Jin M

References (17)

Title : Molecular, behavioral, and growth responses of juvenile yellow catfish (Tachysurus fulvidraco) exposed to carbamazepine - Chen_2024_Aquat.Toxicol_271_106929
Author(s) : Chen H , Gu X , Mao Z , Zeng Q , Jin M , Wang W , Martyniuk CJ
Ref : Aquat Toxicol , 271 :106929 , 2024
Abstract : Carbamazepine (CBZ) is an anticonvulsant medication used to treat epilepsy and bipolar disorder. Due to its persistence and low removal rate in wastewater treatment plants, it is frequently detected in the environment, raising concerns regarding its potential adverse effects on aquatic organisms and ecosystems. In this study, we aimed to assess the impact of CBZ on the behavior and growth of juvenile yellow catfish Tachysurus fulvidraco, a native and economically important species in China. Fish were exposed to CBZ at three concentrations of 1, 10, or 100 microg/L for 14 days. The fish exposed to 10 and 100 microg/L of CBZ exhibited decreased feeding, and a significant increase in cannibalistic tendencies was observed in fish exposed to 100 microg/L CBZ. Acetylcholinesterase activity was increased in the brain of fish exposed to 100 microg/L CBZ. CBZ also inhibited the growth of yellow catfish. To better elucidate mechanisms of toxicity, transcriptomics was conducted in both the brain and liver. In the brain, gene networks associated with neurotransmitter dysfunction were altered by CBZ, as well as networks associated with mitochondrial dysfunction and metabolism. In the liver, gene networks associated with the immune system were altered by CBZ. The current study improves comprehension of the sub-lethal effects of CBZ and reveals novel insight into molecular and biochemical pathways disrupted by CBZ, identifying putative key events associated with reduced growth and altered behavior. This study emphasizes the necessity for improved comprehension of the effects of pharmaceutical contaminants on fish at environmentally relevant levels.
ESTHER : Chen_2024_Aquat.Toxicol_271_106929
PubMedSearch : Chen_2024_Aquat.Toxicol_271_106929
PubMedID: 38663201

Title : Efficient enzymatic synthesis of chiral 2,3-dihydro-1,4-benzodioxane motif using engineered Candida antarctica lipase B - Wu_2023_RSC.Adv_13_18953
Author(s) : Wu Z , Shi W , Jin M , Zhou W
Ref : RSC Adv , 13 :18953 , 2023
Abstract : Chiral motifs of 2,3-dihydro-1,4 benzodioxane are extensively utilized in diverse medicinal substances and bioactive natural compounds, exhibiting significant biological activities. Notable examples of such therapeutic agents include prosympal, dibozane, piperoxan, and doxazosin. In this work, using 1,4-benzodioxane-2-carboxylic acid methyl ester as the substrate, after screening 38 CALB covariant residues, we found that mutants A225F and A225F/T103A can catalyze the kinetic resolution of the substrate. The effect of temperature, cosolvent, and cosolvent concentration on kinetic resolution was investigated, revealing that the best results were achieved at 30 degreesC with 20% n-butanol as a cosolvent, resulting in an optimal resolution (e.e.(s) 97%, E = 278) at 50 mM substrate concentration. Structure analysis showed that mutation sites 225 and 103 are not among the sites that interact directly with the substrate, which means that covariant amino acids that interact remotely with the substrate also regulate enzyme catalysis. This research may provide us with a new strategy for enzyme evolution.
ESTHER : Wu_2023_RSC.Adv_13_18953
PubMedSearch : Wu_2023_RSC.Adv_13_18953
PubMedID: 37350861

