Kovarik_2015_Chem.Res.Toxicol_28_1036

Reference

Title : Catalytic Soman Scavenging by the Y337A\/F338A Acetylcholinesterase Mutant Assisted with Novel Site-Directed Aldoximes - Kovarik_2015_Chem.Res.Toxicol_28_1036
Author(s) : Kovarik Z , Macek Hrvat N , Katalinic M , Sit RK , Paradyse A , Zunec S , Musilek K , Fokin VV , Taylor P , Radic Z
Ref : Chemical Research in Toxicology , 28 :1036 , 2015
Abstract :

Exposure to the nerve agent soman is difficult to treat due to the rapid dealkylation of the soman-acetylcholinesterase (AChE) conjugate known as aging. Oxime antidotes commonly used to reactivate organophosphate inhibited AChE are ineffective against soman, while the efficacy of the recommended nerve agent bioscavenger butyrylcholinesterase is limited by strictly stoichiometric scavenging. To overcome this limitation, we tested ex vivo, in human blood, and in vivo, in soman exposed mice, the capacity of aging-resistant human AChE mutant Y337A/F338A in combination with oxime HI-6 to act as a catalytic bioscavenger of soman. HI-6 was previously shown in vitro to efficiently reactivate this mutant upon soman, as well as VX, cyclosarin, sarin, and paraoxon, inhibition. We here demonstrate that ex vivo, in whole human blood, 1 muM soman was detoxified within 30 min when supplemented with 0.5 muM Y337A/F338A AChE and 100 muM HI-6. This combination was further tested in vivo. Catalytic scavenging of soman in mice improved the therapeutic outcome and resulted in the delayed onset of toxicity symptoms. Furthermore, in a preliminary in vitro screen we identified an even more efficacious oxime than HI-6, in a series of 42 pyridinium aldoximes, and 5 imidazole 2-aldoxime N-propylpyridinium derivatives. One of the later imidazole aldoximes, RS-170B, was a 2-3-fold more effective reactivator of Y337A/F338A AChE than HI-6 due to the smaller imidazole ring, as indicated by computational molecular models, that affords a more productive angle of nucleophilic attack.

PubMedSearch : Kovarik_2015_Chem.Res.Toxicol_28_1036
PubMedID: 25835984

Related information

Mutation Y337A\/F338A_human-ACHE
Reactivator Y337A\/F338A_human-ACHE    RS170B    HI-6

Citations formats

Kovarik Z, Macek Hrvat N, Katalinic M, Sit RK, Paradyse A, Zunec S, Musilek K, Fokin VV, Taylor P, Radic Z (2015)
Catalytic Soman Scavenging by the Y337A\/F338A Acetylcholinesterase Mutant Assisted with Novel Site-Directed Aldoximes
Chemical Research in Toxicology 28 :1036

Kovarik Z, Macek Hrvat N, Katalinic M, Sit RK, Paradyse A, Zunec S, Musilek K, Fokin VV, Taylor P, Radic Z (2015)
Chemical Research in Toxicology 28 :1036