Barry KW

References (10)

Title : Salinity tolerance mechanisms of an Arctic Pelagophyte using comparative transcriptomic and gene expression analysis - Freyria_2022_Commun.Biol_5_500
Author(s) : Freyria NJ , Kuo A , Chovatia M , Johnson J , Lipzen A , Barry KW , Grigoriev IV , Lovejoy C
Ref : Commun Biol , 5 :500 , 2022
Abstract : Little is known at the transcriptional level about microbial eukaryotic adaptations to short-term salinity change. Arctic microalgae are exposed to low salinity due to sea-ice melt and higher salinity with brine channel formation during freeze-up. Here, we investigate the transcriptional response of an ice-associated microalgae over salinities from 45 to 8. Our results show a bracketed response of differential gene expression when the cultures were exposed to progressively decreasing salinity. Key genes associated with salinity changes were involved in specific metabolic pathways, transcription factors and regulators, protein kinases, carbohydrate active enzymes, and inorganic ion transporters. The pelagophyte seemed to use a strategy involving overexpression of Na(+)-H(+) antiporters and Na(+) -Pi symporters as salinity decreases, but the K(+) channel complex at higher salinities. Specific adaptation to cold saline arctic conditions was seen with differential expression of several antifreeze proteins, an ice-binding protein and an acyl-esterase involved in cold adaptation.
ESTHER : Freyria_2022_Commun.Biol_5_500
PubMedSearch : Freyria_2022_Commun.Biol_5_500
PubMedID: 35614207

Title : Megaphylogeny resolves global patterns of mushroom evolution - Varga_2019_Nat.Ecol.Evol_3_668
Author(s) : Varga T , Krizsan K , Foldi C , Dima B , Sanchez-Garcia M , Sanchez-Ramirez S , Szollosi GJ , Szarkandi JG , Papp V , Albert L , Andreopoulos W , Angelini C , Antonin V , Barry KW , Bougher NL , Buchanan P , Buyck B , Bense V , Catcheside P , Chovatia M , Cooper J , Damon W , Desjardin D , Finy P , Geml J , Haridas S , Hughes K , Justo A , Karasinski D , Kautmanova I , Kiss B , Kocsube S , Kotiranta H , LaButti KM , Lechner BE , Liimatainen K , Lipzen A , Lukacs Z , Mihaltcheva S , Morgado LN , Niskanen T , Noordeloos ME , Ohm RA , Ortiz-Santana B , Ovrebo C , Racz N , Riley R , Savchenko A , Shiryaev A , Soop K , Spirin V , Szebenyi C , Tomsovsky M , Tulloss RE , Uehling J , Grigoriev IV , Vagvolgyi C , Papp T , Martin FM , Miettinen O , Hibbett DS , Nagy LG
Ref : Nat Ecol Evol , 3 :668 , 2019
Abstract : Mushroom-forming fungi (Agaricomycetes) have the greatest morphological diversity and complexity of any group of fungi. They have radiated into most niches and fulfil diverse roles in the ecosystem, including wood decomposers, pathogens or mycorrhizal mutualists. Despite the importance of mushroom-forming fungi, large-scale patterns of their evolutionary history are poorly known, in part due to the lack of a comprehensive and dated molecular phylogeny. Here, using multigene and genome-based data, we assemble a 5,284-species phylogenetic tree and infer ages and broad patterns of speciation/extinction and morphological innovation in mushroom-forming fungi. Agaricomycetes started a rapid class-wide radiation in the Jurassic, coinciding with the spread of (sub)tropical coniferous forests and a warming climate. A possible mass extinction, several clade-specific adaptive radiations and morphological diversification of fruiting bodies followed during the Cretaceous and the Paleogene, convergently giving rise to the classic toadstool morphology, with a cap, stalk and gills (pileate-stipitate morphology). This morphology is associated with increased rates of lineage diversification, suggesting it represents a key innovation in the evolution of mushroom-forming fungi. The increase in mushroom diversity started during the Mesozoic-Cenozoic radiation event, an era of humid climate when terrestrial communities dominated by gymnosperms and reptiles were also expanding.
