Xie M

References (21)

Title : Soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitor (TPPU) alleviates ferroptosis by regulating CCL5 after intracerebral hemorrhage in mice - Wu_2024_Biomed.Pharmacother_172_116301
Author(s) : Wu Q , Jiang N , Wang Y , Song G , Li P , Fang Y , Xu L , Wang W , Xie M
Ref : Biomed Pharmacother , 172 :116301 , 2024
Abstract : Soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibition has been shown multiple beneficial effects against brain injuries of Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). However, the underlying mechanism of its neuroprotective effects after ICH has not been explained fully. Ferroptosis, a new form of iron-dependent programmed cell death, has been shown to be implicated in the secondary injuries after ICH. In this study, We examined whether sEH inhibition can alleviate brain injuries of ICH through inhibiting ferroptosis. Expression of several markers for ferroptosis was observed in the peri-hematomal brain tissues in mice after ICH. lip-1, a ferroptosis inhibitor, alleviated iron accumulation, lipid peroxidation and the secondary damages post-ICH in mice model. Intraperitoneal injection of 1-Trifluoromethoxyphenyl-3- (1-propionylpiperidin-4-yl)urea (TPPU), a highly selective sEH inhibitor, could inhibit ferroptosis and alleviate brain damages in ICH mice. Furthermore, RNA-sequencing was applied to explore the potential regulatory mechanism underlying the effects of TPPU in ferroptosis after ICH. C-C chemokine ligand 5 (CCL5) may be the key factor by which TPPU regulated ferroptosis after ICH since CCL5 antagonist could mimic the effects of TPPU and CCL5 reversed the inhibitive effect of TPPU on ferroptosis and the neuroprotective effects of TPPU on secondary damage after ICH. Taken together, these data indicate that ferroptosis is a key pathological feature of ICH and Soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitor can exert neuroprotective effect by preventing ferroptosis after ICH.
ESTHER : Wu_2024_Biomed.Pharmacother_172_116301
PubMedSearch : Wu_2024_Biomed.Pharmacother_172_116301
PubMedID: 38377737

Title : Virtual screening, activity evaluation, and stability of pancreatic lipase inhibitors in the gastrointestinal degradation of nattokinase - Yang_2024_Heliyon_10_e24868
Author(s) : Yang L , Cao S , Xie M , Shi T
Ref : Heliyon , 10 :e24868 , 2024
Abstract : Nattokinase is an alkaline serine protease secreted by natto during fermentation. Despite its good thrombolytic effect, it is intolerant to gastrointestinal conditions and is easily digested and degraded into polypeptides, oligopeptides, and amino acids. However, whether these peptides inhibit fat-digesting enzymes and other biological activities remains unknown. To explore the bioactivity of peptides produced through nattokinase degradation, nattokinase was subjected to simulated digestion in the gastrointestinal tract, and 41 small peptides were obtained through the enzymolysis of gastric enzymes, pancreases, and chymotrypsin. Four pancreatic lipase (PL) inhibitory peptides (SW, ASF, GAY, and PGGTY) were selected based on their activity scores, water solubility, and toxicity predictions. The molecular docking results revealed that hydrogen bonds and electrostatic interactions were the main forces for inhibiting PL activity. The results of enzyme activity verification revealed that all four peptides inhibited PL activity. Among them, GAY exhibited the strongest inhibitory effect, with an inhibitory rate of 10.93 % at a concentration of 1 mg/mL. Molecular dynamics simulations confirmed that the GAY-1ETH complex demonstrated good stability. Natto foods containing nattokinase own the activity of inhibiting fat-digesting enzymes and show antiobesity potentials.
ESTHER : Yang_2024_Heliyon_10_e24868
PubMedSearch : Yang_2024_Heliyon_10_e24868
PubMedID: 38312550

Title : Novel miR-108 and miR-234 target juvenile hormone esterase to regulate the response of Plutella xylostella to Cry1Ac protoxin - Yang_2023_Ecotoxicol.Environ.Saf_254_114761
Author(s) : Yang J , Chen S , Xu X , Lin S , Wu J , Lin G , Bai J , Song Q , You M , Xie M
Ref : Ecotoxicology & Environmental Safety , 254 :114761 , 2023
Abstract : Insect hormones, such as juvenile hormone (JH), precisely regulate insect life-history traits. The regulation of JH is tightly associated with the tolerance or resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt). JH esterase (JHE) is a primary JH-specific metabolic enzyme which plays a key role in regulating JH titer. Here, we characterized a JHE gene from Plutella xylostella (PxJHE), and found it was differentially expressed in the Bt Cry1Ac resistant and susceptible strains. Suppression of PxJHE expression with RNAi increased the tolerance of P. xylostella to Cry1Ac protoxin. To investigate the regulatory mechanism of PxJHE, two target site prediction algorithms were applied to predict the putative miRNAs targeting PxJHE, and the resulting putative miRNAs were subsequently verified for their function targeting PxJHE using luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation. MiR-108 or miR-234 agomir delivery dramatically reduced PxJHE expression in vivo, whilst only miR-108 overexpression consequently increased the tolerance of P. xylostella larvae to Cry1Ac protoxin. By contrast, reduction of miR-108 or miR-234 dramatically increased PxJHE expression, accompanied by the decreased tolerance to Cry1Ac protoxin. Furthermore, injection of miR-108 or miR-234 led to developmental defects in P. xylostella, whilst injection of antagomir did not cause any obvious abnormal phenotypes. Our results indicated that miR-108 or miR-234 can be applied as potential molecular targets to combat P. xylostella and perhaps other lepidopteran pests, providing novel insights into miRNA-based integrated pest management.
ESTHER : Yang_2023_Ecotoxicol.Environ.Saf_254_114761
PubMedSearch : Yang_2023_Ecotoxicol.Environ.Saf_254_114761
PubMedID: 36907089