Title : Dietary choline activates the Ampk\/Srebp signaling pathway and decreases lipid levels in Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) - Lu_2023_Anim.Nutr_15_58
Author(s) : Lu J , Tao X , Luo J , Zhu T , Jiao L , Sun P , Zhou Q , Tocher DR , Jin M
Ref : Anim Nutr , 15 :58 , 2023
Abstract : An 8-week feeding trial was conducted in Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) to evaluate the effects of dietary choline supplementation on choline transport and metabolism, hepatopancreas histological structure and fatty acid profile, and regulation of lipid metabolism. Six isonitrogenous and isolipidic diets were formulated to contain different choline levels of 2.91 (basal diet), 3.85, 4.67, 6.55, 10.70 and 18.90 g/kg, respectively. A total of 960 shrimp (initial weight, 1.38 +/- 0.01 g) were distributed randomly into twenty-four 250-L cylindrical fiber-glass tanks, with each diet assigned randomly to 4 replicate tanks. The results indicated that dietary choline significantly promoted the deposition of choline, betaine and carnitine (P < 0.05). The diameters and areas of R cells, total lipid and triglyceride contents in hepatopancreas, and triglyceride and non-esterified fatty acid contents in hemolymph were negatively correlated with dietary choline level. The contents of functional fatty acids in hepatopancreas, the activity of acetyl-CoA carboxylase (Acc), and the mRNA expression of fas, srebp and acc were highest in shrimp fed the diet containing 4.67 g/kg choline, and significantly higher than those fed the diet containing 2.91 g/kg, the lowest level of choline (P < 0.05). The number of R cells, content of very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), activities of carnitine palmitoyl-transferase (Cpt1), lipoprotein lipase and hepatic lipase, and the mRNA expression levels of cpt1, fabp, fatp, ldlr, and ampk in hepatopancreas increased significantly as dietary choline increased (P < 0.05). In addition, hepatopancreas mRNA expression levels of ctl1, ctl2, oct1, badh, bhmt, ck, cept, and cct were generally up-regulated as dietary choline level increased (P < 0.01). In conclusion, dietary choline promoted the deposition of choline and its metabolites by up-regulating genes related to choline transport and metabolism. Moreover, appropriate dietary choline level promoted the development of hepatopancreas R cells and maintained the normal accumulation of lipids required for development, while high dietary choline not only promoted hepatopancreas lipid export by enhancing VLDL synthesis, but also promoted fatty acid beta-oxidation and inhibited de novo fatty acid synthesis by activating the Ampk/Srebp signaling pathway. These findings provided further insight and understanding of the mechanisms by which dietary choline regulated lipid metabolism in L. vannamei.
ESTHER : Lu_2023_Anim.Nutr_15_58
PubMedSearch : Lu_2023_Anim.Nutr_15_58
PubMedID: 37818178

Title : The molecular mechanism of three novel peptides from C-phycocyanin alleviates MPTP-induced Parkinson's disease-like pathology in zebrafish - Xu_2023_Food.Funct__
Author(s) : Xu FH , Qiu YZ , Zhang Y , Yang FH , Ji MM , Liu KC , Jin M , Zhang SS , Li B
Ref : Food Funct , : , 2023
Abstract : Previous studies have shown that peptides isolated from C-phycocyanin (C-PC) possess various functions including antioxidant and anticancer activities. However, there is little research on C-PC peptides applied for the neuroprotective effect against a 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced Parkinson's disease (PD) model. In this study, twelve novel peptides from C-PC were isolated, purified and identified, and the anti-PD effect of the synthesized peptides was evaluated in a zebrafish PD model. As a result, three of these peptides (MAAAHR, MPQPPAK, and MTAAAR) significantly reversed the loss of dopamine neurons and cerebral vessels, and reduced the locomotor impairment in PD zebrafish. In addition, three novel peptides could inhibit the MPTP-induced decrease of antioxidant enzymes (SOD, CAT, and GSH-Px) and increase the ROS and protein carbonylation content. In addition, they can also alleviate apoptosis of brain regions and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity in zebrafish. Further studies elucidated the potential molecular mechanism of peptides' anti-PD effects in the larvae. The results showed that C-PC peptides could modulate multiple genes associated with oxidative stress, autophagy and apoptosis signaling pathways, and thereby alleviate the occurrence of PD symptoms. Overall, our results highlight the neuroprotective effects of three novel peptides and provide valuable mechanistic insights and a promising drug target for the treatment of PD.
ESTHER : Xu_2023_Food.Funct__
PubMedSearch : Xu_2023_Food.Funct__
PubMedID: 37337786

