Lv H

References (13)

Title : LIPG is a novel prognostic biomarker and correlated with immune infiltrates in lung adenocarcinoma - Wang_2022_J.Clin.Lab.Anal__e24824
Author(s) : Wang S , Chen Z , Lv H , Wang C , Wei H , Yu J
Ref : J Clin Lab Anal , :e24824 , 2022
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Although many biomarkers for lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) have been identified, their specificity and sensitivity remain unsatisfactory. Endothelial lipase gene (LIPG) plays an important role in a variety of cancers, but its role in lung adenocarcinoma remains unclear. METHODS: TCGA, GEO, K-M plotter, CIBERSORT, GSEA, HPA, and GDSC were used to analyze LIPG in LUAD. Data analysis was mainly achieved by R 4.0.3. RESULTS: The expression of LIPG in LUAD tissues was higher than that in adjacent normal tissues, especially in women, patients aged >65 years, and those with lymph node metastasis. High expression predicted a poor prognosis. The results of enrichment analysis suggest that LIPG may exert profound effects on the development of LUAD through multiple stages of lipid metabolism and immune system regulation. In addition, LIPG expression was significantly correlated with the expression levels of multiple immune checkpoint genes and the abundance of multiple immune infiltrates, including the activated memory CD4 T cell, M1 macrophage, neutrophil, plasma cells, and T follicular helper (Tfh) cells in the LUAD microenvironment content. At the same time, patients with high LIPG expression respond well to a variety of antitumor drugs and have a low rate of drug resistance. CONCLUSIONS: LIPG is a prognostic marker and is associated with lipid metabolism and immune infiltration in LUAD.
ESTHER : Wang_2022_J.Clin.Lab.Anal__e24824
PubMedSearch : Wang_2022_J.Clin.Lab.Anal__e24824
PubMedID: 36572999
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-LIPG

Title : Novel small-insertion mutation in the LIPH gene in a patient with autosomal recessive woolly hair\/hypotrichosis - Lv_2020_J.Dermatol_47_1445
Author(s) : Lv H , Li M , Cheng R
Ref : J Dermatol , 47 :1445 , 2020
Abstract : Autosomal recessive woolly hair/hypotrichosis (ARWH/H) is a rare form of congenital alopecia, which can be caused by mutations in lipase H (LIPH), lysophosphatidic acid receptor 6 (LPAR6/P2RY5) or keratin 25 (KRT25) genes. We present a 32-year-old woman with typical clinical features of ARWH. Hair microscopy was performed to observe differences between the patient's hair and a normal sample. Next-generation sequencing was used to detect pathogenic mutations. Sanger sequencing was used to further confirm the mutations. Abnormal hair appearance was found by hair microscopy. A novel frame-shift mutation (NM_139248: c.686delinsGTAGAACCCAACCTGGCT: p.Asp229fs37X) and a reported mutation (NM_139248: exon6:c.T736A: p.C246S) in LIPH were identified in the patient. All reported mutations related to ARWH of various races were reviewed. Our study provides further evidence of the similarity of ARWH between the Chinese and Japanese population. A novel small-insertion mutation also expands the LIPH mutation spectrum.
ESTHER : Lv_2020_J.Dermatol_47_1445
PubMedSearch : Lv_2020_J.Dermatol_47_1445
PubMedID: 32901930

Title : Vitisin B as a novel fatty acid synthase inhibitor induces human breast cancer cells apoptosis - Wang_2019_Am.J.Transl.Res_11_5096
Author(s) : Wang X , Jiang B , Lv H , Liang Y , Ma X
Ref : Am J Transl Res , 11 :5096 , 2019
Abstract : Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers and the second leading cause of cancer mortality in women worldwide. Novel therapies and chemo-therapeutic drugs are still in urgent need to be developed for the treatment of breast cancer. One of the most important metabolic hallmarks of breast cancer cells is enhanced lipogenesis. Increasing evidences suggest that fatty acid synthase (FAS) plays an important role in the development of human breast cancer, for the expression of FAS is significantly higher in breast cancer cells than in normal cells. In addition, FAS inhibitors, such as curcumin, ursolic acid, and resveratrol, have shown anti-cancer potential. In the present study, we discovered that vitisin B, a natural stilbene isolated from the seeds of Iris lactea Pall. var. chinensis (Fisch.), was a novel FAS inhibitor. We found that vitisin B could down-regulate FAS expression and inhibit intracellular FAS activity in MDA-MB-231 cells. Also, we reported for the first time that vitisin B exhibited apoptotic effect on human breast cancer cells. Given all of this, we proposed a hypothesis that vitisin B has an application potential in the chemoprevention and treatment of breast cancer.