ESTHER : Varga_2019_Nat.Ecol.Evol_3_668
PubMedSearch : Varga_2019_Nat.Ecol.Evol_3_668
PubMedID: 30886374
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9aphy-a0a5c3ppg9 , 9aphy-a0a371d1b5 , 9agam-a0a5c3ngv5 , 9aphy-a0a5c3nsu3 , 9agar-a0a4s8mrh7 , 9agar-a0a4s8mil0

Title : Comparative genomics and transcriptomics depict ericoid mycorrhizal fungi as versatile saprotrophs and plant mutualists - Martino_2018_New.Phytol_217_1213
Author(s) : Martino E , Morin E , Grelet GA , Kuo A , Kohler A , Daghino S , Barry KW , Cichocki N , Clum A , Dockter RB , Hainaut M , Kuo RC , LaButti K , Lindahl BD , Lindquist EA , Lipzen A , Khouja HR , Magnuson J , Murat C , Ohm RA , Singer SW , Spatafora JW , Wang M , Veneault-Fourrey C , Henrissat B , Grigoriev IV , Martin FM , Perotto S
Ref : New Phytol , 217 :1213 , 2018
Abstract : Some soil fungi in the Leotiomycetes form ericoid mycorrhizal (ERM) symbioses with Ericaceae. In the harsh habitats in which they occur, ERM plant survival relies on nutrient mobilization from soil organic matter (SOM) by their fungal partners. The characterization of the fungal genetic machinery underpinning both the symbiotic lifestyle and SOM degradation is needed to understand ERM symbiosis functioning and evolution, and its impact on soil carbon (C) turnover. We sequenced the genomes of the ERM fungi Meliniomyces bicolor, M. variabilis, Oidiodendron maius and Rhizoscyphus ericae, and compared their gene repertoires with those of fungi with different lifestyles (ecto- and orchid mycorrhiza, endophytes, saprotrophs, pathogens). We also identified fungal transcripts induced in symbiosis. The ERM fungal gene contents for polysaccharide-degrading enzymes, lipases, proteases and enzymes involved in secondary metabolism are closer to those of saprotrophs and pathogens than to those of ectomycorrhizal symbionts. The fungal genes most highly upregulated in symbiosis are those coding for fungal and plant cell wall-degrading enzymes (CWDEs), lipases, proteases, transporters and mycorrhiza-induced small secreted proteins (MiSSPs). The ERM fungal gene repertoire reveals a capacity for a dual saprotrophic and biotrophic lifestyle. This may reflect an incomplete transition from saprotrophy to the mycorrhizal habit, or a versatile life strategy similar to fungal endophytes.
ESTHER : Martino_2018_New.Phytol_217_1213
PubMedSearch : Martino_2018_New.Phytol_217_1213
PubMedID: 29315638
Gene_locus related to this paper: amore-a0a2t3axk4 , amore-a0a2t3avs4 , amore-a0a2t3ay04 , amore-a0a2t3aph0

Title : Genome-Wide Analysis of Corynespora cassiicola Leaf Fall Disease Putative Effectors - Lopez_2018_Front.Microbiol_9_276
Author(s) : Lopez D , Ribeiro S , Label P , Fumanal B , Venisse JS , Kohler A , de Oliveira RR , LaButti K , Lipzen A , Lail K , Bauer D , Ohm RA , Barry KW , Spatafora J , Grigoriev IV , Martin FM , Pujade-Renaud V
Ref : Front Microbiol , 9 :276 , 2018
Abstract : Corynespora cassiicola is an Ascomycetes fungus with a broad host range and diverse life styles. Mostly known as a necrotrophic plant pathogen, it has also been associated with rare cases of human infection. In the rubber tree, this fungus causes the Corynespora leaf fall (CLF) disease, which increasingly affects natural rubber production in Asia and Africa. It has also been found as an endophyte in South American rubber plantations where no CLF outbreak has yet occurred. The C. cassiicola species is genetically highly diverse, but no clear relationship has been evidenced between phylogenetic lineage and pathogenicity. Cassiicolin, a small glycosylated secreted protein effector, is thought to be involved in the necrotrophic interaction with the rubber tree but some virulent C. cassiicola isolates do not have a cassiicolin gene. This study set out to identify other putative effectors involved in CLF. The genome of a highly virulent C. cassiicola isolate from the rubber tree (CCP) was sequenced and assembled. In silico prediction revealed 2870 putative effectors, comprising CAZymes, lipases, peptidases, secreted proteins and enzymes associated with secondary metabolism. Comparison with the genomes of 44 other fungal species, focusing on effector content, revealed a striking proximity with phylogenetically unrelated species (Colletotrichum acutatum, Colletotrichum gloesporioides, Fusarium oxysporum, nectria hematococca, and Botrosphaeria dothidea) sharing life style plasticity and broad host range. Candidate effectors involved in the compatible interaction with the rubber tree were identified by transcriptomic analysis. Differentially expressed genes included 92 putative effectors, among which cassiicolin and two other secreted singleton proteins. Finally, the genomes of 35 C. cassiicola isolates representing the genetic diversity of the species were sequenced and assembled, and putative effectors identified. At the intraspecific level, effector-based classification was found to be highly consistent with the phylogenomic trees. Identification of lineage-specific effectors is a key step toward understanding C. cassiicola virulence and host specialization mechanisms.
