Vales K

References (9)

Title : Phenoxytacrine derivatives: Low-toxicity neuroprotectants exerting affinity to ifenprodil-binding site and cholinesterase inhibition - Misiachna_2024_Eur.J.Med.Chem_266_116130
Author(s) : Misiachna A , Svobodova B , Netolicky J , Chvojkova M , Kleteckova L , Prchal L , Novak M , Hrabinova M , Kucera T , Muckova L , Moravcova Z , Karasova JZ , Pejchal J , Blazek F , Malinak D , Hakenova K , Krausova BH , Kolcheva M , Ladislav M , Korabecny J , Pahnke J , Vales K , Horak M , Soukup O
Ref : Eur Journal of Medicinal Chemistry , 266 :116130 , 2024
Abstract : Tacrine (THA), a long withdrawn drug, is still a popular scaffold used in medicinal chemistry, mainly for its good reactivity and multi-targeted effect. However, THA-associated hepatotoxicity is still an issue and must be considered in drug discovery based on the THA scaffold. Following our previously identified hit compound 7-phenoxytacrine (7-PhO-THA), we systematically explored the chemical space with 30 novel derivatives, with a focus on low hepatotoxicity, anticholinesterase action, and antagonism at the GluN1/GluN2B subtype of the NMDA receptor. Applying the down-selection process based on in vitro and in vivo pharmacokinetic data, two candidates, I-52 and II-52, selective GluN1/GluN2B inhibitors thanks to the interaction with the ifenprodil-binding site, have entered in vivo pharmacodynamic studies. Finally, compound I-52, showing only minor affinity to AChE, was identified as a lead candidate with favorable behavioral and neuroprotective effects using open-field and prepulse inhibition tests, along with scopolamine-based behavioral and NMDA-induced hippocampal lesion models. Our data show that compound I-52 exhibits low toxicity often associated with NMDA receptor ligands, and low hepatotoxicity, often related to THA-based compounds.
ESTHER : Misiachna_2024_Eur.J.Med.Chem_266_116130
PubMedSearch : Misiachna_2024_Eur.J.Med.Chem_266_116130
PubMedID: 38218127

Title : Structure-activity relationships of dually-acting acetylcholinesterase inhibitors derived from tacrine on N-methyl-d-Aspartate receptors - Gorecki_2021_Eur.J.Med.Chem_219_113434
Author(s) : Gorecki L , Misiachna A , Damborsky J , Dolezal R , Korabecny J , Cejkova L , Hakenova K , Chvojkova M , Karasova JZ , Prchal L , Novak M , Kolcheva M , Kortus S , Vales K , Horak M , Soukup O
Ref : Eur Journal of Medicinal Chemistry , 219 :113434 , 2021
Abstract : Tacrine is a classic drug whose efficacy against neurodegenerative diseases is still shrouded in mystery. It seems that besides its inhibitory effect on cholinesterases, the clinical benefit is co-determined by NMDAR-antagonizing activity. Our previous data showed that the direct inhibitory effect of tacrine, as well as its 7-methoxy derivative (7-MEOTA), is ensured via a "foot-in-the-door" open-channel blockage, and that interestingly both tacrine and 7-MEOTA are slightly more potent at the GluN1/GluN2A receptors when compared with the GluN1/GluN2B receptors. Here, we report that in a series of 30 novel tacrine derivatives, designed for assessment of structure-activity relationship, blocking efficacy differs among different compounds and receptors using electrophysiology with HEK293 cells expressing the defined types of NMDARs. Selected compounds (4 and 5) potently inhibited both GluN1/GluN2A and GluN1/GluN2B receptors; other compounds (7 and 23) more effectively inhibited the GluN1/GluN2B receptors; or the GluN1/GluN2A receptors (21 and 28). QSAR study revealed statistically significant model for the data obtained for inhibition of GluN1/Glu2B at -60 mV expressed as IC(50) values, and for relative inhibition of GluN1/Glu2A at +40 mV caused by a concentration of 100 microM. The models can be utilized for a ligand-based virtual screening to detect potential candidates for inhibition of GluN1/Glu2A and/or GluN1/Glu2B subtypes. Using in vivo experiments in rats we observed that unlike MK-801, the tested novel compounds did not induce hyperlocomotion in open field, and also did not impair prepulse inhibition of startle response, suggesting minimal induction of psychotomimetic side effects. We conclude that tacrine derivatives are promising compounds since they are centrally available subtype-specific inhibitors of the NMDARs without detrimental behavioral side-effects.
ESTHER : Gorecki_2021_Eur.J.Med.Chem_219_113434
PubMedSearch : Gorecki_2021_Eur.J.Med.Chem_219_113434
PubMedID: 33892271

