Xia J

References (34)

Title : Lipase in-situ immobilized in covalent organic framework: Enzymatic properties and application in the preparation of 1, 3-dioleoyl-2-palmitoylglycerol - Feng_2024_Colloids.Surf.B.Biointerfaces_238_113873
Author(s) : Feng T , Shi J , Xia J , Ren X , Adesanya OI , Suo H , Zou B
Ref : Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces , 238 :113873 , 2024
Abstract : In this study, the critical importance of designing an appropriate immobilized carrier and method for free lipase to ensure exceptional biological catalytic activity and stability was emphasized. Covalent organic frameworks (COF-1) were synthesized as a novel porous carrier with an azine structure (-CN-NC-) through the condensation of hydrazine hydrate and benzene-1,3,5-tricarbaldehyde at room temperature. Simultaneously, Rhizomucor miehei lipase (RML) was immobilized within the COF-1 carrier using an in-situ aqueous phase method. Characterization of the carrier and RML@COF-1 and evaluation of the lipase properties of RML and RML@COF-1 through p-Nitrophenyl palmitate hydrolysis were conducted. Additionally, application in the synthesis of 1, 3-dioleoyl-2-palmitoylglycerol (OPO) was explored. The results showed that RML@COF-1 exhibited a high enzymatic loading of 285.4 mg/g. Under 60 degC conditions, the activity of RML@COF-1 was 2.31 times higher than that of free RML, and RML@COF-1 retained 77.25% of its original activity after 10 cycles of repeated use, indicating its excellent thermal stability and repeatability. Under the optimal conditions (10%, 1:8 PPP/OA, 45 degC, 5 h), the yield of OPO reached 47.35%, showcasing the promising application prospects of the novel immobilized enzyme synthesized via in-situ aqueous phase synthesis for OPO preparation.
ESTHER : Feng_2024_Colloids.Surf.B.Biointerfaces_238_113873
PubMedSearch : Feng_2024_Colloids.Surf.B.Biointerfaces_238_113873
PubMedID: 38552410

Title : Rapid detection of carbamate nerve agent analogues using dually functionalized gold nanoclusters - Zhang_2023_Anal.Bioanal.Chem_415_3275
Author(s) : Zhang Q , Lv J , Xia J , Wang L , Qu G , Yang Y , Liu S
Ref : Anal Bioanal Chem , 415 :3275 , 2023
Abstract : Carbamate nerve agents (CMNAs) are a type of lethal cholinesterase inhibitor with one or more quaternary amine centres and aromatic rings. CMNAs have been recently added to the Annex on Chemicals of the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) and Schedules of Controlled Chemicals of China. In this study, a rapid, sensitive and selective method was developed for the fluorescence detection of ambenonium chloride (AC) through host-guest and electrostatic dual interactions between AC and cyclodextrin/11-mercaptoundecanoic acid (CD/MUA) dually functionalized gold nanoclusters (AuNCs). Through this method, AC was detected with a limit of detection of 10.0 ng/mL. Method evaluation showed high selectivity towards AC over other related compounds. The practical applicability was verified, as satisfactory recoveries were obtained for AC spiked in river water and urine, as well as Proficiency Test samples from Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW). In addition, a fluorescence sensing array comprising four AuNCs was designed to distinguish six carbamates and structurally similar compounds. This method provides a potential approach for the rapid, sensitive and selective recognition and detection of CMNAs.
ESTHER : Zhang_2023_Anal.Bioanal.Chem_415_3275
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2023_Anal.Bioanal.Chem_415_3275
PubMedID: 37266687

Title : Monoacylglycerol lipase regulates macrophage polarization and cancer progression in uveal melanoma and pan-cancer - Tan_2023_Front.Immunol_14_1161960
Author(s) : Tan Y , Pan J , Deng Z , Chen T , Xia J , Liu Z , Zou C , Qin B
Ref : Front Immunol , 14 :1161960 , 2023
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Although lipid metabolism has been proven to play a key role in the development of cancer, its significance in uveal melanoma (UM) has not yet been elucidated in the available literature. METHODS: To identify the expression patterns of lipid metabolism in 80 UM patients from the TCGA database, 47 genes involved in lipid metabolism were analyzed. Consensus clustering revealed two distinct molecular groups. ESTIMATE, TIMER, and ssGSEA analyses were done to identify the differences between the two subgroups in tumor microenvironment (TME) and immune state. Using Cox regression and Lasso regression analysis, a risk model based on differentially expressed genes (DEGs) was developed. To validate the expression of monoacylglycerol lipase (MGLL) and immune infiltration in diverse malignancies, a pan-cancer cohort from the UCSC database was utilized. Next, a single-cell sequencing analysis on UM patients from the GEO data was used to characterize the lipid metabolism in TME and the role of MGLL in UM. Finally, in vitro investigations were utilized to study the involvement of MGLL in UM. RESULTS: Two molecular subgroups of UM patients have considerably varied survival rates. The majority of DEGs between the two subgroups were associated with immune-related pathways. Low immune scores, high tumor purity, a low number of immune infiltrating cells, and a comparatively low immunological state were associated with a more favorable prognosis. An examination of GO and KEGG data demonstrated that the risk model based on genes involved with lipid metabolism can accurately predict survival in patients with UM. It has been demonstrated that MGLL, a crucial gene in this paradigm, promotes the proliferation, invasion, and migration of UM cells. In addition, we discovered that MGLL is strongly expressed in macrophages, specifically M2 macrophages, which may play a function in the M2 polarization of macrophages and M2 macrophage activation in cancer cells. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that the risk model based on lipid metabolism may be useful for predicting the prognosis of patients with UM. By promoting macrophage M2 polarization, MGLL contributes to the evolution of malignancy in UM, suggesting that it may be a therapeutic target for UM.
ESTHER : Tan_2023_Front.Immunol_14_1161960
PubMedSearch : Tan_2023_Front.Immunol_14_1161960
PubMedID: 37033945

Title : Discovery of novel deoxyvasicinone derivatives with benzenesulfonamide substituents as multifunctional agents against Alzheimer's disease - Dong_2023_Eur.J.Med.Chem_264_116013
Author(s) : Dong S , Xia J , Wang F , Yang L , Xing S , Du J , Zhang T , Li Z
Ref : Eur Journal of Medicinal Chemistry , 264 :116013 , 2023
Abstract : A series of deoxyvasicinone derivatives with benzenesulfonamide substituents were designed and synthesized to find a multifunctional anti-Alzheimer's disease (AD) drug. The results of the biological activity evaluation indicated that most compounds demonstrated selective inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE). Among them, g17 exhibited the most potent inhibitory effect on AChE (IC(50) = 0.24 +/- 0.04 microM). Additionally, g17 exhibited promising properties as a metal chelator and inhibitor of amyloid beta peptides self-aggregation (68.34 % +/- 1.16 %). Research on oxidative stress has shown that g17 displays neuroprotective effects and effectively suppresses the intracellular accumulation of reactive oxygen species. Besides, g17 demonstrated remarkable anti-neuroinflammatory effects by significantly reducing the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines (such as NO, IL-1beta, and TNF-alpha) and inhibiting the expression of inflammatory mediators iNOS and COX-2. In vivo studies showed that g17 significantly improved AD model mice's cognitive and memory abilities. Histological examination of mouse hippocampal tissue sections using hematoxylin and eosin staining revealed that g17 effectively mitigates neuronal damage. Considering the multifunctional properties of g17, it is regarded as a promising lead compound for treating AD.
ESTHER : Dong_2023_Eur.J.Med.Chem_264_116013
PubMedSearch : Dong_2023_Eur.J.Med.Chem_264_116013
PubMedID: 38052155

