Sano S

References (8)

Title : Development of a novel tocopheryl ester for suppression of lipid accumulation without cytotoxicity by optimization of dicarboxylic ester moiety - Yamasaki_2022_Biochem.Biophys.Rep_31_101329
Author(s) : Yamasaki M , Seto Y , Ozono M , Nakao M , Shigenaga A , Otaka A , Sano S , Kogure K
Ref : Biochem Biophys Rep , 31 :101329 , 2022
Abstract : Tocopheryl succinate (Tsuc) is a succinic acid ester of the well-known antioxidant alpha-tocopherol (T). Tsuc exhibits various biological activities, including tumor growth suppression via activation of cell signaling and prevention of lipid accumulation in mouse adipocyte 3T3-L1 cells. The latter findings suggest that Tsuc may be a drug candidate for the treatment of obesity. However, Tsuc was found to induce apoptosis of normal cells (in addition to cancer cells), demonstrating the need to reduce the cytotoxicity of Tsuc without losing the suppression effect on lipid accumulation. Based on our previous findings, we focused on the ester structure of Tsuc for controlling cytotoxicity. Herein, we examined the cytotoxicity and lipid accumulation suppression effect of various T ester derivatives. We found that the terminal carboxylic group is necessary for suppression of lipid accumulation. We synthesized tocopheryl glutarate (Tglu) and tocopheryl adipate (Tadi) by elongation of carbon atoms 1 and 2 of the dicarboxylic moiety, respectively. Tglu and Tadi did not show any cytotoxicity, and both esters suppressed lipid accumulation, although their suppression activities were weaker than that of Tsuc. Tadi showed a more potent lipid accumulation inhibitory effect than Tglu. Although Tadi inhibited lipogenesis and promoted lipolysis, lipolysis was induced at lower concentrations than inhibition of lipogenesis, suggesting that Tadi mainly affects lipolysis. Taken together, we succeeded in the reduction of cytotoxicity, without loss of the suppression effect on lipid accumulation, by elongation of the dicarboxylic moiety of Tsuc. Tadi may be a promising candidate as an anti-obesity drug.
ESTHER : Yamasaki_2022_Biochem.Biophys.Rep_31_101329
PubMedSearch : Yamasaki_2022_Biochem.Biophys.Rep_31_101329
PubMedID: 36032400

Title : Protein Evolution is Potentially Governed by Protein Stability: Directed Evolution of an Esterase from the Hyperthermophilic Archaeon Sulfolobus tokodaii - Kurahashi_2018_J.Mol.Evol_86_283
Author(s) : Kurahashi R , Sano S , Takano K
Ref : Journal of Molecular Evolution , 86 :283 , 2018
Abstract : The study of evolution is important to understand biological phenomena. During evolutionary processes, genetic changes confer amino acid substitutions in proteins, resulting in new or improved functions. Unfortunately, most mutations destabilize proteins. Thus, protein stability is a significant factor in evolution; however, its role remains unclear. Here, we simply and directly explored the association between protein activity and stability in random mutant libraries to elucidate the role of protein stability in evolutionary processes. In the first random mutation of an esterase from Sulfolobus tokodaii, approximately 20% of the variants displayed higher activity than wild-type protein (i.e., 20% evolvability). During evolutionary processes, the evolvability depended on the stability of template proteins, indicating that protein evolution is potentially governed by protein stability. Furthermore, decreased activity could be recovered during evolution by maintaining the stability of variants. The results suggest that protein sequence space for its evolution is able to expand during nearly neutral evolution where mutations are slightly deleterious for activity but rarely fatal for stability. Molecular evolution is a crucial phenomenon that has continued since the birth of life on earth, and mechanism underlying it is simple; therefore, this could be demonstrated by our simple experiments. These findings also can be applied to protein engineering.
ESTHER : Kurahashi_2018_J.Mol.Evol_86_283
PubMedSearch : Kurahashi_2018_J.Mol.Evol_86_283
PubMedID: 29679096

