Liu F

References (75)

Title : Current advances in the structural biology and molecular engineering of PETase - Liu_2023_Front.Bioeng.Biotechnol_11_1263996
Author(s) : Liu F , Wang T , Yang W , Zhang Y , Gong Y , Fan X , Wang G , Lu Z , Wang J
Ref : Front Bioeng Biotechnol , 11 :1263996 , 2023
Abstract : Poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) is a highly useful synthetic polyester plastic that is widely used in daily life. However, the increase in postconsumer PET as plastic waste that is recalcitrant to biodegradation in landfills and the natural environment has raised worldwide concern. Currently, traditional PET recycling processes with thermomechanical or chemical methods also result in the deterioration of the mechanical properties of PET. Therefore, it is urgent to develop more efficient and green strategies to address this problem. Recently, a novel mesophilic PET-degrading enzyme (IsPETase) from Ideonella sakaiensis was found to streamline PET biodegradation at 30 degreesC, albeit with a lower PET-degrading activity than chitinase or chitinase-like PET-degrading enzymes. Consequently, the molecular engineering of more efficient PETases is still required for further industrial applications. This review details current knowledge on IsPETase, MHETase, and IsPETase-like hydrolases, including the structures, ligandprotein interactions, and rational protein engineering for improved PET-degrading performance. In particular, applications of the engineered catalysts are highlighted, including metabolic engineering of the cell factories, enzyme immobilization or cell surface display. The information is expected to provide novel insights for the biodegradation of complex polymers.
ESTHER : Liu_2023_Front.Bioeng.Biotechnol_11_1263996
PubMedSearch : Liu_2023_Front.Bioeng.Biotechnol_11_1263996
PubMedID: 37795175

Title : Genome wide identification of GDSL gene family explores a novel GhirGDSL26 gene enhancing drought stress tolerance in cotton - Liu_2023_BMC.Plant.Biol_23_14
Author(s) : Liu J , Wang H , Khan A , Xu Y , Hou Y , Wang Y , Zhou Z , Zheng J , Liu F , Cai X
Ref : BMC Plant Biol , 23 :14 , 2023
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Current climate change scenarios are posing greater threats to the growth and development of plants. Thus, significant efforts are required that can mitigate the negative effects of drought on the cotton plant. GDSL esterase/lipases can offer an imperative role in plant development and stress tolerance. However, thesystematic and functional roles of the GDSL gene family, particularly in cotton under water deficit conditions have not yet been explored. RESULTS: In this study, 103, 103, 99, 198, 203, 239, 249, and 215 GDSL proteins were identified in eight cotton genomes i.e., Gossypium herbaceum (A1), Gossypium arboretum (A2), Gossypium raimondii (D5), Gossypium hirsutum (AD1), Gossypium barbadense (AD2), Gossypium tomentosum (AD3), Gossypium mustelinum (AD4), Gossypium darwinii (AD5), respectively. A total of 198 GDSL genes of Gossypium hirsutum were divided into eleven clades using phylogenetic analysis, and the number of GhirGDSL varied among different clades. The cis-elements analysis showed that GhirGDSL gene expression was mainly related to light, plant hormones, and variable tense environments. Combining the results of transcriptome and RT-qPCR, GhirGDSL26 (Gh_A01G1774), a highly up-regulated gene, was selected for further elucidating its tole in drought stress tolerance via estimating physiological and biochemical parameters. Heterologous expression of the GhirGDSL26 gene in Arabidopsis thaliana resulted in a higher germination and survival rates, longer root lengths, lower ion leakage and induced stress-responsive genes expression under drought stress. This further highlighted that overexpressed plants had a better drought tolerance as compared to the wildtype plants. Moreover, 3, 3'-diaminobenzidine (DAB) and Trypan staining results indicated reduced oxidative damage, less cell membrane damage, and lower ion leakage in overexpressed plants as compared to wild type. Silencing of GhirGDSL26 in cotton via VIGS resulting in a susceptible phenotype, higher MDA and H(2)O(2) contents, lower SOD activity, and proline content. CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrated that GhirGDSL26 plays a critical role in cotton drought stress tolerance. Current findings enrich our knowledge of GDSL genes in cotton and provide theoretical guidance and excellent gene resources for improving drought tolerance in cotton.
ESTHER : Liu_2023_BMC.Plant.Biol_23_14
PubMedSearch : Liu_2023_BMC.Plant.Biol_23_14
PubMedID: 36609252

Title : Study on the Expression Significance of Mb, BChE and cTnI in Myocardial Infarction and Their Relationship with Prognosis - Lu_2023_Altern.Ther.Health.Med__
Author(s) : Lu J , Song J , Liu F , Chen B , Dong Y , Yang Y
Ref : Altern Ther Health Med , : , 2023
Abstract : OBJECTIVE: Circulating biomarkers can be used as effective prediction tools for AMI diagnosis and prognosis, but their prediction efficiency is limited and still needs to be explored. The study aimed to investigate the changes of myocardial troponin I (cTn I), myoglobin (Mb), and butyryl cholinesterase (BChE) levels in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and its clinical predictive efficacy. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, fifty patients with AMI who received PCI (AMI group) and 50 healthy subjects who underwent physical examination (reference group) during the same period were included. According to the occurrence of short-term major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) during 6-month follow-up, they were divided into MACE group and non-MACE group . The difference of Mb, BChE, and cTnI levels was compared, and the ROC curve was drawn to analyze the prediction efficiency. RESULTS: Compared with the reference group or non-MACE group, Mb and cTnI significantly increased and BChE significantly decreased inAMI group and MACE group, respectively (P < .05). The AUC of Mb, cTnI and BChE in diagnosing AMI occurrence and prognosis were all > 0.75, and the sensitivity and specificity were all > 85.00%. cTnI, Mb and BChE have good diagnostic efficacy in disease occurrence and prognosis evaluation of AMI patients. CONCLUSIONS: High expression of Mb and cTnI and low expression of BChE can increase the risk of AMI incidence and MACE occurrence and have high diagnostic efficacy, which can be used as sensitive factors in clinical AMI diagnosis and evaluation. Thess provided a theoretical foundation for AMI diagnosis and MACE preventing in AMI patients.
ESTHER : Lu_2023_Altern.Ther.Health.Med__
PubMedSearch : Lu_2023_Altern.Ther.Health.Med__
PubMedID: 37708555

Title : N-terminal lid swapping contributes to the substrate specificity and activity of thermophilic lipase TrLipE - Fang_2023_Front.Microbiol_14_1193955
Author(s) : Fang Y , Liu F , Shi Y , Yang T , Xin Y , Gu Z , Shi G , Zhang L
Ref : Front Microbiol , 14 :1193955 , 2023
Abstract : TrLipE is a thermophilic lipase that has potential commercial applications because of its catalytic ability under extreme conditions. Consistent with most lipases, the lid of TrLipE is located over the catalytic pocket, controls the substrate channel to the active center, and regulates the substrate specificity, activity, and stability of the enzyme through conformational changes. TrLipE from Thermomicrobium roseum has potential industrial applications, which is hindered by its weak enzymatic activity. Here, 18 chimeras (TrL1-TrL18) were reconstructed by N-terminal lid swapping between TrLipE and structurally similar enzymes. The results showed that the chimeras had a similar pH range and optimum pH as wild TrLipE but a narrower temperature range of 40-80 degreesC, and TrL17 and the other chimeras showed lower optimum temperatures of 70 degreesC and 60 degreesC, respectively. In addition, the half-lives of the chimeras were lower than those of TrLipE under optimum temperature conditions. Molecular dynamics simulations indicated that chimeras had high RMSD, RMSF, and B-factor values. When p-nitrophenol esters with different chains were used as substrates, compared with TrLipE, most of the chimeras had a low K(m) and high k(cat) value. The chimeras TrL2, TrL3, TrL17, and TrL18 could specifically catalyze the substrate 4-nitrophenyl benzoate, with TrL17 showing the highest k(cat)/K(m) value of 363.88 +/- 15.83 L min(-1) mmol(-1). Mutants were then designed by investigating the binding free energies of TrL17 and 4-nitrophenyl benzoate. The results indicated that single, double, and triple substitution variants (M89W and I206N; E33W/I206M and M89W/I206M; and M89W/I206M/L21I and M89W/I206N/L21I, respectively) presented approximately 2- to 3-fold faster catalysis of 4-nitrophenyl benzoate than the wild TrL17. Our observations will facilitate the development of the properties and industrial applications of TrLipE.
ESTHER : Fang_2023_Front.Microbiol_14_1193955
PubMedSearch : Fang_2023_Front.Microbiol_14_1193955
PubMedID: 37434709
Gene_locus related to this paper: therp-b9l0x7

Title : Recent advances in the biodegradation of polyethylene terephthalate with cutinase-like enzymes - Sui_2023_Front.Microbiol_14_1265139
Author(s) : Sui B , Wang T , Fang J , Hou Z , Shu T , Lu Z , Liu F , Zhu Y
Ref : Front Microbiol , 14 :1265139 , 2023
Abstract : Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is a synthetic polymer in the polyester family. It is widely found in objects used daily, including packaging materials (such as bottles and containers), textiles (such as fibers), and even in the automotive and electronics industries. PET is known for its excellent mechanical properties, chemical resistance, and transparency. However, these features (e.g., high hydrophobicity and high molecular weight) also make PET highly resistant to degradation by wild-type microorganisms or physicochemical methods in nature, contributing to the accumulation of plastic waste in the environment. Therefore, accelerated PET recycling is becoming increasingly urgent to address the global environmental problem caused by plastic wastes and prevent plastic pollution. In addition to traditional physical cycling (e.g., pyrolysis, gasification) and chemical cycling (e.g., chemical depolymerization), biodegradation can be used, which involves breaking down organic materials into simpler compounds by microorganisms or PET-degrading enzymes. Lipases and cutinases are the two classes of enzymes that have been studied extensively for this purpose. Biodegradation of PET is an attractive approach for managing PET waste, as it can help reduce environmental pollution and promote a circular economy. During the past few years, great advances have been accomplished in PET biodegradation. In this review, current knowledge on cutinase-like PET hydrolases (such as TfCut2, Cut190, HiC, and LCC) was described in detail, including the structures, ligand-protein interactions, and rational protein engineering for improved PET-degrading performance. In particular, applications of the engineered catalysts were highlighted, such as improving the PET hydrolytic activity by constructing fusion proteins. The review is expected to provide novel insights for the biodegradation of complex polymers.
ESTHER : Sui_2023_Front.Microbiol_14_1265139
PubMedSearch : Sui_2023_Front.Microbiol_14_1265139
PubMedID: 37849919

Title : Adverse effects of sulfamethoxazole on locomotor behavior and lipid metabolism by inhibiting acetylcholinesterase and lipase in Daphnia magna - Zhang_2023_Sci.Total.Environ__164631
Author(s) : Zhang Y , Xiu W , Yan M , Guo X , Ni Z , Gu J , Tang T , Liu F
Ref : Sci Total Environ , :164631 , 2023
Abstract : Sulfamethoxazole (SMZ), a kind of sulfonamide antibiotic, is widely used in both human and veterinary medicine. Frequent detection of SMZ in natural aquatic environments has prompted growing attention and posed ecological risks to the ecosystem and human health. In this study, we investigated the ecotoxicological properties of SMZ upon Daphnia magna, and the mechanisms of the deleterious effects of SMZ were attempted to be elucidated by investigating a chain of parameters, including survival, reproduction, growth, locomotor behavior, metabolism, as well as levels of related enzyme activity and gene expression. After a 14-d sub-chronic exposure to SMZ at environmentally relevant concentrations, we observed virtually no lethal effect, weak growth inhibition, significant reproductive damage, evident ingestion rate decline, obvious change in locomotor behavior, and remarkable metabolic disorder. Notably, we identified SMZ as an inhibitor against acetylcholinesterase (AChE)/lipase in D. magna both in vivo and in vitro, which explained the adverse effects of SMZ on locomotor ability and lipid metabolism at the molecular levels. Furthermore, the direct interactions between SMZ and AChE/lipase were confirmed by using fluorescence spectrum and molecular docking. Together, our findings provide a new insight to advance the understanding of the environmental effects of SMZ on freshwater organisms.
ESTHER : Zhang_2023_Sci.Total.Environ__164631
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2023_Sci.Total.Environ__164631
PubMedID: 37270018
Gene_locus related to this paper: dapul-ACHE1

Title : The role of strigolactone analog (GR24) in endogenous hormone metabolism and hormone-related gene expression in tobacco axillary buds - Tian_2023_Plant.Cell.Rep_43_21
Author(s) : Tian H , Tang B , Fan W , Pan Z , Peng J , Wang Y , Liu F , Liu G
Ref : Plant Cell Rep , 43 :21 , 2023
Abstract : Strigolactone has the potential to influence hormone metabolism, in addition to having a role in inhibiting axillary bud elongation, which could be regulated by the expression of phytohormones-related genes. The elongation of axillary buds affects the economic benefits of tobacco. In this study, it was investigated the effect of strigolactone (SL) on the elongation of tobacco axillary buds and its endogenous hormone metabolism and related gene expression by applying the artificial analog of SL, GR24, and an inhibitor of SL synthesis, TIS-108, to the axillary buds. The results showed that the elongation of axillary buds was significantly inhibited by GR24 on day 2 and day 9. Ultra-high-performance liquid-chromatography-mass spectrometry results further showed that SL significantly affected the metabolism of endogenous plant hormones, altering both their levels and the ratios between each endogenous hormone. Particularly, the levels of auxin (IAA), trans-zeatin-riboside (tZR), N6-(delta(2)-isopentenyl) adenine (iP), gibberellin A(4) (GA(4)), jasmonic acid (JA), and jasmonoyl isoleucine (JA-Ile) were decreased after GR24 treatment on day 9, but the levels of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) and gibberellin A(1) (GA(1)) were significantly increased. Further analysis of endogenous hormonal balance revealed that after the treatment with GR24 on day 9, the ratio of IAA to cytokinin (CTK) was markedly increased, but the ratios of IAA to abscisic acid (ABA), salicylic acid (SA), ACC, JAs, and, GAs were notably decreased. In addition, according to RNA-seq analysis, multiple differentially expressed genes were found, such as GH3.1, AUX/IAA, SUAR20, IPT, CKX1, GA2ox1, ACO3, ERF1, PR1, and HCT, which may play critical roles in the biosynthesis, deactivation, signaling pathway of phytohormones, and the biosynthesis of flavonoids to regulate the elongation of axillary buds in tobacco. This work lays the certain theoretical foundation for the application of SL in regulating the elongation of axillary buds of tobacco.
ESTHER : Tian_2023_Plant.Cell.Rep_43_21
PubMedSearch : Tian_2023_Plant.Cell.Rep_43_21
PubMedID: 38150090

Title : The MAX2-KAI2 module promotes salicylic acid-mediated immune responses in Arabidopsis - Zheng_2023_J.Integr.Plant.Biol__
Author(s) : Zheng X , Liu F , Yang X , Li W , Chen S , Yue X , Jia Q , Sun X
Ref : J Integr Plant Biol , : , 2023
Abstract : Arabidopsis MORE AXILLARY GROWTH2 (MAX2) is a key component in the strigolactone (SL) and karrikin (KAR) signaling pathways and regulates the degradation of SUPPRESSOR OF MAX2 1/SMAX1-like (SMAX1/SMXL) proteins, which are transcriptional co-repressors that regulate plant architecture, as well as abiotic and biotic stress responses. The max2 mutation reduces resistance against Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato (Pst). To uncover the mechanism of MAX2-mediated resistance, we evaluated the resistance of various SL and KAR signaling pathway mutants. The resistance of SL-deficient mutants and of dwarf 14 (d14) was similar to that of the wild type, whereas the resistance of the karrikin insensitive 2 (kai2) mutant was compromised, demonstrating that the KAR signaling pathway, not the SL signaling pathway, positively regulates the immune response. We measured the resistance of smax1 and smxl mutants, as well as the double, triple, and quadruple mutants with max2, which revealed that both the smax1 mutant and smxl6/7/8 triple mutant rescue the low resistance phenotype of max2 and that SMAX1 accumulation diminishes resistance. The susceptibility of smax1D, containing a degradation-insensitive form of SMAX1, further confirmed the SMAX1 function in the resistance. The relationship between the accumulation of SMAX1/SMXLs and disease resistance suggested that the inhibitory activity of SMAX1 to resistance requires SMXL6/7/8. Moreover, exogenous application of KAR2 enhanced resistance against Pst, but KAR-induced resistance depended on salicylic acid (SA) signaling. Inhibition of karrikin signaling delayed SA-mediated defense responses and inhibited pathogen-induced protein biosynthesis. Together, we propose that the MAX2-KAI2-SMAX1 complex regulates resistance with the assistance of SMXL6/7/8 and SA signaling and that SMAX1/SMXLs possibly form a multimeric complex with their target transcription factors to fine-tune immune responses. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
ESTHER : Zheng_2023_J.Integr.Plant.Biol__
PubMedSearch : Zheng_2023_J.Integr.Plant.Biol__
PubMedID: 36738234

Title : Soluble epoxide hydrolase maintains steady-state lipid turnover linked with autocrine signaling in peritoneal macrophages - Liu_2023_iScience_26_107465
Author(s) : Liu F , Diao X , Cong H , Suzuki E , Hasumi K , Takeshima H
Ref : iScience , 26 :107465 , 2023
Abstract : Soluble epoxide hydrolase is a widely distributed bifunctional enzyme that contains N-terminal phosphatase (N-phos) and C-terminal epoxide hydrolase (C-EH) domains. C-EH hydrolyzes anti-inflammatory epoxy-fatty acids to corresponding diols and contributes to various inflammatory conditions. However, N-phos has been poorly examined. In peritoneal macrophages, the N-phos inhibitor amino-hydroxybenzoic acid (AHBA) seemed to primarily interrupt the dephosphorylation of lysophosphatidates and broadly attenuated inflammation-related functions. AHBA activated intrinsic lysophosphatidate and thromboxane A2 receptors by altering lipid-metabolite distribution; downstream the signaling, phospholipase C was facilitated to dampen intracellular Ca(2+) stores and AKT kinase (protein kinase B) was activated to presumably inhibit inflammatory gene expression. Our data suggest that N-phos maintains steady-state phospholipid turnover connecting autocrine signaling and is a prospective target for controlling inflammatory responses in macrophages.
ESTHER : Liu_2023_iScience_26_107465
PubMedSearch : Liu_2023_iScience_26_107465
PubMedID: 37599831

