Ye J

References (23)

Title : Application of Marine Natural Products against Alzheimer's Disease: Past, Present and Future - Hu_2023_Mar.Drugs_21_
Author(s) : Hu D , Jin Y , Hou X , Zhu Y , Chen D , Tai J , Chen Q , Shi C , Ye J , Wu M , Zhang H , Lu Y
Ref : Mar Drugs , 21 : , 2023
Abstract : Alzheimer's disease (AD), a neurodegenerative disease, is one of the most intractable illnesses which affects the elderly. Clinically manifested as various impairments in memory, language, cognition, visuospatial skills, executive function, etc., the symptoms gradually aggravated over time. The drugs currently used clinically can slow down the deterioration of AD and relieve symptoms but cannot completely cure them. The drugs are mainly acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (AChEI) and non-competitive N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NDMAR) antagonists. The pathogenesis of AD is inconclusive, but it is often associated with the expression of beta-amyloid. Abnormal deposition of amyloid and hyperphosphorylation of tau protein in the brain have been key targets for past, current, and future drug development for the disease. At present, researchers are paying more and more attention to excavate natural compounds which can be effective against Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative pathologies. Marine natural products have been demonstrated to be the most prospective candidates of these compounds, and some have presented significant neuroprotection functions. Consequently, we intend to describe the potential effect of bioactive compounds derived from marine organisms, including polysaccharides, carotenoids, polyphenols, sterols and alkaloids as drug candidates, to further discover novel and efficacious drug compounds which are effective against AD.
ESTHER : Hu_2023_Mar.Drugs_21_
PubMedSearch : Hu_2023_Mar.Drugs_21_
PubMedID: 36662216

Title : Thyroid endocrine disruption and neurotoxicity of gestodene in adult female mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis) - Tan_2022_Chemosphere__137594
Author(s) : Tan J , Liang C , Guo Y , Zou H , Ye J , Hou L , Wang X
Ref : Chemosphere , :137594 , 2022
Abstract : The frequent detection of progestins in various aquatic environments and their potential endocrine disruptive effects in fish have attracted increasing attention worldwide. However, data on their effects on thyroid function and neurotoxicity in fish are limited, and the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Here, the effects of gestodene (GES, a common progestin) on the thyroid endocrine and nervous systems of mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis) were studied. Adult female fish were exposed to GES at environmentally relevant concentrations (4.4-378.7 ng/L) for 60 days. The results showed that exposure to 378.7 ng/L GES caused a significant decrease in fish growth compared with the control and a marked reduction in the total distance traveled (50.6%) and swimming velocity (40.1-61.9%). The triiodothyronine (T3) levels were significantly increased by GES in a dose-dependent manner, whereas those of tetraiodothyronine (T4) were significantly decreased only at the G500 concentration. The acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity was decreased significantly in the 4.42 ng/L GES treatments, but increased significantly at 378.67 ng/L. In the brain, a strong increase in the transcriptional levels of bdnf, trh, and dio2 was observed in fish after the 378.7 ng/L treatment. In addition, chronic exposure to GES caused colloid depletion with a concentration-dependent manner in the thyroid, and angiectasis, congestion, and vacuolar necrosis in the brain. These findings provide a better understanding of the effects of GES and associated underlying mechanisms in G. affinis.
ESTHER : Tan_2022_Chemosphere__137594
PubMedSearch : Tan_2022_Chemosphere__137594
PubMedID: 36538954

Title : Spleen volume-based non-invasive tool for predicting hepatic decompensation in people with compensated cirrhosis (CHESS1701) - Yu_2022_JHEP.Rep_4_100575
Author(s) : Yu Q , Xu C , Li Q , Ding Z , Lv Y , Liu C , Huang Y , Zhou J , Huang S , Xia C , Meng X , Lu C , Li Y , Tang T , Wang Y , Song Y , Qi X , Ye J , Ju S
Ref : JHEP Rep , 4 :100575 , 2022
Abstract : BACKGROUND & AIMS: Non-invasive stratification of the liver decompensation risk remains unmet in people with compensated cirrhosis. This study aimed to develop a non-invasive tool (NIT) to predict hepatic decompensation. METHODS: This retrospective study recruited 689 people with compensated cirrhosis (median age, 54 years; 441 men) from 5 centres from January 2016 to June 2020. Baseline abdominal computed tomography (CT), clinical features, and liver stiffness were collected, and then the first decompensation was registered during the follow-up. The spleen-based model was designed for predicting decompensation based on a deep learning segmentation network to generate the spleen volume and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO)-Cox. The spleen-based model was trained on the training cohort of 282 individuals (Institutions I-III) and was validated in 2 external validation cohorts (97 and 310 individuals from Institutions IV and V, respectively) and compared with the conventional serum-based models and the Baveno VII criteria. RESULTS: The decompensation rate at 3 years was 23%, with a 37.6-month median (IQR 21.1-52.1 months) follow-up. The proposed model showed good performance in predicting decompensation (C-index <=0.84) and outperformed the serum-based models (C-index comparison test p <0.05) in both the training and validation cohorts. The hazard ratio (HR) for decompensation in individuals with high risk was 7.3 (95% CI 4.2-12.8) in the training and 5.8 (95% CI 3.9-8.6) in the validation (log-rank test, p <0.05) cohorts. The low-risk group had a negligible 3-year decompensation risk (>=1%), and the model had a competitive performance compared with the Baveno VII criteria. CONCLUSIONS: This spleen-based model provides a non-invasive and user-friendly method to help predict decompensation in people with compensated cirrhosis in diverse healthcare settings where liver stiffness is not available. LAY SUMMARY: People with compensated cirrhosis with larger spleen volume would have a higher risk of decompensation. We developed a spleen-based model and validated it in external validation cohorts. The proposed model might help predict hepatic decompensation in people with compensated cirrhosis when invasive tools are unavailable.
ESTHER : Yu_2022_JHEP.Rep_4_100575
PubMedSearch : Yu_2022_JHEP.Rep_4_100575
PubMedID: 36204707

Title : Curcumin relieves mice gastric emptying dysfunction induced by L-arginine and atropine through interstitial cells of Cajal - Lin_2021_Exp.Ther.Med_21_548
Author(s) : Lin P , Li B , Ye J , Shang F , Zhao H , Xie J , Yu X
Ref : Exp Ther Med , 21 :548 , 2021
Abstract : Curcumin is natural polyphenol from Curcuma longa rhizomes with several biological properties. Our previous studies demonstrated that curcumin inhibited functional gastric emptying disorders induced by L-arginine, the precursor of nitric oxide (NO), and atropine, an acetylcholine receptor (AChR) blocker. However, the mechanism of action of curcumin remains unclear. In the present study, mouse models of functional gastric emptying disorders induced by L-arginine and atropine were used to examine changes in interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) and NO- and ACh-mediated regulation of gastrointestinal motility. Curcumin pre-treatment ameliorated the gastric emptying rate in mice treated with L-arginine or atropine (P<0.01). NO content and NO synthase activity significantly increased in the stomachs of L-arginine-treated mice, compared with controls (P<0.01). Acetylcholinesterase activity (P<0.01) and mRNA expression (P<0.01), as well as AChR mRNA levels (P<0.05) significantly decreased following atropine treatment. Moreover, in both models, the levels of c-kit, anoctamin 1 and connexin 43 significantly decreased in the stomach (P<0.01). Conversely, curcumin pre-treatment inhibited the changes induced by L-arginine and atropine (P<0.01 or P<0.05). By affecting the production of exogenous NO, the effects of Ach-AchR and the biomarkers of ICC, curcumin relieves the gastric emptying dysfunction in mice.
ESTHER : Lin_2021_Exp.Ther.Med_21_548
PubMedSearch : Lin_2021_Exp.Ther.Med_21_548
PubMedID: 33850520

