution and degradation characteristics of two kinds of phthalate esters (PEs), dibutyl phthalate (DBP) and di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), in two kinds of soils collected from non-cultivated, crop, greenhouse, and vegetable fields from the Harbin and Handan Districts, China. The results demonstrate that DBP has relatively high residual levels in the soils, ranging from 3.18 to 29.37 mg/kg in fluvo-aquic soils of the Handan District (average 14.06 mg/kg) and 2.75-14.62 mg/kg in black soils of the Harbin District (average 7.60 mg/kg). Residual levels of DEHP reach 1.15-7.99 mg/kg in fluvo-aquic soils of the Handan District (average 4.86 mg/kg) and 0.44-4.20 mg/kg in black soils of the Harbin District (average 2.35 mg/kg). All non-cultivated soils contain the lowest contents of PEs, suggesting that the kinds of pollutants are largely derived from human agricultural activities. Laboratory experiments verify that the degradations of two kinds of PEs are mainly via microbial processes. The microbial populations are higher and reduce more slowly in black soils than those in fluvo-aquic soils. These observations might partially explain the lower levels of residuals and higher degradation rates of PEs pollutants in black soils than those in fluvo-aquic soils. The detection of DBP metabolites indicates that DBP biodegradation might begin by ester hydrolysis to form monobutyl phthalate (MBP) and corresponding alcohol. The MBP then degrades to phthalic acid or butyl benzoate, which might be possibly caused by microbial decarboxylation. The two derivatives of MBP degrade to form protocatechuate through ring cleavage.
ESTHER : Xu_2008_Sci.Total.Environ_393_333
PubMedSearch : Xu_2008_Sci.Total.Environ_393_333
PubMedID: 18258283

Title : Human differentiation-related gene NDRG1 is a Myc downstream-regulated gene that is repressed by Myc on the core promoter region - Zhang_2008_Gene_417_5
Author(s) : Zhang J , Chen S , Zhang W , Liu X , Shi H , Che H , Wang W , Li F , Yao L
Ref : Gene , 417 :5 , 2008
Abstract : N-Myc downstream-regulated gene 1 (ndrg1) is up-regulated in N-Myc knockout mouse embryos. The human NDRG family consists of 4 highly homologous members and human Ndrg1 exhibits approximately 94% homology with mouse ndrg1. However, the regulatory mechanism of NDRG1 via Myc repression is as yet unknown. We previously identified human NDRG2 and demonstrated that this gene is transcriptionally down-regulated by Myc via Miz-1-dependent interaction with the core promoter region of NDRG2. Here, we provide evidence that human NDRG1 is regulated by Myc in a manner similar to NDRG2. We found that Ndrg1 expression levels were enhanced as Myc expression declined in differentiated cells, but were down-regulated following Myc induction. The data revealed that both N-Myc and c-Myc can repress human NDRG1 at the transcriptional level. We further determined that the core promoter region of human NDRG1 is required for Myc repression, and verified the interaction of Myc with the core promoter region. However, the presence of the protein synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide could reverse the repression of Myc, indicating the indirect repression of human NDRG1 by Myc. Moreover, we found that c-Myc-mediated repression can be inhibited by TSA, an HDACs inhibitor, which suggests the involvement of HDACs in the repression process. Taken together, our results demonstrate that, in common with NDRG2, human NDRG1 can be indirectly transcriptionally down-regulated by Myc via interaction with the NDRG1 core promoter.
ESTHER : Zhang_2008_Gene_417_5
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2008_Gene_417_5
PubMedID: 18455888

Title : Pancreatic lipase-inhibiting triterpenoid saponins from fruits of Acanthopanax senticosus - Li_2007_Chem.Pharm.Bull.(Tokyo)_55_1087
Author(s) : Li F , Li W , Fu H , Zhang Q , Koike K
Ref : Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) , 55 :1087 , 2007
Abstract : Sixteen triterpenoid saponins were isolated from the fruits of Acanthopanax senticosus, including a new compound, acanthopanaxoside E (1), which was established as 3-O-beta-D-glucuronopyranosyl echinocystic acid 28-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside on the basis of various spectroscopic analyses and chemical degradation. By using a pancreatic lipase-inhibiting assay system, the crude saponin fraction showed inhibitory activity on pancreatic lipase, which is a key enzyme in lipid digestion. Among the isolated compounds, silphioside F (2), copteroside B (3), hederagenin 3-O-beta-D-glucuronopyranoside 6'-O-methyl ester (4) and gypsogenin 3-O-beta-D-glucuronopyranoside (5) showed inhibitory activity toward pancreatic lipase with IC(50) values of 0.22, 0.25, 0.26 and 0.29 mM, respectively, and the free carboxylic acid groups in position 28 within their chemical structures were required for enhancement of pancreatic lipase inhibition.
ESTHER : Li_2007_Chem.Pharm.Bull.(Tokyo)_55_1087
PubMedSearch : Li_2007_Chem.Pharm.Bull.(Tokyo)_55_1087
PubMedID: 17603209

