Yanagisawa M

References (6)

Title : GABA receptor-mediated input change on orexin neurons following sleep deprivation in mice - Matsuki_2014_Neurosci_284C_217
Author(s) : Matsuki T , Takasu M , Hirose Y , Murakoshi N , Sinton CM , Motoike T , Yanagisawa M
Ref : Neuroscience , 284C :217 , 2014
Abstract : Orexins are bioactive peptides, which have been shown to play a pivotal role in vigilance state transitions: the loss of orexin-producing neurons (orexin neurons) leads to narcolepsy with cataplexy in the human. However, the effect of the need for sleep (i.e., sleep pressure) on orexin neurons remains largely unknown. Here, we found that immunostaining intensities of the alpha1 subunit of the GABAA receptor and neuroligin 2, which is involved in inhibitory synapse specialization, on orexin neurons of mouse brain were significantly increased by 6-h sleep deprivation. In contrast, we noted that immunostaining intensities of the alpha2, gamma2, and beta2/3 subunits of the GABAA receptor and Huntingtin-associated protein 1, which is involved in GABAAR trafficking, were not changed by 6-h sleep deprivation. Using a slice patch recording, orexin neurons demonstrated increased sensitivity to a GABAA receptor agonist together with synaptic plasticity changes after sleep deprivation when compared with an ad lib sleep condition. In summary, the GABAergic input property of orexin neurons responds rapidly to sleep deprivation. This molecular response of orexin neurons may thus play a role in the changes that accompany the need for sleep following prolonged wakefulness, in particular the decreased probability of a transition to wakefulness once recovery sleep has begun.
ESTHER : Matsuki_2014_Neurosci_284C_217
PubMedSearch : Matsuki_2014_Neurosci_284C_217
PubMedID: 25286384

Title : Cholinergic modulation of narcoleptic attacks in double orexin receptor knockout mice - Kalogiannis_2011_PLoS.One_6_e18697
Author(s) : Kalogiannis M , Hsu E , Willie JT , Chemelli RM , Kisanuki YY , Yanagisawa M , Leonard CS
Ref : PLoS ONE , 6 :e18697 , 2011
Abstract : To investigate how cholinergic systems regulate aspects of the sleep disorder narcolepsy, we video-monitored mice lacking both orexin (hypocretin) receptors (double knockout; DKO mice) while pharmacologically altering cholinergic transmission. Spontaneous behavioral arrests in DKO mice were highly similar to those reported in orexin-deficient mice and were never observed in wild-type (WT) mice. A survival analysis revealed that arrest lifetimes were exponentially distributed indicating that random, Markovian processes determine arrest lifetime. Low doses (0.01, 0.03 mg/kg, i.p.), but not a high dose (0.08 mg/kg, i.p.) of the cholinesterase inhibitor physostigmine increased the number of arrests but did not alter arrest lifetimes. The muscarinic antagonist atropine (0.5 mg/kg, i.p.) decreased the number of arrests, also without altering arrest lifetimes. To determine if muscarinic transmission in pontine areas linked to REM sleep control also influences behavioral arrests, we microinjected neostigmine (50 nl, 62.5 microM) or neostigmine + atropine (62.5 microM and 111 microM respectively) into the nucleus pontis oralis and caudalis. Neostigmine increased the number of arrests in DKO mice without altering arrest lifetimes but did not provoke arrests in WT mice. Co-injection of atropine abolished this effect. Collectively, our findings establish that behavioral arrests in DKO mice are similar to those in orexin deficient mice and that arrests have exponentially distributed lifetimes. We also show, for the first time in a rodent narcolepsy model, that cholinergic systems can regulate arrest dynamics. Since perturbations of muscarinic transmission altered arrest frequency but not lifetime, our findings suggest cholinergic systems influence arrest initiation without influencing circuits that determine arrest duration.
ESTHER : Kalogiannis_2011_PLoS.One_6_e18697
PubMedSearch : Kalogiannis_2011_PLoS.One_6_e18697
PubMedID: 21533254

