Danchin A

References (10)

Title : Parallel evolution of non-homologous isofunctional enzymes in methionine biosynthesis - Bastard_2017_Nat.Chem.Biol_13_858
Author(s) : Bastard K , Perret A , Mariage A , Bessonnet T , Pinet-Turpault A , Petit JL , Darii E , Bazire P , Vergne-Vaxelaire C , Brewee C , Debard A , Pellouin V , Besnard-Gonnet M , Artiguenave F , Medigue C , Vallenet D , Danchin A , Zaparucha A , Weissenbach J , Salanoubat M , de Berardinis V
Ref : Nat Chemical Biology , 13 :858 , 2017
Abstract : Experimental validation of enzyme function is crucial for genome interpretation, but it remains challenging because it cannot be scaled up to accommodate the constant accumulation of genome sequences. We tackled this issue for the MetA and MetX enzyme families, phylogenetically unrelated families of acyl-L-homoserine transferases involved in L-methionine biosynthesis. Members of these families are prone to incorrect annotation because MetX and MetA enzymes are assumed to always use acetyl-CoA and succinyl-CoA, respectively. We determined the enzymatic activities of 100 enzymes from diverse species, and interpreted the results by structural classification of active sites based on protein structure modeling. We predict that >60% of the 10,000 sequences from these families currently present in databases are incorrectly annotated, and suggest that acetyl-CoA was originally the sole substrate of these isofunctional enzymes, which evolved to use exclusively succinyl-CoA in the most recent bacteria. We also uncovered a divergent subgroup of MetX enzymes in fungi that participate only in L-cysteine biosynthesis as O-succinyl-L-serine transferases.
ESTHER : Bastard_2017_Nat.Chem.Biol_13_858
PubMedSearch : Bastard_2017_Nat.Chem.Biol_13_858
PubMedID: 28581482
Gene_locus related to this paper: neima-metx , strmk-metx , defds-metxa , desmr-metxa , halvd-metxa , metfp-metxa , sulao-metxa , hallt-metxa , metez-metxa , halaf-metxs , metms-metxa , fraad-sst , halaf-sst , naupa-metxa , metzd-metxa , cycms-metxa , comtk-metxs , metpe-metxa , metrm-metxa , halnc-metxs , breda-metxs

Title : From a consortium sequence to a unified sequence: the Bacillus subtilis 168 reference genome a decade later - Barbe_2009_Microbiology_155_1758
Author(s) : Barbe V , Cruveiller S , Kunst F , Lenoble P , Meurice G , Sekowska A , Vallenet D , Wang T , Moszer I , Medigue C , Danchin A
Ref : Microbiology , 155 :1758 , 2009
Abstract : Comparative genomics is the cornerstone of identification of gene functions. The immense number of living organisms precludes experimental identification of functions except in a handful of model organisms. The bacterial domain is split into large branches, among which the Firmicutes occupy a considerable space. Bacillus subtilis has been the model of Firmicutes for decades and its genome has been a reference for more than 10 years. Sequencing the genome involved more than 30 laboratories, with different expertises, in a attempt to make the most of the experimental information that could be associated with the sequence. This had the expected drawback that the sequencing expertise was quite varied among the groups involved, especially at a time when sequencing genomes was extremely hard work. The recent development of very efficient, fast and accurate sequencing techniques, in parallel with the development of high-level annotation platforms, motivated the present resequencing work. The updated sequence has been reannotated in agreement with the UniProt protein knowledge base, keeping in perspective the split between the paleome (genes necessary for sustaining and perpetuating life) and the cenome (genes required for occupation of a niche, suggesting here that B. subtilis is an epiphyte). This should permit investigators to make reliable inferences to prepare validation experiments in a variety of domains of bacterial growth and development as well as build up accurate phylogenies.
