Thies S

References (12)

Title : Biodegradation of poly(ester-urethane) coatings by Halopseudomonas formosensis - de Witt_2024_Microb.Biotechnol_17_e14362
Author(s) : de Witt J , Molitor R , Gatgens J , Ortmann de Percin Northumberland C , Kruse L , Polen T , Wynands B , van Goethem K , Thies S , Jaeger KE , Wierckx N
Ref : Microb Biotechnol , 17 :e14362 , 2024
Abstract : Impranil((a)) DLN-SD is a poly(ester-urethane) (PEU) that is widely used as coating material for textiles to fine-tune and improve their properties. Since coatings increase the complexity of such plastic materials, they can pose a hindrance for sustainable end-of-life solutions of plastics using enzymes or microorganisms. In this study, we isolated Halopseudomonas formosensis FZJ due to its ability to grow on Impranil DLN-SD and other PEUs as sole carbon sources. The isolated strain was exceptionally thermotolerant as it could degrade Impranil DLN-SD at up to 50 degreesC. We identified several putative extracellular hydrolases of which the polyester hydrolase Hfor_PE-H showed substrate degradation of Impranil DLN-SD and thus was purified and characterized in detail. Hfor_PE-H showed moderate temperature stability (T(m) = 53.9 degreesC) and exhibited activity towards Impranil DLN-SD as well as polyethylene terephthalate. Moreover, we revealed the enzymatic release of monomers from Impranil DLN-SD by Hfor_PE-H using GC-ToF-MS and could decipher the associated metabolic pathways in H.formosensis FZJ. Overall, this study provides detailed insights into the microbial and enzymatic degradation of PEU coatings, thereby deepening our understanding of microbial coating degradation in both contained and natural environments. Moreover, the study highlights the relevance of the genus Halopseudomonas and especially the novel isolate and its enzymes for future bio-upcycling processes of coated plastic materials.
ESTHER : de Witt_2024_Microb.Biotechnol_17_e14362
PubMedSearch : de Witt_2024_Microb.Biotechnol_17_e14362
PubMedID: 37991424
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9gamm-a0a1i6bky1

Title : An archaeal lid-containing feruloyl esterase degrades polyethylene terephthalate - Perez-Garcia_2023_Commun.Chem_6_193
Author(s) : Perez-Garcia P , Chow J , Costanzi E , Gurschke M , Dittrich J , Dierkes RF , Molitor R , Applegate V , Feuerriegel G , Tete P , Danso D , Thies S , Schumacher J , Pfleger C , Jaeger KE , Gohlke H , Smits SHJ , Schmitz RA , Streit WR
Ref : Commun Chem , 6 :193 , 2023
Abstract : Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is a commodity polymer known to globally contaminate marine and terrestrial environments. Today, around 80 bacterial and fungal PET-active enzymes (PETases) are known, originating from four bacterial and two fungal phyla. In contrast, no archaeal enzyme had been identified to degrade PET. Here we report on the structural and biochemical characterization of PET46 (RLI42440.1), an archaeal promiscuous feruloyl esterase exhibiting degradation activity on semi-crystalline PET powder comparable to IsPETase and LCC (wildtypes), and higher activity on bis-, and mono-(2-hydroxyethyl) terephthalate (BHET and MHET). The enzyme, found by a sequence-based metagenome search, is derived from a non-cultivated, deep-sea Candidatus Bathyarchaeota archaeon. Biochemical characterization demonstrated that PET46 is a promiscuous, heat-adapted hydrolase. Its crystal structure was solved at a resolution of 1.71 A. It shares the core alpha/beta-hydrolase fold with bacterial PETases, but contains a unique lid common in feruloyl esterases, which is involved in substrate binding. Thus, our study widens the currently known diversity of PET-hydrolyzing enzymes, by demonstrating PET depolymerization by a plant cell wall-degrading esterase.
ESTHER : Perez-Garcia_2023_Commun.Chem_6_193
PubMedSearch : Perez-Garcia_2023_Commun.Chem_6_193
PubMedID: 37697032
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9arch-PETcan211 , 9cren-PETcan204 , 9arch-PET46