Title : Eucommia ulmoides Olive Male Flower Extracts Ameliorate Alzheimer's Disease-Like Pathology in Zebrafish via Regulating Autophagy, Acetylcholinesterase, and the Dopamine Transporter - Sun_2022_Front.Mol.Neurosci_15_901953
Author(s) : Sun C , Zhang S , Ba S , Dang J , Ren Q , Zhu Y , Liu K , Jin M
Ref : Front Mol Neurosci , 15 :901953 , 2022
Abstract : Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most prevalent neural disorder. However, the therapeutic agents for AD are limited. Eucommia ulmoides Olive (EUO) is widely used as a traditional Chinese herb to treat various neurodegenerative disorders. Therefore, we investigated whether the extracts of EUO male flower (EUMF) have therapeutic effects against AD. We focused on the flavonoids of EUMF and identified the composition using a targeted HPLC-MS analysis. As a result, 125 flavonoids and flavanols, 32 flavanones, 22 isoflavonoids, 11 chalcones and dihydrochalcones, and 17 anthocyanins were identified. Then, the anti-AD effects of the EUMF were tested by using zebrafish AD model. The behavioral changes were detected by automated video-tracking system. Abeta deposition was assayed by thioflavin S staining. Ache activity and cell apoptosis in zebrafish were tested by, Acetylcholine Assay Kit and TUNEL assay, respectively. The results showed that EUMF significantly rescued the dyskinesia of zebrafish and inhibited Abeta deposition, Ache activity, and occurrence of cell apoptosis in the head of zebrafish induced by AlCl(3). We also investigated the mechanism underlying anti-AD effects of EUMF by RT-qPCR and found that EUMF ameliorated AD-like symptoms possibly through inhibiting excessive autophagy and the abnormal expressions of ache and slc6a3 genes. In summary, our findings suggested EUMF can be a therapeutic candidate for AD treatment.
ESTHER : Sun_2022_Front.Mol.Neurosci_15_901953
PubMedSearch : Sun_2022_Front.Mol.Neurosci_15_901953
PubMedID: 35754707

Title : Dietary choline supplementation attenuated high-fat diet-induced inflammation through regulation of lipid metabolism and suppression of NFkappaB activation in juvenile black seabream (Acanthopagrus schlegelii) - Jin_2019_J.Nutr.Sci_8_e38
Author(s) : Jin M , Pan T , Tocher DR , Betancor MB , Monroig O , Shen Y , Zhu T , Sun P , Jiao L , Zhou Q
Ref : J Nutr Sci , 8 :e38 , 2019
Abstract : The present study aimed to investigate whether dietary choline can regulate lipid metabolism and suppress NFkappaB activation and, consequently, attenuate inflammation induced by a high-fat diet in black sea bream (Acanthopagrus schlegelii). An 8-week feeding trial was conducted on fish with an initial weight of 8.16 +/- 0.01 g. Five diets were formulated: control, low-fat diet (11 %); HFD, high-fat diet (17 %); and HFD supplemented with graded levels of choline (3, 6 or 12 g/kg) termed HFD + C1, HFD + C2 and HFD + C3, respectively. Dietary choline decreased lipid content in whole body and tissues. Highest TAG and cholesterol concentrations in serum and liver were recorded in fish fed the HFD. Similarly, compared with fish fed the HFD, dietary choline reduced vacuolar fat drops and ameliorated HFD-induced pathological changes in liver. Expression of genes of lipolysis pathways were up-regulated, and genes of lipogenesis down-regulated, by dietary choline compared with fish fed the HFD. Expression of nfkappab and pro-inflammatory cytokines in liver and intestine was suppressed by choline supplementation, whereas expression of anti-inflammatory cytokines was promoted in fish fed choline-supplemented diets. In fish that received lipopolysaccharide to stimulate inflammatory responses, the expression of nfkappab and pro-inflammatory cytokines in liver, intestine and kidney were all down-regulated by dietary choline compared with the HFD. Overall, the present study indicated that dietary choline had a lipid-lowering effect, which could protect the liver by regulating intrahepatic lipid metabolism, reducing lipid droplet accumulation and suppressing NFkappaB activation, consequently attenuating HFD-induced inflammation in A. schlegelii.
ESTHER : Jin_2019_J.Nutr.Sci_8_e38
PubMedSearch : Jin_2019_J.Nutr.Sci_8_e38
PubMedID: 32042405

