Zhan X

References (9)

Title : The effects of Massa Medicata Fermentata on the digestive function and intestinal flora of mice with functional dyspepsia - Wang_2024_Front.Pharmacol_15_1359954
Author(s) : Wang S , Li Y , Yang X , Hao Y , Zhan X
Ref : Front Pharmacol , 15 :1359954 , 2024
Abstract : Introduction: The purpose of this study was to identify the chemical components of Massa Medicata Fermentata (MMF) in different fermentation methods, analyze its regulatory effects on gastrointestinal propulsion and intestinal flora in mice with food accumulation, and further explore its mechanism of action in the treatment of dyspepsia. Methods: The chemical compositions of three kinds of MMF were identified using the UPLC-Q- Exactive Orbitrap mass spectrometer. A model of spleen deficiency and food accumulation in mice was established. The gastric emptying rate and intestinal propulsion rate were calculated, serum gastrin concentration and cholinesterase activity were measured, and 16S rRNA microbial detection was performed in different groups of mouse feces. Results: The results showed that a total of 95 chemical components were identified from the three MMF extracts, 62 of which were the same, but there were differences in flavonoids and their glycosides, organic acids, and esters. MMF, PFMMF, and commercial MMF could all significantly improve the gastric emptying rate, intestinal propulsion rate, and GAS concentration in the serum of model mice; PFMMF has a better effect, while there was no significant difference in cholinesterase activity among the groups (p > 0.05). The 16S rRNA sequencing results showed that the MMF and PFMMF could increase the content of beneficial bacteria Bacteroidetes and decrease the pathogenic bacteria Verrucomicrobia in the intestines of model mice, while the commercial MMF could not. Discussion: Studies suggest that MMF has a variety of possible mechanisms for improving food accumulation and treating gastrointestinal dyspepsia, which provides reference value for the quality evaluation and clinical application of MMF.
ESTHER : Wang_2024_Front.Pharmacol_15_1359954
PubMedSearch : Wang_2024_Front.Pharmacol_15_1359954
PubMedID: 38495103

Title : OsLDDT1, encoding a transmembrane structural DUF726 family protein, is essential for tapetum degradation and pollen formation in rice - Sun_2023_Plant.Sci__111596
Author(s) : Sun Z , Liu K , Chen C , Chen D , Peng Z , Zhou R , Liu L , He D , Duan W , Chen H , Huang C , Ruan Z , Zhang Y , Cao L , Zhan X , Cheng S , Sun L
Ref : Plant Sci , :111596 , 2023
Abstract : Formation of the pollen wall, which is mainly composed of lipid substances secreted by tapetal cells, is important to ensure pollen development in rice. Although several regulatory factors related to lipid biosynthesis during pollen wall formation have been identified in rice, the molecular mechanisms controlling lipid biosynthesis are unclear. We isolated the male-sterile rice mutant oslddt1 (leaked and delayed degraded tapetum 1). oslddt1 plants show complete pollen abortion resulting from delayed degradation of the tapetum and blocked formation of Ubisch bodies and pollen walls. OsLDDT1 (LOC_Os03g02170) encodes a DUF726 containing protein of unknown functionwith highly conserved transmembrane and alpha/beta Hydrolase domains. OsLDDT1 localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum and the gene is highly expressed in rice panicles. Genes involved in regulating fatty acid synthesis and formation of sporopollenin and pollen exine during anther developmentshowed significantly different expression patterns in oslddt1 plants. Interestingly, the wax and cutin contents in mature oslddt1-1 anthers were decreased by 74.07% and 72.22% compared to WT, indicating that OsLDDT1 is involved in fatty acid synthesis and affects formation of the anther epidermis. Our results provide as deeper understanding of the role of OsLDDT1 in regulating male sterility and also provide materials for hybrid rice breeding.
