Lei T

References (4)

Title : Discovery of human pancreatic lipase inhibitors from root of Rhodiola crenulata via integrating bioactivity-guided fractionation, chemical profiling and biochemical assay - Ma_2022_J.Pharm.Anal_12_683
Author(s) : Ma LJ , Hou XD , Qin XY , He RJ , Yu HN , Hu Q , Guan XQ , Jia SN , Hou J , Lei T , Ge GB
Ref : J Pharm Anal , 12 :683 , 2022
Abstract : Although herbal medicines (HMs) are widely used in the prevention and treatment of obesity and obesity-associated disorders, the key constituents exhibiting anti-obesity activity and their molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. Recently, we assessed the inhibitory potentials of several HMs against human pancreatic lipase (hPL, a key therapeutic target for human obesity), among which the root-extract of Rhodiola crenulata (ERC) showed the most potent anti-hPL activity. In this study, we adopted an integrated strategy, involving bioactivity-guided fractionation techniques, chemical profiling, and biochemical assays, to identify the key anti-hPL constituents in ERC. Nine ERC fractions (retention time = 12.5-35 min), obtained using reverse-phase liquid chromatography, showed strong anti-hPL activity, while the major constituents in these bioactive fractions were subsequently identified using liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC-Q-TOF-MS/MS). Among the identified ERC constituents, 1,2,3,4,6-penta-O-galloyl-beta-d-glucopyranose (PGG) and catechin gallate (CG) showed the most potent anti-hPL activity, with pIC(50) values of 7.59 +/- 0.03 and 7.68 +/- 0.23, respectively. Further investigations revealed that PGG and CG potently inhibited hPL in a non-competitive manner, with inhibition constant (K (i)) values of 0.012 and 0.082 microM, respectively. Collectively, our integrative analyses enabled us to efficiently identify and characterize the key anti-obesity constituents in ERC, as well as to elucidate their anti-hPL mechanisms. These findings provide convincing evidence in support of the anti-obesity and lipid-lowering properties of ERC.
ESTHER : Ma_2022_J.Pharm.Anal_12_683
PubMedSearch : Ma_2022_J.Pharm.Anal_12_683
PubMedID: 36105167

Title : A BCNO QDs-MnO(2) nanosheets based fluorescence off-on-off and colorimetric sensor with smartphone detector for the detection of organophosphorus pesticides - Liu_2021_Anal.Chim.Acta_1184_339026
Author(s) : Liu F , Lei T , Zhang Y , Wang Y , He Y
Ref : Anal Chim Acta , 1184 :339026 , 2021
Abstract : In this work, boron carbon oxynitride quantum dots (BCNO QDs) were prepared by a one-step hydrothermal process of ethanolamine and boric acid. BCNO QDs exhibited blue fluorescence with the optimal excitation/emission fluorescence peak at 335 and 420 nm, respectively. As an efficient fluorescence quencher, manganese dioxide (MnO(2)) nanosheets can effectively quench the fluorescence of BCNO QDs via the inner filter effect (IFE). Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) catalyzes the hydrolysis of acetylcholine (ATCh) to produce thiocholine (TCh). TCh can reductively degrade MnO(2) nanosheets to generate Mn(2+), thereby recovering the fluorescence of BCNO QDs. Organophosphorus pesticides (OPs) can inhibit the activity of AChE enzymes, thereby preventing the production of TCh and the decomposition of MnO(2) nanosheets, resulting in the fluorescence "turn-off". Therefore, the concentration of OPs can be detected by measuring the fluorescence intensity change of AChE-ATCh-MnO(2)-BCNO-QDs system. Under optimal experimental conditions, the dynamic detection range of paraoxon is 0.1-250 ng mL(-1), and the detection limit is 0.03 ng mL(-1). Meanwhile, the reaction system also showed concentration-dependent visual color changes from colorless to brownish. Furthermore, we prepared a portable BCNO QDs test paper. By using a smartphone to identify the RGB values of the reaction solution and the corresponding test paper, we carried out the digital image chromaticity analysis, which can shorten the detection time and reduce the detection cost, and provide an effective solution for the rapid detection of OPs on site.