Title : Proteomic and metabolomic responses in hepatopancreas of whiteleg shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei infected by microsporidian Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei - Ning_2019_Fish.Shellfish.Immunol_87_534
Author(s) : Ning M , Wei P , Shen H , Wan X , Jin M , Li X , Shi H , Qiao Y , Jiang G , Gu W , Wang W , Wang L , Meng Q
Ref : Fish Shellfish Immunol , 87 :534 , 2019
Abstract : Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei (EHP) causes hepatopancreatic microsporidiosis (HPM) in shrimp. HPM is not normally associated with shrimp mortality, but is associated with significant growth retardation. In this study, the responses induced by EHP were investigated in hepatopancreas of shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei using proteomics and metabolomics. Among differential proteins identified, several (e.g., peritrophin-44-like protein, alpha2 macroglobulin isoform 2, prophenoloxidase-activating enzymes, ferritin, Rab11A and cathepsin C) were related to pathogen infection and host immunity. Other proteomic biomarkers (i.e., farnesoic acid o-methyltransferase, juvenile hormone esterase-like carboxylesterase 1 and ecdysteroid-regulated protein) resulted in a growth hormone disorder that prevented the shrimp from molting. Both proteomic KEGG pathway (e.g., "Glycolysis/gluconeogenesis" and "Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism") and metabolomic KEGG pathway (e.g., "Galactose metabolism" and "Biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids") data indicated that energy metabolism pathway was down-regulated in the hepatopancreas when infected by EHP. More importantly, the changes of hormone regulation and energy metabolism could provide much-needed insight into the underlying mechanisms of stunted growth in shrimp after EHP infection. Altogether, this study demonstrated that proteomics and metabolomics could provide an insightful view into the effects of microsporidial infection in the shrimp L. vannamei.
ESTHER : Ning_2019_Fish.Shellfish.Immunol_87_534
PubMedSearch : Ning_2019_Fish.Shellfish.Immunol_87_534
PubMedID: 30721776

Title : Regulation of growth, antioxidant capacity, fatty acid profiles, hematological characteristics and expression of lipid related genes by different dietary n-3 highly unsaturated fatty acids in juvenile black seabream (Acanthopagrus schlegelii) - Jin_2017_Aquaculture_471_55
Author(s) : Jin M , Lu Y , Yuan Y , Li Y , Qiu H , Sun P , Ma H-N , Ding L-Y , Zhou Q-C
Ref : Aquaculture , 471 :55 , 2017
Abstract : An 8-week feeding trial was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary n-3 highly unsaturated fatty acid (n-3HUFA) on growth performance, antioxidant capacity, fatty acid profiles, hematological characteristics and expression of some lipid related genes of juvenile black seabream (Acanthopagrus schlegelii) (initial weight 3.770.00g). Five isonitrogenous and isolipidic experimental diets were formulated with graded levels of n-3 HUFA (0.23, 0.87, 1.29, 1.75 and 2.53% of dry weight, DHA/EPA ratio approximately at 1.0). The results revealed that fish fed the diet containing 1.75% n-3 HUFA had higher weight gain (WG) and specific growth rate (SGR) than those fed the control diet. Fish fed diets containing 1.29% and 1.75% n-3 HUFA had higher feed efficiency (FE) than those fed the other diets. Hepatic and muscular fatty acid profiles reflected that of diets. The content of malondialdehyde (MDA) increased both in the serum and liver of fish fed high n-3 HUFA level diets, and the highest hepatic activity of glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX) was recorded in fish fed the diet containing 1.29% n-3 HUFA. The expression of acc, g6pd, fas, srebp-1, lpl, atgl, hsl, elovl5 and fads2 was down-regulated in fish fed the diets with high n-3 HUFA levels. However, the expression levels of 6pgd and ppar significantly increased when the dietary contents of n-3 HUFA increased from 0.23% to 1.29% and then decreased when dietary n-3 HUFA levels increased from 1.75% to 2.53%. The highest expression of cpt1a was found in fish fed the diet containing 1.75% n-3 HUFA. The content of cholesterol (CHOL) in serum increased along with n-3 HUFA level. Over all, this study indicated that fish fed moderate dietary n-3 HUFA (1.341.80% n-3 HUFA) could enhance growth, feed utilization and antioxidant capacity. Different dietary levels of n-3 HUFA could strongly affect expression levels of some lipid metabolism relevant genes of the juvenile black seabream. This may contribute to our understanding of the mechanisms related to lipid metabolism (anabolism and catabolism) effects of different dietary levels of n-3 HUFA.
ESTHER : Jin_2017_Aquaculture_471_55
PubMedSearch : Jin_2017_Aquaculture_471_55
Gene_locus related to this paper: acasc-a0a1s5r938

