Hu Q

References (37)

Title : The m(6)A modification mediated-lncRNA POU6F2-AS1 reprograms fatty acid metabolism and facilitates the growth of colorectal cancer via upregulation of FASN - Jiang_2024_Mol.Cancer_23_55
Author(s) : Jiang T , Qi J , Xue Z , Liu B , Liu J , Hu Q , Li Y , Ren J , Song H , Xu Y , Xu T , Fan R , Song J
Ref : Mol Cancer , 23 :55 , 2024
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have emerged as key players in tumorigenesis and tumour progression. However, the biological functions and potential mechanisms of lncRNAs in colorectal cancer (CRC) are unclear. METHODS: The novel lncRNA POU6F2-AS1 was identified through bioinformatics analysis, and its expression in CRC patients was verified via qRT-PCR and FISH. In vitro and in vivo experiments, such as BODIPY staining, Oil Red O staining, triglyceride (TAG) assays, and liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS) were subsequently performed with CRC specimens and cells to determine the clinical significance, and functional roles of POU6F2-AS1. Biotinylated RNA pull-down, RIP, Me-RIP, ChIP, and patient-derived organoid (PDO) culture assays were performed to confirm the underlying mechanism of POU6F2-AS1. RESULTS: The lncRNA POU6F2-AS1 is markedly upregulated in CRC and associated with adverse clinicopathological features and poor overall survival in CRC patients. Functionally, POU6F2-AS1 promotes the growth and lipogenesis of CRC cells both in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, METTL3-induced m(6)A modification is involved in the upregulation of POU6F2-AS1. Furthermore, upregulated POU6F2-AS1 could tether YBX1 to the FASN promoter to induce transcriptional activation, thus facilitating the growth and lipogenesis of CRC cells. CONCLUSIONS: Our data revealed that the upregulation of POU6F2-AS1 plays a critical role in CRC fatty acid metabolism and might provide a novel promising biomarker and therapeutic target for CRC.
ESTHER : Jiang_2024_Mol.Cancer_23_55
PubMedSearch : Jiang_2024_Mol.Cancer_23_55
PubMedID: 38491348

Title : Enhanced Biodegradation Rate of Poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) Composites Using Reed Fiber - Xu_2024_Polymers.(Basel)_16_
Author(s) : Xu J , Feng K , Li Y , Xie J , Wang Y , Zhang Z , Hu Q
Ref : Polymers (Basel) , 16 : , 2024
Abstract : To enhance the degradability of poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT), reed fiber (RF) was blended with PBAT to create composite materials. In this study, a fifteen day degradation experiment was conducted using four different enzyme solutions containing lipase, cellulase, Proteinase K, and esterase, respectively. The degradation process of the sample films was analyzed using an analytical balance, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The PBAT/RF composites exhibited an increased surface hydrophilicity, which enhanced their degradation capacity. Among all the enzymes tested, lipase had the most significant impact on the degradation rate. The weight loss of PBAT and PBAT/RF, caused by lipase, was approximately 5.63% and 8.17%, respectively. DSC analysis revealed an increase in the melting temperature and crystallinity over time, especially in the film containing reed fibers. FTIR results indicated a significant weakening of the ester bond peak in the samples. Moreover, this article describes a biodegradation study conducted for three months under controlled composting conditions of PBAT and PBAT/RF samples. The results showed that PBAT/RF degraded more easily in compost as compared to PBAT. The lag phase of PBAT/RF was observed to decrease by 23.8%, while the biodegradation rate exhibited an increase of 11.8% over a period of 91 days. SEM analysis demonstrated the formation of more cracks and pores on the surface of PBAT/RF composites during the degradation process. This leads to an increased contact area between the composites and microorganisms, thereby accelerating the degradation of PBAT/RF. This research is significant for preparing highly degradable PBAT composites and improving the application prospects of biodegradable green materials. PBAT/RF composites are devoted to replacing petroleum-based polymer materials with sustainable, natural materials in advanced applications such as constructional design, biomedical application, and eco-environmental packaging.
ESTHER : Xu_2024_Polymers.(Basel)_16_
PubMedSearch : Xu_2024_Polymers.(Basel)_16_
PubMedID: 38337300

Title : Combined exposure to titanium dioxide and tetracycline induces neurotoxicity in zebrafish - Xu_2023_Comp.Biochem.Physiol.C.Toxicol.Pharmacol__109562
Author(s) : Xu L , Yang X , He Y , Hu Q , Fu Z
Ref : Comparative Biochemistry & Physiology C Toxicol Pharmacol , :109562 , 2023
Abstract : In aquatic environment, engineered materials may inevitably interact with the coexisted organic pollutants, which affect their bioavailability and toxicity. In this contribution, the combined impacts of tetracycline (TC) and titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO(2) NPs) on the neurodevelopment of zebrafish larvae were investigated, and the underlying mechanisms were further elucidated. Firstly, it was confirmed that the co-existence of TC would increase the size and decrease the zeta potential of TiO(2) NPs. Following, developmental indicators and motor behaviors were investigated. Our results indicated that co-exposure to TC and TiO(2) NPs exhibited enhanced embryonic malformation rates and abnormal nervous system development in zebrafish embryos. Meanwhile, the locomotor behavior was increased upon treatment of TC and TiO(2) NP. Further, pathway enrichment analyses of transcriptomic sequencing provided detailed information that either lipid metabolism or PPAR signaling pathway were significantly affected in the co-exposure group. Also, TC + TiO(2) NP exposure significantly changed the mRNA expression of neural development-related genes and up-regulated the expression levels of neurotransmitters like 5-hydroxytryptamine, dopamine, acetylcholinesterase, and gamma-aminobutyric acid. Taken together, our results demonstrated that the co-exposure of TC and TiO(2) NPs had the potential to cause neurotoxicity in zebrafish embryos.
ESTHER : Xu_2023_Comp.Biochem.Physiol.C.Toxicol.Pharmacol__109562
PubMedSearch : Xu_2023_Comp.Biochem.Physiol.C.Toxicol.Pharmacol__109562
PubMedID: 36764589

Title : Construction of Liquid Crystal-Based Sensors Using Enzyme-Linked Dual-Functional Nucleic Acid on Magnetic Beads - Song_2023_Anal.Chem__
Author(s) : Song H , Khan M , Yu L , Wang Y , Lin JM , Hu Q
Ref : Analytical Chemistry , : , 2023
Abstract : The development of liquid crystal (LC)-based sensors with superior performances such as high portability, excellent stability, great convenience, and remarkable sensitivity is highly demanded. This work proposes a new strategy for constructing the LC-based sensor using enzyme-linked dual-functional nucleic acid (d-FNA) on magnetic beads (MBs). The detection of kanamycin (KA) is demonstrated as a model. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is assembled onto the KA aptamer-modified MBs with a d-FNA strand that consists of an AChE aptamer and the complementary sequence of a KA aptamer. As the specific recognition of KA by its aptamer triggers the release of AChE from the MBs, the myristoylcholine (Myr) solution after incubation with the MBs causes the black image of the LCs due to the formation of the Myr monolayer at the aqueous/LC interface. Otherwise, in the absence of KA, AChE is still decorated on the MBs and causes the hydrolysis of Myr. Therefore, a bright image of LCs is obtained. The detection of KA is successfully achieved with a lower detection limit of 48.1 pg/mL. In addition, a thin polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) layer-coated glass and a portable optical device are used to improve the stability and portability of the LC-based sensor to advance potential commercial applications. Furthermore, the detection of KA in milk with a portable device is demonstrated, showing the potential of the proposed enzyme-linked LC-based sensor.
ESTHER : Song_2023_Anal.Chem__
PubMedSearch : Song_2023_Anal.Chem__
PubMedID: 37622311

Title : A dual-emission ratiometric fluorescence strategy with enzyme-based inhibition for organophosphorus pesticides determination - Xu_2023_Mikrochim.Acta_190_337
Author(s) : Xu F , Li X , Chen C , Liang Z , Xu G , Wei F , Yang J , Hu Q , Cen Y
Ref : Mikrochim Acta , 190 :337 , 2023
Abstract : A fast, eco-friendly and accurate ratiometric fluorescent strategy is presented for the determination of organophosphorus pesticides (OPs) using intrinsic dual-emission silica nanoparticles modified with Rhodamine 6G (SiNPs-Rho6G). SiNPs-Rho6G had intrinsic dual-emission at 410 and 550 nm. The substrate acetylcholine was catalyzed by acetylcholinesterase (AChE) to produce thiocholine (TCh). TCh triggered the specific reaction of Ellman's reagent 5, 5-dithiobis (2-nitrobenzoic acid) to obtain 5-thio-2-nitrobenzoic acid, which caused the decrease in fluorescence intensity of SiNPs-Rho6G at 410 nm by the inner filter effect, while the fluorescence intensity of SiNPs-Rho6G at 550 nm was not significantly changed. OPs caused the recovery of the fluorescence at 410 nm by inhibiting the activity of AChE. Thus, the quantitative detection of OPs could be achieved through utilizing the catalytic characteristic of AChE. The linear curve from 0.010 to 0.250 microg mL(-1) with a detection limit of 7 ng mL(-1) was obtained for the determination of chlorpyrifos (Cpf). The ratiometric probe was used to detect the spiked Cpf in environmental and food samples with good recoveries. Therefore, combined with the dual emission characteristics of SiNPs-Rho6G and the specificity of the enzyme, the ratio fluorescence sensing platform has potential application prospects in OPs determinations.
ESTHER : Xu_2023_Mikrochim.Acta_190_337
PubMedSearch : Xu_2023_Mikrochim.Acta_190_337
PubMedID: 37516685