ESTHER : Liu_2021_Anal.Chim.Acta_1184_339026
PubMedSearch : Liu_2021_Anal.Chim.Acta_1184_339026
PubMedID: 34625266

Title : DNAH17-AS1 promotes pancreatic carcinoma by increasing PPME1 expression via inhibition of miR-432-5p - Xu_2020_World.J.Gastroenterol_26_1745
Author(s) : Xu T , Lei T , Li SQ , Mai EH , Ding FH , Niu B
Ref : World J Gastroenterol , 26 :1745 , 2020
Abstract : BACKGROUND: The incidence and mortality rates of pancreatic carcinoma (PC) are rapidly increasing worldwide. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play critical roles during PC initiation and progression. Since the lncRNA DNAH17-AS1 is highly expressed in PC, the regulation of DNAH17-AS1 in PC was investigated in this study. AIM: To investigate the expression and molecular action of lncRNA DNAH17-AS1 in PC cells. METHODS: The PC expression data for the lncRNA DNAH17-AS1 was downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas database and used to examine its profile. Western blot and reverse transcription-quantitative PCR were employed to assess protein and mRNA expression. A subcellular fractionation assay was used to determine the location of DNAH17-AS1 in cells. In addition, the regulatory effects of DNAH17-AS1 on miR-432-5p, PPME1, and tumor activity were investigated using luciferase reporter assay, MTT viability analysis, flow cytometry, and transwell migration analysis. RESULTS: DNAH17-AS1 was upregulated in PC cells and was associated with aggressive tumor behavior and poor prognosis for patients. Silencing DNAH17-AS1 promoted the apoptosis and reduced the viability, invasion, and migration of PC cells. In addition, DNAH17-AS1 served as a PC oncogene by downregulating miR-432-5p which normally directly targeted PPME1 to downregulate its expression. CONLUSION: DNAH17-AS1 functions in PC as a tumor promoter by regulating the miR-432-5p/PPME1 axis. This finding may provide new insights for PC prognosis and therapy.
ESTHER : Xu_2020_World.J.Gastroenterol_26_1745
PubMedSearch : Xu_2020_World.J.Gastroenterol_26_1745
PubMedID: 32351291
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-PPME1

Title : The Genomes of Oryza sativa: a history of duplications - Yu_2005_PLoS.Biol_3_e38
Author(s) : Yu J , Wang J , Lin W , Li S , Li H , Zhou J , Ni P , Dong W , Hu S , Zeng C , Zhang J , Zhang Y , Li R , Xu Z , Li X , Zheng H , Cong L , Lin L , Yin J , Geng J , Li G , Shi J , Liu J , Lv H , Li J , Deng Y , Ran L , Shi X , Wang X , Wu Q , Li C , Ren X , Li D , Liu D , Zhang X , Ji Z , Zhao W , Sun Y , Zhang Z , Bao J , Han Y , Dong L , Ji J , Chen P , Wu S , Xiao Y , Bu D , Tan J , Yang L , Ye C , Xu J , Zhou Y , Yu Y , Zhang B , Zhuang S , Wei H , Liu B , Lei M , Yu H , Li Y , Xu H , Wei S , He X , Fang L , Huang X , Su Z , Tong W , Tong Z , Ye J , Wang L , Lei T , Chen C , Chen H , Huang H , Zhang F , Li N , Zhao C , Huang Y , Li L , Xi Y , Qi Q , Li W , Hu W , Tian X , Jiao Y , Liang X , Jin J , Gao L , Zheng W , Hao B , Liu S , Wang W , Yuan L , Cao M , McDermott J , Samudrala R , Wong GK , Yang H
