Wosten HA

References (5)

Title : Genome sequence of the button mushroom Agaricus bisporus reveals mechanisms governing adaptation to a humic-rich ecological niche - Morin_2012_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_109_17501
Author(s) : Morin E , Kohler A , Baker AR , Foulongne-Oriol M , Lombard V , Nagy LG , Ohm RA , Patyshakuliyeva A , Brun A , Aerts AL , Bailey AM , Billette C , Coutinho PM , Deakin G , Doddapaneni H , Floudas D , Grimwood J , Hilden K , Kues U , LaButti KM , Lapidus A , Lindquist EA , Lucas SM , Murat C , Riley RW , Salamov AA , Schmutz J , Subramanian V , Wosten HA , Xu J , Eastwood DC , Foster GD , Sonnenberg AS , Cullen D , de Vries RP , Lundell T , Hibbett DS , Henrissat B , Burton KS , Kerrigan RW , Challen MP , Grigoriev IV , Martin F
Ref : Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A , 109 :17501 , 2012
Abstract : Agaricus bisporus is the model fungus for the adaptation, persistence, and growth in the humic-rich leaf-litter environment. Aside from its ecological role, A. bisporus has been an important component of the human diet for over 200 y and worldwide cultivation of the "button mushroom" forms a multibillion dollar industry. We present two A. bisporus genomes, their gene repertoires and transcript profiles on compost and during mushroom formation. The genomes encode a full repertoire of polysaccharide-degrading enzymes similar to that of wood-decayers. Comparative transcriptomics of mycelium grown on defined medium, casing-soil, and compost revealed genes encoding enzymes involved in xylan, cellulose, pectin, and protein degradation are more highly expressed in compost. The striking expansion of heme-thiolate peroxidases and beta-etherases is distinctive from Agaricomycotina wood-decayers and suggests a broad attack on decaying lignin and related metabolites found in humic acid-rich environment. Similarly, up-regulation of these genes together with a lignolytic manganese peroxidase, multiple copper radical oxidases, and cytochrome P450s is consistent with challenges posed by complex humic-rich substrates. The gene repertoire and expression of hydrolytic enzymes in A. bisporus is substantially different from the taxonomically related ectomycorrhizal symbiont Laccaria bicolor. A common promoter motif was also identified in genes very highly expressed in humic-rich substrates. These observations reveal genetic and enzymatic mechanisms governing adaptation to the humic-rich ecological niche formed during plant degradation, further defining the critical role such fungi contribute to soil structure and carbon sequestration in terrestrial ecosystems. Genome sequence will expedite mushroom breeding for improved agronomic characteristics.
ESTHER : Morin_2012_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_109_17501
PubMedSearch : Morin_2012_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_109_17501
PubMedID: 23045686
Gene_locus related to this paper: agabu-k5x1b4 , agabu-k5x521 , agabu-k5w389 , agabu-k5wbk9 , agabu-k5wrh0 , agabu-k5ws85 , agabu-k5wsf9 , agabu-k5wxv1 , agabu-k5x0d9 , agabu-k5x588 , agabu-k5x5x2 , agabu-k5xd51 , agabu-k5xh54 , agabu-k5xsm1 , agabu-k5xsp8 , agabu-k5xtc1 , agabu-k5y2v2 , agabb-k9i3g9 , agabb-k9hnv7 , agabb-k9hr46 , agabu-k5wys0

Title : Genome sequence of the model mushroom Schizophyllum commune - Ohm_2010_Nat.Biotechnol_28_957
Author(s) : Ohm RA , de Jong JF , Lugones LG , Aerts A , Kothe E , Stajich JE , de Vries RP , Record E , Levasseur A , Baker SE , Bartholomew KA , Coutinho PM , Erdmann S , Fowler TJ , Gathman AC , Lombard V , Henrissat B , Knabe N , Kues U , Lilly WW , Lindquist E , Lucas S , Magnuson JK , Piumi F , Raudaskoski M , Salamov A , Schmutz J , Schwarze FW , vanKuyk PA , Horton JS , Grigoriev IV , Wosten HA
Ref : Nat Biotechnol , 28 :957 , 2010
Abstract : Much remains to be learned about the biology of mushroom-forming fungi, which are an important source of food, secondary metabolites and industrial enzymes. The wood-degrading fungus Schizophyllum commune is both a genetically tractable model for studying mushroom development and a likely source of enzymes capable of efficient degradation of lignocellulosic biomass. Comparative analyses of its 38.5-megabase genome, which encodes 13,210 predicted genes, reveal the species's unique wood-degrading machinery. One-third of the 471 genes predicted to encode transcription factors are differentially expressed during sexual development of S. commune. Whereas inactivation of one of these, fst4, prevented mushroom formation, inactivation of another, fst3, resulted in more, albeit smaller, mushrooms than in the wild-type fungus. Antisense transcripts may also have a role in the formation of fruiting bodies. Better insight into the mechanisms underlying mushroom formation should affect commercial production of mushrooms and their industrial use for producing enzymes and pharmaceuticals.