Title : Polylactic acid microplastics induce higher biotoxicity of decabromodiphenyl ethane on earthworms (Eisenia fetida) compared to polyethylene and polypropylene microplastics - Han_2022_Sci.Total.Environ__160909
Author(s) : Han Y , Fu M , Wu J , Zhou S , Qiao Z , Peng C , Zhang W , Liu F , Ye C , Yang J
Ref : Sci Total Environ , :160909 , 2022
Abstract : Decabromodiphenyl ethane (DBDPE) and microplastics (MPs), such as fossil-based polymers polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP), and bio-based plastics polylactic acid (PLA) are abundant in e-waste dismantling areas. However, the information on the effects of DBDPE combined with MPs (DBDPE-MPs) on earthworms is still limited. In this study, we explored the impacts of DBDPE-MPs on neurotoxic biomarkers, tissue damage, and transcriptomics of Eisenia fetida by simulating different exposure patterns of 10 mg kg(-1) DBDPE and 10 mg kg(-1) DBDPE-MPs (PLA, PP, and PE). Results showed that the activities of acetylcholinesterase, Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase, Ca(2+)/Mg(2+)-ATPase, carboxylate enzyme, and the contents of calcium and glutamate were significantly stimulated. DBDPE-MP co-exposure caused more severe damage to the epidermis, muscles, and tissues. Transcriptomic analysis revealed that differentially expressed genes (DEGs) of DBDPE-MPs were mainly related to inflammation, the immune system, digestive system, endocrine system, and metabolism. DBDPE and PP-MPs had similar influences on immunity and metabolism. However, DBDPE-PLA and DBDPE-PE further affected the endocrine system and signaling pathways. Specific DEGs showed that detoxification systems in the case of MPs were significantly upregulated. The study indicated that MPs exacerbated DBDPE toxicity in the nervous system, epidermis, and gene regulation of E. fetida, helping to assess the ecological risks of e-wastes and microplastics in soil.
ESTHER : Han_2022_Sci.Total.Environ__160909
PubMedSearch : Han_2022_Sci.Total.Environ__160909
PubMedID: 36526185

Title : Design, synthesis, and evaluation of 8-aminoquinoline-melatonin derivatives as effective multifunctional agents for Alzheimer's disease - Chen_2022_Ann.Transl.Med_10_303
Author(s) : Chen Z , Yu X , Chen L , Xu L , Cai Y , Hou S , Zheng M , Liu F
Ref : Ann Transl Med , 10 :303 , 2022
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is thought to be a complex, multifactorial syndrome with many related molecular lesions contributing to its pathogenesis. Thus, multi-target-directed ligands are considered an effective way of treating AD. This study sought to evaluate 8-aminoquinoline-melatonin derivatives as effective multifunctional agents for AD. METHODS: Thioflavin-T fluorescence assays were used to detect the inhibitory potency of 8-aminoquinoline-melatonin hybrids (a1-a5, b1-b5, and c1-c5) on self- and acetylcholinesterase (AChE)-induced amyloid-beta (Abeta) aggregation. The AChE and butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE) inhibitory potency within the compounds was evaluated by Ellman's assays. Methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assays were performed to evaluate the cytotoxicity of the compounds to C17.2 cells. MTT assay was used to detect the cell viability of HT22 cells to evaluate the antioxidant effect of the compounds. Metal chelation property was measured by ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometry. RESULTS: Compounds c3 and c5 had superior inhibitory activity against self-induced Abeta aggregation (with inhibitory rates of 41.4+/-2.1 and 25.5+/-3.2 at 10 microM, respectively) compared to the other compounds. Compounds in the carbamate group (i.e., a4, a5, b4, b5, c4, and c5) showed significant BuChE inhibitory activity and excellent selectivity over AChE. Most of the compounds exhibited low cytotoxicity in the C17.2 cells. Notably, a2, a3, b2, and b3 and series c (c1-c5) exhibited strong protective effects. Additionally, a3 and c1 specifically chelated with copper ions. CONCLUSIONS: Taking all of the promising results together, 8-aminoquinoline-melatonin hybrids can serve as lead molecules in the further development of new multi-functional anti-AD agents.
ESTHER : Chen_2022_Ann.Transl.Med_10_303
PubMedSearch : Chen_2022_Ann.Transl.Med_10_303
PubMedID: 35433950

Title : The effect of neostigmine on postoperative delirium after colon carcinoma surgery: a randomized, double-blind, controlled trial - Liu_2022_BMC.Anesthesiol_22_267
Author(s) : Liu F , Lin X , Lin Y , Deng X , Guo Y , Wang B , Dong R , Bi Y
Ref : BMC Anesthesiol , 22 :267 , 2022
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Postoperative delirium (POD) is a critical complication in patients accepting colon carcinoma surgery. Neostigmine, as a cholinesterase inhibitor, can enhance the transmission of cholinergic transmitters in synaptic space, and play an important role in maintaining the normal level of cognition, attention and consciousness. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of neostigmine on POD and clinical prognosis. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind controlled trial was implemented in Qingdao Municipal Hospital Affiliated to Qingdao University. A total of 454 patients aged 40 to 90 years old accepted colon carcinoma surgery were enrolled between June 7, 2020, and June 7, 2021, with final follow-up on December 8, 2021. Patients were randomly assigned to two groups: the neostigmine group (group N) and the placebo group (group P), the patients in group N were injected with 0.04 mg/kg neostigmine and 0.02 mg/kg atropine intravenously. The primary endpoint was the incidence of POD, researchers evaluated the occurrence of POD by the Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) twice daily (at 10 a.m. and 2 p.m.) during the first 7 postoperative days, POD severity was assessed by the Memorial Delirium Assessment Scale (MDAS). The secondary endpoints were the extubating time, postanesthesia care unit (PACU) time, the incidence of various postoperative complications, length of hospital stays, and 6 months postoperative mortality. RESULTS: The incidence of POD was 20.20% (81/401), including 19.39% (38/196) in group N and 20.98% (43/205) in group P. There was no significant statistical significance in the incidence of POD between group N and group P (P > 0.05); Compared to group P, the extubating time and PACU time in group N were significantly reduced (P < 0.001), the incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications (POPCs) decreased significantly in group N (P < 0.05), while no significant differences were observed in postoperative hospital stay and mortality in 6 months between the two groups (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: For patients accepted colon carcinoma surgery, neostigmine did not significantly reduce the incidence of POD, postoperative mortality and postoperative hospital stay, while it indeed reduced the extubating time, PACU time and the incidence of POPCs. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The randomized, double-blind, controlled trial was registered retrospectively at on 07/06/2020 (ChiCTR2000033639).
ESTHER : Liu_2022_BMC.Anesthesiol_22_267
PubMedSearch : Liu_2022_BMC.Anesthesiol_22_267
PubMedID: 35996073

Title : A novel electrochemical sensing platform based on the esterase extracted from kidney bean for high-sensitivity determination of organophosphorus pesticides - Tao_2022_RSC.Adv_12_5265
Author(s) : Tao H , Liu F , Ji C , Wu Y , Wang X , Shi Q
Ref : RSC Adv , 12 :5265 , 2022
Abstract : Similar to acetylcholinesterase, the activity of plant-derived esterase can also be inhibited by organophosphorus pesticides. Therefore, an electrochemical sensing platform using kidney bean esterase as a new detection enzyme was proposed for the highly sensitive determination of organophosphorus pesticides. Purified kidney bean esterase was obtained by an efficient and economical aqueous two-phase extraction method. Carboxylated graphene/carbon nanotube composites (cCNTs-cGR) and Au nanoparticles were used to provide a biocompatible environment to immobilize kidney bean esterase and also accelerate electron transport between the analyte and the electrode surface. Due to the good synergistic electrocatalytic effects of these nanomaterials, the biosensor exhibited an amplified electrocatalytic response to the oxidation of alpha-naphthalenol, which makes the sensor more sensitive. Based on the inhibitory effect of trichlorfon on kidney bean esterase activity, high sensitivity and low-cost detection of trichlorfon was achieved. Under optimum conditions, the inhibition of trichlorfon is proportional to its concentration in the range of 5 to 150 ng L(-1) and 150 ng L(-1) to 700 ng L(-1) with an ultra-low detection limit of 3 ng L(-1). Moreover, the validity of the prepared biosensor was verified by analyzing several actual agricultural products (cabbage and rice) with satisfactory recoveries ranging from 94.05% to 106.76%, indicating that kidney bean esterase is a promising enzyme source for the analysis of organophosphorus pesticides in food samples.
ESTHER : Tao_2022_RSC.Adv_12_5265
PubMedSearch : Tao_2022_RSC.Adv_12_5265
PubMedID: 35425578

Title : Structure-Activity Relationship Assessment of Sophorolipid Ester Derivatives against Model Bacteria Strains - Totsingan_2021_Molecules_26_
Author(s) : Totsingan F , Liu F , Gross RA
Ref : Molecules , 26 : , 2021
Abstract : Sophorolipids (SLs) are glycolipids that consist of a hydrophilic sophorose head group covalently linked to a hydrophobic fatty acid tail. They are produced by fermentation of non-pathogenic yeasts such as Candida Bombicola. The fermentation products predominantly consist of the diacetylated lactonic form that coexists with the open-chain acidic form. A systematic series of modified SLs were prepared by ring opening of natural lactonic SL with n-alkanols of varying chain length under alkaline conditions and lipase-selective acetylation of sophorose primary hydroxyl groups. The antimicrobial activity of modified SLs against Gram-positive human pathogens was a function of the n-alkanol length, as well as the degree of sophorose acetylation at the primary hydroxyl sites. Modified SLs were identified with promising antimicrobial activities against Gram-positive human pathogens with moderate selectivity (therapeutic index, TI = EC(50)/MIC(B. cereus) = 6-33). SL-butyl ester exhibited the best antimicrobial activity (MIC = 12 microM) and selectivity (TI = 33) among all SLs tested. Kinetic studies revealed that SL-ester derivatives kill B. cereus in a time-dependent manner resulting in greater than a 3-log reduction in cell number within 1 h at 2xMIC. In contrast, lactonic SL required 3 h to achieve the same efficiency.
ESTHER : Totsingan_2021_Molecules_26_
PubMedSearch : Totsingan_2021_Molecules_26_
PubMedID: 34069408

Title : Background-free sensing platform for on-site detection of carbamate pesticide through upconversion nanoparticles-based hydrogel suit - Su_2021_Biosens.Bioelectron_194_113598
Author(s) : Su D , Zhao X , Yan X , Han X , Zhu Z , Wang C , Jia X , Liu F , Sun P , Liu X , Lu G
Ref : Biosensors & Bioelectronics , 194 :113598 , 2021
Abstract : On-site monitoring of carbamate pesticide in complex matrix remians as a challenge in terms of the real-time control of food safety and supervision of environmental quality. Herein, we fabricated robust upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPS)/polydopamine (PDA)-based hydrogel portable suit that precisely quantified carbaryl in complex tea samples with smartphone detector. UCNPS/PDA nanoprobe was developed by polymerization of dopamine monomers on the surface of NaErF(4): 0.5% Tm(3+)@NaYF(4) through electrostatic interaction, leading to efficient red luminescence quenching of UCNPS under near-infrared excitation, which circumvented autofluorescence and background interference in complicated environment. Such a luminescence quenching could be suppressed by thiocholine that was produced by acetylcholinesterase-mediated catalytic reaction, thus enabling carbaryl bioassay by inhibiting the activity of enzyme. Bestowed with the feasibility analysis of fluorescent output, portable platform was designed by integrating UCNPS-embedded sodium alginate hydrogel with 3D-printed smartphone device for quantitatively on-site monitoring of carbaryl in the range of 0.5-200 ng mL(-1) in tea sample, accompanied by a detection limit of 0.5 ng mL(-1). Owing to specific UCNPS signatures and hydrogel immobilization, this modular platform displayed sensitive response, portability and anti-interference capability in complex matrix analysis, thus holding great potential in point-of-care application.
ESTHER : Su_2021_Biosens.Bioelectron_194_113598
PubMedSearch : Su_2021_Biosens.Bioelectron_194_113598
PubMedID: 34507097

Title : Identification, characterization and mRNA transcript abundance profiles of the carboxylesterase (CXE5) gene in Eriocheir sinensis suggest that it may play a role in methyl farnesoate degradation - Li_2021_Comp.Biochem.Physiol.B.Biochem.Mol.Biol__110630
Author(s) : Li X , Chen T , Xu R , Huang M , Huang J , Xie Q , Liu F , Su S , Ma K
Ref : Comparative Biochemistry & Physiology B Biochem Mol Biol , :110630 , 2021
Abstract : The sesquiterpenoid methyl farnesoate (MF) is a de-epoxidized form of insect juvenile hormone (JH) III in crustaceans, and its precise titer plays important roles in regulating many critical physiological processes, including reproduction and ovarian maturation. Understanding the synthetic and degradation pathways of MF is equally important for determining how to maintain MF titers at appropriate levels and thus for potential applications in crab aquaculture. Although the synthetic pathway of MF has been well established, little is known about MF degradation. Previous research proposed that specific carboxylesterases (CXEs) that degrade MF in crustaceans are conserved from those of JH III. In this study, we identified a novel Es-CXE5 gene from Eriocheir sinensis. The Es-CXE5 protein contains some conserved motifs, including catalytic triad and oxyanion hole, which are characteristics of the biologically active CXE family. The phylogenetic analysis showed that Es-CXE5 belongs to the hormone/semiochemical processing group of the CXE family. Moreover, Tissue and stage-specific expression results suggested that Es-CXE5 expression in hepatopancreas was highest and associated with the hemolymph MF titer. Furthermore, Es-CXE5 mRNA transcripts were detected in both in vitro and in vivo experiments and ESA experiment in the hepatopancreas and ovary. The results of this study showed that Es-CXE5 mRNA abundance in the hepatopancreas was notably induced by MF addition but had no effect on the ovary. Taken together, our results suggest that Es-CXE5 may degrade MF in the hepatopancreas and may thus be involved in ovarian development in E. sinensis.
ESTHER : Li_2021_Comp.Biochem.Physiol.B.Biochem.Mol.Biol__110630
PubMedSearch : Li_2021_Comp.Biochem.Physiol.B.Biochem.Mol.Biol__110630
PubMedID: 34062270
Gene_locus related to this paper: erisi-a0a7d5ly28

Title : Trelagliptin ameliorates IL-1beta-impaired chondrocyte function via the AMPK\/SOX-9 pathway - Liu_2021_Mol.Immunol_140_70
Author(s) : Liu J , Zuo Q , Li Z , Chen J , Liu F
Ref : Mol Immunol , 140 :70 , 2021
Abstract : Chondrocyte dysregulation plays a critical role in the development of osteoarthritis (OA). The pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) activates chondrocytes and degrades the structural extracellular matrix (ECM). These events are the important mechanism of OA. Trelagliptin, a selective inhibitor of dipeptidyl Peptidase 4 (DPP-4) used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), has displayed a wide range of anti-inflammatory capacities. The effects of Trelagliptin in OA and chondrocytes have not been tested before. Here, we show that Trelagliptin mitigates IL-1beta-induced production of inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin 6 (IL-6), interleukin 8 (IL-8), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in human chondrocytes. Trelagliptin ameliorates IL-1beta-induced oxidative stress by reducing the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Particularly, the presence of Trelagliptin prevents IL-1beta-induced reduction of Acan genes and the protein Aggrecan. Moreover, we show that Trelagliptin restores IL-1beta-induced reduction of SOX-9 and that the knockdown of SOX-9 abolishes the protective effects of Trelagliptin. Mechanistically, we demonstrate that AMPK is required for the amelioration of Trelagliptin on SOX-9- reduction by IL-1beta. Collectively, our study demonstrates that the DPP-4 inhibitor Trelagliptin has a protective effect on chondrocyte function. Trelagliptin may have the potential role to antagonize chondrocyte-derived inflammation in OA.
ESTHER : Liu_2021_Mol.Immunol_140_70
PubMedSearch : Liu_2021_Mol.Immunol_140_70
PubMedID: 34666245

Title : Design and synthesis of novel tacrine-dipicolylamine dimers that are multiple-target-directed ligands with potential to treat Alzheimer's disease - Zhang_2021_Bioorg.Chem_116_105387
Author(s) : Zhang P , Wang Z , Mou C , Zou J , Xie Y , Liu Z , Benjamin Naman C , Mao Y , Wei J , Huang X , Dong J , Yang M , Wang N , Jin H , Liu F , Lin D , Liu H , Zhou F , He S , Zhang B , Cui W
Ref : Bioorg Chem , 116 :105387 , 2021
Abstract : Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a prevalent neurodegenerative disorder that has multiple causes. Therefore, multiple-target-directed ligands (MTDLs), which act on multiple targets, have been developed as a novel strategy for AD therapy. In this study, novel drug candidates were designed and synthesized by the covalent linkings of tacrine, a previously used anti-AD acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor, and dipicolylamine, an beta-amyloid (Abeta) aggregation inhibitor. Most tacrine-dipicolylamine dimers potently inhibited AChE and Abeta(1-42) aggregation in vitro, and 13a exhibited nanomolar level inhibition. Molecular docking analysis suggested that 13a could interact with the catalytic active sites and the peripheral anion site of AChE, and bind to Abeta(1-42) pentamers. Moreover, 13a effectively attenuated Abeta(1-42) oligomers-induced cognitive dysfunction in mice by activating the cAMP-response element binding protein/brain-derived neurotrophic factor signaling pathway, decreasing tau phosphorylation, preventing synaptic toxicity, and inhibiting neuroinflammation. The safety profile of 13a in mice was demonstrated by acute toxicity experiments. All these results suggested that novel tacrine-dipicolylamine dimers, especially 13a, have multi-target neuroprotective and cognitive-enhancing potentials, and therefore might be developed as MTDLs to combat AD.
ESTHER : Zhang_2021_Bioorg.Chem_116_105387
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2021_Bioorg.Chem_116_105387
PubMedID: 34628225