Title : Fatal diphenidol poisoning: a case report and a retrospective study of 16 cases - Zhang_2015_Forensic.Sci.Med.Pathol_11_570
Author(s) : Zhang L , Ma J , Li S , Xue R , Jin M , Zhou Y
Ref : Forensic Science Med Pathol , 11 :570 , 2015
Abstract : Diphenidol hydrochloride (DPN), a nonphenothiazinic antiemetic agent used primarily in patients with Meniere disease and labyrinthopathies to treat vomiting and vertigo, is considered to be a relatively safe drug. Since it was first approved in the United States in 1967, this drug has been widely used in Latin America and Asia and has contributed to sporadic suicidal and accidental poisonings in mainland China and Taiwan. However, its toxic or lethal concentration ranges have not yet been determined. We report a case of a 23-year-old female who suffered from DPN poisoning that resulted in death. At autopsy, there were no typical pathological findings, except for cerebral edema with high acetylcholinesterase expression. Postmortem analysis of DPN revealed 45 microg/ml in heart blood, 39 microg/ml in femoral vein blood, 141 microg/g in the liver, and 53 mg in the gastric contents. These concentrations indicated that the cause of death was DPN poisoning. The circumstances indicated that the manner of death was suicide. We also present a retrospective study, in which we review and summarize the literature from 1998 to 2014 and describe 16 cases of poisoning, including information from autopsy reports and postmortem drug concentrations. In forensic practice, drug residues at the scene, patients with convulsions and disturbance of consciousness, and rapidly occurring deaths, should draw attention to the possibility of this drug. Toxicological analysis and the exclusion of other diseases may ultimately be used to confirm DPN poisoning.
ESTHER : Zhang_2015_Forensic.Sci.Med.Pathol_11_570
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2015_Forensic.Sci.Med.Pathol_11_570
PubMedID: 26481789

Title : Design, synthesis and pharmacological evaluation of novel tacrine-caffeic acid hybrids as multi-targeted compounds against Alzheimer's disease - Chao_2012_Bioorg.Med.Chem.Lett_22_6498
Author(s) : Chao X , He X , Yang Y , Zhou X , Jin M , Liu S , Cheng Z , Liu P , Wang Y , Yu J , Tan Y , Huang Y , Qin J , Rapposelli S , Pi R
Ref : Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Lett , 22 :6498 , 2012
Abstract : A novel series of tacrine-caffeic acid hybrids (5a-f) were designed and synthesized by combining caffeic acid (CA) with tacrine. The antioxidant study revealed that all the hybrids have much more antioxidant capacities compared to CA. Among these compounds, 5e showed the highest selectivity in inhibiting acetylcholinesterase (AChE) over butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE). Enzyme kinetic study had suggested that 5e binds to both catalytic (CAS) and peripheral anionic sites (PAS) of AChE. Moreover, compound 5e also inhibited self- or AChE-induced beta-amyloid(1-40) aggregation, as well as had potent neuroprotective effects against H(2)O(2)- and glutamate- induced cell death with low toxicity in HT22 cells.
ESTHER : Chao_2012_Bioorg.Med.Chem.Lett_22_6498
PubMedSearch : Chao_2012_Bioorg.Med.Chem.Lett_22_6498
PubMedID: 22981331

