Zheng L

References (40)

Title : 1,3-Dioleoyl-2-palmitoyl-glycerol and 1-oleoyl-2-palmitoyl-3-linoleoyl-glycerol: Structure-function relationship, triacylglycerols preparation, nutrition value - Wei_2024_Food.Chem_443_138560
Author(s) : Wei T , Mueed A , Luo T , Sun Y , Zhang B , Zheng L , Deng Z , Li J
Ref : Food Chem , 443 :138560 , 2024
Abstract : Based on multivariate statistics, this review compared major triacylglycerols (TAGs) in animal milk and human milk fat from China and other countries. Human milk fat differs from animal milk fat in that it has longer acyl chains and higher concentrations of 1,3-dioleoyl-2-palmitoyl-glycerol (O-P-O) and 1-oleoyl-2-palmitoyl-3-linoleoylglycerol (O-P-L). O-P-L is a significant and distinct TAG in human milk fat, particularly in China. 1-oleoyl-2-palmitoyl-3-linoleoylglycerol (OPL) is human milk's major triglyceride molecule of O-P-L, accounting for more than 70%. As a result, OPL has piqued the interest of Chinese academics. The synthesis process and nutritional outcomes of OPL have been studied, including changes in gut microbiota, serum lipid composition, improved fatty acid and calcium absorption, and increased total bile acid levels. However, current OPL research is limited. Therefore, this review discussed enzymatic preparation of 1,3-dioleoyl-2-palmitoyl-glycerol (OPO) and OPL and their nutritional and physiological activity to direct future research direction for sn-2 palmitate and OPL.
ESTHER : Wei_2024_Food.Chem_443_138560
PubMedSearch : Wei_2024_Food.Chem_443_138560
PubMedID: 38295563

Title : Collagen derived Gly-Pro-type DPP-IV inhibitory peptides: Structure-activity relationship, inhibition kinetics and inhibition mechanism - Xu_2024_Food.Chem_441_138370
Author(s) : Xu Q , Zheng L , Huang M , Zhao M
Ref : Food Chem , 441 :138370 , 2024
Abstract : Our previous study has demonstrated that both the amino acid at N3 position and peptide length affected the DPP-IV inhibitory activity of Gly-Pro-type peptides. To further elucidate their molecular mechanism, a combined approach of QSAR modeling, enzymatic kinetics and molecular docking was used. Results showed that the QSAR models of Gly-Pro-type tripeptides and Gly-Pro-type peptides containing 3-12 residues were successfully constructed by 5z-scale descriptor with R(2) of 0.830 and 0.797, respectively. The lower values of electrophilicity, polarity, and side-chain bulk of amino acid at N3 position caused higher DPP-IV inhibitory activity of Gly-Pro-type peptides. Moreover, an appropriate increase in the length of Gly-Pro-type peptides did not change their competitive inhibition mode, but decreased their inhibition constants (K(i) values) and increased interactions with DPP-IV. More importantly, the interactions between the residues at C-terminal of Gly-Pro-type peptides containing 5 - 6 residues with S2 extensive subsites (Ser209, Phe357, Arg358) of DPP-IV increased the interactions of Gly residue at N1 position with the S2 subsites (Glu205, Glu206, Asn710, Arg125, Tyr662) and decreased the acylation level of DPP-IV-peptide complex, and thereby increasing peptides' DPP-IV inhibitory activity.
ESTHER : Xu_2024_Food.Chem_441_138370
PubMedSearch : Xu_2024_Food.Chem_441_138370
PubMedID: 38199113

Title : Highly Sensitive and Rapid Screening Technique for the Detection of Organophosphate Pesticides and Copper Compounds Using Bifunctional Recombinant TrxA-PvCarE1 - Cao_2024_J.Agric.Food.Chem__
Author(s) : Cao J , Wang M , She Y , Zheng L , Jin F , Shao Y , Wang J , Abd El-Aty AM
Ref : Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry , : , 2024
Abstract : Enabling the detection of organophosphate pesticide (OP) residues through enzyme inhibition-based technology is crucial for ensuring food safety and human health. However, the use of acetylcholinesterase, the primary target enzyme for OPs, isolated from animals in practical production poses challenges in terms of sensitivity and batch stability. To address this issue, we identified a highly sensitive and reproducible biorecognition element, TrxA-PvCarE1, derived from red kidney beans and successfully overexpressed it in Escherichia coli. The resulting recombinant TrxA-PvCarE1 exhibited remarkable sensitivity toward 10 OPs, surpassing that of commercial acetylcholinesterase. Additionally, this approach demonstrated the capability to simultaneously detect copper compounds with high sensitivity, expanding the range of pesticides detectable using the traditional enzyme inhibition method. Spiking recovery tests conducted on cowpea and carrot samples verified the suitability of the TrxA-PvCarE1-based technique for real-life sample analysis. In summary, this study highlights a promising comprehensive candidate for the rapid detection of pesticide residues.
ESTHER : Cao_2024_J.Agric.Food.Chem__
PubMedSearch : Cao_2024_J.Agric.Food.Chem__
PubMedID: 38408326
Gene_locus related to this paper: phavu-PvCarE1

Title : Molecular Mechanistic Insights into Dipeptidyl Peptidase-IV Inhibitory Peptides to Decipher the Structural Basis of Activity - Wang_2024_J.Agric.Food.Chem_72_11230
Author(s) : Wang C , Zheng L , Udenigwe CC , Lin L , Zhao M
Ref : Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry , 72 :11230 , 2024
Abstract : Dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) inhibiting peptides have attracted increased attention because of their possible beneficial effects on glycemic homeostasis. However, the structural basis underpinning their activities has not been well understood. This study combined computational and in vitro investigations to explore the structural basis of DPP-IV inhibitory peptides. We first superimposed the Xaa-Pro-type peptide-like structures from several crystal structures of DPP-IV ligand-protein complexes to analyze the recognition interactions of DPP-IV to peptides. Thereafter, a small set of Xaa-Pro-type peptides was designed to explore the effect of key interactions on inhibitory activity. The intramolecular interaction of Xaa-Pro-type peptides at the first and third positions from the N-terminus was pivotal to their inhibitory activities. Residue interactions between DPP-IV and residues of the peptides at the fourth and fifth positions of the N-terminus contributed significantly to the inhibitory effect of Xaa-Pro-type tetrapeptides and pentapeptides. Based on the interaction descriptors, quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) studies with the DPP-IV inhibitory peptides resulted in valid models with high R(2) values (0.90 for tripeptides; 0.91 for tetrapeptides and pentapeptides) and Q(2) values (0.33 for tripeptides; 0.68 for tetrapeptides and pentapeptides). Taken together, the structural information on DPP-IV and peptides in this study facilitated the development of novel DPP-IV inhibitory peptides.
ESTHER : Wang_2024_J.Agric.Food.Chem_72_11230
PubMedSearch : Wang_2024_J.Agric.Food.Chem_72_11230
PubMedID: 38709903

Title : Biomimetic single Al-OH site with high acetylcholinesterase-like activity and self-defense ability for neuroprotection - Xu_2023_Nat.Commun_14_6064
Author(s) : Xu W , Cai X , Wu Y , Wen Y , Su R , Zhang Y , Huang Y , Zheng Q , Hu L , Cui X , Zheng L , Zhang S , Gu W , Song W , Guo S , Zhu C
Ref : Nat Commun , 14 :6064 , 2023
Abstract : Neurotoxicity of organophosphate compounds (OPs) can catastrophically cause nervous system injury by inhibiting acetylcholinesterase (AChE) expression. Although artificial systems have been developed for indirect neuroprotection, they are limited to dissociating P-O bonds for eliminating OPs. However, these systems have failed to overcome the deactivation of AChE. Herein, we report our finding that Al(3+) is engineered onto the nodes of metal-organic framework to synthesize MOF-808-Al with enhanced Lewis acidity. The resultant MOF-808-Al efficiently mimics the catalytic behavior of AChE and has a self-defense ability to break the activity inhibition by OPs. Mechanism investigations elucidate that Al(3+) Lewis acid sites with a strong polarization effect unite the highly electronegative -OH groups to form the enzyme-like catalytic center, resulting in superior substrate activation and nucleophilic attack ability with a 2.7-fold activity improvement. The multifunctional MOF-808-Al, which has satisfactory biosafety, is efficient in reducing neurotoxic effects and preventing neuronal tissue damage.
ESTHER : Xu_2023_Nat.Commun_14_6064
PubMedSearch : Xu_2023_Nat.Commun_14_6064
PubMedID: 37770453

Title : Huperzine A injection ameliorates motor and cognitive abnormalities via regulating multiple pathways in a murine model of Parkinson's disease - Guo_2023_Eur.J.Pharmacol__175970
Author(s) : Guo X , Wu Y , Wang Q , Zhang J , Sheng X , Zheng L , Wang Y
Ref : European Journal of Pharmacology , :175970 , 2023
Abstract : As a common progressive neurodegenerative disorder, the satisfied therapies for Parkinson's disease (PD) are still unavailable. As a natural acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, the neuroprotective characteristic of Huperzine A (HupA) was supported by previous studies. However, questions remain on whether HupA injection (HAI, a main preparation of HupA) intervention conduces to PD treatment and if so, the potential molecular mechanisms. In this study, the efficacies of HAI treatment on PD-like pathological phenotypes were evaluated in a MPTP-induced PD murine model. The network pharmacology, transcriptome sequencing and experimental verification were integrated to comprehensively reveal the primary molecular mechanisms. Therapeutically, HAI intervention significantly improved the impaired locomotor behaviors as well as learning and memory abilities, and prevented the degeneration of dopaminergic neurons of PD mice. The network pharmacology analysis combined with experimental results showed that HAI treatment could effectively restore the disordered transcriptional levels of inflammatory factors and apoptosis related genes in the SNpc and striatum tissues of PD mice. Transcriptome sequencing results found that inflammation and oxidative phosphorylation served as significant functional mechanisms involved in HAI administration. The experimental verification indicated that HAI treatment effectively regulated the abnormal transcription levels of inflammation and oxidative phosphorylation related hub genes in the hippocampal samples of PD mice. In addition, molecular docking suggested strong affinity between HupA and the above core targets. Overall, this work displayed the reliable therapeutic effects of HAI on ameliorating the pathological symptoms of PD mice via modulating multiple pathways. The current findings were expected to provide a potential anti-PD agent.
ESTHER : Guo_2023_Eur.J.Pharmacol__175970
PubMedSearch : Guo_2023_Eur.J.Pharmacol__175970
PubMedID: 37549727