Title : Identification of Conserved and Divergent Strigolactone Receptors in Sugarcane Reveals a Key Residue Crucial for Plant Branching Control - Hu_2021_Front.Plant.Sci_12_747160
Author(s) : Hu A , Zhao Q , Chen L , Zhao J , Wang Y , Feng K , Wu L , Xie M , Zhou X , Xiao L , Ming Z , Zhang M , Yao R
Ref : Front Plant Sci , 12 :747160 , 2021
Abstract : Strigolactones (SLs) are a class of important plant hormones mainly regulating plant architecture such as branching, which is crucial for crop yield. It is valuable to study SL signaling pathway and its physiological function in sugarcane, the most important sugar crop, for further molecular breeding. Here, two putative SL receptors SsD14a/b and the interacting F-box protein SsMAX2 were identified in Saccharum spontaneum. SL induced both SsD14a and SsD14b to interact with SsMAX2 in yeast. SsD14a, but not SsD14b, could bind with AtMAX2 and AtSMXL7/SsSMXL7. Overexpression of SsD14a or SsMAX2 rescued the increased branching phenotypes of Arabidopsis thaliana d14-1 or max2-3 mutants, respectively. Moreover, the crystal structure of N-terminal truncated SsD14a was solved, with an overall structure identical to AtD14 and OsD14 in the open state, consistent with its conserved branching suppression capacity in Arabidopsis. In line with the biochemical observations, SsD14b could not completely complement in d14-1 although these two SsD14 proteins have almost identical primary sequences except for very few residues. Complement with the combination of SsD14b and SsMAX2 still failed to rescue the d14-1 max2-3 double mutant multi-branching phenotype, indicating SsD14b-AtSMXL7 complex formation is required for regulating branching. Mutagenesis analyses revealed that residue R310 at alpha10 helix of SsD14a was crucial for the binding with SsSMXL7/AtSMXL7 but not SsMAX2. The site-equivalent single-residue P304R substitution enabled SsD14b to bind with AtMAX2 and AtSMXL7/SsSMXL7 and to rescue the phenotype of d14-1 max2-3 together with SsMAX2. Moreover, this conserved Arg residue across species including rice and Arabidopsis determined the activity of SL receptors through maintaining their interaction with SMXL repressors. Taken together, our work identified conserved and divergent strigolactone receptors in sugarcane core SL signaling pathway and revealed a key residue crucial for plant branching control.
ESTHER : Hu_2021_Front.Plant.Sci_12_747160
PubMedSearch : Hu_2021_Front.Plant.Sci_12_747160
PubMedID: 34858455
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9poal-a0a0d5nt23

Title : Soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitor attenuates BBB disruption and neuroinflammation after intracerebral hemorrhage in mice - Tian_2021_Neurochem.Int_150_105197
Author(s) : Tian Y , Yuan X , Wang Y , Wu Q , Fang Y , Zhu Z , Song G , Xu L , Wang W , Xie M
Ref : Neurochem Int , 150 :105197 , 2021
Abstract : Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a devastating disease with high mortality and morbidity. Soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) is the key enzyme in the epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) signaling. sEH inhibition has been demonstrated to have neuroprotective effects against multiple brain injuries. However, its role in the secondary injuries after ICH has not been fully elucidated. Here we tested the hypothesis that 1-Trifluoromethoxyphenyl-3-(1-propionylpiperidin-4-yl)urea (TPPU), a potent and highly selective sEH inhibitor, suppresses inflammation and the secondary injuries after ICH. Adult male C57BL/6 mice were subjected to a collagenase-induced ICH model. TPPU alleviated blood-brain barrier damage, inhibited inflammatory response, increased M2 polarization of microglial cells, reduced the infiltration of peripheral neutrophils. In addition, TPPU attenuated neuronal injury and promoted functional recovery. The results suggest that sEH may represent a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of ICH.
ESTHER : Tian_2021_Neurochem.Int_150_105197
PubMedSearch : Tian_2021_Neurochem.Int_150_105197
PubMedID: 34592333