Title : Complete genome sequence of Streptococcus suis serotype 14 strain JS14 - Hu_2011_J.Bacteriol_193_2375
Author(s) : Hu P , Yang M , Zhang A , Wu J , Chen B , Hua Y , Yu J , Xiao J , Jin M
Ref : Journal of Bacteriology , 193 :2375 , 2011
Abstract : Streptococcus suis is an important zoonotic agent leading to a variety of diseases in swine and can be transmitted to human beings upon close contact. Here, we report the complete genome sequence of S. suis serotype 14 strain JS14 which was isolated from a diseased pig in Jiangsu Province, China.
ESTHER : Hu_2011_J.Bacteriol_193_2375
PubMedSearch : Hu_2011_J.Bacteriol_193_2375
PubMedID: 21398551
Gene_locus related to this paper: strej-e8uk64 , strsu-a4vws4 , strsu-q673u2 , strsy-a4vus4

Title : The genome of the mesopolyploid crop species Brassica rapa - Wang_2011_Nat.Genet_43_1035
Author(s) : Wang X , Wang H , Wang J , Sun R , Wu J , Liu S , Bai Y , Mun JH , Bancroft I , Cheng F , Huang S , Li X , Hua W , Freeling M , Pires JC , Paterson AH , Chalhoub B , Wang B , Hayward A , Sharpe AG , Park BS , Weisshaar B , Liu B , Li B , Tong C , Song C , Duran C , Peng C , Geng C , Koh C , Lin C , Edwards D , Mu D , Shen D , Soumpourou E , Li F , Fraser F , Conant G , Lassalle G , King GJ , Bonnema G , Tang H , Belcram H , Zhou H , Hirakawa H , Abe H , Guo H , Jin H , Parkin IA , Batley J , Kim JS , Just J , Li J , Xu J , Deng J , Kim JA , Yu J , Meng J , Min J , Poulain J , Hatakeyama K , Wu K , Wang L , Fang L , Trick M , Links MG , Zhao M , Jin M , Ramchiary N , Drou N , Berkman PJ , Cai Q , Huang Q , Li R , Tabata S , Cheng S , Zhang S , Sato S , Sun S , Kwon SJ , Choi SR , Lee TH , Fan W , Zhao X , Tan X , Xu X , Wang Y , Qiu Y , Yin Y , Li Y , Du Y , Liao Y , Lim Y , Narusaka Y , Wang Z , Li Z , Xiong Z , Zhang Z
Ref : Nat Genet , 43 :1035 , 2011
Abstract : We report the annotation and analysis of the draft genome sequence of Brassica rapa accession Chiifu-401-42, a Chinese cabbage. We modeled 41,174 protein coding genes in the B. rapa genome, which has undergone genome triplication. We used Arabidopsis thaliana as an outgroup for investigating the consequences of genome triplication, such as structural and functional evolution. The extent of gene loss (fractionation) among triplicated genome segments varies, with one of the three copies consistently retaining a disproportionately large fraction of the genes expected to have been present in its ancestor. Variation in the number of members of gene families present in the genome may contribute to the remarkable morphological plasticity of Brassica species. The B. rapa genome sequence provides an important resource for studying the evolution of polyploid genomes and underpins the genetic improvement of Brassica oil and vegetable crops.
ESTHER : Wang_2011_Nat.Genet_43_1035
PubMedSearch : Wang_2011_Nat.Genet_43_1035
PubMedID: 21873998
Gene_locus related to this paper: braol-Q8GTM3 , braol-Q8GTM4 , brarp-m4ei94 , brarp-m4c988 , brana-a0a078j4a9 , brana-a0a078e1m0 , brana-a0a078cd75 , brarp-m4dwa6 , brana-a0a078j4f0 , brana-a0a078cus4 , brana-a0a078f8c2 , brana-a0a078jql1 , brana-a0a078dgj3 , brana-a0a078hw50 , brana-a0a078cuu0 , brana-a0a078dfa9 , brana-a0a078ic91 , brarp-m4ctw3 , brana-a0a078ca65 , brana-a0a078ctc8 , brana-a0a078h021 , brana-a0a078jx23 , brarp-m4da84 , brarp-m4dwr7 , brana-a0a078dh94 , brana-a0a078h612 , brana-a0a078j2t3 , braol-a0a0d3dpb2 , braol-a0a0d3dx76 , brana-a0a078jxa8 , brana-a0a078i2k3 , brarp-m4cwq4 , brarp-m4dcj8 , brarp-m4eh17 , brarp-m4eey4 , brarp-m4dnj8 , brarp-m4ey83 , brarp-m4ey84