ESTHER : Wang_2019_Am.J.Transl.Res_11_5096
PubMedSearch : Wang_2019_Am.J.Transl.Res_11_5096
PubMedID: 31497225

Title : Neurexin-Neuroligin 1 regulates synaptic morphology and function via the WAVE regulatory complex in Drosophila neuromuscular junction - Xing_2018_Elife_7_
Author(s) : Xing G , Li M , Sun Y , Rui M , Zhuang Y , Lv H , Han J , Jia Z , Xie W
Ref : Elife , 7 : , 2018
Abstract : Neuroligins are postsynaptic adhesion molecules that are essential for postsynaptic specialization and synaptic function. But the underlying molecular mechanisms of Neuroligin functions remain unclear. We found that Drosophila Neuroligin1 (DNlg1) regulates synaptic structure and function through WAVE regulatory complex (WRC)-mediated postsynaptic actin reorganization. The disruption of DNlg1, DNlg2, or their presynaptic partner Neurexin (DNrx) led to a dramatic decrease in the amount of F-actin. Further study showed that DNlg1, but not DNlg2 or DNlg3, directly interacts with the WRC via its C-terminal interacting receptor sequence. That interaction is required to recruit WRC to the postsynaptic membrane to promote F-actin assembly. Furthermore, the interaction between DNlg1 and the WRC is essential for DNlg1 to rescue the morphological and electrophysiological defects in dnlg1 knockout mutants. Our results reveal a novel mechanism by which the DNrx-DNlg1 trans-synaptic interaction coordinates structural and functional properties at the neuromuscular junction.
ESTHER : Xing_2018_Elife_7_
PubMedSearch : Xing_2018_Elife_7_
PubMedID: 29537369

Title : Proteolytic maturation of Drosophila Neuroligin 3 by tumor necrosis factor alpha-converting enzyme in the nervous system - Wu_2018_Biochim.Biophys.Acta_1862_440
Author(s) : Wu J , Tao N , Tian Y , Xing G , Lv H , Han J , Lin C , Xie W
Ref : Biochimica & Biophysica Acta , 1862 :440 , 2018
Abstract : BACKGROUND: The functions of autism-associated Neuroligins (Nlgs) are modulated by their post-translational modifications, such as proteolytic cleavage. A previous study has shown that there are different endogenous forms of DNlg3 in Drosophila, indicating it may undergo proteolytic processing. However, the molecular mechanism underlying DNlg3 proteolytic processing is unknown. Here, we report a novel proteolytic mechanism that is essential for DNlg3 maturation and function in the nervous system. METHODS: Molecular cloning, cell culture, immunohistochemistry, western blotting and genetic studies were employed to map the DNlg3 cleavage region, identify the protease and characterize the cleavage manner. Behavior analysis, immunohistochemistry and genetic manipulations were employed to study the functions of different DNlg3 forms in the nervous system and neuromuscular junction (NMJs). RESULTS: Tumor necrosis factor alpha-converting enzyme (TACE) cleaved DNlg3 exclusively at its extracellular acetylcholinesterase-like domain to generate the N-terminal fragment and the short membrane-anchored fragment (sDNlg3). DNlg3 was constitutively processed in an activity-independent manner. Interestingly, DNlg3 was cleaved intracellularly in the Golgi apparatus before it arrived at the cell surface, a unique cleavage mechanism that is distinct from 'conventional' ectodomain shedding of membrane proteins, including rodent Nlg1. Genetic studies showed that sDNlg3 was essential for maintaining proper locomotor activity in Drosophila. CONCLUSIONS: Our results revealed a unique cleavage mechanism of DNlg3 and a neuron-specific role for DNlg3 maturation which is important in locomotor activity. GENERAL SIGNIFICANCE: Our study provides a new insight into a cleavage mechanism of Nlgs maturation in the nervous system.