Title : Putative carboxylesterase gene identification and their expression patterns in Hyphantria cunea (Drury) - Ye_2021_PeerJ_9_e10919
Author(s) : Ye J , Mang D , Kang K , Chen C , Zhang X , Tang Y , E RP , Song L , Zhang QH , Zhang L
Ref : PeerJ , 9 :e10919 , 2021
Abstract : The olfactory system of insects is important for behavioral activities as it recognizes internal and external volatile stimuli in the environment. Insect odorant degrading enzymes (ODEs), including antennal-specific carboxylesterases (CXEs), are known to degrade redundant odorant molecules or to hydrolyze important olfactory sex pheromone components and plant volatiles. Compared to many well-studied Type-I sex pheromone-producing lepidopteran species, the molecular mechanisms of the olfactory system of Type-II sex pheromone-producing Hyphantria cunea (Drury) remain poorly understood. In the current study, we first identified a total of ten CXE genes based on our previous H. unea antennal transcriptomic data. We constructed a phylogenetic tree to evaluate the relationship of HcunCXEs with other insects' CXEs, and used quantitative PCR to investigate the gene expression of H. cunea CXEs (HcunCXEs). Our results indicate that HcunCXEs are highly expressed in antennae, legs and wings, suggesting a potential function in degrading sex pheromone components, host plant volatiles, and other xenobiotics. This study not only provides a theoretical basis for subsequent olfactory mechanism studies on H. cunea, but also offers some new insights into functions and evolutionary characteristics of CXEs in lepidopteran insects. From a practical point of view, these HcunCXEs might represent meaningful targets for developing behavioral interference control strategies against H. cunea.
ESTHER : Ye_2021_PeerJ_9_e10919
PubMedSearch : Ye_2021_PeerJ_9_e10919
PubMedID: 33717687
Gene_locus related to this paper: cname-a0a1u9x1s5 , cname-a0a1u9x1s9 , cname-a0a1u9x1t4 , cname-a0a1u9x1t5 , cname-a0a1u9x1t2 , cname-a0a1u9x1t3 , cname-a0a1u9x1t0 , cname-a0a1u9x1s7 , cname-a0a1u9x1t1 , cname-a0a1u9x1s8 , cname-a0a1u9x1t9 , cname-a0a1u9x1t7 , cname-a0a1u9x1t8 , cname-a0a1u9x1u2 , cname-a0a1u9x1u1

Title : Medial septum tau accumulation induces spatial memory deficit via disrupting medial septum-hippocampus cholinergic pathway - Wu_2021_Clin.Transl.Med_11_e428
Author(s) : Wu D , Gao D , Yu H , Pi G , Xiong R , Lei H , Wang X , Liu E , Ye J , Gao Y , He T , Jiang T , Sun F , Su J , Song G , Peng W , Yang Y , Wang JZ
Ref : Clin Transl Med , 11 :e428 , 2021
Abstract : Tau accumulation and cholinergic impairment are characteristic pathologies in Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the causal role of tau accumulation in cholinergic lesion is elusive. Here, we observed an aberrant tau accumulation in the medial septum (MS) of 3xTg and 5xFAD mice, especially in their cholinergic neurons. Overexpressing hTau in mouse MS (MS(hTau) ) for 6 months but not 3 months induced spatial memory impairment without changing object recognition and anxiety-like behavior, indicating a specific and time-dependent effect of MS-hTau accumulation on spatial cognitive functions. With increasing hTau accumulation, the MS(hTau) mice showed a time-dependent cholinergic neuron loss with reduced cholinergic projections to the hippocampus. Intraperitoneal administration of donepezil, a cholinesterase inhibitor, for 1 month ameliorated the MS-hTau-induced spatial memory deficits with preservation of MS-hippocampal cholinergic pathway and removal of tau load; and the beneficial effects of donepezil was more prominent at low dose. Proteomics revealed that MS-hTau accumulation deregulated multiple signaling pathways with numerous differentially expressed proteins (DEPs). Among them, the vacuolar protein sorting-associated protein 37D (VP37D), an autophagy-related protein, was significantly reduced in MS(hTau) mice; the reduction of VP37D was restored by donepezil, and the effect was more significant at low dose than high dose. These novel evidences reveal a causal role of tau accumulation in linking MS cholinergic lesion to hippocampus-dependent spatial cognitive damages as seen in the AD patients, and the new tau-removal and autophagy-promoting effects of donepezil may extend its application beyond simple symptom amelioration to potential disease modification.
ESTHER : Wu_2021_Clin.Transl.Med_11_e428
PubMedSearch : Wu_2021_Clin.Transl.Med_11_e428
PubMedID: 34185417

Title : An Overview on the Mechanisms and Applications of Enzyme Inhibition-Based Methods for Determination of Organophosphate and Carbamate Pesticides - Cao_2020_J.Agric.Food.Chem_68_7298
Author(s) : Cao J , Wang M , Yu H , She Y , Cao Z , Ye J , Abd El-Aty AM , Hacimuftuoglu A , Wang J , Lao S
Ref : Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry , 68 :7298 , 2020
Abstract : Acetylcholinesterase inactivating compounds, such as organophosphate (OP) and carbamate (CM) pesticides, are widely used in agriculture to ensure sustainable production of food and feed. As a consequence of their applications, they would result in neurotoxicity, even death. In this essence, the development of enzyme inhibition methods still shows great significance as rapid detection techniques for on-site large-scale screening of OPs and CMs. Initially, mechanisms and applications of various enzyme-inhibition-based methods and devices, including optical colorimetric assay, fluorometric assays, electrochemical biosensors, rapid test card, and microfluidic device, are highlighted in the present overview. Further, to enhance the enzyme sensitivity for detection; alternative enzyme sources or high yield enrichment methods (such as abzyme, artificial enzyme, and recombinant enzyme), as well as enzyme reactivation and identification, are also addressed in this comprehensive overview.
ESTHER : Cao_2020_J.Agric.Food.Chem_68_7298
PubMedSearch : Cao_2020_J.Agric.Food.Chem_68_7298
PubMedID: 32551623

Title : Curcumin Alleviates the Side Effects of Cisplatin on Gastric Emptying of Mice by Inhibiting the Signal Changes of Acetylcholine and Interstitial Cells of Cajal - Li_2020_J.Med.Food_23_920
Author(s) : Li H , Xu W , Liu X , Ye J , Li P , Shang F , Yu X
Ref : J Med Food , 23 :920 , 2020
Abstract : Cisplatin is a widely used anticancer drug that has adverse effects on gastrointestinal function. Curcumin is a natural polyphenol extracted from the rhizome of turmeric that has a wide range of biological activities. The present study investigated the effects of cisplatin on gastric emptying in mice and examined whether these can be inhibited by curcumin. We found that pretreatment with curcumin (200mg/kg/day) for 10-30 days partly inhibited the decreases in gastric emptying rate and body weight induced by cisplatin. Furthermore, cisplatin reduced acetylcholine (ACh) concentration and the messenger RNA (mRNA) level of ACh receptor (AChR) as well as acetylcholinesterase activity in the stomach of mice; caused ultrastructural damage to interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC); and altered the expression of c-kit/stem cell factor and the gap junction protein connexin 43 in ICC. Curcumin pretreatment inhibited the effects of cisplatin on ACh indicators and ICC. These results demonstrate that curcumin can protect against cisplatin-induced gastric emptying disorder and thus has therapeutic potential for alleviating this condition in cancer patients receiving cisplatin chemotherapy.
ESTHER : Li_2020_J.Med.Food_23_920
PubMedSearch : Li_2020_J.Med.Food_23_920
PubMedID: 32833554

