Saso L

References (5)

Title : Discovery of a Potent Dual Inhibitor of Acetylcholinesterase and Butyrylcholinesterase with Antioxidant Activity that Alleviates Alzheimer-like Pathology in Old APP\/PS1 Mice - Viayna_2021_J.Med.Chem_64_812
Author(s) : Viayna E , Coquelle N , Cieslikiewicz-Bouet M , Cisternas P , Oliva CA , Sanchez-Lopez E , Ettcheto M , Bartolini M , De Simone A , Ricchini M , Rendina M , Pons M , Firuzi O , Perez B , Saso L , Andrisano V , Nachon F , Brazzolotto X , Garcia ML , Camins A , Silman I , Jean L , Inestrosa NC , Colletier JP , Renard PY , Munoz-Torrero D
Ref : Journal of Medicinal Chemistry , 64 :812 , 2021
Abstract : The combination of the scaffolds of the cholinesterase inhibitor huprine Y and the antioxidant capsaicin results in compounds with nanomolar potencies toward human acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) that retain or improve the antioxidant properties of capsaicin. Crystal structures of their complexes with AChE and BChE revealed the molecular basis for their high potency. Brain penetration was confirmed by biodistribution studies in C57BL6 mice, with one compound (5i) displaying better brain/plasma ratio than donepezil. Chronic treatment of 10 month-old APP/PS1 mice with 5i (2 mg/kg, i.p., 3 times per week, 4 weeks) rescued learning and memory impairments, as measured by three different behavioral tests, delayed the Alzheimer-like pathology progression, as suggested by a significantly reduced Abeta42/Abeta40 ratio in the hippocampus, improved basal synaptic efficacy, and significantly reduced hippocampal oxidative stress and neuroinflammation. Compound 5i emerges as an interesting anti-Alzheimer lead with beneficial effects on cognitive symptoms and on some underlying disease mechanisms.
ESTHER : Viayna_2021_J.Med.Chem_64_812
PubMedSearch : Viayna_2021_J.Med.Chem_64_812
PubMedID: 33356266
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-ACHE

Title : Helicobacter pylori EstV: identification, cloning, and characterization of the first lipase isolated from an epsilon-proteobacterium - Ruiz_2007_Appl.Environ.Microbiol_73_2423
Author(s) : Ruiz C , Falcocchio S , Pastor FI , Saso L , Diaz P
Ref : Applied Environmental Microbiology , 73 :2423 , 2007
Abstract : Bacterial lipases are attracting an enormous amount of attention due to their wide biotechnological applications and due to their roles as virulence factors in some bacteria. Helicobacter pylori is a significant and widespread pathogen which produces a lipase(s) and phospholipases that seem to play a role in mucus degradation and the release of proinflammatory and cytotoxic compounds. However, no H. pylori lipase(s) has been isolated and described previously. Therefore, a search for putative lipase-encoding genes was performed by comparing the amino acid sequences of 53 known lipolytic enzymes with the deduced proteome of H. pylori. As a result, we isolated, cloned, purified, and characterized EstV, a novel lipolytic enzyme encoded by open reading frame HP0739 of H. pylori 26695, and classified it in family V of the bacterial lipases. This enzyme has the properties of a small, cell-bound carboxylesterase (EC 3.1.1.1) that is active mostly with short-chain substrates and does not exhibit interfacial activation. EstV is stable and does not require additional cofactors, and the maximum activity occurs at 50 degrees C and pH 10. This unique enzyme is the first lipase isolated from H. pylori that has been described, and it might contribute to ulcer development, as inhibition by two antiulcer substances (beta-aescin and glycyrrhizic acid) suggests. EstV is also the first lipase from an epsilon-proteobacterium to be described. Furthermore, this enzyme is a new member of family V, probably the least-known family of bacterial lipases, and the first lipase of this family for which kinetic behavior, inhibition by natural substances, and other key biochemical features are reported.
ESTHER : Ruiz_2007_Appl.Environ.Microbiol_73_2423
PubMedSearch : Ruiz_2007_Appl.Environ.Microbiol_73_2423
PubMedID: 17293528
Gene_locus related to this paper: helpy-HP0739