Title : Structural Basis for the Serratia marcescens Lipase Secretion System: Crystal Structures of the Membrane Fusion Protein and Nucleotide-Binding Domain - Murata_2017_Biochemistry_56_6281
Author(s) : Murata D , Okano H , Angkawidjaja C , Akutsu M , Tanaka SI , Kitahara K , Yoshizawa T , Matsumura H , Kado Y , Mizohata E , Inoue T , Sano S , Koga Y , Kanaya S , Takano K
Ref : Biochemistry , 56 :6281 , 2017
Abstract : Serratia marcescens secretes a lipase, LipA, through a type I secretion system (T1SS). The T1SS for LipA, the Lip system, is composed of an inner membrane ABC transporter with its nucleotide-binding domains (NBD), LipB, a membrane fusion protein, LipC, and an outer membrane channel protein, LipD. Passenger protein secreted by this system has been functionally and structurally characterized well, but relatively little information about the transporter complex is available. Here, we report the crystallographic studies of LipC without the membrane anchor region, LipC-, and the NBD of LipB (LipB-NBD). LipC- crystallographic analysis has led to the determination of the structure of the long alpha-helical and lipoyl domains, but not the area where it interacts with LipB, suggesting that the region is flexible without LipB. The long alpha-helical domain has three alpha-helices, which interacts with LipD in the periplasm. LipB-NBD has the common overall architecture and ATP hydrolysis activity of ABC transporter NBDs. Using the predicted models of full-length LipB and LipD, the overall structural insight into the Lip system is discussed.
ESTHER : Murata_2017_Biochemistry_56_6281
PubMedSearch : Murata_2017_Biochemistry_56_6281
PubMedID: 29094929

Title : Reexamination of chlorophyllase function implies its involvement in defense against chewing herbivores - Hu_2015_Plant.Physiol_167_660
Author(s) : Hu X , Makita S , Schelbert S , Sano S , Ochiai M , Tsuchiya T , Hasegawa SF , Hortensteiner S , Tanaka A , Tanaka R
Ref : Plant Physiol , 167 :660 , 2015
Abstract : Chlorophyllase (CLH) is a common plant enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of chlorophyll to form chlorophyllide, a more hydrophilic derivative. For more than a century, the biological role of CLH has been controversial, although this enzyme has been often considered to catalyze chlorophyll catabolism during stress-induced chlorophyll breakdown. In this study, we found that the absence of CLH does not affect chlorophyll breakdown in intact leaf tissue in the absence or the presence of methyl-jasmonate, which is known to enhance stress-induced chlorophyll breakdown. Fractionation of cellular membranes shows that Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) CLH is located in the endoplasmic reticulum and the tonoplast of intact plant cells. These results indicate that CLH is not involved in endogenous chlorophyll catabolism. Instead, we found that CLH promotes chlorophyllide formation upon disruption of leaf cells, or when it is artificially mistargeted to the chloroplast. These results indicate that CLH is responsible for chlorophyllide formation after the collapse of cells, which led us to hypothesize that chlorophyllide formation might be a process of defense against chewing herbivores. We found that Arabidopsis leaves with genetically enhanced CLH activity exhibit toxicity when fed to Spodoptera litura larvae, an insect herbivore. In addition, purified chlorophyllide partially suppresses the growth of the larvae. Taken together, these results support the presence of a unique binary defense system against insect herbivores involving chlorophyll and CLH. Potential mechanisms of chlorophyllide action for defense are discussed.
ESTHER : Hu_2015_Plant.Physiol_167_660
PubMedSearch : Hu_2015_Plant.Physiol_167_660
PubMedID: 25583926

Title : Neutral lipid storage leads to acylceramide deficiency, likely contributing to the pathogenesis of Dorfman-Chanarin syndrome -
Author(s) : Uchida Y , Cho Y , Moradian S , Kim J , Nakajima K , Crumrine D , Park K , Ujihara M , Akiyama M , Shimizu H , Holleran WM , Sano S , Elias PM
Ref : Journal of Investigative Dermatology , 130 :2497 , 2010
PubMedID: 20520629