Title : The stereoselective toxicity of dinotefuran to Daphnia magna: A systematic assessment from reproduction, behavior, oxidative stress and digestive function - Zhang_2023_Chemosphere_327_138489
Author(s) : Zhang H , Ren X , Liu T , Zhao Y , Gan Y , Zheng L
Ref : Chemosphere , 327 :138489 , 2023
Abstract : Dinotefuran is a promising neonicotinoid insecticide with chiral structure. In the present study, the stereoselective toxicity of dinotefuran to Daphnia magna (D. magna) was studied. The present result showed that S-dinotefuran inhibited the reproduction of D. magna at 5.0 mg/L. However, both R-dinotefuran and S-dinotefuran had no genotoxicity to D. magna. Additionally, neither R-dinotefuran nor S-dinotefuran had negative influences on the motor behavior of D. magna. However, S-dinotefuran inhibited the feeding behavior of D. magna at 5.0 mg/L. Both R-dinotefuran and S-dinotefuran induced oxidative stress effect in D. magna after exposure. R-dinotefuran significantly activated the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione S-transferase (GST), while S-dinotefuran showed the opposite effect. S-dinotefuran had more obvious activation effect on the acetylcholinesterase (AchE) activity and trypsin activity compared to R-dinotefuran. The transcriptome sequencing results showed that S-dinotefuran induced more DEGs in D. magna, and affected the normal function of ribosome. The DEGs were mainly related to the synthesis and metabolism of biomacromolecules, indicating the binding mode between dinotefuran enantiomer and biomacromolecules were different. Additionally, the present result indicated that the digestive enzyme activity and digestive gene expression levels in D. magna were greatly enhanced to cope with the inhibition of S-dinotefuran on the feeding.
ESTHER : Zhang_2023_Chemosphere_327_138489
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2023_Chemosphere_327_138489
PubMedID: 36996914

Title : Habitual feeding patterns impact polystyrene microplastic abundance and potential toxicity in edible benthic mollusks - Wang_2023_Sci.Total.Environ_866_161341
Author(s) : Wang S , Zheng L , Shen M , Zhang L , Wu Y , Li G , Guo C , Hu C , Zhang M , Sui Y , Dong X , Lv L
Ref : Sci Total Environ , 866 :161341 , 2023
Abstract : That increasing microplastics (MPs, <5 mm) eventually end up in the sediment which may become a growing menace to diverse benthic lives is worthy of attention. In this experiment, three edible mollusks including one deposit-feeding gastropod (Bullacta exarate) and two filter-feeding bivalves (Cyclina sinensis and Mactra veneriformis) were exposed to polystyrene microplastic (PS-MP) for 7 days and depurated for 3 days. PS-MP numbers in the digestive system and non-digestive system, digestive enzymes, oxidative stress indexes, and a neurotoxicity index of three mollusks were determined at day 0, 3, 7, 8 and 10. After seven-day exposure, the PS-MP were found in all three mollusks' digestive and non-digestive systems. And PS-MP in M. veneriformis (9.57 +/- 2.19 items/individual) was significantly higher than those in C. sinensis (3.00 +/- 2.16 items/individual) and B. exarate (0.83 +/- 1.07 items/individual) at day 7. Three-day depuration could remove most of the PS-MP in the mollusks, and higher PS-MP clearance rates were found in filter-feeding C. sinensis (77.78 %) and M. veneriformis (82.59 %) compared to surface deposit-feeding B. exarate (50.00 %). The digestive enzymes of B. exarate significantly reacted to PS-MP exposure, while oxidative responses were found in C. sinensis. After three-day depuration, the changes of digestive enzymes and the oxidative states were fixed, but neurotoxicity induced by PS-MP was not recoverable. Besides, it is noteworthy that changes of digestive enzymes and acetylcholinesterase are related to feeding patterns.
ESTHER : Wang_2023_Sci.Total.Environ_866_161341
PubMedSearch : Wang_2023_Sci.Total.Environ_866_161341
PubMedID: 36603620

Title : Bioimprinted lipase-catalyzed synthesis of medium- and long-chain structured lipids rich in docosahexaenoic acid for infant formula - Zou_2023_Food.Chem_424_136450
Author(s) : Zou X , Su H , Zhang F , Zhang H , Yeerbolati Y , Xu X , Chao Z , Zheng L , Jiang B
Ref : Food Chem , 424 :136450 , 2023
Abstract : Medium- and long-chain structured lipids (MLSLs) rich in docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) were obtained in shorter reaction time by acidolysis of single-cell oil (DHASCO) from Schizochytrium sp. with caprylic acid (CA) using a lipase bioimprinted with fatty acids as a catalyst. The conditions for preparation of the bioimprinted lipase for the acidolysis reaction were firstly optimized and the activity of the obtained lipase was 2.17 times higher than that of the non-bioimprinted. The bioimprinted lipase was then used as a catalyst and the reaction conditions were optimized. Under the optimal conditions, the equilibrium could be achieved in 4 h, and the total and sn-1,3 CA contents in the product were 29.18% and 42.34%, respectively, and the total and sn-2 DHA contents were 46.26% and 70.12%, respectively. Such MLSLs rich in sn-1,3 CA and sn-2 DHA are beneficial for DHA absorption, and thus have potential for use in infant formula.
ESTHER : Zou_2023_Food.Chem_424_136450
PubMedSearch : Zou_2023_Food.Chem_424_136450
PubMedID: 37247604

Title : The Chemical Composition Characteristics and Health Risk Assessment of Cooking Fume Condensates from Residential Kitchens in Different Regions of China - Liu_2022_Foods_12_
Author(s) : Liu Q , Zhang X , Yang Y , Tang Q , Zheng L , Lou H , Chen H , Yang Q
Ref : Foods , 12 : , 2022
Abstract : The aim of this study was to explore the similarities and differences of volatile organic pollutants (VOCs) in cooking fumes (COF) of residential buildings in different regions of China, as well as to evaluate their potential health risks. COF condensates were collected from 10 representative cities in China and analyzed by a GC-MS method. Their effects on alpha-glucosidase, acetylcholinesterase (AchE), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activities were then detected to evaluate potential health risks. A total of 174 kinds of VOCs, including aldehydes, esters, hydrocarbons, alcohols, and carboxylic acid, were identified. There were 59 identical compounds in the northern and southern regions, and 56 common compounds in spicy and non-spicy regions. Health risk assessment results showed that COF condensate could inhibit the activity of alpha-glucosidase to varying degrees (61.73-129.25%), suggesting that it had a potential risk of causing hypoglycemia. Daily and 3 and 6 month intakes of COF in minors, adults, and the elderly had both activated and inhibited effects on AchE. The activated effect in the southern and spicy areas was higher than that in northern and non-spicy areas, revealing that different regions and dietary habits had different effects on the risk of neurological diseases caused by changes in AchE activity. For minors, adults, and the elderly, COF had different degrees of activation of LDH at different exposure times and regions. Activation in the northern and non-spicy areas was higher than that in southern and spicy areas, suggesting that the health risks caused by changes in LDH activity levels were significantly increased.
ESTHER : Liu_2022_Foods_12_
PubMedSearch : Liu_2022_Foods_12_
PubMedID: 36613322

Title : Tanshinone IIA regulates glycogen synthase kinase-3beta-related signaling pathway and ameliorates memory impairment in APP\/PS1 transgenic mice - Peng_2022_Eur.J.Pharmacol__174772
Author(s) : Peng X , Chen L , Wang Z , He Y , Ruganzu JB , Guo H , Zhang X , Ji S , Zheng L , Yang W
Ref : European Journal of Pharmacology , :174772 , 2022
Abstract : Our previous findings indicated that tanshinone IIA (tan IIA), a natural component extracted from the root and rhizome of danshen, significantly attenuated beta-amyloid accumulation, neuroinflammation, and endoplasmic reticulum stress, as well as improved learning and memory deficits in APP/PS1 transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, whether tan IIA can ameliorate tau pathology and the underlying mechanism in APP/PS1 mice remains unclear. In the current study, tan IIA (15 mg/kg and 30 mg/kg) or saline was intraperitoneally administered to the 5-month-old APP/PS1 mice once daily for 4 weeks. The open-field test, novel object recognition test, Y-maze test, and Morris water maze test were performed to assess the cognitive function. Nissl staining, immunohistochemistry, TUNEL, and western blotting were conducted to explore tau hyperphosphorylation, neuronal injury, and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt)/glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta) signaling pathway. The activity of GSK-3beta, acetylcholinesterase (AChE), choline acetyltransferase (ChAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and the level of malondialdehyde (MDA) were measured using commercial kits. Our results revealed that tan IIA treatment significantly ameliorated behavioral deficits and improved spatial learning and memory ability of APP/PS1 mice. Additionally, tan IIA markedly attenuated tau hyperphosphorylation and prevented neuronal loss and apoptosis in the parietal cortex and hippocampus. Simultaneously, tan IIA reversed cholinergic dysfunction and reduced oxidative stress. Furthermore, tan IIA activated the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway and suppressed GSK-3beta. Taken together, the above findings suggested that tan IIA improves cognitive decline and tau pathology may through modulation of PI3K/Akt/GSK-3beta signaling pathway.
ESTHER : Peng_2022_Eur.J.Pharmacol__174772
PubMedSearch : Peng_2022_Eur.J.Pharmacol__174772
PubMedID: 35090935