Title : Narcoleptic orexin receptor knockout mice express enhanced cholinergic properties in laterodorsal tegmental neurons - Kalogiannis_2010_Eur.J.Neurosci_32_130
Author(s) : Kalogiannis M , Grupke SL , Potter PE , Edwards JG , Chemelli RM , Kisanuki YY , Yanagisawa M , Leonard CS
Ref : European Journal of Neuroscience , 32 :130 , 2010
Abstract : Pharmacological studies of narcoleptic canines indicate that exaggerated pontine cholinergic transmission promotes cataplexy. As disruption of orexin (hypocretin) signaling is a primary defect in narcolepsy with cataplexy, we investigated whether markers of cholinergic synaptic transmission might be altered in mice constitutively lacking orexin receptors (double receptor knockout; DKO). mRNA for Choline acetyltransferase (ChAT), vesicular acetylcholine transporter (VAChT) and the high-affinity choline transporter (CHT1) but not acetylcholinesterase (AChE) was significantly higher in samples from DKO than wild-type (WT) mice. This was region-specific; levels were elevated in samples from the laterodorsal tegmental nucleus (LDT) and the fifth motor nucleus (Mo5) but not in whole brainstem samples. Consistent with region-specific changes, we were unable to detect significant differences in Western blots for ChAT and CHT1 in isolates from brainstem, thalamus and cortex or in ChAT enzymatic activity in the pons. However, using ChAT immunocytochemistry, we found that while the number of cholinergic neurons in the LDT and Mo5 were not different, the intensity of somatic ChAT immunostaining was significantly greater in the LDT, but not Mo5, from DKO than from WT mice. We also found that ChAT activity was significantly reduced in cortical samples from DKO compared with WT mice. Collectively, these findings suggest that the orexins can regulate neurotransmitter expression and that the constitutive absence of orexin signaling results in an up-regulation of the machinery necessary for cholinergic neurotransmission in a mesopontine population of neurons that have been associated with both normal rapid eye movement sleep and cataplexy.
ESTHER : Kalogiannis_2010_Eur.J.Neurosci_32_130
PubMedSearch : Kalogiannis_2010_Eur.J.Neurosci_32_130
PubMedID: 20576035

Title : Analysis of the mouse transcriptome based on functional annotation of 60,770 full-length cDNAs - Okazaki_2002_Nature_420_563
Author(s) : Okazaki Y , Furuno M , Kasukawa T , Adachi J , Bono H , Kondo S , Nikaido I , Osato N , Saito R , Suzuki H , Yamanaka I , Kiyosawa H , Yagi K , Tomaru Y , Hasegawa Y , Nogami A , Schonbach C , Gojobori T , Baldarelli R , Hill DP , Bult C , Hume DA , Quackenbush J , Schriml LM , Kanapin A , Matsuda H , Batalov S , Beisel KW , Blake JA , Bradt D , Brusic V , Chothia C , Corbani LE , Cousins S , Dalla E , Dragani TA , Fletcher CF , Forrest A , Frazer KS , Gaasterland T , Gariboldi M , Gissi C , Godzik A , Gough J , Grimmond S , Gustincich S , Hirokawa N , Jackson IJ , Jarvis ED , Kanai A , Kawaji H , Kawasawa Y , Kedzierski RM , King BL , Konagaya A , Kurochkin IV , Lee Y , Lenhard B , Lyons PA , Maglott DR , Maltais L , Marchionni L , McKenzie L , Miki H , Nagashima T , Numata K , Okido T , Pavan WJ , Pertea G , Pesole G , Petrovsky N , Pillai R , Pontius JU , Qi D , Ramachandran S , Ravasi T , Reed JC , Reed DJ , Reid J , Ring BZ , Ringwald M , Sandelin A , Schneider C , Semple CA , Setou M , Shimada K , Sultana R , Takenaka Y , Taylor MS , Teasdale RD , Tomita M , Verardo R , Wagner L , Wahlestedt C , Wang Y , Watanabe Y , Wells C , Wilming LG , Wynshaw-Boris A , Yanagisawa M , Yang I , Yang L , Yuan Z , Zavolan M , Zhu Y , Zimmer A , Carninci P , Hayatsu N , Hirozane-Kishikawa T , Konno H , Nakamura M , Sakazume N , Sato K , Shiraki T , Waki K , Kawai J , Aizawa K , Arakawa T , Fukuda S , Hara A , Hashizume W , Imotani K , Ishii Y , Itoh M , Kagawa I , Miyazaki A , Sakai K , Sasaki D , Shibata K , Shinagawa A , Yasunishi A , Yoshino M , Waterston R , Lander ES , Rogers J , Birney E , Hayashizaki Y
Ref : Nature , 420 :563 , 2002
Abstract : Only a small proportion of the mouse genome is transcribed into mature messenger RNA transcripts. There is an international collaborative effort to identify all full-length mRNA transcripts from the mouse, and to ensure that each is represented in a physical collection of clones. Here we report the manual annotation of 60,770 full-length mouse complementary DNA sequences. These are clustered into 33,409 'transcriptional units', contributing 90.1% of a newly established mouse transcriptome database. Of these transcriptional units, 4,258 are new protein-coding and 11,665 are new non-coding messages, indicating that non-coding RNA is a major component of the transcriptome. 41% of all transcriptional units showed evidence of alternative splicing. In protein-coding transcripts, 79% of splice variations altered the protein product. Whole-transcriptome analyses resulted in the identification of 2,431 sense-antisense pairs. The present work, completely supported by physical clones, provides the most comprehensive survey of a mammalian transcriptome so far, and is a valuable resource for functional genomics.
ESTHER : Okazaki_2002_Nature_420_563
PubMedSearch : Okazaki_2002_Nature_420_563
PubMedID: 12466851
Gene_locus related to this paper: mouse-1lipg , mouse-1llip , mouse-1plrp , mouse-3neur , mouse-ABH15 , mouse-abhd4 , mouse-abhd5 , mouse-Abhd8 , mouse-Abhd11 , mouse-abhda , mouse-acot4 , mouse-adcl4 , mouse-AI607300 , mouse-BAAT , mouse-bphl , mouse-C87498 , mouse-Ldah , mouse-Ces1d , mouse-Ces2e , mouse-CMBL , mouse-DGLB , mouse-dpp9 , mouse-ES10 , mouse-F135A , mouse-FASN , mouse-hslip , mouse-hyes , mouse-Kansl3 , mouse-LIPH , mouse-LIPK , mouse-lipli , mouse-LIPM , mouse-lypla1 , mouse-lypla2 , mouse-MEST , mouse-MGLL , mouse-ndr4 , mouse-OVCA2 , mouse-pafa , mouse-pcp , mouse-ppce , mouse-Ppgb , mouse-PPME1 , mouse-q3uuq7 , mouse-Q8BLF1 , mouse-ACOT6 , mouse-Q8C1A9 , mouse-Q9DAI6 , mouse-Q80UX8 , mouse-Q8BGG9 , mouse-Q8C167 , mouse-rbbp9 , mouse-SERHL , mouse-tssp