Title : Identification of a carboxylesterase-producing Rhodococcus soil isolate - Falcocchio_2005_Can.J.Microbiol_51_753
Author(s) : Falcocchio S , Ruiz C , Pastor FI , Saso L , Diaz P
Ref : Can J Microbiol , 51 :753 , 2005
Abstract : Subtropical soil microbial isolates were screened for carbohydrate, tributyrin, or olive oil hydrolysis using agar plates supplemented with the corresponding substrates. A heterotrophic, aerobic, Gram-positive strain displaying activity on tributyrin was selected and further characterized. Analysis of the morphological and physiological traits of the strain placed it as a member of the genus Rhodococcus. Further 16S rDNA sequencing revealed a 99% identity to Rhodococcus erythropolis. The strain displayed lipolytic activity on fatty-acid-derivative substrates of short chain length, with cell extract fractions having highest activity, as confirmed by the presence, after zymogram analysis, of a ca. 60-kDa intracellular protein band with activity on 4-methylumbelliferone-butyrate substrate. The presence of such a lipolytic enzyme, similar to those found in other Gram-positive bacteria, indicates that the strain could be of interest for certain biotechnological applications, like the synthesis of pharmaceuticals or biocide detoxification.
ESTHER : Falcocchio_2005_Can.J.Microbiol_51_753
PubMedSearch : Falcocchio_2005_Can.J.Microbiol_51_753
PubMedID: 16391653

Title : Activation and inhibition of Candida rugosa and Bacillus-related lipases by saturated fatty acids, evaluated by a new colorimetric microassay - Ruiz_2004_Biochim.Biophys.Acta_1672_184
Author(s) : Ruiz C , Falcocchio S , Xoxi E , Pastor FI , Diaz P , Saso L
Ref : Biochimica & Biophysica Acta , 1672 :184 , 2004
Abstract : Research on lipase inhibitors could help in the therapy of diseases caused by lipase-producing microorganisms and in the design of novel lipase substrate specificities for biotechnology. Here we report a fast and sensitive colorimetric microassay that is low-cost and suitable for high-throughput experiments for the evaluation of lipase activity and inhibition. Comparison of Candida rugosa activity and inhibition with previous HPLC results validated the method, and revealed the importance of the reaction mixture composition. The assay was used to evaluate the effect of saturated fatty acids on Bacillus-related lipases. Cell-bound esterases were strongly inhibited by fatty acids, suggesting a negative feedback regulation by product, and a role of these enzymes in cell membrane turnover. Bacillus subtilis LipA was moderately activated by low concentrations of fatty acids and was inhibited at greater concentrations. LipB-like esterases were highly activated by myristic and lauric acids and were only slightly inhibited by high capric acid concentrations. Such an activation, reported here for the first time in bacterial lipases, seems to be part of a regulatory system evolved to ensure a high use of carbon sources, and could be related to the successful adaptation of Bacillus strains to nutrient-rich environments with strong microbial competition.
ESTHER : Ruiz_2004_Biochim.Biophys.Acta_1672_184
PubMedSearch : Ruiz_2004_Biochim.Biophys.Acta_1672_184
PubMedID: 15182938

Title : Antimicrobial and anti-lipase activity of quercetin and its C2-C16 3-O-acyl-esters - Gatto_2002_Bioorg.Med.Chem_10_269
Author(s) : Gatto MT , Falcocchio S , Grippa E , Mazzanti G , Battinelli L , Nicolosi G , Lambusta D , Saso L
Ref : Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry , 10 :269 , 2002
Abstract : Neither quercetin (Q), nor 3-O-acylquercetines, up to 100 microg/mL, had any significant activity on selected gram-positive strains (Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Listeria ivanovi, Listeria monocytogenes, Listeria serligeri), gram-negative strains (Escherichia coli, Shigella flexneri, Shigella sonnei, Salmonella enteritidis, Salmonella tiphymurium) and yeasts (Candida albicans and Candida glabrata). In addition, we confirmed the known anti-HIV activity of Q (80% inhibition at 40 microM), which might depend on the free hydroxyl in the C-3 position, as suggested by the lack of activity of the 3-O-acylquercetines. Finally, we described an interesting inhibitory activity on Candida rugosa lipase by Q (IC(16)=10(-4) M) and its esters (3-O-acylquercetines) which, in vivo, could play an important role against lipase producing microorganisms. In particular, 3-O-acyl-quercetines, being more active (IC(16)=10(-4)-10(-6) M) and more lipophilic, could be more effective than Q when applied to the skin or mucosae, and deserve to be studied further.
ESTHER : Gatto_2002_Bioorg.Med.Chem_10_269
PubMedSearch : Gatto_2002_Bioorg.Med.Chem_10_269
PubMedID: 11741775