Title : Iron Single-Atom Catalysts Boost Photoelectrochemical Detection by Integrating Interfacial Oxygen Reduction and Enzyme-Mimicking Activity - Qin_2022_ACS.Nano__
Author(s) : Qin Y , Wen J , Wang X , Jiao L , Wei X , Wang H , Li J , Liu M , Zheng L , Hu L , Gu W , Zhu C
Ref : ACS Nano , : , 2022
Abstract : The investigations on the generation, separation, and interfacial-redox-reaction processes of the photoinduced carriers are of paramount importance for realizing efficient photoelectrochemical (PEC) detection. However, the sluggish interfacial reactions of the photogenerated carriers, combined with the need for appropriate photoactive layers for sensing, remain challenges for the construction of advanced PEC platforms. Here, as a proof of concept, well-defined Fe single-atom catalysts (Fe SACs) were integrated on the surface of semiconductors, which amplified the PEC signals via boosting oxygen reduction reaction. Besides, Fe SACs were evidenced with efficient peroxidase-like activity, which depresses the PEC signals through the Fe SACs-mediated enzymatic precipitation reaction. Harnessing the oxygen reduction property and peroxidase-like activity of Fe SACs, a robust PEC sensing platform was successfully constructed for the sensitive detection of acetylcholinesterase activity and organophosphorus pesticides, providing guidelines for the employment of SACs for sensitive PEC analysis.
ESTHER : Qin_2022_ACS.Nano__
PubMedSearch : Qin_2022_ACS.Nano__
PubMedID: 35147022

Title : Identification of novel immune-related targets mediating disease progression in acute pancreatitis - Liu_2022_Front.Cell.Infect.Microbiol_12_1052466
Author(s) : Liu Q , Li L , Xu D , Zhu J , Huang Z , Yang J , Cheng S , Gu Y , Zheng L , Zhang X , Shen H
Ref : Front Cell Infect Microbiol , 12 :1052466 , 2022
Abstract : INTRODUCTION: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is an inflammatory disease with very poor outcomes. However, the order of induction and coordinated interactions of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and compensatory anti-inflammatory response syndrome (CARS) and the potential mechanisms in AP are still unclear. METHODS: An integrative analysis was performed based on transcripts of blood from patients with different severity levels of AP (GSE194331), as well as impaired lung (GSE151572), liver (GSE151927) and pancreas (GSE65146) samples from an AP experimental model to identify inflammatory signals and immune response-associated susceptibility genes. An AP animal model was established in wild-type (WT) mice and Tlr2-deficient mice by repeated intraperitoneal injection of cerulein. Serum lipase and amylase, pancreas impairment and neutrophil infiltration were evaluated to assess the effects of Tlr2 in vivo. RESULTS: The numbers of anti-inflammatory response-related cells, such as M2 macrophages (P = 3.2 x 10(-3)), were increased with worsening AP progression, while the numbers of pro-inflammatory response-related cells, such as neutrophils (P = 3.0 x 10(-8)), also increased. Then, 10 immune-related AP susceptibility genes (SOSC3, ITGAM, CAMP, FPR1, IL1R1, TLR2, S100A8/9, HK3 and MMP9) were identified. Finally, compared with WT mice, Tlr2-deficient mice exhibited not only significantly reduced serum lipase and amylase levels after cerulein induction but also alleviated pancreatic inflammation and neutrophil accumulation. DISCUSSION: In summary, we discovered SIRS and CARS were stimulated in parallel, not activated consecutively. In addition, among the novel susceptibility genes, TLR2might be a novel therapeutic target that mediates dysregulation of inflammatory responses during AP progression.
ESTHER : Liu_2022_Front.Cell.Infect.Microbiol_12_1052466
PubMedSearch : Liu_2022_Front.Cell.Infect.Microbiol_12_1052466
PubMedID: 36590588

Title : Phthalate Esters Metabolic Strain Gordonia sp. GZ-YC7, a Potential Soil Degrader for High Concentration Di-(2-ethylhexyl) Phthalate - Hu_2022_Microorganisms_10_
Author(s) : Hu T , Yang C , Hou Z , Liu T , Mei X , Zheng L , Zhong W
Ref : Microorganisms , 10 : , 2022
Abstract : As commonly used chemical plasticizers in plastic products, phthalate esters have become a serious ubiquitous environmental pollutant, such as in soil of plastic film mulch culture. Microbial degradation or transformation was regarded as a suitable strategy to solve the phthalate esters pollution. Thus, a new phthalate esters degrading strain Gordonia sp. GZ-YC7 was isolated in this study, which exhibited the highest di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate degradation efficiency under 1000 mg/L and the strongest tolerance to 4000 mg/L. The comparative genomic analysis results showed that there exist diverse esterases for various phthalate esters such as di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate and dibutyl phthalate in Gordonia sp. GZ-YC7. This genome characteristic possibly contributes to its broad substrate spectrum, high degrading efficiency, and high tolerance to phthalate esters. Gordonia sp. GZ-YC7 has potential for the bioremediation of phthalate esters in polluted soil environments.
ESTHER : Hu_2022_Microorganisms_10_
PubMedSearch : Hu_2022_Microorganisms_10_
PubMedID: 35336217

Title : A novel transcription factor UvCGBP1 regulates development and virulence of rice false smut fungus Ustilaginoidea virens - Chen_2021_Virulence_12_1563
Author(s) : Chen X , Li P , Liu H , Huang J , Luo C , Li G , Hsiang T , Collinge DB , Zheng L
Ref : Virulence , 12 :1563 , 2021
Abstract : Ustilaginoidea virens, causing rice false smut (RFS) is an economically important ascomycetous fungal pathogen distributed in rice-growing regions worldwide. Here, we identified a novel transcription factor UvCGBP1 (Cutinase G-box binding protein) from this fungus, which is unique to ascomycetes. Deletion of UvCGBP1 affected development and virulence of U. virens. A total of 865 downstream target genes of UvCGBP1 was identified using ChIP-seq and the most significant KEGG enriched functional pathway was the MAPK signaling pathway. Approximately 36% of target genes contain the AGGGG (G-box) motif in their promoter. Among the targets, deletion of UvCGBP1 affected transcriptional and translational levels of UvPmk1 and UvSlt2, both of which were important in virulence. ChIP-qPCR, yeast one-hybrid and EMSA confirmed that UvCGBP1 can bind the promoter of UvPmk1 or UvSlt2. Overexpression of UvPmk1 in the deltaUvCGBP1-33 mutant restored partially its virulence and hyphae growth, indicating that UvCGBP1 could function via the MAPK pathway to regulate fungal virulence. Taken together, this study uncovered a novel regulatory mechanism of fungal virulence linking the MAPK pathway mediated by a G-box binding transcription factor, UvCGBP1.
ESTHER : Chen_2021_Virulence_12_1563
PubMedSearch : Chen_2021_Virulence_12_1563
PubMedID: 34348597

Title : COX-2\/sEH Dual Inhibitor PTUPB Alleviates CCl (4) -Induced Liver Fibrosis and Portal Hypertension - Zhao_2021_Front.Med.(Lausanne)_8_761517
Author(s) : Zhao Z , Zhang C , Lin J , Zheng L , Li H , Qi X , Huo H , Lou X , Hammock BD , Hwang SH , Bao Y , Luo M
Ref : Front Med (Lausanne) , 8 :761517 , 2021
Abstract : Background: 4-(5-phenyl-3-{3-[3-(4-trifluoromethylphenyl)-ureido]-propyl}-pyrazol-1-yl) -benzenesulfonamide (PTUPB), a dual cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)/soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibitor, was found to alleviate renal, pulmonary fibrosis and liver injury. However, few is known about the effect of PTUPB on liver cirrhosis. In this study, we aimed to explore the role of PTUPB in liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension (PHT). Method: Rat liver cirrhosis model was established via subcutaneous injection of carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)) for 16 weeks. The experimental group received oral administration of PTUPB (10 mg/kg) for 4 weeks. We subsequently analyzed portal pressure (PP), liver fibrosis, inflammation, angiogenesis, and intra- or extrahepatic vascular remodeling. Additionally, network pharmacology was used to investigate the possible mechanisms of PTUPB in live fibrosis. Results: CCl(4) exposure induced liver fibrosis, inflammation, angiogenesis, vascular remodeling and PHT, and PTUPB alleviated these changes. PTUPB decreased PP from 17.50 +/- 4.65 to 6.37 +/- 1.40 mmHg, reduced collagen deposition and profibrotic factor. PTUPB alleviated the inflammation and bile duct proliferation, as indicated by decrease in serum interleukin-6 (IL-6), liver cytokeratin 19 (CK-19), transaminase, and macrophage infiltration. PTUPB also restored vessel wall thickness of superior mesenteric arteries (SMA) and inhibited intra- or extrahepatic angiogenesis and vascular remodeling via vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), von Willebrand factor (vWF), etc. Moreover, PTUPB induced sinusoidal vasodilation by upregulating endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and GTP-cyclohydrolase 1 (GCH1). In enrichment analysis, PTUPB engaged in multiple biological functions related to cirrhosis, including blood pressure, tissue remodeling, immunological inflammation, macrophage activation, and fibroblast proliferation. Additionally, PTUPB suppressed hepatic expression of sEH, COX-2, and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta). Conclusion: 4-(5-phenyl-3-{3-[3-(4-trifluoromethylphenyl)-ureido]-propyl}-pyrazol-1-yl)- benzenesulfonamide ameliorated liver fibrosis and PHT by inhibiting fibrotic deposition, inflammation, angiogenesis, sinusoidal, and SMA remodeling. The molecular mechanism may be mediated via the downregulation of the sEH/COX-2/TGF-beta.
ESTHER : Zhao_2021_Front.Med.(Lausanne)_8_761517
PubMedSearch : Zhao_2021_Front.Med.(Lausanne)_8_761517
PubMedID: 35004731