Title : 7-phenoxytacrine is a dually acting drug with neuroprotective efficacy in vivo - Kaniakova_2021_Biochem.Pharmacol__114460
Author(s) : Kaniakova M , Korabecny J , Holubova K , Kleteckova L , Chvojkova M , Hakenova K , Prchal L , Novak M , Dolezal R , Hepnarova V , Svobodova B , Kucera T , Lichnerova K , Krausova B , Horak M , Vales K , Soukup O
Ref : Biochemical Pharmacology , :114460 , 2021
Abstract : N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) are a subclass of glutamate receptors, which play an essential role in excitatory neurotransmission, but their excessive overactivation by glutamate leads to excitotoxicity. NMDARs are hence a valid pharmacological target for the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders; however, novel drugs targeting NMDARs are often associated with specific psychotic side effects and abuse potential. Motivated by currently available treatment against neurodegenerative diseases involving the inhibitors of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and NMDARs, administered also in combination, we developed a dually-acting compound 7-phenoxytacrine (7-PhO-THA) and evaluated its neuropsychopharmacological and drug-like properties for potential therapeutic use. Indeed, we have confirmed the dual potency of 7-PhO-THA, i.e. potent and balanced inhibition of both AChE and NMDARs. We discovered that it selectively inhibits the GluN1/GluN2B subtype of NMDARs via an ifenprodil-binding site, in addition to its voltage-dependent inhibitory effect at both GluN1/GluN2A and GluN1/GluN2B subtypes of NMDARs. Furthermore, whereas NMDA-induced lesion of the dorsal hippocampus confirmed potent anti-excitotoxic and neuroprotective efficacy, behavioral observations showed also a cholinergic component manifesting mainly in decreased hyperlocomotion. From the point of view of behavioral side effects, 7-PhO-THA manages to avoid these, notably those analogous to symptoms of schizophrenia. Thus, CNS availability and the overall behavioral profile are promising for subsequent investigation of therapeutic use.
ESTHER : Kaniakova_2021_Biochem.Pharmacol__114460
PubMedSearch : Kaniakova_2021_Biochem.Pharmacol__114460
PubMedID: 33571502

