Weisshaar B

References (8)

Title : The genome of the recently domesticated crop plant sugar beet (Beta vulgaris) - Dohm_2014_Nature_505_546
Author(s) : Dohm JC , Minoche AE , Holtgrawe D , Capella-Gutierrez S , Zakrzewski F , Tafer H , Rupp O , Sorensen TR , Stracke R , Reinhardt R , Goesmann A , Kraft T , Schulz B , Stadler PF , Schmidt T , Gabaldon T , Lehrach H , Weisshaar B , Himmelbauer H
Ref : Nature , 505 :546 , 2014
Abstract : Sugar beet (Beta vulgaris ssp. vulgaris) is an important crop of temperate climates which provides nearly 30% of the world's annual sugar production and is a source for bioethanol and animal feed. The species belongs to the order of Caryophylalles, is diploid with 2n = 18 chromosomes, has an estimated genome size of 714-758 megabases and shares an ancient genome triplication with other eudicot plants. Leafy beets have been cultivated since Roman times, but sugar beet is one of the most recently domesticated crops. It arose in the late eighteenth century when lines accumulating sugar in the storage root were selected from crosses made with chard and fodder beet. Here we present a reference genome sequence for sugar beet as the first non-rosid, non-asterid eudicot genome, advancing comparative genomics and phylogenetic reconstructions. The genome sequence comprises 567 megabases, of which 85% could be assigned to chromosomes. The assembly covers a large proportion of the repetitive sequence content that was estimated to be 63%. We predicted 27,421 protein-coding genes supported by transcript data and annotated them on the basis of sequence homology. Phylogenetic analyses provided evidence for the separation of Caryophyllales before the split of asterids and rosids, and revealed lineage-specific gene family expansions and losses. We sequenced spinach (Spinacia oleracea), another Caryophyllales species, and validated features that separate this clade from rosids and asterids. Intraspecific genomic variation was analysed based on the genome sequences of sea beet (Beta vulgaris ssp. maritima; progenitor of all beet crops) and four additional sugar beet accessions. We identified seven million variant positions in the reference genome, and also large regions of low variability, indicating artificial selection. The sugar beet genome sequence enables the identification of genes affecting agronomically relevant traits, supports molecular breeding and maximizes the plant's potential in energy biotechnology.
ESTHER : Dohm_2014_Nature_505_546
PubMedSearch : Dohm_2014_Nature_505_546
PubMedID: 24352233
Gene_locus related to this paper: betvu-a0a0j8bcg5 , betvu-a0a0j8fqe7 , spiol-a0a0k9r9x3 , spiol-a0a0k9rit5 , spiol-a0a0k9riw3 , spiol-a0a0k9rub8 , spiol-a0a0k9rxl0 , spiol-a0a0k9qau1 , spiol-a0a0k9rrd8 , spiol-a0a0k9qe58 , spiol-a0a0k9r322 , betvv-a0a0j8b442 , spiol-a0a0k9qnw2 , spiol-a0a0k9ri52 , spiol-a0a0k9r6e9