Title : The repression of human differentiation-related gene NDRG2 expression by Myc via Miz-1-dependent interaction with the NDRG2 core promoter - Zhang_2006_J.Biol.Chem_281_39159
Author(s) : Zhang J , Li F , Liu X , Shen L , Liu J , Su J , Zhang W , Deng Y , Wang L , Liu N , Han W , Ji S , Yang A , Han H , Yao L
Ref : Journal of Biological Chemistry , 281 :39159 , 2006
Abstract : The N-myc downstream-regulated gene 1 (ndrg1) is highly expressed in N-myc knock-out mice through an unknown regulatory mechanism. As one member of the human NDRG gene family, NDRG2 encodes a protein highly homologous to Ndrg1. However, it is uncertain whether the expression of human NDRG2 is regulated by Myc because mouse ndrg2 and -3 are not affected by Myc. In this study, we provide the novel evidence that the expression of human NDRG2 is down-regulated by Myc via transcriptional repression. A high level of NDRG2 was observed as Myc expression was reduced in differentiated cells, whereas a low level of NDRG2 was shown following increased Myc expression upon serum stimulation. The ectopic expression of c-Myc dramatically reduces the cellular Ndrg2 protein and mRNA level. We further identified the core promoter region of NDRG2 that is required for Myc repression on NDRG2 transcription, and we verified the interaction of Myc with the core promoter region both in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, the c-Myc-mediated repression of NDRG2 requires association with Miz-1, and possibly the recruitment of other epigenetic factors, such as histone deacetylases, to the promoter. The regulatory function of Myc on NDRG2 gene expression implicated the role of the Ndrg2 in regulating cell differentiation.
ESTHER : Zhang_2006_J.Biol.Chem_281_39159
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2006_J.Biol.Chem_281_39159
PubMedID: 17050536

Title : Acetylcholinesterase genes and insecticide resistance in aphids -
Author(s) : Dong SL , Andrews MC , Li F , Moores GD , Han ZJ , Williamson MS
Ref : Chemico-Biological Interactions , 157-158 :373 , 2005
PubMedID: 16429498

Title : Mutations in acetylcholinesterase associated with insecticide resistance in the cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover - Li_2004_Insect.Biochem.Mol.Biol_34_397
Author(s) : Li F , Han Z
Ref : Insect Biochemistry & Molecular Biology , 34 :397 , 2004
Abstract : Two acetylcholinesterase genes, Ace1 and Ace2, have been fully cloned and sequenced from both organophosphate-resistant and susceptible clones of cotton aphid. Comparison of both nucleic acid and deduced amino acid sequences revealed considerable nucleotide polymorphisms. Further study found that two mutations occurred consistently in all resistant aphids. The mutation F139L in Ace2 corresponding to F115S in Drosophila acetylcholinesterase might reduce the enzyme sensitivity and result in insecticide resistance. The other mutation A302S in Ace1 abutting the conserved catalytic triad might affect the activity and insecticide sensitivity of the enzyme. Phylogenetic analysis showed that insect acetylcholinesterases fall into two subgroups, of which Ace1 is the paralogous gene whereas Ace2 is the orthologous gene of Drosophila AChE. Both subgroups contain resistance-associated AChE genes. To avoid confusion in the future work, a nomenclature of insect AChE is also suggested in the paper.
ESTHER : Li_2004_Insect.Biochem.Mol.Biol_34_397
PubMedSearch : Li_2004_Insect.Biochem.Mol.Biol_34_397
PubMedID: 15041023
Gene_locus related to this paper: aphgo-ACHE1 , aphgo-ACHE2

Title : [Dynamic change of vascular active materials and inflammatory mediums after acute organophosphate poisoning and its clinical significance] -
Author(s) : Zhang ZQ , Liang R , Huang T , Yang HX , Peng W , Li F , Yin FR , Yi G , Wang CZ
Ref : Zhongguo Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue , 15 :762 , 2003
PubMedID: 14659066