ESTHER : Lopez_2018_Front.Microbiol_9_276
PubMedSearch : Lopez_2018_Front.Microbiol_9_276
PubMedID: 29551995
Gene_locus related to this paper: corcc-a0a2t2nss3 , corcc-a0a2t2n5c6 , corcc-a0a2t2n3a1 , corcc-a0a2t2p617 , corcc-a0a2t2nt04 , corcc-a0a2t2n262

Title : Pezizomycetes genomes reveal the molecular basis of ectomycorrhizal truffle lifestyle - Murat_2018_Nat.Ecol.Evol_2_1956
Author(s) : Murat C , Payen T , Noel B , Kuo A , Morin E , Chen J , Kohler A , Krizsan K , Balestrini R , Da Silva C , Montanini B , Hainaut M , Levati E , Barry KW , Belfiori B , Cichocki N , Clum A , Dockter RB , Fauchery L , Guy J , Iotti M , Le Tacon F , Lindquist EA , Lipzen A , Malagnac F , Mello A , Molinier V , Miyauchi S , Poulain J , Riccioni C , Rubini A , Sitrit Y , Splivallo R , Traeger S , Wang M , Zifcakova L , Wipf D , Zambonelli A , Paolocci F , Nowrousian M , Ottonello S , Baldrian P , Spatafora JW , Henrissat B , Nagy LG , Aury JM , Wincker P , Grigoriev IV , Bonfante P , Martin FM
Ref : Nat Ecol Evol , 2 :1956 , 2018
Abstract : Tuberaceae is one of the most diverse lineages of symbiotic truffle-forming fungi. To understand the molecular underpinning of the ectomycorrhizal truffle lifestyle, we compared the genomes of Piedmont white truffle (Tuber magnatum), Perigord black truffle (Tuber melanosporum), Burgundy truffle (Tuber aestivum), pig truffle (Choiromyces venosus) and desert truffle (Terfezia boudieri) to saprotrophic Pezizomycetes. Reconstructed gene duplication/loss histories along a time-calibrated phylogeny of Ascomycetes revealed that Tuberaceae-specific traits may be related to a higher gene diversification rate. Genomic features in Tuber species appear to be very similar, with high transposon content, few genes coding lignocellulose-degrading enzymes, a substantial set of lineage-specific fruiting-body-upregulated genes and high expression of genes involved in volatile organic compound metabolism. Developmental and metabolic pathways expressed in ectomycorrhizae and fruiting bodies of T. magnatum and T. melanosporum are unexpectedly very similar, owing to the fact that they diverged ~100 Ma. Volatile organic compounds from pungent truffle odours are not the products of Tuber-specific gene innovations, but rely on the differential expression of an existing gene repertoire. These genomic resources will help to address fundamental questions in the evolution of the truffle lifestyle and the ecology of fungi that have been praised as food delicacies for centuries.
