Cheng F

References (11)

Title : Design, Synthesis, and Biological Evaluation of Novel Chromanone Derivatives as Multifunctional Agents for the Treatment of Alzheimer's Disease - Li_2022_ACS.Chem.Neurosci__
Author(s) : Li X , Li T , Zhan F , Cheng F , Lu L , Zhang B , Li J , Hu Z , Zhou S , Jia Y , Allen S , White L , Phillips J , Zhu Z , Xu J , Yao H
Ref : ACS Chem Neurosci , : , 2022
Abstract : Based on a multitarget strategy, a series of novel chromanone-1-benzyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridin hybrids were identified for the potential treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Biological evaluation demonstrated that these hybrids exhibited significant inhibitory activities toward acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B). The optimal compound C10 possessed excellent dual AChE/MAO-B inhibition both in terms of potency and equilibrium (AChE: IC(50) = 0.58 0.05 M; MAO-B: IC(50) = 0.41 0.04 M). Further molecular modeling and kinetic investigations revealed that compound C10 was a dual-binding inhibitor bound to both the catalytic anionic site and peripheral anionic site of AChE. In addition, compound C10 exhibited low neurotoxicity and potently inhibited AChE enzymatic activity. Furthermore, compound C10 more effectively protected against mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidation than donepezil, strongly inhibited AChE-induced amyloid aggregation, and moderately reduced glutaraldehyde-induced phosphorylation of tau protein in SH-SY5Y cells. Moreover, compound C10 displayed largely enhanced improvements in cognitive behaviors and spatial memory in a scopolamine-induced AD mice model with better efficacy than donepezil. Overall, the multifunctional profiles of compound C10 suggest that it deserves further investigation as a promising lead for the prospective treatment of AD.
ESTHER : Li_2022_ACS.Chem.Neurosci__
PubMedSearch : Li_2022_ACS.Chem.Neurosci__
PubMedID: 36383455

Title : Dysphagia Risk in Patients Prescribed Rivastigmine: A Systematic Analysis of FDA Adverse Event Reporting System - Bu_2022_J.Alzheimers.Dis__
Author(s) : Bu K , Patel D , Morris R , Han W , Umeukeje G , Zhu T , Cheng F
Ref : J Alzheimers Dis , : , 2022
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Dysphagia has been reported as an adverse event for patients receiving rivastigmine for Alzheimer's disease (AD) treatment. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the association between dysphagia and the usage of rivastigmine by using the pharmacovigilance data from the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS). METHODS: The risk of dysphagia in patients who took rivastigmine was compared with those of patients who took other medications. In addition, this study sought to determine if the dysphagia risk was influenced by sex, age, dosage, and medication routes of administration. RESULTS: When compared to patients prescribed donepezil, galantamine, or memantine, individuals prescribed rivastigmine were almost twice as likely to report dysphagia as an adverse event. The dysphagia risk in individuals prescribed rivastigmine is comparable to individuals prescribed penicillamine but significantly higher than clozapine, drugs of which have been previously shown to be associated with elevated dysphagia likelihood. Individuals older than 80 were 122% more likely to report having dysphagia after being prescribed rivastigmine than patients that were 50-70 years of age. Oral administration of rivastigmine was associated with approximately 2 times greater likelihood of reporting dysphagia relative to users of the transdermal patch. In addition, dysphagia showed higher association with pneumonia than other commonly reported adverse events. CONCLUSION: Patients prescribed rivastigmine were at greater risk of reporting dysphagia as an adverse event than patients prescribed many other medicines. This increase in dysphagia occurrence may be attributed to the dual inhibition of both acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase.
ESTHER : Bu_2022_J.Alzheimers.Dis__
PubMedSearch : Bu_2022_J.Alzheimers.Dis__
PubMedID: 35964196