ESTHER : Sun_2023_Plant.Sci__111596
PubMedSearch : Sun_2023_Plant.Sci__111596
PubMedID: 36657664
Gene_locus related to this paper: orysj-q10ss2

Title : Exogenous methyl jasmonate induced cassava defense response and enhanced resistance to Tetranychus urticae - Zhang_2023_Exp.Appl.Acarol__
Author(s) : Zhang Y , Liu Y , Liang X , Wu C , Liu X , Wu M , Yao X , Qiao Y , Zhan X , Chen Q
Ref : Exp Appl Acarol , : , 2023
Abstract : Exogenous application of methyl jasmonate (MeJA) could activate plant defense response against the two-spotted spider mite (TSSM), Tetranychus urticae Koch,sin different plants. However, whether MeJA can also serve as an elicitor in cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) remains unknown. In this study, induced defense responses were investigated in TSSM-resistant cassava variety C1115 and TSSM-susceptible cassava variety KU50 when applied with MeJA. The performance of TSSM feeding on cassava plants that werespre-treated with various concentrations of MeJA was first evaluated. Subsequently, the activities of antioxidative enzymes (superoxide dismutase and catalase), detoxification enzymes (glutathione S-transferase, cytochrome P450 and carboxylesterase) and digestive enzymes (protease, amylase and invertase) in TSSM were analyzed at days 1, 2, 4 and 8 post-feeding. The results showed that MeJA treatment can induce cassava defense responses to TSSM in terms of reducing egg production and adult longevity as well as slowing development and prolonging thesegg stage. Noticeably, C1115 exhibited stronger inhibition of TSSM development and reproduction than KU50. In addition, the activities of all the tested enzymes were induced in both C1115 and KU50, the most in C1115. We conclude that exogenous methyl jasmonate can induce cassava defense responses and enhance resistance to TSSM.
ESTHER : Zhang_2023_Exp.Appl.Acarol__
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2023_Exp.Appl.Acarol__
PubMedID: 36635606

Title : Two Triacylglycerol Lipases Are Negative Regulators of Chilling Stress Tolerance in Arabidopsis - Wang_2022_Int.J.Mol.Sci_23_
Author(s) : Wang L , Qian B , Zhao L , Liang MH , Zhan X , Zhu J
Ref : Int J Mol Sci , 23 : , 2022
Abstract : Cold stress is one of the abiotic stress conditions that severely limit plant growth and development and productivity. Triacylglycerol lipases are important metabolic enzymes for the catabolism of triacylglycerols and, therefore, play important roles in cellular activities including seed germination and early seedling establishment. However, whether they play a role in cold stress responses remains unknown. In this study, we characterized two Arabidopsis triacylglycerol lipases, MPL1 and LIP1 and defined their role in cold stress. The expression of MPL1 and LIP1 is reduced by cold stress, suggesting that they may be negative factors related to cold stress. Indeed, we found that loss-of-function of MPL1 and LIP1 resulted in increased cold tolerance and that the mpl1lip1 double mutant displayed an additive effect on cold tolerance. We performed RNA-seq analysis to reveal the global effect of the mpl1 and lip1 mutations on gene expression under cold stress. The mpl1 mutation had a small effect on gene expression under both under control and cold stress conditions whereas the lip1 mutation caused a much stronger effect on gene expression under control and cold stress conditions. The mpl1lip1 double mutant had a moderate effect on gene expression under control and cold stress conditions. Together, our results indicate that MPL1 and LIP1 triacylglycerol lipases are negative regulators of cold tolerance without any side effects on growth in Arabidopsis and that they might be ideal candidates for breeding cold-tolerant crops through genome editing technology.
