Morishita T

References (4)

Title : Effects of lipase, lipoxygenase, peroxidase and free fatty acids on volatile compound found in boiled buckwheat noodles - Suzuki_2010_J.Sci.Food.Agric_90_1232
Author(s) : Suzuki T , Kim SJ , Mukasa Y , Morishita T , Noda T , Takigawa S , Hashimoto N , Yamauchi H , Matsuura-Endo C
Ref : J Sci Food Agric , 90 :1232 , 2010
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Relationships between buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench) flour lipase, lipoxygenase and peroxidase activity, along with levels of individual free fatty acids (FFAs) and levels of headspace volatile compounds of boiled buckwheat noodles, were investigated for 12 different buckwheat varieties. Enzyme activities and FFA levels in flour were correlated with their respective varietal arrays of boiled noodle headspace volatile compounds, measured by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. RESULTS: The volatiles hexanal, tentative butanal, tentative 3-methylbutanal and tentative 2-methylbutanal showed significant positive correlation with one another, indicating that they may be generated through similar mechanisms. These important volatile components of buckwheat flavor were also positively correlated with lipase and/or peroxidase activity, indicating that enzymatic reactions are important in flavor generation in boiled buckwheat noodles. On the other hand, pentanal, which showed no significant correlation with any enzyme activity, showed a significant positive correlation to the levels of C18:2 and C18:3 FFAs, suggesting the existence of a 'non-enzymatic' and/or 'uncertain enzymatic pathway' for flavor generation in boiled buckwheat noodles. CONCLUSION: Lipase and peroxidase in buckwheat flour are important for flavor generation of boiled buckwheat noodles. This information is important for increasing desirable flavor of buckwheat products as well as for selecting varieties with improved flavor.
ESTHER : Suzuki_2010_J.Sci.Food.Agric_90_1232
PubMedSearch : Suzuki_2010_J.Sci.Food.Agric_90_1232
PubMedID: 20394006

