Fujita M

References (13)

Title : Highly efficient expression of Rasamsonia emersonii lipase in Pichia pastoris: Characterization and gastrointestinal simulated digestion in vitro - Wang_2024_J.Sci.Food.Agric__
Author(s) : Wang B , Wang Y , Zhou X , Gao XD , Fujita M , Li Z
Ref : J Sci Food Agric , : , 2024
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Acidic lipases with high catalytic activities under acidic conditions have important application values in the food, feed and pharmaceutical industries. However, the availability of acidic lipases is still the main obstacle to their industrial applications. Although a novel acidic lipase Rasamsonia emersonii (LIPR) was heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli, the expression level was unsatisfactory. RESULTS: To achieve the high-efficiency expression and secretion of LIPR in Pichia pastoris GS115, the combinatorial optimization strategy was adopted including gene codon preference, signal peptide, molecular chaperone co-expression and disruption of vacuolar sorting receptor VPS10. The activity of the combinatorial optimization engineered strain in a shake flask reached 1480 U mL(-1) , which was 8.13 times of the P. pastoris GS115 parental strain. After high-density fermentation in a 5 L bioreactor, the highest enzyme activity reached as high as 11820 U mL(-1) . LIPR showed the highest activity at 40 degreesC and pH 4.0 in the presence of Ca(2+) ion. LIPR exhibited strong tolerance to methanol indicating its potential application in biodiesel biosynthesis. Moreover, the gastrointestinal digestion simulation results demonstrated that LIPR was tolerant to pepsin and trypsin, but its activity was inhibited by sodium taurodeoxycholate (NaTDC). CONCLUSION: This study provided an effective approach for the high expression of acidic lipase LIPR. LIPR was more appropriate for lipid digestion in the stomach than in intestine according to the gastrointestinal digestion simulation results. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
ESTHER : Wang_2024_J.Sci.Food.Agric__
PubMedSearch : Wang_2024_J.Sci.Food.Agric__
PubMedID: 38363126

Title : Selecting cells expressing high levels of recombinant proteins using the GPI-anchored protein with selenocysteine system - Liu_2021_J.Biosci.Bioeng_131_225
Author(s) : Liu YS , Matabaro E , Gao XD , Fujita M
Ref : J Biosci Bioeng , 131 :225 , 2021
Abstract : Most biopharmaceutical proteins are produced in mammalian cells because they have the advantageous capacity for protein folding, assembly, and posttranslational modifications. To satisfy the increasing demand for these proteins for clinical purposes and studies, traditional methods to improve protein productivity have included gene amplification, host cell engineering, medium optimization, and screening methods. However, screening and selection of high-producing cell lines remain complex and time consuming. In this study, we established a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored protein with a selenocysteine (GPS) system to select cells producing high levels of target secretory proteins. Recombinant lysosomal acid lipase (LIPA) and alpha-galactosidase A (GALA) were fused with a GPI attachment signal sequence and a selenocysteine insertion sequence after an in-frame UGA codon. Under these conditions, most of the recombinant proteins were secreted into the culture medium, but some were found to be GPI-anchored proteins on the cell surface. When sodium selenite was supplied into the culture medium, the amount of GPI-anchored LIPA and GALA was increased. High-expressing cells were selected by detecting surface GPI-anchored LIPA. The GPI-anchored protein was then eliminated by knocking out the GPI biosynthesis gene PIGK, in these cells, all LIPA was in secreted form. Our system provides a promising method of isolating cells that highly express recombinant proteins from large cell populations.
ESTHER : Liu_2021_J.Biosci.Bioeng_131_225
PubMedSearch : Liu_2021_J.Biosci.Bioeng_131_225
PubMedID: 33158753

