Wilkinson J

References (6)

Title : A high-resolution map of human evolutionary constraint using 29 mammals - Lindblad-Toh_2011_Nature_478_476
Author(s) : Lindblad-Toh K , Garber M , Zuk O , Lin MF , Parker BJ , Washietl S , Kheradpour P , Ernst J , Jordan G , Mauceli E , Ward LD , Lowe CB , Holloway AK , Clamp M , Gnerre S , Alfoldi J , Beal K , Chang J , Clawson H , Cuff J , Di Palma F , Fitzgerald S , Flicek P , Guttman M , Hubisz MJ , Jaffe DB , Jungreis I , Kent WJ , Kostka D , Lara M , Martins AL , Massingham T , Moltke I , Raney BJ , Rasmussen MD , Robinson J , Stark A , Vilella AJ , Wen J , Xie X , Zody MC , Baldwin J , Bloom T , Chin CW , Heiman D , Nicol R , Nusbaum C , Young S , Wilkinson J , Worley KC , Kovar CL , Muzny DM , Gibbs RA , Cree A , Dihn HH , Fowler G , Jhangiani S , Joshi V , Lee S , Lewis LR , Nazareth LV , Okwuonu G , Santibanez J , Warren WC , Mardis ER , Weinstock GM , Wilson RK , Delehaunty K , Dooling D , Fronik C , Fulton L , Fulton B , Graves T , Minx P , Sodergren E , Birney E , Margulies EH , Herrero J , Green ED , Haussler D , Siepel A , Goldman N , Pollard KS , Pedersen JS , Lander ES , Kellis M
Ref : Nature , 478 :476 , 2011
Abstract : The comparison of related genomes has emerged as a powerful lens for genome interpretation. Here we report the sequencing and comparative analysis of 29 eutherian genomes. We confirm that at least 5.5% of the human genome has undergone purifying selection, and locate constrained elements covering approximately 4.2% of the genome. We use evolutionary signatures and comparisons with experimental data sets to suggest candidate functions for approximately 60% of constrained bases. These elements reveal a small number of new coding exons, candidate stop codon readthrough events and over 10,000 regions of overlapping synonymous constraint within protein-coding exons. We find 220 candidate RNA structural families, and nearly a million elements overlapping potential promoter, enhancer and insulator regions. We report specific amino acid residues that have undergone positive selection, 280,000 non-coding elements exapted from mobile elements and more than 1,000 primate- and human-accelerated elements. Overlap with disease-associated variants indicates that our findings will be relevant for studies of human biology, health and disease.
ESTHER : Lindblad-Toh_2011_Nature_478_476
PubMedSearch : Lindblad-Toh_2011_Nature_478_476
PubMedID: 21993624
Gene_locus related to this paper: cavpo-1plip , cavpo-2plrp , cavpo-h0v1b7 , cavpo-h0v5v8 , cavpo-h0vj36 , cavpo-lipli , rabit-1hlip , rabit-1plip , rabit-g1t6x7 , rabit-LIPH , myolu-l7n1c2 , myolu-g1pqd9 , cavpo-h0uyz6 , cavpo-h0vi56 , rabit-g1tbj4 , myolu-g1p5c0 , rabit-g1sds3 , rabit-g1sye0 , cavpo-h0v0r2 , cavpo-h0v7s5 , rabit-g1sp43 , myolu-g1p4p3 , cavpo-h0vw09 , rabit-g1ssu3 , myolu-g1pds0 , rabit-g1sic4 , cavpo-h0v2c4 , myolu-g1pg61 , myolu-g1pnb1 , myolu-g1pu06 , myolu-g1qa15 , myolu-g1qfu0 , rabit-g1sn99 , rabit-g1snq9 , rabit-g1sns7 , rabit-g1tuu8 , rabit-g1tzq7 , cavpo-h0v2i2 , cavpo-h0v2j0 , cavpo-h0vsf5 , cavpo-a0a286x8d3 , cavpo-a0a286xbr3 , cavpo-a0a286y0i8 , cavpo-a0a286y4p3 , myolu-g1q2n9 , cavpo-h0v1p4 , myolu-g1pan8 , myolu-g1paq0 , myolu-g1par4 , myolu-g1prn3 , myolu-g1q3i0 , myolu-g1q463 , myolu-g1pat6 , myolu-g1q859 , rabit-g1sul9 , rabit-g1sun0 , rabit-g1sup0 , myolu-l7n125 , myolu-g1pan2 , rabit-g1sxd0 , cavpo-h0v8j4 , rabit-d5fit0 , rabit-g1tkr5 , myolu-g1nty6 , myolu-g1p1p3 , cavpo-h0vdd5 , myolu-g1pdp2 , rabit-g1tmm5 , cavpo-h0vhq3 , myolu-g1nth4 , cavpo-h0vqx6 , rabit-g1tqr7 , myolu-g1p1e9 , cavpo-h0v8y6 , rabit-g1skt3 , myolu-g1nzg3 , cavpo-h0v5z0 , rabit-g1sgz5 , myolu-g1pkg5 , rabit-g1tmw5 , rabit-g1t134 , cavpo-a0a286x9v5 , myolu-g1qc57 , myolu-g1q061 , rabit-g1tnp4 , rabit-g1tyf7 , cavpo-h0w2w1 , rabit-g1ta36 , cavpo-h0w342 , myolu-g1q4e3 , rabit-g1sqa1 , cavpo-h0uxk7 , myolu-g1p353 , cavpo-h0vpm0 , rabit-a0a5f9cru6 , cavpo-a0a286xtc0

Title : Evolution of genes and genomes on the Drosophila phylogeny - Clark_2007_Nature_450_203
Author(s) : Clark AG , Eisen MB , Smith DR , Bergman CM , Oliver B , Markow TA , Kaufman TC , Kellis M , Gelbart W , Iyer VN , Pollard DA , Sackton TB , Larracuente AM , Singh ND , Abad JP , Abt DN , Adryan B , Aguade M , Akashi H , Anderson WW , Aquadro CF , Ardell DH , Arguello R , Artieri CG , Barbash DA , Barker D , Barsanti P , Batterham P , Batzoglou S , Begun D , Bhutkar A , Blanco E , Bosak SA , Bradley RK , Brand AD , Brent MR , Brooks AN , Brown RH , Butlin RK , Caggese C , Calvi BR , Bernardo de Carvalho A , Caspi A , Castrezana S , Celniker SE , Chang JL , Chapple C , Chatterji S , Chinwalla A , Civetta A , Clifton SW , Comeron JM , Costello JC , Coyne JA , Daub J , David RG , Delcher AL , Delehaunty K , Do CB , Ebling H , Edwards K , Eickbush T , Evans JD , Filipski A , Findeiss S , Freyhult E , Fulton L , Fulton R , Garcia AC , Gardiner A , Garfield DA , Garvin BE , Gibson G , Gilbert D , Gnerre S , Godfrey J , Good R , Gotea V , Gravely B , Greenberg AJ , Griffiths-Jones S , Gross