Title : The medaka draft genome and insights into vertebrate genome evolution - Kasahara_2007_Nature_447_714
Author(s) : Kasahara M , Naruse K , Sasaki S , Nakatani Y , Qu W , Ahsan B , Yamada T , Nagayasu Y , Doi K , Kasai Y , Jindo T , Kobayashi D , Shimada A , Toyoda A , Kuroki Y , Fujiyama A , Sasaki T , Shimizu A , Asakawa S , Shimizu N , Hashimoto S , Yang J , Lee Y , Matsushima K , Sugano S , Sakaizumi M , Narita T , Ohishi K , Haga S , Ohta F , Nomoto H , Nogata K , Morishita T , Endo T , Shin IT , Takeda H , Morishita S , Kohara Y
Ref : Nature , 447 :714 , 2007
Abstract : Teleosts comprise more than half of all vertebrate species and have adapted to a variety of marine and freshwater habitats. Their genome evolution and diversification are important subjects for the understanding of vertebrate evolution. Although draft genome sequences of two pufferfishes have been published, analysis of more fish genomes is desirable. Here we report a high-quality draft genome sequence of a small egg-laying freshwater teleost, medaka (Oryzias latipes). Medaka is native to East Asia and an excellent model system for a wide range of biology, including ecotoxicology, carcinogenesis, sex determination and developmental genetics. In the assembled medaka genome (700 megabases), which is less than half of the zebrafish genome, we predicted 20,141 genes, including approximately 2,900 new genes, using 5'-end serial analysis of gene expression tag information. We found single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at an average rate of 3.42% between the two inbred strains derived from two regional populations; this is the highest SNP rate seen in any vertebrate species. Analyses based on the dense SNP information show a strict genetic separation of 4 million years (Myr) between the two populations, and suggest that differential selective pressures acted on specific gene categories. Four-way comparisons with the human, pufferfish (Tetraodon), zebrafish and medaka genomes revealed that eight major interchromosomal rearrangements took place in a remarkably short period of approximately 50 Myr after the whole-genome duplication event in the teleost ancestor and afterwards, intriguingly, the medaka genome preserved its ancestral karyotype for more than 300 Myr.
ESTHER : Kasahara_2007_Nature_447_714
PubMedSearch : Kasahara_2007_Nature_447_714
PubMedID: 17554307
Gene_locus related to this paper: fugru-3cxest , fugru-4cxest , fugru-4neur , fugru-ACHE , fugru-ACHEE , fugru-balip , fugru-BCHE , fugru-BCHEB , fugru-cxest , oryla-ACHE , oryla-BCHE , oryla-d2x2i4 , oryla-h2m6h1 , oryla-h2m7w4 , oryla-h2m361 , oryla-h2mbn6 , oryla-h2mfw1 , oryla-h2mhi0 , oryla-h2mhl7 , oryla-h2mpb5 , oryla-h2mqz5 , oryla-h2mvs7 , oryla-h2mz49 , oryla-h2n1l9 , oryla-nlgn2 , takru-1neur , takru-2bneur , takru-3bneur , takru-h2rke7 , takru-h2rmg3 , takru-h2rsj9 , takru-h2rw77 , takru-h2ryq0 , takru-h2sci9 , takru-h2se90 , takru-h2spg7 , takru-h2sxi1 , takru-h2ts55 , takru-h2ts56 , takru-h2uxa9 , takru-h2vaf1 , takru-nlgn2a , takru-nlgn3a , takru-nlgn4a , oryla-h2mff8 , oryla-h2m2f0 , oryla-h2ler5 , takru-h2tsm6 , takru-h2tq49 , takru-h2tq47 , takru-h2s286 , takru-h2tng4 , takru-h2tq50 , takru-h2tng3 , takru-h2tng2 , oryla-h2lj38 , oryla-h2mxe6 , takru-h2tq48 , oryla-h2lf11 , takru-h2u5j0 , takru-h2rpm8 , oryla-h2n273 , oryla-h2n271 , oryla-h2lum7 , takru-h2tpz2 , takru-h2u3j1 , oryla-h2mdv3 , takru-h2tzm9 , takru-h2u8u6 , oryla-h2lcw8 , oryla-h2lc35 , oryla-h2ln66 , oryla-h2m8k0 , oryla-h2mdj7 , oryla-h2lw61 , oryla-h2lxe3 , oryla-h2l8y7 , oryla-h2mr84 , oryla-h2mr95 , oryla-h2mcz6 , oryla-h2lxr5 , oryla-h2ly57 , oryla-a0a3p9kz03 , oryla-a0a3p9hfu1 , oryla-h2m307 , oryla-h2lch5 , oryla-h2ldw9 , oryla-a0a3b3ic40 , oryla-h2ldi5 , oryla-h2mun1 , oryla-a0a3p9jla3

Title : Genome sequence of the ultrasmall unicellular red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae 10D - Matsuzaki_2004_Nature_428_653
Author(s) : Matsuzaki M , Misumi O , Shin IT , Maruyama S , Takahara M , Miyagishima SY , Mori T , Nishida K , Yagisawa F , Yoshida Y , Nishimura Y , Nakao S , Kobayashi T , Momoyama Y , Higashiyama T , Minoda A , Sano M , Nomoto H , Oishi K , Hayashi H , Ohta F , Nishizaka S , Haga S , Miura S , Morishita T , Kabeya Y , Terasawa K , Suzuki Y , Ishii Y , Asakawa S , Takano H , Ohta N , Kuroiwa H , Tanaka K , Shimizu N , Sugano S , Sato N , Nozaki H , Ogasawara N , Kohara Y , Kuroiwa T
Ref : Nature , 428 :653 , 2004
Abstract : Small, compact genomes of ultrasmall unicellular algae provide information on the basic and essential genes that support the lives of photosynthetic eukaryotes, including higher plants. Here we report the 16,520,305-base-pair sequence of the 20 chromosomes of the unicellular red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae 10D as the first complete algal genome. We identified 5,331 genes in total, of which at least 86.3% were expressed. Unique characteristics of this genomic structure include: a lack of introns in all but 26 genes; only three copies of ribosomal DNA units that maintain the nucleolus; and two dynamin genes that are involved only in the division of mitochondria and plastids. The conserved mosaic origin of Calvin cycle enzymes in this red alga and in green plants supports the hypothesis of the existence of single primary plastid endosymbiosis. The lack of a myosin gene, in addition to the unexpressed actin gene, suggests a simpler system of cytokinesis. These results indicate that the C. merolae genome provides a model system with a simple gene composition for studying the origin, evolution and fundamental mechanisms of eukaryotic cells.
ESTHER : Matsuzaki_2004_Nature_428_653
PubMedSearch : Matsuzaki_2004_Nature_428_653
PubMedID: 15071595
Gene_locus related to this paper: cyam1-m1vi61 , cyam1-m1vhh9

