Hayashi K

References (14)

Title : An exploratory, open-label, randomized, multicenter trial of hachimijiogan for mild Alzheimer's disease - Kainuma_2022_Front.Pharmacol_13_991982
Author(s) : Kainuma M , Ouma S , Kawakatsu S , Iritani O , Yamashita KI , Ohara T , Hirano S , Suda S , Hamano T , Hieda S , Yasui M , Yoshiiwa A , Shiota S , Hironishi M , Wada-Isoe K , Sasabayashi D , Yamasaki S , Murata M , Funakoshi K , Hayashi K , Shirafuji N , Sasaki H , Kajimoto Y , Mori Y , Suzuki M , Ito H , Ono K , Tsuboi Y
Ref : Front Pharmacol , 13 :991982 , 2022
Abstract : Background: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegeneration and is the most prevalent form of dementia. Intervention at an early stage is imperative. Although three acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (AChEIs) are currently approved for the treatment of mild AD, they are not sufficiently effective. Novel treatments for mild AD are of utmost importance. Objective: To assess the effectiveness of hachimijiogan (HJG), a traditional Japanese herbal medicine (Kampo), in the treatment of mild AD. Methods: This exploratory, open-label, randomized, multicenter trial enrolled patients with mild AD whose score on the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) was over 21points. All participants had been taking the same dosage of AChEI for more than 3 months. The participants were randomly assigned to an HJG group taking HJG extract 7.5 g/day in addition to AChEI or to a control group treated only with AChEI. The primary outcome was the change from baseline to 6 months post treatment initiation on the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale-cognitive component- Japanese version(ADAS-Jcog). The secondary outcomes were change from baseline of the Instrumental Activity of Daily Life (IADL), Apathy scale, and Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) -Q score. Results: Among the 77 enrollees, the data of 69(34 HJG and 35 control)were available for analysis. The difference in the change of ADAS-Jcog from baseline to 6 months of the HJG and control groups was 1.29 (90% Confidence interval (CI), -0.74 to 3.32 p = 0.293). In the subgroup analysis, the differences in the change from baseline to 3 and 6 months for women were 3.70 (90% CI ,0.50 to 6.91, p = 0.059) and 2.90 (90% CI,0.09 to 5.71, p = 0.090), respectively. For patients over 65 years, the difference at 3 months was 2.35 (90%CI, 0.01 to 4.68 p = 0.099). No significant differences were found between the HJG and control groups in IADL score, Apathy scale, or NPI-Q score. Conclusion: Although not conclusive, our data indicate that HJG has an adjuvant effect for acetylcholinesterase inhibitors and that it delays the deterioration of the cognitive dysfunction of mild Altzheimer's disease patients. Clinical Trial Registration: http://clinicaltrials.gov Japan Registry of clinical trials, identifier jRCTs 071190018.
ESTHER : Kainuma_2022_Front.Pharmacol_13_991982
PubMedSearch : Kainuma_2022_Front.Pharmacol_13_991982
PubMedID: 36313371

Title : Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 Inhibitor Anagliptin Prevents Intracranial Aneurysm Growth by Suppressing Macrophage Infiltration and Activation - Ikedo_2017_J.Am.Heart.Assoc_6_
Author(s) : Ikedo T , Minami M , Kataoka H , Hayashi K , Nagata M , Fujikawa R , Higuchi S , Yasui M , Aoki T , Fukuda M , Yokode M , Miyamoto S
Ref : J Am Heart Assoc , 6 : , 2017
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammation plays a key role in the pathogenesis of intracranial aneurysms (IAs). DPP-4 (dipeptidyl peptidase-4) inhibitors have anti-inflammatory effects, including suppressing macrophage infiltration, in various inflammatory models. We examined whether a DPP-4 inhibitor, anagliptin, could suppress the growth of IAs in a rodent aneurysm model. METHODS AND RESULTS: IAs were surgically induced in 7-week-old male Sprague Dawley rats, followed by oral administration of 300 mg/kg anagliptin. We measured the morphologic parameters of aneurysms over time and their local inflammatory responses. To investigate the molecular mechanisms, we used lipopolysaccharide-treated RAW264.7 macrophages. In the anagliptin-treated group, aneurysms were significantly smaller 2 to 4 weeks after IA induction. Anagliptin inhibited the accumulation of macrophages in IAs, reduced the expression of MCP-1 (monocyte chemotactic protein 1), and suppressed the phosphorylation of p65. In lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW264.7 cells, anagliptin treatment significantly reduced the production of tumor necrosis factor alpha, MCP-1, and IL-6 (interleukin 6) independent of GLP-1 (glucagon-like peptide 1), the key mediator in the antidiabetic effects of DPP-4 inhibitors. Notably, anagliptin activated ERK5 (extracellular signal-regulated kinase 5), which mediates the anti-inflammatory effects of statins, in RAW264.7 macrophages. Preadministration with an ERK5 inhibitor blocked the inhibitory effect of anagliptin on MCP-1 and IL-6 expression. Accordingly, the ERK5 inhibitor also counteracted the suppression of p65 phosphorylation in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: A DPP-4 inhibitor, anagliptin, prevents the growth of IAs via its anti-inflammatory effects on macrophages.
ESTHER : Ikedo_2017_J.Am.Heart.Assoc_6_
PubMedSearch : Ikedo_2017_J.Am.Heart.Assoc_6_
PubMedID: 28630262

