Dai Y

References (29)

Title : DPPX antibody-mediated autoimmune encephalitisthe first case with breast cancer and review of the literature - Dai_2024_Heliyon_10_e27413
Author(s) : Dai Y , Zheng Y , Zhu J , Ding J , Qiu K , Tang B
Ref : Heliyon , 10 :e27413 , 2024
Abstract : Dipeptidyl-peptidase-like protein 6 (DPPX) antibody-mediated encephalitis is a rare type of autoimmune encephalitis (AE), which mainly manifests as diarrhea accompanied by weight loss, cognitive decline, epileptic seizures, and even psychiatric symptoms. Remarkably, it is also reported to be associated with tumors, predominantly B-cell lymphoma. Overall, the AE remains uncharacterized clinically and its long-term prognosis remains elusive. Herein, we report the first case of DPPX antibody-mediated AE secondary to breast cancer. Importantly, it substantially improves after aggressive immunotherapy. Our case highlights DPPX antibody-mediated AE as a paraneoplastic syndrome and discusses the pearls in its diagnosis and management.
ESTHER : Dai_2024_Heliyon_10_e27413
PubMedSearch : Dai_2024_Heliyon_10_e27413
PubMedID: 38449607

Title : Metabolic reprogramming based on RNA sequencing of gemcitabine-resistant cells reveals the FASN gene as a therapeutic for bladder cancer - Zhou_2024_J.Transl.Med_22_55
Author(s) : Zhou L , Du K , Dai Y , Zeng Y , Luo Y , Ren M , Pan W , Liu Y , Zhang L , Zhu R , Feng D , Tian F , Gu C
Ref : J Transl Med , 22 :55 , 2024
Abstract : Bladder cancer (BLCA) is the most frequent malignant tumor of the genitourinary system. Postoperative chemotherapy drug perfusion and chemotherapy are important means for the treatment of BLCA. However, once drug resistance occurs, BLCA develops rapidly after recurrence. BLCA cells rely on unique metabolic rewriting to maintain their growth and proliferation. However, the relationship between the metabolic pattern changes and drug resistance in BLCA is unclear. At present, this problem lacks systematic research. In our research, we identified and analyzed resistance- and metabolism-related differentially expressed genes (RM-DEGs) based on RNA sequencing of a gemcitabine-resistant BLCA cell line and metabolic-related genes (MRGs). Then, we established a drug resistance- and metabolism-related model (RM-RM) through regression analysis to predict the overall survival of BLCA. We also confirmed that RM-RM had a significant correlation with tumor metabolism, gene mutations, tumor microenvironment, and adverse drug reactions. Patients with a high drug resistance- and metabolism-related risk score (RM-RS) showed more active lipid synthesis than those with a low RM-RS. Further in vitro and in vivo studies were implemented using Fatty Acid Synthase (FASN), a representative gene, which promotes gemcitabine resistance, and its inhibitor (TVB-3166) that can reverse this resistance effect.
ESTHER : Zhou_2024_J.Transl.Med_22_55
PubMedSearch : Zhou_2024_J.Transl.Med_22_55
PubMedID: 38218866

Title : Serum levels of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 are associated with coronary atherosclerotic plaque progression in diabetic and non-diabetic patients - Zhang_2024_BMC.Cardiovasc.Disord_24_251
Author(s) : Zhang S , Wang J , Chen S , Zhang Y , He R , Wang X , Ding F , Hu W , Dai Y , Lu L , Zhang R , Ni J , Chen Q
Ref : BMC Cardiovasc Disord , 24 :251 , 2024
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Lp-PLA2 is linked to cardiovascular diseases and poor outcomes, especially in diabetes, as it functions as a pro-inflammatory and oxidative mediator. OBJECTIVES: This research aimed to explore if there is a connection between the serum levels of Lp-PLA2 and the progression of coronary plaques (PP) in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and those without the condition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Serum Lp-PLA2 levels were measured in 137 T2DM patients with PP and 137 T2DM patients with no PP, and in 205 non-diabetic patients with PP and 205 non-diabetic patients with no PP. These individuals met the criteria for eligibility and underwent quantitative coronary angiography at the outset and again after about one year of follow-up. The attributes and parameters of the participants at the outset were recorded. RESULTS: Increased serum levels of Lp-PLA2 were closely associated with coronary artery PP, and also significantly correlated with change of MLD, change of diameter stenosis and change of cumulative coronary obstruction in both diabetic and non-diabetic groups, with higher correlation coefficients in diabetic patients as compared with non-diabetic patients. Moreover, multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that serum Lp-PLA2 level was an independent determinant of PP in both groups, with OR values more significant in diabetic patients than in non-diabetic patients. CONCLUSIONS: Levels of serum Lp-PLA2 show a significant association with the progression of coronary atherosclerotic plaque in patients with T2DM and those without, especially among individuals with diabetes.
ESTHER : Zhang_2024_BMC.Cardiovasc.Disord_24_251
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2024_BMC.Cardiovasc.Disord_24_251
PubMedID: 38745157

Title : JH degradation pathway participates in hormonal regulation of larval development of Bombyx mori following lambda-cyhalothrin exposure - Su_2023_Chemosphere_349_140871
Author(s) : Su Y , Wang W , Dai Y , Qi R , Gu H , Guo X , Liu X , Ren Y , Li F , Li B , Sun H
Ref : Chemosphere , 349 :140871 , 2023
Abstract : lambda-Cyhalothrin (lambda-cyh), a widely utilized pyrethroid insecticide, poses serious threats to non-target organisms due to its persistence nature in the environment. Exposure to low concentrations of lambda-cyh has been observed to result in prolonged larval development in Bombyx mori, leading to substantial financial losses in sericulture. The present study was undertaken to elucidate the underlying mechanisms for prolonged development caused by lambda-cyh (LC(10)) exposure. The results showed that the JH titer was significantly increased at 24 h of lambda-cyh exposure, and the JH interacting genes Methoprene-tolerant 2, Steroid Receptor Co-activator, Krppel-homolog 1, and JH binding proteins were also up-regulated. Although the target of rapamycin (Tor) genes were induced by lambda-cyh, the biosynthesis of JH in the corpora allata was not promoted. Notably, 13 JH degradation genes were found to be significantly down-regulated in the midgut of B. mori. The mRNA levels and enzyme activity assays indicated that lambda-cyh had inhibitory effects on JH esterase, JH epoxide hydrolase, and JH diol kinase (JHDK). Furthermore, the suppression of JHDK (KWMTBOMO01580) was further confirmed by both western blot and immunohistochemistry. This study has offered a comprehensive perspective on the mechanisms underlying the prolonged development caused by insecticides, and our results also hold significant implications for the safe production of sericulture.
ESTHER : Su_2023_Chemosphere_349_140871
PubMedSearch : Su_2023_Chemosphere_349_140871
PubMedID: 38056714

