Fu G

References (14)

Title : Hemoperfusion in combination with hemofiltration for acute severe organophosphorus pesticide poisoning: A systematic review and meta-analysis - Zhang_2022_J.Res.Med.Sci_27_33
Author(s) : Zhang M , Zhang W , Zhao S , Tian X , Fu G , Wang B
Ref : J Res Med Sci , 27 :33 , 2022
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Acute severe organophosphorus pesticide poisoning (ASOPP) is one of the major diseases that endanger human life and health. However, the effects of conventional therapy including gastric lavages, mechanical ventilation, muscarinic antagonist drugs, and cholinesterase reactivators were uncertain. This meta-analysis aims to investigate the safety and efficacy of hemoperfusion combined with hemofiltration besides routine therapy for ASOPP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive search for candidate publications was performed through PubMed, Medline, Cochrane Library, WanFang, Chinese Biomedical Literature, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure from database inception to May 12, 2020. The retrieved studies were screened by the predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria. The data of important end points were extracted. The risk ratio (RR) and weighted mean difference (WMD) were pooled for categorical variables and continuous variables, respectively. Meta-analyses and publication bias were conducted by using STATA software version 15.1. RESULTS: A total of 11 randomized controlled trials with 811 patients were included. Compared to conventional therapy group, patients in the hemoperfusion plus hemofiltration group were significantly superior with regard to mortality (RR 0.38, 95% confidence interval [CI] [0.25, 0.57], P < 0.001), total atropine dosing (WMD -147.34 mg, 95% CI [-199.49, -95.18], P < 0.001), duration of mechanical ventilation (WMD -2.34 days, 95% CI [-3.77, -0.92], P < 0.001), cholinesterase recovery time (WMD -2.49 days, 95% CI [-3.14, -1.83], P < 0.001), and length of stay (WMD -4.52 days, 95% CI [-5.31, -3.73], P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Combined hemoperfusion and hemofiltration was a very safe and effective treatment protocol for ASOPP, not only resulting in significantly decreased mortality but also resulting in reduced total atropine dosing, duration of mechanical ventilation, cholinesterase recovery time, and length of stay.
ESTHER : Zhang_2022_J.Res.Med.Sci_27_33
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2022_J.Res.Med.Sci_27_33
PubMedID: 35548179

Title : A tacrine-tetrahydroquinoline heterodimer potently inhibits acetylcholinesterase activity and enhances neurotransmission in mice - Ip_2021_Eur.J.Med.Chem_226_113827
Author(s) : Ip FCF , Fu G , Yang F , Kang F , Sun P , Ling CY , Cheung K , Xie F , Hu Y , Fu L , Ip NY
Ref : Eur Journal of Medicinal Chemistry , 226 :113827 , 2021
Abstract : Cholinergic neurons are ubiquitous and involved in various higher brain functions including learning and memory. Patients with Alzheimer's disease exhibit significant dysfunction and loss of cholinergic neurons. Meanwhile, such cholinergic deficits can be potentially relieved pharmacologically by increasing acetylcholine. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors have been used to improve cholinergic transmission in the brain for two decades and have proven effective for alleviating symptoms in the early stages of Alzheimer's disease. Therefore, the search for AChE inhibitors for drug development is ongoing. The enzymatic pocket of AChE has long been the target of several drug designs over the last two decades. The peripheral and catalytic sites of AChE are simultaneously bound by several dimeric molecules, enabling more-efficient inhibition. Here, we used 6-chlorotacrine and the tetrahydroquinolone moiety of huperzine A to design and synthesize a series of heterodimers that inhibit AChE at nanomolar potency. Specifically, compound 7b inhibits AChE with an IC(50) < 1 nM and spares butyrylcholinesterase. Administration of 7b to mouse brain slices restores synaptic activity impaired by pirenzepine, a muscarinic M1-selective antagonist. Moreover, oral administration of 7b to C57BL/6 mice enhances hippocampal long-term potentiation in a dose-dependent manner and is detectable in the brain tissue. All these data supported that 7b is a potential cognitive enhancer and is worth for further exploration.
ESTHER : Ip_2021_Eur.J.Med.Chem_226_113827
PubMedSearch : Ip_2021_Eur.J.Med.Chem_226_113827
PubMedID: 34530383