Title : Interesterification of rice bran wax and palm olein catalyzed by lipase: Crystallization behaviours and characterization - Zhang_2019_Food.Chem_286_29
Author(s) : Zhang Z , Ye J , Fei T , Ma X , Xie X , Huang H , Wang Y
Ref : Food Chem , 286 :29 , 2019
Abstract : Rice bran wax (RBW) is a traditional plant based natural wax and an increasingly popular component in textiles, fruit coatings and cosmetics. Properties of RBW can be modified by acyglycerols, and the resulting products can possess features with great potential in different applications. In this study, RBW was interesterified with palm olein (POL) catalyzed by Lipozyme TL IM, and the effects of RBW on the crystallization rate, solid fat content (SFC) and thermodynamic properties were investigated. The crystallization rates of RBW-based enzymatically interesterified (EIE) products were significantly higher than both the starting mixture and fully hydrogenated rapeseed oil (FHRSO). The EIE RBW-based samples were predominantly crystallized in beta' form, and presented a much smoother SFC profile as compared to physically blended raw materials. The SFC values were significantly decreased, conversely increased, and remained constant, and at 10 degreeC, 20-30 degreeC, and 35-40 degreeC as the wax ester and acylglycerols compositions changes. Overall, RBW-based samples after EIE showed an increased hardness and good surface properties, which make it a potential plastic fats substitute.
ESTHER : Zhang_2019_Food.Chem_286_29
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2019_Food.Chem_286_29
PubMedID: 30827609

Title : Structure-guided Discovery of Dual-recognition Chemibodies - Cheng_2018_Sci.Rep_8_7570
Author(s) : Cheng AC , Doherty EM , Johnstone S , DiMauro EF , Dao J , Luthra A , Ye J , Tang J , Nixey T , Min X , Tagari P , Miranda LP , Wang Z
Ref : Sci Rep , 8 :7570 , 2018
Abstract : Small molecules and antibodies each have advantages and limitations as therapeutics. Here, we present for the first time to our knowledge, the structure-guided design of "chemibodies" as small molecule-antibody hybrids that offer dual recognition of a single target by both a small molecule and an antibody, using DPP-IV enzyme as a proof of concept study. Biochemical characterization demonstrates that the chemibodies present superior DPP-IV inhibition compared to either small molecule or antibody component alone. We validated our design by successfully solving a co-crystal structure of a chemibody in complex with DPP-IV, confirming specific binding of the small molecule portion at the interior catalytic site and the Fab portion at the protein surface. The discovery of chemibodies presents considerable potential for novel therapeutics that harness the power of both small molecule and antibody modalities to achieve superior specificity, potency, and pharmacokinetic properties.
ESTHER : Cheng_2018_Sci.Rep_8_7570
PubMedSearch : Cheng_2018_Sci.Rep_8_7570
PubMedID: 29765112
Gene_locus related to this paper: ratno-dpp4

Title : Perilipin 5 improves hepatic lipotoxicity by inhibiting lipolysis - Wang_2015_Hepatology_61_870
Author(s) : Wang C , Zhao Y , Gao X , Li L , Yuan Y , Liu F , Zhang L , Wu J , Hu P , Zhang X , Gu Y , Xu Y , Wang Z , Li Z , Zhang H , Ye J
Ref : Hepatology , 61 :870 , 2015
Abstract : Abnormal metabolism of nonesterified fatty acids (NEFAs) and their derivatives has been reported to be the main cause of intracellular lipotoxic injury. Normally, NEFAs are stored in lipid droplets (LDs) in the form of triglyceride (TG), which could reduce the lipotoxicity of cytosolic NEFAs. Previous studies have implicated that Perilipin 5 (Plin5), an LD-binding protein, regulates the storage and hydrolysis of TG in LD. However, its roles and underlying mechanisms in the liver remain unknown. Here we found that Plin5 expression was increased in steatotic livers. Using Plin5 knockout mice, we found that Plin5 deficiency resulted in reduced hepatic lipid content and smaller-sized LDs, which was due to the elevated lipolysis rate and fatty acid utilization. Plin5-deficient hepatocytes showed increased mitochondria proliferation, which could be explained by the increased expression and activity of PPARalpha stimulated by the increased NEFA levels. Meanwhile, Plin5-deficient livers also exhibited enhanced mitochondrial oxidative capacity. We also found that Plin5 deficiency induces lipotoxic injury in hepatocytes, attributed to lipid peroxidation. Mechanistically, we found that Plin5 blocks adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL)-mediated lipolysis by competitively binding to comparative gene identification-58 (CGI-58) and disrupting the interaction between CGI-58 and ATGL. CONCLUSION: Plin5 is an important protective factor against hepatic lipotoxicity induced by NEFAs generated from lipolysis. This provides an important new insight into the regulation of hepatic lipid storage and relation between lipid storage and lipotoxicity.
ESTHER : Wang_2015_Hepatology_61_870
PubMedSearch : Wang_2015_Hepatology_61_870
PubMedID: 25179419

Title : The Relationship Between Hepatic Lipase Gene Variant and Advanced Age-Related Macular Degeneration: A Meta-analysis - Lou_2014_JAMA.Ophthalmol_132_1226
Author(s) : Lou LX , Hu KM , Jin K , Zhang SZ , Ye J
Ref : JAMA Ophthalmol , 132 :1226 , 2014
Abstract : IMPORTANCE: To date, no consistency exists across studies that have evaluated the relationship between hepatic lipase gene (LIPC) rs10468017 variant and advanced age-related macular degeneration (AMD). OBJECTIVE: To summarize all relevant evidence for a relationship between LIPC variant and advanced AMD. DATA SOURCES: The PubMed and Embase databases were searched for studies potentially eligible in any language published up to September 15, 2013. STUDY SELECTION: Case-control studies of 2 or more comparison groups that included patients with advanced AMD (choroidal neovascularization or geographic atrophy). DATA EXTRACTION AND SYNTHESIS: Allele frequencies and genotype distributions of rs10468017 variant. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: Summary odds ratios (ORs) and 95% CIs were estimated under different genetic models using meta-analytic methods. A stratified analysis by advanced AMD subtypes and race/ethnicity was performed, as well as a sensitivity analysis.
RESULTS: Data from 10 case-control studies were included in the meta-analysis. The rs10468017 variant (C-->T) showed significant summary ORs of 0.81 (95% CI, 0.75-0.88), 0.83 (95% CI, 0.70-0.98), and 0.60 (95% CI, 0.44-0.81) under the allelic (T vs C), heterozygous (TC vs CC), and homozygous (TT vs CC) models, respectively. Carrying at least 1 copy of the T allele decreased the risk of choroidal neovascularization and geographic atrophy by 20% (OR, 0.80; 95% CI, 0.74-0.87) and 29% (OR, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.59-0.86), respectively. The pooled OR for white race/ethnicity under an allelic model was 0.80 (95% CI, 0.74-0.87). The sensitivity analysis indicated the robustness of our findings, and no evidence of publication bias was observed in our meta-analysis. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Our meta-analysis indicates that LIPC rs10468017 variant is associated with a reduced risk of advanced AMD. This finding may lead to insights regarding the pathogenesis, prevention, and treatment of AMD.
ESTHER : Lou_2014_JAMA.Ophthalmol_132_1226
PubMedSearch : Lou_2014_JAMA.Ophthalmol_132_1226
PubMedID: 25010633