Title : Insecticidal activity of triterpenoids and volatile oil from the stems of Tetraena mongolica - Wu_2020_Pestic.Biochem.Physiol_166_104551
Author(s) : Wu Z , Wei W , Cheng K , Zheng L , Ma C , Wang Y
Ref : Pestic Biochem Physiol , 166 :104551 , 2020
Abstract : Tetraena mongolica Maxim is a species of Zygophyllaceae endemic to China. Because few insect pests affect its growth and flowering, we speculated that this plant produces defensive chemicals that are insect repellents or antifeedants. The effects of different fractions from crude stem and leaf extracts on Pieris rapae were examined. The results confirmed that the ethyl acetate (EtOAc) fraction from the stems had insecticidal potential. Five compounds were isolated from the EtOAc fraction: a volatile oil [bis(2-ethylhexyl) benzene-1,2-dicarboxylate (1)], three triterpenoids 2E-3beta-(3,4-dihydroxycinnamoyl)-erythrodiol (2), 2Z-3beta-(3,4-dihydroxycinnamoyl)-erythrodiol (3), and 2E-3beta-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-2-propenoate (4)], and one steroid [beta-sitosterol (5)]. Compounds 1-5 exhibited different degrees of insecticidal activity, including antifeedant and growth-inhibition effects. Compounds 1-5 inhibited the activity of carboxylesterase (CarE) and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) to different degrees. Compound 1 had the strongest antifeedant and growth-inhibition effects, and significantly inhibited the activity of CarE and AChE. Our results indicate that compounds 1-4 are the major bioactive insecticidal constituents of Tetraena mongolica. This work should facilitate the development and application of plant-derived botanical pesticides.
ESTHER : Wu_2020_Pestic.Biochem.Physiol_166_104551
PubMedSearch : Wu_2020_Pestic.Biochem.Physiol_166_104551
PubMedID: 32448415

Title : Enzymatic Synthesis of beta-Sitosterol Laurate by Candida rugosa Lipase AY30 in the Water\/AOT\/Isooctane Reverse Micelle - Chen_2020_Appl.Biochem.Biotechnol__
Author(s) : Chen S , Li J , Fu Z , Wei G , Li H , Zhang B , Zheng L , Deng Z
Ref : Appl Biochem Biotechnol , : , 2020
Abstract : Phytosterols are regarded as compounds able to reduce total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in the blood, and their esterified derivatives could help to improve the effectiveness of this function. In the present study, the water/sodium 1,4-bis-2-ethylhexylsulfosuccinate (AOT)/isooctane reverse micelle (RM) system was set up as a reaction medium for Candida rugosa lipase AY30 (CRL AY30) to synthesize beta-sitosterol laurate (beta-SLE). The product was identified by TLC, FT-IR, and HPLC-APCI-QqQ-MS/MS and quantified by HPLC. Through stepwise optimization, it was found that CRL AY30 had the highest activity in the water/AOT/isooctane RM system where 50 mM PBS with a pH of 7.5 was adopted as water core to carry CRL AY30, and the proportion of [CRL AY30] (mg/mL), [water] (mM), and [AOT] (mM) was set in 3:375:25, respectively, in isooctane. After screened with single-factor experiments, the esterification reaction conditions in the CRL AY30-water/AOT/isooctane RM system were further optimized by the response surface method as follows: the mole ratio of beta-sitosterol to lauric acid of 1:3.5 (25 mM beta-sitosterol), the enzyme load of 18% (w/w total reactants), the reaction temperature of 47 degrees C, and the reaction time of 48 h. As a result, the maximum esterification rate was up to 88.12 +/- 0.79%.
ESTHER : Chen_2020_Appl.Biochem.Biotechnol__
PubMedSearch : Chen_2020_Appl.Biochem.Biotechnol__
PubMedID: 32388606

Title : Is Lower Plasma Cholinesterase Activity Really a Candidate Biomarker for Postoperative Delirium After Noncardiac Surgery? -
Author(s) : Shao LJ , Xue FS , Guo RJ , Zheng L
Ref : Psychosomatics , 60 :533 , 2019
PubMedID: 30553540

Title : Rational enhancement of enzyme-catalyzed enantioselective reaction by construction of recombinant enzymes based on additive strategy - Han_2019_Bioprocess.Biosyst.Eng_42_1739
Author(s) : Han Y , Zhou X , Zheng L
Ref : Bioprocess Biosyst Eng , 42 :1739 , 2019
Abstract : A rational enhancement of kinetic resolution process for producing (S)-N-(2-ethyl-6-methylphenyl) alanine from racemic methyl ester using lipase B from Candida antarctica (CalB) was investigated. With the benefit results that lipase CalB-catalyzed reactions can be effectively regulated using amino acids (such as histidine and lysine) as additives, CalBs modified (mCalBs) by n-histidines at the N terminal and n-lysines at the C terminal were constructed and expressed. The results show that both soluble and precipitated mCalBs can effectively catalyze the hydrolysis reaction without adding any extra additives. The enantioselective ratio (E value) of soluble and precipitated mCalBs could be improved from 12.1 to 20.3, which were higher than that (E value was only 10.2) of commercial Novozym 435 (immobilized CalB). The study indicated that the amino acid-rich molecules introduced on lipase CalB can produce positive effects on enantioselectivity of enzyme. It provides unusual ideas for reasonable regulation of enzyme-catalyzed reactions.
ESTHER : Han_2019_Bioprocess.Biosyst.Eng_42_1739
PubMedSearch : Han_2019_Bioprocess.Biosyst.Eng_42_1739
PubMedID: 31321527
Gene_locus related to this paper: canar-LipB

Title : Soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibition with t-TUCB alleviates liver fibrosis and portal pressure in carbon tetrachloride-induced cirrhosis in rats - Zhang_2018_Clin.Res.Hepatol.Gastroenterol_42_118
Author(s) : Zhang CH , Zheng L , Gui L , Lin JY , Zhu YM , Deng WS , Luo M
Ref : Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol , 42 :118 , 2018
Abstract : BACKGROUND/AIMS: Fibrosis and increased intrahepatic vascular resistance are the hallmarks of chronic inflammatory disorders of the liver and cirrhosis. Inhibitors of the enzyme soluble epoxide hydrolase reduce fibrosis in several disease models. The present study aimed at investigating the effects of soluble epoxyhydrolase inhibition with t-TUCB in tetrachloride-induced cirrhosis in rats. METHODS: The models were established by CCl4 (2ml/kg) given subcutaneously for 14 weeks. t-TUCB was concomitantly administered from the tenth week of modelling time. After the models were successfully built, the rats were anesthetized with sodium phenobarbital and portal pressure was determined in the groups. After that, the rats were killed and part of liver tissues were taken for histological analysis. In addition, the levels of intrahepatic inflammatory message factors were measured using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis. The remaining liver samples were processed for assessment of oxidative stress. RESULTS: t-TUCB administration significantly attenuated portal pressure relative to CCl4-only rats. This improvement was associated with decreased deposition of collagen in liver, which was supported by reduced mRNA expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA), Collagen I, Collagen III, transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) and increased matrix metalloproteinase-1, -13 (MMP-1, -13) mRNA expression. In addition, t-TUCB decreased the levels of proinflammatory cytokines, including IL-1beta, IL-6, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and NF-kappaB, within cirrhotic hepatic tissue. Meanwhile, oxidative stress was also alleviated following inhibition of sEH in CCl4-induced models, as evidenced by down-regulated levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and up-regulated levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px). CONCLUSION: The soluble epoxyhydrolase inhibitor, t-TUCB alleviates liver fibrosis and portal hypertension through attenuation of inflammatory response and oxidative stress in tetrachloride induced cirrhosis.
ESTHER : Zhang_2018_Clin.Res.Hepatol.Gastroenterol_42_118
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2018_Clin.Res.Hepatol.Gastroenterol_42_118
PubMedID: 29031875

Title : Cell therapy could be a potential way to improve lipoprotein lipase deficiency - Wu_2017_Lipids.Health.Dis_16_189
Author(s) : Wu W , Yin Y , Zhong J , Peng Y , Li S , Zheng L , Cao H , Zhang J
Ref : Lipids Health Dis , 16 :189 , 2017
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) deficiency is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder characterized by extreme hypertriglyceridemia, with no cure presently available. The purpose of this study was to test the possibility of using cell therapy to alleviate LPL deficiency.
METHODS: The LPL coding sequence was cloned into the MSCV retrovirus vector, after which MSCV-hLPL and MSCV (empty construct without LPL coding sequence) virion suspensions were made using the calcium chloride method. A muscle cell line (C2C12), kidney cell line (HEK293T) and pre-adipocyte cell line (3 T3-L1) were transfected with the virus in order to express recombinant LPL in vitro. Finally, each transfected cell line was injected subcutaneously into nude mice to identify the cell type which could secret recombinant LPL in vivo. Control cells were transfected with the MSCV empty vector. LPL activity was analyzed using a radioimmunoassay.
RESULTS: After virus infection, the LPL activity at the cell surface of each cell type was significantly higher than in the control cells, which indicates that all three cell types can be used to generate functional LPL. The transfected cells were injected subcutaneously into nude mice, and the LPL activity of the nearby muscle tissue at the injection site in mice injected with 3 T3-L1 cells was more than 5 times higher at the injection sites than at non-injected control sites. The other two types of cells did not show this trend. CONCLUSION: The subcutaneous injection of adipocytes overexpressing LPL can improve the LPL activity of the adjacent tissue of nude mice. This is a ground-breaking preliminary study for the treatment of LPL deficiency, and lays a good foundation for using cell therapy to correct LPL deficiency.
ESTHER : Wu_2017_Lipids.Health.Dis_16_189
PubMedSearch : Wu_2017_Lipids.Health.Dis_16_189
PubMedID: 28969646

Title : Neuroprotective Effects of Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitory Peptides from Anchovy (Coilia mystus) against Glutamate-Induced Toxicity in PC12 Cells - Zhao_2017_J.Agric.Food.Chem_65_11192
Author(s) : Zhao T , Su G , Wang S , Zhang Q , Zhang J , Zheng L , Sun B , Zhao M
Ref : Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry , 65 :11192 , 2017
Abstract : Ameliorations of cholinergic system dysfunction and oxidative stress in neurodegenerative diseases were main approaches to improve memory disorder. Our previous investigation showed that anchovy protein hydrolysate (APH) could attenuate scopolamine-induced memory deficits in mice by regulating acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity. Therefore, peptides with AChE inhibitory activity in APH were explored and identified in this study, and their possible neuroprotective mechanisms on glutamate induced apoptosis in PC12 were also elucidated. Two peptides with strong AChE inhibitory capacity were identified as Pro-Ala-Tyr-Cys-Ser (PAYCS) and Cys-Val-Gly-Ser-Tyr (CVGSY) by ultraperformance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry. The AChE inhibitory was 23.68 +/- 0.97% and 6.08 +/- 0.41%, respectively. Treatment with PAYCS and CVGSY could significantly (p < 0.05) increase cells viability, reduce lactate dehydrogenase release, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, malondialdehyde content, and the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 of glutamate-induced apoptosis PC12 cells (82.78 +/- 6.58 and 109.94 +/- 7.16% of control, respectively) as well as increase superoxide dismutase and GSH-px activities. In addition, both the peptides could inhibit Ca(2+) influx but have no effects on mitochondrial membrane potential. Results indicated that AChE inhibitory peptides (PAYCS and CVGSY) possibly protected the PC12 cells against glutamate-induced apoptosis via inhibiting ROS production and Ca(2+) influx. PAYCS and CVGSY might be considered as nutraceuticals for alleviating memory deficits.
ESTHER : Zhao_2017_J.Agric.Food.Chem_65_11192
PubMedSearch : Zhao_2017_J.Agric.Food.Chem_65_11192
PubMedID: 29190426