Title : Network pharmacology-based analysis of Jin-Si-Wei on the treatment of Alzheimer's disease - Zhi_2023_J.Ethnopharmacol__117291
Author(s) : Zhi J , Yin L , Zhang Z , Lv Y , Wu F , Yang Y , Zhang E , Li H , Lu N , Zhou M , Hu Q
Ref : J Ethnopharmacol , :117291 , 2023
Abstract : ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Jin-Si-Wei (JSW), a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula, have cognitive enhancing effect and delay the memory decline in an animal model of AD which has been reported. However, the therapeutic mechanism of JSW in the treatment of AD remains unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to verify the pharmacodynamics of JSW in the treatment of AD, and to explore its potential mechanism based on network pharmacology, molecular docking and experimental validation both in vitro and in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, the underlying mechanism of JSW against AD was investigated by the integration of network pharmacology. Then, the core pathways and biological process of JSW were verified by experiment, including behavioral test and pathological and biochemical assays with 6-month-old APP(swe)/PS1(deltaE9) transgenic (APP/PS1) mice in vivo and verified with Abeta(1-42)-stimulated SH-SY5Y cells in vitro. At last, molecular docking was used to show the binding activity of each active ingredient to the core genes of JSW treatment in AD. RESULTS: A Drug-Ingredient-Target network was established, which included 363 ingredients and 116 targets related to the JSW treatment of AD. The main metabolic pathway of JSW treatment for AD is neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction pathway, and biological processes are mainly involved in Abeta metabolic process. In vivo experiments, compared with APP/PS1 mice, the cognitive and memory ability of mice was significantly improved after JSW administration. In brain tissue of APP/PS1 mice, JSW could increase the contents of low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP-1), enkephalinase (NEP) and Acetyl choline (ACh), and decrease the contents of Abeta(1-42), amyloid precursor protein (APP) and receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE), decrease the vitality of cholinesterase (AChE) and choline acetyltransferase (ChAT). Besides, JSW could increase alpha-secretase expression and decrease beta/gamma-secretase expression, and improve the number and morphology of synapses in CA1 region of the hippocampus of APP/PS1 mice. In vitro experiments, Drug-Containing Serum (JSW-serum) has a neuroprotective effect by reducing the apoptosis on Abeta(1-42)-stimulated SH-SY5Y cells. Molecular docking results showed that 2-Isopropyl-8-methylphenanthrene-3,4-dione had strong binding activity with PTGS2, which maybe a potential ingredient for the treatment of AD. CONCLUSIONS: JSW improves AD in APP/PS1 mice, and this therapeutic effect may be achieved in part by altering the neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction pathway.
ESTHER : Zhi_2023_J.Ethnopharmacol__117291
PubMedSearch : Zhi_2023_J.Ethnopharmacol__117291
PubMedID: 37925002

Title : Discovery of human pancreatic lipase inhibitors from root of Rhodiola crenulata via integrating bioactivity-guided fractionation, chemical profiling and biochemical assay - Ma_2022_J.Pharm.Anal_12_683
Author(s) : Ma LJ , Hou XD , Qin XY , He RJ , Yu HN , Hu Q , Guan XQ , Jia SN , Hou J , Lei T , Ge GB
Ref : J Pharm Anal , 12 :683 , 2022
Abstract : Although herbal medicines (HMs) are widely used in the prevention and treatment of obesity and obesity-associated disorders, the key constituents exhibiting anti-obesity activity and their molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. Recently, we assessed the inhibitory potentials of several HMs against human pancreatic lipase (hPL, a key therapeutic target for human obesity), among which the root-extract of Rhodiola crenulata (ERC) showed the most potent anti-hPL activity. In this study, we adopted an integrated strategy, involving bioactivity-guided fractionation techniques, chemical profiling, and biochemical assays, to identify the key anti-hPL constituents in ERC. Nine ERC fractions (retention time = 12.5-35 min), obtained using reverse-phase liquid chromatography, showed strong anti-hPL activity, while the major constituents in these bioactive fractions were subsequently identified using liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC-Q-TOF-MS/MS). Among the identified ERC constituents, 1,2,3,4,6-penta-O-galloyl-beta-d-glucopyranose (PGG) and catechin gallate (CG) showed the most potent anti-hPL activity, with pIC(50) values of 7.59 +/- 0.03 and 7.68 +/- 0.23, respectively. Further investigations revealed that PGG and CG potently inhibited hPL in a non-competitive manner, with inhibition constant (K (i)) values of 0.012 and 0.082 microM, respectively. Collectively, our integrative analyses enabled us to efficiently identify and characterize the key anti-obesity constituents in ERC, as well as to elucidate their anti-hPL mechanisms. These findings provide convincing evidence in support of the anti-obesity and lipid-lowering properties of ERC.
ESTHER : Ma_2022_J.Pharm.Anal_12_683
PubMedSearch : Ma_2022_J.Pharm.Anal_12_683
PubMedID: 36105167

Title : Development and Validation of a Non-invasive Model to Predict Liver Histological Lesions in Chronic Hepatitis B Patients With Persistently Normal Alanine Aminotransferase and Detectable Viremia - Hu_2022_Front.Med.(Lausanne)_9_944547
Author(s) : Hu Q , Wang Q , Xu W , Huang C , Tao S , Qi X , Zhang Y , Li X , Jiang X , Song J , Li Q , Chen L , Huang Y
Ref : Front Med (Lausanne) , 9 :944547 , 2022
Abstract : BACKGROUND: A critical and controversial issue is whether antiviral therapy should be recommended in chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection patients with persistently normal alanine aminotransferase (PNALT) and detectable HBV DNA. The study aimed to develop a non-invasive model for predicting significant liver histological changes (SLHC), which is the histological indication for antiviral therapy in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients with PNALT and detectable HBV DNA. METHODS: 398 chronic HBV infection patients with PNALT and detectable HBV DNA who underwent liver biopsy were divided into the estimation set (n = 256) and validation set (n = 142). A multivariate logistic regression model was developed to predict SLHC in the estimation set, and the diagnostic performance was further validated in the validation set. RESULTS: 132 patients (33.2%) with PNALT and detectable HBV DNA had SLHC. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), cholinesterase (ChE), and liver stiffness measurement (LSM) were identified as the independent predictors of SLHC. The AUROC of the SLHC index, which combined AST, ChE, and LSM, was 0.824 and 0.816 in the estimation and validation set, respectively, for the prediction of SLHC. Applying the SLHC index >= 0.15, the presence of SLHC could be excluded with high negative predictive value in the estimation set (93.2%) and in the validation set (90.2%). Applying the SLHC index <= 0.55, the presence of SLHC could be considered with high positive predictive value in the estimation set (79.2%) and in the validation set (76.5%). CONCLUSION: The SLHC index provides a high accuracy in predicting liver histological indication for antiviral therapy in CHB patients with PNALT and detectable HBV DNA.
ESTHER : Hu_2022_Front.Med.(Lausanne)_9_944547
PubMedSearch : Hu_2022_Front.Med.(Lausanne)_9_944547
PubMedID: 35911415

Title : Paper-Based Distance Sensor for the Detection of Lipase via a Phase Separation-Induced Viscosity Change - Xia_2022_Anal.Chem__
Author(s) : Xia S , Yin F , Xu L , Zhao B , Wu W , Ma Y , Lin JM , Liu Y , Zhao M , Hu Q
Ref : Analytical Chemistry , : , 2022
Abstract : Human pancreatic lipase is a symbolic biomarker for the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis, which has profound significance for clinical detection and disease treatment. Herein, we first demonstrate a paper-based lipase sensor via a phase separation-induced viscosity change. Lipase catalyzes triolein to produce oleic acid and glycerol. Adding an excess of Ca(2+) produces calcium oleate. The remaining Ca(2+) binds with sodium alginate, triggering hydrogelation with an "egg-box" structure. The viscosity change of the aqueous solution induced by the phase separation process can be quantified by measuring the solution flow distance on a pH test paper. The paper-based lipase sensor has high sensitivity with a detection limit of 0.052 U/mL and also shows excellent specificity. Additionally, it is also utilized for quantitative lipase analysis in human serum samples to exhibit its potency in acute pancreatitis detection. This method overcomes the drawbacks of low sensitivity, slow response, and poor reproducibility caused by the nonuniform distribution of the highly viscous hydrogel on the sensing interface in existing approaches. In conclusion, thanks to the prominent characteristics of high portability, low cost, and easy operation, it is prospective for simple quantitative detection of lipase and has great potential for commercialization.
ESTHER : Xia_2022_Anal.Chem__
PubMedSearch : Xia_2022_Anal.Chem__
PubMedID: 36455011

