Wang ZY

References (16)

Title : Transcriptomic responses of the zearalenone (ZEN)-detoxifying yeast Apiotrichum mycotoxinivorans to ZEN exposure - Yang_2022_Ecotoxicol.Environ.Saf_241_113756
Author(s) : Yang ZK , Li DW , Peng L , Liu CF , Wang ZY
Ref : Ecotoxicology & Environmental Safety , 241 :113756 , 2022
Abstract : Zearalenone (ZEN) is a potent oestrogenic mycotoxin that is mainly produced by Fusarium species and is a serious environmental pollutant in animal feeds. Apiotrichum mycotoxinivorans has been widely used as a feed additive to detoxify ZEN. However, the effects of ZEN on A. mycotoxinivorans and its detoxification mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, transcriptomic and bioinformatic analyses were used to investigate the molecular responses of A. mycotoxinivorans to ZEN exposure and the genetic basis of ZEN detoxification. We detected 1424 significantly differentially expressed genes (DEGs), of which 446 were upregulated and 978 were downregulated. Functional and enrichment analyses showed that ZEN-induced genes were significantly associated with xenobiotic metabolism, oxidative stress response, and active transport systems. However, ZEN-inhibited genes were mainly related to cell division, cell cycle, and fungal development. Subsequently, bioinformatic analysis identified candidate ZEN-detoxification enzymes. The Baeyer-Villiger monooxygenases and carboxylesterases, which are responsible for the formation and subsequent hydrolysis of a new ZEN lactone, respectively, were significantly upregulated. In addition, the expression levels of genes related to conjugation and transport involved in the xenobiotic detoxification pathway were significantly upregulated. Moreover, the expression levels of genes encoding enzymatic antioxidants and those related to growth and apoptosis were significantly upregulated and downregulated, respectively, which made it possible for A. mycotoxinivorans to survive in a highly toxic environment and efficiently detoxify ZEN. This is the first systematic report of ZEN tolerance and detoxification in A. mycotoxinivorans. We identified the metabolic enzymes that were potentially involved in detoxifying ZEN in the GMU1709 strain and found that ZEN-induced transcriptional regulation of genes is key to withstanding highly toxic environments. Hence, our results provide valuable information for developing enzymatic detoxification systems or engineering this detoxification pathway in other species.
ESTHER : Yang_2022_Ecotoxicol.Environ.Saf_241_113756
PubMedSearch : Yang_2022_Ecotoxicol.Environ.Saf_241_113756
PubMedID: 35691196

Title : LINC00205 modulates the expression of EPHX1 through the inhibition of miR-184 in hepatocellular carcinoma as a ceRNA - Long_2020_J.Cell.Physiol_235_3013
Author(s) : Long X , Li Q , Zhi LJ , Li JM , Wang ZY
Ref : Journal of Cellular Physiology , 235 :3013 , 2020
Abstract : Several studies have shown that low expression of epoxide hydrolase 1 (EPHX1) is closely associated with varying human cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study aims to explore the potential mechanism of EPHX1 silencing and revealed a novel regulatory pathway in the pathogenesis of HCC. In this study, micro ribonucleic acid (miR)-184 was predicted and validated to be a regulator of EPHX1 through experiments, and its expression was negatively correlated with the messenger RNA (mRNA) levels of EPHX1 in primary tumors. Elevation of EPHX1 suppressed cell proliferation and migration as well as cell cycle progression, and induced apoptosis, while downregulation of miR-184 exhibited the opposite effect on cellular processes. Moreover, LINC00205 interacted with miR-184 and was markedly downregulated in tumors. The effects of the miR-184 inhibitor on cell proliferation, apoptosis, and migration were reversed in part by the transfection with LINC00205 small interfering RNAs. In addition, LINC00205 acted as a molecular sponge to positively regulate the mRNA and protein levels of EPHX1 via regulating miR-184. The tumorigenicity of HCC cells was enhanced by LINC00205 shRNA but diminished by overexpression of EPHX1 in vivo. Clinically, the EPHX1 expression in patients with HCC was markedly downregulated. Taken together, the results of this study suggest that as a competing endogenous RNA, LINC00205 may regulate EPHX1 by inhibiting miR-184 in the progression of HCC and that targeting the LINC00205/miR-184/EPHX1 axis may provide a treatment protocol for patients.
ESTHER : Long_2020_J.Cell.Physiol_235_3013
PubMedSearch : Long_2020_J.Cell.Physiol_235_3013
PubMedID: 31566711