Title : Inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase lowers portal hypertension in cirrhotic rats by ameliorating endothelial dysfunction and liver fibrosis - Deng_2017_Prostaglandins.Other.Lipid.Mediat_131_67
Author(s) : Deng W , Zhu Y , Lin J , Zheng L , Zhang C , Luo M
Ref : Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat , 131 :67 , 2017
Abstract : Epoxyeicostrienoic acids (EETs) are arachidonic acid derived meditators which are catalyzed by soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) to less active dihydroeicostrienoics acids (DHETS). The aim of our study is to investigate the effects of sEH inhibition on hepatic and systemic hemodynamics, hepatic endothelial dysfunction, and hepatic fibrosis in CCl4 cirrhotic rats. The sEH inhibitor,trans-4-{4-[3-(4-trifluoromethoxyphenyl)-ureido]cyclohexyloxy}benzoic acid (t-TUCB) was administered to stabilize hepatic EETs by gavage at a dose of 1mg/kg/d. Our results showed that hepatic sEH expression was markedly increased in portal hypertension, and led to a lower ratio of EETs/DHETs which was effectively reversed by t-TUCB administration. t-TUCB significantly decreased portal pressure without significant changes in systemic hemodynamics, which was associated with the attenuation of intrahepatic vascular resistance (IHVR) and liver fibrosis. t-TUCB ameliorated endothelial dysfunction, increased hepatic endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) phosphorylation and nitric oxide (NO) production. In addition, t-TUCB significantly reduced alpha-Smooth Muscle Actin (alpha-SMA) expression and liver fibrosis, which was associated with a decrease in NF-kappaB signaling. Taken together, inhibition of sEH reduces portal pressure, liver fibrosis and attenuates hepatic endothelial dysfunction in cirrhotic rats. Our results indicate that sEH inhbitors may be useful in the treatment of portal hypertension in patients with cirrhosis.
ESTHER : Deng_2017_Prostaglandins.Other.Lipid.Mediat_131_67
PubMedSearch : Deng_2017_Prostaglandins.Other.Lipid.Mediat_131_67
PubMedID: 28822809

Title : Structure, cytotoxic activity and mechanism of protoilludane sesquiterpene aryl esters from the mycelium of Armillaria mellea - Li_2016_J.Ethnopharmacol_184_119
Author(s) : Li Z , Wang Y , Jiang B , Li W , Zheng L , Yang X , Bao Y , Sun L , Huang Y , Li Y
Ref : J Ethnopharmacol , 184 :119 , 2016
Abstract : ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Armillaria mellea (Vahl. ex. Fr.) Karst is an important traditional Chinese medicine used in dispelling wind and removing obstruction in the meridians, and strengthening tendons and bones. Armillaria mellea has been recorded in the book Caobenshiyi which was written by ancestor for the function of suppressing hyderactive liver for calming endogenous wind medicine. The aim of this study is to investigate the cytotoxic activity for liver cell lines (normal and cancerous) of protoilludane sesquiterpene aryl esters from the mycelium of A. mellea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systemic fractionation of the mycelium extracts of A. mellea and relative activity mechanisms were studied. RESULTS: Two new protoilludane sesquiterpene aryl esters named 5'-methoxy-armillasin (1) and 5-hydroxyl-armillarivin (2) were isolated. In addition, eight known protoilludane sesquiterpene aryl esters armillaridin (3), armillartin (4), armillarin (5), melleolide B (6), armillarilin (7), armillasin (8), armillarigin (9) and melleolide (10) were also isolated from the mycelium of A. mellea. The relative configurations of the two new compounds were confirmed by NOESY spectra. Among ten protoilludane sesquiterpene aryl esters, compounds 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 9 and 10 were active constituents with highly cytotoxic activity against HepG2 cells (4.95-37.65microg/mL). We reported here for the time, that compound 10 (melleolide) showed anti-tumor ability on hepatoma cell. The relative mechanism was assessed on HepG2 cells. CONCLUSIONS: Among all the ten protoilludane sesquiterpene aryl esters, melleolide (10) showed the best cytotoxic activity for HepG2 cells (4.95microg/mL) and lower activity for L02 cells (16.05microg/mL). Mechanism study showed that melleolide decreased the viability of the cancer cells with varying levels of cleaved-caspase 3, caspase 8, caspase 9, Bax and Ki67 expression. On the other hand, melleolide induced HepG2 cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase.
ESTHER : Li_2016_J.Ethnopharmacol_184_119
PubMedSearch : Li_2016_J.Ethnopharmacol_184_119
PubMedID: 26952552
Gene_locus related to this paper: armos-armb

Title : First Novozym 435 lipase-catalyzed Morita-Baylis-Hillman reaction in the presence of amides - Tian_2016_Enzyme.Microb.Technol_84_32
Author(s) : Tian X , Zhang S , Zheng L
Ref : Enzyme Microb Technol , 84 :32 , 2016
Abstract : The first Novozym 435 lipase-catalyzed Morita-Baylis-Hillman (MBH) reaction with amides as co-catalyst was realized. Results showed that neither Novozym 435 nor amide can independently catalyze the reaction. This co-catalytic system that used a catalytic amount of Novozym 435 with a corresponding amount of amide was established and optimized. The MBH reaction strongly depended on the structure of aldehyde substrate, amide co-catalyst, and reaction additives. The optimized reaction yield (43.4%) was achieved in the Novozym 435-catalyzed MBH reaction of 2, 4-dinitrobenzaldehyde and cyclohexenone with isonicotinamide as co-catalyst and beta-cyclodextrin as additive only in 2 days. Although enantioselectivity of Novozym 435 was not found, the results were still significant because an MBH reaction using lipase as biocatalyst was realized for the first time.
ESTHER : Tian_2016_Enzyme.Microb.Technol_84_32
PubMedSearch : Tian_2016_Enzyme.Microb.Technol_84_32
PubMedID: 26827772

Title : Draft Genome Sequence of Rhodobacteraceae Strain PD-2, an Algicidal Bacterium with a Quorum-Sensing System, Isolated from the Marine Microalga Prorocentrum donghaiense - Zheng_2015_Genome.Announc_3_
Author(s) : Zheng L , Cui Z , Xu L , Sun C , Powell RJ , Hill RT
Ref : Genome Announc , 3 : , 2015
Abstract : Rhodobacteraceae strain PD-2 was isolated from the marine microalga Prorocentrum donghaiense. It has algicidal activity toward its host and could produce N-acylhomoserine lactone signals. Here, we present the draft genome of strain PD-2, which contains 5,227,214 bp with an average GC content of 66.19%. There were 4,864 encoding gene sequences and two clusters of luxI and luxR homologues identified.
ESTHER : Zheng_2015_Genome.Announc_3_
PubMedSearch : Zheng_2015_Genome.Announc_3_
PubMedID: 25700405
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9rhob-x6l117 , 9rhob-x6kvi3

Title : Genome Sequence of the Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon-Degrading Bacterium Strain Marinobacter nanhaiticus D15-8WT - Cui_2013_Genome.Announc_1_E00301
Author(s) : Cui Z , Gao W , Li Q , Xu G , Zheng L
Ref : Genome Announc , 1 : , 2013
Abstract : Marinobacter nanhaiticus strain D15-8W(T) was isolated from a phenanthrene-degrading consortium, enriched from sediment of the South China Sea. Here, we present the draft genome of strain D15-8W(T), which contains 5,358,309 bp with a G+C content of 58.53% and contains 4,829 protein-coding genes and 47 tRNA genes.
ESTHER : Cui_2013_Genome.Announc_1_E00301
PubMedSearch : Cui_2013_Genome.Announc_1_E00301
PubMedID: 23723401
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9alte-n6wxm5 , 9alte-n6wy71 , cycsp-k0c2b8 , 9alte-n6wng0 , 9alte-n6w2r7 , 9alte-n6w156 , 9alte-n6wvv7

Title : Evidence for gamma and beta sensory gating deficits as translational endophenotypes for schizophrenia - Smucny_2013_Psychiatry.Res_214_169
Author(s) : Smucny J , Wylie K , Rojas D , Stevens K , Olincy A , Kronberg E , Zheng L , Tregellas J
Ref : Psychiatry Res , 214 :169 , 2013
Abstract : Thorough analysis of translational endophenotypes is needed to improve therapeutic development in schizophrenia. Abnormal sensory gating, one such endophenotype, is associated with reduced expression of the alpha7 nicotinic receptor. However, typical gating measures such as the P50 evoked response are often low-pass filtered, and it is unclear how alpha7 expression affects gating at higher frequencies. Therefore, this study used time-frequency analysis to compare sensory gating at the beta and gamma frequencies between human patients and healthy controls as well as between alpha7 heterozygote mutant mice and wild-type. Gating of total beta (15-26Hz) and gamma (30-50Hz) power during paired clicks was assessed from mouse in vivo hippocampal CA3 recordings. Gating was also assessed in schizophrenia patients and healthy controls using electroencephalography. Relative to wild-type, alpha7 heterozygote mice showed impaired gating of total beta and gamma power. Similarly, relative to controls, patients showed impaired gating of total beta and gamma power. Poor beta gating was associated with negative symptoms. These results demonstrate that schizophrenia patients and alpha7 heterozygote mice show similar deficits in gating high frequency power. Time-frequency analysis of beta and gamma gating may thus be a translational method of assessing the genetic basis of gating deficits in schizophrenia.
ESTHER : Smucny_2013_Psychiatry.Res_214_169
PubMedSearch : Smucny_2013_Psychiatry.Res_214_169
PubMedID: 23972946