Title : Degradation of a Main Plastic Pollutant Polyethylene Terephthalate by Two Distinct Proteases (Neprilysin and Cutinase-like Enzyme) - Hu_2021_J.Chem.Inf.Model__
Author(s) : Hu Q , Jayasinghe-Arachchige VM , Prabhakar R
Ref : J Chem Inf Model , : , 2021
Abstract : In this DFT study, hydrolysis of polyethylene terephthalate (PET), a major cause of plastic pollution, by two distinct enzymes, neprilysin (NEP, a mononuclear metalloprotease) and cutinase-like enzyme (CLE, a serine protease), has been investigated. These enzymes utilize different mechanisms for the degradation of PET. NEP uses either the metal-bound hydroxide attack (MH) mechanism or reverse protonation (RP) mechanism, while CLE utilizes a general acid/base mechanism that includes acylation and deacylation processes. Additionally, the RP mechanism of NEP can proceed through three pathways, RP0, RP1, and RP2. The DFT calculations predict that, among all these mechanisms, the MH mechanism is the energetically most favorable one for the NEP enzyme. In comparison, CLE catalyzes this reaction with a significantly higher barrier. These results suggest that the Lewis acid and nucleophile activations provided by the Zn metal center of NEP are more effective than the hydrogen bonding interactions afforded by the catalytic Ser85-His180-Asp165 triad of CLE. They have provided intrinsic details regarding PET degradation and will pave the way for the design of efficient metal-based catalysts for this critical reaction.
ESTHER : Hu_2021_J.Chem.Inf.Model__
PubMedSearch : Hu_2021_J.Chem.Inf.Model__
PubMedID: 33534993

Title : A pendant droplet-based sensor for the detection of acetylcholinesterase and its inhibitors - Li_2021_Chem.Commun.(Camb)_57_8909
Author(s) : Li B , Guo Y , Jiang Y , Lin JM , Hu Q , Yu L
Ref : Chem Commun (Camb) , 57 :8909 , 2021
Abstract : In this work, a pendant droplet-based sensor is developed for the rapid and label-free detection of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and its inhibitors. The detection limit of AChE reaches 0.17 mU mL(-1). The pIC(50) values of AChE inhibitors such as neostigmine, rivastigmine and galantamine are determined to be 0.45 microM, 0.64 microM and 4.93 microM, respectively.
ESTHER : Li_2021_Chem.Commun.(Camb)_57_8909
PubMedSearch : Li_2021_Chem.Commun.(Camb)_57_8909
PubMedID: 35225993

Title : Detection of organophosphorus pesticides with liquid crystals supported on the surface deposited with polyoxometalate-based acetylcholinesterase-responsive supramolecular spheres - Qi_2020_Food.Chem_320_126683
Author(s) : Qi L , Wu W , Kang Q , Hu Q , Yu L
Ref : Food Chem , 320 :126683 , 2020
Abstract : Here, we demonstrate use of acetylcholinesterase (AChE)-responsive polyoxometalate (POM)/surfactant supramolecular spheres to build a liquid crystal (LC)-based sensing platform for detection of organophosphorus pesticides. The self-assembled spheres are composed of hybrid materials of a POM, sodium dodecatungstophosphate (PW12), and a surfactant, myristoylcholine (Myr). It displays dark appearance when the aqueous solution is in contact with LCs supported on the octadecyltrichlorosilane-treated glass deposited with the supramolecular spheres, suggesting perpendicular orientation of LCs at the aqueous/LC interface. In contrast, LCs show bright appearance when the surface-deposited supramolecular spheres are enzymatically hydrolyzed by AChE, corresponding to planar orientation of LCs at the aqueous/LC interface. Detection of organophosphates are successfully achieved as they are potent inhibitors of AChE. The detection limit of the sensing platform reached 0.9 ng/mL for dimethoate. This method can avoid disturbance of external interference with excellent specificity and sensitivity, which makes it very promise in detection of organophosphorus pesticides.
ESTHER : Qi_2020_Food.Chem_320_126683
PubMedSearch : Qi_2020_Food.Chem_320_126683
PubMedID: 32229401

Title : Pancreatic Lipase Inhibitory Cyclohexapeptides from the Marine Sponge-Derived Fungus Aspergillus sp. 151304 - Tang_2020_J.Nat.Prod_83_2287
Author(s) : Tang WZ , Liu JT , Hu Q , He RJ , Guan XQ , Ge GB , Han H , Yang F , Lin HW
Ref : Journal of Natural Products , 83 :2287 , 2020
Abstract : Three new cyclohexapeptides, petrosamides A-C (1-3), were isolated from the sponge-derived fungus Aspergillus sp. 151304. Their structures were elucidated by detailed 1D and 2D spectroscopic analyses, and the absolute configurations of the amino acid residues were determined by the advanced Marfey's method. These peptides displayed significant and dose-dependent pancreatic lipase (PL) inhibitory activities, with IC(50) values of 7.6 +/- 1.5, 1.8 +/- 0.3, and 0.5 +/- 0.1 microM, respectively. Further inhibition kinetics analyses showed that compound 3 inhibited PL in a noncompetitive manner, while molecular dynamics simulation revealed that it could bind to PL at the entrance of the catalytic pocket.
ESTHER : Tang_2020_J.Nat.Prod_83_2287
PubMedSearch : Tang_2020_J.Nat.Prod_83_2287
PubMedID: 32662266

Title : Inhibition of pancreatic lipase by the constituents in St. John's Wort: In vitro and in silico investigations - Hou_2020_Int.J.Biol.Macromol_145_620
Author(s) : Hou XD , Guan XQ , Cao YF , Weng ZM , Hu Q , Liu HB , Jia SN , Zang SZ , Zhou Q , Yang L , Ge GB , Hou J
Ref : Int J Biol Macromol , 145 :620 , 2020
Abstract : Herbal medicines are frequently used for the prevention and treatment of obesity and obesity-related disorders. Our preliminary screening showed that St. John's Wort (SJW) displayed potent inhibition on pancreatic lipase (PL), a key hydrolase responsible for lipid digestion and absorption in mammals. Herein, the inhibition potentials and inhibitory mechanism of SJW extract and its major constituents on PL were fully investigated by a set of in vitro and in silico studies. The results clearly demonstrated that the naphthodianthrones, biflavones and most of flavonoids in SJW displayed strong to moderate inhibition on PL. Among all tested natural compounds, two naphthodianthrones (hypericin and pseudohypericin) and one biflavone (I3,II8-biapigenin) isolated from SJW exhibited potent PL inhibition activity, with the IC(50) values of <1 microM. Inhibition kinetics analyses showed that hypericin, pseudohypericin and I3,II8-biapigenin inhibited PL via a mixed manner, while molecular dynamics simulations revealed that three newly identified PL inhibitors could bind on PL at both the catalytic cavity and the interface between colipase and the C-terminal domain of PL. Collectively, our findings suggested that part of major constituents in SJW displayed potent PL inhibition activities, which could be used as lead compounds for the development of novel PL inhibitors.
ESTHER : Hou_2020_Int.J.Biol.Macromol_145_620
PubMedSearch : Hou_2020_Int.J.Biol.Macromol_145_620
PubMedID: 31883893

Title : Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of novel chalcone-like compounds as potent and reversible pancreatic lipase inhibitors - Huo_2020_Bioorg.Med.Chem__115853
Author(s) : Huo PC , Hu Q , Shu S , Zhou QH , He RJ , Hou J , Guan XQ , Tu DZ , Hou XD , Liu P , Zhang N , Liu ZG , Ge GB
Ref : Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry , :115853 , 2020
Abstract : Pancreatic lipase (PL), a crucial enzyme responsible for hydrolysis of dietary lipids, has been validated as a key therapeutic target to prevent and treat obesity-associated metabolic disorders. Herein, we report the design, synthesis and biological evaluation of a series of chalcone-like compounds as potent and reversible PL inhibitors. Following two rounds of structural modifications at both A and B rings of a chalcone-like skeleton, structure-PL inhibition relationships of the chalcone-like compounds were studied, while the key substituents that would be beneficial for PL inhibition were revealed. Among all tested chalcone-like compounds, compound B13 (a novel chalcone-like compound bearing two long carbon chains) displayed the most potent PL inhibition activity, with an IC(50) value of 0.33 M. Inhibition kinetic analyses demonstrated that B13 could potently inhibit PL-mediated 4-MUO hydrolysis in a mixed inhibition manner, with the K(i) value of 0.12 M. Molecular docking simulations suggested that B13 could tightly bind on PL at both the catalytic site and a non-catalytic site that was located on the surface of PL, which was consistent with the mixed inhibition mode of this agent. In addition, B13 displayed excellent stability in artificial gastrointestinal fluids and good metabolic stability in human liver preparations. Collectively, our findings suggested that chalcone-like compounds were good choices for design and development of orally administrated PL inhibitors, while B13 could be served as a promising lead compound to develop novel anti-obesity agents via targeting on PL.
ESTHER : Huo_2020_Bioorg.Med.Chem__115853
PubMedSearch : Huo_2020_Bioorg.Med.Chem__115853
PubMedID: 33214035

