Wright MW

References (3)

Title : Recommended nomenclature for five mammalian carboxylesterase gene families: human, mouse, and rat genes and proteins - Holmes_2010_Mamm.Genome_21_427
Author(s) : Holmes RS , Wright MW , Laulederkind SJ , Cox LA , Hosokawa M , Imai T , Ishibashi S , Lehner R , Miyazaki M , Perkins EJ , Potter PM , Redinbo MR , Robert J , Satoh T , Yamashita T , Yan B , Yokoi T , Zechner R , Maltais LJ
Ref : Mamm Genome , 21 :427 , 2010
Abstract : Mammalian carboxylesterase (CES or Ces) genes encode enzymes that participate in xenobiotic, drug, and lipid metabolism in the body and are members of at least five gene families. Tandem duplications have added more genes for some families, particularly for mouse and rat genomes, which has caused confusion in naming rodent Ces genes. This article describes a new nomenclature system for human, mouse, and rat carboxylesterase genes that identifies homolog gene families and allocates a unique name for each gene. The guidelines of human, mouse, and rat gene nomenclature committees were followed and "CES" (human) and "Ces" (mouse and rat) root symbols were used followed by the family number (e.g., human CES1). Where multiple genes were identified for a family or where a clash occurred with an existing gene name, a letter was added (e.g., human CES4A; mouse and rat Ces1a) that reflected gene relatedness among rodent species (e.g., mouse and rat Ces1a). Pseudogenes were named by adding "P" and a number to the human gene name (e.g., human CES1P1) or by using a new letter followed by ps for mouse and rat Ces pseudogenes (e.g., Ces2d-ps). Gene transcript isoforms were named by adding the GenBank accession ID to the gene symbol (e.g., human CES1_AB119995 or mouse Ces1e_BC019208). This nomenclature improves our understanding of human, mouse, and rat CES/Ces gene families and facilitates research into the structure, function, and evolution of these gene families. It also serves as a model for naming CES genes from other mammalian species.
ESTHER : Holmes_2010_Mamm.Genome_21_427
PubMedSearch : Holmes_2010_Mamm.Genome_21_427
PubMedID: 20931200
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-CES1 , human-CES2 , human-CES3 , human-CES4A , human-CES5A

Title : The DNA sequence, annotation and analysis of human chromosome 3 - Muzny_2006_Nature_440_1194
Author(s) : Muzny DM , Scherer SE , Kaul R , Wang J , Yu J , Sudbrak R , Buhay CJ , Chen R , Cree A , Ding Y , Dugan-Rocha S , Gill R , Gunaratne P , Harris RA , Hawes AC , Hernandez J , Hodgson AV , Hume J , Jackson A , Khan ZM , Kovar-Smith C , Lewis LR , Lozado RJ , Metzker ML , Milosavljevic A , Miner GR , Morgan MB , Nazareth LV , Scott G , Sodergren E , Song XZ , Steffen D , Wei S , Wheeler DA , Wright MW , Worley KC , Yuan Y , Zhang Z , Adams CQ , Ansari-Lari MA , Ayele M , Brown MJ , Chen G , Chen Z , Clendenning J , Clerc-Blankenburg KP , Davis C , Delgado O , Dinh HH , Dong W , Draper H , Ernst S , Fu G , Gonzalez-Garay ML , Garcia DK , Gillett W , Gu J , Hao B , Haugen E , Havlak P , He X , Hennig S , Hu S , Huang W , Jackson LR , Jacob LS , Kelly SH , Kube M , Levy R , Li Z , Liu B , Liu J , Liu W , Lu J , Maheshwari M , Nguyen BV , Okwuonu GO , Palmeiri A , Pasternak S , Perez LM , Phelps KA , Plopper FJ , Qiang B , Raymond C , Rodriguez R , Saenphimmachak C , Santibanez J , Shen H , Shen Y , Subramanian S , Tabor PE , Verduzco D , Waldron L , Wang Q , Williams GA , Wong GK , Yao Z , Zhang J , Zhang X , Zhao G , Zhou J , Zhou Y , Nelson D , Lehrach H , Reinhardt R , Naylor SL , Yang H , Olson M , Weinstock G , Gibbs RA
Ref : Nature , 440 :1194 , 2006
Abstract : After the completion of a draft human genome sequence, the International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium has proceeded to finish and annotate each of the 24 chromosomes comprising the human genome. Here we describe the sequencing and analysis of human chromosome 3, one of the largest human chromosomes. Chromosome 3 comprises just four contigs, one of which currently represents the longest unbroken stretch of finished DNA sequence known so far. The chromosome is remarkable in having the lowest rate of segmental duplication in the genome. It also includes a chemokine receptor gene cluster as well as numerous loci involved in multiple human cancers such as the gene encoding FHIT, which contains the most common constitutive fragile site in the genome, FRA3B. Using genomic sequence from chimpanzee and rhesus macaque, we were able to characterize the breakpoints defining a large pericentric inversion that occurred some time after the split of Homininae from Ponginae, and propose an evolutionary history of the inversion.
ESTHER : Muzny_2006_Nature_440_1194
PubMedSearch : Muzny_2006_Nature_440_1194
PubMedID: 16641997
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-AADAC , human-AADACL2 , human-ABHD5 , human-ABHD6 , human-ABHD10 , human-ABHD14A , human-APEH , human-BCHE , human-CIB , human-LIPH , human-MGLL , human-NLGN1 , human-PLA1A