Title : A prediction model for the progression from gestational hypertension to pre-eclampsia complicated with HELLP syndrome - Li_2023_Int.J.Gynaecol.Obstet__
Author(s) : Li Z , Dai Y , Yun L , Guo W
Ref : Int J Gynaecol Obstet , : , 2023
Abstract : OBJECTIVE: HELLP syndrome is a severe complication of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy that can cause multiple organ dysfunction and maternal death in a short period of time. Although HELLP syndrome is more common in patients with pre-eclampsia (PE), there is currently no effective way to identify high-risk individuals who may progress from gestational hypertension (GH) to PE complicated with HELLP syndrome. This study aimed to establish and validate a prediction model for PE complicated with HELLP syndrome, providing a basis for early detection and identification of high-risk individuals in clinical practice. METHODS: This retrospective case-control study collected data on 326 patients with GH and 139 patients with PE complicated with HELLP syndrome from January 2015 to December 2019. An additional 206 patients with GH and 70 patients with PE complicated with HELLP syndrome who were treated from January 2020 to December 2022 were collected for external validation. General and clinical data were collected, and single-and multiple-factor logistic regression analyses were used to screen for independent factors affecting PE complicated with HELLP syndrome. The diagnostic performance of different indicators was evaluated using ROC curves. A prediction model for PE complicated with HELLP syndrome was constructed, and its efficacy was verified using ROC curves. RESULTS: The results of single-factor analysis showed that age, SBP, DBP, MAP, hemoglobin, AST, ALT, cholinesterase, alkaline phosphatase, gamma-glutamyl transferase, total protein, total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, indirect bilirubin, BUN, UA, creatinine, APTT, international normalized ratio of prothrombin, D-dimer, fibrinogen, fibrinogen degradation products, Ca, and aspartate-aminotransferase to platelet ratio index (APRI) were factors influencing PE with HELLP syndrome. The results of multiple-factor logistic regression analysis showed that MAP, APRI, CHE, FDP, and Ca were independent factors affecting PE complicated with HELLP syndrome. Based on these results, a prediction model was established, with Y = 9.861 + 2.998APRI + 0.055MAP + 0.014FDP - 0.005CHE - 7.452*Ca. CONCLUSIONS: The predictive model for PE complicated with HELLP syndrome includes APRI, MAP, FDP, CHE, and Ca. This model can be used as a quantitative tool for predicting and evaluating the development of GH into PE complicated with HELLP syndrome.
ESTHER : Li_2023_Int.J.Gynaecol.Obstet__
PubMedSearch : Li_2023_Int.J.Gynaecol.Obstet__
PubMedID: 38018274

Title : Modelling enzyme inhibition toxicity of ionic liquid from molecular structure via convolutional neural network model - Zhang_2023_SAR.QSAR.Environ.Res__1
Author(s) : Zhang R , Chen Y , Fan D , Liu T , Ma Z , Dai Y , Wang Y , Zhu Z
Ref : SAR QSAR Environ Research , :1 , 2023
Abstract : Deep learning (DL) methods further promote the development of quantitative structure-activity/property relationship (QSAR/QSPR) models by dealing with complex relationships between data. An acetylcholinesterase inhibitory toxicity model of ionic liquids (ILs) was established using a convolution neural network (CNN) combined with support vector machine (SVM), random forest (RF) and multilayer perceptron (MLP). A CNN model was proposed for feature self-learning and extraction of ILs. By comparing with the model results through feature engineering (FE), the model regression results based on the CNN model for feature extraction have been substantially improved. The results showed that all six models (FE-SVM, FE-RF, FE-MLP, CNN-SVM, CNN-RF, and CNN-MLP) had good prediction accuracy, but the results based on the CNN model were better. The hyperparameters of six models were optimized by grid search and the 10-fold cross validation. Compared with the existing models in the literature, the model performance has been further improved. The model could be used as an intelligent tool to guide the design or screening of low-toxicity ILs.
ESTHER : Zhang_2023_SAR.QSAR.Environ.Res__1
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2023_SAR.QSAR.Environ.Res__1
PubMedID: 37722394

Title : Adipose tissue-specific ablation of Ces1d causes metabolic dysregulation in mice - Li_2022_Life.Sci.Alliance_5_
Author(s) : Li G , Li X , Yang L , Wang S , Dai Y , Fekry B , Veillon L , Tan L , Berdeaux R , Eckel-Mahan K , Lorenzi PL , Zhao Z , Lehner R , Sun K
Ref : Life Sciences Alliance , 5 : , 2022
Abstract : Carboxylesterase 1d (Ces1d) is a crucial enzyme with a wide range of activities in multiple tissues. It has been reported to localize predominantly in ER. Here, we found that Ces1d levels are significantly increased in obese patients with type 2 diabetes. Intriguingly, a high level of Ces1d translocates onto lipid droplets where it digests the lipids to produce a unique set of fatty acids. We further revealed that adipose tissue-specific Ces1d knock-out (FKO) mice gained more body weight with increased fat mass during a high fat-diet challenge. The FKO mice exhibited impaired glucose and lipid metabolism and developed exacerbated liver steatosis. Mechanistically, deficiency of Ces1d induced abnormally large lipid droplet deposition in the adipocytes, causing ectopic accumulation of triglycerides in other peripheral tissues. Furthermore, loss of Ces1d diminished the circulating free fatty acids serving as signaling molecules to trigger the epigenetic regulations of energy metabolism via lipid-sensing transcriptional factors, such as HNF4alpha. The metabolic disorders induced an unhealthy microenvironment in the metabolically active tissues, ultimately leading to systemic insulin resistance.
ESTHER : Li_2022_Life.Sci.Alliance_5_
PubMedSearch : Li_2022_Life.Sci.Alliance_5_
PubMedID: 35459739
Gene_locus related to this paper: mouse-Ces1d

