Irie R

References (2)

Title : Lipoprotein Lipase Up-regulation in Hepatic Stellate Cells Exacerbates Liver Fibrosis in Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis in Mice - Teratani_2019_Hepatol.Commun_3_1098
Author(s) : Teratani T , Tomita K , Furuhashi H , Sugihara N , Higashiyama M , Nishikawa M , Irie R , Takajo T , Wada A , Horiuchi K , Inaba K , Hanawa Y , Shibuya N , Okada Y , Kurihara C , Nishii S , Mizoguchi A , Hozumi H , Watanabe C , Komoto S , Nagao S , Yamamoto J , Miura S , Hokari R , Kanai T
Ref : Hepatol Commun , 3 :1098 , 2019
Abstract : Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) plays a central role in incorporating plasma lipids into tissues and regulates lipid metabolism and energy balance in the human body. Conversely, LPL expression is almost absent in normal adult livers. Therefore, its physiological role in the liver remains unknown. We aimed to elucidate the role of LPL in the pathophysiology of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), a hepatic manifestation of obesity. Hepatic stellate cell (HSC)-specific LPL-knockout (Lpl(HSC-KO) ) mice, LPL-floxed (Lpl(fl/fl) ) mice, or double-mutant toll-like receptor 4-deficient (Tlr4(-/-) ) Lpl(HSC-KO) mice were fed a high-fat/high-cholesterol diet for 4 weeks to establish the nonalcoholic fatty liver model or an high-fat/high-cholesterol diet for 24 weeks to establish the NASH model. Human samples, derived from patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, were also examined. In human and mouse NASH livers, serum obesity-related factors, such as free fatty acid, leptin, and interleukin-6, dramatically increased the expression of LPL, specifically in HSCs through signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 signaling, as opposed to that in hepatocytes or hepatic macrophages. In the NASH mouse model, liver fibrosis was significantly reduced in Lpl(HSC-KO) mice compared with that in Lpl(fl/fl) mice. Nonenzymatic LPL-mediated cholesterol uptake from serum lipoproteins enhanced the accumulation of free cholesterol in HSCs, which amplified TLR4 signaling, resulting in the activation of HSCs and progression of hepatic fibrosis in NASH. Conclusion: The present study reveals the pathophysiological role of LPL in the liver, and furthermore, clarifies the pathophysiology in which obesity, as a background factor, exacerbates NASH. The LPL-mediated HSC activation pathway could be a promising therapeutic target for treating liver fibrosis in NASH.
ESTHER : Teratani_2019_Hepatol.Commun_3_1098
PubMedSearch : Teratani_2019_Hepatol.Commun_3_1098
PubMedID: 31388630

Title : Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs - Ota_2004_Nat.Genet_36_40
Author(s) : Ota T , Suzuki Y , Nishikawa T , Otsuki T , Sugiyama T , Irie R , Wakamatsu A , Hayashi K , Sato H , Nagai K , Kimura K , Makita H , Sekine M , Obayashi M , Nishi T , Shibahara T , Tanaka T , Ishii S , Yamamoto J , Saito K , Kawai Y , Isono Y , Nakamura Y , Nagahari K , Murakami K , Yasuda T , Iwayanagi T , Wagatsuma M , Shiratori A , Sudo H , Hosoiri T , Kaku Y , Kodaira H , Kondo H , Sugawara M , Takahashi M , Kanda K , Yokoi T , Furuya T , Kikkawa E , Omura Y , Abe K , Kamihara K , Katsuta N , Sato K , Tanikawa M , Yamazaki M , Ninomiya K , Ishibashi T , Yamashita H , Murakawa K , Fujimori K , Tanai H , Kimata M , Watanabe M , Hiraoka S , Chiba Y , Ishida S , Ono Y , Takiguchi S , Watanabe S , Yosida M , Hotuta T , Kusano J , Kanehori K , Takahashi-Fujii A , Hara H , Tanase TO , Nomura Y , Togiya S , Komai F , Hara R , Takeuchi K , Arita M , Imose N , Musashino K , Yuuki H , Oshima A , Sasaki N , Aotsuka S , Yoshikawa Y , Matsunawa H , Ichihara T , Shiohata N , Sano S , Moriya S , Momiyama H , Satoh N , Takami S , Terashima Y , Suzuki O , Nakagawa S , Senoh A , Mizoguchi H , Goto Y , Shimizu F , Wakebe H , Hishigaki H , Watanabe T , Sugiyama A , Takemoto M , Kawakami B , Watanabe K , Kumagai A , Itakura S , Fukuzumi Y , Fujimori Y , Komiyama M , Tashiro H , Tanigami A , Fujiwara T , Ono T , Yamada K , Fujii Y , Ozaki K , Hirao M , Ohmori Y , Kawabata A , Hikiji T , Kobatake N , Inagaki H , Ikema Y , Okamoto S , Okitani R , Kawakami T , Noguchi S , Itoh T , Shigeta K , Senba T , Matsumura K , Nakajima Y , Mizuno T , Morinaga M , Sasaki M , Togashi T , Oyama M , Hata H , Komatsu T , Mizushima-Sugano J , Satoh T , Shirai Y , Takahashi Y , Nakagawa K , Okumura K , Nagase T , Nomura N , Kikuchi H , Masuho Y , Yamashita R , Nakai K , Yada T , Ohara O , Isogai T , Sugano S
Ref : Nat Genet , 36 :40 , 2004
Abstract : As a base for human transcriptome and functional genomics, we created the "full-length long Japan" (FLJ) collection of sequenced human cDNAs. We determined the entire sequence of 21,243 selected clones and found that 14,490 cDNAs (10,897 clusters) were unique to the FLJ collection. About half of them (5,416) seemed to be protein-coding. Of those, 1,999 clusters had not been predicted by computational methods. The distribution of GC content of nonpredicted cDNAs had a peak at approximately 58% compared with a peak at approximately 42%for predicted cDNAs. Thus, there seems to be a slight bias against GC-rich transcripts in current gene prediction procedures. The rest of the cDNAs unique to the FLJ collection (5,481) contained no obvious open reading frames (ORFs) and thus are candidate noncoding RNAs. About one-fourth of them (1,378) showed a clear pattern of splicing. The distribution of GC content of noncoding cDNAs was narrow and had a peak at approximately 42%, relatively low compared with that of protein-coding cDNAs.
ESTHER : Ota_2004_Nat.Genet_36_40
PubMedSearch : Ota_2004_Nat.Genet_36_40
PubMedID: 14702039
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-ABHD1 , human-ABHD4 , human-ABHD12 , human-ABHD16A , human-ACOT1 , human-LDAH , human-ABHD18 , human-CES1 , human-CES4A , human-CES5A , human-CPVL , human-DAGLB , human-EPHX2 , human-KANSL3 , human-LIPA , human-LPL , human-MEST , human-NDRG1 , human-NLGN1 , human-NLGN4X , human-PRCP , human-PRSS16 , human-SERAC1 , human-TMEM53