Title : Neuronal-driven glioma growth requires Galphai1 and Galphai3 - Wang_2021_Theranostics_11_8535
Author(s) : Wang Y , Liu YY , Chen MB , Cheng KW , Qi LN , Zhang ZQ , Peng Y , Li KR , Liu F , Chen G , Cao C
Ref : Theranostics , 11 :8535 , 2021
Abstract : Neuroligin-3 (NLGN3) is necessary and sufficient to promote glioma cell growth. The recruitment of Galphai1/3 to the ligand-activated receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) is essential for mediating oncogenic signaling. Methods: Various genetic strategies were utilized to examine the requirement of Galphai1/3 in NLGN3-driven glioma cell growth. Results: NLGN3-induced Akt-mTORC1 and Erk activation was inhibited by decreasing Galphai1/3 expression. In contrast ectopic Galphai1/3 overexpression enhanced NLGN3-induced signaling. In glioma cells, NLGN3-induced cell growth, proliferation and migration were attenuated by Galphai1/3 depletion with shRNA, but facilitated with Galphai1/3 overexpression. Significantly, Galphai1/3 silencing inhibited orthotopic growth of patient-derived glioma xenografts in mouse brain, whereas forced Galphai1/3-overexpression in primary glioma xenografts significantly enhanced growth. The growth of brain-metastatic human lung cancer cells in mouse brain was largely inhibited with Galphai1/3 silencing. It was however expedited with ectopic Galphai1/3 overexpression. In human glioma Galphai3 upregulation was detected, correlating with poor prognosis. Conclusion: Galphai1/3 mediation of NLGN3-induced signaling is essential for neuronal-driven glioma growth.
ESTHER : Wang_2021_Theranostics_11_8535
PubMedSearch : Wang_2021_Theranostics_11_8535
PubMedID: 34373757

Title : A BCNO QDs-MnO(2) nanosheets based fluorescence off-on-off and colorimetric sensor with smartphone detector for the detection of organophosphorus pesticides - Liu_2021_Anal.Chim.Acta_1184_339026
Author(s) : Liu F , Lei T , Zhang Y , Wang Y , He Y
Ref : Anal Chim Acta , 1184 :339026 , 2021
Abstract : In this work, boron carbon oxynitride quantum dots (BCNO QDs) were prepared by a one-step hydrothermal process of ethanolamine and boric acid. BCNO QDs exhibited blue fluorescence with the optimal excitation/emission fluorescence peak at 335 and 420 nm, respectively. As an efficient fluorescence quencher, manganese dioxide (MnO(2)) nanosheets can effectively quench the fluorescence of BCNO QDs via the inner filter effect (IFE). Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) catalyzes the hydrolysis of acetylcholine (ATCh) to produce thiocholine (TCh). TCh can reductively degrade MnO(2) nanosheets to generate Mn(2+), thereby recovering the fluorescence of BCNO QDs. Organophosphorus pesticides (OPs) can inhibit the activity of AChE enzymes, thereby preventing the production of TCh and the decomposition of MnO(2) nanosheets, resulting in the fluorescence "turn-off". Therefore, the concentration of OPs can be detected by measuring the fluorescence intensity change of AChE-ATCh-MnO(2)-BCNO-QDs system. Under optimal experimental conditions, the dynamic detection range of paraoxon is 0.1-250 ng mL(-1), and the detection limit is 0.03 ng mL(-1). Meanwhile, the reaction system also showed concentration-dependent visual color changes from colorless to brownish. Furthermore, we prepared a portable BCNO QDs test paper. By using a smartphone to identify the RGB values of the reaction solution and the corresponding test paper, we carried out the digital image chromaticity analysis, which can shorten the detection time and reduce the detection cost, and provide an effective solution for the rapid detection of OPs on site.
ESTHER : Liu_2021_Anal.Chim.Acta_1184_339026
PubMedSearch : Liu_2021_Anal.Chim.Acta_1184_339026
PubMedID: 34625266

Title : BCL6B hypermethylation predicts metastasis and poor prognosis in early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma after thermal ablation - Li_2021_J.Cancer.Res.Ther_17_644
Author(s) : Li X , Guo M , Yang L , Cheng Z , Yu X , Han Z , Liu F , Sun Q , Han X , Yu J , Liang P
Ref : J Cancer Research Ther , 17 :644 , 2021
Abstract : AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of BCL6B methylation in the progression of early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after thermal ablation. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This is a retrospective study and written informed consent was obtained from all patients or their legal guardians. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Between October 2008 and December 2013, 73 patients with early-stage HCC within the Milan criteria, who received thermal ablation, were recruited. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: Based on methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction, the relationship between BCL6B methylation and patient characteristics and prognosis was analyzed using univariate, multivariate, and Kaplan-Meier analysis. RESULTS: The median follow-up period was 56 (8-110) months. For the BCL6B unmethylated group, the 1-, 3- and 5-year metastasis and overall survival (OS) rates after thermal ablation were 10.0%, 10.0%, and 40.0% and 100%, 100% and 90.0%, respectively. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year metastasis and OS rates of the methylated group were 23.8%, 66.7% and 88.9% and 66.2%, 71.4% and 41.3%, respectively. Levels of absolute count lymphocyte, serum cholinesterase and albumin in the BCL6B unmethylated group were higher than those in the methylated group (P = 0.020, 0.000, and 0.009, respectively). Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that BCL6B methylation was related to metastasis and poor prognosis (P = 0.001 and 0.018, respectively). Univariate analysis revealed that BCL6B methylation was a risk factor for metastasis and poor prognosis (odds ratio [OR]: 5.663; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.745-18.375, P = 0.004 and OR: 3.734; 95% CI, 1.151-12.110, P = 0.028, respectively). Multivariate analysis revealed that BCL6B methylation was an independent risk factor for metastasis (OR: 3.736; 95% CI, 1.000-13.963,P = 0.05) and not for prognosis (OR: 2.780; 95% CI, 0.835-9.250,P = 0.096). CONCLUSIONS: BCL6B methylation could be a valuable prognostic factor for metastasis and poor prognosis in early-stage HCC after thermal ablation, which is an independent risk factor for metastasis. Our findings provide insights for combining ablation and epigenetic therapy for patients with HCC.
ESTHER : Li_2021_J.Cancer.Res.Ther_17_644
PubMedSearch : Li_2021_J.Cancer.Res.Ther_17_644
PubMedID: 34269294

Title : Chiral organophosphorous pesticides fosthiazate: absolute configuration, stereoselective bioactivity, toxicity, and degradation in vegetables - Li_2020_J.Agric.Food.Chem_68_7609
Author(s) : Li L , Xu JY , Lv B , Kaziem AE , Liu F , Shi HY , Wang M
Ref : Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry , 68 :7609 , 2020
Abstract : Fosthiazate is a widely used chiral organophosphorous nematicide with four stereoisomers. The present study systemically assessed the stereoselectivity of fosthiazate for the first time, including absolute configuration confirmation, stereoselective bioactivity toward nematode and aphid, toxicity to honeybees, and the stereoselective degradation in cucumber and pepper under field conditions. The absolute configurations of the four stereoisomers that eluted on the Superchiral IG-3 column were confirmed as (1S,3R)-(-)-fosthiazate, (1S,3S)-(-)-fosthiazate, (1R,3S)-(+)-fosthiazate, and (1R,3R)-(+)-fosthiazate. Compared with other two stereoisomers, (1S,3R)-fosthiazate and (1S,3S)-fosthiazate possess more than 100 times bioactive and 10 times toxic toward the target and non-target organisms, respectively. The molecular docking found that (1S,3R)-fosthiazate and (1S,3S)-fosthiazate had shorter binding distances and lower energies with acetylcholinesterase (AChE) which illuminated the mechanism of the experimental results. In addition, both the high-bioactive stereoisomers had faster degradation rates in cucumber and pepper. Based on the results of bioactivity, toxicity, and degradation behavior, the stereoisomer mixture of (1S,3R)-fosthiazate and (1S,3S)-fosthiazate will be a better option than the racemic fosthiazate to increase the bioactivity and reduce application dosage.
ESTHER : Li_2020_J.Agric.Food.Chem_68_7609
PubMedSearch : Li_2020_J.Agric.Food.Chem_68_7609
PubMedID: 32598147

Title : Identification of Oliver-McFarlane syndrome caused by novel compound heterozygous variants of PNPLA6 - Liu_2020_Gene__145027
Author(s) : Liu F , Ji Y , Li G , Xu C , Sun Y
Ref : Gene , :145027 , 2020
Abstract : OBJECTIVES: Oliver-McFarlane syndrome (OMCS) is an autosomal recessive inherited disease resulting from PNPLA6 mutations that results in intellectual impairment and profound short stature. To obtain a better understanding of the genotype-phenotype correlations for PNPLA6-related disorders, we reported the 14th OMCS case and summarized all the reported cases of OMCS. METHODS: We collected clinical biochemical and data and brain MRI data and used whole-exon gene detection and analysis tools to evaluate the pathogenicity of the variants, including PolyPhen-2 and Mutation Taster, and we also generated three-dimensional protein structures and visualized the effects of altered residues with I-TASSER and PyMOL Viewer software. RESULTS: The patient presented with trichomegaly and multiple pituitary hormone deficiencies. Brain MRI showed small pituitary and bilateral paraventricular leukomalacia. Novel variants (c.1491G>T and c.3367G>A) in the PNPLA6 gene were detected in the proband and verified by direct sequencing. Amino acid residues of Gln497 and Gly1123 are predicted to be damaging and destroy the three-dimensional protein structures of the protein. In follow-up, this patient could neither walk nor hold his head erect and had not spoken one word at the age of one year and ten months. Moreover, there is no obvious hot spot mutation in any of the reported allelic variants. Interestingly, the majority of mutations are located in the phospholipid esterase domain, which is responsible for esterase activity. CONCLUSIONS: We identified two novel variants of the PNPLA6 gene in an OMCS patient, which will help to better understand the function of PNPLA6 and genotype-phenotype correlations for PNPLA6-related disorders.
ESTHER : Liu_2020_Gene__145027
PubMedSearch : Liu_2020_Gene__145027
PubMedID: 32758583

Title : The immunotoxicity and neurobehavioral toxicity of zebrafish induced by famoxadone-cymoxanil - Cheng_2020_Chemosphere_247_125870
Author(s) : Cheng B , Zhang H , Hu J , Peng Y , Yang J , Liao X , Liu F , Guo J , Hu C , Lu H
Ref : Chemosphere , 247 :125870 , 2020
Abstract : As a new protective and therapeutic fungicide, studies on famoxadone-cymoxanil are rare, and its toxicity to aquatic organisms has not been reported. In the present study, zabrafish embryos were exposed to several concentrations of famoxadone-cymoxanil at 10 hpf. Then, the changes of their shape, heart rate, development and function of innate and adaptive immune cells, oxidative stress, apoptosis, the expression of apoptosis-related genes and immune-related genes, the locomotor behavior were observed and detected in acute toxicity of famoxadone-cymoxanil. Our studies showed that, after exposure to famoxadone-cymoxanil, zebrafish embryos had decreased heart rate, shortened body length, swollen yolk sac. Secondly, the number of innate and adaptive immune cells was significantly reduced; and neutrophil migration and retention at the injury area were inhibited, indicating the developmental toxicity and immunotoxicity of famoxadone-cymoxanil on the zebrafish. We also found that the oxidative stress related indicators of embryos were changed significantly, and apoptosis were substantially increased. Further investigation of changes of some key genes in TLR signaling including TLR4, MYD88 and NF-kappaB p65 revealed that the mRNA expression of these genes was up-regulated. Meanwhile, the mRNA expression of some proinflammatory cytokines such as TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma, IL6 and IL-1beta was also up-regulated. In addition, the activity, the total distance, time and average speed were decreased along with the increase of exposure concentration. The absolute turn angle, sinuosity and the enzymatic activity of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) were also increased. These results suggested that famoxadone-cymoxanil can induce developmental toxicity, immunotoxicity and neurobehavioral toxicity in zebrafish larvae.
ESTHER : Cheng_2020_Chemosphere_247_125870
PubMedSearch : Cheng_2020_Chemosphere_247_125870
PubMedID: 31931321

Title : Genome sequencing of the Australian wild diploid species Gossypium australe highlights disease resistance and delayed gland morphogenesis - Cai_2020_Plant.Biotechnol.J_18_814
Author(s) : Cai Y , Cai X , Wang Q , Wang P , Zhang Y , Cai C , Xu Y , Wang K , Zhou Z , Wang C , Geng S , Li B , Dong Q , Hou Y , Wang H , Ai P , Liu Z , Yi F , Sun M , An G , Cheng J , Shi Q , Xie Y , Shi X , Chang Y , Huang F , Chen Y , Hong S , Mi L , Sun Q , Zhang L , Zhou B , Peng R , Zhang X , Liu F
Ref : Plant Biotechnol J , 18 :814 , 2020
Abstract : The diploid wild cotton species Gossypium australe possesses excellent traits including resistance to disease and delayed gland morphogenesis, and has been successfully used for distant breeding programmes to incorporate disease resistance traits into domesticated cotton. Here, we sequenced the G. australe genome by integrating PacBio, Illumina short read, BioNano (DLS) and Hi-C technologies, and acquired a high-quality reference genome with a contig N50 of 1.83 Mb and a scaffold N50 of 143.60 Mb. We found that 73.5% of the G. australe genome is composed of various repeat sequences, differing from those of G. arboreum (85.39%), G. hirsutum (69.86%) and G. barbadense (69.83%). The G. australe genome showed closer collinear relationships with the genome of G. arboreum than G. raimondii and has undergone less extensive genome reorganization than the G. arboreum genome. Selection signature and transcriptomics analyses implicated multiple genes in disease resistance responses, including GauCCD7 and GauCBP1, and experiments revealed induction of both genes by Verticillium dahliae and by the plant hormones strigolactone (GR24), salicylic acid (SA) and methyl jasmonate (MeJA). Experiments using a Verticillium-resistant domesticated G. barbadense cultivar confirmed that knockdown of the homologues of these genes caused a significant reduction in resistance against Verticillium dahliae. Moreover, knockdown of a newly identified gland-associated gene GauGRAS1 caused a glandless phenotype in partial tissues using G. australe. The G. australe genome represents a valuable resource for cotton research and distant relative breeding as well as for understanding the evolutionary history of crop genomes.
ESTHER : Cai_2020_Plant.Biotechnol.J_18_814
PubMedSearch : Cai_2020_Plant.Biotechnol.J_18_814
PubMedID: 31479566
Gene_locus related to this paper: gosra-a0a0d2pzd7

Title : Effects of lincomycin hydrochloride on the neurotoxicity of zebrafish - Cheng_2020_Ecotoxicol.Environ.Saf_201_110725
Author(s) : Cheng B , Jiang F , Su M , Zhou L , Zhang H , Cao Z , Liao X , Xiong G , Xiao J , Liu F , Lu H
Ref : Ecotoxicology & Environmental Safety , 201 :110725 , 2020
Abstract : Lincomycin hydrochloride is one of the commonly used drugs in clinic. However, it has many side effects on patients, and its mechanism is still poorly understood. In this study, 6 h post-fertilization (6 hpf) zebrafish embryos were exposed to several concentrations of lincomycin hydrochloride (15, 30, 60 mug/mL) for up to 24 or 96 hpf to detect their developmental toxicity and neurotoxicity, and to 6 days post-fertilization (6 dpf) to detect their behavioral toxicity. Our results showed that lincomycin hydrochloride could lead to embryonic head deformities (unclear ventricles, smaller ventricles, fewer new neurons). The studies showed that the frequency of spontaneous tail flick of zebrafish embryo increased at 24 hpf, and the lincomycin hydrochloride exposed zebrafish embryos showed increased heart rate, shorter body length, and yolk sac edema with severe pericardial edema at 96 hpf. The studies also showed that lincomycin hydrochloride increased oxidative stress level, Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity, ATPase activity and apoptosis in zebrafish larvae. In addition, the swimming behavior of zebrafish larvae decreased with the increase of lincomycin hydrochloride concentration, but the angular velocity and meandering degree increased, which might be due to the decreased activity of AChE and ATPase, as well as the decreased expression of genes related to neurodevelopment and neurotransmitter system, leading to the change of their motor behaviors. In summary, we found that lincomycin hydrochloride induced developmental toxicity and neurotoxicity in zebrafish larvae, contributing to a more comprehensive evaluation of the safety of the drug.
ESTHER : Cheng_2020_Ecotoxicol.Environ.Saf_201_110725
PubMedSearch : Cheng_2020_Ecotoxicol.Environ.Saf_201_110725
PubMedID: 32474209