ESTHER : Wang_2022_Int.J.Mol.Sci_23_
PubMedSearch : Wang_2022_Int.J.Mol.Sci_23_
PubMedID: 35328798

Title : Methyl Jasmonate-Treated Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) Depresses Performance and Alters Activities of Protective, Detoxification and Digestive Enzymes of Green Peach Aphid [Myzus persicae (Sulzer) (Hemiptera: Aphididae)] - Zhan_2022_J.Insect.Sci_22_
Author(s) : Zhan X , Liu Y , Liang X , Wu C , Liu X , Shui J , Zhang Y , Wang Y , Chen Q
Ref : J Insect Sci , 22 : , 2022
Abstract : Methyl jasmonate (MeJA) is a phytohormone that has been used to artificially induce plant resistance against multiple arthropod herbivores. However, it is still uncertain whether MeJA can trigger pepper plant resistance against Myzus persicae (Sulzer) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) (green peach aphid, GPA). In this study, we assessed the effects of different concentrations (0, 0.008, 0.04, 0.2, 1.0, and 5.0 mM) of MeJA-treated pepper on the development and reproduction performance of GPA to identify an appropriate concentration for vigorous resistance enhancement. MeJA dose was applied on the pepper to investigate the changes in activities of protective enzyme (superoxide dismutase, SOD; catalase, CAT; peroxidase, POD and polyphenol oxidase, PPO), detoxification enzymes (acetylcholinesterase, AchE; glutathione S-transferase, GSTs; cytocrome P450, CYP450, and carboxylesterase, CarE), and digestive enzymes (protease, PRO and amylase, AMY) in GPA. The results showed that all concentrations of MeJA-treated pepper significantly suppressed GPA performance, wherein 0.2 mM was the optimal concentration, as it presented the lowest intrinsic rate of increase (rm), finite rate of increase (lambda), and the highest population doubling time (Dt) values. Furthermore, the protective enzymes (SOD and CAT), detoxification enzymes (GSTs, CYP450, and CarE), and AMY activities increased significantly in MeJA-treated groups than the control group, while the POD and PPO activities were remarkly inhibited under 0.2 mM treatment. These findings indicate that exogenous spraying of 0.2 mM of MeJA significantly enhanced pepper resistance against GPA. The result of this study suggests MeJA application can be used as a promising strategy in integrative management of this insect pest.
ESTHER : Zhan_2022_J.Insect.Sci_22_
PubMedSearch : Zhan_2022_J.Insect.Sci_22_
PubMedID: 36545895

Title : PRDX6: A protein bridging S-palmitoylation and diabetic neuropathy - Cao_2022_Front.Endocrinol.(Lausanne)_13_992875
Author(s) : Cao Y , Wang W , Zhan X , Zhang Y
Ref : Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) , 13 :992875 , 2022
Abstract : Diabetic neuropathy is regarded as one of the most debilitating outcomes of diabetes. It can affect both the peripheral and central nervous systems, leading to pain, decreased motility, cognitive decline, and dementia. S-palmitoylation is a reversible posttranslational lipid modification, and its dysregulation has been implicated in metabolic syndrome, cancers, neurological disorders, and infections. However, the role of S-palmitoylation in diabetic neuropathy remains unclear. Here we demonstrate a potential association between activating protein palmitoylation and diabetic neuropathy. We compared the proteomic data of lumbar dorsal root ganglia (DRG) of diabetes mice and palmitoylome profiling data of the HUVEC cell line. The mapping results identified peroxiredoxin-6 (PRDX6) as a novel target in diabetic neuropathy, whose biological mechanism was associated with S-palmitoylation. Bioinformatic prediction revealed that PRDX6 had two palmitoylation sites, Cys47 and Cys91. Immunofluorescence results indicated PRDX6 translocating between the cytoplasm and cell membrane. Protein function analysis proposed that increased palmitoylation could competitively inhibit the formation of disulfide-bond between Cys47 and Cys91 and change the spatial topology of PRDX6 protein. Cl(-)HCO3(-) anion exchanger 3 (AE3) was one of the AE family members, which was proved to express in DRG. AE3 activity evoked Cl(-) influx in neurons which was generally associated with increased excitability and susceptibility to pain. We demonstrated that the S-palmitoylation status of Cys47 could affect the interaction between PRDX6 and the C-terminal domain of AE3, thereby regulating the activity of AE3 anion exchanger enzyme in the nervous system. The results highlight a central role for PRDX6 palmitoylation in protection against diabetic neuropathy.