Title : Summary of the 2018 Alcohol and Immunology Research Interest Group (AIRIG) meeting - Kuprys_2019_Alcohol_77_11
Author(s) : Kuprys PV , Tsukamoto H , Gao B , Jia L , McGowan J , Coopersmith CM , Moreno MC , Hulsebus H , Meena AS , Souza-Smith FM , Roper P , Foster MT , Raju SV , Marshall SA , Fujita M , Curtis BJ , Wyatt TA , Mandrekar P , Kovacs EJ , Choudhry MA
Ref : Alcohol , 77 :11 , 2019
Abstract : On January 26, 2018, the 23rd annual Alcohol and Immunology Research Interest Group (AIRIG) meeting was held at the University of Colorado Denver, Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, Colorado. The meeting consisted of plenary sessions with oral presentations and a poster presentation session. There were four plenary sessions that covered a wide range of topics relating to alcohol use: Alcohol and Liver Disease; Alcohol, Inflammation and Immune Response; Alcohol and Organ Injury; Heath Consequences and Alcohol Drinking. The meeting provided a forum for the presentation and discussion of novel research findings regarding alcohol use and immunology.
ESTHER : Kuprys_2019_Alcohol_77_11
PubMedSearch : Kuprys_2019_Alcohol_77_11
PubMedID: 30763905

Title : Biosynthesis of GPI-anchored proteins: special emphasis on GPI lipid remodeling - Kinoshita_2016_J.Lipid.Res_57_6
Author(s) : Kinoshita T , Fujita M
Ref : J Lipid Res , 57 :6 , 2016
Abstract : Glycosylphosphatidylinositols (GPIs) act as membrane anchors of many eukaryotic cell surface proteins. GPIs in various organisms have a common backbone consisting of ethanolamine phosphate (EtNP), three mannoses (Mans), one non-N-acetylated glucosamine, and inositol phospholipid, whose structure is EtNP-6Manalpha-2Manalpha-6Manalpha-4GlNalpha-6myoinositol-P-lipid. The lipid part is either phosphatidylinositol of diacyl or 1-alkyl-2-acyl form, or inositol phosphoceramide. GPIs are attached to proteins via an amide bond between the C-terminal carboxyl group and an amino group of EtNP. Fatty chains of inositol phospholipids are inserted into the outer leaflet of the plasma membrane. More than 150 different human proteins are GPI anchored, whose functions include enzymes, adhesion molecules, receptors, protease inhibitors, transcytotic transporters, and complement regulators. GPI modification imparts proteins with unique characteristics, such as association with membrane microdomains or rafts, transient homodimerization, release from the membrane by cleavage in the GPI moiety, and apical sorting in polarized cells. GPI anchoring is essential for mammalian embryogenesis, development, neurogenesis, fertilization, and immune system. Mutations in genes involved in remodeling of the GPI lipid moiety cause human diseases characterized by neurological abnormalities. Yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has >60 GPI-anchored proteins (GPI-APs). GPI is essential for growth of yeast. In this review, we discuss biosynthesis of GPI-APs in mammalian cells and yeast with emphasis on the lipid moiety.
ESTHER : Kinoshita_2016_J.Lipid.Res_57_6
PubMedSearch : Kinoshita_2016_J.Lipid.Res_57_6
PubMedID: 26563290

Title : Inhibition of contractile activity during postconditioning enhances cardioprotection by restoring sarcolemmal dystrophin through phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase - Moriguchi_2010_Circ.J_74_2393
Author(s) : Moriguchi A , Otani H , Yoshioka K , Shimazu T , Fujita M , Okazaki T , Sato D , Kyoi S , Iwasaka T
Ref : Circ J , 74 :2393 , 2010
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Although ischemic postconditioning (IPost) confers cardioprotection by protecting the mitochondria though the activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), a potential drawback of IPost is impairment of aerobic ATP generation during reperfusion by repeated ischemia. This decrease in ATP might inhibit the restoration of sarcolemmal dystrophin, which is translocated during ischemia, and render cardiomyocytes susceptible to contraction-induced oncosis. METHODS AND
RESULTS: Isolated rat hearts were subjected to 30 min ischemia and 120 min reperfusion. IPost induced by 20 cycles of 10-s reperfusion and 10-s ischemia enhanced the activation of PI3K as evidenced by the increased phosphorylation of Akt, but had no effect on myocardial ATP, restoration of sarcolemmal dystrophin, or cardiomyocyte oncosis during IPost. Administration of the contractile blocker, 2,3-butanedione monoxim (BDM), during IPost increased myocardial ATP and facilitated the redistribution of dystrophin to the sarcolemma. This led to reduced cardiomyocyte oncosis and infarct size, and improved the left ventricular function. The anti-oncotic effect of BDM occurred without changing the anti-apoptotic effect of IPost. The PI3K inhibitor, LY294002, prevented the phosphorylation of Akt, decreased the recovery of ATP and restoration of sarcolemmal dystrophin, and blocked the anti-oncotic and anti-apoptotic effects of IPost.
CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that the inhibition of contractile activity during IPost prevents cardiomyocyte oncosis and enhances cardioprotection through PI3K-dependent restoration of sarcolemmal dystrophin.
ESTHER : Moriguchi_2010_Circ.J_74_2393
PubMedSearch : Moriguchi_2010_Circ.J_74_2393
PubMedID: 20877127