S , Guigo R , Gustafson EA , Haerty W , Hahn MW , Halligan DL , Halpern AL , Halter GM , Han MV , Heger A , Hillier L , Hinrichs AS , Holmes I , Hoskins RA , Hubisz MJ , Hultmark D , Huntley MA , Jaffe DB , Jagadeeshan S , Jeck WR , Johnson J , Jones CD , Jordan WC , Karpen GH , Kataoka E , Keightley PD , Kheradpour P , Kirkness EF , Koerich LB , Kristiansen K , Kudrna D , Kulathinal RJ , Kumar S , Kwok R , Lander E , Langley CH , Lapoint R , Lazzaro BP , Lee SJ , Levesque L , Li R , Lin CF , Lin MF , Lindblad-Toh K , Llopart A , Long M , Low L , Lozovsky E , Lu J , Luo M , Machado CA , Makalowski W , Marzo M , Matsuda M , Matzkin L , McAllister B , McBride CS , McKernan B , McKernan K , Mendez-Lago M , Minx P , Mollenhauer MU , Montooth K , Mount SM , Mu X , Myers E , Negre B , Newfeld S , Nielsen R , Noor MA , O'Grady P , Pachter L , Papaceit M , Parisi MJ , Parisi M , Parts L , Pedersen JS , Pesole G , Phillippy AM , Ponting CP , Pop M , Porcelli D , Powell JR , Prohaska S , Pruitt K , Puig M , Quesneville H , Ram KR , Rand D , Rasmussen MD , Reed LK , Reenan R , Reily A , Remington KA , Rieger TT , Ritchie MG , Robin C , Rogers YH , Rohde C , Rozas J , Rubenfield MJ , Ruiz A , Russo S , Salzberg SL , Sanchez-Gracia A , Saranga DJ , Sato H , Schaeffer SW , Schatz MC , Schlenke T , Schwartz R , Segarra C , Singh RS , Sirot L , Sirota M , Sisneros NB , Smith CD , Smith TF , Spieth J , Stage DE , Stark A , Stephan W , Strausberg RL , Strempel S , Sturgill D , Sutton G , Sutton GG , Tao W , Teichmann S , Tobari YN , Tomimura Y , Tsolas JM , Valente VL , Venter E , Venter JC , Vicario S , Vieira FG , Vilella AJ , Villasante A , Walenz B , Wang J , Wasserman M , Watts T , Wilson D , Wilson RK , Wing RA , Wolfner MF , Wong A , Wong GK , Wu CI , Wu G , Yamamoto D , Yang HP , Yang SP , Yorke JA , Yoshida K , Zdobnov E , Zhang P , Zhang Y , Zimin AV , Baldwin J , Abdouelleil A , Abdulkadir J , Abebe A , Abera B , Abreu J , Acer SC , Aftuck L , Alexander A , An P , Anderson E , Anderson S , Arachi H , Azer M , Bachantsang P , Barry A , Bayul T , Berlin A , Bessette D , Bloom T , Blye J , Boguslavskiy L , Bonnet C , Boukhgalter B , Bourzgui I , Brown A , Cahill P , Channer S , Cheshatsang Y , Chuda L , Citroen M , Collymore A , Cooke P , Costello M , D'Aco K , Daza R , De Haan G , DeGray S , DeMaso C , Dhargay N , Dooley K , Dooley E , Doricent M , Dorje P , Dorjee K , Dupes A , Elong R , Falk J , Farina A , Faro S , Ferguson D , Fisher S , Foley CD , Franke A , Friedrich D , Gadbois L , Gearin G , Gearin CR , Giannoukos G , Goode T , Graham J , Grandbois E , Grewal S , Gyaltsen K , Hafez N , Hagos B , Hall J , Henson C , Hollinger A , Honan T , Huard MD , Hughes L , Hurhula B , Husby ME , Kamat A , Kanga B , Kashin S , Khazanovich D , Kisner P , Lance K , Lara M , Lee W , Lennon N , Letendre F , LeVine R , Lipovsky A , Liu X , Liu J , Liu S , Lokyitsang T , Lokyitsang Y , Lubonja R , Lui A , Macdonald P , Magnisalis V , Maru K , Matthews C , McCusker W , McDonough S , Mehta T , Meldrim J , Meneus L , Mihai O , Mihalev A , Mihova T , Mittelman R , Mlenga V , Montmayeur A , Mulrain L , Navidi A , Naylor J , Negash T , Nguyen T , Nguyen N , Nicol R , Norbu C , Norbu N , Novod N , O'Neill B , Osman S , Markiewicz E , Oyono OL , Patti C , Phunkhang P , Pierre F , Priest M , Raghuraman S , Rege F , Reyes R , Rise C , Rogov P , Ross K , Ryan E , Settipalli S , Shea T , Sherpa N , Shi L , Shih D , Sparrow T , Spaulding J , Stalker J , Stange-Thomann N , Stavropoulos S , Stone C , Strader C , Tesfaye S , Thomson T , Thoulutsang Y , Thoulutsang D , Topham K , Topping I , Tsamla T , Vassiliev H , Vo A , Wangchuk T , Wangdi T , Weiand M , Wilkinson J , Wilson A , Yadav S , Young G , Yu Q , Zembek L , Zhong D , Zimmer A , Zwirko Z , Alvarez P , Brockman W , Butler J , Chin C , Grabherr M , Kleber M , Mauceli E , MacCallum I
Ref : Nature , 450 :203 , 2007
Abstract : Comparative analysis of multiple genomes in a phylogenetic framework dramatically improves the precision and sensitivity of evolutionary inference, producing more robust results than single-genome analyses can provide. The genomes of 12 Drosophila species, ten of which are presented here for the first time (sechellia, simulans, yakuba, erecta, ananassae, persimilis, willistoni, mojavensis, virilis and grimshawi), illustrate how rates and patterns of sequence divergence across taxa can illuminate evolutionary processes on a genomic scale. These genome sequences augment the formidable genetic tools that have made Drosophila melanogaster a pre-eminent model for animal genetics, and will further catalyse fundamental research on mechanisms of development, cell biology, genetics, disease, neurobiology, behaviour, physiology and evolution. Despite remarkable similarities among these Drosophila species, we identified many putatively non-neutral changes in protein-coding genes, non-coding RNA genes, and cis-regulatory regions. These may prove to underlie differences in the ecology and behaviour of these diverse species.