Title : Activation and closed-state inactivation mechanisms of the human voltage-gated K(V)4 channel complexes - Ye_2022_Mol.Cell_S1097-2765_00395
Author(s) : Ye W , Zhao H , Dai Y , Wang Y , Lo YH , Jan LY , Lee CH
Ref : Mol Cell , : , 2022
Abstract : The voltage-gated ion channel activity depends on both activation (transition from the resting state to the open state) and inactivation. Inactivation is a self-restraint mechanism to limit ion conduction and is as crucial to membrane excitability as activation. Inactivation can occur when the channel is open or closed. Although open-state inactivation is well understood, the molecular basis of closed-state inactivation has remained elusive. We report cryo-EM structures of human K(V)4.2 channel complexes in inactivated, open, and closed states. Closed-state inactivation of K(V)4 involves an unprecedented symmetry breakdown for pore closure by only two of the four S4-S5 linkers, distinct from known mechanisms of open-state inactivation. We further capture K(V)4 in a putative resting state, revealing how voltage sensor movements control the pore. Moreover, our structures provide insights regarding channel modulation by KChIP2 and DPP6 auxiliary subunits. Our findings elucidate mechanisms of closed-state inactivation and voltage-dependent activation of the K(V)4 channel.
ESTHER : Ye_2022_Mol.Cell_S1097-2765_00395
PubMedSearch : Ye_2022_Mol.Cell_S1097-2765_00395
PubMedID: 35597238
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-DPP6

Title : Lipase-catalyzed hydrazine insertion for the synthesis of N'-alkyl benzohydrazides - Yu_2022_Biotechnol.Appl.Biochem__
Author(s) : Yu Y , Li F , Li J , Zheng X , Tian H , Mahmut Z , Du Y , Dai Y , Wang L
Ref : Biotechnol Appl Biochem , : , 2022
Abstract : N'-alkyl benzohydrazides are classic organic compounds that have been widely utilized in organic chemistry. In this study, an efficient method was developed for the synthesis of N'-alkyl benzohydrazides by hydrazine insertion catalyzed by lipase. Under the optimal conditions (Morita-Baylis-Hillman ketone [1 mmol], phenylhydrazine [1.3 mmol], N,N-dimethylformamide [2 mL], lipase [20 mg], room temperature, 12 h), satisfactory yields (71%-97%) and substrate tolerance were obtained when porcine pancreatic lipase was used as biocatalyst. These findings imply the great potential for the lipase-catalyzed synthesis of N'-alkyl benzohydrazides and extend the utilization of lipase in organic chemistry. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
ESTHER : Yu_2022_Biotechnol.Appl.Biochem__
PubMedSearch : Yu_2022_Biotechnol.Appl.Biochem__
PubMedID: 35285069

Title : Bisabolanoic acid A, a new polychiral sesquiterpene with AChE inhibitory activity from a mangrove-derived fungus Colletotrichum sp - Li_2021_J.Asian.Nat.Prod.Res_24_88
Author(s) : Li KL , Dai Y , She JL , Zeng YB , Dai HF , Ou SL , Zhou XF , Liu YH
Ref : J Asian Nat Prod Res , 24 :88 , 2021
Abstract : A new polychiral bisabolane sesquiterpene, bisabolanoic acid A (1), was isolated from the mangrove-derived fungus Colletotrichum sp. SCSIO KcB3-2. Its planar structure was identified on the basis of spectroscopic data analysis (HRESIMS, 1D, and 2D NMR), and the absolute configurations of three chiral carbons were determined by experimental and calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD) and optical rotatory dispersion (ORD), together with Mo(2)(OAc)(4)-induced ECD methods. Bisabolanoic acid A (1) showed moderate inhibitory activity against acetylcholinesterase (AChE) with IC(50) value of 2.2 microM, and the in silico molecular docking was also performed.
ESTHER : Li_2021_J.Asian.Nat.Prod.Res_24_88
PubMedSearch : Li_2021_J.Asian.Nat.Prod.Res_24_88
PubMedID: 33533666

Title : Characterization of Feruloyl Esterase from Bacillus pumilus SK52.001 and Its Application in Ferulic Acid Production from De-Starched Wheat Bran - Duan_2021_Foods_10_
Author(s) : Duan X , Dai Y , Zhang T
Ref : Foods , 10 : , 2021
Abstract : Feruloyl esterase (FAE; EC 3.1.1.73) catalyzes the hydrolysis of the 4-hydroxy-3-methoxycinnamoyl group in an esterified sugar to assist in waste biomass degradation or to release ferulic acid (FA). An FAE-producing strain was isolated from humus soil samples and identified as Bacillus pumilus SK52.001. The BpFAE gene from B. pumilus SK52.001 was speculated and heterogeneously expressed in Bacillus subtilis WB800 for the first time. The enzyme exists as a monomer with 303 amino acids and a molecular mass of 33.6 kDa. Its specific activity was 377.9 +/- 10.3 U/ (mg protein), using methyl ferulate as a substrate. It displays an optimal alkaline pH of 9.0, an optimal temperature of 50 degreesC, and half-lives of 1434, 327, 235, and 68 min at 50, 55, 60, and 65 degreesC, respectively. Moreover, the purified BpFAE released 4.98% FA of the alkali-acidic extractable FA from de-starched wheat bran (DSWB). When the DSWB was enzymatically degraded by the synergistic effect of the BpFAE and commercial xylanase, the FA amount reached 49.47%. It suggested that the alkaline BpFAE from B. pumilus SK52.001, which was heterologously expressed in B. subtilis WB800, possesses great potential for biomass degradation and achieving high-added value FA production from food by-products.
ESTHER : Duan_2021_Foods_10_
PubMedSearch : Duan_2021_Foods_10_
PubMedID: 34071417
Gene_locus related to this paper: bacpu-QWF08340