Title : Highly accurate genome sequences of Escherichia coli K-12 strains MG1655 and W3110 - Hayashi_2006_Mol.Syst.Biol_2_2006 0007
Author(s) : Hayashi K , Morooka N , Yamamoto Y , Fujita K , Isono K , Choi S , Ohtsubo E , Baba T , Wanner BL , Mori H , Horiuchi T
Ref : Mol Syst Biol , 2 :2006 0007 , 2006
Abstract : With the goal of solving the whole-cell problem with Escherichia coli K-12 as a model cell, highly accurate genomes were determined for two closely related K-12 strains, MG1655 and W3110. Completion of the W3110 genome and comparison with the MG1655 genome revealed differences at 267 sites, including 251 sites with short, mostly single-nucleotide, insertions or deletions (indels) or base substitutions (totaling 358 nucleotides), in addition to 13 sites with an insertion sequence element or defective prophage in only one strain and two sites for the W3110 inversion. Direct DNA sequencing of PCR products for the 251 regions with short indel and base disparities revealed that only eight sites are true differences. The other 243 discrepancies were due to errors in the original MG1655 sequence, including 79 frameshifts, one amino-acid residue deletion, five amino-acid residue insertions, 73 missense, and 17 silent changes within coding regions. Errors in the original MG1655 sequence (<1 per 13,000 bases) were mostly within portions sequenced with out-dated technology based on radioactive chemistry.
ESTHER : Hayashi_2006_Mol.Syst.Biol_2_2006 0007
PubMedSearch : Hayashi_2006_Mol.Syst.Biol_2_2006 0007
PubMedID: 16738553
Gene_locus related to this paper: ecoli-Aes , ecoli-dlhh , ecoli-mhpc , ecoli-ycfp , ecoli-yeiG , ecoli-yhet , ecoli-yiel , ecoli-ypfh , ecoli-yqia

Title : Bacillus subtilis RghR (YvaN) represses rapG and rapH, which encode inhibitors of expression of the srfA operon - Hayashi_2006_Mol.Microbiol_59_1714
Author(s) : Hayashi K , Kensuke T , Kobayashi K , Ogasawara N , Ogura M
Ref : Molecular Microbiology , 59 :1714 , 2006
Abstract : Rap proteins regulate the activity of response regulators including Spo0F, DegU and ComA. We found that overexpression of either RapG or RapH severely downregulated the expression of srfA, which belongs to the ComA regulon. Disruption of those genes, however, showed small effects on srfA expression. These observations suggested that Bacillus subtilis cells possess a repressor for rapG and rapH. To identify candidate repressors we developed a novel transcription factor array (TF array) assay, in which disruptions of 287 genes encoding regulatory proteins were independently transformed into a strain carrying rapH-lacZ and the resultant transformants were grown on agar plates containing Xgal to detect beta-galactosidase activity. We identified a yvaN disruptant which showed a rapH-overproducing phenotype. DNA microarray analysis of the yvaN mutant suggested that both rapG and rapH were overproduced, leading to inhibition of srfA expression. In a gel retardation assay, purified His-tagged YvaN specifically bound to promoter sequences of rapG and rapH. Further footprint and gel retardation analyses using various deleted probes uncovered critical sequences for YvaN binding. In addition, a lacZ fusion analysis confirmed the significance of YvaN binding for transcription regulation of rapG and rapH. Thus, YvaN was renamed RghR (rapG and rapH repressor). As the rapH gene is activated by ComK and RapH inhibits comK indirectly, this constitutes an autoregulatory loop modulated by RghR.
ESTHER : Hayashi_2006_Mol.Microbiol_59_1714
PubMedSearch : Hayashi_2006_Mol.Microbiol_59_1714
PubMedID: 16553878
Gene_locus related to this paper: bacsu-YvaM