Title : A new fluorescent probe for sensing of biothiols and screening of acetylcholinesterase inhibitors - Wu_2020_Org.Biomol.Chem__
Author(s) : Wu S , Li Y , Deng T , Wang X , Hu S , Peng G , Huang XA , Ling Y , Liu F
Ref : Org Biomol Chem , : , 2020
Abstract : A new N2O-type BODIPY probe (LF-Bop) has been proposed for the selective and sensitive detection of biologically relevant small molecular thiols. This detection is based on the Michael addition reaction between the thiol and nitrostyrene groups in the probe, which decreases the quenching effect from the nitro group, thus resulting in the recovery of the deep-red fluorescence from the BODIPY structure. The results show that LF-Bop is able to detect all tested free thiols through a fluorescence turn-on assay. The lowest limit of detection (LOD) for glutathione was found to be down to nanomolar levels (220 nM). Based on this probe, we have developed a new fluorescence assay for the screening of acetylcholinesterase inhibitors. In total, 11 natural and synthetic alkaloids have been evaluated. Both experimental measurements and theoretical molecular docking results reveal that both natural berberine and its synthetic derivative dihydroberberine are potential inhibitors of acetylcholinesterase.
ESTHER : Wu_2020_Org.Biomol.Chem__
PubMedSearch : Wu_2020_Org.Biomol.Chem__
PubMedID: 32167516

Title : Therapeutic efficacy and immunoregulatory effect of Qiangji Jianli Capsule for patients with myasthenia gravis: Study protocol for a series of randomized, controlled N-of-1 trials - Weng_2020_Medicine.(Baltimore)_99_e23679
Author(s) : Weng S , Fan Z , Qiu G , Liu F , Huang L , Li J , Jiang X , Song Z , Gao Y , Zhong Z , He L , Kang L , Wu Y , Chen B , Jiang Q
Ref : Medicine (Baltimore) , 99 :e23679 , 2020
Abstract : INTRODUCTION: Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease in which antibodies directly target components of the neuromuscular junction, causing neuromuscular conduction damage that leads to muscle weakness. The current pharmaceutical treatment for MG is still not ideal to address the problems of disease progression, high recurrence rate, and drug side effects. Clinical observations suggest that traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) can strengthen immunity and improve symptoms of MG patients, delay the progression of the disease, reduce or even prevent the need for immunosuppressive therapy when used in combination with acetylcholinesterase inhibitors or low-dose prednisone, as well as improve the quality of life of patients. The Qiangji Jianli Capsule (QJC) is a combination of medicinal herbs which is used in traditional Chinese medicine. Since MG is a rare disorder, randomized controlled trials comparing large cohorts are difficult to conduct. Therefore, we proposed to aggregate data from a small series of N-of-1 trials to assess the effect of the Chinese medical prescription QJC, which strengthens the spleen and nourishes Qi, as an add-on treatment for MG with spleen and stomach Qi deficiency syndrome. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Single-center, randomized, double-blind, multiple crossover N-of-1 studies will compare QJC versus placebo in 5 adult MG patients with spleen and stomach Qi deficiency syndrome. Patients will undergo 3 cycles of two 4-week intervention periods. According to the treatment schedule, patients will continue to be treated with pyridine bromide tablets, prednisone acetate, tablets and/or tacrolimus capsules throughout the entire trial. Each period consisting of 4-week oral add-on treatment with QJC will be compared with 4-week add-on treatment with a placebo. The primary endpoints are quantitative myasthenia gravis (QMG) test; measurement of the amount of Treg cells and cytokines such as interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), interleukin-4 (IL-4), interleukin-17A (IL-17A), and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta); and corticosteroid or immunosuppressive agent dosage. Secondary outcome measures: Clinical: Evaluation of the effect of TCM syndromes; MG-activities of daily living (MG-ADL) scales; adverse events. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study was approved by The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine (GZUCM), No. ZYYECK[2019]038. The results will be published in a peer-reviewed publication. Regulatory stakeholders will comment on the suitability of the trial for market authorization and reimbursement purposes. Trial registration: Chinese Clinical Trial Register, ID: ChiCTR2000033516. Registered on 3 June 2020,
ESTHER : Weng_2020_Medicine.(Baltimore)_99_e23679
PubMedSearch : Weng_2020_Medicine.(Baltimore)_99_e23679
PubMedID: 33371107

Title : Specific quorum sensing molecules of ammonia oxidizers and their role during ammonium metabolism in Zhalong wetland, China - Liu_2019_Sci.Total.Environ_666_1106
Author(s) : Liu F , Zhang Y , Liang H , Gao D
Ref : Sci Total Environ , 666 :1106 , 2019
Abstract : The primary challenge of ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA) and ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) surviving in wetlands are the rapid and unpredictable environmental changes. To adapt to a fluctuant environment, ammonia oxidizers have to communicate with each other via acyl-homoserine lactones (AHLs). In this study, AOA and AOB in the soil samples taken from Zhalong wetland were incubated. Dynamics of AHLs during the incubation of ammonia oxidizers were measured. Then, the specific AHLs of AOA and AOB were identified, respectively. The results showed that AOA secreted N-butyryl-dl-homoserine lactone (C4-HSL) and N-octanoyl-l-homoserine lactone (C8-HSL) to cope with nitrite accumulation, while they secreted N-(3-oxododecanoyl)-dl-homoserine lactone (OXOC12-HSL) to regulate their ammonium metabolism activity. AOB secreted N-hexanoyl-dl-homoserine lactone (C6-HSL), N-dodecanoyl-l-homoserine lactone (C12-HSL), N-tetradecanoyl-dl-homoserine lactone (C14-HSL) and N-(3-oxododecanoyl)-tetradecanoyl-dl-homoserine lactone (OXOC14-HSL) only to enhance the metabolism activity. The dominant AOA belonged to the Nitrososphaera lineage, while the dominant AOB grouped into the Nitrosomonas lineage. The AHLs receptor homologs were identified in both AOA and AOB, which confirmed that AOA and AOB had the QS system. The present work was the first study that elucidated the QS system of AOA and AOB in multidimensional, and confirmed the role of QS system in ammonia oxidizers' metabolism.
ESTHER : Liu_2019_Sci.Total.Environ_666_1106
PubMedSearch : Liu_2019_Sci.Total.Environ_666_1106
PubMedID: 30970476

Title : Traditional Chinese Medicine Shenmayizhi Decoction Ameliorates Memory And Cognitive Impairment Induced By Scopolamine Via Preventing Hippocampal Cholinergic Dysfunction In Rats - Wu_2019_Neuropsychiatr.Dis.Treat_15_3167
Author(s) : Wu Q , Cao Y , Liu M , Liu F , Brantner AH , Yang Y , Wei Y , Zhou Y , Wang Z , Ma L , Wang F , Pei H , Li H
Ref : Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat , 15 :3167 , 2019
Abstract : Purpose: Clinical trials have illustrated that Shenmayizhi decoction (SMYZ) could improve the cognitive functions in patients with dementia. However, the mechanism needs to be explored. Methods: Fifty adult male rats (Wistar strain) were divided into five groups equally and randomly, including control, model, and SMYZ of low dose, medium dose and high dose. Rats in each group received a daily gavage of respective treatment. Rats in control and model group were administrated by the same volume of distilled water. Memory impairment was induced by intraperitoneal administration of scopolamine (0.7 mg/kg) for 5 continuous days. Four weeks later, Morris water maze (MWM) was performed to evaluate the spatial memory in all rats. Then, rats were sacrificed and the hippocampus was removed for further tests. Furthermore, Western blot analysis was employed to assess the levels of acetylcholine M1 receptor (M1), acetylcholine M2 receptor (M2), acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and cholineacetyltransferase (ChAT). AChE and ChAT activities were determined. Results: The SMYZ decoction significantly improved behavioral performance of rats in high dose. The SMYZ decoction in three doses exhibited anti-acetylcholinesterase activity. In addition, a high dose of SMYZ promoted ChAT activity. Moreover, a high dose of SMYZ increased the level of ChAT and declined the level of AChE assessed by Western blotting. Besides, an increased level of M1 receptor was found after treatment. Conclusion: Shenmayizhi decoction could mitigate scopolamine-induced cognitive deficits through the preventative effect on cholinergic system dysfunction.
ESTHER : Wu_2019_Neuropsychiatr.Dis.Treat_15_3167
PubMedSearch : Wu_2019_Neuropsychiatr.Dis.Treat_15_3167
PubMedID: 31814724

Title : Fascaplysin Derivatives Are Potent Multitarget Agents against Alzheimer's Disease: in Vitro and in Vivo Evidence - Pan_2019_ACS.Chem.Neurosci_10_4741
Author(s) : Pan H , Qiu H , Zhang K , Zhang P , Liang W , Yang M , Mou C , Lin M , He M , Xiao X , Zhang D , Wang H , Liu F , Li Y , Jin H , Yan X , Liang H , Cui W
Ref : ACS Chem Neurosci , 10 :4741 , 2019
Abstract : Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by progressive neurodegeneration and impaired cognitive functions. Fascaplysin is a beta-carboline alkaloid isolated from marine sponge Fascaplysinopsis bergquist in 1988. Previous studies have shown that fascaplysin might act on acetylcholinesterase and beta-amyloid (Abeta) to produce anti-AD properties. In this study, a series of fascaplysin derivatives were synthesized. The cholinesterase inhibition activities, the neuronal protective effects, and the toxicities of these compounds were evaluated in vitro. Compounds 2a and 2b, the two most powerful compounds in vitro, were further selected to evaluate their cognitive-enhancing effects in animals. Both 2a and 2b could ameliorate cognitive dysfunction induced by scopolamine or Abeta oligomers without affecting locomotor functions in mice. We also found that 2a and 2b could prevent cholinergic dysfunctions, decrease pro-inflammatory cytokine expression, and inhibit Abeta-induced tau hyperphosphorylation in vivo. Most importantly, pharmacodynamics studies suggested that 2b could penetrate the blood-brain barrier and be retained in the central nervous system. All these results suggested that fascaplysin derivatives are potent multitarget agents against AD and might be clinical useful for AD treatment.
ESTHER : Pan_2019_ACS.Chem.Neurosci_10_4741
PubMedSearch : Pan_2019_ACS.Chem.Neurosci_10_4741
PubMedID: 31639294

Title : Rational design of a Yarrowia lipolytica derived lipase for improved thermostability - Zhang_2019_Int.J.Biol.Macromol_137_1190
Author(s) : Zhang H , Sang J , Zhang Y , Sun T , Liu H , Yue R , Zhang J , Wang H , Dai Y , Lu F , Liu F
Ref : Int J Biol Macromol , 137 :1190 , 2019
Abstract : To improve the thermostability of the lipase LIP2 from Yarrowia lipolytica, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations at various temperatures were used to investigate the common fluctuation sites of the protein, which are considered to be thermally weak points. Two of these residues were selected for mutations to improve the enzyme's thermostability, and the variants predicted by MD simulations to have improved thermostability were expressed in Pichia pastoris GS115 for further investigations. According to the proline rule, the high fluctuation site S115 or V213 was replaced with proline residue, the two lipase mutants S115P and V213P were obtained. The mutant V213P exhibited evidently enhanced thermostability with an approximately 70% longer half-life at 50 degrees C than that of the parent LIP2 expressed in P. pastoris. The temperature optimum of V213P was 42 degrees C, which was about 5.0 degrees C higher than that of the parent LIP2, while its specific catalytic activity was comparable to that of the parent and reached 876.5U/mg. The improved thermostability of V213P together with its high catalytic efficiency indicated that the rational design strategy employed here can be efficiently applied for structure optimization of industrially important enzymes.
ESTHER : Zhang_2019_Int.J.Biol.Macromol_137_1190
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2019_Int.J.Biol.Macromol_137_1190
PubMedID: 31299254
Gene_locus related to this paper: yarli-lip2

Title : 9-Methylfascaplysin Is a More Potent Abeta Aggregation Inhibitor than the Marine-Derived Alkaloid, Fascaplysin, and Produces Nanomolar Neuroprotective Effects in SH-SY5Y Cells - Sun_2019_Mar.Drugs_17_
Author(s) : Sun Q , Liu F , Sang J , Lin M , Ma J , Xiao X , Yan S , Naman CB , Wang N , He S , Yan X , Cui W , Liang H
Ref : Mar Drugs , 17 : , 2019
Abstract : beta-Amyloid (Abeta) is regarded as an important pathogenic target for Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most prevalent neurodegenerative disease. Abeta can assemble into oligomers and fibrils, and produce neurotoxicity. Therefore, Abeta aggregation inhibitors may have anti-AD therapeutic efficacies. It was found, here, that the marine-derived alkaloid, fascaplysin, inhibits Abeta fibrillization in vitro. Moreover, the new analogue, 9-methylfascaplysin, was designed and synthesized from 5-methyltryptamine. Interestingly, 9-methylfascaplysin is a more potent inhibitor of Abeta fibril formation than fascaplysin. Incubation of 9-methylfascaplysin with Abeta directly reduced Abeta oligomer formation. Molecular dynamics simulations revealed that 9-methylfascaplysin might interact with negatively charged residues of Abeta42 with polar binding energy. Hydrogen bonds and pi(-)pi interactions between the key amino acid residues of Abeta42 and 9-methylfascaplysin were also suggested. Most importantly, compared with the typical Abeta oligomer, Abeta modified by nanomolar 9-methylfascaplysin produced less neuronal toxicity in SH-SY5Y cells. 9-Methylfascaplysin appears to be one of the most potent marine-derived compounds that produces anti-Abeta neuroprotective effects. Given previous reports that fascaplysin inhibits acetylcholinesterase and induces P-glycoprotein, the current study results suggest that fascaplysin derivatives can be developed as novel anti-AD drugs that possibly act via inhibition of Abeta aggregation along with other target mechanisms.
ESTHER : Sun_2019_Mar.Drugs_17_
PubMedSearch : Sun_2019_Mar.Drugs_17_
PubMedID: 30781608

Title : Bialternacins A-F, Aromatic Polyketide Dimers from an Endophytic Alternaria sp - Yang_2019_J.Nat.Prod_82_792
Author(s) : Yang CL , Wu HM , Liu CL , Zhang X , Guo ZK , Chen Y , Liu F , Liang Y , Jiao RH , Tan RX , Ge HM
Ref : Journal of Natural Products , 82 :792 , 2019
Abstract : Six novel aromatic polyketide dimers, bialternacins A-F (1-6), were isolated from a plant endophytic Alternaria sp. The structures of compounds 1-6 were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analysis, single-crystal X-ray diffraction, and electronic circular dichroism analysis. Compounds 1, 2, 5, and 6 were characterized as four pairs of racemic mixtures. Compound (+)-5 was demonstrated to show acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity with an IC50 value of 15.5 muM. A putative biosynthetic pathway for these compounds was proposed.
ESTHER : Yang_2019_J.Nat.Prod_82_792
PubMedSearch : Yang_2019_J.Nat.Prod_82_792
PubMedID: 30794407

Title : Designing of a Cofactor Self-Sufficient Whole-Cell Biocatalyst System for Production of 1,2-Amino Alcohols from Epoxides - Liu_2019_ACS.Synth.Biol_8_734
Author(s) : Liu S , Zhang X , Liu F , Xu M , Yang T , Long M , Zhou J , Osire T , Yang S , Rao Z
Ref : ACS Synth Biol , 8 :734 , 2019
Abstract : Optically pure 1,2-amino alcohols are highly valuable products as intermediates for chiral pharmaceutical products. Here we designed an environmentally friendly non-natural biocatalytic cascade for efficient synthesis of 1,2-amino alcohols from cheaper epoxides. A redesignated omega-transaminase PAKomega-TA was tested and showed good bioactivity at a lower pH than other reported transaminases. The cascade was efficiently constructed as a single one-pot E. coli recombinant, by coupling SpEH (epoxide hydrolase), MnADH (alcohol dehydrogenase), and PAKomega-TA. Furthermore, RBS regulation strategy was used to overcome the rate limiting step by increasing expression of MnADH. For cofactor regeneration and amino donor source, an interesting point was involved as that a cofactor self-sufficient system was designed by expression of GluDH. It established a "bridge" between the cofactor and the cosubstrate, such that the cofactor self-sufficient system could release cofactor (NADP(+)) and cosubstrate (l-Glutamine) regenerated simultaneously. The recombinant E. coli BL21 (SGMP) with cofactor self-sufficient whole-cell cascade biocatalysis showed high ee value (>99%) and high yield, with 99.6% conversion of epoxide ( S)-1a to 1,2-amino alcohol ( S)-1d in 10 h. It further converted ( S)-2a-5a to ( S)-2d-5d with varying conversion rates ranging between 65-96.4%. This study first provides one-step synthesis of optically pure 1,2-amino alcohols from ( S)-epoxides employing a synthetic redox-self-sufficient cascade.
ESTHER : Liu_2019_ACS.Synth.Biol_8_734
PubMedSearch : Liu_2019_ACS.Synth.Biol_8_734
PubMedID: 30840437

Title : Glycogen synthase kinase-3beta suppresses the expression of protein phosphatase methylesterase-1 through beta-catenin - Jin_2019_Aging.(Albany.NY)_11_9672
Author(s) : Jin N , Shi R , Jiang Y , Chu D , Gong CX , Iqbal K , Liu F
Ref : Aging (Albany NY) , 11 :9672 , 2019
Abstract : Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is the major tau phosphatase. Its activity toward tau is regulated by the methylation of PP2A catalytic subunit (PP2Ac) at Leu309. Protein phosphatase methylesterase-1 (PME-1) demethylates PP2Ac and suppresses its activity. We previously found that glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta) suppresses PME-1 expression. However, the underlying molecular mechanism is unknown. In the present study, we analyzed the promoter of PME-1 gene and found that human PME-1 promoter contains two lymphoid enhancer binding factor-1/T-cell factor (LEF1/TCF) cis-elements in which beta-catenin serves as a co-activator. beta-catenin acted on these two cis-elements and promoted PME-1 expression. GSK-3beta phosphorylated beta-catenin and suppressed its function in promoting PME-1 expression. Inhibition and activation of GSK-3beta by PI3K-AKT pathway promoted and suppressed, respectively, PME-1 expression in primary cultured neurons, SH-SY5Y cells and in the mouse brain. These findings suggest that GSK-3beta phosphorylates beta-catenin and suppresses its function on PME-1 expression, resulting in an increase of PP2Ac methylation.
ESTHER : Jin_2019_Aging.(Albany.NY)_11_9672
PubMedSearch : Jin_2019_Aging.(Albany.NY)_11_9672
PubMedID: 31714894
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-PPME1