ESTHER : Wu_2018_Biochim.Biophys.Acta_1862_440
PubMedSearch : Wu_2018_Biochim.Biophys.Acta_1862_440
PubMedID: 29107812

Title : Neuroligin 4 regulates synaptic growth via the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling pathway at the Drosophila neuromuscular junction - Zhang_2017_J.Biol.Chem_292_17991
Author(s) : Zhang X , Rui M , Gan G , Huang C , Yi J , Lv H , Xie W
Ref : Journal of Biological Chemistry , 292 :17991 , 2017
Abstract : The neuroligin (Nlg) family of neural cell adhesion molecules is thought to be required for synapse formation and development and has been linked to the development of autism spectrum disorders in humans. In Drosophila melanogaster, mutations in the neuroligin 1-3 genes have been reported to induce synapse developmental defects at neuromuscular junctions (NMJs), but the role of neuroligin 4 (dnlg4) in synapse development has not been determined. Here, we report that the Drosophila neuroligin 4 (DNlg4) is different from DNlg1-3 in that it presynaptically regulates NMJ synapse development. Loss of dnlg4 results in reduced growth of NMJs with fewer synaptic boutons. The morphological defects caused by dnlg4 mutant are associated with a corresponding decrease in synaptic transmission efficacy. All of these defects could only be rescued when DNlg4 was expressed in the presynapse of NMJs. To understand the basis of DNlg4 function, we looked for genetic interactions and found connections with the components of the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling pathway. Immunostaining and Western blot analyses demonstrated that the regulation of NMJ growth by DNlg4 was due to the positive modulation of BMP signaling by DNlg4. Specifically, BMP type I receptor thickvein (Tkv) abundance was reduced in dnlg4 mutants, and immunoprecipitation assays showed that DNlg4 and Tkv physically interacted in vivo Our study demonstrates that DNlg4 presynaptically regulates neuromuscular synaptic growth via the BMP signaling pathway by modulating Tkv.
ESTHER : Zhang_2017_J.Biol.Chem_292_17991
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2017_J.Biol.Chem_292_17991
PubMedID: 28912273

Title : Proteolytic cleavage is required for functional neuroligin 2 maturation and trafficking in Drosophila - Tu_2017_J.Mol.Cell.Biol_9_231
Author(s) : Tu R , Qian J , Rui M , Tao N , Sun M , Zhuang Y , Lv H , Han J , Li M , Xie W
Ref : J Molecular & Cellular Biology , 9 :231 , 2017
Abstract : Neuroligins (Nlgs) are transmembrane cell adhesion molecules playing essential roles in synapse development and function. Genetic mutations in neuroligin genes have been linked with some neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism. These mutated Nlgs are mostly retained in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). However, the mechanisms underlying normal Nlg maturation and trafficking have remained largely unknown. Here, we found that Drosophila neuroligin 2 (DNlg2) undergoes proteolytic cleavage in the ER in a variety of Drosophila tissues throughout developmental stages. A region encompassing Y642-T698 is required for this process. The immature non-cleavable DNlg2 is retained in the ER and non-functional. The C-terminal fragment of DNlg2 instead of the full-length or non-cleavable DNlg2 is able to rescue neuromuscular junction defects and GluRIIB reduction induced by dnlg2 deletion. Intriguingly, the autism-associated R598C mutation in DNlg2 leads to similar marked defects in DNlg2 proteolytic process and ER export, revealing a potential role of the improper Nlg cleavage in autism pathogenesis. Collectively, our findings uncover a specific mechanism that controls DNlg2 maturation and trafficking via proteolytic cleavage in the ER, suggesting that the perturbed proteolytic cleavage of Nlgs likely contributes to autism disorder.