Title : New amide alkaloids from Delphinium brunonianum - Zou_2019_Fitoterapia__104186
Author(s) : Zou YS , Dawa Z , Lin CZ , Zhang QY , Yao YF , Yuan Y , Zhu CC , Wang ZY
Ref : Fitoterapia , :104186 , 2019
Abstract : Five new amide alkaloids, named delamide A-E (1-5), along with five known ones, methyl-N-(3-carboxy-2-methylpropanoyl) anthranilate (6), benzoic acid, 2-[(1-oxodecyl) amino]-methylester (7), puberline (8), benzoic acid, 2-[(4-methoxy-2-methyl-1, 4-dioxobutyl) amino]-methylester (9) and benzoic acid, 2-[(4-methoxy-3-methyl-1, 4-dioxobutyl) amino]-methylester (10) were isolated from the extract of Delphinium brunonianum. Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analyses (including 1D-, 2D-NMR, and HR-ESI-MS). 1-10 were also evaluated for their acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibiting activity by the Ellman's method. Delamide A (1) showed highly selective AChE inhibition activity. The kinetic analysis revealed that 1 was a mixed-type reversible inhibitor of AChE.
ESTHER : Zou_2019_Fitoterapia__104186
PubMedSearch : Zou_2019_Fitoterapia__104186
PubMedID: 31150769

Title : A Case Report of Primary Neonatal Hypocholinesterase Caused by Homozygous Frameshift Mutation of the butyrylcholinesterase (BCHE) Gene and Review of Literature - Lv_2019_Clin.Lab_65_
Author(s) : Lv HY , Yang LH , Bu LN , Wang QL , Gu XL , Wang ZY , Ren PS , Li LX
Ref : Clin Lab , 65 : , 2019
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Primary neonatal hypocholinesterase is rare; its genetic pattern and mutation still need to be further studied. METHODS: The patient and his parents are studied using next-generation sequencing technology. RESULTS: A boy one day after birth is admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at our hospital after experiencing intermittent vomiting for 12 hours. The patient's serum cholinesterase level (113 - 283 U/L) is lower than normal value (4,000 - 12,600 U/L). Many factors of low serum cholinesterase are excluded. We highly suspect that it may be related to congenital factors. Molecular genetic test results show that the patient carried the BCHE gene (NM_000055.2) and has homozygous frameshift mutations at exon 2 c.401dupA (p.Asn134fs) of chromosome 3q26. It is a pathogenicity mutation. This locus mutation belongs to a novel pathogenic mutation. As a result of this mutation, the 134th amino acid Asn began to frameshift and the translation is terminated early. It can cause the Encoding of protein to truncate and lose its normal function. His parents' serum cholinesterase levels (father: 5,135 U/L; mother: 4,367 U/L) are in the normal value range, but his parents carried a heterozygous BCHE gene. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that gene sequence detection should be carried out early in hypocholinesterase of nknown cause in neonates. This study can not only improve understanding of the etiology and pathological mechanism of hypocholinesterase, but also it can enlarge the hypocholinesterase gene mutation spectrum.
ESTHER : Lv_2019_Clin.Lab_65_
PubMedSearch : Lv_2019_Clin.Lab_65_
PubMedID: 31307170

Title : Pharmacological Effects of Active Components of Chinese Herbal Medicine in the Treatment of Alzheimer's Disease: A Review - Wang_2016_Am.J.Chin.Med__1
Author(s) : Wang ZY , Liu JG , Li H , Yang HM
Ref : Am J Chin Med , :1 , 2016
Abstract : Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common neurodegenerative disorder associated with dementia, not only severely decreases the quality of life for its victims, but also brings a heavy economic burden to the family and society. Unfortunately, few chemical drugs designed for clinical applications have reached the expected preventive or therapeutic effect so far, and combined with their significant side-effects, there is therefore an urgent need for new strategies to be developed for AD treatment. Traditional Chinese Medicine has accumulated many experiences in the treatment of dementia during thousands of years of practice; modern pharmacological studies have confirmed the therapeutic effects of many active components derived from Chinese herbal medicines (CHM). Ginsenoside Rg1, extracted from Radix Ginseng, exerts a [Formula: see text]-secretase inhibitor effect so as to decrease A[Formula: see text] aggregation. It can also inhibit the apoptosis of neuron cells. Tanshinone IIA, extracted from Radix Salviae miltiorrhizae, and baicalin, extracted from Radix Scutellariae[Formula: see text] can inhibit the oxidative stress injury in neuronal cells. Icariin, extracted from Epimedium brevicornum, can decrease A[Formula: see text] levels and the hyperphosphorylation of tau protein, and can also inhibit oxidative stress and apoptosis. Huperzine A, extracted from Huperzia serrata, exerts a cholinesterase inhibitor effect. Evodiamine, extracted from Fructus Evodiae, and curcumin, extracted from Rhizoma Curcumae Longae, exert anti-inflammatory actions. Curcumin can act on A[Formula: see text] and tau too. Due to the advantages of multi-target effects and fewer side effects, Chinese medicine is more appropriate for long-term use. In this present review, the pharmacological effects of commonly used active components derived from Chinese herbal medicines in the treatment of AD are discussed.
ESTHER : Wang_2016_Am.J.Chin.Med__1
PubMedSearch : Wang_2016_Am.J.Chin.Med__1
PubMedID: 27848250