ESTHER : Cao_2022_Front.Endocrinol.(Lausanne)_13_992875
PubMedSearch : Cao_2022_Front.Endocrinol.(Lausanne)_13_992875
PubMedID: 36120430

Title : Identification, Classification, and Expression Analysis of the Triacylglycerol Lipase (TGL) Gene Family Related to Abiotic Stresses in Tomato - Wang_2021_Int.J.Mol.Sci_22_1387
Author(s) : Wang Q , Xu X , Cao X , Hu T , Xia D , Zhu J , Zhan X
Ref : Int J Mol Sci , 22 :1387 , 2021
Abstract : Triacylglycerol Lipases (TGLs) are the major enzymes involved in triacylglycerol catabolism. TGLs hydrolyze long-chain fatty acid triglycerides, which are involved in plant development and abiotic stress responses. Whereas most studies of TGLs have focused on seed oil metabolism and biofuel in plants, limited information is available regarding the genome-wide identification and characterization of the TGL gene family in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.). Based on the latest published tomato genome annotation ITAG4.0, 129 SlTGL genes were identified and classified into 5 categories according to their structural characteristics. Most SlTGL genes were distributed on 3 of 12 chromosomes. Segment duplication appeared to be the driving force underlying expansion of the TGL gene family in tomato. The promoter analysis revealed that the promoters of SlTGLs contained many stress responsiveness cis-elements, such as ARE, LTR, MBS, WRE3, and WUN-motifs. Expression of the majority of SlTGL genes was suppressed following exposure to chilling and heat, while it was induced under drought stress, such as SlTGLa9, SlTGLa6, SlTGLa25, SlTGLa26, and SlTGLa13. These results provide valuable insights into the roles of the SlTGL genes family and lay a foundation for further functional studies on the linkage between triacylglycerol catabolism and abiotic stress responses in tomato.
ESTHER : Wang_2021_Int.J.Mol.Sci_22_1387
PubMedSearch : Wang_2021_Int.J.Mol.Sci_22_1387
PubMedID: 33573234

Title : Sevoflurane-induced inflammation development: involvement of cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway - Yin_2019_Behav.Pharmacol_30_730
Author(s) : Yin J , Zhao X , Wang L , Xie X , Geng H , Zhan X , Teng J
Ref : Behav Pharmacol , 30 :730 , 2019
Abstract : Chronic inflammation plays an important role in the mechanisms underpinning the development of anesthesia-induced cognitive dysfunction. However, less is known about how anesthesia causes inflammation. One possibility is that the inflammation is related to alteration of the activity of the alpha 7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway. This study analyzed the effect of sevoflurane administration on the cognitive function by using a novel object recognition test and Y-maze test, and on acetylcholinesterase activity and expression in hippocampal tissue by using an acetylcholinesterase assay kit and quantitative real-time PCR. This study also evaluated the effect of alpha 7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonist PNU-282987 and antagonist methyllycaconitine on cognitive function and the level of hippocampal tumor necrosis factor-alpha in aged rats exposed to sevoflurane anesthesia. We found that 3% sevoflurane significantly impaired cognitive function and increased acetylcholinesterase activity by upregulating its expression in hippocampal tissue. Sevoflurane-induced impairment of cognitive function was significantly rescued by PNU-282987 but aggravated by methyllycaconitine. In addition to impairment of cognitive function, sevoflurane also significantly increased tumor necrosis factor-alpha level in plasma and hippocampal tissue. Similarly, this sevoflurane-induced change of tumor necrosis factor-alpha level in rats was antagonized by PNU-282987 but amplified by methyllycaconitine. In conclusion, our data show that the development of inflammation in sevoflurane-induced cognitive decline is associated with the downregulation of alpha 7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway in aged rats.