Title : The genome of the mesopolyploid crop species Brassica rapa - Wang_2011_Nat.Genet_43_1035
Author(s) : Wang X , Wang H , Wang J , Sun R , Wu J , Liu S , Bai Y , Mun JH , Bancroft I , Cheng F , Huang S , Li X , Hua W , Freeling M , Pires JC , Paterson AH , Chalhoub B , Wang B , Hayward A , Sharpe AG , Park BS , Weisshaar B , Liu B , Li B , Tong C , Song C , Duran C , Peng C , Geng C , Koh C , Lin C , Edwards D , Mu D , Shen D , Soumpourou E , Li F , Fraser F , Conant G , Lassalle G , King GJ , Bonnema G , Tang H , Belcram H , Zhou H , Hirakawa H , Abe H , Guo H , Jin H , Parkin IA , Batley J , Kim JS , Just J , Li J , Xu J , Deng J , Kim JA , Yu J , Meng J , Min J , Poulain J , Hatakeyama K , Wu K , Wang L , Fang L , Trick M , Links MG , Zhao M , Jin M , Ramchiary N , Drou N , Berkman PJ , Cai Q , Huang Q , Li R , Tabata S , Cheng S , Zhang S , Sato S , Sun S , Kwon SJ , Choi SR , Lee TH , Fan W , Zhao X , Tan X , Xu X , Wang Y , Qiu Y , Yin Y , Li Y , Du Y , Liao Y , Lim Y , Narusaka Y , Wang Z , Li Z , Xiong Z , Zhang Z
Ref : Nat Genet , 43 :1035 , 2011
Abstract : We report the annotation and analysis of the draft genome sequence of Brassica rapa accession Chiifu-401-42, a Chinese cabbage. We modeled 41,174 protein coding genes in the B. rapa genome, which has undergone genome triplication. We used Arabidopsis thaliana as an outgroup for investigating the consequences of genome triplication, such as structural and functional evolution. The extent of gene loss (fractionation) among triplicated genome segments varies, with one of the three copies consistently retaining a disproportionately large fraction of the genes expected to have been present in its ancestor. Variation in the number of members of gene families present in the genome may contribute to the remarkable morphological plasticity of Brassica species. The B. rapa genome sequence provides an important resource for studying the evolution of polyploid genomes and underpins the genetic improvement of Brassica oil and vegetable crops.
ESTHER : Wang_2011_Nat.Genet_43_1035
PubMedSearch : Wang_2011_Nat.Genet_43_1035
PubMedID: 21873998
Gene_locus related to this paper: braol-Q8GTM3 , braol-Q8GTM4 , brarp-m4ei94 , brarp-m4c988 , brana-a0a078j4a9 , brana-a0a078e1m0 , brana-a0a078cd75 , brarp-m4dwa6 , brana-a0a078j4f0 , brana-a0a078cus4 , brana-a0a078f8c2 , brana-a0a078jql1 , brana-a0a078dgj3 , brana-a0a078hw50 , brana-a0a078cuu0 , brana-a0a078dfa9 , brana-a0a078ic91 , brarp-m4ctw3 , brana-a0a078ca65 , brana-a0a078ctc8 , brana-a0a078h021 , brana-a0a078jx23 , brarp-m4da84 , brarp-m4dwr7 , brana-a0a078dh94 , brana-a0a078h612 , brana-a0a078j2t3 , braol-a0a0d3dpb2 , braol-a0a0d3dx76 , brana-a0a078jxa8 , brana-a0a078i2k3 , brarp-m4cwq4 , brarp-m4dcj8 , brarp-m4eh17 , brarp-m4eey4 , brarp-m4dnj8 , brarp-m4ey83 , brarp-m4ey84

Title : Complete genome sequence of Listeria seeligeri, a nonpathogenic member of the genus Listeria - Steinweg_2010_J.Bacteriol_192_1473
Author(s) : Steinweg C , Kuenne CT , Billion A , Mraheil MA , Domann E , Ghai R , Barbuddhe SB , Karst U , Goesmann A , Puhler A , Weisshaar B , Wehland J , Lampidis R , Kreft J , Goebel W , Chakraborty T , Hain T
Ref : Journal of Bacteriology , 192 :1473 , 2010
Abstract : We report the complete and annotated genome sequence of the nonpathogenic Listeria seeligeri SLCC3954 serovar 1/2b type strain harboring the smallest completely sequenced genome of the genus Listeria.
ESTHER : Steinweg_2010_J.Bacteriol_192_1473
PubMedSearch : Steinweg_2010_J.Bacteriol_192_1473
PubMedID: 20061480
Gene_locus related to this paper: lisin-LIN0976 , lismo-LMO2452 , lismo-metx , lisss-d3ulc5 , lisss-d3unw0 , lisss-d3urb3 , lisss-d3urc9