Title : The halo-substituent effect on Pseudomonas cepacia lipase-mediated regioselective acylation of nucleosides: A comparative investigation - Wang_2015_J.Biotechnol_212_153
Author(s) : Wang ZY , Bi YH , Yang RL , Duan ZQ , Nie LH , Li XQ , Zong MH , Wu J
Ref : J Biotechnol , 212 :153 , 2015
Abstract : In this work, comparative experiments were explored to investigate the substrate specificity of Pseudomonas cepacia lipase in regioselective acylation of nucleosides carrying various substituents (such as the H, F, Cl, Br, I) at 2'- and 5-positions. Experimental data indicated that the catalytic performance of the enzyme depended very much on the halo-substituents in nucleosides. The increased bulk of 2'-substituents in ribose moiety of the nucleoside might contribute to the improved 3'-regioselectivity (90-98%, nucleosides a-d) in enzymatic decanoylation, while the enhancement of regioselectivity (93-99%) in 3'-O-acylated nucleosides e-h could be attributable to the increasing hydrophobicity of the halogen atoms at 5-positions. With regard to the chain-length selectivity, P. cepacia lipase displayed the highest 3'-regioselectivity toward the longer chain (C14) as compared to shorter (C6 and C10) ones. The position, orientation and property of the substituent, specific structure of the lipase's active site, and acyl structure could account for the diverse results.
ESTHER : Wang_2015_J.Biotechnol_212_153
PubMedSearch : Wang_2015_J.Biotechnol_212_153
PubMedID: 26325198

Title : Pharmacokinetic drug interactions with clopidogrel: updated review and risk management in combination therapy - Wang_2015_Ther.Clin.Risk.Manag_11_449
Author(s) : Wang ZY , Chen M , Zhu LL , Yu LS , Zeng S , Xiang MX , Zhou Q
Ref : Ther Clin Risk Manag , 11 :449 , 2015
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Coprescribing of clopidogrel and other drugs is common. Available reviews have addressed the drug-drug interactions (DDIs) when clopidogrel is as an object drug, or focused on combination use of clopidogrel and a special class of drugs. Clinicians may still be ignorant of those DDIs when clopidogrel is a precipitant drug, the factors determining the degree of DDIs, and corresponding risk management.
METHODS: A literature search was performed using PubMed, MEDLINE, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library to analyze the pharmacokinetic DDIs of clopidogrel and new P2Y12 receptor inhibitors.
RESULTS: Clopidogrel affects the pharmacokinetics of cerivastatin, repaglinide, ferulic acid, sibutramine, efavirenz, and omeprazole. Low efficacy of clopidogrel is anticipated in the presence of omeprazole, esomeprazole, morphine, grapefruit juice, scutellarin, fluoxetine, azole antifungals, calcium channel blockers, sulfonylureas, and ritonavir. Augmented antiplatelet effects are anticipated when clopidogrel is coprescribed with aspirin, curcumin, cyclosporin, St John's wort, rifampicin, and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors. The factors determining the degree of DDIs with clopidogrel include genetic status (eg, cytochrome P540 [CYP]2B6*6, CYP2C19 polymorphism, CYP3A5*3, CYP3A4*1G, and CYP1A2-163C.A), species differences, and dose strength. The DDI risk does not exhibit a class effect, eg, the effects of clopidogrel on cerivastatin versus other statins, the effects of proton pump inhibitors on clopidogrel (omeprazole, esomeprazole versus pantoprazole, rabeprazole), the effects of rifampicin on clopidogrel versus ticagrelor and prasugrel, and the effects of calcium channel blockers on clopidogrel (amlodipine versus P-glycoprotein-inhibiting calcium channel blockers). The mechanism of the DDIs with clopidogrel involves modulating CYP enzymes (eg, CYP2B6, CYP2C8, CYP2C19, and CYP3A4), paraoxonase-1, hepatic carboxylesterase 1, P-glycoprotein, and organic anion transporter family member 1B1. CONCLUSION: Effective and safe clopidogrel combination therapy can be achieved by increasing the awareness of potential changes in efficacy and toxicity, rationally selecting alternatives, tailoring drug therapy based on genotype, checking the appropriateness of physician orders, and performing therapeutic monitoring.
ESTHER : Wang_2015_Ther.Clin.Risk.Manag_11_449
PubMedSearch : Wang_2015_Ther.Clin.Risk.Manag_11_449
PubMedID: 25848291