ESTHER : Barbe_2009_Microbiology_155_1758
PubMedSearch : Barbe_2009_Microbiology_155_1758
PubMedID: 19383706

Title : Organised genome dynamics in the Escherichia coli species results in highly diverse adaptive paths - Touchon_2009_PLoS.Genet_5_e1000344
Author(s) : Touchon M , Hoede C , Tenaillon O , Barbe V , Baeriswyl S , Bidet P , Bingen E , Bonacorsi S , Bouchier C , Bouvet O , Calteau A , Chiapello H , Clermont O , Cruveiller S , Danchin A , Diard M , Dossat C , Karoui ME , Frapy E , Garry L , Ghigo JM , Gilles AM , Johnson J , Le Bouguenec C , Lescat M , Mangenot S , Martinez-Jehanne V , Matic I , Nassif X , Oztas S , Petit MA , Pichon C , Rouy Z , Ruf CS , Schneider D , Tourret J , Vacherie B , Vallenet D , Medigue C , Rocha EP , Denamur E
Ref : PLoS Genet , 5 :e1000344 , 2009
Abstract : The Escherichia coli species represents one of the best-studied model organisms, but also encompasses a variety of commensal and pathogenic strains that diversify by high rates of genetic change. We uniformly (re-) annotated the genomes of 20 commensal and pathogenic E. coli strains and one strain of E. fergusonii (the closest E. coli related species), including seven that we sequenced to completion. Within the approximately 18,000 families of orthologous genes, we found approximately 2,000 common to all strains. Although recombination rates are much higher than mutation rates, we show, both theoretically and using phylogenetic inference, that this does not obscure the phylogenetic signal, which places the B2 phylogenetic group and one group D strain at the basal position. Based on this phylogeny, we inferred past evolutionary events of gain and loss of genes, identifying functional classes under opposite selection pressures. We found an important adaptive role for metabolism diversification within group B2 and Shigella strains, but identified few or no extraintestinal virulence-specific genes, which could render difficult the development of a vaccine against extraintestinal infections. Genome flux in E. coli is confined to a small number of conserved positions in the chromosome, which most often are not associated with integrases or tRNA genes. Core genes flanking some of these regions show higher rates of recombination, suggesting that a gene, once acquired by a strain, spreads within the species by homologous recombination at the flanking genes. Finally, the genome's long-scale structure of recombination indicates lower recombination rates, but not higher mutation rates, at the terminus of replication. The ensuing effect of background selection and biased gene conversion may thus explain why this region is A+T-rich and shows high sequence divergence but low sequence polymorphism. Overall, despite a very high gene flow, genes co-exist in an organised genome.
ESTHER : Touchon_2009_PLoS.Genet_5_e1000344
PubMedSearch : Touchon_2009_PLoS.Genet_5_e1000344
PubMedID: 19165319
Gene_locus related to this paper: ecoli-Aes , ecoli-rutD , ecoli-bioh , ecoli-C0410 , ecoli-C2429 , ecoli-C3633 , ecoli-C3636 , ecoli-C4836 , ecoli-d7xp23 , ecoli-dlhh , ecoli-entf , ecoli-fes , ecoli-IROD , ecoli-IROE , ecoli-mhpc , ecoli-pldb , ecoli-ptrb , ecoli-yafa , ecoli-yaim , ecoli-ybff , ecoli-ycfp , ecoli-ycjy , ecoli-yeiG , ecoli-YFBB , ecoli-yghX , ecoli-yhet , ecoli-yiel , ecoli-yjfp , ecoli-YNBC , ecoli-ypfh , ecoli-ypt1 , ecoli-yqia , ecoli-Z0347 , ecoli-Z1930 , ecoli-YfhR , ecout-q1r7l6 , escfe-e9z855 , yerpe-YBTT , ecolx-e0qx45

Title : A tale of two oxidation states: bacterial colonization of arsenic-rich environments - Muller_2007_PLoS.Genet_3_e53