Title : Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate induces apoptosis through mitochondrial pathway in GC-2spd cells - Fu_2017_Environ.Toxicol_32_1055
Author(s) : Fu G , Dai J , Zhang D , Zhu L , Tang X , Zhang L , Zhou T , Duan P , Quan C , Zhang Z , Song S , Shi Y
Ref : Environ Toxicol , 32 :1055 , 2017
Abstract : Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), a plasticizer of synthetic polymers, is a well-known endocrine disrupting chemical (EDC) and reproductive toxicant. Addressing the unclear mechanism of DEHP-induced reproductive dysfunction, this study used GC-2spd cells to investigate the molecular mechanism involved in the DEHP-induced toxicity in the male reproductive system. The results indicated that the apoptotic cell death was significantly induced by DEHP exposure over 100 muM. Furthermore, DEHP treatment could induce oxidative stress in GC-2spd cells involving in the decrease of superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity (200 muM) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity (50 and 100 muM). In addition, DEHP induction also caused the elevated ratios of Bax/Bcl-2, release of cytochrome c and decomposition of procaspase-3 and procaspase-9 in GC-2spd cells. Taken together, our work provided the evidence that DEHP exposure might induce apoptosis of GC-2spd cells via mitochondria pathway mediated by oxidative stress.
ESTHER : Fu_2017_Environ.Toxicol_32_1055
PubMedSearch : Fu_2017_Environ.Toxicol_32_1055
PubMedID: 27416487

Title : Highly sensitive colorimetric detection of organophosphate pesticides using copper catalyzed click chemistry - Fu_2013_Talanta_103_110
Author(s) : Fu G , Chen W , Yue X , Jiang X
Ref : Talanta , 103 :110 , 2013
Abstract : Highly sensitive colorimetric detection of organophosphate pesticides (OPs) was developed using Cu (I)-catalyzed click chemistry as the colorimetric signal amplification process between the acetylcholine esterase-acetylthiocholine system (AChE-ATCl) and azide- terminal alkyne-functionalized Au NPs as the colorimetric probe. It was demonstrated that the involvement of Cu (I)-catalyzed click chemistry allowed greatly improved colorimetric sensitivity for OPs detection based on the indirect modulation of click chemistry-induced Au NPs aggregation by the AChE-ATCl system. Paraoxon as the model OPs in the concentration range from 10(-6) to 10(-4)g/L can be directly detected using the naked-eye-based colorimetric assay without the aid of any complex instruments. The results for paraoxon detection in spiked apple juice were found to be in good agreement with that obtained by the conventional UV-vis spectroscopy. This simple and reliable assay would greatly improve the public safety and environmental protection in an on-site and real-time detection format.
ESTHER : Fu_2013_Talanta_103_110
PubMedSearch : Fu_2013_Talanta_103_110
PubMedID: 23200365