Title : Electro-Acupuncture Improve the Early Pattern Separation in Alzheimer's Disease Mice via Basal Forebrain-Hippocampus Cholinergic Neural Circuit - Li_2021_Front.Aging.Neurosci_13_770948
Author(s) : Li L , Li J , Dai Y , Yang M , Liang S , Wang Z , Liu W , Chen L , Tao J
Ref : Front Aging Neurosci , 13 :770948 , 2021
Abstract : OBJECTIVES: To explore the effect of electro-acupuncture (EA) treatment on pattern separation and investigate the neural circuit mechanism involved in five familial mutations (5 x FAD) mice. METHODS: Five familial mutations mice were treated with EA at Baihui (DU20) and Shenting (DU24) acupoints for 30 min each, lasting for 4 weeks. Cognitive-behavioral tests were performed to evaluate the effects of EA treatment on cognitive functions. (1)H-MRS, Nissl staining, immunohistochemistry, and immunofluorescence were performed to examine the cholinergic system alteration. Thioflavin S staining and 6E10 immunofluorescence were performed to detect the amyloid-beta (Abeta). Furthermore, hM4Di designer receptors exclusively activated by designer drugs (DREADDs) virus and long-term clozapine-N-oxide injection were used to inhibit the medial septal and vertical limb of the diagonal band and dentate gyrus (MS/VDB-DG) cholinergic neural circuit. Cognitive-behavioral tests and immunofluorescence were performed to investigate the cholinergic neural circuit mechanism of EA treatment improving cognition in 5 x FAD mice. RESULTS: Electro-acupuncture treatment significantly improved spatial recognition memory and pattern separation impairment, regulated cholinergic system via reduction neuron loss, upregulation of choline/creatine, choline acetyltransferase, vesicular acetylcholine transporter, and downregulation of enzyme acetylcholinesterase in 5 x FAD mice. Abeta deposition was reduced after EA treatment. Subsequently, the monosynaptic hM4Di DREADDs virus tracing and inhibiting strategy showed that EA treatment activates the MS/VDB-DG cholinergic neural circuit to improve the early pattern separation. In addition, EA treatment activates this circuit to upregulating M1 receptors positive cells and promoting hippocampal neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus (DG). CONCLUSION: Electro-acupuncture could improve the early pattern separation impairment by activating the MS/VDB-DG cholinergic neural circuit in 5 x FAD mice, which was related to the regulation of the cholinergic system and the promotion of neurogenesis by EA treatment.
ESTHER : Li_2021_Front.Aging.Neurosci_13_770948
PubMedSearch : Li_2021_Front.Aging.Neurosci_13_770948
PubMedID: 35185516

Title : Lipopeptide Epimers and a Phthalide Glycerol Ether with AChE Inhibitory Activities from the Marine-Derived Fungus Cochliobolus Lunatus SCSIO41401 - Dai_2020_Mar.Drugs_18_
Author(s) : Dai Y , Li K , She J , Zeng Y , Wang H , Liao S , Lin X , Yang B , Wang J , Tao H , Dai H , Zhou X , Liu Y
Ref : Mar Drugs , 18 : , 2020
Abstract : A pair of novel lipopeptide epimers, sinulariapeptides A (1) and B (2), and a new phthalide glycerol ether (3) were isolated from the marine algal-associated fungus Cochliobolus lunatus SCSIO41401, together with three known chromanone derivates (4-6). The structures of the new compounds, including the absolute configurations, were determined by comprehensive spectroscopic methods, experimental and calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD), and Mo(2) (OAc)(4)-induced ECD methods. The new compounds 1-3 showed moderate inhibitory activity against acetylcholinesterase (AChE), with IC(50) values of 1.3-2.5 M, and an in silico molecular docking study was also performed.
ESTHER : Dai_2020_Mar.Drugs_18_
PubMedSearch : Dai_2020_Mar.Drugs_18_
PubMedID: 33143384

Title : The distribution of nerves supplying the testis, epididymis and accessory sex glands of Suncus murinus - Dai_2019_Anat.Sci.Int_94_128
Author(s) : Dai Y , Ren K , Kurosawa K , Terayama H , Miwa Y , Sato I , Yi SQ
Ref : Anat Sci Int , 94 :128 , 2019
Abstract : Chronic testicular pain remains an important challenge for urologists. Investigation of the innervation of male gonads thus becomes essential for deepening our understanding of their regulatory roles in male reproductive physiology and pathophysiology. Studies of testicular innervation are mainly limited to the intratesticular peptidergic nerves of the testis by immunohistochemical and acetylcholinesterase histochemical investigations in some animals. Little is known about the detailed, overall distribution in general experimental animal testis. In this study, the distribution of nerves supplying the testis, epididymis and accessory sex glands of Suncus murinus was investigated by whole mount immunohistochemistry staining using a neurofilament protein antibody. Testicular nerves arose through three routes: nerves deriving from the mesenteric and renal plexuses accompanied the testicular artery, entering into the testicular hilum through the superior ligament of the testis. The nerves originating from the hypogastric plexus then ran along the internal iliac artery, deferential artery, and passed through the mesoductus deferens or mesoepididymis, innervating the cauda and corpus of the epididymis, the vas deferens and the inferior pole of the testis. The third route arose from the pelvic plexus, distributed in the seminal vesicle and the prostate. The density of nerve fibers was higher in the cauda epididymidis than in the testis, and more abundant in the vas deferens. The different origins and distribution densities of testicular nerves in S. murinus may serve different neuronal regulatory functions, and, therefore, S. murinus may be an important model animal for understanding the different characteristics of testicular pain.
ESTHER : Dai_2019_Anat.Sci.Int_94_128
PubMedSearch : Dai_2019_Anat.Sci.Int_94_128
PubMedID: 30206773