ESTHER : Tu_2017_J.Mol.Cell.Biol_9_231
PubMedSearch : Tu_2017_J.Mol.Cell.Biol_9_231
PubMedID: 28498949

Title : The structure of a complex of the lactonohydrolase zearalenone hydrolase with the hydrolysis product of zearalenone at 1.60 A resolution - Qi_2017_Acta.Crystallogr.F.Struct.Biol.Commun_73_376
Author(s) : Qi Q , Yang WJ , Zhou HJ , Ming DM , Sun KL , Xu TY , Hu XJ , Lv H
Ref : Acta Crystallographica F Struct Biol Commun , 73 :376 , 2017
Abstract : Zearalenone hydrolase (ZHD) is an alpha/beta-hydrolase that detoxifies and degrades the lactone zearalenone (ZEN), a naturally occurring oestrogenic mycotoxin that contaminates crops. Several apoenzyme and enzyme-substrate complex structures have been reported in the resolution range 2.4-2.6 A. However, the properties and mechanism of this enzyme are not yet fully understood. Here, a 1.60 A resolution structure of a ZHD-product complex is reported which was determined from a C-terminally His6-tagged ZHD crystal soaked with 2 mM ZEN for 30 min. It shows that after the lactone-bond cleavage, the phenol-ring region moves closer to residues Leu132, Tyr187 and Pro188, while the lactone-ring region barely moves. Comparisons of the ZHD-substrate and ZHD-product structures show that the hydrophilic interactions change, especially Trp183 N1, which shifts from contacting O2 to O12', suggesting that Trp183 is responsible for the unidirectional translational movement of the phenol ring. This structure provides information on the final stage of the catalytic mechanism of zearalenone hydrolysis.
ESTHER : Qi_2017_Acta.Crystallogr.F.Struct.Biol.Commun_73_376
PubMedSearch : Qi_2017_Acta.Crystallogr.F.Struct.Biol.Commun_73_376
PubMedID: 28695844
Gene_locus related to this paper: biooc-ZHD101

Title : Inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase alleviated atherosclerosis by reducing monocyte infiltration in Ldlr(-\/-) mice - Li_2016_J.Mol.Cell.Cardiol_98_128
Author(s) : Li D , Liu Y , Zhang X , Lv H , Pang W , Sun X , Gan LM , Hammock BD , Ai D , Zhu Y
Ref : Journal of Molecular & Cellular Cardiology , 98 :128 , 2016
Abstract : RATIONALE: Circulating monocytes play pivotal roles in chronic inflammatory diseases. Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), metabolites of arachidonic acid, are known to have anti-inflammatory effects and are hydrolyzed by soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH). OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the effect of sEH inhibition in atherogenesis. METHODS AND
RESULTS: Mice with low-density lipoprotein receptor deficiency (Ldlr(-/-)) with or without sEH inhibitor, and Ldlr/sEH double-knockout (DK) mice were fed a Western-type diet (WTD) for 6weeks to induce arteriosclerosis. Both sEH inhibition and gene depletion decreased the WTD-induced hyperlipidemia, plaque area and macrophage infiltration in mice arterial wall. Ly6C(hi) infiltration of monocytes remained similar in blood, spleen and bone marrow of DK mice, but was decreased in aortic lesions. To further assess the role of sEH or EETs in monocyte/macrophage infiltration in atherogenesis, we transplanted DK bone marrow into Ldlr(-/-) recipients, and then fed mice the WTD. Aortic lesions and Ly6C(hi) monocyte infiltration were reduced in mice with transplanted bone marrow of DK mice without diminishing the cholesterol level. Furthermore, sEH inhibition or gene depletion increased the ratio of EETs/DHETs and diminished the expression of P-selectin glycoprotein ligand 1 (PSGL-1) in mice peripheral-blood mononuclear cells. Monocyte adhesion to P-selectin and to tumor necrosis factor alpha-activated endothelial cells was also diminished by sEH inhibition. CONCLUSION: sEH inhibition and gene depletion attenuated atherosclerosis in mice by decreasing the infiltration of monocytes into the artery wall. EET and PSGL-1 may play pivotal roles in monocyte/macrophage infiltration and atherogenesis.