Title : Association between lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 gene polymorphism and coronary artery disease in the Chinese Han population - Li_2011_Ann.Hum.Genet_75_605
Author(s) : Li L , Qi L , Lv N , Gao Q , Cheng Y , Wei Y , Ye J , Yan X , Dang A
Ref : Ann Hum Genet , 75 :605 , 2011
Abstract : The role of the lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A(2) gene (PLA2G7) in atherosclerosis remains controversial. We investigated the frequency of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of PLA2G7 (rs16874954 and rs1051931) and their association with coronary artery disease (CAD) in a cohort of CAD patients (n= 806) and age-matched healthy controls (n= 482) in the Chinese Han population. The VF and FF genotype of rs16874954 was significantly more frequent in the CAD patients (13.5%) than in the controls (9.3%, P= 0.024). The association remained after adjustment for age, gender, body mass index, smoking status, history of diabetes, positive family history of CAD, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglyceride (OR = 1.922; 95% CI [1.146-3.224]; P= 0.013). There was no significant difference in the frequency of any genotype of rs1051931 between the two groups. However, the frequency of the allele V379 was significantly greater in CAD patients with a history of myocardial infarction (MI) than in those without a history of MI (18.7% and 14.8%, P= 0.038). We conclude that there is significant association between the rs16874954 mutation and CAD in the Chinese Han population. The expression of rs1051931 variant in CAD patients may entail increased risk of MI.
ESTHER : Li_2011_Ann.Hum.Genet_75_605
PubMedSearch : Li_2011_Ann.Hum.Genet_75_605
PubMedID: 21834908
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-PLA2G7

Title : Genomic analysis and temperature-dependent transcriptome profiles of the rhizosphere originating strain Pseudomonas aeruginosa M18 - Wu_2011_BMC.Genomics_12_438
Author(s) : Wu DQ , Ye J , Ou HY , Wei X , Huang X , He YW , Xu Y
Ref : BMC Genomics , 12 :438 , 2011
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Our previously published reports have described an effective biocontrol agent named Pseudomonas sp. M18 as its 16S rDNA sequence and several regulator genes share homologous sequences with those of P. aeruginosa, but there are several unusual phenotypic features. This study aims to explore its strain specific genomic features and gene expression patterns at different temperatures.
RESULTS: The complete M18 genome is composed of a single chromosome of 6,327,754 base pairs containing 5684 open reading frames. Seven genomic islands, including two novel prophages and five specific non-phage islands were identified besides the conserved P. aeruginosa core genome. Each prophage contains a putative chitinase coding gene, and the prophage II contains a capB gene encoding a putative cold stress protein. The non-phage genomic islands contain genes responsible for pyoluteorin biosynthesis, environmental substance degradation and type I and III restriction-modification systems. Compared with other P. aeruginosa strains, the fewest number (3) of insertion sequences and the most number (3) of clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats in M18 genome may contribute to the relative genome stability. Although the M18 genome is most closely related to that of P. aeruginosa strain LESB58, the strain M18 is more susceptible to several antimicrobial agents and easier to be erased in a mouse acute lung infection model than the strain LESB58. The whole M18 transcriptomic analysis indicated that 10.6% of the expressed genes are temperature-dependent, with 22 genes up-regulated at 28 degrees C in three non-phage genomic islands and one prophage but none at 37 degrees C.
CONCLUSIONS: The P. aeruginosa strain M18 has evolved its specific genomic structures and temperature dependent expression patterns to meet the requirement of its fitness and competitiveness under selective pressures imposed on the strain in rhizosphere niche.
ESTHER : Wu_2011_BMC.Genomics_12_438
PubMedSearch : Wu_2011_BMC.Genomics_12_438
PubMedID: 21884571
Gene_locus related to this paper: pseae-PA1558 , pseae-PA2927 , pseae-PA2949 , pseae-PA3695 , pseae-PA5080 , pseae-q9i252

Title : Separation and toxicity of salithion enantiomers - Zhou_2009_Chirality_21_922
Author(s) : Zhou S , Lin K , Li L , Jin M , Ye J , Liu W
Ref : Chirality , 21 :922 , 2009
Abstract : Enantioseletive toxicities of chiral pesticides have become an environmental concern recently. In this study, we evaluated the enantiomeric separation of salithion on a suite of commercial chiral columns and assessed the toxicity of enantiomers toward butyrylcholinesterase and Daphnia magna. Satisfactory separations of salithion enantiomers could be achieved on all tested columns, that is, Chiralcel OD, Chiralcel OJ, and Chiralpak AD column. However, the Chiralpak AD column offered the best separation and was chosen to prepare micro-scale of pure salithion enantiomers for subsequent bioassays. The first and second enantiomers eluted on the Chiralpak AD column were further confirmed to be (-)-S-salithion and (+)-R-salithion, respectively. The half inhibition concentrations to butyrylcholinesterase of racemate, (+)-R-salithion, and (-)-S-salithion were 33.09, 2.92, and 15.60 mg/l, respectively, showing (+)-R-enantiomer being about 5.0 times more potent than its (-)-S-form. However, the median lethal concentrations (96 h) of racemate, (+)-R-salithion, and (-)-S-salithion toward D. magna were 3.54, 1.10, and 0.36 microg/l, respectively, suggesting that (-)-S-salithion was about 3.0 times more toxic than (+)-R-form. Racemic salithion was less toxic than either of the enantiomers in both bioassays, suggesting that antagonistic interactions might occur between the enantiomers during the toxication action. This work reveals that the toxicity of salithion toward butyrylcholinesterase and D. magna is enantioselective, and this factor should be taken into consideration in the environmental risk assessment of salithion.
ESTHER : Zhou_2009_Chirality_21_922
PubMedSearch : Zhou_2009_Chirality_21_922
PubMedID: 19161220

Title : Ion-pair reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography method for determination of Huperzine-A in beagle dog serum - Ye_2005_J.Chromatogr.B.Analyt.Technol.Biomed.Life.Sci_817_187
Author(s) : Ye J , Zeng S , Zhang W , Chen G
Ref : Journal of Chromatography B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sciences , 817 :187 , 2005
Abstract : Huperzine-A (Hup-A), a biologically potent, reversible acetylcholinesterase inhibitor for the treatment of Alzheimer disease (AD) in China, has very low blood concentration. In order to study the pharmacokinetics of newly developed Hup-A transdermal patches in animal, a rapid and sensitive ion-pair reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) method for the determination of Hup-A in beagle dog serum using mebendazole as internal standard has been developed and validated. The analyte and internal standard were extracted from serum using chloroform-isopropanol (95:5, v/v), analyzed on a C (18) column (5 microm, 150 mm x 4.6 mm i.d.) with a mobile phase consisting of methanol-water-glacial acetic acid (50:48.5:1.5, v/v/v), using sodium dodecylsulfonate as an ion-pair reagent, and detected with UV detector at 313 nm. The chromatographic run time was within 15 min. The assay was linear over the concentration range of 1-12 ng/ml and intra- and inter-day precision over this range was not more than 12.8%. The limit of quantification in serum was 1 ng/ml. The method was successfully applied to characterize the Hup-A concentration-time profiles and study the single and multiple doses phamacokinetics of Hup-A transdermal patches in beagle dogs. The pharmacokinetic study results showed that Hup-A patches has the characteristic of sustained or controlled drug release in vivo.
ESTHER : Ye_2005_J.Chromatogr.B.Analyt.Technol.Biomed.Life.Sci_817_187
PubMedSearch : Ye_2005_J.Chromatogr.B.Analyt.Technol.Biomed.Life.Sci_817_187
PubMedID: 15686984