Title : [Elementary research of constructive feature and three-dimensional reconstruction of nerve bundles of C7 anterior and posterior division end] - Qin_2012_Zhongguo.Xiu.Fu.Chong.Jian.Wai.Ke.Za.Zhi_26_97
Author(s) : Qin B , Gu L , Xiang J , Fu G , Qi J , Wang H , Zhang D , Zheng J , Liu X , Zhu J
Ref : Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi , 26 :97 , 2012
Abstract : OBJECTIVE: To observe the distribution feature of nerve bundles in C7 nerve anterior and posterior division end. METHODS: The brachial plexus specimen was harvested from 1 fresh adult cadaver. After C7 nerve was confirmed, the distal end of anterior and posterior division was dissected and embedded by OCT. Then the samples were serially horizontally sliced with each 10 microm deep. After acetylcholinesterase (AChE) histochemical staining, the stain characteristics of different nerve fiber bundles were observed and amount of the nerve fiber bundles were counted under optic-microscope. At last, the imaging which were collected were three-dimensional (3-D) reconstructed by using Amira 4.1 software. RESULTS: There was no obvious difference in the stain between the anterior and posterior divisions. The running of the nerve fiber bundles were dispersive from proximal end of nerve to distal end of nerve. Nerve fiber bundles of anterior division were mainly sensor nerve fiber bundles, which located in medial side. Nerve fiber bundles of posterior division were mainly moter nerve fiber bundles, having no regularity in the distribution of nerve fiber bundles. The total number of nerve fiber bundles in distal end of anterior division was 7.85 +/- 1.04, the number of motor nerve fiber bundles was 2.85 +/- 0.36, and the number of sensor nerve fiber bundles was 5.13 +/- 1.01. The total number of nerve fiber bundles in distal end of posterior division was 9.79 +/- 1.53, the number of motor nerve fiber bundles was 6.00 +/- 0.69, and the number of sensor nerve fiber bundles was 3.78 +/- 0.94. There were significant differences in the numbers of motor and sensor nerve fiber bundles between anterior and posterior divisions (P < 0.05). The microstructure 3-D model was reconstructed based on serial slice through Amira 4.1. The intercross and recombination process of nerves bundles could be observed obviously. The nerve bundle distribution showed cross and combination. CONCLUSION: Nerve fiber bundles of anterior division are mainly sensor nerve fiber bundles and locate in medial side. Nerve fiber bundles of posterior division are mainly motor nerve fiber bundles, which has no regularity in the distribution of nerve fiber bundles. The 3-D reconstruction can display the internal structure feature of the C7 division end.
ESTHER : Qin_2012_Zhongguo.Xiu.Fu.Chong.Jian.Wai.Ke.Za.Zhi_26_97
PubMedSearch : Qin_2012_Zhongguo.Xiu.Fu.Chong.Jian.Wai.Ke.Za.Zhi_26_97
PubMedID: 22332529

Title : The DNA sequence, annotation and analysis of human chromosome 3 - Muzny_2006_Nature_440_1194
Author(s) : Muzny DM , Scherer SE , Kaul R , Wang J , Yu J , Sudbrak R , Buhay CJ , Chen R , Cree A , Ding Y , Dugan-Rocha S , Gill R , Gunaratne P , Harris RA , Hawes AC , Hernandez J , Hodgson AV , Hume J , Jackson A , Khan ZM , Kovar-Smith C , Lewis LR , Lozado RJ , Metzker ML , Milosavljevic A , Miner GR , Morgan MB , Nazareth LV , Scott G , Sodergren E , Song XZ , Steffen D , Wei S , Wheeler DA , Wright MW , Worley KC , Yuan Y , Zhang Z , Adams CQ , Ansari-Lari MA , Ayele M , Brown MJ , Chen G , Chen Z , Clendenning J , Clerc-Blankenburg KP , Davis C , Delgado O , Dinh HH , Dong W , Draper H , Ernst S , Fu G , Gonzalez-Garay ML , Garcia DK , Gillett W , Gu J , Hao B , Haugen E , Havlak P , He X , Hennig S , Hu S , Huang W , Jackson LR , Jacob LS , Kelly SH , Kube M , Levy R , Li Z , Liu B , Liu J , Liu W , Lu J , Maheshwari M , Nguyen BV , Okwuonu GO , Palmeiri A , Pasternak S , Perez LM , Phelps KA , Plopper FJ , Qiang B , Raymond C , Rodriguez R , Saenphimmachak C , Santibanez J , Shen H , Shen Y , Subramanian S , Tabor PE , Verduzco D , Waldron L , Wang Q , Williams GA , Wong GK , Yao Z , Zhang J , Zhang X , Zhao G , Zhou J , Zhou Y , Nelson D , Lehrach H , Reinhardt R , Naylor SL , Yang H , Olson M , Weinstock G , Gibbs RA
Ref : Nature , 440 :1194 , 2006
Abstract : After the completion of a draft human genome sequence, the International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium has proceeded to finish and annotate each of the 24 chromosomes comprising the human genome. Here we describe the sequencing and analysis of human chromosome 3, one of the largest human chromosomes. Chromosome 3 comprises just four contigs, one of which currently represents the longest unbroken stretch of finished DNA sequence known so far. The chromosome is remarkable in having the lowest rate of segmental duplication in the genome. It also includes a chemokine receptor gene cluster as well as numerous loci involved in multiple human cancers such as the gene encoding FHIT, which contains the most common constitutive fragile site in the genome, FRA3B. Using genomic sequence from chimpanzee and rhesus macaque, we were able to characterize the breakpoints defining a large pericentric inversion that occurred some time after the split of Homininae from Ponginae, and propose an evolutionary history of the inversion.
ESTHER : Muzny_2006_Nature_440_1194
PubMedSearch : Muzny_2006_Nature_440_1194
PubMedID: 16641997
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-AADAC , human-AADACL2 , human-ABHD5 , human-ABHD6 , human-ABHD10 , human-ABHD14A , human-APEH , human-BCHE , human-CIB , human-LIPH , human-MGLL , human-NLGN1 , human-PLA1A