Title : Design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of novel tryptanthrin derivatives as selective acetylcholinesterase inhibitors for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease - Xia_2023_Bioorg.Chem_143_106980
Author(s) : Xia J , Dong S , Yang L , Wang F , Xing S , Du J , Li Z
Ref : Bioorg Chem , 143 :106980 , 2023
Abstract : Two novel series of tryptanthrin (TRYP) derivatives were designed and synthesized as multifunctional agents for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Inhibition assay against cholinesterase (ChE) indicated that these derivatives can act as acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors with selectivity over butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE). Among them, n1 exhibited the most excellent ChE inhibitory potency (AChE, IC(50) = 12.17 +/- 1.50 nM; BuChE, IC(50) = 6.29 +/- 0.48 micro; selectivity index = 517). Molecular docking studies indicated that compound n1 can interact with amino acid residues in the catalytic active site and peripheral anionic site of AChE and the molecular dynamics (MD) simulation studies demonstrated that the AChE-n1 complex had good stability. N1 also exhibited anti-amyloid-beta (Abeta) aggregation (63.48 % +/- 1.02 %, 100 micro) and anti-neuroinflammation activity (NO, IL-1beta, TNF-alpha; IC(50) = 2.13 +/- 0.54 micro, 2.21 +/- 0.37 micro, 2.47 +/- 0.07 micro, respectively), and n1 had neuroprotective and metal-chelating properties. Further studies indicated n1 had proper blood-brain barrier permeability in the Parallel artificial membrane permeation assay. In vivo studies found that n1 effectively improved learning and memory impairment in scopolamine-induced AD mouse models. Nissl staining ofmice hippocampaltissue sections revealed that n1 restored neuronal cells in the hippocampus CA3 and CA1 regions. These findings suggested that n1 can be a promising compound for further development of multifunctional agents for AD treatment.
ESTHER : Xia_2023_Bioorg.Chem_143_106980
PubMedSearch : Xia_2023_Bioorg.Chem_143_106980
PubMedID: 38006789

Title : Discovery of Novel Tryptanthrin Derivatives with Benzenesulfonamide Substituents as Multi-Target-Directed Ligands for the Treatment of Alzheimer's Disease - Wang_2023_Pharmaceuticals.(Basel)_16_
Author(s) : Wang G , Du J , Ma J , Liu P , Xing S , Xia J , Dong S , Li Z
Ref : Pharmaceuticals (Basel) , 16 : , 2023
Abstract : Based on the multi-target-directed ligands (MTDLs) approach, two series of tryptanthrin derivatives with benzenesulfonamide substituents were evaluated as multifunctional agents for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In vitro biological assays indicated most of the derivatives had good cholinesterase inhibitory activity and neuroprotective properties. Among them, the target compound 4h was considered as a mixed reversible dual inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase (AChE, IC(50) = 0.13 +/- 0.04 microM) and butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE, IC(50) = 6.11 +/- 0.15 microM). And it could also potentially prevent the generation of amyloid plaques by inhibiting self-induced Abeta aggregation (63.16 +/- 2.33%). Molecular docking studies were used to explore the interactions of AChE, BuChE, and Abeta. Furthermore, possessing significant anti-neuroinflammatory potency (NO, IL-1beta, TNF-alpha; IC(50) = 0.62 +/- 0.07 microM, 1.78 +/- 0.21 microM, 1.31 +/- 0.28 microM, respectively) reduced ROS production, and chelated biometals were also found in compound 4h. Further studies showed that 4h had proper blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability and suitable in vitro metabolic stability. In in vivo study, 4h effectively ameliorated the learning and memory impairment of the scopolamine-induced AD mice model. These findings suggested that 4h may be a promising compound for further development as a multifunctional agent for the treatment of AD.
ESTHER : Wang_2023_Pharmaceuticals.(Basel)_16_
PubMedSearch : Wang_2023_Pharmaceuticals.(Basel)_16_
PubMedID: 37895939

Title : An efficient strategy based on two-stage chromatography and in vitro evaluation for rapid screening and isolation of acetylcholinesterase inhibitors from Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi - Hou_2022_J.Sep.Sci__
Author(s) : Hou W , Liu C , Li S , Zhang Y , Jin Y , Li X , Liu Z , Niu H , Xia J
Ref : J Sep Sci , : , 2022
Abstract : The extraction of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi was investigated using the response surface methodology-genetic algorithm mathematical regression model, and the extraction variables were optimized to maximize the flavonoid yield. Furthermore, a simple and efficient ultrafiltration-liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry and molecular docking methods was developed for the rapid screening and identification of acetylcholinesterase inhibitors present in Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi. Subsequently, four major chemical constituents, namely baicalein, norwogonin, wogonin, and oroxylin A, were identified as potent acetylcholinesterase inhibitors. This novel approach, involving the use of ultrafiltration-liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry and molecular docking methods combined with stepwise flow rate counter-current chromatography and semi-preparative high-performance liquid chromatography, could potentially provide a powerful tool for the screening and extraction of acetylcholinesterase inhibitors from complex matrices and be a useful platform for the production of bioactive and nutraceutical ingredients. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
ESTHER : Hou_2022_J.Sep.Sci__
PubMedSearch : Hou_2022_J.Sep.Sci__
PubMedID: 34990521

Title : Two-Stage SN38 Release from a Core-Shell Nanoparticle Enhances Tumor Deposition and Antitumor Efficacy for Synergistic Combination with Immune Checkpoint Blockade - Jiang_2022_ACS.Nano__
Author(s) : Jiang X , Lee M , Xia J , Luo T , Liu J , Rodriguez M , Lin W
Ref : ACS Nano , : , 2022
Abstract : Long-circulating nanomedicines efficiently deliver chemotherapies to tumors to reduce general toxicity. However, extended blood circulation of nanomedicines can increase drug exposure to leukocytes and lead to hematological toxicity. Here, we report a two-stage release strategy to enhance the drug deposition and antitumor efficacy of OxPt/SN38 core-shell nanoparticles with a hydrophilic oxaliplatin (OxPt) prodrug coordination polymer core and a lipid shell containing a hydrophobic cholesterol-conjugated SN38 prodrug (Chol-SN38). By conjugating cholesterol to the phenol group of SN38 via an acetal linkage and protecting the 20-hydroxy position with a trimethylsilyl (TMS) group, Chol-SN38 releases SN38 in two stages via esterase-catalyzed cleavage of the acetal linkage in the liver followed by acid-mediated hydrolysis of the TMS group to preferentially release SN38 in tumors. Compared to irinotecan, OxPt/SN38 reduces SN38 blood exposure by 9.0 times and increases SN38 tumor exposure by 4.7 times. As a result, OxPt/SN38 inhibits tumor growth on subcutaneous, spontaneous, and metastatic tumor models by causing apoptotic and immunogenic cell death. OxPt/SN38 exhibits strong synergy with the immune checkpoint blockade to regress subcutaneous colorectal and pancreatic tumors with 33-50% cure rates and greatly inhibits tumor growth and invasion in a spontaneous prostate cancer model and a liver metastasis model of colorectal cancer without causing side effects. Mechanistic studies revealed important roles of enhanced immunogenic cell death and upregulated PD-L1 expression by OxPt/SN38 in activating the tumor immune microenvironment to elicit potent antitumor immunity. This work highlights the potential of combining innovative prodrug design and nanomedicine formulation to address unmet needs in cancer therapy.
ESTHER : Jiang_2022_ACS.Nano__
PubMedSearch : Jiang_2022_ACS.Nano__
PubMedID: 36382721