Title : Extracellular degradation of a polyurethane oligomer involving outer membrane vesicles and further insights on the degradation of 2,4-diaminotoluene in Pseudomonas capeferrum TDA1 - Puiggene_2022_Sci.Rep_12_2666
Author(s) : Puiggene , Espinosa MJC , Schlosser D , Thies S , Jehmlich N , Kappelmeyer U , Schreiber S , Wibberg D , Kalinowski J , Harms H , Heipieper HJ , Eberlein C
Ref : Sci Rep , 12 :2666 , 2022
Abstract : The continuing reports of plastic pollution in various ecosystems highlight the threat posed by the ever-increasing consumption of synthetic polymers. Therefore, Pseudomonas capeferrum TDA1, a strain recently isolated from a plastic dump site, was examined further regarding its ability to degrade polyurethane (PU) compounds. The previously reported degradation pathway for 2,4-toluene diamine, a precursor and degradation intermediate of PU, could be confirmed by RNA-seq in this organism. In addition, different cell fractions of cells grown on a PU oligomer were tested for extracellular hydrolytic activity using a standard assay. Strikingly, purified outer membrane vesicles (OMV) of P. capeferrum TDA1 grown on a PU oligomer showed higher esterase activity than cell pellets. Hydrolases in the OMV fraction possibly involved in extracellular PU degradation were identified by mass spectrometry. On this basis, we propose a model for extracellular degradation of polyester-based PUs by P. capeferrum TDA1 involving the role of OMVs in synthetic polymer degradation.
ESTHER : Puiggene_2022_Sci.Rep_12_2666
PubMedSearch : Puiggene_2022_Sci.Rep_12_2666
PubMedID: 35177693

Title : Crystal structures of a novel family IV esterase in free and substrate-bound form - Hoppner_2021_FEBS.J_288_3570
Author(s) : Hoppner A , Bollinger A , Kobus S , Thies S , Coscolin C , Ferrer M , Jaeger KE , Smits SHJ
Ref : Febs J , 288 :3570 , 2021
Abstract : Bacterial lipolytic enzymes of family IV are homologs of the mammalian hormone-sensitive lipases (HSL) and have been successfully used for various biotechnological applications. The broad substrate specificity and ability for enantio-, regio-, and stereoselective hydrolysis are remarkable features of enzymes from this class. Many crystal structures are available for esterases and lipases, but structures of enzyme-substrate or enzyme-inhibitor complexes are less frequent although important to understand the molecular basis of enzyme substrate interaction and to rationalize biochemical enzyme characteristics. Here, we report on the structures of a novel family IV esterase isolated from a metagenomic screen which shows a broad substrate specificity. We solved the crystal structures in the apo form and with a bound substrate analogue at 1.35 and 1.81 resolution, respectively. This enzyme named PtEst1 hydrolyzed more than 60 out 96 structurally different ester substrates thus being substrate promiscuous. Its broad substrate specificity is in accord with a large active site cavity, which is covered by an alpha-helical cap domain. The substrate analogue methyl 4-methylumbelliferyl hexylphosphonate was rapidly hydrolyzed by the enzyme leading to a complete inactivation caused by covalent binding of phosphinic acid to the catalytic serine. Interestingly, the alcohol leaving group 4-methylumbelliferone was found remaining in the active site cavity and additionally, a complete inhibitor molecule was found at the cap domain next to the entrance of the substrate tunnel. This unique situation allowed gaining valuable insights into the role of the cap domain for enzyme-substrate interaction of esterases belonging to family IV.
ESTHER : Hoppner_2021_FEBS.J_288_3570
PubMedSearch : Hoppner_2021_FEBS.J_288_3570
PubMedID: 33342083
Gene_locus related to this paper: pseth-a0a1m6y2k1