Title : Signal sequence and keyword trap in silico for selection of full-length human cDNAs encoding secretion or membrane proteins from oligo-capped cDNA libraries - Otsuki_2005_DNA.Res_12_117
Author(s) : Otsuki T , Ota T , Nishikawa T , Hayashi K , Suzuki Y , Yamamoto J , Wakamatsu A , Kimura K , Sakamoto K , Hatano N , Kawai Y , Ishii S , Saito K , Kojima S , Sugiyama T , Ono T , Okano K , Yoshikawa Y , Aotsuka S , Sasaki N , Hattori A , Okumura K , Nagai K , Sugano S , Isogai T
Ref : DNA Research , 12 :117 , 2005
Abstract : We have developed an in silico method of selection of human full-length cDNAs encoding secretion or membrane proteins from oligo-capped cDNA libraries. Fullness rates were increased to about 80% by combination of the oligo-capping method and ATGpr, software for prediction of translation start point and the coding potential. Then, using 5'-end single-pass sequences, cDNAs having the signal sequence were selected by PSORT ('signal sequence trap'). We also applied 'secretion or membrane protein-related keyword trap' based on the result of BLAST search against the SWISS-PROT database for the cDNAs which could not be selected by PSORT. Using the above procedures, 789 cDNAs were primarily selected and subjected to full-length sequencing, and 334 of these cDNAs were finally selected as novel. Most of the cDNAs (295 cDNAs: 88.3%) were predicted to encode secretion or membrane proteins. In particular, 165(80.5%) of the 205 cDNAs selected by PSORT were predicted to have signal sequences, while 70 (54.2%) of the 129 cDNAs selected by 'keyword trap' preserved the secretion or membrane protein-related keywords. Many important cDNAs were obtained, including transporters, receptors, and ligands, involved in significant cellular functions. Thus, an efficient method of selecting secretion or membrane protein-encoding cDNAs was developed by combining the above four procedures.
ESTHER : Otsuki_2005_DNA.Res_12_117
PubMedSearch : Otsuki_2005_DNA.Res_12_117
PubMedID: 16303743