Title : Transgenic expression of the endothelin-B receptor prevents congenital intestinal aganglionosis in a rat model of Hirschsprung disease - Gariepy_1998_J.Clin.Invest_102_1092
Author(s) : Gariepy CE , Williams SC , Richardson JA , Hammer RE , Yanagisawa M
Ref : Journal of Clinical Investigation , 102 :1092 , 1998
Abstract : The spotting lethal rat, a naturally occurring rodent model of Hirschsprung disease, carries a deletion in the endothelin-B receptor (EDNRB) gene that abrogates expression of functional EDNRB receptors. Rats homozygous for this mutation (sl) exhibit coat color spotting and congenital intestinal aganglionosis. These deficits result from failure of the neural crest-derived epidermal melanoblasts and enteric nervous system (ENS) precursors to completely colonize the skin and intestine, respectively. We demonstrate that during normal rat development, the EDNRB mRNA expression pattern is consistent with expression by ENS precursors throughout gut colonization. We used the human dopamine-beta-hydroxylase (DbetaH) promoter to direct transgenic expression of EDNRB to colonizing ENS precursors in the sl/sl rat. The DbetaH-EDNRB transgene compensates for deficient endogenous EDNRB in these rats and prevents the intestinal defect. The transgene has no effect on coat color spotting, indicating the critical time for EDNRB expression in enteric nervous system development begins after separation of the melanocyte lineage from the ENS lineage and their common precursor. The transgene dosage affects both the incidence and severity of the congenital intestinal defect, suggesting dosage-dependent events downstream of EDNRB activation in ENS development.
ESTHER : Gariepy_1998_J.Clin.Invest_102_1092
PubMedSearch : Gariepy_1998_J.Clin.Invest_102_1092
PubMedID: 9739043

Title : Substance P-evoked release of acetylcholine from isolated spinal cord of the newborn rat - Kobayashi_1991_Neurosci_45_331
Author(s) : Kobayashi N , Sakuma M , Yoshioka K , Onishi Y , Yanagisawa M , Kawashima K , Otsuka M
Ref : Neuroscience , 45 :331 , 1991
Abstract : Isolated spinal cords of newborn rats were perfused with artificial cerebrospinal fluid and the release of endogenous acetylcholine was measured using high-performance liquid chromatography with an electrochemical detection system. Application of high-K+ (90 mM) medium evoked about an eight-fold increase in the acetylcholine release, and the K(+)-evoked release was Ca2+ dependent. Veratridine (20 microM) also evoked about a four-fold increase in the acetylcholine release, and this increase was suppressed by 0.2 microM tetrodotoxin. Application of substance P at 0.3-3 microM evoked a concentration-dependent release of acetylcholine. The substance P-evoked acetylcholine release was Ca2+ dependent and abolished by tetrodotoxin. Neurokinin A, neurokinin B, acetyl-Arg6-septide and senktide (3 microM each) also evoked a release of acetylcholine. Electrophysiological experiments using isolated spinal cords of newborn rats showed that bath application of substance P induced a depolarization of motoneurons, which was enhanced by edrophonium. This enhancement of substance P-induced depolarization by edrophonium disappeared in a low-Ca2+ medium or in the presence of atropine and dihydro-beta-erythroidine. In the presence of edrophonium and dihydro-beta-erythroidine, substance P induced an inhibition of monosynaptic reflex, and this inhibition was abolished by atropine. These results suggest that substance P and other tachykinins induce a release of acetylcholine from the newborn rat spinal cord by exciting cholinergic neurons.
ESTHER : Kobayashi_1991_Neurosci_45_331
PubMedSearch : Kobayashi_1991_Neurosci_45_331
PubMedID: 1722289