ESTHER : Murat_2018_Nat.Ecol.Evol_2_1956
PubMedSearch : Murat_2018_Nat.Ecol.Evol_2_1956
PubMedID: 30420746
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9pezi-a0a3n4l4q5 , 9pezi-a0a3n4lpg7

Title : Comparative genomics of biotechnologically important yeasts - Riley_2016_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_113_9882
Author(s) : Riley R , Haridas S , Wolfe KH , Lopes MR , Hittinger CT , Goker M , Salamov AA , Wisecaver JH , Long TM , Calvey CH , Aerts AL , Barry KW , Choi C , Clum A , Coughlan AY , Deshpande S , Douglass AP , Hanson SJ , Klenk HP , LaButti KM , Lapidus A , Lindquist EA , Lipzen AM , Meier-Kolthoff JP , Ohm RA , Otillar RP , Pangilinan JL , Peng Y , Rokas A , Rosa CA , Scheuner C , Sibirny AA , Slot JC , Stielow JB , Sun H , Kurtzman CP , Blackwell M , Grigoriev IV , Jeffries TW
Ref : Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A , 113 :9882 , 2016
Abstract : Ascomycete yeasts are metabolically diverse, with great potential for biotechnology. Here, we report the comparative genome analysis of 29 taxonomically and biotechnologically important yeasts, including 16 newly sequenced. We identify a genetic code change, CUG-Ala, in Pachysolen tannophilus in the clade sister to the known CUG-Ser clade. Our well-resolved yeast phylogeny shows that some traits, such as methylotrophy, are restricted to single clades, whereas others, such as l-rhamnose utilization, have patchy phylogenetic distributions. Gene clusters, with variable organization and distribution, encode many pathways of interest. Genomics can predict some biochemical traits precisely, but the genomic basis of others, such as xylose utilization, remains unresolved. Our data also provide insight into early evolution of ascomycetes. We document the loss of H3K9me2/3 heterochromatin, the origin of ascomycete mating-type switching, and panascomycete synteny at the MAT locus. These data and analyses will facilitate the engineering of efficient biosynthetic and degradative pathways and gateways for genomic manipulation.
ESTHER : Riley_2016_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_113_9882
PubMedSearch : Riley_2016_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_113_9882
PubMedID: 27535936
Gene_locus related to this paper: wicaa-a0a1e3nx95 , cybjn-a0a1e4s739 , 9asco-a0a1q2yku6 , ogapd-w1qjr8 , 9asco-a0a1e3pdp5 , lipst-a0a1e3qdq0 , 9asco-a0a1e4tg55

Title : Diverse lifestyles and strategies of plant pathogenesis encoded in the genomes of eighteen Dothideomycetes fungi - Ohm_2012_PLoS.Pathog_8_e1003037
Author(s) : Ohm RA , Feau N , Henrissat B , Schoch CL , Horwitz BA , Barry KW , Condon BJ , Copeland AC , Dhillon B , Glaser F , Hesse CN , Kosti I , LaButti K , Lindquist EA , Lucas S , Salamov AA , Bradshaw RE , Ciuffetti L , Hamelin RC , Kema GH , Lawrence C , Scott JA , Spatafora JW , Turgeon BG , de Wit PJ , Zhong S , Goodwin SB , Grigoriev IV
Ref : PLoS Pathog , 8 :e1003037 , 2012
Abstract : The class Dothideomycetes is one of the largest groups of fungi with a high level of ecological diversity including many plant pathogens infecting a broad range of hosts. Here, we compare genome features of 18 members of this class, including 6 necrotrophs, 9 (hemi)biotrophs and 3 saprotrophs, to analyze genome structure, evolution, and the diverse strategies of pathogenesis. The Dothideomycetes most likely evolved from a common ancestor more than 280 million years ago. The 18 genome sequences differ dramatically in size due to variation in repetitive content, but show much less variation in number of (core) genes. Gene order appears to have been rearranged mostly within chromosomal boundaries by multiple inversions, in extant genomes frequently demarcated by adjacent simple repeats. Several Dothideomycetes contain one or more gene-poor, transposable element (TE)-rich putatively dispensable chromosomes of unknown function. The 18 Dothideomycetes offer an extensive catalogue of genes involved in cellulose degradation, proteolysis, secondary metabolism, and cysteine-rich small secreted proteins. Ancestors of the two major orders of plant pathogens in the Dothideomycetes, the Capnodiales and Pleosporales, may have had different modes of pathogenesis, with the former having fewer of these genes than the latter. Many of these genes are enriched in proximity to transposable elements, suggesting faster evolution because of the effects of repeat induced point (RIP) mutations. A syntenic block of genes, including oxidoreductases, is conserved in most Dothideomycetes and upregulated during infection in L. maculans, suggesting a possible function in response to oxidative stress.