Title : Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs - Ota_2004_Nat.Genet_36_40
Author(s) : Ota T , Suzuki Y , Nishikawa T , Otsuki T , Sugiyama T , Irie R , Wakamatsu A , Hayashi K , Sato H , Nagai K , Kimura K , Makita H , Sekine M , Obayashi M , Nishi T , Shibahara T , Tanaka T , Ishii S , Yamamoto J , Saito K , Kawai Y , Isono Y , Nakamura Y , Nagahari K , Murakami K , Yasuda T , Iwayanagi T , Wagatsuma M , Shiratori A , Sudo H , Hosoiri T , Kaku Y , Kodaira H , Kondo H , Sugawara M , Takahashi M , Kanda K , Yokoi T , Furuya T , Kikkawa E , Omura Y , Abe K , Kamihara K , Katsuta N , Sato K , Tanikawa M , Yamazaki M , Ninomiya K , Ishibashi T , Yamashita H , Murakawa K , Fujimori K , Tanai H , Kimata M , Watanabe M , Hiraoka S , Chiba Y , Ishida S , Ono Y , Takiguchi S , Watanabe S , Yosida M , Hotuta T , Kusano J , Kanehori K , Takahashi-Fujii A , Hara H , Tanase TO , Nomura Y , Togiya S , Komai F , Hara R , Takeuchi K , Arita M , Imose N , Musashino K , Yuuki H , Oshima A , Sasaki N , Aotsuka S , Yoshikawa Y , Matsunawa H , Ichihara T , Shiohata N , Sano S , Moriya S , Momiyama H , Satoh N , Takami S , Terashima Y , Suzuki O , Nakagawa S , Senoh A , Mizoguchi H , Goto Y , Shimizu F , Wakebe H , Hishigaki H , Watanabe T , Sugiyama A , Takemoto M , Kawakami B , Watanabe K , Kumagai A , Itakura S , Fukuzumi Y , Fujimori Y , Komiyama M , Tashiro H , Tanigami A , Fujiwara T , Ono T , Yamada K , Fujii Y , Ozaki K , Hirao M , Ohmori Y , Kawabata A , Hikiji T , Kobatake N , Inagaki H , Ikema Y , Okamoto S , Okitani R , Kawakami T , Noguchi S , Itoh T , Shigeta K , Senba T , Matsumura K , Nakajima Y , Mizuno T , Morinaga M , Sasaki M , Togashi T , Oyama M , Hata H , Komatsu T , Mizushima-Sugano J , Satoh T , Shirai Y , Takahashi Y , Nakagawa K , Okumura K , Nagase T , Nomura N , Kikuchi H , Masuho Y , Yamashita R , Nakai K , Yada T , Ohara O , Isogai T , Sugano S
Ref : Nat Genet , 36 :40 , 2004
Abstract : As a base for human transcriptome and functional genomics, we created the "full-length long Japan" (FLJ) collection of sequenced human cDNAs. We determined the entire sequence of 21,243 selected clones and found that 14,490 cDNAs (10,897 clusters) were unique to the FLJ collection. About half of them (5,416) seemed to be protein-coding. Of those, 1,999 clusters had not been predicted by computational methods. The distribution of GC content of nonpredicted cDNAs had a peak at approximately 58% compared with a peak at approximately 42%for predicted cDNAs. Thus, there seems to be a slight bias against GC-rich transcripts in current gene prediction procedures. The rest of the cDNAs unique to the FLJ collection (5,481) contained no obvious open reading frames (ORFs) and thus are candidate noncoding RNAs. About one-fourth of them (1,378) showed a clear pattern of splicing. The distribution of GC content of noncoding cDNAs was narrow and had a peak at approximately 42%, relatively low compared with that of protein-coding cDNAs.
ESTHER : Ota_2004_Nat.Genet_36_40
PubMedSearch : Ota_2004_Nat.Genet_36_40
PubMedID: 14702039
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-ABHD1 , human-ABHD4 , human-ABHD12 , human-ABHD16A , human-ACOT1 , human-LDAH , human-ABHD18 , human-CES1 , human-CES4A , human-CES5A , human-CPVL , human-DAGLB , human-EPHX2 , human-KANSL3 , human-LIPA , human-LPL , human-MEST , human-NDRG1 , human-NLGN1 , human-NLGN4X , human-PRCP , human-PRSS16 , human-SERAC1 , human-TMEM53

Title : In vivo transfer of human hepatocyte growth factor gene accelerates re-endothelialization and inhibits neointimal formation after balloon injury in rat model - Hayashi_2000_Gene.Ther_7_1664
Author(s) : Hayashi K , Nakamura S , Morishita R , Moriguchi A , Aoki M , Matsumoto K , Nakamura T , Kaneda Y , Sakai N , Ogihara T
Ref : Gene Therapy , 7 :1664 , 2000
Abstract : Although most therapeutic strategies to prevent restenosis are designed to inhibit vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation directly, VSMC proliferation might be indirectly inhibited by re-endothelialization, as endothelial cells secrete antiproliferative and antithrombotic substances. We hypothesized that application of an endothelium-specific growth factor to balloon-injured arteries could accelerate re-endothelialization, thereby attenuating intimal hyperplasia. In this study, we investigated in vivo gene transfer of human HGF that exclusively stimulated endothelial cells without replication of VSMC growth into injured vessels. Transfection of human HGF gene into rat balloon-injured carotid artery resulted in significant inhibition of neointimal formation up to at least 8 weeks after transfection, accompanied by detection of human immunoreactive HGF. Induction of re-endothelialization induced by overexpression of human HGF gene transfer into balloon-injured vessels is supported by several lines of evidence: (1) Administration of HGF vector. but not control vector, markedly inhibited neointimal formation, accompanied by a significant increase in vascular human and rat HGF concentrations. (2) Planimetric analysis demonstrated a significant increase in re-endothelialized area in arteries transfected with human HGF vector. (3) Induction of NO content in balloon-injured vessels transfected with human HGF vector was observed in accordance with the recovery of endothelial vasodilator properties in response to acetylcholine. As endogenous HGF expression in balloon-injured vessels was significantly decreased as compared with normal vessels, the present study demonstrated the successful inhibition of neointimal formation by transfection of human HGF gene as 'cytokine supplement therapy' in a rat balloon injury model.
ESTHER : Hayashi_2000_Gene.Ther_7_1664
PubMedSearch : Hayashi_2000_Gene.Ther_7_1664
PubMedID: 11083475