Title : Epidermal triglyceride levels are correlated with severity of ichthyosis in Dorfman-Chanarin syndrome - Ujihara_2010_J.Dermatol.Sci_57_102
Author(s) : Ujihara M , Nakajima K , Yamamoto M , Teraishi M , Uchida Y , Akiyama M , Shimizu H , Sano S
Ref : J Dermatol Sci , 57 :102 , 2010
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Dorfman-Chanarin syndrome (DCS), also referred to as neutral lipid storage disease with ichthyosis, is a rare autosomal recessive form of nonbullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma, characterized by the presence of intracellular lipid droplets in multiorgans. DCS patients often have mutations in CGI-58, which is an activator of adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL), leading to accumulation of triglycerides (TG). OBJECTIVE: To study whether a patient with DCS demonstrates TG accumulation in the epidermis and to analyze whether TG levels are correlated with skin disease activity. METHODS: Skin specimen from a 62-year-old man with DCS was stained with oil red O, and analyzed on electromicrographs. Sequencing analysis of CGI-58 was performed using the patient's blood cells. The scales from the lesion were subject to lipid analysis by high-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC). RESULTS: The patient demonstrated ichthyoform erythroderma with a distinct seasonal fluctuation: his skin lesions were aggravated in summer but resolved during winter. Epidermis of the lesion showed intracellular lipid droplets. Sequencing analysis revealed a novel missense mutation in the exon 3 of CGI-58 gene. Lipid analysis of the scales from his lesions, compared with those from normal human control, revealed increased levels of triglycerides (TG) but, in turn, decreased levels of free fatty acids, suggesting dysfunction of adipose TG lipase. Notably, the TG levels in the scales from the patient were positively correlated with the severity of ichthyosis. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that TG accumulation by epidermal keratinocytes directly contributes to ichthyosiform phenotype of DCS.
ESTHER : Ujihara_2010_J.Dermatol.Sci_57_102
PubMedSearch : Ujihara_2010_J.Dermatol.Sci_57_102
PubMedID: 20022472

Title : Characterization of teleost Mdga1 using a gene-trap approach in medaka (Oryzias latipes) - Sano_2009_Genesis_47_505
Author(s) : Sano S , Takashima S , Niwa H , Yokoi H , Shimada A , Arenz A , Wittbrodt J , Takeda H
Ref : Genesis , 47 :505 , 2009
Abstract : MAM domain containing glycosilphosphatidilinositol anchor 1 (MDGA1) is an IgCAM protein present in many vertebrate species including humans. In mammals, MDGA1 is expressed by a subset of neurons in the developing brain and thought to function in neural cell migration. We identified a fish ortholog of mdga1 by a gene-trap screen utilizing the Frog Prince transposon in medaka (Japanese killifish, Oryzias latipes). The gene-trap vector was inserted into an intronic region of mdga1 to form a chimeric protein with green fluorescent protein, allowing us to monitor mdga1 expression in vivo. Expression of medaka mdga1 was seen in various types of embryonic brain neurons, and specifically in neurons migrating toward their target sites, supporting the proposed function of MDGA1. We also isolated the closely related mdga2 gene, whose expression partially overlapped with that of mdga1. Despite the fact that the gene-trap event eliminated most of the functional domains of the Mdga1 protein, homozygous embryos developed normally without any morphological abnormality, suggesting a functional redundancy of Mdga1 with other related proteins. High sequential homology of MDGA proteins between medaka and other vertebrate species suggests an essential role of the MDGA gene family in brain development among the vertebrate phylum.
ESTHER : Sano_2009_Genesis_47_505
PubMedSearch : Sano_2009_Genesis_47_505
PubMedID: 19422017