Title : Integrating Target-Responsive Hydrogels with Smartphone for On-Site ppb-Level Quantitation of Organophosphate Pesticides - Jin_2019_ACS.Appl.Mater.Interfaces_11_27605
Author(s) : Jin R , Kong D , Yan X , Zhao X , Li H , Liu F , Sun P , Lin Y , Lu G
Ref : ACS Appl Mater Interfaces , 11 :27605 , 2019
Abstract : Precise on-site profiling of organophosphate pesticides (OPs) is of significant importance for monitoring pollution and estimating poisoning. Herein, we designed a simple and convenient portable kit based on Ag(+)-responsive hydrogels for accurate detection of OPs. The newly developed hydrogels employed o-phenylenediamine (OPD) and silicon quantum dots (SiQDs) as indicator, which possessed ratiometric response. In this sensor, OPs as inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase prevented the generation of thiocholine, which blocked the formation of metal-polymer with Ag(+), further triggered the oxidation of OPD to yield yellow 2,3-diaminophenazine (DAP) with fluorescence emission at 557 nm. The fluorescence intensity of SiQDs (444 nm) was quenched by DAP through inner filter effect (IFE) process, emerging a typical ratiometric response. Interestingly, the ratiometric signal of kit, which was recorded by smartphone's camera, can be transduced by ImageJ software into the hue parameter that was linearly proportional to the concentration of OPs. The simplicity of portable kit combined with smartphone operation, which possessed high sensitivity (detection limit <10 ng mL(-1)) and rapid sample-to-answer detection time (45 min) in agricultural sample, indicating that the methodology offered a new sight for portable monitoring of food safety and human health.
ESTHER : Jin_2019_ACS.Appl.Mater.Interfaces_11_27605
PubMedSearch : Jin_2019_ACS.Appl.Mater.Interfaces_11_27605
PubMedID: 31291083

Title : Protein-Inorganic Hybrid Nanoflower-Rooted Agarose Hydrogel Platform for Point-of-Care Detection of Acetylcholine - Kong_2019_ACS.Appl.Mater.Interfaces_11_11857
Author(s) : Kong D , Jin R , Zhao X , Li H , Yan X , Liu F , Sun P , Gao Y , Liang X , Lin Y , Lu G
Ref : ACS Appl Mater Interfaces , 11 :11857 , 2019
Abstract : Rapid and precise profiling of acetylcholine (ACh) has become important for diagnosing diseases and safeguarding health care because of its pivotal role in the central nervous system. Herein, we developed a new colorimetric sensor based on protein-inorganic hybrid nanoflowers as artificial peroxidase, comprising a test kit and a smartphone reader, which sensitively quantifies ACh in human serum. In this sensor, ACh indirectly triggered the substrate reaction with the help of a multienzyme system including acetylcholinesterase, choline oxidase, and mimic peroxidase (nanoflowers), accompanying the enhancement of absorbance intensity at 652 nm. Therefore, the multienzyme platform can be used to detect ACh via monitoring the change of the absorbance in a range from 0.0005 to 6.0 mmol L(-1). It is worth mentioning that the platform was used to prepare a portable agarose gel-based kit for rapid qualitative monitoring of ACh. Coupling with ImageJ program, the image information of test kits can be transduced into the hue parameter, which provides a directly quantitative tool to identify ACh. Based on the advantages of simple operation, good selectivity, and low cost, the availability of a portable kit for point-of-care testing will achieve the needs of frequent screening and diagnostic tracking.
ESTHER : Kong_2019_ACS.Appl.Mater.Interfaces_11_11857
PubMedSearch : Kong_2019_ACS.Appl.Mater.Interfaces_11_11857
PubMedID: 30830739

Title : Sublethal effects of chlorfenapyr on the life table parameters, nutritional physiology and enzymatic properties of Bradysia odoriphaga (Diptera: Sciaridae) - Zhao_2018_Pestic.Biochem.Physiol_148_93
Author(s) : Zhao Y , Wang Q , Ding J , Wang Y , Zhang Z , Liu F , Mu W
Ref : Pestic Biochem Physiol , 148 :93 , 2018
Abstract : Bradysia odoriphaga (Diptera: Sciaridae) is the major pest affecting Chinese chive production. Chlorfenapyr is a halogenated pyrrole-based pro-insecticide that is currently used to control insects and mites on a variety of crops. In the present study, fourth-instar larvae of B. odoriphaga were exposed to chlorfenapyr at LC1, LC20 and LC50 concentrations. The developmental duration of the treated larvae was not significantly different, but fecundity was significantly increased in the LC1 and LC20 treatment groups compared with the control group. The population parameters of the LC1 treatment group were increased significantly, whereas those of the LC50 treatment group were reduced significantly compared with the control. The food consumption by larvae and pupal weight were significantly increased under the LC1 treatment and decreased under the LC50 treatment compared with the control. Moreover, chlorfenapyr decreased the lipid, carbohydrate and trehalose contents significantly, whereas the total protein content was increased compared with the control. Additionally, the activities of protease, lipase and trehalase were significantly decreased. Chlorfenapyr treatment for 24h also induced the activities of glutathione S-transferase (GST), carboxylesterase (CarE) and O-demethylation. The results of this study suggest that low lethal concentrations of chlorfenapyr can affect oviposition, population development, the activities of digestion and detoxification enzymes, and nutrient accumulation in B. odoriphaga. This study provides valuable information for the assessment and rational application of chlorfenapyr for effective control of this pest.
ESTHER : Zhao_2018_Pestic.Biochem.Physiol_148_93
PubMedSearch : Zhao_2018_Pestic.Biochem.Physiol_148_93
PubMedID: 29891384

Title : Targeting dipeptidyl peptidase 8 genes inhibits proliferation, migration and invasion by inhibition of cyclin D1 and MMP2MMP9 signal pathway in cervical cancer - Chen_2018_J.Gene.Med_20_e3056
Author(s) : Chen Y , Liu F , Wu K , Wu W , Wu H , Zhang W
Ref : J Gene Med , 20 :e3056 , 2018
Abstract : BACKGROUND: DPP8 is a member of the dipeptidyl peptidase IV family, which belongs to the S9b protease subfamily. It regulates cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion during cancer progression. METHODS: To investigate the role of DPP8 in cervical cancer, we examined DPP8 levels in cervical cancer tissues and cells. The localization of DPP8 was determined by immunofluorescence staining. Subsequently, SiHa and HeLa cells were treated with small interfering RNA (siRNA)-DPP8. We used cell cycle analysis, an 5-ethyl-2'-deoxyuridine assay proliferation assay and a cellular apoptosis assay to determine the effect of DPP8 on the proliferation and apoptosis of cervical cancer cells. We used a Transwell assay to assess the number of transfection cancer cells migrating through the matrix. A real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis were used to analyze the expression of related proteins and to determine the phenotype caused by the depletion or overexpression of DPP8 in cervical cancer cells. RESULTS: We observed that DPP8 was highly expressed in cervical cancer tissues and cells. DPP8 expression was observed in the cytosol and in the perinuclear area, as well as in the nuclei of cervical cancer cells. Notably, when cells were treated with siRNA-DPP8, the expression of BAX increased, and the expression of cyclin D1, Bcl-2, MMP2 and MMP9 was downregulated. In cervical cancer cell lines, silencing the expression of DPP8 not only suppressed the proliferation, migration and invasion of the cervical cancer cells, but also promoted cervical cancer cell apoptosis. CONCLUSIONS: The data obtained in the present study reveal that DPP8 promotes the progression of cervical cancer.
ESTHER : Chen_2018_J.Gene.Med_20_e3056
PubMedSearch : Chen_2018_J.Gene.Med_20_e3056
PubMedID: 30225951

Title : High level expression and characterization of tannase tan7 using Aspergillus niger SH-2 with low-background endogenous secretory proteins as the host - Liu_2018_Protein.Expr.Purif_144_71
Author(s) : Liu F , Wang B , Ye Y , Pan L
Ref : Protein Expr Purif , 144 :71 , 2018
Abstract : Tannin acyl hydrolase (tannase, EC3.1.1.20) catalyzes the hydrolysis of hydrolyzable tannins. It is used in the manufacture of instant tea and in the production of gallic acid. In this study, we reported that the overexpression, purification and characterization of an Aspergillus niger tannase. The tannase gene was cloned from A. niger SH-2 and expressed in the A. niger strain Bdel4 which is low-background of secreted proteins. The recombinant tannase was purified by desalting, followed by gel filtration for characterization. The tannase activity achieved 111.5 U/mL at 168 h, and the purity of the enzyme in the broth supernatant was estimated to be over 70%. The optimum temperature and pH of the recombinant tannase was -40 degreesC and 7.0, respectively. The tannase activity was inhibited by Mg(2+), Ca(2+), Cu(2+), Ba(2+), Ni(2+) and EDTA, and was enhanced by Mn(2+) and Co(2+). Since A. niger is a GRAS microorganism, the recombinant tannase could be purification-free due to its high purity. The results of this study suggested that this recombinant strain could be subjected to large-scale production of A. niger tannase.
ESTHER : Liu_2018_Protein.Expr.Purif_144_71
PubMedSearch : Liu_2018_Protein.Expr.Purif_144_71
PubMedID: 29162409
Gene_locus related to this paper: aspnc-a2qir3

Title : Simultaneous detection of dual biomarkers from humans exposed to organophosphorus pesticides by combination of immunochromatographic test strip and ellman assay - Yang_2017_Biosens.Bioelectron_104_39
Author(s) : Yang M , Zhao Y , Wang L , Paulsen M , Simpson CD , Liu F , Du D , Lin Y
Ref : Biosensors & Bioelectronics , 104 :39 , 2017
Abstract : A novel sandwich immunoassay based immunochromatographic test strip (ICTS) has been developed for simultaneously measuring both butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) activity and the total amount of BChE (including inhibited and active enzyme) from 70 muLpost-exposure human plasma sample. The principle of this method is based on the BChE monoclonal antibody (MAb) capable of acting as both capture antibody and detection antibody. The BChE MAb which was immobilized on the test line was able to recognize both organophosphorus BChE adducts (OP-BChE) and BChE and provided equal binding affinity, permitting detection of the total enzyme amount in post-exposure human plasma samples. The formed immunocomplexes on the test line can further be excised from the test-strip for subsequent off-line measurement of BChE activity using the Ellman assay. Therefore, dual biomarkers of BChE activity and phosphorylation (OP-BChE) will be obtained simultaneously. The whole sandwich-immunoassay was performed on one ICTS, greatly reducing analytical time. The ICTS sensor showed excellent linear responses for assaying total amount of BChE and active BChE ranging from 0.22 to 3.58nM and 0.22-7.17nM, respectively. Both the signal detection limits are 0.10nM. We validated the practical application of the proposed method to measure 124 human plasma samples from orchard workers and cotton farmers with long-term exposure to organophosphorus pesticides (OPs). The results were in highly agreement with LC/MS/MS which verified our method is extremely accurate. Combining the portability and rapidity of test strip and the compatibility of BChE MAb as both capture antibody and detection antibody, the developed method provides a baseline-free, low-cost and rapid tool for in-field monitoring of OP exposures.
ESTHER : Yang_2017_Biosens.Bioelectron_104_39
PubMedSearch : Yang_2017_Biosens.Bioelectron_104_39
PubMedID: 29306031

Title : Remarkable reactivity of alkoxide\/acetato-bridged binuclear copper(II) complex as artificial carboxylesterase - Xu_2017_J.Biol.Inorg.Chem_22_625
Author(s) : Xu B , Jiang W , Liu X , Liu F , Xiang Z
Ref : J Biol Inorg Chem , 22 :625 , 2017
Abstract : Bromo-containing binuclear Schiff base copper(II) complex, Cu2L(OAc), with an alkoxo/acetato-bridged moiety was employed as a model of carboxylesterases to promote the hydrolytic cleavage of p-nitrophenyl picolinate (PNPP). Furthermore, the reactivity of a mononuclear complex (CuHL) was evaluated for comparing it with that of binuclear one. The results reveal that the as-prepared binuclear Cu2L(OAc) efficiently accelerated the hydrolysis of PNPP, giving rise to excess four orders of magnitude rate enhancement in contrast to the un-catalyzed reaction. Cu2L(OAc) represented an enzyme-like bell-shaped pH-responsive kinetic behavior. Moreover, the binuclear one is more reactive than its mononuclear analogue (CuHL) by two orders of magnitude. The total efficiency of Cu2L(OAc) is about 61-fold than that of its mononuclear analogue, CuHL. In addition, a contrast experiment reveals that binuclear Cu2L(OAc) displayed good activity in the hydrolysis of PNPP as well another active ester, i.e., S-2-benzothiazolyl 2-amino-alpha-(methoxyimino)-4-thiazolethiolacetate (AE-active ester). Noteworthyly, it was found that mononuclear one inspired more obvious rate enhancement in the hydrolysis of AE-active ester relative to PNPP hydrolysis. The estimated pK a1 of bound water on the binuclear Cu2L(OAc) using second derivative method (SDM) is relatively smaller than that for CuHL by a gap of about 0.8 pK unit, which facilitates the hydrolysis of PNPP. Four orders of magnitude rate enhancement was observed for the catalytic hydrolysis of p-nitrophenyl picolinate (PNPP) by one mu-alkoxide/acetato-bridged binuclear copper(II) complex under physiological conditions. Substrate specificity of the resulting binuclear complexes was observed for the hydrolysis of PNPP and AE-active ester.
ESTHER : Xu_2017_J.Biol.Inorg.Chem_22_625
PubMedSearch : Xu_2017_J.Biol.Inorg.Chem_22_625
PubMedID: 28364223

Title : Carboxylesterase Precursor (EST-1) Mediated the Fungicide Jinggangmycin-Suppressed Reproduction of Sogatella furcifera (Hemiptera: Delphacidae) - Ge_2017_J.Econ.Entomol_110_2199
Author(s) : Ge LQ , Huang B , Jiang YP , Gu HT , Xia T , Yang GQ , Liu F , Wu JC
Ref : J Econ Entomol , 110 :2199 , 2017
Abstract : The jinggangmycin (JGM) is a widely used fungicide for controlling the rice sheath blight, Rhizoctonia solani, in China. Previous experiments under lab conditions showed that JGM foliar spray suppressed Sogatella furcifera (Horvath) reproduction. However, the molecular mechanisms of JGM-driven changes in S. furcifera reproduction are unclear. Therefore, we selected carboxylesterase precursor (EST-1) as a target gene for silencing by RNAi based on gene expression profiles. The present results demonstrated that JGM and control + dsSfEST-1 treatments significantly reduced the number of eggs laid (down by 58% and 54%, respectively), oviposition period (down by 57% and 38%, respectively), and longevity (down by 32% and 38%, respectively) in adult females compared with untreated controls, while no pronounced differences in the preoviposition period were observed. Meanwhile, the dietary control + dsSfEST-1 treatment also severely impeded protein synthesis, specifically soluble ovarian protein content (down by 20% and 24%, respectively) and soluble sugar content (down by 42% and 35%, respectively), which led to stunted growth and reduced body weight in adult females. We thereby speculate that downregulated SfEST-1 expression may be one molecular mechanism underlying JGM-driven reproduction in S. furcifera.
ESTHER : Ge_2017_J.Econ.Entomol_110_2199
PubMedSearch : Ge_2017_J.Econ.Entomol_110_2199
PubMedID: 28981692

Title : NDRG1 overexpression promotes the progression of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma through modulating Wnt signaling pathway - Ai_2016_Cancer.Biol.Ther_17_943
Author(s) : Ai R , Sun Y , Guo Z , Wei W , Zhou L , Liu F , Hendricks DT , Xu Y , Zhao X
Ref : Cancer Biol Ther , 17 :943 , 2016
Abstract : N-myc down-regulated gene 1 (NDRG1) has been shown to regulate tumor growth and metastasis in various malignant tumors and also to be dysregulated in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Here, we show that NDRG1 overexpression (91.9%, 79/86) in ESCC tumor tissues is associated with poor overall survival of esophageal cancer patients. When placed in stable transfectants of the KYSE 30 ESCC cell line generated by lentiviral transduction with the ectopic overexpression of NDRG1, the expression of transducin-like enhancer of Split 2 (TLE2) was decreased sharply, however beta-catenin was increased. Mechanistically, NDRG1 physically associates with TLE2 and beta-catenin to affect the Wnt pathway. RNA interference and TLE2 overexpression studies demonstrate that NDRG1 fails to active Wnt pathway compared with isogenic wild-type controls. Strikingly, NDRG1 overexpression induces the epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) through activating the Wnt signaling pathway in ESCC cells, decreased the expression of E-cadherin and enhanced the expression of Snail. Our study elucidates a mechanism of NDRG1-regulated Wnt pathway activation and EMT via affecting TLE2 and beta-catenin expression in esophageal cancer cells. This indicates a pro-oncogenic role for NDRG1 in esophageal cancer cells whereby it modulates tumor progression.
ESTHER : Ai_2016_Cancer.Biol.Ther_17_943
PubMedSearch : Ai_2016_Cancer.Biol.Ther_17_943
PubMedID: 27414086