ESTHER : Ohm_2012_PLoS.Pathog_8_e1003037
PubMedSearch : Ohm_2012_PLoS.Pathog_8_e1003037
PubMedID: 23236275
Gene_locus related to this paper: mycpj-q30dw8 , sphms-m3db71 , bauco-m2n3p9 , cocsn-m2rnc6 , coch5-m2tnl8 , coch4-n4xap8 , sett2-r0j560 , bauco-m2lw45 , cocsn-m2thl9 , bauco-m2nan7 , sphms-m3asf7 , coch5-m2v1s2 , mycfi-m3am36 , coch4-n4xzy1 , mycfi-m3b3x0 , cocsn-m2sqr3 , cocsn-m2rnk8 , mycp1-n1pnd6 , bauco-m2n7y7 , coch4-n4xdv7 , coch5-m2uds0 , coch5-m2um94 , sett2-r0i8c5 , coch4-n4wlc8 , coch4-n4x9p3 , cocsn-m2rh47 , cocsn-m2qz08 , sett2-r0jqq6 , mycfi-m2yiq2 , sett2-r0imb6 , sphms-m3b727 , coch4-n4x7u3 , cocsn-m2rv02 , cocsn-m2sy95 , coch5-m2ubd5 , mycp1-n1per0 , mycp1-n1pg49 , mycfi-n1q8u1 , mycp1-n1pwj1 , mycp1-n1pcl8 , bauco-m2n330 , cocsn-m2t3d2 , mycfi-m3b223 , sett2-r0kl84 , bauco-m2lu86 , mycfi-m3b1s8 , sett2-r0jts7 , mycfi-m3amn9 , bauco-m2nf03 , mycfi-m3a015 , sphms-n1qgv4 , coch4-n4x2h3 , mycp1-m2y2b1 , sett2-r0jxt9 , mycfi-m2zg05 , sphms-m3cr09 , coch4-n4x7r9 , mycfi-m2yip7 , mycp1-n1pwu7 , cocsn-m2sh75 , cocsn-m2t5z2 , coch5-m2ucf6 , sphms-m3c9s8 , sphms-m3c383 , mycp1-n1ppa8 , sett2-r0k664 , cocsn-m2t3q1 , sett2-r0k4b4 , cocsn-m2t4i1 , bauco-m2lzw1 , coch5-m2th93 , cocsn-m2svm8 , sphms-m3d7h2 , sphms-m3cwc3 , mycfi-m3b329 , bauco-m2n4x9 , cocsn-m2s6q4 , mycfi-m3b7x7 , mycp1-m2yk59 , cocsn-m2s5h5 , bauco-m2nfr9 , bauco-m2myk4 , coch4-n4xf94 , mycfi-m3a252 , sphms-n1qes8 , mycp1-n1pps5 , sett2-r0kdl8 , cocsn-m2qvi9 , sett2-r0kfg6 , bauco-m2n1q0 , cocsn-m2szq4 , sett2-r0j437 , coch4-n4x7j4 , mycfi-m3b4h3 , coch5-m2twk3 , coch5-m2usf2 , sett2-r0kjt7 , mycfi-m2yrk1 , bauco-m2n4g8 , sett2-r0k7y2 , cocsn-m2th03 , sett2-r0iy92 , sett2-r0kbr9 , sett2-r0k997 , coch5-m2sik6 , bauco-m2n0g0 , bauco-m2lkk0 , sett2-r0jzj5 , sphms-m3bs21 , mycfi-m3a3h8 , mycp1-n1pw13 , cocsn-m2r0j6 , mycp1-n1pe19 , coch4-n4x6a4 , mycp1-m2xhl1 , cocsn-m2s7a5 , cocsn-m2sv79 , mycfi-n1qbd7 , mycp1-n1pnh6 , sphms-m3cz62 , sett2-r0knx4 , bauco-m2nlz2 , mycp1-n1psn5 , sett2-r0ksh8 , bauco-m2n3v9 , bauco-m2n9y7 , mycp1-n1puh9 , sett2-r0ip86 , sphms-m3c6j1 , sphms-n1qnq9 , cocsn-m2sqe4 , coch4-n4xzc8 , mycfi-m3ali0 , mycfi-m3a5j4 , mycp1-n1phf7 , bauco-m2myw5 , mycp1-m2y2h4 , mycfi-m3as05 , sphms-m3ccg5 , cocsn-m2rtg8 , sphms-n1qny5 , mycfi-n1q7c3 , mycp1-n1q523 , bauco-m2m190 , psefd-m3awp8 , sphms-n1qfl1 , dotsn-n1q1b1 , sphms-m3dcu2 , bauco-m2m7v7 , psefd-m3bad8 , bauco-m2nft5 , psefd-m3b4x7 , sphms-n1qdh4 , sphms-m3cq38 , bauco-m2mz43 , coch5-m2t2x3 , cocsn-m2sze4 , sphms-n1qfm9 , sett2-r0kjg6 , sett2-r0k5q0 , cocvi-w7ezb7 , sett2-r0jtm1 , cocmi-w6ywa1 , psefd-m3a663 , baupa-m2mxl2 , cocsn-m2t3e8 , coch5-m2ulw5 , coch5-m2urw9 , sett2-r0knn5 , cocca-w6y1v2 , baupa-m2nq79 , sett2-r0i9k2 , coch5-m2uul8 , dotsn-n1q415 , psefd-n1qcy3 , cocsn-m2sl21 , baupa-m2luc8 , dotsn-est1