Title : The lifestyle of Corynebacterium urealyticum derived from its complete genome sequence established by pyrosequencing - Tauch_2008_J.Biotechnol_136_11
Author(s) : Tauch A , Trost E , Tilker A , Ludewig U , Schneiker S , Goesmann A , Arnold W , Bekel T , Brinkrolf K , Brune I , Gotker S , Kalinowski J , Kamp PB , Lobo FP , Viehoever P , Weisshaar B , Soriano F , Droge M , Puhler A
Ref : J Biotechnol , 136 :11 , 2008
Abstract : Corynebacterium urealyticum is a lipid-requiring, urealytic bacterium of the human skin flora that has been recognized as causative agent of urinary tract infections. We report the analysis of the complete genome sequence of C. urealyticum DSM7109, which was initially recovered from a patient with alkaline-encrusted cystitis. The genome sequence was determined by a combination of pyrosequencing and Sanger technology. The chromosome of C. urealyticum DSM7109 has a size of 2,369,219bp and contains 2024 predicted coding sequences, of which 78% were considered as orthologous with genes in the Corynebacterium jeikeium K411 genome. Metabolic analysis of the lipid-requiring phenotype revealed the absence of a fatty acid synthase gene and the presence of a beta-oxidation pathway along with a large repertoire of auxillary genes for the degradation of exogenous fatty acids. A urease locus with the gene order ureABCEFGD may play a pivotal role in virulence of C. urealyticum by the alkalinization of human urine and the formation of struvite stones. Multidrug resistance of C. urealyticum DSM7109 is mediated by transposable elements, conferring resistances to macrolides, lincosamides, ketolides, aminoglycosides, chloramphenicol, and tetracycline. The complete genome sequence of C. urealyticum revealed a detailed picture of the lifestyle of this opportunistic human pathogen.
ESTHER : Tauch_2008_J.Biotechnol_136_11
PubMedSearch : Tauch_2008_J.Biotechnol_136_11
PubMedID: 18367281
Gene_locus related to this paper: corjk-q4jta2 , coru7-b1vdx7 , coru7-b1vec6 , coru7-b1vec7 , coru7-b1vgb2 , coru7-b1vhj3 , coru7-b1vhm7 , coru7-b1vhw7 , coru7-b1vi01 , coru7-b1vi11 , coru7-b1vi21 , coru7-b1vig1 , coru7-b1vik9 , coru7-metx , coru7-b1vec9 , coru7-b1vix1

Title : Ultrafast pyrosequencing of Corynebacterium kroppenstedtii DSM44385 revealed insights into the physiology of a lipophilic corynebacterium that lacks mycolic acids - Tauch_2008_J.Biotechnol_136_22
Author(s) : Tauch A , Schneider J , Szczepanowski R , Tilker A , Viehoever P , Gartemann KH , Arnold W , Blom J , Brinkrolf K , Brune I , Gotker S , Weisshaar B , Goesmann A , Droge M , Puhler A
Ref : J Biotechnol , 136 :22 , 2008
Abstract : Corynebacterium kroppenstedtii is a lipophilic corynebacterial species that lacks in the cell envelope the characteristic alpha-alkyl-beta-hydroxy long-chain fatty acids, designated mycolic acids. We report here the bioinformatic analysis of genome data obtained by pyrosequencing of the type strain C. kroppenstedtii DSM44385 that was initially isolated from human sputum. A single run with the Genome Sequencer FLX system revealed 560,248 shotgun reads with 110,018,974 detected bases that were assembled into a contiguous genomic sequence with a total size of 2,446,804bp. Automatic annotation of the complete genome sequence resulted in the prediction of 2122 coding sequences, of which 29% were considered as specific for C. kroppenstedtii when compared with predicted proteins from hitherto sequenced pathogenic corynebacteria. This comparative content analysis of the genome data revealed a large repertoire of genes involved in sugar uptake and central carbohydrate metabolism and the presence of the mevalonate route for isoprenoid biosynthesis. The lack of mycolic acids and the lipophilic lifestyle of C. kroppenstedtii are apparently caused by gene loss, including a condensase gene cluster, a mycolate reductase gene, and a microbial type I fatty acid synthase gene. A complete beta-oxidation pathway involved in the degradation of fatty acids is present in the genome. Evaluation of the genomic data indicated that lipophilism is the dominant feature involved in pathogenicity of C. kroppenstedtii.
ESTHER : Tauch_2008_J.Biotechnol_136_22
PubMedSearch : Tauch_2008_J.Biotechnol_136_22
PubMedID: 18430482
Gene_locus related to this paper: cork4-c4lgq2 , cork4-c4lgs3 , cork4-c4lgs4 , cork4-c4lgw6 , cork4-c4lh42 , cork4-c4lhh1 , cork4-c4lhj6 , cork4-c4lic3 , cork4-c4ljb8 , cork4-c4llg6 , cork4-c4llg7 , cork4-c4lli9 , cork4-c4llk3 , cork4-c4lgs6 , cork4-c4lhk4