Title : Poster: Acute administration of cotinine to DBA\/2 mice increases conditioning amplitude in the sensory inhibition model -
Author(s) : Stevens KE , Zheng L
Ref : Biochemical Pharmacology , 82 :1039 , 2011
PubMedID:

Title : The MDGA1 gene confers risk to schizophrenia and bipolar disorder - Li_2011_Schizophr.Res_125_194
Author(s) : Li J , Liu J , Feng G , Li T , Zhao Q , Li Y , Hu Z , Zheng L , Zeng Z , He L , Wang T , Shi Y
Ref : Schizophr Res , 125 :194 , 2011
Abstract : OBJECTIVE: The structural, cytoarchitectural and functional brain abnormalities reported in patients with mental disorders may be due to aberrant neuronal migration influenced by cell adhesion molecules. MDGA1, like Ig-containing cell adhesion molecules, has several cell adhesion molecule-like domains. Moreover, Kahler et al. (2008) reported that the MDGA1 gene was a schizophrenia susceptibility gene in Scandinavian population. To further investigate whether the MDGA1 gene is a shared risk factor of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder in Chinese Han population, we conducted this study.
METHODS: We recruited 1135 unrelated schizophrenia patients, 1135 unrelated bipolar disorder patients, 1135 unrelated major depressive disorder patients and 1135 unrelated controls of Chinese Han origin. A total of eleven common SNPs were genotyped using TaqMan(R) technology.
RESULTS: The genotype frequency of rs11759115 differed significantly between schizophrenia patients and controls. The C-C haplotype of rs11759115-rs7769372 was also positively associated with schizophrenia (permutated p=0.046). Rs1883901 was found to be positively associated with bipolar disorder (allele: permutated p=0.0085; genotype: permutated p=0.0009; OR=1.31 [95%CI=1.12-1.52]). The A-G-G haplotype of rs1883901-rs10807187-rs9462343 was also positively associated with bipolar disorder with a global p value of 0.0391 after permutations. No individual SNP or haplotype was associated with major depressive disorder after permutations. CONCLUSION: The MDGA1 gene may confer risk to schizophrenia and bipolar disorder in Chinese Han population.
ESTHER : Li_2011_Schizophr.Res_125_194
PubMedSearch : Li_2011_Schizophr.Res_125_194
PubMedID: 21146959

Title : Toxicological characteristics of nanoparticulate anatase titanium dioxide in mice - Duan_2010_Biomaterials_31_894
Author(s) : Duan Y , Liu J , Ma L , Li N , Liu H , Wang J , Zheng L , Liu C , Wang X , Zhao X , Yan J , Wang S , Wang H , Zhang X , Hong F
Ref : Biomaterials , 31 :894 , 2010
Abstract : In an effort to examine liver injury, immune response, and other physiological effects in mice caused by intragastric administration of nanoparticulate anatase titanium dioxide (5nm), we assessed T lymphocytes, B lymphocyte and NK lymphocyte counts, hematological indices, biochemical parameters of liver functions, and histopathological changes in nanoparticulate titanium dioxide -treated mice. Indeed, mice treated with higher dose nanoparticulate titanium dioxide displayed a reduction in body weight, an increase in coefficients of the liver and histopathological changes in the liver. Specifically, in these nanoparticulate titanium dioxide -treated mice, interleukin-2 activity, white blood cells, red blood cells, haemoglobin, mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration, thrombocytes, reticulocytes, T lymphocytes (CD3(+), CD4(+), CD8(+)), NK lymphocytes, B lymphocytes, and the ratio of CD4 to CD8 of mice were decreased, whereas NO level, mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular haemoglobin, red (cell) distribution width, platelets, hematocrit, mean platelet volume of mice were increased. Furthermore, liver functions were also disrupted, as evidenced by the enhanced activities of alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, aspartate aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase and cholinesterase, an increase of the total protein, and the reduction of ratio of albumin to globulin, the total bilirubin, triglycerides, and the total cholesterol levels. These results suggested that the liver function damage observed in mice treated with higher dose nanoparticulate titanium dioxide is likely associated with the damage of haemostasis blood system and immune response. However, low dose nanoparticulate anatase TiO(2) has little influences on haemostasis blood system and immune response in mice.
ESTHER : Duan_2010_Biomaterials_31_894
PubMedSearch : Duan_2010_Biomaterials_31_894
PubMedID: 19857890

Title : Evaluation of the chitosan\/glycerol-beta-phosphate disodium salt hydrogel application in peripheral nerve regeneration - Zheng_2010_Biomed.Mater_5_35003
Author(s) : Zheng L , Ao Q , Han H , Zhang X , Gong Y
Ref : Biomed Mater , 5 :35003 , 2010
Abstract : Research efforts have been devoted to evaluating the application of the chitosan (CS)/glycerol-beta-phosphate (GP) disodium salt hydrogel in peripheral nerve regeneration. The gelation time was determined to be 770 s using ultraviolet spectrophotometry. A standard 10 mm long rat sciatic nerve defect model was employed, followed by bridging the proximal and distal stumps with chitosan conduits injected with the Schwann cell-containing hydrogel. Injections of the blank hydrogel, Schwann cell suspension and culture medium were used as controls. Two months later, electrophysiological assessment and fluorogold retrograde tracing showed that compound muscle action potentials (CMAPs) and fluorogold-labeled neurons were only detected in the Schwann cell suspension group and culture medium group. The rats were then killed, and implanted conduits were removed for examination. There were no regenerated nerves found in groups injected with the blank hydrogel or Schwann cell-containing hydrogel, while the other two groups clearly displayed regenerated nerves across the gaps. In the subsequent histological assessment, immunohistochemistry, toluidine blue staining and transmission electron microscopy were performed to evaluate the regenerated nerves. The relative wet weight ratio, Masson trichrome staining and acetylcholinesterase staining were employed for the examination of gastrocnemius muscles in all four groups. The Schwann cell suspension group showed the best results for all these indexes; the culture medium group ranked second and the two hydrogel-injected groups showed the least optimal results. In conclusion, our data revealed that the implanted CS/GP hydrogel actually impeded nerve regeneration, which is inconsistent with former in vitro reports and general supposition. We believe that the application of the CS/GP hydrogel in nerve regeneration requires a further study before a satisfactory result is obtained. In addition, the present study also confirmed that Schwann cell implantation stimulated nerve regeneration.
ESTHER : Zheng_2010_Biomed.Mater_5_35003
PubMedSearch : Zheng_2010_Biomed.Mater_5_35003
PubMedID: 20404399

Title : Poster: Characterization of JNJ-1930942, a novel positive allosteric modulator of the alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor -
Author(s) : Lesage A , Dinklo T , Thuring J-W , Grantham C , Peeters L , Lavreysen H , Shaban H , Stevens KE , Zheng L
Ref : Biochemical Pharmacology , 78 :912 , 2009
PubMedID:

Title : Template enhanced activity of lipase accommodated in siliceous mesocellular foams - Zhang_2008_Biochem.Biophys.Res.Commun_372_650
Author(s) : Zhang Y , Zhao L , Li J , Zhang H , Zheng L , Cao S , Li C
Ref : Biochemical & Biophysical Research Communications , 372 :650 , 2008
Abstract : Lipases were adsorbed in siliceous mesocellular foams containing different amounts of residual template in the nanopores. It is found that the hydrolytic activities of the adsorbed lipases are increased with increasing the contents of template in the mesopores. The triacetin hydrolytic activity of the lipase adsorbed in the foam containing 46% of template can be 13 times higher than that of the lipase adsorbed in the foam without template in the nanopores, and its specific activity is about three times higher than that of the free lipase, showing the hyperactivation effect on lipase resulting from the interaction between the lipase and the surfactant in the nanopores. The immobilized lipase cross-linked with glutaraldehyde can retain up to 88% of its original activity after six hydrolysis reaction test. This work provides a new strategy to enhance the activity of immobilized lipase in mesoporous materials.
ESTHER : Zhang_2008_Biochem.Biophys.Res.Commun_372_650
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2008_Biochem.Biophys.Res.Commun_372_650
PubMedID: 18510948

Title : ADAM-10 over-expression increases cortical synaptogenesis - Bell_2008_Neurobiol.Aging_29_554
Author(s) : Bell KF , Zheng L , Fahrenholz F , Cuello AC
Ref : Neurobiology of Aging , 29 :554 , 2008
Abstract : Cortical cholinergic, glutamatergic and GABAergic terminals become upregulated during early stages of the transgenic amyloid pathology. Abundant evidence suggests that sAPP alpha, the product of the non-amyloidogenic alpha-secretase pathway, is neurotrophic both in vitro and when exogenously applied in vivo. The disintegrin metalloprotease ADAM-10 has been shown to have alpha-secretase activity in vivo. To determine whether sAPP alpha has an endogenous biological influence on cortical presynaptic boutons in vivo, we quantified cortical cholinergic, glutamatergic and GABAergic presynaptic bouton densities in either ADAM-10 moderate expressing (ADAM-10 mo) transgenic mice, which moderately overexpress ADAM-10, or age-matched non-transgenic controls. Both early and late ontogenic time points were investigated. ADAM-10 mo transgenic mice display significantly elevated cortical cholinergic, glutamatergic and GABAergic presynaptic bouton densities at the early time point (8 months). Only the cholinergic presynaptic bouton density remains significantly elevated in late-staged ADAM-10 mo transgenic animals (18 months). To confirm that the observed elevations were due to increased levels of endogenous murine sAPP alpha, exogenous human sAPP alpha was infused into the cortex of non-transgenic control animals for 1 week. Exogenous infusion of sAPP alpha led to significant elevations in the cholinergic, glutamatergic and GABAergic cortical presynaptic bouton populations. These results are the first to demonstrate an in vivo influence of ADAM-10 on neurotransmitter-specific cortical synaptic plasticity and further confirm the neurotrophic influence of sAPP alpha on cortical synaptogenesis.
ESTHER : Bell_2008_Neurobiol.Aging_29_554
PubMedSearch : Bell_2008_Neurobiol.Aging_29_554
PubMedID: 17187903