Title : Comparative and functional genomic analyses of the pathogenicity of phytopathogen Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris - Qian_2005_Genome.Res_15_757
Author(s) : Qian W , Jia Y , Ren SX , He YQ , Feng JX , Lu LF , Sun Q , Ying G , Tang DJ , Tang H , Wu W , Hao P , Wang L , Jiang BL , Zeng S , Gu WY , Lu G , Rong L , Tian Y , Yao Z , Fu G , Chen B , Fang R , Qiang B , Chen Z , Zhao GP , Tang JL , He C
Ref : Genome Res , 15 :757 , 2005
Abstract : Xanthomonas campestris pathovar campestris (Xcc) is the causative agent of crucifer black rot disease, which causes severe losses in agricultural yield world-wide. This bacterium is a model organism for studying plant-bacteria interactions. We sequenced the complete genome of Xcc 8004 (5,148,708 bp), which is highly conserved relative to that of Xcc ATCC 33913. Comparative genomics analysis indicated that, in addition to a significant genomic-scale rearrangement cross the replication axis between two IS1478 elements, loss and acquisition of blocks of genes, rather than point mutations, constitute the main genetic variation between the two Xcc strains. Screening of a high-density transposon insertional mutant library (16,512 clones) of Xcc 8004 against a host plant (Brassica oleraceae) identified 75 nonredundant, single-copy insertions in protein-coding sequences (CDSs) and intergenic regions. In addition to known virulence factors, full virulence was found to require several additional metabolic pathways and regulatory systems, such as fatty acid degradation, type IV secretion system, cell signaling, and amino acids and nucleotide metabolism. Among the identified pathogenicity-related genes, three of unknown function were found in Xcc 8004-specific chromosomal segments, revealing a direct correlation between genomic dynamics and Xcc virulence. The present combination of comparative and functional genomic analyses provides valuable information about the genetic basis of Xcc pathogenicity, which may offer novel insight toward the development of efficient methods for prevention of this important plant disease.
ESTHER : Qian_2005_Genome.Res_15_757
PubMedSearch : Qian_2005_Genome.Res_15_757
PubMedID: 15899963
Gene_locus related to this paper: xanax-DHAA , xanax-ENTF2 , xanax-GAA , xanax-PTRB , xanax-XAC0515 , xanax-XAC0628 , xanax-XAC0736 , xanax-XAC0753 , xanax-XAC1713 , xanca-acvB , xanca-BIOH , xanca-CATD , xanca-CPO , xanca-estA1 , xanca-impep , xanca-META , xanca-METX , xanca-PCAD , xanca-PHBC , xanca-Q8PB04 , xanca-W78 , xanca-XCC0080 , xanca-XCC0180 , xanca-XCC0243 , xanca-XCC0266 , xanca-XCC0372 , xanca-XCC0375 , xanca-XCC0753 , xanca-XCC0800 , xanca-XCC0843 , xanca-XCC1105 , xanca-XCC1734 , xanca-XCC2285 , xanca-XCC2374 , xanca-XCC2397 , xanca-XCC2405 , xanca-XCC2566 , xanca-XCC2722 , xanca-XCC2737 , xanca-XCC2811 , xanca-XCC2817 , xanca-XCC2854 , xanca-XCC2869 , xanca-XCC3028 , xanca-XCC3164 , xanca-XCC3219 , xanca-XCC3296 , xanca-XCC3320 , xanca-XCC3514 , xanca-XCC3548 , xanca-XCC3555 , xanca-XCC3623 , xanca-XCC3915 , xanca-XCC3961 , xanca-XCC3970 , xanca-XCC4016 , xanca-XCC4096 , xanca-XCC4180 , xanca-XYNB , xanca-XYNB2 , xancb-b0rq23 , xancp-q8pax3 , xancp-y2094