ESTHER : Li_2016_J.Mol.Cell.Cardiol_98_128
PubMedSearch : Li_2016_J.Mol.Cell.Cardiol_98_128
PubMedID: 27496380

Title : Drosophila neuroligin3 regulates neuromuscular junction development and synaptic differentiation - Xing_2014_J.Biol.Chem_289_31867
Author(s) : Xing G , Gan G , Chen D , Sun M , Yi J , Lv H , Han J , Xie W
Ref : Journal of Biological Chemistry , 289 :31867 , 2014
Abstract : Neuroligins (Nlgs) are a family of cell adhesion molecules thought to be important for synapse maturation and function. Mammalian studies have shown that different Nlgs have different roles in synaptic maturation and function. In Drosophila melanogaster, the roles of Drosophila neuroligin1 (DNlg1), neuroligin2, and neuroligin4 have been examined. However, the roles of neuroligin3 (dnlg3) in synaptic development and function have not been determined. In this study, we used the Drosophila neuromuscular junctions (NMJs) as a model system to investigate the in vivo role of dnlg3. We showed that DNlg3 was expressed in both the CNS and NMJs where it was largely restricted to the postsynaptic site. We generated dnlg3 mutants and showed that these mutants exhibited an increased bouton number and reduced bouton size compared with the wild-type (WT) controls. Consistent with alterations in bouton properties, pre- and postsynaptic differentiations were affected in dnlg3 mutants. This included abnormal synaptic vesicle endocytosis, increased postsynaptic density length, and reduced GluRIIA recruitment. In addition to impaired synaptic development and differentiation, we found that synaptic transmission was reduced in dnlg3 mutants. Altogether, our data showed that DNlg3 was required for NMJ development, synaptic differentiation, and function.
ESTHER : Xing_2014_J.Biol.Chem_289_31867
PubMedSearch : Xing_2014_J.Biol.Chem_289_31867
PubMedID: 25228693
Gene_locus related to this paper: drome-nlg3

Title : Determination of Meserine, a new candidate for Alzheimer's disease in mice brain by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry and its application to a pharmacokinetic and tissue distribution study - Zheng_2014_Anal.Bioanal.Chem_406_3451
Author(s) : Zheng Z , Tang Y , Lv H , Xu J , Zhao H , Xie Q , Qiu Z , Chen H , Wang H
Ref : Anal Bioanal Chem , 406 :3451 , 2014
Abstract : A rapid and sensitive liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for determination of Meserine ((-)-meptazinol phenylcarbamate), a novel potent inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), was developed, validated, and applied to a pharmacokinetic study in mice brain. The lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) was 1 ng mL(-1) and the linear range was 1-1,000 ng mL(-1). The analyte was eluted on a Zorbax SB-Aq column (2.1 x 100 mm, 3.5 mum) with the mobile phase composed of methanol and water (70:30, v/v, aqueous phase contained 10 mM ammonium formate and 0.3% formic acid) using isocratic elution, and monitored by positive electrospray ionization in multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. The flow rate was 0.25 mL min(-1). The injection volume was 5 muL and total run time was 4 min. The relative standard deviation (RSD) of intraday and interday variation was 2.49-7.81 and 3.01-7.67%, respectively. All analytes were stable after 4 h at room temperature and 6 h in autosampler. The extraction recoveries of Meserine in brain homogenate were over 90%. The main brain pharmacokinetic parameters obtained after intranasal administration were T max = 0.05 h, C max = 462.0 +/- 39.7 ng g(-1), T 1/2 = 0.4 h, and AUC(0-infinity) = 283.1 +/- 9.1 ng h g(-1). Moreover, Meserine was distributed rapidly and widely into brain, heart, liver, spleen, lung, and kidney tissue. The method is validated and could be applied to the pharmacokinetic and tissue distribution study of Meserine in mice.
