Kong Y

References (13)

Title : MAGL protects against renal fibrosis through inhibiting tubular cell lipotoxicity - Zhou_2024_Theranostics_14_1583
Author(s) : Zhou S , Ling X , Zhu J , Liang Y , Feng Q , Xie C , Li J , Chen Q , Chen S , Miao J , Zhang M , Li Z , Shen W , Li X , Wu Q , Wang X , Liu R , Wang C , Hou FF , Kong Y , Liu Y , Zhou L
Ref : Theranostics , 14 :1583 , 2024
Abstract : Rationale: Renal fibrosis, with no therapeutic approaches, is a common pathological feature in various chronic kidney diseases (CKD). Tubular cell injury plays a pivotal role in renal fibrosis. Commonly, injured tubular cells exhibit significant lipid accumulation. However, the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. Methods: 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) levels in CKD patients and CKD model specimens were measured using mass spectrometry. 2-AG-loaded nanoparticles were infused into unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) mice. Lipid accumulation and renal fibrosis were tested. Furthermore, monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL), the hydrolyzing enzyme of 2-AG, was assessed in CKD patients and models. Tubular cell-specific MAGL knock-in mice were generated. Moreover, MAGL recombination protein was also administered to unilateral ischemia reperfusion injury (UIRI) mice. Besides, a series of methods including RNA sequencing, metabolomics, primary cell culture, lipid staining, etc. were used. Results: 2-AG was increased in the serum or kidneys from CKD patients and models. Supplement of 2-AG further induced lipid accumulation and fibrogenesis through cannabinoid receptor type 2 (CB2)/beta-catenin signaling. beta-catenin knockout blocked 2-AG/CB2-induced fatty acid beta-oxidation (FAO) deficiency and lipid accumulation. Remarkably, MAGL significantly decreased in CKD, aligning with lipid accumulation and fibrosis. Specific transgene of MAGL in tubular cells significantly preserved FAO, inhibited lipid-mediated toxicity in tubular cells, and finally retarded fibrogenesis. Additionally, supplementation of MAGL in UIRI mice also preserved FAO function, inhibited lipid accumulation, and protected against renal fibrosis. Conclusion: MAGL is a potential diagnostic marker for kidney function decline, and also serves as a new therapeutic target for renal fibrosis through ameliorating lipotoxicity.
ESTHER : Zhou_2024_Theranostics_14_1583
PubMedSearch : Zhou_2024_Theranostics_14_1583
PubMedID: 38389852
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-MGLL , mouse-MGLL

Title : Enantioselective neurotoxicity and oxidative stress effects of paclobutrazol in zebrafish (Danio rerio) - Guo_2022_Pestic.Biochem.Physiol_185_105136
Author(s) : Guo D , Luo L , Kong Y , Kuang Z , Wen S , Zhao M , Zhang W , Fan J
Ref : Pestic Biochem Physiol , 185 :105136 , 2022
Abstract : Paclobutrazol is a widely used chiral plant growth regulator and its enantioselective toxicity in aquatic organisms is less explored till now. Herein, the enantioselective neurotoxicity of paclobutrazol mediated by oxidative stress in zebrafish were investigated. The oxidative stress parameters and neurotoxic biomarkers changed significantly in each exposure group, and paclobutrazol showed enantioselective toxicity in zebrafish. Firstly, (2R, 3R)-paclobutrazol exhibited a stronger oxidative stress in zebrafish than (2S, 3S)-enantiomer (P < 0.05). Then, activities of acetylcholinesterase, calcineurin, and total nitric oxide synthase in (2R, 3R)-paclobutrazol treatments were 0.61-0.89, 1.24-1.53, and 1.21-1.35-fold stronger (P < 0.05) than those in (2S, 3S)-enantiomer treatments, respectively. Next, the content variations of four neurotransmitters in zebrafish exposed to (2R, 3R)-paclobutrazol were significantly larger than those in (2S, 3S)-enantiomer treatments (P < 0.05). Moreover, (2R, 3R)-paclobutrazol had stronger binding with the receptors than (2S, 3S)-enantiomer through molecular docking. The integrated biomarker response values further demonstrated that (2R, 3R)-paclobutrazol showed stronger toxicity to zebrafish than (2S, 3S)-enantiomer. Furthermore, the neurotoxicity of paclobutrazol can be interpreted as the mediating effect of oxidative stress in zebrafish through correlation analysis, and an adverse outcome pathway for the nervous system in zebrafish induced by paclobutrazol was proposed. This work will greatly extend our understanding on the enantioselective toxic effects of paclobutrazol in aquatic organisms.
ESTHER : Guo_2022_Pestic.Biochem.Physiol_185_105136
PubMedSearch : Guo_2022_Pestic.Biochem.Physiol_185_105136
PubMedID: 35772839