Title : Preventive Effects of Different Fermentation Times of Shuidouchi on Diphenoxylate-Induced Constipation in Mice - Chen_2019_Foods_8_
Author(s) : Chen L , Zhang J , Suo H , Wang W , Wang H , Zhang Y , Hu Q , Zhao X , Li J
Ref : Foods , 8 : , 2019
Abstract : This study compares the prevention effects of Shuidouchi with different fermentation times on constipation in mice. Shuidouchi is a short-time fermented soybean product. By improving its processing technology, it can incur better biological activity and become a health food. The Shuidouchi-treated mice were evaluated using constipation-related kits, quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), and Western blot assays. After the mice were fed 72-h-fermented Shuidouchi (72-SDC) for 9 d, the defecation time to excrete the first black stool was lower than that of the control and 24-SDC and 48-SDC groups, but was much higher than that of the normal group. The gastrointestinal (GI) transit of the small intestine of the 72-SDC group was higher than that of the control and the 24-SDC and 48-SDC groups, but lower that of the normal group. Meanwhile, 72-SDC could significantly increase the levels of ghrelin, endothelin-1 (ET-1), vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), and acetylcholinesterase (AchE) in the serum of constipated mice compared to the levels in mice in the control group. Moreover, 72-SDC could raise c-Kit, stem cell factor (SCF), glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GNDF), neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein expression levels, and reduce transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1 (TRPV1) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression levels in small-intestinal tissue compared to the levels in the control group. Meanwhile, 72-SDC also raised ghrelin mRNA expression in gastric tissue and transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) mRNA expression in colon tissue compared to the control group mice; these effects were stronger than those of 24-SDC and 48-SDC. Shuidouchi has good preventative effects on constipation and performs best when fermented for at least 72 h.
ESTHER : Chen_2019_Foods_8_
PubMedSearch : Chen_2019_Foods_8_
PubMedID: 30832248

Title : Genome sequence of Isaria javanica and comparative genome analysis insights into family S53 peptidase evolution in fungal entomopathogens - Lin_2019_Appl.Microbiol.Biotechnol_103_7111
Author(s) : Lin R , Zhang X , Xin B , Zou M , Gao Y , Qin F , Hu Q , Xie B , Cheng X
Ref : Applied Microbiology & Biotechnology , 103 :7111 , 2019
Abstract : The fungus Isaria javanica is an important entomopathogen that parasitizes various insects and is effective for pest control. In this study, we sequenced and assembled the genomes (IJ1G and IJ2G) of two I. javanica strains isolated from different insects. The genomes were approximately 35 Mb in size with 11,441 and 11,143 protein-coding genes, respectively. Using a phylogenomic approach, we evaluated genome evolution across five entomopathogenic fungi in Cordycipitaceae. By comparative genome analysis, it was found that family S53 serine peptidases were expanded in Cordycipitaceae entomopathogens, particularly in I. javanica. Gene duplication events were identified based on phylogenetic relationships inferred from 82 S53 peptidases within six entomopathogenic fungal genomes. Moreover, we found that carbohydrate-active enzymes and proteinases were the largest secretory protein groups encoded in the I. javanica genome, especially chitinases (GH18), serine and aspartic peptidases (S53, S08, S10, A01). Pathogenesis-related genes and genes for bacterial-like toxins and secondary metabolites were also identified. By comparative transcriptome analysis, differentially expressed genes in response to insect nutrients (in vitro) were identified. Moreover, most S53 peptidases were detected to be significantly upregulated during the initial fungal infection process in insects (in vivo) by RT-qPCR. Our results provide new clues about understanding evolution of pathogenic proteases and may suggest that abundant S53 peptidases in the I. javanica genome may contribute to its effective parasitism on various insects.
ESTHER : Lin_2019_Appl.Microbiol.Biotechnol_103_7111
PubMedSearch : Lin_2019_Appl.Microbiol.Biotechnol_103_7111
PubMedID: 31273397
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9hypo-a0a545vqi9

Title : A ratiometric fluorescence probe based on carbon dots for discriminative and highly sensitive detection of acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase in human whole blood - Xu_2019_Biosens.Bioelectron_131_232
Author(s) : Xu X , Cen Y , Xu G , Wei F , Shi M , Hu Q
Ref : Biosensors & Bioelectronics , 131 :232 , 2019
Abstract : A ratiometric fluorescence probe based on carbon dots (CDs) was developed for discriminative and highly sensitive detection of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) activity in human whole blood. When o-phenylenediamine (OPD) was oxidized by Cu(2+), the product 2,3-diaminophenazine (oxOPD) could effectively quench the fluorescence of CDs at 460nm due to the inner filter effect and gave rise to a new emission peak at 570nm. The AChE or BChE catalyzed hydrolysis reaction of acetylthiocholine or butyrylthiocholine to generate thiocholine, whose sulfhydryl group strongly captured Cu(2+) to inhibit the oxidization of OPD, thus effectively preserving the natural fluorescence emission of CDs. The resulting fluorescence intensity ratio served as the signal output of the probe for cholinesterases (ChEs) activity sensing. The activities of AChE and BChE were determined to range from 0.2 to 14.0 U L(-1) and from 0.1 to 5.0 U L(-1), with detection limits of 0.1 U L(-1) and 0.04 U L(-1), respectively. Additionally, the IC50 of tacrine and ethopropazine for the inhibition of AChE and BChE were estimated to be 29.8nM and 132.6nM, respectively. Moreover, the probe was successfully applied to the discriminative determination of AChE and BChE in human whole blood without any pretreatment. These results suggested that the proposed strategy provided a discriminative, sensitive and robust analytical platform for ChEs clinical diagnostics and drug screening.
ESTHER : Xu_2019_Biosens.Bioelectron_131_232
PubMedSearch : Xu_2019_Biosens.Bioelectron_131_232
PubMedID: 30849722

Title : Influences of PON1 on airway inflammation and remodeling in bronchial asthma - Chen_2018_J.Cell.Biochem_119_793
Author(s) : Chen WQ , Xie ZZ , Wang X , Zhao JH , Hu Q , Chen YH , Gao WY , Liu Y
Ref : Journal of Cellular Biochemistry , 119 :793 , 2018
Abstract : This study aims to explore the influences of Paraoxonase-1 (PON1) involved in airway inflammation and remodeling in asthma. Mice were divided into control, asthma, asthma + PON1 and asthma + NC groups, and asthma models were established via aerosol inhalation of ovalbumin (OVA). HE, Masson, and PAS stains were used to observe airway inflammation and remodeling, Giemsa staining to assess inflammatory cells in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), qRT-PCR and Western blot to detect PON1 expression, lipid peroxidation and glutathione assays to quantify malondialdehyde (MDA) activity and glutathione peroxidase (GSH) levels, ELISA to determine inflammatory cytokines and immunoglobulin, and colorimetry to detect PON1 activities. Additionally, mice lung macrophages and fibroblasts were transfected with PON1 plasmid in vitro; ELISA and qRT-PCR were performed to understand the effects of PON1 on inflammatory cytokines secreted by lung macrophages, MTT assay for lung fibroblasts proliferation and qRT-PCR and Western blot for the expressions of PON1, COL1A1, and fibronectin. After overexpression of PON1, the asthma mice had decreased inflammatory cell infiltration, fibrosis degree, and airway wall thickness; inflammatory cells and inflammatory cytokines in BALF were also reduced, expressions of OVA-IgE and IgG1, and MDA activity were decreased, but the expressions of OVA-IgG2a and INF-gamma and GSH levels were increased. Besides, PON1 significantly inhibited microphage expression of LPS-induced inflammatory cytokines, lung fibroblast proliferation, and COL1A1 and fibronectin expression. Thus, PON1 could relieve airway inflammation and airway remodeling in asthmatic mice and inhibit the secretion of LPS-induced macrophage inflammatory cytokines and the proliferation of lung fibroblasts.
ESTHER : Chen_2018_J.Cell.Biochem_119_793
PubMedSearch : Chen_2018_J.Cell.Biochem_119_793
PubMedID: 28657647