Title : An efficient multi-enzyme cascade platform based on mesoporous metal-organic frameworks for the detection of organophosphorus and glucose - Cao_2022_Food.Chem_381_132282
Author(s) : Cao X , Guo Y , Zhao M , Li J , Wang C , Xia J , Zou T , Wang Z
Ref : Food Chem , 381 :132282 , 2022
Abstract : An efficient colorimetric detection platform based on multi-enzyme cascade has been developed for detection of organophosphorus. Firstly, the dual-enzyme platform was prepared and applied for sensitive glucose detection (detection limit 0.32 microM). And then three enzymes, including acetylcholinesterase, horseradish peroxidase and choline oxidase were encapsulated in cruciate flower-like zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (CF-ZIF-8) through one-step co-precipitation to construct detection platform with acetylcholine chloride as substrate. The acephate inhibited the activity of acetylcholinesterase, obstructed the cascade reaction and reduced the production of H(2)O(2), resulting in the changes of color intensity for the colorimetric detection. With suitable size and porous structure, CF-ZIF-8 provided a good microenvironment for guaranteeing the activity and spatial proximity of enzymes. The multi-enzyme platform displayed great performances with the detection limit of 0.23 nM for acephate. It was applied to the detection of acephate in Chinese cabbage and romaine, verifying the practicability of this platform.
ESTHER : Cao_2022_Food.Chem_381_132282
PubMedSearch : Cao_2022_Food.Chem_381_132282
PubMedID: 35176684

Title : Expression and characterization of a novel lipase from Bacillus licheniformis NCU CS-5 for application in enhancing fatty acids flavor release for low-fat cheeses - Zhao_2022_Food.Chem_368_130868
Author(s) : Zhao J , Ma M , Yan X , Zhang G , Xia J , Zeng G , Tian W , Bao X , Zeng Z , Yu P , Gong D
Ref : Food Chem , 368 :130868 , 2022
Abstract : A novel lipase from Bacillus licheniformis NCU CS-5 was expressed in different Escherichia coli cells. The recombinant enzyme achieved a high activity (161.74 U/mL) with protein concentration of 0.27 mg/mL under optimal conditions at the large-scale expression of 12 h. The recombinant lipase showed optimal activity at 40 degC and pH 10.0, and maintained more than 80% relative activity after 96 h of incubation at pH 9.0-10.0. This typical alkaline lipase was activated under medium temperature conditions (30 and 45 degC for 96 h). The lipase exhibited a degree of adaptability in various organic solvents and metal ions, and showed high specificity towards triglycerides with short and medium chain fatty acids. Among different substrates, the lipase showed the strongest binding affinity towards pNPP (Km = 0.674 mM, Vmax = 950.196 microM/min). In the experiments of its application in enhancing fatty acids flavor release for low-fat cheeses, the lipase was found to hydrolyze cheeses and mainly increase the contents of butyric acid, hexanoic acid, caprylic acid and decanoic acid. The results from NMR and GC provided the possibility of enhancing fatty acids flavor released from low-fat cheeses by the lipolysis method.
ESTHER : Zhao_2022_Food.Chem_368_130868
PubMedSearch : Zhao_2022_Food.Chem_368_130868
PubMedID: 34438173
Gene_locus related to this paper: bacld-q65hr4

Title : Carboxylesterase 2 induces mitochondrial dysfunction via disrupting lipid homeostasis in oral squamous cell carcinoma - Chen_2022_Mol.Metab__101600
Author(s) : Chen X , Liu Q , Chen Y , Wang L , Yang R , Zhang W , Pan X , Zhang S , Chen C , Wu T , Xia J , Cheng B , Ren X
Ref : Mol Metab , :101600 , 2022
Abstract : OBJECTIVE: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is characterized by high recurrence and metastasis and places a heavy burden on societies worldwide. Cancer cells thrive in a changing microenvironment by reprogramming lipidomic metabolic processes to provide nutrients and energy, activate oncogenic signaling pathways, and manage redox homeostasis to avoid lipotoxicity. The mechanism by which OSCC cells maintain lipid homeostasis during malignant progression is unclear. METHODS: The altered expression of fatty acid (FA) metabolism genes in OSCC, compared with that in normal tissues, and in OSCC patients with or without recurrence or metastasis were determined using public data from the TCGA and GEO databases. Immunohistochemistry was performed to examine the carboxylesterase 2 (CES2) protein level in our own cohort. CCK-8 and Transwell assays and an in vivo xenograft model were used to evaluate the biological functions of CES2. Mass spectrometry and RNA sequencing were performed to determine the lipidome and transcriptome alterations induced by CES2. Mitochondrial mass, mtDNA content, mitochondrial membrane potential, ROS levels, and oxygen consumption and apoptosis rates were evaluated to determine the effects of CES2 on mitochondrial function in OSCC. RESULTS: CES2 was downregulated in OSCC patients, especially those with recurrence or metastasis. CES2(high) OSCC patients showed better overall survival than CES2(low) OSCC patients. Restoring CES2 expression reduced OSCC cell viability and suppressed their migration and invasion in vitro, and it inhibited OSCC tumor growth in vivo. CES2 reprogrammed lipid metabolism in OSCC cells by hydrolyzing neutral lipid diacylglycerols (DGs) to release free fatty acids and reduce the membrane structure lipid phospholipids (PLs) synthesis. Free FAs were converted to acyl-carnitines (CARs) and transferred to mitochondria for oxidation, which induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation, mitochondrial damage, and apoptosis activation. Furthermore, the reduction in signaling lipids, e.g., DGs, PLs and substrates, suppressed PI3K/AKT/MYC signaling pathways. Restoring MYC rescued the diminished cell viability, suppressed migratory and invasive abilities, damaged mitochondria and reduced apoptosis rate induced by CES2. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated that CES2 downregulation plays an important role in OSCC by maintaining lipid homeostasis and reducing lipotoxicity during tumor progression and may provide a potential therapeutic target for OSCC.
ESTHER : Chen_2022_Mol.Metab__101600
PubMedSearch : Chen_2022_Mol.Metab__101600
PubMedID: 36113774

Title : Chemical profile, anti-hepatoma activity, anti-acetylcholinesterase and antioxidant activity of aerial part of Aconitum carmichaeli Debx - Yu_2022_Nat.Prod.Res__1
Author(s) : Yu J , Xia J , Xu J , Chen S , Zhang Y , Yin F , Fang J , Cai L , Zhang B , Zhan Y , Zhang X , Zeng Z , Liang Z
Ref : Nat Prod Res , :1 , 2022
Abstract : Five extracts of the aerial parts of Aconitum carmichaeli were obtained by different solvent extraction or macroporous adsorption resin purification: ethyl acetate layer extract (EAE), n-butanol layer extract (BuE), water layer extract (WE), extract eluted by 10% ethanol from macroporous resin (10%EE), extract eluted by 80% ethanol from macroporous resin (80%EE). Antioxidant activities of the five extracts were determined by ABTS, DPPH, FRAP assays, anti-AChE activities by modified Ellman's method, insvitro anti-hepatoma activities by CCK-8 assay, and chemical constituents of 80%EE were identified by UPLC-QE-Orbitrap-MS. The results demonstrated that the 80%EE showed the best insvitro anti-hepatoma activity on Huh-7 cell line with an IC(50) of 103.91 +/- 11.02 microg/mL. 10%EE and 80%EE gave the highest antioxidant activity. Furthermore, current findings demonstrated that the aerial part of Aconitum carmichaeli Debx. has high medicinal value and may be a good natural medicine.
ESTHER : Yu_2022_Nat.Prod.Res__1
PubMedSearch : Yu_2022_Nat.Prod.Res__1
PubMedID: 36503283

Title : Green synthesis of polydopamine functionalized magnetic mesoporous biochar for lipase immobilization and its application in interesterification for novel structured lipids production - Zhao_2022_Food.Chem_379_132148
Author(s) : Zhao J , Ma M , Yan X , Zhang G , Xia J , Zeng Z , Yu P , Deng Q , Gong D
Ref : Food Chem , 379 :132148 , 2022
Abstract : In this study, the polydopamine functionalized magnetic mesoporous biochar (MPCB-DA) was prepared for immobilization of Bacillus licheniformis lipase via covalent immobilization. Under optimized immobilization conditions, the maximum immobilization yield, efficiency and immobilized lipase amount were found to be 45%, 54% and 36.9 mg/g, respectively. The immobilized lipase, MPCB-DA-Lipase showed good thermal stability and alkali resistance. The MPCB-DA-Lipase retained 56% initial activity after 10 reuse cycles, with more than 85% relative activity after 70 days' storage at 4 or 25 degreesC. The MPCB-DA-Lipase was efficiently applied in the interesterification of Cinnamomum camphora seed kernel oil and perilla seed oil, with maximum interesterification efficiency of 46%. The produced structured lipids belong to the S(2)U and U(2)S triacylglycerols, a novel medium-and long-chain triacylglycerol. These results demonstrated that the MPCB-DA-Lipase may be used as an efficient biocatalyst in lipid processing applications of food industries.
ESTHER : Zhao_2022_Food.Chem_379_132148
PubMedSearch : Zhao_2022_Food.Chem_379_132148
PubMedID: 35074745