Title : The genome of Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris B100 and its use for the reconstruction of metabolic pathways involved in xanthan biosynthesis - Vorholter_2008_J.Biotechnol_134_33
Author(s) : Vorholter FJ , Schneiker S , Goesmann A , Krause L , Bekel T , Kaiser O , Linke B , Patschkowski T , Ruckert C , Schmid J , Sidhu VK , Sieber V , Tauch A , Watt SA , Weisshaar B , Becker A , Niehaus K , Puhler A
Ref : J Biotechnol , 134 :33 , 2008
Abstract : The complete genome sequence of the Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris strain B100 was established. It consisted of a chromosome of 5,079,003bp, with 4471 protein-coding genes and 62 RNA genes. Comparative genomics showed that the genes required for the synthesis of xanthan and xanthan precursors were highly conserved among three sequenced X. campestris pv. campestris genomes, but differed noticeably when compared to the remaining four Xanthomonas genomes available. For the xanthan biosynthesis genes gumB and gumK earlier translational starts were proposed, while gumI and gumL turned out to be unique with no homologues beyond the Xanthomonas genomes sequenced. From the genomic data the biosynthesis pathways for the production of the exopolysaccharide xanthan could be elucidated. The first step of this process is the uptake of sugars serving as carbon and energy sources wherefore genes for 15 carbohydrate import systems could be identified. Metabolic pathways playing a role for xanthan biosynthesis could be deduced from the annotated genome. These reconstructed pathways concerned the storage and metabolization of the imported sugars. The recognized sugar utilization pathways included the Entner-Doudoroff and the pentose phosphate pathway as well as the Embden-Meyerhof pathway (glycolysis). The reconstruction indicated that the nucleotide sugar precursors for xanthan can be converted from intermediates of the pentose phosphate pathway, some of which are also intermediates of glycolysis or the Entner-Doudoroff pathway. Xanthan biosynthesis requires in particular the nucleotide sugars UDP-glucose, UDP-glucuronate, and GDP-mannose, from which xanthan repeat units are built under the control of the gum genes. The updated genome annotation data allowed reconsidering and refining the mechanistic model for xanthan biosynthesis.
ESTHER : Vorholter_2008_J.Biotechnol_134_33
PubMedSearch : Vorholter_2008_J.Biotechnol_134_33
PubMedID: 18304669
Gene_locus related to this paper: xanax-ENTF2 , xanax-GAA , xanax-PTRB , xanax-XAC0515 , xanax-XAC0628 , xanax-XAC0736 , xanax-XAC0753 , xanax-XAC1713 , xanca-acvB , xanca-BIOH , xanca-CATD , xanca-CPO , xanca-estA1 , xanca-impep , xanca-METX , xanca-XCC0080 , xanca-XCC0180 , xanca-XCC0266 , xanca-XCC0843 , xanca-XCC1105 , xanca-XCC1734 , xanca-XCC2285 , xanca-XCC2374 , xanca-XCC2397 , xanca-XCC2405 , xanca-XCC2566 , xanca-XCC2722 , xanca-XCC2817 , xanca-XCC3028 , xanca-XCC3164 , xanca-XCC3219 , xanca-XCC3514 , xanca-XCC3548 , xanca-XCC3555 , xanca-XCC3961 , xanca-XCC3970 , xanca-XCC4016 , xanca-XCC4180 , xanca-XYNB2 , xancb-b0rna3 , xancb-b0rq23