Title : Agar plate-based screening methods for the identification of polyester hydrolysis by Pseudomonas species - Molitor_2020_Microb.Biotechnol_13_274
Author(s) : Molitor R , Bollinger A , Kubicki S , Loeschcke A , Jaeger KE , Thies S
Ref : Microb Biotechnol , 13 :274 , 2020
Abstract : Hydrolases acting on polyesters like cutin, polycaprolactone or polyethylene terephthalate (PET) are of interest for several biotechnological applications like waste treatment, biocatalysis and sustainable polymer modifications. Recent studies suggest that a large variety of such enzymes are still to be identified and explored in a variety of microorganisms, including bacteria of the genus Pseudomonas. For activity-based screening, methods have been established using agar plates which contain nanoparticles of polycaprolactone or PET prepared by solvent precipitation and evaporation. In this protocol article, we describe a straightforward agar plate-based method using emulsifiable artificial polyesters as substrates, namely Impranil((R)) DLN and liquid polycaprolactone diol (PLD). Thereby, the currently quite narrow set of screening substrates is expanded. We also suggest optional pre-screening with short-chain and middle-chain-length triglycerides as substrates to identify enzymes with lipolytic activity to be further tested for polyesterase activity. We applied these assays to experimentally demonstrate polyesterase activity in bacteria from the P. pertucinogena lineage originating from contaminated soils and diverse marine habitats.
ESTHER : Molitor_2020_Microb.Biotechnol_13_274
PubMedSearch : Molitor_2020_Microb.Biotechnol_13_274
PubMedID: 31016871

Title : A Novel Polyester Hydrolase From the Marine Bacterium Pseudomonas aestusnigri - Structural and Functional Insights - Bollinger_2020_Front.Microbiol_11_114
Author(s) : Bollinger A , Thies S , Knieps-Grunhagen E , Gertzen C , Kobus S , Hoppner A , Ferrer M , Gohlke H , Smits SHJ , Jaeger KE
Ref : Front Microbiol , 11 :114 , 2020
Abstract : Biodegradation of synthetic polymers, in particular polyethylene terephthalate (PET), is of great importance, since environmental pollution with PET and other plastics has become a severe global problem. Here, we report on the polyester degrading ability of a novel carboxylic ester hydrolase identified in the genome of the marine hydrocarbonoclastic bacterium Pseudomonas aestusnigri VGXO14T. The enzyme, designated PE-H, belongs to the type IIa family of PET hydrolytic enzymes as indicated by amino acid sequence homology. It was produced in Escherichia coli, purified and its crystal structure was solved at 1.09 A resolution representing the first structure of a type IIa PET hydrolytic enzyme. The structure shows a typical alpha/beta-hydrolase fold and high structural homology to known polyester hydrolases. PET hydrolysis was detected at 30C with amorphous PET film (PETa), but not with PET film from a commercial PET bottle (PETb). A rational mutagenesis study to improve the PET degrading potential of PE-H yielded variant PE-H (Y250S) which showed improved activity, ultimately also allowing the hydrolysis of PETb. The crystal structure of this variant solved at 1.35 A resolution allowed to rationalize the improvement of enzymatic activity. A PET oligomer binding model was proposed by molecular docking computations. Our results indicate a significant potential of the marine bacterium P. aestusnigri for PET degradation.
ESTHER : Bollinger_2020_Front.Microbiol_11_114
PubMedSearch : Bollinger_2020_Front.Microbiol_11_114
PubMedID: 32117139
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9psed-peh