Title : Excitatory Impact of Dental Occlusion on Dorsal Motor Nucleus of Vagus - Liu_2021_Front.Neural.Circuits_15_638000
Author(s) : Liu X , Shi M , Ren H , Xie M , Zhang C , Wang D , Li J , Wang M
Ref : Front Neural Circuits , 15 :638000 , 2021
Abstract : Neurons in the trigeminal mesencephalic nucleus (Vme) have axons that branch peripherally to innervate the orofacial region and project centrally to several motor nuclei in brainstem. The dorsal motor nucleus of vagus nerve (DMV) resides in the brainstem and takes a role in visceral motor function such as pancreatic exocrine secretion. The present study aimed to demonstrate the presence of Vme-DMV circuit, activation of which would elicit a trigeminal neuroendocrine response. A masticatory dysfunctional animal model termed unilateral anterior crossbite (UAC) model created by disturbing the dental occlusion was used. Cholera toxin B subunit (CTb) was injected into the inferior alveolar nerve of rats to help identify the central axon terminals of Vme neurons around the choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) positive motor neurons in the DMV. The level of vesicular glutamate transporter 1 (VGLUT1) expressed in DMV, the level of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) expressed in pancreas, the level of glucagon and insulin expression in islets and serum, and the blood glucose level were detected and compared between UAC and the age matched sham-operation control mice. Data indicated that compared with the controls, there were more CTb/VGLUT1 double labeled axon endings around the ChAT positive neurons in the DMV of UAC groups. Mice in UAC group expressed a higher VGLUT1 protein level in DMV, AChE protein level in pancreas, glucagon and insulin level in islet and serum, and higher postprandial blood glucose level, but lower fasting blood glucose level. All these were reversed at 15-weeks when UAC cessation was performed from 11-weeks (all, P < 0.05). Our findings demonstrated Vme-DMV circuit via which the aberrant occlusion elicited a trigeminal neuroendocrine response such as alteration in the postprandial blood glucose level. Dental occlusion is proposed as a potential therapeutic target for reversing the increased postprandial glucose level.
ESTHER : Liu_2021_Front.Neural.Circuits_15_638000
PubMedSearch : Liu_2021_Front.Neural.Circuits_15_638000
PubMedID: 33776655

Title : Ric8 acts as a regulator of G-protein signaling required for nematode-trapping lifecycle of Arthrobotrys oligospora - Bai_2021_Environ.Microbiol__
Author(s) : Bai N , Zhang G , Wang W , Feng H , Yang X , Zheng Y , Yang L , Xie M , Zhang KQ , Yang J
Ref : Environ Microbiol , : , 2021
Abstract : Resistance to inhibitors of cholinesterase 8 (Ric8) is a conserved guanine nucleotide exchange factor that is involved in the regulation of G-protein signaling in filamentous fungi. Here, we characterized an orthologous Ric8 (AoRic8) in Arthrobotrys oligospora by multi-omics analyses. The Aoric8 deletion (deltaAoric8) mutants lost an ability to produce traps essential for nematode predation, accompanied by a marked reduction in cAMP level. Yeast two-hybrid assay revealed that AoRic8 interacted with G-protein subunit Galpha1. Moreover, the mutants were compromised in mycelia growth, conidiation, stress resistance, endocytosis, cellular components, and intrahyphal hyphae. Revealed by transcriptomic analysis differentially upregulated genes in the absence of Aoric8 were involved in cell cycle, DNA replication, and recombination during trap formation while downregulated genes were primarily involved in organelles, carbohydrate metabolism, and amino acid metabolism. Metabolomic analysis showed that many compounds were markedly downregulated in deltaAoric8 mutants versus the wild-type strain. Our results demonstrated a crucial role for AoRic8 in the fungal growth, environmental adaption, and nematode predation through control of cell cycle, organelle, and secondary metabolism by G-protein signaling. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
ESTHER : Bai_2021_Environ.Microbiol__
PubMedSearch : Bai_2021_Environ.Microbiol__
PubMedID: 34431203

Title : A strategy to discover lead chemome from traditional Chinese medicines based on natural chromatogram-effect correlation (NCEC) and natural structure-effect correlation (NSEC): Mahonia bealei and Mahonia fortunei as a case study - Song_2021_J.Chromatogr.B.Analyt.Technol.Biomed.Life.Sci_1181_122922
Author(s) : Song HP , Zhang H , Hu R , Xiao HH , Guo H , Yuan WH , Han XT , Xu XY , Zhang X , Ding ZX , Zhao MY , Kang TG , Sun HY , Chang A , Chen YH , Xie M
Ref : Journal of Chromatography B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sciences , 1181 :122922 , 2021
Abstract : Lead compound is an important concept for modern drug discovery. In this study, a new concept of lead chemome and an efficient strategy to discover lead chemome were proposed. Compared with the concept of lead compound, lead chemome can provide not only the starting point for drug development, but also the direction for structure optimization. Two traditional Chinese medicines of Mahonia bealei and Mahonia fortunei were used as examples to illustrate the strategy. Based on natural chromatogram-effect correlation (NCEC), berberine, palmatine and jatrorrhizine were discovered as acetylcholinesterase (AchE) inhibitors. Taking the three compounds as template molecules, a lead chemome consisting of 10 structurally related natural compounds were generated through natural structure-effect correlation (NSEC). In the lead chemome, the IC(50) values of jatrorrhizine, berberine, coptisine, palmatine and epiberberine are at nanomolar level, which are comparable to a widely used drug of galantamine. Pharmacophore modeling shows that the positive ionizable group and aromatic rings are important substructures for AchE inhibition. Molecular docking further shows that pi-cation interaction and pi-pi stacking are critical for compounds to maintain nanomolar IC(50) values. The structure-activity information is helpful for drug design and structure optimization. This work also expanded the traditional understanding of "stem is the medicinal part of Mahonia bealei and Mahonia fortunei". Actually, all parts except the leaf of Mahonia bealei exhibited potent AchE-inhibitory activity. This study provides not only a strategy to discover lead chemome for modern drug development, but also a reference for the application of different parts of medicinal plants.
ESTHER : Song_2021_J.Chromatogr.B.Analyt.Technol.Biomed.Life.Sci_1181_122922
PubMedSearch : Song_2021_J.Chromatogr.B.Analyt.Technol.Biomed.Life.Sci_1181_122922
PubMedID: 34500403