Title : Novel oxoisoaporphine-based inhibitors of acetyl- and butyrylcholinesterase and acetylcholinesterase-induced beta-amyloid aggregation - Tang_2012_Bioorg.Med.Chem.Lett_22_2257
Author(s) : Tang H , Zhao HT , Zhong SM , Wang ZY , Chen ZF , Liang H
Ref : Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Lett , 22 :2257 , 2012
Abstract : A series of novel oxoisoaporphine-based inhibitors (10-aminoalkylamino-1-azabenzanthrone Ar-NH(CH(2))(n)NR(1)R(2)) of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) has been designed, synthesized, and tested for their ability to inhibit AChE, butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) and AChE-induced beta-amyloid (Abeta) aggregation. The synthetic compounds exhibited high AChE inhibitory activity with IC(50) values in the submicromolar range in most cases. Non-competitive binding mode was found for these derivatives by the graphical analysis of steady-state inhibition data. Moreover, all compounds exhibit significant inhibitory activity on AChE-induced Abeta aggregation with inhibitory potency from 54.5% to 93.5%. Finally, six out of twelve synthetic compounds were predicted to be able to cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB) to reach their targets in the central nervous system (CNS) according to a parallel artificial membrane permeation assay for BBB. The result encourages us to study this class of compounds thoroughly and systematically.
ESTHER : Tang_2012_Bioorg.Med.Chem.Lett_22_2257
PubMedSearch : Tang_2012_Bioorg.Med.Chem.Lett_22_2257
PubMedID: 22341944

Title : Regioselectivity-reversal in acylation of 6-azauridine catalyzed by Burkholderia cepacia lipase - Wang_2012_Biotechnol.Lett_34_55
Author(s) : Wang ZY , Bi YH , Zong MH
Ref : Biotechnol Lett , 34 :55 , 2012
Abstract : 3'-O-stearoylation of 6-azauridine was achieved enzymatically for the first time. Among eight commercially available lipases, that from Burkholderia cepacia displayed a 3'-regioselectivity of 80% towards the acylation of 3-hydroxyl of 6-azauridine. Using an immobilized lipase from Burkholderia cepacia, the 3'-regioselectivities of the acylations could be reversed by lengthening the aliphatic chain of the acyl donors (C2-C18). The possible reason might be the presence of the interaction between the base moiety and the acyl group.
ESTHER : Wang_2012_Biotechnol.Lett_34_55
PubMedSearch : Wang_2012_Biotechnol.Lett_34_55
PubMedID: 21898129

Title : The plant cuticle is required for osmotic stress regulation of abscisic acid biosynthesis and osmotic stress tolerance in Arabidopsis - Wang_2011_Plant.Cell_23_1971
Author(s) : Wang ZY , Xiong L , Li W , Zhu JK , Zhu J
Ref : Plant Cell , 23 :1971 , 2011
Abstract : Osmotic stress activates the biosynthesis of abscisic acid (ABA). One major step in ABA biosynthesis is the carotenoid cleavage catalyzed by a 9-cis epoxycarotenoid dioxygenase (NCED). To understand the mechanism for osmotic stress activation of ABA biosynthesis, we screened for Arabidopsis thaliana mutants that failed to induce the NCED3 gene expression in response to osmotic stress treatments. The ced1 (for 9-cis epoxycarotenoid dioxygenase defective 1) mutant isolated in this study showed markedly reduced expression of NCED3 in response to osmotic stress (polyethylene glycol) treatments compared with the wild type. Other ABA biosynthesis genes are also greatly reduced in ced1 under osmotic stress. ced1 mutant plants are very sensitive to even mild osmotic stress. Map-based cloning revealed unexpectedly that CED1 encodes a putative alpha/beta hydrolase domain-containing protein and is allelic to the BODYGUARD gene that was recently shown to be essential for cuticle biogenesis. Further studies discovered that other cutin biosynthesis mutants are also impaired in osmotic stress induction of ABA biosynthesis genes and are sensitive to osmotic stress. Our work demonstrates that the cuticle functions not merely as a physical barrier to minimize water loss but also mediates osmotic stress signaling and tolerance by regulating ABA biosynthesis and signaling.
ESTHER : Wang_2011_Plant.Cell_23_1971
PubMedSearch : Wang_2011_Plant.Cell_23_1971
PubMedID: 21610183