Author(s) : Muller D , Medigue C , Koechler S , Barbe V , Barakat M , Talla E , Bonnefoy V , Krin E , Arsene-Ploetze F , Carapito C , Chandler M , Cournoyer B , Cruveiller S , Dossat C , Duval S , Heymann M , Leize E , Lieutaud A , Lievremont D , Makita Y , Mangenot S , Nitschke W , Ortet P , Perdrial N , Schoepp B , Siguier P , Simeonova DD , Rouy Z , Segurens B , Turlin E , Vallenet D , Van Dorsselaer A , Weiss S , Weissenbach J , Lett MC , Danchin A , Bertin PN
Ref : PLoS Genet , 3 :e53 , 2007
Abstract : Microbial biotransformations have a major impact on contamination by toxic elements, which threatens public health in developing and industrial countries. Finding a means of preserving natural environments-including ground and surface waters-from arsenic constitutes a major challenge facing modern society. Although this metalloid is ubiquitous on Earth, thus far no bacterium thriving in arsenic-contaminated environments has been fully characterized. In-depth exploration of the genome of the beta-proteobacterium Herminiimonas arsenicoxydans with regard to physiology, genetics, and proteomics, revealed that it possesses heretofore unsuspected mechanisms for coping with arsenic. Aside from multiple biochemical processes such as arsenic oxidation, reduction, and efflux, H. arsenicoxydans also exhibits positive chemotaxis and motility towards arsenic and metalloid scavenging by exopolysaccharides. These observations demonstrate the existence of a novel strategy to efficiently colonize arsenic-rich environments, which extends beyond oxidoreduction reactions. Such a microbial mechanism of detoxification, which is possibly exploitable for bioremediation applications of contaminated sites, may have played a crucial role in the occupation of ancient ecological niches on earth.
ESTHER : Muller_2007_PLoS.Genet_3_e53
PubMedSearch : Muller_2007_PLoS.Genet_3_e53
PubMedID: 17432936
Gene_locus related to this paper: herar-a4g4w8 , herar-a4g5p0 , herar-a4g6p3 , herar-a4g378 , herar-a4g411 , herar-a4g622 , herar-a4g818 , herar-a4g899 , herar-a4gac3 , herar-metx , herar-a4g8n7

Title : Coping with cold: the genome of the versatile marine Antarctica bacterium Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis TAC125 - Medigue_2005_Genome.Res_15_1325
Author(s) : Medigue C , Krin E , Pascal G , Barbe V , Bernsel A , Bertin PN , Cheung F , Cruveiller S , D'Amico S , Duilio A , Fang G , Feller G , Ho C , Mangenot S , Marino G , Nilsson J , Parrilli E , Rocha EP , Rouy Z , Sekowska A , Tutino ML , Vallenet D , von Heijne G , Danchin A
Ref : Genome Res , 15 :1325 , 2005
Abstract : A considerable fraction of life develops in the sea at temperatures lower than 15 degrees C. Little is known about the adaptive features selected under those conditions. We present the analysis of the genome sequence of the fast growing Antarctica bacterium Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis TAC125. We find that it copes with the increased solubility of oxygen at low temperature by multiplying dioxygen scavenging while deleting whole pathways producing reactive oxygen species. Dioxygen-consuming lipid desaturases achieve both protection against oxygen and synthesis of lipids making the membrane fluid. A remarkable strategy for avoidance of reactive oxygen species generation is developed by P. haloplanktis, with elimination of the ubiquitous molybdopterin-dependent metabolism. The P. haloplanktis proteome reveals a concerted amino acid usage bias specific to psychrophiles, consistently appearing apt to accommodate asparagine, a residue prone to make proteins age. Adding to its originality, P. haloplanktis further differs from its marine counterparts with recruitment of a plasmid origin of replication for its second chromosome.