Title : A comparison of whole-genome shotgun-derived mouse chromosome 16 and the human genome - Mural_2002_Science_296_1661
Author(s) : Mural RJ , Adams MD , Myers EW , Smith HO , Miklos GL , Wides R , Halpern A , Li PW , Sutton GG , Nadeau J , Salzberg SL , Holt RA , Kodira CD , Lu F , Chen L , Deng Z , Evangelista CC , Gan W , Heiman TJ , Li J , Li Z , Merkulov GV , Milshina NV , Naik AK , Qi R , Shue BC , Wang A , Wang J , Wang X , Yan X , Ye J , Yooseph S , Zhao Q , Zheng L , Zhu SC , Biddick K , Bolanos R , Delcher AL , Dew IM , Fasulo D , Flanigan MJ , Huson DH , Kravitz SA , Miller JR , Mobarry CM , Reinert K , Remington KA , Zhang Q , Zheng XH , Nusskern DR , Lai Z , Lei Y , Zhong W , Yao A , Guan P , Ji RR , Gu Z , Wang ZY , Zhong F , Xiao C , Chiang CC , Yandell M , Wortman JR , Amanatides PG , Hladun SL , Pratts EC , Johnson JE , Dodson KL , Woodford KJ , Evans CA , Gropman B , Rusch DB , Venter E , Wang M , Smith TJ , Houck JT , Tompkins DE , Haynes C , Jacob D , Chin SH , Allen DR , Dahlke CE , Sanders R , Li K , Liu X , Levitsky AA , Majoros WH , Chen Q , Xia AC , Lopez JR , Donnelly MT , Newman MH , Glodek A , Kraft CL , Nodell M , Ali F , An HJ , Baldwin-Pitts D , Beeson KY , Cai S , Carnes M , Carver A , Caulk PM , Center A , Chen YH , Cheng ML , Coyne MD , Crowder M , Danaher S , Davenport LB , Desilets R , Dietz SM , Doup L , Dullaghan P , Ferriera S , Fosler CR , Gire HC , Gluecksmann A , Gocayne JD , Gray J , Hart B , Haynes J , Hoover J , Howland T , Ibegwam C , Jalali M , Johns D , Kline L , Ma DS , MacCawley S , Magoon A , Mann F , May D , McIntosh TC , Mehta S , Moy L , Moy MC , Murphy BJ , Murphy SD , Nelson KA , Nuri Z , Parker KA , Prudhomme AC , Puri VN , Qureshi H , Raley JC , Reardon MS , Regier MA , Rogers YH , Romblad DL , Schutz J , Scott JL , Scott R , Sitter CD , Smallwood M , Sprague AC , Stewart E , Strong RV , Suh E , Sylvester K , Thomas R , Tint NN , Tsonis C , Wang G , Williams MS , Williams SM , Windsor SM , Wolfe K , Wu MM , Zaveri J , Chaturvedi K , Gabrielian AE , Ke Z , Sun J , Subramanian G , Venter JC , Pfannkoch CM , Barnstead M , Stephenson LD
Ref : Science , 296 :1661 , 2002
Abstract : The high degree of similarity between the mouse and human genomes is demonstrated through analysis of the sequence of mouse chromosome 16 (Mmu 16), which was obtained as part of a whole-genome shotgun assembly of the mouse genome. The mouse genome is about 10% smaller than the human genome, owing to a lower repetitive DNA content. Comparison of the structure and protein-coding potential of Mmu 16 with that of the homologous segments of the human genome identifies regions of conserved synteny with human chromosomes (Hsa) 3, 8, 12, 16, 21, and 22. Gene content and order are highly conserved between Mmu 16 and the syntenic blocks of the human genome. Of the 731 predicted genes on Mmu 16, 509 align with orthologs on the corresponding portions of the human genome, 44 are likely paralogous to these genes, and 164 genes have homologs elsewhere in the human genome; there are 14 genes for which we could find no human counterpart.
ESTHER : Mural_2002_Science_296_1661
PubMedSearch : Mural_2002_Science_296_1661
PubMedID: 12040188
Gene_locus related to this paper: mouse-ABH15 , mouse-Ces3b , mouse-Ces4a , mouse-dpp4 , mouse-FAP , mouse-Lipg , mouse-Q8C1A9 , mouse-rbbp9 , mouse-SERHL , mouse-SPG21 , mouse-w4vsp6

Title : The sequence of the human genome - Venter_2001_Science_291_1304
Author(s) : Venter JC , Adams MD , Myers EW , Li PW , Mural RJ , Sutton GG , Smith HO , Yandell M , Evans CA , Holt RA , Gocayne JD , Amanatides P , Ballew RM , Huson DH , Wortman JR , Zhang Q , Kodira CD , Zheng XH , Chen L , Skupski M , Subramanian G , Thomas PD , Zhang J , Gabor Miklos GL , Nelson C , Broder S , Clark AG , Nadeau J , McKusick VA , Zinder N , Levine AJ , Roberts RJ , Simon M , Slayman C , Hunkapiller M , Bolanos R , Delcher A , Dew I , Fasulo D , Flanigan M , Florea L , Halpern A , Hannenhalli S , Kravitz S , Levy S , Mobarry C , Reinert K , Remington K , Abu-Threideh J , Beasley E , Biddick K , Bonazzi V , Brandon R , Cargill M , Chandramouliswaran I , Charlab R , Chaturvedi K , Deng Z , Di Francesco V , Dunn P , Eilbeck K , Evangelista C , Gabrielian AE , Gan W , Ge W , Gong F , Gu Z , Guan P , Heiman TJ , Higgins ME , Ji RR , Ke Z , Ketchum KA , Lai Z , Lei Y , Li Z , Li J , Liang Y , Lin X , Lu F , Merkulov GV , Milshina N , Moore HM , Naik AK , Narayan VA , Neelam B , Nusskern D , Rusch DB , Salzberg S , Shao W , Shue B , Sun J , Wang Z , Wang A , Wang X , Wang J , Wei M , Wides R , Xiao C , Yan C , Yao A , Ye J , Zhan M , Zhang W , Zhang H , Zhao Q , Zheng L , Zhong F , Zhong W , Zhu S , Zhao S , Gilbert D , Baumhueter S , Spier G , Carter C , Cravchik A , Woodage T , Ali F , An H , Awe A , Baldwin D , Baden H , Barnstead M , Barrow I , Beeson K , Busam D , Carver A , Center A , Cheng ML , Curry L , Danaher S , Davenport L , Desilets R , Dietz S , Dodson K , Doup L , Ferriera S , Garg N , Gluecksmann A , Hart B , Haynes J , Haynes C , Heiner C , Hladun S , Hostin D , Houck J , Howland T , Ibegwam C , Johnson J , Kalush F , Kline L , Koduru S , Love A , Mann F , May D , McCawley S , McIntosh T , McMullen I , Moy M , Moy L , Murphy B , Nelson K , Pfannkoch C , Pratts E , Puri V , Qureshi H , Reardon M , Rodriguez R , Rogers YH , Romblad D , Ruhfel B , Scott R , Sitter C , Smallwood M , Stewart E , Strong R , Suh E , Thomas R , Tint NN , Tse S , Vech C , Wang G , Wetter J , Williams S , Williams M , Windsor S , Winn-Deen E , Wolfe K , Zaveri J , Zaveri K , Abril JF , Guigo R , Campbell MJ , Sjolander KV , Karlak B , Kejariwal A , Mi H , Lazareva B , Hatton T , Narechania A , Diemer K , Muruganujan A , Guo N , Sato S , Bafna V , Istrail S , Lippert R , Schwartz R , Walenz B , Yooseph S , Allen D , Basu A , Baxendale J , Blick L , Caminha M , Carnes-Stine J , Caulk P , Chiang YH , Coyne M , Dahlke C , Mays A , Dombroski M , Donnelly M , Ely D , Esparham S , Fosler C , Gire H , Glanowski S , Glasser K , Glodek A , Gorokhov M , Graham K , Gropman B , Harris M , Heil J , Henderson S , Hoover J , Jennings D , Jordan C , Jordan J , Kasha J , Kagan L , Kraft C , Levitsky A , Lewis M , Liu X , Lopez J , Ma D , Majoros W , McDaniel J , Murphy S , Newman M , Nguyen T , Nguyen N , Nodell M , Pan S , Peck J , Peterson M , Rowe W , Sanders R , Scott J , Simpson M , Smith T , Sprague A , Stockwell T , Turner R , Venter E , Wang M , Wen M , Wu D , Wu M , Xia A , Zandieh A , Zhu X
Ref : Science , 291 :1304 , 2001
Abstract : A 2.91-billion base pair (bp) consensus sequence of the euchromatic portion of the human genome was generated by the whole-genome shotgun sequencing method. The 14.8-billion bp DNA sequence was generated over 9 months from 27,271,853 high-quality sequence reads (5.11-fold coverage of the genome) from both ends of plasmid clones made from the DNA of five individuals. Two assembly strategies-a whole-genome assembly and a regional chromosome assembly-were used, each combining sequence data from Celera and the publicly funded genome effort. The public data were shredded into 550-bp segments to create a 2.9-fold coverage of those genome regions that had been sequenced, without including biases inherent in the cloning and assembly procedure used by the publicly funded group. This brought the effective coverage in the assemblies to eightfold, reducing the number and size of gaps in the final assembly over what would be obtained with 5.11-fold coverage. The two assembly strategies yielded very similar results that largely agree with independent mapping data. The assemblies effectively cover the euchromatic regions of the human chromosomes. More than 90% of the genome is in scaffold assemblies of 100,000 bp or more, and 25% of the genome is in scaffolds of 10 million bp or larger. Analysis of the genome sequence revealed 26,588 protein-encoding transcripts for which there was strong corroborating evidence and an additional approximately 12,000 computationally derived genes with mouse matches or other weak supporting evidence. Although gene-dense clusters are obvious, almost half the genes are dispersed in low G+C sequence separated by large tracts of apparently noncoding sequence. Only 1.1% of the genome is spanned by exons, whereas 24% is in introns, with 75% of the genome being intergenic DNA. Duplications of segmental blocks, ranging in size up to chromosomal lengths, are abundant throughout the genome and reveal a complex evolutionary history. Comparative genomic analysis indicates vertebrate expansions of genes associated with neuronal function, with tissue-specific developmental regulation, and with the hemostasis and immune systems. DNA sequence comparisons between the consensus sequence and publicly funded genome data provided locations of 2.1 million single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). A random pair of human haploid genomes differed at a rate of 1 bp per 1250 on average, but there was marked heterogeneity in the level of polymorphism across the genome. Less than 1% of all SNPs resulted in variation in proteins, but the task of determining which SNPs have functional consequences remains an open challenge.
ESTHER : Venter_2001_Science_291_1304
PubMedSearch : Venter_2001_Science_291_1304
PubMedID: 11181995
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-AADAC , human-ABHD1 , human-ABHD10 , human-ABHD11 , human-ACHE , human-BCHE , human-LDAH , human-ABHD18 , human-CMBL , human-ABHD17A , human-KANSL3 , human-LIPA , human-LYPLAL1 , human-NDRG2 , human-NLGN3 , human-NLGN4X , human-NLGN4Y , human-PAFAH2 , human-PREPL , human-RBBP9 , human-SPG21