Title : The Genomes of Oryza sativa: a history of duplications - Yu_2005_PLoS.Biol_3_e38
Author(s) : Yu J , Wang J , Lin W , Li S , Li H , Zhou J , Ni P , Dong W , Hu S , Zeng C , Zhang J , Zhang Y , Li R , Xu Z , Li X , Zheng H , Cong L , Lin L , Yin J , Geng J , Li G , Shi J , Liu J , Lv H , Li J , Deng Y , Ran L , Shi X , Wang X , Wu Q , Li C , Ren X , Li D , Liu D , Zhang X , Ji Z , Zhao W , Sun Y , Zhang Z , Bao J , Han Y , Dong L , Ji J , Chen P , Wu S , Xiao Y , Bu D , Tan J , Yang L , Ye C , Xu J , Zhou Y , Yu Y , Zhang B , Zhuang S , Wei H , Liu B , Lei M , Yu H , Li Y , Xu H , Wei S , He X , Fang L , Huang X , Su Z , Tong W , Tong Z , Ye J , Wang L , Lei T , Chen C , Chen H , Huang H , Zhang F , Li N , Zhao C , Huang Y , Li L , Xi Y , Qi Q , Li W , Hu W , Tian X , Jiao Y , Liang X , Jin J , Gao L , Zheng W , Hao B , Liu S , Wang W , Yuan L , Cao M , McDermott J , Samudrala R , Wong GK , Yang H
Ref : PLoS Biol , 3 :e38 , 2005
Abstract : We report improved whole-genome shotgun sequences for the genomes of indica and japonica rice, both with multimegabase contiguity, or almost 1,000-fold improvement over the drafts of 2002. Tested against a nonredundant collection of 19,079 full-length cDNAs, 97.7% of the genes are aligned, without fragmentation, to the mapped super-scaffolds of one or the other genome. We introduce a gene identification procedure for plants that does not rely on similarity to known genes to remove erroneous predictions resulting from transposable elements. Using the available EST data to adjust for residual errors in the predictions, the estimated gene count is at least 38,000-40,000. Only 2%-3% of the genes are unique to any one subspecies, comparable to the amount of sequence that might still be missing. Despite this lack of variation in gene content, there is enormous variation in the intergenic regions. At least a quarter of the two sequences could not be aligned, and where they could be aligned, single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rates varied from as little as 3.0 SNP/kb in the coding regions to 27.6 SNP/kb in the transposable elements. A more inclusive new approach for analyzing duplication history is introduced here. It reveals an ancient whole-genome duplication, a recent segmental duplication on Chromosomes 11 and 12, and massive ongoing individual gene duplications. We find 18 distinct pairs of duplicated segments that cover 65.7% of the genome; 17 of these pairs date back to a common time before the divergence of the grasses. More important, ongoing individual gene duplications provide a never-ending source of raw material for gene genesis and are major contributors to the differences between members of the grass family.
ESTHER : Yu_2005_PLoS.Biol_3_e38
PubMedSearch : Yu_2005_PLoS.Biol_3_e38
PubMedID: 15685292
Gene_locus related to this paper: orysa-Q7XTC5 , orysa-Q852M6 , orysa-Q8GSE8 , orysa-Q9S7P1 , orysa-Q9FYP7 , orysa-Q5ZBH3 , orysa-Q5ZA26 , orysa-Q5JLP6 , orysa-Q8H5P9 , orysa-Q8H5P5 , orysa-Q7F1Y5 , orysa-Q949C9 , orysa-cbp1 , orysa-cbp3 , orysa-cbpx , orysa-Q33B71 , orysa-Q8GSJ3 , orysa-LPL1 , orysa-Q6YSZ8 , orysa-Q8S5X5 , orysa-Q8LIG3 , orysa-Q6K7F5 , orysa-Q7F1B1 , orysa-Q8H4S9 , orysa-Q69UB1 , orysa-Q9FW17 , orysa-Q337C3 , orysa-Q7F959 , orysa-Q84QZ6 , orysa-Q84QY7 , orysa-Q851E3 , orysa-Q6YTH5 , orysa-Q0JK71 , orysa-Q8S1D9 , orysa-Q5N8V4 , orysa-Q0JCY4 , orysa-Q8GTK2 , orysa-B9EWJ8 , orysa-Q8H3K6 , orysa-Q6ZDG8 , orysa-Q6ZDG6 , orysa-Q6ZDG5 , orysa-Q6ZDG4 , orysa-Q5NAI4 , orysa-Q658B2 , orysa-Q5JMQ8 , orysa-Q5QMD9 , orysa-Q5N7L1 , orysa-Q8RYV9 , orysa-Q8H3R3 , orysa-Q5SNH3 , orysa-Q8W0F0 , orysa-pir7a , orysa-pir7b , orysa-q2qlm4 , orysa-q2qm78 , orysa-q2qm82 , orysa-q2qn31 , orysa-q2qnj4 , orysa-q2qnt9 , orysa-q2qur1 , orysa-q2qx94 , orysa-q2qyi1 , orysa-q2qyj1 , orysa-q2r051 , orysa-q2r077 , orysa-q2ram0 , orysa-q2rat1 , orysa-q2rbb3 , orysa-Q4VWY7 , orysa-q5na00 , orysa-q5nbu1 , orysa-Q5QLC0 , orysa-q5smv5 , orysa-Q5VP27 , orysa-q5vrt2 , orysa-q5w6c5 , orysa-q5z5a3 , orysa-q5z9i2 , orysa-q5z417 , orysa-q5z901 , orysa-Q5ZAM8 , orysa-Q5ZBI5 , orysa-Q5ZCR3 , orysa-q6atz0 , orysa-q6ave2 , orysa-q6f358 , orysa-q6h6s1 , orysa-q6h7i6 , orysa-q6i5q3 , orysa-q6i5u7 , orysa-q6j657 , orysa-q6k3d9 , orysa-q6k4q2 , orysa-q6k880 , orysa-q6l5b6 , orysa-Q6L5F5 , orysa-q6l556 , orysj-q6yse8 , orysa-q6yy42 , orysa-q6yzk1 , orysa-q6z8b1 , orysa-q6z995 , orysa-q6zc62 , orysa-q6zia4 , orysa-q6zjq6 , orysa-q7x7y5 , orysa-Q7XC50 , orysa-q7xej4 , orysa-q7xem8 , orysa-q7xkj9 , orysa-q7xr62 , orysa-q7xr63 , orysa-q7xr64 , orysa-q7xsg1 , orysa-q7xsq2 , orysa-q7xts6 , orysa-q7xv53 , orysa-Q7XVB5 , orysa-Q8L562 , orysa-Q8LQS5 , orysa-Q8RZ40 , orysa-Q8RZ79 , orysa-Q8S0U8 , orysa-Q8S0V0 , orysa-Q8S125 , orysa-Q8SAY7 , orysa-Q8SAY9 , orysa-Q8W3C6 , orysa-Q8W3F2 , orysa-Q8W3F4 , orysa-Q8W3F6 , orysa-Q9LHX5 , orysa-q33aq0 , orysa-q53lh1 , orysa-q53m20 , orysa-q53nd8 , orysa-q60e79 , orysa-q60ew8 , orysa-q67iz2 , orysa-q67iz3 , orysa-q67iz7 , orysa-q67iz8 , orysa-q67j02 , orysa-q67j05 , orysa-q67j07 , orysa-q67j09 , orysa-q67j10 , orysa-q67tr6 , orysa-q67tv0 , orysa-q67uz1 , orysa-q67v34 , orysa-q67wz5 , orysa-q69j38 , orysa-q69k08 , orysa-q69md7 , orysa-q69me0 , orysa-q69pf3 , orysa-q69ti3 , orysa-q69xr2 , orysa-q69y12 , orysa-q69y21 , orysa-q75hy2 , orysa-q75i01 , orysa-Q94JD7 , orysa-Q0J0A4 , orysa-q651a8 , orysa-q651z3 , orysa-q652g4 , orysa-q688m0 , orysa-q688m8 , orysa-q688m9 , orysa-Q6H8G1 , orysi-a2wn01 , orysi-a2xc83 , orysi-a2yh83 , orysi-a2z179 , orysi-a2zef2 , orysi-b8a7e6 , orysi-b8a7e7 , orysi-b8bfe5 , orysi-b8bhp9 , orysj-a3b9l8 , orysj-b9eub8 , orysj-b9eya5 , orysj-b9fi05 , orysj-b9fkb0 , orysj-b9fn42 , orysj-b9gbb7 , orysj-cgep , orysj-PLA7 , orysj-q0d4u5 , orysj-q0djj0 , orysj-q0jaf0 , orysj-q5jl22 , orysj-q5jlw7 , orysj-q5z419 , orysj-q6h7q9 , orysj-q6yvk6 , orysj-q6z6i1 , orysj-q7f8x1 , orysj-q7xcx3 , orysj-q9fwm6 , orysj-q10j20 , orysj-q10ss2 , orysj-q69uw6 , orysj-q94d71 , orysj-q338c0 , orysi-b8bly4 , orysj-b9gbs4 , orysi-a2zb88 , orysj-b9gbs1 , orysi-b8b698 , orysj-pla4 , orysj-pla1