Title : Two different genes encoding acetylcholinesterase existing in cotton aphid (Aphis gossypii) - Li_2002_Genome_45_1134
Author(s) : Li F , Han ZJ
Ref : Genome , 45 :1134 , 2002
Abstract : Two acetylcholinesterase (AChE) genes, Ace1 and Ace2, have been cloned from cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover, using the rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) technique. To the best of our knowledge, this should be the first direct molecular evidence that multiple AChE genes exist in insects. The Ace1 gene was successfully amplified along its full length of 2371 bp. The open reading frame is 2031 bp long and encodes 676 amino acids (GenBank accession No. AF502082). The Ace2 gene was amplified as a mega-fragment of 2130 bp lacking part of 5'-end untranslated region (UTR). The open reading frame is 1992 bp long and ecodes a protein of 664 amino acids (GenBank accession No. AF502081). Both genes have the conserved amino acids and features shared by the AChE family, but share only 35% identity in amino acid sequence. The Ace1 gene is highly homologous to the AChE gene of Schizaphis graminum (AF321574) with 95% identity, and Ace2 to that of Myzus persicae (AF287291) with 92% identity. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the two cloned AChEs of A. gossypii are different in evolution. The phylogenetic tree generated by the PHYLIP program package inferred that AChE2 of A. gossypii is a more ancestral form of AChE. Homology modeling of structures using Torpedo californica (2ACE_) and Drosophila melanogaster (1Q09:A) native acetylcholinesterase structure as main template indicated that the two AChEs of Aphis gossypii might have different three-dimensional structures. Alternative splicing of Ace1 near the 5'-end resulting in two proteins differing by the presence or absence of a fragment of four amino acids is also reported.
ESTHER : Li_2002_Genome_45_1134
PubMedSearch : Li_2002_Genome_45_1134
PubMedID: 12502259
Gene_locus related to this paper: aphgo-ACHE1 , aphgo-ACHE2

Title : Purification and characterization of acetylcholinesterase from cotton aphid (Aphis gossypii Glover) - Li_2002_Arch.Insect.Biochem.Physiol_51_37
Author(s) : Li F , Han Z
Ref : Archives of Insect Biochemistry & Physiology , 51 :37 , 2002
Abstract : A simple and effective method was set up to purify acetylcholinesterase (AChE, EC3.1.1.7) from the cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover. The procedure involved filtration on a sephadex G-25 column, separation with sephadex G-200 and procainamide affinity column. AChE from both susceptible and resistant strains were purified to a single band as resolved on denaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). The specific activity increased by 35,100- and 33,680-fold with a yield of 30.3 and 29.8%, respectively. The molecular mass of the purified AChE was about 63,500 Dalton as determined by SDS-PAGE. However, three bands resolved on PAGE gel electrophoresis, leading to the inference that native AChE exists in three forms. The optimum conditions for measuring the activity of purified AChE with kinetic method were 0.02M phosphate buffer, pH7.2, 0.02 mM 5,5'-dithiobis-(2-nitrobenzoic acid) (DTNB), and 25 degrees C. Investigation also revealed that crude extract and purified AChE had different kinetic characteristics and inhibitory properties. They responded differently to varied DTNB, ATChI, and phosphate buffer ion concentrations, as well as pH, temperature, and inhibitors. The purified AChE was more sensitive to eserine, methamidophos, and pirimicarb. Especially for resistant aphids, the sensitivity of purified AChE to methamidophos and pirimicarb was enhanced 6.43 and 11.73 times, respectively. We infer that one or more factors in the crude extract from the resistance strain have more influence on AChE sensitivity. Further study is needed to investigate the basis of these observations.
ESTHER : Li_2002_Arch.Insect.Biochem.Physiol_51_37
PubMedSearch : Li_2002_Arch.Insect.Biochem.Physiol_51_37
PubMedID: 12210959

Title : Synthesis and secretion of the pancreatic-type carboxyl ester lipase by human endothelial cells - Li_1998_Biochem.J_329 ( Pt 3)_675
Author(s) : Li F , Hui DY
Ref : Biochemical Journal , 329 ( Pt 3) :675 , 1998
Abstract : Human aortic extracts contain significant cholesteryl ester hydrolytic activity. The enzymic activity was shown to be activated by trihydroxylated bile salt, but not by dihydroxylated bile salt. Monospecific antibodies prepared against rat pancreatic carboxyl ester lipase (CEL, cholesterol esterase) immunoprecipitated cholesteryl ester hydrolytic activity from human aorta, demonstrating that the neutral CEL in aorta is highly similar to and probably identical with the pancreatic enzyme. Reverse transcriptase PCR amplification of mRNA from human aortic endothelial cells revealed de novo synthesis of the pancreatic-type CEL by these cells. Preincubating human aortic endothelial cells with oxidized or native low-density lipoprotein resulted in an 8- and 3-fold increase in CEL activity secreted into the culture medium respectively. A potential physiological role for the endothelial CEL was demonstrated by studies showing its ability to confer partial protection against the cytotoxic effects of lysophosphatidylcholine. The protective effect of CEL is related to its bile-salt-independent lysophospholipase activity. However, CEL hydrolysis of lysophosphatidylcholine can be inhibited by excess cholesterol. Taken together, these results indicate that pancreatic-type CEL is synthesized by cells lining the vessel wall. Moreover, vascular CEL may interact with cholesterol and oxidized lipoproteins to modulate the progression of atherosclerosis.
ESTHER : Li_1998_Biochem.J_329 ( Pt 3)_675
PubMedSearch : Li_1998_Biochem.J_329 ( Pt 3)_675
PubMedID: 9445398