ESTHER : Medigue_2005_Genome.Res_15_1325
PubMedSearch : Medigue_2005_Genome.Res_15_1325
PubMedID: 16169927
Gene_locus related to this paper: pseht-q3icg6 , pseht-q3icm3 , pseht-q3icu1 , pseht-q3id97 , pseht-q3ida0 , pseht-q3idf4 , pseht-q3ie89 , pseht-q3ieu0 , pseht-q3iev9 , pseht-q3if93 , pseht-q3ifd8 , pseht-q3ife2 , pseht-q3ig70 , pseht-q3igp2 , pseht-q3igv0 , pseht-q3ihr6 , pseht-q3ii38 , pseht-q3iid7 , pseht-q3iip2 , pseht-q3iir1 , pseht-q3iis4 , pseht-q3ijn3 , pseht-q3ijt3 , pseht-q3ijy1 , pseht-q3ijy8 , pseht-q3ik03 , pseht-q3ikv5 , pseht-q3il66 , pseht-q3ik88

Title : Unique physiological and pathogenic features of Leptospira interrogans revealed by whole-genome sequencing - Ren_2003_Nature_422_888
Author(s) : Ren SX , Fu G , Jiang XG , Zeng R , Miao YG , Xu H , Zhang YX , Xiong H , Lu G , Lu LF , Jiang HQ , Jia J , Tu YF , Jiang JX , Gu WY , Zhang YQ , Cai Z , Sheng HH , Yin HF , Zhang Y , Zhu GF , Wan M , Huang HL , Qian Z , Wang SY , Ma W , Yao ZJ , Shen Y , Qiang BQ , Xia QC , Guo XK , Danchin A , Saint Girons I , Somerville RL , Wen YM , Shi MH , Chen Z , Xu JG , Zhao GP
Ref : Nature , 422 :888 , 2003
Abstract : Leptospirosis is a widely spread disease of global concern. Infection causes flu-like episodes with frequent severe renal and hepatic damage, such as haemorrhage and jaundice. In more severe cases, massive pulmonary haemorrhages, including fatal sudden haemoptysis, can occur. Here we report the complete genomic sequence of a representative virulent serovar type strain (Lai) of Leptospira interrogans serogroup Icterohaemorrhagiae consisting of a 4.33-megabase large chromosome and a 359-kilobase small chromosome, with a total of 4,768 predicted genes. In terms of the genetic determinants of physiological characteristics, the facultatively parasitic L. interrogans differs extensively from two other strictly parasitic pathogenic spirochaetes, Treponema pallidum and Borrelia burgdorferi, although similarities exist in the genes that govern their unique morphological features. A comprehensive analysis of the L. interrogans genes for chemotaxis/motility and lipopolysaccharide synthesis provides a basis for in-depth studies of virulence and pathogenesis. The discovery of a series of genes possibly related to adhesion, invasion and the haematological changes that characterize leptospirosis has provided clues about how an environmental organism might evolve into an important human pathogen.