Title : Paradoxical DNA repair and peroxide resistance gene conservation in Bacillus pumilus SAFR-032 - Gioia_2007_PLoS.One_2_e928
Author(s) : Gioia J , Yerrapragada S , Qin X , Jiang H , Igboeli OC , Muzny D , Dugan-Rocha S , Ding Y , Hawes A , Liu W , Perez L , Kovar C , Dinh H , Lee S , Nazareth L , Blyth P , Holder M , Buhay C , Tirumalai MR , Liu Y , Dasgupta I , Bokhetache L , Fujita M , Karouia F , Eswara Moorthy P , Siefert J , Uzman A , Buzumbo P , Verma A , Zwiya H , McWilliams BD , Olowu A , Clinkenbeard KD , Newcombe D , Golebiewski L , Petrosino JF , Nicholson WL , Fox GE , Venkateswaran K , Highlander SK , Weinstock GM
Ref : PLoS ONE , 2 :e928 , 2007
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Bacillus spores are notoriously resistant to unfavorable conditions such as UV radiation, gamma-radiation, H2O2, desiccation, chemical disinfection, or starvation. Bacillus pumilus SAFR-032 survives standard decontamination procedures of the Jet Propulsion Lab spacecraft assembly facility, and both spores and vegetative cells of this strain exhibit elevated resistance to UV radiation and H2O2 compared to other Bacillus species. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The genome of B. pumilus SAFR-032 was sequenced and annotated. Lists of genes relevant to DNA repair and the oxidative stress response were generated and compared to B. subtilis and B. licheniformis. Differences in conservation of genes, gene order, and protein sequences are highlighted because they potentially explain the extreme resistance phenotype of B. pumilus. The B. pumilus genome includes genes not found in B. subtilis or B. licheniformis and conserved genes with sequence divergence, but paradoxically lacks several genes that function in UV or H2O2 resistance in other Bacillus species. SIGNIFICANCE: This study identifies several candidate genes for further research into UV and H2O2 resistance. These findings will help explain the resistance of B. pumilus and are applicable to understanding sterilization survival strategies of microbes.
ESTHER : Gioia_2007_PLoS.One_2_e928
PubMedSearch : Gioia_2007_PLoS.One_2_e928
PubMedID: 17895969
Gene_locus related to this paper: bacp2-a8f9m3 , bacp2-a8fa85 , bacp2-a8fgk8 , bacp2-a8fhg9 , bacp2-a8fjc9 , bacpu-AXE , bacpu-b4af62 , bacpu-b4ail3 , bacpu-b4ann4 , bacpu-b4apa9 , bacp2-a8f983 , bacp2-a8fgz0

Title : Inositol deacylation by Bst1p is required for the quality control of glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins - Fujita_2006_Mol.Biol.Cell_17_834
Author(s) : Fujita M , Yoko OT , Jigami Y
Ref : Mol Biology of the cell , 17 :834 , 2006
Abstract : Misfolded proteins are recognized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), transported back to the cytosol, and degraded by the proteasome. A number of proteins are processed and modified by a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor in the ER, but the quality control mechanisms of GPI-anchored proteins remain unclear. Here, we report on the quality control mechanism of misfolded GPI-anchored proteins. We have constructed a mutant form of the beta-1,3-glucanosyltransferase Gas1p (Gas1*p) as a model misfolded GPI-anchored protein. Gas1*p was modified with a GPI anchor but retained in the ER and was degraded rapidly via the proteasome. Disruption of BST1, which encodes GPI inositol deacylase, caused a delay in the degradation of Gas1*p. This delay was because of an effect on the deacylation activity of Bst1p. Disruption of genes involved in GPI-anchored protein concentration and N-glycan processing caused different effects on the degradation of Gas1*p and a soluble misfolded version of carboxypeptidase Y. Furthermore, Gas1*p associated with both Bst1p and BiP/Kar2p, a molecular chaperone, in vivo. Our data suggest that GPI inositol deacylation plays important roles in the quality control and ER-associated degradation of GPI-anchored proteins.
ESTHER : Fujita_2006_Mol.Biol.Cell_17_834
PubMedSearch : Fujita_2006_Mol.Biol.Cell_17_834
PubMedID: 16319176
Gene_locus related to this paper: yeast-BST1

