Schleicher M

References (3)

Title : The genome of the foraminiferan Reticulomyxa filosa - Glockner_2014_Curr.Biol_24_11
Author(s) : Glockner G , Hulsmann N , Schleicher M , Noegel AA , Eichinger L , Gallinger C , Pawlowski J , Sierra R , Euteneuer U , Pillet L , Moustafa A , Platzer M , Groth M , Szafranski K , Schliwa M
Ref : Current Biology , 24 :11 , 2014
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Rhizaria are a major branch of eukaryote evolution with an extensive microfossil record, but only scarce molecular data are available. The rhizarian species Reticulomyxa filosa, belonging to the Foraminifera, is free-living in freshwater environments. In culture, it thrives only as a plasmodium with thousands of haploid nuclei in one cell. The R. filosa genome is the first foraminiferal genome to be deciphered.
RESULTS: The genome is extremely repetitive, and the large amounts of identical sequences hint at frequent amplifications and homologous recombination events. Presumably, these mechanisms are employed to provide more gene copies for higher transcriptional activity and to build up a reservoir of gene diversification in certain gene families, such as the kinesin family. The gene repertoire indicates that it is able to switch to a single-celled, flagellated sexual state never observed in culture. Comparison to another rhizarian, the chlorarachniophyte alga Bigelowiella natans, reveals that proteins involved in signaling were likely drivers in establishing the Rhizaria lineage. Compared to some other protists, horizontal gene transfer is limited, but we found evidence of bacterial-to-eukaryote and eukaryote-to-eukaryote transfer events.
CONCLUSIONS: The R. filosa genome exhibits a unique architecture with extensive repeat homogenization and gene amplification, which highlights its potential for diverse life-cycle stages. The ability of R. filosa to rapidly transport matter from the pseudopodia to the cell body may be supported by the high diversification of actin and kinesin gene family members.
ESTHER : Glockner_2014_Curr.Biol_24_11
PubMedSearch : Glockner_2014_Curr.Biol_24_11
PubMedID: 24332546
Gene_locus related to this paper: retfi-x6m7c7 , retfi-x6nwc0

Title : The genome of the social amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum - Eichinger_2005_Nature_435_43
Author(s) : Eichinger L , Pachebat JA , Glockner G , Rajandream MA , Sucgang R , Berriman M , Song J , Olsen R , Szafranski K , Xu Q , Tunggal B , Kummerfeld S , Madera M , Konfortov BA , Rivero F , Bankier AT , Lehmann R , Hamlin N , Davies R , Gaudet P , Fey P , Pilcher K , Chen G , Saunders D , Sodergren E , Davis P , Kerhornou A , Nie X , Hall N , Anjard C , Hemphill L , Bason N , Farbrother P , Desany B , Just E , Morio T , Rost R , Churcher C , Cooper J , Haydock S , van Driessche N , Cronin A , Goodhead I , Muzny D , Mourier T , Pain A , Lu M , Harper D , Lindsay R , Hauser H , James K , Quiles M , Madan Babu M , Saito T , Buchrieser C , Wardroper A , Felder M , Thangavelu M , Johnson D , Knights A , Loulseged H , Mungall K , Oliver K , Price C , Quail MA , Urushihara H , Hernandez J , Rabbinowitsch E , Steffen D , Sanders M , Ma J , Kohara Y , Sharp S , Simmonds M , Spiegler S , Tivey A , Sugano S , White B , Walker D , Woodward J , Winckler T , Tanaka Y , Shaulsky G , Schleicher M , Weinstock G , Rosenthal A , Cox EC , Chisholm RL , Gibbs R , Loomis WF , Platzer M , Kay RR , Williams J , Dear PH , Noegel AA , Barrell B , Kuspa A
Ref : Nature , 435 :43 , 2005
Abstract : The social amoebae are exceptional in their ability to alternate between unicellular and multicellular forms. Here we describe the genome of the best-studied member of this group, Dictyostelium discoideum. The gene-dense chromosomes of this organism encode approximately 12,500 predicted proteins, a high proportion of which have long, repetitive amino acid tracts. There are many genes for polyketide synthases and ABC transporters, suggesting an extensive secondary metabolism for producing and exporting small molecules. The genome is rich in complex repeats, one class of which is clustered and may serve as centromeres. Partial copies of the extrachromosomal ribosomal DNA (rDNA) element are found at the ends of each chromosome, suggesting a novel telomere structure and the use of a common mechanism to maintain both the rDNA and chromosomal termini. A proteome-based phylogeny shows that the amoebozoa diverged from the animal-fungal lineage after the plant-animal split, but Dictyostelium seems to have retained more of the diversity of the ancestral genome than have plants, animals or fungi.
ESTHER : Eichinger_2005_Nature_435_43
PubMedSearch : Eichinger_2005_Nature_435_43
PubMedID: 15875012
Gene_locus related to this paper: dicdi-abhd , dicdi-ACHE , dicdi-apra , dicdi-cinbp , dicdi-CMBL , dicdi-crysp , dicdi-DPOA , dicdi-P90528 , dicdi-ppme1 , dicdi-Q8MYE7 , dicdi-q54cf7 , dicdi-q54cl7 , dicdi-q54cm0 , dicdi-q54ct5 , dicdi-q54cu1 , dicdi-q54d54 , dicdi-q54d66 , dicdi-q54dj5 , dicdi-q54dy7 , dicdi-q54ek1 , dicdi-q54eq6 , dicdi-q54et1 , dicdi-q54et7 , dicdi-q54f01 , dicdi-q54g24 , dicdi-q54g47 , dicdi-q54gi7 , dicdi-q54gw5 , dicdi-q54gx3 , dicdi-q54h23 , dicdi-q54h73 , dicdi-q54i38 , dicdi-q54ie5 , dicdi-q54in4 , dicdi-q54kz1 , dicdi-q54l36 , dicdi-q54li1 , dicdi-q54m29 , dicdi-q54n21 , dicdi-q54n35 , dicdi-q54n85 , dicdi-q54qe7 , dicdi-q54qi3 , dicdi-q54qk2 , dicdi-q54rl3 , dicdi-q54rl8 , dicdi-q54sy6 , dicdi-q54sz3 , dicdi-q54t49 , dicdi-q54t91 , dicdi-q54th2 , dicdi-q54u01 , dicdi-q54vc2 , dicdi-q54vw1 , dicdi-q54xe3 , dicdi-q54xl3 , dicdi-q54xu1 , dicdi-q54xu2 , dicdi-q54y48 , dicdi-q54yd0 , dicdi-q54ye0 , dicdi-q54yl1 , dicdi-q54yr8 , dicdi-q54z90 , dicdi-q55bx3 , dicdi-q55d01 , dicdi-q55d81 , dicdi-q55du6 , dicdi-q55eu1 , dicdi-q55eu8 , dicdi-q55fk4 , dicdi-q55gk7 , dicdi-Q54ZA6 , dicdi-q86h82 , dicdi-Q86HC9 , dicdi-Q86HM5 , dicdi-Q86HM6 , dicdi-q86iz7 , dicdi-q86jb6 , dicdi-Q86KU7 , dicdi-q550s3 , dicdi-q552c0 , dicdi-q553t5 , dicdi-q555e5 , dicdi-q555h0 , dicdi-q555h1 , dicdi-q557k5 , dicdi-q558u2 , dicdi-Q869Q8 , dicdi-u554 , dicdi-y9086 , dicdi-q54r44 , dicdi-f172a