Title : Huperzine A Activates Wnt\/beta-Catenin Signaling and Enhances the Nonamyloidogenic Pathway in an Alzheimer Transgenic Mouse Model - Wang_2011_Neuropsychopharmacology_36_1073
Author(s) : Wang CY , Zheng W , Wang T , Xie JW , Wang SL , Zhao BL , Teng WP , Wang ZY
Ref : Neuropsychopharmacology , 36 :1073 , 2011
Abstract : Huperzine A (HupA) is a reversible and selective inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), and it has multiple targets when used for Alzheimer's disease (AD) therapy. In this study, we searched for new mechanisms by which HupA could activate Wnt signaling and reduce amyloidosis in AD brain. A nasal gel containing HupA was prepared. No obvious toxicity of intranasal administration of HupA was found in mice. HupA was administered intranasally to beta-amyloid (Abeta) precursor protein and presenilin-1 double-transgenic mice for 4 months. We observed an increase in ADAM10 and a decrease in BACE1 and APP695 protein levels and, subsequently, a reduction in Abeta levels and Abeta burden were present in HupA-treated mouse brain, suggesting that HupA enhances the nonamyloidogenic APP cleavage pathway. Importantly, our results further showed that HupA inhibited GSK3alpha/beta activity, and enhanced the beta-catenin level in the transgenic mouse brain and in SH-SY5Y cells overexpressing Swedish mutation APP, suggesting that the neuroprotective effect of HupA is not related simply to its AChE inhibition and antioxidation, but also involves other mechanisms, including targeting of the Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathway in AD brain.
ESTHER : Wang_2011_Neuropsychopharmacology_36_1073
PubMedSearch : Wang_2011_Neuropsychopharmacology_36_1073
PubMedID: 21289607

Title : Recognition of acyl donors by lipase CAL-B in the acylation of 6-azauridine - Wang_2009_Biotechnol.Prog_25_784
Author(s) : Wang ZY , Zong MH
Ref : Biotechnol Prog , 25 :784 , 2009
Abstract : CAL-B-catalyzed synthesis of different 5'-O-monoester derivatives of 6-azauridine via a one-step highly regioselective enzymatic acylation route was successfully performed for the first time. The effects of some crucial factors on the enzymatic undec-10-enoylation of 6-azauridine were examined. The optimal reaction medium, molar ratio of 6-azauridine to vinyl undec-10-enoate and reaction temperature were found to be anhydrous acetone, 1:3 and 50 degrees C, under which the reaction rate, the substrate conversion and the regioselectivity were 22.3 mM/h, 99.0% and 99.0%, respectively. In addition, the enzyme recognition of acyl donors was investigated. The results showed that the enzyme activity varied widely with different acyl donors owing to the specific structure of the lipase active site and the acyl donors. 5'-O-Monoesters of 6-azauridine were achieved exclusively with all the acyl donors tested.
ESTHER : Wang_2009_Biotechnol.Prog_25_784
PubMedSearch : Wang_2009_Biotechnol.Prog_25_784
PubMedID: 19452525

Title : Screening of acetylcholinesterase inhibitors in natural extracts by CE with electrophoretically mediated microanalysis technique - Tang_2007_Electrophoresis_28_360
Author(s) : Tang ZM , Wang ZY , Kang JW
Ref : Electrophoresis , 28 :360 , 2007
Abstract : An electrophoretically mediated microanalysis (EMMA) method for screening acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors in natural extracts is described. In this method, solutions of AChE and the mixture of the substrate and the natural extract were successively injected into the capillary, and mixed electrophoretically by applying a voltage for a short time. Afterwards the voltage was reapplied to separate the product from the unreacted substrate and the natural extract. The measured peak area of the product at UV 230 nm represents the enzyme activity. Since the extract is mixed with the substrate, there is no need to separate the components before testing the inhibition. The inhibitory activity of the natural extract as a whole can be easily found if the peak area of the product is reduced. This makes the present method suitable for screening inhibitors in complex mixtures, such as natural extracts. Compared to the commonly used spectrometric method for screening of AChE inhibitors, the major advantage of the present method is the elimination of Ellman reagent, which is essential for the spectrometric method. This not only simplifies the experimental procedure but also minimizes false-positive results. Moreover, it is an obvious advantage of combining the separation power with the on-column enzyme assay for further investigating which compound(s) is/are responsible for the inhibition. The method was validated using a commercially available AChE inhibitor tacrine and a small chemical library containing four AChE inhibitors and 32 natural extracts. Inhibitors in natural extracts were identified with the present method.
ESTHER : Tang_2007_Electrophoresis_28_360
PubMedSearch : Tang_2007_Electrophoresis_28_360
PubMedID: 17154327