ESTHER : Yin_2019_Behav.Pharmacol_30_730
PubMedSearch : Yin_2019_Behav.Pharmacol_30_730
PubMedID: 31625977

Title : Protein-altering variants associated with body mass index implicate pathways that control energy intake and expenditure in obesity - Turcot_2018_Nat.Genet_50_26
Author(s) : Turcot V , Lu Y , Highland HM , Schurmann C , Justice AE , Fine RS , Bradfield JP , Esko T , Giri A , Graff M , Guo X , Hendricks AE , Karaderi T , Lempradl A , Locke AE , Mahajan A , Marouli E , Sivapalaratnam S , Young KL , Alfred T , Feitosa MF , Masca NGD , Manning AK , Medina-Gomez C , Mudgal P , Ng MCY , Reiner AP , Vedantam S , Willems SM , Winkler TW , Abecasis G , Aben KK , Alam DS , Alharthi SE , Allison M , Amouyel P , Asselbergs FW , Auer PL , Balkau B , Bang LE , Barroso I , Bastarache L , Benn M , Bergmann S , Bielak LF , Bluher M , Boehnke M , Boeing H , Boerwinkle E , Boger CA , Bork-Jensen J , Bots ML , Bottinger EP , Bowden DW , Brandslund I , Breen G , Brilliant MH , Broer L , Brumat M , Burt AA , Butterworth AS , Campbell PT , Cappellani S , Carey DJ , Catamo E , Caulfield MJ , Chambers JC , Chasman DI , Chen YI , Chowdhury R , Christensen C , Chu AY , Cocca M , Collins FS , Cook JP , Corley J , Corominas Galbany J , Cox AJ , Crosslin DS , Cuellar-Partida G , D'Eustacchio A , Danesh J , Davies G , Bakker PIW , Groot MCH , Mutsert R , Deary IJ , Dedoussis G , Demerath EW , Heijer M , Hollander AI , Ruijter HM , Dennis JG , Denny JC , Angelantonio E , Drenos F , Du M , Dube MP , Dunning AM , Easton DF , Edwards TL , Ellinghaus D , Ellinor PT , Elliott P , Evangelou E , Farmaki AE , Farooqi IS , Faul JD , Fauser S , Feng S , Ferrannini E , Ferrieres J , Florez JC , Ford I , Fornage M , Franco OH , Franke A , Franks PW , Friedrich N , Frikke-Schmidt R , Galesloot TE , Gan W , Gandin I , Gasparini P , Gibson J , Giedraitis V , Gjesing AP , Gordon-Larsen P , Gorski M , Grabe HJ , Grant SFA , Grarup N , Griffiths HL , Grove ML , Gudnason V , Gustafsson S , Haessler J , Hakonarson H , Hammerschlag AR , Hansen T , Harris KM , Harris TB , Hattersley AT , Have CT , Hayward C , He L , Heard-Costa NL , Heath AC , Heid IM , Helgeland O , Hernesniemi J , Hewitt AW , Holmen OL , Hovingh GK , Howson JMM , Hu Y , Huang PL , Huffman JE , Ikram MA , Ingelsson E , Jackson AU , Jansson JH , Jarvik GP , Jensen GB , Jia Y , Johansson S , Jorgensen ME , Jorgensen T , Jukema JW , Kahali B , Kahn RS , Kahonen M , Kamstrup PR , Kanoni S , Kaprio J , Karaleftheri M , Kardia SLR , Karpe F , Kathiresan S , Kee F , Kiemeney LA , Kim E , Kitajima H , Komulainen P , Kooner JS , Kooperberg C , Korhonen T , Kovacs P , Kuivaniemi H , Kutalik Z , Kuulasmaa K , Kuusisto J , Laakso M , Lakka TA , Lamparter D , Lange EM , Lange LA , Langenberg C , Larson EB , Lee NR , Lehtimaki T , Lewis CE , Li H , Li J , Li-Gao R , Lin H , Lin KH , Lin LA , Lin X , Lind L , Lindstrom J , Linneberg A , Liu CT , Liu DJ , Liu Y , Lo KS , Lophatananon A , Lotery AJ , Loukola A , Luan J , Lubitz SA , Lyytikainen LP , Mannisto S , Marenne G , Mazul AL , McCarthy MI , McKean-Cowdin R , Medland SE , Meidtner K , Milani L , Mistry V , Mitchell P , Mohlke KL , Moilanen L , Moitry M , Montgomery GW , Mook-Kanamori DO , Moore C , Mori TA , Morris AD , Morris AP , Muller-Nurasyid M , Munroe PB , Nalls MA , Narisu