Title : Membrane-enclosed crystals in Dictyostelium discoideum cells, consisting of developmentally regulated proteins with sequence similarities to known esterases - Bomblies_1990_J.Cell.Biol_110_669
Author(s) : Bomblies L , Biegelmann E , Doring V , Gerisch G , Krafft-Czepa H , Noegel AA , Schleicher M , Humbel BM
Ref : Journal of Cell Biology , 110 :669 , 1990
Abstract : Developing cells of Dictyostelium discoideum contain crystalline inclusion bodies. The interlattice spaces of the crystals are approximately 11 nm, and their edge dimensions vary in aggregating cells from 0.1 to 0.5 micron. The crystals are enclosed by a membrane with the characteristics of RER. To unravel the nature of the crystals we isolated them under electron microscopical control and purified the two major proteins that cofractionate with the crystals, one of an apparent molecular mass of 69 kD, the other of 56 kD. This latter protein proved to be identical with the protein encoded by the developmentally regulated D2 gene of D. discoideum, as shown by its reactivity with antibodies raised against the bacterially expressed product of a D2 fusion gene. The D2 gene is known to be strictly regulated at the transcript level and to be controlled by cAMP signals. Accordingly, very little of the 56-kD protein was detected in growth phase cells, maximal expression was observed at the aggregation stage, and the expression was stimulated by cAMP pulses. The 69-kD protein is the major constituent of the crystals and is therefore called "crystal protein." This protein is developmentally regulated and accumulates in aggregating cells similar to the D2 protein, but is not, or is only slightly regulated by cAMP pulses. mAbs specific for either the crystal protein or the D2 protein, labeled the intracellular crystals as demonstrated by the use of immunoelectron microscopy. The complete cDNA-derived amino acid sequence of the crystal protein indicates a hydrophobic leader and shows a high degree of sequence similarity with Torpedo acetylcholinesterase and rat lysophospholipase. Because the D2 protein also shows sequence similarities with various esterases, the vesicles filled with crystals of these proteins are named esterosomes.
ESTHER : Bomblies_1990_J.Cell.Biol_110_669
PubMedSearch : Bomblies_1990_J.Cell.Biol_110_669
PubMedID: 2307702
Gene_locus related to this paper: dicdi-crd2p , dicdi-crysp , dicdi-drgen