Title : High expression of NDRG3 correlates with poor prognosis in gastric cancer patients - Liu_2021_Rev.Esp.Enferm.Dig_113_524
Author(s) : Liu Y , Xia J , Zhou Y , Shao S
Ref : Rev Esp Enferm Dig , 113 :524 , 2021
Abstract : INTRODUCTION: N-myc downstream-regulated gene 3 (NDRG3) is an important member of the NDRG family and is linked with malignant tumors. However, the relationship between NDRG3 and gastric cancer (GC) is vague. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Western blot, qRT-PCR and immunohistochemistry (IHC) detected the expression of NDRG3 in GC cell lines and GC tissues; public databases were used to analyze NDRG3 in GC patients and the association with EBV infection. RESULTS: NDRG3 was up-regulated in GC cell lines and tissues. IHC data suggested that NDRG3 was correlated with histologic grade (p = 0.006) and is associated with patient survival. DISCUSSION: thus, NDRG3 may be a novel predictor of GC prognosis.
ESTHER : Liu_2021_Rev.Esp.Enferm.Dig_113_524
PubMedSearch : Liu_2021_Rev.Esp.Enferm.Dig_113_524
PubMedID: 33562989
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-NDRG3

Title : Imaging in vivo acetylcholine release in the peripheral nervous system with a fluorescent nanosensor - Xia_2021_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_118_
Author(s) : Xia J , Yang H , Mu M , Micovic N , Poskanzer KE , Monaghan JR , Clark HA
Ref : Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A , 118 : , 2021
Abstract : The ability to monitor the release of neurotransmitters during synaptic transmission would significantly impact the diagnosis and treatment of neurological diseases. Here, we present a DNA-based enzymatic nanosensor for quantitative detection of acetylcholine (ACh) in the peripheral nervous system of living mice. ACh nanosensors consist of DNA as a scaffold, acetylcholinesterase as a recognition component, pH-sensitive fluorophores as signal generators, and alpha-bungarotoxin as a targeting moiety. We demonstrate the utility of the nanosensors in the submandibular ganglia of living mice to sensitively detect ACh ranging from 0.228 to 358 microM. In addition, the sensor response upon electrical stimulation of the efferent nerve is dose dependent, reversible, and we observe a reduction of -76% in sensor signal upon pharmacological inhibition of ACh release. Equipped with an advanced imaging processing tool, we further spatially resolve ACh signal propagation on the tissue level. Our platform enables sensitive measurement and mapping of ACh transmission in the peripheral nervous system.
ESTHER : Xia_2021_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_118_
PubMedSearch : Xia_2021_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_118_
PubMedID: 33795516

Title : Metal-Organic Frameworks Conjugated Lipase with Enhanced Bio-catalytic Activity and Stability - Zou_2020_Appl.Biochem.Biotechnol__
Author(s) : Zou B , Zhang L , Xia J , Wang P , Yan Y , Wang X , Adesanya IO
Ref : Appl Biochem Biotechnol , : , 2020
Abstract : Covalent immobilization of lipase onto a solid carrier is an effective way to enhance stability. Immobilization inhibits the activity of lipase due to decreased flexibility of enzyme structure via the covalent bond. In this study, monomer of the metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) material ZIF-8 (2-methyl imidazole-4-carboxylic acid) was innovatively used as a chemical modifier of Candida nrugosa lipase (CRL). The circular dichroism spectra results show that the CRL molecule was altered by chemical modification and thus its catalytic activity was 1.3 times higher than that of the free CRL. The modified CRL molecule was further immobilized in the "skeleton" of ZIF-8 through the monomer while in situ forming the cell skeleton of the MOFs, which prevent the active center from being destroyed. The results show that conjugation of chemical modification and immobilized enzymes ensure that there was no obvious reduction in the activity of CRL after immobilization and the stability of CRL was improved. Especially, the organic solvent stability of the modified immobilization CRL in isopropanol was significantly improved and retained more than 148% of its activity.
ESTHER : Zou_2020_Appl.Biochem.Biotechnol__
PubMedSearch : Zou_2020_Appl.Biochem.Biotechnol__
PubMedID: 32323142

Title : Enhancing bio-catalytic activity and stability of lipase nanogel by functional ionic liquids modification - Zou_2020_Colloids.Surf.B.Biointerfaces_195_111275
Author(s) : Zou B , Yan Y , Xia J , Zhang L , Adesanya IO
Ref : Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces , 195 :111275 , 2020
Abstract : A novel integrated lipase nanogel based on functional ionic liquid modification and polymerization immobilization with improved stability was designed. Characterization before and after modification and polymerization was conducted using infrared spectroscopy, Circular dichroism spectroscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. It was shown that the modification of the ionic liquid influenced the catalytic behavior of lipase significantly due to the changed structure and surface properties of lipase. The enzymatic properties, including acid-base stability, thermal stability, organic solvents stability, and storage stability of CRL nanogel, were investigated in the p-nitrophenyl palmitate hydrolysis reaction (CRL, Lipase from Candida Rugosa). The results indicated that CRL nanogel has a better pH, heat, and organic solvent tolerance after immobilization. After seven weeks of storage, the natural CRL gradually lost its enzymatic activity, and only 17.5+/-1.7 % of the catalytic activity remained, the residual activity of CRL nanogel was 97.3+/-1.8 %. It was indicated that the novel CRL nanogel was an excellent biocatalyst.
ESTHER : Zou_2020_Colloids.Surf.B.Biointerfaces_195_111275
PubMedSearch : Zou_2020_Colloids.Surf.B.Biointerfaces_195_111275
PubMedID: 32739774

Title : First Genome-wide Association Analysis for Growth Traits in the Largest Coral Reef-Dwelling Bony Fishes, the Giant Grouper (Epinephelus lanceolatus) - Wu_2019_Mar.Biotechnol.(NY)_21_707
Author(s) : Wu L , Yang Y , Li B , Huang W , Wang X , Liu X , Meng Z , Xia J
Ref : Mar Biotechnol (NY) , 21 :707 , 2019
Abstract : The giant grouper, Epinephelus lanceolatus, is the largest coral reef-dwelling bony fish species. However, despite extremely fast growth performance and the considerable economic importance in this species, its genetic regulation of growth remains unknown. Here, we performed the first genome-wide association study (GWAS) for five growth traits in 289 giant groupers using 42,323 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) obtained by genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS). We identified a total of 36 growth-related SNPs, of which 11 SNPs reached a genome-wide significance level. The phenotypic variance explained by these SNPs varied from 7.09% for body height to 18.42% for body length. Moreover, 22 quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for growth traits, including nine significant QTLs and 13 suggestive QTLs, were found on multiple chromosomes. Interestingly, the QTL (LG17: 6934451) was shared between body weight and body height, while two significant QTLs (LG7: 22596399 and LG15: 11877836) for body length were consistent with the associated regions of total length at the genome-wide suggestive level. Eight potential candidate genes close to the associated SNPs were selected for expression analysis, of which four genes (phosphatidylinositol transfer protein cytoplasmic 1, protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor type E, alpha/beta hydrolase domain-containing protein 17C, and vascular endothelial growth factor A-A) were differentially expressed and involved in metabolism, development, response stress, etc. This study improves our understanding of the complex genetic architecture of growth in the giant grouper. The results contribute to the selective breeding of grouper species and the conservation of coral reef fishes.
ESTHER : Wu_2019_Mar.Biotechnol.(NY)_21_707
PubMedSearch : Wu_2019_Mar.Biotechnol.(NY)_21_707
PubMedID: 31392592