Title : Hydroxy-alpha-sanshool isolated from Zanthoxylum bungeanum attenuates learning and memory impairments in scopolamine-treated mice - Zhang_2019_Food.Funct_10_7315
Author(s) : Zhang M , Xie M , Wei D , Wang L , Hu M , Zhang Q , He Z , Peng W , Wu C
Ref : Food Funct , 10 :7315 , 2019
Abstract : Learning and memory impairments are common symptoms of dementia in neurodegenerative disorders. Occasionally, we found that Zanthoxylum bungeanum pericarps (ZBP) significantly activated the spontaneous activity of the hippocampus (HIPP) and paraHIPP (P < 0.001, uncorrected), implying the potential ability of ZBP to improve cognitive impairments. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the improving effect of hydroxy-alpha-sanshool (HAS), a characteristic ingredient of ZBP, against scopolamine (1 mg kg(-1), i.p.)-induced learning and memory deficits. HAS (5 mg kg(-1), p.o.) markedly reversed scopolamine-induced cognitive impairments, as indicated by its performance in the passive avoidance test and Morris water maze test (P < 0.01). Furthermore, HAS (2.5 and 5.0 mg kg(-1), p.o.) also dose-dependently prevented changes in hippocampal neuronal morphology and apoptosis, inhibited acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity, increased the acetylcholine (ACh) content, and increased the protein and mRNA expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and phospho-cAMP response element-binding (p-CREB) compared with those in the model group (P < 0.05 & P < 0.01). These findings demonstrated that HAS attenuated scopolamine-induced cognitive impairments mainly by enhancing the activity of the cholinergic system and increasing the CREB/BDNF signalling pathway.
ESTHER : Zhang_2019_Food.Funct_10_7315
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2019_Food.Funct_10_7315
PubMedID: 31637395

Title : Genome-wide association studies reveal genetic loci associated with plasma cholinesterase activity in ducks - Xu_2019_Anim.Genet_50_287
Author(s) : Xu Y , Liu H , Jiang Y , Fan W , Hu J , Zhang Y , Guo Z , Xie M , Huang W , Liu X , Zhou Z , Hou S
Ref : Anim Genet , 50 :287 , 2019
Abstract : Plasma cholinesterase (PCHE) activity is an important auxiliary test in human clinical medicine. It can distinguish liver diseases from non-liver diseases and help detect organophosphorus poisoning. Animal experiments have confirmed that PCHE activity is associated with obesity and hypertension and changes with physiological changes in an animal's body. The objective of this study was to locate the genetic loci responsible for PCHE activity variation in ducks. PCHE activity of Pekin duck x mallard F2 ducks at 3 and 8 weeks of age were analyzed, and genome-wide association studies were conducted. A region of about 1.5 Mb (21.8-23.3 Mb) on duck chromosome 9 was found to be associated with PCHE activity at both 3 and 8 weeks of age. The top SNP, g.22643979C>T in the butyrylcholinesterase (BCHE) gene, was most highly associated with PCHE activity at 3 weeks (-logP = 21.45) and 8 weeks (-logP = 27.60) of age. For the top SNP, the strong associations of CC and CT genotypes with low PCHE activity and the TT genotype with high PCHE activity indicates the dominant inheritance of low PCHE activity. Problems with block inheritance or linkage exist in this region. This study supports that BCHE is a functional gene for determining PCHE levels in ducks and that the genetic variations around this gene can cause phenotypic variations of PCHE activity.
ESTHER : Xu_2019_Anim.Genet_50_287
PubMedSearch : Xu_2019_Anim.Genet_50_287
PubMedID: 30994195
Gene_locus related to this paper: anapl-BCHE