Title : Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs - Ota_2004_Nat.Genet_36_40
Author(s) : Ota T , Suzuki Y , Nishikawa T , Otsuki T , Sugiyama T , Irie R , Wakamatsu A , Hayashi K , Sato H , Nagai K , Kimura K , Makita H , Sekine M , Obayashi M , Nishi T , Shibahara T , Tanaka T , Ishii S , Yamamoto J , Saito K , Kawai Y , Isono Y , Nakamura Y , Nagahari K , Murakami K , Yasuda T , Iwayanagi T , Wagatsuma M , Shiratori A , Sudo H , Hosoiri T , Kaku Y , Kodaira H , Kondo H , Sugawara M , Takahashi M , Kanda K , Yokoi T , Furuya T , Kikkawa E , Omura Y , Abe K , Kamihara K , Katsuta N , Sato K , Tanikawa M , Yamazaki M , Ninomiya K , Ishibashi T , Yamashita H , Murakawa K , Fujimori K , Tanai H , Kimata M , Watanabe M , Hiraoka S , Chiba Y , Ishida S , Ono Y , Takiguchi S , Watanabe S , Yosida M , Hotuta T , Kusano J , Kanehori K , Takahashi-Fujii A , Hara H , Tanase TO , Nomura Y , Togiya S , Komai F , Hara R , Takeuchi K , Arita M , Imose N , Musashino K , Yuuki H , Oshima A , Sasaki N , Aotsuka S , Yoshikawa Y , Matsunawa H , Ichihara T , Shiohata N , Sano S , Moriya S , Momiyama H , Satoh N , Takami S , Terashima Y , Suzuki O , Nakagawa S , Senoh A , Mizoguchi H , Goto Y , Shimizu F , Wakebe H , Hishigaki H , Watanabe T , Sugiyama A , Takemoto M , Kawakami B , Watanabe K , Kumagai A , Itakura S , Fukuzumi Y , Fujimori Y , Komiyama M , Tashiro H , Tanigami A , Fujiwara T , Ono T , Yamada K , Fujii Y , Ozaki K , Hirao M , Ohmori Y , Kawabata A , Hikiji T , Kobatake N , Inagaki H , Ikema Y , Okamoto S , Okitani R , Kawakami T , Noguchi S , Itoh T , Shigeta K , Senba T , Matsumura K , Nakajima Y , Mizuno T , Morinaga M , Sasaki M , Togashi T , Oyama M , Hata H , Komatsu T , Mizushima-Sugano J , Satoh T , Shirai Y , Takahashi Y , Nakagawa K , Okumura K , Nagase T , Nomura N , Kikuchi H , Masuho Y , Yamashita R , Nakai K , Yada T , Ohara O , Isogai T , Sugano S
Ref : Nat Genet , 36 :40 , 2004
Abstract : As a base for human transcriptome and functional genomics, we created the "full-length long Japan" (FLJ) collection of sequenced human cDNAs. We determined the entire sequence of 21,243 selected clones and found that 14,490 cDNAs (10,897 clusters) were unique to the FLJ collection. About half of them (5,416) seemed to be protein-coding. Of those, 1,999 clusters had not been predicted by computational methods. The distribution of GC content of nonpredicted cDNAs had a peak at approximately 58% compared with a peak at approximately 42%for predicted cDNAs. Thus, there seems to be a slight bias against GC-rich transcripts in current gene prediction procedures. The rest of the cDNAs unique to the FLJ collection (5,481) contained no obvious open reading frames (ORFs) and thus are candidate noncoding RNAs. About one-fourth of them (1,378) showed a clear pattern of splicing. The distribution of GC content of noncoding cDNAs was narrow and had a peak at approximately 42%, relatively low compared with that of protein-coding cDNAs.
ESTHER : Ota_2004_Nat.Genet_36_40
PubMedSearch : Ota_2004_Nat.Genet_36_40
PubMedID: 14702039
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-ABHD1 , human-ABHD4 , human-ABHD12 , human-ABHD16A , human-ACOT1 , human-LDAH , human-ABHD18 , human-CES1 , human-CES4A , human-CES5A , human-CPVL , human-DAGLB , human-EPHX2 , human-KANSL3 , human-LIPA , human-LPL , human-MEST , human-NDRG1 , human-NLGN1 , human-NLGN4X , human-PRCP , human-PRSS16 , human-SERAC1 , human-TMEM53