Title : Polypeptide characteristics and immunological properties of exo- and endoglucanases purified from maize coleoptile cell walls. - Khoo_2012_Funct.Plant.Biol_39_222
Author(s) : Inouhe M , Hayashi K , Nevins DJ
Ref : J Plant Physiol , 154 :334 , 1999
Abstract : Cereal coleoptile cell walls have exo- and endoglucanases capable of mediating the hydrolysis of non-cellulosic beta-(l,3)(l,4)-glucan in situ. A purified exoglucanase (EC resolved as a single band at 73.5 kDa, while endoglucanase isozymes consistently appeared as two bands at 32.9 and 34.3 kDa when subjected to SDS-PAGE. HPLC analysis of the native proteins by gel-permeation chromatography revealed molecular weights of ca. 55 and 29 kDa for the exo- and endoglucanases, respectively. The exoglucanase has an isoelectric focusing point at pi 7.2 and the endoglucanase isozymes appeared as two major bands, one at pi 7.8 and another at 7.3. Deglycosylation of the native proteins followed by SDS-PAGE demonstrated that sugars accounted for ca. 6.5 % of the exoglucanase and were 12.5 and 8.8 % of the two endoglucanase isozymes, respectively. After deglycosylation the two endoglucanases converged at 30.0 kDa, suggesting polypeptide homology and that divergence in electrophoretic mobility was a consequence of glycosylation. Antibodies raised against intact exo- and endoglucanases recognized the polypeptide of the corresponding enzymes, irrespective of glycosylation. The N-terminal amino acid sequence supported the conclusion that the exo- and endoglucanase have different polypeptide structures.
ESTHER : Khoo_2012_Funct.Plant.Biol_39_222
PubMedSearch : Khoo_2012_Funct.Plant.Biol_39_222
Gene_locus related to this paper: maize-e134

Title : Construction of a contiguous 874-kb sequence of the Escherichia coli -K12 genome corresponding to 50.0-68.8 min on the linkage map and analysis of its sequence features - Yamamoto_1997_DNA.Res_4_91
Author(s) : Yamamoto Y , Aiba H , Baba T , Hayashi K , Inada T , Isono K , Itoh T , Kimura S , Kitagawa M , Makino K , Miki T , Mitsuhashi N , Mizobuchi K , Mori H , Nakade S , Nakamura Y , Nashimoto H , Oshima T , Oyama S , Saito N , Sampei G , Satoh Y , Sivasundaram S , Tagami H , Horiuchi T , et al.
Ref : DNA Research , 4 :91 , 1997
Abstract : The contiguous 874.423 base pair sequence corresponding to the 50.0-68.8 min region on the genetic map of the Escherichia coli K-12 (W3110) was constructed by the determination of DNA sequences in the 50.0-57.9 min region (360 kb) and two large (100 kb in all) and five short gaps in the 57.9-68.8 min region whose sequences had been registered in the DNA databases. We analyzed its sequence features and found that this region contained at least 894 potential open reading frames (ORFs), of which 346 (38.7%) were previously reported, 158 (17.7%) were homologous to other known genes, 232 (26.0%) were identical or similar to hypothetical genes registered in databases, and the remaining 158 (17.7%) showed no significant similarity to any other genes. A homology search of the ORFs also identified several new gene clusters. Those include two clusters of fimbrial genes, a gene cluster of three genes encoding homologues of the human long chain fatty acid degradation enzyme complex in the mitochondrial membrane, a cluster of at least nine genes involved in the utilization of ethanolamine, a cluster of the secondary set of 11 hyc genes participating in the formate hydrogenlyase reaction and a cluster of five genes coding for the homologues of degradation enzymes for aromatic hydrocarbons in Pseudomonas putida. We also noted a variety of novel genes, including two ORFs, which were homologous to the putative genes encoding xanthine dehydrogenase in the fly and a protein responsible for axonal guidance and outgrowth of the rat, mouse and nematode. An isoleucine tRNA gene, designated ileY, was also newly identified at 60.0 min.
ESTHER : Yamamoto_1997_DNA.Res_4_91
PubMedSearch : Yamamoto_1997_DNA.Res_4_91
PubMedID: 9205837
Gene_locus related to this paper: ecoli-YFBB , ecoli-YfhR