Title : Effect of food matrices on the in vitro bioavailability and oxidative damage in PC12 cells of lead - Xia_2018_Food.Chem_266_397
Author(s) : Xia J , Fang Y , Shi Y , Shen X , Wu J , Xie M , Li P , Pei F , Hu Q
Ref : Food Chem , 266 :397 , 2018
Abstract : The bioavailability and oxidative damage toxicity of lead (Pb) in seven food matrices, including rice, milk, tomato, garlic, apple, kelp and pork, were determined using an in vitro digestion/Caco-2 cell model and a rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) oxidative damage model. Results showed that Pb bioaccessibility and bioavailability in the apple and kelp groups were significantly lower than other food matrix groups, with corresponding values of 11.05-28.31% and 1.57-8.81%, respectively. Oxidative damage assays showed that digestion products of apple polyphenol extract, which was selected from seven food matrices, could increase the oxidation resistance and the levels of glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and acetyl cholinesterase (AChE) by 32.23%, 39.02%, 27.14% and 30.90%, respectively. Additionally, malondialdehyde (MDA) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels could be decreased by 59.66% and 40.21%, respectively. In conclusion, phenolics were an important food matrix that could decrease the bioavailability and oxidative damage of Pb.
ESTHER : Xia_2018_Food.Chem_266_397
PubMedSearch : Xia_2018_Food.Chem_266_397
PubMedID: 30381204

Title : Soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibition Promotes White Matter Integrity and Long-Term Functional Recovery after chronic hypoperfusion in mice - Chen_2017_Sci.Rep_7_7758
Author(s) : Chen Y , Tian H , Yao E , Tian Y , Zhang H , Xu L , Yu Z , Fang Y , Wang W , Du P , Xie M
Ref : Sci Rep , 7 :7758 , 2017
Abstract : Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion induced cerebrovascular white matter lesions (WMLs) are closely associated with cognitive impairment and other neurological deficits. The mechanism of demyelination in response to hypoperfusion has not yet been fully clarified. Soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) is an endogenous key enzyme in the metabolic conversion and degradation of P450 eicosanoids called epoxyeicosatrienoic acids. Inhibition of sEH has been suggested to represent a prototype "combination therapy" targeting multiple mechanisms of stroke injury with a single agent. However, its role in the pathological process after WMLs has not been clarified. The present study was to investigate the role of a potent sEH inhibitor, 1-trifluoromethoxyphenyl-3-(1-propionylpiperidin-4-yl) urea (TPPU), on multiple elements in white matter of mice brain after chronic hypoperfusion. Adult male C57BL/6 mice were subjected to bilateral carotid artery stenosis (BCAS) to induce WMLs. Administration of TPPU significantly inhibited microglia activation and inflammatory response, increased M2 polarization of microglial cells, enhanced oligodendrogenesis and differentiation of oligodendrocytes, promoted white matter integrity and remyelination following chronic hypoperfusion. Moreover, these cellular changes were translated into a remarkable functional restoration. The results suggest that sEH inhibition could exert multi-target protective effects and alleviate cognitive impairment after chronic hypoperfusion induced WMLs in mice.
ESTHER : Chen_2017_Sci.Rep_7_7758
PubMedSearch : Chen_2017_Sci.Rep_7_7758
PubMedID: 28798352

Title : Molecular characterisation of two alpha-esterase genes involving chlorpyrifos detoxification in the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella - Xie_2017_Pest.Manag.Sci_73_1204
Author(s) : Xie M , Ren NN , You YC , Chen WJ , Song QS , You MS
Ref : Pest Manag Sci , 73 :1204 , 2017
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Carboxylesterases (CarEs) are involved in metabolic detoxification of dietary and environmental xenobiotics in insects. However, owing to the complexity of the protein family, the involvement of CarEs in insecticide metabolism in Plutella xylostella has not been fully elucidated. This study aimed to characterise two CarE genes and assess their potential roles in response to chlorpyrifos in P. xylostella.
RESULTS: Synergistic tests showed that triphenyl phosphate decreased the resistance of the third-instar larvae to chlorpyrifos. The treatment of the third-instar larvae with chlorpyrifos at the LC30 dose led to a significant increase in CarE activity. Two CarE cDNAs (Pxae18 and Pxae28) were subsequently sequenced and characterised. Both genes were expressed predominantly in the larval midgut. Most importantly, two CarE genes showed significantly higher expression in the chlorpyrifos-resistant strain than in the susceptible strain. RNAi knockdown of Pxae18 and Pxae28 significantly increased the mortality to chlorpyrifos from 40% in the control to 73.8 and 63.3% respectively. CONCLUSION: RNAi knockdown of Pxae18 and Pxae28 significantly inhibited detoxification ability and increased the mortality in P. xylostella. The results indicate that these two CarE genes play important roles in the detoxification of chlorpyrifos in P. xylostella. (c) 2016 Society of Chemical Industry.
ESTHER : Xie_2017_Pest.Manag.Sci_73_1204
PubMedSearch : Xie_2017_Pest.Manag.Sci_73_1204
PubMedID: 27717121