Title : Neuroligins Differentially Mediate Subtype-Specific Synapse Formation in Pyramidal Neurons and Interneurons - Xia_2019_Neurosci.Bull_35_497
Author(s) : Xia QQ , Xu J , Liao TL , Yu J , Shi L , Xia J , Luo JH
Ref : Neurosci Bull , 35 :497 , 2019
Abstract : Neuroligins (NLs) are postsynaptic cell-adhesion proteins that play important roles in synapse formation and the excitatory-inhibitory balance. They have been associated with autism in both human genetic and animal model studies, and affect synaptic connections and synaptic plasticity in several brain regions. Yet current research mainly focuses on pyramidal neurons, while the function of NLs in interneurons remains to be understood. To explore the functional difference among NLs in the subtype-specific synapse formation of both pyramidal neurons and interneurons, we performed viral-mediated shRNA knockdown of NLs in cultured rat cortical neurons and examined the synapses in the two major types of neurons. Our results showed that in both types of neurons, NL1 and NL3 were involved in excitatory synapse formation, and NL2 in GABAergic synapse formation. Interestingly, NL1 affected GABAergic synapse formation more specifically than NL3, and NL2 affected excitatory synapse density preferentially in pyramidal neurons. In summary, our results demonstrated that different NLs play distinct roles in regulating the development and balance of excitatory and inhibitory synapses in pyramidal neurons and interneurons.
ESTHER : Xia_2019_Neurosci.Bull_35_497
PubMedSearch : Xia_2019_Neurosci.Bull_35_497
PubMedID: 30790215

Title : Monocrotophos detection with a bienzyme biosensor based on ionic-liquid-modified carbon nanotubes - Zou_2019_Anal.Bioanal.Chem_411_2905
Author(s) : Zou B , Chu Y , Xia J
Ref : Anal Bioanal Chem , 411 :2905 , 2019
Abstract : Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) biosensor technology is widely applied in the detection of organophosphate pesticides in agricultural production via the inhibition of AChE activity by organophosphates. However, the AChE electrode has some drawbacks, such as low stability and high overpotential. Combining the advantages of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and ionic liquids, we constructed a novel bienzyme electrode [Cl/iron porphyrin (FePP)-modified MWCNTs/AChE/glassy carbon electrode], which included AChE and mimetic oxidase FePP. In this electrode, FePP is covalently bound to the AChE carrier via ionic liquid for increased electrode sensitivity and stability. Under optimal conditions, this novel biosensor has a monocrotophos detection limit of 3.2 x 10(-11) mol/L and good recovery of 89-104%. After 5 weeks of storage at 4 degrees C, the oxidation current was 97.8% of its original value. The biosensor has high stability and sensitivity for monocrotophos detection and is a promising device for monitoring food safety. Graphical abstract The complete synthesis process of Cl/FePP-MWCNTs/AChE/GCE.
ESTHER : Zou_2019_Anal.Bioanal.Chem_411_2905
PubMedSearch : Zou_2019_Anal.Bioanal.Chem_411_2905
PubMedID: 31011780

Title : Effects of BIS-MEP on Reversing Amyloid Plaque Deposition and Spatial Learning and Memory Impairments in a Mouse Model of beta-Amyloid Peptide- and Ibotenic Acid-Induced Alzheimer's Disease - Wang_2019_Front.Aging.Neurosci_11_3
Author(s) : Wang Y , Xia J , Shen M , Zhou Y , Wu Z , Shi Y , Xu J , Hou L , Zhang R , Qiu Z , Xie Q , Chen H , Zhang Y , Wang H
Ref : Front Aging Neurosci , 11 :3 , 2019
Abstract : Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the main type of dementia and is characterized by progressive memory loss and a notable decrease in cholinergic neuron activity. As classic drugs currently used in the clinic, acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (AChEIs) restore acetylcholine levels and relieve the symptoms of AD, but are insufficient at delaying the onset of AD. Based on the multi-target-directed ligand (MTDL) strategy, bis-(-)-nor-meptazinol (BIS-MEP) was developed as a multi-target AChEI that mainly targets AChE catalysis and the beta-amyloid (Abeta) aggregation process. In this study, we bilaterally injected Abeta oligomers and ibotenic acid (IBO) into the hippocampus of ICR mice and then subcutaneously injected mice with BIS-MEP to investigate its therapeutic effects and underlying mechanisms. According to the results from the Morris water maze test, BIS-MEP significantly improved the spatial learning and memory impairments in AD model mice. Compared with the vehicle control, the BIS-MEP treatment obviously inhibited the AChE activity in the mouse brain, consistent with the findings from the behavioral tests. The BIS-MEP treatment also significantly reduced the Abeta plaque area in both the hippocampus and cortex, suggesting that BIS-MEP represents a direct intervention for AD pathology. Additionally, the immunohistochemistry and ELISA results revealed that microglia (ionized calcium-binding adapter molecule 1, IBA1) and astrocyte (Glial fibrillary acidic protein, GFAP) activation and the secretion of relevant inflammatory factors (TNFalpha and IL-6) induced by Abeta were decreased by the BIS-MEP treatment. Furthermore, BIS-MEP showed more advantages than donepezil (an approved AChEI) as an Abeta intervention. Based on our findings, BIS-MEP improved spatial learning and memory deficits in AD mice by regulating acetylcholinesterase activity, Abeta deposition and the inflammatory response in the brain.
ESTHER : Wang_2019_Front.Aging.Neurosci_11_3
PubMedSearch : Wang_2019_Front.Aging.Neurosci_11_3
PubMedID: 30723404

Title : Neuroligin 3 Regulates Dendritic Outgrowth by Modulating Akt\/mTOR Signaling - Xu_2019_Front.Cell.Neurosci_13_518
Author(s) : Xu J , Du YL , Xu JW , Hu XG , Gu LF , Li XM , Hu PH , Liao TL , Xia QQ , Sun Q , Shi L , Luo JH , Xia J , Wang Z
Ref : Front Cell Neurosci , 13 :518 , 2019
Abstract : Neuroligins (NLs) are a group of postsynaptic cell adhesion molecules that function in synaptogenesis and synaptic transmission. Genetic defects in neuroligin 3 (NL3), a member of the NL protein family, are associated with autism. Studies in rodents have revealed that mutations of NL3 gene lead to increased growth and complexity in dendrites in the central nervous system. However, the detailed mechanism is still unclear. In our study, we found that deficiency of NL3 led to morphological changes of the pyramidal neurons in layer II/III somatosensory cortex in mice, including enlarged somata, elongated dendritic length, and increased dendritic complexity. Knockdown of NL3 in cultured rat neurons upregulated Akt/mTOR signaling, resulting in both increased protein synthesis and dendritic growth. Treating neurons with either rapamycin to inhibit the mTOR or LY294002 to inhibit the PI3K/Akt activity rescued the morphological abnormalities resulting from either NL3 knockdown or knockout (KO). In addition, we found that the hyperactivated Akt/mTOR signaling associated with NL3 defects was mediated by a reduction in phosphatase and tensin (PTEN) expression, and that MAGI-2, a scaffold protein, interacted with both NL3 and PTEN and could be a linker between NL3 and Akt/mTOR signaling pathway. In conclusion, our results suggest that NL3 regulates neuronal morphology, especially dendritic outgrowth, by modulating the PTEN/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway, probably via MAGI-2. Thereby, this study provides a new link between NL3 and neuronal morphology.
ESTHER : Xu_2019_Front.Cell.Neurosci_13_518
PubMedSearch : Xu_2019_Front.Cell.Neurosci_13_518
PubMedID: 31849609