ESTHER : Ohm_2010_Nat.Biotechnol_28_957
PubMedSearch : Ohm_2010_Nat.Biotechnol_28_957
PubMedID: 20622885
Gene_locus related to this paper: schcm-d8pqz6 , schcm-d8prj2 , schcm-d8pug6 , schcm-d8pxe8 , schcm-d8pxe9 , schcm-d8pxz1 , schcm-d8q1c7 , schcm-d8q2b4 , schcm-d8q3j1 , schcm-d8q5m5 , schcm-d8q7x7.1 , schcm-d8q7x7.2 , schcm-d8q8y8 , schcm-d8q9n6 , schcm-d8q697 , schcm-d8qip8 , schcm-d8q5s5 , schcm-d8ppb3 , schcm-d8ppb6 , schcm-d8pv73 , schcm-d8pzm1 , schcm-d8q5a7 , schcm-d8qif0

Title : Two glucuronoyl esterases of Phanerochaete chrysosporium - Duranova_2009_Arch.Microbiol_191_133
Author(s) : Duranova M , Spanikova S , Wosten HA , Biely P , de Vries RP
Ref : Arch Microbiol , 191 :133 , 2009
Abstract : The white-rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium produces glucuronoyl esterase, a recently discovered carbohydrate esterase, during growth on sugar beet pulp. Two putative genes encoding this enzyme, ge1 and ge2, were isolated and cloned. Heterologous expression in Aspergillus vadensis, Pycnoporus cinnabarinus and Schizophyllum commune resulted in extracellular glucuronoyl esterase activity, demonstrating that these genes encode this enzymatic function. The amino acid sequence of GE1 was used to identify homologous genes in the genomes of twenty-four fungi. Approximately half of the genomes, both from ascomycetes and basidiomycetes, contained putative orthologues, but their presence could not be assigned to any of fungal class or subclass. Comparison of the amino acid sequences of identified and putative glucuronoyl esterases to other types of carbohydrate esterases (CE) confirmed that they form a separate family of CEs. These enzymes are interesting candidates for biotechnological applications such as the separation of lignin and hemicellulose.
ESTHER : Duranova_2009_Arch.Microbiol_191_133
PubMedSearch : Duranova_2009_Arch.Microbiol_191_133
PubMedID: 18854978
Gene_locus related to this paper: wolco-gce1 , phacr-gce1

Title : Genome sequencing and analysis of the versatile cell factory Aspergillus niger CBS 513.88 - Pel_2007_Nat.Biotechnol_25_221
Author(s) : Pel HJ , de Winde JH , Archer DB , Dyer PS , Hofmann G , Schaap PJ , Turner G , de Vries RP , Albang R , Albermann K , Andersen MR , Bendtsen JD , Benen JA , van den Berg M , Breestraat S , Caddick MX , Contreras R , Cornell M , Coutinho PM , Danchin EG , Debets AJ , Dekker P , van Dijck PW , van Dijk A , Dijkhuizen L , Driessen AJ , d'Enfert C , Geysens S , Goosen C , Groot GS , de Groot PW , Guillemette T , Henrissat B , Herweijer M , van den Hombergh JP , van den Hondel CA , van der Heijden RT , van der Kaaij RM , Klis FM , Kools HJ , Kubicek CP , van Kuyk PA , Lauber J , Lu X , van der Maarel MJ , Meulenberg R , Menke H , Mortimer MA , Nielsen J , Oliver SG , Olsthoorn M , Pal K , van Peij NN , Ram AF , Rinas U , Roubos JA , Sagt CM , Schmoll M , Sun J , Ussery D , Varga J , Vervecken W , van de Vondervoort PJ , Wedler H , Wosten HA , Zeng AP , van Ooyen AJ , Visser J , Stam H
Ref : Nat Biotechnol , 25 :221 , 2007
Abstract : The filamentous fungus Aspergillus niger is widely exploited by the fermentation industry for the production of enzymes and organic acids, particularly citric acid. We sequenced the 33.9-megabase genome of A. niger CBS 513.88, the ancestor of currently used enzyme production strains. A high level of synteny was observed with other aspergilli sequenced. Strong function predictions were made for 6,506 of the 14,165 open reading frames identified. A detailed description of the components of the protein secretion pathway was made and striking differences in the hydrolytic enzyme spectra of aspergilli were observed. A reconstructed metabolic network comprising 1,069 unique reactions illustrates the versatile metabolism of A. niger. Noteworthy is the large number of major facilitator superfamily transporters and fungal zinc binuclear cluster transcription factors, and the presence of putative gene clusters for fumonisin and ochratoxin A synthesis.