Title : Pediatric reference intervals of liver and renal function tests from birth to adolescence in Chinese children as performed on the Olympus AU5400 - Liu_2019_Clin.Chim.Acta_490_142
Author(s) : Liu J , Dai Y , Lee Y , Yuan E , Wang Q , Wang L , Su Y
Ref : Clinica Chimica Acta , 490 :142 , 2019
Abstract : BACKGROUND: The growth and development of children and adolescents influence values of liver and renal function tests. The purpose of this study was to determine age- and gender-specific reference intervals for liver and renal function tests in apparently healthy Chinese children and adolescents. METHODS: A total of 63,086 apparently healthy children and adolescents (0-15 y) were chosen as reference individuals in this study. The 15 biochemical analytes relating to liver and renal function were measured using an Olympus AU5400 analyzer. Reference intervals were partitioned according to age and/or gender subgroups using the Harris and Boyd's method and established using non-parametric methods. RESULTS: Our results showed that all analytes except for cholinesterase (ChE) and alpha1-microglobulin (alpha1-MG) required partitioning by age. Gender partitions were also required for alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), creatinine (Cre), and uric acid (UA). Age- and gender-appropriate reference intervals for liver and renal function tests were established for apparently healthy Chinese children and adolescents. CONCLUSIONS: When establishing pediatric reference intervals, partitioning by age and/or gender is essential. Those reference intervals can be adopted in other clinical laboratories after appropriate validation.
ESTHER : Liu_2019_Clin.Chim.Acta_490_142
PubMedSearch : Liu_2019_Clin.Chim.Acta_490_142
PubMedID: 30611730

Title : Rational design of a Yarrowia lipolytica derived lipase for improved thermostability - Zhang_2019_Int.J.Biol.Macromol_137_1190
Author(s) : Zhang H , Sang J , Zhang Y , Sun T , Liu H , Yue R , Zhang J , Wang H , Dai Y , Lu F , Liu F
Ref : Int J Biol Macromol , 137 :1190 , 2019
Abstract : To improve the thermostability of the lipase LIP2 from Yarrowia lipolytica, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations at various temperatures were used to investigate the common fluctuation sites of the protein, which are considered to be thermally weak points. Two of these residues were selected for mutations to improve the enzyme's thermostability, and the variants predicted by MD simulations to have improved thermostability were expressed in Pichia pastoris GS115 for further investigations. According to the proline rule, the high fluctuation site S115 or V213 was replaced with proline residue, the two lipase mutants S115P and V213P were obtained. The mutant V213P exhibited evidently enhanced thermostability with an approximately 70% longer half-life at 50 degrees C than that of the parent LIP2 expressed in P. pastoris. The temperature optimum of V213P was 42 degrees C, which was about 5.0 degrees C higher than that of the parent LIP2, while its specific catalytic activity was comparable to that of the parent and reached 876.5U/mg. The improved thermostability of V213P together with its high catalytic efficiency indicated that the rational design strategy employed here can be efficiently applied for structure optimization of industrially important enzymes.
ESTHER : Zhang_2019_Int.J.Biol.Macromol_137_1190
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2019_Int.J.Biol.Macromol_137_1190
PubMedID: 31299254
Gene_locus related to this paper: yarli-lip2

Title : Mechanism hypotheses for the electrophysiological manifestations of two cases of endplate acetylcholinesterase deficiency related congenital myasthenic syndrome - Ding_2018_J.Clin.Neurosci_48_229
Author(s) : Ding Q , Shen D , Dai Y , Hu Y , Guan Y , Liu M , Cui L
Ref : J Clin Neurosci , 48 :229 , 2018
Abstract : OBJECTIVE: To summarize the electrophysiological characteristics of two cases of endplate acetylcholinesterase deficiency (EAD) related congenital myasthenic syndrome (CMS) caused by COLQ mutation and to discuss the possible mechanism of these electrophysiological phenomena. METHODS: Electrophysiological examinations were conducted including nerve conduction studies, routine electromyography (EMG), repetitive nerve stimulation (RNS) and single fiber EMG (SFEMG). The ulnar nerve was also stimulated at 50Hz followed by 0.5Hz to record the recovery process of compound muscle action potential (CMAP). RESULTS: Repetitive CMAP (R-CMAP) was found in motor nerve conduction in both cases. Needle EMG showed myogenic damages and SFEMG showed remarkably increased jitter values. Of note, the amplitude of CMAP and R-CMAP showed regular changing trends, and so did their time intervals in RNS studies. CONCLUSIONS: The change patterns of CMAP and R-CMAP, in combination with other electrophysiological features are very useful for the diagnosis of EAD related CMS, especially in predicting the presence of correct gene mutations.
ESTHER : Ding_2018_J.Clin.Neurosci_48_229
PubMedSearch : Ding_2018_J.Clin.Neurosci_48_229
PubMedID: 29150079

Title : ANNALS EXPRESS: Gestational age-specific reference intervals for 15 biochemical measurands during normal pregnancy in China - Dai_2017_Ann.Clin.Biochem__4563217738801
Author(s) : Dai Y , Liu J , Yuan E , Lee Y , Wang Q , Jia L , Wang L , Su Y
Ref : Annals of Clinical Biochemistry , :4563217738801 , 2017
Abstract : AIMS: Physiological changes that occur during pregnancy can influence biochemical parameters. Therefore, using reference intervals based on specimens from non-pregnant women to interpret laboratory results during pregnancy may be inappropriate. This study aimed to establish essential to establish reference intervals for a range of analytes during pregnancy.
METHODS: The cross-sectional study was performed in 13656 healthy pregnant and 2634 non-pregnant women. Fifteen biochemical measurands relating to renal and hepatic function were analyzed using an Olympus AU5400 analyzer (Olympus, Tokyo, Japan). All the laboratory results were checked for outliers using Dixon's test. Reference intervals were established using a non-parametric method.
RESULTS: Alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, albumin, cholinesterase, creatinine, direct bilirubin, gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase, total bilirubin, total bile acid, and total protein showed a decrease during the whole gestational period, while alkaline phosphatase and uric acid increased. Urea nitrogen, beta2-microglobulin, and cystatin-C fell significantly during the first trimestersand then remained relatively stable until third trimester. Reference intervals of all the measurands during normal pregnancy have been established.
CONCLUSIONS: The reference intervals established here can be adopted in other clinical laboratories after appropriate validation. We verified the importance, for some measurands, of partitioning by gestational age when establishing reference intervals during pregnancy.
ESTHER : Dai_2017_Ann.Clin.Biochem__4563217738801
PubMedSearch : Dai_2017_Ann.Clin.Biochem__4563217738801
PubMedID: 29153025