Title : [Determination of buprofezin, methamidophos, acephate, and triazophos residues in Chinese tea samples by gas chromatography] - Zhang_2004_Se.Pu_22_154
Author(s) : Zhang S , Yi J , Ye J , Zheng W , Cai X , Gong Z
Ref : Se Pu , 22 :154 , 2004
Abstract : A method has been developed for the simultaneous determination of buprofezin, methamidophos, acephate and triazophos residues in Chinese tea samples. The pesticide residues were extracted from tea samples with a mixture of ethyl acetate and n-hexane (50:50, v/v) at 45 degrees C. The extracts were subsequently treated with a column packed with 40 mg of active carbon by gradient elution with ethyl acetate and n-hexane. Buprofenzin and the three organophosphorus pesticides were analyzed by gas chromatography using a DB-210 capillary column and a nitrogen-phosphorus detector. The recoveries for spiked standards were 73.4%-96.9%. The relative standard deviations were all within 4.63%. The limits of quantitation (3sigma) in the tea samples were about 7.0-12.0 microg/kg.
ESTHER : Zhang_2004_Se.Pu_22_154
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2004_Se.Pu_22_154
PubMedID: 15712876

Title : Cloning and expression of the polyhydroxyalkanote depolymerase gene from Pseudomonas putida, and characterization of the gene product - Jiang_2004_Biotechnol.Lett_26_1585
Author(s) : Jiang Y , Ye J , Wu H , Zhang H
Ref : Biotechnol Lett , 26 :1585 , 2004
Abstract : A polyhydroxyalkanote (PHA) depolymerase gene ( pha Z) was cloned by PCR from Pseudomonas putida and over-expressed in Escherichia coli as inclusion bodies. Nucleotide sequence analysis predicted an 852 bp open reading frame encoding a protein of 283 amino acids with a predicted molecular weight of 31283 Da. The deduced amino acid sequence had at least 80% homology to the PHA depolymerase from other Pseudomonas strains and consisted a conserved lipase box-like sequence (G-X-S(102)-X-G). The inclusion bodies were refolded and biochemically characterized. The depolymerase activity was optimal at 40 degrees C and pH 8.
ESTHER : Jiang_2004_Biotechnol.Lett_26_1585
PubMedSearch : Jiang_2004_Biotechnol.Lett_26_1585
PubMedID: 15604801

Title : A comparison of whole-genome shotgun-derived mouse chromosome 16 and the human genome - Mural_2002_Science_296_1661
Author(s) : Mural RJ , Adams MD , Myers EW , Smith HO , Miklos GL , Wides R , Halpern A , Li PW , Sutton GG , Nadeau J , Salzberg SL , Holt RA , Kodira CD , Lu F , Chen L , Deng Z , Evangelista CC , Gan W , Heiman TJ , Li J , Li Z , Merkulov GV , Milshina NV , Naik AK , Qi R , Shue BC , Wang A , Wang J , Wang X , Yan X , Ye J , Yooseph S , Zhao Q , Zheng L , Zhu SC , Biddick K , Bolanos R , Delcher AL , Dew IM , Fasulo D , Flanigan MJ , Huson DH , Kravitz SA , Miller JR , Mobarry CM , Reinert K , Remington KA , Zhang Q , Zheng XH , Nusskern DR , Lai Z , Lei Y , Zhong W , Yao A , Guan P , Ji RR , Gu Z , Wang ZY , Zhong F , Xiao C , Chiang CC , Yandell M , Wortman JR , Amanatides PG , Hladun SL , Pratts EC , Johnson JE , Dodson KL , Woodford KJ , Evans CA , Gropman B , Rusch DB , Venter E , Wang M , Smith TJ , Houck JT , Tompkins DE , Haynes C , Jacob D , Chin SH , Allen DR , Dahlke CE , Sanders R , Li K , Liu X , Levitsky AA , Majoros WH , Chen Q , Xia AC , Lopez JR , Donnelly MT , Newman MH , Glodek A , Kraft CL , Nodell M , Ali F , An HJ , Baldwin-Pitts D , Beeson KY , Cai S , Carnes M , Carver A , Caulk PM , Center A , Chen YH , Cheng ML , Coyne MD , Crowder M , Danaher S , Davenport LB , Desilets R , Dietz SM , Doup L , Dullaghan P , Ferriera S , Fosler CR , Gire HC , Gluecksmann A , Gocayne JD , Gray J , Hart B , Haynes J , Hoover J , Howland T , Ibegwam C , Jalali M , Johns D , Kline L , Ma DS , MacCawley S , Magoon A , Mann F , May D , McIntosh TC , Mehta S , Moy L , Moy MC , Murphy BJ , Murphy SD , Nelson KA , Nuri Z , Parker KA , Prudhomme AC , Puri VN , Qureshi H , Raley JC , Reardon MS , Regier MA , Rogers YH , Romblad DL , Schutz J , Scott JL , Scott R , Sitter CD , Smallwood M , Sprague AC , Stewart E , Strong RV , Suh E , Sylvester K , Thomas R , Tint NN , Tsonis C , Wang G , Williams MS , Williams SM , Windsor SM , Wolfe K , Wu MM , Zaveri J , Chaturvedi K , Gabrielian AE , Ke Z , Sun J , Subramanian G , Venter JC , Pfannkoch CM , Barnstead M , Stephenson LD
Ref : Science , 296 :1661 , 2002
Abstract : The high degree of similarity between the mouse and human genomes is demonstrated through analysis of the sequence of mouse chromosome 16 (Mmu 16), which was obtained as part of a whole-genome shotgun assembly of the mouse genome. The mouse genome is about 10% smaller than the human genome, owing to a lower repetitive DNA content. Comparison of the structure and protein-coding potential of Mmu 16 with that of the homologous segments of the human genome identifies regions of conserved synteny with human chromosomes (Hsa) 3, 8, 12, 16, 21, and 22. Gene content and order are highly conserved between Mmu 16 and the syntenic blocks of the human genome. Of the 731 predicted genes on Mmu 16, 509 align with orthologs on the corresponding portions of the human genome, 44 are likely paralogous to these genes, and 164 genes have homologs elsewhere in the human genome; there are 14 genes for which we could find no human counterpart.
ESTHER : Mural_2002_Science_296_1661
PubMedSearch : Mural_2002_Science_296_1661
PubMedID: 12040188
Gene_locus related to this paper: mouse-ABH15 , mouse-Ces3b , mouse-Ces4a , mouse-dpp4 , mouse-FAP , mouse-Lipg , mouse-Q8C1A9 , mouse-rbbp9 , mouse-SERHL , mouse-SPG21 , mouse-w4vsp6