Title : Organic-Solvent-Tolerant Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases for Organic Synthesis - Bollinger_2020_Appl.Environ.Microbiol_86_e00106
Author(s) : Bollinger A , Molitor R , Thies S , Koch R , Coscolin C , Ferrer M , Jaeger KE
Ref : Applied Environmental Microbiology , 86 :e00106 , 2020
Abstract : Biocatalysis has emerged as an important tool in synthetic organic chemistry enabling the chemical industry to execute reactions with high regio- or enantioselectivity and under usually mild reaction conditions while avoiding toxic waste. Target substrates and products of reactions catalyzed by carboxylic ester hydrolases are often poorly water soluble and require organic solvents, whereas enzymes are evolved by nature to be active in cells, i.e., in aqueous rather than organic solvents. Therefore, biocatalysts that withstand organic solvents are urgently needed. Current strategies to identify such enzymes rely on laborious tests carried out by incubation in different organic solvents and determination of residual activity. Here, we describe a simple assay useful for screening large libraries of carboxylic ester hydrolases for resistance and activity in water-miscible organic solvents. We have screened a set of 26 enzymes, most of them identified in this study, with four different water-miscible organic solvents. The triglyceride tributyrin was used as a substrate, and fatty acids released by enzymatic hydrolysis were detected by a pH shift indicated by the indicator dye nitrazine yellow. With this strategy, we succeeded in identifying a novel highly organic-solvent-tolerant esterase from Pseudomonas aestusnigri In addition, the newly identified enzymes were tested with sterically demanding substrates, which are common in pharmaceutical intermediates, and two enzymes from Alcanivorax borkumensis were identified which outcompeted the gold standard ester hydrolase CalB from Candida antarctica IMPORTANCE Major challenges hampering biotechnological applications of esterases include the requirement to accept nonnatural and chemically demanding substrates and the tolerance of the enzymes toward organic solvents which are often required to solubilize such substrates. We describe here a high-throughput screening strategy to identify novel organic-solvent-tolerant carboxylic ester hydrolases (CEs). Among these enzymes, CEs active against water-insoluble bulky substrates were identified. Our results thus contribute to fostering the identification and biotechnological application of CEs.
ESTHER : Bollinger_2020_Appl.Environ.Microbiol_86_e00106
PubMedSearch : Bollinger_2020_Appl.Environ.Microbiol_86_e00106
PubMedID: 32111588
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9psed-peh , alcbs-q0vt77 , alcbs-q0vtl7 , aneth-d3xb96 , alcbs-q0vl36 , alcbs-q0vq49 , 9psed-CE24 , 9psed-CE23 , 9psed-CE22 , 9psed-CE20 , 9psed-CE18 , 9psed-CE15 , 9psed-CE13 , alcbs-q0vmp2 , alcbs-q0vlp6 , marav-a1u5n0 , alcbs-q0vlk5 , 9psed-a0a1h5udv9

Title : The biotechnological potential of marine bacteria in the novel lineage of Pseudomonas pertucinogena - Bollinger_2020_Microb.Biotechnol_13_19
Author(s) : Bollinger A , Thies S , Katzke N , Jaeger KE
Ref : Microb Biotechnol , 13 :19 , 2020
Abstract : Marine habitats represent a prolific source for molecules of biotechnological interest. In particular, marine bacteria have attracted attention and were successfully exploited for industrial applications. Recently, a group of Pseudomonas species isolated from extreme habitats or living in association with algae or sponges were clustered in the newly established Pseudomonas pertucinogena lineage. Remarkably for the predominantly terrestrial genus Pseudomonas, more than half (9) of currently 16 species within this lineage were isolated from marine or saline habitats. Unlike other Pseudomonas species, they seem to have in common a highly specialized metabolism. Furthermore, the marine members apparently possess the capacity to produce biomolecules of biotechnological interest (e.g. dehalogenases, polyester hydrolases, transaminases). Here, we summarize the knowledge regarding the enzymatic endowment of the marine Pseudomonas pertucinogena bacteria and report on a genomic analysis focusing on the presence of genes encoding esterases, dehalogenases, transaminases and secondary metabolites including carbon storage compounds.
ESTHER : Bollinger_2020_Microb.Biotechnol_13_19
PubMedSearch : Bollinger_2020_Microb.Biotechnol_13_19
PubMedID: 29943398

Title : Marine Biosurfactants: Biosynthesis, Structural Diversity and Biotechnological Applications - Kubicki_2019_Mar.Drugs_17_
Author(s) : Kubicki S , Bollinger A , Katzke N , Jaeger KE , Loeschcke A , Thies S
Ref : Mar Drugs , 17 : , 2019
Abstract : Biosurfactants are amphiphilic secondary metabolites produced by microorganisms. Marine bacteria have recently emerged as a rich source for these natural products which exhibit surface-active properties, making them useful for diverse applications such as detergents, wetting and foaming agents, solubilisers, emulsifiers and dispersants. Although precise structural data are often lacking, the already available information deduced from biochemical analyses and genome sequences of marine microbes indicates a high structural diversity including a broad spectrum of fatty acid derivatives, lipoamino acids, lipopeptides and glycolipids. This review aims to summarise biosyntheses and structures with an emphasis on low molecular weight biosurfactants produced by marine microorganisms and describes various biotechnological applications with special emphasis on their role in the bioremediation of oil-contaminated environments. Furthermore, novel exploitation strategies are suggested in an attempt to extend the existing biosurfactant portfolio.
ESTHER : Kubicki_2019_Mar.Drugs_17_
PubMedSearch : Kubicki_2019_Mar.Drugs_17_
PubMedID: 31323998