Title : Quantification of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in human brain using [123I]5-I-A-85380 SPET - Fujita_2003_Eur.J.Nucl.Med.Mol.Imaging_30_1620
Author(s) : Fujita M , Ichise M , van Dyck CH , Zoghbi SS , Tamagnan G , Mukhin AG , Bozkurt A , Seneca N , Tipre D , DeNucci CC , Iida H , Vaupel DB , Horti AG , Koren AO , Kimes AS , London ED , Seibyl JP , Baldwin RM , Innis RB
Ref : Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging , 30 :1620 , 2003
Abstract : The purpose of this study was to assess the utility of a new single-photon emission tomography ligand, [123I]5-iodo-3-[2(S)-2-azetidinylmethoxy]pyridine (5-I-A-85380), to measure regional nAChR binding in human brain. Six healthy nonsmoker subjects (two men and four women, age 33 +/- 15 years) participated in both a bolus (dose: 317 +/- 42 MBq) and a bolus plus constant infusion (dose of bolus: 98 +/- 32 MBq, B/I=6.7 +/- 2.6 h, total dose: 331 +/- 55 MBq) study. The study duration was 5-8 h and 14 h in the former and the latter, respectively. Nonlinear least-squares compartmental analysis was applied to bolus studies to calculate total (VT') and specific (VS') distribution volumes. A two-tissue compartment model was applied to identify VS'. VT' was also calculated in B/I studies. In bolus studies, VT' was well identified by both one- and two-tissue compartment models, with a coefficient of variation of less than 5% in most regions. The two-compartment model gave VT' values of 51, 22, 27, 32, 20, 19, 20, and 17 ml cm(-3) in thalamus, cerebellum, putamen, pons, and frontal, parietal, temporal, and occipital cortices, respectively. The two-compartment model did not identify VS' well. B/I studies provided poor accuracy of VT' measurement, possibly due to deviations from equilibrium conditions. These results demonstrate the feasibility of quantifying high-affinity type nAChRs using [123I]5-I-A-85380 in humans and support the use of VT' measured by bolus studies.
ESTHER : Fujita_2003_Eur.J.Nucl.Med.Mol.Imaging_30_1620
PubMedSearch : Fujita_2003_Eur.J.Nucl.Med.Mol.Imaging_30_1620
PubMedID: 14523584

Title : Influence of acetylcholine levels on the binding of a SPECT nicotinic acetylcholine receptor ligand [123I]5-I-A-85380 - Fujita_2003_Synapse_48_116
Author(s) : Fujita M , Al-Tikriti MS , Tamagnan G , Zoghbi SS , Bozkurt A , Baldwin RM , Innis RB
Ref : Synapse , 48 :116 , 2003
Abstract : Although in vitro theory indicates that ligand binding is sensitive to competition with neurotransmitters, only some imaging ligands have shown such competition in vivo. The purpose of this study was to determine whether increases in acetylcholine (ACh) levels induced by an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, physostigmine, inhibit in vivo binding of [(123)I]5-iodo-3-(2(S)-2-azetidinyl-methoxy) pyridine (5-I-A-85380), a single photon emission computed tomography ligand for the high-affinity type nicotinic ACh receptor (nAChR). Baboons were used for seven studies with a bolus plus constant infusion equilibrium paradigm. After achieving equilibrium at 5 h, physostigmine (0.02 (n = 1), 0.067 (n = 3), and 0.2 (n = 3) mg/kg) was administered intravenously and data were acquired for up to 8 h. To confirm equilibrium conditions, [(123)I]5-I-A-85380 plasma levels were measured in four studies, including all studies with 0.2 mg/kg physostigmine. Prior to physostigmine administration, thalamic activities were stable, with changes of 1.1%/h or less, except in one study with a gradual increase of 4.2%/h. Thalamic activities were decreased by 15% in one study with 0.067 mg/kg and 14-17% in all studies with 0.2 mg/kg physostigmine administration (P = 0.009). In these studies with 0.2 mg/kg physostigmine administration, [(123)I]5-I-A-85380 plasma levels showed a transient or a sustained increase after physostigmine administration that would have increased thalamic activities. These results suggest that elevated ACh levels induced by physostigmine can effectively compete in vivo with [(123)I]5-I-A-85380 binding at nAChRs. However, decreased thalamic activities could have been caused by other mechanisms, including internalization of the receptor with an associated decreased affinity for radioligand.
ESTHER : Fujita_2003_Synapse_48_116
PubMedSearch : Fujita_2003_Synapse_48_116
PubMedID: 12645036

