Santiago G

References (4)

Title : Computationally Driven Rational Design of Substrate Promiscuity on Serine Ester Hydrolases - Roda_2021_ACS.Catal_11_3590
Author(s) : Roda S , Fernandez-Lopez L , Canadas R , Santiago G , Ferrer M , Guallar V
Ref : ACS Catal , 11 :3590 , 2021
Abstract : Enzymes with a broad substrate specificity are of great interest both at the basic and applied level. Understanding the main parameters that make an enzyme substrate ambiguous could be thus important not only for their selection from the ever-increasing amount of sequencing data but also for engineering a more substrate promiscuous variant. This issue, which remains unresolved, was herein investigated by targeting a serine ester hydrolase (EH102), which exhibits a narrow substrate spectrum, being only capable of hydrolyzing 16 out of 96 esters tested. By using a modeling approach, we demonstrated that one can rationalize active site parameters defining substrate promiscuity, and that based on them the substrate specificity can be significantly altered. This was accomplished by designing two variants, EH102DM2 and EH102TM2, that hydrolyze 51 and 63 esters, respectively, while maintaining similar or higher turnover rates compared to the original enzyme. We hypothesized that the parameters identified here (the volume, size, exposure, enclosure, hydrophobicity, and hydrophilicity of the active site cavity and its tightness) can serve in the future to expand the substrate spectra of esterases and thus expand their use in biotechnology and synthetic chemistry.
ESTHER : Roda_2021_ACS.Catal_11_3590
PubMedSearch : Roda_2021_ACS.Catal_11_3590
PubMedID:

Title : Genetically engineered proteins with two active sites for enhanced biocatalysis and synergistic chemo- and biocatalysis - Alonso_2020_Nat.Catal_3_319
Author(s) : Alonso S , Santiago G , Cea-Rama I , Fernandez-Lopez L , Coscolin C , Modregger J , Ressmann A , Martinez-Martinez M , Marrero H , Bargiela R , Pita M , Gonzalez-Alfonso JL , Briand M , Rojo D , Barbas C , Plou FJ , Golyshin PN , Shahgaldian P , Sanz-Aparicio J , Guallar V , Ferrer M
Ref : Nature Catalysis , 3 :319 , 2019
Abstract : Enzyme engineering has allowed not only the de novo creation of active sites catalysing known biological reactions with rates close to diffusion limits, but also the generation of abiological sites performing new-to-nature reactions. However, the catalytic advantages of engineering multiple active sites into a single protein scaffold are yet to be established. Here, we report on pro-teins with two active sites of biological and/or abiological origin, for improved natural and non-natural catalysis. The approach increased the catalytic properties, such as enzyme efficiency, substrate scope, stereoselectivity and optimal temperature window, of an esterase containing two biological sites. Then, one of the active sites was metamorphosed into a metal-complex chemocatalytic site for oxidation and Friedel-Crafts alkylation reactions, facilitating synergistic chemo- and biocatalysis in a single protein. The transformations of 1-naphthyl acetate into 1,4-naphthoquinone (conversion approx. 100%) and vinyl crotonate and benzene into 3-phenylbutyric acid (>=83%; e.e. >99.9%) were achieved in one pot with this artificial multifunc-tional metalloenzyme.
ESTHER : Alonso_2020_Nat.Catal_3_319
PubMedSearch : Alonso_2020_Nat.Catal_3_319
PubMedID:
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9bact-LAE6