Title : The sequence of the human genome - Venter_2001_Science_291_1304
Author(s) : Venter JC , Adams MD , Myers EW , Li PW , Mural RJ , Sutton GG , Smith HO , Yandell M , Evans CA , Holt RA , Gocayne JD , Amanatides P , Ballew RM , Huson DH , Wortman JR , Zhang Q , Kodira CD , Zheng XH , Chen L , Skupski M , Subramanian G , Thomas PD , Zhang J , Gabor Miklos GL , Nelson C , Broder S , Clark AG , Nadeau J , McKusick VA , Zinder N , Levine AJ , Roberts RJ , Simon M , Slayman C , Hunkapiller M , Bolanos R , Delcher A , Dew I , Fasulo D , Flanigan M , Florea L , Halpern A , Hannenhalli S , Kravitz S , Levy S , Mobarry C , Reinert K , Remington K , Abu-Threideh J , Beasley E , Biddick K , Bonazzi V , Brandon R , Cargill M , Chandramouliswaran I , Charlab R , Chaturvedi K , Deng Z , Di Francesco V , Dunn P , Eilbeck K , Evangelista C , Gabrielian AE , Gan W , Ge W , Gong F , Gu Z , Guan P , Heiman TJ , Higgins ME , Ji RR , Ke Z , Ketchum KA , Lai Z , Lei Y , Li Z , Li J , Liang Y , Lin X , Lu F , Merkulov GV , Milshina N , Moore HM , Naik AK , Narayan VA , Neelam B , Nusskern D , Rusch DB , Salzberg S , Shao W , Shue B , Sun J , Wang Z , Wang A , Wang X , Wang J , Wei M , Wides R , Xiao C , Yan C , Yao A , Ye J , Zhan M , Zhang W , Zhang H , Zhao Q , Zheng L , Zhong F , Zhong W , Zhu S , Zhao S , Gilbert D , Baumhueter S , Spier G , Carter C , Cravchik A , Woodage T , Ali F , An H , Awe A , Baldwin D , Baden H , Barnstead M , Barrow I , Beeson K , Busam D , Carver A , Center A , Cheng ML , Curry L , Danaher S , Davenport L , Desilets R , Dietz S , Dodson K , Doup L , Ferriera S , Garg N , Gluecksmann A , Hart B , Haynes J , Haynes C , Heiner C , Hladun S , Hostin D , Houck J , Howland T , Ibegwam C , Johnson J , Kalush F , Kline L , Koduru S , Love A , Mann F , May D , McCawley S , McIntosh T , McMullen I , Moy M , Moy L , Murphy B , Nelson K , Pfannkoch C , Pratts E , Puri V , Qureshi H , Reardon M , Rodriguez R , Rogers YH , Romblad D , Ruhfel B , Scott R , Sitter C , Smallwood M , Stewart E , Strong R , Suh E , Thomas R , Tint NN , Tse S , Vech C , Wang G , Wetter J , Williams S , Williams M , Windsor S , Winn-Deen E , Wolfe K , Zaveri J , Zaveri K , Abril JF , Guigo R , Campbell MJ , Sjolander KV , Karlak B , Kejariwal A , Mi H , Lazareva B , Hatton T , Narechania A , Diemer K , Muruganujan A , Guo N , Sato S , Bafna V , Istrail S , Lippert R , Schwartz R , Walenz B , Yooseph S , Allen D , Basu A , Baxendale J , Blick L , Caminha M , Carnes-Stine J , Caulk P , Chiang YH , Coyne M , Dahlke C , Mays A , Dombroski M , Donnelly M , Ely D , Esparham S , Fosler C , Gire H , Glanowski S , Glasser K , Glodek A , Gorokhov M , Graham K , Gropman B , Harris M , Heil J , Henderson S , Hoover J , Jennings D , Jordan C , Jordan J , Kasha J , Kagan L , Kraft C , Levitsky A , Lewis M , Liu X , Lopez J , Ma D , Majoros W , McDaniel J , Murphy S , Newman M , Nguyen T , Nguyen N , Nodell M , Pan S , Peck J , Peterson M , Rowe W , Sanders R , Scott J , Simpson M , Smith T , Sprague A , Stockwell T , Turner R , Venter E , Wang M , Wen M , Wu D , Wu M , Xia A , Zandieh A , Zhu X
Ref : Science , 291 :1304 , 2001
Abstract : A 2.91-billion base pair (bp) consensus sequence of the euchromatic portion of the human genome was generated by the whole-genome shotgun sequencing method. The 14.8-billion bp DNA sequence was generated over 9 months from 27,271,853 high-quality sequence reads (5.11-fold coverage of the genome) from both ends of plasmid clones made from the DNA of five individuals. Two assembly strategies-a whole-genome assembly and a regional chromosome assembly-were used, each combining sequence data from Celera and the publicly funded genome effort. The public data were shredded into 550-bp segments to create a 2.9-fold coverage of those genome regions that had been sequenced, without including biases inherent in the cloning and assembly procedure used by the publicly funded group. This brought the effective coverage in the assemblies to eightfold, reducing the number and size of gaps in the final assembly over what would be obtained with 5.11-fold coverage. The two assembly strategies yielded very similar results that largely agree with independent mapping data. The assemblies effectively cover the euchromatic regions of the human chromosomes. More than 90% of the genome is in scaffold assemblies of 100,000 bp or more, and 25% of the genome is in scaffolds of 10 million bp or larger. Analysis of the genome sequence revealed 26,588 protein-encoding transcripts for which there was strong corroborating evidence and an additional approximately 12,000 computationally derived genes with mouse matches or other weak supporting evidence. Although gene-dense clusters are obvious, almost half the genes are dispersed in low G+C sequence separated by large tracts of apparently noncoding sequence. Only 1.1% of the genome is spanned by exons, whereas 24% is in introns, with 75% of the genome being intergenic DNA. Duplications of segmental blocks, ranging in size up to chromosomal lengths, are abundant throughout the genome and reveal a complex evolutionary history. Comparative genomic analysis indicates vertebrate expansions of genes associated with neuronal function, with tissue-specific developmental regulation, and with the hemostasis and immune systems. DNA sequence comparisons between the consensus sequence and publicly funded genome data provided locations of 2.1 million single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). A random pair of human haploid genomes differed at a rate of 1 bp per 1250 on average, but there was marked heterogeneity in the level of polymorphism across the genome. Less than 1% of all SNPs resulted in variation in proteins, but the task of determining which SNPs have functional consequences remains an open challenge.
ESTHER : Venter_2001_Science_291_1304
PubMedSearch : Venter_2001_Science_291_1304
PubMedID: 11181995
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-AADAC , human-ABHD1 , human-ABHD10 , human-ABHD11 , human-ACHE , human-BCHE , human-LDAH , human-ABHD18 , human-CMBL , human-ABHD17A , human-KANSL3 , human-LIPA , human-LYPLAL1 , human-NDRG2 , human-NLGN3 , human-NLGN4X , human-NLGN4Y , human-PAFAH2 , human-PREPL , human-RBBP9 , human-SPG21