Title : Whole-body biodistribution, radiation absorbed dose, and brain SPET imaging with [123i]5-i-A-85380 in healthy human subjects - Fujita_2002_Eur.J.Nucl.Med.Mol.Imaging_29_183
Author(s) : Fujita M , Seibyl JP , Vaupel DB , Tamagnan G , Early M , Zoghbi SS , Baldwin RM , Horti AG , Kore NA , Mukhin AG , Khan S , Bozkurt A , Kimes AS , London ED , Innis RB
Ref : Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging , 29 :183 , 2002
Abstract : The biodistribution of radioactivity after the administration of a new tracer for alpha4beta2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), [123I]5-iodo-3-[2(S)-2-azetidinylmethoxy]pyridine (5-I-A-85380), was studied in ten healthy human subjects. Following administration of 98+/-6 MBq [123I]5-I-A-85380, serial whole-body images were acquired over 24 h and corrected for attenuation. One to four brain single-photon emission tomography (SPET) images were also acquired between 2.5 and 24 h. Estimates of radiation absorbed dose were calculated using MIRDOSE 3.1 with a dynamic bladder model and a dynamic gastrointestinal tract model. The estimates of the highest absorbed dose (microGy/MBq) were for the urinary bladder wall (71 and 140), lower large intestine wall (70 and 72), and upper large intestine wall (63 and 64), with 2.4-h and 4.8-h urine voiding intervals, respectively. The whole brain activity at the time of the initial whole-body imaging at 14 min was 5.0% of the injected dose. Consistent with the known distribution of alpha4beta2 nAChRs, SPET images showed the highest activity in the thalamus. These results suggest that [123I]5-I-A-85380 is a promising SPET agent to image alpha4beta2 nAChRs in humans, with acceptable dosimetry and high brain uptake.
ESTHER : Fujita_2002_Eur.J.Nucl.Med.Mol.Imaging_29_183
PubMedSearch : Fujita_2002_Eur.J.Nucl.Med.Mol.Imaging_29_183
PubMedID: 11926380

