Hein C

References (2)

Title : Psychotropic drug consumption at admission and discharge of nursing home residents - Rolland_2012_J.Am.Med.Dir.Assoc_13_407 e7
Author(s) : Rolland Y , Andrieu S , Crochard A , Goni S , Hein C , Vellas B
Ref : J Am Med Dir Assoc , 13 :407 e7 , 2012
Abstract : OBJECTIVES To quantify transitions of residents into or out of nursing homes (NHs) and to describe psychotropic drug prescription at admission and discharge and with regard to dementia diagnosis. DESIGN: A descriptive, cross-sectional, noninterventional study. SETTING: The setting included 300 NH in France. PARTICIPANTS: Participants included 2231 NH residents. MEASUREMENTS: Participants reported the number, origin, and destination of residents transiting into or out of the NH in the previous 3 months and provided information on NH characteristics. For eight residents admitted or discharged by the NH, information was collected on medical characteristics, including psychotropic and antidementia drug prescription, and dementia status. RESULTS: The mean number of beds in participating NHs was 85.9 +/- 33.2 (mean occupation rate = 96.6%). The mean number of admissions and discharges in the previous 3 months was 13.7 +/- 8.5 and 11.2 +/- 4.3, respectively. Most admissions (direct admission 3.2 +/- 3.3 or readmission 6.4 +/- 6.0) and discharges (4.4 +/- 6.7) were from and to the hospital. Of the 2231 residents included, 1005 (45.0%) were diagnosed with dementia. At least one psychotropic drug (antidepressant, hypnotic, antipsychotic, or anxiolytic) was prescribed to 70.7% of residents and in particular an antipsychotic to 19.1% of residents. Psychotropic drugs, and in particular antipsychotic drugs, were significantly more prescribed to demented residents than to nondemented residents (76.2% vs 64.3% and 28.0% vs 11.8%, respectively). The extent of prescription (at least one psychotropic drug) was similar in residents admitted to (70.2%) and discharged from (67.5%) the NHs. Antidementia drugs (acetylcholinesterase inhibitors or NMDA receptor antagonists) were prescribed to 53.7% of demented residents. CONCLUSION: Movement of residents into and out of NHs and especially from and to the hospital is extensive and the prescription rate for psychotropic drugs is very high in this population, especially in residents with dementia. Multiple groups of health care providers should be targeted by educational measures to improve the quality of care for NH residents.
ESTHER : Rolland_2012_J.Am.Med.Dir.Assoc_13_407 e7
PubMedSearch : Rolland_2012_J.Am.Med.Dir.Assoc_13_407 e7
PubMedID: 22264687

Title : Complete DNA sequence of yeast chromosome II - Feldmann_1994_EMBO.J_13_5795
Author(s) : Feldmann H , Aigle M , Aljinovic G , Andre B , Baclet MC , Barthe C , Baur A , Becam AM , Biteau N , Boles E , Brandt T , Brendel M , Bruckner M , Bussereau F , Christiansen C , Contreras R , Crouzet M , Cziepluch C , Demolis N , Delaveau T , Doignon F , Domdey H , Dusterhus S , Dubois E , Dujon B , El Bakkoury M , Entian KD , Feurmann M , Fiers W , Fobo GM , Fritz C , Gassenhuber H , Glandsdorff N , Goffeau A , Grivell LA , de Haan M , Hein C , Herbert CJ , Hollenberg CP , Holmstrom K , Jacq C , Jacquet M , Jauniaux JC , Jonniaux JL , Kallesoe T , Kiesau P , Kirchrath L , Kotter P , Korol S , Liebl S , Logghe M , Lohan AJ , Louis EJ , Li ZY , Maat MJ , Mallet L , Mannhaupt G , Messenguy F , Miosga T , Molemans F , Muller S , Nasr F , Obermaier B , Perea J , Pierard A , Piravandi E , Pohl FM , Pohl TM , Potier S , Proft M , Purnelle B , Ramezani Rad M , Rieger M , Rose M , Schaaff-Gerstenschlager I , Scherens B , Schwarzlose C , Skala J , Slonimski PP , Smits PH , Souciet JL , Steensma HY , Stucka R , Urrestarazu A , van der Aart QJ , van Dyck L , Vassarotti A , Vetter I , Vierendeels F , Vissers S , Wagner G , de Wergifosse P , Wolfe KH , Zagulski M , Zimmermann FK , Mewes HW , Kleine K , Dsterhus S , Mller S , Pirard A , Schaaff-Gerstenschlger I
Ref : EMBO Journal , 13 :5795 , 1994
Abstract : In the framework of the EU genome-sequencing programmes, the complete DNA sequence of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae chromosome II (807 188 bp) has been determined. At present, this is the largest eukaryotic chromosome entirely sequenced. A total of 410 open reading frames (ORFs) were identified, covering 72% of the sequence. Similarity searches revealed that 124 ORFs (30%) correspond to genes of known function, 51 ORFs (12.5%) appear to be homologues of genes whose functions are known, 52 others (12.5%) have homologues the functions of which are not well defined and another 33 of the novel putative genes (8%) exhibit a degree of similarity which is insufficient to confidently assign function. Of the genes on chromosome II, 37-45% are thus of unpredicted function. Among the novel putative genes, we found several that are related to genes that perform differentiated functions in multicellular organisms of are involved in malignancy. In addition to a compact arrangement of potential protein coding sequences, the analysis of this chromosome confirmed general chromosome patterns but also revealed particular novel features of chromosomal organization. Alternating regional variations in average base composition correlate with variations in local gene density along chromosome II, as observed in chromosomes XI and III. We propose that functional ARS elements are preferably located in the AT-rich regions that have a spacing of approximately 110 kb. Similarly, the 13 tRNA genes and the three Ty elements of chromosome II are found in AT-rich regions. In chromosome II, the distribution of coding sequences between the two strands is biased, with a ratio of 1.3:1. An interesting aspect regarding the evolution of the eukaryotic genome is the finding that chromosome II has a high degree of internal genetic redundancy, amounting to 16% of the coding capacity.
ESTHER : Feldmann_1994_EMBO.J_13_5795
PubMedSearch : Feldmann_1994_EMBO.J_13_5795
PubMedID: 7813418
Gene_locus related to this paper: yeast-LDH1 , yeast-MCFS2 , yeast-yby9