Title : Whole-genome sequence of Listeria welshimeri reveals common steps in genome reduction with Listeria innocua as compared to Listeria monocytogenes - Hain_2006_J.Bacteriol_188_7405
Author(s) : Hain T , Steinweg C , Kuenne CT , Billion A , Ghai R , Chatterjee SS , Domann E , Karst U , Goesmann A , Bekel T , Bartels D , Kaiser O , Meyer F , Puhler A , Weisshaar B , Wehland J , Liang C , Dandekar T , Lampidis R , Kreft J , Goebel W , Chakraborty T
Ref : Journal of Bacteriology , 188 :7405 , 2006
Abstract : We present the complete genome sequence of Listeria welshimeri, a nonpathogenic member of the genus Listeria. Listeria welshimeri harbors a circular chromosome of 2,814,130 bp with 2,780 open reading frames. Comparative genomic analysis of chromosomal regions between L. welshimeri, Listeria innocua, and Listeria monocytogenes shows strong overall conservation of synteny, with the exception of the translocation of an F(o)F(1) ATP synthase. The smaller size of the L. welshimeri genome is the result of deletions in all of the genes involved in virulence and of "fitness" genes required for intracellular survival, transcription factors, and LPXTG- and LRR-containing proteins as well as 55 genes involved in carbohydrate transport and metabolism. In total, 482 genes are absent from L. welshimeri relative to L. monocytogenes. Of these, 249 deletions are commonly absent in both L. welshimeri and L. innocua, suggesting similar genome evolutionary paths from an ancestor. We also identified 311 genes specific to L. welshimeri that are absent in the other two species, indicating gene expansion in L. welshimeri, including horizontal gene transfer. The species L. welshimeri appears to have been derived from early evolutionary events and an ancestor more compact than L. monocytogenes that led to the emergence of nonpathogenic Listeria spp.
ESTHER : Hain_2006_J.Bacteriol_188_7405
PubMedSearch : Hain_2006_J.Bacteriol_188_7405
PubMedID: 16936040
Gene_locus related to this paper: lisin-LIN0976 , lisin-LIN2544 , lismo-LMO2089 , lismo-LMO2452 , lismo-LMO2453 , lismo-metx , lisss-d3urb3 , lisw6-a0agy6 , lisw6-a0ajc8 , lisw6-a0am12

Title : Complete genome sequence and analysis of the multiresistant nosocomial pathogen Corynebacterium jeikeium K411, a lipid-requiring bacterium of the human skin flora - Tauch_2005_J.Bacteriol_187_4671
Author(s) : Tauch A , Kaiser O , Hain T , Goesmann A , Weisshaar B , Albersmeier A , Bekel T , Bischoff N , Brune I , Chakraborty T , Kalinowski J , Meyer F , Rupp O , Schneiker S , Viehoever P , Puhler A
Ref : Journal of Bacteriology , 187 :4671 , 2005
Abstract : Corynebacterium jeikeium is a "lipophilic" and multidrug-resistant bacterial species of the human skin flora that has been recognized with increasing frequency as a serious nosocomial pathogen. Here we report the genome sequence of the clinical isolate C. jeikeium K411, which was initially recovered from the axilla of a bone marrow transplant patient. The genome of C. jeikeium K411 consists of a circular chromosome of 2,462,499 bp and the 14,323-bp bacteriocin-producing plasmid pKW4. The chromosome of C. jeikeium K411 contains 2,104 predicted coding sequences, 52% of which were considered to be orthologous with genes in the Corynebacterium glutamicum, Corynebacterium efficiens, and Corynebacterium diphtheriae genomes. These genes apparently represent the chromosomal backbone that is conserved between the four corynebacteria. Among the genes that lack an ortholog in the known corynebacterial genomes, many are located close to transposable elements or revealed an atypical G+C content, indicating that horizontal gene transfer played an important role in the acquisition of genes involved in iron and manganese homeostasis, in multidrug resistance, in bacterium-host interaction, and in virulence. Metabolic analyses of the genome sequence indicated that the "lipophilic" phenotype of C. jeikeium most likely originates from the absence of fatty acid synthase and thus represents a fatty acid auxotrophy. Accordingly, both the complete gene repertoire and the deduced lifestyle of C. jeikeium K411 largely reflect the strict dependence of growth on the presence of exogenous fatty acids. The predicted virulence factors of C. jeikeium K411 are apparently involved in ensuring the availability of exogenous fatty acids by damaging the host tissue.
ESTHER : Tauch_2005_J.Bacteriol_187_4671
PubMedSearch : Tauch_2005_J.Bacteriol_187_4671
PubMedID: 15968079
Gene_locus related to this paper: corjk-q4jsq8 , corjk-q4jst9 , corjk-q4jt28 , corjk-q4jt69 , corjk-q4jta2 , corjk-q4jth4 , corjk-q4jti5 , corjk-q4ju26 , corjk-q4jug4 , corjk-q4juz4 , corjk-q4jv41 , corjk-q4jvr2 , corjk-q4jwi5 , corjk-q4jwq5 , corjk-q4jwu9 , corjk-q4jx57 , corjk-q4jx58 , corjk-q4jxf4 , corjk-q4jxg1 , corjk-q4jxi0 , corjk-q4jxk5 , corjk-q4jxw6 , corjk-q4jxx7 , corjk-q4jy17 , corjk-q4jy19 , corjk-q4jy21 , corjk-q4jy22 , corjk-q4jyd0 , corjk-q4jyf2