Title : Comparative genomics of Ceriporiopsis subvermispora and Phanerochaete chrysosporium provide insight into selective ligninolysis - Fernandez-Fueyo_2012_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_109_5458
Author(s) : Fernandez-Fueyo E , Ruiz-Duenas FJ , Ferreira P , Floudas D , Hibbett DS , Canessa P , Larrondo LF , James TY , Seelenfreund D , Lobos S , Polanco R , Tello M , Honda Y , Watanabe T , Ryu JS , Kubicek CP , Schmoll M , Gaskell J , Hammel KE , St John FJ , Vanden Wymelenberg A , Sabat G , Splinter BonDurant S , Syed K , Yadav JS , Doddapaneni H , Subramanian V , Lavin JL , Oguiza JA , Perez G , Pisabarro AG , Ramirez L , Santoyo F , Master E , Coutinho PM , Henrissat B , Lombard V , Magnuson JK , Kues U , Hori C , Igarashi K , Samejima M , Held BW , Barry KW , LaButti KM , Lapidus A , Lindquist EA , Lucas SM , Riley R , Salamov AA , Hoffmeister D , Schwenk D , Hadar Y , Yarden O , de Vries RP , Wiebenga A , Stenlid J , Eastwood D , Grigoriev IV , Berka RM , Blanchette RA , Kersten P , Martinez AT , Vicuna R , Cullen D
Ref : Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A , 109 :5458 , 2012
Abstract : Efficient lignin depolymerization is unique to the wood decay basidiomycetes, collectively referred to as white rot fungi. Phanerochaete chrysosporium simultaneously degrades lignin and cellulose, whereas the closely related species, Ceriporiopsis subvermispora, also depolymerizes lignin but may do so with relatively little cellulose degradation. To investigate the basis for selective ligninolysis, we conducted comparative genome analysis of C. subvermispora and P. chrysosporium. Genes encoding manganese peroxidase numbered 13 and five in C. subvermispora and P. chrysosporium, respectively. In addition, the C. subvermispora genome contains at least seven genes predicted to encode laccases, whereas the P. chrysosporium genome contains none. We also observed expansion of the number of C. subvermispora desaturase-encoding genes putatively involved in lipid metabolism. Microarray-based transcriptome analysis showed substantial up-regulation of several desaturase and MnP genes in wood-containing medium. MS identified MnP proteins in C. subvermispora culture filtrates, but none in P. chrysosporium cultures. These results support the importance of MnP and a lignin degradation mechanism whereby cleavage of the dominant nonphenolic structures is mediated by lipid peroxidation products. Two C. subvermispora genes were predicted to encode peroxidases structurally similar to P. chrysosporium lignin peroxidase and, following heterologous expression in Escherichia coli, the enzymes were shown to oxidize high redox potential substrates, but not Mn(2+). Apart from oxidative lignin degradation, we also examined cellulolytic and hemicellulolytic systems in both fungi. In summary, the C. subvermispora genetic inventory and expression patterns exhibit increased oxidoreductase potential and diminished cellulolytic capability relative to P. chrysosporium.