ESTHER : Clark_2007_Nature_450_203
PubMedSearch : Clark_2007_Nature_450_203
PubMedID: 17994087
Gene_locus related to this paper: droan-ACHE , droan-b3lx10 , droan-b3lx75 , droan-b3lxv7 , droan-b3ly87 , droan-b3lyh4 , droan-b3lyh5 , droan-b3lyh7 , droan-b3lyh9 , droan-b3lyi0 , droan-b3lyi2 , droan-b3lyi3 , droan-b3lyi4 , droan-b3lyj8 , droan-b3lyj9 , droan-b3lyx4 , droan-b3lyx5 , droan-b3lyx6 , droan-b3lyx7 , droan-b3lyx9 , droan-b3lz72 , droan-b3m1x3 , droan-b3m2d4 , droan-b3m3d9 , droan-b3m4e3 , droan-b3m5w1 , droan-b3m6i7 , droan-b3m7v2 , droan-b3m9a5 , droan-b3m9f4 , droan-b3m9p3 , droan-b3m254 , droan-b3m259 , droan-b3m260 , droan-b3m262 , droan-b3m524 , droan-b3m635 , droan-b3m845 , droan-b3m846 , droan-b3md01 , droan-b3mdh7 , droan-b3mdm6 , droan-b3mdw8 , droan-b3mee1 , droan-b3mf47 , droan-b3mf48 , droan-b3mg94 , droan-b3mgk2 , droan-b3mgn6 , droan-b3mii3 , droan-b3mjk2 , droan-b3mjk3 , droan-b3mjk4 , droan-b3mjk5 , droan-b3mjl2 , droan-b3mjl4 , droan-b3mjl7 , droan-b3mjl9 , droan-b3mjm8 , droan-b3mjm9 , droan-b3mjs6 , droan-b3mkr0 , droan-b3ml20 , droan-b3mly4 , droan-b3mly5 , droan-b3mly6 , droan-b3mmm8 , droan-b3mnb5 , droan-b3mny9 , droan-b3mtj5 , droan-b3muw4 , droan-b3muw8 , droan-b3n0e7 , droan-b3n2j7 , droan-b3n247 , droan-c5idb2 , droer-ACHE , droer-b3n5c7 , droer-b3n5d0 , droer-b3n5d8 , droer-b3n5d9 , droer-b3n5t7 , droer-b3n5y4 , droer-b3n7d2 , droer-b3n7d3 , droer-b3n7d4 , droer-b3n7k8 , droer-b3n8e4 , droer-b3n8f7 , droer-b3n8f8 , droer-b3n9e1 , droer-b3n319 , droer-b3n547 , droer-b3n549 , droer-b3n558 , droer-b3n560 , droer-b3n577 , droer-b3n612 , droer-b3nar5 , droer-b3nb91 , droer-b3nct9 , droer-b3nd53 , droer-b3ndh9 , droer-b3ndq8 , droer-b3ne66 , droer-b3ne67 , droer-b3ne97 , droer-b3nfk3 , droer-b3nfq9 , droer-b3nim7 , droer-b3nkn2 , droer-b3nm11 , droer-b3nmh4 , droer-b3nmy2 , droer-b3npx2 , droer-b3npx3 , droer-b3nq76 , droer-b3nqg9 , droer-b3nqm8 , droer-b3nr28 , droer-b3nrd3 , droer-b3nst4 , droer-b3nwa7 , droer-b3nyp5.1 , droer-b3nyp5.2 , droer-b3nyp6 , droer-b3nyp7 , droer-b3nyp8 , droer-b3nyp9 , droer-b3nyq3 , droer-b3nz06 , droer-b3nz14 , droer-b3nzj0 , droer-b3p0c0 , droer-b3p0c1 , droer-b3p0c2 , droer-b3p2x6 , droer-b3p2x7 , droer-b3p2x9 , droer-b3p2y1 , droer-b3p2y2 , droer-b3p6d4 , droer-b3p6d5 , droer-b3p6w3 , droer-b3p7b4 , droer-b3p7h9 , droer-b3p152 , droer-b3p486 , droer-b3p487 , droer-b3p488 , droer-b3p489 , droer-EST6 , droer-q670j5 , drogr-ACHE , drogr-b4iwp3 , drogr-b4iww3 , drogr-b4iwy3 , drogr-b4ixf7 , drogr-b4ixh4 , drogr-b4iyz5 , drogr-b4j2s2 , drogr-b4j2u8 , drogr-b4j3u1 , drogr-b4j3v3 , drogr-b4j4g7 , drogr-b4j4x9 , drogr-b4j6e6 , drogr-b4j9c9 , drogr-b4j9y4 , drogr-b4j156 , drogr-b4j384 , drogr-b4j605 , drogr-b4j685 , drogr-b4ja76 , drogr-b4jay5 , drogr-b4jcf0 , drogr-b4jcf1 , drogr-b4jdg6 , drogr-b4jdg7 , drogr-b4jdh6 , drogr-b4jdz1 , drogr-b4jdz2 , drogr-b4jdz4 , drogr-b4je66 , drogr-b4je79 , drogr-b4je82 , drogr-b4je88 , drogr-b4je89 , drogr-b4je90 , drogr-b4je91 , drogr-b4jf76 , drogr-b4jf79 , drogr-b4jf80 , drogr-b4jf81 , drogr-b4jf82 , drogr-b4jf83 , drogr-b4jf84 , drogr-b4jf85 , drogr-b4jf87 , drogr-b4jf91 , drogr-b4jf92 , drogr-b4jg66 , drogr-b4jgh0 , drogr-b4jgh1 , drogr-b4jgr9 , drogr-b4ji67 , drogr-b4jls2 , drogr-b4jnh9 , drogr-b4jpc6 , drogr-b4jpq3 , drogr-b4jpx9 , drogr-b4jql2 , drogr-b4jrh5 , drogr-b4jsb2 , drogr-b4jth3 , drogr-b4jti1 , drogr-b4jul5 , drogr-b4jur4 , drogr-b4jvh3 , drogr-b4jz00 , drogr-b4jz03 , drogr-b4jz04 , drogr-b4jz05 , drogr-b4jzh2 , drogr-b4k0u2 , drogr-b4k2r1 , drogr-b4k234 , drogr-b4k235 , drome-BEM46 , drome-CG3734 , drome-CG9953 , drome-CG11626 , drome-GH02439 , dromo-ACHE , dromo-b4k6a7 , dromo-b4k6a8 , dromo-b4k6q8 , dromo-b4k6q9 , dromo-b4k6r1 , dromo-b4k6r3 , dromo-b4k6r4 , dromo-b4k6r5 , dromo-b4k6r6 , dromo-b4k6r7 , dromo-b4k6r8 , dromo-b4k6r9 , dromo-b4k6s0 , dromo-b4k6s1 , dromo-b4k6s2 , dromo-b4k9c7 , dromo-b4k9d3 , dromo-b4k571 , dromo-b4k721 , dromo-b4ka74 , dromo-b4ka89 , dromo-b4kaj4 , dromo-b4kc20 , dromo-b4kcl2 , dromo-b4kcl3 , dromo-b4kd55.1 , dromo-b4kd55.2 , dromo-b4kd56 , dromo-b4kd57 , dromo-b4kde1 , dromo-b4kdg2 , dromo-b4kdh4 , dromo-b4kdh5 , dromo-b4kdh6 , dromo-A0A0Q9XDF2 , dromo-b4kdh8.1 , dromo-b4kdh8.2 , dromo-b4kg04 , dromo-b4kg05 , dromo-b4kg06 , dromo-b4kg16 , dromo-b4kg44 , dromo-b4kg90 , dromo-b4kh20 , dromo-b4kh21 , dromo-b4kht7 , dromo-b4kid3 , dromo-b4kik0 , dromo-b4kjx0 , dromo-b4kki1 , dromo-b4kkp6 , dromo-b4kkp8 , dromo-b4kkq8 , dromo-b4kkr0 , dromo-b4kkr3 , dromo-b4kkr4 , dromo-b4kks0 , dromo-b4kks1 , dromo-b4kks2 , dromo-b4kla1 , dromo-b4klv8 , dromo-b4knt4 , dromo-b4kp08 , dromo-b4kp16 , dromo-b4kqa6 , dromo-b4kqa7 , dromo-b4kqa8 , dromo-b4kqh1 , dromo-b4kst4 , dromo-b4ksy6 , dromo-b4kt84 , dromo-b4ktf5 , dromo-b4ktf6 , dromo-b4kvl3 , dromo-b4kvw2 , dromo-b4kwv4 , dromo-b4kwv5 , dromo-b4kxz6 , dromo-b4ky12 , dromo-b4ky36 , dromo-b4ky44 , dromo-b4kzu7 , dromo-b4l0n8 , dromo-b4l4u5 , dromo-b4l6l9 , dromo-b4l084 , drope-ACHE , drope-b4g3s6 , drope-b4g4p7 , drope-b4g6v4 , drope-b4g8m0 , drope-b4g8n6 , drope-b4g8n7 , drope-b4g9p2 , drope-b4g815 , drope-b4g816 , drope-b4gat7 , drope-b4gav5 , drope-b4gb05 , drope-b4gc08 , drope-b4gcr3 , drope-b4gdk2 , drope-b4gdl9 , drope-b4gdv9 , drope-b4gei8 , drope-b4gei9 , drope-b4gej0 , drope-b4ghz9 , drope-b4gj62 , drope-b4gj64 , drope-b4gj74 , drope-b4gkf4 , drope-b4gkv2 , drope-b4gky9 , drope-b4gl76 , drope-b4glf3 , drope-b4gmt3 , drope-b4gmt7 , drope-b4gmt9 , drope-b4gmu2 , drope-b4gmu3 , drope-b4gmu4 , drope-b4gmu5 , drope-b4gmu6 , drope-b4gmu7 , drope-b4gmv1 , drope-b4gn08 , drope-b4gpa7 , drope-b4gq13 , drope-b4grh7 , drope-b4gsf9 , drope-b4gsw4 , drope-b4gsw5 , drope-b4gsx2 , drope-b4gsx7 , drope-b4gsy6 , drope-b4gsy7 , drope-b4guj8 , drope-b4gw36 , drope-b4gzc2 , drope-b4gzc6 , drope-b4gzc7 , drope-b4h4p9 , drope-b4h5l3 , drope-b4h6a0 , drope-b4h6a8 , drope-b4h6a9 , drope-b4h6b0 , drope-b4h7m7 , drope-b4h462 , drope-b4h601 , drope-b4h602 , drope-b4hay1 , drope-b4hb18 , drope-est5a , drope-est5b , drope-est5c , drops-ACHE , drops-b5dhd2 , drops-b5dk96 , drops-b5dpe3 , drops-b5drp9 , drops-b5dwa7 , drops-b5dwa8 , drops-b5dz85 , drops-b5dz86 , drops-est5a , drops-est5b , drops-q29bq2 , drops-q29dd7 , drops-q29ew0 , drops-q291d5 , drops-q291e8 , drops-q293n1 , drops-q293n4 , drops-q293n5 , drops-q293n6 , drops-q294n6 , drops-q294n7 , drops-q294n9 , drops-q294p4 , drose-b4he97 , drose-b4hfu2 , drose-b4hg54 , drose-b4hga0 , drose-b4hgu9 , drose-b4hgv0 , drose-b4hgv3 , drose-b4hgv4 , drose-b4hhm8 , drose-b4hhs6 , drose-b4hie4 , drose-b4him9 , drose-b4hk63 , drose-b4hkj5 , drose-b4hr07 , drose-b4hr81 , drose-b4hre7 , drose-b4hs13 , drose-b4hsj9 , drose-b4hsk0 , drose-b4hsm8 , drose-b4hvr5 , drose-b4hwr7 , drose-b4hwr8 , drose-b4hwr9 , drose-b4hws6 , drose-b4hws7 , drose-b4hwt0 , drose-b4hwt2 , drose-b4hwu1 , drose-b4hwu2 , drose-b4hxs9 , drose-b4hxu4 , drose-b4hxz1 , drose-b4hyp8 , drose-b4hyp9 , drose-b4hyq0 , drose-b4hyz4 , drose-b4hyz5 , drose-b4i1k8 , drose-b4i2f3 , drose-b4i2w5 , drose-b4i4u3 , drose-b4i4u7 , drose-b4i4u9 , drose-b4i4v0 , drose-b4i4v1 , drose-b4i4v4 , drose-b4i4v5 , drose-b4i4v6 , drose-b4i4v7 , drose-b4i4v8 , drose-b4i4w0 , drose-b4i7s6 , drose-b4i133 , drose-b4i857 , drose-b4iam7 , drose-b4iam9 , drose-b4iaq6 , drose-b4icf6 , drose-b4icf7 , drose-b4id80 , drose-b4ifc5 , drose-b4ihv9 , drose-b4iie9 , drose-b4ilj8 , drose-b4in13 , drose-b4inj9 , drosi-ACHE , drosi-aes04a , drosi-b4nsh8 , drosi-b4q3d7 , drosi-b4q4w5 , drosi-b4q4y7 , drosi-b4q6h6 , drosi-b4q7u2 , drosi-b4q7u3 , drosi-b4q9c6 , drosi-b4q9c7 , drosi-b4q9d3 , drosi-b4q9d4 , drosi-b4q9r0 , drosi-b4q9r1 , drosi-b4q9r3 , drosi-b4q9s2 , drosi-b4q9s3 , drosi-b4q429 , drosi-b4q530 , drosi-b4q734 , drosi-b4q782 , drosi-b4q783 , drosi-b4q942 , drosi-b4qet1 , drosi-b4qfv6 , drosi-b4qge5 , drosi-b4qgh5 , drosi-b4qgs5 , drosi-b4qhf3 , drosi-b4qhf4 , drosi-b4qhi5 , drosi-b4qjr2 , drosi-b4qjr3 , drosi-b4qjv6 , drosi-b4qk23 , drosi-b4qk51 , drosi-b4qlt1 , drosi-b4qlz9 , drosi-b4qmn9 , drosi-b4qrq7 , drosi-b4qs01 , drosi-b4qs57 , drosi-b4qs82 , drosi-b4qs83 , drosi-b4qs84 , drosi-b4qs85 , drosi-b4qs86 , drosi-b4qsq1 , drosi-b4quk6 , drosi-b4qvg5 , drosi-b4qvg6 , drosi-b4qzn2 , drosi-b4qzn3 , drosi-b4qzn5 , drosi-b4qzn7 , drosi-b4qzn8 , drosi-b4qzp2 , drosi-b4qzp3 , drosi-b4qzp4 , drosi-b4qzp5 , drosi-b4qzp6 , drosi-b4qzp7 , drosi-b4r1a4 , drosi-b4r025 , drosi-b4r207 , drosi-b4r662 , drosi-este6 , drosi-q670k8 , drovi-ACHE , drovi-b4lev2 , drovi-b4lf33 , drovi-b4lf51 , drovi-b4lg54 , drovi-b4lg72 , drovi-b4lgc6 , drovi-b4lgd5 , drovi-b4lgg0 , drovi-b4lgk5 , drovi-b4lgn2 , drovi-b4lh17 , drovi-b4lh18 , drovi-b4lk43 , drovi-b4ll59 , drovi-b4ll60 , drovi-b4llm5 , drovi-b4lln3 , drovi-b4lmk4 , drovi-b4lmp0 , drovi-b4lnr4 , drovi-b4lp47 , drovi-b4lpd0 , drovi-b4lps0 , drovi-b4lqc6 , drovi-b4lr00 , drovi-b4lrp6 , drovi-b4lrw2 , drovi-b4lse7 , drovi-b4lse9 , drovi-b4lsf0 , drovi-b4lsn0 , drovi-b4lsq5 , drovi-b4lt32 , drovi-b4ltr1 , drovi-b4lui7 , drovi-b4lui9 , drovi-b4luj8 , drovi-b4luk0 , drovi-b4luk3 , drovi-b4luk8 , drovi-b4luk9 , drovi-b4lul0 , drovi-b4lve2 , drovi-b4lxi9 , drovi-b4lxj8 , drovi-b4lyf3 , drovi-b4lyq2 , drovi-b4lyq3 , drovi-b4lz07 , drovi-b4lz13 , drovi-b4lz14 , drovi-b4lz15 , drovi-b4m0j7 , drovi-b4m0s0 , drovi-b4m2b6 , drovi-b4m4h7 , drovi-b4m4h8 , drovi-b4m4i0 , drovi-b4m4i2 , drovi-b4m4i3.A , drovi-b4m4i3.B , drovi-b4m4i4 , drovi-b4m4i5 , drovi-b4m4i6 , drovi-b4m4i7 , drovi-b4m4i8 , drovi-b4m4i9 , drovi-b4m4j2 , drovi-b4m5a0 , drovi-b4m5a1 , drovi-b4m5a2 , drovi-b4m6b9 , drovi-b4m7k9 , drovi-b4m9g9 , drovi-b4m9h0 , drovi-b4m564 , drovi-b4m599 , drovi-b4m918 , drovi-b4mb87 , drovi-b4mc71 , drovi-b4mfa4 , drowi-ACHE , drowi-b4mjb9 , drowi-b4mkt7 , drowi-b4mlc1 , drowi-b4mp68 , drowi-b4mqe9 , drowi-b4mqf0.2 , drowi-b4mqf1 , drowi-b4mqf3 , drowi-b4mqf4 , drowi-b4mqf5 , drowi-b4mqq6 , drowi-b4mrd1 , drowi-b4mrk3 , drowi-b4mtl5 , drowi-b4mug2 , drowi-b4muj8 , drowi-b4mv18 , drowi-b4mw32 , drowi-b4mw85 , drowi-b4mwp2 , drowi-b4mwp6 , drowi-b4mwq5 , drowi-b4mwr0 , drowi-b4mwr8 , drowi-b4mwr9 , drowi-b4mwt1 , drowi-b4mwz7 , drowi-b4mxn5 , drowi-b4my54 , drowi-b4myg1 , drowi-b4myh5 , drowi-b4n0d4 , drowi-b4n1a7 , drowi-b4n1c8 , drowi-b4n3s9 , drowi-b4n3x7 , drowi-b4n4x9 , drowi-b4n4y0 , drowi-b4n6m1 , drowi-b4n6n0 , drowi-b4n6n7 , drowi-b4n6u6 , drowi-b4n7s6 , drowi-b4n7s7 , drowi-b4n7s8 , drowi-b4n899.1 , drowi-b4n8a1 , drowi-b4n8a2 , drowi-b4n8a3 , drowi-b4n8a4 , drowi-b4n8a9 , drowi-b4n023 , drowi-b4n075 , drowi-b4n543 , drowi-b4n888 , drowi-b4n889 , drowi-b4n891 , drowi-b4n893 , drowi-b4n895 , drowi-b4n897 , drowi-b4n898 , drowi-b4n899.2 , drowi-b4nae3 , drowi-b4ner8 , drowi-b4ng76 , drowi-b4nga7 , drowi-b4ngb5 , drowi-b4nhz9 , drowi-b4nj18 , drowi-b4nj19 , drowi-b4nja7 , drowi-b4nja8 , drowi-b4nja9 , drowi-b4njk8 , drowi-b4nkc8 , drowi-b4nky0 , drowi-b4nl36 , drowi-b4nm27 , drowi-b4nn59 , drowi-b4nnc1 , drowi-b4nng1 , drowi-b4nng2 , droya-ACHE , droya-aes04 , droya-b4itg2 , droya-b4itg6 , droya-b4itu9 , droya-b4iuv4 , droya-b4iuv5 , droya-b4nxe6 , droya-b4nxg5 , droya-b4nxg6 , droya-b4nxg8 , droya-b4nxw4 , droya-b4ny57 , droya-b4ny58 , droya-b4ny86 , droya-b4nzz8 , droya-b4p0b5 , droya-b4p0q9 , droya-b4p0r0 , droya-b4p0r7 , droya-b4p0r8 , droya-b4p0r9 , droya-b4p0s0 , droya-b4p0s2 , droya-b4p0t0 , droya-b4p0t1 , droya-b4p3h4 , droya-b4p3x8 , droya-b4p5g8 , droya-b4p6c9 , droya-b4p6l9 , droya-b4p6r1 , droya-b4p6r2 , droya-b4p7u4 , droya-b4p8w7 , droya-b4p023 , droya-b4p241 , droya-b4p774 , droya-b4pat9 , droya-b4pbl1 , droya-b4pd22 , droya-b4pd70 , droya-b4pdm8 , droya-b4pet9 , droya-b4pff9 , droya-b4pga7 , droya-b4pgu0 , droya-b4pig3 , droya-b4pjt8 , droya-b4pka2 , droya-b4plh2 , droya-b4pma3 , droya-b4pmv3 , droya-b4pmv4 , droya-b4pmv5 , droya-b4pn92 , droya-b4pp65 , droya-b4ppc5 , droya-b4ppc6 , droya-b4ppc7 , droya-b4ppc8 , droya-b4pq03 , droya-b4prg6B , droya-b4prg9 , droya-b4prh3 , droya-b4prh4 , droya-b4prh6 , droya-b4prh7 , droya-b4psz8 , droya-b4psz9 , droya-b4pv22 , droya-b4q0g5 , droya-b4q246 , droya-EST6 , droya-q71d76 , drowi-b4n7m9 , drope-b4gkk1 , droer-b3n5s3 , drose-b4i1w5 , drowi-a0a0q9x0t3 , drogr-b4jvm7 , dromo-b4ku70 , drovi-b4mcn9 , drovi-b4lty2 , drogr-b4jdu1 , drovi-a0a0q9wiq8 , dromo-b4kf70 , drosi-b2zi86 , droya-b4p2y4 , drose-b2zic5 , droer-b3n895

Title : Genome sequence, comparative analysis and haplotype structure of the domestic dog - Lindblad-Toh_2005_Nature_438_803
Author(s) : Lindblad-Toh K , Wade CM , Mikkelsen TS , Karlsson EK , Jaffe DB , Kamal M , Clamp M , Chang JL , Kulbokas EJ, 3rd , Zody MC , Mauceli E , Xie X , Breen M , Wayne RK , Ostrander EA , Ponting CP , Galibert F , Smith DR , deJong PJ , Kirkness E , Alvarez P , Biagi T , Brockman W , Butler J , Chin CW , Cook A , Cuff J , Daly MJ , Decaprio D , Gnerre S , Grabherr M , Kellis M , Kleber M , Bardeleben C , Goodstadt L , Heger A , Hitte C , Kim L , Koepfli KP , Parker HG , Pollinger JP , Searle SM , Sutter NB , Thomas R , Webber C , Baldwin J , Abebe A , Abouelleil A , Aftuck L , Ait-Zahra M , Aldredge T , Allen N , An P , Anderson S , Antoine C , Arachchi H , Aslam A , Ayotte L , Bachantsang P , Barry A , Bayul T , Benamara M , Berlin A , Bessette D , Blitshteyn B , Bloom T , Blye J , Boguslavskiy L , Bonnet C , Boukhgalter B , Brown A , Cahill P , Calixte N , Camarata J , Cheshatsang Y , Chu J , Citroen M , Collymore A , Cooke P , Dawoe T , Daza R , Decktor K , DeGray S , Dhargay N , Dooley K , Dorje P , Dorjee K , Dorris L , Duffey N , Dupes A , Egbiremolen O , Elong R , Falk J , Farina A , Faro S , Ferguson D , Ferreira P , Fisher S , FitzGerald M , Foley K , Foley C , Franke A , Friedrich D , Gage D , Garber M , Gearin G , Giannoukos G , Goode T , Goyette A , Graham J , Grandbois E , Gyaltsen K , Hafez N , Hagopian D , Hagos B , Hall J , Healy C , Hegarty R , Honan T , Horn A , Houde N , Hughes L , Hunnicutt L , Husby M , Jester B , Jones C , Kamat A , Kanga B , Kells C , Khazanovich D , Kieu AC , Kisner P , Kumar M , Lance K , Landers T , Lara M , Lee W , Leger JP , Lennon N , Leuper L , LeVine S , Liu J , Liu X , Lokyitsang Y , Lokyitsang T , Lui A , MacDonald J , Major J , Marabella R , Maru K , Matthews C , McDonough S , Mehta T , Meldrim J , Melnikov A , Meneus L , Mihalev A , Mihova T , Miller K , Mittelman R , Mlenga V , Mulrain L , Munson G , Navidi A , Naylor J , Nguyen T , Nguyen N , Nguyen C , Nicol R , Norbu N , Norbu C , Novod N , Nyima T , Olandt P , O'Neill B , O'Neill K , Osman S , Oyono L , Patti C , Perrin D , Phunkhang P , Pierre F , Priest M , Rachupka A , Raghuraman S , Rameau R , Ray V , Raymond C , Rege F , Rise C , Rogers J , Rogov P , Sahalie J , Settipalli S , Sharpe T , Shea T , Sheehan M , Sherpa N , Shi J , Shih D , Sloan J , Smith C , Sparrow T , Stalker J , Stange-Thomann N , Stavropoulos S , Stone C , Stone S , Sykes S , Tchuinga P , Tenzing P , Tesfaye S , Thoulutsang D , Thoulutsang Y , Topham K , Topping I , Tsamla T , Vassiliev H , Venkataraman V , Vo A , Wangchuk T , Wangdi T , Weiand M , Wilkinson J , Wilson A , Yadav S , Yang S , Yang X , Young G , Yu Q , Zainoun J , Zembek L , Zimmer A , Lander ES
Ref : Nature , 438 :803 , 2005