Title : Molecular cloning, purification, and biochemical characterization of a novel pyrethroid-hydrolyzing esterase from Klebsiella sp. strain ZD112 - Wu_2006_J.Agric.Food.Chem_54_836
Author(s) : Wu PC , Liu YH , Wang ZY , Zhang XY , Li H , Liang WQ , Luo N , Hu JM , Lu JQ , Luan TG , Cao LX
Ref : Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry , 54 :836 , 2006
Abstract : The gene encoding pyrethroid-hydrolyzing esterase (EstP) from Klebsiella sp. strain ZD112 was cloned into Escherichia coli and sequenced. A sequence analysis of the DNA responsible for the estP gene revealed an open reading frame of 1914 bp encoding for a protein of 637 amino acid residues. No similarities were found by a database homology search using the nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences of the esterases and lipases. EstP was heterologously expressed in E. coli and purified. The molecular mass of the native enzyme was approximately 73 kDa as determined by gel filtration. The results of sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and the deduced amino acid sequence of EstP indicated molecular masses of 73 and 73.5 kDa, respectively, suggesting that EstP is a monomer. The purified EstP not only degraded many pyrethroid pesticides and the organophosphorus insecticide malathion, but also hydrolyzed rho-nitrophenyl esters of various fatty acids, indicating that EstP is an esterase with broad substrates. The K(m) for trans- and cis-permethrin and k(cat)/K(m) values indicate that EstP hydrolyzes both these substrates with higher efficiency than the carboxylesterases from resistant insects and mammals. The catalytic activity of EstP was strongly inhibited by Hg2+, Ag+, and rho-chloromercuribenzoate, whereas a less pronounced effect (3-8% inhibition) was observed in the presence of divalent cations, the chelating agent EDTA, and phenanthroline.
ESTHER : Wu_2006_J.Agric.Food.Chem_54_836
PubMedSearch : Wu_2006_J.Agric.Food.Chem_54_836
PubMedID: 16448191

Title : A comparison of whole-genome shotgun-derived mouse chromosome 16 and the human genome - Mural_2002_Science_296_1661
Author(s) : Mural RJ , Adams MD , Myers EW , Smith HO , Miklos GL , Wides R , Halpern A , Li PW , Sutton GG , Nadeau J , Salzberg SL , Holt RA , Kodira CD , Lu F , Chen L , Deng Z , Evangelista CC , Gan W , Heiman TJ , Li J , Li Z , Merkulov GV , Milshina NV , Naik AK , Qi R , Shue BC , Wang A , Wang J , Wang X , Yan X , Ye J , Yooseph S , Zhao Q , Zheng L , Zhu SC , Biddick K , Bolanos R , Delcher AL , Dew IM , Fasulo D , Flanigan MJ , Huson DH , Kravitz SA , Miller JR , Mobarry CM , Reinert K , Remington KA , Zhang Q , Zheng XH , Nusskern DR , Lai Z , Lei Y , Zhong W , Yao A , Guan P , Ji RR , Gu Z , Wang ZY , Zhong F , Xiao C , Chiang CC , Yandell M , Wortman JR , Amanatides PG , Hladun SL , Pratts EC , Johnson JE , Dodson KL , Woodford KJ , Evans CA , Gropman B , Rusch DB , Venter E , Wang M , Smith TJ , Houck JT , Tompkins DE , Haynes C , Jacob D , Chin SH , Allen DR , Dahlke CE , Sanders R , Li K , Liu X , Levitsky AA , Majoros WH , Chen Q , Xia AC , Lopez JR , Donnelly MT , Newman MH , Glodek A , Kraft CL , Nodell M , Ali F , An HJ , Baldwin-Pitts D , Beeson KY , Cai S , Carnes M , Carver A , Caulk PM , Center A , Chen YH , Cheng ML , Coyne MD , Crowder M , Danaher S , Davenport LB , Desilets R , Dietz SM , Doup L , Dullaghan P , Ferriera S , Fosler CR , Gire HC , Gluecksmann A , Gocayne JD , Gray J , Hart B , Haynes J , Hoover J , Howland T , Ibegwam C , Jalali M , Johns D , Kline L , Ma DS , MacCawley S , Magoon A , Mann F , May D , McIntosh TC , Mehta S , Moy L , Moy MC , Murphy BJ , Murphy SD , Nelson KA , Nuri Z , Parker KA , Prudhomme AC , Puri VN , Qureshi H , Raley JC , Reardon MS , Regier MA , Rogers YH , Romblad DL , Schutz J , Scott JL , Scott R , Sitter CD , Smallwood M , Sprague AC , Stewart E , Strong RV , Suh E , Sylvester K , Thomas R , Tint NN , Tsonis C , Wang G , Williams MS , Williams SM , Windsor SM , Wolfe K , Wu MM , Zaveri J , Chaturvedi K , Gabrielian AE , Ke Z , Sun J , Subramanian G , Venter JC , Pfannkoch CM , Barnstead M , Stephenson LD
Ref : Science , 296 :1661 , 2002
Abstract : The high degree of similarity between the mouse and human genomes is demonstrated through analysis of the sequence of mouse chromosome 16 (Mmu 16), which was obtained as part of a whole-genome shotgun assembly of the mouse genome. The mouse genome is about 10% smaller than the human genome, owing to a lower repetitive DNA content. Comparison of the structure and protein-coding potential of Mmu 16 with that of the homologous segments of the human genome identifies regions of conserved synteny with human chromosomes (Hsa) 3, 8, 12, 16, 21, and 22. Gene content and order are highly conserved between Mmu 16 and the syntenic blocks of the human genome. Of the 731 predicted genes on Mmu 16, 509 align with orthologs on the corresponding portions of the human genome, 44 are likely paralogous to these genes, and 164 genes have homologs elsewhere in the human genome; there are 14 genes for which we could find no human counterpart.
ESTHER : Mural_2002_Science_296_1661
PubMedSearch : Mural_2002_Science_296_1661
PubMedID: 12040188
Gene_locus related to this paper: mouse-ABH15 , mouse-Ces3b , mouse-Ces4a , mouse-dpp4 , mouse-FAP , mouse-Lipg , mouse-Q8C1A9 , mouse-rbbp9 , mouse-SERHL , mouse-SPG21 , mouse-w4vsp6