Title : Identification of closely associated SNPs and candidate genes with seed size and shape via deep re-sequencing GWAS in soybean - Shao_2022_Theor.Appl.Genet__
Author(s) : Shao Z , Shao J , Huo X , Li W , Kong Y , Du H , Li X , Zhang C
Ref : Theor Appl Genet , : , 2022
Abstract : A soybean natural population was genotyped by deep re-sequencing and phenotyped for six seed size- and shape-related traits under six environments to identify closely associated SNPs and candidate genes. Seed size and shape are important determining factors for soybean yield formation, while their genetic basis and molecular mechanism are still largely unknown, which seriously constrains the increasing of soybean yield at present. In view of this, a natural population was genotyped via the deep re-sequencing technique (~ 20 x) and phenotyped for six related traits under six environments. In total, 154 SNPs were closely associated with seed length across diverse environments, and 323, 483, 565, 394 and 2038 SNPs were closely associated with seed width, seed diameter, seed circumference, seed area and ratio of length to width under multiple environments. Moreover, 98.70%, 96.28%, 48.24%, 85.13%, 97.21% and 98.58% of them were further demonstrated by the BLUP and mean values of the related traits. Furthermore, 218 genes flanking the associated SNPs on chromosomes 6 and 10 were analyzed for DNA mutations and RNA expressions through SNP alleles and transcriptome data, simultaneously. The candidate genes, Glyma.10G035200 (Sn1-specific diacylglycerol lipase), Glyma.10G035400 (transcription factor) and Glyma.10G058200 (phenylalanine ammonia-lyase), were discovered to relate with the seed size and shape for their different DNA sequences or differential RNA expressions among soybean varieties at five seed developmental stages. Thus, these closely associated SNPs and related genes provide novel insights and useful information for the seed size and shape genetic basis dissection and breeding improvement in soybean.
ESTHER : Shao_2022_Theor.Appl.Genet__
PubMedSearch : Shao_2022_Theor.Appl.Genet__
PubMedID: 35588015

Title : Narciclasine inhibits phospholipase A2 and regulates phospholipid metabolism to ameliorate psoriasis-like dermatitis - Kong_2022_Front.Immunol_13_1094375
Author(s) : Kong Y , Jiang J , Huang Y , Liu X , Jin Z , Li L , Wei F , Yin J , Zhang Y , Tong Q , Chen H
Ref : Front Immunol , 13 :1094375 , 2022
Abstract : INTRODUCTION: Psoriasis is a common inflammatory skin disease recognized by the World Health Organization as "an incurable chronic, noninfectious, painful, disfiguring and disabling disease." The fact that metabolic syndrome (MetS) is the most common and important comorbidities of psoriasis suggests an important role of lipid metabolism in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. Narciclasine (Ncs) is an alkaloid isolated from the Amaryllidaceae plants. Its biological activities include antitumor, antibacterial, antiinflammatory, anti-angiogenic and promoting energy expenditure to improve dietinduced obesity. Here, we report that Ncs may be a potential candidate for psoriasis, acting at both the organismal and cellular levels. METHODS: The therapeutic effect of Ncs was assessed in IMQ-induced psoriasis-like mouse model. Then, through in vitro experiments, we explored the inhibitory effect of Ncs on HaCaT cell proliferation and Th17 cell polarization; Transcriptomics and lipidomics were used to analyze the major targets of Ncs; Single-cell sequencing data was used to identify the target cells of Ncs action. RESULTS: Ncs can inhibit keratinocyte proliferation and reduce the recruitment of immune cells in the skin by inhibiting psoriasis-associated inflammatory mediators. In addition, it showed a direct repression effect on Th17 cell polarization. Transcriptomic and lipidomic data further revealed that Ncs extensively regulated lipid metabolismrelated genes, especially the Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) family, and increased antiinflammatory lipid molecules. Combined with single-cell data analysis, we confirmed that keratinocytes are the main cells in which Ncs functions. DISCUSSION: Taken together, our findings indicate that Ncs alleviates psoriasiform skin inflammation in mice, which is associated with inhibition of PLA2 in keratinocytes and improved phospholipid metabolism. Ncs has the potential for further development as a novel anti-psoriasis drug.
ESTHER : Kong_2022_Front.Immunol_13_1094375
PubMedSearch : Kong_2022_Front.Immunol_13_1094375
PubMedID: 36700214