Abstract : Here we report a high-quality draft genome sequence of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris), together with a dense map of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) across breeds. The dog is of particular interest because it provides important evolutionary information and because existing breeds show great phenotypic diversity for morphological, physiological and behavioural traits. We use sequence comparison with the primate and rodent lineages to shed light on the structure and evolution of genomes and genes. Notably, the majority of the most highly conserved non-coding sequences in mammalian genomes are clustered near a small subset of genes with important roles in development. Analysis of SNPs reveals long-range haplotypes across the entire dog genome, and defines the nature of genetic diversity within and across breeds. The current SNP map now makes it possible for genome-wide association studies to identify genes responsible for diseases and traits, with important consequences for human and companion animal health.
ESTHER : Lindblad-Toh_2005_Nature_438_803
PubMedSearch : Lindblad-Toh_2005_Nature_438_803
PubMedID: 16341006
Gene_locus related to this paper: canfa-1lipg , canfa-2neur , canfa-3neur , canfa-ACHE , canfa-BCHE , canfa-cauxin , canfa-CESDD1 , canfa-e2qsb1 , canfa-e2qsl3 , canfa-e2qsz2 , canfa-e2qvk3 , canfa-e2qw15 , canfa-e2qxs8 , canfa-e2qzs6 , canfa-e2r5t3 , canfa-e2r6f6 , canfa-e2r7e8 , canfa-e2r8v9 , canfa-e2r8z1 , canfa-e2r9h4 , canfa-e2r455 , canfa-e2rb70 , canfa-e2rcq9 , canfa-e2rd94 , canfa-e2rgi0 , canfa-e2rkq0 , canfa-e2rlz9 , canfa-e2rm00 , canfa-e2rqf1 , canfa-e2rss9 , canfa-f1p6w8 , canfa-f1p8b6 , canfa-f1p9d8 , canfa-f1p683 , canfa-f1pb79 , canfa-f1pgw0 , canfa-f1phd0 , canfa-f1phx2 , canfa-f1pke8 , canfa-f1pp08 , canfa-f1ppp9 , canfa-f1ps07 , canfa-f1ptf1 , canfa-f1pvp4 , canfa-f1pw93 , canfa-f1pwk3 , canfa-pafa , canfa-q1ert3 , canfa-q5jzr0 , canfa-e2rmb9 , canlf-f6v865 , canlf-e2rjg6 , canlf-e2r2h2 , canlf-f1p648 , canlf-f1pw90 , canlf-j9p8v6 , canlf-f1pcc4 , canlf-e2qxh0 , canlf-e2r774 , canlf-f1pf96 , canlf-e2rq56 , canlf-j9nwb1 , canlf-f1ptw2 , canlf-j9p8h1 , canlf-e2ree2 , canlf-f1prs1 , canlf-j9nus1 , canlf-e2rf91 , canlf-f1pg57 , canlf-f1q111

Title : The complete genome and proteome of Mycoplasma mobile - Jaffe_2004_Genome.Res_14_1447
Author(s) : Jaffe JD , Stange-Thomann N , Smith C , Decaprio D , Fisher S , Butler J , Calvo S , Elkins T , Fitzgerald MG , Hafez N , Kodira CD , Major J , Wang S , Wilkinson J , Nicol R , Nusbaum C , Birren B , Berg HC , Church GM
Ref : Genome Res , 14 :1447 , 2004
Abstract : Although often considered "minimal" organisms, mycoplasmas show a wide range of diversity with respect to host environment, phenotypic traits, and pathogenicity. Here we report the complete genomic sequence and proteogenomic map for the piscine mycoplasma Mycoplasma mobile, noted for its robust gliding motility. For the first time, proteomic data are used in the primary annotation of a new genome, providing validation of expression for many of the predicted proteins. Several novel features were discovered including a long repeating unit of DNA of approximately 2435 bp present in five complete copies that are shown to code for nearly identical yet uniquely expressed proteins. M. mobile has among the lowest DNA GC contents (24.9%) and most reduced set of tRNAs of any organism yet reported (28). Numerous instances of tandem duplication as well as lateral gene transfer are evident in the genome. The multiple available complete genome sequences for other motile and immotile mycoplasmas enabled us to use comparative genomic and phylogenetic methods to suggest several candidate genes that might be involved in motility. The results of these analyses leave open the possibility that gliding motility might have arisen independently more than once in the mycoplasma lineage.