Title : The genome sequence of Drosophila melanogaster - Adams_2000_Science_287_2185
Author(s) : Adams MD , Celniker SE , Holt RA , Evans CA , Gocayne JD , Amanatides PG , Scherer SE , Li PW , Hoskins RA , Galle RF , George RA , Lewis SE , Richards S , Ashburner M , Henderson SN , Sutton GG , Wortman JR , Yandell MD , Zhang Q , Chen LX , Brandon RC , Rogers YH , Blazej RG , Champe M , Pfeiffer BD , Wan KH , Doyle C , Baxter EG , Helt G , Nelson CR , Gabor GL , Abril JF , Agbayani A , An HJ , Andrews-Pfannkoch C , Baldwin D , Ballew RM , Basu A , Baxendale J , Bayraktaroglu L , Beasley EM , Beeson KY , Benos PV , Berman BP , Bhandari D , Bolshakov S , Borkova D , Botchan MR , Bouck J , Brokstein P , Brottier P , Burtis KC , Busam DA , Butler H , Cadieu E , Center A , Chandra I , Cherry JM , Cawley S , Dahlke C , Davenport LB , Davies P , de Pablos B , Delcher A , Deng Z , Mays AD , Dew I , Dietz SM , Dodson K , Doup LE , Downes M , Dugan-Rocha S , Dunkov BC , Dunn P , Durbin KJ , Evangelista CC , Ferraz C , Ferriera S , Fleischmann W , Fosler C , Gabrielian AE , Garg NS , Gelbart WM , Glasser K , Glodek A , Gong F , Gorrell JH , Gu Z , Guan P , Harris M , Harris NL , Harvey D , Heiman TJ , Hernandez JR , Houck J , Hostin D , Houston KA , Howland TJ , Wei MH , Ibegwam C , Jalali M , Kalush F , Karpen GH , Ke Z , Kennison JA , Ketchum KA , Kimmel BE , Kodira CD , Kraft C , Kravitz S , Kulp D , Lai Z , Lasko P , Lei Y , Levitsky AA , Li J , Li Z , Liang Y , Lin X , Liu X , Mattei B , McIntosh TC , McLeod MP , McPherson D , Merkulov G , Milshina NV , Mobarry C , Morris J , Moshrefi A , Mount SM , Moy M , Murphy B , Murphy L , Muzny DM , Nelson DL , Nelson DR , Nelson KA , Nixon K , Nusskern DR , Pacleb JM , Palazzolo M , Pittman GS , Pan S , Pollard J , Puri V , Reese MG , Reinert K , Remington K , Saunders RD , Scheeler F , Shen H , Shue BC , Siden-Kiamos I , Simpson M , Skupski MP , Smith T , Spier E , Spradling AC , Stapleton M , Strong R , Sun E , Svirskas R , Tector C , Turner R , Venter E , Wang AH , Wang X , Wang ZY , Wassarman DA , Weinstock GM , Weissenbach J , Williams SM , WoodageT , Worley KC , Wu D , Yang S , Yao QA , Ye J , Yeh RF , Zaveri JS , Zhan M , Zhang G , Zhao Q , Zheng L , Zheng XH , Zhong FN , Zhong W , Zhou X , Zhu S , Zhu X , Smith HO , Gibbs RA , Myers EW , Rubin GM , Venter JC
Ref : Science , 287 :2185 , 2000
Abstract : The fly Drosophila melanogaster is one of the most intensively studied organisms in biology and serves as a model system for the investigation of many developmental and cellular processes common to higher eukaryotes, including humans. We have determined the nucleotide sequence of nearly all of the approximately 120-megabase euchromatic portion of the Drosophila genome using a whole-genome shotgun sequencing strategy supported by extensive clone-based sequence and a high-quality bacterial artificial chromosome physical map. Efforts are under way to close the remaining gaps; however, the sequence is of sufficient accuracy and contiguity to be declared substantially complete and to support an initial analysis of genome structure and preliminary gene annotation and interpretation. The genome encodes approximately 13,600 genes, somewhat fewer than the smaller Caenorhabditis elegans genome, but with comparable functional diversity.
ESTHER : Adams_2000_Science_287_2185
PubMedSearch : Adams_2000_Science_287_2185
PubMedID: 10731132
Gene_locus related to this paper: drome-1vite , drome-2vite , drome-3vite , drome-a1z6g9 , drome-abhd2 , drome-ACHE , drome-b6idz4 , drome-BEM46 , drome-CG5707 , drome-CG5704 , drome-CG1309 , drome-CG1882 , drome-CG1986 , drome-CG2059 , drome-CG2493 , drome-CG2528 , drome-CG2772 , drome-CG3160 , drome-CG3344 , drome-CG3523 , drome-CG3524 , drome-CG3734 , drome-CG3739 , drome-CG3744 , drome-CG3841 , drome-CG4267 , drome-CG4382 , drome-CG4390 , drome-CG4572 , drome-CG4582 , drome-CG4851 , drome-CG4979 , drome-CG5068 , drome-CG5162 , drome-CG5355 , drome-CG5377 , drome-CG5397 , drome-CG5412 , drome-CG5665 , drome-CG5932 , drome-CG5966 , drome-CG6018 , drome-CG6113 , drome-CG6271 , drome-CG6283 , drome-CG6295 , drome-CG6296 , drome-CG6414 , drome-CG6431 , drome-CG6472 , drome-CG6567 , drome-CG6675 , drome-CG6753 , drome-CG6847 , drome-CG7329 , drome-CG7367 , drome-CG7529 , drome-CG7632 , drome-CG8058 , drome-CG8093 , drome-CG8233 , drome-CG8424 , drome-CG8425 , drome-CG9059 , drome-CG9186 , drome-CG9287 , drome-CG9289 , drome-CG9542 , drome-CG9858 , drome-CG9953 , drome-CG9966 , drome-CG10116 , drome-CG10163 , drome-CG10175 , drome-CG10339 , drome-CG10357 , drome-CG10982 , drome-CG11034 , drome-CG11055 , drome-CG11309 , drome-CG11319 , drome-CG11406 , drome-CG11598 , drome-CG11600 , drome-CG11608 , drome-CG11626 , drome-CG11935 , drome-CG12108 , drome-CG12869 , drome-CG13282 , drome-CG13562 , drome-CG13772 , drome-CG14034 , drome-nlg3 , drome-CG14717 , drome-CG15101 , drome-CG15102 , drome-CG15106 , drome-CG15111 , drome-CG15820 , drome-CG15821 , drome-CG15879 , drome-CG17097 , drome-CG17099 , drome-CG17101 , drome-CG17191 , drome-CG17192 , drome-CG17292 , drome-CG18258 , drome-CG18284 , drome-CG18301 , drome-CG18302 , drome-CG18493 , drome-CG18530 , drome-CG18641 , drome-CG18815 , drome-CG31089 , drome-CG31091 , drome-CG32333 , drome-CG32483 , drome-CG33174 , drome-dnlg1 , drome-este4 , drome-este6 , drome-GH02384 , drome-GH02439 , drome-glita , drome-KRAKEN , drome-lip1 , drome-LIP2 , drome-lip3 , drome-MESK2 , drome-nrtac , drome-OME , drome-q7k274 , drome-Q9VJN0 , drome-Q8IP31 , drome-q9vux3

Title : Analysis of clustered genes encoding both early and late steps in daunomycin biosynthesis by Streptomyces sp. strain C5 - Dickens_1995_J.Bacteriol_177_536
Author(s) : Dickens ML , Ye J , Strohl WR
Ref : Journal of Bacteriology , 177 :536 , 1995
Abstract : We recently described the isolation and sequence analysis of the daunomycin polyketide synthase biosynthesis genes of Streptomyces sp. strain C5 (J. Ye, M. L. Dickens, R. Plater, Y. Li, J. Lawrence, and W. R. Strohl, J. Bacteriol. 176:6270-6280, 1994). Contiguous to the daunomycin polyketide synthase biosynthesis gene region in Streptomyces sp. strain C5 are four additional genes involved in daunomycin biosynthesis, two of the products of which show similarity to different types of methyltransferases. The dauC gene, encoding aklanonic acid methyltransferase (AAMT), complements dauC-blocked mutants of Streptomyces sp. strain C5, restores in vitro AAMT activities to the mutant strains, and confers in vitro AAMT activity on Streptomyces lividans. Partial purification through gel filtration, followed by photoaffinity labeling of enriched AAMT with S-adenosyl-L-[3H-methyl]methionine, indicates that AAMT is a homodimer with an M(r) of ca. 48,000 (subunit M(r) of ca. 24,000), which corresponds with the size of the deduced gene product. The dauD gene, encoding aklanonic acid methyl ester cyclase, is divergently arranged with respect to dauC. Immediately downstream and apparently translationally coupled with dauD is the dauK gene, encoding carminomycin 4-O-methyltransferase. The dauK gene confers in vitro carminomycin 4-O-methyltransferase activity on S. lividans and is nearly identical to a similar gene isolated from Streptomyces peucetius and characterized. Directly downstream of dauK lies a gene encoding a deduced protein that is similar to the methyl esterases.
ESTHER : Dickens_1995_J.Bacteriol_177_536
PubMedSearch : Dickens_1995_J.Bacteriol_177_536
PubMedID: 7836284
Gene_locus related to this paper: strsp-dauP