Ref : PLoS Biol , 3 :e38 , 2005
Abstract : We report improved whole-genome shotgun sequences for the genomes of indica and japonica rice, both with multimegabase contiguity, or almost 1,000-fold improvement over the drafts of 2002. Tested against a nonredundant collection of 19,079 full-length cDNAs, 97.7% of the genes are aligned, without fragmentation, to the mapped super-scaffolds of one or the other genome. We introduce a gene identification procedure for plants that does not rely on similarity to known genes to remove erroneous predictions resulting from transposable elements. Using the available EST data to adjust for residual errors in the predictions, the estimated gene count is at least 38,000-40,000. Only 2%-3% of the genes are unique to any one subspecies, comparable to the amount of sequence that might still be missing. Despite this lack of variation in gene content, there is enormous variation in the intergenic regions. At least a quarter of the two sequences could not be aligned, and where they could be aligned, single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rates varied from as little as 3.0 SNP/kb in the coding regions to 27.6 SNP/kb in the transposable elements. A more inclusive new approach for analyzing duplication history is introduced here. It reveals an ancient whole-genome duplication, a recent segmental duplication on Chromosomes 11 and 12, and massive ongoing individual gene duplications. We find 18 distinct pairs of duplicated segments that cover 65.7% of the genome; 17 of these pairs date back to a common time before the divergence of the grasses. More important, ongoing individual gene duplications provide a never-ending source of raw material for gene genesis and are major contributors to the differences between members of the grass family.
ESTHER : Yu_2005_PLoS.Biol_3_e38
PubMedSearch : Yu_2005_PLoS.Biol_3_e38
PubMedID: 15685292
Gene_locus related to this paper: orysa-Q7XTC5 , orysa-Q852M6 , orysa-Q8GSE8 , orysa-Q9S7P1 , orysa-Q9FYP7 , orysa-Q5ZBH3 , orysa-Q5ZA26 , orysa-Q5JLP6 , orysa-Q8H5P9 , orysa-Q8H5P5 , orysa-Q7F1Y5 , orysa-Q949C9 , orysa-cbp1 , orysa-cbp3 , orysa-cbpx , orysa-Q33B71 , orysa-Q8GSJ3 , orysa-LPL1 , orysa-Q6YSZ8 , orysa-Q8S5X5 , orysa-Q8LIG3 , orysa-Q6K7F5 , orysa-Q7F1B1 , orysa-Q8H4S9 , orysa-Q69UB1 , orysa-Q9FW17 , orysa-Q337C3 , orysa-Q7F959 , orysa-Q84QZ6 , orysa-Q84QY7 , orysa-Q851E3 , orysa-Q6YTH5 , orysa-Q0JK71 , orysa-Q8S1D9 , orysa-Q5N8V4 , orysa-Q0JCY4 , orysa-Q8GTK2 , orysa-B9EWJ8 , orysa-Q8H3K6 , orysa-Q6ZDG8 , orysa-Q6ZDG6 , orysa-Q6ZDG5 , orysa-Q6ZDG4 , orysa-Q5NAI4 , orysa-Q658B2 , orysa-Q5JMQ8 , orysa-Q5QMD9 , orysa-Q5N7L1 , orysa-Q8RYV9 , orysa-Q8H3R3 , orysa-Q5SNH3 , orysa-Q8W0F0 , orysa-pir7a , orysa-pir7b , orysa-q2qlm4 , orysa-q2qm78 , orysa-q2qm82 , orysa-q2qn31 , orysa-q2qnj4 , orysa-q2qnt9 , orysa-q2qur1 , orysa-q2qx94 , orysa-q2qyi1 , orysa-q2qyj1 , orysa-q2r051 , orysa-q2r077 , orysa-q2ram0 , orysa-q2rat1 , orysa-q2rbb3 , orysa-Q4VWY7 , orysa-q5na00 , orysa-q5nbu1 , orysa-Q5QLC0 , orysa-q5smv5 , orysa-Q5VP27 , orysa-q5vrt2 , orysa-q5w6c5 , orysa-q5z5a3 , orysa-q5z9i2 , orysa-q5z417 , orysa-q5z901 , orysa-Q5ZAM8 , orysa-Q5ZBI5 , orysa-Q5ZCR3 , orysa-q6atz0 , orysa-q6ave2 , orysa-q6f358 , orysa-q6h6s1 , orysa-q6h7i6 , orysa-q6i5q3 , orysa-q6i5u7 , orysa-q6j657 , orysa-q6k3d9 , orysa-q6k4q2 , orysa-q6k880 , orysa-q6l5b6 , orysa-Q6L5F5 , orysa-q6l556 , orysj-q6yse8 , orysa-q6yy42 , orysa-q6yzk1 , orysa-q6z8b1 , orysa-q6z995 , orysa-q6zc62 , orysa-q6zia4 , orysa-q6zjq6 , orysa-q7x7y5 , orysa-Q7XC50 , orysa-q7xej4 , orysa-q7xem8 , orysa-q7xkj9 , orysa-q7xr62 , orysa-q7xr63 , orysa-q7xr64 , orysa-q7xsg1 , orysa-q7xsq2 , orysa-q7xts6 , orysa-q7xv53 , orysa-Q7XVB5 , orysa-Q8L562 , orysa-Q8LQS5 , orysa-Q8RZ40 , orysa-Q8RZ79 , orysa-Q8S0U8 , orysa-Q8S0V0 , orysa-Q8S125 , orysa-Q8SAY7 , orysa-Q8SAY9 , orysa-Q8W3C6 , orysa-Q8W3F2 , orysa-Q8W3F4 , orysa-Q8W3F6 , orysa-Q9LHX5 , orysa-q33aq0 , orysa-q53lh1 , orysa-q53m20 , orysa-q53nd8 , orysa-q60e79 , orysa-q60ew8 , orysa-q67iz2 , orysa-q67iz3 , orysa-q67iz7 , orysa-q67iz8 , orysa-q67j02 , orysa-q67j05 , orysa-q67j07 , orysa-q67j09 , orysa-q67j10 , orysa-q67tr6 , orysa-q67tv0 , orysa-q67uz1 , orysa-q67v34 , orysa-q67wz5 , orysa-q69j38 , orysa-q69k08 , orysa-q69md7 , orysa-q69me0 , orysa-q69pf3 , orysa-q69ti3 , orysa-q69xr2 , orysa-q69y12 , orysa-q69y21 , orysa-q75hy2 , orysa-q75i01 , orysa-Q94JD7 , orysa-Q0J0A4 , orysa-q651a8 , orysa-q651z3 , orysa-q652g4 , orysa-q688m0 , orysa-q688m8 , orysa-q688m9 , orysa-Q6H8G1 , orysi-a2wn01 , orysi-a2xc83 , orysi-a2yh83 , orysi-a2z179 , orysi-a2zef2 , orysi-b8a7e6 , orysi-b8a7e7 , orysi-b8bfe5 , orysi-b8bhp9 , orysj-a3b9l8 , orysj-b9eub8 , orysj-b9eya5 , orysj-b9fi05 , orysj-b9fkb0 , orysj-b9fn42 , orysj-b9gbb7 , orysj-cgep , orysj-PLA7 , orysj-q0d4u5 , orysj-q0djj0 , orysj-q0jaf0 , orysj-q5jl22 , orysj-q5jlw7 , orysj-q5z419 , orysj-q6h7q9 , orysj-q6yvk6 , orysj-q6z6i1 , orysj-q7f8x1 , orysj-q7xcx3 , orysj-q9fwm6 , orysj-q10j20 , orysj-q10ss2 , orysj-q69uw6 , orysj-q94d71 , orysj-q338c0 , orysi-b8bly4 , orysj-b9gbs4 , orysi-a2zb88 , orysj-b9gbs1 , orysi-b8b698 , orysj-pla4 , orysj-pla1