Title : Synthesis and characterization of conductive, biodegradable, elastomeric polyurethanes for biomedical applications - Xu_2016_J.Biomed.Mater.Res.A_104_2305
Author(s) : Xu C , Yepez G , Wei Z , Liu F , Bugarin A , Hong Y
Ref : J Biomed Mater Res A , 104 :2305 , 2016
Abstract : Biodegradable conductive polymers are currently of significant interest in tissue repair and regeneration, drug delivery, and bioelectronics. However, biodegradable materials exhibiting both conductive and elastic properties have rarely been reported to date. To that end, an electrically conductive polyurethane (CPU) was synthesized from polycaprolactone diol, hexadiisocyanate, and aniline trimer and subsequently doped with (1S)-(+)-10-camphorsulfonic acid (CSA). All CPU films showed good elasticity within a 30% strain range. The electrical conductivity of the CPU films, as enhanced with increasing amounts of CSA, ranged from 2.7 +/- 0.9 x 10(-10) to 4.4 +/- 0.6 x 10(-7) S/cm in a dry state and 4.2 +/- 0.5 x 10(-8) to 7.3 +/- 1.5 x 10(-5) S/cm in a wet state. The redox peaks of a CPU1.5 film (molar ratio CSA:aniline trimer = 1.5:1) in the cyclic voltammogram confirmed the desired good electroactivity. The doped CPU film exhibited good electrical stability (87% of initial conductivity after 150 hours charge) as measured in a cell culture medium. The degradation rates of CPU films increased with increasing CSA content in both phosphate-buffered solution (PBS) and lipase/PBS solutions. After 7 days of enzymatic degradation, the conductivity of all CSA-doped CPU films had decreased to that of the undoped CPU film. Mouse 3T3 fibroblasts proliferated and spread on all CPU films. This developed biodegradable CPU with good elasticity, electrical stability, and biocompatibility may find potential applications in tissue engineering, smart drug release, and electronics. 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part A: 104A: 2305-2314, 2016.
ESTHER : Xu_2016_J.Biomed.Mater.Res.A_104_2305
PubMedSearch : Xu_2016_J.Biomed.Mater.Res.A_104_2305
PubMedID: 27124702

Title : Transcriptome differences between fiber-type and seed-type Cannabis sativa variety exposed to salinity - Liu_2016_Physiol.Mol.Biol.Plants_22_429
Author(s) : Liu J , Qiao Q , Cheng X , Du G , Deng G , Zhao M , Liu F
Ref : Physiol Mol Biol Plants , 22 :429 , 2016
Abstract : The industrial hemp varieties 'Yunma 5' and 'Bamahuoma,' which demonstrate growth vigor and environmental adaptability, have been primarily cultivated in Yunnan and Guangxi, China, respectively, for fiber and seeds. The results of physiological measurements showed the phenotypic differences between the two varieties in response to salt stress. RNA-Seq analysis was first performed on leaves of both varieties sampled at four time intervals (0, 2, 4, 6 days) after treatment with salt (500 mM NaCl) We identified 220 co-up-regulated differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the two varieties, while 26 up-regulated DEGs and 24 down-regulated DEGs were identified exclusively in the single varieties after 2 days of salt stress. Among the 220 DEGs, we identified 22 transcription factors, including key transcription factors involved in salt stress, such as MYB, NAC, GATA, and HSF. We applied gene expression profile analysis and found that 'Yunma 5' and 'Bamahuoma' have variety-specific pathways for resisting salt stress. The DEGs of 'Yunma 5' were enriched in spliceosome and amino acid metabolism genes, while the DEGs of 'Bamahuoma' were enriched in fatty acid metabolism, amino acid metabolism, and endoplasmic reticulum protein processing pathway. Although there were common DEGs, such as genes encoding cysteine protease and alpha/beta-hydrolase superfamily, the two varieties' responses to salt stress impacted different metabolic pathways. The DEGs that were co-expressed in both varieties under stress may provide useful insights into the tolerance of cultivated hemp and other bast fiber crops to saline soil conditions. These transcriptomes also represent reference sequences for industrial hemp.
ESTHER : Liu_2016_Physiol.Mol.Biol.Plants_22_429
PubMedSearch : Liu_2016_Physiol.Mol.Biol.Plants_22_429
PubMedID: 27924117

Title : Perilipin 5 improves hepatic lipotoxicity by inhibiting lipolysis - Wang_2015_Hepatology_61_870
Author(s) : Wang C , Zhao Y , Gao X , Li L , Yuan Y , Liu F , Zhang L , Wu J , Hu P , Zhang X , Gu Y , Xu Y , Wang Z , Li Z , Zhang H , Ye J
Ref : Hepatology , 61 :870 , 2015
Abstract : Abnormal metabolism of nonesterified fatty acids (NEFAs) and their derivatives has been reported to be the main cause of intracellular lipotoxic injury. Normally, NEFAs are stored in lipid droplets (LDs) in the form of triglyceride (TG), which could reduce the lipotoxicity of cytosolic NEFAs. Previous studies have implicated that Perilipin 5 (Plin5), an LD-binding protein, regulates the storage and hydrolysis of TG in LD. However, its roles and underlying mechanisms in the liver remain unknown. Here we found that Plin5 expression was increased in steatotic livers. Using Plin5 knockout mice, we found that Plin5 deficiency resulted in reduced hepatic lipid content and smaller-sized LDs, which was due to the elevated lipolysis rate and fatty acid utilization. Plin5-deficient hepatocytes showed increased mitochondria proliferation, which could be explained by the increased expression and activity of PPARalpha stimulated by the increased NEFA levels. Meanwhile, Plin5-deficient livers also exhibited enhanced mitochondrial oxidative capacity. We also found that Plin5 deficiency induces lipotoxic injury in hepatocytes, attributed to lipid peroxidation. Mechanistically, we found that Plin5 blocks adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL)-mediated lipolysis by competitively binding to comparative gene identification-58 (CGI-58) and disrupting the interaction between CGI-58 and ATGL. CONCLUSION: Plin5 is an important protective factor against hepatic lipotoxicity induced by NEFAs generated from lipolysis. This provides an important new insight into the regulation of hepatic lipid storage and relation between lipid storage and lipotoxicity.
ESTHER : Wang_2015_Hepatology_61_870
PubMedSearch : Wang_2015_Hepatology_61_870
PubMedID: 25179419

Title : miR-132 inhibits lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammation in alveolar macrophages by the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway - Liu_2015_Exp.Lung.Res_41_261
Author(s) : Liu F , Li Y , Jiang R , Nie C , Zeng Z , Zhao N , Huang C , Shao Q , Ding C , Qing C , Xia L , Zeng E , Qian K
Ref : Experimental Lung Research , 41 :261 , 2015
Abstract : OBJECTIVE: Although microRNA-132 (miR-132) has been shown to be involved in the inflammatory regulation, its role in sepsis-induced lung injury is unknown. We hypothesized that miR-132 attenuated lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation of alveolar macrophages by targeting acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and enhancing the acetylcholine (ACh)-mediated cholinergic anti-inflammatory response.
METHODS: The LPS-treated rat alveolar macrophage cell line NR8383 was used as the inflammatory model. To assess the effect of miR-132, alveolar macrophages were transfected with miR-132 mimic or inhibitor.
RESULTS: We found that miR-132 was upregulated in LPS-stimulated alveolar macrophages. Induction of AChE mRNA showed an inverse pattern with respect to AChE protein and activity, suggesting posttranscriptional regulation of AChE. Utilizing miR-132 mimic transfection, we found that overexpression of miR-132 enhanced the ACh-mediated cholinergic anti-inflammatory reaction by targeting AChE mRNA in LPS-treated alveolar macrophages. Blockage of miR-132 using miR-132 inhibitor reversed the Ach action upon LPS-induced release of inflammatory mediators and reduction in AchE protein/activity. Moreover, in the presence of ACh, upregulation of miR-132 suppressed LPS-induced nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB and production of STAT3 and phosphorylated STAT3, while downregulation of miR-132 enhanced the nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB. CONCLUSION: We propose that miR-132 functions as a negative regulator of the inflammatory response in alveolar macrophages by potentiating the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway, and represents a potential therapeutic leverage point in modulating inflammatory responses.
ESTHER : Liu_2015_Exp.Lung.Res_41_261
PubMedSearch : Liu_2015_Exp.Lung.Res_41_261
PubMedID: 26052826

Title : [Anti-inflammatory effect of acetylcholine on lipopolysaccharide induced inflammatory response of alveolar macrophages] - Liu_2015_Zhonghua.Wei.Zhong.Bing.Ji.Jiu.Yi.Xue_27_811
Author(s) : Liu F , Zhao N , Li D , Zeng Z , Shao Q , Peng F , Wang Y , Qian K
Ref : Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue , 27 :811 , 2015
Abstract : OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of acetylcholine (ACh) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced inflammatory model of rat alveolar macrophages, and to observe the effect of the acetylcholinesterase inhibitor physostigmine (Phy) on the anti-inflammatory effect of ACh.
METHODS: The rat alveolar macrophages NR8383 were cultured in vitro, which were divided into five groups: blank control group, LPS group (stimulated with 1 mg/L LPS for 12 hours), LPS + ACh group (0.01, 0.1, 1, 10, 100 mumol/L of ACh were added for 5 minutes before LPS stimulation), LPS + Phy group (1 mmol/L Phy was added for 5 minutes before LPS stimulation), and LPS + ACh + Phy group (1 mmol/L Phy and 10 mumol/L ACh were added for 5 minutes before LPS stimulation). The supernatants were collected in each group, the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to assay the contents of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukins (IL-1beta, and IL-6). The activity of acetylcholine esterase (AChE ) in the supernatant was also determined.
RESULTS: (1) The contents of TNF-alpha (ng/L: 605.09 +/- 57.13 vs. 34.07 +/- 8.62), IL-1beta (ng/L: 377.09 +/- 28.55 vs. 32.33 +/- 10.62) and IL-6 (ng/L: 558.04 +/- 77.45 vs. 42.62 +/- 11.21) in the LPS group were significantly higher than those in the blank control group (all P < 0.05). These results indicated that the inflammatory model of rat alveolar macrophages was constructed successfully. (2) ACh with the final concentrations of 0.01, 0.1, and 1 mumol/L had less influence on the production of TNF-alpha, IL-1beta and IL-6 in the culture supernatants of alveolar macrophages stimulated with LPS compared with LPS group (all P > 0.05). Nevertheless, 10 mumol/L and 100 mumol/L ACh notably reduced the production of TNF-alpha (ng/L: 451.19 +/- 30.67, 332.19 +/- 32.19 vs. 604.96 +/- 22.56), IL-1beta (ng/L: 261.08 +/- 24.78, 143.98 +/- 28.39 vs. 367.06 +/- 10.44) and IL-6 (ng/L: 342.75 +/- 54.60, 235.48 +/- 29.75 vs. 562.69 +/- 63.34) in the culture supernatants compared with the LPS group (all P < 0.05). (3) The activity of AChE in the LPS group was significantly higher than that in the blank control group (kU/L: 5.21 +/- 0.63 vs. 3.09 +/- 0.10, P < 0.05). The activity of AChE was successfully inhibited by 1 mmol/L acetylcholinesterase inhibitor Phy pretreatment compared with that in the LPS group (1.51 +/- 0.12 vs. 5.21 +/- 0.63, P < 0.05). (4) The level of TNF-alpha (ng/L: 183.17 +/- 35.44 vs. 451.19 +/- 30.67), IL-1beta (ng/L: 91.49 +/- 12.27 vs. 261.08 +/- 24.78) and IL-6 (ng/L: 108.17 +/- 22.82 vs. 342.75 +/- 54.60) in the culture supernatants of LPS + ACh + Phy group was significantly decreased as compared with LPS + ACh group (all P < 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: ACh with the final concentrations of 10 mumol/L and 100 mumol/L can inhibit the LPS induced inflammatory reaction in alveolar macrophages. The acetylcholinesterase inhibitor Phy can reinforce the ACh-mediated anti-inflammatory effect on alveolar macrophages inflammatory model.
ESTHER : Liu_2015_Zhonghua.Wei.Zhong.Bing.Ji.Jiu.Yi.Xue_27_811
PubMedSearch : Liu_2015_Zhonghua.Wei.Zhong.Bing.Ji.Jiu.Yi.Xue_27_811
PubMedID: 27132443

Title : Four new fawcettimine-related alkaloids from Phlegmariurus squarrosus - Liu_2015_J.Asian.Nat.Prod.Res_17_967
Author(s) : Liu YC , Fan M , Jiang WW , Liu F , Wu XD , He J , Cheng X , Peng LY , Su J , Zhang ZJ , Zhao QS
Ref : J Asian Nat Prod Res , 17 :967 , 2015
Abstract : Four new fawcettimine-related alkaloids (1-4), together with 17 known ones, were isolated from club moss Phlegmariurus squarrosus. Notably, compound 1 was the derivative of lycoflexine with an unprecedented additional methyl group at C-17. Their structures were determined by extensive spectroscopic analysis, including 1D and 2D NMR, and HR-MS, as well as by comparison with the literature data. All new compounds were tested for their beta-site amyloid precursor protein (APP)-cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitory activities.
ESTHER : Liu_2015_J.Asian.Nat.Prod.Res_17_967
PubMedSearch : Liu_2015_J.Asian.Nat.Prod.Res_17_967
PubMedID: 26287979

Title : Iterative type I polyketide synthases involved in enediyne natural product biosynthesis - Chen_2014_IUBMB.Life_66_587
Author(s) : Chen X , Ji R , Jiang X , Yang R , Liu F , Xin Y
Ref : IUBMB Life , 66 :587 , 2014
Abstract : Enediyne natural products are potent antibiotics structurally characterized by an enediyne core containing two acetylenic groups conjugated to a double bond in a 9- or 10-membered carbocycle. The biosynthetic gene clusters for enediynes encode a novel iterative type I polyketide synthase (PKSE), which is generally believed to initiate the biosynthetic process of enediyne cores. This review article will cover research efforts made since its discovery to elucidate the role of the PKSE in enediyne core biosynthesis. Topics covered include the unique domain architecture, identification, and characterization of turnover products, and interaction with partner thioesterase protein.
ESTHER : Chen_2014_IUBMB.Life_66_587
PubMedSearch : Chen_2014_IUBMB.Life_66_587
PubMedID: 25278375

Title : Huperserines A-E, Lycopodium alkaloids from Huperzia serrata - Jiang_2014_Fitoterapia_99C_72
Author(s) : Jiang WW , Liu F , Gao X , He J , Cheng X , Peng LY , Wu XD , Zhao QS
Ref : Fitoterapia , 99C :72 , 2014
Abstract : A phytochemical study on Huperzia serrata led to the isolation of four new 5-deoxyfawcettimine-related Lycopodium alkaloids, huperserines A-D (1-4), and one new lycodine-type alkaloid, huperserine E (5). Their structures were elucidated based on spectroscopic data, including 1D and 2D NMR techniques. 5-Carbonyl or 5-hydroxyl group is a typical characteristic of lycopodine- and fawcettimine-type alkaloids. This is the first report of the 5-deoxyfawcettimine type Lycopodium alkaloids. In vitro acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitory activity assay showed that huperserine E exhibited moderate anti-AChE activity with an IC50 value of 6.71muM.
ESTHER : Jiang_2014_Fitoterapia_99C_72
PubMedSearch : Jiang_2014_Fitoterapia_99C_72
PubMedID: 25218968

Title : The neurovascular protective effects of huperzine a on d-galactose-induced inflammatory damage in the rat hippocampus - Ruan_2014_Gerontology_60_424
Author(s) : Ruan Q , Hu X , Ao H , Ma H , Gao Z , Liu F , Kong D , Bao Z , Yu Z
Ref : Gerontology , 60 :424 , 2014
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Chronic administration of D-galactose (D-gal) results in oxidative stress and chronic inflammatory aging. Age-related changes in the brain result in neurovascular damage and blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction. However, little is known regarding D-gal-induced neurovascular damage, as well as the protective effects of huperzine A. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to utilize a D-gal-induced rat model to investigate the activation of neurovascular inflammatory damage and apoptosis in the rat hippocampus and to understand whether huperzine A alleviates D-gal-induced neuronal and vascular inflammatory injury.
METHODS: Aging rats were treated with D-gal (300 mg/kg s.c. for 8 weeks), were coadministered D-gal and huperzine A (D-gal 300 mg/kg and huperzine A 0.1 mg/kg s.c. for 8 weeks) or served as the saline-treated control group rats (same volume of saline given subcutaneously for 8 weeks). Changes in hippocampal morphology and biomarkers of inflammatory damage were analyzed.
RESULTS: Our study revealed that chronic administration of D-gal resulted in the activation of glia and vascular endothelial cells and upregulation of mRNA and protein levels of cell-associated adhesion molecules and inflammatory cytokines via nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB inhibitor degradation and NF-kappaB nuclear translocation. The inflammatory injury caused significant BBB dysfunction, decreased density of tight junctions (TJs) and apoptosis in the rat hippocampus. Coadministration of huperzine A not only markedly inhibited the D-gal-induced increase in acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity, but also alleviated D-gal-induced neurovascular damage by inhibiting D-gal-induced NF-kappaB activation, improving cerebrovascular function and suppressing the D-gal-induced decrease in the density and protein levels of TJs and cell apoptosis.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings provided evidence that D-gal induced a proinflammatory phenotype mediated by NF-kappaB in the rat hippocampus. Moreover, huperzine A suppressed D-gal-induced neurovascular damage and BBB dysfunction, partly by preventing NF-kappaB nuclear translocation. The inhibiting effect of huperzine A on AChE activity might play an important role in attenuating D-gal-induced inflammatory damage. (c) 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
ESTHER : Ruan_2014_Gerontology_60_424
PubMedSearch : Ruan_2014_Gerontology_60_424
PubMedID: 24969491

Title : Carinatines A and B, Alkaloids from - Liu_2014_Nat.Prod.Bioprospect_4_221
Author(s) : Liu F , Liu YC , Jiang WW , He J , Wu XD , Peng LY , Su J , Cheng X , Zhao QS
Ref : Nat Prod Bioprospect , 4 :221 , 2014
Abstract : Carinatine A (1), a C16N2-type Lycopodium alkaloid possessing a 5/6/6/6 ring system formed by a new C-4/C-12 bond, and carinatine B (2), the first derivative of lycojaponicumin C, along 16 known compounds, were isolated from the whole plant of Phlegmariurus carinatus. Their structures were elucidated based on the spectroscopic data. The two new isolates were no inhibitory activity for the acetylcholinesterase (AChE).
ESTHER : Liu_2014_Nat.Prod.Bioprospect_4_221
PubMedSearch : Liu_2014_Nat.Prod.Bioprospect_4_221
PubMedID: 25089240