Title : Metabolism of the dorsal cochlear nucleus in rat brain slices - Zheng_2000_Hear.Res_143_115
Author(s) : Zheng L , Godfrey DA , Waller HJ , Godfrey TG , Chen K , Kong W
Ref : Hearing Research , 143 :115 , 2000
Abstract : In vitro brain slices of the cochlear nucleus have been used for electrophysiological and pharmacological studies. More information is needed about the extent to which the slice resembles in vivo tissue, since this affects the interpretation of results obtained from slices. In this study, some chemical parameters of the dorsal cochlear nucleus (DCN) in rat brain slices were measured and compared to the in vivo state. The activities of malate dehydrogenase and lactate dehydrogenase were reduced in some DCN layers of incubated slices compared to in vivo brain tissue. The activities of choline acetyltransferase and acetylcholinesterase were increased or unchanged in DCN layers of slices. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) concentrations for in vivo rat DCN were similar to those of cerebellar cortex. Compared with in vivo values, ATP concentrations were decreased in the DCN of brain slices, especially in the deep layer. Vibratome-cut slices had lower ATP levels than chopper-cut slices. Compared with the in vivo data, there were large losses of aspartate, glutamate, glutamine, gamma-aminobutyrate and taurine from incubated slices. These amino acid changes within the slices correlated with the patterns of release from the slices.
ESTHER : Zheng_2000_Hear.Res_143_115
PubMedSearch : Zheng_2000_Hear.Res_143_115
PubMedID: 10771189

Title : The genome sequence of Drosophila melanogaster - Adams_2000_Science_287_2185
Author(s) : Adams MD , Celniker SE , Holt RA , Evans CA , Gocayne JD , Amanatides PG , Scherer SE , Li PW , Hoskins RA , Galle RF , George RA , Lewis SE , Richards S , Ashburner M , Henderson SN , Sutton GG , Wortman JR , Yandell MD , Zhang Q , Chen LX , Brandon RC , Rogers YH , Blazej RG , Champe M , Pfeiffer BD , Wan KH , Doyle C , Baxter EG , Helt G , Nelson CR , Gabor GL , Abril JF , Agbayani A , An HJ , Andrews-Pfannkoch C , Baldwin D , Ballew RM , Basu A , Baxendale J , Bayraktaroglu L , Beasley EM , Beeson KY , Benos PV , Berman BP , Bhandari D , Bolshakov S , Borkova D , Botchan MR , Bouck J , Brokstein P , Brottier P , Burtis KC , Busam DA , Butler H , Cadieu E , Center A , Chandra I , Cherry JM , Cawley S , Dahlke C , Davenport LB , Davies P , de Pablos B , Delcher A , Deng Z , Mays AD , Dew I , Dietz SM , Dodson K , Doup LE , Downes M , Dugan-Rocha S , Dunkov BC , Dunn P , Durbin KJ , Evangelista CC , Ferraz C , Ferriera S , Fleischmann W , Fosler C , Gabrielian AE , Garg NS , Gelbart WM , Glasser K , Glodek A , Gong F , Gorrell JH , Gu Z , Guan P , Harris M , Harris NL , Harvey D , Heiman TJ , Hernandez JR , Houck J , Hostin D , Houston KA , Howland TJ , Wei MH , Ibegwam C , Jalali M , Kalush F , Karpen GH , Ke Z , Kennison JA , Ketchum KA , Kimmel BE , Kodira CD , Kraft C , Kravitz S , Kulp D , Lai Z , Lasko P , Lei Y , Levitsky AA , Li J , Li Z , Liang Y , Lin X , Liu X , Mattei B , McIntosh TC , McLeod MP , McPherson D , Merkulov G , Milshina NV , Mobarry C , Morris J , Moshrefi A , Mount SM , Moy M , Murphy B , Murphy L , Muzny DM , Nelson DL , Nelson DR , Nelson KA , Nixon K , Nusskern DR , Pacleb JM , Palazzolo M , Pittman GS , Pan S , Pollard J , Puri V , Reese MG , Reinert K , Remington K , Saunders RD , Scheeler F , Shen H , Shue BC , Siden-Kiamos I , Simpson M , Skupski MP , Smith T , Spier E , Spradling AC , Stapleton M , Strong R , Sun E , Svirskas R , Tector C , Turner R , Venter E , Wang AH , Wang X , Wang ZY , Wassarman DA , Weinstock GM , Weissenbach J , Williams SM , WoodageT , Worley KC , Wu D , Yang S , Yao QA , Ye J , Yeh RF , Zaveri JS , Zhan M , Zhang G , Zhao Q , Zheng L , Zheng XH , Zhong FN , Zhong W , Zhou X , Zhu S , Zhu X , Smith HO , Gibbs RA , Myers EW , Rubin GM , Venter JC
Ref : Science , 287 :2185 , 2000
Abstract : The fly Drosophila melanogaster is one of the most intensively studied organisms in biology and serves as a model system for the investigation of many developmental and cellular processes common to higher eukaryotes, including humans. We have determined the nucleotide sequence of nearly all of the approximately 120-megabase euchromatic portion of the Drosophila genome using a whole-genome shotgun sequencing strategy supported by extensive clone-based sequence and a high-quality bacterial artificial chromosome physical map. Efforts are under way to close the remaining gaps; however, the sequence is of sufficient accuracy and contiguity to be declared substantially complete and to support an initial analysis of genome structure and preliminary gene annotation and interpretation. The genome encodes approximately 13,600 genes, somewhat fewer than the smaller Caenorhabditis elegans genome, but with comparable functional diversity.
ESTHER : Adams_2000_Science_287_2185
PubMedSearch : Adams_2000_Science_287_2185
PubMedID: 10731132
Gene_locus related to this paper: drome-1vite , drome-2vite , drome-3vite , drome-a1z6g9 , drome-abhd2 , drome-ACHE , drome-b6idz4 , drome-BEM46 , drome-CG5707 , drome-CG5704 , drome-CG1309 , drome-CG1882 , drome-CG1986 , drome-CG2059 , drome-CG2493 , drome-CG2528 , drome-CG2772 , drome-CG3160 , drome-CG3344 , drome-CG3523 , drome-CG3524 , drome-CG3734 , drome-CG3739 , drome-CG3744 , drome-CG3841 , drome-CG4267 , drome-CG4382 , drome-CG4390 , drome-CG4572 , drome-CG4582 , drome-CG4851 , drome-CG4979 , drome-CG5068 , drome-CG5162 , drome-CG5355 , drome-CG5377 , drome-CG5397 , drome-CG5412 , drome-CG5665 , drome-CG5932 , drome-CG5966 , drome-CG6018 , drome-CG6113 , drome-CG6271 , drome-CG6283 , drome-CG6295 , drome-CG6296 , drome-CG6414 , drome-CG6431 , drome-CG6472 , drome-CG6567 , drome-CG6675 , drome-CG6753 , drome-CG6847 , drome-CG7329 , drome-CG7367 , drome-CG7529 , drome-CG7632 , drome-CG8058 , drome-CG8093 , drome-CG8233 , drome-CG8424 , drome-CG8425 , drome-CG9059 , drome-CG9186 , drome-CG9287 , drome-CG9289 , drome-CG9542 , drome-CG9858 , drome-CG9953 , drome-CG9966 , drome-CG10116 , drome-CG10163 , drome-CG10175 , drome-CG10339 , drome-CG10357 , drome-CG10982 , drome-CG11034 , drome-CG11055 , drome-CG11309 , drome-CG11319 , drome-CG11406 , drome-CG11598 , drome-CG11600 , drome-CG11608 , drome-CG11626 , drome-CG11935 , drome-CG12108 , drome-CG12869 , drome-CG13282 , drome-CG13562 , drome-CG13772 , drome-CG14034 , drome-nlg3 , drome-CG14717 , drome-CG15101 , drome-CG15102 , drome-CG15106 , drome-CG15111 , drome-CG15820 , drome-CG15821 , drome-CG15879 , drome-CG17097 , drome-CG17099 , drome-CG17101 , drome-CG17191 , drome-CG17192 , drome-CG17292 , drome-CG18258 , drome-CG18284 , drome-CG18301 , drome-CG18302 , drome-CG18493 , drome-CG18530 , drome-CG18641 , drome-CG18815 , drome-CG31089 , drome-CG31091 , drome-CG32333 , drome-CG32483 , drome-CG33174 , drome-dnlg1 , drome-este4 , drome-este6 , drome-GH02384 , drome-GH02439 , drome-glita , drome-KRAKEN , drome-lip1 , drome-LIP2 , drome-lip3 , drome-MESK2 , drome-nrtac , drome-OME , drome-q7k274 , drome-Q9VJN0 , drome-Q8IP31 , drome-q9vux3