Title : The draft genome of Ciona intestinalis: insights into chordate and vertebrate origins - Dehal_2002_Science_298_2157
Author(s) : Dehal P , Satou Y , Campbell RK , Chapman J , Degnan B , De Tomaso A , Davidson B , Di Gregorio A , Gelpke M , Goodstein DM , Harafuji N , Hastings KE , Ho I , Hotta K , Huang W , Kawashima T , Lemaire P , Martinez D , Meinertzhagen IA , Necula S , Nonaka M , Putnam N , Rash S , Saiga H , Satake M , Terry A , Yamada L , Wang HG , Awazu S , Azumi K , Boore J , Branno M , Chin-Bow S , DeSantis R , Doyle S , Francino P , Keys DN , Haga S , Hayashi H , Hino K , Imai KS , Inaba K , Kano S , Kobayashi K , Kobayashi M , Lee BI , Makabe KW , Manohar C , Matassi G , Medina M , Mochizuki Y , Mount S , Morishita T , Miura S , Nakayama A , Nishizaka S , Nomoto H , Ohta F , Oishi K , Rigoutsos I , Sano M , Sasaki A , Sasakura Y , Shoguchi E , Shin-I T , Spagnuolo A , Stainier D , Suzuki MM , Tassy O , Takatori N , Tokuoka M , Yagi K , Yoshizaki F , Wada S , Zhang C , Hyatt PD , Larimer F , Detter C , Doggett N , Glavina T , Hawkins T , Richardson P , Lucas S , Kohara Y , Levine M , Satoh N , Rokhsar DS
Ref : Science , 298 :2157 , 2002
Abstract : The first chordates appear in the fossil record at the time of the Cambrian explosion, nearly 550 million years ago. The modern ascidian tadpole represents a plausible approximation to these ancestral chordates. To illuminate the origins of chordate and vertebrates, we generated a draft of the protein-coding portion of the genome of the most studied ascidian, Ciona intestinalis. The Ciona genome contains approximately 16,000 protein-coding genes, similar to the number in other invertebrates, but only half that found in vertebrates. Vertebrate gene families are typically found in simplified form in Ciona, suggesting that ascidians contain the basic ancestral complement of genes involved in cell signaling and development. The ascidian genome has also acquired a number of lineage-specific innovations, including a group of genes engaged in cellulose metabolism that are related to those in bacteria and fungi.
ESTHER : Dehal_2002_Science_298_2157
PubMedSearch : Dehal_2002_Science_298_2157
PubMedID: 12481130
Gene_locus related to this paper: cioin-141645 , cioin-147959 , cioin-150181 , cioin-154370 , cioin-ACHE1 , cioin-ACHE2 , cioin-cxest , cioin-f6qcp0 , cioin-f6r8z1 , cioin-f6u176 , cioin-f6vac9 , cioin-f6x584 , cioin-f6xa69 , cioin-f6y403 , cioin-h2xqb4 , cioin-H2XTI0 , cioin-F6T1M3 , cioin-H2XUP7 , cioin-CIN.7233 , cioin-F6V269 , cioin-Cin16330 , cioin-h2xua2 , cioin-f6vaa5 , cioin-f6v9x6 , cioin-f6swc9 , cioin-f7amz2 , cioin-f6s021 , cioin-h2xxq9 , cioin-h2xne6 , cioin-f6ynr2