Title : A 718-kb DNA sequence of the Escherichia coli K-12 genome corresponding to the 12.7-28.0 min region on the linkage map - Oshima_1996_DNA.Res_3_137
Author(s) : Oshima T , Aiba H , Baba T , Fujita K , Hayashi K , Honjo A , Ikemoto K , Inada T , Itoh T , Kajihara M , Kanai K , Kashimoto K , Kimura S , Kitagawa M , Makino K , Masuda S , Miki T , Mizobuchi K , Mori H , Motomura K , Nakamura Y , Nashimoto H , Nishio Y , Saito N , Horiuchi T , et al.
Ref : DNA Research , 3 :137 , 1996
Abstract : The 718,122 base pair sequence of the Escherichia coli K-12 genome corresponding to the region from 12.7 to 28.0 minutes on the genetic map is described. This region contains at least 681 potential open reading frames, of which 277 (41%) have been previously identified, 147 (22%) are homologous to other known genes, 139 (20%) are identical or similar to the hypothetical genes registered in databases, and the remaining 118 (17%) do not show a significant similarity to any other gene. In this region, we assigned a cluster of cit genes encoding multienzyme citrate lyase, two clusters of fimbrial genes and a set of lysogenic phage genes encoding integrase, excisionase and repressor in the e14 genetic element. In addition, a new valine tRNA gene, designated valZ, and a family of long directly repeated sequences, LDR-A, -B and -C, were found.
ESTHER : Oshima_1996_DNA.Res_3_137
PubMedSearch : Oshima_1996_DNA.Res_3_137
PubMedID: 8905232
Gene_locus related to this paper: ecoli-rutD , ecoli-fes , ecoli-ybff , ecoli-ycfp

Title : A 570-kb DNA sequence of the Escherichia coli K-12 genome corresponding to the 28.0-40.1 min region on the linkage map - Aiba_1996_DNA.Res_3_363
Author(s) : Aiba H , Baba T , Hayashi K , Inada T , Isono K , Itoh T , Kasai H , Kashimoto K , Kimura S , Kitakawa M , Kitagawa M , Makino K , Miki T , Mizobuchi K , Mori H , Mori T , Motomura K , Nakade S , Nakamura Y , Nashimoto H , Nishio Y , Oshima T , Saito N , Sampei G , Horiuchi T , et al.
Ref : DNA Research , 3 :363 , 1996
Abstract : The 569,750 base pair sequence corresponding to the 28.0-40.1 min region on the genetic map of Escherichia coli K-12 (W3110) was determined. This region includes the replication terminus region and contained at least 549 potential open reading frames. Among them, 160 (29%) were previously reported, 174 (32%) were homologous to other known genes, 102 (18%) were identical or similar to hypothetical genes registered in databases, and the remaining 113 (21%) did not show a significant similarity to any other gene. Of interest was the finding of a large number of genes and gene clusters in and near the replication termination region which had been thought to be genetically silent. Those included a cluster of genes for fatty acid beta-oxidation, the third copy of the pot (spermidine/putrescine transport system) gene cluster, the second dpp (dipeptide transport system) operon, the second dsm (anaerobic dimethyl sulfoxide reductase) operon, a cluster of fim (fimbrial) genes and a DNA helicase-like gene with a high molecular weight. In addition, we found the dnaC- and dnaT-like genes in the cryptic prophage, Rac, and a number of genes originated probably from plasmids.
ESTHER : Aiba_1996_DNA.Res_3_363
PubMedSearch : Aiba_1996_DNA.Res_3_363
PubMedID: 9097039
Gene_locus related to this paper: ecoli-ycjy