Title : The Association Between Use of Rivastigmine and Pneumonia: Systematic Analysis of FDA Adverse Event Reporting System - Morris_2021_J.Alzheimers.Dis__
Author(s) : Morris R , Umeukeje G , Bu K , Cheng F
Ref : J Alzheimers Dis , : , 2021
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition induced by infection of the lungs and is frequently a cause of morbidity and mortality among patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Some studies have shown a correlation between acetylcholinesterase inhibitor use and elevated pneumonia risk. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to perform a comparative analysis of the number of reported pneumonia cases in individuals prescribed rivastigmine relative to the association between pneumonia risk for other therapeutics including over-the-counter drugs and other AD therapeutics, as reported to the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) database. METHODS: A disproportionality analysis was conducted to investigate the association between using rivastigmine and risk of pneumonia. Age, gender, dosage, route of administration, temporality, and geographic distribution of reported cases were also assessed. RESULTS: Patients prescribed rivastigmine were more likely to report pneumonia as an adverse event than many drugs except galantamine. Males were found to be 46%more likely than females to report pneumonia as an adverse event while likelihood of pneumonia diagnosis increases 3-5-fold in patients older than 65 years of age. CONCLUSION: The observed elevated frequency of aspiration pneumonia in patients prescribed rivastigmine may be due to an induced cholinergic crisis that is selective for the medulla oblongata, resulting in gastrointestinal distress, impaired swallowing, heightened salivation, and labored breathing. The observed elevated frequency of infectious pneumonia in patients prescribed rivastigmine may also be linked to overstimulation of neurons in the medulla oblongata and downstream suppression of localized inflammatory responses.
ESTHER : Morris_2021_J.Alzheimers.Dis__
PubMedSearch : Morris_2021_J.Alzheimers.Dis__
PubMedID: 34397417

Title : Bradycardia Due to Donepezil in Adults: Systematic Analysis of FDA Adverse Event Reporting System - Morris_2021_J.Alzheimers.Dis__2
Author(s) : Morris R , Luboff H , Jose RP , Eckhoff K , Bu K , Pham M , Rohlsen-Neal D , Cheng F
Ref : J Alzheimers Dis , : , 2021
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Bradycardia is a physiological condition characterized by a decrease in heart rate and is a side effect of many drug classes. Bradycardia has been reported as an adverse event for patients receiving donepezil for Alzheimer's disease (AD) treatment. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the paper is to systematically investigate the association between the occurrence of bradycardia in adults and the usage of donepezil using clinical data derived from the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) database. METHODS: The risk of bradycardia in patients who only took donepezil was compared with those of patients who only took over-the-counter medications, multiple arrhythmia drugs, or other medications for AD treatment. In addition, this study sought to determine if this heightened bradycardia risk was influenced by sex, age, and dosage. RESULTS: The results indicated that there was a significant greater likelihood of reporting bradycardia in patients administered donepezil than most of the drugs investigated. There was no significant association between age or the dosage of donepezil and the likelihood of reporting bradycardia. However, males were found to be more likely than females to report bradycardia as an adverse event. Tumor necrosis factor inhibition and stimulation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase were proposed to be the primary mechanism of actions which confer elevated bradycardia risk when using donepezil. CONCLUSION: These findings identified strong association between the usage of donepezil and bradycardia in adults as well as provide insight into the underlying molecular mechanisms that induce bradycardia by donepezil.
ESTHER : Morris_2021_J.Alzheimers.Dis__2
PubMedSearch : Morris_2021_J.Alzheimers.Dis__2
PubMedID: 33780370

Title : The genome evolution and low-phosphorus adaptation in white lupin - Xu_2020_Nat.Commun_11_1069
Author(s) : Xu W , Zhang Q , Yuan W , Xu F , Muhammad Aslam M , Miao R , Li Y , Wang Q , Li X , Zhang X , Zhang K , Xia T , Cheng F
Ref : Nat Commun , 11 :1069 , 2020
Abstract : White lupin (Lupinus albus) is a legume crop that develops cluster roots and has high phosphorus (P)-use efficiency (PUE) in low-P soils. Here, we assemble the genome of white lupin and find that it has evolved from a whole-genome triplication (WGT) event. We then decipher its diploid ancestral genome and reconstruct the three sub-genomes. Based on the results, we further reveal the sub-genome dominance and the genic expression of the different sub-genomes varying in relation to their transposable element (TE) density. The PUE genes in white lupin have been expanded through WGT as well as tandem and dispersed duplications. Furthermore, we characterize four main pathways for high PUE, which include carbon fixation, cluster root formation, soil-P remobilization, and cellular-P reuse. Among these, auxin modulation may be important for cluster root formation through involvement of potential genes LaABCG36s and LaABCG37s. These findings provide insights into the genome evolution and low-P adaptation of white lupin.
ESTHER : Xu_2020_Nat.Commun_11_1069
PubMedSearch : Xu_2020_Nat.Commun_11_1069
PubMedID: 32103018
Gene_locus related to this paper: lupal-a0a6a5lz53 , lupal-a0a6a5mjk3