ESTHER : Ren_2003_Nature_422_888
PubMedSearch : Ren_2003_Nature_422_888
PubMedID: 12712204
Gene_locus related to this paper: lepin-AXEA , lepin-ESTA , lepin-LA0357 , lepin-LA0587 , lepin-LA0823 , lepin-LA0932 , lepin-LA1069 , lepin-LA1345 , lepin-LA1541 , lepin-LA1702 , lepin-LA1861 , lepin-LA1902 , lepin-LA1936 , lepin-LA1955 , lepin-LA2034 , lepin-LA2132 , lepin-LA2501 , lepin-LA2505 , lepin-LA2526 , lepin-LA2544 , lepin-LA2857 , lepin-LA2958 , lepin-LA3100 , lepin-LA3107 , lepin-LA3147 , lepin-LA3604 , lepin-LA3661 , lepin-LA3669 , lepin-LA3672 , lepin-LA3770 , lepin-LA3788 , lepin-LA3851 , lepin-LA3897 , lepin-LA3998 , lepin-LA4247 , lepin-LB147 , lepin-LB264 , lepin-LB265 , lepin-METX , lepin-q8f7a8 , lepin-q72tt9

Title : Genome-based analysis of virulence genes in a non-biofilm-forming Staphylococcus epidermidis strain (ATCC 12228) - Zhang_2003_Mol.Microbiol_49_1577
Author(s) : Zhang YQ , Ren SX , Li HL , Wang YX , Fu G , Yang J , Qin ZQ , Miao YG , Wang WY , Chen RS , Shen Y , Chen Z , Yuan ZH , Zhao GP , Qu D , Danchin A , Wen YM
Ref : Molecular Microbiology , 49 :1577 , 2003
Abstract : Staphylococcus epidermidis strains are diverse in their pathogenicity; some are invasive and cause serious nosocomial infections, whereas others are non-pathogenic commensal organisms. To analyse the implications of different virulence factors in Staphylococcus epidermidis infections, the complete genome of Staphylococcus epidermidis strain ATCC 12228, a non-biofilm forming, non-infection associated strain used for detection of residual antibiotics in food products, was sequenced. This strain showed low virulence by mouse and rat experimental infections. The genome consists of a single 2499 279 bp chromosome and six plasmids. The chromosomal G + C content is 32.1% and 2419 protein coding sequences (CDS) are predicted, among which 230 are putative novel genes. Compared to the virulence factors in Staphylococcus aureus, aside from delta-haemolysin and beta-haemolysin, other toxin genes were not found. In contrast, the majority of adhesin genes are intact in ATCC 12228. Most strikingly, the ica operon coding for the enzymes synthesizing interbacterial cellular polysaccharide is missing in ATCC 12228 and rearrangements of adjacent genes are shown. No mec genes, IS256, IS257, were found in ATCC 12228. It is suggested that the absence of the ica operon is a genetic marker in commensal Staphylococcus epidermidis strains which are less likely to become invasive.
ESTHER : Zhang_2003_Mol.Microbiol_49_1577
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2003_Mol.Microbiol_49_1577
PubMedID: 12950922
Gene_locus related to this paper: staep-GEHD , staep-lipas , staep-SE0011 , staep-SE0226 , staep-SE0386 , staep-SE0389 , staep-SE0424 , staep-SE0564 , staep-SE0714 , staep-SE0745 , staep-SE0980 , staep-SE1436 , staep-SE1460 , staep-SE1510 , staep-SE1780 , staep-SE1929 , staep-SERP2035 , staep-SE2050 , staep-SE2095 , staep-SE2213 , staep-SE2328 , staep-SE2403

Title : The genome sequence of the entomopathogenic bacterium Photorhabdus luminescens - Duchaud_2003_Nat.Biotechnol_21_1307
Author(s) : Duchaud E , Rusniok C , Frangeul L , Buchrieser C , Givaudan A , Taourit S , Bocs S , Boursaux-Eude C , Chandler M , Charles JF , Dassa E , Derose R , Derzelle S , Freyssinet G , Gaudriault S , Medigue C , Lanois A , Powell K , Siguier P , Vincent R , Wingate V , Zouine M , Glaser P , Boemare N , Danchin A , Kunst F
Ref : Nat Biotechnol , 21 :1307 , 2003
Abstract : Photorhabdus luminescens is a symbiont of nematodes and a broad-spectrum insect pathogen. The complete genome sequence of strain TT01 is 5,688,987 base pairs (bp) long and contains 4,839 predicted protein-coding genes. Strikingly, it encodes a large number of adhesins, toxins, hemolysins, proteases and lipases, and contains a wide array of antibiotic synthesizing genes. These proteins are likely to play a role in the elimination of competitors, host colonization, invasion and bioconversion of the insect cadaver, making P. luminescens a promising model for the study of symbiosis and host-pathogen interactions. Comparison with the genomes of related bacteria reveals the acquisition of virulence factors by extensive horizontal transfer and provides clues about the evolution of an insect pathogen. Moreover, newly identified insecticidal proteins may be effective alternatives for the control of insect pests.