Title : Effects of Light Intensity and Color on the Biomass, Extracellular Red Pigment, and Citrinin Production of Monascus ruber - Wang_2016_J.Agric.Food.Chem_64_9506
Author(s) : Wang L , Dai Y , Chen W , Shao Y , Chen F
Ref : Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry , 64 :9506 , 2016
Abstract : Light is a crucial environmental signal for fungi. In this work, the effects of different light intensities and colors on biomass, Monascus pigments (MPs) and citrinin production of Monascus ruber M7 were investigated. We have demonstrated that low intensity of blue light (500 lx) decreased Monascus biomass, increased MPs accumulation via upregulation of MpigA, MpigB, and MpigJ genes expression, but had no significant influence on citrinin production. High intensity of blue light (1500 lx) decreased citrinin accumulation but had no significant influence on biomass and MPs production after 14 days cultivation. Low intensity of green light (500 lx) stimulated citrinin production via upregulation of pksCT, mrl1, mrl2, and ctnA genes expression. One putative red light photoreceptor and two putative green light photoreceptors were identified in M. ruber M7. These observations will not only guide the practical production of Monascus but also contribute to our understanding light effects on Monascus.
ESTHER : Wang_2016_J.Agric.Food.Chem_64_9506
PubMedSearch : Wang_2016_J.Agric.Food.Chem_64_9506
PubMedID: 27998068
Gene_locus related to this paper: monpu-cita

Title : Species Comparison of Pre-systemic Bioactivation of Vicagrel, a New Acetate Derivative of Clopidogrel - Qiu_2016_Front.Pharmacol_7_366
Author(s) : Qiu ZX , Gao WC , Dai Y , Zhou SF , Zhao J , Lu Y , Chen XJ , Li N
Ref : Front Pharmacol , 7 :366 , 2016
Abstract : Previously we have found vicagrel, a new acetate derivative of clopidogrel, underwent hydrolysis to 2-oxo-clopidogrel and subsequent conversions to its pharmacological active metabolite (AM) and inactive carboxylic acid metabolite (CAM). This study demonstrated the interspecies differences of the vicagrel bioactivation by comparing the critical vicagrel metabolites formation in rats, dogs and human. The pharmacokinetic studies with rats and dogs were conducted after intragastric administration of vicagrel, followed by in vitro metabolism investigation in venous system, intestinal/hepatic microsomes from rats, dogs and human. An obvious disparity was observed in system exposure to AM (99.0 vs. 635.1 microg h/L, p < 0.05) and CAM (10119 vs. 2634 microg h/L, p < 0.05) in rats and dogs. It was shown that the cleavage of vicagrel was almost completed in intestine with great different clearance (53.28 vs. 3.643 L h(-1) kg(-1), p < 0.05) in rats and dogs. With no further hydrolysis to CAM, the greatest clearance of AM (3.26 mL h(-1) kg(-1)) was found in dog intestine. In rat plasma, 2-oxo-clopidogrel was much more extensively hydrolyzed to CAM than in dog and human. Albeit similar hydrolysis clearance and AM production was observed among hepatic microsomes of the three species, the production velocity of CAM ranked highest in dogs (7.55 pmol/min/mg protein). Therefore, the unconformity of AM and CAM exposure cross species mainly came from the metabolism of 2-oxo-clopidogrel associated largely with tissue specificity and interspecies differences of esterases. In human, the pharmacokinetics of vicagrel might be more optimistic due to less inactivation hydrolysis before reaching liver.
ESTHER : Qiu_2016_Front.Pharmacol_7_366
PubMedSearch : Qiu_2016_Front.Pharmacol_7_366
PubMedID: 27774067

Title : Transgenic mouse milk expressing human bile salt-stimulated lipase improves the survival and growth status of premature mice - Wang_2015_Mol.Biotechnol_57_287
Author(s) : Wang Y , Sheng Z , Li Q , Gao Y , Dai Y , Liu G , Zhao Y , Li N
Ref : Mol Biotechnol , 57 :287 , 2015
Abstract : The lactating human mammary gland and the pancreas both produce bile salt-stimulated lipase (BSSL), a lipolytic enzyme acting on a wide range of substrates, including triglyceride, cholesterol esters, and fat-soluble vitamins esters. Breast milk BSSL has a particularly important role in the digestion of milk fat by newborn infants. We report the generation of transgenic mice that harbored a human BSSL gene controlled by a mammary gland-specific promoter. BSSL levels in transgenic mouse milk were raised to 376.8 mug/ml, corresponding to an activity of 9.15 U/ml. Premature wild-type neonates nursed by transgenic dams exhibited significantly higher survival rate than did the control neonates nursed by wild dams (95 vs. 83.3 % and, P < 0.05). They also showed 43.8 % greater body weight gain and 33.3 % lesser fecal crude fat levels than did the controls. This study provides significant evidence that increased levels of BSSL in milk may reduce mortality and improve the growth and fat absorption in premature mice during neonatal development.
ESTHER : Wang_2015_Mol.Biotechnol_57_287
PubMedSearch : Wang_2015_Mol.Biotechnol_57_287
PubMedID: 25385005