Title : Memory impairment and neural dysfunction after continuous infusion of anti-nerve growth factor antibody into the septum in adult rats - Nitta_1993_Neurosci_57_495
Author(s) : Nitta A , Murase K , Furukawa Y , Hayashi K , Hasegawa T , Nabeshima T
Ref : Neuroscience , 57 :495 , 1993
Abstract : Nerve growth factor is required for the survival and maintenance of cholinergic neurons in the central nervous system. The direct infusion into the rat's septum of an anti-nerve growth factor monoclonal antibody, which inhibits nerve growth factor bioactivity seven times more strongly than a polyclonal antibody, caused very severe damage to the hippocampal cholinergic system. Anti-nerve growth factor polyclonal antibody also neutralized endogenously occurring nerve growth factor. The infusion of anti-nerve growth factor polyclonal antibody produced a dysfunction of memory and decreased choline acetyltransferase activity and acetylcholinesterase staining in the hippocampus. The cholinergic dysfunction and impairment of memory recovered to the normal level two weeks after cessation of the infusion of the anti-nerve growth factor polyclonal antibody. These results suggest that a deficit of nerve growth factor in the adult brain causes neuronal dysfunction.
ESTHER : Nitta_1993_Neurosci_57_495
PubMedSearch : Nitta_1993_Neurosci_57_495
PubMedID: 7508574

Title : Purification and structural analysis of hippocampal cholinergic neurostimulating peptide - Ojika_1992_Brain.Res_572_164
Author(s) : Ojika K , Kojima S , Ueki Y , Fukushima N , Hayashi K , Yamamoto M
Ref : Brain Research , 572 :164 , 1992
Abstract : Hippocampal soluble fraction stimulates acetylcholine (AcCho) synthesis of medial septal nuclei in explant culture system. This stimulating activity was purified from 10-12-day-old rat hippocampus. During purification, the activity was separated into two fractions and a previously unreported peptide was purified from one fraction. The structure of this novel peptide is acetyl-Ala-Ala-Asp-Ile-Ser-Gln-Trp-Ala-Gly-Pro-Leu and we designated it as hippocampal cholinergic neurostimulating peptide (HCNP). Synthesized HCNP and de-acetylated HCNP (free-HCNP) stimulated AcCho synthesis of medial septal nuclei culture, in a dose-dependent manner, but not cultures of corpus striatum or anterior spinal cord. Mean half-maximal concentrations of HCNP and free-HCNP in AcCho synthesis of medial septal nuclei culture were 1.0 +/- 0.3 x 10(-10) M and 1.0 +/- 0.6 x 10(-11) M, respectively. Affinity purified polyclonal antibody to the free-HCNP neutralized the activity of crude hippocampal extract, as well as synthetic HCNP and free-HCNP. These observations suggested that HCNP was present in the hippocampal extract and was involved in development of specific cholinergic neuron in central nervous system.
ESTHER : Ojika_1992_Brain.Res_572_164
PubMedSearch : Ojika_1992_Brain.Res_572_164
PubMedID: 1611510

Title : Beta-galactosidase-neuraminidase deficiency: restoration of beta-galactosidase activity by protease inhibitors - Suzuki_1981_J.Biochem_90_271
Author(s) : Suzuki Y , Sakuraba H , Hayashi K , Suzuki K , Imahori K
Ref : J Biochem , 90 :271 , 1981
Abstract : Beta-Galactosidase was partially restored by protease inhibitors, leupeptin, chymostatin and E-64 in cultured fibroblasts from three patients with beta-galactosidase-neuraminidase deficiency. Pepstatin did not activate this enzyme. Neuraminidase was not affected by any of these compounds in the culture medium. It was concluded that the activating effect was produced by a specific inhibition of thiol proteases.
ESTHER : Suzuki_1981_J.Biochem_90_271
PubMedSearch : Suzuki_1981_J.Biochem_90_271
PubMedID: 6793566
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-CTSA