ESTHER : Duchaud_2003_Nat.Biotechnol_21_1307
PubMedSearch : Duchaud_2003_Nat.Biotechnol_21_1307
PubMedID: 14528314
Gene_locus related to this paper: pholl-q7maz3 , pholl-q7mb82 , pholl-q7mza3 , pholl-q7mzf6 , pholl-q7n0d9 , pholl-q7n2c6 , pholl-q7n2f0 , pholl-q7n2f7 , pholl-q7n2k4 , pholl-q7n3k0 , pholl-q7n3p5 , pholl-q7n3s1 , pholl-q7n4k8 , pholl-q7n4l0 , pholl-q7n4l7 , pholl-q7n4q6 , pholl-q7n4x6 , pholl-q7n5r3 , pholl-q7n6m7 , pholl-q7n6m8 , pholl-q7n6m9 , pholl-q7n6n0 , pholl-q7n7d3 , pholl-q7n8a5 , pholl-q7n132 , pholl-q7n239 , pholl-q7n246 , pholl-q7n258 , pholl-y1242 , pholu-BIOH , pholu-LUXD2 , pholu-PIP , pholu-PLDB , pholu-PLU0113 , pholu-PLU0399 , pholu-PLU1261 , pholu-PLU1531 , pholu-PLU1532 , pholu-PLU2160 , pholu-PLU2202 , pholu-PLU2437 , pholu-PLU3206

Title : Detecting and analyzing DNA sequencing errors: toward a higher quality of the Bacillus subtilis genome sequence - Medigue_1999_Genome.Res_9_1116
Author(s) : Medigue C , Rose M , Viari A , Danchin A
Ref : Genome Res , 9 :1116 , 1999
Abstract : During the determination of a DNA sequence, the introduction of artifactual frameshifts and/or in-frame stop codons in putative genes can lead to misprediction of gene products. Detection of such errors with a method based on protein similarity matching is only possible when related sequences are available in databases. Here, we present a method to detect frameshift errors in DNA sequences that is based on the intrinsic properties of the coding sequences. It combines the results of two analyses, the search for translational initiation/termination sites and the prediction of coding regions. This method was used to screen the complete Bacillus subtilis genome sequence and the regions flanking putative errors were resequenced for verification. This procedure allowed us to correct the sequence and to analyze in detail the nature of the errors. Interestingly, in several cases in-frame termination codons or frameshifts were not sequencing errors but confirmed to be present in the chromosome, indicating that the genes are either nonfunctional (pseudogenes) or subject to regulatory processes such as programmed translational frameshifts. The method can be used for checking the quality of the sequences produced by any prokaryotic genome sequencing project.