Title : Whole-Genome Sequencing of Lactobacillus shenzhenensis Strain LY-73T - Lin_2013_Genome.Announc_1_e00972
Author(s) : Lin Z , Liu Z , Yang R , Zou Y , Wan D , Chen J , Guo M , Zhao J , Fang C , Liu F
Ref : Genome Announc , 1 : , 2013
Abstract : Lactobacillus shenzhenensis strain LY-73(T) is a novel species which was first isolated from fermented goods. Here, we report the draft genome sequence of Lactobacillus shenzhenensis LY-73(T).
ESTHER : Lin_2013_Genome.Announc_1_e00972
PubMedSearch : Lin_2013_Genome.Announc_1_e00972
PubMedID: 24265500
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9laco-u4tvs6 , 9laco-u4ti93

Title : gamma-secretase binding sites in aged and Alzheimer's disease human cerebrum: the choroid plexus as a putative origin of CSF Abeta - Liu_2013_Eur.J.Neurosci_37_1714
Author(s) : Liu F , Xue ZQ , Deng SH , Kun X , Luo XG , Patrylo PR , Rose GM , Cai H , Struble RG , Cai Y , Yan XX
Ref : European Journal of Neuroscience , 37 :1714 , 2013
Abstract : Deposition of beta -amyloid (Abeta) peptides, cleavage products of beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) by beta-secretase-1 (BACE1) and gamma-secretase, is a neuropathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD). gamma-Secretase inhibition is a therapeutical anti-Abeta approach, although changes in the enzyme's activity in AD brain are unclear. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) Abeta peptides are thought to derive from brain parenchyma and thus may serve as biomarkers for assessing cerebral amyloidosis and anti-Abeta efficacy. The present study compared active gamma-secretase binding sites with Abeta deposition in aged and AD human cerebrum, and explored the possibility of Abeta production and secretion by the choroid plexus (CP). The specific binding density of [(3) H]-L-685,458, a radiolabeled high-affinity gamma-secretase inhibitor, in the temporal neocortex and hippocampal formation was similar for AD and control cases with similar ages and post-mortem delays. The CP in post-mortem samples exhibited exceptionally high [(3) H]-L-685,458 binding density, with the estimated maximal binding sites (Bmax) reduced in the AD relative to control groups. Surgically resected human CP exhibited APP, BACE1 and presenilin-1 immunoreactivity, and beta-site APP cleavage enzymatic activity. In primary culture, human CP cells also expressed these amyloidogenic proteins and released Abeta40 and Abeta42 into the medium. Overall, our results suggest that gamma-secretase activity appears unaltered in the cerebrum in AD and is not correlated with regional amyloid plaque pathology. The CP appears to be a previously unrecognised non-neuronal contributor to CSF Abeta, probably at reduced levels in AD.
ESTHER : Liu_2013_Eur.J.Neurosci_37_1714
PubMedSearch : Liu_2013_Eur.J.Neurosci_37_1714
PubMedID: 23432732

Title : Adenosine A(1) receptors in mouse pontine reticular formation depress breathing, increase anesthesia recovery time, and decrease acetylcholine release - Gettys_2013_Anesthesiology_118_327
Author(s) : Gettys GC , Liu F , Kimlin E , Baghdoyan HA , Lydic R
Ref : Anesthesiology , 118 :327 , 2013
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Clinical and preclinical data demonstrate the analgesic actions of adenosine. Central administration of adenosine agonists, however, suppresses arousal and breathing by poorly understood mechanisms. This study tested the two-tailed hypothesis that adenosine A1 receptors in the pontine reticular formation (PRF) of C57BL/6J mice modulate breathing, behavioral arousal, and PRF acetylcholine release.
METHODS: Three sets of experiments used 51 mice. First, breathing was measured by plethysmography after PRF microinjection of the adenosine A1 receptor agonist N-sulfophenyl adenosine (SPA) or saline. Second, mice were anesthetized with isoflurane and the time to recovery of righting response (RoRR) was quantified after a PRF microinjection of SPA or saline. Third, acetylcholine release in the PRF was measured before and during microdialysis delivery of SPA, the adenosine A1 receptor antagonist 1, 3-dipropyl-8-cyclopentylxanthine, or SPA and 1, 3-dipropyl-8-cyclopentylxanthine.
RESULTS: First, SPA significantly decreased respiratory rate (-18%), tidal volume (-12%), and minute ventilation (-16%). Second, SPA concentration accounted for 76% of the variance in RoRR. Third, SPA concentration accounted for a significant amount of the variance in acetylcholine release (52%), RoRR (98%), and breathing rate (86%). 1, 3-dipropyl-8-cyclopentylxanthine alone caused a concentration-dependent increase in acetylcholine, a decrease in RoRR, and a decrease in breathing rate. Coadministration of SPA and 1, 3-dipropyl-8-cyclopentylxanthine blocked the SPA-induced decrease in acetylcholine and increase in RoRR.
CONCLUSIONS: Endogenous adenosine acting at adenosine A1 receptors in the PRF modulates breathing, behavioral arousal, and acetylcholine release. The results support the interpretation that an adenosinergic-cholinergic interaction within the PRF comprises one neurochemical mechanism underlying the wakefulness stimulus for breathing.
ESTHER : Gettys_2013_Anesthesiology_118_327
PubMedSearch : Gettys_2013_Anesthesiology_118_327
PubMedID: 23263018

Title : Bioassay- and liquid chromatography\/mass spectrometry-guided acetylcholinesterase inhibitors from Picriafel-terrae - Wen_2013_Pharmacogn.Mag_9_S25
Author(s) : Wen L , Wei Q , Chen G , Liu F , Zhang S , You T
Ref : Pharmacogn Mag , 9 :S25 , 2013
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Picria fel-terrae is a traditional Chinese medicine. MATERIALS AND
METHODS: A new approach to the search for acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors from Picria fel-terrae is presented.
RESULTS: Bioassay- and LC-MS-guided fractionation of the ethyl acetate extract was from traditional Chinese medicine P.fel-terrae. Following primary extraction, the ethyl acetate extracts fraction of P.fel-terrae showed strong AChE inhibitory activities. So the sample was separated using highperformance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The effluent was split towards two identical 96-well fraction collectors, and the presence of the biologically interesting portion and chromatographic fractions could be readily detected by analyzing selected ion chromatograms through an electrophoresis-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESIMS) system for accurate mass measurement. One 96-well plate was used for a bioassay (AChE-inhibitory assay) and detected the bioactivity and position of the relevant peak in the chromatogram. The positive well in the second 96-well plate was used for identification by LC-(+) ESIMS. CONCLUSION: As abovementioned, the AChE inhibitory constituents from P.fel-terrae by LC-bioassay-ESIMS were rapid identified. Liquid chromatography/ mass spectrometry (LC-MS) screening detected the presence of six active compounds, identified as picfeltarraenin IA (1), picfeltarraenin IB (2), picfeltarraenin IV (3), picfeltarraenin X (4), picfeltarraenin XI (5), and one unknown compound. The structures were further determined by 13C NMR. The six compounds expressed stronger AChE inhibition than the known AChE inhibitorTacrine. Above all, the value of this LC-bioassay-ESIMS methodology is highlighted by the finding and structure elucidation of the active constituents from many other structural families of natural products.
ESTHER : Wen_2013_Pharmacogn.Mag_9_S25
PubMedSearch : Wen_2013_Pharmacogn.Mag_9_S25
PubMedID: 24143041

Title : The anti-inflamm-aging and hepatoprotective effects of huperzine A in D-galactose-treated rats - Ruan_2013_Mech.Ageing.Dev_134_89
Author(s) : Ruan Q , Liu F , Gao Z , Kong D , Hu X , Shi D , Bao Z , Yu Z
Ref : Mech Ageing Dev , 134 :89 , 2013
Abstract : Oxidative stress contributes to a chronic inflammatory process referred to as "inflamm-aging". Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (AChEI) can enhance cholinergic transmission and act as anti-inflammatory agents via immunocompetent cells expressing alpha-7 acetylcholine receptors (AChR). The present study explores the possible role of huperzine A, a reversible and selective AChEI, against D-gal-induced oxidative damage, cell toxicity and inflamm-aging in rat livers. In two-month-old rats with normal liver function, an 8-week administration of D-gal (300 mg/kg subcutaneously (s.c.) injected), significantly increased hepatic impairment, ROS generation and oxidative damage, hepatic senescence, nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) activation and inflammatory responses. An 8-week co-administration of both D-gal (300 mg/kg s.c.) and huperzine A (0.1 mg/kg s.c.) not only significantly decreased hepatic function impairment, ROS generation, oxidative damage, but also suppressed inflamm-aging by inhibiting hepatic replicative senescence, AChE activity, IkappaBalpha degradation, NF-kappaB p65 nuclear translocation and inflammatory responses. The expression levels of pro-inflammatory cytokine mRNA and proteins, such as TNFalpha, IL-1beta and IL-6 decrease significantly, and the protein levels of the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 display an obvious increase. These findings indicated that D-gal-induced hepatic injury and inflamm-aging in the rat liver was associated with the development of a pro-inflammatory phenotype in this organ. D-gal induced damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) because oxidative damages might play an important role in D-gal-induced hepatic sterile inflammation. Huperzine A exhibited protective effects against D-gal-induced hepatotoxicity and inflamm-aging by inhibiting AChE activity and via the activation of the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway. The huperzine A mechanism might be involved in the inhibition of DAMPs-mediated NF-kappaB nuclear localization and activation.
ESTHER : Ruan_2013_Mech.Ageing.Dev_134_89
PubMedSearch : Ruan_2013_Mech.Ageing.Dev_134_89
PubMedID: 23313706

Title : Enzyme-catalyzed degradation of biodegradable polymers derived from trimethylene carbonate and glycolide by lipases from Candida antarctica and Hog pancreas - Liu_2012_J.Biomater.Sci.Polym.Ed_23_1355
Author(s) : Liu F , Yang J , Fan Z , Li S , Kasperczyk J , Dobrzynski P
Ref : J Biomater Sci Polym Ed , 23 :1355 , 2012
Abstract : Enzyme-catalyzed degradation of poly(trimethylene carbonate) homo-polymer (PTMC) and poly(trimethylene carbonate-co-glycolide) co-polymer (PTGA) was investigated in the presence of lipases from Candida antarctica and Hog pancreas. Degradation was monitored by gravimetry, size-exclusion chromatography (SEC), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), tensiometry and environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM). PTMC can be rapidly degraded by Candida antarctica lipase with 98% mass loss after 9 days, while degradation by Hog pancreas lipase leads to 27% mass loss. Introduction of 16% glycolide units in PTMC chains strongly affects the enzymatic degradation. Hog pancreas lipase becomes more effective to PTGA co-polymer with a mass loss of 58% after 9 days, while Candida antarctica lipase seems not able to degrade PTGA. Bimodal molecular weight distributions are observed during enzymatic degradation of both PTMC and PTGA, which can be assigned to the fact that the surface is largely degraded while the internal part remains intact. The composition of the PTGA co-polymer remains constant, and ESEM shows that the polymers are homogeneously eroded during enzymatic degradation. Contact angle measurements confirm the enzymatic degradation mechanism, i.e., enzyme adsorption on the polymer surface followed by enzyme-catalyzed chain cleavage.
ESTHER : Liu_2012_J.Biomater.Sci.Polym.Ed_23_1355
PubMedSearch : Liu_2012_J.Biomater.Sci.Polym.Ed_23_1355
PubMedID: 21722422

Title : Systematic review and meta-analysis of the relationship between EPHX1 polymorphisms and colorectal cancer risk - Liu_2012_PLoS.One_7_e43821
Author(s) : Liu F , Yuan D , Wei Y , Wang W , Yan L , Wen T , Xu M , Yang J , Li B
Ref : PLoS ONE , 7 :e43821 , 2012
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Microsomal epoxide hydrolase (EPHX1) plays an important role in both the activation and detoxification of PAHs, which are carcinogens found in cooked meat and tobacco smoking. Polymorphisms at exons 3 and 4 of the EPHX1 gene have been reported to be associated with variations in EPHX1 activity. The aim of this study is to quantitatively summarize the relationship between EPHX1 polymorphisms and colorectal cancer (CRC) risk.
METHODS: Two investigators independently searched the Medline, Embase, CNKI, and Chinese Biomedicine Databases for studies published before June 2012. Summary odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for EPHX1 Tyr113His (rs1051740) and His139Arg (rs2234922) polymorphisms and CRC were calculated in a fixed-effects model and a random-effects model when appropriate.
RESULTS: This meta-analysis yielded 14 case-control studies, which included 13 studies for Tyr113His (6395 cases and 7893 controls) and 13 studies for His139Arg polymorphisms (5375 cases and 6962 controls). Overall, the pooled results indicated that EPHX1 Tyr113His polymorphism was not associated with CRC risk; while the His139Arg polymorphism was significantly associated with decreased CRC risk (Arg/His vs. His/His, OR = 0.90, 95%CI = 0.83-0.98; dominant model, OR = 0.92, 95%CI = 0.85-0.99). The statistically significant association between EPHX1 His139Arg polymorphism and CRC was observed among Caucasians and population-based case-control studies. This association showed little heterogeneity and remained consistently strong when analyses were limited to studies in which genotype frequencies were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, or limited to studies with matched controls. When cumulative meta-analyses of the two associations were conducted by studies' publication time, the results were persistent and robust. CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis suggests that EPHX1 Tyr113His polymorphism may be not associated with CRC development; while the EPHX1 His139Arg polymorphism may have a potential protective effect on CRC.
ESTHER : Liu_2012_PLoS.One_7_e43821
PubMedSearch : Liu_2012_PLoS.One_7_e43821
PubMedID: 22928041

Title : Complete genome sequence of Riemerella anatipestifer reference strain - Wang_2012_J.Bacteriol_194_3270
Author(s) : Wang X , Zhu D , Wang M , Cheng A , Jia R , Zhou Y , Chen Z , Luo Q , Liu F , Wang Y , Chen XY
Ref : Journal of Bacteriology , 194 :3270 , 2012
Abstract : Riemerella anatipestifer is an infectious pathogen causing serositis in ducks. We had the genome of the R. anatipestifer reference strain ATCC 11845 sequenced. The completed draft genome consists of one circular chromosome with 2,164,087 bp. There are 2,101 genes in the draft, and its GC content is 35.01%.
ESTHER : Wang_2012_J.Bacteriol_194_3270
PubMedSearch : Wang_2012_J.Bacteriol_194_3270
PubMedID: 22628503

Title : Effects of pyrethroids on neuronal excitability of adult honeybees Apis mellifera - Zhou_2011_Pestic.Biochem.Physiol_100_35
Author(s) : Zhou T , Zhou W , Wang Q , Dai P-L , Liu F , Zhang Y-L , Sun J-H
Ref : Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology , 100 :35 , 2011
Abstract : Pyrethroids act on the nervous system as a primary target organ and exert their neurotoxic effects primarily by altering the conductance of sodium channel, leading to hyperexcitation. However, few studies investigated the effects of pyrethroids on neuronal excitability of honeybee brain neurons. In this study, a whole-cell patch-clamp technique was used to record current threshold, the minimum current to induce an action potential, and peak sodium current in the dissociated honeybee brain neurons treated with bifenthrin, deltamethrin and fluvalinate in vitro & in vivo. The study showed that these pyrethroids greatly suppressed the neuronal excitability as revealed by increasing current injected and inhibited the peak sodium current in honeybees. The three pyrethroids also inhibited steady-state inactivation in addition to reduction of sodium peak current.
ESTHER : Zhou_2011_Pestic.Biochem.Physiol_100_35
PubMedSearch : Zhou_2011_Pestic.Biochem.Physiol_100_35

Title : Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of organophosphorylated butyrylcholinesterase: A biomarker of exposure to organophosphate agents - Wang_2011_Anal.Chim.Acta_693_1
Author(s) : Wang L , Du D , Lu D , Lin CT , Smith JN , Timchalk C , Liu F , Wang J , Lin Y
Ref : Anal Chim Acta , 693 :1 , 2011
Abstract : A sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (sELISA) has been developed for detection of organophosphorylated butyrylcholinesterase (OP-BChE), a potential biomarker for human exposure to organophosphate insecticides and nerve agents. A pair of antibodies specific to OP-BChE adduct were identified through systematic screening of several anti BChE antibodies (anti-BChE) and anti-phosphoserine antibodies (anti-P(ser)) from different sources. The selected anti-BChE (set as capture antibody) antibodies recognize both phosphorylated and nonphosphorylated BChE. These antibodies can therefore be used to capture both BChE and OP-BChE from the sample matrices. The anti-P(ser) (set as detecting antibody) was used to recognize the OP moiety of OP-BChE adducts. With the combination of the selected antibody pair, several key parameters (such as the concentration of anti-BChE and anti-P(ser), and the blocking agent) were optimized to enhance the sensitivity and selectivity of the sELISA. Under the optimal conditions, the sELISA has shown a wide linear range from 0.03 nM to 30 nM, with a detection limit of 0.03 nM. Furthermore, the sELISA was successfully applied to detect OP-BChE using in vitro biological samples such as rat plasma spiked with OP-BChE with excellent adduct recovery (z>99%). These results demonstrate that this novel approach holds great promise to develop an ELISA kit and offers a simple and cost-effective tool for screening/evaluating exposure to organophosphate insecticides and nerve agents.
ESTHER : Wang_2011_Anal.Chim.Acta_693_1
PubMedSearch : Wang_2011_Anal.Chim.Acta_693_1
PubMedID: 21504805