Title : DNA sequence and comparative analysis of chimpanzee chromosome 22 - Watanabe_2004_Nature_429_382
Author(s) : Watanabe H , Fujiyama A , Hattori M , Taylor TD , Toyoda A , Kuroki Y , Noguchi H , BenKahla A , Lehrach H , Sudbrak R , Kube M , Taenzer S , Galgoczy P , Platzer M , Scharfe M , Nordsiek G , Blocker H , Hellmann I , Khaitovich P , Paabo S , Reinhardt R , Zheng HJ , Zhang XL , Zhu GF , Wang BF , Fu G , Ren SX , Zhao GP , Chen Z , Lee YS , Cheong JE , Choi SH , Wu KM , Liu TT , Hsiao KJ , Tsai SF , Kim CG , S OO , Kitano T , Kohara Y , Saitou N , Park HS , Wang SY , Yaspo ML , Sakaki Y
Ref : Nature , 429 :382 , 2004
Abstract : Human-chimpanzee comparative genome research is essential for narrowing down genetic changes involved in the acquisition of unique human features, such as highly developed cognitive functions, bipedalism or the use of complex language. Here, we report the high-quality DNA sequence of 33.3 megabases of chimpanzee chromosome 22. By comparing the whole sequence with the human counterpart, chromosome 21, we found that 1.44% of the chromosome consists of single-base substitutions in addition to nearly 68,000 insertions or deletions. These differences are sufficient to generate changes in most of the proteins. Indeed, 83% of the 231 coding sequences, including functionally important genes, show differences at the amino acid sequence level. Furthermore, we demonstrate different expansion of particular subfamilies of retrotransposons between the lineages, suggesting different impacts of retrotranspositions on human and chimpanzee evolution. The genomic changes after speciation and their biological consequences seem more complex than originally hypothesized.
ESTHER : Watanabe_2004_Nature_429_382
PubMedSearch : Watanabe_2004_Nature_429_382
PubMedID: 15164055
Gene_locus related to this paper: pantr-a0a2j8lmv7

Title : Unique physiological and pathogenic features of Leptospira interrogans revealed by whole-genome sequencing - Ren_2003_Nature_422_888
Author(s) : Ren SX , Fu G , Jiang XG , Zeng R , Miao YG , Xu H , Zhang YX , Xiong H , Lu G , Lu LF , Jiang HQ , Jia J , Tu YF , Jiang JX , Gu WY , Zhang YQ , Cai Z , Sheng HH , Yin HF , Zhang Y , Zhu GF , Wan M , Huang HL , Qian Z , Wang SY , Ma W , Yao ZJ , Shen Y , Qiang BQ , Xia QC , Guo XK , Danchin A , Saint Girons I , Somerville RL , Wen YM , Shi MH , Chen Z , Xu JG , Zhao GP
Ref : Nature , 422 :888 , 2003
Abstract : Leptospirosis is a widely spread disease of global concern. Infection causes flu-like episodes with frequent severe renal and hepatic damage, such as haemorrhage and jaundice. In more severe cases, massive pulmonary haemorrhages, including fatal sudden haemoptysis, can occur. Here we report the complete genomic sequence of a representative virulent serovar type strain (Lai) of Leptospira interrogans serogroup Icterohaemorrhagiae consisting of a 4.33-megabase large chromosome and a 359-kilobase small chromosome, with a total of 4,768 predicted genes. In terms of the genetic determinants of physiological characteristics, the facultatively parasitic L. interrogans differs extensively from two other strictly parasitic pathogenic spirochaetes, Treponema pallidum and Borrelia burgdorferi, although similarities exist in the genes that govern their unique morphological features. A comprehensive analysis of the L. interrogans genes for chemotaxis/motility and lipopolysaccharide synthesis provides a basis for in-depth studies of virulence and pathogenesis. The discovery of a series of genes possibly related to adhesion, invasion and the haematological changes that characterize leptospirosis has provided clues about how an environmental organism might evolve into an important human pathogen.
ESTHER : Ren_2003_Nature_422_888
PubMedSearch : Ren_2003_Nature_422_888
PubMedID: 12712204
Gene_locus related to this paper: lepin-AXEA , lepin-ESTA , lepin-LA0357 , lepin-LA0587 , lepin-LA0823 , lepin-LA0932 , lepin-LA1069 , lepin-LA1345 , lepin-LA1541 , lepin-LA1702 , lepin-LA1861 , lepin-LA1902 , lepin-LA1936 , lepin-LA1955 , lepin-LA2034 , lepin-LA2132 , lepin-LA2501 , lepin-LA2505 , lepin-LA2526 , lepin-LA2544 , lepin-LA2857 , lepin-LA2958 , lepin-LA3100 , lepin-LA3107 , lepin-LA3147 , lepin-LA3604 , lepin-LA3661 , lepin-LA3669 , lepin-LA3672 , lepin-LA3770 , lepin-LA3788 , lepin-LA3851 , lepin-LA3897 , lepin-LA3998 , lepin-LA4247 , lepin-LB147 , lepin-LB264 , lepin-LB265 , lepin-METX , lepin-q8f7a8 , lepin-q72tt9