ESTHER : Pel_2007_Nat.Biotechnol_25_221
PubMedSearch : Pel_2007_Nat.Biotechnol_25_221
PubMedID: 17259976
Gene_locus related to this paper: aspna-g3yal2 , aspnc-a2q8r7 , aspnc-a2q814 , aspnc-a2qb93 , aspnc-a2qbd3 , aspnc-a2qbh3 , aspnc-a2qbx7 , aspnc-a2qdj6 , aspnc-a2qe77 , aspnc-a2qf54 , aspnc-a2qfe9 , aspnc-a2qg33 , aspnc-a2qgj6 , aspnc-a2qgm6 , aspnc-a2qh52 , aspnc-a2qh76 , aspnc-a2qh85 , aspnc-a2qhe2 , aspnc-a2qi32 , aspnc-a2qib2 , aspnc-a2qk14 , aspnc-a2ql23 , aspnc-a2ql89 , aspnc-a2ql90 , aspnc-a2qla0 , aspnc-a2qlz0 , aspnc-a2qm14 , aspnc-a2qmk5 , aspnc-a2qms0 , aspnc-a2qn29 , aspnc-a2qn56 , aspnc-a2qn70 , aspnc-a2qnw9 , aspnc-a2qr21 , aspnc-a2qs22 , aspnc-a2qt50 , aspnc-a2qti9 , aspnc-a2qtz0 , aspnc-a2quc1 , aspnc-a2qw06 , aspnc-a2qwz6 , aspnc-a2qx92 , aspnc-a2qyf0 , aspnc-a2qys7 , aspnc-a2qz72 , aspnc-a2qzn6 , aspnc-a2qzr0 , aspnc-a2qzs1 , aspnc-a2qzx0 , aspnc-a2qzx4 , aspnc-a2r0p4 , aspnc-a2r0u0 , aspnc-a2r1p3 , aspnc-a2r1r5 , aspnc-a2r2i5 , aspnc-a2r2l0 , aspnc-a2r3s8 , aspnc-a2r4c0 , aspnc-a2r4j8 , aspnc-a2r5r4 , aspnc-a2r6g3 , aspnc-a2r6h5 , aspnc-a2r6h8 , aspnc-a2r7q1 , aspnc-a2r8r3 , aspnc-a2r8z3 , aspnc-a2r9y8 , aspnc-a2r032 , aspnc-a2r040 , aspnc-a2r273 , aspnc-a2r496 , aspnc-a2r502 , aspnc-a2ra07 , aspnc-a2rap4 , aspnc-a2raq2 , aspnc-a2rav1 , aspnc-a5aaf4 , aspnc-a5ab63 , aspnc-a5abc6 , aspnc-a5abe5 , aspnc-a5abe8 , aspnc-a5abf0 , aspnc-a5abh9 , aspnc-a5abk1 , aspnc-a5abt2 , aspnc-a5abz1 , aspnc-atg15 , aspnc-axe1 , aspnc-cuti1 , aspnc-cuti2 , aspnc-faec , aspng-a2q8w0 , aspng-a2qs46 , aspng-a2qst4 , aspng-a2qv27 , aspng-a2qzk9 , aspng-a2r0p8 , aspng-a2r225 , aspng-DAPB , aspng-DPP5 , aspng-faeb , aspni-APSC , aspni-EstA , aspni-FAEA , aspni-PAPA , aspkw-g7y0v7 , aspnc-a2qt47 , aspnc-a2qt66 , aspnc-a2r199 , aspnc-a2r871 , aspnc-a2qbp6 , aspnc-a2qqa1 , aspnc-a2qt70 , aspna-g3y5a6 , aspna-g3xpw9 , aspnc-a2qw57 , aspaw-a0a401kcz4 , aspna-alba , aspnc-kex1 , aspnc-cbpya , aspnc-a2qbg8

Title : Insights from the genome of the biotrophic fungal plant pathogen Ustilago maydis - Kamper_2006_Nature_444_97
Author(s) : Kamper J , Kahmann R , Bolker M , Ma LJ , Brefort T , Saville BJ , Banuett F , Kronstad JW , Gold SE , Muller O , Perlin MH , Wosten HA , de Vries R , Ruiz-Herrera J , Reynaga-Pena CG , Snetselaar K , McCann M , Perez-Martin J , Feldbrugge M , Basse CW , Steinberg G , Ibeas JI , Holloman W , Guzman P , Farman M , Stajich JE , Sentandreu R , Gonzalez-Prieto JM , Kennell JC , Molina L , Schirawski J , Mendoza-Mendoza A , Greilinger D , Munch K , Rossel N , Scherer M , Vranes M , Ladendorf O , Vincon