Title : Occurrence, distribution and ecological risks of organophosphate esters and synthetic musks in sediments from the Hun River - Zeng_2018_Ecotoxicol.Environ.Saf_160_178
Author(s) : Zeng X , Hu Q , He L , Liu Z , Gao S , Yu Z
Ref : Ecotoxicology & Environmental Safety , 160 :178 , 2018
Abstract : The Hun River is an important main tributary of the Liao River system. It is located in northeast China, and provides water resources for agriculture and industry. A man made reservoir (Dahuofang Reservoir, DHF) has been constructed mid-stream in the Hun River, supplying drinking water to surrounding cities. Pollution from organic contaminants is of great concern. In the present study, 40 sediment samples were collected and analyzed for the occurrence and distribution of two groups of emerging organic pollutants; namely, organophosphate esters (OPs) and synthetic musks (SMs). In all samples taken from upstream of the Hun River (UHR), downstream of the Hun River (DHR), and from DHF, the following concentrations were recorded: 0.141-4.39, 1.21-245, and 0.117-0.726microg/kg galaxolide (HHCB), and 0.098-3.82, 2.79-213, 0.430-0.956microg/kg tonalide (AHTN), respectively. For OPs, seven target analytes were detected in most of the sediment samples, with chlorinated OPs Tris-(2-chloroethyl) phosphate and Tris(2-chloro-isopropyl) phosphate being the dominant components, at levels varied in the range of LOD-0.810, ND-49.6, and 0.532-3.18microg/kg, and LOD-0.786, ND-60.1, and 0.352-1.32microg/kg from UHR, DHR and DHF, respectively. The elevated levels of these target compounds were detected in DHR, including its two main tributaries, Xi River and Pu River, which drain through cities with industrial development and dense populations. Our results indicate that domestic and industrial wastewater contributed to OPs and SMs sediment pollution, posing low to medium ecological risks to sediment dwelling organisms.
ESTHER : Zeng_2018_Ecotoxicol.Environ.Saf_160_178
PubMedSearch : Zeng_2018_Ecotoxicol.Environ.Saf_160_178
PubMedID: 29804014

Title : Effect of food matrices on the in vitro bioavailability and oxidative damage in PC12 cells of lead - Xia_2018_Food.Chem_266_397
Author(s) : Xia J , Fang Y , Shi Y , Shen X , Wu J , Xie M , Li P , Pei F , Hu Q
Ref : Food Chem , 266 :397 , 2018
Abstract : The bioavailability and oxidative damage toxicity of lead (Pb) in seven food matrices, including rice, milk, tomato, garlic, apple, kelp and pork, were determined using an in vitro digestion/Caco-2 cell model and a rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) oxidative damage model. Results showed that Pb bioaccessibility and bioavailability in the apple and kelp groups were significantly lower than other food matrix groups, with corresponding values of 11.05-28.31% and 1.57-8.81%, respectively. Oxidative damage assays showed that digestion products of apple polyphenol extract, which was selected from seven food matrices, could increase the oxidation resistance and the levels of glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and acetyl cholinesterase (AChE) by 32.23%, 39.02%, 27.14% and 30.90%, respectively. Additionally, malondialdehyde (MDA) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels could be decreased by 59.66% and 40.21%, respectively. In conclusion, phenolics were an important food matrix that could decrease the bioavailability and oxidative damage of Pb.
ESTHER : Xia_2018_Food.Chem_266_397
PubMedSearch : Xia_2018_Food.Chem_266_397
PubMedID: 30381204

Title : A new facet of NDRG1 in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma: Suppression of glycolytic metabolism - Liu_2017_Int.J.Oncol_50_1792
Author(s) : Liu W , Zhang B , Hu Q , Qin Y , Xu W , Shi S , Liang C , Meng Q , Xiang J , Liang D , Ji S , Liu J , Hu P , Liu L , Liu C , Long J , Ni Q , Yu X , Xu J
Ref : Int J Oncol , 50 :1792 , 2017
Abstract : N-myc downstream-regulated gene 1 (NDRG1) is known as tumor/metastasis suppressor in a variety of cancers including pancreas, being involved in angiogenesis, cancer growth and metastasis. However, the precise molecular mechanism how NDRG1 exerts its inhibitory function in pancreatic cancer remains unclear. In this investigation, we demonstrated that K-Ras plays a vital role in modulating NDRG1 protein level in PDAC cancer cells in vitro, which is mediated through ERK signaling. Noteworthy, K-Ras downstream Akt/mTOR signaling is inhibited upon NDRG1 overexpression, resulting in decease of HIF1alpha level. Moreover, NDRG1 has a unique role in modulating cancer metabolism of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). The mechanism accounting for NDRG1 in modulating aerobic glycolysis, at least partly, relied on its regulation of glycolysis genes including GLUT1, HK2, LDHA and PDK1. Additionally, NDRG1 is shown to suppress the activity of HIF1alpha, which is responsible for regulation of glycolysis enzymes. The current study is the first to elucidate a unique facet of the potent tumor/metastasis suppressor NDRG1 in the regulation of PDAC glycolysis, leading to important insights into the mechanism by which NDRG1 exert inhibitory function in PDAC.
ESTHER : Liu_2017_Int.J.Oncol_50_1792
PubMedSearch : Liu_2017_Int.J.Oncol_50_1792
PubMedID: 28350132

Title : DWARF14, A Receptor Covalently Linked with the Active Form of Strigolactones, Undergoes Strigolactone-Dependent Degradation in Rice - Hu_2017_Front.Plant.Sci_8_1935
Author(s) : Hu Q , He Y , Wang L , Liu S , Meng X , Liu G , Jing Y , Chen M , Song X , Jiang L , Yu H , Wang B , Li J
Ref : Front Plant Sci , 8 :1935 , 2017
Abstract : Strigolactones (SLs) are the latest confirmed phytohormones that regulate shoot branching by inhibiting bud outgrowth in higher plants. Perception of SLs depends on a novel mechanism employing an enzyme-receptor DWARF14 (D14) that hydrolyzes SLs and becomes covalently modified. This stimulates the interaction between D14 and D3, leading to the ubiquitination and degradation of the transcriptional repressor protein D53. However, the regulation of SL perception in rice remains elusive. In this study, we provide evidences that D14 is ubiquitinated after SL treatment and degraded through the 26S proteasome system. The Lys280 site of the D14 amino acid sequence was important for SL-induced D14 degradation, but did not change the subcellular localization of D14 nor disturbed the interaction between D14 and D3, nor D53 degradation. Biochemical and genetic analysis indicated that the key amino acids in the catalytic center of D14 were essential for D14 degradation. We further showed that D14 degradation is dependent on D3 and is tightly correlated with protein levels of D53. These findings revealed that D14 degradation takes place following D53 degradation and functions as an important feedback regulation mechanism of SL perception in rice.
ESTHER : Hu_2017_Front.Plant.Sci_8_1935
PubMedSearch : Hu_2017_Front.Plant.Sci_8_1935
PubMedID: 29170677

Title : A cationic surfactant-decorated liquid crystal sensing platform for simple and sensitive detection of acetylcholinesterase and its inhibitor - Wang_2015_Biosens.Bioelectron_72_25
Author(s) : Wang Y , Hu Q , Guo Y , Yu L
Ref : Biosensors & Bioelectronics , 72 :25 , 2015
Abstract : In this paper, construction of the liquid crystal (LC)-based sensing platform for simple and sensitive detection of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and its inhibitor using a cationic surfactant-decorated LC interface was demonstrated. A change of the optical images of LCs from bright to dark appearance was observed when the cationic surfactant, myristoylcholine chloride (Myr), was transferred onto the aqueous/LC interface, due to the formation of a stable surfactant monolayer at the interface. A dark-to-bright change of the optical appearance was then observed when AChE was transferred onto the Myr-decorated LC interface. The sensitivity of this new type of LC-based sensor is 3 orders of magnitude higher in the serum albumin solution than that only in the buffer solution. Noteworthy is that the AChE LC sensor shows a very high sensitivity for the detection of the enzyme inhibitor, which is around 1fM. The constructed low-cost LC-based sensor is quite simple and convenient, showing high promise for label-free detection of AChE and its inhibitors.
ESTHER : Wang_2015_Biosens.Bioelectron_72_25
PubMedSearch : Wang_2015_Biosens.Bioelectron_72_25
PubMedID: 25957073

Title : Whole-genome sequence of a flatfish provides insights into ZW sex chromosome evolution and adaptation to a benthic lifestyle - Chen_2014_Nat.Genet_46_253
Author(s) : Chen S , Zhang G , Shao C , Huang Q , Liu G , Zhang P , Song W , An N , Chalopin D , Volff JN , Hong Y , Li Q , Sha Z , Zhou H , Xie M , Yu Q , Liu Y , Xiang H , Wang N , Wu K , Yang C , Zhou Q , Liao X , Yang L , Hu Q , Zhang J , Meng L , Jin L , Tian Y , Lian J , Yang J , Miao G , Liu S , Liang Z , Yan F , Li Y , Sun B , Zhang H , Zhu Y , Du M , Zhao Y , Schartl M , Tang Q , Wang J
Ref : Nat Genet , 46 :253 , 2014
Abstract : Genetic sex determination by W and Z chromosomes has developed independently in different groups of organisms. To better understand the evolution of sex chromosomes and the plasticity of sex-determination mechanisms, we sequenced the whole genomes of a male (ZZ) and a female (ZW) half-smooth tongue sole (Cynoglossus semilaevis). In addition to insights into adaptation to a benthic lifestyle, we find that the sex chromosomes of these fish are derived from the same ancestral vertebrate protochromosome as the avian W and Z chromosomes. Notably, the same gene on the Z chromosome, dmrt1, which is the male-determining gene in birds, showed convergent evolution of features that are compatible with a similar function in tongue sole. Comparison of the relatively young tongue sole sex chromosomes with those of mammals and birds identified events that occurred during the early phase of sex-chromosome evolution. Pertinent to the current debate about heterogametic sex-chromosome decay, we find that massive gene loss occurred in the wake of sex-chromosome 'birth'.
ESTHER : Chen_2014_Nat.Genet_46_253
PubMedSearch : Chen_2014_Nat.Genet_46_253
PubMedID: 24487278
Gene_locus related to this paper: cynse-a0a3p8wch2 , cynse-a0a3p8vd14 , cynse-a0a3p8w747 , cynse-a0a3p8wq40 , cynse-a0a3p8wul3 , cynse-a0a3p8vqr4 , cynse-a0a3p8vmz4