Title : Functional annotation of a full-length mouse cDNA collection - Kawai_2001_Nature_409_685
Author(s) : Kawai J , Shinagawa A , Shibata K , Yoshino M , Itoh M , Ishii Y , Arakawa T , Hara A , Fukunishi Y , Konno H , Adachi J , Fukuda S , Aizawa K , Izawa M , Nishi K , Kiyosawa H , Kondo S , Yamanaka I , Saito T , Okazaki Y , Gojobori T , Bono H , Kasukawa T , Saito R , Kadota K , Matsuda H , Ashburner M , Batalov S , Casavant T , Fleischmann W , Gaasterland T , Gissi C , King B , Kochiwa H , Kuehl P , Lewis S , Matsuo Y , Nikaido I , Pesole G , Quackenbush J , Schriml LM , Staubli F , Suzuki R , Tomita M , Wagner L , Washio T , Sakai K , Okido T , Furuno M , Aono H , Baldarelli R , Barsh G , Blake J , Boffelli D , Bojunga N , Carninci P , de Bonaldo MF , Brownstein MJ , Bult C , Fletcher C , Fujita M , Gariboldi M , Gustincich S , Hill D , Hofmann M , Hume DA , Kamiya M , Lee NH , Lyons P , Marchionni L , Mashima J , Mazzarelli J , Mombaerts P , Nordone P , Ring B , Ringwald M , Rodriguez I , Sakamoto N , Sasaki H , Sato K , Schonbach C , Seya T , Shibata Y , Storch KF , Suzuki H , Toyo-oka K , Wang KH , Weitz C , Whittaker C , Wilming L , Wynshaw-Boris A , Yoshida K , Hasegawa Y , Kawaji H , Kohtsuki S , Hayashizaki Y
Ref : Nature , 409 :685 , 2001
Abstract : The RIKEN Mouse Gene Encyclopaedia Project, a systematic approach to determining the full coding potential of the mouse genome, involves collection and sequencing of full-length complementary DNAs and physical mapping of the corresponding genes to the mouse genome. We organized an international functional annotation meeting (FANTOM) to annotate the first 21,076 cDNAs to be analysed in this project. Here we describe the first RIKEN clone collection, which is one of the largest described for any organism. Analysis of these cDNAs extends known gene families and identifies new ones.
ESTHER : Kawai_2001_Nature_409_685
PubMedSearch : Kawai_2001_Nature_409_685
PubMedID: 11217851
Gene_locus related to this paper: mouse-1lipg , mouse-1plip , mouse-1plrp , mouse-ABH15 , mouse-abhd5 , mouse-ABHD6 , mouse-Abhd8 , mouse-aryla , mouse-bphl , mouse-cauxin , mouse-Ces1g , mouse-CPMac , mouse-dpp8 , mouse-EPHX1 , mouse-ES10 , mouse-hslip , mouse-hyes , mouse-ABHD2 , mouse-lcat , mouse-lipli , mouse-LIPN , mouse-lypla1 , mouse-lypla2 , mouse-OVCA2 , mouse-pafa , mouse-pcp , mouse-Ppgb , mouse-PPME1 , mouse-ppt , mouse-q3uuq7 , mouse-Q9DAI6 , mouse-Q80UX8 , mouse-RISC , mouse-SERHL , mouse-SPG21 , mouse-Tex30

Title : Enzymatic degradation of cellulose acetate plastic by Novel degrading bacterium Bacillus sp. S2055 - Ishigaki_2000_J.Biosci.Bioeng_90_400
Author(s) : Ishigaki T , Sugano W , Ike M , Fujita M
Ref : J Biosci Bioeng , 90 :400 , 2000
Abstract : Cellulose acetate (CA)-degrading bacteria were isolated from samples obtained from environments at a population size of 6.7 x 10(1) to 1.0 x 10(8) halo-forming cfu/ml-water or g-solid, suggesting their ubiquitous presence. The classification of 35 isolated strains of CA-degrading bacteria into 15 genera indicates that CA-degrading activity is over a wide range of taxonomical groups. From these isolates, Bacillus sp. S2055 was found to be the most efficient CA-degrading bacterium, and its CA-degrading enzyme(s) was partially characterized. The weight loss of CA plastic film (degree of substitution (DS)=1.7) in the culture of S2055 was less than 12% after a 35-d culture while that in the crude enzyme solution extracted from the culture supernatant reached 62% after the same period. Lipase and cellulase activities were detected in the culture supernatant of strain S2055. The crude enzyme solution contained three major protein fractions that have different mean molecular weights (MWs). Fraction I with the highest MW exhibited both lipase and cellulase activities, while fraction II and III exhibited only lipase activity. Fraction I significantly deacetylated CA (DS 1.5) and fragmented CA plastic film into pieces while the other fractions failed to do so even when used in combination with commercially-available cellulases and lipases. The lipase activity of fraction I against various substrates differed considerably from those of known lipases. It was thus suggested that deacetylation of CA mediated by an enzyme with such a peculiar lipase-like activity is a requisite for the efficient biodegradation of CA plastics.
ESTHER : Ishigaki_2000_J.Biosci.Bioeng_90_400
PubMedSearch : Ishigaki_2000_J.Biosci.Bioeng_90_400
PubMedID: 16232879