ESTHER : Jaffe_2004_Genome.Res_14_1447
PubMedSearch : Jaffe_2004_Genome.Res_14_1447
PubMedID: 15289470
Gene_locus related to this paper: mycmo-q6ki90 , mycmo-q6kim4

Title : The effects of excitotoxic lesions of the basal forebrain on the acquisition, retention and serial reversal of visual discriminations in marmosets - Roberts_1990_Neurosci_34_311
Author(s) : Roberts AC , Robbins TW , Everitt BJ , Jones GH , Sirkia TE , Wilkinson J , Page K
Ref : Neuroscience , 34 :311 , 1990
Abstract : The effects of N-methyl-D-aspartate-induced lesions of the basal forebrain (which included the cholinergic cells of the nucleus basalis of Meynert) were studied on three aspects of visual discrimination; learning, retention and reversal performance, in the marmoset. Neurobiological investigations revealed that the lesion produced large reductions in choline acetyltransferase activity within anterior regions of cortex, particularly prefrontal. In Experiment 1 lesioned animals showed impaired retention, one week after surgery, of a visual discrimination learned immediately prior to surgery and subsequently showed impaired performance over a series of reversals. The reversal deficit could be characterized as a tendency to perseverate on the previously correct stimulus on the first reversal and as a failure to show serial reversal learning on subsequent reversals. Acquisition of a novel discrimination was not impaired five weeks after surgery. As time of testing may have been a confounding factor, in Experiment 2 the effects of the same lesion on new learning were examined immediately following surgery and the effects on retention a month later. The lesion was found to disrupt new learning but did not affect retention. From the two experiments it is clear that, whereas disruption of retention and new learning was relatively transient, the impairments in reversal performance were more long lasting. In addition, lesioned animals exhibited behavioural hyperactivity and elevations in consummatory and schedule-controlled licking. The disinhibitory and preservative effects observed following lesions of the basal forebrain in this study are similar to those following lesions of the orbitofrontal cortex while the disruption of serial reversal learning is commonly seen following damage to the amygdala. Therefore, these results are consistent with the hypothesis that the range of behavioural effects of the lesion result from damage to the cholinergic afferents to orbitofrontal cortex and to the amygdala, two structures intimately connected to one another.
ESTHER : Roberts_1990_Neurosci_34_311
PubMedSearch : Roberts_1990_Neurosci_34_311
PubMedID: 2110326

Title : Comparative effects of ibotenic acid- and quisqualic acid-induced lesions of the substantia innominata on attentional function in the rat: further implications for the role of the cholinergic neurons of the nucleus basalis in cognitive processes - Robbins_1989_Behav.Brain.Res_35_221
Author(s) : Robbins TW , Everitt BJ , Marston HM , Wilkinson J , Jones GH , Page KJ
Ref : Behavioural Brain Research , 35 :221 , 1989
Abstract : Two experiments examined the effects of excitotoxic lesions of the substantia innominata on cholinergic activity in the neocortex and on performance in a paradigm measuring selective attention in the rat. In Expt. 1, ibotenate-induced lesions produced approximately 30% reductions in cortical choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) activity, and damage to wide regions of the substantia innominata and ventral pallidum. The rats were impaired in their ability to localize brief visual targets in a serial reaction time task, as measured by reduced choice accuracy. This impairment was particularly evident at short stimulus durations, but the lesioned rats did not exhibit evidence of primary visual sensory dysfunction and exhibited only minor deficits when the stimuli were presented unpredictably. The deficit was exacerbated when distracting white noise was interpolated into the task. The rats with lesions were also slower to respond correctly, probably resulting partly from the adoption of a speed/error trade-off strategy, and were slower to collect earned food pellets, although they made no more errors of omission than controls. In Expt. 2, quisqualate-induced lesions produced fewer signs of non-specific damage and 50% reductions in cortical ChAT activity. This lesion produced generally qualitatively similar, but weaker effects to those of ibotenate-induced lesions. It was notable that many of the deficits following either ibotenate- or quisqualate-induced lesions lasted for several months after surgery. The results are discussed in terms of the cholinergic hypothesis of cognitive dysfunction. It is argued that lesions of the substantia innominata, including the magnocellular cholinergic neurons of the nucleus basalis of Meynert, produce deficits in attentional processing, which may not result from damage specifically to cholinergic cells. However, the longevity of the effects makes these preparations suitable for further exploration of the restorative effects of cholinergic treatments.
ESTHER : Robbins_1989_Behav.Brain.Res_35_221
PubMedSearch : Robbins_1989_Behav.Brain.Res_35_221
PubMedID: 2688683