Title : Old pesticide, new use: Smart and safe enantiomer of isocarbophos in locust control - Kong_2021_Ecotoxicol.Environ.Saf_225_112710
Author(s) : Kong Y , Ji C , Qu J , Chen Y , Wu S , Zhu X , Niu L , Zhao M
Ref : Ecotoxicology & Environmental Safety , 225 :112710 , 2021
Abstract : Locust plagues are still worldwide problems. Selecting active enantiomers from current chiral insecticides is necessary for controlling locusts and mitigating the pesticide pollution in agricultural lands. Herein, two enantiomers of isocarbophos (ICP) were separated and the enantioselectivity in insecticidal activity against the pest Locusta migratoria manilensis (L. migratoria) and mechanisms were investigated. The significant difference of LD(50) between (+)-ICP (0.609 mg/kg bw) and (-)-ICP (79.412 mg/kg bw) demonstrated that (+)-ICP was a more effective enantiomer. The enantioselectivity in insecticidal activity of ICP enantiomers could be attributed to the selective affinity to acetylcholinesterase (AChE). Results of in vivo and in vitro assays suggested that AChE was more sensitive to (+)-ICP. In addition, molecular docking showed that the -CDOKER energies of (+)-ICP and (-)-ICP were 25.6652 and 24.4169, respectively, which suggested a stronger affinity between (+)-ICP and AChE. Significant selectivity also occurred in detoxifying enzymes activities (carboxylesterases (CarEs) and glutathione S-transferases (GSTs)) and related gene expressions. Suppression of detoxifying enzymes activities with (+)-ICP treatment suggested that (-)-ICP may induce the detoxifying enzyme-mediated ICP resistance. A more comprehensive understanding of the enantioselectivity of ICP is necessary for improving regulation and risk assessment of ICP.
ESTHER : Kong_2021_Ecotoxicol.Environ.Saf_225_112710
PubMedSearch : Kong_2021_Ecotoxicol.Environ.Saf_225_112710
PubMedID: 34481357

Title : The protonation state of Glu202 in acetylcholinesterase - Wang_2021_Proteins__
Author(s) : Wang J , Lai S , Kong Y , Yao W , Chen X , Liu J
Ref : Proteins , : , 2021
Abstract : Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is the crucial enzyme in the central nervous system. It is the target of various organophosphorus nerve agents and pesticides, and the inhibition of AChE is a therapeutic strategy for the treatment of various neurological-related diseases. The Glu202 is a key residue adjacent to the catalytic His447 and plays important role in catalysis. Although the Glu202 has long been considered as negatively charged in many studies, more and more evidences support a protonated Glu202. However, Glu202 is freely accessible by solvent, and thus it seems more reasonable for Glu202 to majorly take the deprotonated state. In the present work, we carried out a series of molecular dynamics simulations with the Glu202 adopting different protonation states. Our results show that the protonated Glu202 is important in maintaining the key hydrogen bond network that supports the catalytic triad, whereas the deprotonated Glu202 results in the collapse of the key hydrogen bond network which consequently destabilizes the catalytic His447. We also notice that different protonation states of Glu202 merely alters the binding mode of ACh. However, since the catalytic His447 is disrupted if Glu202 is deprotonated, His447 can not facilitate the nucleophilic attack performed by Ser203. Therefore, the catalytic efficiency of ACh hydrolysis should be remarkably decreased if Glu202 is deprotonated. Our findings suggest that, when designing and developing highly active AChE inhibitors or proposing mechanistic hypotheses for AChE-catalyzed reactions, the protonated state of Glu202 should be considered. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
ESTHER : Wang_2021_Proteins__
PubMedSearch : Wang_2021_Proteins__
PubMedID: 34546589