Title : The genome sequence of Drosophila melanogaster - Adams_2000_Science_287_2185
Author(s) : Adams MD , Celniker SE , Holt RA , Evans CA , Gocayne JD , Amanatides PG , Scherer SE , Li PW , Hoskins RA , Galle RF , George RA , Lewis SE , Richards S , Ashburner M , Henderson SN , Sutton GG , Wortman JR , Yandell MD , Zhang Q , Chen LX , Brandon RC , Rogers YH , Blazej RG , Champe M , Pfeiffer BD , Wan KH , Doyle C , Baxter EG , Helt G , Nelson CR , Gabor GL , Abril JF , Agbayani A , An HJ , Andrews-Pfannkoch C , Baldwin D , Ballew RM , Basu A , Baxendale J , Bayraktaroglu L , Beasley EM , Beeson KY , Benos PV , Berman BP , Bhandari D , Bolshakov S , Borkova D , Botchan MR , Bouck J , Brokstein P , Brottier P , Burtis KC , Busam DA , Butler H , Cadieu E , Center A , Chandra I , Cherry JM , Cawley S , Dahlke C , Davenport LB , Davies P , de Pablos B , Delcher A , Deng Z , Mays AD , Dew I , Dietz SM , Dodson K , Doup LE , Downes M , Dugan-Rocha S , Dunkov BC , Dunn P , Durbin KJ , Evangelista CC , Ferraz C , Ferriera S , Fleischmann W , Fosler C , Gabrielian AE , Garg NS , Gelbart WM , Glasser K , Glodek A , Gong F , Gorrell JH , Gu Z , Guan P , Harris M , Harris NL , Harvey D , Heiman TJ , Hernandez JR , Houck J , Hostin D , Houston KA , Howland TJ , Wei MH , Ibegwam C , Jalali M , Kalush F , Karpen GH , Ke Z , Kennison JA , Ketchum KA , Kimmel BE , Kodira CD , Kraft C , Kravitz S , Kulp D , Lai Z , Lasko P , Lei Y , Levitsky AA , Li J , Li Z , Liang Y , Lin X , Liu X , Mattei B , McIntosh TC , McLeod MP , McPherson D , Merkulov G , Milshina NV , Mobarry C , Morris J , Moshrefi A , Mount SM , Moy M , Murphy B , Murphy L , Muzny DM , Nelson DL , Nelson DR , Nelson KA , Nixon K , Nusskern DR , Pacleb JM , Palazzolo M , Pittman GS , Pan S , Pollard J , Puri V , Reese MG , Reinert K , Remington K , Saunders RD , Scheeler F , Shen H , Shue BC , Siden-Kiamos I , Simpson M , Skupski MP , Smith T , Spier E , Spradling AC , Stapleton M , Strong R , Sun E , Svirskas R , Tector C , Turner R , Venter E , Wang AH , Wang X , Wang ZY , Wassarman DA , Weinstock GM , Weissenbach J , Williams SM , WoodageT , Worley KC , Wu D , Yang S , Yao QA , Ye J , Yeh RF , Zaveri JS , Zhan M , Zhang G , Zhao Q , Zheng L , Zheng XH , Zhong FN , Zhong W , Zhou X , Zhu S , Zhu X , Smith HO , Gibbs RA , Myers EW , Rubin GM , Venter JC
Ref : Science , 287 :2185 , 2000