ESTHER : Fernandez-Fueyo_2012_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_109_5458
PubMedSearch : Fernandez-Fueyo_2012_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_109_5458
PubMedID: 22434909
Gene_locus related to this paper: cers8-m2r3x2 , cers8-m2qf37 , cers8-m2pcy7 , cers8-m2pcz3 , cers8-m2qn26 , cers8-m2r654 , cers8-m2r8g9 , cers8-m2ps90 , cers8-m2qn44 , cers8-m2q837 , cers8-m2pjy6 , cers8-m2r609 , cers8-m2qy35 , cers8-m2r1n1 , cers8-m2rl22 , cers8-m2qkx5 , cers8-m2qib7 , cers8-m2rgs8 , cers8-m2rlx6 , cers8-m2r4p3 , cers8-m2rf62 , cers8-m2qyx5 , cers8-m2pcz2 , cers8-m2rm22 , cers8-m2qwb7 , cers8-m2r9u3 , cers8-m2pp23 , cers8-m2r613 , cers8-m2rup8 , cers8-m2piv7 , cers8-m2rch3 , cers8-m2qvf7 , cers8-m2qvb7 , cers8-m2qvb2 , cers8-m2pip7 , cers8-m2rb73 , cers8-m2qgd3 , cers8-m2rcg8 , cers8-m2rb68

Title : Comparative genomics of xylose-fermenting fungi for enhanced biofuel production - Wohlbach_2011_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_108_13212
Author(s) : Wohlbach DJ , Kuo A , Sato TK , Potts KM , Salamov AA , LaButti KM , Sun H , Clum A , Pangilinan JL , Lindquist EA , Lucas S , Lapidus A , Jin M , Gunawan C , Balan V , Dale BE , Jeffries TW , Zinkel R , Barry KW , Grigoriev IV , Gasch AP
Ref : Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A , 108 :13212 , 2011
Abstract : Cellulosic biomass is an abundant and underused substrate for biofuel production. The inability of many microbes to metabolize the pentose sugars abundant within hemicellulose creates specific challenges for microbial biofuel production from cellulosic material. Although engineered strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae can use the pentose xylose, the fermentative capacity pales in comparison with glucose, limiting the economic feasibility of industrial fermentations. To better understand xylose utilization for subsequent microbial engineering, we sequenced the genomes of two xylose-fermenting, beetle-associated fungi, Spathaspora passalidarum and Candida tenuis. To identify genes involved in xylose metabolism, we applied a comparative genomic approach across 14 Ascomycete genomes, mapping phenotypes and genotypes onto the fungal phylogeny, and measured genomic expression across five Hemiascomycete species with different xylose-consumption phenotypes. This approach implicated many genes and processes involved in xylose assimilation. Several of these genes significantly improved xylose utilization when engineered into S. cerevisiae, demonstrating the power of comparative methods in rapidly identifying genes for biomass conversion while reflecting on fungal ecology.
ESTHER : Wohlbach_2011_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_108_13212
PubMedSearch : Wohlbach_2011_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_108_13212
PubMedID: 21788494
Gene_locus related to this paper: cantc-g3b3r0 , spapn-g3ap60 , spapn-g3aif9 , cantc-g3axw7

Title : The Calyptogena magnifica chemoautotrophic symbiont genome - Newton_2007_Science_315_998
Author(s) : Newton IL , Woyke T , Auchtung TA , Dilly GF , Dutton RJ , Fisher MC , Fontanez KM , Lau E , Stewart FJ , Richardson PM , Barry KW , Saunders E , Detter JC , Wu D , Eisen JA , Cavanaugh CM
Ref : Science , 315 :998 , 2007
Abstract : Chemoautotrophic endosymbionts are the metabolic cornerstone of hydrothermal vent communities, providing invertebrate hosts with nearly all of their nutrition. The Calyptogena magnifica (Bivalvia: Vesicomyidae) symbiont, Candidatus Ruthia magnifica, is the first intracellular sulfur-oxidizing endosymbiont to have its genome sequenced, revealing a suite of metabolic capabilities. The genome encodes major chemoautotrophic pathways as well as pathways for biosynthesis of vitamins, cofactors, and all 20 amino acids required by the clam.
ESTHER : Newton_2007_Science_315_998
PubMedSearch : Newton_2007_Science_315_998
PubMedID: 17303757
Gene_locus related to this paper: rutmc-a1aw39 , rutmc-a1ax96