Title : Complete genome sequence of Streptococcus suis serotype 3 strain ST3 - Hu_2011_J.Bacteriol_193_3428
Author(s) : Hu P , Yang M , Zhang A , Wu J , Chen B , Hua Y , Yu J , Chen H , Xiao J , Jin M
Ref : Journal of Bacteriology , 193 :3428 , 2011
Abstract : Streptococcus suis is a zoonotic pathogen causing economic loss in the swine industry and is also a threat to human health. To date, the mechanism of pathogenesis is not fully understood. Here, we report the complete genome sequence of S. suis strain ST3 of serotype 3, which provides opportunities to reveal genetic basis of infection of S. suis non-serotype 2 strains.
ESTHER : Hu_2011_J.Bacteriol_193_3428
PubMedSearch : Hu_2011_J.Bacteriol_193_3428
PubMedID: 21572001
Gene_locus related to this paper: strsu-b9wvz1

Title : Comparative genomics of xylose-fermenting fungi for enhanced biofuel production - Wohlbach_2011_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_108_13212
Author(s) : Wohlbach DJ , Kuo A , Sato TK , Potts KM , Salamov AA , LaButti KM , Sun H , Clum A , Pangilinan JL , Lindquist EA , Lucas S , Lapidus A , Jin M , Gunawan C , Balan V , Dale BE , Jeffries TW , Zinkel R , Barry KW , Grigoriev IV , Gasch AP
Ref : Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A , 108 :13212 , 2011
Abstract : Cellulosic biomass is an abundant and underused substrate for biofuel production. The inability of many microbes to metabolize the pentose sugars abundant within hemicellulose creates specific challenges for microbial biofuel production from cellulosic material. Although engineered strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae can use the pentose xylose, the fermentative capacity pales in comparison with glucose, limiting the economic feasibility of industrial fermentations. To better understand xylose utilization for subsequent microbial engineering, we sequenced the genomes of two xylose-fermenting, beetle-associated fungi, Spathaspora passalidarum and Candida tenuis. To identify genes involved in xylose metabolism, we applied a comparative genomic approach across 14 Ascomycete genomes, mapping phenotypes and genotypes onto the fungal phylogeny, and measured genomic expression across five Hemiascomycete species with different xylose-consumption phenotypes. This approach implicated many genes and processes involved in xylose assimilation. Several of these genes significantly improved xylose utilization when engineered into S. cerevisiae, demonstrating the power of comparative methods in rapidly identifying genes for biomass conversion while reflecting on fungal ecology.
ESTHER : Wohlbach_2011_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_108_13212
PubMedSearch : Wohlbach_2011_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_108_13212
PubMedID: 21788494
Gene_locus related to this paper: cantc-g3b3r0 , spapn-g3ap60 , spapn-g3aif9 , cantc-g3axw7