Title : Noninvasive Evaluation of Liver Fibrosis Reverse Using Artificial Neural Network Model for Chronic Hepatitis B Patients - Wei_2019_Comput.Math.Methods.Med_2019_7239780
Author(s) : Wei W , Wu X , Zhou J , Sun Y , Kong Y , Yang X
Ref : Comput Math Methods Med , 2019 :7239780 , 2019
Abstract : The diagnostic performance of an artificial neural network model for chronic HBV-induced liver fibrosis reverse is not well established. Our research aims to construct an ANN model for estimating noninvasive predictors of fibrosis reverse in chronic HBV patients after regular antiviral therapy. In our study, 141 consecutive patients requiring liver biopsy at baseline and 1.5 years were enrolled. Several serum biomarkers and liver stiffness were measured during antiviral therapy in both reverse and nonreverse groups. Statistically significant variables between two groups were selected to form an input layer of the ANN model. The ROC (receiver-operating characteristic) curve and AUC (area under the curve) were calculated for comparison of effectiveness of the ANN model and logistic regression model in predicting HBV-induced liver fibrosis reverse. The prevalence of fibrosis reverse of HBV patients was about 39% (55/141) after 78-week antiviral therapy. The Ishak scoring system was used to assess fibrosis reverse. Our study manifested that AST (aspartate aminotransferase; importance coefficient = 0.296), PLT (platelet count; IC = 0.159), WBC (white blood cell; IC = 0.142), CHE (cholinesterase; IC = 0.128), LSM (liver stiffness measurement; IC = 0.125), ALT (alanine aminotransferase; IC = 0.110), and gender (IC = 0.041) were the most crucial predictors of reverse. The AUC of the ANN model and logistic model was 0.809 +/- 0.062 and 0.756 +/- 0.059, respectively. In our study, we concluded that the ANN model with variables consisting of AST, PLT, WBC, CHE, LSM, ALT, and gender may be useful in diagnosing liver fibrosis reverse for chronic HBV-induced liver fibrosis patients.
ESTHER : Wei_2019_Comput.Math.Methods.Med_2019_7239780
PubMedSearch : Wei_2019_Comput.Math.Methods.Med_2019_7239780
PubMedID: 31428186

Title : Excipient-free nanodispersion of 7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin exerts potent therapeutic effects against pancreatic cancer cell lines and patient-derived xenografts - Zhang_2019_Cancer.Lett_465_36
Author(s) : Zhang L , Zhou J , Yan Y , Zhou X , Zhou Q , Du R , Hu S , Ge W , Huang Y , Xu H , Kong Y , Zheng H , Ding Y , Shen Y , Wang W
Ref : Cancer Letters , 465 :36 , 2019
Abstract : Irinotecan (CPT-11) is an anti-tumor drug and formulated as nanomedicines to reduce side effects and improve efficacy. In vivo, CPT-11 must be hydrolyzed by carboxylesterase to its active form 7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin (SN-38) to exert anti-tumor activity, but the lack of this enzyme in humans causes inefficient generation of SN-38. Thus, direct delivery of SN-38, not relying on carboxylesterase, will potentially achieve higher efficacy. However, it is difficult to effectively formulate SN-38 using current excipients due to its hydrophobicity and tendency to crystallize. Herein, we report the nanodispersion of SN-38 with its amphiphilic prodrug, CPT-11, as an effective treatment for pancreatic cancer (PC). SN-38 and CPT-11 formed stable nanoparticles without any other excipients, and showed potent cytotoxicity against PC cells in vitro, slowed tumor growth in vivo, namely subcutaneously and orthotopically xenografted mice, with minimal adverse effects, and prolonged their overall survival. Even in clinically-relevant patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models, the nanodispersion showed greater anti-tumor efficacy than CPT-11. Importantly, the nanodispersion directly released SN-38, resulting in carboxylesterase-independent anti-tumor activity, in contrast to carboxylesterase-dependent CPT-11. These characteristics may enable the excipient-free nanodispersion to exert potent therapeutic effects in patients.
ESTHER : Zhang_2019_Cancer.Lett_465_36
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2019_Cancer.Lett_465_36
PubMedID: 31479691