Title : The DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 13 - Dunham_2004_Nature_428_522
Author(s) : Dunham A , Matthews LH , Burton J , Ashurst JL , Howe KL , Ashcroft KJ , Beare DM , Burford DC , Hunt SE , Griffiths-Jones S , Jones MC , Keenan SJ , Oliver K , Scott CE , Ainscough R , Almeida JP , Ambrose KD , Andrews DT , Ashwell RI , Babbage AK , Bagguley CL , Bailey J , Bannerjee R , Barlow KF , Bates K , Beasley H , Bird CP , Bray-Allen S , Brown AJ , Brown JY , Burrill W , Carder C , Carter NP , Chapman JC , Clamp ME , Clark SY , Clarke G , Clee CM , Clegg SC , Cobley V , Collins JE , Corby N , Coville GJ , Deloukas P , Dhami P , Dunham I , Dunn M , Earthrowl ME , Ellington AG , Faulkner L , Frankish AG , Frankland J , French L , Garner P , Garnett J , Gilbert JG , Gilson CJ , Ghori J , Grafham DV , Gribble SM , Griffiths C , Hall RE , Hammond S , Harley JL , Hart EA , Heath PD , Howden PJ , Huckle EJ , Hunt PJ , Hunt AR , Johnson C , Johnson D , Kay M , Kimberley AM , King A , Laird GK , Langford CJ , Lawlor S , Leongamornlert DA , Lloyd DM , Lloyd C , Loveland JE , Lovell J , Martin S , Mashreghi-Mohammadi M , McLaren SJ , McMurray A , Milne S , Moore MJ , Nickerson T , Palmer SA , Pearce AV , Peck AI , Pelan S , Phillimore B , Porter KM , Rice CM , Searle S , Sehra HK , Shownkeen R , Skuce CD , Smith M , Steward CA , Sycamore N , Tester J , Thomas DW , Tracey A , Tromans A , Tubby B , Wall M , Wallis JM , West AP , Whitehead SL , Willey DL , Wilming L , Wray PW , Wright MW , Young L , Coulson A , Durbin R , Hubbard T , Sulston JE , Beck S , Bentley DR , Rogers J , Ross MT
Ref : Nature , 428 :522 , 2004
Abstract : Chromosome 13 is the largest acrocentric human chromosome. It carries genes involved in cancer including the breast cancer type 2 (BRCA2) and retinoblastoma (RB1) genes, is frequently rearranged in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, and contains the DAOA locus associated with bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. We describe completion and analysis of 95.5 megabases (Mb) of sequence from chromosome 13, which contains 633 genes and 296 pseudogenes. We estimate that more than 95.4% of the protein-coding genes of this chromosome have been identified, on the basis of comparison with other vertebrate genome sequences. Additionally, 105 putative non-coding RNA genes were found. Chromosome 13 has one of the lowest gene densities (6.5 genes per Mb) among human chromosomes, and contains a central region of 38 Mb where the gene density drops to only 3.1 genes per Mb.
ESTHER : Dunham_2004_Nature_428_522
PubMedSearch : Dunham_2004_Nature_428_522
PubMedID: 15057823
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-ESD , human-TEX30