Title : Fighting Alzheimer's Disease and Type 2 Diabetes: Pathological links and Treatment Strategies - Dai_2014_CNS.Neurol.Disord.Drug.Targets_13_271
Author(s) : Dai Y , Kamal MA
Ref : CNS Neurol Disord Drug Targets , 13 :271 , 2014
Abstract : The incidence of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with associated serious complications continues to grow rapidly especially in developed countries. Emerging evidence indicates that AD and T2DM share some common risk factors with comparable pathological features including insulin resistance, amyloidogenesis, glucocorticoid imbalance, inflammation, mitochondrial function and oxidative stress. T2DM has been identified as a risk factor for AD. It has even been hypothesized that AD might be "type 3 diabetes". In addition to amyloid precursor protein processing and tau phosphorylation, commonalities between T2DM and AD in molecular mechanisms provide clues to the identification of novel therapeutic targets such as glucagon-like peptide 1, butyrylcholinesterase, and receptor for advanced glycosylation end products. Although several classes of anti-diabetic drugs are available, achieving long-term glycaemic control without side effects is often challenging. This review summarizes recent evidence for the pathological links, common therapeutic targets, currently the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved and potential future therapies, giving special attention to ongoing clinical trials of antidiabetic drugs in AD patients and common therapeutic strategies in the management of both AD and T2DM.
ESTHER : Dai_2014_CNS.Neurol.Disord.Drug.Targets_13_271
PubMedSearch : Dai_2014_CNS.Neurol.Disord.Drug.Targets_13_271
PubMedID: 24059324

Title : Genome shuffling improves production of the low-temperature alkalophilic lipase by Acinetobacter johnsonii - Wang_2012_Biotechnol.Lett_34_145
Author(s) : Wang H , Zhang J , Wang X , Qi W , Dai Y
Ref : Biotechnol Lett , 34 :145 , 2012
Abstract : The production of a low-temperature alkalophilic lipase from Acinetobacter johnsonii was improved using genome shuffling. The starting populations, obtained by UV irradiation and diethyl sulfate mutagenesis, were subjected to recursive protoplast fusion. The optimal conditions for protoplast formation and regeneration were 0.15 mg lysozyme/ml for 45 min at 37 degrees C. The protoplasts were inactivated under UV for 20 min or heated at 60 degrees C for 60 min and a fusant probability of ~98% was observed. The positive colonies were created by fusing the inactivated protoplasts. After two rounds of genome shuffling, one strain, F22, with a lipase activity of 7 U/ml was obtained.
ESTHER : Wang_2012_Biotechnol.Lett_34_145
PubMedSearch : Wang_2012_Biotechnol.Lett_34_145
PubMedID: 21972140

Title : Over-expression of human lipoprotein lipase in mouse mammary glands leads to reduction of milk triglyceride and delayed growth of suckling pups - Wang_2011_PLoS.One_6_e20895
Author(s) : Wang Y , Tong J , Li S , Zhang R , Chen L , Zheng M , Wang M , Liu G , Dai Y , Zhao Y , Li N
Ref : PLoS ONE , 6 :e20895 , 2011
Abstract : BACKGROUND: The mammary gland is a conserved site of lipoprotein lipase expression across species and lipoprotein lipase attachment to the luminal surface of mammary gland vascular endothelial cells has been implicated in the direction of circulating triglycerides into milk synthesis during lactation. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Here we report generation of transgenic mice harboring a human lipoprotein lipase gene driven by a mammary gland-specific promoter. Lipoprotein lipase levels in transgenic milk was raised to 0.16 mg/ml, corresponding to an activity of 8772.95 mU/ml. High lipoprotein lipase activity led to a significant reduction of triglyceride concentration in milk, but other components were largely unchanged. Normal pups fed with transgenic milk showed inferior growth performances compared to those fed with normal milk. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests a possibility to reduce the triglyceride content of cow milk using transgenic technology.
ESTHER : Wang_2011_PLoS.One_6_e20895
PubMedSearch : Wang_2011_PLoS.One_6_e20895
PubMedID: 21698114

Title : Influence of alcohol treatments on the activity of lipases immobilized on methyl-modified silica aerogels - Gao_2010_Bioresour.Technol_101_7231
Author(s) : Gao S , Wang W , Wang Y , Luo G , Dai Y
Ref : Bioresour Technol , 101 :7231 , 2010
Abstract : The effects of alcohol treatment on the activity and loading amount of Candida rugosa lipase (CRL), Candida Antarctica lipase B (CALB) and Porcine Pancreas lipase (PPL) immobilized on methyl-modified silica aerogels were investigated, and the fluorescent analysis was used to explore the change of lipase hydrophobicity in aqueous solution caused by alcohols. It is found that alcohol types and the stages at which alcohol was added significantly influenced the performance of immobilized lipases through changing the hydrophobicity of the molecules. For CRL and PPL, five kinds of alcohol were added in the adsorption process, and n-butanol and isopropanol improved the apparent activity of CRL and PPL up to 2.5 times and 2 times those of the untreated ones, respectively; however, for CALB, it is better to activate the immobilized CALB after the adsorption process, and the apparent activity of CALB increased up to 2.76 times through n-butanol treatment.
ESTHER : Gao_2010_Bioresour.Technol_101_7231
PubMedSearch : Gao_2010_Bioresour.Technol_101_7231
PubMedID: 20576560

Title : Immobilization of lipase on methyl-modified silica aerogels by physical adsorption - Gao_2009_Bioresour.Technol_100_996
Author(s) : Gao S , Wang Y , Wang T , Luo G , Dai Y
Ref : Bioresour Technol , 100 :996 , 2009
Abstract : In this work, methyl-modified silica aerogels, a new kind of macro-porous material with high porosity, were used as carriers to immobilize lipase by adsorption. SEM, TEM, nitrogen adsorption device, and thermogravimetric analysis were used to characterize the properties of modified aerogels. The surface area was 395.6 m(2)/g, and the average pore diameter was 68.72 nm. The contact angle of aerogel particles increased from 20.9 degrees to 99.2 degrees after methyl modification. Reaction characteristics of the material after enzyme loading were also discussed. The results showed that adsorption capacity could reach 67.42 mg/g; and the maximal enzyme activity was 19.87 micromol min(-1)mg(-1) (protein), and activity retention could reach 56.44%. It is worth mentioning that the amount of modified aerogels added had significant effects on the diameter of droplets and the mass transfer behavior of substrates in the reaction emulsion. Online microscope was used to visualize the droplets in the emulsion, where the aerogel particles were observed locating at the interface of oil and water. The average diameter of droplets reached the minimum when 0.06 g of modified aerogels was added into the reaction emulsion which contained 10 ml of oil and 10 ml of phosphate buffer solution. The phenomenon was resulted from the wettability of methyl-modified silica aerogels.
ESTHER : Gao_2009_Bioresour.Technol_100_996
PubMedSearch : Gao_2009_Bioresour.Technol_100_996
PubMedID: 18684619