Title : Comparative genomic analysis of Streptococcus suis reveals significant genomic diversity among different serotypes - Zhang_2011_BMC.Genomics_12_523
Author(s) : Zhang A , Yang M , Hu P , Wu J , Chen B , Hua Y , Yu J , Chen H , Xiao J , Jin M
Ref : BMC Genomics , 12 :523 , 2011
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Streptococcus suis (S. suis) is a major swine pathogen and an emerging zoonotic agent. Serotypes 1, 2, 3, 7, 9, 14 and 1/2 are the most prevalent serotypes of this pathogen. However, almost all studies were carried out on serotype 2 strains. Therefore, characterization of genomic features of other serotypes will be required to better understand their virulence potential and phylogenetic relationships among different serotypes.
RESULTS: Four Chinese S. suis strains belonging to serotypes 1, 7, 9 and 1/2 were sequenced using a rapid, high-throughput approach. Based on the 13 corresponding serotype strains, including 9 previously completed genomes of this bacterium, a full comparative genomic analysis was performed. The results provide evidence that (i) the pan-genome of this species is open and the size increases with addition of new sequenced genomes, (ii) strains of serotypes 1, 3, 7 and 9 are phylogenetically distinct from serotype 2 strains, but all serotype 2 strains, plus the serotype 1/2 and 14 strains, are very closely related. (iii) all these strains, except for the serotype 1 strain, could harbor a recombinant site for a pathogenic island (89 K) mediated by conjugal transfer, and may have the ability to gain the 89 K sequence.
CONCLUSIONS: There is significant genomic diversity among different strains in S. suis, and the gain and loss of large amount of genes are involved in shaping their genomes. This is indicated by (i) pairwise gene content comparisons between every pair of these strains, (ii) the open pan-genome of this species, (iii) the observed indels, invertions and rearrangements in the collinearity analysis. Phylogenetic relationships may be associated with serotype, as serotype 2 strains are closely related and distinct from other serotypes like 1, 3, 7 and 9, but more strains need to be sequenced to confirm this.
ESTHER : Zhang_2011_BMC.Genomics_12_523
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2011_BMC.Genomics_12_523
PubMedID: 22026465
Gene_locus related to this paper: strsu-b9wvz1

Title : Separation and toxicity of salithion enantiomers - Zhou_2009_Chirality_21_922
Author(s) : Zhou S , Lin K , Li L , Jin M , Ye J , Liu W
Ref : Chirality , 21 :922 , 2009
Abstract : Enantioseletive toxicities of chiral pesticides have become an environmental concern recently. In this study, we evaluated the enantiomeric separation of salithion on a suite of commercial chiral columns and assessed the toxicity of enantiomers toward butyrylcholinesterase and Daphnia magna. Satisfactory separations of salithion enantiomers could be achieved on all tested columns, that is, Chiralcel OD, Chiralcel OJ, and Chiralpak AD column. However, the Chiralpak AD column offered the best separation and was chosen to prepare micro-scale of pure salithion enantiomers for subsequent bioassays. The first and second enantiomers eluted on the Chiralpak AD column were further confirmed to be (-)-S-salithion and (+)-R-salithion, respectively. The half inhibition concentrations to butyrylcholinesterase of racemate, (+)-R-salithion, and (-)-S-salithion were 33.09, 2.92, and 15.60 mg/l, respectively, showing (+)-R-enantiomer being about 5.0 times more potent than its (-)-S-form. However, the median lethal concentrations (96 h) of racemate, (+)-R-salithion, and (-)-S-salithion toward D. magna were 3.54, 1.10, and 0.36 microg/l, respectively, suggesting that (-)-S-salithion was about 3.0 times more toxic than (+)-R-form. Racemic salithion was less toxic than either of the enantiomers in both bioassays, suggesting that antagonistic interactions might occur between the enantiomers during the toxication action. This work reveals that the toxicity of salithion toward butyrylcholinesterase and D. magna is enantioselective, and this factor should be taken into consideration in the environmental risk assessment of salithion.
ESTHER : Zhou_2009_Chirality_21_922
PubMedSearch : Zhou_2009_Chirality_21_922
PubMedID: 19161220

Title : Complete genome sequence of Haemophilus parasuis SH0165 - Yue_2009_J.Bacteriol_191_1359
Author(s) : Yue M , Yang F , Yang J , Bei W , Cai X , Chen L , Dong J , Zhou R , Jin M , Jin Q , Chen H
Ref : Journal of Bacteriology , 191 :1359 , 2009
Abstract : Haemophilus parasuis is the causative agent of Glasser's disease, which produces big losses in swine populations worldwide. H. parasuis SH0165, belonging to the dominant serovar 5 in China, is a clinically isolated strain with high-level virulence. Here, we report the first completed genome sequence of this species.
ESTHER : Yue_2009_J.Bacteriol_191_1359
PubMedSearch : Yue_2009_J.Bacteriol_191_1359
PubMedID: 19074396
Gene_locus related to this paper: haepr-b0qsi5 , haepr-b0qve9 , haeps-b8f6u1 , haeps-b8f692 , haeps-b8f714