Title : Genome-based analysis of virulence genes in a non-biofilm-forming Staphylococcus epidermidis strain (ATCC 12228) - Zhang_2003_Mol.Microbiol_49_1577
Author(s) : Zhang YQ , Ren SX , Li HL , Wang YX , Fu G , Yang J , Qin ZQ , Miao YG , Wang WY , Chen RS , Shen Y , Chen Z , Yuan ZH , Zhao GP , Qu D , Danchin A , Wen YM
Ref : Molecular Microbiology , 49 :1577 , 2003
Abstract : Staphylococcus epidermidis strains are diverse in their pathogenicity; some are invasive and cause serious nosocomial infections, whereas others are non-pathogenic commensal organisms. To analyse the implications of different virulence factors in Staphylococcus epidermidis infections, the complete genome of Staphylococcus epidermidis strain ATCC 12228, a non-biofilm forming, non-infection associated strain used for detection of residual antibiotics in food products, was sequenced. This strain showed low virulence by mouse and rat experimental infections. The genome consists of a single 2499 279 bp chromosome and six plasmids. The chromosomal G + C content is 32.1% and 2419 protein coding sequences (CDS) are predicted, among which 230 are putative novel genes. Compared to the virulence factors in Staphylococcus aureus, aside from delta-haemolysin and beta-haemolysin, other toxin genes were not found. In contrast, the majority of adhesin genes are intact in ATCC 12228. Most strikingly, the ica operon coding for the enzymes synthesizing interbacterial cellular polysaccharide is missing in ATCC 12228 and rearrangements of adjacent genes are shown. No mec genes, IS256, IS257, were found in ATCC 12228. It is suggested that the absence of the ica operon is a genetic marker in commensal Staphylococcus epidermidis strains which are less likely to become invasive.
ESTHER : Zhang_2003_Mol.Microbiol_49_1577
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2003_Mol.Microbiol_49_1577
PubMedID: 12950922
Gene_locus related to this paper: staep-GEHD , staep-lipas , staep-SE0011 , staep-SE0226 , staep-SE0386 , staep-SE0389 , staep-SE0424 , staep-SE0564 , staep-SE0714 , staep-SE0745 , staep-SE0980 , staep-SE1436 , staep-SE1460 , staep-SE1510 , staep-SE1780 , staep-SE1929 , staep-SERP2035 , staep-SE2050 , staep-SE2095 , staep-SE2213 , staep-SE2328 , staep-SE2403