Title : Tacrine - Benzothiazoles: Novel class of potential multitarget anti-Alzheimes drugs dealing with cholinergic, amyloid and mitochondrial systems - Nepovimova_2020_Bioorg.Chem_107_104596
Author(s) : Nepovimova E , Svobodova L , Dolezal R , Hepnarova V , Junova L , Jun D , Korabecny J , Kucera T , Gazova Z , Motykova K , Kubackova J , Bednarikova Z , Janockova J , Jesus C , Cortes L , Pina J , Rostohar D , Serpa C , Soukup O , Aitken L , Hughes RE , Musilek K , Muckova L , Jost P , Chvojkova M , Vales K , Valis M , Chrienova Z , Chalupova K , Kuca K
Ref : Bioorg Chem , 107 :104596 , 2020
Abstract : A series of tacrine - benzothiazole hybrids incorporate inhibitors of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), amyloid beta (Abeta) aggregation and mitochondrial enzyme ABAD, whose interaction with Abeta leads to mitochondrial dysfunction, into a single molecule. In vitro, several of 25 final compounds exerted excellent anti-AChE properties and interesting capabilities to block Abeta aggregation. The best derivative of the series could be considered 10w that was found to be highly potent and selective towards AChE with the IC(50) value in nanomolar range. Moreover, the same drug candidate exerted absolutely the best results of the series against ABAD, decreasing its activity by 23% at 100 microM concentration. Regarding the cytotoxicity profile of highlighted compound, it roughly matched that of its parent compound - 6-chlorotacrine. Finally, 10w was forwarded for in vivo scopolamine-induced amnesia experiment consisting of Morris Water Maze test, where it demonstrated mild procognitive effect. Taking into account all in vitro and in vivo data, highlighted derivative 10w could be considered as the lead structure worthy of further investigation.
ESTHER : Nepovimova_2020_Bioorg.Chem_107_104596
PubMedSearch : Nepovimova_2020_Bioorg.Chem_107_104596
PubMedID: 33421953

Title : Combination of Memantine and 6-Chlorotacrine as Novel Multi-Target Compound against Alzheimer's Disease - Kaniakova_2019_Curr.Alzheimer.Res_16_821
Author(s) : Kaniakova M , Nepovimova E , Kleteckova L , Skrenkova K , Holubova K , Chrienova Z , Hepnarova V , Kucera T , Kobrlova T , Vales K , Korabecny J , Soukup O , Horak M
Ref : Curr Alzheimer Res , 16 :821 , 2019
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia in the elderly. It is characterized as a multi-factorial disorder with a prevalent genetic component. Due to the unknown etiology, current treatment based on acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors and N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDAR) antagonist is effective only temporary. It seems that curative treatment will necessarily be complex due to the multifactorial nature of the disease. In this context, the so-called "multi-targeting" approach has been established. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to develop a multi-target-directed ligand (MTDL) combining the support for the cholinergic system by inhibition of AChE and at the same time ameliorating the burden caused by glutamate excitotoxicity mediated by the NMDAR receptors. METHODS: We have applied common approaches of organic chemistry to prepare a hybrid of 6-chlorotacrine and memantine. Then, we investigated its blocking ability towards AChE and NMDRS in vitro, as well as its neuroprotective efficacy in vivo in the model of NMDA-induced lessions. We also studied cytotoxic potential of the compound and predicted the ability to cross the blood-brain barrier. RESULTS: A novel molecule formed by combination of 6-chlorotacrine and memantine proved to be a promising multipotent hybrid capable of blocking the action of AChE as well as NMDARs. The presented hybrid surpassed the AChE inhibitory activity of the parent compound 6-Cl-THA twofold. According to results it has been revealed that our novel hybrid blocks NMDARs in the same manner as memantine, potently inhibits AChE and is predicted to cross the blood-brain barrier via passive diffusion. Finally, the MTDL design strategy was indicated by in vivo results which showed that the novel 6-Cl-THA-memantine hybrid displayed a quantitatively better neuroprotective effect than the parent compound memantine. CONCLUSION: We conclude that the combination of two pharmacophores with a synergistic mechanism of action into a single molecule offers great potential for the treatment of CNS disorders associated with cognitive decline and/or excitotoxicity mediated by NMDARs.
ESTHER : Kaniakova_2019_Curr.Alzheimer.Res_16_821
PubMedSearch : Kaniakova_2019_Curr.Alzheimer.Res_16_821
PubMedID: 30819076