Abstract : The fly Drosophila melanogaster is one of the most intensively studied organisms in biology and serves as a model system for the investigation of many developmental and cellular processes common to higher eukaryotes, including humans. We have determined the nucleotide sequence of nearly all of the approximately 120-megabase euchromatic portion of the Drosophila genome using a whole-genome shotgun sequencing strategy supported by extensive clone-based sequence and a high-quality bacterial artificial chromosome physical map. Efforts are under way to close the remaining gaps; however, the sequence is of sufficient accuracy and contiguity to be declared substantially complete and to support an initial analysis of genome structure and preliminary gene annotation and interpretation. The genome encodes approximately 13,600 genes, somewhat fewer than the smaller Caenorhabditis elegans genome, but with comparable functional diversity.
ESTHER : Adams_2000_Science_287_2185
PubMedSearch : Adams_2000_Science_287_2185
PubMedID: 10731132
Gene_locus related to this paper: drome-1vite , drome-2vite , drome-3vite , drome-a1z6g9 , drome-abhd2 , drome-ACHE , drome-b6idz4 , drome-BEM46 , drome-CG5707 , drome-CG5704 , drome-CG1309 , drome-CG1882 , drome-CG1986 , drome-CG2059 , drome-CG2493 , drome-CG2528 , drome-CG2772 , drome-CG3160 , drome-CG3344 , drome-CG3523 , drome-CG3524 , drome-CG3734 , drome-CG3739 , drome-CG3744 , drome-CG3841 , drome-CG4267 , drome-CG4382 , drome-CG4390 , drome-CG4572 , drome-CG4582 , drome-CG4851 , drome-CG4979 , drome-CG5068 , drome-CG5162 , drome-CG5355 , drome-CG5377 , drome-CG5397 , drome-CG5412 , drome-CG5665 , drome-CG5932 , drome-CG5966 , drome-CG6018 , drome-CG6113 , drome-CG6271 , drome-CG6283 , drome-CG6295 , drome-CG6296 , drome-CG6414 , drome-CG6431 , drome-CG6472 , drome-CG6567 , drome-CG6675 , drome-CG6753 , drome-CG6847 , drome-CG7329 , drome-CG7367 , drome-CG7529 , drome-CG7632 , drome-CG8058 , drome-CG8093 , drome-CG8233 , drome-CG8424 , drome-CG8425 , drome-CG9059 , drome-CG9186 , drome-CG9287 , drome-CG9289 , drome-CG9542 , drome-CG9858 , drome-CG9953 , drome-CG9966 , drome-CG10116 , drome-CG10163 , drome-CG10175 , drome-CG10339 , drome-CG10357 , drome-CG10982 , drome-CG11034 , drome-CG11055 , drome-CG11309 , drome-CG11319 , drome-CG11406 , drome-CG11598 , drome-CG11600 , drome-CG11608 , drome-CG11626 , drome-CG11935 , drome-CG12108 , drome-CG12869 , drome-CG13282 , drome-CG13562 , drome-CG13772 , drome-CG14034 , drome-nlg3 , drome-CG14717 , drome-CG15101 , drome-CG15102 , drome-CG15106 , drome-CG15111 , drome-CG15820 , drome-CG15821 , drome-CG15879 , drome-CG17097 , drome-CG17099 , drome-CG17101 , drome-CG17191 , drome-CG17192 , drome-CG17292 , drome-CG18258 , drome-CG18284 , drome-CG18301 , drome-CG18302 , drome-CG18493 , drome-CG18530 , drome-CG18641 , drome-CG18815 , drome-CG31089 , drome-CG31091 , drome-CG32333 , drome-CG32483 , drome-CG33174 , drome-dnlg1 , drome-este4 , drome-este6 , drome-GH02384 , drome-GH02439 , drome-glita , drome-KRAKEN , drome-lip1 , drome-LIP2 , drome-lip3 , drome-MESK2 , drome-nrtac , drome-OME , drome-q7k274 , drome-Q9VJN0 , drome-Q8IP31 , drome-q9vux3