Title : Complete Genome Sequence of Staphylococcus aureus XN108, an ST239-MRSA-SCCmec III Strain with Intermediate Vancomycin Resistance Isolated in Mainland China - Zhang_2014_Genome.Announc_2_e00449
Author(s) : Zhang X , Xu X , Yuan W , Hu Q , Shang W , Hu X , Tong Y , Rao X
Ref : Genome Announc , 2 : , 2014
Abstract : ST239-MRSA-SCCmec III (ST239, sequence type 239; MRSA, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus; SCCmec III, staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec type III) is the most predominant clone of hospital-acquired methicillin-resistant S. aureus in mainland China. We report here the complete genome sequence of XN108, the first vancomycin-intermediate S. aureus strain isolated from a steam-burned patient with a wound infection.
ESTHER : Zhang_2014_Genome.Announc_2_e00449
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2014_Genome.Announc_2_e00449
PubMedID: 25059856

Title : Comparative proteomic analysis of Bombyx mori hemocytes treated with destruxin A - Fan_2014_Arch.Insect.Biochem.Physiol_86_33
Author(s) : Fan J , Han P , Chen X , Hu Q , Ye M
Ref : Archives of Insect Biochemistry & Physiology , 86 :33 , 2014
Abstract : Destruxin A (DA), a cyclodepsipeptidic secondary metabolite of the entomopathogenic fungus, Metarhizium anisopliae, is an important anti-immunity agent against insect hemocytes. To understand the mechanism of the molecular responses to DA, fifth-instar larvae of the silkworm, Bombyx mori, were injected with 2 mug of DA. The proteomics of hemocytes were then investigated using two-dimensional electrophoresis and mass spectrometry, and validated qPCR. As a result, a total of 47 differently expressed protein spots were detected and 22 proteins in 26 spots were identified. There are eight immunity-related proteins, including three downregulated proteins (antitrypsin isoform 3, p50 protein, and calreticulin precursor) and five upregulated proteins (C-type lectin 10 precursor, serine proteinase-like protein, paralytic peptide, PPO-1, and PPO-2). Four resistance- and/or stress-related proteins (arginine kinase, carboxylesterase clade H, member 1, aminoacylase, and thiol peroxiredoxin) were upregulated. Ten proteins with other or unknown functions were also recorded. Five selected proteins were verified with qPCR. These results provide new insights into the molecular mechanism of host immune response to DA challenge.
ESTHER : Fan_2014_Arch.Insect.Biochem.Physiol_86_33
PubMedSearch : Fan_2014_Arch.Insect.Biochem.Physiol_86_33
PubMedID: 24719308

Title : Plant genetics. Early allopolyploid evolution in the post-Neolithic Brassica napus oilseed genome - Chalhoub_2014_Science_345_950
Author(s) : Chalhoub B , Denoeud F , Liu S , Parkin IA , Tang H , Wang X , Chiquet J , Belcram H , Tong C , Samans B , Correa M , Da Silva C , Just J , Falentin C , Koh CS , Le Clainche I , Bernard M , Bento P , Noel B , Labadie K , Alberti A , Charles M , Arnaud D , Guo H , Daviaud C , Alamery S , Jabbari K , Zhao M , Edger PP , Chelaifa H , Tack D , Lassalle G , Mestiri I , Schnel N , Le Paslier MC , Fan G , Renault V , Bayer PE , Golicz AA , Manoli S , Lee TH , Thi VH , Chalabi S , Hu Q , Fan C , Tollenaere R , Lu Y , Battail C , Shen J , Sidebottom CH , Canaguier A , Chauveau A , Berard A , Deniot G , Guan M , Liu Z , Sun F , Lim YP , Lyons E , Town CD , Bancroft I , Meng J , Ma J , Pires JC , King GJ , Brunel D , Delourme R , Renard M , Aury JM , Adams KL , Batley J , Snowdon RJ , Tost J , Edwards D , Zhou Y , Hua W , Sharpe AG , Paterson AH , Guan C , Wincker P
Ref : Science , 345 :950 , 2014
Abstract : Oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) was formed ~7500 years ago by hybridization between B. rapa and B. oleracea, followed by chromosome doubling, a process known as allopolyploidy. Together with more ancient polyploidizations, this conferred an aggregate 72x genome multiplication since the origin of angiosperms and high gene content. We examined the B. napus genome and the consequences of its recent duplication. The constituent An and Cn subgenomes are engaged in subtle structural, functional, and epigenetic cross-talk, with abundant homeologous exchanges. Incipient gene loss and expression divergence have begun. Selection in B. napus oilseed types has accelerated the loss of glucosinolate genes, while preserving expansion of oil biosynthesis genes. These processes provide insights into allopolyploid evolution and its relationship with crop domestication and improvement.
ESTHER : Chalhoub_2014_Science_345_950
PubMedSearch : Chalhoub_2014_Science_345_950
PubMedID: 25146293
Gene_locus related to this paper: braol-Q8GTM3 , braol-Q8GTM4 , brana-a0a078j4a9 , brana-a0a078e1m0 , brana-a0a078cd75 , brana-a0a078evd3 , brana-a0a078j4f0 , brana-a0a078cta5 , brana-a0a078cus4 , brana-a0a078f8c2 , brana-a0a078jql1 , brana-a0a078dgj3 , brana-a0a078hw50 , brana-a0a078cuu0 , brana-a0a078iyl8 , brana-a0a078dfa9 , brana-a0a078ic91 , brana-a0a078cnf7 , brana-a0a078fh41 , brana-a0a078ca65 , brana-a0a078ctc8 , brana-a0a078h021 , brana-a0a078h0h8 , brana-a0a078jx23 , brana-a0a078ci96 , brana-a0a078cqd7 , brana-a0a078dh94 , brana-a0a078h612 , brana-a0a078ild2 , brana-a0a078j2t3 , braol-a0a0d3dpb2 , braol-a0a0d3dx76 , brana-a0a078jxa8 , brana-a0a078i2k3 , braol-a0a0d3ef55 , brarp-m4dcj8 , brana-a0a078fw53 , brana-a0a078itf3 , brana-a0a078jsn1 , brana-a0a078jrt9 , brana-a0a078i6d2 , brana-a0a078jku0 , brana-a0a078fss7 , brana-a0a078i1l0 , brana-a0a078i402

Title : AhR-Mediated Effects of Dioxin on Neuronal Acetylcholinesterase Expression in Vitro - Xie_2013_Environ.Health.Perspect_121_613
Author(s) : Xie HQ , Xu HM , Fu HL , Hu Q , Tian WJ , Pei XH , Zhao B
Ref : Environmental Health Perspectives , 121 :613 , 2013
Abstract : Background: Deficits in cognitive functioning have been reported in humans exposed to dioxins and dioxin-like compounds. Evidence suggests that dioxins induce cholinergic dysfunction mediated by hypothyroidism. However, little is known about direct effects of dioxins on the cholinergic system.Objectives: We investigated the action of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) on acetylcholinesterase (AChE), a key enzyme in cholinergic neurotransmission.Methods: We used SK-N-SH human-derived neuronal cells to evaluate the effect of dioxin exposure on AChE.Results: We consistently found a significant decrease in enzymatic activity of AChE in cultured neurons treated with TCDD. We also found that, unlike organophosphate pesticides that directly act on the catalytic center of AChE, the suppressive effect of dioxin was through transcriptional regulation. The addition of CH223191, an inhibitor of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR)-dependent pathway, counteracted the TCDD-induced suppression of AChE, suggesting involvement of the AhR-dependent pathway. The existence of putative dioxin-responsive element (DRE) consensus sequences in the human ACHE promoter region further supported this hypothesis. Consistent with the absence of DRE elements in mouse or rat ACHE promoter regions, suppression of AChE by TCDD did not occur in rat neuronal cells, indicating a potential species-specific effect.Conclusions: In SK-N-SH cells, dioxin suppressed the activity of neuronal AChE via AhR-mediated transcriptional down-regulation. This is the first study to report direct interference by dioxin with the cholinergic neurotransmission system.
ESTHER : Xie_2013_Environ.Health.Perspect_121_613
PubMedSearch : Xie_2013_Environ.Health.Perspect_121_613
PubMedID: 23426015