Title : Determinants and prediction of esterase substrate promiscuity patterns - Martinez-Martinez_2018_ACS.Chem.Biol_13_225
Author(s) : Martinez-Martinez M , Coscolin C , Santiago G , Chow J , Stogios PJ , Bargiela R , Gertler C , Navarro-Fernandez J , Bollinger A , Thies S , Mendez-Garcia C , Popovic A , Brown G , Chernikova TN , Garcia-Moyano A , Bjergah GE , Perez-Garcia P , Hai T , Del Pozo MV , Stokke R , Steen IH , Cui H , Xu X , Nocek BP , Alcaide M , Distaso M , Mesa V , Pelaez AI , Sanchez J , Buchholz PCF , Pleiss J , Fernandez-Guerra A , Glockner FO , Golyshina OV , Yakimov MM , Savchenko A , Jaeger KE , Yakunin AF , Streit WR , Golyshin PN , Guallar V , Ferrer M
Ref : ACS Chemical Biology , 13 :225 , 2018
Abstract : Esterases receive special attention because their wide distribution in biological systems and environments and their importance for physiology and chemical synthesis. The prediction of esterases substrate promiscuity level from sequence data and the molecular reasons why certain such enzymes are more promiscuous than others, remain to be elucidated. This limits the surveillance of the sequence space for esterases potentially leading to new versatile biocatalysts and new insights into their role in cellular function. Here we performed an extensive analysis of the substrate spectra of 145 phylogenetically and environmentally diverse microbial esterases, when tested with 96 diverse esters. We determined the primary factors shaping their substrate range by analyzing substrate range patterns in combination with structural analysis and protein-ligand simulations. We found a structural parameter that helps ranking (classifying) promiscuity level of esterases from sequence data at 94% accuracy. This parameter, the active site effective volume, exemplifies the topology of the catalytic environment by measuring the active site cavity volume corrected by the relative solvent accessible surface area (SASA) of the catalytic triad. Sequences encoding esterases with active site effective volumes (cavity volume/SASA) above a threshold show greater substrate spectra, which can be further extended in combination with phylogenetic data. This measure provides also a valuable tool for interrogating substrates capable of being converted. This measure, found to be transferred to phosphatases of the haloalkanoic acid dehalogenase superfamily and possibly other enzymatic systems, represents a powerful tool for low-cost bioprospecting for esterases with broad substrate ranges, in large scale sequence datasets.
ESTHER : Martinez-Martinez_2018_ACS.Chem.Biol_13_225
PubMedSearch : Martinez-Martinez_2018_ACS.Chem.Biol_13_225
PubMedID: 29182315
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9zzzz-a0a2k8jn75 , 9zzzz-a0a2k8jt94 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fj44 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fh10 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fh03 , 9bact-a0a1s5qkj8 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3feh5 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fkz4 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fh07 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fh34 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fh31 , 9bact-KY458167 , alcbs-q0vqa3 , 9bact-a0a1s5qki8 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3feq8 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3feh8 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fh19 , 9bact-KY203037 , 9bact-a0a1s5ql22 , 9bact-a0a1s5qm34 , 9bact-KY203034 , 9bact-r9qzg0 , 9bact-a0a1s5qly8 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fkz8 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3feg9 , 9zzzz-KY203033 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fes4 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fh42 , 9bact-a0a1s5qlx2 , 9zzzz-KY483651 , 9bact-a0a1s5qmh4 , 9zzzz-KY203032 , 9zzzz-EH87 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fei1 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fet2 , 9zzzz-KY483647 , 9zzzz-EH82 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fe15 , 9bact-KY203031 , 9bact-t1w006 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fet6 , 9bact-KY458164 , geoth-g8myf3 , 9bact-a0a1s5ql04 , 9gamm-a0a1y0ihk7 , 9bact-a0a1s5qly6 , 9bact-a0a1s5qkg4 , 9bact-a0a1s5qkm4 , 9gamm-s5tv80 , 9gamm-a0a0c4zhg2 , 9zzzz-t1b379 , 9gamm-KY483646 , 9bact-KY458160 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fj57 , 9gamm-s5t8349 , 9arch-KY203036 , 9bact-KY458168 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fes0 , 9zzzz-t1be47 , 9bact-KY458159 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fh39 , 9bact-t1vzd5 , 9prot-EH41 , 9bact-Lip114 , alcbs-q0vt77 , 9bact-a0a1s5qke6 , 9bact-a0a1s5qkf3 , 9prot-SRP030024 , 9gamm-s5t532 , 9bact-a0a1s5qkl2 , 9bact-a0a1s5qkk8 , 9zzzz-KY203030 , 9zzzz-t1d4I7 , 9prot-KY019260 , 9bact-a0a1s5qm38 , 9arch-KY458161 , 9prot-KY010302 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fl25 , 9actn-KY010298 , 9gamm-s5u059 , 9bact-a0a1s5qmi7 , 9bact-KY010297 , 9bact-KY483642 , 9bact-a0a1s5qkj1 , 9bact-KY010299 , 9bact-KY483648 , alcbs-q0vtl7 , 9bact-a0a1s5qf1 , 9bact-a0a1s5qkg0 , 9bact-a0a0h4tgu6 , 9bact-MilE3 , 9bact-LAE6 , 9alte-MGS-MT1 , 9bact-r9qzf7 , 9gamm-k0c6t6 , alcbs-q0vl36 , alcbs-q0vlq1 , alcbs-q0vq49 , bacsu-pnbae , canar-LipB , canan-lipasA , geost-lipas , marav-a1u5n0 , pseps-i7k8x5 , staep-GEHD , symth-q67mr3 , altma-s5cfn7 , cycsp-k0c2b8 , alcbs-q0vlk5 , 9bact-k7qe48 , 9bact-MGS-M1 , 9bact-MGS-M2 , 9bact-a0a0b5kns5 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fej4 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fj60 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fej0 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3fj64 , 9bact-a0a0b5kc16 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3feg6 , 9zzzz-a0a0g3feu6