Title : Evolutionary and biomedical implications of a Schistosoma japonicum complementary DNA resource - Hu_2003_Nat.Genet_35_139
Author(s) : Hu W , Yan Q , Shen DK , Liu F , Zhu ZD , Song HD , Xu XR , Wang ZJ , Rong YP , Zeng LC , Wu J , Zhang X , Wang JJ , Xu XN , Wang SY , Fu G , Zhang XL , Wang ZQ , Brindley PJ , McManus DP , Xue CL , Feng Z , Chen Z , Han ZG
Ref : Nat Genet , 35 :139 , 2003
Abstract : Schistosoma japonicum causes schistosomiasis in humans and livestock in the Asia-Pacific region. Knowledge of the genome of this parasite should improve understanding of schistosome-host interactions, biomedical aspects of schistosomiasis and invertebrate evolution. We assigned 43,707 expressed sequence tags (ESTs) derived from adult S. japonicum and their eggs to 13,131 gene clusters. Of these, 35% shared no similarity with known genes and 75% had not been reported previously in schistosomes. Notably, S. japonicum encoded mammalian-like receptors for insulin, progesterone, cytokines and neuropeptides, suggesting that host hormones, or endogenous parasite homologs, could orchestrate schistosome development and maturation and that schistosomes modulate anti-parasite immune responses through inhibitors, molecular mimicry and other evasion strategies.
ESTHER : Hu_2003_Nat.Genet_35_139
PubMedSearch : Hu_2003_Nat.Genet_35_139
PubMedID: 12973349
Gene_locus related to this paper: schja-Q86EA4 , schja-Q86EV0 , schja-Q86F58 , schja-Q86F66 , schja-Q5DDP9

Title : Sequence and analysis of rice chromosome 4 - Feng_2002_Nature_420_316
Author(s) : Feng Q , Zhang Y , Hao P , Wang S , Fu G , Huang Y , Li Y , Zhu J , Liu Y , Hu X , Jia P , Zhao Q , Ying K , Yu S , Tang Y , Weng Q , Zhang L , Lu Y , Mu J , Zhang LS , Yu Z , Fan D , Liu X , Lu T , Li C , Wu Y , Sun T , Lei H , Li T , Hu H , Guan J , Wu M , Zhang R , Zhou B , Chen Z , Chen L , Jin Z , Wang R , Yin H , Cai Z , Ren S , Lv G , Gu W , Zhu G , Tu Y , Jia J , Chen J , Kang H , Chen X , Shao C , Sun Y , Hu Q , Zhang X , Zhang W , Wang L , Ding C , Sheng H , Gu J , Chen S , Ni L , Zhu F , Chen W , Lan L , Lai Y , Cheng Z , Gu M , Jiang J , Li J , Hong G , Xue Y , Han B
Ref : Nature , 420 :316 , 2002
Abstract : Rice is the principal food for over half of the population of the world. With its genome size of 430 megabase pairs (Mb), the cultivated rice species Oryza sativa is a model plant for genome research. Here we report the sequence analysis of chromosome 4 of O. sativa, one of the first two rice chromosomes to be sequenced completely. The finished sequence spans 34.6 Mb and represents 97.3% of the chromosome. In addition, we report the longest known sequence for a plant centromere, a completely sequenced contig of 1.16 Mb corresponding to the centromeric region of chromosome 4. We predict 4,658 protein coding genes and 70 transfer RNA genes. A total of 1,681 predicted genes match available unique rice expressed sequence tags. Transposable elements have a pronounced bias towards the euchromatic regions, indicating a close correlation of their distributions to genes along the chromosome. Comparative genome analysis between cultivated rice subspecies shows that there is an overall syntenic relationship between the chromosomes and divergence at the level of single-nucleotide polymorphisms and insertions and deletions. By contrast, there is little conservation in gene order between rice and Arabidopsis.
ESTHER : Feng_2002_Nature_420_316
PubMedSearch : Feng_2002_Nature_420_316
PubMedID: 12447439
Gene_locus related to this paper: orysa-Q7XTC5 , orysa-Q7F959 , orysa-q7f9i3 , orysa-q7x7y5 , orysa-q7xkj9 , orysa-q7xr62 , orysa-q7xr63 , orysa-q7xr64 , orysa-q7xsg1 , orysa-q7xsq2 , orysa-Q7XTM8 , orysa-q7xts6 , orysa-q7xue7 , orysa-q7xv53 , orysa-Q7XVB5 , orysa-Q7XVG5 , orysj-q0jaf0 , orysj-q7f8x1