Title : Effect of food matrices on the in vitro bioavailability and oxidative damage in PC12 cells of lead - Xia_2018_Food.Chem_266_397
Author(s) : Xia J , Fang Y , Shi Y , Shen X , Wu J , Xie M , Li P , Pei F , Hu Q
Ref : Food Chem , 266 :397 , 2018
Abstract : The bioavailability and oxidative damage toxicity of lead (Pb) in seven food matrices, including rice, milk, tomato, garlic, apple, kelp and pork, were determined using an in vitro digestion/Caco-2 cell model and a rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) oxidative damage model. Results showed that Pb bioaccessibility and bioavailability in the apple and kelp groups were significantly lower than other food matrix groups, with corresponding values of 11.05-28.31% and 1.57-8.81%, respectively. Oxidative damage assays showed that digestion products of apple polyphenol extract, which was selected from seven food matrices, could increase the oxidation resistance and the levels of glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and acetyl cholinesterase (AChE) by 32.23%, 39.02%, 27.14% and 30.90%, respectively. Additionally, malondialdehyde (MDA) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels could be decreased by 59.66% and 40.21%, respectively. In conclusion, phenolics were an important food matrix that could decrease the bioavailability and oxidative damage of Pb.
ESTHER : Xia_2018_Food.Chem_266_397
PubMedSearch : Xia_2018_Food.Chem_266_397
PubMedID: 30381204

Title : Gamma Oscillation Dysfunction in mPFC Leads to Social Deficits in Neuroligin 3 R451C Knockin Mice - Cao_2018_Neuron_97_1253
Author(s) : Cao W , Lin S , Xia QQ , Du YL , Yang Q , Zhang MY , Lu YQ , Xu J , Duan SM , Xia J , Feng G , Luo JH
Ref : Neuron , 97 :1253 , 2018
Abstract : Neuroligins (NLs) are critical for synapse formation and function. NL3 R451C is an autism-associated mutation. NL3 R451C knockin (KI) mice exhibit autistic behavioral abnormalities, including social novelty deficits. However, neither the brain regions involved in social novelty nor the underlying mechanisms are clearly understood. Here, we found decreased excitability of fast-spiking interneurons and dysfunction of gamma oscillation in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), which contributed to the social novelty deficit in the KI mice. Neuronal firing rates and phase-coding abnormalities were also detected in the KI mice during social interactions. Interestingly, optogenetic stimulation of parvalbumin interneurons in the mPFC at 40 Hz nested at 8 Hz positively modulated the social behaviors of mice and rescued the social novelty deficit in the KI mice. Our findings suggest that gamma oscillation dysfunction in the mPFC leads to social deficits in autism, and manipulating mPFC PV interneurons may reverse the deficits in adulthood.
ESTHER : Cao_2018_Neuron_97_1253
PubMedSearch : Cao_2018_Neuron_97_1253
PubMedID: 29503190
Gene_locus related to this paper: mouse-3neur

Title : Cholinesterase inhibitors for the treatment of delirium in non-ICU settings - Yu_2018_Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev_6_CD012494
Author(s) : Yu A , Wu S , Zhang Z , Dening T , Zhao S , Pinner G , Xia J , Yang D
Ref : Cochrane Database Syst Rev , 6 :CD012494 , 2018
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Delirium is a common clinical syndrome defined as alterations in attention with an additional disturbance in cognition or perception, which develop over a short period of time and tend to fluctuate during the course of the episode. Delirium is commonly treated in hospitals or community settings and is often associated with multiple adverse outcomes such as increased cost, morbidity, and even mortality. The first-line intervention involves a multicomponent non-pharmacological approach that includes ensuring effective communication and reorientation in addition to providing reassurance or a suitable care environment. There are currently no drugs approved specifically for the treatment of delirium. Clinically, however, various medications are employed to provide symptomatic relief, such as antipsychotic medications and cholinesterase inhibitors, among others. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of cholinesterase inhibitors for treating people with established delirium in a non-intensive care unit (ICU) setting. SEARCH METHODS: We searched ALOIS, which is the Cochrane Dementia and Cognitive Improvement Group's Specialised Register, on 26 October 2017. We also cross-checked the reference lists of included studies to identify any potentially eligible trials. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomised controlled trials, published or unpublished, reported in English or Chinese, which compared cholinesterase inhibitors to placebo or other drugs intended to treat people with established delirium in a non-ICU setting. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: We used the standard methodological procedures expected by Cochrane. The primary outcomes were duration of delirium, severity of delirium, and adverse events. The secondary outcomes were use of rescue medications, persistent cognitive impairment, length of hospitalisation, institutionalisation, mortality, cost of intervention, leaving the study early, and quality of life. For dichotomous outcomes, we calculated the risk ratio (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs); for continuous outcomes we calculated the mean difference (MD) with 95% CIs. We assessed the quality of evidence using GRADE to generate a 'Summary of findings' table. MAIN RESULTS: We included one study involving 15 participants from the UK. The included participants were diagnosed with delirium based on the Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) criteria. Eight males and seven females were included, with a mean age of 82.5 years. Seven of the 15 participants had comorbid dementia at baseline. The risk of bias was low in all domains.The study compared rivastigmine with placebo. We did not find any clear differences between the two groups in terms of duration of delirium (MD -3.6, 95% CI -15.6 to 8.4), adverse events (nausea, RR 0.30, 95% CI 0.01 to 6.29), use of rescue medications (RR 0.13, 95% CI 0.01 to 2.1), mortality (RR 0.10, 95% CI 0.01 to 1.56), and leaving the study early (RR 0.88, 95% CI 0.07 to 11.54). Evidence was not available regarding the severity of delirium, persistent cognitive impairment, length of hospitalisation, cost of intervention, or other predefined secondary outcomes.The quality of evidence is low due to the very small sample size. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: There is insufficient evidence to support or refute the use of cholinesterase inhibitors for the treatment of delirium in non-ICU settings. No clear benefits or harms associated with cholinesterase inhibitors were observed when compared with placebo due to the lack of data. More trials are required.
ESTHER : Yu_2018_Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev_6_CD012494
PubMedSearch : Yu_2018_Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev_6_CD012494
PubMedID: 29952000

Title : Impairment of Inhibitory Synapse Formation and Motor Behavior in Mice Lacking the NL2 Binding Partner LHFPL4\/GARLH4 - Wu_2018_Cell.Rep_23_1691
Author(s) : Wu M , Tian HL , Liu X , Lai JHC , Du S , Xia J
Ref : Cell Rep , 23 :1691 , 2018
Abstract : Normal brain functions depend on the balanced development of excitatory and inhibitory synapses. Our knowledge of the molecular mechanisms underlying inhibitory synapse formation is limited. Neuroligin-2 (NL2), a transmembrane protein at inhibitory postsynaptic sites, is capable of initiating inhibitory synapse formation. In an effort to search for NL2 binding proteins and the downstream mechanisms responsible for inhibitory synapse development, we identify LHFPL4/GARLH4 as a major NL2 binding partner that is specifically enriched at inhibitory postsynaptic sites. LHFPL4/GARLH4 and NL2 regulate the protein levels and synaptic clustering of each other in the cerebellum. Lhfpl4/Garlh4(-/-) mice display profound impairment of inhibitory synapse formation as well as prominent motor behavioral deficits and premature death. Our findings highlight the essential role of LHFPL4/GARLH4 in brain functions by regulating inhibitory synapse formation as a major NL2 binding partner.
ESTHER : Wu_2018_Cell.Rep_23_1691
PubMedSearch : Wu_2018_Cell.Rep_23_1691
PubMedID: 29742426