Title : Lactoferrin-modified PEG-co-PCL nanoparticles for enhanced brain delivery of NAP peptide following intranasal administration - Liu_2013_Biomaterials_34_3870
Author(s) : Liu Z , Jiang M , Kang T , Miao D , Gu G , Song Q , Yao L , Hu Q , Tu Y , Pang Z , Chen H , Jiang X , Gao X , Chen J
Ref : Biomaterials , 34 :3870 , 2013
Abstract : Development of effective non-invasive drug delivery systems is of great importance to the treatment of Alzheimer's diseases and has made great progress in recent years. In this work, lactoferrin (Lf), a natural iron binding protein, whose receptor is highly expressed in both respiratory epithelial cells and neurons is here utilized to facilitate the nose-to-brain drug delivery of neuroprotection peptides. The Lf-conjugated PEG-PCL nanoparticle (Lf-NP) was constructed via a maleimide-thiol reaction with the Lf conjugation confirmed by CBQCA Protein Quantitation and XPS analysis. Other important parameters such as particle size distribution, zeta potential and in vitro release of fluorescent probes were also characterized. Compared with unmodified nanoparticles (NP), Lf-NP exhibited a significantly enhanced cellular accumulation in 16HBE14o-cells through both caveolae-/clathrin-mediated endocytosis and direct translocation. Following intranasal administration, Lf-NP facilitated the brain distribution of the coumarin-6 incorporated with the AUC0-8h in rat cerebrum (with hippocampus removed), cerebellum, olfactory tract, olfactory bulb and hippocampus 1.36, 1.53, 1.70, 1.57 and 1.23 times higher than that of coumarin-6 carried by NP, respectively. Using a neuroprotective peptide - NAPVSIPQ (NAP) as the model drug, the neuroprotective and memory improvement effect of Lf-NP was observed even at lower dose than that of NP in a Morris water maze experiment, which was also confirmed by the evaluation of acetylcholinesterase, choline acetyltransferase activity and neuronal degeneration in the mice hippocampus. In conclusion, Lf-NP may serve as a promising nose-to-brain drug delivery carrier especially for peptides and proteins.
ESTHER : Liu_2013_Biomaterials_34_3870
PubMedSearch : Liu_2013_Biomaterials_34_3870
PubMedID: 23453061

Title : First report of a sequence type 239 vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus isolate in Mainland China - Zhang_2013_Diagn.Microbiol.Infect.Dis_77_64
Author(s) : Zhang X , Hu Q , Yuan W , Shang W , Cheng H , Yuan J , Zhu J , Hu Z , Li S , Chen W , Hu X , Rao X
Ref : Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis , 77 :64 , 2013
Abstract : Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an important pathogen that causes a wide range of both hospital- and community-acquired infections. The high prevalence of MRSA and the extensive use of vancomycin in Mainland China may lead to the emergence of vancomycin-intermediate S. aureus (VISA) isolates. In this case, we report a VISA isolate from a 34-year-old male patient with steam burn. The isolate was determined to be sequence type 239 staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec type III, the most prevalent MRSA clone in Mainland China.
ESTHER : Zhang_2013_Diagn.Microbiol.Infect.Dis_77_64
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2013_Diagn.Microbiol.Infect.Dis_77_64
PubMedID: 23876353

Title : A randomized, 4-week double-blind placebo control study on the efficacy of donepezil augmentation of lithium for treatment of acute mania - Chen_2013_Neuropsychiatr.Dis.Treat_9_839
Author(s) : Chen J , Lu Z , Zhang M , Zhang J , Ni X , Jiang X , Xu H , Heeramun-Aubeeluck A , Hu Q , Jin H , Davis JM
Ref : Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat , 9 :839 , 2013
Abstract : INTRODUCTION: A significant number of mania patients fail to respond to current pharmacotherapy, thereby there is need for novel augmentation strategies. The results of some early studies showed the effectiveness of cholinomimetics in the treatment of mania. One open case series suggested the efficacy of donepezil in the treatment of bipolar disorder. Our aim was to explore whether an oral cholinesterase inhibitor, donepezil, administered during a 4-week treatment period, would benefit patients with acute mania.
METHODS: We conducted a 4-week double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of donepezil as an adjunctive treatment to lithium in patients with acute mania. Eligible subjects were randomly assigned to receive donepezil or placebo in addition to lithium. Donepezil was started at 5 mg/day, and increased to 10 mg/day in the first week. Patients were rated with the Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) and Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) at baseline, day 1, week 1, week 2, and week 4.
RESULTS: Out of the 30 patients who were enrolled, 15 were on donepezil and 15 were on placebo. All patients completed the 4-week trial. On the first day, there was a difference of 1.97 units on the psychomotor symptoms scale of the YMRS in the donepezil group as compared to the placebo group (t = 2.39, P = 0.02). There was a difference of 0.57 units (t = 2.09, P = 0.04) in the speech item and a difference of 0.29 units in the sexual interest item (t = 2.11, P = 0.04) in the donepezil group as compared to the placebo group. The total YMRS difference on the first day approached the conventional significance level (1.97 units, t = 1.84, P = 0.07). Over the course of 4 weeks, we failed to find that donepezil produced any significant difference in the YMRS (6.71 units difference, t = -1.44, P = 0.16) or the BPRS scale (1.29 units difference, t = -0.33, P = 0.75) as compared to placebo. Ten subjects (66.67%) in both groups met the criteria for clinical response (Fisher's exact P = 1.00). Five subjects (33.33%) in the donepezil group met the criteria for clinical remission while nine subjects (60.00%) in the placebo group met the remission criteria (Fisher's exact P = 0.27). CONCLUSION: Use of the oral anticholinergic donepezil had some benefit in the augmentation of lithium treatment on the first day, but did not provide any significant benefits in the long-term.
ESTHER : Chen_2013_Neuropsychiatr.Dis.Treat_9_839
PubMedSearch : Chen_2013_Neuropsychiatr.Dis.Treat_9_839
PubMedID: 23807849

Title : A novel functional low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 6 gene alternative splice variant is associated with Alzheimer's disease - Alarcon_2013_Neurobiol.Aging_34_1709 e9
Author(s) : Alarcon MA , Medina MA , Hu Q , Avila ME , Bustos BI , Perez-Palma E , Peralta A , Salazar P , Ugarte GD , Reyes AE , Martin GM , Opazo C , Moon RT , De Ferrari GV
Ref : Neurobiology of Aging , 34 :1709 e9 , 2013
Abstract : We previously found that single nucleotide polymorphisms in the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 6 (LRP6) gene are associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Here, we studied the posttranscriptional metabolism of the LRP6 message scanning sequentially the 23 LRP6 exons in human tissues and found a novel LRP6 isoform that completely skips exon 3 (LRP6Delta3) in all tissues examined and was also conserved in mice. Expression levels of the LRP6 isoforms were determined in 47 cortical brain messenger (m)RNA samples including 22 AD cases, 11 control subjects, and 14 individuals with other neurological disorders. LRP6Delta3 mRNA levels were significantly augmented in AD brains compared with controls (1.6-fold; p = 0.037) or other pathological samples (2-fold; p = 0.007). Functional analysis in Wnt/beta-catenin signaling assays revealed that skipping of exon 3 reduced significantly the signaling activity of the LRP6 coreceptor. We conclude that the LRP6Delta3 isoform is a novel splice variant, which shows diminished Wnt/beta-catenin signaling activity and might have a functional role in individuals with AD.
ESTHER : Alarcon_2013_Neurobiol.Aging_34_1709 e9
PubMedSearch : Alarcon_2013_Neurobiol.Aging_34_1709 e9
PubMedID: 23218566

Title : Phospholipid:Diacylglycerol Acyltransferase Is a Multifunctional Enzyme Involved in Membrane Lipid Turnover and Degradation While Synthesizing Triacylglycerol in the Unicellular Green Microalga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii - Yoon_2012_Plant.Cell_24_3708
Author(s) : Yoon K , Han D , Li Y , Sommerfeld M , Hu Q
Ref : Plant Cell , 24 :3708 , 2012
Abstract : Many unicellular microalgae produce large amounts ( approximately 20 to 50% of cell dry weight) of triacylglycerols (TAGs) under stress (e.g., nutrient starvation and high light), but the synthesis and physiological role of TAG are poorly understood. We present detailed genetic, biochemical, functional, and physiological analyses of phospholipid:diacylglycerol acyltransferase (PDAT) in the green microalga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, which catalyzes TAG synthesis via two pathways: transacylation of diacylglycerol (DAG) with acyl groups from phospholipids and galactolipids and DAG:DAG transacylation. We demonstrate that PDAT also possesses acyl hydrolase activities using TAG, phospholipids, galactolipids, and cholesteryl esters as substrates. Artificial microRNA silencing of PDAT in C. reinhardtii alters the membrane lipid composition, reducing the maximum specific growth rate. The data suggest that PDAT-mediated membrane lipid turnover and TAG synthesis is essential for vigorous growth under favorable culture conditions and for membrane lipid degradation with concomitant production of TAG for survival under stress. The strong lipase activity of PDAT with broad substrate specificity suggests that this enzyme could be a potential biocatalyst for industrial lipid hydrolysis and conversion, particularly for biofuel production.
ESTHER : Yoon_2012_Plant.Cell_24_3708
PubMedSearch : Yoon_2012_Plant.Cell_24_3708
PubMedID: 23012436