Title : Soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibition provides multi-target therapeutic effects in rats after spinal cord injury - Chen_2016_Mol.Neurobiol_53_1565
Author(s) : Chen X , Huang X , Qin C , Fang Y , Liu Y , Zhang G , Pan D , Wang W , Xie M
Ref : Molecular Neurobiology , 53 :1565 , 2016
Abstract : Multiple players are involved in motor and sensory dysfunctions after spinal cord injury (SCI). Therefore, therapeutic approaches targeting these various players in the damage cascade hold considerable promise for the treatment of traumatic spinal cord injury. Soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) is an endogenous key enzyme in the metabolic conversion and degradation of P450 eicosanoids called epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs). sEH inhibition has been shown to provide neuroprotective effects upon multiple elements of neurovascular unit under cerebral ischemia. However, its role in the pathological process after SCI remains unclear. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that sEH inhibition may have therapeutic effects in preventing secondary damage in rats after traumatic SCI. sEH was widely expressed in spinal cord tissue, mainly confined to astrocytes, and neurons. Administration of sEH inhibitor AUDA significantly suppressed local inflammatory responses as indicated by the reduced microglia activation and IL-1 beta expression, as well as the decreased infiltration of neutrophils and T lymphocytes. Meanwhile, reactive astrogliosis was remarkably attenuated. Furthermore, treatment of AUDA improved angiogenesis, inhibited neuron cells apoptosis, alleviated demyelination and formation of cavity and improved motor recovery. Together, these results provide the first in vivo evidence that sEH inhibition could exert multiple targets protective effects after SCI in rats. sEH may thereby serve as a promising multi-mechanism therapeutic target for the treatment of SCI.
ESTHER : Chen_2016_Mol.Neurobiol_53_1565
PubMedSearch : Chen_2016_Mol.Neurobiol_53_1565
PubMedID: 25663200

Title : Characterization of DWARF14 Genes in Populus - Zheng_2016_Sci.Rep_6_21593
Author(s) : Zheng K , Wang X , Weighill DA , Guo HB , Xie M , Yang Y , Yang J , Wang S , Jacobson DA , Guo H , Muchero W , Tuskan GA , Chen JG
Ref : Sci Rep , 6 :21593 , 2016
Abstract : Strigolactones are a new class of plant hormones regulating shoot branching and symbiotic interactions with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Studies of branching mutants in herbaceous plants have identified several key genes involved in strigolactone biosynthesis or signaling. The strigolactone signal is perceived by a member of the alpha/beta-fold hydrolase superfamily, known as DWARF14 (D14). However, little is known about D14 genes in the woody perennial plants. Here we report the identification of D14 homologs in the model woody plant Populus trichocarpa. We showed that there are two D14 homologs in P. trichocarpa, designated as PtD14a and PtD14b that are over 95% similar at the amino acid level. Expression analysis indicated that the transcript level of PtD14a is generally more abundant than that of PtD14b. However, only PtD14a was able to complement Arabidopsis d14 mutants, suggesting that PtD14a is the functional D14 ortholog. Amino acid alignment and structural modeling revealed substitutions of several highly conserved amino acids in the PtD14b protein including a phenylalanine near the catalytic triad of D14 proteins. This study lays a foundation for further characterization of strigolactone pathway and its functions in the woody perennial plants.
ESTHER : Zheng_2016_Sci.Rep_6_21593
PubMedSearch : Zheng_2016_Sci.Rep_6_21593
PubMedID: 26875827

Title : AMP-Activated Kinase Regulates Lipid Droplet Localization and Stability of Adipose Triglyceride Lipase in C. elegans Dauer Larvae - Xie_2015_PLoS.One_10_e0130480
Author(s) : Xie M , Roy R
Ref : PLoS ONE , 10 :e0130480 , 2015
Abstract : Animals have developed diverse mechanisms to adapt to their changing environment. Like many organisms the free-living nematode C. elegans can alternate between a reproductive mode or a diapause-like "dauer" stage during larval development to circumvent harsh environmental conditions. The master metabolic regulator AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is critical for survival during the dauer stage, where it phosphorylates adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL-1) at multiple sites to block lipid hydrolysis and ultimately protect the cellular triglyceride-based energy depot from rapid depletion. However, how the AMPK-mediated phosphorylation affects the function of ATGL-1 has not been characterised at the molecular level. Here we show that AMPK phosphorylation leads to the generation of 14-3-3 binding sites on ATGL-1, which are recognized by the C. elegans 14-3-3 protein orthologue PAR-5. Physical interaction of ATGL-1 with PAR-5 results in sequestration of ATGL-1 away from the lipid droplets and eventual proteasome-mediated degradation. In addition, we also show that the major AMPK phosphorylation site on ATGL-1, Ser 303, is required for both modification of its lipid droplet localization and its degradation. Our data provide mechanistic insight as to how AMPK functions to enhance survival through its ability to protect the accumulated triglyceride deposits from rapid hydrolysis to preserve the energy stores during periods of extended environmental duress.
ESTHER : Xie_2015_PLoS.One_10_e0130480
PubMedSearch : Xie_2015_PLoS.One_10_e0130480
PubMedID: 26098762