ESTHER : Zheng_2014_Anal.Bioanal.Chem_406_3451
PubMedSearch : Zheng_2014_Anal.Bioanal.Chem_406_3451
PubMedID: 24756818

Title : Comparative evaluation of the protective potentials of human paraoxonase 1 and 3 against CCl4-induced liver injury - Peng_2010_Toxicol.Lett_193_159
Author(s) : Peng W , Zhang C , Lv H , Zhu J , Zang Y , Pang X , Zhang J , Qin J
Ref : Toxicol Lett , 193 :159 , 2010
Abstract : We previously reported that electroporation mediated hPON1 or hPON3 gene delivery could protect against CCl(4)-induced liver injury. However, substantial evidence supported that the in vivo physiological functions of hPON1 and hPON3 were distinct. To compare the protective efficacies of hPON1 and hPON3 against liver injury, recombinant adenovirus AdPON1 and AdPON3, which were capable of expressing hPON1 and hPON3 respectively, were intravenously injected into mice before they were given CCl(4). Adenovirus mediated expression of hPON1 and hPON3 were demonstrated by elevated serum esterase activity, hepatic lactonase activity, and hPON1/hPON3 mRNA expression in liver. Serum transaminase assay, histological observation and TUNEL analysis revealed that the extent of liver injury and hepatocyte apoptosis in AdPON1 or AdPON3 treated mice was significantly ameliorated in comparison with control. Meanwhile, overexpression of hPON1 and hPON3 reduced the hepatic oxidative stress and strengthen the total antioxidant capabilities in liver through affecting the hepatic malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH) and total antioxidant capability (T-AOC) levels, regardless of the exposure to CCl(4) or corn oil. Administration of AdPON1 or AdPON3 also suppressed inflammatory response by decreasing TNF-alpha and IL-1beta levels in CCl(4) mice. In this study, hPON1 exhibited a slightly higher efficacy than hPON3 in alleviating liver injury, but the difference between them were not significant.
ESTHER : Peng_2010_Toxicol.Lett_193_159
PubMedSearch : Peng_2010_Toxicol.Lett_193_159
PubMedID: 20079818

Title : The Genomes of Oryza sativa: a history of duplications - Yu_2005_PLoS.Biol_3_e38
Author(s) : Yu J , Wang J , Lin W , Li S , Li H , Zhou J , Ni P , Dong W , Hu S , Zeng C , Zhang J , Zhang Y , Li R , Xu Z , Li X , Zheng H , Cong L , Lin L , Yin J , Geng J , Li G , Shi J , Liu J , Lv H , Li J , Deng Y , Ran L , Shi X , Wang X , Wu Q , Li C , Ren X , Li D , Liu D , Zhang X , Ji Z , Zhao W , Sun Y , Zhang Z , Bao J , Han Y , Dong L , Ji J , Chen P , Wu S , Xiao Y , Bu D , Tan J , Yang L , Ye C , Xu J , Zhou Y , Yu Y , Zhang B , Zhuang S , Wei H , Liu B , Lei M , Yu H , Li Y , Xu H , Wei S , He X , Fang L , Huang X , Su Z , Tong W , Tong Z , Ye J , Wang L , Lei T , Chen C , Chen H , Huang H , Zhang F , Li N , Zhao C , Huang Y , Li L , Xi Y , Qi Q , Li W , Hu W , Tian X , Jiao Y , Liang X , Jin J , Gao L , Zheng W , Hao B , Liu S , Wang W , Yuan L , Cao M , McDermott J , Samudrala R , Wong GK , Yang H