Title : Gene delivery by the hSP-B promoter to lung alveolar type II epithelial cells in LAL-knockout mice through bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells - Yan_2007_Gene.Ther_14_1461
Author(s) : Yan C , Lian X , Dai Y , Wang X , Qu P , White A , Qin Y , Du H
Ref : Gene Therapy , 14 :1461 , 2007
Abstract : Tissue damage and inflammation promote bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs) to differentiate into a variety of cell types in residing tissues. BMSCs can stably maintain their plasticity and are an ideal cell population for delivery of therapeutic genes to non-hematopoietic tissues. Using lacZ as a reporter gene, we demonstrated that the lung-specific human surfactant protein B (hSP-B) 1.5-kb promoter is able to deliver the lacZ gene into the lung of lysosomal acid lipase (LAL) gene-knockout (lal-/-) mice by beta-galactosidase staining, flow cytometry and double immunofluorescence staining. Around 10-18% alveolar type II epithelial cells (AT II cells) exhibited positive lacZ gene expression after 8 weeks of BMSC injection in recipient lal-/- mice. The wild-type mice exhibited no expression after the same treatment. BMSCs from hSP-B 1.5-kb lacZ transgenic mice entered and repopulated in lal-/- bone marrow. The study supports a concept that pulmonary inflammation caused by LAL deficiency can trigger BMSC residing in lal-/- bone marrow, migrating into the lung and converting into residential AT II cells. The hSP-B 1.5 kb promoter is an ideal tool to deliver therapeutic genes into AT II cells through BMSCs to cure pulmonary inflammation-triggered diseases.
ESTHER : Yan_2007_Gene.Ther_14_1461
PubMedSearch : Yan_2007_Gene.Ther_14_1461
PubMedID: 17700706

Title : Macrophage-specific expression of human lysosomal acid lipase corrects inflammation and pathogenic phenotypes in lal-\/- mice - Yan_2006_Am.J.Pathol_169_916
Author(s) : Yan C , Lian X , Li Y , Dai Y , White A , Qin Y , Li H , Hume DA , Du H
Ref : American Journal of Pathology , 169 :916 , 2006
Abstract : Lysosomal acid lipase (LAL) hydrolyzes cholesteryl esters and triglycerides to generate free fatty acids and cholesterol in the cell. The downstream metabolites of these compounds serve as hormonal ligands for nuclear receptors and transcription factors. Genetic ablation of the lal gene in the mouse caused malformation of macrophages and inflammation-triggered multiple pathogenic phenotypes in multiple organs. To assess the relationship between macrophages and lal-/- pathogenic phenotypes, a macrophage-specific doxycycline-inducible transgenic system was generated to induce human LAL (hLAL) expression in the lal-/- genetic background under control of the 7.2-kb c-fms promoter/intron2 regulatory sequence. Doxycycline-induced hLAL expression in macrophages significantly ameliorated aberrant gene expression, inflammatory cell (neutrophil) influx, and pathogenesis in multiple organs. These studies strongly support that neutral lipid metabolism in macrophages contributes to organ inflammation and pathogenesis.
ESTHER : Yan_2006_Am.J.Pathol_169_916
PubMedSearch : Yan_2006_Am.J.Pathol_169_916
PubMedID: 16936266

Title : Effects of genetic polymorphisms of metabolic enzymes on cytokinesis-block micronucleus in peripheral blood lymphocyte among coke-oven workers - Leng_2004_Cancer.Epidemiol.Biomarkers.Prev_13_1631
Author(s) : Leng S , Dai Y , Niu Y , Pan Z , Li X , Cheng J , He F , Zheng Y
Ref : Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev , 13 :1631 , 2004
Abstract : Exploring the associations between genetic polymorphisms of metabolic enzymes and susceptibility to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-induced chromosomal damage is of great significance for understanding PAH carcinogenesis. Cytochrome P450, glutathione S-transferase, microsomal epoxide hydrolase, NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase, and N-acetyltransferase are PAH-metabolizing enzymes. In this study, we genotyped for the polymorphisms of these genes and assessed their effects on cytokinesis-block micronucleus (CBMN) frequencies in peripheral blood lymphocytes among 141 coke-oven workers and 66 non-coke-oven worker controls. The geometric means of urinary 1-hydroxypyrene levels in coke-oven workers and the controls were 12.0 and 0.7 micromol/mol creatinine, respectively (P < 0.01). The CBMN frequency (number of micronuclei per 1,000 binucleated lymphocytes) was significantly higher in coke-oven workers (9.5 +/- 6.6 per thousand) than in the controls (4.0 +/- 3.6 per thousand; P < 0.01). Among the coke-oven workers, age was positively associated with CBMN frequency; the mEH His113 variant genotype exhibited significantly lower CBMN frequency (8.5 +/- 6.5 per thousand) than did the Tyr113/Tyr113 genotype (11.3 +/- 6.4 per thousand; P < 0.01); the low mEH activity phenotype exhibited a lower CBMN frequency (8.6 +/- 6.8 per thousand) than did the high mEH activity phenotype (13.2 +/- 6.7 per thousand; P = 0.01); the GSTP1 Val105/Val105 genotype exhibited a higher CBMN frequency (15.0 +/- 5.8 per thousand) than did the GSTP1 Ile105/Ile105 or Ile105/Val105 genotypes (9.3 +/- 6.5 per thousand; P < 0.01); the joint effect of high mEH activity phenotype and GSTM1 null genotype on CBMN frequencies was also found. Gene-environment interactions between occupational PAH exposure and polymorphisms of mEH and/or GSTM1 were also evident. These results indicate that the mEH, GSTP1, and GSTM1 polymorphisms may play a role in sensitivity or genetic susceptibility to the genotoxic effects of PAH exposure in the coke-oven workers.
ESTHER : Leng_2004_Cancer.Epidemiol.Biomarkers.Prev_13_1631
PubMedSearch : Leng_2004_Cancer.Epidemiol.Biomarkers.Prev_13_1631
PubMedID: 15466980