Title : Evaluation of the cholinesterase activity of a potential therapeutic cocaine esterase for cocaine overdose - Hou_2019_Drug.Alcohol.Depend_202_168
Author(s) : Hou S , Zhang Y , Zhu Y , Zhang C , Kong Y , Chen X , Chen R , Yin X , Xie T
Ref : Drug Alcohol Depend , 202 :168 , 2019
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Cocaine is a commonly abused drug and there is no approved medication specifically to treat its addiction or overdose. Bacterial cocaine esterase (CocE)-derived RBP-8000 is currently under clinical development for cocaine overdose treatment. It is proven to be effective for human use to accelerate cocaine metabolism into physiologically inactive products. Besides cocaine, RBP-8000 may hydrolyze the neurotransmitter acetylcholine (ACh), however, no study has reported its cholinesterase activity. The present study aims to examine RBP-8000's cholinesterase activity and substrate selectivity to address the potential concern that this enzyme therapy might produce cholinergic side-effects. METHODS: Both computational modeling and experimental kinetic analysis were carried out to characterize the potential cholinesterase activity of RBP-8000. Substrates interacting with RBP-8000 were modeled for their enzyme-substrate binding complexes. In vitro enzymatic kinetic parameters were measured using Ellman's colorimetric assay and analyzed by Michaelis-Menten kinetics. RESULTS: It is the first demonstration that RBP-8000 catalyzes the hydrolysis of acetylthiocholine (ATC). However, its catalytic efficiency (kcat/KM) against ATC is 1000-fold and 5000-fold lower than it against cocaine at 25 degrees C and 37 degrees C, respectively, suggesting RBP-8000 has the desired substrate selectivity for cocaine over ACh. CONCLUSION: Given the fact that clinically relevant dose of RBP-8000 displays insignificant cholinesterase activity relative to endogenous cholinesterases in human, administration of RBP-8000 is unlikely to produce any significant cholinergic side-effects. This study provides supplemental evidences in support of further development of RBP-8000 towards a clinically used pharmacotherapy for cocaine overdose.
ESTHER : Hou_2019_Drug.Alcohol.Depend_202_168
PubMedSearch : Hou_2019_Drug.Alcohol.Depend_202_168
PubMedID: 31352306