Title : First Insights into the Genome Sequence of Pseudomonas oleovorans DSM 1045 - Poehlein_2017_Genome.Announc_5_
Author(s) : Poehlein A , Daniel R , Thurmer A , Bollinger A , Thies S , Katzke N , Jaeger KE
Ref : Genome Announc , 5 : , 2017
Abstract : The Gram-negative proteobacterium Pseudomonas oleovorans DSM 1045 is considered a promising source for enzymes of biotechnological interest, e.g., hydrolases and transaminases. Here, we present a draft sequence of its 4.86-Mb genome, enabling the identification of novel biocatalysts.
ESTHER : Poehlein_2017_Genome.Announc_5_
PubMedSearch : Poehlein_2017_Genome.Announc_5_
PubMedID: 28798180

Title : Novel broad host range shuttle vectors for expression in Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis and Pseudomonas putida - Troeschel_2012_J.Biotechnol_161_71
Author(s) : Troeschel SC , Thies S , Link O , Real CI , Knops K , Wilhelm S , Rosenau F , Jaeger KE
Ref : J Biotechnol , 161 :71 , 2012
Abstract : Novel shuttle vectors named pEBP were constructed to allow the gene expression in different bacterial hosts including Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis and Pseudomonas putida. These vectors share the inducible promoters P(T7) and P(Xyl) and a cos site to enable packaging of plasmid DNA into phage, and carry different multiple cloning sites and antibiotic resistance genes. Vector pEBP41 generally replicates episomally while pEBP18 replicates episomally in Gram-negative bacteria only, but integrates into the chromosome of B. subtilis. Plasmid copy numbers determined for E. coli and P. putida were in the range of 5-50 per cell. The functionality of pEBP18 and pEBP41 was confirmed by expression of two lipolytic enzymes, namely lipase A from B. subtilis and cutinase from the eukaryotic fungus Fusarium solani pisi in three different host strains. Additionally, we report here the construction of a T7 RNA polymerase-based expression strain of P. putida.
ESTHER : Troeschel_2012_J.Biotechnol_161_71
PubMedSearch : Troeschel_2012_J.Biotechnol_161_71
PubMedID: 22440389