Title : Determinants and prediction of esterase substrate promiscuity patterns - Martinez-Martinez_2018_ACS.Chem.Biol_13_225
Author(s) : Martinez-Martinez M , Coscolin C , Santiago G , Chow J , Stogios PJ , Bargiela R , Gertler C , Navarro-Fernandez J , Bollinger A , Thies S , Mendez-Garcia C , Popovic A , Brown G , Chernikova TN , Garcia-Moyano A , Bjergah GE , Perez-Garcia P , Hai T , Del Pozo MV , Stokke R , Steen IH , Cui H , Xu X , Nocek BP , Alcaide M , Distaso M , Mesa V , Pelaez AI , Sanchez J , Buchholz PCF , Pleiss J , Fernandez-Guerra A , Glockner FO , Golyshina OV , Yakimov MM , Savchenko A , Jaeger KE , Yakunin AF , Streit WR , Golyshin PN , Guallar V , Ferrer M
Ref : ACS Chemical Biology , 13 :225 , 2018
Abstract : Esterases receive special attention because their wide distribution in biological systems and environments and their importance for physiology and chemical synthesis. The prediction of esterases substrate promiscuity level from sequence data and the molecular reasons why certain such enzymes are more promiscuous than others, remain to be elucidated. This limits the surveillance of the sequence space for esterases potentially leading to new versatile biocatalysts and new insights into their role in cellular function. Here we performed an extensive analysis of the substrate spectra of 145 phylogenetically and environmentally diverse microbial esterases, when tested with 96 diverse esters. We determined the primary factors shaping their substrate range by analyzing substrate range patterns in combination with structural analysis and protein-ligand simulations. We found a structural parameter that helps ranking (classifying) promiscuity level of esterases from sequence data at 94% accuracy. This parameter, the active site effective volume, exemplifies the topology of the catalytic environment by measuring the active site cavity volume corrected by the relative solvent accessible surface area (SASA) of the catalytic triad. Sequences encoding esterases with active site effective volumes (cavity volume/SASA) above a threshold show greater substrate spectra, which can be further extended in combination with phylogenetic data. This measure provides also a valuable tool for interrogating substrates capable of being converted. This measure, found to be transferred to phosphatases of the haloalkanoic acid dehalogenase superfamily and possibly other enzymatic systems, represents a powerful tool for low-cost bioprospecting for esterases with broad substrate ranges, in large scale sequence datasets.
ESTHER : Martinez-Martinez_2018_ACS.Chem.Biol_13_225
PubMedSearch : Martinez-Martinez_2018_ACS.Chem.Biol_13_225
PubMedID: 29182315
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9zzzz-a0a2k8jn75 , 9zzzz-a0a2k8jt94 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fj44 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fh10 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fh03 , 9bact-a0a1s5qkj8 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3feh5 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fkz4 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fh07 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fh34 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fh31 , 9bact-KY458167 , alcbs-q0vqa3 , 9bact-a0a1s5qki8 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3feq8 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3feh8 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fh19 , 9bact-KY203037 , 9bact-a0a1s5ql22 , 9bact-a0a1s5qm34 , 9bact-KY203034 , 9bact-r9qzg0 , 9bact-a0a1s5qly8 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fkz8 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3feg9 , 9zzzz-KY203033 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fes4 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fh42 , 9bact-a0a1s5qlx2 , 9zzzz-KY483651 , 9bact-a0a1s5qmh4 , 9zzzz-KY203032 , 9zzzz-EH87 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fei1 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fet2 , 9zzzz-KY483647 , 9zzzz-EH82 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fe15 , 9bact-KY203031 , 9bact-t1w006 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fet6 , 9bact-KY458164 , geoth-g8myf3 , 9bact-a0a1s5ql04 , 9gamm-a0a1y0ihk7 , 9bact-a0a1s5qly6 , 9bact-a0a1s5qkg4 , 9bact-a0a1s5qkm4 , 9gamm-s5tv80 , 9gamm-a0a0c4zhg2 , 9zzzz-t1b379 , 9gamm-KY483646 , 9bact-KY458160 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fj57 , 9gamm-s5t8349 , 9arch-KY203036 , 9bact-KY458168 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fes0 , 9zzzz-t1be47 , 9bact-KY458159 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fh39 , 9bact-t1vzd5 , 9prot-EH41 , 9bact-Lip114 , alcbs-q0vt77 , 9bact-a0a1s5qke6 , 9bact-a0a1s5qkf3 , 9prot-SRP030024 , 9gamm-s5t532 , 9bact-a0a1s5qkl2 , 9bact-a0a1s5qkk8 , 9zzzz-KY203030 , 9zzzz-t1d4I7 , 9prot-KY019260 , 9bact-a0a1s5qm38 , 9arch-KY458161 , 9prot-KY010302 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fl25 , 9actn-KY010298 , 9gamm-s5u059 , 9bact-a0a1s5qmi7 , 9bact-KY010297 , 9bact-KY483642 , 9bact-a0a1s5qkj1 , 9bact-KY010299 , 9bact-KY483648 , alcbs-q0vtl7 , 9bact-a0a1s5qf1 , 9bact-a0a1s5qkg0 , 9bact-a0a0h4tgu6 , 9bact-MilE3 , 9bact-LAE6 , 9alte-MGS-MT1 , 9bact-r9qzf7 , 9gamm-k0c6t6 , alcbs-q0vl36 , alcbs-q0vlq1 , alcbs-q0vq49 , bacsu-pnbae , canar-LipB , canan-lipasA , geost-lipas , marav-a1u5n0 , pseps-i7k8x5 , staep-GEHD , symth-q67mr3 , altma-s5cfn7 , cycsp-k0c2b8 , alcbs-q0vlk5 , 9bact-k7qe48 , 9bact-MGS-M1 , 9bact-MGS-M2 , 9bact-a0a0b5kns5 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fej4 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fj60 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fej0 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fj64 , 9bact-a0a0b5kc16 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3feg6 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3feu6

Title : Rational Engineering of Multiple Active Sites in an Ester Hydrolase - Santiago_2018_Biochemistry_57_2245
Author(s) : Santiago G , Martinez-Martinez M , Alonso S , Bargiela R , Coscolin C , Golyshin PN , Guallar V , Ferrer M
Ref : Biochemistry , 57 :2245 , 2018
Abstract : Effects of altering the properties of an active site in an enzymatic homogeneous catalyst have been extensively reported. However, the possibility of increasing the number of such sites, as commonly done in heterogeneous catalytic materials, remains unexplored, particularly because those have to accommodate appropriate residues in specific configurations. This possibility was investigated by using a serine ester hydrolase as the target enzyme. By using the Protein Energy Landscape Exploration software, which maps ligand diffusion and binding, we found a potential binding pocket capable of holding an extra catalytic triad and oxyanion hole contacts. By introducing two mutations, this binding pocket became a catalytic site. Its substrate specificity, substrate preference, and catalytic activity were different from those of the native site of the wild type ester hydrolase and other hydrolases, due to the differences in the active site architecture. Converting the binding pocket into an extra catalytic active site was proven to be a successful approach to create a serine ester hydrolase with two functional reactive groups. Our results illustrate the accuracy and predictive nature of modern modeling techniques, opening novel catalytic opportunities coming from the presence of different catalytic environments in single enzymes.
ESTHER : Santiago_2018_Biochemistry_57_2245
PubMedSearch : Santiago_2018_Biochemistry_57_2245
PubMedID: 29600855
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9bact-LAE6