Title : The Causative Gene in Chanaran Dorfman Syndrome Regulates Lipid Droplet Homeostasis in C. elegans - Xie_2015_PLoS.Genet_11_e1005284
Author(s) : Xie M , Roy R
Ref : PLoS Genet , 11 :e1005284 , 2015
Abstract : AMP-activated kinase (AMPK) is a key regulator of many cellular mechanisms required for adjustment to various stresses induced by the changing environment. In C. elegans dauer larvae AMPK-null mutants expire prematurely due to hyperactive Adipose Triglyceride Lipase (ATGL-1) followed by rapid depletion of triglyceride stores. We found that the compromise of one of the three C. elegans orthologues of human cgi-58 significantly improves the survival of AMPK-deficient dauers. We also provide evidence that C. elegans CGI-58 acts as a co-activator of ATGL-1, while it also functions cooperatively to maintain regular lipid droplet structure. Surprisingly, we show that it also acts independently of ATGL-1 to restrict lipid droplet coalescence by altering the surface abundance and composition of long chain (C20) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). Our data reveal a novel structural role of CGI-58 in maintaining lipid droplet homeostasis through its effects on droplet composition, morphology and lipid hydrolysis; a conserved function that may account for some of the ATGL-1-independent features unique to Chanarin-Dorfman Syndrome.
ESTHER : Xie_2015_PLoS.Genet_11_e1005284
PubMedSearch : Xie_2015_PLoS.Genet_11_e1005284
PubMedID: 26083785
Gene_locus related to this paper: caeel-C37H5.2 , caeel-C37H5.3

Title : Whole-genome sequence of a flatfish provides insights into ZW sex chromosome evolution and adaptation to a benthic lifestyle - Chen_2014_Nat.Genet_46_253
Author(s) : Chen S , Zhang G , Shao C , Huang Q , Liu G , Zhang P , Song W , An N , Chalopin D , Volff JN , Hong Y , Li Q , Sha Z , Zhou H , Xie M , Yu Q , Liu Y , Xiang H , Wang N , Wu K , Yang C , Zhou Q , Liao X , Yang L , Hu Q , Zhang J , Meng L , Jin L , Tian Y , Lian J , Yang J , Miao G , Liu S , Liang Z , Yan F , Li Y , Sun B , Zhang H , Zhu Y , Du M , Zhao Y , Schartl M , Tang Q , Wang J
Ref : Nat Genet , 46 :253 , 2014
Abstract : Genetic sex determination by W and Z chromosomes has developed independently in different groups of organisms. To better understand the evolution of sex chromosomes and the plasticity of sex-determination mechanisms, we sequenced the whole genomes of a male (ZZ) and a female (ZW) half-smooth tongue sole (Cynoglossus semilaevis). In addition to insights into adaptation to a benthic lifestyle, we find that the sex chromosomes of these fish are derived from the same ancestral vertebrate protochromosome as the avian W and Z chromosomes. Notably, the same gene on the Z chromosome, dmrt1, which is the male-determining gene in birds, showed convergent evolution of features that are compatible with a similar function in tongue sole. Comparison of the relatively young tongue sole sex chromosomes with those of mammals and birds identified events that occurred during the early phase of sex-chromosome evolution. Pertinent to the current debate about heterogametic sex-chromosome decay, we find that massive gene loss occurred in the wake of sex-chromosome 'birth'.
ESTHER : Chen_2014_Nat.Genet_46_253
PubMedSearch : Chen_2014_Nat.Genet_46_253
PubMedID: 24487278
Gene_locus related to this paper: cynse-a0a3p8wch2 , cynse-a0a3p8vd14 , cynse-a0a3p8w747 , cynse-a0a3p8wq40 , cynse-a0a3p8wul3 , cynse-a0a3p8vqr4 , cynse-a0a3p8vmz4

Title : Identification of a novel salt tolerance gene in wild soybean by whole-genome sequencing - Qi_2014_Nat.Commun_5_4340
Author(s) : Qi X , Li MW , Xie M , Liu X , Ni M , Shao G , Song C , Kay-Yuen Yim A , Tao Y , Wong FL , Isobe S , Wong CF , Wong KS , Xu C , Li C , Wang Y , Guan R , Sun F , Fan G , Xiao Z , Zhou F , Phang TH , Tong SW , Chan TF , Yiu SM , Tabata S , Wang J , Xu X , Lam HM
Ref : Nat Commun , 5 :4340 , 2014
Abstract : Using a whole-genome-sequencing approach to explore germplasm resources can serve as an important strategy for crop improvement, especially in investigating wild accessions that may contain useful genetic resources that have been lost during the domestication process. Here we sequence and assemble a draft genome of wild soybean and construct a recombinant inbred population for genotyping-by-sequencing and phenotypic analyses to identify multiple QTLs relevant to traits of interest in agriculture. We use a combination of de novo sequencing data from this work and our previous germplasm re-sequencing data to identify a novel ion transporter gene, GmCHX1, and relate its sequence alterations to salt tolerance. Rapid gain-of-function tests show the protective effects of GmCHX1 towards salt stress. This combination of whole-genome de novo sequencing, high-density-marker QTL mapping by re-sequencing and functional analyses can serve as an effective strategy to unveil novel genomic information in wild soybean to facilitate crop improvement.
ESTHER : Qi_2014_Nat.Commun_5_4340
PubMedSearch : Qi_2014_Nat.Commun_5_4340
PubMedID: 25004933
Gene_locus related to this paper: soybn-i1k636 , soybn-i1j4c6 , glyso-a0a0b2sjw6 , soybn-a0a0r0i9y7 , soybn-a0a0r0j241 , soybn-i1kfz9 , glyso-a0a0b2rre9 , soybn-i1jx17