N , Nelson CP , Neville M , Nielsen SF , Nikus K , Njolstad PR , Nordestgaard BG , Nyholt DR , O'Connel JR , O'Donoghue ML , Olde Loohuis LM , Ophoff RA , Owen KR , Packard CJ , Padmanabhan S , Palmer CNA , Palmer ND , Pasterkamp G , Patel AP , Pattie A , Pedersen O , Peissig PL , Peloso GM , Pennell CE , Perola M , Perry JA , Perry JRB , Pers TH , Person TN , Peters A , Petersen ERB , Peyser PA , Pirie A , Polasek O , Polderman TJ , Puolijoki H , Raitakari OT , Rasheed A , Rauramaa R , Reilly DF , Renstrom F , Rheinberger M , Ridker PM , Rioux JD , Rivas MA , Roberts DJ , Robertson NR , Robino A , Rolandsson O , Rudan I , Ruth KS , Saleheen D , Salomaa V , Samani NJ , Sapkota Y , Sattar N , Schoen RE , Schreiner PJ , Schulze MB , Scott RA , Segura-Lepe MP , Shah SH , Sheu WH , Sim X , Slater AJ , Small KS , Smith AV , Southam L , Spector TD , Speliotes EK , Starr JM , Stefansson K , Steinthorsdottir V , Stirrups KE , Strauch K , Stringham HM , Stumvoll M , Sun L , Surendran P , Swift AJ , Tada H , Tansey KE , Tardif JC , Taylor KD , Teumer A , Thompson DJ , Thorleifsson G , Thorsteinsdottir U , Thuesen BH , Tonjes A , Tromp G , Trompet S , Tsafantakis E , Tuomilehto J , Tybjaerg-Hansen A , Tyrer JP , Uher R , Uitterlinden AG , Uusitupa M , Laan SW , Duijn CM , Leeuwen N , van Setten J , Vanhala M , Varbo A , Varga TV , Varma R , Velez Edwards DR , Vermeulen SH , Veronesi G , Vestergaard H , Vitart V , Vogt TF , Volker U , Vuckovic D , Wagenknecht LE , Walker M , Wallentin L , Wang F , Wang CA , Wang S , Wang Y , Ware EB , Wareham NJ , Warren HR , Waterworth DM , Wessel J , White HD , Willer CJ , Wilson JG , Witte DR , Wood AR , Wu Y , Yaghootkar H , Yao J , Yao P , Yerges-Armstrong LM , Young R , Zeggini E , Zhan X , Zhang W , Zhao JH , Zhao W , Zhou W , Zondervan KT , Rotter JI , Pospisilik JA , Rivadeneira F , Borecki IB , Deloukas P , Frayling TM , Lettre G , North KE , Lindgren CM , Hirschhorn JN , Loos RJF
Ref : Nat Genet , 50 :26 , 2018
Abstract : Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified >250 loci for body mass index (BMI), implicating pathways related to neuronal biology. Most GWAS loci represent clusters of common, noncoding variants from which pinpointing causal genes remains challenging. Here we combined data from 718,734 individuals to discover rare and low-frequency (minor allele frequency (MAF) < 5%) coding variants associated with BMI. We identified 14 coding variants in 13 genes, of which 8 variants were in genes (ZBTB7B, ACHE, RAPGEF3, RAB21, ZFHX3, ENTPD6, ZFR2 and ZNF169) newly implicated in human obesity, 2 variants were in genes (MC4R and KSR2) previously observed to be mutated in extreme obesity and 2 variants were in GIPR. The effect sizes of rare variants are ~10 times larger than those of common variants, with the largest effect observed in carriers of an MC4R mutation introducing a stop codon (p.Tyr35Ter, MAF = 0.01%), who weighed ~7 kg more than non-carriers. Pathway analyses based on the variants associated with BMI confirm enrichment of neuronal genes and provide new evidence for adipocyte and energy expenditure biology, widening the potential of genetically supported therapeutic targets in obesity.
ESTHER : Turcot_2018_Nat.Genet_50_26
PubMedSearch : Turcot_2018_Nat.Genet_50_26
PubMedID: 29273807