Title : A Novel esterase from Pseudochrobactrum asaccharolyticum WZZ003: Enzymatic properties toward model substrate and catalytic performance in chiral fungicide intermediate synthesis - Cheng_2018_Process.Biochem_69_92
Author(s) : Cheng F , Zheng J , Wu G , Zhang Y , Wang Z
Ref : Process Biochemistry , 69 :92 , 2018
Abstract : Only a few esterases have been used for the synthesis of optically pure fungicide. For example, (R)-metalaxyl synthesized using esterase-involved bioreaction displays fungicide activity, whereas (S)-enantiomer is redundant. However, the biosynthesis of (R)-metalaxyl is currently hampered by the lower activity, selectivity and thermostability of esterase. Therefore, to obtain a better biocatalyst, several esterase genes were cloned from Pseudochrobactrum asaccharolyticum WZZ003. The esterase PAE07, among eight enzymes, was selected because it exhibited the highest hydrolysis activity toward (R,S)-DMPM. The DNA and amino acid sequence analysis suggested that PAE07 is a new member of lipolytic enzyme family V. The enzymatic properties of PAE07 toward (R,S)-DMPM and model substrate (p-nitrophenyl acetate) were investigated. PAE07 was found to be a highly active esterase with excellent enantioselectivity. The reaction conditions including temperatureand pH were optimized, and the effects of metal ions, organic solvents and detergents were also investigated. Results indicated that PAE07 is a competitive candidate for (R)-metalaxyl manufacturing.
ESTHER : Cheng_2018_Process.Biochem_69_92
PubMedSearch : Cheng_2018_Process.Biochem_69_92
PubMedID:
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9hyph-a0a2r3sty9

Title : Temporal specification and bilaterality of human neocortical topographic gene expression - Pletikos_2014_Neuron_81_321
Author(s) : Pletikos M , Sousa AM , Sedmak G , Meyer KA , Zhu Y , Cheng F , Li M , Kawasawa YI , Sestan N
Ref : Neuron , 81 :321 , 2014
Abstract : Transcriptional events involved in the development of human cerebral neocortex are poorly understood. Here, we analyzed the temporal dynamics and laterality of gene expression in human and macaque monkey neocortex. We found that interareal differences exhibit a temporal hourglass pattern, dividing the human neocortical development into three major phases. The first phase, corresponding to prenatal development, is characterized by the highest number of differential expressed genes among areas and gradient-like expression patterns, including those that are different between human and macaque. The second, preadolescent phase, is characterized by lesser interareal expression differences and by an increased synchronization of areal transcriptomes. During the third phase, from adolescence onward, differential expression among areas increases again driven predominantly by a subset of areas, without obvious gradient-like patterns. Analyses of left-right gene expression revealed population-level global symmetry throughout the fetal and postnatal time span. Thus, human neocortical topographic gene expression is temporally specified and globally symmetric.
ESTHER : Pletikos_2014_Neuron_81_321
PubMedSearch : Pletikos_2014_Neuron_81_321
PubMedID: 24373884