Ref : PLoS Biol , 3 :e38 , 2005
Abstract : We report improved whole-genome shotgun sequences for the genomes of indica and japonica rice, both with multimegabase contiguity, or almost 1,000-fold improvement over the drafts of 2002. Tested against a nonredundant collection of 19,079 full-length cDNAs, 97.7% of the genes are aligned, without fragmentation, to the mapped super-scaffolds of one or the other genome. We introduce a gene identification procedure for plants that does not rely on similarity to known genes to remove erroneous predictions resulting from transposable elements. Using the available EST data to adjust for residual errors in the predictions, the estimated gene count is at least 38,000-40,000. Only 2%-3% of the genes are unique to any one subspecies, comparable to the amount of sequence that might still be missing. Despite this lack of variation in gene content, there is enormous variation in the intergenic regions. At least a quarter of the two sequences could not be aligned, and where they could be aligned, single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rates varied from as little as 3.0 SNP/kb in the coding regions to 27.6 SNP/kb in the transposable elements. A more inclusive new approach for analyzing duplication history is introduced here. It reveals an ancient whole-genome duplication, a recent segmental duplication on Chromosomes 11 and 12, and massive ongoing individual gene duplications. We find 18 distinct pairs of duplicated segments that cover 65.7% of the genome; 17 of these pairs date back to a common time before the divergence of the grasses. More important, ongoing individual gene duplications provide a never-ending source of raw material for gene genesis and are major contributors to the differences between members of the grass family.
ESTHER : Yu_2005_PLoS.Biol_3_e38
PubMedSearch : Yu_2005_PLoS.Biol_3_e38
PubMedID: 15685292
Gene_locus related to this paper: orysa-Q7XTC5 , orysa-Q852M6 , orysa-Q8GSE8 , orysa-Q9S7P1 , orysa-Q9FYP7 , orysa-Q5ZBH3 , orysa-Q5ZA26 , orysa-Q5JLP6 , orysa-Q8H5P9 , orysa-Q8H5P5 , orysa-Q7F1Y5 , orysa-Q949C9 , orysa-cbp1 , orysa-cbp3 , orysa-cbpx , orysa-Q33B71 , orysa-Q8GSJ3 , orysa-LPL1 , orysa-Q6YSZ8 , orysa-Q8S5X5 , orysa-Q8LIG3 , orysa-Q6K7F5 , orysa-Q7F1B1 , orysa-Q8H4S9 , orysa-Q69UB1 , orysa-Q9FW17 , orysa-Q337C3 , orysa-Q7F959 , orysa-Q84QZ6 , orysa-Q84QY7 , orysa-Q851E3 , orysa-Q6YTH5 , orysa-Q0JK71 , orysa-Q8S1D9 , orysa-Q5N8V4 , orysa-Q0JCY4 , orysa-Q8GTK2 , orysa-B9EWJ8 , orysa-Q8H3K6 , orysa-Q6ZDG8 , orysa-Q6ZDG6 , orysa-Q6ZDG5 , orysa-Q6ZDG4 , orysa-Q5NAI4 , orysa-Q658B2 , orysa-Q5JMQ8 , orysa-Q5QMD9 , orysa-Q5N7L1 , orysa-Q8RYV9 , orysa-Q8H3R3 , orysa-Q5SNH3 , orysa-Q8W0F0 , orysa-pir7a , orysa-pir7b , orysa-q2qlm4 , orysa-q2qm78 , orysa-q2qm82 , orysa-q2qn31 , orysa-q2qnj4 , orysa-q2qnt9 , orysa-q2qur1 , orysa-q2qx94 , orysa-q2qyi1 , orysa-q2qyj1 , orysa-q2r051 , orysa-q2r077 , orysa-q2ram0 , orysa-q2rat1 , orysa-q2rbb3 , orysa-Q4VWY7 , orysa-q5na00 , orysa-q5nbu1 , orysa-Q5QLC0 , orysa-q5smv5 , orysa-Q5VP27 , orysa-q5vrt2 , orysa-q5w6c5 , orysa-q5z5a3 , orysa-q5z9i2 , orysa-q5z417 , orysa-q5z901 , orysa-Q5ZAM8 , orysa-Q5ZBI5 , orysa-Q5ZCR3 , orysa-q6atz0 , orysa-q6ave2 , orysa-q6f358 , orysa-q6h6s1 , orysa-q6h7i6 , orysa-q6i5q3 , orysa-q6i5u7 , orysa-q6j657 , orysa-q6k3d9 , orysa-q6k4q2 , orysa-q6k880 , orysa-q6l5b6 , orysa-Q6L5F5 , orysa-q6l556 , orysj-q6yse8 , orysa-q6yy42 , orysa-q6yzk1 , orysa-q6z8b1 , orysa-q6z995 , orysa-q6zc62 , orysa-q6zia4 , orysa-q6zjq6 , orysa-q7x7y5 , orysa-Q7XC50 , orysa-q7xej4 , orysa-q7xem8 , orysa-q7xkj9 , orysa-q7xr62 , orysa-q7xr63 , orysa-q7xr64 , orysa-q7xsg1 , orysa-q7xsq2 , orysa-q7xts6 , orysa-q7xv53 , orysa-Q7XVB5 , orysa-Q8L562 , orysa-Q8LQS5 , orysa-Q8RZ40 , orysa-Q8RZ79 , orysa-Q8S0U8 , orysa-Q8S0V0 , orysa-Q8S125 , orysa-Q8SAY7 , orysa-Q8SAY9 , orysa-Q8W3C6 , orysa-Q8W3F2 , orysa-Q8W3F4 , orysa-Q8W3F6 , orysa-Q9LHX5 , orysa-q33aq0 , orysa-q53lh1 , orysa-q53m20 , orysa-q53nd8 , orysa-q60e79 , orysa-q60ew8 , orysa-q67iz2 , orysa-q67iz3 , orysa-q67iz7 , orysa-q67iz8 , orysa-q67j02 , orysa-q67j05 , orysa-q67j07 , orysa-q67j09 , orysa-q67j10 , orysa-q67tr6 , orysa-q67tv0 , orysa-q67uz1 , orysa-q67v34 , orysa-q67wz5 , orysa-q69j38 , orysa-q69k08 , orysa-q69md7 , orysa-q69me0 , orysa-q69pf3 , orysa-q69ti3 , orysa-q69xr2 , orysa-q69y12 , orysa-q69y21 , orysa-q75hy2 , orysa-q75i01 , orysa-Q94JD7 , orysa-Q0J0A4 , orysa-q651a8 , orysa-q651z3 , orysa-q652g4 , orysa-q688m0 , orysa-q688m8 , orysa-q688m9 , orysa-Q6H8G1 , orysi-a2wn01 , orysi-a2xc83 , orysi-a2yh83 , orysi-a2z179 , orysi-a2zef2 , orysi-b8a7e6 , orysi-b8a7e7 , orysi-b8bfe5 , orysi-b8bhp9 , orysj-a3b9l8 , orysj-b9eub8 , orysj-b9eya5 , orysj-b9fi05 , orysj-b9fkb0 , orysj-b9fn42 , orysj-b9gbb7 , orysj-cgep , orysj-PLA7 , orysj-q0d4u5 , orysj-q0djj0 , orysj-q0jaf0 , orysj-q5jl22 , orysj-q5jlw7 , orysj-q5z419 , orysj-q6h7q9 , orysj-q6yvk6 , orysj-q6z6i1 , orysj-q7f8x1 , orysj-q7xcx3 , orysj-q9fwm6 , orysj-q10j20 , orysj-q10ss2 , orysj-q69uw6 , orysj-q94d71 , orysj-q338c0 , orysi-b8bly4 , orysj-b9gbs4 , orysi-a2zb88 , orysj-b9gbs1 , orysi-b8b698 , orysj-pla4 , orysj-pla1