Title : Gene expression profiling in the human hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis and full-length cDNA cloning - Hu_2000_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_97_9543
Author(s) : Hu RM , Han ZG , Song HD , Peng YD , Huang QH , Ren SX , Gu YJ , Huang CH , Li YB , Jiang CL , Fu G , Zhang QH , Gu BW , Dai M , Mao YF , Gao GF , Rong R , Ye M , Zhou J , Xu SH , Gu J , Shi JX , Jin WR , Zhang CK , Wu TM , Huang GY , Chen Z , Chen MD , Chen JL
Ref : Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A , 97 :9543 , 2000
Abstract : The primary neuroendocrine interface, hypothalamus and pituitary, together with adrenals, constitute the major axis responsible for the maintenance of homeostasis and the response to the perturbations in the environment. The gene expression profiling in the human hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis was catalogued by generating a large amount of expressed sequence tags (ESTs), followed by bioinformatics analysis (http://www.chgc.sh.cn/ database). Totally, 25,973 sequences of good quality were obtained from 31,130 clones (83.4%) from cDNA libraries of the hypothalamus, pituitary, and adrenal glands. After eliminating 5,347 sequences corresponding to repetitive elements and mtDNA, 20,626 ESTs could be assembled into 9, 175 clusters (3,979, 3,074, and 4,116 clusters in hypothalamus, pituitary, and adrenal glands, respectively) when overlapping ESTs were integrated. Of these clusters, 2,777 (30.3%) corresponded to known genes, 4,165 (44.8%) to dbESTs, and 2,233 (24.3%) to novel ESTs. The gene expression profiles reflected well the functional characteristics of the three levels in the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis, because most of the 20 genes with highest expression showed statistical difference in terms of tissue distribution, including a group of tissue-specific functional markers. Meanwhile, some findings were made with regard to the physiology of the axis, and 200 full-length cDNAs of novel genes were cloned and sequenced. All of these data may contribute to the understanding of the neuroendocrine regulation of human life.
ESTHER : Hu_2000_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_97_9543
PubMedSearch : Hu_2000_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_97_9543
PubMedID: 10931946
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-ESD

Title : Cloning and functional analysis of cDNAs with open reading frames for 300 previously undefined genes expressed in CD34+ hematopoietic stem\/progenitor cells - Zhang_2000_Genome.Res_10_1546
Author(s) : Zhang QH , Ye M , Wu XY , Ren SX , Zhao M , Zhao CJ , Fu G , Shen Y , Fan HY , Lu G , Zhong M , Xu XR , Han ZG , Zhang JW , Tao J , Huang QH , Zhou J , Hu GX , Gu J , Chen SJ , Chen Z
Ref : Genome Res , 10 :1546 , 2000
Abstract : Three hundred cDNAs containing putatively entire open reading frames (ORFs) for previously undefined genes were obtained from CD34+ hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs), based on EST cataloging, clone sequencing, in silico cloning, and rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE). The cDNA sizes ranged from 360 to 3496 bp and their ORFs coded for peptides of 58-752 amino acids. Public database search indicated that 225 cDNAs exhibited sequence similarities to genes identified across a variety of species. Homology analysis led to the recognition of 50 basic structural motifs/domains among these cDNAs. Genomic exon-intron organization could be established in 243 genes by integration of cDNA data with genome sequence information. Interestingly, a new gene named as HSPC070 on 3p was found to share a sequence of 105bp in 3' UTR with RAF gene in reversed transcription orientation. Chromosomal localizations were obtained using electronic mapping for 192 genes and with radiation hybrid (RH) for 38 genes. Macroarray technique was applied to screen the gene expression patterns in five hematopoietic cell lines (NB4, HL60, U937, K562, and Jurkat) and a number of genes with differential expression were found. The resource work has provided a wide range of information useful not only for expression genomics and annotation of genomic DNA sequence, but also for further research on the function of genes involved in hematopoietic development and differentiation.
ESTHER : Zhang_2000_Genome.Res_10_1546
PubMedSearch : Zhang_2000_Genome.Res_10_1546
PubMedID: 11042152
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-LYPLA1