Title : Scallop genome provides insights into evolution of bilaterian karyotype and development - Wang_2017_Nat.Ecol.Evol_1_120
Author(s) : Wang S , Zhang J , Jiao W , Li J , Xun X , Sun Y , Guo X , Huan P , Dong B , Zhang L , Hu X , Sun X , Wang J , Zhao C , Wang Y , Wang D , Huang X , Wang R , Lv J , Li Y , Zhang Z , Liu B , Lu W , Hui Y , Liang J , Zhou Z , Hou R , Li X , Liu Y , Li H , Ning X , Lin Y , Zhao L , Xing Q , Dou J , Mao J , Guo H , Dou H , Li T , Mu C , Jiang W , Fu Q , Fu X , Miao Y , Liu J , Yu Q , Li R , Liao H , Kong Y , Jiang Z , Chourrout D , Bao Z
Ref : Nat Ecol Evol , 1 :120 , 2017
Abstract : Reconstructing the genomes of bilaterian ancestors is central to our understanding of animal evolution, where knowledge from ancient and/or slow-evolving bilaterian lineages is critical. Here we report a high-quality, chromosome-anchored reference genome for the scallop Patinopecten yessoensis, a bivalve mollusc that has a slow-evolving genome with many ancestral features. Chromosome-based macrosynteny analysis reveals a striking correspondence between the 19 scallop chromosomes and the 17 presumed ancestral bilaterian linkage groups at a level of conservation previously unseen, suggesting that the scallop may have a karyotype close to that of the bilaterian ancestor. Scallop Hox gene expression follows a new mode of subcluster temporal co-linearity that is possibly ancestral and may provide great potential in supporting diverse bilaterian body plans. Transcriptome analysis of scallop mantle eyes finds unexpected diversity in phototransduction cascades and a potentially ancient Pax2/5/8-dependent pathway for noncephalic eyes. The outstanding preservation of ancestral karyotype and developmental control makes the scallop genome a valuable resource for understanding early bilaterian evolution and biology.
ESTHER : Wang_2017_Nat.Ecol.Evol_1_120
PubMedSearch : Wang_2017_Nat.Ecol.Evol_1_120
PubMedID: 28812685
Gene_locus related to this paper: mizye-a0a210qls6 , mizye-a0a210qis3 , mizye-a0a210qg00 , mizye-a0a210ped6 , mizye-a0a210q4h5 , mizye-a0a210q4h9 , mizye-a0a210q4j1 , mizye-a0a210qf86 , mizye-a0a210q332 , mizye-a0a210pqn0 , mizye-a0a210q7t5 , mizye-a0a210pij5 , mizye-a0a210qyk8 , mizye-a0a210pwl7 , mizye-a0a210q8u5 , mizye-a0a210r5n9 , mizye-a0a210qbv2 , mizye-a0a210pu25 , mizye-a0a210pek1 , mizye-a0a210pul3 , mizye-a0a210pum3 , mizye-a0a210ptr6 , mizye-a0a210ptq5 , mizye-a0a210ptc4.1 , mizye-a0a210ptc4.2 , mizye-a0a210ptv1 , mizye-a0a210ptv7 , mizye-a0a210qgl6 , mizye-a0a210qg90 , mizye-a0a210ptq0 , mizye-a0a210qg72 , mizye-a0a210ptb1 , mizye-a0a210pjd3 , mizye-a0a210qg92 , mizye-a0a210q8v2 , mizye-a0a210qg93 , mizye-a0a210q160.1 , mizye-a0a210q160.2 , mizye-a0a210qes4 , mizye-a0a210pk25 , mizye-a0a210q1b8 , mizye-a0a210q110 , mizye-a0a210r503 , mizye-P021348901.1 , mizye-P021348901.2

Title : Decreased LIPF expression is correlated with DGKA and predicts poor outcome of gastric cancer - Kong_2016_Oncol.Rep_36_1852
Author(s) : Kong Y , Zheng Y , Jia Y , Li P , Wang Y
Ref : Oncol Rep , 36 :1852 , 2016
Abstract : Gastric cancer (GC) is a common and deadly digestive tract tumor worldwide. Unfortunately, diagnosis of GC is usually confused and misleading because of atypical symptoms or incomplete complaints. Accordingly, exploring gene expression profile and identifying genes with analogical variance trend will bring new perspective into the diagnosis and treatment of GC. Herein, a RNASeq dataset from Caucasian GC and their matched noncancerous samples [Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO): SRP049809] and datasets from four microarrays constituted with tumor and nontumor tissues (GEO: GSE13911, GSE19826, GSE29272, GSE33335) were analyzed to explore the differentially expressed genes (DGEs). As a result, we identified a core set of 373 DGEs. Among these genes, we found that most downregulated genes were related to lipidmetabolic functions. Especially, the gastric lipase (LIPF) gene, which was connected with various lipid metabolism processes, was significantly decreased among all datasets. We then performed immunohistochemistry experiments using gastric tissue arrays to investigate the clinical effects, and the expression of a LIPF target gene, diacylglycerol kinase alpha (DGKA). Among the 90 samples of gastric adenocarcinoma, the LIPF and DGKA levels were both decreased in cancer tissues [LIPF, 59.1% (53/90); DGKA, 77.8% (70/90)] compared to normal tissues [LIPF, 94.4% (85/90); DGKA, 90% (81/90)]. The expression level of these two proteins in GC was associated with local invasion and disease stage. Cox regression identified high DGKA expression (HR, 0.49; 95% CI, 0.260.94; P=0.03) as a predictor of good prognosis and LNM status (HR, 4.63; 95% CI, 1.3915.51; P=0.01) as a predictor of poor prognosis. Thus we speculated that LIPFDGKA might serve as a potential possible biomarkers for diagnosis of GC, and their downregulation may bring new perspective into the investigation of GC prognosis.
ESTHER : Kong_2016_Oncol.Rep_36_1852
PubMedSearch : Kong_2016_Oncol.Rep_36_1852
PubMedID: 27498782
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-LIPF