Title : Cholinesterase activity and mRNA level of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (alpha4 and beta2 Subunits) in blood of elderly Chinese diagnosed as Alzheimer's disease - Zhang_2010_J.Alzheimers.Dis_19_849
Author(s) : Zhang LJ , Xiao Y , Qi XL , Shan KR , Pei JJ , Kuang SX , Liu F , Guan ZZ
Ref : J Alzheimers Dis , 19 :849 , 2010
Abstract : The aim of the study is to investigate the cholinergic deficit in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and identify candidate blood biomarkers for the diagnosis of the disease. Twenty-nine elderly Chinese diagnosed with AD and 33 age-matched controls were selected. The activities of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE) in plasma were detected by a spectrophotometric method, and the mRNA levels of alpha4 and beta2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subunits in blood leukocytes were analyzed by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The results showed that AChE activity in plasma was significantly lower in the AD group than in normal controls, while BuChE activity did not show any differences between AD and controls; mRNA levels of both alpha4 and beta2 nAChR subunits in blood leukocytes were significantly lower in the AD group than in controls. The AChE activity and the mRNA levels of alpha4 and beta2 nAChR subunits in the AD patients were also significantly correlated with cognitive test scores. No differences of AChE in plasma or alpha4 and beta2 nAChR subunits in blood leukocytes were detected between smoking and non-smoking subjects. The results indicated that the decreases in the activity of AChE and in the mRNA levels of nAChR alpha4 and beta2 subunits from the peripheral blood of patients with AD might serve as supplementary indicators for the clinical diagnosis of AD.
ESTHER : Zhang_2010_J.Alzheimers.Dis_19_849
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2010_J.Alzheimers.Dis_19_849
PubMedID: 20157241

Title : Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors administered in combination with metformin result in an additive increase in the plasma concentration of active GLP-1 - Migoya_2010_Clin.Pharmacol.Ther_88_801
Author(s) : Migoya EM , Bergeron R , Miller JL , Snyder RN , Tanen M , Hilliard D , Weiss B , Larson P , Gutierrez M , Jiang G , Liu F , Pryor KA , Yao J , Zhu L , Holst JJ , Deacon C , Herman G , Thornberry N , Amatruda J , Williams-Herman D , Wagner JA , SinhaRoy R
Ref : Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics , 88 :801 , 2010
Abstract : The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor, of metformin, and of the combination of the two agents, on incretin hormone concentrations. Active and inactive (or total) incretin plasma concentrations, plasma DPP-4 activity, and preproglucagon (GCG) gene expression were determined after administration of each agent alone or in combination to mice with diet-induced obesity (DIO) and to healthy human subjects. In mice, metformin increased Gcg expression in the large intestine and elevated the plasma concentrations of inactive glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) (9-36) and glucagon. In healthy subjects, a DPP-4 inhibitor elevated both active GLP-1 and glucose dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), metformin increased total GLP-1 (but not GIP), and the combination resulted in additive increases in active GLP-1 plasma concentrations. Metformin did not inhibit plasma DPP-4 activity either in vitro or in vivo. The study results show that metformin is not a DPP-4 inhibitor but rather enhances precursor GCG expression in the large intestine, resulting in increased total GLP-1 concentrations. DPP-4 inhibitors and metformin have complementary mechanisms of action and additive effects with respect to increasing the concentrations of active GLP-1 in plasma.
ESTHER : Migoya_2010_Clin.Pharmacol.Ther_88_801
PubMedSearch : Migoya_2010_Clin.Pharmacol.Ther_88_801
PubMedID: 21048706

Title : Hypertriglyceridemia in Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic rabbits was associated with increased production and reduced catabolism of very-low-density lipoproteins - Zhang_2009_Pathobiology_76_315
Author(s) : Zhang C , Jin Y , Liu T , Liu F , Ito T
Ref : Pathobiology , 76 :315 , 2009
Abstract : Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic (WHHL) rabbit is an animal model for human familial hypercholesterolemia. Recently, we segregated a new mutant of WHHL rabbits with plasma levels of triglycerides (TG) >500 mg/dl (designated as TGH-WHHL). To investigate the underlying mechanisms for hypertriglyceridemia, we compared TGH-WHHL with WHHL rabbits with lower plasma TG levels (<250 mg/dl, designated as TGL-WHHL). A Triton WR-1339 injection experiment revealed that TGH-WHHL rabbits had increased secretion and decreased clearance of TG-rich lipoproteins. Furthermore, TGH-WHHL rabbits had lower a post-heparin activity of lipoprotein lipase and a higher cholesterol ester transfer protein activity than TGL-WHHL rabbits. Cultured hepatocytes isolated from TGH-WHHL rabbits showed a higher secretion rate of TG and cholesterol than those of TGL-WHHL rabbits. In addition, TGH-WHHL rabbits exhibited marked insulin resistance. These data suggest that hypertriglyceridemia exhibited by WHHL rabbits is caused by both increased production and impaired catabolism of TG-rich lipoproteins and associated with insulin resistance.
ESTHER : Zhang_2009_Pathobiology_76_315
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2009_Pathobiology_76_315
PubMedID: 19955843

Title : Effects of temperature on fitness costs, insecticide susceptibility and heat shock protein in insecticide-resistant and -susceptible Plutella xylostella - Liu_2008_Pestic.Biochem.Physiol_91_45
Author(s) : Liu F , Miyata T , Wu ZJ , Li CW , Wu G , Zhao SX , Xie LH
Ref : Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology , 91 :45 , 2008
Abstract : Effects of high temperature on insecticide susceptibility and fitness were studied in the field population of Plutella xylostella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) (R DBM) and a susceptible field-insectarium population of P. xylostella (S DBM). R DBM displayed 18.3-fold resistance to methamidophos and 74.0-fold resistance to avermectin. The population growth tendency index (I) values were 41.8 (S DBM) and 27.7 (R DBM) at 25 C, and 1.19 (S DBM) and 0.23 (R DBM) at 33.5 C. The level of methamidophos resistance in the progenies of R DBM declined sharply when reared at high temperature for one generation. The increase of susceptibility to methamidophos appeared to pass from generation to generation. S DBM displayed higher up-regulation of Hsp70 expression at high temperature than R DBM. It was suggested that low fitness in R DBM caused by high temperature might be involved in the sharp decline of methamidophos resistance under high temperature conditions.
ESTHER : Liu_2008_Pestic.Biochem.Physiol_91_45
PubMedSearch : Liu_2008_Pestic.Biochem.Physiol_91_45

Title : New perspectives on host-parasite interplay by comparative transcriptomic and proteomic analyses of Schistosoma japonicum - Liu_2006_PLoS.Pathog_2_e29
Author(s) : Liu F , Lu J , Hu W , Wang SY , Cui SJ , Chi M , Yan Q , Wang XR , Song HD , Xu XN , Wang JJ , Zhang XL , Zhang X , Wang ZQ , Xue CL , Brindley PJ , McManus DP , Yang PY , Feng Z , Chen Z , Han ZG
Ref : PLoS Pathog , 2 :e29 , 2006
Abstract : Schistosomiasis remains a serious public health problem with an estimated 200 million people infected in 76 countries. Here we isolated ~ 8,400 potential protein-encoding cDNA contigs from Schistosoma japonicum after sequencing circa 84,000 expressed sequence tags. In tandem, we undertook a high-throughput proteomics approach to characterize the protein expression profiles of a number of developmental stages (cercariae, hepatic schistosomula, female and male adults, eggs, and miracidia) and tissues at the host-parasite interface (eggshell and tegument) by interrogating the protein database deduced from the contigs. Comparative analysis of these transcriptomic and proteomic data, the latter including 3,260 proteins with putative identities, revealed differential expression of genes among the various developmental stages and sexes of S. japonicum and localization of putative secretory and membrane antigens, enzymes, and other gene products on the adult tegument and eggshell, many of which displayed genetic polymorphisms. Numerous S. japonicum genes exhibited high levels of identity with those of their mammalian hosts, whereas many others appeared to be conserved only across the genus Schistosoma or Phylum Platyhelminthes. These findings are expected to provide new insights into the pathophysiology of schistosomiasis and for the development of improved interventions for disease control and will facilitate a more fundamental understanding of schistosome biology, evolution, and the host-parasite interplay.
ESTHER : Liu_2006_PLoS.Pathog_2_e29
PubMedSearch : Liu_2006_PLoS.Pathog_2_e29
PubMedID: 16617374
Gene_locus related to this paper: schja-q5byv1

Title : Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamic effects of the oral DPP-4 inhibitor sitagliptin in middle-aged obese subjects - Herman_2006_J.Clin.Pharmacol_46_876
Author(s) : Herman GA , Bergman A , Liu F , Stevens C , Wang AQ , Zeng W , Chen L , Snyder K , Hilliard D , Tanen M , Tanaka W , Meehan AG , Lasseter K , Dilzer S , Blum R , Wagner JA
Ref : Journal of Clinical Pharmacology , 46 :876 , 2006
Abstract : Sitagliptin (MK-0431) is an oral, potent, and selective dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-4) inhibitor developed for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. This multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study examined the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic effects of sitagliptin in obese subjects. Middle-aged (45-63 years), nondiabetic, obese (body mass index: 30-40 kg/m2) men and women were randomized to sitagliptin 200 mg bid (n = 24) or placebo (n = 8) for 28 days. Steady-state plasma concentrations of sitagliptin were achieved within 2 days of starting treatment, and >90% of the dose was excreted unchanged in urine. Sitagliptin treatment led to approximately 90% inhibition of plasma DPP-4 activity, increased active glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) levels by 2.7-fold (P < .001), and decreased post-oral glucose tolerance test glucose excursion by 35% (P < .050) compared to placebo. In nondiabetic obese subjects, treatment with sitagliptin 200 mg bid was generally well tolerated without associated hypoglycemia and led to maximal inhibition of plasma DPP-4 activity, increased active GLP-1, and reduced glycemic excursion.
ESTHER : Herman_2006_J.Clin.Pharmacol_46_876
PubMedSearch : Herman_2006_J.Clin.Pharmacol_46_876
PubMedID: 16855072

Title : Mice lacking dipeptidyl peptidase IV are protected against obesity and insulin resistance - Conarello_2003_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_100_6825
Author(s) : Conarello SL , Li Z , Ronan J , Roy RS , Zhu L , Jiang G , Liu F , Woods J , Zycband E , Moller DE , Thornberry NA , Zhang BB
Ref : Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A , 100 :6825 , 2003
Abstract : Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DP-IV), a member of the prolyl oligopeptidase family of peptidases, is involved in the metabolic inactivation of a glucose-dependent insulinotropic hormone, glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1), and other incretin hormones. Here, we investigated the impact of DP-IV deficiency on body weight control and insulin sensitivity in mice. Whereas WT mice displayed accelerated weight gain and hyperinsulinemia when fed a high-fat diet (HFD), mice lacking the gene encoding DP-IV (DP-IV-/-) are refractory to the development of obesity and hyperinsulinemia. Pair-feeding and indirect calorimetry studies indicate that reduced food intake and increased energy expenditure accounted for the resistance to HFD-induced obesity in the DP-IV-/- mice. Ablation of DP-IV also is associated with elevated GLP-1 levels and improved metabolic control in these animals, resulting in improved insulin sensitivity, reduced pancreatic islet hypertrophy, and protection against streptozotocin-induced loss of beta cell mass and hyperglycemia. Together, these observations suggest that chronic deletion of DP-IV gene has significant impact on body weight control and energy homeostasis, providing validation of DP-IV inhibition as a viable therapeutic option for the treatment of metabolic disorders related to diabetes and obesity.
ESTHER : Conarello_2003_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_100_6825
PubMedSearch : Conarello_2003_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_100_6825
PubMedID: 12748388
Gene_locus related to this paper: mouse-dpp4

Title : Evolutionary and biomedical implications of a Schistosoma japonicum complementary DNA resource - Hu_2003_Nat.Genet_35_139
Author(s) : Hu W , Yan Q , Shen DK , Liu F , Zhu ZD , Song HD , Xu XR , Wang ZJ , Rong YP , Zeng LC , Wu J , Zhang X , Wang JJ , Xu XN , Wang SY , Fu G , Zhang XL , Wang ZQ , Brindley PJ , McManus DP , Xue CL , Feng Z , Chen Z , Han ZG
Ref : Nat Genet , 35 :139 , 2003
Abstract : Schistosoma japonicum causes schistosomiasis in humans and livestock in the Asia-Pacific region. Knowledge of the genome of this parasite should improve understanding of schistosome-host interactions, biomedical aspects of schistosomiasis and invertebrate evolution. We assigned 43,707 expressed sequence tags (ESTs) derived from adult S. japonicum and their eggs to 13,131 gene clusters. Of these, 35% shared no similarity with known genes and 75% had not been reported previously in schistosomes. Notably, S. japonicum encoded mammalian-like receptors for insulin, progesterone, cytokines and neuropeptides, suggesting that host hormones, or endogenous parasite homologs, could orchestrate schistosome development and maturation and that schistosomes modulate anti-parasite immune responses through inhibitors, molecular mimicry and other evasion strategies.
ESTHER : Hu_2003_Nat.Genet_35_139
PubMedSearch : Hu_2003_Nat.Genet_35_139
PubMedID: 12973349
Gene_locus related to this paper: schja-Q86EA4 , schja-Q86EV0 , schja-Q86F58 , schja-Q86F66 , schja-Q5DDP9

Title : Design, synthesis, and biological characterization of bivalent 1-methyl-1,2,5,6-tetrahydropyridyl-1,2,5-thiadiazole derivatives as selective muscarinic agonists - Rajeswaran_2001_J.Med.Chem_44_4563
Author(s) : Rajeswaran WG , Cao Y , Huang XP , Wroblewski ME , Colclough T , Lee S , Liu F , Nagy PI , Ellis J , Levine BA , Nocka KH , Messer WS, Jr.
Ref : Journal of Medicinal Chemistry , 44 :4563 , 2001
Abstract : Selective muscarinic agonists could be useful in the treatment of neurological disorders such as Alzheimer's disease, schizophrenia, and chronic pain. Many muscarinic agonists have been developed, yet most exhibit at best limited functional selectivity for a given receptor subtype perhaps because of the high degree of sequence homology within the putative binding site, which appears to be buried within the transmembrane domains. Bivalent compounds containing essentially two agonist pharmacophores within the same molecule were synthesized and tested for receptor binding affinity and muscarinic agonist activity. A series of bis-1,2,5-thiadiazole derivatives of 1,2,5,6-tetrahydropyridine linked by an alkyloxy moiety exhibited very high affinity (K(i) < 1 nM) and strong agonist activity. The degree of activity depended on the length of the linking alkyl group, which could be replaced by a poly(ethylene glycol) moiety, resulting in improved water solubility, binding affinity, and agonist potency.
ESTHER : Rajeswaran_2001_J.Med.Chem_44_4563
PubMedSearch : Rajeswaran_2001_J.Med.Chem_44_4563
PubMedID: 11741475

Title : Genome sequence of the plant pathogen and biotechnology agent Agrobacterium tumefaciens C58 - Goodner_2001_Science_294_2323
Author(s) : Goodner B , Hinkle G , Gattung S , Miller N , Blanchard M , Qurollo B , Goldman BS , Cao Y , Askenazi M , Halling C , Mullin L , Houmiel K , Gordon J , Vaudin M , Iartchouk O , Epp A , Liu F , Wollam C , Allinger M , Doughty D , Scott C , Lappas C , Markelz B , Flanagan C , Crowell C , Gurson J , Lomo C , Sear C , Strub G , Cielo C , Slater S
Ref : Science , 294 :2323 , 2001
Abstract : Agrobacterium tumefaciens is a plant pathogen capable of transferring a defined segment of DNA to a host plant, generating a gall tumor. Replacing the transferred tumor-inducing genes with exogenous DNA allows the introduction of any desired gene into the plant. Thus, A. tumefaciens has been critical for the development of modern plant genetics and agricultural biotechnology. Here we describe the genome of A. tumefaciens strain C58, which has an unusual structure consisting of one circular and one linear chromosome. We discuss genome architecture and evolution and additional genes potentially involved in virulence and metabolic parasitism of host plants.
ESTHER : Goodner_2001_Science_294_2323
PubMedSearch : Goodner_2001_Science_294_2323
PubMedID: 11743194
Gene_locus related to this paper: agrt5-a9cf94 , agrt5-a9cfa9 , agrt5-a9cfs8 , agrt5-a9cfu7 , agrt5-a9cie7 , agrt5-a9cj11 , agrt5-a9cjp2 , agrt5-a9cki2 , agrt5-a9ckr2 , agrt5-a9ckt2 , agrt5-a9cle4 , agrt5-a9clq8 , agrt5-a9clq9 , agrt5-q7cx24 , agrt5-q7d1j0 , agrt5-q7d1j3 , agrt5-q7d3m5 , agrt5-q7d3t6 , agrt5-y5261 , agrtu-ACVB , agrtu-ATTS , agrtu-ATU0253 , agrtu-ATU0403 , agrtu-ATU0841 , agrtu-ATU1045 , agrtu-ATU1102 , agrtu-ATU1572 , agrtu-ATU1617 , agrtu-ATU1826 , agrtu-ATU1842 , agrtu-ATU2061 , agrtu-ATU2126 , agrtu-ATU2171 , agrtu-ATU2409 , agrtu-ATU2452 , agrtu-ATU2481 , agrtu-ATU2497 , agrtu-ATU2576 , agrtu-ATU3428 , agrtu-ATU3651 , agrtu-ATU3652 , agrtu-ATU4238 , agrtu-ATU5190 , agrtu-ATU5193 , agrtu-ATU5275 , agrtu-ATU5296 , agrtu-ATU5348 , agrtu-ATU5389 , agrtu-ATU5446 , agrtu-ATU5495 , agrtu-CPO , agrtu-DHAA , agrtu-DLHH , agrtu-EPHA , agrtu-GRST , agrtu-PCA , agrtu-PCAD , agrtu-PHBC , agrtu-PTRB , agrt5-a9cji8