Title : PICK1 Mediates Synaptic Recruitment of AMPA Receptors at Neurexin-Induced Postsynaptic Sites - Xu_2014_J.Neurosci_34_15415
Author(s) : Xu J , Kam C , Luo JH , Xia J
Ref : Journal of Neuroscience , 34 :15415 , 2014
Abstract : In the CNS, synapse formation and maturation play crucial roles in the construction and consolidation of neuronal circuits. Neurexin and neuroligin localize on the opposite sides of synaptic membrane and interact with each other to promote the assembly and specialization of synapses. However, the excitatory synapses induced by the neurexin-neuroligin complex are initially immature synapses that lack AMPA receptors. Previously, PICK1 (protein interacting with C kinase 1) was shown to cluster and regulate the synaptic localization of AMPA receptors. Here, we report that during synaptogenesis induced by neurexin in cultured neurons from rat hippocampus, PICK1 recruited AMPA receptors to immature postsynaptic sites. This synaptic recruitment of AMPA receptors depended on the interaction between GluA2 and PICK1, and on the lipid-binding ability of PICK1, but not the interaction between PICK1 and neuroligin. Last, our results demonstrated that the recruitment of GluA2 to synapses could be prevented by ICA69 (islet cell autoantigen 69 kDa), a key binding partner of PICK1. Our study showed that PICK1, being negatively regulated by ICA69, could facilitate synapse maturation.
ESTHER : Xu_2014_J.Neurosci_34_15415
PubMedSearch : Xu_2014_J.Neurosci_34_15415
PubMedID: 25392508

Title : Genome and transcriptome of the porcine whipworm Trichuris suis - Jex_2014_Nat.Genet_46_701
Author(s) : Jex AR , Nejsum P , Schwarz EM , Hu L , Young ND , Hall RS , Korhonen PK , Liao S , Thamsborg S , Xia J , Xu P , Wang S , Scheerlinck JP , Hofmann A , Sternberg PW , Wang J , Gasser RB
Ref : Nat Genet , 46 :701 , 2014
Abstract : Trichuris (whipworm) infects 1 billion people worldwide and causes a disease (trichuriasis) that results in major socioeconomic losses in both humans and pigs. Trichuriasis relates to an inflammation of the large intestine manifested in bloody diarrhea, and chronic disease can cause malnourishment and stunting in children. Paradoxically, Trichuris of pigs has shown substantial promise as a treatment for human autoimmune disorders, including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and multiple sclerosis. Here we report whole-genome sequencing at approximately 140-fold coverage of adult male and female T. suis and approximately 80-Mb draft assemblies. We explore stage-, sex- and tissue-specific transcription of mRNAs and small noncoding RNAs.
ESTHER : Jex_2014_Nat.Genet_46_701
PubMedSearch : Jex_2014_Nat.Genet_46_701
PubMedID: 24929829
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9bila-a0a085nui3 , 9bila-a0a085mx66 , 9bila-a0a085lsb8 , 9bila-a0a085mja7 , 9bila-a0a085ly55 , 9bila-a0a085nlc5 , 9bila-a0a085nb82 , 9bila-a0a085n057 , 9bila-a0a085mjs6

Title : Effects of Selected Metal Oxide Nanoparticles on Multiple Biomarkers in Carassius auratus - Xia_2013_Biomed.Environ.Sci_26_742
Author(s) : Xia J , Zhao HZ , Lu GH
Ref : Biomedical & Environmental Sciences , 26 :742 , 2013
Abstract : OBJECTIVE: To study the biological effects of nanoscale copper oxide (nCuO), zinc oxide (nZnO), cerium dioxide (nCeO2) and their mixtures on Carassius auratus.
METHODS: Juvenile fish (Carassius auratus) were exposed to aqueous suspensions of nCuO, nZnO, and nCeO2 (alone and in mixtures) at concentrations of 20, 40, 80, 160, and 320 mg/L. The biomarkers-acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in brain, sodium/potassium-activated ATPase (Na+/K+-ATPase) in gill, and superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) in liver-were determined after 4 days of exposure. Integrated biomarker response (IBR) was calculated by combining multiple biomarkers into a single value.
RESULTS: AChE and SOD activities were significantly inhibited by all test metal oxide nanoparticles (NPs) at high concentrations (=/>160 mg/L) with the exception of nCeO2. Na+/K+-ATPase induction exhibited bell-shaped concentration-response curves. CAT activity was significantly inhibited at concentrations equal to or higher than 160 mg/L. The order of IBR values was nCeO2 approximately nZnO/nCeO2 approximately nCuO/nCeO2 < nCuO/nZnO/nCeO2 < nZnO < nCuO < nCuO/nZnO. The joint effect seemed to be synergistic for nCuO/nZnO mixtures, additive for the ternary mixture and less than additive or antagonistic for the binary mixtures containing nCeO2. CONCLUSION: Concentration-dependent changes of enzymatic activities (AChE, Na+/K+-ATPase, SOD, and CAT) were observed in fish exposed to nanoscale metal oxides. IBR analysis allowed good discrimination between the different exposures and might be a useful tool for the quantification of integrated negative effects induced by NPs toward fish.
ESTHER : Xia_2013_Biomed.Environ.Sci_26_742
PubMedSearch : Xia_2013_Biomed.Environ.Sci_26_742
PubMedID: 24099608

Title : A review on the current neuroligin mouse models - Xu_2012_Sheng.Li.Xue.Bao_64_550
Author(s) : Xu JY , Xia QQ , Xia J
Ref : Sheng Li Xue Bao , 64 :550 , 2012
Abstract : Neuroligins NLs are postsynaptic membrane proteins expressed in the brain and mediate synaptogenesis Neuroligin family proteins can specifically induce either excitatory or inhibitory synapses Deletions or point mutations in neuroligin genes are found in patients with autism spectrum disorders ASD or mental retardations The dysfunctions of these mutations have been tested in multiple neuroligin mouse models In most of the models including the human autism-linked NL3 and NL4 mutation mice there are social interaction defects memory impairment and repetitive behaviors Researchers also found the excitatory/inhibitory synapse ratio altered in those mice as well as receptor subunit composition However inconsistencies and debates also exist between different research approaches In this review we summarize the neuroligin mouse models currently available examine the detailed alterations detected in those mice and compare the differences within different mouse models or different investigation methods to obtain an overall picture of the current progress on neuroligin mouse models.
ESTHER : Xu_2012_Sheng.Li.Xue.Bao_64_550
PubMedSearch : Xu_2012_Sheng.Li.Xue.Bao_64_550
PubMedID: 23090496

Title : The yak genome and adaptation to life at high altitude - Qiu_2012_Nat.Genet_44_946
Author(s) : Qiu Q , Zhang G , Ma T , Qian W , Wang J , Ye Z , Cao C , Hu Q , Kim J , Larkin DM , Auvil L , Capitanu B , Ma J , Lewin HA , Qian X , Lang Y , Zhou R , Wang L , Wang K , Xia J , Liao S , Pan S , Lu X , Hou H , Wang Y , Zang X , Yin Y , Ma H , Zhang J , Wang Z , Zhang Y , Zhang D , Yonezawa T , Hasegawa M , Zhong Y , Liu W , Huang Z , Zhang S , Long R , Yang H , Lenstra JA , Cooper DN , Wu Y , Shi P , Liu J
Ref : Nat Genet , 44 :946 , 2012
Abstract : Domestic yaks (Bos grunniens) provide meat and other necessities for Tibetans living at high altitude on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau and in adjacent regions. Comparison between yak and the closely related low-altitude cattle (Bos taurus) is informative in studying animal adaptation to high altitude. Here, we present the draft genome sequence of a female domestic yak generated using Illumina-based technology at 65-fold coverage. Genomic comparisons between yak and cattle identify an expansion in yak of gene families related to sensory perception and energy metabolism, as well as an enrichment of protein domains involved in sensing the extracellular environment and hypoxic stress. Positively selected and rapidly evolving genes in the yak lineage are also found to be significantly enriched in functional categories and pathways related to hypoxia and nutrition metabolism. These findings may have important implications for understanding adaptation to high altitude in other animal species and for hypoxia-related diseases in humans.
ESTHER : Qiu_2012_Nat.Genet_44_946
PubMedSearch : Qiu_2012_Nat.Genet_44_946
PubMedID: 22751099
Gene_locus related to this paper: bosmu-l8ic43 , bovin-2neur , bovin-balip , bovin-BCHE , bovin-e1bbv2 , bovin-e1bn79 , bovin-est8 , bovin-f1mi11 , bovin-f1n385 , bovin-g3mxp5 , bovin-lipli , bovin-lipr2 , bovin-q2kj30 , bovin-q3sz79 , bovin-q3t0r6 , bovin-ABHDA , bovin-q08dw9 , bovin-ABHD16B , bovin-SPG21 , bovin-TEX30 , 9ceta-l8iwv2 , 9ceta-l8idy3 , 9ceta-l8hsi3 , bovin-e1bjq9 , bovin-f1mc21 , 9ceta-l8hyl8 , bovin-LIPG , bovin-a0a3q1nm09 , bovin-f1n2i5