Title : The assessment of environmental pollution along the coast of Beibu Gulf, northern South China Sea: an integrated biomarker approach in the clam Meretrix meretrix - Meng_2013_Mar.Environ.Res_85_64
Author(s) : Meng F , Wang Z , Cheng F , Du X , Fu W , Wang Q , Yi X , Li Y , Zhou Y
Ref : Mar Environ Research , 85 :64 , 2013
Abstract : The clam Meretrix meretrix was used as a biomonitor to implement an environmental monitoring program along the coast of Beibu Gulf in October 2011. This program not only analyzed biomarkers including acetylcholinesterase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione S-transferase, catalase and superoxide dismutase activities, total glutathione content and lipid peroxidation level in M. meretrix but also adopted a multi-biomarker approach - integrated biomarker response (IBR) to assess the environmental quality in this ecosystem. In addition, the metal (Hg, As, Cu, Pb, Zn, Cd and Cr) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) content in the surface sediment at the study area were also measured. The results showed that IBR index was able to distinguish a space trend between sampling sites with different degrees of anthropogenic environmental stress. Integrated contamination degree were displayed in the form of star plots and compared to IBR plots. There was a visual consistency between the pollution level and IBR variation. Based on the results, it was proved that the IBR method coupled with chemical analysis was quite useful for the assessment of environmental pollution in the coastal system.
ESTHER : Meng_2013_Mar.Environ.Res_85_64
PubMedSearch : Meng_2013_Mar.Environ.Res_85_64
PubMedID: 23422511

Title : [Clinical application of the transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent-shunt in the emergency treatment of esophagogastric varices bleeding due to cirrhosis] - You_2011_Zhonghua.Gan.Zang.Bing.Za.Zhi_19_490
Author(s) : You LY , Li YC , Yan D , Xu Y , Yang J , Yang LH , Cheng F , Yang JH
Ref : Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi , 19 :490 , 2011
Abstract : OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent-shunt (TIPS) in emergency treatment of esophagogastric varices bleeding for the cirrhosis patients. METHODS: 39 cases with esophageal and gastric varices bleeding due to liver cirrhosis received TIPS and were followed-up for 1 to 12 months, the short-term effects including 24 hours haemostasis rates post TIPS, pressure gradient between portal vein and systemic circulation, average pressure of portal vein were observed. The levels of albumin, cholinesterase, total bilirubin and prothrombin time post TIPS were also evaluated were observed and evaluated. RESULTS: 37 cases received TIPS successfully among the 39 patients, with a total effective rate of 94.87% (37/39) and the rate of hemostasis in 24 hours was 100%. PSG dropped from (30.44+/-7.68) cm H2O to (18.78+/-4.71) cm H2O, mean portal pressure declined from (38.22+/-7.40) cm H2O to (27.00+/-5.38) cm H2O (P is less than 0.01). No significant differences existed at the level of albumin(A) and cholinesterase (CHE) before and after operation (P is more than 0.05). The relapse rate of frame stenosis was 5.71% (2/35). The incidence rate of hepatic encephalopathy was 13.51% (5/37). The relapse rate of rehaemorrhagia was 2.86% (1/35). The incidence rate of hepatic failure was 2.70% (1/37). The death rate was 5.71% (2/35). CONCLUSION: The effect of TIPS in treating portal hypertension caused by liver cirrhosis is prominent and safe, and is worthy of clinical application.
ESTHER : You_2011_Zhonghua.Gan.Zang.Bing.Za.Zhi_19_490
PubMedSearch : You_2011_Zhonghua.Gan.Zang.Bing.Za.Zhi_19_490
PubMedID: 22152237