ESTHER : Medigue_1999_Genome.Res_9_1116
PubMedSearch : Medigue_1999_Genome.Res_9_1116
PubMedID: 10568751
Gene_locus related to this paper: bacsu-YUKL

Title : The complete genome sequence of the gram-positive bacterium Bacillus subtilis - Kunst_1997_Nature_390_249
Author(s) : Kunst F , Ogasawara N , Moszer I , Albertini AM , Alloni G , Azevedo V , Bertero MG , Bessieres P , Bolotin A , Borchert S , Borriss R , Boursier L , Brans A , Braun M , Brignell SC , Bron S , Brouillet S , Bruschi CV , Caldwell B , Capuano V , Carter NM , Choi SK , Cordani JJ , Connerton IF , Cummings NJ , Daniel RA , Denziot F , Devine KM , Dusterhoft A , Ehrlich SD , Emmerson PT , Entian KD , Errington J , Fabret C , Ferrari E , Foulger D , Fritz C , Fujita M , Fujita Y , Fuma S , Galizzi A , Galleron N , Ghim SY , Glaser P , Goffeau A , Golightly EJ , Grandi G , Guiseppi G , Guy BJ , Haga K , Haiech J , Harwood CR , Henaut A , Hilbert H , Holsappel S , Hosono S , Hullo MF , Itaya M , Jones L , Joris B , Karamata D , Kasahara Y , Klaerr-Blanchard M , Klein C , Kobayashi Y , Koetter P , Koningstein G , Krogh S , Kumano M , Kurita K , Lapidus A , Lardinois S , Lauber J , Lazarevic V , Lee SM , Levine A , Liu H , Masuda S , Mauel C , Medigue C , Medina N , Mellado RP , Mizuno M , Moestl D , Nakai S , Noback M , Noone D , O'Reilly M , Ogawa K , Ogiwara A , Oudega B , Park SH , Parro V , Pohl TM , Portelle D , Porwollik S , Prescott AM , Presecan E , Pujic P , Purnelle B , Rapoport G , Rey M , Reynolds S , Rieger M , Rivolta C , Rocha E , Roche B , Rose M , Sadaie Y , Sato T , Scanlan E , Schleich S , Schroeter R , Scoffone F , Sekiguchi J , Sekowska A , Seror SJ , Serror P , Shin BS , Soldo B , Sorokin A , Tacconi E , Takagi T , Takahashi H , Takemaru K , Takeuchi M , Tamakoshi A , Tanaka T , Terpstra P , Togoni A , Tosato V , Uchiyama S , Vandebol M , Vannier F , Vassarotti A , Viari A , Wambutt R , Wedler H , Weitzenegger T , Winters P , Wipat A , Yamamoto H , Yamane K , Yasumoto K , Yata K , Yoshida K , Yoshikawa HF , Zumstein E , Yoshikawa H , Danchin A
Ref : Nature , 390 :249 , 1997
Abstract : Bacillus subtilis is the best-characterized member of the Gram-positive bacteria. Its genome of 4,214,810 base pairs comprises 4,100 protein-coding genes. Of these protein-coding genes, 53% are represented once, while a quarter of the genome corresponds to several gene families that have been greatly expanded by gene duplication, the largest family containing 77 putative ATP-binding transport proteins. In addition, a large proportion of the genetic capacity is devoted to the utilization of a variety of carbon sources, including many plant-derived molecules. The identification of five signal peptidase genes, as well as several genes for components of the secretion apparatus, is important given the capacity of Bacillus strains to secrete large amounts of industrially important enzymes. Many of the genes are involved in the synthesis of secondary metabolites, including antibiotics, that are more typically associated with Streptomyces species. The genome contains at least ten prophages or remnants of prophages, indicating that bacteriophage infection has played an important evolutionary role in horizontal gene transfer, in particular in the propagation of bacterial pathogenesis.
ESTHER : Kunst_1997_Nature_390_249
PubMedSearch : Kunst_1997_Nature_390_249
PubMedID: 9384377
Gene_locus related to this paper: bacsu-CAH , bacsu-cbxnp , bacsu-lip , bacsu-LIPB , bacsu-PKSR , bacsu-pnbae , bacsu-PPSE , bacsu-srf4 , bacsu-srfac , bacsu-YBAC , bacsu-YBDG , bacsu-ybfk , bacsu-ycgS , bacsu-yczh , bacsu-YDEN , bacsu-ydjp , bacsu-yfhM , bacsu-yisY , bacsu-YITV , bacsu-yjau , bacsu-YJCH , bacsu-MHQD , bacsu-yqjl , bacsu-yqkd , bacsu-YRAK , bacsu-YTAP , bacsu-YTMA , bacsu-YTPA , bacsu-ytxm , bacsu-yugF , bacsu-YUII , bacsu-YUKL , bacsu-YVAK , bacsu-YvaM , bacsu-RsbQ