Title : BeetleBase in 2010: revisions to provide comprehensive genomic information for Tribolium castaneum - Kim_2010_Nucleic.Acids.Res_38_D437
Author(s) : Kim HS , Murphy T , Xia J , Caragea D , Park Y , Beeman RW , Lorenzen MD , Butcher S , Manak JR , Brown SJ
Ref : Nucleic Acids Research , 38 :D437 , 2010
Abstract : BeetleBase (http:\/\/www.beetlebase.org) has been updated to provide more comprehensive genomic information for the red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum. The database contains genomic sequence scaffolds mapped to 10 linkage groups (genome assembly release Tcas_3.0), genetic linkage maps, the official gene set, Reference Sequences from NCBI (RefSeq), predicted gene models, ESTs and whole-genome tiling array data representing several developmental stages. The database was reconstructed using the upgraded Generic Model Organism Database (GMOD) modules. The genomic data is stored in a PostgreSQL relatational database using the Chado schema and visualized as tracks in GBrowse. The updated genetic map is visualized using the comparative genetic map viewer CMAP. To enhance the database search capabilities, the BLAST and BLAT search tools have been integrated with the GMOD tools. BeetleBase serves as a long-term repository for Tribolium genomic data, and is compatible with other model organism databases.
ESTHER : Kim_2010_Nucleic.Acids.Res_38_D437
PubMedSearch : Kim_2010_Nucleic.Acids.Res_38_D437
PubMedID: 19820115
Gene_locus related to this paper: trica-ACHE1 , trica-ACHE2 , trica-d2a0g9 , trica-d2a0h0 , trica-d2a0w9 , trica-d2a0x0 , trica-d2a0x1 , trica-d2a0x3 , trica-d2a0x4.1 , trica-d2a0x4.2 , trica-d2a0x6 , trica-d2a2b8 , trica-d2a2h1 , trica-d2a3c3 , trica-d2a3g9 , trica-d2a5y5 , trica-d2a309 , trica-d2a514 , trica-d2a515 , trica-d2a516 , trica-d2a577 , trica-d2a578 , trica-d6w6x8 , trica-d6w7f9 , trica-d6w7h2 , trica-d6w8e7 , trica-d6w9c0 , trica-d6w855 , trica-d6wac8 , trica-d6wan4 , trica-d6wd50 , trica-d6wd73 , trica-d6wd74 , trica-A0A139WM97 , trica-d6wfu3 , trica-d6wgl2 , trica-d6wj57 , trica-d6wj59 , trica-d6wjs3 , trica-d6wl31 , trica-d6wnv1 , trica-d6wpl0 , trica-d6wqd6 , trica-d6wqr4 , trica-d6ws52 , trica-d6wsm0 , trica-d6wu38 , trica-d6wu39 , trica-d6wu40 , trica-d6wu41 , trica-d6wu44 , trica-d6wvk5 , trica-d6wvz7 , trica-d6wwu9 , trica-d6wwv0 , trica-d6wxz0 , trica-d6wyy1 , trica-d6wyy2 , trica-d6x0z2 , trica-d6x0z5 , trica-d6x0z6 , trica-d6x4b2 , trica-d6x4e8 , trica-d6x4e9 , trica-d6x197 , trica-d7eip7 , trica-d7eld3 , trica-d7us45 , trica-q5wm43 , trica-q5zex9 , trica-d6wie5 , trica-d6w7t0 , trica-d6x4h0 , trica-d6x4h1 , trica-a0a139wae8 , trica-a0a139wc96 , trica-d6x325 , trica-d2a4s2 , trica-d6wvw8

Title : Pathologically activated neuroprotection via uncompetitive blockade of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors with fast off-rate by novel multifunctional dimer bis(propyl)-cognitin - Luo_2010_J.Biol.Chem_285_19947
Author(s) : Luo J , Li W , Zhao Y , Fu H , Ma DL , Tang J , Li C , Peoples RW , Li F , Wang Q , Huang P , Xia J , Pang Y , Han Y
Ref : Journal of Biological Chemistry , 285 :19947 , 2010
Abstract : Uncompetitive N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists with fast off-rate (UFO) may represent promising drug candidates for various neurodegenerative disorders. In this study, we report that bis(propyl)-cognitin, a novel dimeric acetylcholinesterase inhibitor and gamma-aminobutyric acid subtype A receptor antagonist, is such an antagonist of NMDA receptors. In cultured rat hippocampal neurons, we demonstrated that bis(propyl)-cognitin voltage-dependently, selectively, and moderately inhibited NMDA-activated currents. The inhibitory effects of bis(propyl)-cognitin increased with the rise in NMDA and glycine concentrations. Kinetics analysis showed that the inhibition was of fast onset and offset with an off-rate time constant of 1.9 s. Molecular docking simulations showed moderate hydrophobic interaction between bis(propyl)-cognitin and the MK-801 binding region in the ion channel pore of the NMDA receptor. Bis(propyl)-cognitin was further found to compete with [(3)H]MK-801 with a K(i) value of 0.27 mum, and the mutation of NR1(N616R) significantly reduced its inhibitory potency. Under glutamate-mediated pathological conditions, bis(propyl)-cognitin, in contrast to bis(heptyl)-cognitin, prevented excitotoxicity with increasing effectiveness against escalating levels of glutamate and much more effectively protected against middle cerebral artery occlusion-induced brain damage than did memantine. More interestingly, under NMDA receptor-mediated physiological conditions, bis(propyl)-cognitin enhanced long-term potentiation in hippocampal slices, whereas MK-801 reduced and memantine did not alter this process. These results suggest that bis(propyl)-cognitin is a UFO antagonist of NMDA receptors with moderate affinity, which may provide a pathologically activated therapy for various neurodegenerative disorders associated with NMDA receptor dysregulation.
ESTHER : Luo_2010_J.Biol.Chem_285_19947
PubMedSearch : Luo_2010_J.Biol.Chem_285_19947
PubMedID: 20404346

Title : Thrombospondin 1 accelerates synaptogenesis in hippocampal neurons through neuroligin 1 - Xu_2010_Nat.Neurosci_13_22
Author(s) : Xu J , Xiao N , Xia J
Ref : Nat Neurosci , 13 :22 , 2010
Abstract : In cultured rat hippocampal neurons, we found that thrombospondin 1 (TSP1) increased the speed of synapse formation in young neurons, but not the final density of synapses in mature neurons. TSP1 interacted with neuroligin 1 (NL1) and application of the NL1 extracellular domain blocked TSP1-induced synaptogenesis. Furthermore, knocking down endogenous NL1 inhibited TSP1's effect. Our results indicate that TSP1 accelerates the speed of synaptogenesis through NL1 in hippocampal neurons.
ESTHER : Xu_2010_Nat.Neurosci_13_22
PubMedSearch : Xu_2010_Nat.Neurosci_13_22
PubMedID: 19915562