V , Fuchs U , Sandrock B , Meng S , Ho EC , Cahill MJ , Boyce KJ , Klose J , Klosterman SJ , Deelstra HJ , Ortiz-Castellanos L , Li W , Sanchez-Alonso P , Schreier PH , Hauser-Hahn I , Vaupel M , Koopmann E , Friedrich G , Voss H , Schluter T , Margolis J , Platt D , Swimmer C , Gnirke A , Chen F , Vysotskaia V , Mannhaupt G , Guldener U , Munsterkotter M , Haase D , Oesterheld M , Mewes HW , Mauceli EW , Decaprio D , Wade CM , Butler J , Young S , Jaffe DB , Calvo S , Nusbaum C , Galagan J , Birren BW
Ref : Nature , 444 :97 , 2006
Abstract : Ustilago maydis is a ubiquitous pathogen of maize and a well-established model organism for the study of plant-microbe interactions. This basidiomycete fungus does not use aggressive virulence strategies to kill its host. U. maydis belongs to the group of biotrophic parasites (the smuts) that depend on living tissue for proliferation and development. Here we report the genome sequence for a member of this economically important group of biotrophic fungi. The 20.5-million-base U. maydis genome assembly contains 6,902 predicted protein-encoding genes and lacks pathogenicity signatures found in the genomes of aggressive pathogenic fungi, for example a battery of cell-wall-degrading enzymes. However, we detected unexpected genomic features responsible for the pathogenicity of this organism. Specifically, we found 12 clusters of genes encoding small secreted proteins with unknown function. A significant fraction of these genes exists in small gene families. Expression analysis showed that most of the genes contained in these clusters are regulated together and induced in infected tissue. Deletion of individual clusters altered the virulence of U. maydis in five cases, ranging from a complete lack of symptoms to hypervirulence. Despite years of research into the mechanism of pathogenicity in U. maydis, no 'true' virulence factors had been previously identified. Thus, the discovery of the secreted protein gene clusters and the functional demonstration of their decisive role in the infection process illuminate previously unknown mechanisms of pathogenicity operating in biotrophic fungi. Genomic analysis is, similarly, likely to open up new avenues for the discovery of virulence determinants in other pathogens.
ESTHER : Kamper_2006_Nature_444_97
PubMedSearch : Kamper_2006_Nature_444_97
PubMedID: 17080091
Gene_locus related to this paper: ustma-q4p4j7 , ustma-q4p5d2 , ustma-q4p8h8 , ustma-q4p8x7 , ustma-q4p082 , ustma-q4p194 , ustma-q4pa07 , ustma-q4pas0 , ustma-q4pbb4 , ustma-q4pg48