Title : Novel tacrine-tryptophan hybrids: Multi-target directed ligands as potential treatment for Alzheimer's disease - Chalupova_2019_Eur.J.Med.Chem_168_491
Author(s) : Chalupova K , Korabecny J , Bartolini M , Monti B , Lamba D , Caliandro R , Pesaresi A , Brazzolotto X , Gastellier AJ , Nachon F , Pejchal J , Jarosova M , Hepnarova V , Jun D , Hrabinova M , Dolezal R , Karasova JZ , Mzik M , Kristofikova Z , Misik J , Muckova L , Jost P , Soukup O , Benkova M , Setnicka V , Habartova L , Chvojkova M , Kleteckova L , Vales K , Mezeiova E , Uliassi E , Valis M , Nepovimova E , Bolognesi ML , Kuca K
Ref : Eur Journal of Medicinal Chemistry , 168 :491 , 2019
Abstract : A combination of tacrine and tryptophan led to the development of a new family of heterodimers as multi-target agents with potential to treat Alzheimer's disease. Based on the in vitro biological profile, compound S-K1035 was found to be the most potent inhibitor of human acetylcholinesterase (hAChE) and human butyrylcholinesterase (hBChE), demonstrating balanced IC50 values of 6.3 and 9.1nM, respectively. For all the tacrine-tryptophan heterodimers, favorable inhibitory effect on hAChE as well as on hBChE was coined to the optimal spacer length ranging from five to eight carbon atoms between these two pharmacophores. S-K1035 also showed good ability to inhibit Abeta42 self-aggregation (58.6+/-5.1% at 50muM) as well as hAChE-induced Abeta40 aggregation (48.3+/-6.3% at 100muM). The X-ray crystallographic analysis of TcAChE in complex with S-K1035 pinpointed the utility of the hybridization strategy applied and the structures determined with the two K1035 enantiomers in complex with hBChE could explain the higher inhibition potency of S-K1035. Other in vitro evaluations predicted the ability of S-K1035 to cross blood-brain barrier and to exert a moderate inhibition potency against neuronal nitric oxide synthase. Based on the initial promising biochemical data and a safer in vivo toxicity compared to tacrine, S-K1035 was administered to scopolamine-treated rats being able to dose-dependently revert amnesia.
ESTHER : Chalupova_2019_Eur.J.Med.Chem_168_491
PubMedSearch : Chalupova_2019_Eur.J.Med.Chem_168_491
PubMedID: 30851693
Gene_locus related to this paper: torca-ACHE

Title : Orexin supplementation in narcolepsy treatment: A review - Nepovimova_2019_Med.Res.Rev_39_961
Author(s) : Nepovimova E , Janockova J , Misik J , Kubik S , Stuchlik A , Vales K , Korabecny J , Mezeiova E , Dolezal R , Soukup O , Kobrlova T , Pham NL , Nguyen TD , Konecny J , Kuca K
Ref : Med Res Rev , 39 :961 , 2019
Abstract : Narcolepsy is a rare, chronic neurological disease characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, vivid hallucinations, and sleep paralysis. Narcolepsy occurs in approximately 1 of 3000 people, affecting mainly adolescents aged 15 to 30 years. Recently, people with narcolepsy were shown to exhibit extensive orexin/hypocretin neuronal loss. The orexin system regulates sleep/wake control via complex interactions with monoaminergic, cholinergic and GABA-ergic neuronal systems. Currently, no cure for narcolepsy exists, but some symptoms can be controlled with medication (eg, stimulants, antidepressants, etc). Orexin supplementation represents a more sophisticated way to treat narcolepsy because it addresses the underlying cause of the disease and not just the symptoms. Research on orexin supplementation in the treatment of sleep disorders has strongly increased over the past two decades. This review focuses on a brief description of narcolepsy, the mechanisms by which the orexin system regulates sleep/wake cycles, and finally, possible therapeutic options based on orexin supplementation in animal models and patients with narcolepsy.
ESTHER : Nepovimova_2019_Med.Res.Rev_39_961
PubMedSearch : Nepovimova_2019_Med.Res.Rev_39_961
PubMedID: 30426515