Title : Antisense MMP-9 RNA inhibits malignant glioma cell growth in vitro and in vivo - Sun_2013_Neurosci.Bull_29_83
Author(s) : Sun C , Wang Q , Zhou H , Yu S , Simard AR , Kang C , Li Y , Kong Y , An T , Wen Y , Shi F , Hao J
Ref : Neurosci Bull , 29 :83 , 2013
Abstract : The matrix-degrading metalloproteinases (MMPs), particularly MMP-9, play important roles in the pathogenesis and development of malignant gliomas. In the present study, the oncogenic role of MMP-9 in malignant glioma cells was investigated via antisense RNA blockade in vitro and in vivo. TJ905 malignant glioma cells were transfected with pcDNA3.0 vector expressing antisense MMP-9 RNA (pcDNA-ASMMP9), which significantly decreased MMP-9 expression, and cell proliferation was assessed. For in vivo studies, U251 cells, a human malignant glioma cell line, were implanted subcutaneously into 4- to 6-week-old BALB/c nude mice. The mice bearing well-established U251 gliomas were treated with intratumoral pcDNA-AS-MMP9-Lipofectamine complex (AS-MMP-9-treated group), subcutaneous injection of endostatin (endostatin-treated group), or both (combined therapy group). Mice treated with pcDNA (empty vector)-Lipofectamine served as the control group. Four or eight weeks later, the volume and weight of tumor, MMP-9 expression, microvessel density and proliferative activity were assayed. We demonstrate that pcDNA-AS-MMP9 significantly decreased MMP-9 expression and inhibited glioma cell proliferation. Volume and weight of tumor, MMP-9 expression, microvessel density and proliferative activity in the antisense-MMP-9-treated and therapeutic alliance groups were significantly lower than those in the control group. The results suggest that MMP-9 not only promotes malignant glioma cell invasiveness, but also affects tumor cell proliferation. Blocking the expression of MMP-9 with antisense RNA substantially suppresses the malignant phenotype of glioma cells, and thus can be used as an effective therapeutic strategy for malignant gliomas.
ESTHER : Sun_2013_Neurosci.Bull_29_83
PubMedSearch : Sun_2013_Neurosci.Bull_29_83
PubMedID: 23307113

Title : Nerve growth factor-induced neurite formation in PC12 cells is independent of endogenous cellular gangliosides - Li_1998_Glycobiology_8_597
Author(s) : Li R , Kong Y , Ladisch S
Ref : Glycobiology , 8 :597 , 1998
Abstract : The PC12 rat pheochromocytoma cell line is an established model for nerve growth factor (NGF)-induced neurite formation. It has been shown that when gangliosides are added to the culture medium of PC12 cells, NGF-induced neurite formation of PC12 cells is enhanced. To determine the role of endogenous cellular gangliosides themselves in NGF-elicited neurite formation, we depleted cellular gangliosides using the new specific glucosylceramide synthase inhibitor, d, l-threo-1-phenyl-2-hexadecanoylamino-3-pyrrolidino-1-propanol.HCl (PPPP). 0.5-2 microM PPPP rapidly inhibited ganglioside synthesis and depletedcellular gangliosides. Nonetheless, over a concentration range of 5-100 ng/ml NGF, in both low serum and serum-free medium, neurite formation was normal. Even pretreatment of PC12 cells for up to 6 days with 1 microM PPPP followed by cotreatment with PPPP and NGF for 10 days, still did not inhibit neurite formation. The conclusion that ganglioside depletion did not block neurite formation stimulated by NGF was supported by the lack of effect of PPPP, under these same conditions, on cellular acetylcholine esterase activity, a neuronal differentiation marker (73.8 +/- 12.1 versus 67.2 +/- 4.6 nmol/min/mg protein at 50 ng/ml NGF; control versus 1 microM PPPP). These findings, together with previous studies showing enhancement of NGF-induced neurite formation by exogenous gangliosides, underscore the vastly different effects that exogenous gangliosides and endogenous gangliosides may have upon cellular functions.
ESTHER : Li_1998_Glycobiology_8_597
PubMedSearch : Li_1998_Glycobiology_8_597
PubMedID: 9592126