Title : The yak genome and adaptation to life at high altitude - Qiu_2012_Nat.Genet_44_946
Author(s) : Qiu Q , Zhang G , Ma T , Qian W , Wang J , Ye Z , Cao C , Hu Q , Kim J , Larkin DM , Auvil L , Capitanu B , Ma J , Lewin HA , Qian X , Lang Y , Zhou R , Wang L , Wang K , Xia J , Liao S , Pan S , Lu X , Hou H , Wang Y , Zang X , Yin Y , Ma H , Zhang J , Wang Z , Zhang Y , Zhang D , Yonezawa T , Hasegawa M , Zhong Y , Liu W , Huang Z , Zhang S , Long R , Yang H , Lenstra JA , Cooper DN , Wu Y , Shi P , Liu J
Ref : Nat Genet , 44 :946 , 2012
Abstract : Domestic yaks (Bos grunniens) provide meat and other necessities for Tibetans living at high altitude on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau and in adjacent regions. Comparison between yak and the closely related low-altitude cattle (Bos taurus) is informative in studying animal adaptation to high altitude. Here, we present the draft genome sequence of a female domestic yak generated using Illumina-based technology at 65-fold coverage. Genomic comparisons between yak and cattle identify an expansion in yak of gene families related to sensory perception and energy metabolism, as well as an enrichment of protein domains involved in sensing the extracellular environment and hypoxic stress. Positively selected and rapidly evolving genes in the yak lineage are also found to be significantly enriched in functional categories and pathways related to hypoxia and nutrition metabolism. These findings may have important implications for understanding adaptation to high altitude in other animal species and for hypoxia-related diseases in humans.
ESTHER : Qiu_2012_Nat.Genet_44_946
PubMedSearch : Qiu_2012_Nat.Genet_44_946
PubMedID: 22751099
Gene_locus related to this paper: bosmu-l8ic43 , bovin-2neur , bovin-balip , bovin-BCHE , bovin-e1bbv2 , bovin-e1bn79 , bovin-est8 , bovin-f1mi11 , bovin-f1n385 , bovin-g3mxp5 , bovin-lipli , bovin-lipr2 , bovin-q2kj30 , bovin-q3sz79 , bovin-q3t0r6 , bovin-ABHDA , bovin-q08dw9 , bovin-ABHD16B , bovin-SPG21 , bovin-TEX30 , 9ceta-l8iwv2 , 9ceta-l8idy3 , 9ceta-l8hsi3 , bovin-e1bjq9 , bovin-f1mc21 , 9ceta-l8hyl8 , bovin-LIPG , bovin-a0a3q1nm09 , bovin-f1n2i5

Title : Genome sequence and analysis of the tuber crop potato - Xu_2011_Nature_475_189
Author(s) : Xu X , Pan S , Cheng S , Zhang B , Mu D , Ni P , Zhang G , Yang S , Li R , Wang J , Orjeda G , Guzman F , Torres M , Lozano R , Ponce O , Martinez D , De la Cruz G , Chakrabarti SK , Patil VU , Skryabin KG , Kuznetsov BB , Ravin NV , Kolganova TV , Beletsky AV , Mardanov AV , Di Genova A , Bolser DM , Martin DM , Li G , Yang Y , Kuang H , Hu Q , Xiong X , Bishop GJ , Sagredo B , Mejia N , Zagorski W , Gromadka R , Gawor J , Szczesny P , Huang S , Zhang Z , Liang C , He J , Li Y , He Y , Xu J , Zhang Y , Xie B , Du Y , Qu D , Bonierbale M , Ghislain M , Herrera Mdel R , Giuliano G , Pietrella M , Perrotta G , Facella P , O'Brien K , Feingold SE , Barreiro LE , Massa GA , Diambra L , Whitty BR , Vaillancourt B , Lin H , Massa AN , Geoffroy M , Lundback S , DellaPenna D , Buell CR , Sharma SK , Marshall DF , Waugh R , Bryan GJ , Destefanis M , Nagy I , Milbourne D , Thomson SJ , Fiers M , Jacobs JM , Nielsen KL , Sonderkaer M , Iovene M , Torres GA , Jiang J , Veilleux RE , Bachem CW , De Boer J , Borm T , Kloosterman B , van Eck H , Datema E , Hekkert B , Goverse A , van Ham RC , Visser RG
Ref : Nature , 475 :189 , 2011
Abstract : Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is the world's most important non-grain food crop and is central to global food security. It is clonally propagated, highly heterozygous, autotetraploid, and suffers acute inbreeding depression. Here we use a homozygous doubled-monoploid potato clone to sequence and assemble 86% of the 844-megabase genome. We predict 39,031 protein-coding genes and present evidence for at least two genome duplication events indicative of a palaeopolyploid origin. As the first genome sequence of an asterid, the potato genome reveals 2,642 genes specific to this large angiosperm clade. We also sequenced a heterozygous diploid clone and show that gene presence/absence variants and other potentially deleterious mutations occur frequently and are a likely cause of inbreeding depression. Gene family expansion, tissue-specific expression and recruitment of genes to new pathways contributed to the evolution of tuber development. The potato genome sequence provides a platform for genetic improvement of this vital crop.
ESTHER : Xu_2011_Nature_475_189
PubMedSearch : Xu_2011_Nature_475_189
PubMedID: 21743474
Gene_locus related to this paper: soltu-q2tqv0 , soltu-q4h433 , soltu-m0zl00 , soltu-m1aw23 , soltu-m0zxh5 , soltu-m1d3q4 , soltu-m1bz14 , soltu-m1d3q6 , sollc-k4b1g3 , soltu-m0zzn8 , soltu-m1ba60 , sollc-k4bf33 , soltu-m1c8d8 , soltu-m1ced9 , soltu-m1a385 , soltu-m1bz15 , soltu-m1a7s9 , soltu-m1bc84 , soltu-m1bpd1 , sollc-k4bm34 , soltu-m1a487 , soltu-m1a5u0 , soltu-m1cjx7 , soltu-m1bvq8 , soltu-m1baq1 , soltu-m1cfh4 , soltu-m1azl4 , soltu-m0ztj0 , soltu-m1d6d0 , soltu-m1cap1 , soltu-m1a7m1 , soltu-m1d3s6

Title : Sequence and analysis of rice chromosome 4 - Feng_2002_Nature_420_316
Author(s) : Feng Q , Zhang Y , Hao P , Wang S , Fu G , Huang Y , Li Y , Zhu J , Liu Y , Hu X , Jia P , Zhao Q , Ying K , Yu S , Tang Y , Weng Q , Zhang L , Lu Y , Mu J , Zhang LS , Yu Z , Fan D , Liu X , Lu T , Li C , Wu Y , Sun T , Lei H , Li T , Hu H , Guan J , Wu M , Zhang R , Zhou B , Chen Z , Chen L , Jin Z , Wang R , Yin H , Cai Z , Ren S , Lv G , Gu W , Zhu G , Tu Y , Jia J , Chen J , Kang H , Chen X , Shao C , Sun Y , Hu Q , Zhang X , Zhang W , Wang L , Ding C , Sheng H , Gu J , Chen S , Ni L , Zhu F , Chen W , Lan L , Lai Y , Cheng Z , Gu M , Jiang J , Li J , Hong G , Xue Y , Han B
Ref : Nature , 420 :316 , 2002
Abstract : Rice is the principal food for over half of the population of the world. With its genome size of 430 megabase pairs (Mb), the cultivated rice species Oryza sativa is a model plant for genome research. Here we report the sequence analysis of chromosome 4 of O. sativa, one of the first two rice chromosomes to be sequenced completely. The finished sequence spans 34.6 Mb and represents 97.3% of the chromosome. In addition, we report the longest known sequence for a plant centromere, a completely sequenced contig of 1.16 Mb corresponding to the centromeric region of chromosome 4. We predict 4,658 protein coding genes and 70 transfer RNA genes. A total of 1,681 predicted genes match available unique rice expressed sequence tags. Transposable elements have a pronounced bias towards the euchromatic regions, indicating a close correlation of their distributions to genes along the chromosome. Comparative genome analysis between cultivated rice subspecies shows that there is an overall syntenic relationship between the chromosomes and divergence at the level of single-nucleotide polymorphisms and insertions and deletions. By contrast, there is little conservation in gene order between rice and Arabidopsis.
ESTHER : Feng_2002_Nature_420_316
PubMedSearch : Feng_2002_Nature_420_316
PubMedID: 12447439
Gene_locus related to this paper: orysa-Q7XTC5 , orysa-Q7F959 , orysa-q7f9i3 , orysa-q7x7y5 , orysa-q7xkj9 , orysa-q7xr62 , orysa-q7xr63 , orysa-q7xr64 , orysa-q7xsg1 , orysa-q7xsq2 , orysa-Q7XTM8 , orysa-q7xts6 , orysa-q7xue7 , orysa-q7xv53 , orysa-Q7XVB5 , orysa-Q7XVG5 , orysj-q0jaf0 , orysj-q7f8x1