Title : Scopolamine disrupts place navigation in rats and humans: a translational validation of the Hidden Goal Task in the Morris water maze and a real maze for humans - Laczo_2017_Psychopharmacology.(Berl)_234_535
Author(s) : Laczo J , Markova H , Lobellova V , Gazova I , Parizkova M , Cerman J , Nekovarova T , Vales K , Klovrzova S , Harrison J , Windisch M , Vlcek K , Svoboda J , Hort J , Stuchlik A
Ref : Psychopharmacology (Berl) , 234 :535 , 2017
Abstract : RATIONALE: Development of new drugs for treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD) requires valid paradigms for testing their efficacy and sensitive tests validated in translational research. OBJECTIVES: We present validation of a place-navigation task, a Hidden Goal Task (HGT) based on the Morris water maze (MWM), in comparable animal and human protocols.
METHODS: We used scopolamine to model cognitive dysfunction similar to that seen in AD and donepezil, a symptomatic medication for AD, to assess its potential reversible effect on this scopolamine-induced cognitive dysfunction. We tested the effects of scopolamine and the combination of scopolamine and donepezil on place navigation and compared their effects in human and rat versions of the HGT. Place navigation testing consisted of 4 sessions of HGT performed at baseline, 2, 4, and 8 h after dosing in humans or 1, 2.5, and 5 h in rats.
RESULTS: Scopolamine worsened performance in both animals and humans. In the animal experiment, co-administration of donepezil alleviated the negative effect of scopolamine. In the human experiment, subjects co-administered with scopolamine and donepezil performed similarly to subjects on placebo and scopolamine, indicating a partial ameliorative effect of donepezil.
CONCLUSIONS: In the task based on the MWM, scopolamine impaired place navigation, while co-administration of donepezil alleviated this effect in comparable animal and human protocols. Using scopolamine and donepezil to challenge place navigation testing can be studied concurrently in animals and humans and may be a valid and reliable model for translational research, as well as for preclinical and clinical phases of drug trials.
ESTHER : Laczo_2017_Psychopharmacology.(Berl)_234_535
PubMedSearch : Laczo_2017_Psychopharmacology.(Berl)_234_535
PubMedID: 27885411

Title : The pharmacology of tacrine at N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors - Horak_2017_Prog.Neuropsychopharmacol.Biol.Psychiatry_75_54
Author(s) : Horak M , Holubova K , Nepovimova E , Krusek J , Kaniakova M , Korabecny J , Vyklicky L , Kuca K , Stuchlik A , Ricny J , Vales K , Soukup O
Ref : Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biological Psychiatry , 75 :54 , 2017
Abstract : The mechanism of tacrine as a precognitive drug has been considered to be complex and not fully understood. It has been reported to involve a wide spectrum of targets involving cholinergic, gabaergic, nitrinergic and glutamatergic pathways. Here, we review the effect of tacrine and its derivatives on the NMDA receptors (NMDAR) with a focus on the mechanism of action and biological consequences related to the Alzheimer's disease treatment. Our findings indicate that effect of tacrine on glutamatergic neurons is both direct and indirect. Direct NMDAR antagonistic effect is often reported by in vitro studies; however, it is achieved by high tacrine concentrations which are not likely to occur under clinical conditions. The impact on memory and behavioral testing can be ascribed to indirect effects of tacrine caused by influencing the NMDAR-mediated currents via M1 receptor activation, which leads to inhibition of Ca2+-activated potassium channels. Such inhibition prevents membrane repolarization leading to prolonged NMDAR activation and subsequently to long term potentiation. Considering these findings, we can conclude that tacrine-derivatives with dual cholinesterase and NMDARs modulating activity may represent a promising approach in the drug development for diseases associated with cognitive dysfunction, such as the Alzheimer disease.
ESTHER : Horak_2017_Prog.Neuropsychopharmacol.Biol.Psychiatry_75_54
PubMedSearch : Horak_2017_Prog.Neuropsychopharmacol.Biol.Psychiatry_75_54
PubMedID: 28089695