Title : The complete genome sequence of the gram-positive bacterium Bacillus subtilis - Kunst_1997_Nature_390_249
Author(s) : Kunst F , Ogasawara N , Moszer I , Albertini AM , Alloni G , Azevedo V , Bertero MG , Bessieres P , Bolotin A , Borchert S , Borriss R , Boursier L , Brans A , Braun M , Brignell SC , Bron S , Brouillet S , Bruschi CV , Caldwell B , Capuano V , Carter NM , Choi SK , Cordani JJ , Connerton IF , Cummings NJ , Daniel RA , Denziot F , Devine KM , Dusterhoft A , Ehrlich SD , Emmerson PT , Entian KD , Errington J , Fabret C , Ferrari E , Foulger D , Fritz C , Fujita M , Fujita Y , Fuma S , Galizzi A , Galleron N , Ghim SY , Glaser P , Goffeau A , Golightly EJ , Grandi G , Guiseppi G , Guy BJ , Haga K , Haiech J , Harwood CR , Henaut A , Hilbert H , Holsappel S , Hosono S , Hullo MF , Itaya M , Jones L , Joris B , Karamata D , Kasahara Y , Klaerr-Blanchard M , Klein C , Kobayashi Y , Koetter P , Koningstein G , Krogh S , Kumano M , Kurita K , Lapidus A , Lardinois S , Lauber J , Lazarevic V , Lee SM , Levine A , Liu H , Masuda S , Mauel C , Medigue C , Medina N , Mellado RP , Mizuno M , Moestl D , Nakai S , Noback M , Noone D , O'Reilly M , Ogawa K , Ogiwara A , Oudega B , Park SH , Parro V , Pohl TM , Portelle D , Porwollik S , Prescott AM , Presecan E , Pujic P , Purnelle B , Rapoport G , Rey M , Reynolds S , Rieger M , Rivolta C , Rocha E , Roche B , Rose M , Sadaie Y , Sato T , Scanlan E , Schleich S , Schroeter R , Scoffone F , Sekiguchi J , Sekowska A , Seror SJ , Serror P , Shin BS , Soldo B , Sorokin A , Tacconi E , Takagi T , Takahashi H , Takemaru K , Takeuchi M , Tamakoshi A , Tanaka T , Terpstra P , Togoni A , Tosato V , Uchiyama S , Vandebol M , Vannier F , Vassarotti A , Viari A , Wambutt R , Wedler H , Weitzenegger T , Winters P , Wipat A , Yamamoto H , Yamane K , Yasumoto K , Yata K , Yoshida K , Yoshikawa HF , Zumstein E , Yoshikawa H , Danchin A
Ref : Nature , 390 :249 , 1997
Abstract : Bacillus subtilis is the best-characterized member of the Gram-positive bacteria. Its genome of 4,214,810 base pairs comprises 4,100 protein-coding genes. Of these protein-coding genes, 53% are represented once, while a quarter of the genome corresponds to several gene families that have been greatly expanded by gene duplication, the largest family containing 77 putative ATP-binding transport proteins. In addition, a large proportion of the genetic capacity is devoted to the utilization of a variety of carbon sources, including many plant-derived molecules. The identification of five signal peptidase genes, as well as several genes for components of the secretion apparatus, is important given the capacity of Bacillus strains to secrete large amounts of industrially important enzymes. Many of the genes are involved in the synthesis of secondary metabolites, including antibiotics, that are more typically associated with Streptomyces species. The genome contains at least ten prophages or remnants of prophages, indicating that bacteriophage infection has played an important evolutionary role in horizontal gene transfer, in particular in the propagation of bacterial pathogenesis.
ESTHER : Kunst_1997_Nature_390_249
PubMedSearch : Kunst_1997_Nature_390_249
PubMedID: 9384377
Gene_locus related to this paper: bacsu-CAH , bacsu-cbxnp , bacsu-lip , bacsu-LIPB , bacsu-PKSR , bacsu-pnbae , bacsu-PPSE , bacsu-srf4 , bacsu-srfac , bacsu-YBAC , bacsu-YBDG , bacsu-ybfk , bacsu-ycgS , bacsu-yczh , bacsu-YDEN , bacsu-ydjp , bacsu-yfhM , bacsu-yisY , bacsu-YITV , bacsu-yjau , bacsu-YJCH , bacsu-MHQD , bacsu-yqjl , bacsu-yqkd , bacsu-YRAK , bacsu-YTAP , bacsu-YTMA , bacsu-YTPA , bacsu-ytxm , bacsu-yugF , bacsu-YUII , bacsu-YUKL , bacsu-YVAK , bacsu-YvaM , bacsu-RsbQ