Title : The genomic sequence of the Chinese hamster ovary (CHO)-K1 cell line - Xu_2011_Nat.Biotechnol_29_735
Author(s) : Xu X , Nagarajan H , Lewis NE , Pan S , Cai Z , Liu X , Chen W , Xie M , Wang W , Hammond S , Andersen MR , Neff N , Passarelli B , Koh W , Fan HC , Wang J , Gui Y , Lee KH , Betenbaugh MJ , Quake SR , Famili I , Palsson BO
Ref : Nat Biotechnol , 29 :735 , 2011
Abstract : Chinese hamster ovary (CHO)-derived cell lines are the preferred host cells for the production of therapeutic proteins. Here we present a draft genomic sequence of the CHO-K1 ancestral cell line. The assembly comprises 2.45 Gb of genomic sequence, with 24,383 predicted genes. We associate most of the assembled scaffolds with 21 chromosomes isolated by microfluidics to identify chromosomal locations of genes. Furthermore, we investigate genes involved in glycosylation, which affect therapeutic protein quality, and viral susceptibility genes, which are relevant to cell engineering and regulatory concerns. Homologs of most human glycosylation-associated genes are present in the CHO-K1 genome, although 141 of these homologs are not expressed under exponential growth conditions. Many important viral entry genes are also present in the genome but not expressed, which may explain the unusual viral resistance property of CHO cell lines. We discuss how the availability of this genome sequence may facilitate genome-scale science for the optimization of biopharmaceutical protein production.
ESTHER : Xu_2011_Nat.Biotechnol_29_735
PubMedSearch : Xu_2011_Nat.Biotechnol_29_735
PubMedID: 21804562
Gene_locus related to this paper: crigr-g3hfm0 , crigr-g3h894 , crigr-a0a061hy43 , crigr-g3h3f6 , crigr-g3i9k7 , crigr-g3i9k8 , crigr-g3grm1 , crigr-g3in33 , crigr-g3i1j5 , crigr-a0a061ika1 , crigr-g3hqj0 , crigr-g3hh02 , crigr-g3h083 , crigr-a0a3l7ib08 , crigr-a0a061ihy9 , crigr-g3ifk5 , crigr-g3ily8 , crigr-g3hvc7 , crigr-g3gtp1 , crigr-g3h7k6 , crigr-g3hkm8

Title : Human and rodent carboxylesterases: immunorelatedness, overlapping substrate specificity, differential sensitivity to serine enzyme inhibitors, and tumor-related expression - Xie_2002_Drug.Metab.Dispos_30_541
Author(s) : Xie M , Yang D , Liu L , Xue B , Yan B
Ref : Drug Metabolism & Disposition: The Biological Fate of Chemicals , 30 :541 , 2002
Abstract : Carboxylesterases hydrolyze numerous endogenous and foreign compounds with diverse structures. Humans and rodents express multiple forms of carboxylesterases, which share a high degree of sequence identity (approximately 70%). Alignment analyses locate in carboxylesterases several functional subsites such the catalytic triad as seen in acetylcholinesterase. The aim of this study was to determine among human and rodent carboxylesterases the immunorelatedness, overlapping substrate specificity, differential sensitivity to serine enzyme inhibitors, tissue distribution, and tumor-related expression. Six antibodies against whole carboxylesterases or synthetic peptides were tested for their reactivity toward 11 human or rodent recombinant carboxylesterases. The antibodies against whole proteins generally exhibited a broader cross-reactivity than the anti-peptide antibodies. All carboxylesterases hydrolyzed para-nitrophenylacetate and para-nitrophenylbutyrate. However, the relative activity varied markedly from enzyme to enzyme (>20-fold), and some carboxylesterases showed a clear substrate preference. Carboxylesterases with the same functional subsites had a similar profile on substrate specificity and sensitivity toward phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride (PMSF) and paraoxon, suggesting that these subsites play determinant roles in the recognition of substrates and inhibitors. Among three human carboxylesterases, HCE-1 hydrolyzed both substrates to a similar extent, whereas HCE-2 and HCE-3 showed an opposite substrate preference. All three enzymes were inhibited by PMSF and paraoxon, but they showed a marked difference in relative sensitivities. Based on immunoblotting analyses, HCE-1 was present in all tissues examined, whereas HCE-2 and HCE-3 were expressed in a tissue-restricted pattern. Colon carcinomas expressed slightly higher levels of HCE-1 and HCE-2 than the adjacent normal tissues, whereas the opposite was true with HCE-3.
ESTHER : Xie_2002_Drug.Metab.Dispos_30_541
PubMedSearch : Xie_2002_Drug.Metab.Dispos_30_541
PubMedID: 11950785