Title : The genome of the mesopolyploid crop species Brassica rapa - Wang_2011_Nat.Genet_43_1035
Author(s) : Wang X , Wang H , Wang J , Sun R , Wu J , Liu S , Bai Y , Mun JH , Bancroft I , Cheng F , Huang S , Li X , Hua W , Freeling M , Pires JC , Paterson AH , Chalhoub B , Wang B , Hayward A , Sharpe AG , Park BS , Weisshaar B , Liu B , Li B , Tong C , Song C , Duran C , Peng C , Geng C , Koh C , Lin C , Edwards D , Mu D , Shen D , Soumpourou E , Li F , Fraser F , Conant G , Lassalle G , King GJ , Bonnema G , Tang H , Belcram H , Zhou H , Hirakawa H , Abe H , Guo H , Jin H , Parkin IA , Batley J , Kim JS , Just J , Li J , Xu J , Deng J , Kim JA , Yu J , Meng J , Min J , Poulain J , Hatakeyama K , Wu K , Wang L , Fang L , Trick M , Links MG , Zhao M , Jin M , Ramchiary N , Drou N , Berkman PJ , Cai Q , Huang Q , Li R , Tabata S , Cheng S , Zhang S , Sato S , Sun S , Kwon SJ , Choi SR , Lee TH , Fan W , Zhao X , Tan X , Xu X , Wang Y , Qiu Y , Yin Y , Li Y , Du Y , Liao Y , Lim Y , Narusaka Y , Wang Z , Li Z , Xiong Z , Zhang Z
Ref : Nat Genet , 43 :1035 , 2011
Abstract : We report the annotation and analysis of the draft genome sequence of Brassica rapa accession Chiifu-401-42, a Chinese cabbage. We modeled 41,174 protein coding genes in the B. rapa genome, which has undergone genome triplication. We used Arabidopsis thaliana as an outgroup for investigating the consequences of genome triplication, such as structural and functional evolution. The extent of gene loss (fractionation) among triplicated genome segments varies, with one of the three copies consistently retaining a disproportionately large fraction of the genes expected to have been present in its ancestor. Variation in the number of members of gene families present in the genome may contribute to the remarkable morphological plasticity of Brassica species. The B. rapa genome sequence provides an important resource for studying the evolution of polyploid genomes and underpins the genetic improvement of Brassica oil and vegetable crops.
ESTHER : Wang_2011_Nat.Genet_43_1035
PubMedSearch : Wang_2011_Nat.Genet_43_1035
PubMedID: 21873998
Gene_locus related to this paper: braol-Q8GTM3 , braol-Q8GTM4 , brarp-m4ei94 , brarp-m4c988 , brana-a0a078j4a9 , brana-a0a078e1m0 , brana-a0a078cd75 , brarp-m4dwa6 , brana-a0a078j4f0 , brana-a0a078cus4 , brana-a0a078f8c2 , brana-a0a078jql1 , brana-a0a078dgj3 , brana-a0a078hw50 , brana-a0a078cuu0 , brana-a0a078dfa9 , brana-a0a078ic91 , brarp-m4ctw3 , brana-a0a078ca65 , brana-a0a078ctc8 , brana-a0a078h021 , brana-a0a078jx23 , brarp-m4da84 , brarp-m4dwr7 , brana-a0a078dh94 , brana-a0a078h612 , brana-a0a078j2t3 , braol-a0a0d3dpb2 , braol-a0a0d3dx76 , brana-a0a078jxa8 , brana-a0a078i2k3 , brarp-m4cwq4 , brarp-m4dcj8 , brarp-m4eh17 , brarp-m4eey4 , brarp-m4dnj8 , brarp-m4ey83 , brarp-m4ey84

Title : Characterization of ST-4821 complex, a unique Neisseria meningitidis clone - Peng_2008_Genomics_91_78
Author(s) : Peng J , Yang L , Yang F , Yang J , Yan Y , Nie H , Zhang X , Xiong Z , Jiang Y , Cheng F , Xu X , Chen S , Sun L , Li W , Shen Y , Shao Z , Liang X , Xu J , Jin Q
Ref : Genomics , 91 :78 , 2008
Abstract : Ten outbreaks of a new serogroup C meningococcal disease emerged during 2003-2005 in China. The multilocus sequence typing results indicated that unique sequence type 4821 clone meningococci were responsible for these outbreaks. Herein, we determined the entire genomic DNA sequence of serogroup C isolate 053442, which belongs to ST-4821. Comparison of 053442 gene contents with other meningococcal genomes shows that they have similar characteristics, including thousands of repetitive elements and simple sequence repeats, numerous phase-variable genes, and similar virulence-related factors. However, many strain-specific regions were found in each genome. We also present the results of a genomic comparison of 28 ST-4821 complex isolates that were isolated from different serogroups using comparative genomic hybridization analysis. Genome comparison between the newly emerged hyperinvasive isolates belonging to different serogroups will further our understanding of their respective pathogenetic mechanisms.
ESTHER : Peng_2008_Genomics_91_78
PubMedSearch : Peng_2008_Genomics_91_78
PubMedID: 18031983
Gene_locus related to this paper: neigo-pip , neima-metx , neimb-q9k0t9 , neime-ESD , neime-NMA2216 , neime-NMB0276 , neime-NMB1877