Title : Modified low density lipoprotein enhances the secretion of bile salt-stimulated cholesterol esterase by human monocyte-macrophages. species-specific difference in macrophage cholesteryl ester hydrolase - Li_1997_J.Biol.Chem_272_28666
Author(s) : Li F , Hui DY
Ref : Journal of Biological Chemistry , 272 :28666 , 1997
Abstract : Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction was used to study the biosynthesis of two different cholesteryl ester hydrolases by human and mouse macrophages. Oligonucleotide primers for bile salt-stimulated cholesterol esterase yielded positive reactions with RNA isolated from human peripheral blood monocytes, monocyte-derived macrophages, the human monocytic THP-1 cells, and phorbol ester-induced THP-1 macrophages. In contrast, oligonucleotide primers for hormone-sensitive lipase yielded positive reactions only with RNA isolated from non-differentiated human THP-1 monocytic cells and peripheral blood monocytes, but not those obtained from differentiated THP-1 macrophages or monocyte-derived macrophages. Thus, while human monocytes were capable of synthesizing both enzymes, human macrophages synthesized only bile salt-stimulated cholesterol esterase and not the hormone-sensitive lipase. The synthesis of bile salt-stimulated cholesterol esterase by human macrophages was confirmed by detection of bile salt-stimulated cholesteryl ester hydrolytic activity in conditioned media of differentiated THP-1 cells and human peripheral blood monocyte-derived macrophages. Moreover, incubating human macrophages with oxidized low density lipoprotein (LDL) or acetylated LDL increased bile salt-stimulated cholesterol esterase activity in the conditioned media of these cells. These results with human macrophages were contrasted with results of studies with mouse macrophages, which showed the presence of hormone-sensitive lipase mRNA but not the bile salt-stimulated cholesterol esterase mRNA. Taken together, these results demonstrated species-specific differences in expression of cholesteryl ester hydrolytic enzymes in macrophages. The expression of bile salt-stimulated cholesterol esterase by human macrophages, in a process inducible by modified LDL, suggests a role of this protein in atherogenesis.
ESTHER : Li_1997_J.Biol.Chem_272_28666
PubMedSearch : Li_1997_J.Biol.Chem_272_28666
PubMedID: 9353334

Title : Bile salt stimulated cholesterol esterase increases uptake of high density lipoprotein-associated cholesteryl esters by HepG2 cells - Li_1996_Biochemistry_35_6657
Author(s) : Li F , Huang Y , Hui DY
Ref : Biochemistry , 35 :6657 , 1996
Abstract : Bile salt stimulated cholesterol esterase is predominantly synthesized in the pancreas. However, this enzyme is also synthesized by the liver and was found to be present in plasma. The physiologic role of the systemic cholesterol esterase has not been clearly defined. In the current study, the human hepatoma cell line HepG2 was used as a model to determine the role of cholesterol esterase on hepatic uptake of high density lipoprotein (HDL)-associated cholesteryl esters. The results showed that hepatic uptake of the cholesteryl esters analog [3H]cholesteryl ether on reconstituted HDL was inhibited by anti-cholesterol esterase antibodies. The HDL-associated cholesteryl ester transported to HepG2 cells was also increased 2-fold in the presence of taurocholate, an activator of the cholesterol esterase. These results suggest that liver-derived cholesterol esterase may play an important role in cellular uptake of cholesteryl esters from HDL. This hypothesis was supported by demonstrating the ability of exogenously added cholesterol esterase to further enhance hepatic uptake of HDL-associated cholesteryl esters. The results of the current study also showed that cholesterol esterase increased free-to-esterified cholesterol ratio in the lipoprotein. Thus, alteration of HDL structure and composition contributes to the cholesterol esterase-induced cellular uptake of HDL-associated cholesteryl esters. On the basis of these observations, we propose that liver-derived cholesterol esterase may play an important role in lipoprotein metabolism.
ESTHER : Li_1996_Biochemistry_35_6657
PubMedSearch : Li_1996_Biochemistry_35_6657
PubMedID: 8639615
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-CES1